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Progressive Movement - PowerPoint


									Progressive Movement

Historical Context:
• The Progressive Movement that began at the turn of the century
   was an attempt to bring about reforms and to correct injustices in
   American life.

• Using information from the documents and your knowledge of the
  Progressive Movement, complete the chart in Part A. Your answers
  to the questions will help you complete Part B in which you will write
  an essay to answer the question below.

DBQ question:
• To what extent did the reforms proposed during the Progressive
  Movement address the social, political and economic problems of
  the era?
                     Document A
...Meat scraps were also found being shoveled into receptacles from
dirty floors, where they were left to lie until again shoveled into
barrels or into machines for chopping. These floors, it must be
noted, were in most cases damp and soggy, in dark, ill-ventilated
rooms, and the employees in utter ignorance of cleanliness or
danger to health expectorated at will upon them. In a word, we saw
meat shoveled from filthy wooden floors, piled on tables rarely
washed, pushed from room to room in rotten box carts, in all of
which processes it was in the way of gathering dirt, splinters, floor
filth, and the expectoration of tuberculosis and other diseased
Where comment was made to floor superintendents about these
matters, it was always the reply that this meat would afterwards be
cooked, and that this sterilization would prevent any danger from its
use. Even this, it may be pointed out in passing, is not wholly true. A
very considerable portion of the meat so handled is sent out as
smoked products and in the form of sausages, which are prepared
to be eaten without being cooked...

                      Source: Upton Sinclair's, The Jungle (1906)
                          Document B
Life in the Shop, by Clara Lemlich

First let me tell you something about the way we work and what we are paid. There
are two kinds of work—regular, that is salary work, and piecework. The regular
work pays about $6 a week and the girls have to be at their machines at 7 o'clock
in the morning and they stay at them until 8 o'clock at night, with just one-half hour
for lunch in that time.

The shops. Well, there is just one row of machines that the daylight ever gets to—
that is the front row, nearest the window. The girls at all the other rows of
machines back in the shops have to work by gaslight, by day as well as by night.
Oh, yes, the shops keep the work going at night, too.

The shops are unsanitary—that's the word that is generally used, but there ought
to be a worse one used. Whenever we tear or damage any of the goods we sew
on, or whenever it is found damaged after we are through with it, whether we have
done it or not, we are charged for the piece and sometimes for a whole yard of the

At the beginning of every slow season, $2 is deducted from our salaries. We have
never been able to find out what this is for.

Source: Leon Stein, ed., Out of the Sweatshop: The Struggle for Industrial
Democracy (New York: Quadrangle/New Times Book Company, 1977)
                Document C
This law was a direct result of the Muller v. Oregon
(1908) supreme court case.

‘Sec. 1. That no female (shall) be employed in any
mechanical establishment, or factory, or laundry in this
state more than ten hours during any one day. The hours
of work may be so arranged as to permit the
employment of females at any time so that they shall not
work more than ten hours during the twenty-four hours of
any one day.’

Source: Session Laws of Oregon 1908, p. 148, sec. 1
        Document D

Source: The Verdict 22 May 1906 by C. Gordon Moffat
                          Document E
              The Uprising of the Twenty Thousands
              Dedicated to the Waistmakers of 1909)
In the black of the winter of nineteen nine,
When we froze and bled on the picket line,
We showed the world that women could fight
And we rose and won with women's might.

Hail the waistmakers of nineteen nine,
Making their stand on the picket line,
Breaking the power of those who reign,
Pointing the way, smashing the chain.

And we gave new courage to the men
Who carried on in nineteen ten
And shoulder to shoulder we'll win through,
Led by the I.L.G.W.U.

Source: from Let's Sing! (1909). Educational Department, International Ladies' Garment Workers'
Union , New York City, n.d.
                      Document F
Women's suffrage protest in front of the White House, February 1917

Source: Library of Congress
                    Document G

Source: MultiEducator. 2004.
                   Document H

Sources : Mabel Newcomer, A Century of Higher Education for American
Women (New York Harper and Row; 1959), p. 46.
                      Document I

                           City Reforms

                         Cities hired experts in different fields to run a
     City                single aspect of city government. For example,
  Commissioner           the sanitation commissioner would be in charge of
    Plan                 garbage and sewage removal.

                         A professional city manager is hired to run each
                         department of the city and report directly to the
City Manager Plan        city council.

   Source: Regents Prep. City Reforms of the Progressive Era
                         Document J

                         Source: Library of Congress
Description: Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point, Yosemite Valley,
                              California, c1906.
Document K
     Document L

Source: Regents Prep. Child Labor Reforms
Document M
            Document N
We propose. . . “effective legislation
to prevent industrial accidents,
occupational dis-eases, overwork,
and unemployment . . . to fix
minimum standards of health and
safety in industry . . . and to provide a
living wage throughout industry . . . .

        Source: Progressive Party Platform (1912)
Document    Document Description   Reform/ or need for reform   Impact





Document   Document Description   Reform/ or need for reform   Impact





Document   Document Description   Reform/ or need for reform   Impact




The Progressive Movement ushered in a
new era of reform. Common interests
brought reformers, workers, politicians,
women, and African Americans together to
strive for improved social, political, and
economic conditions. A government once
seeped in lassiez-faire policies and
corruption began to change its focus
toward the people. Although there were
ambiguities with progressivism, it
significantly changed path of the United
States at the turn of the century.

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