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MS Science TAKS review for 8th grade by wanghonghx


									 MS Science TAKS
review for 8th grade

    Student copy
Science Curriculum & Instruction
          Austin ISD
2. You have a glass beaker filled with a mixture of
   hot chemicals. The beaker and mixture have a
   mass of 247 grams. If you want to know the
   mass of the chemicals only, what should you
   have done first?

A. Pour the chemicals directly on a spring scale.
B. Find a very light container that can hold the
C. Obtain the mass of an empty glass beaker of
   the same size.
D. Separate the chemicals into their individual
                                      TAKS 1
                                      TEKS 6.4A, 7.4A, 8.4A
  3.   A student made 3 stacks of books. She leaned
       identical boards on each stack. She covered one
       board with waxed paper, one with sandpaper, & one
       with cloth. She placed a toy car at the top of one
       board, released it and let it roll until it stopped. She
       measured the distance the car traveled. She repeated
       the procedure for the other two boards.

What is the independent variable in this investigation?

F.   The distance the car rolled.
G.   The height from which the car was released.
H.   The number of books used.
J.   The surface of the board.

                                                TAKS 1
                                                TEKS 8.2A
 4. Which of the following is a safe way to
   conserve resources in the lab?

A. Clean up all equipment at the same
B. Use older, slightly damaged equipment.
C. Carefully measure chemicals.
D. Clean up chemical spills quickly.

                                 TAKS 1
                                 TEKS 8.1B
                Trial        Speed (m/s)
                  1               6
                  2               7
                  3               6
                  4               9

 5. What is the average speed in m/s of the 4 trials of
   the toy car the travels down the ramp?

F.   6
G.   7
H.   8
J.   9
                                           TAKS 1
                                           TEKS 8.2B
            Substance       Specific heat capacity (J/kg x oC)
             Aluminum                      899
              Copper                       387
               Gold                        129
               Silver                      234
               Water                      4,184
               Wood                        176

     6. Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the
       information shown?

A.     Most types of matter heat up at the same rate.
B.     Most types of matter cool down at the same rate.
C.     It takes less energy to heat 1 g of silver then 1 g of gold.
D.     It takes more energy to heat 1 g of water then 1 g of copper.

                                                        TAKS 1
                                                        TEKS 6.2D, 7.2D,8.2D
7.    At the grocery store, a student looks at a label on a
     box of oatmeal. The advertisement he saw on TV
     said that by eating this brand of oatmeal every
     morning you would lose weight. Are the
     advertisement’s claims reliable?

F. No, no advertisement ever makes reliable claims.
G. No, you must diet and exercise to decrease body
H. Yes, advertisements that are on TV and labeled on
   the box are always truthful.
J. Yes, eating oatmeal makes people lose weight.

                                                     TAKS 1
                                                     TEKS 8.3B
                             Sunny Days in Spring, TX

          Days 20
                    Jan   Feb March April   May   June   July   Aug   Sept   Oct   Nov   Dec

     8. The graph shows the average number of days of sunny
        weather that Spring, Texas has each month for the last 10
        years. If the trend continues next year, which month will
        Spring have the least amount of sunny days?

A.     December
B.     January
C.     July
D.     September                                                                               TAKS 1
                                                                                               TEKS 8.4B
 9.A student hears a scientist on the news the
   says he thinks there is life on another planet.
   What is the most important question that the
   student should ask in order to critique what the
   scientist is saying?

F. Does the scientist think there is life in other
   galaxies too?
G. What evidence is the scientist basing his
   statement on?
H. Where did the scientist study and go to
J. Who works for the scientist and helps in his
                                             TAKS 1
                                             TEKS 8.3A
10.Which of the following scientists was first to
   suggest that Earth and the other planets in
   the solar system revolve around the sun?

A.   Isaac Newton
B.   Marie Curie
C.   Nicolas Copernicus
D.   Galileo

                                      TAKS 1
                                      TEKS 8.3C, 8.13A
11. Which of the following questions about
    frogs could be answered through a scientific

F. Are frogs able to play musical instruments?
G. Are some frog species happier than other
   frog species?
H. How do the diets of different frog species
J. What kind of dreams do frogs have?

                                     TAKS 1
                                     TEKS 6.2A, 7.2A, 8.2A
 12. The magnification of the eyepiece on a
     compound microscope is 10X. The
     magnification of the objective lens of 100X.
     What is the total magnification?

A.   10X
B.   90X
C.   110X
D.   1,000X

                                     TAKS 1
                                     TEKS 6.4A, 7.4A, 8.4A
13.Which of the following objects would
   make the best model of a blood vessel?

F. A steel pipe
G. A rubber tube
H. A cotton string
J. An electrical wire

                               TAKS 1
                               TEKS 8.3C
Population                     World Population Growth
(in billions)
   1800               1850                1900           1950                2000

      14.The graph show world population growth over the
         last 200 years. If the trend continues the world population
         will –

 A.       decrease
 B.       increase, then decrease
 C.       Increase
 D.       stay the same                                                TAKS 1
                                                                       TEKS 8.2C
15. A student is planning an investigation
  about plants. She says, “Plants grow
  better in sunlight.” This statement is an
  example of –

F. data
G. a hypothesis
H. an investigation
J. a procedure

                                 TAKS 1
                                 TEKS 6.2A, 7.2A, 8.2A
16.You have a bag of cookies that says it
   contains 34 grams. Which tool would
   you use to check to be sure that the
   bag actually contains 34 grams?

A.   Graduated cylinder
B.   Meter stick
C.   Triple beam balance
D.   Spring scale

                                 TAKS 1
                                 TEKS 6.4A, 7.4A, 8.4A
17.Which would be an important piece of
   safety equipment to use when heating a
   substance in science lab?

  F                   H

   G                      J
                                      TAKS 1
                                      TEKS 8.1A
18.Nitrogen fertilizer is often added to soil
  to increase the growth of grass in lawns.
  Which of these nearby ecosystems
  would most likely be harmed by the use
  of nitrogen fertilizer?

A.   Forest
B.   Meadow
C.   Park
D.   Pond
                                     TAKS 2
                                     TEKS 8.12C
19.Which type of diagram provides the
   most information about the feeding
   relationship among organisms in an

F.   Food chain
G.   Food web
H.   Energy chain
J.   Energy pyramid

                               TAKS 2
                               TEKS 8.6C
20.The diagram shows the natural pattern of an
   ecosystem changing over time. This is known as –

A.   mutualism
B.   photosynthesis
C.   predation
D.   succession
                                        TAKS 2
                                        TEKS 7.12D
21.What is one way that plant and animal
   cells are different?

F.   Plant cells do not have cell membranes.
G.   Only animal cells contain cytoplasm.
H.   Only plant cells contain a nucleus.
J.   Only plant cells have cell walls.

                                  TAKS 2
                                  TEKS 6.10B
22.Which biome is found around Earth’s
   North and south Poles?

A.   Deciduous forest
B.   Tropical Rainforest
C.   Taiga
D.   Tundra

                               TAKS 2
                               TEKS 7.12C
23.Nerves are made of tissue, so nerves
   are made of –

F.   cells
G.   organs
H.   organ systems
J.   organisms

                                TAKS 2
                                TEKS 6.10C
24.Organisms found living in a tundra
   would be adapted to live in –

A.   low altitudes
B.   cold conditions
C.   sunny conditions
D.   wet areas

                                 TAKS 2
                                 TEKS 7.12C
25. What occurs during photosynthesis?

F. Biomass is converted into chemical energy.
G. Heat energy is converted into biomass.
H. Chemical energy is transferred into heat
J. Solar energy is transferred into chemical

                                     TAKS 2
                                     TEKS 7.8B
 26.When an organism dies, chemical energy is
   still stored in its body’s tissues. Energy is
   released from the body through the process
   of –

A.   decomposition
B.   differentiation
C.   osmosis
D.   photosynthesis

                                     TAKS 2
                                     TEKS 6.8B
                     B   B

                b    ?   ?
                b    ?   ?

27.The Punnett square shows the genotype of
    two mice. B represents the allele for brown
    hair. The allele of white hair is represented
    by b. What are the possible genotypes of the
    mice’s offspring?

F.   BB only
G.   Bb only
H.   BB and bb
J.   BB, bb and Bb
                                      TAKS 2
                                      TEKS 7.10C, 8.11C
28.When a baby kangaroo is born, the first thing
   is does is crawl into its mother’s pouch. What
   type of behavior is the baby kangaroo

A.   Innate behavior
B.   Learned behavior
C.   Emotional behavior
D.   Both innate and learned behavior

                                        TAKS 2
                                        TEKS 8.11B
29. How does the respiratory system interact with
    the muscular system?

F. The muscular system produces blood which is
   needed by the lungs to work.
G. The muscular system makes mucus for the
H. The respiratory system provides the oxygen
   needed by the muscles to work.
J. The respiratory system causes the muscles to
                                         TAKS 2
                                         TEKS 8.6A
30.The circulatory system carries oxygen
   and nutrients to every cell in an animals
   body. Which part of the system is
   needed to carry the oxygen out to the
   rest of the body?

A.   Arteries
B.   Heart
C.   Lungs
D.   Veins

                                       TAKS 2
                                       TEKS 6.5B
31.The skull is part of the skeletal system in an
    animal. One of the functions of the skeletal
    system is to protect soft body parts. The skull’s
    structure helps to perform this function because
    the skull –

F. has marrow, which produce blood cells
G. has sharp teeth, which the animal uses to eat
H. is flexible, which allows the brain to continue
J. is hard, which protects the brain from being
    injured.                                       TAKS2
                                                  TEKS 6.5B
32.What is taken in by a plant as part of

A.   Carbon dioxide
B.   Chemical energy
C.   Oxygen
D.   Sulfur

                                TAKS 2
                                TEKS 8.6B

     Grams of water
                           0   10   20    30   40   50

33. Predict how many grams of water the
    atmosphere could hold at 500 C.
F. 25 g
G. 35 g
H. 52 g
J. 62 g                                                  TAKS 2
                                                         TEKS 8.10B
34.How do consumers interact with
   producers in an ecosystem?

A.   Producers eat consumers
B.   Consumers eat producers
C.   Producers decompose consumers
D.   Decomposers produce consumers

                                TAKS 2
                                TEKS 7.12B
35.A forest ecosystem has an increase in rainfall
   so more wildflowers grow. The wildflowers
   support a greater number of butterflies. Lizards
   in the forest eat butterflies. The lizard
   population will most likely be affected by the
   increase in the butterfly population by the size
   of the lizard population –

F.   decreasing
G.   decreasing then increasing
H.   increasing
J.   staying the same
                                            TAKS 2
                                            TEKS 8.11A
                           T      t

                     T     ?      ?
                      t    ?      ?

36. The Punnett square shows the genotype of two rose
    parents. T represents the allele for large thorns. The
    allele for small thorns is represented by t. What are the
    possible genotypes of the rose’s offspring?

A.   Tt only
B.   Tt and tt
C.   TT and Tt
D.   TT, Tt and tt
                                              TAKS 2
                                              TEKS 8.11C
37. Humans brought domesticated cats to the
    island of Madagascar. Several types of
    ground-nesting birds became extinct after the
    cats arrived. Which kind of threat to native
    animals is this an example of?

F.   Foreign animal trade
G.   Habitat destruction
H.   Species introduction
J.   Unregulated hunting
                                           TAKS 2
                                           TEKS 8.14B
38.All of the populations living within an
   area make up a(n) –

A.   community
B.   ecosystem
C.   organism
D.   species

                                    TAKS 2
                                    TEKS 6.10C, 8.6C
39. What type of energy is transferred into
   chemical energy in the process of

F.   chemical
G.   kinetic
H.   potential
J.   radiant

                                  TAKS 3
                                  TEKS 7.8B
40.Which of the following elements would be the
  best conductor?

A. Au
B. C
C. Ne
D. S

                                    TAKS 3
                                    TEKS 8.9B
41. Which two elements are most similar?

F. H and O
G. Fe and Co
H. Li and F
J. Mg and Sr

                             TAKS 3
                             TEKS 8.9B
42.The formula that represents sodium
   chloride, commonly known as salt, is –

A.   H 2O
B.   NaCl
C.   SaLt
D.   SoCh

                                    TAKS 3
                                    TEKS 8.9C
43. This Bohr model represents the
    element –

F.   Carbon
G.   Fluorine
H.   Oxygen
J.   Neon                            TAKS 3
                                     TEKS 8.8A
44.What part of the oxygen atom contains
   neutral particles?

A.   Electrons
B.   Electron clouds
C.   Isotopes
D.   Nucleus

                                TAKS 3
                                TEKS 8.8A, 8.8B
45.Which of the following must be the
  same for every atom of the element

F.   Atomic mass
G.   Number of electrons
H.   Number of neutrons
J.   Number of protons

                               TAKS 3
                               TEKS 8.8A, 8.8B
46.You find an object that is shiny and
   solid. It conducts heat and electricity.
   How would the object be classified?

A.   noble gas
B.   non-metal
C.   metal
D.   halogen

                                   TAKS 3
                                   TEKS 8.9B
47.Which of the following is not a property
   of an atom?

F.   Color
G.   Electric charge
H.   Mass
J.   Number of protons

                                 TAKS 3
                                 TEKS 8.8A, 8.8B
48. Which of the following changes is not a
   physical change?

A.   Beating an egg
B.   Making a tossed salad
C.   Boiling water
D.   Frying an egg

                               TAKS 3
                               TEKS 6.7B, 8.9A
49. As the stored chemical energy in biomass is
    decomposed in a compost bin, what is most
    of the energy converted into?

F.   Heat
G.   Oxygen
H.   Soil
J.   Water

                                     TAKS 3
                                     TEKS 6.8B
50.The tendency of an object at rest to
   remain at rest or an object in motion to
   remain in motion is known as –

A.   friction
B.   inertia
C.   work
D.   zero gravity

                                TAKS 4
                                TEKS 8.7A
51. A blow dryer transforms –

F. electrical energy to potential energy
G. electrical energy to thermal energy
H. kinetic energy to thermal energy
J. thermal energy to heat

                                  TAKS 4
                                  TEKS 6.9A
52. A student places a pan of water on a hot
    plate. All the water becomes hot. What
    process heats the water at the top of the

A. Conduction
B. Convection
C. Evaporation
D. Radiation

                                       TAKS 4
                                       TEKS 8.10A
53. A dirt bike rider has a mass of 50 kg.
   The dirt bike has a mass of 200 kg. How
   much force is needed to accelerate the
   rider and the bike to 4 m/s2?

F. 2.5 N
G. 200 N
H. 800 N
J. 1,000 N

                              TAKS 4
                              TEKS 8.7A
54.What causes a rock to accelerate as it

A.   Air pushing down on the rock.
B.   A person throwing it downward.
C.   The force of gravity.
D.   The speed of the rock.

                                  TAKS 4
                                  TEKS 8.7A
55. A boat floats on water because of –

F.   buoyant force
G.   gravity
H.   friction
J.   magnetism

                                TAKS 4
                                TEKS 6.7B
56. What type of simple machine is used in
   the pliers shown?

A.   Inclined plane
B.   Lever
C.   Pulley
D.   Wheel and axle             TAKS 4
                                TEKS 7.6A
57.Which of the following forces stimulates
  a seedling’s roots to grow downward?

F.   Gravity
G.   Magnetism
H.   Momentum
J.   Radioactivity

                                TAKS 4
                                TEKS 7.6C
58.When a piece of paper burns, chemical
  energy changes to ____ energy.

A.   electrical
B.   heat and light
C.   kinetic and potential
D.   mechanical

                                 TAKS 4
                                 TEKS 6.9A
59.What simple machine changes the
  direction of a force without increasing or
  decreasing the force?

F. Inclined plane
G. Lever
H. Pulley
J. Wheel and axle

                                  TAKS 4
                                  TEKS 7.6A
60. A space heater transforms –

A.   electrical energy to heat energy
B.   electrical energy to potential energy
C.   kinetic energy to thermal energy
D.   thermal energy to heat

                                  TAKS 4
                                  TEKS 6.9A
61.How much work in joules is done when
   a 12 N force moves an object 3.3 m?

F.   3.64 J
G.   8.7 J
H.   15.3 J
J.   39.6 J

                               TAKS 4
                               TEKS 8.7A
62.A student is trying to move a large rock
  in his yard. Which simple machine can
  best help get the rock off the ground?

A.   Inclined plane
B.   Lever
C.   Screw
D.   Wheel and axle

                                 TAKS 4
                                 TEKS 7.6A
63.The diagram shows a large block held by a pulley
  system. What type of energy does the block have
  at this point in time?
F. Electrical
G. Kinetic
H. Potential                                     TAKS 4
                                                 TEKS 7.8A
J. Thermal
64.When the heart contracts, it pumps
   blood to other parts of the body. The
   blood moves because –

A.   density of the blood increases
B.   pressure in the heart increases
C.   size of the heart increase
D.   temperature of the blood increases

                                     TAKS 4
                                     TEKS 7.6C
65. A person changes the oil in their car and dumps
    the old oil on the ground in an empty lot. How
    might this affect the environment?

F.   The oil will evaporate.
G.   The oil will not affect the environment.
H.   The oil may enter the groundwater and pollute it.
J.   The oil may act as a fertilizer for plants.

                                     TAKS 5
                                     TEKS 6.14B, 7.14C, 8.14C
66.The tilt of Earth’s axis determines the –

A.   length of a day
B.   length of a year
C.   phases of the moon
D.   seasons

                                  TAKS 5
                                  TEKS 7.13A
67. All of the following are renewable
  energy resources except –

F.   falling water
G.    fossil fuels
H.   sunlight
J.    wind

                                  TAKS 5
                                  TEKS 7,14C
68. Which of the following is an effect of the
    increasing use of gasoline-powered vehicles?

A.   The depletion of a nonrenewable resource.
B.   The pollution of a inexhaustible resource.
C.   The recycling of a reusable resource.
D.   The replenishment of a renewable resource.

                                      TAKS 5
                                      TEKS 7.14C
69. The layer of the Earth that covers surface is the –

F. crust
G. mantle
H. inner core
                                              TAKS 5
J. outer core                                 TEKS 8.14A
70. What effect might cutting down a large forest
    have on the air in that location?

A. Carbon dioxide decreases and oxygen
B. Carbon dioxide increases and oxygen
C. Levels of all gases increase.
D. Levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide stay the

                                      TAKS 5
                                      TEKS 6.14C, 8.14C
71. Which of the following is the best evidence that
    Earth’s continents were once in very different
    positions than they are today?

F. Fossils of tropical plants have been found in
G. Major rivers form deltas from erosion.
H. Penguins are found only in the Southern
J. Volcanoes surround the Pacific ocean.

                                        TAKS 5
                                        TEKS 8.14A
72.Early telescopes showed stars as only
   points of light, while the planets
   appeared to be much larger, providing
   evidence that stars must –

A. be more plentiful in our solar system than
B. be much farther from Earth than planets.
C. reflect much more light than planets.
D. travel in elliptical orbits like planets.
                                TAKS 5
                                TEKS 6.13A, 8.13A
73.The Sun is a main sequence, yellow star
   in the Milky Way galaxy, which is
   described as a(n)–

F.   dwarf galaxy
G.   elliptical galaxy
H.   irregular galaxy
J.   spiral galaxy

                                  TAKS 5
                                  TEKS 8.13A
74. Stars begin their life cycle in a –

A.   black hole
B.   nebula
C.   nova
D.   supernova

                         TAKS 5
                         TEKS 8.13A
75.A land developer cleared all the trees in a
  neighborhood to be able to build new
  homes. A direct result of removing trees
  from the area would be –

F. a lower amount of carbon dioxide in the air
G. a higher rate of erosion
H. an increase in the carnivore population
J. a slowdown of the nitrogen cycle

                                      TAKS 5
                                      TEKS 8.14C
76.A current carries water from Canada and
  Alaska to the south along the California
  coast. How does this current most likely
  affect California’s climate?

A.   The current causes floods in California.
B.   The current caused droughts in California.
C.   The current cools California.
D.   The current warms California.
                                        TAKS 5
                                        TEKS 8.12B
 TEKS 8.12B

77.How does the Gulf Stream current probably affect
F. The current carries cold water to Iceland.
G. The current causes Iceland’s climate to be warmer.
H. The current causes Iceland’s climate to be colder.
J. The current prevents sunlight from reaching Iceland.
78.Many weather systems form over
   oceans. The energy needed to form
   these weather systems starts from –

A.   prevailing winds
B.   the moon
C.   the sun
D.   water currents

                                    TAKS 5
                                    TEKS 8.10B
79.Astronomers have discovered many
   differences in stars through their observations.
   One theory used to explain these differences is
   that –

F. Earth’s atmosphere distorts our view of the
G. stars are at different points in their life cycles.
H. the distances between stars are huge.
J. there is too much light pollution on Earth to
    study stars.
                                           TAKS 5
                                           TEKS 8.13A
80. The type of boundary shown in the diagram is –

A. convergent
B. divergent
C. rift
D. transform

                                         TAKS 5
                                         TEKS 8.14A
81.A rift valley is evidence of which kind of
  plate boundary?

F. Convergent
G. Divergent
H. Folded
J. Transform

                                  TAKS 5 TEKS
82.Earthquake vibrations are detected,
  measured and recorded by instruments
  called –

A.   magnetometers
B.   Richter scales
C.   seismographs
D.   sonargraphs

                            TAKS 5      TEKS
                            7.14A, 8.7B
83.The type of plate boundary found in Iceland is –

F.   convergent
G.   divergent
H.   lateral
J.   transform                                  TAKS 5
                                                TEKS 8.14A
 84.The Eurasian plate and North American plate are
    moving away from each other. This is causing the
    Atlantic Ocean to become wider. What other change
    will this movement most likely cause?

A.   The destruction of beaches along the coast of
B.   The formation of mountains along the east coast of
     North America.
C.   The Pacific Ocean is becoming smaller in size.
D.   The Gulf of Mexico is becoming deeper.

                                        TAKS 5       TEKS
85.The theory of plate tectonics states that Earth’s
lithosphere is divided into pieces called plates that are
constantly moving. The diagram above shows two plates
that are colliding. What landforms result from this action?

F.   Mountains
G.   Plains
H.   Plateaus
                                                   TAKS 5
J.   Valleys
                                                   TEKS 8.14A
86. What lunar phase will occur when the moon
    is in the position indicated in the model?

A.   Crescent
B.   Full moon
C.   Gibbous
D.   New moon

                                     TAKS 5
                                     TEKS 7.13B, 8.12A
87.The moon can be seen in the night sky
   because the moon –

F.   emits its own light
G.   produces radiant energy
H.   reflects sunlight
J.   refracts sunlight

                           TAKS 5
                           TEKS 6.13A, 7.13B, 8.12A
88.When does the Northern Hemisphere
   experience summer?

A. When the length of the day equals the length
   of the night.
B. When the Earth is closest to the sun.
C. When the Earth is tilted most on its axis.
D. Then the North Pole is tilted toward the sun.

                                       TAKS 5
                                       TEKS 7.13A
89.The plates of the Earth’s lithosphere are
   moved around by –

F. winds in the atmosphere
G. conduction in the asthenosphere
H. convection currents in the ocean
J. convection currents in the

                                  TAKS 5
                                  TEKS 8.14A
90.The map shows acid rain concentrations across the United States.
   Which of the following is the most likely explanation for the
   differences in acid rain concentrations across the country?
A. The southwest part of the U.S. produces more solid wastes.
B. The southeastern part of the U.S. has the most forests.
C. The northeast part of the U.S. burns the most fossil fuels.
D. The northwest part of the U.S. used only solar energy.

                                                  TAKS 5
                                                  TEKS 7.14C, 8.14B, 8.14C
91.A meteorite collides with the Earth’s
   surface. What will be the most likely
   effect of this collision?

F.   A crater will form.
G.   A convergent plate boundary will form.
H.   A divergent plate boundary will form.
J.   A volcanic eruption will occur.

                                  TAKS 5
                                  TEKS 7.14A
92. Pressure builds up along a fault line and
    eventually the rocks along the fault shift
    positions. What will be the effect of this

A.   An earthquake will occur.
B.   A hot spot will form.
C.   A tsunami will form.
D.   A volcanic eruption will occur.

                                        TAKS 5
                                        TEKS 7.14A
93.An earthquake would most likely result
   near which of the following features?

F.   Cave
G.   Fault
H.   Plain
J.   Valley

                                 TAKS 5
                                 TEKS 7.14A
94. Light-years are the most appropriate
    measurement for which of the following

A. The distance between the moon and Earth.
B. The distance between the North and South
C. The distance from the sun to the center of the
D. The distance from Florida to California.

                                        TAKS 5 TEKS
95. How would the planet most likely be affected if
    Earth were not tilted on its axis?

F. Earth would become very hot on one side.
G. Earth would not experience different seasons.
H. The length of day and night would be very
J. The moon would not revolve around the Earth.

                                      TAKS 5
                                      TEKS 7.13A
96.Which of the following lunar phases
  occurs approximately 28 days after a
  full moon in the lunar cycle?

A.   Crescent
B.   Full moon
C.   Gibbous
D.   New moon

                               TAKS 5
                               TEKS 6.13A, 7.13B
97.Which of the following causes the
   moon’s phases to occur?

F.   The Earth’s rotation on its axis
G.   The Earth’s revolution around the sun
H.   The moon’s rotation on its axis
J.   The moon’s revolution around the

                                 TAKS 5
                                 TEKS 6.13A, 7.13B
98.Which of the following conservation practices
   is the best way to conserve some of the
   Earth’s nonrenewable resources?

A. Recycling newspapers.
B. Reusing a paper sack as wrapping paper.
C. Turning off the water while brushing your
D. Walking instead of driving in a car.

                              TAKS 5
                              TEKS 7.14C, 8.14B, 8.14C
99.What is the name of the galaxy we live

F.   Andromeda
G.   Beta
H.   Milky Way
J.   Polaris

                               TAKS 5
                               TEKS 8.13A
100.The moon’s surface is made up of rocks and
   dust-like soil. Which is the likely cause of the
   “soil” on the moon?

A. Breakup of rocks from rain and moving water.
B. Breakup of rocks when meteors struck the
C. Weathering by glaciers.
D. Weathering by wind.

                                      TAKS 5
                                      TEKS 6.13A
101.Which of the following lists is in order from largest to

F.   Moon, Earth, Sun, Solar System, Galaxy, Universe
G.   Solar System, Galaxy, Universe, Moon, Sun, Earth
H.   Universe, Galaxy, Sun, Solar System, Earth, Moon
J.   Universe, Galaxy, Solar System, Sun, Earth, Moon

                                              TAKS 5
                                              TEKS 6.13A
102.Which of the following is a
   nonrenewable source of energy?

A.   Wood
B.   Coal
C.   Water
D.   Wind

                             TAKS 5
                             TEKS 7.14C
103. When the phase of the moon is a full moon,

F. the sunlit side of the moon is facing away from
G. the sunlit side of the moon is facing the earth
H. the sun is not shining on the moon
J. the moon is in Earth’s shadow

                                       TAKS 5
                                       TEKS 6.13A, 7.13B
104.Which of these planets would have the
   longest revolution around the sun?

A.   Earth
B.   Jupiter
C.   Neptune
D.   Venus

                               TAKS 5
                               TEKS 6.13A,
105.Which of the following lists the
   components in order from smallest to

F.   Solar system, universe, galaxy
G.   Galaxy, solar system, universe
H.   Solar system, galaxy, universe
J.   Universe, solar system, galaxy

                                  TAKS 5
                                  TEKS 8.13A
      Planet    Approximate Time    Approximate Time
                 for One Rotation   for One Revolution
      Mercury        59 days             88 days
       Earth        24 hours            365 days

       Mars         24.7 hours          687 days

      Jupiter       10 hours            11.9 years

106.Which of the four planets in the table has
   the shortest day?

A.   Earth
B.   Mars
C.   Mercury
D.   Jupiter
                                           TAKS 5
                                           TEKS 6.13A, 8.2E
You cannot see a new moon because –

F. Earth’s axis tilts away from the moon
G. The moon has absorbed all the light
   that hits it
H. The moon’s sunlit side is facing away
   from Earth
J. The sun is not shining on the moon

                                 TAKS 5
                                 TEKS 6.13A, 7.13B

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