Anatomy and physiology Final ex by MikeJenny

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									Islamic University                                                 Anat.&Phys.(A) for
 Nursing College                                                   Midwives , Final exam.

 Name:----------------------------- No: -------------------     27/1/ 2010    Time: 2 hours

Answer the following questions
----------------------------------------
I-Define Only 5 of the followings                             ( 10 marks)
1-Homeostasis:


2-Midsagittal section:


3-Tropic hormone:


4-Mixed gland:


5-Goiter:


6-Gonads:


II-Mention in short Only 5 only                                ( 15 marks)
  1- Muscles used for injection:



  2- Characters of skull of the newborn:



  3- Hormones of the anterior pituitary gland:



  4- Pure sensory cranial nerves:



  5- Tunics of the eye:



  6- Characters of female pelvis:



                                              -1-
III-Match table A with table B                                             ( 25 marks)
Table A                             Table B
( )-Proprioceptors                  a-receptors in the tongue
( )-Chemoreceptors                  b-receptors in the ears
( )-Mechanoreceptors                 c-may be rods or cones
( )-Pain receptors                  d-naked nerve endings
( )-Photoreceptors                  e-in muscles and tendons
                                    f-touch receptors

Table A                               Table B
( )-Calcitonin                      a-female sex hormone
( )-Parathormone                    b-hypercalcemic hormone
( )-Glucocorticoids                  c-hyperglycemic hormone
( )-estrogens                       d-hypocalcemic hormone
( )-ADH                             e-related to diabetes insipidus
                                    f-tropic hormone

Table A                                Table B
( )-Progesterone                      a-male sex hormone
( )-Epinephrine                       b-promotes sodium and water reabsorption
( )-Testosterone                      c-hypoglycemic hormone
( )-Insulin                           d-stimulates milk ejection
( )-Oxytocin                           e-secreted by corpus luteum
                                       f-needed in alarm stage of stress

TableA                                    Table B
( )-Olfactory nerve                   a-activates facial muscles
( )-Vagus                             b-first cranial nerve
( )-Oculomotor                        c-nerve of hearing and equilibrium
( )-Vestibulococlear                  d-supplies thoracic and abdominal viscera
( )-Facial                            e-fifth cranial nerve
                                      f-motor nerve for external eye muscles

Table A                                     Table B
( )-Deltoid                              a-muscle in anterior abdominal wall
( )-Gastrocnemius                        b-causes elbow flexion
( )-Biceps brachii                       c-triangular shape
( )-Sternocledomastoid                   d-flex the head
( )-internal oblique                     e-extends the knee
                                         f-causes planter flexion
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
VI-Put / or \ opposite each statements                                                  ( 10 points )
( )- Most homeostatic control mechanisms are positive feedback mechanisms.
( )-The knee is distal to the thigh.
( )-Ribosomes are membrane bags containing powerful digesting enzymes.
( )-Epithelial tissues are avascular.
( )-Fibrocartilage is present between vertebrae.
( )-The CNS consists of the brain and cranial nerves.
( )-The cornea has no blood vessels.
( )-The dynamic equilibrium receptors are found in the semicircular canals.
( )-In cretinism, the body proportions remain childlike.
( )-anterior pituitary is controlled by thalamus.
                                                    -2-
V-Fill the following spaces with proper words                                ( 20+2 points)
*Gonadotropic hormones are released from---------------------------------------and their
names are-----------------------and--------------------------
*-------------------prepare the body to cope with alarm stage of stress while---------------------
acts during the resistance stage
*The stimuli that activate the endocrine organs are-----------------------------;-------------------
and--------------------------------------------
*Increased intraocular pressure is called-------------------
*The -----------------------nervous system is the fight-flight system
*Each axonal terminal is separated from the next neuron by-----------------------;this gap is
crossed by a chemical substance called-----------------------------
*Bones of the pelvis are---------------------------;-------------------and-------------------
* ---------------------carry impulses to and from the spinal cord.
*In directional terms;------------------------means towards the head.
*Hypertonic solution leads to-----------------------of cells.
* The fibrous connective tissue covering diaphysis is called--------------------------
*The middle ear is connected to the throat by------------------
* The ventral body cavities are------------------------------and--------------------------
VI-Label the following                                               (5 points)




                                        -3-
VII-Multiple choice :                                             (15+1 points)

( )-The basic functional unit of the nervous system is the:
  a-nephron.    b- dendron.    c-nerve cell body   d-neuron.         e-axon

( )-The cerebral cortex is characterized by numerous shallow grooves called:

 a-the cerebral lobes.    b- gyri.     c-sulci.   d- neural tubes.   e-fissures

( )-The transparent anterior portion of the sclera is the:
a-choroid.    b-ciliary body   c- cornea.    d-iris    e-retina

( )-The area of the retina of highest visual acuity is:
a- uvea b. optic disc c. fovea centralis d. blind spot       e. both b and d

( ) -The tip of the tongue is very sensitive to which taste(s)?
   a. bitter      b. salty    c. sour     d. sweet      e. both b and d

( )-Estrogens are produced by the

   a-ovaries     b- islets of Langerhans    c- testes   d- hypothalamus

( )-Hypothyroidism in old age results in
a-cretinism    b- myxedema       c- Cushing's syndrome            d- goiter

( )-A "fight or flight" situation does not stimulate the secretion of
a- noradrenaline       b-epinephrine    c- adrenaline    d-androgen

( )-The secretions from which of these glands differs between males and females?
a-pancreas      b-parathyroid       c-adrenal         d- gonad

( )-Estrogen and progesterone are produced by
a-uterus     b- ovaries     c- testes     d- adrenal glands

( )-Failure of the pituitary to stop producing growth hormone before body
growth is completed results in

      a-kidney failure    b- acromegaly      c-tetany      d-giantism

( )-Another name for adrenaline is
       a-FSH      b-epinephrine    c-Androgen             d- norepinephrine

( )- The anatomical term meaning toward the midline of the body is:
a.anterior.   b. inferior. c. distal. d. lateral.   e. medial.

( )- Which of the following is NOT a posterior body landmark?
a.Popliteal. b. Sternal.   c. Scapular.  d. Occipital   e. Vertebral.

( )- The uptake of liquids that contain dissolved proteins or fats into a cell
is called:
a.osmosis. b. pinocytosis c. passive transport.   d.phagocytosis     e-diffusion

( )- Which of the following bones is NOT a part of the axial skeleton?
      a-rib      b-frontal bone  c- clavicle  d- vertebra       e-sacrum

                                                                     GOOD LUCK
Good Luck

								
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