Docstoc

VIOLENCE

Document Sample
VIOLENCE Powered By Docstoc
					CF Family Violence Prevention
and Awareness Campaign:
General Awareness
          Outline:
 Definition of violence
 Myths and realities
 Types of violence
 Escalation and cycle of violence
 Profile of alleged perpetrators
  and survivors of abuse
 Impact
 Resources
 Base/Wing community action
                                     2
Definition:                                (DAOD 5044-4)

Family violence is an abuse of power within a
relationship of family, trust or dependency.
It includes many forms of abusive behavior,
such as:
 Emotional abuse            Injury to pets
 Psychological abuse        Physical abuse
 Neglect                    Sexual abuse
                             Homicide
 Financial exploitation
                             Criminal harassment
 Destruction of property
                              (stalking)
                                                       3
Violence is:      Constant
An abuse of       Frequent
power that is:
                  Intense

                  Control
                  Keep another in a
Used to:           position of
                   inferiority
                  Impose certain
                   behaviours
                                       4
Myths and Realities
  True or False?



                      5
   One in four people will
experience violence in their
  intimate relationships in
        their lifetime.


                               6
A violent person has a
    mental illness.



                         7
Family violence is
usually caused by
 alcohol misuse.



                     8
Certain attitudes cause
perpetrators to behave
       violently.


                          9
  Survivors of abuse are
not opposed to their abuse.




                              10
There is no excuse for
      violence.



                         11
Violence
is not
always
physical…   … but it
            always
             hurts!

                       12
              Types Of Violence:
 Emotional abuse        Injury to pets
 Psychological abuse    Physical abuse
 Neglect                Sexual abuse
 Financial              Homicide
  exploitation
                         Criminal harassment
 Destruction of          (stalking)
  property
                                                13
      Physical Abuse:
 Pushing or hitting someone
 Throwing or breaking objects
 Punching the wall
 Kicking the door down
 Mistreating an animal
 Abuse that involves actions…


                                 14
          Verbal Abuse
 Yelling, insulting, reprimanding for
    little things
   Making threats
   Criticizing
   Giving orders
   Humiliating
   Abuse you can hear…

                                         15
         Economic Abuse
 Not letting the person have money
 Controlling the person’s access to
  money
 Preventing the person from working
 Not letting the person know about
  household income or how it is spent
 Abuse that makes a person
  dependent…
                                        16
        Sexual Abuse
 Conjugal rape
 Denying any physical contact or
  signs of affection out of revenge
 Sexually degrading the person
 Harassing the person
 Abuse that affects intimacy…


                                      17
Where does family violence come from?
   Many of the risk factors are not easily
    modifiable.
   Marital distress, alcohol consumption, or a
    history of pre-deployment family violence.




                                                  18
Where does family violence come from?
  Social and cultural beliefs that seeking
    help in the form of services may be
    detrimental to career success.

  Inconvenient service delivery models.




                                              19
Escalation of violence…

               Homicide/suicide

            Sexual to physical

         Economic to sexual

     Verbal to economic
  Psychological to verbal
                                  20
The Cycle of Violence
 Tension building


 Acute violent incident


 Justifying and
  blaming

 Honeymoon
                           21
      Cycle of Violence
The more the cycle repeats itself,
the more frequent and severe the
    violent incidents become.




                                     22
        The Perpetrator: A portrait
 Child survivor of abuse     Rigid and impulsive
  or witness of abuse
                              Blames others
 Belief in traditional
                              Social isolation
  gender roles

                  Underlying reasons
          Emotional dependence
          Low self-esteem
          A need to feel safe or to control         23
     The victim of abuse: A Portrait
 Child survivor of abuse or        Tendency to excuse,
  witness of abuse                   downplay
 Belief in traditional gender      Low self-esteem
  roles

                    Underlying reasons
                  Love and hope
                  Guilt and shame
                  Family and social pressures
                  Dependence and fear
                                                           24
Impact on the victim of abuse
Physical impact:
  Visible physical injuries/scars
  Loss of appetite
  Sleep disorders
  Various health problems including
   headaches, stomach problems, respiratory
   problems, fatigue.

                                              25
 Impact on the victim of abuse
Psychological impact:
   Fear, sadness, shame, guilt, powerlessness
   Loss of self-esteem and self-confidence
   Stress, anxiety, loss of personal identity
   Dependence, isolation, depression
   Broken relationships with loved ones
   Suicide

                                                 26
Impact on the Children

Physical impact:
 Neurological trauma
 Weight problems, stomach aches
 Sleep disorders, migraines
 Respiratory problems, skin problems
 Poor overall health

                                        27
      Impact on the Children
Behavioural impact:
 Developmental delays, maladjustment at
  school (e.g. learning difficulties, truancy, poor
  grades)
 Shyness, withdrawn attitude, fear of strangers
 Problems socializing with friends, or trusting
  others
 Aggressive and/or antisocial behaviour
 Delinquency, drug use
 Depression, suicide                                 28
        Impact on the Children
Psychological impact:
 Low self-esteem, identity problems, distrust
 Anxiety, stress, nervousness
 Attention and concentration problems
 Fear, sadness, confusion, guilt



                                                 29
Impact on the Perpetrator
 Depression
 Loss of self-esteem
 Legal problems
 Problems at work
 Possible retaliation of the survivor of
  abuse
 Continuation of violence


                                            30
Factors That Affect the Impact
 Duration of the mistreatment
 Severity of the violence
 The survivor’s relationship with the
  perpetrator




                                         31
    How Can You Help?
   Take a stand! Make the call!
   Wait and see
   Provide support
   Refer
   Other ways to become involved?


                                     32
When a victim of abuse decides to leave…

   Respect their decision
   Make sure they understand the risks
   Be supportive
   Make sure they will be safe
   Put them in touch with available resources


                                                 33
When a victim of abuse decides to stay…

   Respect their decision
   Tell them you are there for them
   Find out how you can stay in touch with
    them
   Develop a safety plan with them
   Tell them about available resources

                                              34
           Why Report It?
 Creates a climate fostering early
  identification and intervention
 CF members in professional or clinical
  positions have a duty to inform
 CF members and DND civilians have a
  moral obligation to inform


                                           35
National Prevention & Awareness Strategy
 CF Family Violence Prevention & Awareness
  Campaign: Take a Stand!
 DAOD 5044-4
 CDS Guidance to Commanding Officers
  – Chapter 23 Family Violence Prevention
 Family crisis teams & their annual training
 Strengthening the Forces programs
 Network of Military Family Resource Coordinators
                                                     36
Intervention Resources within the CF

       Family Crisis teams
       Psycho-social services
       Military Police
       Chaplains
       Medical Officers



                                       37
Intervention resources outside the CF
   Military Family Resource Centers
   CFMAP 1-800-268-7708
   Shelters, Rape Crisis Centres
   Legal Aid
   Social Workers
   Psychologists
   Members of the Clergy

                                        38
    Community Action At
    (Insert Your Base/Wing)
 CF Family Violence Prevention and
    Awareness Campaign
   Family Crisis Team
   Standing orders
   Strengthening the Forces Programs
   Local MFRC


                                        39
Conclusion:
Violence in the CF is not negligible
and can be found…
      In all places
      In all classes of society
      In all age groups
      In all cultures
      Across all ranks

                                       40
Take a Stand!
Make the Call!
Optional Slides
Alcohol and Other Drugs
Prevention and Awareness Program
Goal:
 Increase awareness
 Prevent misuse of alcohol and other
  drugs



                                        43
       Managing Angry Moments
 Prevention             8 modules, 3 hours
 Not intended for       Large-group, small-
  those with charges      group, pair, and
  pending                 individual exercises
 Not intended for       Practising coping
  those already           strategies
  involved in violent
  situations
                                                 44
     Basic Relationship Training

 Prevention and            Fourteen modules
  relationship              Twelve hours
  enhancement program       Flexible delivery
 Designed to prevent        model
  relationship breakdown




                                                 45

				
DOCUMENT INFO