VIEWS: 17 PAGES: 10 POSTED ON: 9/2/2011
Strengthening innovation and competitiveness through cooperation between European and Latin American regions Geographic location There is rapid population growth in US regions near Sonora border. Pacific rim economies Territorial extension 184,934 km2 / 71,403 sq mi Border line 592 km / 368 mi Coast line 1,207 km / 750 mi Northwest of Mexico, bordering with Arizona, USA and the states Population (2005) 2.3 million of Baja California, Chihuahua Economically active 955,161 and Sinaloa in Mexico Median age 23 Economic performance 2004 2005 2006 2007 Economic growth % 7.2 5.7 6 5.4 CAGR: 5.8% Job creation # 29,624 30,760 31,992 31,176 Average: 30,888 Foreign direct M Euro 470 1,353 101 400 Accumulated: 2,324 investment Per capita income Euro 4,561 5,812 6,107 6,695 CAGR: 3.7% From 2006 to 2008: Employment by economic sector Sonora advanced 24 positions in a nationwide ranking for Economic stability (going from Primary, position 30 in 2006 to position 6 in 2008). 10.10% Secondary, 21.70% Growth of 81% in fixed and mobile phone penetration. Tertiary, An increase of 64% in the number of Internet 68.20% users. The public expenditure on investment growth 45% Sonora’s competitiveness agenda (Sectors) • Automotive and aerospace • Agribusiness and biotech • Mining • Tourism • Knowledge-based economy (digital cities) • Information and communication technologies • Logistics services • Energy & Water management Internationalisation (Forum di Torino, Sonora- Arizona Commission for regional competitiveness, expanding partnerships through Europe and Asia) Sonora’s Competitiveness Agenda Develop international Strength state-wide human networks and collaborative capital system projects Productive sector growth trough innovation infrastructure and knowledge development Public policy Increase the More access Better access Develop and Enhance to foster number of to research to knowledge attract high- research industry collaboration centers for and qualified capabilities development networks industry technology people S e c t o r s Increased regional capability on innovation and competitiveness Forum di Torino: Facilitating innovation efforts through international cooperation • Sonora: A founder member of FdT. • FdT serves as a gateway between LatAm and European regions. • Our strategy aims to increase collaboration with European regions. • An increase in FDT member regions is expected for 2009, bringing more collaboration opportunities. Sonora State projects with European Regions • Aquiculture & Seaculture with Galicia (ES) – EU – Mexico Aquiculture Network – MoU with INTERCO Aquitaine – European regions’ companies accessed to distribution networks in USA – Joint projects to improve organic breeding capabilities • Viticulture – Technical visits that resulted in collaboration projects with France companies • Forest – MoU with CIS Madeira in Galicia (ES) – Joint research project among European and Mexican universities and R&D centres Sonora State projects with European Regions (cont’d) • Specific interest Tourism – The Sea of Cortes (Sonora’s coastline) has served for many years as a research area for R&D centres and agencies from Europe. • Water & Environment – Joint research project in remote sensing, GIS (Geo-referenced information system), hydrology... with Institut de recherche pour le développement (France). – Irrigation water management project funded by EC (6thFP) • Agribusiness – Joint project with University of Almeria (ES) in Mexico. Almeria Producers’ letter of intention to invest €1 million in protected agricultural crops in Sonora. Knowledge Economy Index for Sonora (Mexico), 2005 and 2007 Sonora Knowledge Economy Index for Sonora: GDP annual growth rate, 1995-2004 PIB medio Anual 2005: 3.809 Mobile telephone penetration Penetración de Telefonia Móvil 9 Human development index Índice de Desarrollo Humano 2007: 4.497 8 7 Openness index Knowledge Economy Densidad telephones Access to fix de Telefonia Fija Índice de Apertura 6 Index for Mexico: 2005: 3.394 5 Community Digital Centers by 2007: 3.592 Centros comunitarios digitales 100,000 inhabitants 4 Trade policy politica comercial 3 Position in national 2 ranking: 1 2005: 7th Porcentaje de viviendas Houses with computer 0 State of rights Estado de Derecho 2007: 4th particulares que disponen de PC Tasa neta de matriculación terciaría Net tertiary enrollment rate Regulatorio MarcoRegulatory framework Tasa neta de matriculación en Investigadores en el SNI por cada Researchers in Mexican Research Net secondary enrollment rate educación secuandaria 100 mil 100,000 inhabitants System byhabitantes Porcentaje de la población Requested patents cada Patentes solicitadas porby 100 Literacy rate (Population above 15 alfabetizada de más de 15 años years-old) mil habitantes 100,000 inhabitants Artículos cientificos y técnicos Scientific and technical Economic performance publicados por cada 100 mil… papers published by 100,000 Knowledge Economy Index, 2005 IEC 2005 inhabitants. Institutional economic regime Knowledge Economy Index, 2007 IEC 2007 Innovation system Education and human resources Information infrastructure European and Latin America Regions Working together long time ago... with a big potential to growth • Regions are the engine for national economic development and the main partners for international collaboration. • Emerging sectors in Sonora (such as aerospace, biotech, ICT, etc.) are receiving important governments’ support and funding. • Proximity with US markets and their connection with the Pacific rim makes of Sonora an excellent potential partner.
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