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					ENTRY INTO FORCE
OF THE
CONVENTION ON
CLUSTER MUNITIONS


REPORT
1 August 2010




                    www.august1.org
Contents
Executive Summary
Background                                                 1
100 day countdown to Entry into Force                      2
Entry into Force – 1 August 2010                           5


National Actions to celebrate Entry into Force
Afghanistan                                               11
Albania                                                   11
Argentina                                                 12
Australia                                                 12
Austria                                                   12
Azerbaijan                                                12
Bahrain                                                   13
Bangladesh                                                13
Belarus                                                   13
Belgium                                                   13
Bosnia and Herzegovina                                    13
Brazil                                                    14
Burundi                                                   14
Cambodia                                                  14
Canada                                                    14
Chile                                                     15
Colombia                                                  15
Croatia                                                   15
Democratic Republic of Congo                              15
Denmark                                                   16
Egypt                                                     16
El Salvador                                               16
Ethiopia                                                  16
Fiji                                                      17
Finland                                                   17
France                                                    17
Gambia                                                    17
Georgia                                                   17
Germany                                                   18
Ghana                                                     18
Grenada                                                   18
Guatemala                                                 19
Guinea-Bissau                                             19
India                                                     19
Indonesia                                                 20


                                                 CMC Entry into Force report – Contents
                       Contents
                       National Actions to celebrate Entry into Force
                       Iraq                                             20
                       Ireland                                          20
                       Italy                                            20
                       Japan                                            20
                       Kenya                                            21
                       Kosovo                                           21
                       Kuwait                                           21
                       Lao PDR                                          21
                       Luxembourg                                       22
                       Macedonia FYR                                    22
                       Malawi                                           22
                       Mali                                             22
                       Mexico                                           22
                       Moldova                                          22
                       Mozambique                                       23
                       Nepal                                            23
                       Netherlands                                      23
                       New Zealand                                      23
                       Nigeria                                          24
                       Norway                                           24
                       Pakistan                                         24
                       Peru                                             24
                       Philippines                                      24
                       Russian Federation                               24
                       Rwanda                                           24
                       Senegal                                          24
                       Serbia                                           25
                       Sierra Leone                                     25
                       Slovakia                                         25
                       Somalia                                          25
                       Somaliland                                       25
                       South Africa                                     26
                       Spain                                            26
                       Sudan                                            26
                       Switzerland                                      27
                       Syria                                            27
                       Tajikistan                                       27
                       Taiwan                                           27
                       Thailand                                         28


CMC Entry into Force report – Contents
Contents
National Actions to celebrate Entry into Force
Togo                                                      28
Turkey                                                    28
Uganda                                                    28
United Kingdom                                            28
United States                                             29
Uruguay                                                   29
Venezuela                                                 29
Vietnam                                                   30
Zambia                                                    30
Arctic                                                    30


Annexes
Annex I                                                   31
Annex II                                                  33
Annex III                                                 35
Annex IV                                                  36
Annex V                                                   37
Annex Vi                                                  41
Annex VII                                                 42
Annex VIII                                                43
Annex IX                                                  44
Annex X                                                   45
Annex XI                                                  47
Annex XII                                                 48
Annex XIII                                                50
Annex XIV                                                 51
Annex XV                                                  54
Annex XVI                                                 56




                                                 CMC Entry into Force report – Contents
                              EXECUTIVE SUMMARY




                                                                                                                                 Photo: Tracie Williams
Children from Xiengkhuang, one of the most affected provinces in Lao PDR,
travelled to Vientiane to perform a risk education puppet show for entry into force.




                  This is a report on activities by the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC)
                  to celebrate the 1 August 2010 entry into force of the 2008 Convention
                  on Cluster Munitions. This report provides an overview of activities
                  held in the 100-day count-down to entry into force, as well as a list
                  of country by country actions to celebrate entry into force.

                  Background
                  In December 2009, the CMC issued a 2010 Action Plan following consultations with 74
                  campaigners gathered for the Cartagena Summit on the Mine Ban Treaty. The Action
                  Plan identified entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions as a milestone
                  event to be promoted by holding activities in as many countries as possible. The most
                  popular activity identified was a global celebration of different types of drumming
                  across cultures, contexts, and time zones.1 In addition, the Action Plan identified the
                  need for campaign activities to build-up to entry into force in order to maximize
                  advocacy impact and media interest.


                  1
                    CMC internal document, “CMC Action Plan: Towards the First Meeting of States Parties on the Convention
                  on Cluster Munitions,” December 2009 (Cartagena, Colombia).


CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary                                                                              1
                 ENTRY INTO FORCE
                                    1 0 0 DAY CO U N T D O W N



    On 23 April 2010, the CMC launched a 100-Day Countdown to the 1 August 2010
    entry into force of the Convention, aimed at pressuring non-signatory govern-
    ments to join the ban. Fourteen countries were targeted by this action: Cambodia
    starting (week of 23 April), Tajikistan (3 May), Vietnam (10 May), Brazil (17 May),
    Jordan (24 May), Argentina (31 May), Serbia (7 June), Grenada (14 June),
    Bangladesh (21 June), Papua New Guinea (28 June), Sudan (5 July), Slovakia
    (12 July), Morocco (19 July), and Thailand (26 July).


    A summary of the actions undertaken in these countries is described below, but most
    involved intensive actions by in-country campaign representatives. During the 100-Day
    Countdown, the CMC sent letters to each targeted non-signatory, circulated campaign-
    wide action alerts, posted articles including arguments why each target country should
    sign to the CMC website, and used Twitter and Facebook to raise awareness and engage
    members of the public in target countries. The CMC also organised advocacy missions
    to Argentina and Vietnam.
                                                                   Photo: Manuel Vargas Toledo




                                                                        Flash mob at Plaza de Armas
                                                                        in Santiago, Chile



    National countdown to entry into force actions

    Argentina (31 May) – CMC Coordinator Thomas Nash held a series of meetings in
    Buenos Aires from 2-3 June to urge the government of Argentina to sign the Conven-
    tion, together with CMC member in Argentina, Maria Pia Devoto of Asociación para
    Políticas Públicas (APP). They met with officials from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs
    and Defence as well as parliamentary representatives. While there were no indications
    from the government that Argentina is close to joining the Convention, CMC held
    robust discussions with all key partners and discussed plans for further engagement
    with the parliament to press the government to join the Convention as soon as possible.
    See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/the-problem/countries/?id=2283


2                                                         CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
            Bangladesh (21 June) – The letter to the Bangladesh government was hand-delivered
            to the Director General of the Foreign Ministry.
            See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/take-action/campaigners-in-action/?id=2346


            Brazil – A hearing on the production of cluster munitions took place in the House of
            Representatives on 4 May, initiated by parliamentarian Fernando Gabeira. The Brazilian
            campaign participated in the hearing and delivered a statement urging Brazil to join
            the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
            See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/the-problem/countries/?id=2265


            Cambodia – Campaigners from Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) unveiled a banner calling
            on Cambodia to join the ban, at an event to celebrate Buddha’s birthday in Siem Reap
            which was attended by the King and Prime Minister Hun Sen. The same week the
            leading English language newspaper, the Phnom Penh Post, published an article on
            26 April “Kingdom urged to join ban” on the Convention an Cambodia’s position.
            See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/the-problem/countries/?id=2222


            Grenada (14 June) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2319


            Jordan – Handicap International (HI) hosted a workshop on victim assistance in
            Amman, which included a session on universalisation urging Jordan, a leader in the
            Mine Ban Treaty process, to join the Convention.
            See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/take-action/campaigners-in-action/?id=2279


            Morocco (19 July) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2547


            Papua New Guinea (28 June) – See:
            http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2368


            Serbia – Assistance. Advocacy. Access organised a series of public presentations that
            took place in several cities and towns throughout Serbia, which were attended by
            members of civil war victims’ associations, various other NGOs and the media. These
            presentations were utilised by campaigners as an opportunity to launch petition
            signing action throughout Serbia. Following on from the countdown events, a number
            of local organisations took up the task of organising petition signing events in their
            own communities.
            See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2294




CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary                                                      3
                                                                            Photo: Ivan Petrovic Assistance, Advocacy, Access
    Entry into force concert in Belgrade, Serbia


    Slovakia (12 July) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2519


    Sudan (5 July) – See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2494


    Thailand – On 30 July, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the International Committee
    of the Red Cross (ICRC) organised a roundtable discussion on the Convention on Cluster
    Munitions in Bangkok in which CMC members and staff participated.
    See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2551


    Vietnam – CMC Coordinator Thomas Nash and ICBL Diplomatic Advisor Ambassador
    Satnam Singh undertook an advocacy mission to Hanoi on 10-11 May to encourage
    Vietnam to sign the Convention. The visit was organised by Project Renew and
    coordinated with a UNDP visit. Vietnam has stated it is considering joining the CCM
    and is currently analysing the implications of the obligations it would take on under
    the treaty as well as the timelines and necessary resources for carrying these out. An
    inter-ministerial process is underway with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of
    Defence and Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs studying the convention.
    See: http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news/?id=2240


    For more information on the 100 Day Countdown, go to:
    http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/countdown/




4                                                         CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
            Entry into Force – 1 August 2010

            On 1 August 2010, Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) members worldwide took part
            in coordinated actions to celebrate entry into force (EIF) of the 2008 Convention on
            Cluster Munitions. Globally, events and actions were organised around the slogan
            developed by campaigners: “Beat the drum to ban cluster bombs!”


            Around this day, the CMC called on governments to accede, ratify, implement and
            promote the Convention, and seized the opportunity to secure media coverage to
            raise awareness about the Convention, its entry into force and the problems caused
            by cluster bombs. CMC also called on states to participate in the upcoming First
            Meeting of States Parties (1MSP) in Vientiane, Lao PDR, from 9-12 November 2010.


            The CMC marked the Convention’s entry into force together with its key partners
            in governments as well as United Nations agencies and international organisations
            such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).




                                                                                                  Photo: Studio Photo IDI




            Entry into force celebrations in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau



            Campaigners in 84 countries and territories organised and participated in actions to
            celebrate entry into force of the Convention. This is the highest level of participation
            ever for a CMC global day of action.


            In many of these countries campaigners worked closely with government representa-
            tives to celebrate the occasion jointly. At an event organised by campaigners in
            Sudan, Dr. Mutrif Siddiq, the Undersecretary for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs chose
            this occasion to announce that the government intends to accede to the CCM before
            November 2010.2


            2
             The ‘Celebration of CCM entry into force 1st August 2010’ was organised by Abo Osama Taktook of JASMAR,
            in collaboration with ABRAR, Sudan CBL and National Mine Action Centre.
            See: http://www.jasmar.net/english/news_en/Advocacy/CCM_EIF_celebration_1-8-2010.html
            [Accessed 03/09/10].


CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary                                                                             5
    During an event in Bogotá, Colombia hosted by the Colombian Campaign to Ban Land-
    mines (CCCM), Nohra Quintero of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs made a pledge to ratify
    the Convention.3 A similar event was held by ECPAT in Guatemala, where Zuri Ríos, the
    President of the Congressional Foreign Affairs Commission, committed to ratification by
    the end of the year.4 In Ghana, campaigners worked to get the government to announce
    its intention to ratify the Convention, a commitment which was fulfilled just a couple of
    days later when parliament ratified on 3 August.5




                                                                                     Photo: Harry Oppong
    Entry into force celebrations in Accra, Ghana

    Many of these activities gained a great deal of press attention in their respective
    countries as campaigners took advantage of the occasion to raise the profile of the
    Convention. Campaigners in Azerbaijan, Argentina, Cambodia, Georgia, Grenada, the
    Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, South Korea, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey and the
    USA generated media coverage of their calls on the government to join the Convention.


    The CMC issued a media advisory ahead of entry into force, and held press conferences
    in Geneva and Bangkok. CMC’s video news release was posted on a broadcast news wire
    and circulated to major international networks. CMC staff and members did dozens of
    interviews, and there were hundreds of stories in many languages and across all types
    of media – print, broadcast and online. This included some of the major global media
    outlets, such as the American Broadcasting Company, the Australian Broadcasting
    Corporation, Al Jazeera English, the Asahi Shimbun, BBC, the Daily Yomiuri, Deutsche
    Welle, the East African, the Economist, and France 24.6




    3
      ‘Colombia “Tocó los tambores para prohibir las bombas en racimo”’ was organised by Camilo Serna of CCCM.
    See: http://www.colombiasinminas.org/index.php?page=alias-25, [Accessed 03/09/10].
    4
      María Eugenia Villareal of ECPAT organised the ‘Reunión de celebración de la entrada en vigor de la
    Convención sobre Municiones en Racimo’, a working group involving the key decision makers concerning
    the promotion of the CCM.
    5
      Theodora Williams of FOSDA partnered with the Canadian High Commission where a petition was presented
    to the Defence and Interior Select Committee of parliament. See: http://www.fosda.net/?q=node/7167
    [Accessed 21/09/10].
    6
      A log of the media coverage during EIF can be viewed online at: www.august1.org/media efence and Interior
    Select Committee of parliament. See: http://www.fosda.net/?q=node/7167 [Accessed 21/09/10].


6                                                                  CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
            All photos in this report have been taken and supplied by campaigners in their
            respective countries unless otherwise indicated




                                                                                        Photo: Pablo Figaredo
            Entry into force celebrations in Siem Reap, Cambodia



            Moldova marked entry into force by destroying its remaining stockpiles of cluster
            munitions on 29 July. The government of Moldova invited civil society representatives
            to witness the destruction, among them CMC representatives including IPPNW Russia
            and Norwegian People’s Aid, which has worked closely with the government to destroy
            its stocks. The government of Norway also destroyed the remainder of its stockpile of
            cluster munitions on 16 July, prior to entry into force.


            A video of the destruction is available here:
            http://www.youtube.com/user/osce?feature=mhum#p/a/u/0/BSHfE05OvZI
            Seven countries have now completed destruction of cluster munition stockpiles:
            Belgium, Colombia, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Portugal and Spain.


            The Convention also received high level support with statements by United Nations
            Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who said it highlighted “the world’s collective revulsion
            at these abhorrent weapons.”7 Pope Benedict XVI reiterated these sentiments, describing
            the Convention as “a significant accomplishment in the field of disarmament and inter-
            national humanitarian law.”8


            Furthermore, on 7 July 2010 the Council of Europe adopted a Parliamentary Assembly
            recommendation that “encourages all member states which have not yet done so to
            sign and ratify [the Convention on Cluster Munitions] as soon as possible”9.


            7
              See: Annex III.
            8
              See: Annex IV.
            9
              ”Ban on cluster munitions”- Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 1871’, Council of Europe Committee
            of Ministers,
            https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?Ref=CM/AS(2010)Rec1871&Language=lanEnglish&Ver=final&Site=
            CM&BackColorInternet=9999CC&BackColorIntranet=FFBB55&BackColorLogged=FFAC75, 13 July 2010
            [Accessed 06/09/10].


CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary                                                                      7
    The Council reaffirmed its support for the CCM, welcoming the forthcoming entry into
    force. The following day on 8 July, the European Parliament passed a resolution on that:
    “Calls on all EU Member States and candidate countries to sign and ratify the CCM as a
    matter of urgency before the end of 2010, including the non-signatory States Estonia,
    Finland, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey and the States that have
    signed but not yet ratified the Convention, namely Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,
    Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden.” A number of MEPs
    spoke out in support of the Convention during a parliamentary debate that had taken
    place the day before, and the resolution that was passed by an overwhelming majority
    not only “commends all States that have signed and ratified the CCM”, but significantly
    also “urges EU Member States that are not yet party to the CCM to take interim steps
    pending accession, including adoption of a moratorium on the use, production and
    transfer of cluster munitions and making a start on destroying cluster munitions stock-
    piles as a matter of urgency.”10


    Ten states made a reference to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and most
    welcomed entry into force, during the high-level debate at the UN General Assembly
    from 23-25 and 27-29 September. Austria, Belgium, the Holy See, Ireland, Luxembourg,
    Moldova and New Zealand welcomed entry into force. Delegates from Andorra, Lao PDR
    and Fiji also mentioned the Convention in their high-level statements, Andorra
    announcing its intention to join the Convention. Ireland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs,
    Mr. Micheál Martin emphasized the significance of the entry into force, urging states
    to “move ahead with implementation of the convention and promotion of the widest
    possible adherence to its provisions.” Lao PDR’s President, H.E Choummaly Sayasoune
    said that it was a “great honor to host the First Meeting of States Parties to the Oslo
    Convention” and invited all states to participate (1MSP).


    Several governments released press statements welcoming its entry into force, includ-
    ing Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, Lao PDR, Mexico, New Zealand,
    Norway, and the UK.11


    During formal entry into force celebrations in Lao PDR, the most heavily bombed
    country in the world and host to the 1MSP in November 2010, Deputy Prime Minister
    Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith, who will be President of the 1MSP, emphasized the significance
    of the occasion. He stated that “the celebration of the Entry into Force of the Convention
    on Cluster Munitions today is a reflection of great achievement as a result of strong
    commitment by the international community to make our world free from threats of
    cluster munitions.” 12


    10
       ‘European Parliament resolution on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and
    the role of the EU’, European Parliament, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&
    reference=P7-RC-2010-0413&format=XML&language=EN [Accessed 06/09/10].
    11
       See Annexes VI-XVI.
    12
       Remarks by H.E. Dr. Thongloun SISOULITH, Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs at the
    celebration of the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’, 1 August 2010, see Annex XII.


8                                                                   CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
                                                               Photo: Tracie Williams
                                                                   Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith, Lao PDR Deputy Prime
                                                                   Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, speaks
                                                                   about the importance of entry into force.



            UK FCO Minister Alistair Burt warmly welcomed entry into force of the Convention
            in a press statement released on 30 July, where he affirmed the UK’s commitment to
            “promote the globalisation of the Convention, working toward the goal of universal
            adherence.”13


            Other states also took the opportunity to reiterate their commitment to the Convention,
            as longstanding supporters of the Convention since the early stages of its development.
            New Zealand issued a statement taken from a parliamentary event held on 3 August
            to celebrate entry into force. During the event, Georgina Te Heuheu, the Minister for
            Disarmament and Arms Control, looked forward to the 1MSP stating that “New Zealand
            will be seeking a strong and robust Conference to ensure the next critical phase, of
            implementation, is successful.”14
                                                                                        Photo: Edwina Hughes




             Entry into force parliamentary event in Wellington, New Zealand




            13
               ‘FCO Minister welcomes the Convention on Cluster Munitions entering into force’, UK Foreign and
            Commonwealth Office, 30 July 2010, see Annex XVI.
            14
               ‘Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
            4 August 2010, see Annex XIV.


CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary                                                                       9
     On 2 August the Mexican Foreign Ministry held a similar event, after which the
     Mexican government issued a press release, pledging that “in order to encourage
     the swift universal membership of this important convention, Mexico will continue
     to address the issue at its bilateral, regional and multilateral meetings.”15


     In Switzerland, Handicap International encouraged 22 mayors to promote the
     Convention in their speeches on 1 August, which coincided with Swiss National Day.
     A number of mayors highlighted the Convention in their speeches.


     Disinvestment was a prevalent issue in Japan, as the country’s three major banks
     used the 1 August milestone to announce their decision to disinvest from cluster
     bomb producers.


     The largest public event took place in Norway as 30,000 young football players from
     around 50 countries gathered for ‘Norway Cup’, the world’s largest football tournament
     for youth. Participants were encouraged to join the campaign against cluster bombs as
     part of Norwegian People’s Aid’s action and to celebrate entry into force.


     A summary of all the actions that took place worldwide can be found at:
     www.stopclustermunitions.org/august1.org
                                                                                     Photo: Lena Fiske, Norwegian People’s Aid




     Lebanese students at Norway Cup




     15
      ‘The Mexican Government Welcomes the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’, Mexican
     Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, 2 August 2010, see Annex XIII.


10                                                                CMC Entry into Force report – Executive Summary
                                N AT I O N A L A C T I O N S
                                                 TO C E L E B R AT E E N T RY I N TO F O R C E




                                                                                                                                   Photo: Mikio Nakai
Entry into force concert- Zojoji Temple in Tokyo, Japan



         Afghanistan                                                     possible, ahead of the First Meeting of States Parties.
Campaigners conducted media outreach about entry                         in November. Several cluster munition and landmine
into force. Firoz Ali Alizada of the International Cam-                  survivors participated in the event throughout the day,
paign to Ban Landmines conducted a live interview                        with a large number being interviewed by members
with a local TV station on 1 August. On 29 August                        of the media present. Some of the survivors took part
the Afghan Landmine Survivors Organization (ALSO)                        in awareness efforts among the public. Throughout
organised a drumming event in busy parts of the city,                    the day, members of the media interviewed survivors,
including in front of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,                   provided on-going coverage and devoted a significant
the Presidential (Gul Khana) Palace, the Ministry of                     amount of time to the messages that were being
Education, and the Ministry of Defence. Campaigners                      disseminated. Local television broadcasters gave a
distributed over 2000 educative posters, flyers and                      large amount of coverage to the event.
booklets about cluster bombs sending a clear message                     Mr. Sulaiman Safdar, CMC Afghanistan
to the Government of Afghanistan that ratification                       sulimanaminy@gmail.com
of the Convention needs to be realised as soon as
                                                                                 Albania
                                                                         On 1 August, a drumming celebration was held in
                                                                         Tirana, on the main square close to the university.
                                                                         Among the participants were a group of cluster
                                                                         munition survivors from northeast Albania, survivors
                                                                         from the Gerdec explosions and representatives from
                                                                         Albanian civil society. Following the drumming, the
                                                                         participants marched with banners and flags in the
                                                                         main boulevard passing by the Presidential Office,
                                                                         the Government offices and the house of the Albanian
                                                                         Parliament. A press conference was then opened with
                                                                         a speech by the ALB-AID director where CMC cam-
                                                                         paigners spoke about the efforts and hard work that


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                                11
had ultimately resulted in entry into force. A cluster      reading the information available and asking questions.
munition survivor provided a speech at the press            Young people were also encouraged to participate in
conference. Mr. Jonuz Kula, Kukes Association               the entry into force celebrations, with a poetry and
kukesi@albmail.com                                          song competition open to all secondary-level and
                                                            university students in South Australia.
                                                            In Tasmania, in association with the Mines Victims and
                                                            Clearance Trust (MiVAC) there was a replica cluster
                                                            munition strike set up just by the Salamanca Markets,
                                                            on the lawn of the Tasmanian Parliament. Posters were
                                                            laid out to imitate a makeshift trail through contami-
                                                            nated land. MiVAC also had an information table and
                                                            display board.
                                                            The Australian Broadcasting Commission 24/7 news
                                                            channel also devoted significant time to the entry into
                                                            force day. Lorel Thomas also did two radio interviews,
       Argentina                                            in both Adelaide and Sydney.
On 1 August a drumming action took place in Buenos          Ms. Lorel Thomas, ANBL, lorelt@optusnet.com.au
Aires. On 2 August CARI, the Norwegian Embassy and          Mr. Robert Rands, CMC Australia
the United Nations organised an academic discussion         rrands@bigpond.net.au
to celebrate entry into force. During the event, the pri-
mary topics covered were: the humanitarian problems                Austria
caused by cluster bombs, the Convention and its             CMC Austria issued a press release and held a drum-
importance in the field of international human rights,      ming action outside of parliament. The Austrian
and the role of civil society organisations, particularly   Ministry of Foreign Affairs also issued a press release.
that of the CMC. Presentations were given by Niels          Ms. Judith Majlath, CMC Austria
Haugstveit, the Ambassador for Norway, Julián Bertra-       judith.majlath@aon.at
nou from the UNDP, Fabián Calle from the Torcuato di
Tella University, and Maria Pía Devoto, Director of the            Azerbaijan
APP. Among those who attended there were civil ser-         A round table meeting took place on 2 August at the
vants from the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry         Azerbaijan Media Centre in Baku. Participants included
of Foreign Affairs. The event was covered by the TV         representatives from various departments in the
programme “Encuentro Global” on the news channel            Government of Azerbaijan, including the Ministry of
América 24. Ms. Maria Pia Devoto, Asociación para           Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defence, the defence
Políticas Públicas (APP) piadevoto@gmail.com                industry, ANAMA and the Ombudsman’s Office.
                                                            Also present were representatives from embassies
                                                            ICRC, UNDP, and others from the NGO sector, university
                                                            students, landmine survivors and local media. AzCBL
                                                            translated the Convention of Cluster Munitions into
                                                            Azerbaijani which was distributed at the roundtable
                                                            event. During this event the AzCBL also screened the
                                                            film “Unacceptable Harm” in Azerbaijani.
                                                            Mr. Hafiz Safihanov, Azerbaijan Campaign to Ban
                                                            Landmines, azerbaijan@icbl.org


       Australia
In Melbourne a photo exhibition, "Deadly Legacy"
and a power point show on cluster munitions were
displayed. “Bombs Begone” t-shirts were available to
buy and ANBL material on cluster munitions and the
Convention was distributed. The event had been widely
publicised and was well attended, with many people


12                                                                   CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
       Bahrain                                                      Belgium
On 31 July there was a drumming event, a photo             Handicap International held a press conference with
exhibition, and a short film screening at 8pm at the       cluster munition survivors Sladjan and Dusica Vuãkoviç.
                                                                                                             c
Al-Riwaq Art Space in Adliya. A press release celebrat-    They also met with the Serbian embassy in Brussels to
ing entry into force was sent out on the same day.         encourage Serbia to join the Convention.
Mr. Nasser Burdestani, Amnesty International,              Ms. Hildegarde Vansintjan, Handicap International
nasserburdestani@yahoo.com                                 Hildegarde.vansintjan@handicap.be




       Bangladesh
To celebrate entry into force Gono Kalyan Shangstha        On 1 August the Ban Advocates and Handicap Interna-
(GKS) put up a banner in front of the National Press       tional Belgium released a film titled “Ban Advocates:
Club, which is situated opposite the Ministry of Foreign   from Victims to Champions”. The Ban Advocates are
Affairs. A public meeting was held at the same time in     victims and survivors of clusters munitions from differ-
front of the national monument, with leaflets in Bengal    ent countries, who are advocating for a universal ban
being distributed. A letter urging Bangladesh to sign      on cluster munitions and more support for the affected
the Convention before the First Meeting of States          individuals, families and communities.
Parties was also handed over to Zulfiqar Rahman,           For links to the films and more information on the
Director General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.       official launch, please visit:
Ms. Nadira Mallik, Gono Kalyan Shangstha (GKS)             http://blog.banadvocates.org/index.php?post/2010/07/
nadiramallik@yahoo.com                                     30/Cluster-Munitions-legally-banned-on-1-August-
                                                           2010-Film-Ban-Advocates%3A-From-Victims-to-
                                                           Champions-shows-how-survivors-can-realize-change-
                                                           Sladjan-Vuckovic-Ban-Advocate%3A-our-work-has-not-
                                                           been-useless
                                                           Mr. Jeroen Van Hove, Handicap International Belgium
                                                           Jeroen.VanHove@Handicap.be
       Belarus
On 1 August the Belarus Campaign to Ban Landmines                 Bosnia and Herzegovina
and Cluster Munitions hosted a “Beat the Drums”            The Handicap International Office for South-East
music concert, along with a multimedia photo and           Europe and the Landmine Survivors Initiative Bosnia
film exhibition in Minsk. A press release was issued       and Herzegovina organized a drumming action in the
and is available via major Belarus news websites:          city centre of Sarajevo, performed by the Sarajevo
http://www.look.by/events/minsk/beat-drum-ban-             Drum Orchestra. This event coincided with the end of
cluster-bombs-gruppy-blagi-mat-i-volk                      the Sarajevo Film Festival which attracts people from all
http://news.tut.by/society/192476.html                     over the world, and therefore was very well attended
Dr. Iouri Zagoumennov, SCAF/Belarus Campaign to Ban
Landmines and Cluster Munitions, izaglm@yahoo.com




CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                    13
by many people and bystanders from different coun-          harmful effects of cluster bombs. This was followed
tries. The event lasted for two hours and many people       by a press conference by the campaigners and with
of all ages participated. A high level of interest was      representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
raised, participants expressing their readiness to be       the International Committee of the Red Cross and
involved in and contribute to local initiatives. Youth      the Norwegian embassy.
volunteers also participated and contributed to the         Mr. Georges Ntidendereza, Association de Prise en
event, saying that they would continue to promote           Charge des Orphelins de Guerre (APECOG)
this initiative among their peers. T-shirts, leaflets and   ntidendegeorges@yahoo.fr
balloons were also distributed at the drumming event.
                                                                   Cambodia
Eighteen year old cluster munitions survivor Alaudin
                                                            In Siem Reap there were a number of activities includ-
Ibrahimovic spoke to the media about his experience
                                                            ing: a survivor seminar, games for kids with treaty
and his recovery from the trauma he suffered. He
                                                            themes, visual displays, survivor craft stalls, videos,
called upon the government and the entire nation of
                                                            drumming, speeches, balloon and candlelight events,
Bosnia and Herzegovina to help ratify and implement
                                                            and the premiere of a dancing performance created
the Convention and to provide support to cluster
                                                            to celebrate entry into force. Campaigners also gave
munitions survivors.
                                                            participants the opportunity to sign the People’s
The event had a high level of coverage in the media         Treaty. There were also t-shirts and banners provided
(around 7 major media networks reported on the initia-      to tuk-tuk drivers to promote the events.
tive during prime time slots), raising the campaign’s       Ms. Denise Coghlan, Cambodia Campaign to Ban
profile throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. Around           Landmines, denisecoghlan@yahoo.com.au
entry into force day an advertising campaign was also
launched on three major TV channels in Bosnia and
Herzegovina and on websites that screened a short ani-
mation film about cluster bombs and the Convention’s
entry into force to publicize the drumming action.
Ms. Alma Taslidzan, Handicap International
alma@handicap-international.co.ba
Mr. Ramiz Becirovic, Landmine Survivors Initiatives
rbecirovic@ipm-lsi.org

       Brazil
                                                                   Canada
Campaigners carried out an e-action on entry into
                                                            On 3 August, Mines Action Canada (MAC) and the
force promoted through Twitter. They urged other
                                                            Ottawa Outreach Committee organised a march with
campaigners and the public to use the hash tags
                                                            drummers from the Human Rights Monument near
#erradicarbombascacho (eradicate cluster bombs)
                                                            city hall to Parliament Hill. The march ended with
and #BrasilassineConvençãodeOslo (Brazilian Oslo
                                                            participants forming a drumming circle.
Convention) to promote awareness.
Mr. Gustavo Vieira, Brazilian Campaign Against              Throughout the 10 days counting down to entry into
Landmines and Cluster Bombs, Gvieira7@gmail.com             force, campaigners formed human petitions in the
                                                            shape of the number of days left until entry into force.
       Burundi                                              MAC created the Facebook group “Donate Your FB
                                                            Profile Picture until Cluster Bombs are Banned on
                                                            August 1st”.
                                                            http://www.facebook.com/#!/group.php?gid=1404433
                                                            19305225 Mines Action Canada (MAC)
                                                            info@minesactioncanada.org



On 30 July, APECOG and Handicap International
combined their efforts to celebrate entry into force.
A march was conducted to the sound of drumming,
and campaigners lay on the ground to symbolise the


14                                                                   CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
       Chile
A number of NGOs collaborated on a drumming event
(batucada) and a flash mob in remembrance of the 29
victims of a munitions factory explosion in Alto Hospi-
cio. Supporters were asked to sign a petition at these
events which was then handed to Sebastian Piñera,
the current president of Chile, asking him to ratify
the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The event took
place at Plaza de Armas on 1 August at 12pm.
Ms. Pamela Velasquez, Instituto de Ecologia Politica
pamevelasquez@gmail.com




                                                            Humanidad Vigente spoke about the consequences
                                                            of using weapons that are as indiscriminate as cluster
                                                            bombs. Everyone present then watched a performance,
                                                            as representatives from civil society “beat the drum to
                                                            ban cluster bombs.”
                                                            Mr. Camilo Serna, Colombian Campaign to Ban
                                                            Landmines (CCCM), camilo@colombiasinminas.org
On 2 August, Centro Zona Minada delivered a letter to
the President requesting that Chile ratify the Conven-             Croatia
tion. From 2-4 August, they also took part in meetings      Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC), Mine Aid and
with members of the military, including General Anto-       the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integra-
nio Cordero, the government official responsible for        tion organised an event at Zagreb in the main square.
stockpile destruction. In Alto Hospicio village, where      Participants received a book of flyers with key informa-
the factory explosion occurred on 25 January 1986,          tion on cluster munitions and danger signs, and there
children took part in a balloon launch to mark entry        were risk education performances for the children.
into force.                                                 A press release was also issued.
Mr. Elir Rojas Calderón, Centro Zona Minada, Chile          Ms. Marija Breber, Mine Aid Association
elir.rojas@gmail.com                                        marijabreber@yahoo.com

       Colombia                                                    Democratic Republic of Congo
On 2 August, the Colombian Campaign to Ban Land-            A drumming activity took place in Kinshasa held by the
mines (CCCM) organised a talk to celebrate the              Congolese Campaign to Ban Landmines (CCBL) and the
Convention’s entry into force at the Jorge Tadeo Lozano     National Association of Survivors and of the Defence
University, where government representatives con-           of Victims (NASDRV). On 1 August an entry into force
firmed that they will ratify the Convention. Participants
in the event included Dr. Bruno Moro, the UN Systems
Coordinator in Colombia, and Dr. Álvaro Jiménez
Millán, National Coordinator for the CCCM. The action
was attended by Dr. Nohra Quintero, International
Disarmament and Security Coordinator for the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, who spoke about the path to imple-
mentation of the Oslo Process in Colombia. Dr. Diana
Rodríguez was also present, consultant to the office
for human rights policy and legal advice at the Ministry
of Defence. She explained the advances that had been
made by the Colombian government after the signing
of the Convention. Finally, Diana Teresa Sierra from


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                    15
broadcast was televised and a press release was issued      On 30 July from 8.30-10.00 survivors put up a banner
in order to increase pressure on the government to          and then gathered to give out brochures on cluster
ratify, campaigners also chose to carry out lobbying        munitions, the Convention, the campaign, and the rati-
actions during this important milestone such as provid-     fication process in El Salvador. The event was accom-
ing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with information        panied by a drumming action, and a speech was also
about the First Meeting of States Parties to the Conven-    disseminated to members of the armed forces to
tion on Cluster Munitions, and urging the Congolese         educate them on cluster munitions.
government to attend. CCBL activists also met with the
                                                            A video of the drumming event can be viewed here:
Legal Advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who
                                                            http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hsjNHmFLcsY
confirmed that the issue of ratification had been placed
on to the official agenda of the Prime Minister. An         Also, a link to a video by Fundación Red de Sobre-
advocacy event by CCBL and NASDRV was also arranged         vivientes:
to take place on 30 October, called “On the Road to         http://www.youtube.com/user/ReddeSobrevivientes
Vientiane”, where key decision makers were urged to         Mr. Jesus Martinez, Fundación Red de Sobrevivientes,
give an update on the ratification of the Convention        jmartinez@reddesobrevivientes.org
and preparations for the First Meeting of states Parties.
Mr. Francky Miantuala, Congolese Campaign to Ban                   Ethiopia
Landmines, francky_tos@yahoo.fr

       Denmark
DanChurch Aid issued a press release announcing
entry into force on 28 July. They had two television
and several radio appearances during EIF.
Ms. Tamar Szeps-Znaider, DanChurd Aid, tsz@dca.dk

       Egypt
Protection sent out a press release on 1 August calling
on all countries in the region to join the Convention.
Letters were sent to heads of states in Algeria, Bahrain,
Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania,
Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen,
Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates. These letters,
along with a web countdown, are on www.mena-pro-            An entry into force celebration was held at the head-
tection.org. That day, Protection also conducted two        quarters of the Ethiopian National Association for the
television interviews, at 12:00 GMT with France24           Physically Handicapped on 1 August under the slogan
international (Arabic service), and at 1:15 GMT with        “Beat the Drum to Ban Cluster Bombs”. Campaigners
Aljazeera English (in English).                             printed the “beat the drum” logo on to caps that were
Mr. Ayman Sorour, PROTECTION                                then distributed out to participants. Sixty-two people
asorour@mena-protection.org                                 attended, most of them cluster bomb survivors. Bekele
                                                            Gonfa gave a briefing on the Oslo Process and the
       El Salvador                                          number of countries that had signed and ratified the
                                                            Convention up to that date. A question and answer
                                                            session then followed, with participants demonstrating
                                                            a clear will to move along Ethiopia’s accession to the
                                                            Convention. A few days later, an event was also held in
                                                            Addis Ababa on 5 August at an annual meeting of the
                                                            survivors group Yitaweklign Yeakalgudatagnoch
                                                            Mehiber (YYM). Including three government officials,
                                                            forty people attended to hear a presentation given by
                                                            Bekele Gonfa about the current status of the Conven-
                                                            tion and the historic moment of its entry into force.
                                                            The event received wide coverage from Ethiopian
                                                            television channels.


16                                                                   CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
Campaigners and survivors of cluster bombs launched        alongside local drummers from the area in order to
the new film “The Ban Advocates: From Victims to           celebrate the entry into force of the Convention on
Champions” in Mekele, at a school that was hit by          Cluster Munitions. Later in the day a seminar was held
a cluster bomb strike in 1998. The film was also           at the Regional Education Centre hall where various
launched in Addis Ababa.                                   speakers spoke on the issue of security and peace,
Mr. Bekele Gonfa, bekele818@gmail.com                      with particular emphasis upon the Convention. The
                                                           seminar then closed with another drumming and
       Fiji                                                singing performance.
Events on 1 August targeted the media to raise aware-
                                                           On 6 August there was an open forum which held
ness of cluster bombs and the Convention. A drum-
                                                           between government officials, civil society organisa-
ming event was combined with a church service, as
                                                           tions and parliamentarians, and the following day
drumming is normally used to signal the beginning
                                                           there was a cultural show that included drumming.
of church service on Sundays.
                                                           Ms. Pamela Kehinde Cole, West Africa Network for
Ms. Ema Tagicakibau, Pacific Foundation for Women's
                                                           Peacebuilding the Gambia, kehindecole@yahoo.com
Advancement (PACFAW), etaggy@hotmail.com
                                                                  Georgia
       Finland
Both public and press events were held in Helsinki to
mark entry into force. Performances that included
“danger – cluster munitions” signs took place in the
centre of Helsinki at three different venues to encour-
age Finland to join the treaty, including one at the
steps of parliament.
Ms. Laura Lodenius, Peace Union of Finland
laural@kaapeli.fi

       France
On 1 August a press release was issued. Handicap
International and Amnesty International sent joint
letters to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the
Ministry of Defence.
Ms. Marion Libertucci, Handicap International France,
                                                           On 1 August in Gori, campaigners organised a photo
mlibertucci@handicap-international.org
                                                           exhibition. The Georgia Campaign to Ban Landmines
Mr. Aymeric Elluin, Amnesty International France
                                                           encouraged everyone to upload images for the photo
aelluin@amnesty.fr
                                                           contest on the website www.forpeace.ge. The photo
                                                           contest was named “Journalists of XXI century and was
       Gambia
                                                           dedicated in memory of the three journalists who were
On 30 July a press release was issued about entry into
                                                           killed by cluster bombs during the Russian/Georgian
force, followed by advocacy letters to the key relevant
                                                           war in 2008: Stan Storimans, Giga Chikhladze and
ministries of Defence, the Interior and Foreign Affairs.
                                                           Sasha Klimchuk. The exhibition included photos taken
To mark the occasion, a marching band performed
                                                           by the journalists during the war as well as photos of
                                                           journalists, reporters, camera men and other media
                                                           representatives doing their job during the time. From
                                                           the photos that are uploaded on the website, 50 were
                                                           selected and exhibited on 1 August. Prizes were given
                                                           to those who had taken the most memorable pictures.
                                                           The events were accompanied with drumming to
                                                           celebrate entry into force of the Convention on Cluster
                                                           Munitions. Two national youth dancing troupes
                                                           danced alongside the professional drummers, as
                                                           journalists, NGO leaders and family members of killed
                                                           journalists looked on. People came from all over the


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                     17
country to attend the event, a large number coming         A report on investment of German banks in cluster
from Tbilisi. Representatives from both local and          munition production, including an interview with
government were present, and the action received           Branislav Kapetanovic:
a great amount of television coverage.                     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IpfA-HeB5J0
                                                           Ms. Eva Fischer, Handicap International Germany
A video of the performances can be viewed here:
                                                           efischer@handicap-international.de
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z-xlpB2FbD0
                                                           Mr. Thomas Kuchenmeister, Action Group Landmine DE
Ms. Maia Buchukuri, Georgia Campaign to Ban
                                                           thomas.kuechenmeister@googlemail.com
Landmines, maia.buchukuri@gmail.com
                                                                   Ghana
       Germany
                                                           On 2 August the Canadian High Commission partnered
On 1 August Handicap International Germany held an
                                                           with the Foundation for Security and Development in
event in Munich with a photo exhibition, an audio
                                                           Africa (FOSDA) to organise a cocktail reception in Accra
installation sounding the voices of victims, a demining
                                                           involving a traditional drumming and dancing celebra-
presentation on a large “mine field”, and banners. They
                                                           tion with parliamentarians, government officials and
also carried out fundraising for their Victim Assistance
                                                           civil society. Campaigners used the event to put further
programs at this event. The day before, a similar event
                                                           pressure on the government to expedite the ratification
took place in Rosenheim, and on 10 August another
                                                           process, as a petition was presented to the Defence
big event with drums and demining was held in
                                                           and Interior Select Committee of parliament to expe-
Hamburg.
                                                           dite the ratification process. Speeches were given by
In Berlin, Action Group Landmine DE organised suc-         Michael Gort, the Canadian Chargé d’affaires, Afi
cessful drumming events in front of the US and Russian     Yakubu, Associate Director of FOSDA, and Colonel Seth
embassies on 1 August. Flyers were handed out to the       Ohene Asare, Chairman of the National Commission on
audience present. The media coverage was excellent,        Small Arms. The evening was closed by a drum recital
with the events being included in 5 TV reports, over       using the traditional ‘fontomfrom’ drums by the Centre
10 radio broadcasts and more than 25 print and online      for National Culture. The traditional ‘Bamaya’ dance was
news articles.                                             also performed to signify victory.
                                                           Ms. Theodora Williams, FOSDA, Theodora@fosda.net
The media response to entry into force was very good,
with actions gaining coverage in many print and online
articles, radio and also some TV reports.
A short video of Tina Küchenmeister during an EIF
event can be viewed here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=foezOyjWiDQ
Some more TV reports can be found here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5i1NZ5oDubk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I2UZ4q-hp7g




                                                                  Grenada
                                                           Campaigners held a concert on 1 August. Since this day
                                                           was also African Liberation day and a public holiday, it
                                                           was a big celebration. Petra Ann Williams spoke on
                                                           television to encourage Grenada – the only country in
                                                           the Caribbean where cluster munitions have been used
                                                           – to join the Convention.
                                                           Ms. Petra Ann Williams, CAFRA
                                                           petwill41@hotmail.com


18                                                                  CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
       Guatemala                                                 India
Campaigners from ECPAT held a meeting with the Min-       In the last week of July, the Indian Campaign to Ban
istry of Foreign Affairs on 5 August to celebrate entry   Landmines and the International Red Cross held meet-
into force and to continue lobbying for ratification of   ings with members of Parliament and ambassadors in
the Convention. The Norwegian Ambassador was invit-       New Delhi including those from Bangladesh, Canada,
ed to speak about the Oslo process. Other participants    Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. On 1 August, a seminar
presented different subjects related to the treaty.       for the elected members of Maharashtra Assembly
                                                          (State Parliament) was held. Information and material
On 18 August, ECPAT organised a working group meet-
                                                          provided by the CMC was distributed, with the screen-
ing involving key actors concerning the promotion of
                                                          ing of a short film. Bahamd Shawaki Khalil, a Lebanese
the Convention, both domestically and internationally.
                                                          exchange student, participated in entry into force
The aim of the meeting was to advocate for fast ratifi-
                                                          activities in India and attended public meetings with
cation of the Convention through Congress. A number
                                                          parliamentarians, bureaucrats and NGOs.
of speakers attended, including representatives from
both the Guatemalan and Norwegian governments, as         The Indian campaign also held a press conference
well as from the CMC. Together, they covered the histo-   and a press release was sent to all national and
ry of the CCM up to date, and the steps necessary to      regional newspapers in English, Hindi and some
achieve ratification. The meeting was a great success,    regional languages.
a representative from Congress committing to ratifica-    Dr. Balkrishna Kurvey IIPDEP
tion within the next few months. Furthermore, it was      iipdep_ngp@sancharnet.in
agreed that a joint press conference at the Guatemalan
National Congress would be held in the near future
with all institutions that participated in the working
group.
Ms. Maria Eugenia Vilareal, ECPAT
vilareal.maria@gmail.com

       Guinea-Bissau
A press note was circulated about entry into force on
Friday 30 July to national radio stations. On 1 August
from 7.00am to 9.30am there was a march organised
by the JCC/YCW-GB from Chapa de Bissau in the heart
to the city to Rotunda de Imprério. NGO partners and
members of the community joined in the celebrations.
The march was followed by a speech about the
Convention.
Mr. Etchen Sambú, WANEP
etchens@yahoo.com
                                                          The Control Arms Foundation of India held a press
                                                          conference on 2 August at Press Club of India in
                                                          New Delhi followed by a drumming activity called,
                                                          "Beat the Dhol, India join the Call" at India Gate.
                                                          Several civil society organisations, students,
                                                          academics, strategic and defence analysts took
                                                          part in the proceedings. During the action,
                                                          hundreds of pamphlets in both English and Hindi
                                                          were distributed to celebrate the entry into force.
                                                          A memorandum was also submitted to the Indian
                                                          Prime Minister, Defence Minister and Minister of
                                                          Foreign Affairs urging the Indian government to
                                                          support a ban on cluster bombs.
                                                          Binalakshmi Nepram, Control Arms Foundation of India
                                                          Binalakshmi@gmail.com


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                  19
         Indonesia                                            negotiated and adopted by 107 countries in May 2008..
There was a special Sunday mass in the cathedral in           Ms. Susan Hensel, CMC Ireland, hensel.susan@gmail.com
Jakarta to mark entry into force. JRS Indonesia and
KINEFORUM Jakarta collaborated to celebrate the
historic occasion. A drumming event took place, as
well as an exhibition of photos by John Rodsted. The
films “Ban Advocates” and “Unacceptable Harm” were
screened on 1 August. Speeches were given by Lars
Stenger of JRS and Andy Rachmianto from the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs. Balloons were released to mark the
historic day. The event was attended by students and
NGOs, as well as members of the media.
Mr. Lars Stenger, Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) Indonesia
larsstenger@jrs.or.id

                                                                       Italy
                                                              Campaigners held a drumming action on the beach
                                                              near Rome. Campaign volunteers distributed flyers
                                                              about cluster munitions and entry into force. Volun-
                                                              teers collected signatures to support Italy’s ratification
                                                              of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Letters and
                                                              postcards were sent to all members of parliament on
                                                              entry into force, urging parliamentarians to push for-
                                                              ward Italy’s ratification of the treaty. Letters were also
                                                              sent to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry
         Iraq                                                 of Defence. A press release about entry into force was
The Iraqi Alliance for Disability (IADO) organised a          distributed to media on Friday 30 July.
national drumming celebration in Baghdad on 1                 Ms. Tibisay Ambrosini, Italian Campaign to Ban
August. A gift was presented to Environment Minister          Landmines, t.ambrosini@campagnamine.org
Narmeen Othman in recognition of her role in raising
the profile of the Convention and public calls for its rat-
ification. Numerous special guests attended the event,
including cluster bomb survivors, and political figures
from both regional and national levels. Many members
of the media were also present.
Mr. Moaffak Alkhfaji, Iraqi Alliance for Disability (IADO)
moaffak61@yahoo.com


                                                                       Japan
                                                              On 1 August from 2.30pm – 5.00pm professional
                                                              Wadaiko drum players Jun Takada and Keidai Kanasashi
                                                              held a concert organised by the Japan Campaign to
                                                              Ban Landmines, along with other drumming groups.
                                                              The concert took place in Zojoji Temple in Tokyo, one
                                                              of Japan’s principal Buddhist temples.
                                                              Ms Junko Utsumi, Japan Campaign to Ban Landmines
                                                              utsumi@jcbl-ngo.org
       Ireland
On 2 August Afri (Action from Ireland) in partnership
with the Bloom Movement for Global Justice held a
drumming action outside Croke Park – the historic
venue where the Convention on Cluster Munitions was


20                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
       Kenya                                                         Lao PDR
On 1 August from 2pm-5pm, Handicap International              On 1 August, campaigners in Lao PDR took part in a
(HI) organised a 3 hour traditional drumming session in       drumming parade and organised performances, activi-
the city centre of Nairobi together with the University       ties, and games at the International Centre for Training
of Nairobi and a group of persons with disabilities. The      and Cooperation in partnership with the Ministry of
event was publicized through radio and other media            Foreign Affairs, the National Regulatory Authority on
in advance of the day. Daniel Aghan had an All Africa         UXO, and UNDP.
opinion editorial published in The Citizen and the
                                                              Activities began at 7:00am with a Buddhist alms-giving
action itself was covered by Kenya Broadcasting
                                                              ceremony for 50 monks from throughout Vientiane
Corporation TV.
                                                              Province, representing the estimated 50,000 victims
Mr. Daniel Aghan, Handicap International Kenya,
                                                              of UXO in Laos. At the same time, a drumming parade
daghan@handicap-international.or.ke
                                                              consisting of trucks from seven UXO operators drove
                                                              from Patuxay Monument to the International Centre
                                                              for Training and Cooperation, where Lao Youth Union
                                                              drummers were also performing.
                                                              A formal ceremony was then held, with speeches from
                                                              the Deputy Prime Minister, the United Nations Resident
                                                              Coordinator, CMC, and a survivor. This was followed by
                                                              a ribbon-cutting ceremony to officially mark entry into
                                                              force. The day continued with a host of activities and
                                                              games, including puppet shows, modern and tradition-
                                                              al Lao dancing, and a wheelchair obstacle course.
                                                              Ms. Alexandra Hiniker, Cluster Munition Coalition
       Kosovo
                                                              alex@stopclustermunitions.org
On 1 August a drumming event took place in Germia
national park, where NATO once bombed a police and            Religions for Peace, in cooperation with Norwegian
military station with cluster munitions. T-shirts and         Church Aid and Lao Buddhist Monks for Development,
refreshments were given out to participants. Partici-         organized a workshop from 2–3 August at Wat
pants included youth, civil society and representatives       Nakhoun Noi, in Vientiane to raise awareness about
from the government and the municipality.                     the Convention within Lao's religious communities
Mr. Burim Haxolli, The Focus, burim.haxholli@gmail.com        and explore the roles that monks can play in assisting
                                                              survivors with their recovery and social reintegration.
                                                              It was attended by over 60 monks from across the
                                                              country as well as five survivors, and enjoyed strong
                                                              support from the Lao government.
                                                              Ms Allison Pytlak, World Council of Religions for Peace
                                                              apytlak@religionsforpeace.org




       Kuwait
An article on the socioeconomic impact of cluster
munitions was launched. A detailed article on the
Convention was published in the KISR monthly Science
and Technology Magazine, which is disseminated to
all parts of the Arab world and MENA. A meeting was
also agreed upon between campaigners and military
staff in order to discuss the Convention and encourage
Kuwait to sign.
Rof. Raafat Misak, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
rmisak@kisr.edu.kw


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                      21
       Luxembourg
Campaigners issued a press release on 1 August to
celebrate entry into force.
Mr. Jerome Bobin, Handicap International
jbobin@handicap-international.lu

       Macedonia FYR
On 1 August a press conference kick-started the day’s
events followed by a roundtable event at noon entitled
“The Media and Cluster Bombs”. At 2pm a drumming
event named “Drum Beat” took place at Skopje Central                Mexico
City Park where there was music and materials about          On 2 August, the Mexican Foreign Ministry held a
entry into force were distributed. The event was             conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions
coordinated by JCWE and their partner organisation.          and its entry into force together with civil society
Ms. Natasha Dokovska, Journalists for children and           representatives and local embassies to promote
women rights and environmental protection                    further signatures and ratifications to the Convention.
ndokovska@gmail.com                                          Participants invited to speak came from the Ministry
                                                             of Foreign Affairs, the Chilean Embassy, the ICRC,
                                                             the Norwegian Embassy and CMC Mexico.
                                                             Mr. Héctor Guerra, CMC Mexico, hec7491@yahoo.com




       Malawi                                                       Moldova
On 5 August there were a number of events including a        On 29 July, Moldova destroyed the remaining stock-
press conference, a drumming celebration, and a public       piles of its cluster munitions. To witness the destruc-
debate on the Convention. A press statement was also         tion, the Moldovan government invited civil society
released that day.                                           representatives from Norwegian People’s Aid, which
Mr. Undule Mwakasungura, Centre of Human Rights and          has worked closely with the government to destroy its
Rehabilitation, undule@sdnp.org.mw                           stocks, as well as from the Cluster Munition Coalition.
                                                             Ms. Jane Filseth Andersen, Norwegian People’s Aid
       Mali                                                  jfan@npaid.org
Celebrations took place in Bamako on 9 August, so that       Mr. Lee Moroney, Norwegian People’s Aid
several important political figures could be present.        lmoroney@npaid.org
Consequently, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minis-    Mr. Roman Dolgov, IPPNW Russia
ter of Defence, the Minister of Security, the President of   roman-dolgov@mail.ru
the National Security Commission and the President of
Parliament were all present at the event. As well as fig-
ures from government, CMC Mali invited all of its civil
society partners and members of the press. During the
morning, a drumming event was held in a public stadi-
um and in the afternoon, RJSDAO met with representa-
tives from government and the military at the Interna-
tional Peace Centre. Later that evening a meeting then
took place at the International Conference Centre.
Mr. Amadou Moussa Maiga, RJSDAO
ammaiga@yahoo.fr


22                                                                    CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
       Mozambique                                          attention was given to this action, as it was announced.
Under the slogan “Toca o batuque para banir bombas         beforehand in a press release. A reporter from national
de fragmentação“ (Beat the drum to ban cluster             radio was present during the event, and the two major
bombs), there were a number of events in Mozambique        news broadcasts in the Netherlands devoted significant
that many local partner organisations, government and      time to the action. Throughout the day photos and
other international partners in Maputo participated in.    videos were taken which were posted on the website.
Letters were sent to the government urging them to         Roos Boer did four primetime radio interviews revolv-
ratify the Convention and information about the            ing around entry into force and NOS Journaal even
Convention was published in local newspapers and           did an extra item about the Convention that evening.
reported on local TV and radio. Football matches were      Ms. Merijn de Jong, IKV Pax Christi
also used to promote the issue with the public. The        dejong@ikvpaxchristi.nl
captains of the participating teams spoke to supporters
and invited them to advocate for support of the                   New Zealand
Convention alongside FOMICRES.                             Two events were held in the New Zealand capital of
Mr. Albino Forquilha, FOMICRES                             Wellington to celebrate entry into force.
forquila@tvcabo.co.mz
                                                           On 1 August, the Aotearoa New Zealand Cluster Muni-
       Nepal                                               tion Coalition (ANZCMC) kicked off one of the first in a
On 1 August, NCBL began entry into force with a            series of events to be held around the world to cele-
speech in Basantapur, Kathmandu. This was followed         brate entry into force of the Convention on Cluster
by the lighting of candles that marked the historical      Munitions. Wellington musician Sam Manzanza and his
date, by the Deputy Superintendent of Police. A tradi-     colleagues including Tom Scrase (The Thomas Oliver
tional music group also played the Khin Madal (Tradi-      Band), and Navjeevan Singh led off a 40-minute drum-
tional drums) and the Bansuri (Flute). Banners were        ming session that kids and adults joined in. The drum-
made and further information on the issue was spread       ming session took place at Capital E in Civic Square,
using postcards and brochures. Given the nature of the     Wellington.
area, dozens of tourists were also able to participate     As the ANZCMC coordinator Mary Wareham explained,
in the day’s celebrations.                                 the drumming was intended to ‘make some noise’
Ms. Purna Shova Chitrakar, Ban Landmines Campaign          about the fact that from today onwards, cluster bombs
Nepal (NCBL), ncbl@mail.com.np                             are a banned weapon. After a hot chocolate break, the
                                                           participants watched a new 20-minute film entitled
                                                           Cluster Munitions: Banned in New Zealand. Directed by
                                                           Mary Wareham, edited by James Meikle, and produced
                                                           by Jamila Homayunthe, the film details New Zealand’s
                                                           leadership role in creating the Convention on Cluster
                                                           Munitions.

                                                           On 3 August, Hon. Georgina Te Heuheu, Minister for
                                                           Disarmament and Arms Control hosted a parliamentary
                                                           reception to commemorate entry into force, which
                                                           concluded with a screening of the short documentary
       Netherlands                                         film ‘Cluster Munitions: Banned in New Zealand’ in the
On 30 July there was a celebration in The Hague to cel-    Beehive theater. Countries represented at the event
ebrate the entry into force milestone and also to share    included both members of the convention (Australia,
the message that there is more work to do. Consisting      Canada, Chile, Germany, Japan, South Africa) and states
of a percussion band and a group of volunteers, as well    that have not yet joined such as Brazil, the United
as anyone who wanted to participate, there was a walk-     States, and Viet Nam. Major John Flanagan (retd), for-
ing route passing the embassies of Russia, Georgia,        mer director of the UN Mine Action Service, came up
Israel and the United States. Together with a percussion   from Blenheim to attend the event and see the film
band IKV Pax Christi visited the 4 embassies and hand-     Cluster Munitions: Banned in New Zealand, which he
ed over the Convention text and a drum, inviting them      features in together with Hon. Georgina Te Heuheu,
to join the beat to ban cluster bombs. Flyers were also    Hon. Phil Goff, Ambassador Don MacKay and Mary
handed out to the audience. A great deal of media          Wareham.


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                   23
                                                                     Peru
                                                              A press conference was held to celebrate entry into
                                                              force. A street cinema event also took place where
                                                              CMC videos were shown to the public. There were
                                                              petition cards available to sign as well as t-shirts and
                                                              flyers. A group of Canjoneros (Peruvian drum players)
                                                              joined the celebrations, which included a balloon
                                                              launch to mark the occasion.
                                                              Ana Maria Watson, ISDH,watsonpg1@yahoo.es

                                                                     Philippines
Following a NZPA wire article, several local media
                                                              Campaigners hosted an event with percussionists to
covered entry into force in New Zealand, including
                                                              celebrate entry into force and met with the Depart-
the Dominion Post, 2ZB, and Radio Live.
                                                              ment of National Defence to encourage the Philippines
More information can be found on the ANZCMC                   to ratify the Convention.
website here: http://www.banclusterbombs.org.nz               Ms. Jaymelyn Uy, CMC Pilipinas
Ms. Mary Wareham, ANZCMC, wareham@hrw.org                     jayme.uy@gmail.com

       Nigeria                                                       Russian Federation
In Nigeria, campaigners held a memorial service to            On 3 August campaigners held a press conference at
remember cluster bomb victims followed by drumming            the Interfax News Agency headquarters along with a
activities held at local churches.                            delegation from the International Committee of the
Ms. Mimidoo Achakpa, IANSA Women’s Network Nigeria            Red Cross. There were a large number of journalists
iansawomennig@yahoo.co.uk                                     from both press and electronic mass media. The Inter-
                                                              fax Agency shared the coverage of the press confer-
       Norway                                                 ence over its extensive network, and correspondents
On 1 August, the entry into force of the Convention           from Rosbalt and ITAR-Tass agencies spread the infor-
on Cluster Munitions was celebrated at Norway Cup,            mation through their networks. There was also an
which is the world’s largest youth football tournament.       information kit for journalists available and campaign-
Approximately 30,000 football players aged 12-19 years        ers expect that a number of feature articles will be
old from around 50 nations gathered in Oslo from 1-7          written on the subject.
August. The event focused on cluster munitions                Mr. Roman Dolgov, IPPNW, roman-dolgov@mail.ru
throughout the week, many of the young football
players taking part in a drumming activity on 1 August.              Rwanda
The messages were about how cluster munitions affect          A drumming event was held as well as a radio show
civilians and how cluster munitions are cleared. These        aimed at raising public awareness about the Conven-
young people were able to return home to push their           tion. A press release was issued to the public and
countries to ratify, accede and implement the treaty.         media on 1 August at the drumming activity. ALSAR
This event was planned and organised by NPA. The              also met with representatives from the Ministry of
State Secretary Gry Larsen attended the event and             Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
gave a short speech.                                          Mr. Eugene Musolin, ALSAR
Ms. Vibecke Østby, Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA)               hbmussoliin11@yahoo.com
Vibeckeo@npaid.org
                                                                     Senegal
       Pakistan                                               In Dakar, a drumming activity took place with an
A forum for civil society and media was held on 1             orchestra composed of persons with disabilities who
August. This forum promoted the Convention and                beat handi-rhythym drums. After the drumming
worked to encourage the government of Pakistan to             session a short film about cluster munitions was
participate in the First Meeting of States Parties. A press   screened. In Casamance, a similar event was held,
release was issued to the major print and electronic          with a drumming performance, a public conference,
media in Pakistan.                                            and a screening of the film.
Mr. Raza Shah Khan, Sustainable Peace and Development         Mr. Boubine Toure, Senegalese Campaign to Ban
Organization (SPADO), spado@icbl.org                          Landmines, boubine@refer.sn


24                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
In Ziguinchor, Senegal, an area contaminated by              force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
landmines, campaigners held a drumming action on             Mr. Abu Bakarr Sheriff, Sierra Leone Action Network on
1 August with national partners. A short film was            Small Arms (SLANSA)
shown at this event and a press release was issued           slansa2001@yahoo.com
to members of the media who were present.
Mr. Mamady Gassama,Senegalese Landmine Survivors                    Slovakia
Association                                                  Amnesty International issued a press release on 1
gassamamamady@yahoo.fr                                       August to celebrate entry into force. They also took
                                                             advantage of the Pohoda 2010 music festival that
       Serbia                                                took place in July, getting people at the event to take
On Friday 30 July Assistance. Advocacy. Access – Serbia      a picture by a cluster bomb display that had been set
(AAA-Serbia), Nerina Cevra, representing the CMC and         up. AI campaigners then used all of the photos taken to
Dragoljub Duricic, Serbia's most famous drummer held         compile a photo petition in the form of a huge "post-
a press briefing at the Belgrade Media Center on the         card", presenting it to the Ministry of Defence in August.
status of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the        A video of the action can be seen here (in Slovak):
upcoming celebration in Belgrade.                            http://www.facebook.com/#!/video/video.php?v=1594
                                                             661790693&ref=mf
Dragoljub Duricic and 23 other performers joined AAA-
                                                             Ms Martina Mazurova, Amnesty International Slovensko
Serbia to celebrate entry into force on 1 August at the
                                                             kampane@amnesty.sk
Nikola Pasic Square in Belgrade. Hundreds of people
attending the concert signed AAA-Serbia's petition for
                                                                    Somalia
Serbia to join the Convention. A thousand campaign
                                                             The Somalia Coalition to Ban Landmines planned a
flyers were distributed in the city centre, as well as
                                                             small event with the Ministry of Defense of the Somali
hundreds of other materials including more detailed
                                                             Transitional Federal Government. The aim was to
pamphlets, the treaty text, t-shirts and bags marking
                                                             celebrate the historic event of entry into force. A press
the occasion. Members of local survivors' groups from
                                                             release was issued to media encouraging the govern-
eight different municipalities of Serbia also attended
                                                             ment to ratify the Convention and participate in the
the concert.
                                                             upcoming First Meeting of States Parties.
Dragoljub Djuricic, the most famous drummer in the           Mr. Dahir Abdulle, Somalia Campaign to Ban Landmines
entire territory of former Yugoslavia, is also an interna-   (SOCBAL)
tionally renowned performer and artist who was               somalia_socbal@yahoo.com
among the most dynamic figures of the Serbian
democracy movement. He remains a symbol of that
change today. During the 1990s civil society demon-
strations, Dragoljub Djuricic led a group of 30 drum-
mers in front of a million people gathered on the
streets of Belgrade. Djuricic and drumming colleagues
played at the numerous rallies throughout the country
leading to a new era in Serbia in the year 2000.
The Organization of Civilian War Victims in Kraljevo in
cooperation with AAA-S organised a celebration of                   Somaliland
entry into force with a petition signing event and a         An orientation session was held on cluster munitions
presentation for the media on the same day. Kraljevo         for members of a parliamentary committee that deals
in Central Serbia is one of the areas most affected by       with social issues. Other senior officials from the newly
cluster bomb strikes, with parts still contaminated by       constituted government also attended. A presentation
cluster duds.                                                was given and discussions centered on the role of citi-
Ms. Jelena Vicentic, Assistance. Advocacy. Access - Serbia   zens and members of parliament in dealing with the
jelena@ppps.org.rs                                           problem of cluster munitions. A folder containing key
                                                             information on cluster munitions was also distributed
       Sierra Leone                                          to participants.
Campaigners in Sierra Leone circulated a press release       Mr. Daniel Aghan, Handicap International
and conducted media interviews about the entry into          daghan@handicapt-international.or.ke


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                        25
       South Africa                                           There was also a celebration on Lloret de Mar on the.
On 1 August, the Ceasefire Campaign arranged for              same day that included drumming activities. The “Beat
an open top bus with drummers to drive through                the drum to ban cluster bombs” logo was displayed on
the streets of Johannesburg calling for South Africa          posters in Catalan, Spanish and English.
to ratify the Convention.                                     Ms. Carmen Bernat, Plataforma per la Pau Lloret
Mr. Kennedy Mabasa, Ceasefire Campaign                        mcarmenbernat@hotmail.com
nsini1@yahoo.com                                              Ms. Lucia Oltra, Moviment per la Pau
                                                              cooperacio@movimentperlapau.org
The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the Interna-
                                                              Ms. Lourdes Vergés, Fundació per la Pau
tional Committee of the Red Cross held a panel discus-
                                                              lverges@fundacioperlapau.org
sion on the Convention on Friday 30 July at the Pretoria
Offices of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), enti-
tled “The Cluster Munitions Convention 48 hours before
its entry into force.” The event was attended by over
fifty people, including representatives from the South
African National Defence Force (SANDF), local
embassies and consulates, the United Nations, the ISS,
the ICRC, the Ceasefire Campaign and the media. Local
media also covered the Convention’s entry into force, as
the seminar highlighted the importance of the issue.
For more information see:
http://www.polity.org.za/article/new-cluster-munitions-
ban-seen-as-advancement-in-arms-control-2010-08-04
                                                                     Sudan
Ms. Gugu Dube, ISS
                                                              In Khartoum an event was held in cooperation with
gdube@issafrica.org
                                                              ABRAR Organisation and consisted of drumming,
                                                              speeches and local singing and dancing groups. There
                                                              were around two hundred participants, including the
                                                              State Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, representatives
                                                              from the Defense, Foreign Affairs, and Justice Ministries,
                                                              and the Commission of Disarmament, Demobilization
                                                              and Reintegration. Many from the media were present
                                                              at the event along with the Sudan campaign members,
                                                              UNMAO and UNDP staff, NMAC personnel and some
                                                              embassy representatives. The celebration was covered
       Spain                                                  by Sudan national TV in its primary news broadcasts,
On 1 August at 11.30am there was a drumming cele-             Blue Nile TV as well as Elshroog TV and Omruman radio.
bration in Plaça de Sant Jaume in Barcelona. Numerous         Many newspapers also highlighted the event. A firm
organisations were involved in the celebrations, includ-      national commitment to joining the Convention had
ing Fundació per la Pau, Greenpeace, Justícia i Pau,          been established by the end of the day, as the
Moviment per la Pau, Plataforma per la Pau de Lloret,         Sudanese government announced that it would
and Setem. Flyers and other materials were provided           accede before November 2010.
to participants and spectators in Catalan, Spanish and        Mr. Abo Osama Taktook, JASMAR Human Security
English. The action was a great success, with over a          Organization
hundred people gathering in the square to watch a             aboosamaa@yahoo.com
professional group of drummers. Media were also invit-
ed to cover the event. Midway through the perform-
ance, spokespeople for each organisation were invited
to speak about the Convention. Jordi Armadans from
Fundació per la Pau, Meritxell Bennasar of Greenpeace,
and Lucia Oltra from Moviment Per la Pau, explained
the relevance of the Convention and the importance
of the joint efforts made by civil society to realise these
achievements.


26                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
       Switzerland                                          all news broadcasts on August 1 and in a news strip .
1 August is Switzerland’s National Day. Campaigners         as well. They prepared clips about cluster bombs from
wrote to all of the mayors in the country with a flyer      Lebanon and Laos and of short meetings with CMC
in French and German about cluster munitions, asking        figures. Other Arab TV channels also covered the EIF,
them to mention entry into force during their 1 August      including Syrian TV.
speeches – 22 mayors responded to this request and          Mr Ghassan Shahrour, Arab Net for Research on
promoted the Convention in their speeches. HI Switzer-      Landmines and ERW
land sent out a press release in advance of the day, and    ghassan.dr@gmail.com
the CMC held a press briefing at the Palais des Nations
on 29 July. The CMC invited representatives from the               Tajikistan
United Nations and the International Committee of the       On 1 August the TV program “Sarbaz i Vatan” hosted a
Red Cross, and CMC Coordinator Thomas Nash gave a           discussion on the issue of cluster bombs, particularly
speech. There was a high level of media interest in         concerning the situation in Tajikistan. The show includ-
entry into force, a good level of newswire coverage         ed interviews with government officials and survivors
stemming from the Geneva press conference.                  as well as TV clips from affected regions. There was a
Mr. Paul Vermeulen, Handicap International Switzerland      national launch of a Ban Advocates film made by Chris
pvermeulen@handicap-international.ch                        Anderson. Between 30 July and 4 August there was a
                                                            Campaign/Advocacy & Awareness Raising Training for
       Syria                                                survivors of landmines and cluster munitions in Varzob
There were drumming activities in early August to           Gorge. During this training a drumming event took
celebrate entry into force. On 7 July a press release was   place on 1 August. On 2 August a roundtable event was
issued by Arab Net for Research on Landmines and            held with survivors of landmines and cluster munitions
ERW (ANROLM) to mark the entry into of the Conven-          and decision makers from several government bodies
tion which was posted on the website www.anrolm.org         and agencies, including Presidential Administration.
On 11 July a meeting was conducted between                  Following the roundtable event a press conference
ANROLM and the Secretary General of the Arab Inter-         was held in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
Parliamentary Union, where a copy of the press release      Ms. Aziza Hakimova, NGO Harmony of the World,
and a brief were presented. The Secretary General was       ICBL/CMC Tajikistan
also presented with a copy of the European Parliament       tajikistan@icbl.org
resolution in support of the Convention. At this meet-
ing it was agreed to prepare a booklet in Arabic that
will include information on the ERW problem in the
region called “Introduction to CCM”, this booklet was
prepared by Ghassan Sharhour, and was distributed
alongside the press release and a copy of the Conven-
tion during the first week of August to all 22 Arab
parliaments. It was also distributed to government
officials, NGOs and media. Al Jazeera allocated a great
amount of time to the entry into force, including it in




                                                                   Taiwan
                                                            On June 22, Eden Social Welfare Foundation organised
                                                            the “Anti- Landmines and Anti-Cluster Munitions
                                                            Human Rights Forum” at Taipei. The Forum started with
                                                            the screening of the documentary “the Enemy Within”,
                                                            by Canadian director Sandra Rodriguez, a film on reha-
                                                            bilitation of Cambodian mine survivors. A seminar on
                                                            the issues of landmines and cluster munitions was held
                                                            afterword. The Forum was moderated by Prof. Mab
                                                            Huang from the Center for the Study of Human Rights
                                                            at Soochow University. Speakers included Col. Chao


CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                   27
Chung-Kun, the Chief of the Army Demining Division, .             Togo
Mr. Jean Van Wetter, China’s Country Director of Handi-    On 1 August a press release celebrating entry into force
cap International, and Serena Chang, a Landmine Moni-      was issued. Campaigners in Togo continued to engage
tor researcher and member staff at Eden. More than 40      with key representatives in government to push for-
people participated in the event, including several        ward Togo’s ratification of the Convention. A caravan
press reporters.                                           campaign will be launched when the Convention is
                                                           transmitted to the parliament.
This was the first occasion that a ban on cluster muni-
                                                           Mr. Kokou Aklavon, WANEP
tions had been advocated in Taiwan. Due to Taiwan’s
                                                           aklafelix@yahoo.fr
international status, it can join neither the Mine Ban
Treaty nor the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
                                                                  Turkey
Mr. Paul Mengche Chun, Eden Social Welfare Foundation
                                                           A drumming procession took place from Galatasaray to
eden4054@eden.org.tw
                                                           Taksim Square on Istiklal Street, distributing brochures
                                                           and posters along the way. Local institutions and
       Thailand
                                                           newspapers were informed and the Taraf Daily
On 29-30 July, there was a national workshop on the
                                                           published an ad.
Convention on Cluster Munitions organised by the
                                                           Ms. Muteber Otgreten, Initiative for a Mine Free Turkey
International Committee of the Red Cross which
                                                           bilgi@mayinsizbirturkiye.org
CMC staff and campaign members participated in.
CMC held a press conference on 30 July in Bangkok                 Uganda
at the Foreign Correspondent’s Club of Thailand. The       People with Disabilities (PWD) presented a petition to
conference was also attended by representatives from       Parliamentary representatives on the Committee on
the United Nations and the ICRC. Thoummy Silam-            Defense and Internal Affairs. A drumming event was
phone, a cluster munition survivor from Laos, attended,    held at the Ndere Centre, Kampala.
along with Alexandra Hiniker and Fred Lubang from
                                                           A Ugandan children’s football team also travelled to
CMC. Thoummy was interviewed and profiled by
                                                           Oslo for Norway Cup and to participate in the drum-
several wire and broadcast reporters.
                                                           ming celebrations that were held to mark entry into
Campaigners organised an event named “Drums,               force at this event. The young footballers also demon-
dances and prayers” at Baan Xavier Church in Bangkok.      strated their support for the campaign, calling on
A traditional Thai drum band and dancers were invited      Uganda to ratify the Convention.
to participate in the event. Brochures were distributed    Mr. Richard Mugisha, People with Disabilities (PWD)
to people who attend church on that day and there          pwd@infocom.co.ug
was a dedicated prayer during the church service.
People were told about individual cluster bomb cases,
and were informed more generally about the situation
in Southeast Asia. A joint letter addressed to the Prime
Minister of Thailand was signed by: Emilie Ketudat, the
first coordinator of the Thai Campaign to Ban Land-
mines; Bernard Hyacinth Arputhasamy SJ, Director of
Jesuit Refugee Service Asia Pacific; Lee Moroney, NPA
representative in Thailand; and Shushira Chonhenchob,
                                                                  United Kingdom
Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor researcher for
                                                            ‘What Remains’, a multimedia photo and film exhibi-
Thailand and Lao PDR.
                                                           tion by Alison Locke and Chris Anderson documenting
Ms. Sermsiri Ingavanija, Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS)
                                                           the impact of cluster bombs was displayed at the
Sermsiri@jrs.or.th
                                                           Bargehouse, Oxo Tower, in London from 28 July –
                                                           1 August 2010. On 30 July 2010 a private viewing of the
                                                           exhibition was held with a reception in the evening
                                                           for civil society representatives, parliamentarians and
                                                           government officials. Thomas Nash, CMC Coordinator,
                                                           and Branislav Kapetanovic, CMC Spokesperson, spoke
                                                           at the event alongside photographer Alison Locke
                                                           and the Foreign Office representative Simon Manley.


28                                                                  CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
On 1 August, in London campaigners gathered on              events to commemorate entry into force. On 3 August
the Riverside Walkway on the Southbank close to the         the City of Morgantown recognized the day with a
Bargehouse for an open air drumming session and             Proclamation put forth by the city mayor, as it was
picnic. People brought their drums, friends with drums,     declared “Cluster Munitions/Landmine Awareness
food and drink and their celebratory spirit to enjoy this   Week” throughout the city. PSALM/WVCBL members
historic day!                                               made presentations to city and state leaders and
Ms. Portia Stratton, Action on Armed Violence (AOAV)        encouraged the public to sign the People’s Treaty.
pstratton@aoav.org.uk                                       Throughout the month of August, West Virginia
Ms. Laura Cheeseman, CMC                                    musicians were "drumming" up support by holding
laura@stopclustermunitions.org                              music events in the community. PSALM/WVCBL joined
                                                            Morgantown drummers and musicians on Saturday,
On 1 August the Soroptimist group hosted a lunchtime
                                                            August 14th at the Monongalia Arts Center to host
drumming event in Brixham, Devon. This event
                                                            a musical event designed to garner interest and cele-
featured a local Samba band.
                                                            brate entry into force. WVCBL/PSALM hosted nightly
info@sibrixham.org
                                                            slide shows/art installations designed to educate the
                                                            public about efforts to ban landmines and cluster
                                                            munitions throughout the city entitled “Mission Possi-
                                                            ble…Make it Happen”. Also in attendance was a
                                                            delegation from Guanajuato, their sister city in Mexico.
                                                            Morgantown’s city newspaper ran an article about the
                                                            Mayor’s proclamation and the Convention's entry into
                                                            force. WVCBL/PSALM also asked state faith organisa-
                                                            tions to mention the Convention in their services
                                                            during August.
                                                            Ms. Nora Sheets, PSALM/WVCBL, noracat@yahoo.com

                                                                   Uruguay
       United States
                                                            Letters were sent to all parliamentarians and ministries
Lynn Bradach, whose son was killed by a cluster muni-
                                                            who were involved in the ratification of the Convention
tion in Iraq in 2003, called on drummers to gather in
                                                            on Cluster Munitions. The letters sent thanks and asked
Portland’s Peace Park on Sunday August 1. Campaign-
                                                            these people to work with their colleagues in non-
ers and supporters gathered at the Peace Memorial at
                                                            signatory states to urge them to join the Convention.
the east end of the Steel to celebrate entry into force
                                                            Mr. Gustavo Guidobono, ALUDEC, aludec@adinet.com.uy
of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.
Ms. Lynn Bradach, USCBL
                                                                   Venezuela
lbradach@handicap-international.us
                                                            Campaigners launched an online campaign which
The West Virginia Campaign to Ban Landmines and             distributed information for activists who want to get
Cluster Bombs (WVCBL) and Proud Students Against            involved on the issue of cluster munitions. This infor-
Landmines and Cluster Bombs (PSALM) organised               mation was uploaded onto a website and promoted
                                                            through the Amnesty International extensive database
                                                            of members and support. Alongside this, a Twitter
                                                            action urged the Venezuelan government to sign
                                                            the Convention. Supporters were also encouraged
                                                            to change their profile picture on Facebook to the
                                                            entry into force logo.
                                                            Ms. Maya Leon Russo, Amnesty International
                                                            maya@aiven.org




CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions                                                                    29
       Vietnam
Campaigners issued a joint statement to welcome
entry into force of the Convention, as well as under-
taking targeted media outreach with local journalists.
A meeting was organised with representatives from
20 self-help clubs of survivors in Quang Binh to share
information on the CCM and other related issues.
These representatives then disseminated the
information to their 600 members and communities.
Mr. Chuck Searcy, Project RENEW
chucksearcy@yahoo.com
Ms. Nguyen Thi Thanh Hong, Survivor Corps in Vietnam
thanhhongdh@gmail.com




       Zambia
The Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, who is also the
Chairperson of the National Committee Against Land-
mines and Cluster Munitions, issued a governmental
statement about entry into force. A feature article
was published in the “Times of Zambia” newspaper
on 1 August. A drumming celebration took place on
1 August with the participation of a dancing troupe.
Mr. Bob Mtonga, IPPNW
Zambia@icbl.org

        Arctic
Mette Eliseussen and John Rodsted organised an entry
into force celebration on a ship that they were working
on this summer in the Arctic. The team gathered the
material necessary to make a banner and after much
practice, the chefs on board made a drumming/stomp-
ing performance in support of a ban on cluster bombs,
using kitchen equipment in place of instruments!
Ms. Mette Eliseussen, Ban Bus
mette@eliseussen.com




30                                                        CMC Entry into Force report – National Actions
                                          ANNEXES

            Annex I
            The following press release was issued on 29 July 2010 by the Cluster Munition Coalition:




            Cluster bomb ban treaty takes effect worldwide
            2010-07-29



            Campaigners celebrate as Convention becomes binding international law

            (London, 29 July 2010) – The Convention on Cluster Munitions takes effect on Sunday,
            1 August 2010, when it becomes binding international law in countries around the
            world. In dozens of countries, campaigners from the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC)
            will join UN agencies, governments and international organisations in events celebrat-
            ing the swift entry into force of the most significant disarmament and humanitarian
            treaty in over a decade.

            “Campaigners around the world are celebrating a triumph of humanitarian values over
            a cruel and unjust weapon,” said Thomas Nash, Coordinator of the CMC. “At a time when
            concern over civilian deaths in conflict is in the news, this treaty stands out as a clear
            example of what governments must do to protect civilians and redress the harm
            already caused by cluster bombs, by assisting victims and making land safe.”

            Adopted in Dublin on 30 May 2008 and opened for signature in Oslo in December
            2008, the Convention bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster
            munitions and calls for the destruction of stockpiles within eight years, clearance of
            cluster munition-contaminated land within 10 years, and assistance to cluster munition
            survivors and affected communities. On 1 August, all of the Convention’s provisions
            become fully and legally binding for states that have joined.

            “Nations that remain outside this treaty are missing out on the most significant advance
            in disarmament of the past decade,” said Steve Goose, director of the Arms Division at
            Human Rights Watch and CMC co-chair. “If governments care enough about humanitari-
            an law and protecting civilians from the deadly effects of armed conflict, they will join
            immediately.”



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                    31
     To date, 108 countries have signed the Convention and 38 have ratified. Among them
     are former users and producers of cluster munitions, as well as countries affected by
     the weapons. The international stigma against cluster munitions is already taking root
     and the last confirmed use of cluster munitions in a major armed conflict met with
     international condemnation when both Russia and Georgia used them in the conflict
     over South Ossetia in August 2008.

     “Work is already under way to implement the Convention’s provisions, which shows
     that states are serious about ending the civilian suffering caused by cluster bombs
     and helping survivors and affected communities to enjoy their full human rights,” said
     Marion Libertucci, advocacy officer at Handicap International and CMC co-chair.
     In recent weeks, Moldova and Norway destroyed the last of their cluster munition
     stockpiles, joining Spain, which eradicated its stockpile last year. Nearly a dozen other
     states have begun destruction, including the United Kingdom, a major former user and
     producer of the weapons. In December 2009, Albania completed clearance of cluster
     submunition contamination on its territory, the first signatory country to do so.

     The CMC calls on all governments to attend the First Meeting of States Parties to the
     Convention, which will be held from 9-12 November in Lao PDR, the world’s most
     cluster-bombed country. This key meeting will lay the foundation for future work on
     the Convention by bringing together for the first time states parties to the treaty,
     UN agencies, international organisations, civil society, and cluster bomb survivors.
     Governments will share progress to date and draw up plans for action to implement
     the treaty’s lifesaving provisions within the established deadlines.

     “Only a few years ago, many people said it was an impossible dream to ban cluster
     bombs,” said Branislav Kapetanovic a CMC spokesperson who lost all four limbs to a
     cluster submunition during a clearance operation in Serbia. “What this treaty shows
     is that ordinary people, including cluster bomb survivors like me, can be a part of
     extraordinary changes that bring real improvements to people’s lives all over the
     world.” Since its founding in 2003, the CMC has worked as a global network of civil
     society organisations and cluster bomb survivors in collaboration with governments,
     UN agencies and international organisations to negotiate and promote universal
     adherence to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

     CMC campaigners are holding events in around 75 countries on all continents and on
     board a ship in the Arctic Ocean to mark the Convention’s entry into force and “beat
     the drum to ban cluster bombs,” including drumming sessions, film screenings, panel
     discussions, football games, and photographic exhibitions.




32                                                                    CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex II
            The following statement was issued on 29 July 2010
            by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC):




            Cluster munitions: prohibition enters into force,
            but not yet in Afghanistan


            Geneva / Kabul (ICRC) – The entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
            on 1 August 2010 is a major step towards putting an end to the terrible suffering those
            weapons have caused for decades, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
            said today.


            The convention prohibits the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster muni-
            tions. From 1 August onwards, the provisions of the treaty will be legally binding on the
            30 States* that have ratified it.

            "The ICRC takes this opportunity to call on the Afghan government, which has not yet
            acceded to this convention, to do so rapidly," said Reto Stocker, the head of the ICRC
            delegation in Afghanistan.

            "This new instrument of international humanitarian law clearly prohibits and stigmatizes
            the use of cluster munitions," said Jakob Kellenberger, the president of the ICRC. "This is
            a milestone in the fight against the use of cluster munitions and should put an end to
            decades of suffering for men, women and children. We take this opportunity to call on
            all States party to the convention to start implementing it without delay, and we hope
            that the entry into force will also affect the practice of States that have not yet adhered
            to the treaty."

            Implementing the convention will require the mobilization of resources to clear contam-
            inated areas, destroy stockpiles, and provide assistance for those whose lives have been
            adversely affected by cluster munitions. It will also require the adoption of domestic
            laws and regulations to ensure that the convention is enforced at national level.

            "The entry into force only 21 months after the treaty was opened for signature in Oslo
            clearly demonstrates the strong commitment of the States Parties, and their collective
            will to begin addressing the humanitarian problems caused by these weapons," added
            Mr Kellenberger.




CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                     33
     From 8 to 12 November 2010, the States Parties will gather in Vientiane, Laos, to
     establish an action plan for implementing the convention and to decide on procedures
     for regular monitoring of the progress achieved. Representatives of States such as
     Afghanistan that are not yet party to the convention are encouraged to attend as
     observers.

     The ICRC played an important role in the process that led to the adoption of the
     convention. Through the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement,
     it is promoting its comprehensive implementation and universal adoption.




34                                                                   CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex III
            The following statement was issued on 29 July 2010
            by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:




                United Nations



            Cluster Munitions Convention Enters Force, Highlighting
            Revulsion to Abhorrent Weapons, Power of Collaboration
            to Change Policies, Says Secretary-General


            I am delighted that the Convention on Cluster Munitions enters into force on 1 August
            2010. This new instrument is a major advance for the global disarmament and humani-
            tarian agendas, and will help us to counter the widespread insecurity and suffering
            caused by these terrible weapons, particularly among civilians and children.


            I am particularly pleased that the Convention, which prohibits the use, production,
            stockpiling and transfer of cluster weapons, enters into force in little more than two
            years since its adoption. This highlights not only the world’s collective revulsion at
            these abhorrent weapons, but also the power of collaboration among Governments,
            civil society and the United Nations to change attitudes and policies on a threat faced
            by all humankind. Such cooperation will be crucial as we seek now to implement the
            Convention, including through assistance to victims.


            The First Meeting of States Parties will be held in November 2010 in the Lao People’s
            Democratic Republic, a country that has suffered tremendously from the impact of
            cluster munitions. I encourage all Member States to participate in this meeting to
            demonstrate their support for the Convention. And I call on those States which have
            yet to accede to the Convention, to do so without delay.


            * *** *
             http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2010/sgsm13030.doc.htm




CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                 35
     Annex IV                                                                       Pope Benedict XVI
     The following statement was issued on 2 August 2010
     by Pope Benedict XVI:



     “With the entering into force of the new Convention, which I urge all States to support,
     the international community has shown wisdom, long-sightedness, and perseverance
     in producing such a significant accomplishment in the field of disarmament and
     international humanitarian law.”


     “ANGELUS 2010 08 01”, YouTube
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RZUuGyDX6U&annotation_id=
     annotation_357106&feature=iv




36                                                                   CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex V
            European Parliament Resolution welcoming entry into force on 8 July 2010:




            European Parliament 2009 – 2014
            Session document



            6.7.2010                                                           B7-0413/201
            0}                                                                 B7-0429/201
            0}                                                                 B7-0430/201
            0}                                                                 B7-0431/201
            0}                                                                 B7-0432/201
            0 } RC1



            JOINT MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
            pursuant to Rule 110(4) of the Rules of Procedure
            replacing the motions by the following groups:
            Verts/ALE (B7-0413/2010)
            PPE (B7-0429/2010)
            S&D (B7-0430/2010)
            ALDE (B7-0431/2010)
            GUE/NGL (B7-0432/2010)

            on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and the role
            of the EU

            Elmar Brok, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Michael Gahler, Arnaud Danjean
            on behalf of the PPE Group
            Adrian Severin, Roberto Gualtieri, Ana Gomes, María Muñiz De Urquiza
            on behalf of the S&D Group
            Johannes Cornelis van Baalen, Elizabeth Lynne, Sonia Alfano
            on behalf of the ALDE Group
            Ulrike Lunacek, Raül Romeva i Rueda, Barbara Lochbihler, Reinhard Bütikofer
            on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group
            Sabine Lösing, Willy Meyer, Helmut Scholz, Nikolaos Chountis, Takis Hadjigeorgiou,
            Kyriacos Triantaphyllides
            on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                            37
     European Parliament resolution on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster
     Munitions (CCM) and the role of the EU


     The European Parliament,

     – having regard to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) adopted by 107
           countries at the diplomatic conference held in Dublin from 19 to 30 May 2008,

     – having regard to the message of 30 May 2008 from the United Nations Secretary-
           General encouraging ‘States to sign and ratify this important agreement without
           delay’ and stating that he looked forward ‘to its rapid entry into force’,

     – having regard to its resolution of 20 November 2008 on the Convention on cluster
           munitions1,

     – having regard to its resolution of 10 March 2010 on the Implementation of the
           European Security Strategy and the Common Security and Defence Policy2,

     – having regard to Rule 110(4) of its Rules of Procedure,

     A. whereas the CCM has been open for signature since 3 December 2008, first in Oslo
           and subsequently at the United Nations in New York, and will enter into force on the
           first day of the sixth month after the thirtieth ratification, namely 1 August 2010,

     B. whereas the CCM defines cluster munitions as munitions designed to disperse or
           release explosive submunitions, each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes
           those explosive submunitions,

     C. whereas the CCM will prohibit the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of
           cluster munitions as a category of weapons,

     D. whereas the CCM will require States Parties to destroy stockpiles of such munitions,

     E. whereas the CCM will establish a new humanitarian standard for the assistance of
           victims and will require the States concerned to clear unexploded cluster munition
           remnants that are left behind after conflicts,

     F. whereas cluster munitions pose serious risks to civilians when used around
           populated areas, owing to their typically large lethal footprint, and whereas in
           post-conflict settings the use of these munitions has caused many tragic injuries
           to and deaths of civilians, as unexploded submunitions left behind are often found
           by children and other unsuspecting innocents,

     G. whereas to date 20 EU Member States have signed, 11 have ratified, and seven have
           neither signed nor ratified the CCM,




     1
         OJ C 16E, 22.1.2010, p. 61.
     2
         Texts adopted, P7_TA(2010)0061.


38                                                                        CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            H. whereas, following the entry into force of the CCM on 1 August 2010, the process
                of acceding to the convention will become more demanding, because States will
                need to accede to the Convention in a one-step process,
            I. whereas the support of most EU Member States, inter-parliamentary initiatives and
                a huge number of civil society organisations has been decisive in the successful
                conclusion of the 'Oslo Process' resulting in the CCM,

            J. whereas the signing and ratification of the CCM by all 27 EU Member States prior to
                its entry into force on 1 August 2010 would be a strong political signal in support of
                a world without cluster munitions and the EU's objectives with regard to the fight
                against the proliferation of weapons that kill indiscriminately,

            1. Welcomes the forthcoming entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
                (CCM) on 1 August 2010;

            2. Calls on all EU Member States and candidate countries to sign and ratify the CCM
                as a matter of urgency before the end of 2010, including the non-signatory States
                Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey and the States
                that have signed but not yet ratified the Convention, namely Bulgaria, Cyprus, the
                Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden;

            3. Commends all States that have signed and ratified the CCM and have also adopted
                moratoriums on the use, production and transfer of cluster munitions and complet-
                ed the destruction of their stockpiles of such munitions;

            4. Urges all EU Member States that have signed the CCM to take every opportunity
                to encourage States not party to the CCM to sign and ratify or accede to the
                Convention as soon as possible, including through bilateral meetings, military-to-
                military dialogue and multilateral fora, and, in accordance with their obligations
                under Article 21 of the CCM, to make their best efforts to discourage States not
                party to the Convention from using cluster munitions;

            5. Calls on EU Member States not to take any action that might circumvent or
                jeopardise the CCM and its provisions; calls, in particular, on all EU Member States
                not to adopt, endorse or subsequently ratify any Convention on Conventional
                Weapons (CCW) protocol allowing for the use of cluster munitions which would
                not be compatible with the prohibition of such munitions under Articles 1 and 2
                of the CCM; calls on the Council and EU Member States to act accordingly at the
                next CCW meeting from 30 August to 3 September 2010 in Geneva;

            6. Urges EU Member States that are not yet party to the CCM to take interim steps
                pending accession, including adoption of a moratorium on the use, production and
                transfer of cluster munitions and making a start on destroying cluster munitions
                stockpiles as a matter of urgency;




CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                    39
     7. Urges all States to take part in the upcoming First Meeting of States Parties (1MSP)
        that will be held from 8 to 12 November 2010 in Vientiane, Laos, the most cluster
        munitions-contaminated country in the world;

     8. Urges EU Member States to take steps to begin to implement the Convention,
        including by destroying stockpiles, undertaking clearance and providing victim
        assistance, and to contribute to the provision of funding or various forms of
        assistance to other States wishing to implement the Convention;

     9. Urges the EU Member States that have signed the Convention to pass legislation
        to implement it at national level;

     10. Calls on the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
        to make every effort to secure the Union's accession to the CCM, which is possible
        following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, and, in addition, to develop a
        strategy for the first review conference in the form of a Council decision on a
        common position;

     11. Calls on the Council and Commission to include the ban on cluster munitions as a
        standard clause in agreements with third countries, alongside the standard clause
        on non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction;

     12. Calls on the Council and Commission to make the fight against cluster munitions
        an integral part of Community external assistance programmes in order to support
        third countries in destroying stockpiles and providing humanitarian assistance;

     13. Calls on EU Member States, the Council and the Commission to take steps to
        prevent third countries from providing cluster munitions to non-state actors;

     14. Urges EU Member States to be transparent about the efforts they make in response
        to this resolution and to report publicly on their activities under the Convention;

     15. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Vice-President of the
        Commission/ High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security
        Policy, the Council, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the EU
        Member States and the candidate countries, the UN Secretary-General and the
        Cluster Munition Coalition.




40                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex VI                                                                          Austrian Ministry
            The following statement was issued on 30 July 2010                                of Foreign Affairs
            by the Austrian Foreign Ministry:


            Spindelegger: 1 August 2010 – a significant day for cluster
            munitions victims


            Foreign Minister on the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions

            Vienna, 30 July 2010 – “The entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions is
            an important milestone in international disarmament and a significant day for victims
            of cluster munitions worldwide,” stated Foreign Minister Michael Spindelegger, com-
            menting on the entry into force of the international Convention on Cluster Munitions
            on 1 August 2010. The Convention prohibits the use, production, stockpiling as well as
            the import and export of this type of weapon, and contains revolutionary provisions as
            regards the support of victims. To date, 106 State Parties have signed, and 37 ratified,
            the Convention.

            “This Convention constitutes one of the most advanced treaties of international human-
            itarian law. Austria was instrumental in its elaboration and has undertaken international
            efforts to convince others of its efficacy. This day constitutes the confirmation of our
            consistent commitment,” continued Spindelegger. At the beginning of 2008, Austria
            became the first state to introduce a total ban on the weapon at the national level,
            which obliges Austria to completely destroy its cluster munitions stockpile within three
            years. The first stocks were destroyed in February 2010, and the remaining ones shall
            be destroyed by the end of the year.

            “It is now imperative to implement the Convention as swiftly as possible. Austria will
            make a substantial contribution to these efforts by continuing its focus on the support
            of victims. We shall ensure that due attention is paid to the support of victims,” affirmed
            the Foreign Minister. Together with Handicap International, Austria elaborated a survey
            on this subject and organised a conference of experts held in Vienna at the beginning
            of April 2010.

            In view of the considerable obstacles still to be overcome by a universal cluster
            munitions ban, Spindelegger emphasised the excellent co-operation of all actors:
            “The elaboration of the Convention on Cluster Munitions was a very good example
            of constructive collaboration involving government, parliament and civil society, and
            this must continue in the implementation and universal application efforts. In this
            context the resolution adopted by the European Parliament at the beginning of July
            on the strengthening and extension of the Convention on Cluster Munitions is a
            positive signal,” concluded the Foreign Minister.

            Contact: Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs Press Department
            Tel.: ++43 (0) 50 1150-3262, 4549, 4550, 3739 Fax: ++43 (0) 50 1159-213



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                         41
     Annex VII                                                                       Belgian Ministry
     The following statement was issued on 30 July 2010                              of Foreign Affairs
     by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
     Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation.


     Steven Vanackere pleased with entry into force of Convention
     on Cluster Munitions on 1 August 2010



     30 July 2010

     The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) takes effect on 1 August 2010, following
     its ratification by 30 countries, including Belgium. Foreign Minister Steven Vanackere
     is pleased that the ban on the production and use of cluster munitions has become
     an international standard. Belgium was the first country in the world to adopt national
     legislation prohibiting such weapons. Belgian diplomacy has been actively engaged in
     implementing the ban globally.

     “Our commitment regarding cluster munitions dovetails with our broader activities
     to promote human safety”, says Minister Vanackere. “Military conflicts are not just a
     question of states or regimes deciding on their own what means to employ. Conflict
     areas are also home to civilians, for whom we must assume responsibility. They must
     be protected as much as possible, especially the most vulnerable groups, such as
     children. That is why it is important to broaden the foundation of humanitarian law
     and fight against the use of weapons that cause excessive suffering. Much like anti-
     personnel mines, some types of cluster munitions leave behind a destructive footprint
     long after the end of hostilities. As such, they are a major obstacle to the resumption
     of social and economic life.”

     Minister Vanackere emphasises that Belgium is playing an active role in monitoring the
     new Convention and in preparations for the first Conference of States Parties to be held
     in Laos in November 2010. Belgium is taking diplomatic steps with a view to mobilising
     as many countries as possible in favour of universal implementation and correct
     enforcement of the treaty. In this connection, Belgium is focusing on commitments for
     aid to victims. “During the negotiations, individual victims gave poignant testimonies
     of their painful experiences. What continues to motivate us in this campaign is the
     awareness that such suffering must – and often can – be avoided. Every step, large or
     small, that we take in this direction will mean progress for human dignity in the world”,
     says Minister Vanackere. Belgium will co-finance a project to produce a map of the dis-
     semination of cluster munitions in Laos, one of the most highly impacted countries.




42                                                                    CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex VIII                                                                          French Ministry
            The following statement was issued on 30 July 2010                                  of Foreign Affairs
            by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
            Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation.


            Entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
            Statement by Bernard Kouchner, Minister of Foreign and
            European Affairs


            Paris, 30 July 2010

            I am delighted that the Oslo Convention on Cluster Munitions will enter into force on
            1 August 2010.

            This essential legal instrument, which prohibits the use, development, production,
            acquisition, stockpiling, retention and transfer of cluster munitions, is another mile-
            stone in international humanitarian law. Already, the signing of the Oslo Convention
            by around 100 States makes this instrument the reference standard in the battle
            against cluster munitions.

            France has always been in the vanguard of this battle. She was actively involved in
            the Convention negotiations from the moment they were launched in February 2007,
            and contributed to their success by announcing, even before the adoption of the legal
            instrument, the immediate withdrawal of her cluster munitions from operational service
            in Dublin in May 2008.

            I made a point of going to Oslo personally, with the Chairman of Handicap International,
            to sign the Convention on 3 December 2008. France ratified it on 25 September 2009,
            becoming the 20th State Party to the Convention, and thereby demonstrating her
            commitment to its swift entry into force.

            With the definitive adoption of the Act implementing the Convention and its publica-
            tion in the Journal official of 21 July 2010, France is also one of the first States to adopt
            national legislation on cluster munitions, even before the Convention's entry into force.
            She has thus shown, once again, the importance she attaches to the elimination of
            these inhuman weapons.
            I want to pay tribute to those who have helped pave the way towards the complete
            eradication of these weapons, with, foremost among them, civil society and especially
            Handicap International, as well as the members of parliament, with whom we have
            worked very closely.

            France is determined to pursue her efforts in the battle against cluster munitions by
            continuing to promote the universalization of the Oslo Convention, as she has already
            done on many occasions, and by contributing to its fullest possible implementation.

            AMBAFRANCE LONDRES



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                           43
     Annex IX                                                                            German Federal
     The following statement was issued on 2 August 2010                                 Foreign Office
     by the German Federal Foreign Office:


     Worldwide ban on cluster munitions



     The Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force on 1 August 2010. Federal
     Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle declared this a “milestone on the way to a global
     ban on these cruel weapons and an undeniable sign that progress in disarmament
     is possible.” He called upon all countries to endorse the ban “as soon as possible”.

     The Convention on Cluster Munitions was signed in Oslo in December 2008 by
     representatives of 94 countries. Of the 106 countries that have signed the Convention
     so far, thirty-seven have now ratified it. The Convention was therefore able to enter
     into force six months after the 30th ratification in February 2010. Germany, the eleventh
     country to complete the ratification process, deposited its instrument of ratification on
     8 July 2009. Germany has for years been a strong supporter of a comprehensive ban on
     cluster munitions. It began destroying its own cluster munitions stockpiles as early as 2001.

     Deadly cluster munitions
     Cluster munitions are especially dangerous because of their high dud-rate and
     contamination of large areas of land. This puts particularly the civilian population at risk
     – not only when the munitions are deployed but also long after hostilities have ended.

     The Convention prohibits the use, development, production, stockpiling and import
     and export of all types of cluster munitions. All stockpiles covered by the prohibition
     must be destroyed within an eight-year period, which may be extended at most by a
     further eight years. The Convention also aims to increase assistance to victims of past
     conflicts involving cluster munitions and supports the clearance of explosive cluster
     munition remnants in the affected countries.

     A number of countries – including the United States, Russia, China, Pakistan, India,
     Israel and Brazil – are not yet ready to accede to the Convention. The German
     Government will urge these countries, too, to reconsider their position.

     Supporting the implementation of the Convention
     The Federal Foreign Office is supporting a number of projects to make individual
     countries –e.g. Lebanon – or regions mine free. To promote the Convention’s
     implementation, moreover, the German Government hosted in June 2009 an Expert
     conference on destroying stocks of cluster munitions to which all signatory states,
     relevant international organizations and committed NGOs were invited.

     The First Meeting of States Parties will take place in Laos in November 2010. Laos
     is one of the countries most seriously affected by cluster munitions.

     Expert conference on destroying stocks of cluster munitions. Last updated 02.08.2010



44                                                                       CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex X                                                                           Irish Department
            The following press statement was issued on 1 August 2010                         of Foreign Affairs
            by the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs:


            Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Micheál Martin, T.D., welcomes entry
            into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions,01-08-2010


            The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), adopted at the Dublin Diplomatic Confer-
            ence in May 2008, formally enters into force on 1 August, six months after the deposit
            of the thirtieth ratification. The provisions of the treaty are now legally binding on the
            thirty-seven States which have ratified the Convention. A further sixty-nine States have
            signed the CCM and many are close to ratification.

            Minister Martin said:

            “The entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, adopted in Dublin in May
            2008 is a cause for great celebration. I am proud that Irish commitment has resulted in
            the comprehensive ban contained in the Convention and the far-reaching provisions on
            victim assistance and on clearance of cluster munitions. I am delighted that these are
            now legally binding. They have established a benchmark in international humanitarian
            law and set a major standard for the future. A new international norm has been estab-
            lished, stigmatising cluster munitions and ultimately making their use unthinkable.

            Ireland will continue to take a leading role in this work. The Lao People’s Democratic
            Republic has kindly offered to host the first Meeting of States Parties in Vientiane in
            November 2010 and we are already working to support the Lao Government in its
            preparations for that meeting, including by providing an Irish member of staff for its
            support unit and a contribution of $500,000 to the Lao PDR Cluster Munitions Trust
            Fund. The Vientiane meeting must send a clear signal to the international community
            that implementation of the Convention will be pursued with the same energy and
            vigour that characterised its negotiation.”

            The Minister also reiterated support for the work of civil society in achieving such
            progress in preventing the appalling humanitarian consequences of the use of cluster
            munitions. He noted that funding of €250,000 had been committed to the Cluster
            Munition Coalition (CMC), the umbrella NGO organisation, to support its work in 2010.

            Note for the Editor

            •   A cluster munition is a conventional munition that is designed to disperse or release
                explosive submunitions, each weighing less than 20 kilograms, and includes those
                explosive sub-munitions. Many such submunitions fail to go off, causing continuing
                casualties long after conflicts have ended. Cluster munitions have been used since
                World War II, most extensively in Laos and Cambodia during the 1960s but also
                more recently in Lebanon and Iraq.



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                         45
     •   Ireland hosted the May 2008 Diplomatic Conference in Dublin, which adopted the
         Convention on Cluster Munitions, and was one of the first four States to sign and
         ratify the Convention when it opened for signature in Oslo in December 2008.

     •   The heart of the Convention is an immediate and unconditional ban on the use,
         development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention or transfer of all cluster
         munitions which cause unacceptable harm to civilians. The Convention also sets
         new standards for assistance for victims/survivors.

     •   The First Meeting of States Parties to the CCM will take place in Vientiane, Lao PDR,
         in November 2010. It will agree steps for future work to implement the treaty,
         including on victim assistance, clearance of cluster munitions and stockpile
         destruction. It will give impetus to efforts to achieve the widest possible adherence
         to the Convention. The meeting will also see a continuation of the partnership
         with civil society and international organisations which played a vital role in the
         establishment of the Convention in Dublin. In light of its role in adoption of the
         treaty, Ireland will chair the formal preparatory committee for the Vientiane
         meeting in Geneva in early September.

     •   Ireland has a long association with Lao PDR, the most cluster munition-affected
         country in the world, in supporting clearance of landmines and unexploded
         ordnance and we have provided over €4m for this purpose in the past five years.
         We are assisting the Lao Government in preparing for the Vientiane meeting,
         including by the secondment of an Irish national to support preparations.
         In addition, we have made a contribution of over €400,000 to the recently
         established Lao PDR Cluster Munitions Trust Fund.

     •   Ireland has also taken a leading role in efforts to universalise (seek universal
         adherence) to the CCM through our diplomatic network and all other available
         channels.




46                                                                      CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex XI                                                                            Japanese Ministry
            The following statement was issued on July 30 2010                                  of Foreign Affairs
            by the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs:


            Statement by Mr. Katsuya Okada, Minister for Foreign Affairs
            of Japan, on the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster
            Munitions, July 30, 2010


            Japan welcomes the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions
            on August 1.

            1. Japan takes seriously the humanitarian concerns presented by cluster ammunitions
                 and has thus actively involved itself in the creation of this effective international
                 convention which aims to resolve this issue. Japan concluded the Convention in
                 July of last year.

            2.    Japan has been extending assistance for the demining and clearance of
                 unexploded ordnances including cluster munitions, and assistance for victimes.
                 The total assistance in these areas since 1998 amounts to 390 million USD
                 (40 billion yen) in 44 countries and regions. Japan will continue to play an active
                 role in these areas.

            3.    Japan places high importance on the 1st Conference of States Parties to the
                 Convention to be held in Lao PDR in November. Japan will continue active efforts
                 on this issue through such actions as assisting the chair country Lao PDR, encourag-
                 ing countries that have not yet concluded the Convention etc. When Foreign
                 Minister Mr. Okada visited the Lao PDR last week, he talked with H.E. Dr. Thongloun
                 Sisoulith, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, about cooperation
                 toward the Convention, and expressed that Japan planned to dispatch high-level
                 officials to the aforementioned Conference.




CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                           47
     Annex XII                                                                        Lao PDR Deputy
     The following remarks were made by Lao PDR                                       Prime Minister/
     Deputy Prime Minister/Minister of Foreign Affairs                                Minister of
                                                                                      Foreign Affairs
     H.E. Dr. Thongloun SISOULITH, Lao PDR
     Deputy Prime Minister/Minister of Foreign Affairs,
     at the celebration of the entry into force of the Convention
     on Cluster Munitions on 1 August 2010 in Vientiane:


     Venerable Monks, Madam Sonam Yangchen Rana, UN Resident Coordinator
     to Lao PDR, Ministers and Vice Ministers, Diplomatic Corps, Representatives of
     International Organizations and NGOs, Distinguished guests, Ladies and Gentlemen.

     Today is indeed a significant day for people around the world especially the Lao multi-
     ethnic people, particularly, for those who fell victims of explosive remnants of war,
     which continue to impose direct and long-term impacts on their lives and wellbeing.
     August 1st marks the beginning of the global joint effort by the international communi-
     ty to put an end to the fear and suspicion of threat by cluster munitions that the Lao
     people and millions of other innocent civilians around the world live with. The celebra-
     tion of the Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions today is a reflection
     of great achievement as a result of strong commitment by the international community
     to make our world free from threats of cluster munitions.

     Distinguished guests,

     Throughout the past decades, our human beings have suffered from cluster munitions.
     Million tons of cluster bombs were deployed as a means to fight in conflicts that affect-
     ed more than 80 countries and even long after the wars ended those impacts continue
     to threaten their livelihood. The Lao PDR is among those affected and it is so sad that
     Lao population accounts roughly just 0.1% of the world population, but the number of
     victims in the Lao PDR caused by cluster bombs has made up around 50% of the total
     number of victims in the world. This figure clearly indicates that the Lao PDR is the
     most affected country in the world. In this connection, realizing objectives of the Oslo
     Convention and its effective implementation has become a highest aspiration of the
     Lao people - an aspiration to see the Lao PDR free from threat of cluster bombs and the
     hope to see that no more people in other countries fall into the same fate that the Lao
     people have endured.

     Distinguished guests,

     The Convention on Cluster Munitions is a humanitarian instrument that protects human
     being. Therefore, this convention has gained a broader support from many countries
     worldwide. To date, 107 countries signed and 37 states ratified. From now on, this
     Convention has fully become effective. For States Parties bound by this Convention, all
     provisions and measures stated in it must be fully implemented with a view to making



48                                                                    CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            this world free from cluster bombs in the future. To this end, I would like to make an
            appeal to all countries that have not yet singed or ratified the Oslo Convention to do
            so. The implementation of this Convention constitutes a significant contribution to the
            safeguard of peace and security in the world and to the protection of fundamental
            rights of humanity such as the right to survival, the rights to development and the right
            to live their lives without a fear of cluster bombs.

            As the most affected nation in the world, the Government of Lao PDR has attached
            great importance to addressing the issue of unexploded ordinance (UXO). Despite finan-
            cial constraints, the Lao Government has embarked on UXO clearance program since
            1996 and adopted the national strategy on UXO for the period from 2003-2013, which is
            now under review to reflect the current reality and incorporated into the new phase of
            strategy for the period from 2010-2020. Furthermore, the UXO sector has already been
            mainstreamed into the National Socio-Economic Development Plan. Over the past 10
            years, more than 25000 hectares of contaminated areas have been cleared and more
            than 1 million items of UXO, including sub-cluster munitions have been destroyed. In
            this connection, on behalf of the Lao Government and the Lao multi-ethnic people, I
            would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere appreciation and gratitude to
            donor countries and international organizations that have provided continued support
            to the Lao PDR in addressing the issues of UXO and I hope that we will continue to
            increasingly receive those valuable assistance in order to enable the Lao PDR to fulfill its
            obligations provided under the Oslo Convention as well as to alleviate impact of cluster
            munitions on the Lao people.

            Distinguished guests,

            Lao PDR has been entrusted by the international community to host the First Meeting
            of States Parties to Oslo Convention, which is scheduled from 9-12 November 2010 in
            Vientiane. This Meeting is extremely crucial for the implementation of the Oslo
            Convention, as it will determine directions and adopt practical measures including
            mechanisms for the implementation of the Convention. In this regard, I would like to
            take this opportunity to once again invite all countries, international organizations and
            civil society as well as media from all around the world to attend and actively contribute
            to this meeting with a view to ensuring a success and realizing its objectives. A broader
            participation by member states, whether as a state party or as an observer does reflect a
            resolve of the international community to ban cluster munitions that will turn our vision
            to action. At the same time, I would also like to encourage the Lao multi-ethnic people
            across the country and all Government agencies at central and local levels to actively
            take part in the preparation and hosting of this First Meeting of States Parties in order
            to ensure a great success.

            In conclusion, I hope that the Convention on Cluster Munitions will be fully and
            effectively implemented throughout the world in the near future.

            May I wish everyone good health and success in your noble duties.
            I thank you.



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                      49
     Annex XIII                                                                          Mexican Secretariat
     The following statement was issued on 2 August 2010                                 of Foreign Affairs
     by the Mexican Secretariat of Foreign Affairs:


     The Mexican Government Welcomes the Entry into Force of the
     Convention on Cluster Munitions


     The Mexican Government Welcomes the Entry into Force of the Convention on
     Cluster Munitions, Monday, August 2 | Press Release #238 | Mexico City

     •   This convention, which entered into force yesterday, has 108 signatories and 38
         ratifications, including that of Mexico.
     •   True to its tradition of promoting disarmament and peace, Mexico participated
         actively in the so-called Core Group of the Oslo Process, along with Austria,
         Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Peru and the Vatican.

     A ceremony was held today in the Foreign Ministry to celebrate the entry into force
     yesterday, August 1, of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The convention has
     108 signatories and 38 ratifications, including that of Mexico.

     The event was attended by representatives of the diplomatic corps accredited in
     Mexico, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Coalition of Civil
     Society Organizations against Cluster Munitions.

     Mexico was represented by officials from the Foreign Ministry, the National
     Defense Ministry and the Navy.

     The convention, a result of the Oslo Process, is a legally-binding instrument that
     prohibits the use of cluster munitions, weapons that by their nature cause
     unacceptable humanitarian injury during and after armed conflict; they are
     weapons that by their nature do not distinguish between combatants and
     civilians.

     True to its tradition of promoting peace and disarmament, Mexico participated
     actively in the so-called Core Group of the Oslo Process, along with Austria, Ireland,
     New Zealand, Norway, Peru and the Vatican.

     The Mexican position, designed to strengthen international humanitarian law, sought
     a total ban on cluster munitions, with no exceptions. Mexico was also the first country
     in Latin America and the Caribbean to ratify the convention, depositing its ratification
     instrument on May 6, 2009.

     In order to encourage the swift universal membership of this important convention,
     Mexico will continue to address the issue at its bilateral, regional and multilateral
     meetings.




50                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            Annex XIV                                                                        New Zealand
            The following statement was issued on 4 August 2010                              Minister for
            by Georgina te Heuheu, the New Zealand Minister for                              Disarmament
            Disarmament and Arms Control:
                                                                                             and Arms Control


            4 August 2010
            Entry into Force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions



            I would like to extend a very warm welcome to all of you who have come here tonight
            to celebrate the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

            Most, if not all of you, in many senses, comprise a family who joined together not so
            long ago to achieve a vision of a world rid of these inhumane, indiscriminate weapons.

            It was through the actions of many of you here tonight, and many who are not here, but
            who I acknowledge in their absence, that New Zealand positioned itself at the forefront
            of international efforts to make a difference.

            It was a sign of the times that this vision had to be pursued outside of regular UN circles.
            Change was needed, action was required. And regrettably the parts of the UN system
            that offer potential for change on disarmament were often blocked.
            So an alternative vehicle was chosen - the Oslo process - to bring together like-minded
            governments to cut the path ahead, build momentum and serve as a model of coopera-
            tive behaviour for others to follow.

            And it worked! It started out with just 46 states. And now there are 107 signatories.

            As a New Zealander and as Minister for Disarmament and Arms Control I am very proud
            of the central role that New Zealand played in that process, and very pleased to see you
            all here tonight.

            It was through the leadership and dedicated service of civil society and representatives
            of the government, including our hosting of a round of negotiations in Wellington, that
            New Zealand put its mark on this important convention. It is fitting here to pay tribute
            to the Cluster Munitions Coalition, the lead NGO that fought for this ban. Mary
            Wareham from the Aotearoa-New Zealand branch of the Coalition will speak to us
            shortly so I will leave her to talk in more detail about the Coalition's work. However
            let me record my sincere thanks for the Coalition's commitment to this cause, your
            dedication was critical to us reaching this point.

            All of us can be justifiably proud of the end result.

            The treaty has forged for the first time solid international commitments to cease
            production and trade, destroy stockpiles, clear affected areas and assist victims.

            These are very significant commitments. And the timetables that go with them are
            ambitious and challenging. Indeed, it is a rather humbling experience to contemplate



CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                      51
     the sheer scale of the task in front of us.

     Since anti-personnel mines were banned in 1997, cluster munitions have become the
     gravest danger to civilians living in post conflict areas.

     Their indiscriminate dispersal over wide swaths of country-side and their high failure on
     initial impact combine to make a deadly risk scenario for years after hostilities. Around
     1/3rd of cluster munitions casualties are children. Over 60% of all casualties are injured
     or killed in the course of normal civilian daily activities.

     36 states are known to be affected by cluster munitions. 85 states are stockpiling them.
     Current known stocks of munitions are estimated to include 860 million sub munitions.

     There are many places where cluster munitions have been deployed in times of war.
     Laos is the worst affected. Over the last few years media and NGO sources have reported
     that 277 million sub munitions were dropped on Laos between 1964 and 1973. It has
     been estimated that around 30% of those did not explode.

     At last month's preparatory meeting of states parties to the cluster treaty, the Lao
     government told delegates that it estimates over 80 million of those small bombs
     remain on and in the ground, in trees and hidden in the undergrowth.

     Laos is far from alone in confronting this legacy. There are many similar stories, on
     smaller scale, in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and elsewhere in Asia.
     So clearly there is a tremendous challenge ahead.

     It is this Government's intention that New Zealand will play a strong role in making
     this treaty effective.

     I have already encouraged New Zealand diplomatic efforts to secure more signatories
     to the treaty. I was particularly pleased to see that Samoa has joined our ranks. In this
     connection, I am pleased that New Zealand's legislation has proved to be a useful
     model for other countries.

     New Zealand will also look to play an ongoing role in the clearance of cluster munitions
     following our solid experience in landmine clearance. The New Zealand Defence Force
     has previously cleared cluster munitions in Southern Lebanon, and has learned much
     from this experience. Given this, and our history in landmine clearance, I have asked
     officials to look into the possibility of linking more of the unexploded ordnance work
     with the challenge of clearing cluster munitions.

     The first meeting of states party to the treaty will be held in Laos in November. New
     Zealand will be there. It is our intention to take an active part in this gathering and
     in the preparations beforehand. New Zealand will be seeking a strong and robust
     Conference to ensure the next critical phase, of implementation, is successful.

     So let me conclude by saying how genuinely pleased I am to be celebrating the entry
     into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.




52                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            For my part, coming into this role just days before the signing in Oslo, and when our
            attention then focused on the legislation to ensure that New Zealand would be among
            the first thirty countries to ratify the Convention, I appreciated very much the support
            that was given from all quarters for the legislation that needed to be passed through
            the House, in order for New Zealand to become one of the first thirty countries to ratify
            the Convention.

            I acknowledge the active support many of you gave for that part of the process as well.
            Let me congratulate each and everyone of you who has played a part in shaping and
            moving this inspired idea and transforming it into a vital and important international
            agreement.




CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                   53
     Annex XV                                                                         Norwegian
     The following press statement was issued on 30 July 2010                         Ministry of
     by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs:                                    Foreign Affairs

     Convention on Cluster Munitions enters into force



     03/08/2010 // The date - August 1, 2010 - will forever be significant in the international
     humanitarian calendar. That’s when the Convention on Cluster Munition entered into
     force. Norway helped kick start the work on the Convention three years ago.

     ”That the Convention on Cluster Munition now enters into force is a milestone. It
     represents a significant enhancement of international humanitarian law. A norm has
     now been established that we believe makes it impossible to use cluster munitions,”
     said foreign minister Jonas Gahr Støre.

     “The Convention will make a difference in the field because it is an effective framework
     for clearing affected areas, securing help for survivors and destroying all cluster muni-
     tions in storage within clear time frames,” the foreign minister said.

     To mark the occasion, the international coalition of humanitarian organisations, Cluster
     Munition Coalition, organised a world-wide event on August 1st called "Beat the Drum
     to Ban Cluster Bombs". Civil society the world over, including Norway, celebrated that
     the most important disarmament agreement in a decade has entered into force.

     “Norway and the other states that have signed and ratified the Convention must now
     deliver on their commitments. On July 16, we completed the destruction of the last
     cluster munitions in the Norwegian arsenal. Norway is now free for cluster munitions
     – and we will continue to work so that the rest of world can be the same,” says foreign
     minister Støre.

     The Convention on Cluster Munitions Cluster munitions kill and maim people both
     during attacks and long thereafter. Large amounts of cluster munitions fail to detonate
     only to explode many years later. This threat stops refugees from returning to affected
     areas, farmers from tilling the land and children from playing freely.

     The Convention on Cluster Munitions prohibits the use, production, storage and
     proliferation of cluster munitions. 108 states have now signed the Convention.

     The Convention is legally binding for all States Parties, and strengthens the protection
     of civilians. The rapid progress from February 2007, when Norway initiated the process,
     to now when the Convention comes into force shows what strong support this work
     has internationally.

     All states that are party to the Convention must destroy all cluster munitions in storage
     within eight years. Affected States Parties must within ten years secure and clear all
     areas where there are cluster munitions. All States Parties must make sure that the



54                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
            survivors get assistance, psychological support and the opportunity to be integrated
            socially and economically in to society. States that are able to do so must provide
            financial assistance to states that need it so that all States Parties can fulfil their
            commitments according to the Convention on Cluster Munitions.

            http://www.norway-un.org/NorwayandUN/Selected_Topics/
            Disarmament/Convention-on-Cluster-Munition/




CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes                                                                 55
     Annex XVI                                                                         UK Foreign and
     The following press statement was issued on 30 July 2010                          Commonwealth
     by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office:                                        Office

     FCO Minister welcomes the Convention on Cluster Munitions
     entering into force


     FCO Minister, Alistair Burt, said:

     “I warmly welcome the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on
     1 August 2010. The Convention is one of the most significant disarmament treaties of
     recent years. Prohibiting the use, development, production, transfer, and stockpiling of
     cluster munitions, it sets new standards for disarmament and advances international
     humanitarian law.

     “The Convention is an excellent example of what can be achieved by the international
     community working together effectively. With entry into force we are a step closer to
     a worldwide ban and ending the unacceptable suffering to civilians caused by these
     weapons.

     “The UK will continue its efforts to promote the globalisation of the Convention, work-
     ing toward the goal of universal adherence. I look forward to the UK continuing our
     leading role in this area at the first meeting of State Parties in November, in Laos PDR.”

     Notes to Editors

     1. The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) was opened for signature in December
         2008. Since then 106 countries have signed the Convention, whilst 37 have also
         ratified. The Convention will enter into force on 1 August 2010 for the first 30
         ratifying states.

     2. The UK became the 32nd state to ratify the Convention on 4 May 2010. The CCM
         will therefore enter into force for the UK on 1 November 2010. The Convention’s
         prohibitions are implemented in UK law through the Cluster Munitions (Prohibitions)
         Act 2010. The Act makes it illegal for UK citizens to manufacture, use or transfer
         cluster munitions in the UK or anywhere else in the world.

     3. In addition, the Convention obliges the UK to:

     •   destroy its stockpiles of cluster munitions within 8 years;

     •   report against destruction after ratification;

     •   clear cluster munitions remnants on territory under our jurisdiction or control
         within 10 years; and

     •   universalise the CCM by encouraging states to join.




56                                                                     CMC Entry into Force report – Annexes
                               www.august1.org




Cluster Munition Coalition
5th Floor
Epworth House
25 City Road
London EC1Y 1AA
Tel: +44 (0) 20 7256 9500
www.stopclustermunitions.org

				
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