SMOKING YEAR 8- WELLBEING WHAT IS A CIGARETTE? A cigarette contains over 4000 chemicals. Many of them cause cancer and they include; 1. TAR- this is a black, sticky substance that contains poisonous chemicals. 2. NICOTINE- chemical in tobacco that causes addiction. 3. CARBON MONOXIDE- poisonous gas. 4. HYDROGEN CYONIDE- poison used in the gas chambers in WW2. 5. METALS- nickel, arsenic and cadmium. 6. RADIOACTIVE COMPONENTS 7. PESTOCIDE BRAINSTORMING ACTIVITY LIST ALL THE DIFFERENT NAMES YOU HAVE HEARD USED FOR CIGARETTE. WHAT CAN JUST 1 DO? Increase carbon monoxide levels in lungs. Nicotine goes to the brain and muscle tissue. Heart rate increases. Blood pressure increases. Skin temperature decreases. Lung capacity decreases. Bad breath. Eye and nasal passages become irritated. Tremors in your hands Your airways leading to your lungs can become blocked. Number these from 1-10 of importance, with one being the most severe effect and 10 being the least. NICOTINE STIMULANT- Speeds up our bodies so that out heart rate, blood pressure, and our bodies in general works harder than it needs to. Can you name any other stimulants? ALARMING FACTS • Smoking killed 100 million people in the 20th century and is predicted to kill 1 billion people in the 21st century. • Worldwide, there are approx. 1.1 billion people who smoke. • Every day approx. 6000 young people try a cigarette for the first time. 3000 of them become daily smokers. • I out of every 2 smokers die prematurely. HEALTH FACTS • Regular smokers have 1 in 6 chances of developing lung cancer. • Smoking is the most common form of cancer of the throat and mouth. • Increases chances of developing stomach ulcers. • Smokers are 10 times more likely to get heart disease or have a stroke. UNPLEASANT EFFECTS ON THE BODY SMELL- smokers cannot smell how they smell to others and can also suffer bad breath. TASTE- taste buds don’t work as well so you may not enjoy your food properly. PREGNANCY- Females have more trouble falling pregnant and may have painful menstruations. Smoking can also harm the baby if it continues through pregnancy. CIRCULATION- Narrowing of the veins may lead to poor circulation. HAIR/NAILS- greasy and unclean. TEETH- Yellow RISK RATING QUIZ AS A CLASS COMPLETE THIS SURVEY YES / NO Do your parent(s) smoke? Do your friends smoke? Do you belong to a club where you are permitted to smoke? Do you like the smell of smoke? RISK RATING SURVEY 2 INDIVIDUALLY COMPLETE THIS SURVEY what do you think when you see someone smoking? Stupid 1 2 3 4 5 Cool how do you feel when you think about smoking? Disgusted 1 2 3 4 5 Excited do you asssociate smoking with... good times? 1 2 3 4 5 poor health? TEENAGE SMOKERS Teenage smoking rates in Victoria are particularly high; - approx. 33% Girls (aged 16-17 yrs) smoke regularly. - approx. 30% Boys (aged 16-17 yrs) smoke regularly. If kids start smoking before age 15, they are likely to be smokers as adults. ADULTS VS TEENS Percentage of adult smokers by year and gender Year males females 1945 72 26 1964 58 28 1969 45 28 1974 45 30 1976 43 33 1980 41 31 1983 40 31 1986 33 29 1989 30 27 1992 28 24 1995 27 23 2001 22 22 DISCUSS HOW THESE FIGURES COMPARE TO THE % OF TEENAGERS AND WHAT TRENDS IT SUGGESTS. INFLUENCES ON TEENS TO SMOKE Need to conform Media images Family (parents smoke) Friends- seen to be cool, more interesting Believe smoking can calm them down, relieve stress, help them to concentrate, help them to lose weight or help them to have a good time. Complete the WHY SMOKE worksheet % DECREASING The percentage of teens smoking is dropping consistently. List some possible reasons for this decline. * * * * NO. OF TEENS SMOKING DROPPING DUE TO…….. Increase in retail cost by 70% since 2000. More education programs in schools for teenagers. Mass media campaigns. SELLING TO UNDERAGE $200 fine and being prosecuted in magistrates court. If found guilty, they may incur a fine of $5000, lose their ability to sell tobacco products for a specified time and be forced to pay court costs. WATCH THESE 3 ADVERTISMENTS AND COMPLETE ATTACHED WORKSHEET PASSIVE SMOKING • Breathing in another persons smoke from their cigarette. The process of smoking produces three different types of tobacco smoke: 1. Mainstream smoke – this is smoke directly inhaled by the smoker through a burning cigarette. 2. Exhaled mainstream smoke – this is smoke breathed out by the smoker. 3. Sidestream smoke – this is smoke which drifts from the burning end of a cigarette. PASSIVE SMOKING CONT. Sidestream smoke contains many cancer causing chemicals and other toxic substances. In some cases their levels are thirty times higher than in the smoke inhaled by the smoker. For example, compared to mainstream smoke, sidestream smoke contains greater amounts of ammonia, benzene, carbon monoxide, nicotine and some carcinogens from the same amount of burnt tobacco. However, because sidestream smoke is mixed with air before being inhaled, passive smokers don’t receive the same concentration of toxic chemicals as active smokers, who draw the tobacco smoke directly into their lungs. This means active smoking is more dangerous to health than passive smoking. PASSIVE SMOKING EFFECTS In adults • Heart disease • Lung cancer • Irritation of the eyes and nose In children • Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS or cot death) • Lower birthweight (where the mother was exposed to ETS) • Bronchitis, pneumonia and other lung/airways infections • Asthma, and worsening of asthma in children who already have this disease • Middle ear disease (otitis media or ‘glue ear’) • Respiratory symptoms (coughing, wheezing) Passive smoking Advertisement Watch this advertisement and discuss ways that the impacts of Passive smoking can be limited for YOURSELF. * Complete the “It’s my air, too” worksheet. HARM MINIMISATION There is a range of approaches to prevent and reduce drug related harm including; • Prevention. • Early intervention. • Specialised treatment. • Supply control. • Safer drug use. • Abstinence. CONTINUED •Harm minimisation does not condone or encourage drug use!! •It aims to reduce the risks and promotes healthier, alternative behaviours. WHEN YOU STOP SMOKING 20 MINUTES- Blood pressure starts to drop. 8 HOURS- Carbon monoxide clears from the blood stream. 1 DAY- lungs notice a change, begin clearing the mucus and tar. 2 DAYS- nicotine completely clear. Craving begin to ease. 1 WEEK- more energy, better senses. 3 MONTHS- lungs working better. 6 MONTHS- half the chance of having a heart attack. 10 YEARS- Same health wise as someone who has never smoked. QUIZ TRUE FALSE 1.It is illegal to smoke cigarettes under 16yrs. 2. A cigarette is a vehicle for rapidly delivering nicotine to the brain. 3. It is illegal to buy cigarettes under the age of 16. 4. Most people become regular smokers because they decide to. 5. All cigarette packets must carry a health warning. 6. You are dependant on nicotine within the 1st 100 cigarettes. 7. Tobacco is responsible for more deaths than any other drug. 8. Tobacco only harms smokers. 9. It is legal to sell cigarettes to anyone under 16. 10. Each time you smoke a cigarette, chemical changes Are taking place in your brain.
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