YEAR 8- WELLBEING
WHAT IS A CIGARETTE?
A cigarette contains over 4000 chemicals. Many of them
cause cancer and they include;
1. TAR- this is a black, sticky substance that contains poisonous
2. NICOTINE- chemical in tobacco that causes addiction.
3. CARBON MONOXIDE- poisonous gas.
4. HYDROGEN CYONIDE- poison used in the gas chambers in
5. METALS- nickel, arsenic and cadmium.
6. RADIOACTIVE COMPONENTS
LIST ALL THE DIFFERENT NAMES
YOU HAVE HEARD USED FOR
WHAT CAN JUST 1 DO?
Increase carbon monoxide levels in lungs.
Nicotine goes to the brain and muscle tissue.
Heart rate increases.
Blood pressure increases.
Skin temperature decreases.
Lung capacity decreases.
Eye and nasal passages become irritated.
Tremors in your hands
Your airways leading to your lungs can become blocked.
Number these from 1-10 of importance, with one being
the most severe effect and 10 being the least.
STIMULANT- Speeds up our bodies so that
out heart rate, blood pressure, and our
bodies in general works harder than it
Can you name any other stimulants?
• Smoking killed 100 million people in the 20th
century and is predicted to kill 1 billion people in
the 21st century.
• Worldwide, there are approx. 1.1 billion people
• Every day approx. 6000 young people try a
cigarette for the first time. 3000 of them become
• I out of every 2 smokers die prematurely.
• Regular smokers have 1 in 6 chances of developing
• Smoking is the most common form of cancer of the
throat and mouth.
• Increases chances of developing stomach ulcers.
• Smokers are 10 times more likely to get heart
disease or have a stroke.
UNPLEASANT EFFECTS ON
THE BODY SMELL- smokers cannot smell
how they smell
to others and can also suffer bad
TASTE- taste buds don’t work as
well so you
may not enjoy your food properly.
PREGNANCY- Females have
more trouble falling
pregnant and may have painful
Smoking can also harm the baby if it
continues through pregnancy.
CIRCULATION- Narrowing of the
veins may lead to poor circulation.
HAIR/NAILS- greasy and unclean.
RISK RATING QUIZ
AS A CLASS COMPLETE THIS SURVEY
YES / NO
Do your parent(s) smoke?
Do your friends smoke?
Do you belong to a club where you
are permitted to smoke?
Do you like the smell of smoke?
RISK RATING SURVEY 2
INDIVIDUALLY COMPLETE THIS SURVEY
what do you think when you see someone
Stupid 1 2 3 4 5 Cool
how do you feel when you think about
Disgusted 1 2 3 4 5 Excited
do you asssociate smoking with...
good times? 1 2 3 4 5 poor health?
Teenage smoking rates in Victoria are
- approx. 33% Girls (aged 16-17 yrs) smoke
- approx. 30% Boys (aged 16-17 yrs) smoke
If kids start smoking before age 15, they are
likely to be smokers as adults.
ADULTS VS TEENS
Percentage of adult smokers by year and gender
Year males females
1945 72 26
1964 58 28
1969 45 28
1974 45 30
1976 43 33
1980 41 31
1983 40 31
1986 33 29
1989 30 27
1992 28 24
1995 27 23
2001 22 22
DISCUSS HOW THESE FIGURES COMPARE TO THE % OF TEENAGERS AND
WHAT TRENDS IT SUGGESTS.
INFLUENCES ON TEENS TO SMOKE
Need to conform
Family (parents smoke)
Friends- seen to be cool, more interesting
Believe smoking can calm them down,
relieve stress, help them to concentrate,
help them to lose weight or help them to
have a good time.
Complete the WHY SMOKE worksheet
The percentage of teens smoking is
dropping consistently. List some
possible reasons for this decline.
NO. OF TEENS SMOKING
DROPPING DUE TO……..
Increase in retail cost by
70% since 2000.
More education programs
in schools for teenagers.
Mass media campaigns.
SELLING TO UNDERAGE
$200 fine and being prosecuted in
magistrates court. If found guilty,
they may incur a fine of $5000,
lose their ability to sell tobacco
products for a specified time and
be forced to pay court costs.
WATCH THESE 3 ADVERTISMENTS
AND COMPLETE ATTACHED
• Breathing in another persons smoke from their cigarette.
The process of smoking produces three different types of
1. Mainstream smoke – this is smoke directly inhaled by the
smoker through a
2. Exhaled mainstream smoke – this is smoke breathed out by
3. Sidestream smoke – this is smoke which drifts from the
burning end of a
PASSIVE SMOKING CONT.
Sidestream smoke contains many cancer causing
chemicals and other toxic substances. In some cases
their levels are thirty times higher than in the smoke
inhaled by the smoker. For example, compared to
mainstream smoke, sidestream smoke contains greater
amounts of ammonia, benzene, carbon monoxide,
nicotine and some carcinogens from the same amount of
However, because sidestream smoke is mixed with air
before being inhaled, passive smokers don’t receive
the same concentration of toxic chemicals as active
smokers, who draw the tobacco smoke directly into their
lungs. This means active smoking is more dangerous
to health than passive smoking.
PASSIVE SMOKING EFFECTS
• Heart disease
• Lung cancer
• Irritation of the eyes and nose
• Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS or cot death)
• Lower birthweight (where the mother was exposed to
• Bronchitis, pneumonia and other lung/airways infections
• Asthma, and worsening of asthma in children who
already have this disease
• Middle ear disease (otitis media or ‘glue ear’)
• Respiratory symptoms (coughing, wheezing)
Passive smoking Advertisement
Watch this advertisement and discuss ways that the
impacts of Passive smoking can be limited for YOURSELF.
* Complete the “It’s my air, too” worksheet.
There is a range of approaches to
prevent and reduce drug related harm
• Early intervention.
• Specialised treatment.
• Supply control.
• Safer drug use.
•Harm minimisation does not
condone or encourage drug
•It aims to reduce the risks and
promotes healthier, alternative
WHEN YOU STOP SMOKING
20 MINUTES- Blood pressure starts to drop.
8 HOURS- Carbon monoxide clears from the blood
1 DAY- lungs notice a change, begin clearing the mucus
2 DAYS- nicotine completely clear. Craving begin to
1 WEEK- more energy, better senses.
3 MONTHS- lungs working better.
6 MONTHS- half the chance of having a heart attack.
10 YEARS- Same health wise as someone who has
1.It is illegal to smoke cigarettes under 16yrs.
2. A cigarette is a vehicle for rapidly delivering nicotine to the brain.
3. It is illegal to buy cigarettes under the age of 16.
4. Most people become regular smokers because they
5. All cigarette packets must carry a health warning.
6. You are dependant on nicotine within the 1st 100 cigarettes.
7. Tobacco is responsible for more deaths than any other drug.
8. Tobacco only harms smokers.
9. It is legal to sell cigarettes to anyone under 16.
10. Each time you smoke a cigarette, chemical changes
Are taking place in your brain.