ENTRY INTO FORCE
1 August 2010
100 day countdown to Entry into Force 2
Entry into Force – 1 August 2010 5
National Actions to celebrate Entry into Force
Bosnia and Herzegovina 13
Democratic Republic of Congo 15
El Salvador 16
CMC Entry into Force report – Contents
National Actions to celebrate Entry into Force
Lao PDR 21
Macedonia FYR 22
New Zealand 23
Russian Federation 24
Sierra Leone 25
South Africa 26
CMC Entry into Force report – Contents
National Actions to celebrate Entry into Force
United Kingdom 28
United States 29
Annex I 31
Annex II 33
Annex III 35
Annex IV 36
Annex V 37
Annex Vi 41
Annex VII 42
Annex VIII 43
Annex IX 44
Annex X 45
Annex XI 47
Annex XII 48
Annex XIII 50
Annex XIV 51
Annex XV 54
Annex XVI 56
CMC Entry into Force report – Contents
Photo: Tracie Williams
Children from Xiengkhuang, one of the most affected provinces in Lao PDR,
travelled to Vientiane to perform a risk education puppet show for entry into force.
This is a report on activities by the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC)
to celebrate the 1 August 2010 entry into force of the 2008 Convention
on Cluster Munitions. This report provides an overview of activities
held in the 100-day count-down to entry into force, as well as a list
of country by country actions to celebrate entry into force.
In December 2009, the CMC issued a 2010 Action Plan following consultations with 74
campaigners gathered for the Cartagena Summit on the Mine Ban Treaty. The Action
Plan identified entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions as a milestone
event to be promoted by holding activities in as many countries as possible. The most
popular activity identified was a global celebration of different types of drumming
across cultures, contexts, and time zones.1 In addition, the Action Plan identified the
need for campaign activities to build-up to entry into force in order to maximize
advocacy impact and media interest.
CMC internal document, “CMC Action Plan: Towards the First Meeting of States Parties on the Convention
on Cluster Munitions,” December 2009 (Cartagena, Colombia).
CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary 1
ENTRY INTO FORCE
1 0 0 DAY CO U N T D O W N
On 23 April 2010, the CMC launched a 100-Day Countdown to the 1 August 2010
entry into force of the Convention, aimed at pressuring non-signatory govern-
ments to join the ban. Fourteen countries were targeted by this action: Cambodia
starting (week of 23 April), Tajikistan (3 May), Vietnam (10 May), Brazil (17 May),
Jordan (24 May), Argentina (31 May), Serbia (7 June), Grenada (14 June),
Bangladesh (21 June), Papua New Guinea (28 June), Sudan (5 July), Slovakia
(12 July), Morocco (19 July), and Thailand (26 July).
A summary of the actions undertaken in these countries is described below, but most
involved intensive actions by in-country campaign representatives. During the 100-Day
Countdown, the CMC sent letters to each targeted non-signatory, circulated campaign-
wide action alerts, posted articles including arguments why each target country should
sign to the CMC website, and used Twitter and Facebook to raise awareness and engage
members of the public in target countries. The CMC also organised advocacy missions
to Argentina and Vietnam.
Photo: Manuel Vargas Toledo
Flash mob at Plaza de Armas
in Santiago, Chile
National countdown to entry into force actions
Argentina (31 May) – CMC Coordinator Thomas Nash held a series of meetings in
Buenos Aires from 2-3 June to urge the government of Argentina to sign the Conven-
tion, together with CMC member in Argentina, Maria Pia Devoto of Asociación para
Políticas Públicas (APP). They met with officials from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs
and Defence as well as parliamentary representatives. While there were no indications
from the government that Argentina is close to joining the Convention, CMC held
robust discussions with all key partners and discussed plans for further engagement
with the parliament to press the government to join the Convention as soon as possible.
2 CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
Bangladesh (21 June) – The letter to the Bangladesh government was hand-delivered
to the Director General of the Foreign Ministry.
Brazil – A hearing on the production of cluster munitions took place in the House of
Representatives on 4 May, initiated by parliamentarian Fernando Gabeira. The Brazilian
campaign participated in the hearing and delivered a statement urging Brazil to join
the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Cambodia – Campaigners from Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) unveiled a banner calling
on Cambodia to join the ban, at an event to celebrate Buddha’s birthday in Siem Reap
which was attended by the King and Prime Minister Hun Sen. The same week the
leading English language newspaper, the Phnom Penh Post, published an article on
26 April “Kingdom urged to join ban” on the Convention an Cambodia’s position.
Grenada (14 June) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2319
Jordan – Handicap International (HI) hosted a workshop on victim assistance in
Amman, which included a session on universalisation urging Jordan, a leader in the
Mine Ban Treaty process, to join the Convention.
Morocco (19 July) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2547
Papua New Guinea (28 June) – See:
Serbia – Assistance. Advocacy. Access organised a series of public presentations that
took place in several cities and towns throughout Serbia, which were attended by
members of civil war victims’ associations, various other NGOs and the media. These
presentations were utilised by campaigners as an opportunity to launch petition
signing action throughout Serbia. Following on from the countdown events, a number
of local organisations took up the task of organising petition signing events in their
CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary 3
Photo: Ivan Petrovic Assistance, Advocacy, Access
Entry into force concert in Belgrade, Serbia
Slovakia (12 July) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2519
Sudan (5 July) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2494
Thailand – On 30 July, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the International Committee
of the Red Cross (ICRC) organised a roundtable discussion on the Convention on Cluster
Munitions in Bangkok in which CMC members and staff participated.
Vietnam – CMC Coordinator Thomas Nash and ICBL Diplomatic Advisor Ambassador
Satnam Singh undertook an advocacy mission to Hanoi on 10-11 May to encourage
Vietnam to sign the Convention. The visit was organised by Project Renew and
coordinated with a UNDP visit. Vietnam has stated it is considering joining the CCM
and is currently analysing the implications of the obligations it would take on under
the treaty as well as the timelines and necessary resources for carrying these out. An
inter-ministerial process is underway with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of
Defence and Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs studying the convention.
For more information on the 100 Day Countdown, go to:
4 CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
Entry into Force – 1 August 2010
On 1 August 2010, Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) members worldwide took part
in coordinated actions to celebrate entry into force (EIF) of the 2008 Convention on
Cluster Munitions. Globally, events and actions were organised around the slogan
developed by campaigners: “Beat the drum to ban cluster bombs!”
Around this day, the CMC called on governments to accede, ratify, implement and
promote the Convention, and seized the opportunity to secure media coverage to
raise awareness about the Convention, its entry into force and the problems caused
by cluster bombs. CMC also called on states to participate in the upcoming First
Meeting of States Parties (1MSP) in Vientiane, Lao PDR, from 9-12 November 2010.
The CMC marked the Convention’s entry into force together with its key partners
in governments as well as United Nations agencies and international organisations
such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
Photo: Studio Photo IDI
Entry into force celebrations in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Campaigners in 84 countries and territories organised and participated in actions to
celebrate entry into force of the Convention. This is the highest level of participation
ever for a CMC global day of action.
In many of these countries campaigners worked closely with government representa-
tives to celebrate the occasion jointly. At an event organised by campaigners in
Sudan, Dr. Mutrif Siddiq, the Undersecretary for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs chose
this occasion to announce that the government intends to accede to the CCM before
The ‘Celebration of CCM entry into force 1st August 2010’ was organised by Abo Osama Taktook of JASMAR,
in collaboration with ABRAR, Sudan CBL and National Mine Action Centre.
CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary 5
During an event in Bogotá, Colombia hosted by the Colombian Campaign to Ban Land-
mines (CCCM), Nohra Quintero of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs made a pledge to ratify
the Convention.3 A similar event was held by ECPAT in Guatemala, where Zuri Ríos, the
President of the Congressional Foreign Affairs Commission, committed to ratification by
the end of the year.4 In Ghana, campaigners worked to get the government to announce
its intention to ratify the Convention, a commitment which was fulfilled just a couple of
days later when parliament ratified on 3 August.5
Photo: Harry Oppong
Entry into force celebrations in Accra, Ghana
Many of these activities gained a great deal of press attention in their respective
countries as campaigners took advantage of the occasion to raise the profile of the
Convention. Campaigners in Azerbaijan, Argentina, Cambodia, Georgia, Grenada, the
Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, South Korea, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey and the
USA generated media coverage of their calls on the government to join the Convention.
The CMC issued a media advisory ahead of entry into force, and held press conferences
in Geneva and Bangkok. CMC’s video news release was posted on a broadcast news wire
and circulated to major international networks. CMC staff and members did dozens of
interviews, and there were hundreds of stories in many languages and across all types
of media – print, broadcast and online. This included some of the major global media
outlets, such as the American Broadcasting Company, the Australian Broadcasting
Corporation, Al Jazeera English, the Asahi Shimbun, BBC, the Daily Yomiuri, Deutsche
Welle, the East African, the Economist, and France 24.6
‘Colombia “Tocó los tambores para prohibir las bombas en racimo”’ was organised by Camilo Serna of CCCM.
See: http://www.colombiasinminas.org/index.php?page=alias-25, [Accessed 03/09/10].
María Eugenia Villareal of ECPAT organised the ‘Reunión de celebración de la entrada en vigor de la
Convención sobre Municiones en Racimo’, a working group involving the key decision makers concerning
the promotion of the CCM.
Theodora Williams of FOSDA partnered with the Canadian High Commission where a petition was presented
to the Defence and Interior Select Committee of parliament. See: http://www.fosda.net/?q=node/7167
A log of the media coverage during EIF can be viewed online at: www.august1.org/media efence and Interior
Select Committee of parliament. See: http://www.fosda.net/?q=node/7167 [Accessed 21/09/10].
6 CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
All photos in this report have been taken and supplied by campaigners in their
respective countries unless otherwise indicated
Photo: Pablo Figaredo
Entry into force celebrations in Siem Reap, Cambodia
Moldova marked entry into force by destroying its remaining stockpiles of cluster
munitions on 29 July. The government of Moldova invited civil society representatives
to witness the destruction, among them CMC representatives including IPPNW Russia
and Norwegian People’s Aid, which has worked closely with the government to destroy
its stocks. The government of Norway also destroyed the remainder of its stockpile of
cluster munitions on 16 July, prior to entry into force.
A video of the destruction is available here:
Seven countries have now completed destruction of cluster munition stockpiles:
Belgium, Colombia, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Portugal and Spain.
The Convention also received high level support with statements by United Nations
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who said it highlighted “the world’s collective revulsion
at these abhorrent weapons.”7 Pope Benedict XVI reiterated these sentiments, describing
the Convention as “a significant accomplishment in the field of disarmament and inter-
national humanitarian law.”8
Furthermore, on 7 July 2010 the Council of Europe adopted a Parliamentary Assembly
recommendation that “encourages all member states which have not yet done so to
sign and ratify [the Convention on Cluster Munitions] as soon as possible”9.
See: Annex III.
See: Annex IV.
”Ban on cluster munitions”- Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1871’, Council of Europe Committee
CM&BackColorInternet=9999CC&BackColorIntranet=FFBB55&BackColorLogged=FFAC75, 13 July 2010
CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary 7
The Council reaffirmed its support for the CCM, welcoming the forthcoming entry into
force. The following day on 8 July, the European Parliament passed a resolution on that:
“Calls on all EU Member States and candidate countries to sign and ratify the CCM as a
matter of urgency before the end of 2010, including the non-signatory States Estonia,
Finland, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey and the States that have
signed but not yet ratified the Convention, namely Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,
Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden.” A number of MEPs
spoke out in support of the Convention during a parliamentary debate that had taken
place the day before, and the resolution that was passed by an overwhelming majority
not only “commends all States that have signed and ratified the CCM”, but significantly
also “urges EU Member States that are not yet party to the CCM to take interim steps
pending accession, including adoption of a moratorium on the use, production and
transfer of cluster munitions and making a start on destroying cluster munitions stock-
piles as a matter of urgency.”10
Ten states made a reference to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and most
welcomed entry into force, during the high-level debate at the UN General Assembly
from 23-25 and 27-29 September. Austria, Belgium, the Holy See, Ireland, Luxembourg,
Moldova and New Zealand welcomed entry into force. Delegates from Andorra, Lao PDR
and Fiji also mentioned the Convention in their high-level statements, Andorra
announcing its intention to join the Convention. Ireland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs,
Mr. Micheál Martin emphasized the significance of the entry into force, urging states
to “move ahead with implementation of the convention and promotion of the widest
possible adherence to its provisions.” Lao PDR’s President, H.E Choummaly Sayasoune
said that it was a “great honor to host the First Meeting of States Parties to the Oslo
Convention” and invited all states to participate (1MSP).
Several governments released press statements welcoming its entry into force, includ-
ing Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, Lao PDR, Mexico, New Zealand,
Norway, and the UK.11
During formal entry into force celebrations in Lao PDR, the most heavily bombed
country in the world and host to the 1MSP in November 2010, Deputy Prime Minister
Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith, who will be President of the 1MSP, emphasized the significance
of the occasion. He stated that “the celebration of the Entry into Force of the Convention
on Cluster Munitions today is a reflection of great achievement as a result of strong
commitment by the international community to make our world free from threats of
cluster munitions.” 12
‘European Parliament resolution on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and
the role of the EU’, European Parliament, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&
reference=P7-RC-2010-0413&format=XML&language=EN [Accessed 06/09/10].
See Annexes VI-XVI.
Remarks by H.E. Dr. Thongloun SISOULITH, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs at the
celebration of the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’, 1 August 2010, see Annex XII.
8 CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
Photo: Tracie Williams
Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith, Lao PDR Deputy Prime
Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, speaks
about the importance of entry into force.
UK FCO Minister Alistair Burt warmly welcomed entry into force of the Convention
in a press statement released on 30 July, where he affirmed the UK’s commitment to
“promote the globalisation of the Convention, working toward the goal of universal
Other states also took the opportunity to reiterate their commitment to the Convention,
as longstanding supporters of the Convention since the early stages of its development.
New Zealand issued a statement taken from a parliamentary event held on 3 August
to celebrate entry into force. During the event, Georgina Te Heuheu, the Minister for
Disarmament and Arms Control, looked forward to the 1MSP stating that “New Zealand
will be seeking a strong and robust Conference to ensure the next critical phase, of
implementation, is successful.”14
Photo: Edwina Hughes
Entry into force parliamentary event in Wellington, New Zealand
‘FCO Minister welcomes the Convention on Cluster Munitions entering into force’, UK Foreign and
Commonwealth Office, 30 July 2010, see Annex XVI.
‘Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
4 August 2010, see Annex XIV.
CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary 9
On 2 August the Mexican Foreign Ministry held a similar event, after which the
Mexican government issued a press release, pledging that “in order to encourage
the swift universal membership of this important convention, Mexico will continue
to address the issue at its bilateral, regional and multilateral meetings.”15
In Switzerland, Handicap International encouraged 22 mayors to promote the
Convention in their speeches on 1 August, which coincided with Swiss National Day.
A number of mayors highlighted the Convention in their speeches.
Disinvestment was a prevalent issue in Japan, as the country’s three major banks
used the 1 August milestone to announce their decision to disinvest from cluster
The largest public event took place in Norway as 30,000 young football players from
around 50 countries gathered for ‘Norway Cup’, the world’s largest football tournament
for youth. Participants were encouraged to join the campaign against cluster bombs as
part of Norwegian People’s Aid’s action and to celebrate entry into force.
A summary of all the actions that took place worldwide can be found at:
Photo: Lena Fiske, Norwegian People’s Aid
Lebanese students at Norway Cup
‘The Mexican Government Welcomes the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’, Mexican
Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, 2 August 2010, see Annex XIII.
10 CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
N AT I O N A L A C T I O N S
TO C E L E B R AT E E N T RY I N TO F O R C E
Photo: Mikio Nakai
Entry into force concert- Zojoji Temple in Tokyo, Japan
Afghanistan possible, ahead of the First Meeting of States Parties.
Campaigners conducted media outreach about entry in November. Several cluster munition and landmine
into force. Firoz Ali Alizada of the International Cam- survivors participated in the event throughout the day,
paign to Ban Landmines conducted a live interview with a large number being interviewed by members
with a local TV station on 1 August. On 29 August of the media present. Some of the survivors took part
the Afghan Landmine Survivors Organization (ALSO) in awareness efforts among the public. Throughout
organised a drumming event in busy parts of the city, the day, members of the media interviewed survivors,
including in front of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, provided on-going coverage and devoted a significant
the Presidential (Gul Khana) Palace, the Ministry of amount of time to the messages that were being
Education, and the Ministry of Defence. Campaigners disseminated. Local television broadcasters gave a
distributed over 2000 educative posters, flyers and large amount of coverage to the event.
booklets about cluster bombs sending a clear message Mr. Sulaiman Safdar, CMC Afghanistan
to the Government of Afghanistan that ratification email@example.com
of the Convention needs to be realised as soon as
On 1 August, a drumming celebration was held in
Tirana, on the main square close to the university.
Among the participants were a group of cluster
munition survivors from northeast Albania, survivors
from the Gerdec explosions and representatives from
Albanian civil society. Following the drumming, the
participants marched with banners and flags in the
main boulevard passing by the Presidential Office,
the Government offices and the house of the Albanian
Parliament. A press conference was then opened with
a speech by the ALB-AID director where CMC cam-
paigners spoke about the efforts and hard work that
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 11
had ultimately resulted in entry into force. A cluster reading the information available and asking questions.
munition survivor provided a speech at the press Young people were also encouraged to participate in
conference. Mr. Jonuz Kula, Kukes Association the entry into force celebrations, with a poetry and
firstname.lastname@example.org song competition open to all secondary-level and
university students in South Australia.
In Tasmania, in association with the Mines Victims and
Clearance Trust (MiVAC) there was a replica cluster
munition strike set up just by the Salamanca Markets,
on the lawn of the Tasmanian Parliament. Posters were
laid out to imitate a makeshift trail through contami-
nated land. MiVAC also had an information table and
The Australian Broadcasting Commission 24/7 news
channel also devoted significant time to the entry into
force day. Lorel Thomas also did two radio interviews,
Argentina in both Adelaide and Sydney.
On 1 August a drumming action took place in Buenos Ms. Lorel Thomas, ANBL, email@example.com
Aires. On 2 August CARI, the Norwegian Embassy and Mr. Robert Rands, CMC Australia
the United Nations organised an academic discussion firstname.lastname@example.org
to celebrate entry into force. During the event, the pri-
mary topics covered were: the humanitarian problems Austria
caused by cluster bombs, the Convention and its CMC Austria issued a press release and held a drum-
importance in the field of international human rights, ming action outside of parliament. The Austrian
and the role of civil society organisations, particularly Ministry of Foreign Affairs also issued a press release.
that of the CMC. Presentations were given by Niels Ms. Judith Majlath, CMC Austria
Haugstveit, the Ambassador for Norway, Julián Bertra- email@example.com
nou from the UNDP, Fabián Calle from the Torcuato di
Tella University, and Maria Pía Devoto, Director of the Azerbaijan
APP. Among those who attended there were civil ser- A round table meeting took place on 2 August at the
vants from the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry Azerbaijan Media Centre in Baku. Participants included
of Foreign Affairs. The event was covered by the TV representatives from various departments in the
programme “Encuentro Global” on the news channel Government of Azerbaijan, including the Ministry of
América 24. Ms. Maria Pia Devoto, Asociación para Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defence, the defence
Políticas Públicas (APP) firstname.lastname@example.org industry, ANAMA and the Ombudsman’s Office.
Also present were representatives from embassies
ICRC, UNDP, and others from the NGO sector, university
students, landmine survivors and local media. AzCBL
translated the Convention of Cluster Munitions into
Azerbaijani which was distributed at the roundtable
event. During this event the AzCBL also screened the
film “Unacceptable Harm” in Azerbaijani.
Mr. Hafiz Safihanov, Azerbaijan Campaign to Ban
In Melbourne a photo exhibition, "Deadly Legacy"
and a power point show on cluster munitions were
displayed. “Bombs Begone” t-shirts were available to
buy and ANBL material on cluster munitions and the
Convention was distributed. The event had been widely
publicised and was well attended, with many people
12 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
On 31 July there was a drumming event, a photo Handicap International held a press conference with
exhibition, and a short film screening at 8pm at the cluster munition survivors Sladjan and Dusica Vuãkoviç.
Al-Riwaq Art Space in Adliya. A press release celebrat- They also met with the Serbian embassy in Brussels to
ing entry into force was sent out on the same day. encourage Serbia to join the Convention.
Mr. Nasser Burdestani, Amnesty International, Ms. Hildegarde Vansintjan, Handicap International
To celebrate entry into force Gono Kalyan Shangstha On 1 August the Ban Advocates and Handicap Interna-
(GKS) put up a banner in front of the National Press tional Belgium released a film titled “Ban Advocates:
Club, which is situated opposite the Ministry of Foreign from Victims to Champions”. The Ban Advocates are
Affairs. A public meeting was held at the same time in victims and survivors of clusters munitions from differ-
front of the national monument, with leaflets in Bengal ent countries, who are advocating for a universal ban
being distributed. A letter urging Bangladesh to sign on cluster munitions and more support for the affected
the Convention before the First Meeting of States individuals, families and communities.
Parties was also handed over to Zulfiqar Rahman, For links to the films and more information on the
Director General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. official launch, please visit:
Ms. Nadira Mallik, Gono Kalyan Shangstha (GKS) http://blog.banadvocates.org/index.php?post/2010/07/
Mr. Jeroen Van Hove, Handicap International Belgium
On 1 August the Belarus Campaign to Ban Landmines Bosnia and Herzegovina
and Cluster Munitions hosted a “Beat the Drums” The Handicap International Office for South-East
music concert, along with a multimedia photo and Europe and the Landmine Survivors Initiative Bosnia
film exhibition in Minsk. A press release was issued and Herzegovina organized a drumming action in the
and is available via major Belarus news websites: city centre of Sarajevo, performed by the Sarajevo
http://www.look.by/events/minsk/beat-drum-ban- Drum Orchestra. This event coincided with the end of
cluster-bombs-gruppy-blagi-mat-i-volk the Sarajevo Film Festival which attracts people from all
http://news.tut.by/society/192476.html over the world, and therefore was very well attended
Dr. Iouri Zagoumennov, SCAF/Belarus Campaign to Ban
Landmines and Cluster Munitions, email@example.com
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 13
by many people and bystanders from different coun- harmful effects of cluster bombs. This was followed
tries. The event lasted for two hours and many people by a press conference by the campaigners and with
of all ages participated. A high level of interest was representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
raised, participants expressing their readiness to be the International Committee of the Red Cross and
involved in and contribute to local initiatives. Youth the Norwegian embassy.
volunteers also participated and contributed to the Mr. Georges Ntidendereza, Association de Prise en
event, saying that they would continue to promote Charge des Orphelins de Guerre (APECOG)
this initiative among their peers. T-shirts, leaflets and firstname.lastname@example.org
balloons were also distributed at the drumming event.
Eighteen year old cluster munitions survivor Alaudin
In Siem Reap there were a number of activities includ-
Ibrahimovic spoke to the media about his experience
ing: a survivor seminar, games for kids with treaty
and his recovery from the trauma he suffered. He
themes, visual displays, survivor craft stalls, videos,
called upon the government and the entire nation of
drumming, speeches, balloon and candlelight events,
Bosnia and Herzegovina to help ratify and implement
and the premiere of a dancing performance created
the Convention and to provide support to cluster
to celebrate entry into force. Campaigners also gave
participants the opportunity to sign the People’s
The event had a high level of coverage in the media Treaty. There were also t-shirts and banners provided
(around 7 major media networks reported on the initia- to tuk-tuk drivers to promote the events.
tive during prime time slots), raising the campaign’s Ms. Denise Coghlan, Cambodia Campaign to Ban
profile throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. Around Landmines, email@example.com
entry into force day an advertising campaign was also
launched on three major TV channels in Bosnia and
Herzegovina and on websites that screened a short ani-
mation film about cluster bombs and the Convention’s
entry into force to publicize the drumming action.
Ms. Alma Taslidzan, Handicap International
Mr. Ramiz Becirovic, Landmine Survivors Initiatives
Campaigners carried out an e-action on entry into
On 3 August, Mines Action Canada (MAC) and the
force promoted through Twitter. They urged other
Ottawa Outreach Committee organised a march with
campaigners and the public to use the hash tags
drummers from the Human Rights Monument near
#erradicarbombascacho (eradicate cluster bombs)
city hall to Parliament Hill. The march ended with
and #BrasilassineConvençãodeOslo (Brazilian Oslo
participants forming a drumming circle.
Convention) to promote awareness.
Mr. Gustavo Vieira, Brazilian Campaign Against Throughout the 10 days counting down to entry into
Landmines and Cluster Bombs, Gvieira7@gmail.com force, campaigners formed human petitions in the
shape of the number of days left until entry into force.
Burundi MAC created the Facebook group “Donate Your FB
Profile Picture until Cluster Bombs are Banned on
19305225 Mines Action Canada (MAC)
On 30 July, APECOG and Handicap International
combined their efforts to celebrate entry into force.
A march was conducted to the sound of drumming,
and campaigners lay on the ground to symbolise the
14 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
A number of NGOs collaborated on a drumming event
(batucada) and a flash mob in remembrance of the 29
victims of a munitions factory explosion in Alto Hospi-
cio. Supporters were asked to sign a petition at these
events which was then handed to Sebastian Piñera,
the current president of Chile, asking him to ratify
the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The event took
place at Plaza de Armas on 1 August at 12pm.
Ms. Pamela Velasquez, Instituto de Ecologia Politica
Humanidad Vigente spoke about the consequences
of using weapons that are as indiscriminate as cluster
bombs. Everyone present then watched a performance,
as representatives from civil society “beat the drum to
ban cluster bombs.”
Mr. Camilo Serna, Colombian Campaign to Ban
Landmines (CCCM), firstname.lastname@example.org
On 2 August, Centro Zona Minada delivered a letter to
the President requesting that Chile ratify the Conven- Croatia
tion. From 2-4 August, they also took part in meetings Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC), Mine Aid and
with members of the military, including General Anto- the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integra-
nio Cordero, the government official responsible for tion organised an event at Zagreb in the main square.
stockpile destruction. In Alto Hospicio village, where Participants received a book of flyers with key informa-
the factory explosion occurred on 25 January 1986, tion on cluster munitions and danger signs, and there
children took part in a balloon launch to mark entry were risk education performances for the children.
into force. A press release was also issued.
Mr. Elir Rojas Calderón, Centro Zona Minada, Chile Ms. Marija Breber, Mine Aid Association
Colombia Democratic Republic of Congo
On 2 August, the Colombian Campaign to Ban Land- A drumming activity took place in Kinshasa held by the
mines (CCCM) organised a talk to celebrate the Congolese Campaign to Ban Landmines (CCBL) and the
Convention’s entry into force at the Jorge Tadeo Lozano National Association of Survivors and of the Defence
University, where government representatives con- of Victims (NASDRV). On 1 August an entry into force
firmed that they will ratify the Convention. Participants
in the event included Dr. Bruno Moro, the UN Systems
Coordinator in Colombia, and Dr. Álvaro Jiménez
Millán, National Coordinator for the CCCM. The action
was attended by Dr. Nohra Quintero, International
Disarmament and Security Coordinator for the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, who spoke about the path to imple-
mentation of the Oslo Process in Colombia. Dr. Diana
Rodríguez was also present, consultant to the office
for human rights policy and legal advice at the Ministry
of Defence. She explained the advances that had been
made by the Colombian government after the signing
of the Convention. Finally, Diana Teresa Sierra from
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 15
broadcast was televised and a press release was issued On 30 July from 8.30-10.00 survivors put up a banner
in order to increase pressure on the government to and then gathered to give out brochures on cluster
ratify, campaigners also chose to carry out lobbying munitions, the Convention, the campaign, and the rati-
actions during this important milestone such as provid- fication process in El Salvador. The event was accom-
ing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with information panied by a drumming action, and a speech was also
about the First Meeting of States Parties to the Conven- disseminated to members of the armed forces to
tion on Cluster Munitions, and urging the Congolese educate them on cluster munitions.
government to attend. CCBL activists also met with the
A video of the drumming event can be viewed here:
Legal Advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who
confirmed that the issue of ratification had been placed
on to the official agenda of the Prime Minister. An Also, a link to a video by Fundación Red de Sobre-
advocacy event by CCBL and NASDRV was also arranged vivientes:
to take place on 30 October, called “On the Road to http://www.youtube.com/user/ReddeSobrevivientes
Vientiane”, where key decision makers were urged to Mr. Jesus Martinez, Fundación Red de Sobrevivientes,
give an update on the ratification of the Convention email@example.com
and preparations for the First Meeting of states Parties.
Mr. Francky Miantuala, Congolese Campaign to Ban Ethiopia
DanChurch Aid issued a press release announcing
entry into force on 28 July. They had two television
and several radio appearances during EIF.
Ms. Tamar Szeps-Znaider, DanChurd Aid, firstname.lastname@example.org
Protection sent out a press release on 1 August calling
on all countries in the region to join the Convention.
Letters were sent to heads of states in Algeria, Bahrain,
Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania,
Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen,
Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates. These letters,
along with a web countdown, are on www.mena-pro- An entry into force celebration was held at the head-
tection.org. That day, Protection also conducted two quarters of the Ethiopian National Association for the
television interviews, at 12:00 GMT with France24 Physically Handicapped on 1 August under the slogan
international (Arabic service), and at 1:15 GMT with “Beat the Drum to Ban Cluster Bombs”. Campaigners
Aljazeera English (in English). printed the “beat the drum” logo on to caps that were
Mr. Ayman Sorour, PROTECTION then distributed out to participants. Sixty-two people
email@example.com attended, most of them cluster bomb survivors. Bekele
Gonfa gave a briefing on the Oslo Process and the
El Salvador number of countries that had signed and ratified the
Convention up to that date. A question and answer
session then followed, with participants demonstrating
a clear will to move along Ethiopia’s accession to the
Convention. A few days later, an event was also held in
Addis Ababa on 5 August at an annual meeting of the
survivors group Yitaweklign Yeakalgudatagnoch
Mehiber (YYM). Including three government officials,
forty people attended to hear a presentation given by
Bekele Gonfa about the current status of the Conven-
tion and the historic moment of its entry into force.
The event received wide coverage from Ethiopian
16 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
Campaigners and survivors of cluster bombs launched alongside local drummers from the area in order to
the new film “The Ban Advocates: From Victims to celebrate the entry into force of the Convention on
Champions” in Mekele, at a school that was hit by Cluster Munitions. Later in the day a seminar was held
a cluster bomb strike in 1998. The film was also at the Regional Education Centre hall where various
launched in Addis Ababa. speakers spoke on the issue of security and peace,
Mr. Bekele Gonfa, firstname.lastname@example.org with particular emphasis upon the Convention. The
seminar then closed with another drumming and
Fiji singing performance.
Events on 1 August targeted the media to raise aware-
On 6 August there was an open forum which held
ness of cluster bombs and the Convention. A drum-
between government officials, civil society organisa-
ming event was combined with a church service, as
tions and parliamentarians, and the following day
drumming is normally used to signal the beginning
there was a cultural show that included drumming.
of church service on Sundays.
Ms. Pamela Kehinde Cole, West Africa Network for
Ms. Ema Tagicakibau, Pacific Foundation for Women's
Peacebuilding the Gambia, email@example.com
Advancement (PACFAW), firstname.lastname@example.org
Both public and press events were held in Helsinki to
mark entry into force. Performances that included
“danger – cluster munitions” signs took place in the
centre of Helsinki at three different venues to encour-
age Finland to join the treaty, including one at the
steps of parliament.
Ms. Laura Lodenius, Peace Union of Finland
On 1 August a press release was issued. Handicap
International and Amnesty International sent joint
letters to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the
Ministry of Defence.
Ms. Marion Libertucci, Handicap International France,
On 1 August in Gori, campaigners organised a photo
exhibition. The Georgia Campaign to Ban Landmines
Mr. Aymeric Elluin, Amnesty International France
encouraged everyone to upload images for the photo
contest on the website www.forpeace.ge. The photo
contest was named “Journalists of XXI century and was
dedicated in memory of the three journalists who were
On 30 July a press release was issued about entry into
killed by cluster bombs during the Russian/Georgian
force, followed by advocacy letters to the key relevant
war in 2008: Stan Storimans, Giga Chikhladze and
ministries of Defence, the Interior and Foreign Affairs.
Sasha Klimchuk. The exhibition included photos taken
To mark the occasion, a marching band performed
by the journalists during the war as well as photos of
journalists, reporters, camera men and other media
representatives doing their job during the time. From
the photos that are uploaded on the website, 50 were
selected and exhibited on 1 August. Prizes were given
to those who had taken the most memorable pictures.
The events were accompanied with drumming to
celebrate entry into force of the Convention on Cluster
Munitions. Two national youth dancing troupes
danced alongside the professional drummers, as
journalists, NGO leaders and family members of killed
journalists looked on. People came from all over the
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 17
country to attend the event, a large number coming A report on investment of German banks in cluster
from Tbilisi. Representatives from both local and munition production, including an interview with
government were present, and the action received Branislav Kapetanovic:
a great amount of television coverage. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IpfA-HeB5J0
Ms. Eva Fischer, Handicap International Germany
A video of the performances can be viewed here:
Mr. Thomas Kuchenmeister, Action Group Landmine DE
Ms. Maia Buchukuri, Georgia Campaign to Ban
On 2 August the Canadian High Commission partnered
On 1 August Handicap International Germany held an
with the Foundation for Security and Development in
event in Munich with a photo exhibition, an audio
Africa (FOSDA) to organise a cocktail reception in Accra
installation sounding the voices of victims, a demining
involving a traditional drumming and dancing celebra-
presentation on a large “mine field”, and banners. They
tion with parliamentarians, government officials and
also carried out fundraising for their Victim Assistance
civil society. Campaigners used the event to put further
programs at this event. The day before, a similar event
pressure on the government to expedite the ratification
took place in Rosenheim, and on 10 August another
process, as a petition was presented to the Defence
big event with drums and demining was held in
and Interior Select Committee of parliament to expe-
dite the ratification process. Speeches were given by
In Berlin, Action Group Landmine DE organised suc- Michael Gort, the Canadian Chargé d’affaires, Afi
cessful drumming events in front of the US and Russian Yakubu, Associate Director of FOSDA, and Colonel Seth
embassies on 1 August. Flyers were handed out to the Ohene Asare, Chairman of the National Commission on
audience present. The media coverage was excellent, Small Arms. The evening was closed by a drum recital
with the events being included in 5 TV reports, over using the traditional ‘fontomfrom’ drums by the Centre
10 radio broadcasts and more than 25 print and online for National Culture. The traditional ‘Bamaya’ dance was
news articles. also performed to signify victory.
Ms. Theodora Williams, FOSDA, Theodora@fosda.net
The media response to entry into force was very good,
with actions gaining coverage in many print and online
articles, radio and also some TV reports.
A short video of Tina Küchenmeister during an EIF
event can be viewed here:
Some more TV reports can be found here:
Campaigners held a concert on 1 August. Since this day
was also African Liberation day and a public holiday, it
was a big celebration. Petra Ann Williams spoke on
television to encourage Grenada – the only country in
the Caribbean where cluster munitions have been used
– to join the Convention.
Ms. Petra Ann Williams, CAFRA
18 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
Campaigners from ECPAT held a meeting with the Min- In the last week of July, the Indian Campaign to Ban
istry of Foreign Affairs on 5 August to celebrate entry Landmines and the International Red Cross held meet-
into force and to continue lobbying for ratification of ings with members of Parliament and ambassadors in
the Convention. The Norwegian Ambassador was invit- New Delhi including those from Bangladesh, Canada,
ed to speak about the Oslo process. Other participants Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. On 1 August, a seminar
presented different subjects related to the treaty. for the elected members of Maharashtra Assembly
(State Parliament) was held. Information and material
On 18 August, ECPAT organised a working group meet-
provided by the CMC was distributed, with the screen-
ing involving key actors concerning the promotion of
ing of a short film. Bahamd Shawaki Khalil, a Lebanese
the Convention, both domestically and internationally.
exchange student, participated in entry into force
The aim of the meeting was to advocate for fast ratifi-
activities in India and attended public meetings with
cation of the Convention through Congress. A number
parliamentarians, bureaucrats and NGOs.
of speakers attended, including representatives from
both the Guatemalan and Norwegian governments, as The Indian campaign also held a press conference
well as from the CMC. Together, they covered the histo- and a press release was sent to all national and
ry of the CCM up to date, and the steps necessary to regional newspapers in English, Hindi and some
achieve ratification. The meeting was a great success, regional languages.
a representative from Congress committing to ratifica- Dr. Balkrishna Kurvey IIPDEP
tion within the next few months. Furthermore, it was email@example.com
agreed that a joint press conference at the Guatemalan
National Congress would be held in the near future
with all institutions that participated in the working
Ms. Maria Eugenia Vilareal, ECPAT
A press note was circulated about entry into force on
Friday 30 July to national radio stations. On 1 August
from 7.00am to 9.30am there was a march organised
by the JCC/YCW-GB from Chapa de Bissau in the heart
to the city to Rotunda de Imprério. NGO partners and
members of the community joined in the celebrations.
The march was followed by a speech about the
Mr. Etchen Sambú, WANEP
The Control Arms Foundation of India held a press
conference on 2 August at Press Club of India in
New Delhi followed by a drumming activity called,
"Beat the Dhol, India join the Call" at India Gate.
Several civil society organisations, students,
academics, strategic and defence analysts took
part in the proceedings. During the action,
hundreds of pamphlets in both English and Hindi
were distributed to celebrate the entry into force.
A memorandum was also submitted to the Indian
Prime Minister, Defence Minister and Minister of
Foreign Affairs urging the Indian government to
support a ban on cluster bombs.
Binalakshmi Nepram, Control Arms Foundation of India
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 19
Indonesia negotiated and adopted by 107 countries in May 2008..
There was a special Sunday mass in the cathedral in Ms. Susan Hensel, CMC Ireland, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jakarta to mark entry into force. JRS Indonesia and
KINEFORUM Jakarta collaborated to celebrate the
historic occasion. A drumming event took place, as
well as an exhibition of photos by John Rodsted. The
films “Ban Advocates” and “Unacceptable Harm” were
screened on 1 August. Speeches were given by Lars
Stenger of JRS and Andy Rachmianto from the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs. Balloons were released to mark the
historic day. The event was attended by students and
NGOs, as well as members of the media.
Mr. Lars Stenger, Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) Indonesia
Campaigners held a drumming action on the beach
near Rome. Campaign volunteers distributed flyers
about cluster munitions and entry into force. Volun-
teers collected signatures to support Italy’s ratification
of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Letters and
postcards were sent to all members of parliament on
entry into force, urging parliamentarians to push for-
ward Italy’s ratification of the treaty. Letters were also
sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry
Iraq of Defence. A press release about entry into force was
The Iraqi Alliance for Disability (IADO) organised a distributed to media on Friday 30 July.
national drumming celebration in Baghdad on 1 Ms. Tibisay Ambrosini, Italian Campaign to Ban
August. A gift was presented to Environment Minister Landmines, email@example.com
Narmeen Othman in recognition of her role in raising
the profile of the Convention and public calls for its rat-
ification. Numerous special guests attended the event,
including cluster bomb survivors, and political figures
from both regional and national levels. Many members
of the media were also present.
Mr. Moaffak Alkhfaji, Iraqi Alliance for Disability (IADO)
On 1 August from 2.30pm – 5.00pm professional
Wadaiko drum players Jun Takada and Keidai Kanasashi
held a concert organised by the Japan Campaign to
Ban Landmines, along with other drumming groups.
The concert took place in Zojoji Temple in Tokyo, one
of Japan’s principal Buddhist temples.
Ms Junko Utsumi, Japan Campaign to Ban Landmines
On 2 August Afri (Action from Ireland) in partnership
with the Bloom Movement for Global Justice held a
drumming action outside Croke Park – the historic
venue where the Convention on Cluster Munitions was
20 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
Kenya Lao PDR
On 1 August from 2pm-5pm, Handicap International On 1 August, campaigners in Lao PDR took part in a
(HI) organised a 3 hour traditional drumming session in drumming parade and organised performances, activi-
the city centre of Nairobi together with the University ties, and games at the International Centre for Training
of Nairobi and a group of persons with disabilities. The and Cooperation in partnership with the Ministry of
event was publicized through radio and other media Foreign Affairs, the National Regulatory Authority on
in advance of the day. Daniel Aghan had an All Africa UXO, and UNDP.
opinion editorial published in The Citizen and the
Activities began at 7:00am with a Buddhist alms-giving
action itself was covered by Kenya Broadcasting
ceremony for 50 monks from throughout Vientiane
Province, representing the estimated 50,000 victims
Mr. Daniel Aghan, Handicap International Kenya,
of UXO in Laos. At the same time, a drumming parade
consisting of trucks from seven UXO operators drove
from Patuxay Monument to the International Centre
for Training and Cooperation, where Lao Youth Union
drummers were also performing.
A formal ceremony was then held, with speeches from
the Deputy Prime Minister, the United Nations Resident
Coordinator, CMC, and a survivor. This was followed by
a ribbon-cutting ceremony to officially mark entry into
force. The day continued with a host of activities and
games, including puppet shows, modern and tradition-
al Lao dancing, and a wheelchair obstacle course.
Ms. Alexandra Hiniker, Cluster Munition Coalition
On 1 August a drumming event took place in Germia
national park, where NATO once bombed a police and Religions for Peace, in cooperation with Norwegian
military station with cluster munitions. T-shirts and Church Aid and Lao Buddhist Monks for Development,
refreshments were given out to participants. Partici- organized a workshop from 2–3 August at Wat
pants included youth, civil society and representatives Nakhoun Noi, in Vientiane to raise awareness about
from the government and the municipality. the Convention within Lao's religious communities
Mr. Burim Haxolli, The Focus, firstname.lastname@example.org and explore the roles that monks can play in assisting
survivors with their recovery and social reintegration.
It was attended by over 60 monks from across the
country as well as five survivors, and enjoyed strong
support from the Lao government.
Ms Allison Pytlak, World Council of Religions for Peace
An article on the socioeconomic impact of cluster
munitions was launched. A detailed article on the
Convention was published in the KISR monthly Science
and Technology Magazine, which is disseminated to
all parts of the Arab world and MENA. A meeting was
also agreed upon between campaigners and military
staff in order to discuss the Convention and encourage
Kuwait to sign.
Rof. Raafat Misak, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 21
Campaigners issued a press release on 1 August to
celebrate entry into force.
Mr. Jerome Bobin, Handicap International
On 1 August a press conference kick-started the day’s
events followed by a roundtable event at noon entitled
“The Media and Cluster Bombs”. At 2pm a drumming
event named “Drum Beat” took place at Skopje Central Mexico
City Park where there was music and materials about On 2 August, the Mexican Foreign Ministry held a
entry into force were distributed. The event was conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions
coordinated by JCWE and their partner organisation. and its entry into force together with civil society
Ms. Natasha Dokovska, Journalists for children and representatives and local embassies to promote
women rights and environmental protection further signatures and ratifications to the Convention.
email@example.com Participants invited to speak came from the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, the Chilean Embassy, the ICRC,
the Norwegian Embassy and CMC Mexico.
Mr. Héctor Guerra, CMC Mexico, firstname.lastname@example.org
On 5 August there were a number of events including a On 29 July, Moldova destroyed the remaining stock-
press conference, a drumming celebration, and a public piles of its cluster munitions. To witness the destruc-
debate on the Convention. A press statement was also tion, the Moldovan government invited civil society
released that day. representatives from Norwegian People’s Aid, which
Mr. Undule Mwakasungura, Centre of Human Rights and has worked closely with the government to destroy its
Rehabilitation, email@example.com stocks, as well as from the Cluster Munition Coalition.
Ms. Jane Filseth Andersen, Norwegian People’s Aid
Celebrations took place in Bamako on 9 August, so that Mr. Lee Moroney, Norwegian People’s Aid
several important political figures could be present. firstname.lastname@example.org
Consequently, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minis- Mr. Roman Dolgov, IPPNW Russia
ter of Defence, the Minister of Security, the President of email@example.com
the National Security Commission and the President of
Parliament were all present at the event. As well as fig-
ures from government, CMC Mali invited all of its civil
society partners and members of the press. During the
morning, a drumming event was held in a public stadi-
um and in the afternoon, RJSDAO met with representa-
tives from government and the military at the Interna-
tional Peace Centre. Later that evening a meeting then
took place at the International Conference Centre.
Mr. Amadou Moussa Maiga, RJSDAO
22 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
Mozambique attention was given to this action, as it was announced.
Under the slogan “Toca o batuque para banir bombas beforehand in a press release. A reporter from national
de fragmentação“ (Beat the drum to ban cluster radio was present during the event, and the two major
bombs), there were a number of events in Mozambique news broadcasts in the Netherlands devoted significant
that many local partner organisations, government and time to the action. Throughout the day photos and
other international partners in Maputo participated in. videos were taken which were posted on the website.
Letters were sent to the government urging them to Roos Boer did four primetime radio interviews revolv-
ratify the Convention and information about the ing around entry into force and NOS Journaal even
Convention was published in local newspapers and did an extra item about the Convention that evening.
reported on local TV and radio. Football matches were Ms. Merijn de Jong, IKV Pax Christi
also used to promote the issue with the public. The firstname.lastname@example.org
captains of the participating teams spoke to supporters
and invited them to advocate for support of the New Zealand
Convention alongside FOMICRES. Two events were held in the New Zealand capital of
Mr. Albino Forquilha, FOMICRES Wellington to celebrate entry into force.
On 1 August, the Aotearoa New Zealand Cluster Muni-
Nepal tion Coalition (ANZCMC) kicked off one of the first in a
On 1 August, NCBL began entry into force with a series of events to be held around the world to cele-
speech in Basantapur, Kathmandu. This was followed brate entry into force of the Convention on Cluster
by the lighting of candles that marked the historical Munitions. Wellington musician Sam Manzanza and his
date, by the Deputy Superintendent of Police. A tradi- colleagues including Tom Scrase (The Thomas Oliver
tional music group also played the Khin Madal (Tradi- Band), and Navjeevan Singh led off a 40-minute drum-
tional drums) and the Bansuri (Flute). Banners were ming session that kids and adults joined in. The drum-
made and further information on the issue was spread ming session took place at Capital E in Civic Square,
using postcards and brochures. Given the nature of the Wellington.
area, dozens of tourists were also able to participate As the ANZCMC coordinator Mary Wareham explained,
in the day’s celebrations. the drumming was intended to ‘make some noise’
Ms. Purna Shova Chitrakar, Ban Landmines Campaign about the fact that from today onwards, cluster bombs
Nepal (NCBL), email@example.com are a banned weapon. After a hot chocolate break, the
participants watched a new 20-minute film entitled
Cluster Munitions: Banned in New Zealand. Directed by
Mary Wareham, edited by James Meikle, and produced
by Jamila Homayunthe, the film details New Zealand’s
leadership role in creating the Convention on Cluster
On 3 August, Hon. Georgina Te Heuheu, Minister for
Disarmament and Arms Control hosted a parliamentary
reception to commemorate entry into force, which
concluded with a screening of the short documentary
Netherlands film ‘Cluster Munitions: Banned in New Zealand’ in the
On 30 July there was a celebration in The Hague to cel- Beehive theater. Countries represented at the event
ebrate the entry into force milestone and also to share included both members of the convention (Australia,
the message that there is more work to do. Consisting Canada, Chile, Germany, Japan, South Africa) and states
of a percussion band and a group of volunteers, as well that have not yet joined such as Brazil, the United
as anyone who wanted to participate, there was a walk- States, and Viet Nam. Major John Flanagan (retd), for-
ing route passing the embassies of Russia, Georgia, mer director of the UN Mine Action Service, came up
Israel and the United States. Together with a percussion from Blenheim to attend the event and see the film
band IKV Pax Christi visited the 4 embassies and hand- Cluster Munitions: Banned in New Zealand, which he
ed over the Convention text and a drum, inviting them features in together with Hon. Georgina Te Heuheu,
to join the beat to ban cluster bombs. Flyers were also Hon. Phil Goff, Ambassador Don MacKay and Mary
handed out to the audience. A great deal of media Wareham.
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 23
A press conference was held to celebrate entry into
force. A street cinema event also took place where
CMC videos were shown to the public. There were
petition cards available to sign as well as t-shirts and
flyers. A group of Canjoneros (Peruvian drum players)
joined the celebrations, which included a balloon
launch to mark the occasion.
Ana Maria Watson, ISDH,firstname.lastname@example.org
Following a NZPA wire article, several local media
Campaigners hosted an event with percussionists to
covered entry into force in New Zealand, including
celebrate entry into force and met with the Depart-
the Dominion Post, 2ZB, and Radio Live.
ment of National Defence to encourage the Philippines
More information can be found on the ANZCMC to ratify the Convention.
website here: http://www.banclusterbombs.org.nz Ms. Jaymelyn Uy, CMC Pilipinas
Ms. Mary Wareham, ANZCMC, email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Nigeria Russian Federation
In Nigeria, campaigners held a memorial service to On 3 August campaigners held a press conference at
remember cluster bomb victims followed by drumming the Interfax News Agency headquarters along with a
activities held at local churches. delegation from the International Committee of the
Ms. Mimidoo Achakpa, IANSA Women’s Network Nigeria Red Cross. There were a large number of journalists
email@example.com from both press and electronic mass media. The Inter-
fax Agency shared the coverage of the press confer-
Norway ence over its extensive network, and correspondents
On 1 August, the entry into force of the Convention from Rosbalt and ITAR-Tass agencies spread the infor-
on Cluster Munitions was celebrated at Norway Cup, mation through their networks. There was also an
which is the world’s largest youth football tournament. information kit for journalists available and campaign-
Approximately 30,000 football players aged 12-19 years ers expect that a number of feature articles will be
old from around 50 nations gathered in Oslo from 1-7 written on the subject.
August. The event focused on cluster munitions Mr. Roman Dolgov, IPPNW, firstname.lastname@example.org
throughout the week, many of the young football
players taking part in a drumming activity on 1 August. Rwanda
The messages were about how cluster munitions affect A drumming event was held as well as a radio show
civilians and how cluster munitions are cleared. These aimed at raising public awareness about the Conven-
young people were able to return home to push their tion. A press release was issued to the public and
countries to ratify, accede and implement the treaty. media on 1 August at the drumming activity. ALSAR
This event was planned and organised by NPA. The also met with representatives from the Ministry of
State Secretary Gry Larsen attended the event and Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
gave a short speech. Mr. Eugene Musolin, ALSAR
Ms. Vibecke Østby, Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) email@example.com
Pakistan In Dakar, a drumming activity took place with an
A forum for civil society and media was held on 1 orchestra composed of persons with disabilities who
August. This forum promoted the Convention and beat handi-rhythym drums. After the drumming
worked to encourage the government of Pakistan to session a short film about cluster munitions was
participate in the First Meeting of States Parties. A press screened. In Casamance, a similar event was held,
release was issued to the major print and electronic with a drumming performance, a public conference,
media in Pakistan. and a screening of the film.
Mr. Raza Shah Khan, Sustainable Peace and Development Mr. Boubine Toure, Senegalese Campaign to Ban
Organization (SPADO), firstname.lastname@example.org Landmines, email@example.com
24 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
In Ziguinchor, Senegal, an area contaminated by force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
landmines, campaigners held a drumming action on Mr. Abu Bakarr Sheriff, Sierra Leone Action Network on
1 August with national partners. A short film was Small Arms (SLANSA)
shown at this event and a press release was issued firstname.lastname@example.org
to members of the media who were present.
Mr. Mamady Gassama,Senegalese Landmine Survivors Slovakia
Association Amnesty International issued a press release on 1
email@example.com August to celebrate entry into force. They also took
advantage of the Pohoda 2010 music festival that
Serbia took place in July, getting people at the event to take
On Friday 30 July Assistance. Advocacy. Access – Serbia a picture by a cluster bomb display that had been set
(AAA-Serbia), Nerina Cevra, representing the CMC and up. AI campaigners then used all of the photos taken to
Dragoljub Duricic, Serbia's most famous drummer held compile a photo petition in the form of a huge "post-
a press briefing at the Belgrade Media Center on the card", presenting it to the Ministry of Defence in August.
status of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the A video of the action can be seen here (in Slovak):
upcoming celebration in Belgrade. http://www.facebook.com/#!/video/video.php?v=1594
Dragoljub Duricic and 23 other performers joined AAA-
Ms Martina Mazurova, Amnesty International Slovensko
Serbia to celebrate entry into force on 1 August at the
Nikola Pasic Square in Belgrade. Hundreds of people
attending the concert signed AAA-Serbia's petition for
Serbia to join the Convention. A thousand campaign
The Somalia Coalition to Ban Landmines planned a
flyers were distributed in the city centre, as well as
small event with the Ministry of Defense of the Somali
hundreds of other materials including more detailed
Transitional Federal Government. The aim was to
pamphlets, the treaty text, t-shirts and bags marking
celebrate the historic event of entry into force. A press
the occasion. Members of local survivors' groups from
release was issued to media encouraging the govern-
eight different municipalities of Serbia also attended
ment to ratify the Convention and participate in the
upcoming First Meeting of States Parties.
Dragoljub Djuricic, the most famous drummer in the Mr. Dahir Abdulle, Somalia Campaign to Ban Landmines
entire territory of former Yugoslavia, is also an interna- (SOCBAL)
tionally renowned performer and artist who was firstname.lastname@example.org
among the most dynamic figures of the Serbian
democracy movement. He remains a symbol of that
change today. During the 1990s civil society demon-
strations, Dragoljub Djuricic led a group of 30 drum-
mers in front of a million people gathered on the
streets of Belgrade. Djuricic and drumming colleagues
played at the numerous rallies throughout the country
leading to a new era in Serbia in the year 2000.
The Organization of Civilian War Victims in Kraljevo in
cooperation with AAA-S organised a celebration of Somaliland
entry into force with a petition signing event and a An orientation session was held on cluster munitions
presentation for the media on the same day. Kraljevo for members of a parliamentary committee that deals
in Central Serbia is one of the areas most affected by with social issues. Other senior officials from the newly
cluster bomb strikes, with parts still contaminated by constituted government also attended. A presentation
cluster duds. was given and discussions centered on the role of citi-
Ms. Jelena Vicentic, Assistance. Advocacy. Access - Serbia zens and members of parliament in dealing with the
email@example.com problem of cluster munitions. A folder containing key
information on cluster munitions was also distributed
Sierra Leone to participants.
Campaigners in Sierra Leone circulated a press release Mr. Daniel Aghan, Handicap International
and conducted media interviews about the entry into firstname.lastname@example.org
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 25
South Africa There was also a celebration on Lloret de Mar on the.
On 1 August, the Ceasefire Campaign arranged for same day that included drumming activities. The “Beat
an open top bus with drummers to drive through the drum to ban cluster bombs” logo was displayed on
the streets of Johannesburg calling for South Africa posters in Catalan, Spanish and English.
to ratify the Convention. Ms. Carmen Bernat, Plataforma per la Pau Lloret
Mr. Kennedy Mabasa, Ceasefire Campaign email@example.com
firstname.lastname@example.org Ms. Lucia Oltra, Moviment per la Pau
The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the Interna-
Ms. Lourdes Vergés, Fundació per la Pau
tional Committee of the Red Cross held a panel discus-
sion on the Convention on Friday 30 July at the Pretoria
Offices of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), enti-
tled “The Cluster Munitions Convention 48 hours before
its entry into force.” The event was attended by over
fifty people, including representatives from the South
African National Defence Force (SANDF), local
embassies and consulates, the United Nations, the ISS,
the ICRC, the Ceasefire Campaign and the media. Local
media also covered the Convention’s entry into force, as
the seminar highlighted the importance of the issue.
For more information see:
Ms. Gugu Dube, ISS
In Khartoum an event was held in cooperation with
ABRAR Organisation and consisted of drumming,
speeches and local singing and dancing groups. There
were around two hundred participants, including the
State Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, representatives
from the Defense, Foreign Affairs, and Justice Ministries,
and the Commission of Disarmament, Demobilization
and Reintegration. Many from the media were present
at the event along with the Sudan campaign members,
UNMAO and UNDP staff, NMAC personnel and some
embassy representatives. The celebration was covered
Spain by Sudan national TV in its primary news broadcasts,
On 1 August at 11.30am there was a drumming cele- Blue Nile TV as well as Elshroog TV and Omruman radio.
bration in Plaça de Sant Jaume in Barcelona. Numerous Many newspapers also highlighted the event. A firm
organisations were involved in the celebrations, includ- national commitment to joining the Convention had
ing Fundació per la Pau, Greenpeace, Justícia i Pau, been established by the end of the day, as the
Moviment per la Pau, Plataforma per la Pau de Lloret, Sudanese government announced that it would
and Setem. Flyers and other materials were provided accede before November 2010.
to participants and spectators in Catalan, Spanish and Mr. Abo Osama Taktook, JASMAR Human Security
English. The action was a great success, with over a Organization
hundred people gathering in the square to watch a email@example.com
professional group of drummers. Media were also invit-
ed to cover the event. Midway through the perform-
ance, spokespeople for each organisation were invited
to speak about the Convention. Jordi Armadans from
Fundació per la Pau, Meritxell Bennasar of Greenpeace,
and Lucia Oltra from Moviment Per la Pau, explained
the relevance of the Convention and the importance
of the joint efforts made by civil society to realise these
26 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
Switzerland all news broadcasts on August 1 and in a news strip .
1 August is Switzerland’s National Day. Campaigners as well. They prepared clips about cluster bombs from
wrote to all of the mayors in the country with a flyer Lebanon and Laos and of short meetings with CMC
in French and German about cluster munitions, asking figures. Other Arab TV channels also covered the EIF,
them to mention entry into force during their 1 August including Syrian TV.
speeches – 22 mayors responded to this request and Mr Ghassan Shahrour, Arab Net for Research on
promoted the Convention in their speeches. HI Switzer- Landmines and ERW
land sent out a press release in advance of the day, and firstname.lastname@example.org
the CMC held a press briefing at the Palais des Nations
on 29 July. The CMC invited representatives from the Tajikistan
United Nations and the International Committee of the On 1 August the TV program “Sarbaz i Vatan” hosted a
Red Cross, and CMC Coordinator Thomas Nash gave a discussion on the issue of cluster bombs, particularly
speech. There was a high level of media interest in concerning the situation in Tajikistan. The show includ-
entry into force, a good level of newswire coverage ed interviews with government officials and survivors
stemming from the Geneva press conference. as well as TV clips from affected regions. There was a
Mr. Paul Vermeulen, Handicap International Switzerland national launch of a Ban Advocates film made by Chris
email@example.com Anderson. Between 30 July and 4 August there was a
Campaign/Advocacy & Awareness Raising Training for
Syria survivors of landmines and cluster munitions in Varzob
There were drumming activities in early August to Gorge. During this training a drumming event took
celebrate entry into force. On 7 July a press release was place on 1 August. On 2 August a roundtable event was
issued by Arab Net for Research on Landmines and held with survivors of landmines and cluster munitions
ERW (ANROLM) to mark the entry into of the Conven- and decision makers from several government bodies
tion which was posted on the website www.anrolm.org and agencies, including Presidential Administration.
On 11 July a meeting was conducted between Following the roundtable event a press conference
ANROLM and the Secretary General of the Arab Inter- was held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
Parliamentary Union, where a copy of the press release Ms. Aziza Hakimova, NGO Harmony of the World,
and a brief were presented. The Secretary General was ICBL/CMC Tajikistan
also presented with a copy of the European Parliament firstname.lastname@example.org
resolution in support of the Convention. At this meet-
ing it was agreed to prepare a booklet in Arabic that
will include information on the ERW problem in the
region called “Introduction to CCM”, this booklet was
prepared by Ghassan Sharhour, and was distributed
alongside the press release and a copy of the Conven-
tion during the first week of August to all 22 Arab
parliaments. It was also distributed to government
officials, NGOs and media. Al Jazeera allocated a great
amount of time to the entry into force, including it in
On June 22, Eden Social Welfare Foundation organised
the “Anti- Landmines and Anti-Cluster Munitions
Human Rights Forum” at Taipei. The Forum started with
the screening of the documentary “the Enemy Within”,
by Canadian director Sandra Rodriguez, a film on reha-
bilitation of Cambodian mine survivors. A seminar on
the issues of landmines and cluster munitions was held
afterword. The Forum was moderated by Prof. Mab
Huang from the Center for the Study of Human Rights
at Soochow University. Speakers included Col. Chao
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 27
Chung-Kun, the Chief of the Army Demining Division, . Togo
Mr. Jean Van Wetter, China’s Country Director of Handi- On 1 August a press release celebrating entry into force
cap International, and Serena Chang, a Landmine Moni- was issued. Campaigners in Togo continued to engage
tor researcher and member staff at Eden. More than 40 with key representatives in government to push for-
people participated in the event, including several ward Togo’s ratification of the Convention. A caravan
press reporters. campaign will be launched when the Convention is
transmitted to the parliament.
This was the first occasion that a ban on cluster muni-
Mr. Kokou Aklavon, WANEP
tions had been advocated in Taiwan. Due to Taiwan’s
international status, it can join neither the Mine Ban
Treaty nor the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Mr. Paul Mengche Chun, Eden Social Welfare Foundation
A drumming procession took place from Galatasaray to
Taksim Square on Istiklal Street, distributing brochures
and posters along the way. Local institutions and
newspapers were informed and the Taraf Daily
On 29-30 July, there was a national workshop on the
published an ad.
Convention on Cluster Munitions organised by the
Ms. Muteber Otgreten, Initiative for a Mine Free Turkey
International Committee of the Red Cross which
CMC staff and campaign members participated in.
CMC held a press conference on 30 July in Bangkok Uganda
at the Foreign Correspondent’s Club of Thailand. The People with Disabilities (PWD) presented a petition to
conference was also attended by representatives from Parliamentary representatives on the Committee on
the United Nations and the ICRC. Thoummy Silam- Defense and Internal Affairs. A drumming event was
phone, a cluster munition survivor from Laos, attended, held at the Ndere Centre, Kampala.
along with Alexandra Hiniker and Fred Lubang from
A Ugandan children’s football team also travelled to
CMC. Thoummy was interviewed and profiled by
Oslo for Norway Cup and to participate in the drum-
several wire and broadcast reporters.
ming celebrations that were held to mark entry into
Campaigners organised an event named “Drums, force at this event. The young footballers also demon-
dances and prayers” at Baan Xavier Church in Bangkok. strated their support for the campaign, calling on
A traditional Thai drum band and dancers were invited Uganda to ratify the Convention.
to participate in the event. Brochures were distributed Mr. Richard Mugisha, People with Disabilities (PWD)
to people who attend church on that day and there email@example.com
was a dedicated prayer during the church service.
People were told about individual cluster bomb cases,
and were informed more generally about the situation
in Southeast Asia. A joint letter addressed to the Prime
Minister of Thailand was signed by: Emilie Ketudat, the
first coordinator of the Thai Campaign to Ban Land-
mines; Bernard Hyacinth Arputhasamy SJ, Director of
Jesuit Refugee Service Asia Pacific; Lee Moroney, NPA
representative in Thailand; and Shushira Chonhenchob,
Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor researcher for
‘What Remains’, a multimedia photo and film exhibi-
Thailand and Lao PDR.
tion by Alison Locke and Chris Anderson documenting
Ms. Sermsiri Ingavanija, Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS)
the impact of cluster bombs was displayed at the
Bargehouse, Oxo Tower, in London from 28 July –
1 August 2010. On 30 July 2010 a private viewing of the
exhibition was held with a reception in the evening
for civil society representatives, parliamentarians and
government officials. Thomas Nash, CMC Coordinator,
and Branislav Kapetanovic, CMC Spokesperson, spoke
at the event alongside photographer Alison Locke
and the Foreign Office representative Simon Manley.
28 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
On 1 August, in London campaigners gathered on events to commemorate entry into force. On 3 August
the Riverside Walkway on the Southbank close to the the City of Morgantown recognized the day with a
Bargehouse for an open air drumming session and Proclamation put forth by the city mayor, as it was
picnic. People brought their drums, friends with drums, declared “Cluster Munitions/Landmine Awareness
food and drink and their celebratory spirit to enjoy this Week” throughout the city. PSALM/WVCBL members
historic day! made presentations to city and state leaders and
Ms. Portia Stratton, Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) encouraged the public to sign the People’s Treaty.
firstname.lastname@example.org Throughout the month of August, West Virginia
Ms. Laura Cheeseman, CMC musicians were "drumming" up support by holding
email@example.com music events in the community. PSALM/WVCBL joined
Morgantown drummers and musicians on Saturday,
On 1 August the Soroptimist group hosted a lunchtime
August 14th at the Monongalia Arts Center to host
drumming event in Brixham, Devon. This event
a musical event designed to garner interest and cele-
featured a local Samba band.
brate entry into force. WVCBL/PSALM hosted nightly
slide shows/art installations designed to educate the
public about efforts to ban landmines and cluster
munitions throughout the city entitled “Mission Possi-
ble…Make it Happen”. Also in attendance was a
delegation from Guanajuato, their sister city in Mexico.
Morgantown’s city newspaper ran an article about the
Mayor’s proclamation and the Convention's entry into
force. WVCBL/PSALM also asked state faith organisa-
tions to mention the Convention in their services
Ms. Nora Sheets, PSALM/WVCBL, firstname.lastname@example.org
Letters were sent to all parliamentarians and ministries
Lynn Bradach, whose son was killed by a cluster muni-
who were involved in the ratification of the Convention
tion in Iraq in 2003, called on drummers to gather in
on Cluster Munitions. The letters sent thanks and asked
Portland’s Peace Park on Sunday August 1. Campaign-
these people to work with their colleagues in non-
ers and supporters gathered at the Peace Memorial at
signatory states to urge them to join the Convention.
the east end of the Steel to celebrate entry into force
Mr. Gustavo Guidobono, ALUDEC, email@example.com
of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Ms. Lynn Bradach, USCBL
Campaigners launched an online campaign which
The West Virginia Campaign to Ban Landmines and distributed information for activists who want to get
Cluster Bombs (WVCBL) and Proud Students Against involved on the issue of cluster munitions. This infor-
Landmines and Cluster Bombs (PSALM) organised mation was uploaded onto a website and promoted
through the Amnesty International extensive database
of members and support. Alongside this, a Twitter
action urged the Venezuelan government to sign
the Convention. Supporters were also encouraged
to change their profile picture on Facebook to the
entry into force logo.
Ms. Maya Leon Russo, Amnesty International
CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions 29
Campaigners issued a joint statement to welcome
entry into force of the Convention, as well as under-
taking targeted media outreach with local journalists.
A meeting was organised with representatives from
20 self-help clubs of survivors in Quang Binh to share
information on the CCM and other related issues.
These representatives then disseminated the
information to their 600 members and communities.
Mr. Chuck Searcy, Project RENEW
Ms. Nguyen Thi Thanh Hong, Survivor Corps in Vietnam
The Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, who is also the
Chairperson of the National Committee Against Land-
mines and Cluster Munitions, issued a governmental
statement about entry into force. A feature article
was published in the “Times of Zambia” newspaper
on 1 August. A drumming celebration took place on
1 August with the participation of a dancing troupe.
Mr. Bob Mtonga, IPPNW
Mette Eliseussen and John Rodsted organised an entry
into force celebration on a ship that they were working
on this summer in the Arctic. The team gathered the
material necessary to make a banner and after much
practice, the chefs on board made a drumming/stomp-
ing performance in support of a ban on cluster bombs,
using kitchen equipment in place of instruments!
Ms. Mette Eliseussen, Ban Bus
30 CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
The following press release was issued on 29 July 2010 by the Cluster Munition Coalition:
Cluster bomb ban treaty takes effect worldwide
Campaigners celebrate as Convention becomes binding international law
(London, 29 July 2010) – The Convention on Cluster Munitions takes effect on Sunday,
1 August 2010, when it becomes binding international law in countries around the
world. In dozens of countries, campaigners from the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC)
will join UN agencies, governments and international organisations in events celebrat-
ing the swift entry into force of the most significant disarmament and humanitarian
treaty in over a decade.
“Campaigners around the world are celebrating a triumph of humanitarian values over
a cruel and unjust weapon,” said Thomas Nash, Coordinator of the CMC. “At a time when
concern over civilian deaths in conflict is in the news, this treaty stands out as a clear
example of what governments must do to protect civilians and redress the harm
already caused by cluster bombs, by assisting victims and making land safe.”
Adopted in Dublin on 30 May 2008 and opened for signature in Oslo in December
2008, the Convention bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster
munitions and calls for the destruction of stockpiles within eight years, clearance of
cluster munition-contaminated land within 10 years, and assistance to cluster munition
survivors and affected communities. On 1 August, all of the Convention’s provisions
become fully and legally binding for states that have joined.
“Nations that remain outside this treaty are missing out on the most significant advance
in disarmament of the past decade,” said Steve Goose, director of the Arms Division at
Human Rights Watch and CMC co-chair. “If governments care enough about humanitari-
an law and protecting civilians from the deadly effects of armed conflict, they will join
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 31
To date, 108 countries have signed the Convention and 38 have ratified. Among them
are former users and producers of cluster munitions, as well as countries affected by
the weapons. The international stigma against cluster munitions is already taking root
and the last confirmed use of cluster munitions in a major armed conflict met with
international condemnation when both Russia and Georgia used them in the conflict
over South Ossetia in August 2008.
“Work is already under way to implement the Convention’s provisions, which shows
that states are serious about ending the civilian suffering caused by cluster bombs
and helping survivors and affected communities to enjoy their full human rights,” said
Marion Libertucci, advocacy officer at Handicap International and CMC co-chair.
In recent weeks, Moldova and Norway destroyed the last of their cluster munition
stockpiles, joining Spain, which eradicated its stockpile last year. Nearly a dozen other
states have begun destruction, including the United Kingdom, a major former user and
producer of the weapons. In December 2009, Albania completed clearance of cluster
submunition contamination on its territory, the first signatory country to do so.
The CMC calls on all governments to attend the First Meeting of States Parties to the
Convention, which will be held from 9-12 November in Lao PDR, the world’s most
cluster-bombed country. This key meeting will lay the foundation for future work on
the Convention by bringing together for the first time states parties to the treaty,
UN agencies, international organisations, civil society, and cluster bomb survivors.
Governments will share progress to date and draw up plans for action to implement
the treaty’s lifesaving provisions within the established deadlines.
“Only a few years ago, many people said it was an impossible dream to ban cluster
bombs,” said Branislav Kapetanovic a CMC spokesperson who lost all four limbs to a
cluster submunition during a clearance operation in Serbia. “What this treaty shows
is that ordinary people, including cluster bomb survivors like me, can be a part of
extraordinary changes that bring real improvements to people’s lives all over the
world.” Since its founding in 2003, the CMC has worked as a global network of civil
society organisations and cluster bomb survivors in collaboration with governments,
UN agencies and international organisations to negotiate and promote universal
adherence to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
CMC campaigners are holding events in around 75 countries on all continents and on
board a ship in the Arctic Ocean to mark the Convention’s entry into force and “beat
the drum to ban cluster bombs,” including drumming sessions, film screenings, panel
discussions, football games, and photographic exhibitions.
32 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
The following statement was issued on 29 July 2010
by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC):
Cluster munitions: prohibition enters into force,
but not yet in Afghanistan
Geneva / Kabul (ICRC) – The entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
on 1 August 2010 is a major step towards putting an end to the terrible suffering those
weapons have caused for decades, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
The convention prohibits the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster muni-
tions. From 1 August onwards, the provisions of the treaty will be legally binding on the
30 States* that have ratified it.
"The ICRC takes this opportunity to call on the Afghan government, which has not yet
acceded to this convention, to do so rapidly," said Reto Stocker, the head of the ICRC
delegation in Afghanistan.
"This new instrument of international humanitarian law clearly prohibits and stigmatizes
the use of cluster munitions," said Jakob Kellenberger, the president of the ICRC. "This is
a milestone in the fight against the use of cluster munitions and should put an end to
decades of suffering for men, women and children. We take this opportunity to call on
all States party to the convention to start implementing it without delay, and we hope
that the entry into force will also affect the practice of States that have not yet adhered
to the treaty."
Implementing the convention will require the mobilization of resources to clear contam-
inated areas, destroy stockpiles, and provide assistance for those whose lives have been
adversely affected by cluster munitions. It will also require the adoption of domestic
laws and regulations to ensure that the convention is enforced at national level.
"The entry into force only 21 months after the treaty was opened for signature in Oslo
clearly demonstrates the strong commitment of the States Parties, and their collective
will to begin addressing the humanitarian problems caused by these weapons," added
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 33
From 8 to 12 November 2010, the States Parties will gather in Vientiane, Laos, to
establish an action plan for implementing the convention and to decide on procedures
for regular monitoring of the progress achieved. Representatives of States such as
Afghanistan that are not yet party to the convention are encouraged to attend as
The ICRC played an important role in the process that led to the adoption of the
convention. Through the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement,
it is promoting its comprehensive implementation and universal adoption.
34 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
The following statement was issued on 29 July 2010
by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:
Cluster Munitions Convention Enters Force, Highlighting
Revulsion to Abhorrent Weapons, Power of Collaboration
to Change Policies, Says Secretary-General
I am delighted that the Convention on Cluster Munitions enters into force on 1 August
2010. This new instrument is a major advance for the global disarmament and humani-
tarian agendas, and will help us to counter the widespread insecurity and suffering
caused by these terrible weapons, particularly among civilians and children.
I am particularly pleased that the Convention, which prohibits the use, production,
stockpiling and transfer of cluster weapons, enters into force in little more than two
years since its adoption. This highlights not only the world’s collective revulsion at
these abhorrent weapons, but also the power of collaboration among Governments,
civil society and the United Nations to change attitudes and policies on a threat faced
by all humankind. Such cooperation will be crucial as we seek now to implement the
Convention, including through assistance to victims.
The First Meeting of States Parties will be held in November 2010 in the Lao People’s
Democratic Republic, a country that has suffered tremendously from the impact of
cluster munitions. I encourage all Member States to participate in this meeting to
demonstrate their support for the Convention. And I call on those States which have
yet to accede to the Convention, to do so without delay.
* *** *
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 35
Annex IV Pope Benedict XVI
The following statement was issued on 2 August 2010
by Pope Benedict XVI:
“With the entering into force of the new Convention, which I urge all States to support,
the international community has shown wisdom, long-sightedness, and perseverance
in producing such a significant accomplishment in the field of disarmament and
international humanitarian law.”
“ANGELUS 2010 08 01”, YouTube
36 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
European Parliament Resolution welcoming entry into force on 8 July 2010:
European Parliament 2009 – 2014
0 } RC1
JOINT MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
pursuant to Rule 110(4) of the Rules of Procedure
replacing the motions by the following groups:
on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the role
of the EU
Elmar Brok, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Michael Gahler, Arnaud Danjean
on behalf of the PPE Group
Adrian Severin, Roberto Gualtieri, Ana Gomes, María Muñiz De Urquiza
on behalf of the S&D Group
Johannes Cornelis van Baalen, Elizabeth Lynne, Sonia Alfano
on behalf of the ALDE Group
Ulrike Lunacek, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Barbara Lochbihler, Reinhard Bütikofer
on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group
Sabine Lösing, Willy Meyer, Helmut Scholz, Nikolaos Chountis, Takis Hadjigeorgiou,
on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 37
European Parliament resolution on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster
Munitions (CCM) and the role of the EU
The European Parliament,
– having regard to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) adopted by 107
countries at the diplomatic conference held in Dublin from 19 to 30 May 2008,
– having regard to the message of 30 May 2008 from the United Nations Secretary-
General encouraging ‘States to sign and ratify this important agreement without
delay’ and stating that he looked forward ‘to its rapid entry into force’,
– having regard to its resolution of 20 November 2008 on the Convention on cluster
– having regard to its resolution of 10 March 2010 on the Implementation of the
European Security Strategy and the Common Security and Defence Policy2,
– having regard to Rule 110(4) of its Rules of Procedure,
A. whereas the CCM has been open for signature since 3 December 2008, first in Oslo
and subsequently at the United Nations in New York, and will enter into force on the
first day of the sixth month after the thirtieth ratification, namely 1 August 2010,
B. whereas the CCM defines cluster munitions as munitions designed to disperse or
release explosive submunitions, each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes
those explosive submunitions,
C. whereas the CCM will prohibit the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of
cluster munitions as a category of weapons,
D. whereas the CCM will require States Parties to destroy stockpiles of such munitions,
E. whereas the CCM will establish a new humanitarian standard for the assistance of
victims and will require the States concerned to clear unexploded cluster munition
remnants that are left behind after conflicts,
F. whereas cluster munitions pose serious risks to civilians when used around
populated areas, owing to their typically large lethal footprint, and whereas in
post-conflict settings the use of these munitions has caused many tragic injuries
to and deaths of civilians, as unexploded submunitions left behind are often found
by children and other unsuspecting innocents,
G. whereas to date 20 EU Member States have signed, 11 have ratified, and seven have
neither signed nor ratified the CCM,
OJ C 16E, 22.1.2010, p. 61.
Texts adopted, P7_TA(2010)0061.
38 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
H. whereas, following the entry into force of the CCM on 1 August 2010, the process
of acceding to the convention will become more demanding, because States will
need to accede to the Convention in a one-step process,
I. whereas the support of most EU Member States, inter-parliamentary initiatives and
a huge number of civil society organisations has been decisive in the successful
conclusion of the 'Oslo Process' resulting in the CCM,
J. whereas the signing and ratification of the CCM by all 27 EU Member States prior to
its entry into force on 1 August 2010 would be a strong political signal in support of
a world without cluster munitions and the EU's objectives with regard to the fight
against the proliferation of weapons that kill indiscriminately,
1. Welcomes the forthcoming entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
(CCM) on 1 August 2010;
2. Calls on all EU Member States and candidate countries to sign and ratify the CCM
as a matter of urgency before the end of 2010, including the non-signatory States
Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey and the States
that have signed but not yet ratified the Convention, namely Bulgaria, Cyprus, the
Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden;
3. Commends all States that have signed and ratified the CCM and have also adopted
moratoriums on the use, production and transfer of cluster munitions and complet-
ed the destruction of their stockpiles of such munitions;
4. Urges all EU Member States that have signed the CCM to take every opportunity
to encourage States not party to the CCM to sign and ratify or accede to the
Convention as soon as possible, including through bilateral meetings, military-to-
military dialogue and multilateral fora, and, in accordance with their obligations
under Article 21 of the CCM, to make their best efforts to discourage States not
party to the Convention from using cluster munitions;
5. Calls on EU Member States not to take any action that might circumvent or
jeopardise the CCM and its provisions; calls, in particular, on all EU Member States
not to adopt, endorse or subsequently ratify any Convention on Conventional
Weapons (CCW) protocol allowing for the use of cluster munitions which would
not be compatible with the prohibition of such munitions under Articles 1 and 2
of the CCM; calls on the Council and EU Member States to act accordingly at the
next CCW meeting from 30 August to 3 September 2010 in Geneva;
6. Urges EU Member States that are not yet party to the CCM to take interim steps
pending accession, including adoption of a moratorium on the use, production and
transfer of cluster munitions and making a start on destroying cluster munitions
stockpiles as a matter of urgency;
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 39
7. Urges all States to take part in the upcoming First Meeting of States Parties (1MSP)
that will be held from 8 to 12 November 2010 in Vientiane, Laos, the most cluster
munitions-contaminated country in the world;
8. Urges EU Member States to take steps to begin to implement the Convention,
including by destroying stockpiles, undertaking clearance and providing victim
assistance, and to contribute to the provision of funding or various forms of
assistance to other States wishing to implement the Convention;
9. Urges the EU Member States that have signed the Convention to pass legislation
to implement it at national level;
10. Calls on the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
to make every effort to secure the Union's accession to the CCM, which is possible
following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, and, in addition, to develop a
strategy for the first review conference in the form of a Council decision on a
11. Calls on the Council and Commission to include the ban on cluster munitions as a
standard clause in agreements with third countries, alongside the standard clause
on non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction;
12. Calls on the Council and Commission to make the fight against cluster munitions
an integral part of Community external assistance programmes in order to support
third countries in destroying stockpiles and providing humanitarian assistance;
13. Calls on EU Member States, the Council and the Commission to take steps to
prevent third countries from providing cluster munitions to non-state actors;
14. Urges EU Member States to be transparent about the efforts they make in response
to this resolution and to report publicly on their activities under the Convention;
15. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Vice-President of the
Commission/ High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security
Policy, the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the EU
Member States and the candidate countries, the UN Secretary-General and the
Cluster Munition Coalition.
40 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
Annex VI Austrian Ministry
The following statement was issued on 30 July 2010 of Foreign Affairs
by the Austrian Foreign Ministry:
Spindelegger: 1 August 2010 – a significant day for cluster
Foreign Minister on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
Vienna, 30 July 2010 – “The entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions is
an important milestone in international disarmament and a significant day for victims
of cluster munitions worldwide,” stated Foreign Minister Michael Spindelegger, com-
menting on the entry into force of the international Convention on Cluster Munitions
on 1 August 2010. The Convention prohibits the use, production, stockpiling as well as
the import and export of this type of weapon, and contains revolutionary provisions as
regards the support of victims. To date, 106 State Parties have signed, and 37 ratified,
“This Convention constitutes one of the most advanced treaties of international human-
itarian law. Austria was instrumental in its elaboration and has undertaken international
efforts to convince others of its efficacy. This day constitutes the confirmation of our
consistent commitment,” continued Spindelegger. At the beginning of 2008, Austria
became the first state to introduce a total ban on the weapon at the national level,
which obliges Austria to completely destroy its cluster munitions stockpile within three
years. The first stocks were destroyed in February 2010, and the remaining ones shall
be destroyed by the end of the year.
“It is now imperative to implement the Convention as swiftly as possible. Austria will
make a substantial contribution to these efforts by continuing its focus on the support
of victims. We shall ensure that due attention is paid to the support of victims,” affirmed
the Foreign Minister. Together with Handicap International, Austria elaborated a survey
on this subject and organised a conference of experts held in Vienna at the beginning
of April 2010.
In view of the considerable obstacles still to be overcome by a universal cluster
munitions ban, Spindelegger emphasised the excellent co-operation of all actors:
“The elaboration of the Convention on Cluster Munitions was a very good example
of constructive collaboration involving government, parliament and civil society, and
this must continue in the implementation and universal application efforts. In this
context the resolution adopted by the European Parliament at the beginning of July
on the strengthening and extension of the Convention on Cluster Munitions is a
positive signal,” concluded the Foreign Minister.
Contact: Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs Press Department
Tel.: ++43 (0) 50 1150-3262, 4549, 4550, 3739 Fax: ++43 (0) 50 1159-213
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 41
Annex VII Belgian Ministry
The following statement was issued on 30 July 2010 of Foreign Affairs
by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation.
Steven Vanackere pleased with entry into force of Convention
on Cluster Munitions on 1 August 2010
30 July 2010
The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) takes effect on 1 August 2010, following
its ratification by 30 countries, including Belgium. Foreign Minister Steven Vanackere
is pleased that the ban on the production and use of cluster munitions has become
an international standard. Belgium was the first country in the world to adopt national
legislation prohibiting such weapons. Belgian diplomacy has been actively engaged in
implementing the ban globally.
“Our commitment regarding cluster munitions dovetails with our broader activities
to promote human safety”, says Minister Vanackere. “Military conflicts are not just a
question of states or regimes deciding on their own what means to employ. Conflict
areas are also home to civilians, for whom we must assume responsibility. They must
be protected as much as possible, especially the most vulnerable groups, such as
children. That is why it is important to broaden the foundation of humanitarian law
and fight against the use of weapons that cause excessive suffering. Much like anti-
personnel mines, some types of cluster munitions leave behind a destructive footprint
long after the end of hostilities. As such, they are a major obstacle to the resumption
of social and economic life.”
Minister Vanackere emphasises that Belgium is playing an active role in monitoring the
new Convention and in preparations for the first Conference of States Parties to be held
in Laos in November 2010. Belgium is taking diplomatic steps with a view to mobilising
as many countries as possible in favour of universal implementation and correct
enforcement of the treaty. In this connection, Belgium is focusing on commitments for
aid to victims. “During the negotiations, individual victims gave poignant testimonies
of their painful experiences. What continues to motivate us in this campaign is the
awareness that such suffering must – and often can – be avoided. Every step, large or
small, that we take in this direction will mean progress for human dignity in the world”,
says Minister Vanackere. Belgium will co-finance a project to produce a map of the dis-
semination of cluster munitions in Laos, one of the most highly impacted countries.
42 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
Annex VIII French Ministry
The following statement was issued on 30 July 2010 of Foreign Affairs
by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation.
Entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
Statement by Bernard Kouchner, Minister of Foreign and
Paris, 30 July 2010
I am delighted that the Oslo Convention on Cluster Munitions will enter into force on
1 August 2010.
This essential legal instrument, which prohibits the use, development, production,
acquisition, stockpiling, retention and transfer of cluster munitions, is another mile-
stone in international humanitarian law. Already, the signing of the Oslo Convention
by around 100 States makes this instrument the reference standard in the battle
against cluster munitions.
France has always been in the vanguard of this battle. She was actively involved in
the Convention negotiations from the moment they were launched in February 2007,
and contributed to their success by announcing, even before the adoption of the legal
instrument, the immediate withdrawal of her cluster munitions from operational service
in Dublin in May 2008.
I made a point of going to Oslo personally, with the Chairman of Handicap International,
to sign the Convention on 3 December 2008. France ratified it on 25 September 2009,
becoming the 20th State Party to the Convention, and thereby demonstrating her
commitment to its swift entry into force.
With the definitive adoption of the Act implementing the Convention and its publica-
tion in the Journal official of 21 July 2010, France is also one of the first States to adopt
national legislation on cluster munitions, even before the Convention's entry into force.
She has thus shown, once again, the importance she attaches to the elimination of
these inhuman weapons.
I want to pay tribute to those who have helped pave the way towards the complete
eradication of these weapons, with, foremost among them, civil society and especially
Handicap International, as well as the members of parliament, with whom we have
worked very closely.
France is determined to pursue her efforts in the battle against cluster munitions by
continuing to promote the universalization of the Oslo Convention, as she has already
done on many occasions, and by contributing to its fullest possible implementation.
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 43
Annex IX German Federal
The following statement was issued on 2 August 2010 Foreign Office
by the German Federal Foreign Office:
Worldwide ban on cluster munitions
The Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force on 1 August 2010. Federal
Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle declared this a “milestone on the way to a global
ban on these cruel weapons and an undeniable sign that progress in disarmament
is possible.” He called upon all countries to endorse the ban “as soon as possible”.
The Convention on Cluster Munitions was signed in Oslo in December 2008 by
representatives of 94 countries. Of the 106 countries that have signed the Convention
so far, thirty-seven have now ratified it. The Convention was therefore able to enter
into force six months after the 30th ratification in February 2010. Germany, the eleventh
country to complete the ratification process, deposited its instrument of ratification on
8 July 2009. Germany has for years been a strong supporter of a comprehensive ban on
cluster munitions. It began destroying its own cluster munitions stockpiles as early as 2001.
Deadly cluster munitions
Cluster munitions are especially dangerous because of their high dud-rate and
contamination of large areas of land. This puts particularly the civilian population at risk
– not only when the munitions are deployed but also long after hostilities have ended.
The Convention prohibits the use, development, production, stockpiling and import
and export of all types of cluster munitions. All stockpiles covered by the prohibition
must be destroyed within an eight-year period, which may be extended at most by a
further eight years. The Convention also aims to increase assistance to victims of past
conflicts involving cluster munitions and supports the clearance of explosive cluster
munition remnants in the affected countries.
A number of countries – including the United States, Russia, China, Pakistan, India,
Israel and Brazil – are not yet ready to accede to the Convention. The German
Government will urge these countries, too, to reconsider their position.
Supporting the implementation of the Convention
The Federal Foreign Office is supporting a number of projects to make individual
countries –e.g. Lebanon – or regions mine free. To promote the Convention’s
implementation, moreover, the German Government hosted in June 2009 an Expert
conference on destroying stocks of cluster munitions to which all signatory states,
relevant international organizations and committed NGOs were invited.
The First Meeting of States Parties will take place in Laos in November 2010. Laos
is one of the countries most seriously affected by cluster munitions.
Expert conference on destroying stocks of cluster munitions. Last updated 02.08.2010
44 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
Annex X Irish Department
The following press statement was issued on 1 August 2010 of Foreign Affairs
by the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs:
Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Micheál Martin, T.D., welcomes entry
into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,01-08-2010
The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), adopted at the Dublin Diplomatic Confer-
ence in May 2008, formally enters into force on 1 August, six months after the deposit
of the thirtieth ratification. The provisions of the treaty are now legally binding on the
thirty-seven States which have ratified the Convention. A further sixty-nine States have
signed the CCM and many are close to ratification.
Minister Martin said:
“The entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, adopted in Dublin in May
2008 is a cause for great celebration. I am proud that Irish commitment has resulted in
the comprehensive ban contained in the Convention and the far-reaching provisions on
victim assistance and on clearance of cluster munitions. I am delighted that these are
now legally binding. They have established a benchmark in international humanitarian
law and set a major standard for the future. A new international norm has been estab-
lished, stigmatising cluster munitions and ultimately making their use unthinkable.
Ireland will continue to take a leading role in this work. The Lao People’s Democratic
Republic has kindly offered to host the first Meeting of States Parties in Vientiane in
November 2010 and we are already working to support the Lao Government in its
preparations for that meeting, including by providing an Irish member of staff for its
support unit and a contribution of $500,000 to the Lao PDR Cluster Munitions Trust
Fund. The Vientiane meeting must send a clear signal to the international community
that implementation of the Convention will be pursued with the same energy and
vigour that characterised its negotiation.”
The Minister also reiterated support for the work of civil society in achieving such
progress in preventing the appalling humanitarian consequences of the use of cluster
munitions. He noted that funding of €250,000 had been committed to the Cluster
Munition Coalition (CMC), the umbrella NGO organisation, to support its work in 2010.
Note for the Editor
• A cluster munition is a conventional munition that is designed to disperse or release
explosive submunitions, each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes those
explosive sub-munitions. Many such submunitions fail to go off, causing continuing
casualties long after conflicts have ended. Cluster munitions have been used since
World War II, most extensively in Laos and Cambodia during the 1960s but also
more recently in Lebanon and Iraq.
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 45
• Ireland hosted the May 2008 Diplomatic Conference in Dublin, which adopted the
Convention on Cluster Munitions, and was one of the first four States to sign and
ratify the Convention when it opened for signature in Oslo in December 2008.
• The heart of the Convention is an immediate and unconditional ban on the use,
development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention or transfer of all cluster
munitions which cause unacceptable harm to civilians. The Convention also sets
new standards for assistance for victims/survivors.
• The First Meeting of States Parties to the CCM will take place in Vientiane, Lao PDR,
in November 2010. It will agree steps for future work to implement the treaty,
including on victim assistance, clearance of cluster munitions and stockpile
destruction. It will give impetus to efforts to achieve the widest possible adherence
to the Convention. The meeting will also see a continuation of the partnership
with civil society and international organisations which played a vital role in the
establishment of the Convention in Dublin. In light of its role in adoption of the
treaty, Ireland will chair the formal preparatory committee for the Vientiane
meeting in Geneva in early September.
• Ireland has a long association with Lao PDR, the most cluster munition-affected
country in the world, in supporting clearance of landmines and unexploded
ordnance and we have provided over €4m for this purpose in the past five years.
We are assisting the Lao Government in preparing for the Vientiane meeting,
including by the secondment of an Irish national to support preparations.
In addition, we have made a contribution of over €400,000 to the recently
established Lao PDR Cluster Munitions Trust Fund.
• Ireland has also taken a leading role in efforts to universalise (seek universal
adherence) to the CCM through our diplomatic network and all other available
46 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
Annex XI Japanese Ministry
The following statement was issued on July 30 2010 of Foreign Affairs
by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs:
Statement by Mr. Katsuya Okada, Minister for Foreign Affairs
of Japan, on the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster
Munitions, July 30, 2010
Japan welcomes the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
on August 1.
1. Japan takes seriously the humanitarian concerns presented by cluster ammunitions
and has thus actively involved itself in the creation of this effective international
convention which aims to resolve this issue. Japan concluded the Convention in
July of last year.
2. Japan has been extending assistance for the demining and clearance of
unexploded ordnances including cluster munitions, and assistance for victimes.
The total assistance in these areas since 1998 amounts to 390 million USD
(40 billion yen) in 44 countries and regions. Japan will continue to play an active
role in these areas.
3. Japan places high importance on the 1st Conference of States Parties to the
Convention to be held in Lao PDR in November. Japan will continue active efforts
on this issue through such actions as assisting the chair country Lao PDR, encourag-
ing countries that have not yet concluded the Convention etc. When Foreign
Minister Mr. Okada visited the Lao PDR last week, he talked with H.E. Dr. Thongloun
Sisoulith, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, about cooperation
toward the Convention, and expressed that Japan planned to dispatch high-level
officials to the aforementioned Conference.
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 47
Annex XII Lao PDR Deputy
The following remarks were made by Lao PDR Prime Minister/
Deputy Prime Minister/Minister of Foreign Affairs Minister of
H.E. Dr. Thongloun SISOULITH, Lao PDR
Deputy Prime Minister/Minister of Foreign Affairs,
at the celebration of the entry into force of the Convention
on Cluster Munitions on 1 August 2010 in Vientiane:
Venerable Monks, Madam Sonam Yangchen Rana, UN Resident Coordinator
to Lao PDR, Ministers and Vice Ministers, Diplomatic Corps, Representatives of
International Organizations and NGOs, Distinguished guests, Ladies and Gentlemen.
Today is indeed a significant day for people around the world especially the Lao multi-
ethnic people, particularly, for those who fell victims of explosive remnants of war,
which continue to impose direct and long-term impacts on their lives and wellbeing.
August 1st marks the beginning of the global joint effort by the international communi-
ty to put an end to the fear and suspicion of threat by cluster munitions that the Lao
people and millions of other innocent civilians around the world live with. The celebra-
tion of the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions today is a reflection
of great achievement as a result of strong commitment by the international community
to make our world free from threats of cluster munitions.
Throughout the past decades, our human beings have suffered from cluster munitions.
Million tons of cluster bombs were deployed as a means to fight in conflicts that affect-
ed more than 80 countries and even long after the wars ended those impacts continue
to threaten their livelihood. The Lao PDR is among those affected and it is so sad that
Lao population accounts roughly just 0.1% of the world population, but the number of
victims in the Lao PDR caused by cluster bombs has made up around 50% of the total
number of victims in the world. This figure clearly indicates that the Lao PDR is the
most affected country in the world. In this connection, realizing objectives of the Oslo
Convention and its effective implementation has become a highest aspiration of the
Lao people - an aspiration to see the Lao PDR free from threat of cluster bombs and the
hope to see that no more people in other countries fall into the same fate that the Lao
people have endured.
The Convention on Cluster Munitions is a humanitarian instrument that protects human
being. Therefore, this convention has gained a broader support from many countries
worldwide. To date, 107 countries signed and 37 states ratified. From now on, this
Convention has fully become effective. For States Parties bound by this Convention, all
provisions and measures stated in it must be fully implemented with a view to making
48 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
this world free from cluster bombs in the future. To this end, I would like to make an
appeal to all countries that have not yet singed or ratified the Oslo Convention to do
so. The implementation of this Convention constitutes a significant contribution to the
safeguard of peace and security in the world and to the protection of fundamental
rights of humanity such as the right to survival, the rights to development and the right
to live their lives without a fear of cluster bombs.
As the most affected nation in the world, the Government of Lao PDR has attached
great importance to addressing the issue of unexploded ordinance (UXO). Despite finan-
cial constraints, the Lao Government has embarked on UXO clearance program since
1996 and adopted the national strategy on UXO for the period from 2003-2013, which is
now under review to reflect the current reality and incorporated into the new phase of
strategy for the period from 2010-2020. Furthermore, the UXO sector has already been
mainstreamed into the National Socio-Economic Development Plan. Over the past 10
years, more than 25000 hectares of contaminated areas have been cleared and more
than 1 million items of UXO, including sub-cluster munitions have been destroyed. In
this connection, on behalf of the Lao Government and the Lao multi-ethnic people, I
would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation and gratitude to
donor countries and international organizations that have provided continued support
to the Lao PDR in addressing the issues of UXO and I hope that we will continue to
increasingly receive those valuable assistance in order to enable the Lao PDR to fulfill its
obligations provided under the Oslo Convention as well as to alleviate impact of cluster
munitions on the Lao people.
Lao PDR has been entrusted by the international community to host the First Meeting
of States Parties to Oslo Convention, which is scheduled from 9-12 November 2010 in
Vientiane. This Meeting is extremely crucial for the implementation of the Oslo
Convention, as it will determine directions and adopt practical measures including
mechanisms for the implementation of the Convention. In this regard, I would like to
take this opportunity to once again invite all countries, international organizations and
civil society as well as media from all around the world to attend and actively contribute
to this meeting with a view to ensuring a success and realizing its objectives. A broader
participation by member states, whether as a state party or as an observer does reflect a
resolve of the international community to ban cluster munitions that will turn our vision
to action. At the same time, I would also like to encourage the Lao multi-ethnic people
across the country and all Government agencies at central and local levels to actively
take part in the preparation and hosting of this First Meeting of States Parties in order
to ensure a great success.
In conclusion, I hope that the Convention on Cluster Munitions will be fully and
effectively implemented throughout the world in the near future.
May I wish everyone good health and success in your noble duties.
I thank you.
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 49
Annex XIII Mexican Secretariat
The following statement was issued on 2 August 2010 of Foreign Affairs
by the Mexican Secretariat of Foreign Affairs:
The Mexican Government Welcomes the Entry into Force of the
Convention on Cluster Munitions
The Mexican Government Welcomes the Entry into Force of the Convention on
Cluster Munitions, Monday, August 2 | Press Release #238 | Mexico City
• This convention, which entered into force yesterday, has 108 signatories and 38
ratifications, including that of Mexico.
• True to its tradition of promoting disarmament and peace, Mexico participated
actively in the so-called Core Group of the Oslo Process, along with Austria,
Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Peru and the Vatican.
A ceremony was held today in the Foreign Ministry to celebrate the entry into force
yesterday, August 1, of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The convention has
108 signatories and 38 ratifications, including that of Mexico.
The event was attended by representatives of the diplomatic corps accredited in
Mexico, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Coalition of Civil
Society Organizations against Cluster Munitions.
Mexico was represented by officials from the Foreign Ministry, the National
Defense Ministry and the Navy.
The convention, a result of the Oslo Process, is a legally-binding instrument that
prohibits the use of cluster munitions, weapons that by their nature cause
unacceptable humanitarian injury during and after armed conflict; they are
weapons that by their nature do not distinguish between combatants and
True to its tradition of promoting peace and disarmament, Mexico participated
actively in the so-called Core Group of the Oslo Process, along with Austria, Ireland,
New Zealand, Norway, Peru and the Vatican.
The Mexican position, designed to strengthen international humanitarian law, sought
a total ban on cluster munitions, with no exceptions. Mexico was also the first country
in Latin America and the Caribbean to ratify the convention, depositing its ratification
instrument on May 6, 2009.
In order to encourage the swift universal membership of this important convention,
Mexico will continue to address the issue at its bilateral, regional and multilateral
50 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
Annex XIV New Zealand
The following statement was issued on 4 August 2010 Minister for
by Georgina te Heuheu, the New Zealand Minister for Disarmament
Disarmament and Arms Control:
and Arms Control
4 August 2010
Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
I would like to extend a very warm welcome to all of you who have come here tonight
to celebrate the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Most, if not all of you, in many senses, comprise a family who joined together not so
long ago to achieve a vision of a world rid of these inhumane, indiscriminate weapons.
It was through the actions of many of you here tonight, and many who are not here, but
who I acknowledge in their absence, that New Zealand positioned itself at the forefront
of international efforts to make a difference.
It was a sign of the times that this vision had to be pursued outside of regular UN circles.
Change was needed, action was required. And regrettably the parts of the UN system
that offer potential for change on disarmament were often blocked.
So an alternative vehicle was chosen - the Oslo process - to bring together like-minded
governments to cut the path ahead, build momentum and serve as a model of coopera-
tive behaviour for others to follow.
And it worked! It started out with just 46 states. And now there are 107 signatories.
As a New Zealander and as Minister for Disarmament and Arms Control I am very proud
of the central role that New Zealand played in that process, and very pleased to see you
all here tonight.
It was through the leadership and dedicated service of civil society and representatives
of the government, including our hosting of a round of negotiations in Wellington, that
New Zealand put its mark on this important convention. It is fitting here to pay tribute
to the Cluster Munitions Coalition, the lead NGO that fought for this ban. Mary
Wareham from the Aotearoa-New Zealand branch of the Coalition will speak to us
shortly so I will leave her to talk in more detail about the Coalition's work. However
let me record my sincere thanks for the Coalition's commitment to this cause, your
dedication was critical to us reaching this point.
All of us can be justifiably proud of the end result.
The treaty has forged for the first time solid international commitments to cease
production and trade, destroy stockpiles, clear affected areas and assist victims.
These are very significant commitments. And the timetables that go with them are
ambitious and challenging. Indeed, it is a rather humbling experience to contemplate
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 51
the sheer scale of the task in front of us.
Since anti-personnel mines were banned in 1997, cluster munitions have become the
gravest danger to civilians living in post conflict areas.
Their indiscriminate dispersal over wide swaths of country-side and their high failure on
initial impact combine to make a deadly risk scenario for years after hostilities. Around
1/3rd of cluster munitions casualties are children. Over 60% of all casualties are injured
or killed in the course of normal civilian daily activities.
36 states are known to be affected by cluster munitions. 85 states are stockpiling them.
Current known stocks of munitions are estimated to include 860 million sub munitions.
There are many places where cluster munitions have been deployed in times of war.
Laos is the worst affected. Over the last few years media and NGO sources have reported
that 277 million sub munitions were dropped on Laos between 1964 and 1973. It has
been estimated that around 30% of those did not explode.
At last month's preparatory meeting of states parties to the cluster treaty, the Lao
government told delegates that it estimates over 80 million of those small bombs
remain on and in the ground, in trees and hidden in the undergrowth.
Laos is far from alone in confronting this legacy. There are many similar stories, on
smaller scale, in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and elsewhere in Asia.
So clearly there is a tremendous challenge ahead.
It is this Government's intention that New Zealand will play a strong role in making
this treaty effective.
I have already encouraged New Zealand diplomatic efforts to secure more signatories
to the treaty. I was particularly pleased to see that Samoa has joined our ranks. In this
connection, I am pleased that New Zealand's legislation has proved to be a useful
model for other countries.
New Zealand will also look to play an ongoing role in the clearance of cluster munitions
following our solid experience in landmine clearance. The New Zealand Defence Force
has previously cleared cluster munitions in Southern Lebanon, and has learned much
from this experience. Given this, and our history in landmine clearance, I have asked
officials to look into the possibility of linking more of the unexploded ordnance work
with the challenge of clearing cluster munitions.
The first meeting of states party to the treaty will be held in Laos in November. New
Zealand will be there. It is our intention to take an active part in this gathering and
in the preparations beforehand. New Zealand will be seeking a strong and robust
Conference to ensure the next critical phase, of implementation, is successful.
So let me conclude by saying how genuinely pleased I am to be celebrating the entry
into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
52 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
For my part, coming into this role just days before the signing in Oslo, and when our
attention then focused on the legislation to ensure that New Zealand would be among
the first thirty countries to ratify the Convention, I appreciated very much the support
that was given from all quarters for the legislation that needed to be passed through
the House, in order for New Zealand to become one of the first thirty countries to ratify
I acknowledge the active support many of you gave for that part of the process as well.
Let me congratulate each and everyone of you who has played a part in shaping and
moving this inspired idea and transforming it into a vital and important international
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 53
Annex XV Norwegian
The following press statement was issued on 30 July 2010 Ministry of
by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Foreign Affairs
Convention on Cluster Munitions enters into force
03/08/2010 // The date - August 1, 2010 - will forever be significant in the international
humanitarian calendar. That’s when the Convention on Cluster Munition entered into
force. Norway helped kick start the work on the Convention three years ago.
”That the Convention on Cluster Munition now enters into force is a milestone. It
represents a significant enhancement of international humanitarian law. A norm has
now been established that we believe makes it impossible to use cluster munitions,”
said foreign minister Jonas Gahr Støre.
“The Convention will make a difference in the field because it is an effective framework
for clearing affected areas, securing help for survivors and destroying all cluster muni-
tions in storage within clear time frames,” the foreign minister said.
To mark the occasion, the international coalition of humanitarian organisations, Cluster
Munition Coalition, organised a world-wide event on August 1st called "Beat the Drum
to Ban Cluster Bombs". Civil society the world over, including Norway, celebrated that
the most important disarmament agreement in a decade has entered into force.
“Norway and the other states that have signed and ratified the Convention must now
deliver on their commitments. On July 16, we completed the destruction of the last
cluster munitions in the Norwegian arsenal. Norway is now free for cluster munitions
– and we will continue to work so that the rest of world can be the same,” says foreign
The Convention on Cluster Munitions Cluster munitions kill and maim people both
during attacks and long thereafter. Large amounts of cluster munitions fail to detonate
only to explode many years later. This threat stops refugees from returning to affected
areas, farmers from tilling the land and children from playing freely.
The Convention on Cluster Munitions prohibits the use, production, storage and
proliferation of cluster munitions. 108 states have now signed the Convention.
The Convention is legally binding for all States Parties, and strengthens the protection
of civilians. The rapid progress from February 2007, when Norway initiated the process,
to now when the Convention comes into force shows what strong support this work
All states that are party to the Convention must destroy all cluster munitions in storage
within eight years. Affected States Parties must within ten years secure and clear all
areas where there are cluster munitions. All States Parties must make sure that the
54 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
survivors get assistance, psychological support and the opportunity to be integrated
socially and economically in to society. States that are able to do so must provide
financial assistance to states that need it so that all States Parties can fulfil their
commitments according to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes 55
Annex XVI UK Foreign and
The following press statement was issued on 30 July 2010 Commonwealth
by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office: Office
FCO Minister welcomes the Convention on Cluster Munitions
entering into force
FCO Minister, Alistair Burt, said:
“I warmly welcome the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on
1 August 2010. The Convention is one of the most significant disarmament treaties of
recent years. Prohibiting the use, development, production, transfer, and stockpiling of
cluster munitions, it sets new standards for disarmament and advances international
“The Convention is an excellent example of what can be achieved by the international
community working together effectively. With entry into force we are a step closer to
a worldwide ban and ending the unacceptable suffering to civilians caused by these
“The UK will continue its efforts to promote the globalisation of the Convention, work-
ing toward the goal of universal adherence. I look forward to the UK continuing our
leading role in this area at the first meeting of State Parties in November, in Laos PDR.”
Notes to Editors
1. The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) was opened for signature in December
2008. Since then 106 countries have signed the Convention, whilst 37 have also
ratified. The Convention will enter into force on 1 August 2010 for the first 30
2. The UK became the 32nd state to ratify the Convention on 4 May 2010. The CCM
will therefore enter into force for the UK on 1 November 2010. The Convention’s
prohibitions are implemented in UK law through the Cluster Munitions (Prohibitions)
Act 2010. The Act makes it illegal for UK citizens to manufacture, use or transfer
cluster munitions in the UK or anywhere else in the world.
3. In addition, the Convention obliges the UK to:
• destroy its stockpiles of cluster munitions within 8 years;
• report against destruction after ratification;
• clear cluster munitions remnants on territory under our jurisdiction or control
within 10 years; and
• universalise the CCM by encouraging states to join.
56 CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
Cluster Munition Coalition
25 City Road
London EC1Y 1AA
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7256 9500