Mexico’s History By Annah Baize, Megan Lenzen, and Jack Shwarze http://www.destination360.com/north-america/mexico/scuba-diving Mexico’s First Inhabitants • The majority of the first inhabitants of Mexico came primarily from Asia. • The first inhabitants came to Mexico in the early 1400’s • The first inhabitants were indigenous people that grew corn. Some examples are the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya, Zapotec, Mixtec, Toltec and Aztec. • These civilizations made many inventions such as mathematics, astronomy, medicine, theology and building pyramids. Push and Pull Factors In 1519 the Aztec Empire (also known as Mexico) was invaded by Spain. Two years later in 1521, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan was conquered by an alliance between Spanish and Tlaxcaltes. Tlaxcaltes was Mexico’s enemy. It would take another two centuries after the Siege of Tenochtitlan before the Conquest of the Aztec Empire would be complete, as rebellions, attacks, and wars continued against the Spanish by other native peoples. Some pull factors are they were peaceful hunter-gatherers. There was plenty of land and they had fertile soil. Spain ruled Mexico for over 3,ooo years. During that time many of Mexico’s Native Americans were killed. Push factors were there was the independence Hernando Cortes’ war which killed over 10% of Mexicans. http://www.mainlesson.co Many people left Mexico because of the m/books/ober/cortes/front war. 1.gif Historical Events • 1519-1521:Spanish forces led by Hernando Cortes arrive and conquer Mexico • 1862: Battle of Puebla- Cinco de Mayo holiday honors this national army defeat of French invaders. • 1910: The Mexican Revolution begins and citizens rise up against oppressive rulers. A new Constitution is adopted in 1917. • 1968: Mexico City hosts the first Olympic Games ever held in Latin America. Cites • "Time For Kids." http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/teachers/aw/wr/article/0,28138,1665804,00.html. Web. 24 Feb 2010. <http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/teachers/aw/wr/article/0,28138 • "Wiki Answers." http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_did_Native_American_Indians_originate. Web. fef 24 2010. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_did_Native_American_Indians • "Native Americans." http://aenet.esuhsd.org/Citizenship_lessons/new/native_americans_q.html . Web. 24 Feb 2010. <http://aenet.esuhsd.org/Citizenship_lessons/new/native_americans_q.html >. • "Mexico's History." wikipedia. Feb 25,2010. Web. 25 Feb 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Mexico#Spanish_conquest_of_the_Azte c_Empire>.