Sonora Mexico by yaofenji


									Strengthening innovation and competitiveness through
 cooperation between European and Latin American
                  Geographic location

                                          There is rapid population
                                          growth in US regions near
                                          Sonora border.

Pacific rim

                                   Territorial extension   184,934 km2 / 71,403 sq mi

                                   Border line             592 km / 368 mi

                                   Coast line              1,207 km / 750 mi
Northwest of Mexico, bordering
with Arizona, USA and the states   Population (2005)       2.3 million

of Baja California, Chihuahua      Economically active     955,161
and Sinaloa in Mexico
                                   Median age              23
             Economic performance
                              2004     2005     2006     2007

 Economic growth       %       7.2      5.7       6       5.4          CAGR: 5.8%

 Job creation          #      29,624   30,760   31,992   31,176        Average: 30,888

 Foreign direct
                     M Euro    470     1,353     101      400          Accumulated: 2,324

 Per capita income    Euro    4,561    5,812    6,107    6,695         CAGR: 3.7%

From 2006 to 2008:                                    Employment by economic sector
Sonora advanced 24 positions in a nationwide
ranking for Economic stability (going from                                       Primary,
position 30 in 2006 to position 6 in 2008).                                      10.10%
Growth of 81% in fixed and mobile phone
An increase of 64% in the number of Internet               68.20%

The public expenditure on investment growth
       Sonora’s competitiveness
          agenda (Sectors)
•   Automotive and aerospace
•   Agribusiness and biotech
•   Mining
•   Tourism
•   Knowledge-based economy (digital cities)
•   Information and communication technologies
•   Logistics services
•   Energy & Water management

     Internationalisation (Forum di Torino, Sonora-
    Arizona Commission for regional competitiveness,
    expanding partnerships through Europe and Asia)
        Sonora’s Competitiveness

                                                                    Develop international
       Strength state-wide human
                                                                  networks and collaborative
             capital system

     Productive sector growth trough innovation infrastructure and knowledge development

Public policy   Increase the        More access       Better access       Develop and
  to foster      number of          to research       to knowledge        attract high-
  industry      collaboration       centers for            and              qualified
development       networks            industry         technology            people

                                S     e    c      t     o     r       s

          Increased regional capability on innovation and competitiveness
               Forum di Torino:
           Facilitating innovation efforts
         through international cooperation

• Sonora: A founder member of FdT.

• FdT serves as a gateway between LatAm and
  European regions.

• Our strategy aims to increase collaboration with
  European regions.

• An increase in FDT member regions is expected
  for 2009, bringing more collaboration
 Sonora State projects with European
• Aquiculture & Seaculture with Galicia (ES)
   – EU – Mexico Aquiculture Network
   – MoU with INTERCO Aquitaine
   – European regions’ companies accessed to distribution
     networks in USA
   – Joint projects to improve organic breeding capabilities
• Viticulture
   – Technical visits that resulted in collaboration projects
     with France companies
• Forest
   – MoU with CIS Madeira in Galicia (ES)
   – Joint research project among European and Mexican
     universities and R&D centres
  Sonora State projects with European
           Regions (cont’d)
• Specific interest Tourism
   – The Sea of Cortes (Sonora’s coastline) has served for many
     years as a research area for R&D centres and agencies from
• Water & Environment
   – Joint research project in remote sensing, GIS (Geo-referenced
     information system), hydrology... with Institut de recherche
     pour le développement (France).
   – Irrigation water management project funded by EC (6thFP)
• Agribusiness
   – Joint project with University of Almeria (ES) in Mexico. Almeria
     Producers’ letter of intention to invest €1 million in protected
     agricultural crops in Sonora.
    Knowledge Economy Index for Sonora (Mexico), 2005 and 2007
                                                                                                                                Knowledge Economy
                                                                                                                                Index for Sonora:
                                                         GDP annual growth
                                                          rate, 1995-2004
                                                           PIB medio Anual                                                      2005: 3.809
                   Mobile telephone penetration
                     Penetración de Telefonia Móvil             9                   Human development index
                                                                                 Índice de Desarrollo Humano                    2007: 4.497
                                                                7                                  Openness index               Knowledge Economy
               Densidad telephones
            Access to fix de Telefonia Fija                                                 Índice de Apertura
                                                                6                                                               Index for Mexico:
                                                                                                                                2005: 3.394
Community Digital Centers by                                                                                                    2007: 3.592
   Centros comunitarios digitales
    100,000 inhabitants
                                                                4                                     Trade policy
                                                                                                   politica comercial
                                                                3                                                               Position in national
                                                                2                                                               ranking:
                                                                1                                                               2005: 7th
    Porcentaje de viviendas
 Houses with computer                                           0                                         State of rights
                                                                                                      Estado de Derecho         2007: 4th
particulares que disponen de PC

Tasa neta de matriculación terciaría
   Net tertiary enrollment rate                                                                          Regulatorio

            Tasa neta de matriculación en                                                   Investigadores en el SNI por cada
                                                                                               Researchers in Mexican Research
         Net secondary enrollment rate
               educación secuandaria                                                                100 mil 100,000 inhabitants
                                                                                                System byhabitantes

                         Porcentaje de la población                                    Requested patents cada
                                                                                    Patentes solicitadas porby 100
                  Literacy rate (Population above 15
                       alfabetizada de más de 15 años
                               years-old)                                                    mil habitantes
                                                                                        100,000 inhabitants
                                                      Artículos cientificos y técnicos
                                                          Scientific and technical                                      Economic performance
                                                      publicados por cada 100 mil…
                                                      papers published by 100,000
           Knowledge Economy Index, 2005
         IEC 2005                                              inhabitants.                                             Institutional economic regime
           Knowledge Economy Index, 2007
         IEC 2007                                                                                                       Innovation system

                                                                                                                        Education and human resources

                                                                                                                        Information infrastructure
 European and Latin America Regions
   Working together long time ago... with a big potential to growth

• Regions are the engine for national economic
  development and the main partners for international
• Emerging sectors in Sonora (such as aerospace,
  biotech, ICT, etc.) are receiving important governments’
  support and funding.
• Proximity with US markets and their connection with the
  Pacific rim makes of Sonora an excellent potential

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