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Mexico and Central America

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					                                                          Mexico
                                                          and Central
                                                          America

Ford Foundation
320 East 43rd Street     Emilio Castelar 131
New York, N.Y. 10017     Colonia Polanco
                                                          FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA   1
USA                      11560 Mexico, D.F
www.fordfoundation.org   ford-mexico@fordfoundation.org
                                                                      MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA




    The Ford Foundation works with visionary leaders and         The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of
    organizations worldwide to change social structures
    and institutions so that all people have the opportunity
                                                                 the Ford Foundation’s work in Latin America
    to reach their full potential, contribute to society, have   where we have offices in Mexico City, Rio
    a voice in the decisions that affect them, and live and
    work in dignity.                                             de Janeiro and Santiago. Over the past half
    This commitment to social justice is carried out             century, we have supported social change
    through programs that strengthen democratic values,          makers in Mexico and Central America who are
    reduce poverty and injustice, promote international
    cooperation, and advance human knowledge, creativity         working to promote social justice, build more
    and achievement.
                                                                 inclusive societies and create opportunities.
                                                                 Today, we are working with visionary leaders in
                                                                 civil society to empower people throughout the
                                                                 region—especially those who are poor and
                                                                 marginalized—to have a voice in shaping the
                                                                 policies and institutions that affect their lives.




2   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                 FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA         1
          MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                           We envision a future in Mexico and Central America in
                                                                                               which migration is an option, rather than an economic
                                                                                               necessity, a future in which migrant workers are
                                                                                               respected and rewarded for their contributions to the
                                                                                               region’s economies. The work of building that future
                                                                                               has already begun.




    INvesTINg IN THe                               WHAT FORD Is DOINg                          A PROUD HIsTORy                                THe FUTURe begINs TODAy
    PeOPle OF MexIcO AND                           The Ford Foundation is supporting           IN THe RegION                                  We envision a future in which
    ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                a variety of organizations to meet          Our work builds on a half century              migration is an option, rather than an
                                                   the region’s most pressing social           of innovation in Mexico and Central            economic necessity, a future in which
    Meaningful social change occurs when           challenges. We partner with grantees                                                       migrants are respected and rewarded
    people have the capacity and tools                                                         America. Since 1962, the foundation
                                                   that are addressing the root causes of      has opened doors to higher education           for their contributions to the region’s
    to improve their own lives and com-            migration by developing innovative                                                         economies, a future in which rural
    munities. By investing in the people of                                                    for a new generation of leaders,
                                                   solutions to rural poverty and ensur-       including people from indigenous               communities are thriving alongside
    Mexico and Central America, strength-          ing that indigenous populations can                                                        urban centers.
    ening organizations and providing local                                                    communities. We helped establish
                                                   control and benefit from the natural        lasting institutions, such as FUNDAR,               The hard work of creating a better
    leaders with the support necessary to          resources in their communities.                                                            future has already begun. The leaders
    confront today’s challenges, the Ford                                                      which was founded in 1999 and uses
                                                   Others are working to create policies       research to understand and address             and organizations we support are us-
    Foundation is inspiring social change.         that prevent the abuse and exploita-                                                       ing a variety of approaches to address
          Our grant making throughout the                                                      social challenges such as migration,
                                                   tion of migrants. We also support           and GIRE (Grupo de Información en              migration and social exclusion—from
    region focuses on migration and social         organizations that are studying                                                            research and policy analysis to advo-
    exclusion—no other issues are more                                                         Reproducción Elegida), a leading
                                                   how migration exposes women to              advocate for reproductive justice in           cacy and litigation, and testing new
    timely and important. Every year at            HIV/AIDS—and developing appro-                                                             programs to building the capacity of
    least one million people embark on mi-                                                     Mexico. The foundation’s work has
                                                   priate interventions that promote           strengthened civil society in the region,      existing ones.
    gration journeys that take them across         women’s reproductive rights to                                                                  Grantees are working across bor-
    national borders in Mexico and Central                                                     bolstering local organizations and
                                                   reverse those trends.                       giving people a say in decisions that          ders throughout Mexico and Central
    America; 400,000 crossings occur along               An underlying goal in all of these                                                   America to nurture strong regional alli-
    Mexico’s southern border alone. Most                                                       shape their lives, making governments
                                                   activities is to expand opportunities       more accountable to the people they            ances and are fostering collaborations
    of these men, women and children are           for individuals to have a voice in                                                         among governments, academic institu-
    fleeing poverty and entrenched social                                                      serve. Over the years, economic
                                                   shaping the policies and institutions       opportunity has also been a major              tions and civil society organizations.
    conditions that exclude them from              that affect their lives. For this reason,                                                  Their efforts have led to unprecedented
    full participation in society. According                                                   priority. We provided early and ongoing
                                                   we also fund exceptional arts facili-       support for microfinance, community-           partnerships between migrant rights
    to the UN, income inequality is still          ties throughout the region as a way to                                                     advocates in Mexico and the United
    greater in Latin America than in any                                                       based rural development and financial
                                                   encourage the free expression of ideas      services for low-income people.                States, and have also improved liveli-
    other part of the world.                       among groups whose voices have                                                             hoods in rural areas of Mexico through
                                                   been ignored or silenced.                                                                  programs that create international
                                                                                                                                              markets for local products.


2   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                               FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                              3
          selecT sTRATegIes                                                                                                                                                  The foundation’s work in Mexico and Central
          AND INvesTMeNTs                                                                         UNItED StAtES
                                                                                                                                                                             America—a small sampling of which is offered here—
          IN THe RegION                                                                                                                                                      promotes social inclusion and addresses migration
                                                                                                                                                                             and its many effects.




                                                                                                                         mEXICO




                                                                                                                                                                                 hONDURAS




                                                                                                                                                                              NICARAGUA
                                                                                                                                  GUAtEmALA

                                                                                                                                               EL SALVADOR



      HUMAN RIgHTs                    sUsTAINAble                FReeDOM OF                     sUsTAINAble                                    HIv/AIDs                        cOMMUNITy                     ecONOMIc                       RePRODUcTIve
                                      DevelOPMeNT                exPRessION                     DevelOPMeNT                                                                    RIgHTs                        OPPORTUNITy                    RIgHTs




      MexIcO                          MexIcO AND                 gUATeMAlA                      MexIcO                                          gUATeMAlA,                      HONDURAs                     el sAlvADOR                    ceNTRAl AMeRIcA
      Women and children are          gUATeMAlA                  Indigenous people make up      Changes in agricultural                         NIcARAgUA ,                     tourism developers, ranch-   more than one-third of         too often access to sexual
      routinely abused and            Rural communities that     40 percent of the Guate-       and trade policies have left                    MexIcO                          ers and others threaten to   households in rural areas      and reproductive health
      exploited in mexico’s           depend on forestry for     malan population yet often     much of the rural populace                      more than a third of mi-        displace the indigenous      depend on remittances          services and information
      southern-border detention       their livelihoods face     lack a voice in shaping the    unable to make a living,                        grant women are victims of      Garifuna people from their   from relatives working in      depends on wealth and
      centers.                        threats from developers    public policies that affect    which leads to migration.                       sexual abuse, putting them      native lands.                other countries.               social connections.
      We support efforts to           and other powerful         their lives.                   We support the campaign,                        at risk of contracting the      We support efforts to        We support efforts to          We support innovative,
      litigate these cases and        commercial enterprises.    We fund programs that          “Sin maiz no hay Pais”                          hIV virus.                      persuade the honduran        create jobs and to expand      wide-reaching media
      use them to raise public        We provide funding to 11   use the arts as a vehicle to   (Without Corn there is No                       We fund programs that           government to formally       rural economies so that        programs that educate
      awareness about the abuse       communities in Southern    empower mayan women to         Country), which recognizes                      help women overcome             recognize their rights to    residents are not depen-       and empower young
      of migrants and to create       Oaxaca and communities     become vocal and effective     agriculture as essential to a                   the stigma of hIV/AIDS          the land and its resources   dant on money from rela-       people about their
      new laws and policies.          in the Petén Department    agents for social change.      strong mexican economy.                         and seek testing and            and to strengthen the        tives for their livelihoods.   reproductive rights.
                                      to help them sustainably                                                                                  treatment.                      community internally.
                                      manage their forests.




4   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                                              FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                               5
WORKINg ON THe FRONTlINes IN



Mexico
and Central
America
          HUMAN RIgHTs                                                                                                                                                 migration exposes migrants to
                                                                                                                                                                       vulnerabilities including human
                                                                                                                                                                       rights abuses.




    Protecting Immigrant and Migrant Rights


    our grantees are working to promote more                                 On the FrOntlines

    effective and humane migration policies that end the                     many of our grantees use litigation and
    exploitation and abuse of migrants, both during their                    other types of advocacy to promote and
                                                                             protect the human rights of migrants.
    journeys and wherever they settle.                                       Projects include:
    Border policies have failed to respond effectively to increased          Pursuing representative cases of abuse
    migration, creating dangerous conditions and often fatal outcomes        and using legal action as a lever
    for migrants. Along the U.S.-Mexico border for example, powerful         for reform.
                                                                             grantee: Strategic human Rights
    organized syndicates have formed to smuggle human beings.
                                                                             Litigation (IDhEAS)
    According to the Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos
    (CNDH: Mexican National Human Rights Commission), nearly                 Promoting policy changes that would
    10,000 migrants were kidnapped between February 2008 and                 increase authorized migration and
    September 2009. The U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights          protect migrant labor rights.
    of Migrants reports that migrants held in detention centers along        grantees: Latin American Faculty of
    Mexico’s southern border are often victims of extortion, assault,        Social Sciences (FLACSO), jointly with
    and sexual abuse and are denied access to consular representatives.      the Central American University (UCA)
    Meanwhile, migrants who reach their destinations are vulnerable to
    exploitation by unscrupulous employers.                                  illuminating the vulnerabilities of
         Policies in the United States and Mexico focus almost exclusively   migrant women and recommending
    on border security, fostering circumstances in which human rights        reforms to protect them.
    violations flourish. We support an array of organizations to address     grantee: Project Counselling Service for
    these rights violations and their root causes.                           Latin American Refugees (PCS)
         Our grantees concentrate on shaping public policies that
    recognize and reflect the value of migrants and their contributions      strengthening relationships between
                                                                             civil society leaders in mexico and
    to the economy and also protect their fundamental human rights.
                                                                             Central America and organized migrant
    The success of these grantees is crucial. One of them is bringing to     communities in the United States.
    court—and to light—cases of abuse involving the most vulnerable
                                                                             grantee: National Alliance of Latin
    migrants along Mexico’s southern border: women and children.             American and Caribbean Communities
    Another grantee is working to enhance migrant labor rights, in part by   (NALACC)
    promoting an increase in authorized migration. Work by our grantees
    throughout the region is resulting in more informed public discussion    For a full list of grantees, go to
    about migration and galvanizing a broad-based movement for new           www.fordfoundation.org
    policies that can secure borders and also protect migrants.




8   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                        FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                     9
                                                                                         DeMOcRATIc AND AccOUNTAble gOveRNMeNT




                                                                                    Promoting Transparent, Effective and
                                                                                    Accountable Government


                                                                                    helping citizens interact with public institutions                        On the FrOntlines

                                                                                    and encouraging open debate so that governments                           Our grantees take a variety of
                                                                                    can be held accountable are essential components                          approaches to reveal and improve
                                                                                                                                                              government policies. Projects include:
                                                                                    of democracy.                                                             Building the capacity of civil society
                                                                                    Although Mexico has some of the most advanced right-to- know              organizations and academic institutions
                                                                                    laws in Latin America, a culture of secrecy within government still       to use budget review and other
                                                                                    persists. This, coupled with well-documented corruption, impedes          strategies to analyze the costs and
                                                                                                                                                              outcomes of migration policies and
                                                                                    public scrutiny of government policies and their implementation,
                                                                                                                                                              recommend cost-effective alternatives.
                                                                                    as well as efforts by civil society to hold government accountable.
                                                                                    To address these issues, grantees use on-site monitoring, investigative   grantee: FUNDAR Center for Research
                                                                                    measures, budget analysis and other approaches to reveal the costs        and Analysis
                                                                                    and outcomes of current laws and to advocate for more humane and
                                                                                                                                                              Facilitating dialogue among advocates
                                                                                    effective public policies.
                                                                                                                                                              to build common understanding of
                                                                                         We invest in organizations that are working to inform citizens
                                                                                                                                                              the problems and a broad constituency
                                                                                    about how governments are responding to migration and attempting          for reform.
                                                                                    to secure national borders. Much of these efforts focus on Mexico and
                                                                                                                                                              grantee: Institute for Study and
                                                                                    the United States, nations where many migration-related government        Dissemination on migration (INEDIm)
                                                                                    documents are designated as classified. So far neither the federal
                                                                                    nor state governments in Mexico have been successful at punishing         Using research methods to map
                                                                                    and preventing human rights violations against migrants—acts that         mexico’s migration and security policies
                                                                                    include illegal detention and expulsion, denial of due process, sexual    grantee: El Colegio de la Frontera
                                                                                    abuse and exploitative labor practices.                                   Norte (COLEF)
                                                                                         One grantee, for example, is training migrant rights organizations
                                                                                    how to investigate and use U.S. and Mexican freedom of information        training migrant rights organizations on
                                                                                    laws to uncover human rights violations. Another is interviewing          how to use freedom of information laws
                                                                                    government officials and civil society experts, reviewing documents       and investigative techniques.
                                                                                    and visiting detention centers in an effort both to map Mexico’s          grantee: National Security Archive Fund
                                                                                    migration and security policies and recommend reforms. Projects
                                                                                    such as these have the potential to usher in a new era of transparency    For a full list of grantees, go to
                                                                                    and accountability in this crucial realm of public policy.                www.fordfoundation.org




                                                    good governance requires
                                                    transparent budget management
                                                    and policymaking.
10   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                         11
          ecONOMIc FAIRNess




     Expanding Livelihood Opportunities
     for Poor Households


     innovative development strategies can invigorate                              On the FrOntlines

     rural economies and begin to reduce persistent poverty.                       Our grantees are pursuing innovative
     The region’s economic growth over the past 20 years has not lifted            solutions to rural poverty. their efforts
                                                                                   include:
     rural communities out of poverty. In fact, changes in agricultural
     and trade policies, shifts in patterns of consumption and a focus
                                                                                   Boosting crop production, supporting
     on urban markets have left many rural residents unable to make a              small businesses, and creating other
     living. Poverty often compels people to leave the countryside, and            economic opportunities in rural areas
     this population drain only exacerbates problems locally. Indigenous           of El Salvador.
     and Afro-descendant groups have been particularly excluded from               grantee: Foundation for National
     economic opportunities.                                                       Development (FUNDE)
          In El Salvador, for example, three decades of steady emigration
     has diminished the population by 20 percent, and more than a third            Mounting the campaign, “Sin maíz
     of households in rural areas depend on remittances from relatives             No hay País” (Without Corn there is
     working in other countries. Conditions worsened in 2009 when                  No Country), which recognizes
     flooding and mudslides severely damaged several rural areas of the            agriculture as essential to a strong
     country. The organizations we support use a range of development              mexican economy.
     strategies to enable individuals to lead full and productive lives in their   grantee: National Association of
     communities of origin instead of fleeing for survival.                        Campesino marketing Organizations
                                                                                   (ANEC)
          A grantee in El Salvador, for example, is supporting small
     businesses and engaging local youth in job creation since they are the
                                                                                   helping small farmers in mexico
     segment of the population most likely to leave the country in search of       increase crop production and access
     work elsewhere.                                                               U.S. and mexican markets; and
          Two grantees in Mexico are helping indigenous women who are              demonstrating more productive use of
     artisans to export and market their textiles, furniture, jewelry and          remittances in poor rural communities
     other crafts to the United States.                                            where migration is common.
          These organizations have already increased the artists’ sales, and       grantee: Binational Indigenous Integral
     a new Web-based marketing strategy promises to build on those gains.          Development (DBII)
     Such efforts and others are focused on creating lasting opportunities
     for the region’s poorest citizens.                                            strengthening a network of indigenous
                                                                                   women who are artisans, and marketing
                                                                                   their crafts in the United States.
                                                                                   grantees: Centro del Obrero Fronterizo
                                                                                   (La mujer Obrera)

                                                                                   For a full list of grantees, go to
                                                                                   www.fordfoundation.org
                                                                                                                               poverty often compels people to
                                                                                                                               leave the countryside, and this
                                                                                                                               population drain exacerbates
                                                                                                                               problems locally.
12   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                              FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA   13
                                                         sUsTAINAble DevelOPMeNT




                                                    Expanding Community Rights
                                                    Over Natural Resources


                                                    we are committed to helping people living                                   On the FrOntlines

                                                    in rural communities use the land and natural                               Our grantees take a range of approaches
                                                    resources in ways that improve their livelihoods                            to help communities benefit from the
                                                                                                                                land and natural resources where they
                                                    and also protect the environment.                                           live. Projects include:
                                                    In rural communities across the region, working-age adults,
                                                                                                                                training indigenous and Afro-
                                                    particularly men, are leaving to find better paying jobs elsewhere.         descendant groups to pursue their legal
                                                    These departures cause worker shortfalls. Without a stronger labor          rights to land and natural resources.
                                                    force, it is impossible for communities to sustain traditional              grantee: Community Forestry
                                                    revenue-generating activities such as forestry, hillside agriculture        Indigenous-Campesino Coordinating
                                                    and handicrafts. At the same time, outsiders are vying for the land         Association (ACICAFOC)
                                                    and its resources.
                                                          The organizations we support are helping indigenous and Afro-         securing the territorial rights of the
                                                    descendent leaders, in particular, retain control over their native lands   Garifuna peoples in northern honduras.
                                                    and make the best use of its natural resources. In Mexico, for example,     grantee: honduran Black Fraternity
                                                    a grantee is studying the effects of population loss due to migration in    Organization (OFRANEh)
                                                    Oaxaca and Guerrero, where communities have traditionally managed
                                                    local forests and watersheds. The lessons learned are being used to         shaping new approaches to community
                                                    adapt production mechanisms to reflect smaller local populations,           forestry that increase local revenue and
                                                                                                                                reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
                                                    developing strategies to encourage young people to remain in their
                                                    home communities and to tap the skills, contacts and financial              grantee: mexican Council for
                                                                                                                                Sustainable Forestry (CCmSS)
                                                    resources of those who have already left.
                                                          In northern Honduras, tourism developers, ranchers, drug
                                                                                                                                Challenging powerful mining and
                                                    traffickers and others threaten to displace the Garifuna peoples from       petroleum companies that are vying to
                                                    their native lands or curtail the farming, fishing, and hunting on which    control land and resources.
                                                    their livelihoods depend. One of our grantees is defending their rights     grantee: International Union for
                                                    using approaches that range from negotiating with the Honduran              Conservation of Nature and Natural
                                                    government to formally recognize the Garifunas’ land rights to              Resources (IUCN)
                                                    strengthening the community radio stations that have proven to be a
                                                    powerful tool for informing and uniting people.                             studying and responding to the effects
                                                          In yet other areas of the region, the challenge is to craft more      of population loss due to migration in
                                                    productive— and environmentally sound—land use strategies                   Oaxaca and Guerrero, mexico.
                                                    working in partnership with local communities. We support efforts,          grantee: Autonomous Group for
                                                    for example, to evaluate and influence a new approach to community          Environmental Research (GAIA)
                                                    forestry in Mexico that has the potential to generate more revenue for
                                                    local communities while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions.             For a full list of grantees, go to
     rapid out-migration poses                                                                                                  www.fordfoundation.org
     significant challenges to local
     institutions, land tenure and
     land use.
14   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                           15
           FReeDOM OF exPRessION




     Supporting Diverse Arts Spaces


     we provide support to arts groups to build spaces                            On the FrOntlines

     and networks that help create more diverse, tolerant                         Our grantees use the arts strategically
     and vibrant societies.                                                       to empower indigenous people in the
                                                                                  region. Projects include:
     More than 60 languages and countless dialects are spoken in
     Mexico and Central America, a sign of the region’s ethnic and cultural       Opening new arts spaces for mayan
     diversity. Yet many of these cultures and their considerable assets          women in Guatemala and building a
     are languishing at the margins of society. In Guatemala, for example,        network to connect indigenous women
     indigenous people make up 40 percent of the population but live in           throughout the region.
     deplorable conditions of poverty, often without access to schools,           grantee: Association of mayan Women’s
     hospitals and other basic public services. Afro-descendant groups            Group Kaq’la
     throughout the region are ignored to the point of being invisible and
                                                                                  strengthening the organizational
     lack strong organizations to advocate for their rights and interests.
                                                                                  capacity of mayan women in Chiapas,
     Women are further disadvantaged.                                             mexico, through plays, arts workshops
           We support a range of efforts to eradicate poverty. Underlying         and exhibitions.
     all of these efforts is our belief that individuals without economic         grantee: mexican Association for
     advantage deserve a voice in decisions that affect their lives. We believe   Women’s Rights in support of the
     the arts are a powerful way of developing and expressing those voices.       Strength of the mayan Women
     For this reason, we fund the creation and growth of arts facilities          (FOmmA)
     and networks that connect artists and resources, with a focus on
     indigenous and Afro-descendant groups.                                       Using the arts to unite the mískito
           Two grantees, for example, use theater, dance and other art            people and elevate the role of the
     forms to build self-esteem among Mayan women and strengthen                  community’s women.
     their ability to be powerful agents for social change. Soon a network        grantee: University of the Autonomous
     will unite these and other organizations of indigenous women                 Regions of the Caribbean Coast of
     throughout Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras and Nicaragua. The power              Nicaragua (URACCAN)
     of the arts is also evident among the Mískito people, an indigenous
                                                                                  Using documentary film to spark
     group divided by borders in Honduras and Nicaragua. A grantee is
                                                                                  discussion of social issues among
     leading community art activities to revive a once forgotten ritual; these    indigenous women in Chiapas, mexico,
     activities unite indigenous participants and thereby strengthen the          and give voice to their views and ideas
     whole cross-border community.                                                through video production workshops.
                                                                                  grantee: Documental Ambulante

                                                                                  For a full list of grantees, go to
                                                                                  www.fordfoundation.org


                                                                                                                            arts programs can empower
                                                                                                                            marginalized groups and expand
                                                                                                                            diverse cultural practices.
16   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                           FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA   17
                                                         HUMAN RIgHTs




                                                    Reducing HIV/AIDS
                                                    Discrimination and Exclusion


                                                    our grantees promote public policies that assert                         On the FrOntlines

                                                    the rights of hIV-positive individuals and undo the                      Our grantees, many of which are
                                                    stigma and discrimination that stand in the way of                       organizations composed of people living
                                                                                                                             with hIV/AIDS, are working to slow the
                                                    effective interventions.                                                 spread of hIV/AIDS and advocating for
                                                                                                                             the rights of hIV-positive individuals.
                                                    The organizations we support are among the vanguard, responding
                                                                                                                             Projects include:
                                                    to the conditions and dynamics—in particular, migration—that are
                                                    influencing the spread of HIV/AIDS today. Migration is one of the        engaging policymakers in the creation
                                                    main forces underlying the growing rates of HIV infection in rural       of more progressive laws and programs
                                                    communities and the increasing number of women affected by the           and consolidating the newly formed
                                                    pandemic. Migrant men who contract the virus while traveling or          network of hIV-positive girls and
                                                    working in distant cities carry it back to their rural communities of    adolescents.
                                                    origin, placing their wives and partners at great risk of infection.     grantee: ICW Latina International
                                                    Additionally, women now constitute nearly half the migrant               Community of Women Living with
                                                    population, increasing their risk of HIV infection—often as a result     hIV/AIDS
                                                    of sexual abuse.
                                                         According to the United Nations Economic Commission for             tapping the potential of a regional
                                                    Latin America and the Caribbean, 70 percent of migrant women             network of grassroots women’s
                                                    experience violence and more than half are victims of sexual violence.   organizations to reduce hIV
                                                                                                                             transmission among women who
                                                    These problems are exacerbated by the persistent stigma of HIV/AIDS
                                                                                                                             migrate and those who remain in
                                                    and widespread discrimination which discourage individuals from
                                                                                                                             their communities of origin.
                                                    seeking testing and treatment.
                                                         These emerging trends demand new solutions, such as the             grantee: Formación y Capacitación
                                                    interventions we support on the Mexico-Guatemala border, the             A.C. (FOCA)
                                                    border between Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and along a network of
                                                                                                                             Providing migrant women with access
                                                    Jesuit shelters en route to the United States. In these key locales,     to medical care and tools for pregnancy
                                                    women learn how the HIV virus is transmitted and can access              prevention and protection against hIV.
                                                    preventive healthcare. Organized by Mexico’s National Institute of
                                                                                                                             grantee: National Institute of Public
                                                    Public Health—a pioneer in developing healthcare interventions for
                                                                                                                             health (INSP)
                                                    migrants—the project involves organizations of HIV-positive women,
                                                    including the Central American Network of People Living with HIV/        For a full list of grantees, go to
                                                    AIDS. It builds on the foundation’s legacy, a commitment to strengthen   www.fordfoundation.org
                                                    the organizational and leadership capacity of HIV-positive women
                                                    throughout the region so they can take an active part in shaping the
                                                    public policies and interventions that concern them.
     meaningful participation of
     those infected, affected and
     vulnerable to hiv/aids in
     policymaking is essential.
18   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                       19
           sexUAlITy AND RePRODUcTIve HeAlTH AND RIgHTs




     Promoting Reproductive Rights and
     the Right to Sexual Health


     reproductive rights and the right to physical safety                       On the FrOntlines

     are essential for women to assert control over their own                   Our grantees take a variety of
     lives. Our grant making focuses on groups for whom                         approaches to expanding reproductive
                                                                                and sexual rights. Projects include:
     these basic rights remain out of reach: poor, migrant
                                                                                Defending the reproductive rights of
     and indigenous women.                                                      women in mexico through a national
     The organizations we support are shifting views, laws and policies         network of lawyers and sharing
     in a region of the world where access to sexual and reproductive health    successful strategies with advocates
     services can depend on wealth and social connections, where illegal        throughout the region.
     abortions kill thousands of poor women annually and where violent          grantee: Informational Group on
     crimes against women occur with impunity.                                  Reproductive Choice (GIRE)
           One grantee played a pivotal role in expanding reproductive rights
                                                                                Using the media to promote the sexual
     in Mexico City. Now that organization is leading a network of lawyers
                                                                                and reproductive health and rights of
     to promote reproductive rights beyond the capital city, in states where    young people in Central America.
     these rights are most at risk. The organization also reaches beyond
                                                                                grantee: Foundation Points of
     Mexico to share successful advocacy strategies with civil society groups   Encounter for Changes in Daily Life
     in Central America.                                                        (PUNtOS)
           We’re also building on previous efforts to reduce feminicide.
     In this extreme form of gender-based violence, victims often are           reducing feminicide—gender-based
     raped and tortured before they are killed. An organization we support      violent murders—through the creation
     established the Mexican Citizen’s Observatory on Feminicide, which         of a regional alliance that connects
     registers murders and monitors the implementation of policies to           advocates in mexico, Guatemala,
     protect women. This grantee now leads a regional alliance joining          Nicaragua, honduras and El Salvador.
     advocates in Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador        grantee: Catholics for the Right to
     to address the culture of violence that continues to claim women’s         Decide (CDD)
     lives and undermine their autonomy. As a result of these and other
     efforts, Guatemala passed a law that identifies—and prohibits—this         For a full list of grantees, go to
                                                                                www.fordfoundation.org
     type of murder and other countries are expected to follow suit.
     The stakes are rising: As growing numbers of women travel to distant
     cities and cross national borders in search of work, they are more
     vulnerable to sexual abuse, unwanted pregnancy and murder.
     The many organizations we support are working to protect their rights
     and their lives.



                                                                                                                        basic reproductive rights remain
                                                                                                                        out of reach for many women,
                                                                                                                        particularly migrants.
20   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                       FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA   21
           IssUes, INITIATIves AND gRANT sPeNDINg
           IN MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                    2009                     2010
                                                                                                              2009                     2010




                                                                                                               TOTAL GRANT SPENDING   TOTAL GRANT SPENDING
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22   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                                                                                   23
           FORD FOUNDATION WORlDWIDe                                                                                  OUr OFFiCes                             AFriCA AnD                               AsiA                                     lAtin AMeriCA
                                                                                                                      wOrlDwiDe                               MiDDle eAst                                                                       AnD CAriBBeAn
                                                                                                                                                                                                       CHina
                                                                                                                      UniteD stAtes                           EaStErn aFriCa                           International Club                       andEan rEGion
                                                                                                                                                              Rahimtullah Towers,                      Office Building                          and SoutHErn ConE
                                                                                                                      HEadQuartErS                            12th Floor                               Suite 501                                Mariano Sánchez
                                                                                                                      320 East 43rd Street                    Upper Hill Road                          Jianguomenwai Dajie,                     Fontecilla 310
                                                                                                                      New York, N.Y. 10017                    Nairobi, Kenya                           No. 21                                   Piso 14
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Beijing, China 100020                    Las Condes
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                                                                                                                                                              nortH aFriCa                             india, nEPaL
                                                                                                                                                              Tagher Building                          and Sri LanKa                            BraZiL
                                                                                                                                                              1, Osiris Street , 7th Floor             55 Lodi Estate                           Praia do Flamengo 154
                                                                                                                                                              Garden City                              New Delhi 110 003                        8° Andar
                                                                                                                                                              Cairo 11511                              India                                    CEP 22210-030
                                                                                                                                                              Egypt                                                                             Rio de Janeiro, R.J.
     tO leArn MOre about             BOArD OF trUstees        J. CliFFOrD hUDsOn          n.r. nArAYAnA MUrthY                                                                                         indonESia                                Brazil
     the Ford Foundation and                                  Chairman of the Board and   Chairman of the Board and                                           SoutHErn aFriCa                          Sequis Center, 11th Floor
     our grant making, visit         irene hirAnO inOUYe      Chief Executive officer     Chief Mentor                                                        5th Floor, Braamfontein                  Jl. Jend. Sudirman 71                    MEXiCo and
     www.fordfoundation.org          Chair of the Board       Sonic Corporation           Infosys Technologies Ltd.                                           Centre                                   Jakarta 12190                            CEntraL aMEriCa
                                     Washington, D.C.         Oklahoma City, Okla.        Bangalore, India                                                    23 Jorissen Street                       Indonesia                                Emilio Castelar 131
     tO APPlY FOr A GrAnt,                                                                                                                                    Braamfontein 2001                                                                 Colonia Polanco
                                     lUis A. UBiÑAs           YOlAnDA KAKABADse           Peter A. nADOsY
     visit www.fordfoundation.                                                                                                                                Johannesburg,                                                                     11560 Mexico, D.F
                                     President                Senior adviser              Managing Partner                                                    South Africa
     org/grants/grant-inquiry/
                                     New York, N.Y.           Fundación Futuro            East End Advisors LLC
     mexico-and-central-                                      Latinoamericano             New York, N.Y.
     america where you will                                                                                                                                   WESt aFriCa
                                     KOFi APPentenG           Quito, Ecuador                                                                                  Ten 105 Close
     find a Grant Application        Partner                                              CeCile riChArDs                                                     Banana Island, Ikoyi
     Guide that describes our        The West Africa Fund     rOBert s. KAPlAn            President                                                           Lagos, Nigeria
     process and an online                                    Professor of Management     Planned Parenthood
                                     Partner                  Practice                    Federation of America
     form you may use to
                                     Constant Capital         Harvard Business School     and Planned Parenthood
     submit a grant inquiry.         Redding, Conn.           Boston, Mass.               Action Fund
                                                                                          New York, N.Y.
                                     AFsAneh M. BesChlOss     Senior director
                                     President and Chief      The Goldman Sachs
                                     Executive officer        Group Inc.
                                     The Rock Creek Group     New York, N.Y.
                                     Washington, D.C.
                                                              thUrGOOD MArshAll Jr.
                                     JUliet V. GArCÍA         Partner
                                     President                Bingham McCutchen
                                     University of Texas at
                                                              Principal                                                                                 New York
                                     Brownsville and Texas                                                                                                                                                                                                  Beijing
                                                              Bingham Consulting
                                     Southmost College
                                                              Group                                                                                                                                                      Cairo
                                     Brownsville, Texas
                                                              Washington, D.C.                                                                                                                                                   New Delhi
                                                                                                                              Mexico City

                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lagos
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Nairobi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Jakarta

                                                                                                                                                                   Rio de Janeiro
                                                                                                                                             Santiago                                                                  Johannesburg




                                                                                                                      PhOtO CreDits: Cover: Adriana Zehbrauskas/Polaris | Page 1: left, Karen Robinson/Panos; right, Caroline Penn/Panos | Pages 2-3: left to right,
                                                                                                                      Alex Webb/Magnum Photos; Shaul Schwarz/Getty Images; Mario Bronfman | Pages 3-4: left to right, Caroline Penn/Panos; Keith Dannemiller;
                                                                                                                      Yannis Kontos/Polaris/Panos;Stuart Freedman/Panos, Alex Webb/Magnum Photos; Teun Voeten/Panos; Sean Sprague/Panos; Giacomo Pirozzi/Panos |
                                                                                                                      Pages 6-7: Caroline Penn/Panos Page 9: Paul Smith/Panos | Page 10: Dermot Tatlow/Panos | Page 13: Keith Dannemiller/Corbis | Page 14: Caroline Penn/Panos |
                                                                                                                      Page 17: Cindy Miller Hopkins/DanitaDelimont.com | Page 18: Ronaldo Schemidt/AFP/Getty Images | Page 21: Michel Gounot/Godong/Panos
24   FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                     FORD FOUNDATION | MexIcO AND ceNTRAl AMeRIcA                                                                                                                  3

				
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