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Name___________________________________ English 11R Ms. Junjulas Midterm Study Guide—Answer Key *Print this out for your reference! Be sure to study old tests too!* SHORT ANSWER STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS Frankenstein Introduction, Preface, Letters 1. Why did Mary Shelley write Frankenstein? She wrote it as a response to a challenge by Lord Byron to think of a ghost story. 2. What discussions influenced the development of her idea? She was listening to her husband, Shelley, and Lord Byron talk about the nature of life, and the possibility of creating a creature. 3. In the preface, what does the author say she is trying to preserve? She is trying to “preserve the truth of the elementary principles of human nature.” 4. What is the structure, or form, of the novel? It is an epistolary novel. This means it is written as a series of letters. 5. Who was writing the letters? They were written by Robert Walton. 6. To whom were the letters written? They were written to Walton’s sister, Mrs. Margaret Saville, in England. 7. Where was the writer, and why was he there? He was in the Arctic, exploring unknown regions. 8. How did he meet Victor Frankenstein? He and the crew found Frankenstein stuck on a large piece of ice. They rescued him and brought him aboard their vessel. 9. How did Robert feel about his guest? He liked Frankenstein, and hoped they would become friends. 10. Why was Frankenstein in the Arctic? He was pursuing the creature. Chapters 1-5 1. Who told this part of the story? Victor Frankenstein told his story to Robert Walton. 2. How did Elizabeth come to live with the Frankensteins? Caroline Frankenstein saw her with a peasant family, and offered to raise her in better circumstances. 3. Who was Frankenstein’s closest friend? It was Henry Clerval. 4. What was one of the themes of the writers who influenced Frankenstein? The authors he liked wrote about raising ghosts or devils. He tried to mimic them. 5. What natural phenomena influenced Frankenstein? He watched a tree being hit by lightning during a storm. He became interested in the theories of electricity and galvanism. 6. What two major events happened to Frankenstein when he was seventeen? His mother died and he went to the university at Ingolstadt to study. 7. What goal did Frankenstein decide to pursue? He wanted to try to renew life in a corpse, to “bestow animation upon lifeless matter.” 8. How did Frankenstein feel when his experiment succeeded, and the creature came to life? He was horrified and disgusted. 9. What happened to Frankenstein the day after he completed his creation? He became ill with a fever and delirium for several months. 10. Who took care of Frankenstein during his illness? Henry Clerval did. Chapters 6-9 1. What did Clerval give Frankenstein when he was better? He gave him a letter from Elisabeth. 2. How did Frankenstein and Clerval spend the next several months? Frankenstein introduced Clerval to the professors. They studied and went for walks. 3. What news did the letter from Frankenstein’s father bring? Frankenstein’s youngest brother, William, had been murdered. 4. What did Frankenstein see just outside the gates of Geneva as he was returning home? He saw the monster he had created. 5. Who was accused of committing the murder, and why? Justine, who lived with the family, was accused. She had not been with the family on the night William was murdered. Several people had seen her the next morning looking confused and frightened. A servant found the locket that Elizabeth had given to William in Justine’s pocket. 6. What was Frankenstein’s reaction to this accusation? He was sure the creature had committed the murder. He was torn between wanting to save Justine and not wanting to reveal his horrible secret to anyone. He considered himself the real murderer. 7. What did Frankenstein do about his dilemma? He appealed to the courts to let Justine go free, and told his family that she was innocent, but he did not tell anyone about the creature. 8. What happened to the accused person? She confessed under pressure from her priest. She was convicted and hanged. 9. What was Frankenstein’s state of mind after the trial and its conclusion? He was filled with remorse for all he had done. He was also fearful that the creature would commit other crimes. 10. Where did Frankenstein go to seek relief? He traveled to the Alpine valley and the village of Chamounix. Chapters 10-15 1. Whom did Frankenstein meet after he had ascended to the summit of Montanvert? He met his creature. 2. How did Frankenstein react to this meeting? He was full of rage and horror. He threatened to kill the creature. 3. What did the creature want of Frankenstein? He wanted Frankenstein to listen to the account of his life so far. 4. How did the creature feel when he first felt life? He felt confused because of all of the new sensations. 5. What was the reaction of the villagers the creature encountered? They shrieked, and threw rocks and other things at him, and drove him away from the village. 6. Where did the creature take shelter? He stayed in a lean-to attached to a cottage. 7. What observations did the creature make about the people in the cottage? He saw that they cared for each other, that the two younger people treated the older man with great respect, and that they were often sad and hungry. 8. What does the creature learn to do, and how does he learn this? He learns to speak, and then to read, by observing and listening to the cottagers. He found a portmanteau that had several books in it, and he read them. He then read the letters that were in the pocket of the coat he had taken from Victor Frankenstein. 9. What was the elder De Lacey’s reaction when the creature entered the cottage and began speaking with him? The elder man was blind, and therefore could not see how hideous the creature looked. He invited the creature in and agreed to listen to his story. 10. What was the reaction of the rest of the De Lacey family when they saw the creature? Agatha fainted, Safie fled, and Felix hit him with a stick until he left the cottage. Chapters 16-20 1. What did the creature do to the cottage when he returned and found that the De Laceys had moved out? He set fire to it in a rage. 2. What was the reaction of the man whose daughter was saved from drowning by the creature? He took the girl from the creature’s arms, and shot the creature when he pursued the pair. 3. What discovery did the creature make when he approached another human? He seized a small boy, and discovered that he was William Frankenstein. 4. What did the creature do to this person? He strangled the boy. 5. How did the creature feel after his deed? He was delighted that he was able to create despair for his creator. 6. What did the creature tell Frankenstein about the locket? He said he found the locket on the boy, and took it. Later when he saw Justine sleeping, he put it in her pocket, intending that she should take the blame for the murder. 7. What did the creature ask Frankenstein to do, and why? He asked Frankenstein to create a female for him. He said that he was malicious because he was unhappy, and that if he were content he would not bother any more humans. 8. How did Frankenstein react to this request? At first he refused, but as the creature continued his argument, Frankenstein felt compassion for him, and finally agreed to create a female. 9. What threat did the creature make when he saw Frankenstein destroy his second creation? He said, “I will be with you on your wedding night.” 10. What happened to Frankenstein when he landed his boat? He was accused of murder. Chapters 21-24 1. Who had been the creature’s most recent victim? It was Henry Clerval. 2. What happened at Frankenstein’s trial? Witnesses were able to prove that he was on the Orkney Islands at the time the body of Clerval was found. He was acquitted and released. 3. What event occurred next in Frankenstein’s life? He married Elizabeth. 4. What happened on Frankenstein and Elizabeth’s wedding night? The creature broke into the room and killed Elizabeth. 5. What happened to Frankenstein’s father as a result of this latest tragedy? He died of grief. 6. What was the magistrate’s response when Frankenstein told him the entire story of the creature? The magistrate believed him, but said that he didn’t think he and his men would be successful in catching the creature. 7. What did Frankenstein do after he left the magistrate? He decided to pursue the monster and kill him. 8. What request does Frankenstein make of Robert Walton? Frankenstein knows his strength is failing. He asks Robert Walton to destroy the creature if he ever has the opportunity. 9. What happened to Frankenstein? He died of natural causes while in the cabin on the ship. 10. What happened to the creature? He came into the cabin and saw the dead Frankenstein. He told Walton that he was going to travel in the far north and kill himself. We last see the creature as he floats away into the darkness on an ice raft ANSWER KEY: SHORT ANSWER STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS - Pygmalion Act One 1. What purpose does the rain shower serve? It gives the main characters a relatively believable circumstance under which to meet. 2. The note taker is assumed to be of what profession? What actually is his profession? The others assume he is a police officer of some kind. He is actually a phonetician. 3. What does the note taker say about a "woman who utters such depressing and disgusting sounds"? He says she "has no right to be anywhere--no right to live." 4. The note taker brags about what he could do for the flower girl within three months. What does he claim? He claims that he could pass her off as a duchess at an ambassador's garden party. 5. Who takes the cab Freddy brings? Why? The flower girl takes the cab Freddy brings. The mother and daughter have left for the bus, and the flower girl feels rich because of the money which Professor Higgins gave her. 6. What do Higgins and Pickering have in common? They both study speech. Act Two 1. When Higgins recognizes the flower girl, what is his reaction? He says that "she's no use. . . . I'm not going to waste another cylinder on it. Be off with you; I don't want you." 2. What does Eliza Doolittle want? She wants to learn how to speak well enough to be able to be hired to work in a flower shop instead of on the street corner. 3. Even after he agrees to teach her, what is Higgins' attitude towards Eliza? "She's deliciously low--so horribly dirty. . . . Put her in the dustbin." He treats her as an object--and not a very nice object, either. 4. Describe Mrs. Pearce's role. She is the housekeeper for Higgins and tries to be the voice of reason. ("You mustn’t talk like that to her." "But what's to become of her? Is she to be paid anything? Do be sensible, sir." 5. Eliza determines to leave rather than to be further insulted. How does Higgins persuade her to stay? He offers her chocolates and promises her taxis, gold, and diamonds. 6. What is the point of the bath scene? It shows Eliza has ideas of morals and decency even though she is low-class and "vulgar." She has a personal code of right and wrong and is sensitive. 7. Mrs. Pearce makes some suggestions to Higgins. What are they? She asks him to curse less, to not sit around in his robe, to not wipe his hands on his clothes, and to try to be a good example for his pupil. 8. Why did Alfred Doolittle come to see Professor Higgins? He wanted to get money for himself, to blackmail Higgins in order to get a little money. 9. Doolittle says, "I'm undeserving, and I mean to go on being undeserving." Why does he not want to better himself? If he rises in class, he also will rise in responsibility. He wants a free life, free from responsibility and people's expectations. 10. Why does Doolittle want only five pounds instead of the ten he is offered? He can waste five pounds without feeling guilty. Ten pounds would require responsibility. Act Three 1. Who are Mrs. and Miss Eynsford Hill? They are the mother and daughter from the rainstorm in Act One. 2. Henry says, "We want two or three people. You'll do as well as anybody else." What does the fact that he says that tell us? He is rude to everyone--not just Liza. He thinks only of his work and himself. 3. What does Liza do wrong at Mrs. Higgins' home? She speaks perfectly but tells an odd story of her aunt's death using vulgar, though well pronounced, language. 4. What does Clara think of Eliza? Clara is very taken with Eliza. She wants to use Liza's new small-talk and to imitate her. 5. Who is Nepommuck? He is a guest at the ambassador's reception, fluent in many languages, and says he is an expert. He claims Eliza is a fraud, that she is really a princess. 6. Is Eliza successful at the ambassador's reception? Yes, she is very successful. Act Four 1. Why did Eliza throw Higgins' slippers at him? Higgins and Pickering had just carried on a whole conversation as if she weren't in the room. They were rude and inconsiderate and treated her unfeelingly. In talking about the lessons with her, Higgins said, "The whole thing has been a bore." "The whole thing has been simple purgatory." After ignoring her through the whole conversation, Higgins has the nerve to ask her to turn out the lights as he leaves the room. When he comes back looking for his slippers, she throws them at him in her anger. 2. What is Higgins' advice to Liza when he realizes she is upset (although he cannot understand why she is upset)? "It's only imagination. Low spirits and nothing else. Nobody's hurting you. Nothing's wrong. You go to bed like a good girl and sleep it off. Have a little cry and say your prayers: that will make you feel comfortable." 3. Why does Liza wish Higgins had left her where he had found her? "[At the corner of Trottenham Court] I sold flowers. I didn't sell myself. Now you've made a lady of me I'm not fit to sell anything else." 4. Why does Liza tell Freddy, "Don't you call me Miss Doolittle . . . Liza is good enough for me." She feels like in many ways "Liza" in her old ways was a better person than "Miss Doolittle." 5. What was Freddy doing below Eliza's window? He has fallen in love with her and hangs around the outside of the house hoping to get a glimpse of her. Act Five 1. Why is Henry Higgins concerned about Liza's being gone? Her absence has affected him personally. He misses her services; he can't find anything and doesn't know when his appointments are. 2. Why is Alfred Doolittle upset? He has unwillingly come into money and now has the responsibilities of being middle class instead of being "undeserving poor." 3. Higgins says, "She behaved in the most outrageous way. I never gave her the slightest provocation." Is he lying or not? No; he genuinely believes that he did nothing. Higgins is blind to his own insensitivities. 4. What becomes of Eliza? She marries Freddy, stays friends with Pickering, tolerates Higgins, and runs her own flower shop. STUDY GUIDE - Enoch Arden 1. Enoch Arden was a fisherman. 2. Enoch Arden met Annie Lee when they were children. 3. Enoch Arden left for China so he could bring back goods. 4. Enoch Arden’s ship became shipwrecked. 5. Enoch Arden was stranded on a desert island. 6. Annie Lee waited over ten years before she moved on. 7. Philip liked Annie Lee and helped her raise the children after Enoch left. 8. Philip was a friend of Enoch. 9. Annie Lee accepted her new marriage to Phillip once she had his baby. 10. Annie Lee decided what to do based on a sign in the Bible. 11. Miriam Lane told Enoch that Annie had remarried. 12. Enoch decided NOT to tell Annie that he was alive. 13. Enoch died of a broken heart. STUDY GUIDE QUESTIONS - Macbeth Act One 1. What is the point of the first scene literally and in reference to the whole play? Literally, the witches are deciding when they shall meet again. This scene sets the mood for the entire play, and introduces several major motifs: the witches (supernatural influences in the play), the idea of fair being foul, and the stormy fate of Scotland. The main character, Macbeth, is also introduced by name. 2. What does Duncan call Macbeth when he hears Macbeth has defeated Macdonwald? He calls him "valiant Cousin! Worthy gentleman!" This is ironic, being said to the man who will be his murderer. 3. Who is sentenced to death? The Thane of Cawdor is sentenced to death. 4. What do the witches predict in I.iii for Macbeth? For Banquo? They predict Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor and eventually the king. They predict that Banquo will be "lesser than Macbeth, and greater, Not so happy, and yet happier" and that his descendants will be kings although he will not be one. 5. What news does Ross bring Macbeth? Ross tells Macbeth that Macbeth now holds the title of the Thane of Cawdor. 6. Banquo, like Macbeth, is surprised that the witches have predicted Macbeth's new title. He is, however, leery. What does he say about the motives of the "instruments of darkness"? He says they often tell of good things which may happen without telling the bad consequences. 7. Malcolm describes Cawdor's last moments before execution. What is Duncan's reply? You can't tell what is in a person's heart by looking at his face. 8. Macbeth says, "Stars, hide your fires, Let not light see my black and deep desires." What are Macbeth's desires? He now desires to be the king, and he realizes that something will have to be done with the present king (and his sons) before his desires can become reality. 9. After Lady Macbeth reads the letter, what does she tell us is her opinion of Macbeth, and how does she plan to help him? In short, Lady Macbeth thinks Macbeth could be a good king, but he lacks the hardheartedness which would allow him to get to the position. She'll talk him into it. 10. What is Lady Macbeth's "prayer" to the spirits after she learns Duncan is coming"? She wants to be filled with cruelty, given a hard heart and the thick blood necessary to do what has to be done in order to make Macbeth king. 11. What advice does Lady Macbeth give Macbeth when he arrives home? She tells him he must learn to look innocent even when his heart is full of evil. He has to learn to hide his true feelings. 12. What are Macbeth's arguments to himself against killing Duncan? Macbeth is Duncan's kinsman and his subject. Duncan is a good king and virtuous man; he has done no particular evil. Duncan is a popular king, and his death would bring sorrow and unrest upon Scotland. 13. What arguments does Lady Macbeth use to convince Macbeth to commit the murder? She tells him not to be a coward, not to say later that he "could have been" when he could "be" king. She tells him to be a man and go get what he wants. She says if she had made the promise to do this, that she would have killed her own baby to carry forth with her promise. 14. What is Lady Macbeth's plan? She will drug the kings grooms (guards). Macbeth will then go into the king's room and murder him in his sleep.
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