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Progressive Movement DBQ PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT DBQ Historical Context: • The Progressive Movement that began at the turn of the century was an attempt to bring about reforms and to correct injustices in American life. Task: • Using information from the documents and your knowledge of the Progressive Movement, complete the chart in Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you complete Part B in which you will write an essay to answer the question below. DBQ question: • To what extent did the reforms proposed during the Progressive Movement address the social, political and economic problems of the era? Document A ...Meat scraps were also found being shoveled into receptacles from dirty floors, where they were left to lie until again shoveled into barrels or into machines for chopping. These floors, it must be noted, were in most cases damp and soggy, in dark, ill-ventilated rooms, and the employees in utter ignorance of cleanliness or danger to health expectorated at will upon them. In a word, we saw meat shoveled from filthy wooden floors, piled on tables rarely washed, pushed from room to room in rotten box carts, in all of which processes it was in the way of gathering dirt, splinters, floor filth, and the expectoration of tuberculosis and other diseased workers. Where comment was made to floor superintendents about these matters, it was always the reply that this meat would afterwards be cooked, and that this sterilization would prevent any danger from its use. Even this, it may be pointed out in passing, is not wholly true. A very considerable portion of the meat so handled is sent out as smoked products and in the form of sausages, which are prepared to be eaten without being cooked... Source: Upton Sinclair's, The Jungle (1906) Document B Life in the Shop, by Clara Lemlich First let me tell you something about the way we work and what we are paid. There are two kinds of work—regular, that is salary work, and piecework. The regular work pays about $6 a week and the girls have to be at their machines at 7 o'clock in the morning and they stay at them until 8 o'clock at night, with just one-half hour for lunch in that time. The shops. Well, there is just one row of machines that the daylight ever gets to— that is the front row, nearest the window. The girls at all the other rows of machines back in the shops have to work by gaslight, by day as well as by night. Oh, yes, the shops keep the work going at night, too. The shops are unsanitary—that's the word that is generally used, but there ought to be a worse one used. Whenever we tear or damage any of the goods we sew on, or whenever it is found damaged after we are through with it, whether we have done it or not, we are charged for the piece and sometimes for a whole yard of the material. At the beginning of every slow season, $2 is deducted from our salaries. We have never been able to find out what this is for. Source: Leon Stein, ed., Out of the Sweatshop: The Struggle for Industrial Democracy (New York: Quadrangle/New Times Book Company, 1977) Document C This law was a direct result of the Muller v. Oregon (1908) supreme court case. ‘Sec. 1. That no female (shall) be employed in any mechanical establishment, or factory, or laundry in this state more than ten hours during any one day. The hours of work may be so arranged as to permit the employment of females at any time so that they shall not work more than ten hours during the twenty-four hours of any one day.’ Source: Session Laws of Oregon 1908, p. 148, sec. 1 Document D Source: The Verdict 22 May 1906 by C. Gordon Moffat Document E The Uprising of the Twenty Thousands Dedicated to the Waistmakers of 1909) In the black of the winter of nineteen nine, When we froze and bled on the picket line, We showed the world that women could fight And we rose and won with women's might. Chorus: Hail the waistmakers of nineteen nine, Making their stand on the picket line, Breaking the power of those who reign, Pointing the way, smashing the chain. And we gave new courage to the men Who carried on in nineteen ten And shoulder to shoulder we'll win through, Led by the I.L.G.W.U. Source: from Let's Sing! (1909). Educational Department, International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union , New York City, n.d. Document F Women's suffrage protest in front of the White House, February 1917 Source: Library of Congress Document G Source: MultiEducator. 2004. http://www.multied.com/elections/1912Elec.html Document H Sources : Mabel Newcomer, A Century of Higher Education for American Women (New York Harper and Row; 1959), p. 46. Document I City Reforms Cities hired experts in different fields to run a City single aspect of city government. For example, Commissioner the sanitation commissioner would be in charge of Plan garbage and sewage removal. A professional city manager is hired to run each department of the city and report directly to the City Manager Plan city council. Source: Regents Prep. City Reforms of the Progressive Era Document J Source: Library of Congress Description: Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point, Yosemite Valley, California, c1906. Document K Document L Source: Regents Prep. Child Labor Reforms Document M Document N We propose. . . “effective legislation to prevent industrial accidents, occupational dis-eases, overwork, and unemployment . . . to fix minimum standards of health and safety in industry . . . and to provide a living wage throughout industry . . . . Source: Progressive Party Platform (1912) Document Document Description Reform/ or need for reform Impact Letter A B C D E Document Document Description Reform/ or need for reform Impact Letter F G H I J Document Document Description Reform/ or need for reform Impact Letter K L M N Thesis The Progressive Movement ushered in a new era of reform. Common interests brought reformers, workers, politicians, women, and African Americans together to strive for improved social, political, and economic conditions. A government once seeped in lassiez-faire policies and corruption began to change its focus toward the people. Although there were ambiguities with progressivism, it significantly changed path of the United States at the turn of the century.
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