For More Information Check with your local USDA Ser- vice Center providers: • Natural Resources Conserva- tion Service • Conservation District office Water Conservation Tips • Farmers Home Administration for Stretching Water on Consult your local irrigation district or irrigation equipment suppliers Pasture & Range Contact your Cooperative Extension Service office in Utah Check these Web sites: • www.nrcs.usda.gov/feature/ highlights/drought.html • http://extension.usu.edu/ drought/agriculture.cfm—for water saving tips by county • www.drought.unl.edu/mitigate/ ag_tools.htm Other Tip Sheets • Water Conservation Tips for Stretching Water on Crops & Soils • Water Conservation Ideas for Dryland Farmers • Water Conservation Tips for Stretching Irrigation Water Natural Resources Conservation Service • Crop & Irrigation Management U.S. Department of Agriculture During Drought Penalty for private use, $300 _________________ To download these tip sheets go to: OFFICIAL BUSINESS http://www.ut.nrcs.usda.gov/ farmers.html USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. www.ut.nrcs.usda.gov Range & Pasture Tips Rather than Risk Permanent Wildlife During Drought Damage to Grazing Resources, During times of drought, wildlife suffer as much or more than domestic livestock. The Consider these Options: wildlife that share your land are a valuable ►Reduce livestock numbers to balance with natural resource. To help wildlife: Extra Care Needed to: forage supply ►Include additional features at stock water Utah’s severe drought continues to impact ►Cull herds more than normal developments which will allow small range and pasture production. The follow- animals and birds safe access to water ing tips from the Natural Resources Conser- ►Sell calves and lambs early (these are usually not expensive and are vation Service (NRCS) can help you pre- ►Determine forage needs and buy additional easily installed) pare for and better deal with water shortage. forage supplies early ►Fence ponds and springs and install Irrigated Pasture ►Grow small grains or sorghums for hay or pasture (these need less water than conventional collector pipes to deliver water to a tank or trough. This will save the water source Management practices on irrigated pasture from damage by livestock trampling, as forage crops) which encourage root and leaf growth are well as allow access by small animals and the same practices which allow plants to ►Defer planting perennial pasture, hay, or birds to lush vegetation that grows close to make the best use of soil moisture. They range seeding until a year with more favorable wet areas. include: water outlook ►Rotation grazing with adequate rest and ►Keep spring developments, stock tanks, float regrowth periods valves and pipelines in good working order so water is not wasted ►Leaving 4-6 inches of top growth at the end of each grazing period ►Use evaporation retardants on ponds & tanks ►Fertilizing properly ►Prepare for hauling stock water ►Applying irrigation water in the right ►Give spring development high priority (even amount at the right time mediocre springs will be helpful) Range and Dry Pasture ►Check with local NRCS and FSA offices to learn if regular or emergency cost-share pro- Forage production on dry pasture or range grams are available to help with spring develop- depends entirely on natural moisture. March 2004 ment, water harvesting, storage tanks, or other Overgrazing during a drought does more This publication provided as a service to Utah farmers water conservation practices. damage to perennial plants than during a and ranchers by the Utah state office of the season of normal moisture. It reduces plant ►Don’t overgraze or otherwise disturb stream Natural Resources Conservation Service vigor, stops root and leaf growth, reduces bank vegetation (it will be needed to prevent 125 South State Street, Salt Lake City UT 84138 erosion, reduce sediment, and provide food and For further assistance contact your county NRCS field ground cover, and invites accelerated office listed below, or in the phone book under USDA. erosion. Once erosion begins, it tends to get cover for wildlife) worse each year, further reducing plant ►Remember, if a pasture unit must be abused, a vigor and forage production. This process well established seeding can tolerate overgraz- is difficult to reverse. ing better than native range.
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