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					            GF·89·5

GOVERNMENT FINANCES


Government
 Finances:
  1988-89




  U.S. Department of Commerce
     BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

                                \
                                    ,
                                    \
                              GF-89-5

GOVERNMENT FINANCES


         Government
           Finances:
             1988--89




                   Issued February 1991




    U.S. Department' of Commerce
     Robert A~ Mosbacher, Secretary
      MIchael R~Darby, Under Secretary
                   for Economic Affairs

             BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
         B.m •• Evernt Bryant, Director
                            BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
                           Barbara Everitt Bryant, Director
                           C.L. Kincannon, Deputy Director
                          Charles A. Wahe, Associate Director
                                for Economic Programs

                                   Governments Division
                             William C. Fanning, Acting Chief




                          SUGGESTED BRIEF CITATION
             U.S. Bureau of the Census, Government Finances: 1988·89
                                   Series GF-89-5
                U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1991




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402
Contents


                                                                                                                                                                                   Page


Introduction ..•....•....•..•............•......••.........•...•...•.•.........•.                                                                                                    v
                                                                                  SUMMARY

Table

1.        Summary of Federal, State, and Local Government Finances: /985-86 to 1988-89 .                                                                                              1
2         Summary of Government Finances by Level and Type of Government: 1988-89 ....                                                                                                2
3.        Summary of Government Finances in Relation to Population and Personal Income by
           Level of Government: 1988-89.............................                                  ......•.•..•......•••.......                                                    3
4.        Summary of Federal Government Finances: 1985-86 to 1(:)88-89 ..•.. • . • . . . . • . . . • . . .                                                                            4
5.        Summary of State and Local Government Finances: 1985-86 to 1988-89............                                                                                              6
6.        Summary of Government Revenue by Source, Level, and Type of Government:
           1988-89 ...•.......•.........•...........•...•...•.•.•................•.....•.............                                                                                 7
7.        Summary of Government Expenditure by Character and Object, Level, and Type of
           Government: 1988-89 ...•...••.••.••....•.........•.••....••.........•.•...••......••.•.                                                                                    8
8.        Summary of Government Expenditure by Character and Object, Function, and Level
           of Government: 1988-89 ..•...••..•.••.•.........••.....•.......••.....•....•.......•.•.                                                                                    9
9.        Summary of Direct and Intergovernmental Expenditure by Function and Level of
           Government: 1988-89 .......••.......••.•....•.••.••.••...•......•..•..•...•.........•..                                                                                   12
10.       Summary of Direct Government Expenditure by Function, Level, and Type of
           Government: 1988-89 ..•.••...•••.•.••..•.•..•.•..•..•...•..•.••.......•.••...•....•....                                                                                   13
11.       Summary of Government Expenditure for Capital Outlay by Function, Level, and
           Type of Government: 1988-89                                         ,.........................................                                                            15
12.       Summary of Finances for State and Local Government-Operated Utilities by Type of
           Utility and Government: 1988-89 .... .. • .. .. .. •.. .. .. • .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. •                                                         16
13.       Summary of Government Indebtedness and Debt Transactions by Level and Type of
           Government: 1988-89 .•............•..•••...••...•..•••.•......•••.•.•......•••....•.•..                                                                                   16
14.       Summary of Cash and Security Holdings of State and Local Governments by Type
           and Purpose of Holdings, and Level and Type of Government: 1988-89 .•...••••...                                                                                           17
15.       Summary of Government Insurance Trust Finances by Level of Government and
           Type of Insurance Trust: 1988-89 .••..•••..••••...••...••.••.•••.•.••.••..•..••.•.....•                                                                                   18
16.       Summary of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement System Finances by
           Level of Government: 1988-89 ..•..•.•.•..•...•.•.•..•••••••••....•••.••..•..••••.••.•.                                                                                    19


                                                                                  REVENUE

17.       Summary of State and Local Government Revenue by States: 1988-89 ..••••••••.•••                                                                                            20
18.       General Revenue of State and Local Governments by Source and States:
            1988-89 ......       110
                                   iIo   •••••••   "".II"   ••   """.lI   •••••    " 10 •••   '"   11010 I."""   .. ".""".""""   ••   """"   ••••   """"   ••   ,, ••••   ""."..     21
19.       Origin and Allocation of State and Local Government General Revenue by Level of
           Government and States: 1988-89 .••••.•..••••••••••.••••••.•••••••••••••..••••••••••••                                                                                     22
                                                                                                                                     Page


                                                          EXPENDITURE
     20.    Summary of StatP dnd Local Government Expenditure by States: 1988-89                                                      24
     21 .   State and Local Government tXf1enditure by Character and Object and States:
             1988-89 ..........................•.•.                   _.                                                              25
     22.    Expenditure of State and Local Governments by Function and States: 1988-89                                                26
     23.    Allocation of State and Local Government Direct General Expenditure by Level of
             Government and States: 1988-89.......................................................                                    32
     24.    Capital Outlay of State and Local Governments for Selected Functions by Stat",s:
              1988-89 .........................•.................................•......................                              34


                                  DEBT AND CASH AND SECURITY HOLDINGS
     25.    Indebtedness and Debt Transactions of State and Local Governments by States:
              1988-89 ...........................................................•......................                              36
     26.    Cash and Security Holdings of State and Local Governments by States: 1988-89 ...                                          38


                                                              UTILITIES
     27.    F\inances of Utilities Operated by State and Local Governments by States, Type of
             Utility, and Government: 1988-89 ..............................•........•..............                                  40


                                                      INSURANCE           TRUST
     28.    Si,tateand Local Government Insurance Trust Finances by States: 1988-89                                                   44


                                 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT                               FINANCES
     29.    State and Local Government Revenue and Expenditure by Level and Type of
             Government by States: 1988-89........................................................                                     46


                                    RELATIONAL STATISTICS                     AND RANKINGS
     30.    Per Capita Amounts of Financial Items for State and Local Governments by States:
              1988-89                                                           11                                              ,.     98
     31.    Relation of Selected State and Local Government Financial Items to $1,000
             Personal Income by States: 1988-89                                                                                       102
     32.    State and Local Governments Ranked According to Selected Per Capita Revenue
             Amounts: 1988-89 ..•....••••••.....•.•..••••••.......••...•.•..•.•..•...••.••.•........                                  106
     33.    State and Local-Governments Ranked According to Selected Per Capita Expenditure
             Amounts: 1988·89                                  ,                                                                      108
     34.    State and Local Governments Ranked According to Selected Per Capita Debt and
             Cash and Security Amounts: 1988-89..................................................                                     110


                                       POPULATION            AND PERSONAL INCOME
     35.    Population and Personal Income by States: 1988 and 1989                                                                   111


     Appendixes
     A.     Definitions of Selected Terms                                                                                             113
     B.     Notes Relating to Government Finances... .. . .. ..          . •. . . •.. .. .. . .. .. .. . . . .. . . •.. .. .. •. ••   124
     C.     Two-Letter State Abbreviations ...•..••...••••••.•••...•.......•...••..•.•....•••••..••.•                                 120
     D.     Explanation for Tracing Origin and Allocation of Funds in Tables 19 and 23 .••.•••...                                     121
     E.     Relative Standard Errors of Selected Variables by States, in Percent: 1989 .•...•..••                                     122


'I
INTRODUCTION


    The United States Bureau of the Census conducts an               Table 1 displays national totals of Federal, State, and
Annual Survey of Government Finances as authorized by             local government finances for 1988-89 and prior years.
law under title 13, United States Code, Section 182. The          Finances by level and type of government are provided in
 1989 survey, similar to other annual surveys and census of       table 2, and are related to population and personal
governments conducted for many years, covers the entire           income in table 3. You will find a Federal Government
range of government finance activities-revenue,      expendi-     summary with some prior year data in table 4 and the
ture, debt, and assets.                                           same for State and local governments in table 5. Reve-
    The 1989 Government Finance Series (Series GF89)              nue data appear in table 6 and expenditure information in
contains 7 parts: No.1, State Government Tax Collec-              tables 7 through 11. Table 12 includes data on govern-
tions: 1989; No.2,       Finances of Employee-Retirement          ment operated utilities. Government indebtedness and
Systems of State and Local· Governments: 1988-89; No.             debt transactions are provided in table 13, cash and
3, State Government Finances: 1989; No.4, City Govern-            security holdings are detailed in table 14, and govern-
ment Finances: 1988-89: No.5, Government Finances:                ment insurance trust finances, including employee retire-
 1988-89; No.8, County Government Finances: 1988-89;              ment, are summarized in tables 15 and 16.
and No.1 0, Finances of Public School Systems: 1988-89.              Statewide aggregates appear in table 17 through 35.
The 1989 reports will' not include an edition for No.6,           Revenue data are shown in tables 17 through 19,
Local Government Finances in Major County Areas: (year);          including detailed presentations on tax revenue, current
refer to tables in the 1987 Census of Government publica-         charges, and intergovernmental revenue. Tables 20 through
tion Volume 4, No.5, Compendium of Govemment Finances             24 exhibit State area totals for expenditure by character
for the latest available county area data.                        and object, with special displays for capital outlay and
    This report (No.5) provides a comprehensive summary           function.
of the annual survey findings, showing data by level                 Further statewide aggregates appear for debt trans-
 (Federal, State and local government), State area (Ala-          actions (table 25), cash and security holdings (table 26),
bama, Alaska, etc.) and type of government (county,               government operated utilities (table 27), and insurance
 municipality, township, special district and school district).   trust finances (table 28).
The tables present the details of: revenue by type; expen-
                                                                     Table 29 presents statewide aggregates also. But this
 diture by object and function, indebtedness by term; and
                                                                  display shows detailed revenue and expenditure data for
 assets by purpose and type.
                                                                  each State government and type of local government
                                                                  (county, municipalitv. township, special district, and
ORGANIZATION OF THIS REPORT                                       school district).
                                                                      In tables 30 through 34 you will find data showing the
   This introductory text describes the scope of the Census       relationship between selected financial items and popu-
Bureau's government finance data collection activities,           lation or income. This is expressed as per capita data in
sources and limitations of data, and major fIndings of the        tables 30, 32, 33, and 34 and per $1,000 of personal
1988-89 survey,                                                   income in table 31. Additionally, the per capita data in
   The report is divided generally into nine sectlons:            tables 32 through 34 are displayed in State rank order.
tables 1 through 16 contain national summaries for
various financial Items: tables 17 through 28, which
provide these same financial items for each State area,           CONCEPTS
concentrate on revenues in tables 17-19, expenditures
in tables 20-24, debt and cash and security holdIngs in              This report uses a number of terms that, in other
tables 25-26, utilities in tables 27 and 'insurance trusts in     contexts, might have different meanings; Further; some of
table 28: table 29 contains financial data by level' and          the tabular presentations contain concepts that are not
type of !:1overl'lment for each State area; table 30 through      commonly used or easily understood. If the following-
34 show the relationships between the financial data              which is a limited attempt to explain some of-these terms
and population and income in each State area; and table           and ideas-does not provide sufficient information, please
35 displays supplementary data on population 'and per-            write to the Chief, Governments Division, U.S. Bureau of
sonal income.                                                     the Census, Washington, DC 20233.

                                                                                                                           v
Current Dollars                                                   government social and life insurance programs, such as
                                                                  unemployment compensation, workers' compensation, Fed-
   The statistics in this report, as in the others issued by      eral Social Security (Old Age, Survivors, Disability, and
the Bureau of the Census on Federal, State, and local             Health Insurance), and State medical and disability funds.
government finances, are in terms of current dollar amounts.
They have not been adjusted for price and wage changes
occurring through the years.                                      REVENUE CONCEPTS

                                                                     As noted above, revenue is reported net of recoveries
Fiscal Years                                                      and correcting transactions, and excludes amounts from
                                                                  debt issuance, internal transfers, and private trust transac-
    The financial statistics for 1988-89 relate to govern-        tions. The following examples illustrate some applications
ment fiscal years which ended June 30, 1989, or at some           of this summary definition:
data within the 12 previous months. The following govern-
ments are exceptions, and are included as though they              1. Tax revenue is reported in terms of gross collections
were part of the June 30 gioUp: ending September 30, the              minus tax refunds during the same period.
Federal Government, the State governments of Alabama,
                                                                   2. Receipts from issuance of debt, recoupment of previ-
Michigan, the District of Columbia, and Alabama school
                                                                      ous loans, and sale of securities are not counted as
districts; and ending August 31, the State government of
                                                                      revenue.
Texas and Texas school, districts. New York State ends its
fiscal, year on March 31 and, beside those already men-            3. Property tax amounts, widely collected by counties
tioned, is the only other exception to the June 30 ending             acting as an agent of other governments, are counted
for State governments                                                 as revenue of the final receiving units only.

                                                                   4. State and local governments act as agents of the
Composition of Fi'nancial Amounts                                     Federal Government in withholding Federal income
                                                                      and Social Security taxes from their employees' pay;
    Revenues and expenditures comprise actual receipts                such amounts are excluded from State and local
and payments (net of correcting transactions and recover-             government revenue and expenditure, but are reported
ies of refunds) of a government and its agencies including            here as Federal revenue.
government-operated enterprises, utilities, and public trust
funds. Revenue and expenditure transactions exclude debt           5. The Federal Treasury handles unemployment compen-
issuance and retirement, loans and investments, agency                sation accounts for the States and the District of
and private trust transactions, and internal transfers between        columbia government; Federal,agency transactions in
funds of government. Aggregates for groups of govern-                 connection with these funds are omitted from the
ments exclude intergovernmental transactions between                  Federal figures and included with the State and local
the governments involved.                                             government data.
    Government financial data are presented within broad
                                                                   6. Figures in this report include the gross transactions of
activity sectors, including general government, utilities,
                                                                      business-type government corporations and agencies.
liquor stores, and insurance trust activities. General gov-
ernment includes all government revenue and expenditure
                                                                      Taxes consist of compulsory contributions exacted by
except activities defined as utility, liquor stores, and insur-
                                                                  governments for public purposes. However, this reporting
ance trust transactions. Other commercial-type operations
                                                                  category exclUdes employer and employee payments for
of governments, such as port facilities, airports, toll high-
                                                                  retirement and social insurance purposes (classed as insur-
ways and housing projects-as well, as all such agencies
                                                                  ance trust revenue) and special assessments, which are
and activities of the' Federal Government including its
                                                                  classed as nontax general revenue.
corporations-are     part of the general: government sector.
Major insurance progtams administered by the Federal                  Charges and miscellaneous general revenue comprises
Government, including crop and farm mortgage insurance,           all nontax revenue of governments from their own sources
investment guarantee activities, and home mortgage insur-         excluding nongeneral' revenues from utllltles, liquor stores,
anc:eare reported in general government. Utilities are water      and insurance trusts. Most of this revenue is from charges
supply, electric power, and gas supply systems, and tran-         for current services and sale of products in connection With
sit facilities owned and operated by governments or oper-         general, government actiVities. Such amounts are desig-
ated under contract by a private firm Whenever the gov-           nated as current charges and are reported on a gross basis,
ernment maintains day-to-day financiall oversight. Liquor         without offset of the cost of producing or buying, the
stores comprise dispensaries operated by, 17 State govern-        commodities or services sold. Utility service charges are
ments and by local: governments in 5 States. InsUrance            excluded here and reported under utility revenue.
trust activities consist - of pUblicly funded: contributory          Utility tevenue and IiqUOr'storesreVenue comprise amounts
retirement systems for pUbilO employees, and speclfled            frornseles of goods and services by such undertakirlgs.

vi
     Insurance trust revenue comprises only: (1) retirement         Government expenditure for capital outlay is commonly
and insurance contributions (including social insurance          financed by borrowing, but government revenue does not
"taxes" and veterans' insurance "premiums")           received   include receipts from borrowing. This, among other things,
from insured individuals and their government employers;         means that the relationship between totals of revenue and
and (2) earnings on investment assets of insurance trust         expenditure, as shown in this report, should not be con-
funds.                                                           sidered a direct measure of the degree of budgetary "bal-
     Employer contributions and other transfers made by the      ance."
administering governments to their insurance trust funds            In addition to payments for goods, services, and capital
are treated as intragovernmental transactions rather than        items, total government expenditure includes sizable amounts
government revenue or expenditure. However, to the extent        of payments for which no services or products are directly
that particular governments make payments as employers           received in return. A major portion of such payments
to insurance trust systems administered by other govern-         comprises items reported here as assistance and subsidies.
ments-for      example, employer contributions by State and      These amounts include only cash grants and not gifts of
local governments to the Federal Social Security System          supplies, materials, or other grants-in-kind. The cost of
(OASDHI) or local govemment payments to State-administered       items to be distributed in-kind is included in current oper-
retirement systems-such       amounts are included here with-    ation expenditure as purchases of goods and services.
out special treatment, in the "revenue from contributions"          Insurance benefit and repayment amounts are limited to
of the various systems affected. In addition, Federal advances   actual payments to insured persons and beneficiaries and,
and contributions to State unemployment compensation             therefore, exclude as internal transfers contributions by
 funds have been included with unemployment compensa-            governments to insurance trust funds they administer, and
tion revenue.                                                    costs of administering insurance trust programs (which are
      Several major "insurance programs administered by the      classified as general expenditure).
 Federal Government-crop       and farm mortgage insurance,
                                                                    Payments for salaries and wages consist of gross amounts
 home mortgage insurance, investment guarantee activi-           paid to government employees before deductions for income
 ties, and the like-are not classed here as insurance trust      tax, retirement contributions, charges for quarters or sub-
 activities but, like numerous other commercial type activ-      sistence, or other purposes. They comprise only cash
 ities, as general government functions. Insurance premium       payments and exclude the value of subsistence, quarters,
 receipts of such activities are classified as general revenue   or other payments in-kind made to military personnel or
 from charges for services and their payments of losses as       other public employees. Salaries and wages are mainly for
 general expenditure.                                            current operation but also include some amounts for force-
      Since Federally administered insurance trust earnings      account construction. Detailed statistics on civilian public
 are entirely from investments in Federal securities, they are   employment and payrolls as of October appear in the
 classed as intragovernmental transactions and excluded          annual U. S. Bureau of the Census report Public Employ-
 from Federal revenue data here. There is a corresponding        ment in 1989 (Series GE-89-1).
  exclusion from reported amounts of Federal expenditure
                                                                    In presenting expenditures by function, this report attempts
 for interest.
                                                                 to show a more comprehensive picture by grouping related
                                                                 activities into broader classifications. For example, social
EXPENDITURE CONCEPTS                                             services and income maintenance includes public welfare,
                                                                 hospitals, health, social insurance administration, and vet-
   The expenditure reporting categories comprise all amounts     erans' services. Transportation includes highways, air-
                                                                 ports, parking facilities, and water transport and terminals.
of money paid out by a government and its agencies, with
                                                                 The report does not provide totals for these larger catego-
the exception of amounts for debt retirement, and for loan,
investment, agency, and private trust transactions. Note         ries because they are meant only as presentational guide-
that expenditures include payments from all sources and          lines and, except in a few instances, have no data prece-
funds, including amounts spent from borrowing and from           dents.
previous period balances, as well as from current reve-             Expenditures for specific functions do not include any
nues. Included in this category are expenditures of business-    amounts for debt service costs. Interest payments on debt
type government corporations and agencies. Transactions          are not classified under particular functions for which debt
not considered as expenditures include payments for debt         may have been incurred, but rather are shown in the single
retirement, extension of loans, purchase of securities, and      Interest category.
payments to the Federal: Government of monies withheld               Note that the functions cannot be equated specifically
for income tax or Social: Security (0ASDHI) purposes.            with one Federal or State government program. Medicaid,
    The commonly used character and object (or-use) cate-        for example, is included in the larger public welfare func-
 gories this finance series employs are: intergovernmental       tion. Instead they represent broader activities of govern-
 expenditure, current operation, capital outlay, assistance      ment that have remained virtually unchanged over many
 and subsidies, interest on debt, insurance benefits and         years so that as specific programs expand and contract
 repayments, and salaries and Wages.                             they will remain useful for analytical purposes.

                                                                                                                             vii
    Further, these functions have utility beyond the limits of    this heading includes gross payments for auxiliary activi-
this specific report or other Bureau of the Census publica-       ties, such as dormitories, dining halls, and bookstores
tions on government finances. The various phases of the           operated by public institutions of higher education. How-
census of governments, for example, including the organi-         ever, expenditure of such institutions' hospitals serving the
zation and employment, use these same functions, making           public and for agricultural experiment stations and exten-
cross-analyses feasible.                                          sion services is reported under hospitals and natural resources
    Understanding the specific functional categories requires     respectively.
close attention to the definitions in appendix A. The fol-
lowing discussion supplements, but does not supplant,             Public Welfare. This activity includes institutional and
that basic information.                                           noninstitutional assistance to the needy, plus the adminis-
                                                                  tration of such assistance. The degree to which States
Unique Federal Programs. There are several types of               assume direct responsibility for public welfare services or
programs that are, for the most part, unique to the Federal       delegate this to local governments varies. There is a
Government and are grouped as such-national            defense    significant Federal participation in this activity, primarily
and intemational relations, postal service, and space research    the financing of public welfare services by other govern-
and technology.                                                   ments. State and local expenditures include any applicable
    Expenditure of the Federal Government for defense and         cash benefits in excess of, or supplementary to, those
international relations as presented in this report comprises     financed with Federal monies.
most of the items classified in the "Budget of the United             Categorical cash assistance payments to State govern-
States" under two closely related headings-"National              ments and the District of Columbia in this report include
Defense" and "International Affairs," Defense-related activ-      mainly maintenance assistance under the Federal program
ities of the State and local governments (including National      Aid to Families with Dependent Children, Maintenance
Guard, civil defenso, and armory activities) have been            Assistance-State      Aid (AFDC). All States participate in
classified under the residual "Other" functional class, so        AFDC and the matching requirements vary from about
that in this report defense expenditure is entirely that of the   one-fifth to one-half of the Federal payments.
Federal Government.                                                   The Federal Government administers directlv-those cat-
    Expenditure by the Federal Government for the Postal          egorical welfare assistance programs for old age assis-
Service is included on a gross basis in the development of        tance, aid to the blind, and aid to the disabled that are now
Federal expenditure totals. Although the status of the            incorporated into the Supplemental Security Income pro-
Postal Service changed in 1971 from a cabinet department          gram. State and local government cash benefits supple-
to an independent Federal commission, Census Bureau                menting these direct Federal welfare outlays are relatively
statistics have continued to include these data under             small, occurring in only a few States.
Federal Government activities for purposes of continuity.             General relief, which is wholly financed from State and
As classified here, expenditure for postal services does not       local sources, makes up most of other cash assistance.
include subsidies to airlines, which are classified as subsidy    Other public welfare spending includes: vendor payments
payments for air transportation.                                   under various public welfare programs, including the fed-
                                                                   erally supported medical care program commonly known
EduCation. The education function, perhaps more than               as Medicaid; institutional care for the needy; and adminis-
any other, emphasizes the intergovernmental flow of funds.        tration of welfare activities.
Beside the direct expenditures made at the Federal', State
and local government level, there are large intergovernmen-       Hospitals. The Federal portion of this category includes,
tal education transfers that include:' direct Federal grants-     among other things, the operation and construction of
in-aid to schools as provided under the various "title"           Federal veterans hospitals. Expenditures for hospital facil-
programs; State "foundation"        aid; Federal aid channeled    ities directly operated by State and local governments and
through the State government to local schools; and inter-         payments to private medical facilities belong here. Medical
local payments for education services.                            vendor, payments provide some variation in classification;
    Elementary and secondary expenditure for education            private purveyor payments made under welfare programs
includes alii expenditure of school systems other than for        are classed as public welfare, but any services provided
interest (reported under interest on general<debt), duplica-      directly by a government through its hospital agency are
tive intergovernmental' payments, and retirement benefits         included under this heading.
paid to former education employees (reported under employee-
retirement expenditure). It thus includes gross school sys-       Transportation, Highw'ays include provision and mainte-
tem expenditure for the school lunch program and other            nance of highway facilities, including toll turnpikes, bridges,
cafeteria operations as well as school, health, recreation,       tunnels, and ferries, es well as regular' roads, highways and
and library services administered ·by school systems.             city streets. These figures exclude interest on debt issued
    Institutions of higher education pertains to publicly oper-   for highway purposes (included in interest on general debt)
ated universities, colleges; junior colleges, and other schools   and highway pollclnq costs (classlflad under police protec-
beyond the high school, level. Expenditure shown under            tion). Most State funds in this function go for regular

viii
highway facilities with the remainder for toll roads and          in this financial category do not include revenue from State
bridges, which are generally administered by semi-autonomous      or local taxes which are collected through liquor monopoly
agencies of the State governments.                                systems, nor distinguishable expenditure for licensing and
   The Federal Government accounts for a major portion of         law enforcement activities in connection with these sys-
all direct general expenditure for water transport and            tems. Such amounts are treated as general revenue and
terminal facilities and for air transportation, as indicated by   general expenditure, respectively.
table 10. These categories include subsidy payments and
the provision of other aids to transportation by such
                                                                  INSURANCE TRUSTS
agencies as the Federal Aviation Administration, Civil Aero-
nautics Board, Coast Guard, National Oceanic and Atmo-
                                                                      Every State and the District of Columbia operates a
spheric Administration, and Maritime Administration, as
                                                                  system of unemployment insurance and one or more public
well as gross expenditure of the St. Lawrence Seaway
                                                                  employee-retirement systems. Most of the States also
Development Corporation.
                                                                  administer workers' compensation systems, and a few
                                                                  have other social insurance systems involving the payment
Natural Resources. Natural resources include expendi-
                                                                  of cash benefits from accumulated fund reserves. Among
tures for conservation and development of agricultural,
                                                                  local governments, the primary financial activity in insur-
forest, fish and game, mineral, and similar resources.
                                                                  ance trusts relates to publicly administered employee-
Federal Government payments are mainly for gross amounts
                                                                  retirement systems. Social Security (OASDHI) dominates
of commodity purchases in the form of price stabilization
                                                                  the Federal insurance trust area.
programs. No exclusion is made of commodities resold
                                                                      Transactions of these various systems-exclusive      of
during the year or transfer to Federal aid programs. Other
                                                                  administrative cost (treated as general expenditure) and
Federal natural resource activities pertain to multi-purpose
                                                                  of government contributions (classified as intragovern-
power and reclamation projects (including the Tennessee
                                                                  mental transaotlonsl=-are     reported as insurance trust
Valley Authority), soil conservation and reclamation, for-
                                                                  revenue and insurance trust expenditure. Only insurance
estry and mineral resources, agricultural research, and
                                                                  benefits and repayments of contributions from insurance
farm crop and mortgage insurance.
                                                                  funds comprise insurance trust expenditure.
   For State and locai governments, natural resources                 The coverage in a number of State-administered employee
covers activities pertaining to agriculture including exten-      retirement systems includes 10c(31     government employ-
sion services and experiment stations, soil conservation,         ees either exclusively or with State employees. The local
flood control, irrigation, and drainage. However, water           government contributions to State systems to pay the
 supply, electric utilities and hydroelectric power activities    local employee portion are included under insurance
are reported under utilities.                                     trust revenue of the State government and as a direct
                                                                   expenditure of the local government. Although there is a
Police Protection. Local government payments for police            flow of funds from one government to another, the
and traffic safety activities amount to the most significant       census classification   system does not count this as
part of police protection. Federal agencies included in this       intergovernmental    revenue because intergovernmental'
category are the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Customs          revenues are general revenues by definition. See the
Service, Drug Enforcement Administration, Bureau of Alco-          report Employee Retirement Systems of State and Local
hol, Tobacco, and Firearms, and Secret Service. State              Governments: 1987-88 (GF-88, No.2) for additional
expenditure is mainly for highway police activities.               specific information about employee-retirement systems.


Utilities and Liquor Stores                                       INDEBTEDNESS

    Utility expenditure and liquor stores expenditure com-           Federal gross debt outstandinq includes public debt
prise all spending inv61ved in provision and conduct of such      (subject to statutory limitations), as well as other obliga-
underteklnqs=f.e., acquisition of facilities, current opera-      tions not subject to restrictions and representlnq Federal
tion (including the purchase of goods and services for            agency debt. All nonguaranteed obligations of Federal
resale), and interest on utility debt.                            agencies are excluded from debt outstanding balances. 1
    State and local !1overnment utility revenue means only            State and local government long-term debt includes
charges received 'for services. Other revenues received by        general' obligation bonds, guaranteed by the taxing power
utilities-for  example, interest earnings-are    counted as       of the governments, as well' as norrquaranteed Indebted-
general revenues of a government (see definitions in appen-       ness that pledges only some nontax source-rents,
dix A).
    Liquor stores are operated by certain municipalities in
four States (Minnesota, North 'Carolina, South Dakota and             , Detailed statistics on Federal indebtedness appear in the' United
                                                                  States Government Annual Report (Appendix), and on a current basls in
Wisconsin), counties in two States (Maryland and North            the Daily Statement of the United States Treasury, the Monthly State-
Carolina) and by 17 State !1overnments. Amounts reported          ment of the United States Treasury, and the Quarterly Treasury Bulletin'.


                                                                                                                                        ix
charges, or tolls for example-related       to the bond pur-         from Federal interest expenditure and insurance trust rev-
pose as cvedlt. Governments have become very active in               enue to avoid duplication of data in financial' aggregates.
providing financial' assistance to private and nonprofit             State and local governments also pay some intersst on
organizations through the issuance of tax exempt bonds.              debt that is held as investment securities by insurance
This financial, intermediation by State and local govern-            funds they administer. However, because of difficulty in
ments-designated       in this report as public debt for             identifying such transactions, this interest is counted as
private purposes-covers       a variety of activities including      revenue in contravention of the rule about payments between
industrial' development aid, assistance to commercial                funds.
and retail developers, single-family and multifamily hous-
ing development, hospital' and health care facilities, and           Intergovernmental Flows
pollution abatement plant and equipment expenditures.
   A significant classification change in the reporting of               Funds flowing between governments (subject to limited
statistics on indebtedness took place effective with the             exceptions, mentioned below) are treated distinctively as
 1978-79 Annual Survey of Government Finances. Prior                 intergovernmental revenue and intergovernmental expen-
to that time both original: issues and related advance               diture. Mainly they represent grants-in-aid and the sharing
refunding issues were included as debt outstanding of                of tax proceeds, but also include payments in lieu of taxes
the government. Amounts reported for debt outstanding                and amounts for services performed by one government
and retired and for debt offsets now reflect the "redemp-            for another on a reimbursable or cost-sharing basis.
tion" of original' issues of bonds when no longer carried                Total revenue and total expenditure for an individual
in the official accounts of governments.                             government, of course, include any intergovernmental
    The calculation of the annual' change in total debt, as          amounts. When measuring groups of govel'nments-a
shown in table 25, requires information not published in             State area, a county area, a type of local government-mo.:
this report. It is, however, available in detailed records           nies going from one government to another must be netted
from the Bureau of the Census.                                       out to arrive at nonduplicative totals. These aggregations
                                                                     treat each government as if it were a "fund" under the
                                                                     intragovernmental flows described above. For example,
LOTIERIES                                                            under Arizona in table 29, which provides State area totals
                                                                      by level and type of government, the column for munici-
   There were 30 State and local government lotteries in              palities excludes any financial transactions between Phoe-
operation during fiscal year 1988-80. Three more plan                nix and any other municipality in Arizona. Similarly, the
startIng dates in fiscal year 1989-90. In this report, the            local government column excludes transactions between
amounts available for distribution from lottery proceeds to           Phoenix and any other Arizona local government, and the
various government funds are included in the miscella-                State area totals exclude both the interlocal and State-local
neous revenue total. P1sase refer to table 35 in the publi-           amounts.
cation State Government Finances in 1989 (GF89, No.3)                    The value of intergovernmental aid "in-kind", such as
for detailed information on the income and apportionment              commodities distributed by the Federal Government for
of funds in individual, lottery systems.                              school lunch purposes, is not treated as an intergovern-
                                                                      mental revenue or expenditure. Furthermore, there are
INTRAGOVERNMENTAL AND                                                 some kinds of transactions between governments that
INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSACTIONS                                        have not been isolated for special treatment here as inter-
                                                                      governmental in nature:
                                                                       1. In situations where a govemment-administered employee-
Intragovemmental       Flows
                                                                          retirement system covers the employees of a second
                                                                          government, contributions by the latter are included,
     Census statistics ignore government fund structure to                without distinction, as part of the current operation
achieve comparability; Since the data for each individual                 expenditure of the donor government and as insur-
government represent' a consolidation of amounts for its                  ance trust revenue of the donee government.
various funds, payments between funds have been elirni-
nated. Thus, for example, a- government's employer con-                2. No attempt at special treatment has been applied to
tribution to a retirement fUnd it administers is not counted              interest on outstanding debt that is paid to other
as expenditure, nor is the receipt of this contribution by the            governments holding the securities involved.
retirement fund considered as revenue. For census pur-                 3. No special' handling has been attempted for transac-
poses, only. the retirement benefits are classified as a                  tions where governments deal' as ordinary' suppliers
government expenditure-insurance              trust expenditure in        and customers-e.g.,      in purchasing property, utility
this example.                                                             services, or supplies from one another: Under this
     The s'ubstamial: art/olil'll' of interest paid by the Federal        method, where one government buys water-or elec-
Treasury to the Fecferallinsurance trust flll'lds, which have             tricity from a second, the entire transaction is classl-
 aliitheir reserves invested in Federal: securities, is excluded          fied as utilitY with no inter~ovel'nmental component.

 x
RELATION TO NATIONAL INCOME STATISTICS                            United States Government for the Fiscal Year 1990. For
                                                                  certain kinds of transactions, Census Bureau analysts also
    Figures on State and local government "receipts" and
                                                                  used the 1989 annual reports of the Secretary of the
"expenditures" which appear in the national income and
                                                                  Treasury and of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
product statistics issued by the U.S. Department of Com-
                                                                  Some supplementary details on Federal payments to State
merce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, are based primarily
                                                                  and local governments were obtained directly from the
on Census Bureau data on "revenue" and "expenditure."
                                                                  Federal agencies making the payments.
However, there are differences in the totals and some of
                                                                      The classification used by the Bureau of the Census for
the components of the two sets of statistics owing to
                                                                  reporting State and local government finance statistics
differences in concepts and timing. The principal areas of
                                                                  diffe~s in a number of important respects from the classi-
differences are:
                                                                  fication used in the United States Budget. Accordingly, it
 1. Census statistics on government fl.iances include, on         was necessary to recast Federal data as presented in the
    a gross basis, revenue from sales and charges of              United States Budget in order to develop the government
    publicly operated utilities, liquor stores, toll facilities   finanGe statistics presented in this report. This involved: (1)
    and the like, and all expenditures of these undertak-         grouping individual Federal receipt items and expenditure
    ings. In the national income accounts, such commercial-       amounts for various agencies and appropriation items
    type government activities are treated, in effect, as a       according to the functional framework used for reporting
    part of the business sector of the economy. Accord-           of State and local government finances; and (2) applying
    ingly, their charge revenue is excluded from" govern-         certain adjustments to many of them items in order to
    ment receipts" and is applied as an offset to current         arrive at revenue and expenditure amounts as reported
    government expenditures.                                      here. These adjustments took account of the following
 2. Census statistics on revenue and expenditure, respec-         major differences between these series:
    tively, include interest received on investments and           1. The financial transactions of government enterprises
    interest paid on debt by State and local governments.              are included in Federal budget figures to the extent of
    In national income accounts, interest received is deducted         their net effect (plus or minus) upon budget expendi-
    from interest paid, and only the net interest paid is              tures; Census figures include gross revenue and expen-
    included in government expenditures.                               diture of government enterprises (other than loan and
 3. In census statistics, revenues and benefit payments                investment transactions).
    of unemployment compensation systems are classed
                                                                   2. Certain receipts are treated in the Federal budget as
    as insurance trust amounts of State and local govern-
                                                                       offsets against expenditures and result in reducing
    ments, while in national income accounts they are
                                                                       Federal expenditure totals of related activities. These
    treated in the Federal Government sector.
                                                                       are: (1) receipts from various enterprises or market
 4. Census figures include..,asrevenue amounts from sale               oriented Federal activities; (2) receipts from interest
     of real property, and as expenditure capital outlay               on loans the government has made; (3) receipts from
     amounts for purchase of land and existing structures.             sales of property or products; and (4) certain other
     In national income accounts, such amounts are excluded.           reimbursements from non-Federal sources, as well as
 6. In census data, employer contributions by State and                receipts from charges for quarters and subsistence
    local govemmentstoself-administered empIoyee-retire                furnished to employees. For Census purposes, these
     systems are classed as intragovernmental transac-                 amounts are counted as revenue and added back to
     tions, and excluded from revenue and expenditure                  expenditure.
     totals. In natienal income accounts, however, such
                                                                   3. Federal budget receipts and expenditures include var-
     ,'government contributions to self-administered social
                                                                      ious financial transactions of trust funds which before
     insurance funds" are included in revenue, and also in
                                                                      fiscal year 1967 were excluded. Such transactions
     expenditure, as supplements to wage and salary pay-
                                                                      are included in Census reporting of Federal revenue
     ments.
                                                                      and expenditure, except for trust funds handled on an
   A statistical reconciliation entitled "Relation of State           agency basis for State and local governments (e.g.,
and Local Government Receipts and Expenditures in the                 the State accounts in the unemployment compensa-
National Income and Product Accounts to Bureau of the                 tion fund, the District of Columbia funds).
Census Data" appears annually in the July issue (National
                                                                    4. Although interfund and intragovernmental transac-
Income Issue) of the U.S. Department of Commerce's,
                                                                       tions are netted out of Federal blldget totals, such
Survey of Current Business.
                                                                       transfer amounts are included in Federal figures for
SOURCES AND LIMITATIONS OF DATA                                        various receipt and expenditure categories. Census
                                                                       figures exclude all such transfers.
Federal Government Fmance
                                                                    6. Federal budget expenditures include interest accrued
  Most of the Federal Government statistics here are                   but not paid during the fiscal year; Census data on
based on ,figures for 1989 that appear in The Budget of the            interest are on a disbursement basis.

                                                                                                                               xl
 6. The net excess of loan disbursements or loan repay-          Mail questionnaires went directly to 3,800 county, munic-
    ments of Federal loan accounts is added to expendi-          ipal, and township governments. Trained Census represen-
    tures or to receipts in developing budget totals. Such       tatives compiled data for the 72 largest, most important
    loan trans actions are excluded from Census reporting        county governments-generally     those with a population of
    of Federal data.                                             500.000 or more-and the 49 largest municipal qovern-
                                                                 ments-those    with a population of 300,000 or more. The
                                                                 balance of the county government data and municipal and
State Government Finances
                                                                 township data was sought from cooperative Census Bureau-
                                                                 State arrangements. Themail canvass involved the use of
    The statistics on State government finances shown in
                                                                 detailed census schedules with related reporting instruc-
this report are based primarily on the annual Census Bureau
                                                                 tions. Census examiners reviewed the mail reports inten-
survey of State finances for fiscal year 1988. Findings
                                                                 sively and used extensive correspondence to supplement
from that survey have been issued in various publications.
                                                                 and verify incomplete and questionable information. In
with the most detailed figures appearing in State Govern-
                                                                 significant cases where returns of acceptable data could
ment Finances in 1989 (GF89, No.3). Trained representa-
                                                                 not be obtained by mail canvass or from available pub-
tives of the U.S. Bureau of the Census compiled figures in
detail from official records and reports of the various States   lished sources, Census agents visited county and munici-
for most of the State financial data. Data for tax revenue,      pal government offices to obtain the basic statistics or
some debt figures, and the finances of Stateadministered         important missing information.
retirement and miscellaneous insurance trust systems came           Portions of the local government financial statistics
from mail canvasses. As with local school systems, the           presented in this publication were obtained from central
 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data Survey, con-            sources in 38 States. Most of these sources are universi-
ducted by the Center for Education Statistics in agreement       ties and State agencies with mandates to provide technical
with the Census Bureau, was the main source of State             assistance to local governments and monitor their fiscal
college and university data. The figures assembled by            activities. The extent to which the Bureau of the Census
these various efforts were classified according to standard      informstlon needs could be accommodated by the central
Census Bureau categories. Because of the collection meth-        source data systems varied from State to State. As a
ods and their relative importance, the State financial data      result, in some States the use of central source data was
 received an intensive review.                                   limited to certain types of local government or population
   Data on the finances of unemployment compensation             size groups, or to particular segments of the data set. The
systems were obtained from the Employment and Training           States in which some or all general purpose local govern-
Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor.                  ment finance data were centrally obtained are:
                                                                 Alaska                Michigan:,            Oregon
Local Government finances                                        Arizona               Minnesota             Pennsylvania
                                                                 Arkansas              Missouri              Rhode Island
                                                                 California            Montana               South Carolina
The local government urnpIe- The sample of local gov-
                                                                 Colorado              Nebraska              South Dakota
ernments is drawn from the 1987 Census of Governments
                                                                 Florida               Nevada                Tennessee
and consists of certain local governments taken with
                                                                 Georgia               New Hampshire         Utah
certainty plus a sample below the certainty level. Units in
                                                                 Illinois              New Jersey            Oklahoma
the certainty group are: all county governments with a
                                                                 Indiana               New Mexico            Washington
population greater than 50,000; all municipal and town-
                                                                 Iowa                  New York              Virginia
ship governments with populations greater than 25,000;
                                                                 Kansas                North Carolina        Wisconsin
all school district governments with enrollments greater
                                                                 Kentucky              North Dakota          Wyoming
than 5,OOOj and certain specialized classes of govern-
                                                                 Massachusetts         Ohio
ments such as school districts providing higher education
and special districts providing transit services. The remain-
ing sampled units were selected with probability propor-            As with mail canvass questionnaires, centrally collected
tional to their financial activity. this criterion was applied   financial data sometimes needed supplementation for such
first for each county area having 100,000 or more popu-          items as debt, assets, or particular functional expenditures
lation and then for the balance of local governments in          or revenue items. Census staff obtained these supplemen-
each State.                                                      tary data from special tabulations in other State offices,
                                                                 printed reports, secondary sources, or from mail requests
GMwaI-purpoee govemrnents- This annual survey assem-             directly to the county municipal, or township govern-
bled information for a sample of county. municipal, and          ments.
township governments. The initial data collection phsse            Through these efforts only a minor percentage of the
used three methods to obtain data: mail canvass, field           generalpurpose govemment sample- representing nearly
compilation, and central collection from State sources.          aUquite smaH govemments-remained     incomplete.

xl
School dlatrlcta- The education portion of the 1989 annual       compilations from the Bureau of Reclamation .(U.S. Depart-
survey provided data for independent school districts and        ment of Interior), the American Hospital Association, Moody's
dependent school systems. This information came from             Investors Services, and various State agencies.
three sources:

 1. Higher education-Finance      data were obtained from        Review Procedures
    questionnaires used in the Integrated Postsecondary
    Education Data Survey conducted by the Center for                All schedules-mail canvass, those compiled by Census-
    l'aducation Statistics as part of a joint data collection    trained enumerators from official sources, field enumer-
    algreement between the Census Bureau and the U.S.            ated and centrally collected - were examined for evidence
    I)epartment of Education.                                    of completeness, internal consistency, and a reasonable
                                                                 relation to figures reported for earlier periods. In addition to
 2. M"iI canvass-Statistics    for elementary and second-        the manual review, a computer edit checked for impossible
     al"lj' school systems in Alaska and in the District of      or improbable entries and identified in detail the differences
     Columbia are based on the information received in           with prior data.
     response to a mail canvass of individual systems.
                                                                     These procedures were designed to achieve, for the
 3. Central collection-State    education agencies conduct       data reported here, a high standard of completeness and
    surveys of elementary and secondary education sys-           accuracy. Undoubtedly, however, some mistakes and incon-
    tems that obtain finance data as part of a larger data       sistencies of official reporting, or of Census Bureau han-
    collection effort. A high percentage of this information     dling of particular items, have escaped detection. Please
    is often compatible with Census Bureau categories. In        inform the U.S. Bureau of the Census if the tables or data
    an effort to reduce respondent burden, the Census            tapes reveal potential data problems.
    Bureau \'X)ncluded a series of agreements with all
    States to share their data for this survey.                  Population   Data
       These central data collection arrangements did not
    always prc.vide sufficient information to meet all the           The Population Division, Bureau of the Census, provided
    needs of the Census Bureau survey. In those instances,       all population data used in this report both as an exhibit and
    other·sources-most often different State offices-sup-        in calculating per capita amounts. They are published in the
    plied information to supplement the basic data. The          annual series Current Population Reports, Population Esti-
    most common types of data needing supplementation            mates and PrOjections.
    were school lunch finances, indebtedness, cash and
    security holdings, and capital fund transactions. The
    procedures for incorporating these additional data with      Derivative Statistics
    the core information required careful detailing to avoid
    duplication or underreportlng.                                  This report shows computations that use financial data
                                                                 in combination with population or personal income. These
                                                                 statistics on "per capita" or "per $1,000 of personal
s.-ow cIetrtct   gcnMmI1'IeIItS This survey assembled infor-
                                                                 income" make excellent tools for comparative analyses.
matlan far a semple of special district governments. The
                                                                 Before initiating this type of study, however, refer to the
rnail canvass procedures were precisely the same as for
                                                                 portions of this text that focus on some of the difficulties
general purpose govemments-detailed         schedules, inten-
                                                                 inherent in this type of comparability study-for   example,
sive manual review, supplementation by correspondence,
                                                                 the BMocatlon of government responsibility.
and field compHatlon if ne<:lJssary. A central data coHee-
                                                                    The calculations themselves use population data and
don system for special district governments was used to
                                                                 calendar year 1988 personal income data from the U.S.
obt8In data in four States; California, Florida, Illinois, and
                                                                 Department of Commerce, Survey of Current Business
NwI York. California and 11IinoI. provided data for aM
                                                                  (August 1989). Table 35 contains a State listing of this
epacIaI district governmenta, except for housing districts
                                                                 information. In dOing the arithmetic computations for per
which were aeparately canvassed by mail. Florida provided
                                                                 capita data, aMoriginal finance amounts were rounded to
data for all speclel district semple units. In Naw York the
                                                                 the nearest thousand and populations were in whole num-
central source supplied data for the sample health and fire
districts: other New York special districts were canvassed
                                                                 bers. For the personal income calculations, finance amounts
                                                                 were rounded to the nearest thousand and income were
by mail. A. with mail canvass questlonnMas, Census
                                                                 rounded to the nearest million.
peraonneI examined these data thoroughly and verified
incongruent data either with Stllte offie.... or directly with
local reepondenta.                                               St.d8tIcIII Nature of Datil
   For nonmpondent      IP8CIeI dJ.trlct governments, Cen-
sus Bur8IIU anttyata used other 1OtIfC81, some Of them               Finance amounts presented in this publication are sta-
MCCJnd8ry. to complete the sample file. These efforts            tlstlc.t in nature and do not represent an accounting
Included UIIng prior fIICIII year data and secondary data        statement. Therefore, a difference between an individual
government's total revenues and expenditures does not                 The estimates are also subject to the inaccuracies in
necessarily indicate a "budget" surplus or deficit. Large         classification, response, and proceSSing which would occur
capital outlay expenditures, debt issuance or retirement,         if a complete census had been conducted under the same
changes in cash and security holdings, or the existence of        conditions as the sample. Every effort was made to keep
a retirement system are all factors that might have an            such errors to a minimum through care in examining,
important influence on the balance between revenues and           editing, and tabulatitlg the data submitted by government
expenditures.                                                     officials.

statistical Reliability                                              Appendix E contains the relative standard errors of
                                                                  major financial variables for each of the States and for the
    Yhe statistics in this report that are based wholly or        nation. The relative standard error is the estimated stand-
partly on data from the sample are apt to differ somewhat         ard error expressed as a percent of the estimated total or
from the results of a survey covering all governments but         proportion.
otherwise conducted using the same schedules and proce-
dures. Estimates based on a sample survey are &lbject to
sampling variability. The particular sample used is one of a      Intar&rea Comparisons
large number of all possible samples of the same size that
could have been selected using the same sample design.
                                                                      Use caution in attempting to draw conclusions from
Each of the possible samples would yield somewhat differ-
                                                                  direct interstate or intergovernmental comparisons of finan-
ent results. The standard error is a measure of the variation
                                                                  cial amounts. Such comparisons should take into account
among the estimates from all possible samples and thus is
                                                                  the diversity of responsibilities for various functions among
a measure of the precision with which an estimate from a
                                                                  different governments. Some State governments, for exam-
particular sample approximates the average result of all
                                                                  ple, directly administer certain activities which elsewhere
possible samples.                                                 are undertaken by local governments, with or without
    The sample estimate and the estimated standard error
                                                                  State fiscal aid. Even within individual States, one ritay
can be used to construct interval estimates with prescribed
                                                                  observe marked diversity in the scope of functions per-
confidence that the interval includes the result from a
                                                                  formed by governments of a particular type, such as
complete enumeration of all government units. For exem-
                                                                  classes of municipal governments with differing responsi-
pie, a 90 percent confidence interval can be constructed by
                                                                  bilities.
adding 1-.6 times the estimated standard error to the
estimate and subtracting 1.6 times the estimated standard            One variable that affects the scope and scale of govern-
 error from the estimate. If intervals were constructed in        ment finances significantly is the placement of responsibil-
such a manner for all possible samples of the same design         ity for administration of local public schools. In most
and size, about go percent of them would include the              States, this function is assigned to independent school
 complete enumeration statistic.                                  districts. In many instances, however; including several of
    In this report, all comparisons (e.g., year-to-year, State-   the largest cities, the school system is part of the munici-
to-State, etc.) ~re made at the go-percent confidence             pal, county, or township governments. Of similar nature
 level. In order to make such comparisons, a 9O-percent           are differences in State versus city, county, or township
 confidence interval should be constructed around the dif-        administration of public assistance programs, or of public
 ference in the two estimates. For example, an increase           hospital facilities and services.
 between two years can be tested by constructing a 9().percent
 confidence interval about the difference in the first year's
                                                                  Relation to Historic Data
 estimate and the second year's estimate. The hypothesis
 that the two estimates are the same would be rejected if
 the confidence interval about the difference does not               In general, the statistics presented here closely parallel
 include zero. A statement could then be made about an            in concept, coverage, and classification the data in corre-
 increase or decrease.                                            sponding annual reports and in the quinquennial ·Census of
    State government finance data are not subject to sam-         Govemments. For a detaHed comparative analysis, how-
 pling; consequently, State-local aggregates shown here for       ever, take into account the following changes that have
 individual States are more reliable (on a relative standard      occurred:
 error basis) than the local government estimates they
 include. Nationwide estimates of local government finance        Number of local
 items and totals in this report are based upon summations        governments            1987          1982         1977
 of State-by-State data: consequently, these estimates are
 more reliable than the State-area data. Estimates of major       County                3,042        3,041         3,042
  United States totals for local governments are subject to a     Municipal            19,200       19,076        18,862
 computed sampling variability of less than one-half of 1         Township             16,691       16,734        16,822
  percent and other local government totals are generaHy          School district      14,721       14,851        15,174
  subject to sampling variability of less than 1 percent.         Special dfstrlct     29,532       28,078        25,962
Functional salary and wage data were not collected in the      • Table 6 shows that 56.6 percent of Federal, State, and
1988-89 Annual Finance Survey. For fiscal years 1977             local revenue derives from taxes, the balance of revenue
through 1981 the data collection effort included this infor-     comes from other sources such as charges (9.4 per-
mation.                                                          cent), interest earnings (3.5 percent), utilities and liquor
                                                                 stores (2.9 percent), insurance trust funds (24.0 per-
                                                                 cent), and the like.
ADDmONAL DATA AND INfORMATION
                                                               • Federal sources provide the most significant share of
                                                                 government revenue. In 1988-89, the Federal Govern-
   The Census Bureau makes available on magnetic tape
                                                                 ment supplied 75.8 percent of all government insurance
the data used for this publication. The two avaiiable
                                                                 trust revenue, 56.8 percent of all government taxes,
formats are: File A, individual State and local government
                                                                 and 39.4 percent of all government charges and miscel-
records; and File B, 416 summary records for State and
                                                                 laneous general revenue.
local governments by State, level, and type of government.
For further information, write to Customer Services Branch,    • Federal predominance in revenue generation also appears
Data Users Services Division, U.S. Bureau of the Census,         in derivative calculations such as in per capita data and
Washington, DC 20233 (telephone 301/763-4100).                   amounts per $1,000 of personal income. Table 3, for
                                                                 example, shows that per capita taxes in 1988-89 were
                                                                 $2,481 for the Federal Government, whereas State and
MEANING OF SYMBOLS                                               local government per capita taxes were $1,148 and
                                                                 $743 respectively. Expressed as amounts per $1,000
  The symbols in the tables have the following meanings:         of personal income, Federal taxes were $152; State,
                                                                 $70; and local governments, $46.
            Represents zero or rounds to zero.                 • The three levels of government have marked differences
   (NA)     No't available.                                      in their tax structure. For example, individual and corpo-
                                                                 rate income taxes supplied 89.1 percent of Federal tax
   (X)      Not applicable.
                                                                 revenues in fiscal year 1988-89. For State govern-
                                                                 ments, sales taxes contributed 48.7 percent of total
GENERAL FINDINGS                                                 taxes and income taxes 39.7 percent. Almost three-
                                                                 fourths of local government taxes were derived from
• Federal, State, and local government revenue from all          property taxes.
  sources amounted to $1.917 trillion in 1988-89 up 8.0
  percent from prior year.                                     • Nonproparty tax receipts of State and local govern-
                                                                 ments taxes amounted to $326.1 billion, or 34.2 per-
• Total government expenditure stood at $2.031 trillion in       cent of all revenue. General sales and gross receipts
  1988-89, up 5.8 percent from the prior year.                   taxes accounted for $166.0 billion or 17.4 percent of all
                                                                 revenue. Other State and local taxes were individual
• Insurance trust transactions (mostly Federal Social Secu-      income levies ($97.8 billion or 10.3 percent of all
  rity) accounted for 24.0 percent of the revenuo collec-        revenue), corporate income taxes ($25.9 billion or 2.7
  tions and 20.4 percent of total expenditures in 1988-          percent), motor fuel sales taxes ($18.6 billion or 2.0
  89.                                                            percent), and motor vehicles license taxes ($10.0 billion
                                                                 or 1.1 percent).
• Government debt increased by 9.2 percent from the
  prior year to $3.679 trillion in 1988-89. Over 78 percent    • Major sources of current charges also varied according
  of all government debt belongs to the Federal Govern-          to level of government. Of total 1988-89 Federal cur-
  ment.                                                          rent charges amounting to $76.3 billion, 48.4 percent,
                                                                 or $37.0 billion derived from postal service fees. State
• State and local govemment revenue amounte-.dto $953.5          institutions of higher education provided over half ($21 .2
  billion in 1988-89 an increase of 7.8 percent from             billion) of State government total current charges. Charges
  1987-88.                                                       assessed by local government administered hospitals
                                                                 ($20.2 billion) contributed almost one-third of the $66.0
• State and local government expenditure totaled $890.8          billion locally collected current charges in 1988-89.
  billion in 1988-89 up 7.7 percent from 1987-88.
                                                               • When analyzed by level and type of government, as in
• State and local government debt was $798.4 billion in          table 6, it is apparent that certain governments rely
  1988-89. This reflected a 5.7 percent rise from 1987-          heavily on revenues collected by a different govern-
  88.                                                            ment. Local governments, for example, obtain one-third
                                                                 of all funds from the Federal Government and their
• Cash and security holdings of State and local govern-          States. Nearly one-fifth (18.4 percent) of all State
  mentstotaled $1.361 trillion, or 10.7 percent more than        income comes from the Federal Government, but some
  1987-88 amount of $1.229 trillion.                             is in turn passed on to local governments.

                                                                                                                           xv
• More than half (52.8 percent, or $ 1.073 trillion), of       • As indicated in the State area data on debt transactions
  Federal, State, and local expenditure was for current          in table 25, State and local governments issued $ 102.2
  operation, of which $456.1 billion was expended for            billion and retired $63.8 billion of long-term debt during
  salaries and wages. Table 7 shows detail of government         fiscal year 1988-89. The net difference resulted in an
  expenditure.                                                   annual increase of $25.4 billion (or 3.2 percent) in State
• The Federal Government dominated certain object expen-         and local govet'rnment indebtedness during 1988-89.
  diture categories, totalling 86.7 percent of insurance         The calculation of this change in total debt requires data
  benefit payments, 75.9 percent of interest on debt, and        not separately displayed in table 25, but available in
  75.5 percent of assistance and subsidies. State and            detailed records from the Census Bureau.
  local governments, on the other hand, were the major
  factor in construction outlays as local governments          • Of the $798.4 billion in State and local government debt
  made more than one half ($50.4 billion) and State              at the end of fiscal year 1988-89, more than 97.8
  governments expended about a third ($33.6 billion) of          percent (or $780.4 billion) represented long-term obli-
  the total. Of Federal, State, and local salary and wage        gations. Short-term debt amounted to $18.0 billion.
  payments, 48.9 percent was spent by local govern-
  ments, 30.4 percent by Federal Government, and 20.7
                                                               • Nonguaranteed debt, sometimes called revenue debt,
  percent by States.
                                                                 accounted for more than two-thirds ($556.3 billion) of
• Table 9 shows markedly different functional emphasis           State and local government long-term totals.
  for expenditures by level of government. More than
  two-thirds of Federal outlays were made for three cat-       • Two States-California   ($67.9 billion) and New York
  egories-national    defense and international reladons         ($56.9 billion)- accounted for over a fifth of State and
  (27.3 percent), insurance trust benefits (28.3 percent),       local nonguaranteed debt.
  and interest on debt (13.7 percent). State expenditures
  for education totalled $ 173.2 billion, about one-third of   • Cash and security holdings held by State and local
  all State outlays. However. a large portion of this            governments increased 10.7 percent from fiscal year
  education expenditure, $ 104.6 billion, was intergovern-       1987-88 to a total of $1,361.0 billion at the end of
  mental aid from both Federal and State sources distrib-        fiscal year 1988-89. Slightly less than one-half of State
  uted to local schools. In addition to education, State         and local cash and security holdings at the end of fiscal
  governments committed a significant portion of their           year 1988-89 was held in employee-retirement funds.
  outlays for public welfare (17.7 percent), insurance           Retirement systems in 11 States account for almost
  trust benefits (9.0 percent), and highways (8.1 per-           one-third of the total cash assets.
  cent). As a whole, State expenditures in these four
  functional areas came to 67.7 percent of total State
                                                               • Federal Social Security dominated government insur-
  outlays.
                                                                 ance trust finances, comprising nearly three-fourths of
• Total fiscal year 1988-89 government indebtedness              both revenues and expenditures during fiscal year 1988-
  was $3.679 trillion. Federal debt, comprising $2.881           89. Employee retirement revenue and expenditure con-
  trillion, or 78.3 percent of the total, excludes all non-      sisted of about 72.8 and 63.5 percent respectively of
  guaranteed obligations of Federal agencies.                    the State and local government insurance trust totals.
Figure 1
Federal Government Revenue by MaJor
Financial Sector and Source: 1988-89

                                          Total: $1,093 Billion


                                                                                      Other Insurance Trust
                                                                                      1%




                                                                              ,----   Social Security
                                                                                      31%



                 Taxes
                  56%



                                                                                      Other General Revenue
                                                                                      5%

                                                                    -------           Charges
                                                                                      7%




Figure 2
State and Local Government Revenue by MaJor
Financial Sector and Source: 1988-89
                                              Total: $954 Billion


                                                                                       Insurance Trust
                                                                                       12%
           From Federal -------
            Government
                    13%                                                                Utility and Liquor Stores
                                                                                       6%




                                                                                       Charges and Miscellaneous
                                                                                       General Revenue
                                                                                       20%

                   Taxes ----
                    49%




                                                                                                                   xvii
FlglI'e 3
Federll Government Tax Revenue
by Source: 1988-89

                                            Total $616 Billion

                                                           ,----------                    Other Sales
                 Other Taxes -----------,                                                 4%
                          2%
                                                                                          ~
                                                                                          Motor Fuel Sales

                                                                             L            2%

                                                                                          Customs Duties
                                                                                          3%

            IndiVIdua' Income ---                                            ,---         Corporate Income
                          72%                                                             17%




Figure 4
S'''. and Local Tax Revenue
by Source: 1988-89

                                            Total $469 Billion



                                               ---r~..........:::-------- Other Taxes
                                                                                          8%

                   Property -----/
                      30%



                                                                              ---Income
                                                                                          26%




                                                                                          Other Sales
                                                                         '-----7%
             General Sales ------
                       24%                                   ~.-------                    Motor Fuel Sales
                                                                                          4%

 XViII
Figure 5
Federal Government Expenditure          for Major
Financial Sectors: 1983-89

                                                    Total: $1,270 Billion


                                                                                              Other Insurance Trust
                                                                                              3%


    National Defense and -----
   Intemational Relations
                      27%
                                                                                     ----     Social Security
                                                                                              25%




 Interest on General Debt ---
                      14%
                                                                                              Other General Expenditure
                                                                                              21%

      To State and Local -----------'
           Govemments
                      10%




Figure 6
State and Local Government
expenditure by Selected Function: 1988-89


                                                     Total: $891 BIllion




                                                                                              Other Expenditure
                                                                                              23%
      Education Services ----
                    30%




                                                                                        ---   Utility
                                                                                              8%


                                                                                     ----     Interest on General Debt
                                                                                              5%
           Social Set'Vlces -----
                      19"                                                   ------            Public Safety
                                                                                              7"
            ltansportatlon   -------------'
                        8"                                                                                            xix
         Figure 7
         Percent of State and Local Governmt'}nt
         General Revenue for Selected Items:
         1964 to 1989
 50                                                                                                                                                                                                                       50



 40                                                                                                                                                                                                                       40



 30
         ---         ~ropertyTax
                                                     Sales and Gross Receipts Tax
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          30



 20                                                    ~.~.    :-,:<-::'
                                                                 ..
                                                                            «,'v""
                                                                                     ,.   -   .,.,., ...... ..1   ·"".:.:Y:.' ••;,.",-
                                                                                                                               ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          20
                                                                                                      ~ ~
                                     ,,"""'" ..............
         ~ ...,.=..·'·"T ..··..···r""~· .... Cllarges
                                                                                                                                         "':-:':'"
                                                                                                                                                                          ........... ... ....
             .
            -:. '                                                                                    ~
                                                                                        and Miscellaneous
                                                                                                                                                     :":...;;;.;.;:.;,;
                                                                                                                                                                                               .......:::.: ...:.....
         x.: ,....   ---       From Federal Government                          General Revenue
 10                                                                                                                                                                                                                        10
                           ~                   -,
                                                    Individual· Income Tax

     o                                                        I                                                                                                                                                           o
     1964                          1969                    1974                                         1979                                                   1984                                                     1989


         Figures
         Percent of State and Local Government                             General Expenditure
         for Selected Functions: 1964 to 1989
 5Or------------.------------~------------~-----------.------------~50


                                                                            /' Education -+--------------t-------------l                                                                                                  40




 3O~----------+------------4-------------~--------+-----------~30



 2O~---------+-----------~-----------~----------+------------~20




                             Interest on General Debt   <,
     O~----------~-------------------------------------~----------~O
     1964                          1969                      1974                                       1979                                                   1984                                                     1989
xx
Table 1.           Summary of Federal, State, and Local Government Finances:                                                                         1985-86 to 1988-89
(Deta.1 may not add to total because 01 rounding.   For meaning 01 abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text)

                                                                                   Amount (million dollars)                                               Per capita

                             Item                                   1988-89          1987-88            1986-87          1985-88        1988-89        1987-88           1986-87        1985-86

                                                                            1                 2                 3                 4              5              6                 7              8

REVENUE
        RlVenue.     lotal ______________________________
                                                                 1 1117451         1775 ""           1 6711185         1 515 657       7724.21        7 225.18          68118.25       6288.24
General revenue _____________________________________            1 400 476        1 298 858          1 238520          1 106 860       5 641.65
  Taxes ____________________________________________                                                                                                  5 284.05          5079.60        4 590.74
     Property _______________________________________            1 064 500          998 341            944 203           844977        4368.77        4061.48           3 878.92       3504.57
                                                                   142525           132212             121 203           111 709         57414          537.87            497.92         483.32
     Sales, gross rece1Jlts, and customs _______________           218 643          209058             192514            182051          860.37         650.49            790.87         755.06
     IndMdUallncome _______________________________
                                                                   643497           489531             478492            423324        2189.41        1 991.52          1 957.50       1 755.75
     Corporation net Income _________________________              129213           117858             108351             63 137         520.52         479.48            438.90         344.81
     Other taxes ____________________________________
                                                                    50723            49683              47644             44758          204.33         202.12            195.73         165.63
  Charges and miscellaneous general revenue _________              315976           300 515            292317            261 683       1 272.87       1 222.57          1 200.68       1 086.17
Utll.ty and liquor store revenue ________________________           56 225            52518             50188             47163          22850          213.65            206.10         195.61
Insurance trust revenue ______________________________
                                                                   460 749           424628            392477            381 634       1 856.07       1 727.48          1 612.35       1 499.89
        Social Se::urity and Medicare Insurances
         (OASDHI) ____________________________________
                                                                   339493            310023            275874            257263        1 367.61       1 261.25          1 13333        1 067.01
     Unemployment compensation ____________________                 19905             17488             19129             18488           80.19          71.06             78.58          76.68
     Emp~ee retirement ____________________________
                                                                    85598             82262             83977             73906          344.82         334.66            344.99         306.53
     Other nsurance trusl revenue ___________________               15753             14675             13497                             63.46
                                                                                                                          11 977                         60.51             55.45          49.67



EXPENDITURE
                            ___________________________
        Expendltu .... 10111'                                    2030   704       1 11200117         1 811 733         1 698 121       8 180.44       7 811.40          7442.88        7034.72
By character and   object:
                                                                 1 072785          1 027052            983217            897788        4321.58        4 178.29          3957.03        3723.52
                                                                   211 734           197851            195 713           176124          852.94         804.90            804.02         730.48
                                                                    95825             89066             88565             79834          386.02         382.34
  g~2~=~~:=====:======================:===:
     Equipment, land, and existing structures __________
  Assistance and subsidies __________________________
                                                                   115909
                                                                   101 832
                                                                                     1087e5
                                                                                      96 104
                                                                                                       109147
                                                                                                        89003
                                                                                                                          96 291
                                                                                                                          86 963
                                                                                                                                         486.92
                                                                                                                                         410.22
                                                                                                                                                        442.56
                                                                                                                                                        390.97
                                                                                                                                                                          355.62
                                                                                                                                                                          448.39
                                                                                                                                                                                         331.11
                                                                                                                                                                                         39937
  Interest on deb!. __________________________________                                                                                                                    365.64         360.68
  Insurance benefits and repayments _________________              229730            210922            196 642           188 537         925.44         85808             807.42         781.96
                                                                   414824            398 198           367258            346730        1 670.26       1 579.16          1 508.75       1 438.08
  Exhibit: ExpendItUre lor salMes and wages _________              456 135           430601            403996            379676        1 637.48       1 751.79          1 659.88       1 574.72
By General expenditure _______________________________
   Junction:
                                                                 1 642 571        1 461 680          1 375367          1 284094        6214.06        5947.27           5650.20       5325.63
                                                                                                     1 195 306
     ~~~,t
                                                 1
             ~:r:;~~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 346223
                                                   196 348
                                                                                  1 278831
                                                                                    183 049            180061
                                                                                                                       1 123 320
                                                                                                                         160 774
                                                                                                                                       5423.09
                                                                                                                                         790.98
                                                                                                                                                      5 202.58
                                                                                                                                                        744.69
                                                                                                                                                                        4 910.49
                                                                                                                                                                          739.72
                                                                                                                                                                                      465901
                                                                                                                                                                                        666.81
     Selected Federal programs:
        National delense and International relations ____          346338            329993            319084            312183        1 395.18       1 342.49          1 310.84       1 294.79
        Postal service _______________________________              36472             33692             32243             30985          146.92         137.88            132.46         128.51
        Space research and technology _______________               10606              8886              7450              7275           43.53          3607              30.61          30.17
     Education services:
        Education ___________________________________              280 713           256960            240647                          1 130.82
        Librarias ____________________________________                                                                   224400                       1 045.37            988.61         930.71
                                                                     4250              3776              3863              3264           17.12          15.36             15.05          13.54
     SocIal services and Income maintenance:
        Public welfare _______________________________
                                                                   126 132           115 113           106 407            99575          508.11         488.31            437.13         412.99
                                                                    55280             51 497            47970             45559          22261          209.50            197.07         188.96
        ~~~ta~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                 29631             27292             24634             23070          120.17         111.03            101.20          95.68
        Social Insurance administration ________________             7352              7186              6775              6578           29.62
        Veterans' services ___________________________                                                                                                   29.15             27.83          27.28
                                                                    18615             18474             17217             17261           75.79          75.18             70.73          71.59
     Transportation:___________________________________
        Highways
        Air transportation ____________________________             58889             55998              52978            49938          237.15         227.81            217.64         207.11
                                                                    10 160             9537               8737             7856           41.01          38.80             35.69          32.58
        Water transport and terminals _________________              4072              3954               3722                            16.40
        Other transportation __________________________                                                                    3415                          16.08             15.29          14.17
                                                                     1 156             1 047              1 002              958           4.66           4.26              4.12           3.98
     PublIC salety:
                                                                    32723             30934              28778            26226          131.82         125.85            118.23         108.78
                                                                    11 932            11 753             10453             9587           48.07          47.81             42.94          39.76
        ~!~L~~~====:==:====:==:=======:=====
         Protactove ':n
     Environmentresources ____________________________
                    B   housing:
                                and regulation ___________
                                                                    22500
                                                                     5081
                                                                                      20154
                                                                                       4724
                                                                                                         17562
                                                                                                          4417
                                                                                                                          15755
                                                                                                                           4079
                                                                                                                                          90.64
                                                                                                                                          20.47
                                                                                                                                                         61.99
                                                                                                                                                         19.22
                                                                                                                                                                           72.15
                                                                                                                                                                           18.15
                                                                                                                                                                                          65.35
                                                                                                                                                                                          16.92
         Natural
                                                                    64353             90 119             93006            67695          259.24         366.63            382.08         280.77
         Parks and recreation _________________________             14641             13670              12521            11618           58.98          55.61
         HOUsing and community development __________                                                                                                                      51.44          48.19
         Sewerage ___________________________________               28230             25224              21 308           19210          113.72         102.62             87.54          79.67
         Solid waste rnanagem~pl _____________________              17 039            16329              15148            13307           68.64          86.43             62.23          55.19
                                                                     8734              7350               6499             5635           35.18          29.90             26.70          24.20
         Financial administration:
     Government admonlstration _______________________
        JUdIcIal and legal ____________________________             22125             20454             18698             17297           8913           63.21             76.81          71.74
                                                                    15536             13852             12374             11 394          62.58          56.35             50.84          47.26
         General public butfdlngs ______________________             5145              4788              4848              4106           20.73          19.48             19.91
         Other government administration ______________                                                                                                                                   17.03
     Interest on general deb!. ________________________              9407              9016              8218              7625           37.69          36.88             33.75          31.62
                                                                   220845            202437            188046            181 231         88965          823.56            772.52         751.86
     General expenditure, n.iI.c. ______________________            74032             67512             60965             56613          298.23         274.65            250.45         235.63
  Utility and liquor store expenditure __________________                             70049             69108
                                                                    73509                                                 65297          296.12         284.97            283.91         270.62
  Insurance trust expendlture _________________________            414624            388 166           387258           3~6 730        1 670.26       1 579.16          1 508.75       1 438.08
     SocIal Secunty and Medicare Insurances
       (OASDHI) ____________________________________               321 335           299475            282212                          1 294.46
     Unemployment compensation ____________________                                                                      287923                       1 218.33          1 159.37       1 111.22
     Ern~       retirement ____________________________             12 Q52            13206             15412             15088           52.17          53.72             63.32          62.49
                                                                    64 385            80496             55594             50747          259.37         248.11            228.39         210.48
     Other nsurance trust oxpendlture ________________              15951             14992             14 O~O            12992           64.26          60.99             57.88          53.69
Indebtedness-total   debt outstanding at end 01 •
  fiscal year __________________________________ ______
                                                                 3879.\67         3389615            3081     205      2788381        14822.28       13708.38          12658.03       11 554.91




GOVERNMENT                   FINANCES                                                                                                                                     SUMMARY 1
Table 2.           Summary of Government Finances                                              by     Level and Type of Government:                                            1988-89
(MHlion dollars. DetaIl may not add to total because of rounding. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text)

                                                                                              State and                                            Local governments
                                                                                                   local       State
                            lIem                              All govern·         Federal       govern-      govern-                                                             School       Specfal
                                                                  ments'      Government         ments'       ments        Total'     County'     Municipal'   TownshIp'         district'    district'

                                                                         1                2            3            4             5         6              7            8               9           10

REVENUE
        Rev.nue,    total' _____________________________      1 917 451        1 0112680       953517       588681       532013       119 838       184   no      11800         183 932       51 127
General revenue' ____________________________________         1 400476           743359        785844       482477       468549       115459       143496
  Intergovernmental revenue' ________________________                                                                                                             18642         183 083       41 341
                                                                                   2903        125 824      115765       175 241       41 647       40205          4302          88715        11 823
     From Federal Government _______________________
                                                                       ('
                                                                       \:l                -    125824       108 235
                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                          17568         2546         7348            251          1 338        6 105
      From State government _________________________
     From local governments' ________________________
                                                                       ('
                                                                                   2903
                                                                                          -          ('I
                                                                                                     (I       7 530
                                                                                                                         157 652
                                                                                                                              (')
                                                                                                                                       37401
                                                                                                                                        1 700
                                                                                                                                                    29547
                                                                                                                                                     3310
                                                                                                                                                                   3711
                                                                                                                                                                     340
                                                                                                                                                                                 84 573
                                                                                                                                                                                  2803
                                                                                                                                                                                               2419
                                                                                                                                                                                               3299
  General revenue from own sources _________________ 1 400476                    740456        660020       396 712      293308       73812        103290         12340
    Taxes _________________________________________                                                                                                                              74348        29516
       Property ____________________________________ 1 084 500                   615 853       468647       284 169      164478       44196         63 930         9844          60479         6029
       Sales, gross receipts, and customs ____________
                                                       142 525
                                                       218543                     52527
                                                                                        -      142525
                                                                                               166016
                                                                                                              5417
                                                                                                            138249
                                                                                                                         137107
                                                                                                                          27767
                                                                                                                                      32232
                                                                                                                                       8378
                                                                                                                                                    32324
                                                                                                                                                    17543
                                                                                                                                                                   9073          58984
                                                                                                                                                                                    484
                                                                                                                                                                                               4496
                                                                                                                                                                                               1 330
       Individual Income ____________________________                                                                                                                 31
                                                       543497                    445690         97807        88819         8988        1 303         6973            223            489              -
       Corporation net Income _______________________
       Other taxes _________________________________
                                                       129213
                                                        50723
                                                                                 103291
                                                                                  14345
                                                                                                25922
                                                                                                38376
                                                                                                             23861
                                                                                                             27822
                                                                                                                           2060
                                                                                                                           6556        2283
                                                                                                                                              -      2 OBO
                                                                                                                                                     5030            517
                                                                                                                                                                           -        522
                                                                                                                                                                                         -       203
                                                                                                                                                                                                      -
    Charges and miscellaneous general revenue ______   315 976                   124603        191 373       82543       108830       29017         39360          2496          13869        23489
Utility and liquor store revenue ________________________
Insurance trust revenue ______________________________
                                                                 56225
                                                                480749           349301
                                                                                          -     56225
                                                                                               111 448
                                                                                                              6035
                                                                                                             98174
                                                                                                                          50189
                                                                                                                          13274
                                                                                                                                        1 664
                                                                                                                                        2713
                                                                                                                                                     32114
                                                                                                                                                      9161
                                                                                                                                                                       970
                                                                                                                                                                       18B           869
                                                                                                                                                                                        -     15442
                                                                                                                                                                                                 343
    Social Security and Medicare Insurances (OASDHI) ___
    Unemployment compensation ______________________
    Emplor,ee retirement ______________________________
                                                                339493
                                                                 19905
                                                                                 339493
                                                                                     201        19704
                                                                                                     -       19640
                                                                                                                  -           64
                                                                                                                                  -           -           -
                                                                                                                                                         64
                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                           -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                      -
                                                                 65598             4424         81 174       87964        13210        2713           9096             188           869          343
    Other nSUlance trust revenue ______________________          15753             5 183        10570        10570                -           -            -               -            -             -
EXPENDITURE
        ExperidlttJre,   total' __________________________
                                                              2030704          1 270088        890 814      525   on     533 123      1111274       182783        I, 301        1821114       57581
By tharacter and object:
  Intergovernmental expendIture' _____________________                  (I)      127247          2931       185415         4902        5311           4409           835            545        1 550
          g.l:1';;~~~_:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::1 211 734
  g:;~~lt Construction _________________________________
                                                         072785

                                                          95825
                                                                                 432258
                                                                                  99790
                                                                                  11 788
                                                                                               640529
                                                                                               111 944
                                                                                                84 037
                                                                                                            232964
                                                                                                             43 121
                                                                                                             33612
                                                                                                                         407565
                                                                                                                          66 822
                                                                                                                          5Ci 425
                                                                                                                                      84426
                                                                                                                                      12940
                                                                                                                                       9474
                                                                                                                                                    128032
                                                                                                                                                     28615
                                                                                                                                                     21 178
                                                                                                                                                                  14126
                                                                                                                                                                   2591
                                                                                                                                                                                146601
                                                                                                                                                                                 127,3
                                                                                                                                                                                              34380
                                                                                                                                                                                              11 963
                                                                                                                                                                   1 819          7692        10263
          Equipment, land, and existIng structures ________     115909            8B 002        27907         9510        lB 397       3466           7437           7;'2         5021         1 700
  Assistance and subsidies __________________________
  Interest on debt , __________________________________         101 832
                                                                229730
                                                                                  76857
                                                                                 174 288
                                                                                                24975
                                                                                                55442
                                                                                                             15421
                                                                                                             21 160
                                                                                                                           9554
                                                                                                                          34281
                                                                                                                                       7446
                                                                                                                                       7807
                                                                                                                                                      2099
                                                                                                                                                     13 (;52         616
                                                                                                                                                                        8
                                                                                                                                                                                  2836
                                                                                                                                                                                        -      9472
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
  Insurante benefits and repayments _________________           414624           359630         54994        48995         7999        1 342          6057           125            279          196
  Exhibit. ExpendIture lor salaries and wages. _________        456135           138 562       317573        94446       223125       43 461         63 352        6883          96158        13271
BY funttlon:
  General expenditure' ______________________________         1 542 571          910438        762311       469269       460429       115 112       140271        17109         162695
          Current expendIture' _________________________                                                                                                                                      32990
                                                              1 346223           810648        665753       428323       404 816      103098        118503        14705         149982        26276
          Capital outlay ________________________________       19634B            99790         96 558       40946        55613        12014         21 76B        2404          12713         6714
     Selected Federal programs:
        National defense and International relations ____
        Postal service _______________________________          346338
                                                                 36472
                                                                                 346338
                                                                                  36472
                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                    -             -
                                                                                                                                  -         -
                                                                                                                                              -            -
                                                                                                                                                           -               -
                                                                                                                                                                           -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
        Space research and technology _______________
     Edutation services:
        EdutaUon ___________________________________
                                                                 10806            1080B                 -           -             -         -              -               -            -            -
        LIbraries ____________________________________          280713            38485       263 898       173 184      195718        186n          16208         4896         159860            107
     Social services and Income rnamtenance;
        public welfare _______________________________
                                                                  4250               532        3783            660        3525         1 039         1 757          255                -         552
                                                                126132
                                                                 55260
                                                                                  87580
                                                                                   8489
                                                                                                97879
                                                                                                47073
                                                                                                             92750
                                                                                                             21414
                                                                                                                          23714
                                                                                                                          26137
                                                                                                                                      16387
                                                                                                                                      11 793
                                                                                                                                                      7129
                                                                                                                                                      6097
                                                                                                                                                                       172
                                                                                                                                                                        85
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -      8314
        ~~:ft~a~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
        SoCtallnsurance administration ________________
        Veterans' services ___________________________
                                                                 29831
                                                                  7352
                                                                                  14915
                                                                                   7 165
                                                                                                20684
                                                                                                 2947
                                                                                                             17188
                                                                                                              2937
                                                                                                                           9750
                                                                                                                              10
                                                                                                                                       7161
                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                      2221
                                                                                                                                                         10
                                                                                                                                                                       136
                                                                                                                                                                           -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 348
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
     Transportation'___________________________________
        Highways
                                                                 18815            18669            146          148              -          -              -               -            -            -
        Air transportation _________.. _________________         58869
                                                                 10180
                                                                                  14217
                                                                                   5548
                                                                                                58093
                                                                                                 5752
                                                                                                             42694
                                                                                                                711
                                                                                                                          22 819
                                                                                                                           5247
                                                                                                                                       8872
                                                                                                                                       1 243
                                                                                                                                                     11 003
                                                                                                                                                      2508
                                                                                                                                                                   2580
                                                                                                                                                                      11
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 552
                                                                                                                                                                                               1 572
        Water transport and terminals _________________
        Other transportation __________________________           4072
                                                                  1 156
                                                                                   2166
                                                                                          -      1 923
                                                                                                 1 158        2651
                                                                                                                  6B4      1 291
                                                                                                                           1 843
                                                                                                                                          72
                                                                                                                                         639
                                                                                                                                                        424
                                                                                                                                                      1 699
                                                                                                                                                                       4
                                                                                                                                                                      52
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 819
                                                                                                                                                                                                 779
     pubrlC salety:
        Police protection _____________________________
                                                                 32123
                                                                 11 932
                                                                                   5307
                                                                                        -
                                                                                                27771
                                                                                                11 932
                                                                                                              4748        23635
                                                                                                                          11 958
                                                                                                                                       6082
                                                                                                                                       1 458
                                                                                                                                                     16370
                                                                                                                                                      8726
                                                                                                                                                                   1 384
                                                                                                                                                                     615
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -      1 OB4
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
        ~~g~~2:::::::~:::::::::::::::::::::::                    22500             1 416        21 197       15018         7434        5695           1 798            2                -            -
        Protective I~tion and regulation ___________
     Environment a housing:
       Natural resources ____________________________
                                                                  5 OBI                 -        5 OBI        3389         lnl           387          1 290          115                -            -
                                                                 64 353           55490         11 092        9070         2498        1 119            148             37              -      1 213
       Parks and recreation _________________________
       Housing and community development __________
       sewerage ___________________________________
                                                                 14641
                                                                 28230
                                                                                   1 783
                                                                                  2530B
                                                                                                12927
                                                                                                1473B
                                                                                                              2569
                                                                                                              2943
                                                                                                                          105BO
                                                                                                                          13050
                                                                                                                                       2207
                                                                                                                                         963
                                                                                                                                                      6743
                                                                                                                                                      7082
                                                                                                                                                                       519
                                                                                                                                                                       108
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                               1 204
                                                                                                                                                                                               5049
       Solid waste management _____________________              17039
                                                                  6734
                                                                                          -
                                                                                          -     17039
                                                                                                 8734
                                                                                                              1 293
                                                                                                                635
                                                                                                                          16510
                                                                                                                           8122
                                                                                                                                       1 9·15
                                                                                                                                       1 71\3
                                                                                                                                                      9895
                                                                                                                                                      5178
                                                                                                                                                                       920
                                                                                                                                                                       873
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                               4476
                                                                                                                                                                                                 3BB
     Government administration:
         FInancial ad~lnlstration-----------------------
        JUdIcial and egal ____________________________
                                                                 22125
                                                                 15536
                                                                                   7132
                                                                                   2949
                                                                                                14993
                                                                                                12567
                                                                                                              7672
                                                                                                              5439
                                                                                                                           7433
                                                                                                                           7632
                                                                                                                                       3213
                                                                                                                                       5666
                                                                                                                                                      3775
                                                                                                                                                      1 825
                                                                                                                                                                     487
                                                                                                                                                                     135
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
         General public buildings ______________________
         Other government administration ______________
     Interest on general debt _________________________
                                                                  5145
                                                                  9407             1 209
                                                                                          -      5145
                                                                                                 819B
                                                                                                              1 251
                                                                                                              2251
                                                                                                                           3895
                                                                                                                           5961
                                                                                                                                       1 927
                                                                                                                                       2502
                                                                                                                                                      1 662
                                                                                                                                                      2667
                                                                                                                                                                     288
                                                                                                                                                                     595
                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
     General elCp8ndtture, n.e.c. ______________________        220845           174 266        46557        20355        26 202       7502          10611           566          2838         4666
                                                                 74032            44174         40985        37619        23698        8802          13225         2095                 -      1 803
  UtHity and liquor store expenditure __________________
  Insurance trust expenditure _________________________
                                                                 73509                    -     73509         8813        84696        2820          36435         1 066                -     24375
                                                                414624           359630         54 984       46995         7999         1 342         6057             125           279          196
     Social Security and Meditate Insurances
      (OASCHI) ____________________________________
     Unemployment cornr'nS8tion----
     E=
                                       ________________
               retiremen ____________________________
                                                                321 335
                                                                 12952
                                                                 84 385
                                                                                 321 335
                                                                                      90
                                                                                  29491
                                                                                                12862
                                                                                                34884
                                                                                                        -    12791
                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                               71
                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                            -            71
                                                                                                                                                           -            -
                                                                                                                                                                        -               -
                                                                                                                                                                                        -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                             26966         7928         1 342         5986             125           219          196
     Other nsurance trust expenditure ________________           15951             8714          7237         7237                -         -              -            -               -            -
Indel:tedness-total   debt outstanding at 6nd of
  fisc:a' year _________________________________________
                                                              3679467          28il1 112      798355        295500       502855       110036       196 914         9654          42784       1'41 487

        'Duplicatlve Intergovernmental transactions are excluded: see text.
        ·Includes pay and allowanteS for mHltarY personnel.




2 SUMMARY                                                                                                                                              GOVERNMENT' FINANCES
Table 3.             Summary of Government Finances In Relation to Population and Fersonal Income
                     by Level of Government: 198f}-89
[Dollars                                                            -
             Deta,l may not add to lotal because of rounding. For ;n6::~lng of abbre \lations and symbols, see Introductory text]

                                                                                         Amount per capita                                                       Amount per 51,000 personal Income

                                                                                                            state and local                                                                State and local
                              Item                               All goverr.·                                                                 Allgovem.
                                                                      ments        Federal         Total'           State         Local'           menta           Federal        Total·           State     LocaP

                                                                             1              2             3              4               5                 6             7             6               9          10

REVENUE
            Revenue, IotaI' _____________________________
                                                                   7724.21        4 401.85      3 841.13        2 381.18       2 143.15            473.10          281.59        235.28         ~145.23      131.28
General revenue> ____________________________________              5641.65        2994.53       3 165.68        1 948.34       1 881.49            345.54           163.41       193.69          119.43      115.61
  Intergovernmental revenue> ________________________                                11.69        506.67          481.48         705.93                                .72        31.04           26.88       43.24
     From Federal Government. ______________________                       (3
                                                                          <"\               -     506.87          437.06          70.65                                  -        31.04           26.79        4.34
     From State government _________________________
      From local governmer,Is3 ________________________
                                                                          (3
                                                                           (3
                                                                                     11.69
                                                                                            -          1:1          30.41
                                                                                                                         -       635.08
                                                                                                                                      (3)                 ~
                                                                                                                                                                       .72
                                                                                                                                                                         -            ('I
                                                                                                                                                                                      (3
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1.66
                                                                                                                                                                                                              38.90
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (.)
    General revenue from own sources _________________
      Taxes _________________________________________              5641.65        2982.64       2656.61         1 480.88       1 161.58            345.54           162.69       162.65           90.17       72.37
         Property ____________________________________             4388.17        2460.89       1 667.69        1 147.53         743.t5            287.58           151.95       115.63           70.34       45.52
           Sales. gross recelpls, and customs ____________
                                                                     574.14
                                                                     660.37
                                                                                         -
                                                                                    211.80
                                                                                                  574.14
                                                                                                  886.17
                                                                                                                   21.88
                                                                                                                  558.26
                                                                                                                                 552.32
                                                                                                                                 111.88
                                                                                                                                                    35.17
                                                                                                                                                    53.92
                                                                                                                                                                         -        35.17            1.34       33.63
           IndMduallncome ____________________________                                                                                                               12.96        40.96           34.22        6.65
           Corporation net lncome _______________________          2 169.41       1 79541         394.00          358.67          36.21            134.10           109.97        24.13           21.99        2.22
           Other taxes _________________________________             520.52         416.09        104.42           96.36           6.30             31.68            25.49         6.40            5.91          .51
                                                                     204.33          57.79        146.54          112.35          34.48             12.51             3.54         6.98            6.69        2.11
         Charges and miscellaneous general revenue ______          1 272.67         501.95        770.92          333.33         436.41             17.96            30.74        47.22           20.43       26.65
ublity and liquor store revenue ________________________
Insurance trust revenue ______________________________               226.50
                                                                   1 656.07       1 407.12
                                                                                            -     226.50
                                                                                                  448.96
                                                                                                                    24.37
                                                                                                                   396.45
                                                                                                                                 202.16
                                                                                                                                  53.47
                                                                                                                                                    13.87
                                                                                                                                                   113.68
                                                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                                     88.16
                                                                                                                                                                                  13.67
                                                                                                                                                                                  27.50
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1.49
                                                                                                                                                                                                  24.30
                                                                                                                                                                                                              12.38
                                                                                                                                                                                                               3.26
   SocIal Security and Madlcare Insurances (OASDHI)___
   Unemploymant compensation ______________________
   Em~e      retirement ______________________________
                                                                   I 367.61
                                                                      60.19
                                                                                  1 387.61
                                                                                        .81        79.36
                                                                                                          -         79.31            .26
                                                                                                                                         -          83.76
                                                                                                                                                     4.91
                                                                                                                                                                     63.76
                                                                                                                                                                       .05
                                                                                                                                                                                      -
                                                                                                                                                                                   4.66            4.86
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -        .02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                     344.62          17.82        327.00           274.45          53.21            21.12             1.09        20.03           16.62        3.26
   Other nsurance trust revenue ______________________                63.46          20.88         42.58            42.69                -           3.89             1.28         2.61            2.62            -
EXPENDITURE
            Expenditure,   tolel' __________________________       8 180.44       5 118.31      3511.53         2 120.37       2 147.82            501.04          313.37        2111.71         12... 1     131.54
By character and ~I:
   Intergovernmenta expenditure' _____________________                              512.60         11.61           867.98         19.75                              31.40          .72           40.95        1.21
                                                                   4 :;~1.~
   =t        =:~~_:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
           COnstruction _________________________________            ;'52.94
                                                                     366.02
                                                                                  1 741.29
                                                                                    401.99
                                                                                     47.49
                                                                                                2560.29
                                                                                                  450.95
                                                                                                  338.53
                                                                                                                   940.76
                                                                                                                   174.13
                                                                                                                   135.73
                                                                                                                               1 641.63
                                                                                                                                 277.24
                                                                                                                                 203.13
                                                                                                                                                   284.~
                                                                                                                                                    52.24
                                                                                                                                                                    106.65
                                                                                                                                                                     24.62
                                                                                                                                                                                 158.04
                                                                                                                                                                                  27.62
                                                                                                                                                                                                  57.67
                                                                                                                                                                                                  10.67
                                                                                                                                                                                                             100.58
                                                                                                                                                                                                              16.96
                                                                                                                                                    23.64             2.91        20.73            6.32       12.44
          Equipment, land, and existing structures ________          488.92         354.51        112.42            38.40         74.11             26.60            21.71         6.69            2.35        4.54
   Assistance and subsidies __________________________               410.22         309.61        100.61            62.27         38.49             25.13            16.96         6.16            3.82
   Interest on deb!. __________________________________                                                                                                                                                        2.36
                                                                     925.44         702.10        223.34            65.45        138.tO             58.88            43.00        13.68            5.24        6.46
   Insurance benehts and repayments _________________              1 670.26       1 446.72        221.53           189.17         32.22            10D.30            88.73        13.57           11.63        1.97
   El<hibit ExpendllUle for salaries and wages _________           1 637.4!!        558.t8      1 279.30           381.40        696.83            112.54            34.19        78.36           23.36       55.05
By function:
   General expenditure' ______________________________             6214.06       3667.59        3070.88         1 695.00       1 654.78            380.60          224.63        189.09          116.16      113.60
         Curren! expenditure' _________________________            5423.09       3265.59        2881.90         1 729.65       1 630.75            332.16
         CapitaloUllay ________________________________                                                                                                            200.ot        164.26          106.03       99.66
                                                                     790.96        401.99         368.97          165.35         224.03             48.45           24.62         23.62           10.14       13.72
         Selected Federal programs:
            National defense and International relations ____
            Postal service _______________________________         1 395.16
                                                                     146.92
                                                                                  1 395.18
                                                                                    146.92
                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                          -              -
                                                                                                                         -               -
                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                       65.45
                                                                                                                                                        9.00
                                                                                                                                                                     65.45
                                                                                                                                                                      9.00
                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                       -               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
            Space research and technology _______________
         Education services:
            Education ___________________________________
                                                                      43.53          43.53                -              -               -              2.67          2.67             -               -           -
            libraries ____________________________________         1 130.62         155.03      1 063.06           699.35        766.42                69.26          9.50        65.11           42.67       48.29
                                                                      17.12           2.14         15.24             2.66         14.20                 1.05           .13          .93             .16         .67
         Social services and Income maintenance:
            PublICwelfare _______________________________
                                                                     506.11         352.61        394.29           374.54         95.53                31.12        21.61         24.15           22.96        5.65
                                                                     222.61          34.20        169.63            6M6          105.29                13.63         2.09         11.61            5.30        6.45
            ~~~a~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::               120.17          60.0a         63.32            69.41         39.28                 7.36         3.88          5.10            4.25        2.41
            SocIal Insurance administration ________________
            Veterans' services ___• _______________________           29.62          28.66         11.67            11.88            .04                1.61         1.77           .73             .73            -
         Transportation:
                                                                      75.79          75.21            .59              .59               -              4.64         4.61            .04             .04           -
                                                                     237.15          57.27
           ~~:~iiOii::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
           Water transport and terminals _________________
                                                                      41.01
                                                                      16.40
                                                                                     22.35
                                                                                      6.73
                                                                                                  234.02
                                                                                                   23.17
                                                                                                                   172.41
                                                                                                                     2.67
                                                                                                                                   91.92
                                                                                                                                   21.13
                                                                                                                                                       14.52
                                                                                                                                                        2.51'
                                                                                                                                                                      3.51
                                                                                                                                                                      1.37
                                                                                                                                                                                  14.33
                                                                                                                                                                                   1.42
                                                                                                                                                                                                  10.57
                                                                                                                                                                                                    .16
                                                                                                                                                                                                               5.63
                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.29
           Other transportatfon __________________________                                          7.75             2.88           5.20                1.00           .53          .47             .16         .32
         Public safety:
                                                                       4.68                 -       4.66            10.71           7.42                 .29             -          .29             .66         .45
            Police protection _____________________________
                                                                     131.62          21.36        111.67            19.16          95.2~                6.07          1.31         6.65             1.17       5.63
           ~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                         48.07
                                                                      90.84           5.71
                                                                                            -      48.07
                                                                                                   65.39            60.64
                                                                                                                         -         48.16
                                                                                                                                   29.95
                                                                                                                                                        2.94
                                                                                                                                                        5.55
                                                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                                       .35
                                                                                                                                                                                   2.94
                                                                                                                                                                                   5.23            3.72
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -       2.95
                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.83
           Protective I=n
         EhVlronment a
                          and regulation ___________
                          hOU!ing:
           Natural resources • ___________________________
                                                                      20.41                 -      20.47            13.69           7.14                1.25             -         1.25             .84         .44

           Parks and recreatfon _________________________            259.24         223.53         44.88            36.63          10.06               15.88         13.69         2.74            2.25         .62
                                                                      58.96           7.16         52.07            10.46          42.62                3.61           .44         3.19             .64        2.61
           Housing ___________________________________
           Sewerageand community developmenL ________                113.72         101.94         59.31            11.88          52.57                6.97          6.24         3.64             .73        3.22
            Solid waste management _____________________              6ll.~
                                                                      3G.l
                                                                                            -
                                                                                            -      88.84
                                                                                                   35.16
                                                                                                                     5.22
                                                                                                                     2.57
                                                                                                                                   88.51
                                                                                                                                   32.72
                                                                                                                                                        4.20
                                                                                                                                                        2.15
                                                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                                                   4.20
                                                                                                                                                                                   2.15
                                                                                                                                                                                                    .32
                                                                                                                                                                                                    .16
                                                                                                                                                                                                               4.07
                                                                                                                                                                                                               2.00
         Government adminfstralfon:
            Financial ar1;lnfstralfon-----------------------          69.13          28.73         80.40            30.98          29.94                5.46          1.78         3.70             1.90       1.63
            G_al      pubflc            ______________________
            JUdIcIal and ~----------.------------                     62.58          11.88         50.70            21.98          30.75                3.63           .73         3.11             1.35       1.88
            Other government administration ______________
         Interest on gent!lal debt _________________________
                                                                      20.73
                                                                      37.69           4.87
                                                                                            -      20.73
                                                                                                   33.02
                                                                                                                     5.05
                                                                                                                     9.09
                                                                                                                                   15.119
                                                                                                                                   24.01
                                                                                                                                                        1.27
                                                                                                                                                        2.32          .30
                                                                                                                                                                         -         1.27
                                                                                                                                                                                   2.02
                                                                                                                                                                                                     .31
                                                                                                                                                                                                     .56
                                                                                                                                                                                                                .96
                                                                                                                                                                                                               1.47
                                                                     689.65         702.10        187.55            62.20         105.55               54.49        43.00         11.49             5.04       6.48
         General eXJiendlture, n.e.c, ______________________         298.23         171.95        165.10           151.91'         95.46               18.27        10.90         10.11             9.31       5.85
   UtltItyand liquor store expenditure __________________            296.12                 -     296.12            35.59        260.62                18.14             -        18.14            2.18       15.96
    Insurance trust e~-------------------------                    1 670.26       1 448.72        221.53           189.77          32.22           102.30           88.73         13.57           11.83        1.97
       Socfal Security and Medicare Insurances
         (OASDHI) ____________________________________
         UnompIoyment~salfon--------------------
         E~        Ie        ____________________________
                                                                   1 294.48
                                                                      52.17
                                                                                  1 294.46
                                                                                        .36        51.81            51'.65           .28
                                                                                                                                         -             711.21
                                                                                                                                                        3.20
                                                                                                                                                                    79.211
                                                                                                                                                                       .02         3.17
                                                                                                                                                                                       -           3.17
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -        .02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
         Other nsurance truat expendtture ________________           259.37         118.80        140.57           106.90          31.94               15.1111        7.28         6.111           6.88        1.96
                                                                      64.26          35.10         29.15            29.23                -              3.94        • 2.15         1.79            1.711           -
Indebtedness-total dett outstanding at and of
  n-t yeti _________________________________________
                                                    14 622.28                    11 806.20      3218.07         1 193.29       2025.89             907.94          710.66        196.96           73.15      124.07

        "SIate and Local, total' and 'Local' caIcuIatf0n31nc:1ude pOpUlation for Wallllnglon, DC.         "State   and 1.ocaI, total·   .1Id 'locaI"    caIcuIalfona IncIudJ personal Income data for Washington,
DC. 'Dupllcatlve Intergovernmental lransactiontr are excluded; _ 1eXt.


GOVERNMENT' FINANCES                                                                                                                                                                           SUMMARY 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     !




Table 4.              Summary of Federal Government Finances: 1985-86 to 1988-89
(DetaJl may not add to lotal because of rounding. For meanIng of abbreviations and symbols. see Introductory text)
                                                                                                                   Amount (mill/on dol/ars)                                   Per caplta'
                                              Item                                                       1988·89     1987·88          1988·87       1985·86   1988·89     1987·88           1986·87     1965·88

                                                                                                                            2                 3          4          5           6                 7              6

REVENUE

                        ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
          Revenue, 101111.                                                                             1 092660    1 012 343          952 631      847516     4401.65     4 118.45      3913.54        3 515.10

      General revenue ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    743359       692555           667004       580 611    2994.53     2 617.47      2 740.15       2408.11

General revenue from own sources ••••••••••••••••••••••••••.•••.•••                                     740456       689 696          664 517      578473     2982.84     2805.84       2 729.93       2399.24
  Taxes ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      615 853      562600           539400       471 898    2480.89     2 288.79      2215.93        1 957.21
     Income ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.••                                     548981       495376           476483       412102     2211.50     2 015.30      1 957.46       1 709.21
        IndMdual ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     445690       401 181          392557       348959     1 795.41    1 632.10      1 61268        1 447.32
        Corporation ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    103291        94195            83926        63143       416.09      383.21        344.78         261.89

      Sales. gross receIpts. and customs •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                   52527        52604            48423        47048       211.60      214.01            198.93     195.12
         Customs duties •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    16450        19317            15138        13420        66.27       78.59             62.19      55.68
         Motor fuel •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    14372        12876            11 952       11 641       57.90       52.36             49.10      48.28
                                                                                                          5810         5830             6135         5601        2340        23.72             2520       23.23
          ~~~I::'~~lIt~~~.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                        6390
                                                                                                          3569
                                                                                                                       5701
                                                                                                                       3 146
                                                                                                                                        5435
                                                                                                                                        2913
                                                                                                                                                     5047
                                                                                                                                                     2708
                                                                                                                                                                 25.74       23.19             22.33      20.93
                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.23
                                                                                                                                                                 14.38       12.80             11.97
                                                                                                          2821         2555             2522         2339        11.38       10.29             10.36       9.70
          TO~~}:5~~~~:=:==:===:=:============:==:=::=::==:==:=                                            4290         4523             4937         4608        17.28       18.40             20.28      19.11

          Other sales and gross receIpts taxes .' ••• ' •• ' •• ".' •• "'.'                  •• '         5 215        7 357            4 626        6 729       21.01       29.93             19.83      27.91
            Oil wfndf811c1:fiI tax •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     30        2418               989        3442          .12        9.84              4.06      1428
             Motor vehl es, chassis. and body ••••••••••••••••••••••••                             '      1 259        j 156            1 021        1 091        5.07        4.70              4.19       4.52
              TIres. Inner tubes, and tread robber ••••••••••••••••••••••••                                 313          319              293          286        1.26        1.30              1.20       119
              Other categories not shown •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                  3613         3484             2520         1 910       14.55       14.09             10.35       7.92

      Other taxes •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     14345       14620            144.4        12750        57.79       59.48             59.54      52.88
                                                                                                                                                     6958
          ~~lh:~.~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::8745
                                                                 5600
                                                                                                                       7594
                                                                                                                       7026
                                                                                                                                        7493
                                                                                                                                        7001         5792
                                                                                                                                                                 35.23
                                                                                                                                                                 22.56
                                                                                                                                                                             30.89
                                                                                                                                                                             28.58
                                                                                                                                                                                               30.78
                                                                                                                                                                                               28.76
                                                                                                                                                                                                          28.86
                                                                                                                                                                                                          24.02

   Charges and mIscellaneous general revenuo ••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    124 603     121096           125117       106575       501.95      517.06            514.00     442.02
      Current charges •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     76322       80081            76875        63291       307.45      325.79            315.81     282.50
                                                                                                          38985       33988            30626        29099       148.91      138.26            125.82     120.69
          ~~:~!r:re~s;iaiid·i..;tiimaikjiialrelaiioi,_s:::::::::::::::::::                                 7769        7191             6925         6774        31.30       29.25             28.45      28.10
          Natural resources •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                   17236       25338            25369        14705        69.43      103.07            104.22      60.99
                                                                                                                                                     2815                                                 11.68

              RePartment
                         ~~ =~~~:~~~~!.~~~~~~~.~~~~.:
              ~::',:;:=of Interior-energy sales ••••••••••••••••••••••                                     3583
                                                                                                           5060
                                                                                                           2371
                                                                                                                      12583
                                                                                                                       5020
                                                                                                                       2 140
                                                                                                                                       12424
                                                                                                                                        4816
                                                                                                                                        2123
                                                                                                                                                     4304
                                                                                                                                                     2252
                                                                                                                                                                 14.35
                                                                                                                                                                 20.38
                                                                                                                                                                  9.55
                                                                                                                                                                             51.19
                                                                                                                                                                             20.42
                                                                                                                                                                              8.71
                                                                                                                                                                                               51.04
                                                                                                                                                                                               19.78
                                                                                                                                                                                                8.72
                                                                                                                                                                                                          17.85
                                                                                                                                                                                                           9.34
             MInerai ore and product sales •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     631         653              884          578        2.54        2.66              2.73       2.40
             TImber sales ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                       906         680              551          488        3.65        2.77              2.26       1.94
             All other resource charges ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                   4705        4260             4791         4288        1895        17.33             1968       17.78
          Other current charges •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                   14352       13568            13955        12713        57.82       55.20             57.33      52.73

                                                                                                           5295        5089             5933         2697        21.33       20.70             24.37      11.19
      =e~~       :.;:ri::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
      Other miscenaneous     general revenue •••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                          13453
                                                                                                          29533
                                                                                                                      15186
                                                                                                                      26760
                                                                                                                                       15398
                                                                                                                                       26911
                                                                                                                                                    13931
                                                                                                                                                    26656
                                                                                                                                                                 54.19
                                                                                                                                                                118.97
                                                                                                                                                                             61.70
                                                                                                                                                                            108.87
                                                                                                                                                                                               63.28
                                                                                                                                                                                              110.55
                                                                                                                                                                                                          57.78
                                                                                                                                                                                                         110.56
          Federal Reserve System-eamlngs •••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      19604       17183            16817        18374        76.97       69.82             69.09      76.21
          Continental shelf lands-lease anC! royalty revenues '_ •• "'.'                       ••          2 930       3 548            4 021        4 716       11.60       14.43             16.52      19.56
          Other •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      6499        6049             6073         3586        26.18       24.61             24.95      14.79

       Insurance trust revenue ••• , ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                349301      319788           265627       286 905    1 407.12    1 300.97          1 173.40   1 107.00
Socfal Securi1y and Medicare Insurances (OASDHI) ••••••••••••••••••••                                    339493      310 023          275874       257263     1 367.61    1 261.25          1 133.33   1 067.01
                                                                                                           4424        4444             4486         4541        17.82       18.08             18.43      18.83
~=:~~~~t"~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
Veterans' life Insurance •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                           4488
                                                                                                             695
                                                                                                                       4423
                                                                                                                         703
                                                                                                                                        4337
                                                                                                                                          726
                                                                                                                                                     4 194
                                                                                                                                                       688
                                                                                                                                                                 18.08
                                                                                                                                                                  2.80
                                                                                                                                                                             17.99
                                                                                                                                                                              2.86
                                                                                                                                                                                               17.82
                                                                                                                                                                                                2.98
                                                                                                                                                                                                          11.39
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2.85
Unemployment compensatlon ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                           201         195              204          221         .81         .79               .84        .92



EXPENDITURE

           ExpendHure, tollll •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                1 2700611   1 214 812        1 148 854     1 098 401   5 118.31    4942.14           4 718.83   4547.36

By Characblr       end Object
                                                                                                         127247      118908           111 511      115632       512.60      483.74            458.10     479.59
                                                                                                         432256      435 791          412 126      386388     1 741.29    1 772.90          1 693.07   1 602.56
                                                                                                          99790       93531            96871        85647       401.99      380.51            397.96     355.22
~~:'=~~~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~                                                        11 788      10486            12403        11 886       47.49       42.59             50.95      49.21
                                                                                                          80733       75470            78761        19512       325.22      307.03            323.56     288.30
   ~::~nteXiiting8iiUCiiii8ij::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                        7269        7593             5707         4269        29.28       30.89             23.45      17.71

Assfstance and subsidies ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                                                  ,                        309.61      293.63            289.24     267.00
                                                                                                          76857       72176               537       64375
Interest on debt •••••••••••••••••.•     _••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                               174288      158 119          146 155      144167       702.10      643.26            600.43     597.94
Insurance benefits and repayments •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    359630      336289           316454       300 192    1 448.72    1 368.10          1 300.04   1 245.06
ExhIbIt: Exptnditure for salaries and wages •••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                  138562      134912           129262       123054       558.18      548.85            531.03     510.37
ay Functton
                                                                                                         910438      878523           832200       796 209    3867.59     3 574.04          3410.80    3302.31
                                                                                                         127247      118906           111 511      115632       512.80      483.74            458.10     479.59
Ge£.~~~~~~:===:==:===========:==::====::=:==::                                                            21670       19531            17988        18023        87.29       79.48             73.90      74.75
        Elementary and S9C0nda!y education ••••••••••••••••••••          _••••                             4013        3886             3088         3286        16.17       15.81             12.69      13.55
        Schoof breallfast and lunCh..................................                                      3595        3408             3469         3086        14.48       13.88             14.25      12.80
        Federally affected area assfstance •••• _•• _•••••••••••••••••••                                     732         691              692          674        2.95        2.81              2.84       260
       Public we/faret ••••••••••••••••••••               _•••••••••••••••••••••••••••                    58410       51 253           47821        44544       227.24      208.51            196.46     184.75
           Medica' aaafstance ••••••••••• _•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                  38177       31 785           28639        26098       145.73      129.31            117.65     108.24
           Maintenance asslstance •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                         _•••••          11 783      11377            11 065        9540        47.47       46.28             45.46      39.57
           Low Income energy BSllfstance •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                   2102        2532             2678         2842         8.47       1030              11.00      11.79
       Health and hospitals· •••••••••••••••••••••••• _•••••••••••••••••                                   6070         5412             4775         4615       24.45       22.02             19.82      19.14
         SpecIal su,.pfemental food prog!a/I1s-WIC programs ••••••••••                                     2102         1 932            1 797        1 710       8.47        7.86              7.38       7.09
         Natfonallnstituln 01 Health ••••••••••• _•••••••••••••••••••••                                      909          825              673          866       3.86        3.36              2.76       2.76
       HlghwIIyI •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    13441        14065            12858        14370       54.15       57.22             52.82      59.80
       Nati.oraJretOll!CeS. patIIs and recreation •••••••••••••••••••••••••                                2298         2218             2120         2424        9.26        9.02              8.71      10.05
       HoUIf!1gand community developmenl •••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      11 814       11436            10652        11237       47.59       48.52             43.76      46.61
       Other' •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                  _•••••••••••••••••••••••••                   15544        14963            15297        20419       62.62       80.87             62.84      84.69
           Urblln mass tranaportatJon ••••• _•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                 3539         3263             3235         3349       14.26       13.27             13.29      13.89
           ConIributJon 10 DIStrIc:t of Columbia •••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                 538          550              580          530       2.17        2.24              2.30       2.20
           See foofnolet at end 01 table.

 4 SUMMARY                                                                                                                                                              GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 4.               Summary of Federal Government Finances:                                                                               1985-86 to 1988-89-Con.
(DetaH m.y nol add 10 lotal because               01 rounding.      For meaning      01 abbreviations    and symbol" _      IntrodOClory te><ll
                                                                                                                        AmclJllt   (mHIton doIlara)                                            Per capita,

                                              Item                                                        1988-89          1987-88            1988-87         1985-86       1988-89        11187-86          19811-87    11185-1M1

                                                                                                                                    2                   3             4              5            6                7              8

EXPENDITURE-CON.

By Function-Con.
General expllndt1Ufa-(A",.
      DIrect alCp8ndt1Ufa••••••••••••••••••••••          _••••• _••••••• _••••• __•                      783191           759 617            720689          660 577      3 154 99        3 Cl9O.30      2960.1111      2822.72
         Selected Fadef., Plograma:
            N.tional defenlC and Intam.tIonal relatlona' ••••••••••••••••                                348338           3211'393           319064          312183        1 395.18       1 '\42.49      1 310.84       1 2114.79


                   ~=
                    =.
                MtIitary fUnctions •••• _•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                               320 8«           300 474            2116915         288 454       1 2112.48      1 2411.81      1219.n         1 111837
                Economic aMt.'1nC8 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      6474             6169              62565            7788           26.08           25.10        257.03          32.30
                                                                                                           8982             6081               7 6~3           7602           38.10           32.811        31.28          31.53
                              ea        -n.:;':::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::_•••
                   Food lor Ireedom •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                           4237
                                                                                                           1 098
                                                                                                                            4012
                                                                                                                            1 080
                                                                                                                                               3483
                                                                                                                                                 970
                                                                                                                                                               3383
                                                                                                                                                               1 0115
                                                                                                                                                                              17.07
                                                                                                                                                                               4.42
                                                                                                                                                                                              111.32
                                                                                                                                                                                               4.31
                                                                                                                                                                                                            14.31
                                                                                                                                                                                                             3.118
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           14.03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            4.54
                                                                                                           4531             4009               3652            3820           18.25           18.31         15.00          1564
                po=~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                Space research and lechnology
                                  •••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                          38472
                                                                                                          10806
                                                                                                                           33892
                                                                                                                             6 B66
                                                                                                                                              32243
                                                                                                                                               7450
                                                                                                                                                              30985
                                                                                                                                                               7275
                                                                                                                                                                             14892
                                                                                                                                                                              43.53
                                                                                                                                                                                            137.811
                                                                                                                                                                                              3807
                                                                                                                                                                                                           132.411
                                                                                                                                                                                                            30.111
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          128.51
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           30.17
         EdUcation services:
            Education •••••• , •••• ,.".,.,,_   ••• __••       ., "" __' __"                               16815            14277              14028           13581          67.74          511.08            57.63       51133
                Veterans' education benefrts ......   __•••• __..... __•••• __                                527              581                530             766          2.12           2.28              2.511       3.18
                Other     • __•• _•••••••••• __••• """"""        ""'_'   .. , ••                           16266            13716              13398           12815          65.61          55.60             55.04       53.15
            libraries                                                  _., •••                                467              275                385             318          1.88           1.12              1.50        1.31
         SocIal services and Income m.'ntenance:
            Public welfare                                                                          .      31 170           28656              28187          25790          125.56         116.511           107.511     108.118
            Hotpltals ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      8187             8045               7768           7573           32.98          32.73             31.99       31.41
                                                                                                            7578             7379               7210
                   Pu~~:~I~~S.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                    Olher pubItc hospltals •••••••••••••• __•••••••••••••••
                                                                                                            6721
                                                                                                              657
                                                                                                                             6524
                                                                                                                               855
                                                                                                                                                6335
                                                                                                                                                  875
                                                                                                                                                               7032
                                                                                                                                                               6185
                                                                                                                                                                 647
                                                                                                                                                                              30.53
                                                                                                                                                                              27.07
                                                                                                                                                                               3.45
                                                                                                                                                                                             30.02
                                                                                                                                                                                             28.54
                                                                                                                                                                                              3.48
                                                                                                                                                                                                               29.112
                                                                                                                                                                                                               26.03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.511
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           211.17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           25.65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3.51
                                                                                                              609              6CI8               576            541           2.45           2.71              2.37        2.24
                H..~:~~.~~~.~~.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                      9147             8804               7731           7520           36.65                            31.76       31.19
                r '::iallnsurance  administration                                                   .       4405             4313               4023           3871           17.74          ~~:~~ I           111.53      11108
                 .,leran9' s8IVlces                                  __••••••••••••••••••                  18669            16340              17088          17 139          75.21          74.61             70.20       71.08
         Transportallon:
                                                                                                              778              377                  623           568          3.13            1.53             2.511       2.38
                ~iiOn·::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                          and lermlnal ••••••••••••••••••••
                Waler transport                             __••••••••
                                                                                                            4428
                                                                                                            2149
                                                                                                                             4 186
                                                                                                                             2112
                                                                                                                                                  3823
                                                                                                                                                  1 971
                                                                                                                                                                3599
                                                                                                                                                                16110
                                                                                                                                                                              17.64
                                                                                                                                                                               8.66
                                                                                                                                                                                              17.03
                                                                                                                                                                                               8.59
                                                                                                                                                                                                               15.71
                                                                                                                                                                                                                8.10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           14.93
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            7.01
         Public salety:
            Police Plolectlon                                                                       .       4952             4657                 4036          3543          19.95           18.95            18511       14.611
            CorrectIon ••••••••••••            __                                                   .       1 303            1 168                  924           798          5.25            4.75             3.60        3.31
         Envlronmenl and housing:
            Nalural resources, parks and recrealion                                                 .      54 975           81 481             64 5116        60 075         221.46         331.48            347.41      249.16
               SoIl, waler, minerai, and olectrlc energy resources>                                 .      16434            16142              15329          15358           6620           65.67             62.97       63.70
                   Energy Plograms                                                                  .       5490             5566               5498           5995           22.12          22.73             22.511      24.611
                   Tennessee   Vall4ly Aulhorlty                     __                        ..           3764             4608               4526           3951           15.16          18.75             18.511      111.311
                   Army Cofpl 01 EMineera                           __                              .       1 966            1 660              1 724          1 891           7.92           6.75              7.08        7.64
                   SolI ConselVation 118!Vlce                                                       .         6115             725                657            6112          2.60           2.95              2.70        2.117
                  518b11aaUon ollarm pricet and Income>                                           .        19 1511          46151              50177          28214           77.17         187.75            208.13      117.02
                     CommodllY Credll Corpor.tIon                                                 .        16132            44440              48533          28560           64.911        160.79            199.38      110.111
                  Farm credll prOglllm                                                         ..          11 2114          14 418             12 172          95111          45.50          511.66            50.00       311.78
                  Forllltry                                                                      _          2497             2362               1 908          1 864          10.06           9.61              7.64        7.73
                  Other .gric:ultural relOUfces                                                   .         1 714
                  Other     n.tuf.'
                                  relOllfCGs'
                      N.tional Oceanographic    and AImOIpheric
                                                                                                  .         2166
                                                                                                                             1 665
                                                                                                                             2123
                                                                                                                                                1 610
                                                                                                                                                1 6117
                                                                                                                                                               1 545
                                                                                                                                                               2049
                                                                                                                                                                               6.90
                                                                                                                                                                               8.73
                                                                                                                                                                                              6.85
                                                                                                                                                                                              864
                                                                                                                                                                                                                6.61
                                                                                                                                                                                                                7.87
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            641
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            8.50
                        Administration                                                              .       1 180            1 21.                1 076         1 246          4.75           4.114             4.42        5.17
                HoutIng and community developmenl                                                   .      13492            11 989                9538          7925          54.35          4111111           311.18      32.117
         Governmenl admlnltlr.tIon:
           Flnanctal.dmInIstr.tIon                                                                  .       7 132            6 6115               5826          5400          28.73          27.113            23.113      22.40
           JudICIal .nd legal                                                                       .       2949             26311                2271          2 OlIO        11.611         10.74              9.33        8.117
           Other govommenl admlnistr.tIon                                                           .       1 2011           1 187                1 133         1 1211         4.87           4.63              4.115       4.811
         Inlere" on general debt                                                                    .     174 HII          1511 119           148 155         144 187        702.10         643.26            600.43      5117.114
         General expendl\lJre. n .• c                                                               .      33062            2113116            23638          23380          133.19         119.511            97.93       118.811
Ineurance \rUI1 elCp8ndi\llre                                                                       .     3511630          338 2811          318454          300 192       1 «11.72       1 3811.10      1 300.04       I 245.011
   SocIal Security and MedIcare Insur.neat                 (OA5OOI)                                 .     321 335          299 ~75           282212          267 923       1 2114411      1 218.33       1 1511.37      1 111.22
   Ernp\OyM re1llamenl                                                                              .      29491            28371             25 9111         24226          118.60         115.42         108.n          100.411
   Railrolid 18llfamenl                                                                             .       6672             6343              61411           59811          26.611         25.80          25.26          24.711
   V.lerans' 101.  '"-.001                                                                          .       2042             1 1187            19311           18113           8.23           8.08           7.97           7.85
   lilternploymenl   compensation                                                                   .          90              113               164             181             .38            .411          .87             .75



DEBT
Gron   debl outstanding al end 01 fiscal y.It                                                       .   2661 112        2 614 ~1           2354       073   2 12115011    11 606.20      10 6311.72      9870.117       8632.20
   Public debl                                                                                 ..       2857431         2602 183           2350       zrt   2 125304      11 510.111     10 5l1li.211    91155.27       81114.711
   Fadefal     agency debl                                                                     ..          23 6111         12 3118                37118         4202          95.40           50.«          15.511         17.43
   Held bV Federal GovernIlHlllI                                                                    .     6711642         550 649            4511 172         363 919      2726.57        2 240.17       1 8112.24      1 5112.32
   Other debl outstanding                                                                           .   2204 270        2063932            1 8115901        1 745 5117     8879.63        8 3118.511     7 7811.63      72311.1111

             'Pili' capita fIgur •• are calculated       on lhe ba.. 01 .mounll             rounded 10 lhe _It       Ihousend.
         'Inc\UIkis amount. not Ihown In detail.




GOVERNMENT FINANCES                                                                                                                                                                                          SUMMARY 5
Table 5.             Summary of State and Local Govemment Finances: 1985-86 to 1988-89
(ONI     "lAY   no. add '0 lOla! bee.- 01 rounding. For..-llllg 01 ~ and aymbole. _ InIrodUcloly .... /

                                                                                                                                                     AmoUnl (million dollars)                                        Por caplta'

                                                        lIam                                                                             lQU.811        1981-118           1981\.87    11185-118    11180-89     1981-80           1986-87     1985-86

                                                                                                                                                               2                   3            4            5             6             7              8

REVENUE

        ~
            "-"-
                      r-.Ja __
                             ••••
                                            ---_.- ----_._-_._-._--_.- - _----
                                                         ._.               •__ _ __
                                                                             •••• ••• •                                             _
                                                                                                                                         113 517       114 ttl'           1431 171     7111 371     3 "1.13      35N.71        3 ..... 77     32.1.01
                                                                                                                                         785844        728 782            666 860      641 488      3 165.68     295663        282172         2680.511
From F.....           GovwnmenI_._._.                    .• __•• _.•                .. __.                            __
                                                                                                       ._. __•. __. __._                 125824        117 802            114857       113 OPII       50887        478.43        471.85         46008
~           _           from own _                                             •••                     ••    ._ •••                      eeo 020       8011 180           572003       528387       2658.81      2478.20       2 :l4S 87      2191.50
    T             •                        •• __._ ••              •••                 ._.             •••••                        •
                                                                                                                                         488847        435741             404 803      373 0711     1 887.e9     1 772.89      1 662.>111     1 547.38
        Property ••• -.--.--          •••• --.-.--.--._.--._                        •• --.--       ••• --------            •• --.        142525        132212             121 203      111 709        574.14       537.87        497.92         48332
                                                                                                                                         188 018       158 452            1440111      135005         688.77       63648         591.95         55994
        ~=.~.r~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
         s.tacIIvo __••••••• __••••••• ••••• _. __••••• •• __• •
                                                                                                                                         112598
                                                                                                                                          53418
                                                                                                                                                       105238
                                                                                                                                                        51 215
                                                                                                                                                                           98 803
                                                                                                                                                                           47488
                                                                                                                                                                                        90 6115
                                                                                                                                                                                        44310
                                                                                                                                                                                                      45359
                                                                                                                                                                                                      215.19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   428.13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   20835
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 398.88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 19509
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                37618
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                18378
        111COIM                •                    •                ••• __ •• __ • __ • __ •••••                     __ •••••      _    123 7211      112013             106 359       943511        49843        455.69        43694          39138
            IndIYiduIII _••            •           ••••• __•             ••••• _.                  ••••• __•                   • __       97807         86350              83935        74365         3114.00      359.43        34482          30843
                                                                                                                                          25922         23 6113            22425        19994         104.42        9827           92.12         8293
        Othereorc:.~.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    ChIwgae and rnlacaiIIIne<lOageneral r_.           •        ••• _•••••••
                                                                                                                                          $ 378
                                                                                                                                         191 373
                                                                                                                                                        35083
                                                                                                                                                       173419
                                                                                                                                                                           33 150
                                                                                                                                                                          187200
                                                                                                                                                                                        32008
                                                                                                                                                                                       155308
                                                                                                                                                                                                      14854
                                                                                                                                                                                                      71D.92
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   142.64
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   705.51
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  136.19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 686.88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                132.75
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                64415
        Other lan general revenue _.
            U                                •• •__._.            ••        _                                                            UI7873        157 3~5            157018       141 892        675.45       840.16           64505       588.50


=:~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                                                                                          521110        49228              46 8011      43850         213.14       20026            192.30      181.87
                                                                                                                                           3315          3290               3356         3313          13.35        13.39            13~Q        13.74
    IJMmpIoymant companullon                        _. __••                                    •                                    •    111 448       104840             106 850       94 7211       448.98       428.51           438.98      392.89
                                                                                                                                          111704        17 273             18925        18267          79.38        70.27            77.75       75.78
                                                                                                                                          81 174        77 818             79491        69365         327.00       316.58           328.56      287.70
    ~-~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                                    10570          97411              8434         70117         42.58        3968             34.65       2943

EXPENDITURE
            EII,.ndIIUre,          10IIII                                  •                                                        _
                                                                                                                                         110 .1.
                                                                                                                                                       '21"1              771045       717451       3 511.63     3313.11       3 112.21       2.75.1.
By cIIInC1er          and obIec1:
    In'eroo-nmenlai.o               Federal Government                                         •                                    _      2931          2857               2458         2 106         II.Bl        1081          100D            8.73
                                                                                                                                         840 5211      5111 281           551 091      511 376      2580.29      2405.311      2 20.:;.98     2 12098
                                                                                                                                         111 944       104 320             9884l!       90 417        450.95       424.40        406.06         375.26
                                                                                                                                          84 031        78598              74 162       87966         338.53       319.75        304.87         281.90
                                                                                                                                          21901         25722              24879        22510         112.42       104.64        101.311         93.36
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    InIerHt on dIIbt •   •                                                                                                          _     24975         23928              23488        22588         100.61        97.34         98.40          93.611
    I.... nce benefb and repilymenlS •                                                                                •             •     55442         52803              50387        44310         223.34       214.82        207.00         184.03
                                                                                                                                          54 994        51 879             50804        46538         221.53       211.06        208.71         193.02
    ExhItMt El<pendiIOre lor saI8ries and w.getI                                                           •          •             •    311573        21158611           274 734      258 622      1 279.30     1 202.93      1 128.65       1 084.35
    By 1\JncIIon!
    General axpendl\u'e __• __•                                                                                      ••             _
                                                                                                                                         782311        704 921            657 134      805623       307088       2887.78       2899.80        2511.84
        EdUcation sarvlces:
           EdUcation.            ••        •                                                        • __• __••                 • __
              Elementary and NCOndafy educlillon                                                      •       •                   _      283 898       242 6113           226 619      210819       1 083 08       987.29           93098       874.38
                                                                                                                                         185171        18118114           158 910      145 111        745.94       690.38           844.81      801.85
                                                                                                                                          87550         82688              80 073       56 535        272.12       255.03           246.79      234.48
                ~ '=-::':::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::• __
           LJbraties ••     •          •• _.           •• __ ••• _._._. __••                                                              11177
                                                                                                                                           3783
                                                                                                                                                        10302
                                                                                                                                                         3501
                                                                                                                                                                            9636
                                                                                                                                                                            3298
                                                                                                                                                                                         9113
                                                                                                                                                                                         2946
                                                                                                                                                                                                       45.03
                                                                                                                                                                                                       15.24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    41.91
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    14.24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     39.59
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     13.55
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 36.04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 12.22
        SocIal Nf1IIcte .'ld Income malnt_nee: ••
           PublIc ..,.,.  ••• _•• __••     •• _••• _._              ._ ••                                                          ._
                                                                                                                                          97879          811090             82850       75688         3114.29      362.-'4          339.54      314.67
                                                                                                                                          47073          43452              40184       37986         1811.83      176.77           18508       157.50
            ~-:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: __
            ErnpIoyrntInI sec:urtty 1IdmInIt1ra1lon
                                               •  •    ...                                                                                20 884
                                                                                                                                           2947
                                                                                                                                                         184M
                                                                                                                                                          2853
                                                                                                                                                                            18903
                                                                                                                                                                             2752
                                                                                                                                                                                        15550
                                                                                                                                                                                         2707
                                                                                                                                                                                                       8332
                                                                                                                                                                                                       11.B7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    75.21
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11.61
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     6944
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     11.30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 84.49
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 11.23
            v__ • sarvIcea _••              • __• __•                           •        ._ •• _._ ••                      •       __
                                                                                                                                             148            134                129         122           .59                                        .51
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       .55             .53
        Trar\lpOltlltlon:

            ~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                                  58 093         55821              52355       49388         234.02       22628            215.08      20476
                                                                                                                                           5752           5351               4914        4257          23.17        21.77            20.19       17.88
            Water IranIport and 1.,.,.,... ••_.                                                            ......                  ._        755            785                761         862          3.04         3.19             3.12        2.83
            TraneillUbIIdIet                              •        ... _•• _.                  •• __..                         •    _      1 923          1 842              1 751       1 725          7.75         7.49             7.19        7.16
                                                                                                                                             402            2e2                242         278          1.82         1.07               .99       114
        PublIc .. r.ty:
           PolIce protacIIon                  ••               •         ... __•               •               •••                  _
                                                                                                                                          27711          28277              24742       22885         111.87       108.90           101.65        94.09
                                                                                                                                          11 1132        11 753             10453        9587          46.07        47.81            42.94        39.76
            ~~-:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
        En::Natural
                     =nd
                                 •
                                    ragulallon •• -----.--------
                                     •        ••
                                                                       .. - •• -----
                                                             • __• __.. _.... __..
                                                                                                                                          21 1117
                                                                                                                                           5081
                                                                                                                                          11 092
                                                                                                                                                         18 9IMI
                                                                                                                                                          4724
                                                                                                                                                         1023e
                                                                                                                                                                            18636
                                                                                                                                                                             4417
                                                                                                                                                                             9943
                                                                                                                                                                                        14 951
                                                                                                                                                                                         4079
                                                                                                                                                                                         II 074
                                                                                                                                                                                                       85.311
                                                                                                                                                                                                       20.47
                                                                                                                                                                                                       44.88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    77.24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1922
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    41.65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     68.35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     18.15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4085
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  62.04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1692
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  37.83
            p.u and r.cr .. IIon       • __ •    ••                •••      •       ._
                                                                                                                                          12927          12070              11 018      10184          52.07        49.10            45.28        42.18
            HouIIng and cornmonIIy dIMIIopmet~         •       .... __.. _... _. __                                                       14738          13255              11 770      11 286         511.37       53.92            4835         4880
                                                                                                                                          17 0311        18 3211            15148       13301          68.64        68.43            62.23        55.19
            =::.~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
        GowmmenIIldmlnlllraIlon: _••
                                                                                                                                           8734           7350               84111l      5835          35.18        29.90            28.70        24.20
          Flnanciaf adrnInIIIrallOn                                            ... _.                  •             ••• _. __••
                                                                                                                                          14 9113        13 5811            12872       11 8117        80.40        55.28            52.88       4934

       ~ ~~~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                                                                                          12587          11 213             10103        9304          50.70        45.62            41.51       38.511


                    .
     =.c:-==.~c.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                                                                                           5145           4788               4848        4 108         2073         19.48            19.91       17.03
                                                                                                                                           8198           78211              7083        8498          33.02        31.B5            29.10       28.94
                                                                                                                                          48557          44318              418111      31084         181.55       180.30           172.10      153.72
                                                                                                                                          40985          38 141             37 151      33475         165.10       155.17           152.62      138.84

    =::.:~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                                        70838
                                                                                                                                           2872
                                                                                                                                          54 9114
                                                                                                                                                         67211
                                                                                                                                                          2837
                                                                                                                                                         51 879
                                                                                                                                                                            88 172
                                                                                                                                                                             211$
                                                                                                                                                                            50 804
                                                                                                                                                                                        62430
                                                                                                                                                                                         2867
                                                                                                                                                                                        48538
                                                                                                                                                                                                      284.58
                                                                                                                                                                                                       11.57
                                                                                                                                                                                                      221.53
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   273.43
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11.54
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   211.06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    271.85
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     12.08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    208.71
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                258.93
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 11.89
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                193.02

     ~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                                              12882
                                                                                                                                          348114
                                                                                                                                           7237
                                                                                                                                                         13093
                                                                                                                                                         32125
                                                                                                                                                          6682
                                                                                                                                                                            15248
                                                                                                                                                                            211803
                                                                                                                                                                             5953
                                                                                                                                                                                        14887
                                                                                                                                                                                        28 521
                                                                                                                                                                                         5130
                                                                                                                                                                                                       51.61
                                                                                                                                                                                                      140.57
                                                                                                                                                                                                       211.15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    53.28
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   13069
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    27.10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     82.64
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    121.81
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     24.45
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 61.74
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                110.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 21.28

DEIIT AND CASH AND SECURmES
Debt OUIItIIndIng, .0IIII __                             ._._ •••               • __..             •                               __    798 355        755034            727 132      658 815      3218.07      3 071.85      2981.16        2732.71
                                                                                                                                         780 3112       739 2911          711 219      840550       3143.71      3007.83       2921.79        2858.70
    ~-Md·Ciicii::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
== :===::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                                                                                         224 109        211 288           201 203      190 070        902.80       859.56        826.57         786.32
                                                                                                                                         558 212        5211012           510018       450 480      2240.91      2 148.07      2095.22        1 688.38
    Short~~~.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                              17 1184
                                                                                                                                         102158
                                                                                                                                                         15738
                                                                                                                                                         811703
                                                                                                                                                                           151113
                                                                                                                                                                          134 356
                                                                                                                                                                                        18325
                                                                                                                                                                                       182045
                                                                                                                                                                                                       72.36
                                                                                                                                                                                                      411.53
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    84.02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   384.93
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  65.37
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 551.98
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 78.00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                672.09
                                                                                                                                          83 757         83 759            83 037       74380         258.84       2511.39       341.13         308.41
CallI and II8CUfiI\I hoIdIngI, 10IIII _••••                          ••••••               • __•••• __•••••                          •   1 310 1158   1 2211 IIIl        1 051 356      1128 230     5482.45      5000.34       4319.13        3841.57




8 SUMMARY                                                                                                                                                                                               GOVERNMENT                     FINANCES
Table 6.               Summary of Government Revenue by Source, Level, and Type of Government:
                       1988 89        0



(MtIIoon doll.,..     Detail m.y not add to total becau .. 01 rounding.                   For meaning 01 abbfevilltlontl    and symbol.       see Introductory tel<ll

                                                                                                                                                                                     Local government.
                                                                                                                     State and
                                                                                                                          Incal               State
                                                                                                                                            govern.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       --~.~-~
                                    Source                                          An govern.           Federal          govern.                                                                                  School       Special
                                                                                        menta'      GoIIemment             menta'            ments           Total'     Counly'     Municipal'     Township'       district'    d,strlct'
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -~         ---
                                                                                                I               2                3                  4               5         6                7               8           9          10

           ~,              lotIII' .............................                    1 .,741,         1 012110         tl)     517           511117         532 013      111131        114 770         17100        163132       57127
       Genar.,I'8Y8IIU8' .........................                       _.....     1 400 476          743359         785844                482477         468649       115 459       143 496         16642        163063       41 341
Inlefgollemmental revanue' ...........................
    From Federal GoIIemment .........................                                          I:         2903
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                       125824
                                                                                                                       125824
                                                                                                                                            115 765
                                                                                                                                            108235
                                                                                                                                                           175241
                                                                                                                                                            17 568
                                                                                                                                                                        41 647
                                                                                                                                                                         2548
                                                                                                                                                                                       40205
                                                                                                                                                                                        7348
                                                                                                                                                                                                       4 302
                                                                                                                                                                                                         251
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   88715
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 338
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11 823
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 6 105
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        .
       EdUcation ......................................
       Public welfare "' __"""'"''''''''''''''''''''                                           I:               -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                        21383
                                                                                                                        52445
                                                                                                                                             19647
                                                                                                                                             51 934
                                                                                                                                                             1 837
                                                                                                                                                               512
                                                                                                                                                                           202
                                                                                                                                                                           174
                                                                                                                                                                                          269
                                                                                                                                                                                          321
                                                                                                                                                                                                          27
                                                                                                                                                                                                          16
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 338
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -          1
       Health .nd hoIpIIals ............................                                                                 51119                4 769            400         138            153                              ·
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -       110
       HiglMays ......................................
       HOusIng and communlly development ............                                          I:               -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                        14752
                                                                                                                         9827
                                                                                                                                             14404
                                                                                                                                              1 762
                                                                                                                                                               348
                                                                                                                                                             6065
                                                                                                                                                                           111
                                                                                                                                                                           758
                                                                                                                                                                                          231
                                                                                                                                                                                        3536
                                                                                                                                                                                                           3
                                                                                                                                                                                                          39               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 3 735
       Other and unallocable ..........................                                        ('                       22247                15820           6427        1 168          2 639            166               ·     2256

                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                               l~
   From St.'e governmenl ............................                                                     2903                                             157652       37401          29547           3711        84 573        2419
      EdUcaUon......................................
      Public weHara ..................................                                         I:         2903
                                                                                                                 -                                  -
                                                                                                                                                     -     102327
                                                                                                                                                            17 887
                                                                                                                                                                         8289
                                                                                                                                                                        12798
                                                                                                                                                                                        8095
                                                                                                                                                                                        5058
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 386
                                                                                                                                                                                                          19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   84573
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ·
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        -
      Huhh .nd hosplt., .............................
       HighwaY!, ..•••••••           '" ..........................
                                                                                               ('
                                                                                               ('
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                 -             ('
                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                             4949
                                                                                                                                                             7085
                                                                                                                                                                         3952
                                                                                                                                                                         3812
                                                                                                                                                                                          739
                                                                                                                                                                                        2820
                                                                                                                                                                                                          11
                                                                                                                                                                                                         417
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   246
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    36
       GenanI locar:.cment
       Other and U
                                   support ................
                         bIe ..........................                                        I:                -
                                                                                                                 -             I:                    -
                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                            14 109
                                                                                                                                                            11 296
                                                                                                                                                                         4424
                                                                                                                                                                         4 146
                                                                                                                                                                                        8 222
                                                                                                                                                                                        4613
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 456
                                                                                                                                                                                                         419
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -     2129
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5


                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                               l~                                                                I:
   From local governments' ..........................                                                                          ('            7530                         1700          3310             340        2603         3299
      EdUc.tiOn ......................................                                                           -                             646                           77           277             15        2603           207
      PublIc weIf.re ..................................                                                          -
                                                                                                                 -             I:            2605                ('          25             6              3
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        -
      Huhh and oo.pIt.,s ............................
      H~ys      ......................................
                                                                                               I:                -
                                                                                                                 -             ('
                                                                                                                                               828
                                                                                                                                               673               I:         115
                                                                                                                                                                            245
                                                                                                                                                                                           24
                                                                                                                                                                                          135             44               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   147
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12
      Ot     and unallocable ..........................                                                                        ('            2876                ('       1 239         2866             276               -     2933
General revenuelrom own sources ....................                                1 400 476          740456         660 020               366 712        293308       73612        103290           12340        74 348       29518
  Tax ..............................................                                1 084 500          615853         468 847               284 169        184 478      44196         63930            9844        60479         6029
     Properly .......................................
     Salaa, gross recelpts, and customs ...............
                                                                                      142525
                                                                                      218643             52527
                                                                                                                 -    142525
                                                                                                                      166 018
                                                                                                                                              5417
                                                                                                                                            138 249
                                                                                                                                                           137107
                                                                                                                                                            27767
                                                                                                                                                                        32232
                                                                                                                                                                         6376
                                                                                                                                                                                      32324
                                                                                                                                                                                      17 543
                                                                                                                                                                                                       9073
                                                                                                                                                                                                          31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   56984
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      484
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4496
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 330
          Customs du1leI ..............................
          General salaa.nd gross recelpts ..............
                                                                                       16450
                                                                                      112598
                                                                                                         16450
                                                                                                                 -     112596
                                                                                                                                 -           93414
                                                                                                                                                     -      19183
                                                                                                                                                                    -    6884
                                                                                                                                                                                -      10551
                                                                                                                                                                                               -               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -       420
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -       1 329
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        -
          SelectIve salaa and groSl recelpts .............                             89495             38077          53418                44634           8584        1 494          6992              31            65            1
               Motor luel ................................
               AlcohoIk: bever!'lgas .......................
                                                                                       33015
                                                                                        9204
                                                                                                         14372
                                                                                                          5 610
                                                                                                                        18643
                                                                                                                         3394
                                                                                                                                             18029
                                                                                                                                              3115
                                                                                                                                                               613
                                                                                                                                                               279
                                                                                                                                                                           357
                                                                                                                                                                           101
                                                                                                                                                                                          256
                                                                                                                                                                                          178
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
               Tobacc0,ltrodlJcts .........................
               Public U !kIs .............................
                                                                                        9528
                                                                                       17058
                                                                                                          4290
                                                                                                          6390
                                                                                                                         5238
                                                                                                                        10668
                                                                                                                                              5039
                                                                                                                                              6 108
                                                                                                                                                               199
                                                                                                                                                             4559
                                                                                                                                                                            59
                                                                                                                                                                           422
                                                                                                                                                                                          140
                                                                                                                                                                                        4060
                                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                           12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
               Other and Unallocable .....................                             20690              5215          15475                12643           2933          555          2356               19              -            1
       Income ........................................                                 672710          548981          123729               112660          11 048        1 303         9033             223           469             -
          IndIvIdU.1 ...................................
          CorporatiOn· .................................
                                                                                       643497
                                                                                       129213
                                                                                                       445690
                                                                                                       103291
                                                                                                                        97807
                                                                                                                        25922
                                                                                                                                             68619
                                                                                                                                             23861
                                                                                                                                                             6968
                                                                                                                                                             2060
                                                                                                                                                                          1 303
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                                        6973
                                                                                                                                                                                        2060
                                                                                                                                                                                                         223
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       489
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
       Death and gll1' .................................                                12255            8745            3510                 3466              25            -            25                  .           -           -
       Severance .....................................
       Llcense ........................................
                                                                                         4147
                                                                                        18379
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                         4147
                                                                                                                        18379
                                                                                                                                              4 147
                                                                                                                                             17668
                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                713
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                            405
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                          303
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                               5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
          Motor vehicle ................................
          Motor vehicle operators ......................
                                                                                        10043
                                                                                           794
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                        10043
                                                                                                                           794
                                                                                                                                              9351
                                                                                                                                                794
                                                                                                                                                                692
                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                            405
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                                          282
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                               5
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ·
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
          Corpor.Uons In general .......................
          Other license ................................
                                                                                         2997
                                                                                         4648
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                         2997
                                                                                                                         4648
                                                                                                                                              2997
                                                                                                                                              4525              21
                                                                                                                                                                    -         -
                                                                                                                                                                              -            21
                                                                                                                                                                                               -               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
       Other taxes ....................................                                 15941             5600          10341                 2523           7818         1 878         4702             512           522          203
   Charges and mlsceHanaous general revenue .........                                  315976          124603          191 373              82543          108830       29617          39360           2 496       13869        23489
                                                                                       180 896          76322          104 576              36553           66 024      17631          22409           1317         7 174       17293
       ~~=nse:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                               7789            7789                    -                  -               -           -            -                 -           -           -
        POltal sarvlce ...............................
           EdUcation" ..................................
                                                                                        36985
                                                                                        30060
                                                                                                        36985
                                                                                                                 -         30060
                                                                                                                                 -          21 502
                                                                                                                                                    -        6556
                                                                                                                                                                  -        899
                                                                                                                                                                                -         310
                                                                                                                                                                                             -           106
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -    7 174
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      69
             InatilUUona 01 h~              adlJcation' .............
             School lunch sa s (grOSS)................
                                                                                        24049
                                                                                         3344
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                 .         24049
                                                                                                                            3344
                                                                                                                                            21 166
                                                                                                                                                11
                                                                                                                                                             2883
                                                                                                                                                             3333
                                                                                                                                                                           487
                                                                                                                                                                           317
                                                                                                                                                                                          118
                                                                                                                                                                                          141             64
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -    2276
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2790
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
           Hospit., .....................................                               28614                69            28745             6528           20218        6214           3612              62               -     6311
           Highways ...................................
           AIrports ........         -- ...........................
                                                                                         3930
                                                                                         4741                46
                                                                                                                 -          3930
                                                                                                                            4695
                                                                                                                                             2434
                                                                                                                                               538
                                                                                                                                                             1 495
                                                                                                                                                             4 156
                                                                                                                                                                           135
                                                                                                                                                                           634
                                                                                                                                                                                          712
                                                                                                                                                                                        1 924
                                                                                                                                                                                                           6
                                                                                                                                                                                                          11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   640
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 366
           Patklng lacinties ____... __... ____• __.. ________
           Water trensport and terminals •• __• __•••••• __••
                                                                                           798
                                                                                         2 181              785
                                                                                                                 -            796
                                                                                                                            1 416              344
                                                                                                                                                     -         798
                                                                                                                                                             1 072
                                                                                                                                                                            46
                                                                                                                                                                            54
                                                                                                                                                                                          627
                                                                                                                                                                                          434
                                                                                                                                                                                                          14
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   109
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   563
           Natural relOUrC8S __... __.. ______..... ____• __•
           P.rks and racra.Uon ••••• __________    •••• __....
                                                                                        18720
                                                                                         3282
                                                                                                         17 236
                                                                                                            100
                                                                                                                            1 484
                                                                                                                            3 182
                                                                                                                                               954
                                                                                                                                               706
                                                                                                                                                               530
                                                                                                                                                             2 47~         452
                                                                                                                                                                                -       1 466
                                                                                                                                                                                               -         116
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   530
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   440
           HouM1g and communlly deveIopment __________
                            •. . •____ __ _________
           s.-JIga . ____ __ __           .. ....              •
                                                                                         5477
                                                                                        11 3~5
                                                                                                          2723
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                            2764
                                                                                                                           11 345
                                                                                                                                               179
                                                                                                                                                 4
                                                                                                                                                             2575
                                                                                                                                                            11 3~0
                                                                                                                                                                            62
                                                                                                                                                                         1 071
                                                                                                                                                                                        1 063
                                                                                                                                                                                        7351
                                                                                                                                                                                                           6
                                                                                                                                                                                                         496
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 422
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2423
           SolId waite management __• __• ______• ____•• __
           Other charges __... ______ ____
                                       ..     •______  .....   •
                                                                                         3817
                                                                                        23002            10649
                                                                                                                 -          3817
                                                                                                                           12353
                                                                                                                                                82
                                                                                                                                             3279
                                                                                                                                                             3735
                                                                                                                                                             9074
                                                                                                                                                                         1 160
                                                                                                                                                                         4684
                                                                                                                                                                                        2125
                                                                                                                                                                                        2764
                                                                                                                                                                                                         203
                                                                                                                                                                                                         274
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   226
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 152
       Miacellanaoua cal                              •
                               revenue __________ ____• __                             135078           48281              68 797           43990           42607       11 765         16952           1 179        6695         6196
          Intenall earn nQI ______ • ____ •••• ______ ••• __• __                        66 4811         13453              53016            25218           27798        6155          10424             668        3513         5040
           ~: ~=~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::
           Other general revenue ____.. ______.. ______• __
                                                                                         2275
                                                                                         63118           5295
                                                                                                                 -          2275
                                                                                                                            1 103
                                                                                                                                               101
                                                                                                                                               184
                                                                                                                                                             2174
                                                                                                                                                               919
                                                                                                                                                                           605
                                                                                                                                                                           185
                                                                                                                                                                                        1 021
                                                                                                                                                                                          631
                                                                                                                                                                                                          90
                                                                                                                                                                                                          50
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   456
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    72
                                                                                        511936          29533              30403            18468           11 915       2659           4876             372        3163           625
Other than gan~ral revenue __• ________••••••••                        ____••••        516974          349301          187673               104210          83484        4376         41 274           1 156           869      15766
   UtIlity and liquor store revenue • __••••• __• __• ____•••                           56 225                   -         56 225            6035           50189        1 664        32 114             970               -    15442
   I~aorance trIllt reVtlnue. ____...... ________  •••••• __•                          460 749         349301          111 448              98174           13274        2713           9161             186           669          343
      Social SecurtIjI and MedIcare Insurances
        (OASDHI) ____•• __• ____••••• __________________
      UnampJoymant compen .. Uon__• ______..... ____••
                                                                                       339493
                                                                                        19905
                                                                                                       339493
                                                                                                           201             19704
                                                                                                                                -            19640
                                                                                                                                                  -             64
                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                             -             64
                                                                                                                                                                                               -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                           -               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
      E=           retlrement ____________• __... ______....                            85598            4 42~             81 174           67964           13210        2713           9096             188           669          343
      Other nllUnlnce trIllt revenue ____• __•• ____• __•••                             15753            5183              10570            10570                 -          -               -             -               -           -
           'DuplIcative Intergovernmental                     lransectlontl.re •• cklded: ... text.
           'Minor amount. 1i1ckJdedwhh                       'Individual Income tll)(.l- lor local government •.
           'Minor amount. InckJded whh                       -Other lax"" lor some local govemmenta.
           'InckJdn amount. not lhown                        In daIIIiI.
           SChargas for Stale InstituUons                     of higher adlJcation InctodaI $7,080,287,000 lor.UldIlIry     .nterpri ....




GOVERNMENT FINANCES                                                                                                                                                                                                SUMMARY 7
Table 8.                   Summary of Govemment Expenditure by Character and Object, Function, and Level
                           of Government: 1988-89-con.
[MIllion doII8ra.         DetaIl mlY nol add 10 10111because                                              of rounding.                 For meaning         01 abbreviations     and symbols.   see Introduclory    lext)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Direct
                                                                                                                                                                                            ~~--'--r-------r-----------------------~---------Capllal oullay                         AalilIInc4I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and    1IUiIIkIIn,
                                               Level and lunctlon                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Inulnce
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      \JIlat, and
                                                                                                                                                                               Intorgov-                            Current                                                         Inl_lon
                                                                                                                                                                Total         ernmental             Total         operation         Tolal     Cons\JIlcllon        Other                     debt
                                                                                                                                                         I------+--~
                                                                                                                                                                                       2                 3                  4           5                     6           7                        8
---------------------------------------4--------~.------------.--_r------~------_+------~------~-------
RDERAL GOVERNMENT -CON.


~~~~iIon:
          =
   F1nInciIIlldmlnlslrllion




     InllHHl
                      I~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::--~::::::::
          O\her govwnmenlldmlnl.trltion
                  on genafit        debt                                ..           ..              ..           ..                        ..
                                                                                                                                                 .. __


                                                                                                                                                  • __

                                                                                                                                                    _
                                                                                                                                                               7 132
                                                                                                                                                               2 949
                                                                                                                                                               1 209
                                                                                                                                                            174 288
                                                                                                                                                                                                   7 132
                                                                                                                                                                                                   2949
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 209
                                                                                                                                                                                                 174 288
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6918
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2 837
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           196
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      214
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      112
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3      211
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     112
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       174 288
     ~I Other ellJ)8ndillJfe, n.e c.:
               and unallocable                                          ..           ..              ..            .. __..                         __         44 174             11 112           33 062            23363          1 266                 421         845                  8433
InlUflnctl \JIlal expendiltJre ..                                ....                                                                              __
                                                                                                                                                            359630                              359630                                                                                359630
     Social SecurIty and Medicare Insurances (DASCH I)                                                                          ...                __       321 335                             321 335                                                                               321 335
     Other • __• __•    ••          ..        ..                                                                                                    _
                                                                                                                                                             38 295                              38295                                                                                 38295


STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNM£NTS

               Ellpend1tUN, lotal __...                                      •                       ...                                           __
                                                                                                                                                            890 814               2 931          887 883          640529         111 9....          8.. 037       27907                135 410
~I             expenditure        __•                   ••                         ....                                    •                • __._
                                                                                                                                                            762311                2931           759 380           591 290        96558             71 789        24769                 71 532

        EdocIlionHNlces'
     EdocIlion     __•                         •        ••• _.                                                                  •                   _
          Llbrarles ...              ••                 •                                                                                          __       263 898                              263 898          237 805         21 854            13258          8596                   4238
                                                                                                                                                              3 783                                3783             3259             525               341           184
     Social   services and Income mllnlenance:
          PublIc w.tIlI8       .. __._. __.. __.. __•                                                •            ......                    .. __•            97879                                                 73828
                                                                                                                                                                                  2916            94962                              401                163          238                20734
                                                                                                                                                              47073                               47073             44 341         2732               1 622        1 110
          ~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
          EmpIoymenlHCIJriIy                   admlnlS1nltion                    .. _.             .. __••• __....                           •      _
                                                                                                                                                              20664
                                                                                                                                                               2 947
                                                                                                                                                                                                  20684
                                                                                                                                                                                                   2947
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19971
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2844
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     713
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     104
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        423
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     290
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78
          Veletan.' servlces            ...                                      .... __......                                 ..                 .. _           146                                 146               120            24                 19            4                           3
     TrantlpOflalion:


          ~?Er~~~(~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
        Wiler tranepot1 and terminals __• __.. __..
          Transot subsidies ....    ••      •• _. __... __• __• __..
                                                                     .. __.. __..
                                                                                  •
                                                                                      __
                                                                                       •
                                                                                                                                                              58 093
                                                                                                                                                               5752
                                                                                                                                                                 755
                                                                                                                                                               1 923
                                                                                                                                                                 402
                                                                                                                                                                                                  58093
                                                                                                                                                                                                   5 752
                                                                                                                                                                                                     755
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 923
                                                                                                                                                                                                     402
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25339
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2787
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       433
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       980
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       402
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  32754
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2985
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     322
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     943
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    28511
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2467
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       237
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       714
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4244
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     499
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      85
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     220




                      r_. . . ._
     PublIc safety:
        POlIce prolecllon • __•       •• _•••            .. _.                         _
        FIre prolectJon                     •                   •       •           • _                                                                       27771                               27771             26391          1 380                388          994
        ConectIon        •      •         •              ..                         • _                                                                       11 932                              11 932            11 060           872                355          517
                                                                                                                                                              21 197                              21 197            17 959         3238               2826           412
     E~              .:r=;.nd                          regulltlon                --. ----         .. --------------------                                      5081                                5081              4868            213                 53          160
          NlltJrll
          PllIka and reclallion                     •       • __•                                                          ..                       _
                                                                                                                                                              11 092                              11 092             9073          2019               1 245          715
                                                                                                                                                              12927                               12927              9577          3350               2443           907
          Hou.Ing and community                    development                                            •                                        __
                                                                                                                                                              14738                               14 738            10973          3765               2913           853
          Sold WUII--.--------.----------.--
          SewerIQI managemenl __.......                                             .. _------.----
                                                                                         •                             .. -----_.-- • .._                     17039                               17 039             8696          8343               7627           715
                                                                                                                                                               6734                                8 734             7069          1664               1 021          643
     Gov.mmllrll IIdmInIsIrltion:
       F1nInciIIlldmlnlslrltion                             •                                             • __•                                   • __
                                                                                                                                                              14 993                              14 993            14279            714                146          588

          ~£~~~~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     tnllHHl      on genafil        debt                                                  •                                                         _
                                                                                                                                                              12587
                                                                                                                                                               ~ 145
                                                                                                                                                               8 198
                                                                                                                                                              46557
                                                                                                                                                                                                  12587
                                                                                                                                                                                                   5 145
                                                                                                                                                                                                   8 198
                                                                                                                                                                                                  46 557
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12072
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3303
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7759
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     515
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 643
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     438
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        310
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1 502
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         61
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     205
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     341
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     357
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        48557
     ~I ~     ellJ)8ndillJfB, n.B c.: actlvllles
                          commercill                                                                                   •                •            _
        O\her and IJnIlIIOcIbIe                                                               •                                                    __            357                                 357               317            40                 17           22
                                                                                                                                                              40628                    15         40613             35785          4828               3084         1 744


e:l;:~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                                                             70638
                                                                                                                                                               2872
                                                                                                                                                              54994
                                                                                                                                                                                                  70638
                                                                                                                                                                                                   2672
                                                                                                                                                                                                  54994
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    46382
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2657
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  15371
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12247          3 12..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          B 885

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        54 994


aTATE GOVERNMENTS

               Ell,.........,

o.neral expllndllOnl
                                    ICItIII

                                          ..
                                                                                                                                                     •

                                                                                                                                                     _
                                                                                                                                                            525071              185 415          351681            232914         43 121            3'   812       .510                 11m
                                                                                                                                                            459269             165415            303853            227 132        40946             31 988         8980                 35711l
     EdllcaliOn HIVIcH:
         EdocIliOn                                                           •            •                                         • __..         __
          Llbrarles             • __.. __•                                                                                                         __        173 184            104601            68583             57790          6554               3618         2939                   4238
                                                                                                                                                                 660                400              260               218            42                 25           17
     SocIal   HNIcft Ind Income ITUlinlenlnce: __• __._ ••
          PublIc w.tIlnS ••   •••••      .....                                                                                                       _
                                                                                                                                                              92750              19614            73 138            61 725            232                 55         178                11 160
                                                                                                                                                              21 414                10.           21 311            20344                                591         375
         ~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                                               17 188
                                                                                                                                                               2937
                                                                                                                                                                                  6139            11 049
                                                                                                                                                                                                   2937
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10632
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2833
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      988
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      417                273
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     145
         5~ ~_~.~~~_:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     TtIfIIPOIII\Ion:
                                                                                                                                                                 146                                 146               120
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      104
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       24                 19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      78
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4                           3


          F=-=".lt~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
          TrIIIIIit IUbIIdIeI                      •            ..                                                                                   •
                                                                                                                                                              42694
                                                                                                                                                                 711
                                                                                                                                                                 664
                                                                                                                                                               2651
                                                                                                                                                                                  7376
                                                                                                                                                                                    204
                                                                                                                                                                                     32
                                                                                                                                                                                  2500
                                                                                                                                                                                                  35318
                                                                                                                                                                                                     507
                                                                                                                                                                                                     632
                                                                                                                                                                                                     152
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10733
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       260
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       294
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       152
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  24585
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     247
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     338
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    22139
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       223
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       209
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2448
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     129

               SM 1000000H II end 01 table.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             GOVERNMENT FINANCES
 Table 8.              Summ.ry of Govemment Expenditure by Character and Object, Function, and Level
                       of Govemment: 1988-89-Con.
 (Millon    doIIIn.    De1IIiIIlIIy   not   add to total becauM   0'   rounding.   For meaning   0'   abbreviations    and symbol_, 588 Introductory        text!

                                                                                                                                                                               Direct

                                                                                                                                                                                       CepIIal   ouIIIy                     ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and 1UbIIdIee.
                                      Level and function                                                                                                                                                                     ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tnIII, and
                                                                                                                       Intergov-                             CUmtnI                                                         !rMrMI on
                                                                                                        Total         emmental                Total        openItion        Total       ConRuc1ion            0tIIW                 dIIII

                                                                                                                                   2                 3                 4           5                  8              7                   8

 ITATE OOVERNMENTS-CON.


 ~         8lIpendItUre-Con.
     PubliC .. r.tv;
        Pcb     proMlCtion ______________________________________________
        CorNction ____________________________________________________                                 4 748                608               4 138           3742           398                     92        304
     En::
           NatIlraI   _eft _____________________________________________
                     ~~

           PIIIIIa and _tIon
                                    regulatlon _____________________________

                                  _________ •________________________________ 9070
                                                                              2589
                                                                              2943
                                                                                      470
                                                                                      238
                                                                                    1 141)
                                                                                                      15018
                                                                                                       3389
                                                                                                                          1 192
                                                                                                                             80
                                                                                                                                             13825
                                                                                                                                              3310
                                                                                                                                              8600
                                                                                                                                              2351
                                                                                                                                              1 803
                                                                                                                                                             11 702
                                                                                                                                                              3 183
                                                                                                                                                               7 245
                                                                                                                                                               1 731
                                                                                                                                                               1 727
                                                                                                                                                                           2 123
                                                                                                                                                                             147

                                                                                                                                                                            1 355
                                                                                                                                                                              820
                                                                                                                                                                               71\
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 817
                                                                                                                                                                                                     41
                                                                                                                                                                                                   742
                                                                                                                                                                                                   441
                                                                                                                                                                                                    59
                                                                                                                                                                                                               308
                                                                                                                                                                                                               105
                                                                                                                                                                                                               813
                                                                                                                                                                                                               179
                                                                                                                                                                                                                17

     ~ ~
           ~~~-~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                    admIniIIratlon:
                   IIdmIn!IIration ________________________________________
                                                                              1 293   717                                                       576              258          320                  313           7
                                                                              7672    101                                                     7571             7217           354                   70         285

           ~~~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                              5439    480                                                     4979             4840           139                   39         100
                                                                              1 251
                                                                              2 251    14
                                                                                                                                   -          1 251
                                                                                                                                              2237
                                                                                                                                                                 7211
                                                                                                                                                               2 127
                                                                                                                                                                              522
                                                                                                                                                                              110
                                                                                                                                                                                                   468
                                                                                                                                                                                                    16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                53
                                                                                                                                                                                                                94
     InllNllOt on gllnlllal dttbl __________________________________________
                                                                             20355                                                           20355                                                                               ~355
     ~          expendItUre, n .• C.:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
 =         =.=                                                                                        15750              15 750
           0tIIW and tJMIIocabIe
                        ~=I                :.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                       _________________________________________                         248                                    248             220            28                    10          18
                                                                                                      22256               3678               18 579          17 332         1 246                   700         548
                                                                    6410                                                                      6410             3440        2 184                  1 626        5311                 808
 1_        e=~MiitiW.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                 expenditure
               trust        __________________________________________
                                                                    2403
                                                                   46995
                                                                                                                                              2403
                                                                                                                                             46995
                                                                                                                                                               23112          11                                 II
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 48 ggs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -

 LOCAL OOVERNM£NTS

              EIqIIIIIdIIUN. I~        _________________________________________
 ~                     ________________________________________________44 tI02
              el<p8ndilUre                                  533 123
                                                            480 429       902
                                                                                                                                            521222
                                                                                                                                            455527
                                                                                                                                                            407511
                                                                                                                                                            384 158
                                                                                                                                                                           81 821
                                                                                                                                                                           55813
                                                                                                                                                                                                 50 421
                                                                                                                                                                                                 311803
                                                                                                                                                                                                             11317
                                                                                                                                                                                                             15809
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 51 1M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 35758

     EcIllcation urvicft:
          Education ________________________ ._. _________________________
          LlJrarlel _____ ________________________________________________ 195718
                          •                                                                                                  402            195316          180016         15300                  9842        5658
                                                                                                3 525                          1              3523            3040            483                   316         167
          PubliC w.IIaNand Income maintenance:
     SocIeIIMiMcM         _____________________________________________                  • ___
                                                                                               23714                      1 868              21 826          12 103           169                   108          81               9554
                                                                                               26 137                       375              25762           23 9117        1 788                 1 031         735
           ~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
          Employment HCUrity adminislnllion _____________________________                       9750
                                                                                                   10
                                                                                                                            115               9835
                                                                                                                                                 10
                                                                                                                                                              9340
                                                                                                                                                                 10
                                                                                                                                                                              2115                  150         145

     TI'IIIIPOIIIIIIon:
                                                                                               22819                          43             22 175           14608         8 1611                6371        1 798

           $.1~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
          TIllnlllIUbIidIft ____________• _______• _____• ____• ____• ____•• _._
     PubIc aafety:
                                                            -
                                                                                                5247
                                                                                                  755
                                                                                                1 291
                                                                                                1 086
                                                                                                                               2

                                                                                                                             838
                                                                                                                                              5245
                                                                                                                                                755
                                                                                                                                              1 2110
                                                                                                                                                250
                                                                                                                                                               2526
                                                                                                                                                                 433
                                                                                                                                                                 688
                                                                                                                                                                 250
                                                                                                                                                                            2718
                                                                                                                                                                              322
                                                                                                                                                                              604
                                                                                                                                                                                                  2243
                                                                                                                                                                                                    237
                                                                                                                                                                                                    505
                                                                                                                                                                                                                475
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 85
                                                                                                                                                                                                                100



           ~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                    23835                           2             23832            22849           984                   2113        600
                                                                                               11 958                         23             11 932           11 080          872                   355         517
                                                                                                7434                          62              7 372            6257         1 115                 1 DOD         108
     En:=               ~               regulation ---.-----------------.-------                1 771                                         1 771            1 705           68                    12          55
          NMUrIl __             ._ ••• _________ • ___________________           • _________
          Pwb and rec:rHIion __________________________________________                         2498                           6              2492             1 826          684                   503         161
                                                                                               10590                           4             10576             7848         2730                  2002          726


           =7-~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                   13050                         114             12938             9248         38110                 2854          838
                                                                                               16510                          47             16483             8440         8023                  7315          709
                                                                                                6 122                          6              6 113            6795         1 318                   630         468
                       adrNnIIiallon:
     Govemmen\ IICIrnIrMaIion ___• ____________________________________
          ~
                                                                                                7433                           11             7422             7082           aeo                    711        263
                                                                                                                                              7 eoa
           ~ Z~~~:~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
     InMreII on general debt ____________________ • ___________ • _____ • ___
                                                                                                7832
                                                                                                36115
                                                                                                5981
                                                                                               26202
                                                                                                                               25
                                                                                                                                              36115
                                                                                                                                              5981
                                                                                                                                                               7232
                                                                                                                                                               2574
                                                                                                                                                               5833
                                                                                                                                                                              3711
                                                                                                                                                                            1 321
                                                                                                                                                                              326
                                                                                                                                                                                                    271
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 033
                                                                                                                                                                                                     65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                105
                                                                                                                                                                                                                268
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2tI3
                                                                                                                                             26 202                                                                              211:.-02
     a-1II apencan. n ••. c.: acIMtIee _______ • _____________________
       MIIcIIIIi_ commen:III
       0tIIW and lJnIIIOcIbIe ________________ •• __ •• ___________________                              108
                                                                                                      23590                  935
                                                                                                                                   -            108
                                                                                                                                             22655
                                                                                                                                                                  97
                                                                                                                                                              18727
                                                                                                                                                                               11
                                                                                                                                                                            39211                 2575
                                                                                                                                                                                                         7        4
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 353


 a:,.-=::.::~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                               64 228
                                                                                                         488
                                                                                                       79119
                                                                                                                                             84 226
                                                                                                                                                468
                                                                                                                                              7 9119
                                                                                                                                                              42942
                                                                                                                                                                 4115
                                                                                                                                                                           13207
                                                                                                                                                                                   3
                                                                                                                                                                                                 10622        2 58il
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  8078
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7 IItIII

              .~
              'For the FedeIW
                              ===:.'                lranactIonIana    excluded; 588 lext
                                                    MIVIce II<*IernIes ana IncIudIod under -Natlonll         defen .. and Intllllllllonal     relations:




L~
 GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 9.                Summary of Direct and Intergovernmental                                                                       Expenditure by Function and Level of
                        Govsmment: 1988-89
(DeIM may not add to total because of rounding. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, sea Introductory texll

                                                                                                               Amount Imillion dollars)                                                    Percent

                                       Function                                                     All           Federal             State             Local              All        Federal          Stale          Local
                                                                                           governments        Government       governments       governments      governments     Government    governments    governments

                                                                                                                        2                    3              4                5              6              7              8

                                                                                             2030 704                                                533 123
           T~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
            11I...         lItImIMft ...       __•• __•••••••••••••          __• __•••
                                                                                             2030 704
                                                                                                               1 270011
                                                                                                               1 142 121
                                                                                                                 127247
                                                                                                                                   525077
                                                                                                                                   35. el1
                                                                                                                                   1115415
                                                                                                                                                     521222
                                                                                                                                                       4802
                                                                                                                                                                         100.0
                                                                                                                                                                         100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                        100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                         80.0
                                                                                                                                                                                         10.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                       100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                        61.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                        31.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       911.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          .9
                                             1 542 571                                                           910438            489269            460 429              760            717            894
~          ~~.~~~~~~'.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                             1 54257t
                                                     (I)
    IntetgOYemmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                                 783191
                                                                                                                 127247
                                                                                                                                   303 853
                                                                                                                                   165415
                                                                                                                                                     455527
                                                                                                                                                       4902
                                                                                                                                                                          760
                                                                                                                                                                            I')
                                                                                                                                                                                         617
                                                                                                                                                                                         100
                                                                                                                                                                                                        57.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                        315
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       864
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       854
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9
       SaJected Federal programs Ian ditact):
          National defen .. and International relations ••••••••                                346338           346338                                                   17.1           27.3
          Poslalll4HVlce •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     38472            36472                                                    1.8            29
          gp.ca research and technology •••••••••••••••••••                                      10806            10606                                                     .5              9
       EdUcation seMcaS:
         EdUcation •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      2807t3            38485            173 184           195718               138             30            33.0           367
             DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    280 713           16815             68 583           195316               13.8            1.3           13.1           366
             Intergovernmenlal •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                          (I)         2t 670           104601                402                I'l           1.7           19.9              1
         Ubrarias ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                        4250               532               660             3525                  .2                           .1              7
             DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      4250               467               260             3523                  .2                                           7
             Intarqovemmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                             I')           65               400                    1             I'l                           .1
       SocIal S8MC81 and Income maintenance:
         PubItc welfare •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     126132            87580             92750             23714                6.2            6.9           17.7            44
             Dorect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    126132            31 170            73 13'3           21 826               62             2.5           13.9            41
                                                                                                        I')       56410             19614              1 688                (I)           4.4            3.7              4
           HO~~~.~~~!~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
            Direct ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                            55260
                                                            55260
                                                                                                                   6489
                                                                                                                   8187
                                                                                                                                    21 414
                                                                                                                                    21 311
                                                                                                                                                      26137
                                                                                                                                                      25762
                                                                                                                                                                           2.7
                                                                                                                                                                           2.7
                                                                                                                                                                                           .7
                                                                                                                                                                                           .6
                                                                                                                                                                                                         4.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                         4.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        49
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4B
              Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                        I'l             302               104               375                PI                                            1
          Health ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      2963t            14915             17 188             9750                1.5            1.2            3.3            1.6
              Dorect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    29831             9 147            11 049             9635                1.5             .7            2.1            I.B
              Intergovernmenlal •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                         (I)          5768              6139                 115               I')            .5            1.2
          SocIal Insurance administration ••••••••••••••••••••                                    7352             7165              2937                  10                .4            .6             .6
              DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     7352             4405              2937                  10                .4            .3             .6
              Inlergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                        I'l           2760                                                     I'l            .2
          Veterans' services lall direct) ••••••••••••••••••••••                                 18815            18669                   146                                .9           1.5
       TranlllOflatlon:
                                                                                                 58869            14217             42694
            H~e:.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
             Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                 58869               776
                                                                                                                  13441
                                                                                                                                    35318
                                                                                                                                     7376
                                                                                                                                                      22819
                                                                                                                                                      22775
                                                                                                                                                          43
                                                                                                                                                                           2.9
                                                                                                                                                                           2.9
                                                                                                                                                                            (I)
                                                                                                                                                                                          1.1
                                                                                                                                                                                           .1
                                                                                                                                                                                          1.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                         8.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                         6.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                         1.4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4.3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        43
           Air transportation lalrports) ••••••••••••••••••••••••                                10 1~~            5548                   711          5247                 .5             .4              1            10
              DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    10180             4428                 507            5245                 .5             .3             .1            1.0
                                                                                                     (II           1 120                204                 2               I')            .1
           Ot~~Wn~":s:~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
            Dorect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                  5228
                                                                                                  5228
                                                                                                                   2 166
                                                                                                                   2149
                                                                                                                                      3315
                                                                                                                                        784
                                                                                                                                                       3 133
                                                                                                                                                       2295
                                                                                                                                                                             .3
                                                                                                                                                                             .3
                                                                                                                                                                                           .2
                                                                                                                                                                                           .2
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .6
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4
             Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                         I'l               17             2531               838                (II                           .5
       Public 8IIfety:
         Poltca protection •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     32723             5307               4746            23635                1.6             .4             .9            44
             DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                     32723             4952               4 138           23632                1.6             .4             .8            44

           FIr~~~~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
           ~.~~~!~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                                                     (II
                                                                                                 11 932
                                                                                                 11 932
                                                                                                     (I)
                                                                                                 22500
                                                                                                                     3!;5



                                                                                                                    1 418
                                                                                                                                        608


                                                                                                                                     15018
                                                                                                                                                      11 956
                                                                                                                                                      11 932
                                                                                                                                                          23
                                                                                                                                                       7434
                                                                                                                                                            2               (II
                                                                                                                                                                             .6
                                                                                                                                                                             .6
                                                                                                                                                                            I'l
                                                                                                                                                                           1.1             .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .1


                                                                                                                                                                                                         2.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        14
            Dorect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      22500              1 303            13825             7372                1.1             .1            2.6            14
            Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                          I'l              115             1 192               62                (I)                           .2
         ProteclJve Inspection and regulation ••••••••••             _••••                        5081                                3389             1 771                 .3                           .6              3
            DIrect •• _•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                      5081                                3310             1 771                 .3                           .6              3
            Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••             _•••••••••                             (I)                                 80                                 (II
       Enwonment and houM1Q:
         Natural rHOUrC"._ ••••••••••• _•••••••• _•••••••••                                      64353            55490               9070             2498                3.2            4.4            1.7              5
            DIrect •••• _ •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    64 353           531261              8600             2492                3.2            4.2            1.6              5
            Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
         Parks and recr.ation •••••••••••••••••••
            DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                              _•••••••••                         14
                                                                                                 14641
                                                                                                       J'l         ~!229
                                                                                                                   'I 783
                                                                                                                   ., 714
                                                                                                                                        470
                                                                                                                                      2589
                                                                                                                                      2351
                                                                                                                                                      10580
                                                                                                                                                      10576
                                                                                                                                                            6               (II
                                                                                                                                                                             .7
                                                                                                                                                                             .7
                                                                                                                                                                                           .2
                                                                                                                                                                                           .1
                                                                                                                                                                                            1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .5
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        20
            Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••             _•••••••••                                I')            69               238                 4               I')
         Houtin!j and communitY develOpment ••••••••••••••                                       28230            25306               2943            13050                1.4            2.0             .6            24
            DIrect •• _ •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                    28230            1:3492              1 803           12938                1.4            1.1             .3            24
            Intergovernmental •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                          (I)          11 814              1 140              114                I')            .9             .2
                                                                                                 17 039                               1 293           16510                  .8                           .2
           ~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                              17 039
                                                                                                        I')
                                                                                                                                        576
                                                                                                                                        717
                                                                                                                                                      16463
                                                                                                                                                          47
                                                                                                                                                                             .8                           .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        31
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        31
           ~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::
            DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• _
                                                                                                  8734
                                                                                                  8734
                                                                                                                                        635
                                                                                                                                        621
                                                                                                                                                       8122
                                                                                                                                                       8 113
                                                                                                                                                                            (II
                                                                                                                                                                             .4
                                                                                                                                                                             .4
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.5
            Intergoyemmental ••••• _•••••••••••••••••••••••                                          (')                                 15                 8               I'l
       Gowrnmei1t administration:
         FInanoIeI admInIstration ••••••• _•••••••••••••••                        __••           22125             7 132              7672             7433                1.1             .6            1.5            1.4
            DIrect ••••••••••••••••••••   __••••• _••••••••••                       _.           22125             7132               7571             7422                1.1             .6            1.4            1.4

           J~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                                                        (I)                             101               11                I'l
                                                                                                 15538             2949               5439             7632                  .8            .2            1.0            14
                                                                                                 15538             2949               4979             7608                  .8                           .9            1.4
              Intergovernmental ••• _••• _••••••• _._ ••••••• _•••                                                                      460               25                (I)            .2             .1
           Genlr81 public bilIIdingt laK ditect) • __ ••••••••••
           Other gOVernment adlilinlstration •••••• _••••••••••
                                                                  __ •
                                                                     _
                                                                                                  5li~
                                                                                                  9407              1 209
                                                                                                                                      1 251
                                                                                                                                      2251
                                                                                                                                                       3895
                                                                                                                                                       5981
                                                                                                                                                                            .3
                                                                                                                                                                            .5             .1
                                                                                                                                                                                                           2
                                                                                                                                                                                                          .4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         .7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1.1
              DIrect ••••••••••••   __•• _•••••••••••••••••••••••                                 9407              1 209             2237             5981                 .5             .1             .4            1.1
              IntergOVernmental._ •••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                        (I)                                 14                                 (I)

        Interest on g4IrMIrIIldebt IaN ditect) •••••••••                 _•••••••••             220845           174288              20 35~           26202               10.9           13.7            3.9            4.9
        Genlr81 ex;.enditure, n e.c.:
          Genlr81 local gOVernment IIlppOrt                   Iall
                                                                                                                                    15750                                                                3.0
           o'3:.r~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
            DIrect ••••• _•••••• _••••••• _••••••• _•••••• _••••
                                                                                                     I'l
                                                                                                 74032
                                                                                                 74032
                                                                                                                  44174
                                                                                                                  33062
                                                                                                                                    21 869
                                                                                                                                    18206
                                                                                                                                                      23698
                                                                                                                                                      22764
                                                                                                                                                                            P)
                                                                                                                                                                           3.6
                                                                                                                                                                           3.6
                                                                                                                                                                                          3.5
                                                                                                                                                                                          2.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                         42
                                                                                                                                                                                                         35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4.4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        4.3
                Intergovernmental._            ••••••••    __• __._ ••••• _••••••                    (I)          11 112             3683                933                I'l            .9             .7             .2
UtiIit)I expendiItlre     Iall   ditect)   •• __ ••••••   __ •• __ •••••••    __ •••••           70638                                6410            64 228               3.5                           1.2           12.0
UquOf ator. upendIIIJre Iall diNct) ••• _••• __•••••••••••••••                                    2872                                2403               489                 .1                           .5             .1
IntlUFance trUtI expenditure (811dlrect)   ._ ••• _•••• __•• _••• _                             414624           359 B30             46995             7999               20.4           28.3            90             1.5

            lDuplicaIMt      lntergOVernmentallrlnlllCllons                  are excluded: 888 text.



12 SUMMARY                                                                                                                                                                        GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 10.           Summary of Direct Government ElCpendlture by Function, Level, and Type of
                    Government: 1988-89
[Detail may not add to total because of rounding. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, _     IntrodUCtory text)

                                                                                                                       Amount (mHlions of dollars)

                                                                                                                                     Stale and local governments

                                                                                                                                                         Local governments
                         Function
                                                                                                              State
                                                                All govern.        Federal                  govern-                                                                  School     SJ1:lal
                                                                     menta    -=lovemment        Total        menta              Total      County       Municipal    Township       district     Istrict

                                                                          1             2            3              4                5               6            7           8             9         10
         DIrKt .xpencI\tUfe,    tollll ______________________
                                                                2030 704       1 142 121       117113      3....    1        521222        113113        17.354         174M        182421      58 011

Direct general expenditure _____________________________
                                                                1 542 571        783 191       759380      303853            455527       109801         135862         16274       162 150     31 440
  Setected Federal programs'
     NatIOnal defense and International relations ________
     Postal service ___________________________________           346338
                                                                   ~6 472
                                                                                 348338
                                                                                  36472
                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                     -              -
                                                                                                                    -                -
                                                                                                                                     -               -
                                                                                                                                                     -            -
                                                                                                                                                                  -           -
                                                                                                                                                                              -             -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
     Space research and technology _________.. ________            10806          10806              -              -                -               -            -           -             -          -
  Education services'                 •
    EducatIOn ___________________________________ __   •
                                                                  280713           16815       283 896      68 583           195316         15726          15178         4391       159314
       Higher edUcatlOn_. __• ________.. __.... ____.. ___
       Elementary and secondary edUCation____________
                                                                   67550               (II
                                                                                       (2)
                                                                                                67550       55988             11 582         1 870            487             -       9205
                                                                                                                                                                                                    107
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                 ..
       Assistance and subsidles ______________ ______
       Other edUCation_______________________________
    Ubraries ________________________________________
                                                                  165171
                                                                    8441
                                                                   19551
                                                                                    4203
                                                                                   12612
                                                                                               185171
                                                                                                 4238
                                                                                                 6939
                                                                                                             1 417
                                                                                                             4239
                                                                                                             6839
                                                                                                                             183754
                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                            13856
                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                           15291
                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                         4391
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                                    150 109
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    107
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                    4250              467        3783          280              3523           975          1 744            254            -       550
  Social services and Income maintenance:
     Publtc welfare ___________________________________
                                                                  126132          31 170        94962        73138            21 826        15482           6131             171            -          -
        Cash assistance payments _____________________             36317          15643         20734        11 180            9554          7446           2099               6            -          -
           Categorical assistance programs _____________
           Other cash assistance payments _____________
                                                                   33558
                                                                    2619
                                                                                  15643
                                                                                        -
                                                                                                17 915
                                                                                                 2819
                                                                                                              9923
                                                                                                              1 258
                                                                                                                               7992
                                                                                                                               1 582
                                                                                                                                             6451
                                                                                                                                               996
                                                                                                                                                            1 540
                                                                                                                                                              559
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                              7
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
         ver;: =~n~:re-:::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                   50328
                                                                   49061
                                                                                        -
                                                                                        -
                                                                                                50328
                                                                                                49061
                                                                                                             48871
                                                                                                             48047
                                                                                                                               1 457
                                                                                                                               1 014
                                                                                                                                               842
                                                                                                                                               652
                                                                                                                                                              611
                                                                                                                                                              361
                                                                                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                                                                                              2
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
            Other vendor payments _____________________
         Welfare Insbtutlons ____________________________
                                                                    1 267               -        1 267          824              443           190            250             3             -          -
                                                                      766               -          766          512              254           187             67             -             -          -
         Other public welfare ___________________________
                                                                   38662           15527        23135        12574            10561          7005           3356             159            -          -
     ~~:~~~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                55260
                                                                   29831
                                                                                    8 187
                                                                                    9147
                                                                                                47073
                                                                                                20684
                                                                                                             21311
                                                                                                             11 049
                                                                                                                              25762
                                                                                                                               9635
                                                                                                                                            11 358
                                                                                                                                             6982
                                                                                                                                                            6010
                                                                                                                                                            2182
                                                                                                                                                                              85
                                                                                                                                                                             130
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 8310
                                                                                                                                                                                                   342
     Social Insurance admlnlstration ____________________
     Veterans' services _______________________________             7352
                                                                   18815
                                                                                    4405
                                                                                   18669
                                                                                                 2947
                                                                                                   146
                                                                                                              2937
                                                                                                                146
                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                     -               -
                                                                                                                                                     -         10
                                                                                                                                                                  -           -
                                                                                                                                                                              -             -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
  Transportation:
     Highways ___• ___________________________________
     Air tran~rtatlon  (aJrportsl________________________
                                                                   58669
                                                                   10180
                                                                                      776
                                                                                    4428
                                                                                                58093
                                                                                                 5752
                                                                                                             35318
                                                                                                                507
                                                                                                                              22775
                                                                                                                               5245
                                                                                                                                             6770
                                                                                                                                             1 231
                                                                                                                                                           10969
                                                                                                                                                            2504
                                                                                                                                                                         2487
                                                                                                                                                                            11
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                   549
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 499
                      _
     Parking aC1l1l1Bs______________ _________________
                                       •
     Water transport and terminals ___• ________ ________
                                                •
                                                                      755
                                                                    4072
                                                                                        -
                                                                                    2 149
                                                                                                   7G5
                                                                                                 1 923
                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                   832
                                                                                                                                 755
                                                                                                                               1290
                                                                                                                                                59
                                                                                                                                                72
                                                                                                                                                              597
                                                                                                                                                              424
                                                                                                                                                                            17
                                                                                                                                                                             4
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    81
                                                                                                                                                                                                   791
     Transn subsldles _______________ _________________
                                       •
                                                                      402                -         402             152           250           108            141            1              -          -
   PublIC safety:
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
      =~~~~~:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                   32723            4952        27771         4138            23632          6072          16212         1 349
                                                                   11 932
                                                                   22500            1 303
                                                                                         -      11 932
                                                                                                21 197       13825
                                                                                                                    -         11 932
                                                                                                                               7372
                                                                                                                                             1 415
                                                                                                                                             5616
                                                                                                                                                            8693
                                                                                                                                                            1 754
                                                                                                                                                                           797
                                                                                                                                                                             2
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 027
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
      Protective Inspection and regulation _______________          5081                 -       5081         3310             1 771           367          1 289          115              -          -
   EnVIronment and hOUSIng:
     Natural resources. _______________________________
     Parks and recreation _____________________________            64 353
                                                                   14641
                                                                                  53261
                                                                                   1 714
                                                                                                11 092
                                                                                                12927
                                                                                                              8600
                                                                                                              2351
                                                                                                                               2492
                                                                                                                              10576
                                                                                                                                             1 103
                                                                                                                                             2147
                                                                                                                                                              145
                                                                                                                                                            6727
                                                                                                                                                                              37
                                                                                                                                                                             516
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 207
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 184
     Housing and community d....elopment. _____________
     Sewerage, ________________________________   • ____           28230
                                                                   17039
                                                                                  13492
                                                                                         -
                                                                                                14738
                                                                                                17039
                                                                                                              1 803
                                                                                                                576
                                                                                                                              12936
                                                                                                                              18463
                                                                                                                                               894
                                                                                                                                             1 844
                                                                                                                                                            6946
                                                                                                                                                            9478
                                                                                                                                                                             108
                                                                                                                                                                             867
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 4987
                                                                                                                                                                                                 4273
      Solid waste management __• ______________________
                                                                    8734                   -     8734           621            e 113         1 728          5138             887            -      383

     Financial administration:
   Government admlnlstratlon ___________________________
                                 •
     Judicial and legal _________ ______________________           22125
                                                                   15536
                                                                                    7132
                                                                                    2949
                                                                                                14993
                                                                                                12587
                                                                                                              7571
                                                                                                              4979
                                                                                                                                7422
                                                                                                                                7608
                                                                                                                                             3200
                                                                                                                                             5671
                                                                                                                                                            3739
                                                                                                                                                            1 602
                                                                                                                                                                           482
                                                                                                                                                                           135
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
     General public buHdlngs ___• ______________________
     Other government adri1lnlstration __________________
                                                                    5145
                                                                    9407
                                                                                        -
                                                                                    1 209
                                                                                                 5145
                                                                                                 8198
                                                                                                              1 251
                                                                                                              2237
                                                                                                                                3895
                                                                                                                                5961
                                                                                                                                             1 927
                                                                                                                                             2501
                                                                                                                                                            1 662
                                                                                                                                                            2866
                                                                                                                                                                           288
                                                                                                                                                                           584
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
   Interest on general debt ______• ______________________        220845         174 288        46 557       20355            26202          7502          10611             566      2836       4866
  General expenditure, n.e.c,:
    ~anecus        commercial actlvities ______• _________
    Other and unallocable. ________• __________________               357
                                                                   73675          33082
                                                                                           -       357
                                                                                                40613
                                                                                                                246
                                                                                                             17958
                                                                                                                                 108
                                                                                                                              22655          7045
                                                                                                                                                 7             94
                                                                                                                                                           12197
                                                                                                                                                                             7
                                                                                                                                                                         1 992
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -    1 421
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                      •           •
Utllil1es_. ________• _________________ ___________ ______
                                                                   70638                 -      70638         6410            84 228         2601          38188         1 066              -   24375
                                                                   20524                   -    20 524                                                                                      -
  i[~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                                                                                                128           20396          1 786         12596           614                   5398
                                                                   30178
                                                                    2841
                                                                                           -
                                                                                           -
                                                                                                30178
                                                                                                 2841
                                                                                                              2346
                                                                                                                  5
                                                                                                                              27832
                                                                                                                               2836
                                                                                                                                               139
                                                                                                                                                15
                                                                                                                                                           18659
                                                                                                                                                            2213
                                                                                                                                                                           440
                                                                                                                                                                             8
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                10595
                                                                                                                                                                                                   601

                             •
t.IqOor stores ____• ________ __________________________
                                                       •
                                                                   17095                   -    17095         3931            13164            661          4717             5              -    7781

                          -  •-          •
InM.nov trust ____________ ____________ ____• _________             2872
                                                                  414 624        359630
                                                                                                 2872
                                                                                                54984
                                                                                                              2403
                                                                                                             46 995
                                                                                                                                  488
                                                                                                                                7999
                                                                                                                                               219
                                                                                                                                             1'342
                                                                                                                                                              249
                                                                                                                                                            6057             125        279
                                                                                                                                                                                            -       196

         See footnotes at end oflable.




GOVERNMENT                     FINANCES                                                                                                                                            SUMMARY          13
Table 10.            Summaryl of~(jlrect· Government~ E-xpe-ndlture by Function, Level, and,1!Yf)8 of,
                     Government:                    1ge5-S9-Con.
(Detail may not add to total because of rounding.   For meaning of abbrevla1lona   and iymboIe. see lntrocItJctory texll

                                                                                                                            Percent dletrtbution

                                                                                                                                      State and local governments

                          Function                                                                                                                         local governments




        DIrect eJql8llClllure, lOtIiI ______________________
                                                                AHQCW!MII-
                                                                    mt'l1lS

                                                                        11

                                                                     100.0
                                                                                   FadtnJ
                                                                              GO\'8rIIIIHInI

                                                                                         12

                                                                                       51.3
                                                                                                     Total



                                                                                                      47
                                                                                                        13
                                                                                                                 0:
                                                                                                                   Stele



                                                                                                                       14

                                                                                                                     17.7
                                                                                                                                  TOI8I

                                                                                                                                     15

                                                                                                                                  21.0
                                                                                                                                              CounIV
                                                                                                                                                     111

                                                                                                                                                    5.1
                                                                                                                                                           ~
                                                                                                                                                                 17

                                                                                                                                                                ...
                                                                                                                                                                       TOWIIIhIp

                                                                                                                                                                               18

                                                                                                                                                                                ••
                                                                                                                                                                                     School
                                                                                                                                                                                     dIetrict
                                                                                                                                                                                          19

                                                                                                                                                                                         '.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                =20

                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.1
DIrect QIII*III upendIIUre _____________________________
                                                                     100.0             50.8           49.2           19.7         29.5              7.1         8.8            1.1      10.5     2.0
   Selected Fedliral programs:
      NetIcnI defenIe and lntemettonaJ relations ________
     PoeIIII MIVice ___________________________________              100.0            100.0
     ~       ~h       and technology ___________________             100.0            100.0
                                                                     100.0            100.0
  EdUcation eaMc:eI:
    EdUcation _______________________________________
        tfIQhw edUcation ______________________________              100.0              8.0           94.0          24.4          IIU               5.11        5.8            1.8     58.8
                                                                     100.0                           100.0
        EtemenIaIy and IIIOOndary education ____________
        AIIIIIIIiIce and IUbIIdIeI ______________________
        Other education _______________________________
                                                                     100.0
                                                                     100.0
                                                                                         !~
                                                                                       49.8
                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                      50.2
                                                                                                                    82.9
                                                                                                                      .8
                                                                                                                    50.2
                                                                                                                                  17.1
                                                                                                                                  99.2
                                                                                                                                                    2.8
                                                                                                                                                    7.5
                                                                                                                                                                 .7
                                                                                                                                                                8.3            2.4
                                                                                                                                                                                       13.8
                                                                                                                                                                                       81.1       .1
     L.InrIee ________________________________________               100.0
                                                                     100.0
                                                                                       84.5
                                                                                       11.0
                                                                                                      35.5
                                                                                                      89.0
                                                                                                                    35.5
                                                                                                                     8.1          82.9
                                                                                                                                                      -
                                                                                                                                                   22.9        41.0            8.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                12.9
  SocII! ~ ftIfantand Income maintenanCe:
     PubIc           ___________________________________
        Cull UIietance paymenlS _____________________                100.0             24.7           75.3          58.0          17.3             12.3         4.9             .1
           Celegollcal ueItIIance programs _____________             100.0             43.0           57.0          30.7          211.3            20.5         5.8
                                                                     100.0             48.8           53.4          29.8          23.8             19.2         4.8
           OIIW cui! ueItIIance payments _____________               100.0                           100.0          44.8          55.4             35.3        19.8             .3
                                                                     100.0                           100.0          97.1           2.9              1.7         1:2
        V~        .=:r!e-===========================                 100.0
                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                    97.9
                                                                                                                    85.0
                                                                                                                                   2.1
                                                                                                                                  35.0
                                                                                                                                                    1.3
                                                                                                                                                   15.0
                                                                                                                                                                 .7
                                                                                                                                                               19.8             .2
        W~~:=n.              ~~_=====================
        Other pUblIc welfare ___________________________             100.0
                                                                     100.0             40.l!
                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                      59.8
                                                                                                                    88.9
                                                                                                                    :;2.5
                                                                                                                                  33.1
                                                                                                                                  27.3
                                                                                                                                                   24.4
                                                                                                                                                   lB.l
                                                                                                                                                                B.7
                                                                                                                                                                B.7             .4
                                                                     100.0             14.8           85.2          38.8          48.11            20.8        10.9             .2              15.0
                                                                     100.0             30.7
     ~========================================
     SociaIlotwnnce    admlnis1ration ____________________
     Ve\eranI' services _______________________________              100.0             59.9
                                                                                                      89.3
                                                                                                      40.1
                                                                                                                    37.0
                                                                                                                    39.9
                                                                                                                                  32.3
                                                                                                                                    .1
                                                                                                                                                   23.4         7.3
                                                                                                                                                                 .1
                                                                                                                                                                                .4               1.1
                                                                     100.0             99.2             .B            .8
  TrantpOfIation:


     ~=~~~~::::::::::::::::::::::::
                                                                     100.0              1.3           98.7          80.0          38.7             14.9        18.8            4.2                .9
                                                                     100.0             43.5           58.5           5.0          51.5             12.1        24.8             .1              14.7
     Water 8nepor\ and terminalS _____________________               100.0                           100.0                       100.0              7.9        79.1            2.3              10.8
     Tranait 1UbIIdIeI _________________________________             100.0             52.8           47.2          15.5          31.7              1.8        10.4             .1              19.4
                                                                     100.0                           100.0          37.7          112.3            211.8       35.2             .2
  PubIc RIfely:

     ComIc1Ion _______________________________________
     ~ ~=================================
                                                                     100.0
                                                                     100.0
                                                                                       15.1·          84.9
                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                    12.8          72.2
                                                                                                                                 100.0
                                                                                                                                                   18.8
                                                                                                                                                   11.9
                                                                                                                                                               49.5
                                                                                                                                                               72.9
                                                                                                                                                                               4.1
                                                                                                                                                                               8.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 8.6
     ProIec:IIwIIntpection and regulation _______________            100.0              5.8           94.2          81.4          32.8             25.0         7.8
                                                                     100.0                           100.0          85.1          34.9              7.2        25.4            2.3
  EnvIronmenI and hauling:
    NeI\nI ~                              •
                     ______________________ _________
     PIIIb    IIIId IlICfHtion _____________________________         100.0             82.8           17.2          13.4           3.9              1.7          .2             .1               1.9
                                                                     100.0             11.7           88.3          18.1          72.2             14.7        45.11           3.5               8.1
     tkJUIInIJ    and communIIV deYeIoprnent----- _________          100.0             47.8           52.2           8.4          45.8              3.2        24.8             .4              17.7
                                                                     100.0                           100.0           3.4          98.6             10.8        55.8            5.1              25.1
     ~.:.-~=========================                                 100.0                           100.0           7.1          92.9             19.8        58.8            9.9               4.4
  GovenIrMnI adminlmltIOn: ___________________________
    FInIncIeIlCImInIIration
                                                                     100.0             32.2           87.8          34.2          33.5             14.5        111.9           2.2


  I
     =.~~-==========================
     0tIIIf gowmment      adminlmltion   __________________
   ..... on 11M*-' debt _____________________________
                                                                     100.0
                                                                     100.0
                                                                     100.0
                                                                                       19.0
                                                                                       12.9
                                                                                                      81.0
                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                      87.1
                                                                                                                    32.0
                                                                                                                    24.3
                                                                                                                    23.11
                                                                                                                                  49.0
                                                                                                                                  75.7
                                                                                                                                  113.4
                                                                                                                                                   SCi.6
                                                                                                                                                   37.5
                                                                                                                                                   28.8
                                                                                                                                                               11.8
                                                                                                                                                               32.7
                                                                                                                                                               30.5
                                                                                                                                                                                .9
                                                                                                                                                                               5.8
                                                                                                                                                                               8.3
                                                                     100.0             78.9           21.1            9.2         11.11             3.4         4.B             .3       1.3     2.1
  G.MnII ftI*1dIIure. n.iI.c.: actIvItieti ________________
    MIIceIIIiIIouI cornrnen:lII
    0tIIIf and lJnIIIocIbIe ____________________________             100.0
                                                                     100.0             37.7
                                                                                           -         100.0
                                                                                                      82.3
                                                                                                                    8U
                                                                                                                    27.5
                                                                                                                                  30.4
                                                                                                                                  34.7
                                                                                                                                                    2.1
                                                                                                                                                   10.B
                                                                                                                                                               .8.4
                                                                                                                                                               lB.7
                                                                                                                                                                               1.9
                                                                                                                                                                               3.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 2.2
                                                                     10o.b                           100.0           9.1


1f.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                                                                                                                  90.9              3.7        51.2            1.5              34.5
                                                                     100.0                           100.0            .B          99.4              8.7        81.4            3.0              28.3
                                                                     100.0                           100.0           7.B          92.2               .5        55.2            1.5              35.1
                                                                     100.0                           100.0            .2          99.8               .5        rrs              .3              21.2



==-                                                                                                                               n.o
                                                                     100.0                           100.0          23.0                            3.9        27.8                             45.5
                                                                     100.0                 -         100.0          83.7          111.3             7.8         8.7
             m:r~==========================.~                        100.0             98.7           13.3          11.3           1.9               .3         1.5                        .1

        'St!vIce ICtIdeInIft are Included under 'NatIonal deIenM and fntemattonaJ relatiOn*.'
        "MInor III1OUI'III ani Included under 'Other education.'




14     SUMMMlV
Table 11. Summary of Governmental, EXJ)endltute for Capital Outlay. by Function, Level, and
                              Type of Government:                                       1988-89
(Detail may not add to lotal because of rounding.                    For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. see Introductory text)

                                                                                                               Amount (mHIion dollars)                                                Percent distribution

                                                                                                                          State and local govvrnmenta                                         Stale and local goIIernmenta

                                              FUnc\Jon                                                     Federal                         Stale         Local          All    Fedetal                         State      Local
                                                                                         All \lovem·
                                                                                               ments
                                                                                                           Govern·
                                                                                                             ment           Total         :            govern.
                                                                                                                                                         ments
                                                                                                                                                                   govern.
                                                                                                                                                                     ments
                                                                                                                                                                               Govern-
                                                                                                                                                                                 ment          Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                             govern.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ments
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        govern·
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ments

                                                                                                                     2            3             4              5          6            7            6              9           10
              All C8pIt8I outIIIy ____________________________________211 734                               111710       111 144          43 121       ...    22     100.0          47.1        52.1            ZO.4         32.6
SeleCted Fedetal programs:
   National defame and International relations __________________
   Postal service _____________________________________________                              78891         78891                                                     100.0         100.0
   Space research and technology ____________________________                                 1 957         1 957                                                    100.0         100.0
                                                                                              3638          3638                                                     100.0         100.0
Education seMces:
  Education ________________________________________________
      Higher edI.r.atlon _______________________________________                             21 863                  9   21 854            8554        15300         100.0                     100.0            30.0         70.0
      ElementarY and secondary education _____________________                                8851               (~
                                                                                                                          6851             5906           943        100.0                     100.0            66.2         13.8
     Other education ________________________________________                                14584               (9      14 584              227       14357         100.0                     100.0             1.6         98.4
  Llbraries __________________________________________________                                  428                         419              419                     100.0           2.1        97.9            97.9
                                                                                                581              36         525               42             483     100.0           6.4        93.6             7.5         88.i
Soctal services and Income maintenance:
   PUblic weIIare _____________________________________________
   Hotpi1als _________________________________________________                                  418             15           401              232          169       100.0           3.6        96.4            55.8         40.6
   Health ___________________________________________________                                 3711             979         2732               966        1 766       100.0          26.4        73.6            28.0         47.6
                                                                                              I 137            424           713              417          295       100.0          37.3        62.7            38.7         25.9
   Other SOCialservices and Income malntenance _______________                                I 757          1 630           127              127                    100.0          92.8         7.2             7.2
Transportation:
     Hlghways-------------------------------------------------
   Air tran=tIon      (alfJJot1s)_________________________________                           32919
                                                                                              3623
                                                                                                               165
                                                                                                               658
                                                                                                                          327M
                                                                                                                           2965
                                                                                                                                          24585
                                                                                                                                             247
                                                                                                                                                         8 169
                                                                                                                                                         2718
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                      .5
                                                                                                                                                                                    18.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                99.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                81.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                74.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 6.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           24.8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           75.0
   Parking acdt\ies ___________________________________________
                                                                                                322                          322                           322       100.0                     100.0                      100.0
   Water transport and terminals ______________________________
                                                                                              1 249            306           943              338          804       100.0          24.5        75.5            27.1       48.4
PUblic safety:
                                                                                              1 576             196        1 380              396          984       100.0          12.4        87.6            25.1       62.4
                                                                                                872                          872                           872       100.0                     100.0                      1000
                                                                                              3476             238         3238            2123          1 115
     5t~;:==================================::======
  ProtectIVe I=tion
Environmentresources _________________________________________
  Nalulal     a
                         and regulation _________________________
                  housing:
                                                                                                213                          213             147            66
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                     6.8        93.2
                                                                                                                                                                                               100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                61.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                69.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           32.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           31.0
                                                                                              5805           3786          2019            1 355           664       100.0          85.2        34.8            23.3         11.4
     Parks and recreation ______________________________________                              3571             221         3350              620         2730        100.0           8.2        93.8            17.4         76.4
     Housing and community development _______________________                                8797           5032          3785               78         3690        100.0                      42.8                         41.9
     Sewerege ________________________________________________                                                                                                                      57.2                           .9
     Solid waste management __________________________________                                8343                         8343              320         8023        100.0                     100.0             3.8         96.2
                                                                                              1 664                        1 664             346         1 318       1000                      100.0            20.8         79.2
    Financial administration:
Govemment administration ____________________________________
    Judicial and lega'- _________________________________________                               928            214           714              354          380       100.0          23.1        76.9            38.1         38.8
                                                                                                627            112           515              139          376       100.0          17.9        82.1            22.2         80.0
    General p'Jblic bullalngs ____________________________________                            1 843                        1 843              522        1 321       100.0                     100.0            28.3         71.7
    Other govemment adminlstration ____________________________                                 451              13          438              110          328       100.0           2.9        97.1            24.4         72.7
General expenditure. n.o.c.:
    Miscellaneous commercial activities ____________.. ___________                               40                           40              28           11        100.0                     100.0            70.0       27.5
    Other and unallocable _____________________________________                               6094           1 266         4828              900        3928         100.0          20.8        79.2            14.8       64.5
Utilllies _____________________________________________________                              15371                        15371            2 164       13207         100.0                     100.0            14.1       85.9
                                                                                              6372                         6372               27        8345         100.0                     100.0               .4      99.6
     ~::~=r==::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::=:::                                       4291                         4291              421        3889         100.0                     100.0             9.8       90.2
                                                                                                279                          279                          279        100.0                     100.0                      100.0
   ~r~~~E~_:=:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
Llquar stmes ________________________________________________                                 4430                         4430            1 716        2714         100.0                     100.0            38.7       61.3
                                                                                                 14                           14              11             3       100.0                     100.0            78.6       21.4
              ConetructIon           only ___________________________________
                                                                                             95825          117 ..        84037           33 812       50 425        100.0          12.3        87.7            35.1         52.8
Sefe<:ted Federal programs:
             defense and international relatlons __________________
   NetlonalS8fVice _____________________________________________
   Postai                                                                                     8028           6028                                                    100.0         100.0
   Spaa. 1esearch and technology ____________________________                                 1 238          1 238                                                   100.0         100.0
                                                                                                157            157                                                   100.0         100.0
Education services:
   Education ________________________________________________
       HIgher education _______________________________________                              13258                        13258            3816          9642        100.0                     100.0            27.3         72.7
       EI8mentarY and secondary education _____________________                               3746                         3746            3221            525       100.0                     100.0            66.0         14.0
       Other education ________________________________________                               927,4                        9274              157         9118        100.0                     100.0             1.7         98.3
   Llbraries __________________________________________________                                 238                          238             238                     100.0                     100.0           100.0
                                                                                                341                          341              25             316     100.0                     100.0             7.3         92.7
Soctal services and Income maintenance:
   PUblic ...,lfare _____________________________________________
                                                                                                163                          163               55          108       100.0                     100.0            33.7         66.3
   Health ___________________________________________________
   HatpitaIs -------------------------------------------------                                2245             623         1 622              591        1 031       100.0          27.6        72.2            283          45.9
                                                                                                485             62           423              273          150       100.0          12.6        67.2            58.3         30.9
   Other SOCialseMces and Income maintenance _______________                                     77             32            45               45                    100.0          41.6        58.4            58.4
TrantpOrlation:
                                                                                             28671              180       28511           22139          6371        100.0            .6        99.4            77.2       22.2
                                                                                              2587              120        2487              223         2243        100.0           4.6        95.4             8.8       66.7
     ~~~!~~~::::::::::===:=::===:==::=:=:==:=
     Water transport and terminals ______________________________                               237
                                                                                                954            240
                                                                                                                             237
                                                                                                                             714              209
                                                                                                                                                           237
                                                                                                                                                           505
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0          25.2
                                                                                                                                                                                               1(}J.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                74.8            21.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           52.9
PUblic safety.
                                                                                                405              19          3811              92            293     100.0           4.7        95.3            22.7       72.3
                                                                                                355                          355                -            355     100.0                     100.0               -      100.0

E~
     ~~:==::=====:==:====:==:::==::=::=::::=::=::
                !~.,::nd      reyulation -------------------------
                                                                                              3000
                                                                                                 53
                                                                                                                174        2828
                                                                                                                               53
                                                                                                                                           1 817
                                                                                                                                              41
                                                                                                                                                         1 009
                                                                                                                                                            12
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                     5.8        94.2
                                                                                                                                                                                               100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                80.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                77.4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           33.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           22.6
     Naturel resources _________________________________________
     Parks and recreation ______________________________________                              3584           2339          I 245              742          503       100.0          65.3        34.7            20.7         14.0
                                                                                              2592             149         2443               441        2002        100.0           5.7        84.S            17.0         77.2
     I:fouIlng and communlly development _______________________                              2938              23         2913                59        2854        100.0            .8        99.2             2.0         97.2
                                                                                              7627                         7627               313                    100.0
     ==.ma~nt-::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
  FloancIaI
Gowmment adminis1ration:
         admlnltIration ____________________________________
                                                                                              1 '021                       1 021              191
                                                                                                                                                         7315
                                                                                                                                                             B30     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                               100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                               100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                lB.7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             95.11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             81.3
                                                                                                149                  3       148               70           78       100.0           2.0        98.0            47.0         51.0
                                                                                                310

     ~~~~i~==::=::::=::==:::==:::::::::
                                                                                                                             310               39          271       100.0                     100.0            12.6         87.4
                                                                                              1 502                        1 502              488        1 033       100.0                     100.0            31.2         68.8
                                                                                                 81                           81               18           65       100.0                     100.0            19.8         80.2
G_I~      elcp8ndllure, n.a.c.: actlvftlet _________________________
                    commercial
    Other and unallocable _____________________________________                                  17                           17              10             7       100.0                     100.0            58.8       41.2
Utilities _____________________________________________________                               3505             421         3084              509        2575         100.0          12.0        68.0            104.5      73.5
                                                                                             12247                        12247            1 828       10622         100.0                     ,JO.O            13.3       86.7
                                                                                              5461

      ~;~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
     if
                                                                                                                           5481               24        5437         100.0                     100.0              .4       99.6
                                                                                              3649                         3649              402        3247         100.0                     100.0            11.0       89.0
LIquor
                   -
           iltoras ________________________________________________
                                                                                                224
                                                                                              2913
                                                                                                                             224
                                                                                                                           2913            I 199
                                                                                                                                                          224
                                                                                                                                                        1 713
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                     100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                               100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                               100.0            41:2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          100.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           58.8


              'Servicli academlat              are Included Under 'National   defense and International rela1lovle.'     'MInor amounII    era lncIuded Under 'Other education.'


GOVEANMENT FINANCES                                                                                                                                                                                     SUMMARY              15
Table 14.                   Summary! of Cash and ,I Security "Holdings of St!lte and Local Governments by Type
                            and Purpose of Holdings, and Level and Type of Government:                                                                           1988-89 and Prior
                            Years
[MUllon dollars. Detall may not add to total becauae of rotmdIng.For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. see Introductory text)

                                                                                      1988-89                                       1987-88                                 1988-87

                                              Item                               Amount      Percent distribution           Amount       Percent distribution          Amount       Percent dlstrlbution

                                                                                                                2                    3                      4                   5                      6

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT


             Totlll                                               _
                                                                              1380    IIA                   100.0        1 221 114                      100.0        1 041788                      100.0
Insurance trust funds                                             _
                                                                                684 922                      50.3          596 124                       48.5          547 143                      52.2


    ~:;~~~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                                                                 34 424                       2.5           27483                         2.2           22510                        2.1
                                                                                627322                       48.1          547780                        44.6          505520                       48.2
                                                                                 21 789                       1.6           19723                         1.8           18448                        1.8
Other than Insurance trust funds                                  _               1 387                        .1            1 159                          .1             607                        .1
   0ffHts to debt                                                 _             676036                       49.7          632990                        51'.5         500 623                      47.8
   Bond funds                                                     _             334 92e                      24.6          313939                        25.5          193010                       18.4
   Other                                                          _              75064                        5.5           71 740                        5.8           72236                        6.9
                                                                                268 048                      19.5          247312                        20.1          2353n                        22.5



STATE GOVERNMENTS


             Totlll                                               _
                                                                                eeo   9114                  100.0           783357                      1~~.0          eDS 824                     100.0
Insurance trust funds                                             _
   Unemployment compensation                                      _             563 182                      63.9           483 149                      6'1.7         443 168                      63.7
                                                                                 34342                        3.9            27398                        0.5           22431                        3.2
                                                                                505664                       57.1           434870                       55.5          401 624                      57.7
   ~~ft::.ec::'::e~~lJOii:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
   Other                                                          _              21 789                       2.5            19723                        2.5           18448                        2.7
Other than Insurance trust funds                                  _               1 387                        .2             1 159                         .1             687                        .1
   O\fsets to debt                                                _             317 811                      26.1           300 207                      38.3          252656                       36.3
   Bond funds                                                     _             175028                       19.9           168 619                      21.3          122256                       17.6
   Other                                                          _              20696                        2.3            21 839                       2.8           21 736                       3.1
                                                                                122068                       13.9           111 750                      14.3          108 684                      15.6



LOCAL GOVERNMENTS


             Tow'-                                                _
                                                                                4711 984                    100.0           445758                      100.0          351 942                     100.0
Insurance trust funds                                             _
   Unemployment compensation                                      _             121 739                      25.4           112 975                      25.3          103975                       29.5
   Employee retirement                                            _                  81'
                                                                                121 656                      25.3
                                                                                                                                 85
                                                                                                                            112890                       25.3
                                                                                                                                                                            79
                                                                                                                                                                       103896
                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    29.5
Other than Insurance trust funds                                  _
                                                                                358225                       74.6           332783                       74.7          247007                       70.5
    By ~~       debt                                              _
       Bond funds                                                 _             1511899                      33.3           147320                       33.0           70754                       20.1
       Other                                                      _              54368                       11.3            49901                       11.2           50 500                      14.3
                                                                                143959                       30.0           135583                       30.4          126 713                      36.0
    By type of govemment:
                                                                                101 534                      21.2            95591                       21.4           57755                       16.4

         ~:~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                                                                141 036                      29.4           131 178                      29.4          102465                       29.1
                                                                                  8689                        1.9             8603                        1.9            6256                        1.8
         Speclal district                                         _              38593                        8.0            34 997                       7.9           31 333                       8.9
                                                                                 68 172                      14.2            62414                       14.0           50 137                      14.2




GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 17.              Summary of State and Local Govemment Revenue by State:                                                                                     1988-89
[Thou .. nd dollars.   Der.ll may not add to total because 01 rounding.   For nleanlng 01 abbrevlallons and symbols, _       InlrOductory t.xt]

                                                                                                                                      From own sources

                                                                                                           General revenue                                        Other than general revenue

         Geographical area                                                                                                    Charges and
                                                          From Federal                                                              mlscet-
                                        Total revenue      Government             Total            Total           Taxes           taneous                Total         Utll.ty   liquor storo     Insurance trust

                                                     1                2               3                4                 5                 6                  7              8                 9                10
         Unn.d &taMe _. _________                                                                                             ,.,    373 404
                                         tl3 511 374      125123732       127113142        110 020 431      411 147032                            117 173 201     52 IlOl 7M       3315111          111 441 241

Alabama ________________________                            1 962118       10702871          8 103 165         5101410          3001 755           2 599706        1 169850          138388            1 291 488
Alatlc. __________________________        12 6604989
Arizqna _________________________          6 585 119          6SO 473       5904646          5035259           2068850          2968409              689387          169078            1 318             698 993
ANn ... _______________________
Califomla _______________________
                                          13 516 002
                                           5978496
                                                            1 378 122
                                                            1 105616
                                                                           12 137 680
                                                                            48726S0
                                                                                             9 241 759
                                                                                             4062481
                                                                                                               6543 518
                                                                                                               2888228
                                                                                                                                2 698 241
                                                                                                                                1 196 253
                                                                                                                                                   2896 121
                                                                                                                                                     810199
                                                                                                                                                                   1 471 760
                                                                                                                                                                     268298
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 424 361
                                                                                                                                                                                                         541 901
                                         132 153333        16374 530      115 778 803       67728831          60 685 596       27063235           28049972         7691 722                    -      20 156250
CoIorado ________________________
Connec1lcut __• __________________
Delaware _______________________
                                   12 844 973
                                   13695 711
                                                            1 438 401
                                                            1 785 255
                                                                           11 406 572
                                                                           11 910458
                                                                                             8 810 937
                                                                                            10218385
                                                                                                               5939 578
                                                                                                               8 110677
                                                                                                                                 2871 359
                                                                                                                                 2 105708
                                                                                                                                                   2595635
                                                                                                                                                   1 694 071
                                                                                                                                                                     894 064
                                                                                                                                                                     334639
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 701 571
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 359432
0Ia1rict 01 Columbia ______________ 2896 745
FlorIda __________________________ 4689551
                                                              371 416
                                                            1 459749
                                                                            2 515 329
                                                                            3229 802
                                                                                             2 175547
                                                                                             2738408
                                                                                                               1 353 750
                                                                                                               2243 115
                                                                                                                                   821 797
                                                                                                                                   493291
                                                                                                                                                     339782
                                                                                                                                                     493396
                                                                                                                                                                     101 499
                                                                                                                                                                     309 194
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                         238283
                                                                                                                                                                                                         164 202
                                  42599 042                 4210532        38386510         32085804          20732781          11 353023          6302706         3052678                     -       3250028


=r..:::::::::::::::::::::::::
Id8ho ___________________________
                                          21 830 606
                                           4 841 813
                                                            3 038 749
                                                              593662
                                                                           18 791 857
                                                                            4247931
                                                                                            15 282 597
                                                                                             3 595 517
                                                                                                              10490 311
                                                                                                               2888943
                                                                                                                                    4 772 288
                                                                                                                                      908 574
                                                                                                                                                    3 529 280
                                                                                                                                                      652 414
                                                                                                                                                                   1 618960
                                                                                                                                                                     101 630
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 910300
                                                                                                                                                                                                         550784
IlIonoia __________________________        3055081            524222        2530859          2045073           1 415 757              629316          485 768         70227           35341              380218
Indiana _________________________         39 580 187
                                          17 188 948
                                                            5 095 592
                                                            2310614
                                                                           34 464 595
                                                                           14 858 332
                                                                                            28348989
                                                                                            12 996 222
                                                                                                              21 794482
                                                                                                               8863 602
                                                                                                                                    6552507
                                                                                                                                    4 132620
                                                                                                                                                    6 137606
                                                                                                                                                    1 882110
                                                                                                                                                                   1 451 740
                                                                                                                                                                     945688
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       4685896
                                                                                                                                                                                                         918422
low. ____________________________
                                           10   072 626     1 401 619        8871    009     7222399           4 988 105            2238294         1   448610       459 125          77 761             911 724
Kan ... _________________________
Kentucky ________________________           8
                                           11
                                                268 732
                                                267095
                                                              939204
                                                            1 675 146
                                                                             7327
                                                                             9391
                                                                                     528
                                                                                     949
                                                                                             6 185 225
                                                                                             7 742 237
                                                                                                               4315626
                                                                                                               5 174 441
                                                                                                                                    1 689399
                                                                                                                                    2587796
                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                                        142 303
                                                                                                                                                        649712
                                                                                                                                                                     518 755
                                                                                                                                                                     509 018
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                         623 548
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 140696
lou/alana _________••••• _._. _____
Maine ________. _______._._._. ___         14
                                            4
                                                472 059
                                                329 363
                                                            2317 664
                                                              730964
                                                                            12 154
                                                                             3 598
                                                                                     175
                                                                                     399
                                                                                            10248 109
                                                                                             3 150 052
                                                                                                               6219581
                                                                                                               2385 189
                                                                                                                                    4028 528
                                                                                                                                      76<1683
                                                                                                                                                    1   906 068
                                                                                                                                                        448 347
                                                                                                                                                                     651 354
                                                                                                                                                                      56170           73392
                                                                                                                                                                                               -       \ 254 712
                                                                                                                                                                                                         318 765
Maryland ________________________
M.... chtJseHs __________________         18 118347         2352517        15 765 830       13 616 868        10373 277             3 243 609       2 148944         299 094          98159            1   751 691
MIChigan ________________________         24 156 110
                                          35650 247
                                                            3484072
                                                            4 709263
                                                                           20674038
                                                                           30940984
                                                                                            17 578 035
                                                                                            25498 033
                                                                                                              13 597 826
                                                                                                              18 483 790
                                                                                                                                    3 980 209
                                                                                                                                    7034243
                                                                                                                                                    3 096 003
                                                                                                                                                    5442951
                                                                                                                                                                   1 364 076
                                                                                                                                                                   1 182888          416 623
                                                                                                                                                                                               -       1
                                                                                                                                                                                                       3
                                                                                                                                                                                                           731 927
                                                                                                                                                                                                           643 342
Minnesota _______________________         19 805 497        2481 749       17323 748        14 006 639         9407680              4 598 979       3 317 109        767728          141 737           2   407 6<14
MllSissopp/ ______________________
                                           7594 351         1 458564        6 135 787        4 943590          3 104 078            1 839512        1 192197         357007          111 711               723479
I.fossourr ___ • ____________________
Montana ________________________           14 489 863       1 911 048       12 578 835      10340    182       7 532 764            2807418         2236653          757453                            1 481 200
Nebratlca __._. __________________          3020 521          612775         2407746         1 911   328       1 256675               654 451         496 420         38032           34795              425 593
Nevada ________• ________________
New Hampshlre __._. ____________
                                            6605409
                                            4328625
                                                              721 309
                                                              415471
                                                                             5664 100
                                                                             3 913 354
                                                                                             4 103
                                                                                             2 972
                                                                                                     17~
                                                                                                     438
                                                                                                               2708 968
                                                                                                               1 991 150
                                                                                                                                    1 394 206
                                                                                                                                      981 268
                                                                                                                                                    1 780 928
                                                                                                                                                      940918
                                                                                                                                                                   1 512721
                                                                                                                                                                     162652
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                         268 207
                                                                                                                                                                                                         778064
                                            3 282 546         410 535        2872011         2477    219       1 783055               694 16<1        394 792         48245          178805              16G 742


New   ~:
       :::::::::::::::::::::
~ York • ______________________
                                       33 242 265
                                        5929990
                                                            3 700 219
                                                              692014
                                                                            29 542 048
                                                                             5037 976
                                                                                            24
                                                                                             4
                                                                                                 692 943
                                                                                                 172 645
                                                                                                              18 816 618
                                                                                                               2372575
                                                                                                                                 5
                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                      87a 325
                                                                                                                                      800 070
                                                                                                                                                    4649 103
                                                                                                                                                      885331
                                                                                                                                                                     765 124
                                                                                                                                                                     199 217
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       4 083 970
                                                                                                                                                                                                         888 114
North Carollna ___________________ 101 541 327
North Dakola ____________________ 21 267 549
                                                           13 396 857
                                                            2842 137
                                                                            88 144470
                                                                            18 425 412
                                                                                            70
                                                                                            14
                                                                                                 303 414
                                                                                                 115955
                                                                                                              54 777453
                                                                                                              10330680
                                                                                                                                15
                                                                                                                                 3
                                                                                                                                      525 961
                                                                                                                                      785 295
                                                                                                                                                   17 641 058
                                                                                                                                                    4 309 457
                                                                                                                                                                   4 242 151
                                                                                                                                                                   2054 927          268 931
                                                                                                                                                                                               -      13 596 905
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 987599

Ohio ____________________________
                                        2373358               489 244        1 985114        1   652450          972816               679634          232 6604        44598                    -         188068

Oklahoma _______________________ 40357 768                  4 964 918       35392 848       25 4~5 195 I      18 465 380            6959815         9967    653    1 064 192         321 718           8581    743
Oregon _. ___________________ - __
F'er.ns)'lval1lll. ___________________
                                       10209 e:>1
                                       II 305 457
                                                            1 602437
                                                            1 858 549
                                                                             8607384
                                                                             9448908
                                                                                             7016302
                                                                                             7 605 554
                                                                                                               4751 596
                                                                                                               5093492
                                                                                                                                    2 264 706
                                                                                                                                    2 512062
                                                                                                                                                    1 591
                                                                                                                                                    1 841
                                                                                                                                                            082
                                                                                                                                                            354
                                                                                                                                                                     628 623
                                                                                                                                                                     513073          144009
                                                                                                                                                                                               -         964
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 184
                                                                                                                                                                                                               459
                                                                                                                                                                                                               272
Rhode Island ____• _______________     40564 559            5675285         34 689 274      28200 131         20877 247             7 322864        6489    143    1 382 187         612358            4 494   618
                                        3890 576              658988         3 231 608       2 565 584         1 897 106              688 478         888   024       61730                    -         604   294
SotIIh Carolina ________._. _____._
SotIIh Dakota _________________._
TannesH8 ______________________
                                       11 448 463
                                        2 190 768
                                                            1 643967
                                                              472359
                                                                             9604 496
                                                                             1 716 409
                                                                                             7
                                                                                             1
                                                                                                 431 377
                                                                                                 419007
                                                                                                               5081 394
                                                                                                                 948358
                                                                                                                                 2389983
                                                                                                                                   472651
                                                                                                                                                    2373 119
                                                                                                                                                      299402
                                                                                                                                                                   1 173 442
                                                                                                                                                                      81 940           19172
                                                                                                                                                                                               -       I 199677
                                                                                                                                                                                                         198 290
Texa. __________________________ 760 826
Utah ____________________________
                                       16
                                       55059523
                                                            2562848
                                                            6368 933
                                                                            14 197 980
                                                                            48672590
                                                                                             9
                                                                                            38
                                                                                                 6<12173
                                                                                                 648 821
                                                                                                               6489 1n7
                                                                                                              28583 67a
                                                                                                                                 3 153 138
                                                                                                                                12 265 142
                                                                                                                                                    4 555 807
                                                                                                                                                    9623 769
                                                                                                                                                                   3492907
                                                                                                                                                                   4062396
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 062900
                                                                                                                                                                                                       5 761 371
                                        6222 995            1 032200         5 190 795       3   775 421       2481 768          1 313633           1 415 374        769747            64 711            580 918
Vermont ________________________        2 151 365                            1 742   569     1 483 324         1 050 509              412 615         279245          97269           28881              153095
                                                              408798
                                       20768 099            2401 458        18396    641    15438118          11 223 514            4 212 604       2930523          744219          247641            1 938483
~a~crcon-:::::::::::::::::::::
We.t       glnla ____________________
WIsconsln _______________________
                                       21 707498
                                        5205 544
                                                            2610462
                                                              876757
                                                                            19 097
                                                                             4326
                                                                                     036
                                                                                     787
                                                                                            13008 277
                                                                                             3 596 432
                                                                                                               9092240
                                                                                                               2459931
                                                                                                                                    3 916 037
                                                                                                                                    1 138501
                                                                                                                                                    6088 759
                                                                                                                                                      732355
                                                                                                                                                                   2395502
                                                                                                                                                                      73149
                                                                                                                                                                                     222289
                                                                                                                                                                                      52990
                                                                                                                                                                                                       3470968
                                                                                                                                                                                                         606 216
Wyomlng _________• ______________      19065 966            2473 145        18 592   623    13 338 447         9810924              3527523         3254 376         445 979             170           2808 227
                                        2701 450              523590         2 177   880     1 872352            957556               914 796         305506          67773           26091              211 6<14




20       REVENUE                                                                                                                                                  GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 22.              Expenditure of State and Local Governments by Function and State:
                       1988-89-Con.
[Thouund     doIIara   Detail !MY not add to 10tal becat.e of rounding. For I!IM1Ing of abbr.wa1lons         and aymboII. _         lntroduc1ory   taxll

                                                                                                                 ~           expendllUle-Con,

                                                                                                          SocIal HfViceI and Income malnt~

                                                                                                             Public welfare

           G~""                                                    CaIh lllliltanoe   payments                         Vendor payments

                                                                    Categollcal           Othercalh
                                                                    Ulielanoe             aaelltanoe                                        Other vendor            WeHare       Other public
                                                      Total          programs              payments          For medical care                  payments         InfIIItutions         weHare      Hospitals

                                                          9                   10                    11                         12                          13             14              15             16
           unReel S.....   ___________
                                               1711711115          17815071               2111111H                41011      3111              1 2l1li IlOl       715 11211      21105; 2111    470721113

AI~a       ________________________               793529              124033                    256                    490 681                         215           9986           168 112      1 250 007
Aluka __________________________                  359599               69750                  3099                     129 618                       7659           21648           121 565         57202
ArtzoNI _________________________                                     113289                 20 921                    649491                           70           6074
~s          _______________________               988 569                                                                                                                           194724         217 000
CalIfornia _______________________                628164               52418                 23213                     416183                          464              32          135814         333 100
                                               15543315             4780 490                290 718                  5335328                         1 391          50214         5085174        5985619
CoIorado ________________________                 951 036              151568                 4715                     443    660                  50219             9075           285 741        532681
Connecticut _____________________
DeIIIwwe _______________________                1 509 509              285902                34 511                    626    383                  36780            24332           301 635        830 142
                                                  193532                24644                 1 905                     68    425                   3230            32406            62922          44656
DIetrfct of ColumbIa ______________               629 565               81 426               20 034                    323    931                   5965            24961           173256         264 738
FIorida __________________________              2945068                492348                 4547                   1 764    711                  38931            24101           602364       2 142758

=-:::::::::::::::::::::::::
Idaho ___________________________
                                                1 888 172
                                                  364 63!1
                                                                       296561
                                                                        82010                20921
                                                                                                         -           1 251 426
                                                                                                                       179034
                                                                                                                                                       81
                                                                                                                                                      728
                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                    338092
                                                                                                                                                                                     81 943
                                                                                                                                                                                                 2535518
                                                                                                                                                                                                   146915
IIIino1e __________________________               222 762               23192                   155                    124251                       1 218            4530            69410         151 700
IndIIIna _________________________              4228637                851062               211 406                  2080726                       43794            24347         1 011 302      1 231164
                                                1 731342               183952                    11                  1 207963                      34 161           38470           274 785      1 065302
lowa ____________________________
K__________________________         955601                             149738                      934                 464 034                     34 948           24053           281 896        713021
KMNcky ________________________     835611                             131015                            -             323 319                      1 208            3161           170654         458 121
MtIine __________________________
                                  1 261 626
LouII*Ia _______________________ 1 242789
                                                                       140 592
                                                                       212740
                                                                                                     20
                                                                                                    790
                                                                                                                       851 464
                                                                                                                       783 394
                                                                                                                                                   19986
                                                                                                                                                            -         1 5116
                                                                                                                                                                             -      249564
                                                                                                                                                                                    244 219
                                                                                                                                                                                                   456 598
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 179513
                                    611617                              99 512                    1 252                342783                       44 092              390         129606          88 824

~-::::::::::::::::::                            1 681 610
                                                3733744
                                                                       353 994
                                                                       650 903              131 110
                                                                                                         -             992332
                                                                                                                     1 823 919
                                                                                                                                                    22 318
                                                                                                                                                    28751
                                                                                                                                                                     2728
                                                                                                                                                                    30175
                                                                                                                                                                                    310238
                                                                                                                                                                                  1 068 820
                                                                                                                                                                                                   323 751
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 326 856
                                                4602398              1 139781               251 334                  1 715317                       91102           26435         1 312421       1 699 565
::=.:::::::::::::::::::::::                     2317 292               361 401               93621                   1 241 961                       1 205          22318           656 720      1 111 544
MiIIIIIIppI ----------------------
t.t.ouri ________________________
                                                  699542                68047                    76                    482094                          681                   -      128438         653 559
                                                1 210645               202030                       818                110051                       24228           11 216          322 242        789913
Montana ________________________
NebrUka _______________________
                                                  251019
                                                  482018
                                                                        37309
                                                                        56 914
                                                                                                     38
                                                                                                    711
                                                                                                                       156 650
                                                                                                                       239185                       24683
                                                                                                                                                            -        4368
                                                                                                                                                                    18182
                                                                                                                                                                                     58634
                                                                                                                                                                                    140281
                                                                                                                                                                                                    56038
                                                                                                                                                                                                   440 004
Nevada _________________________
New Hemplhlre _________________
                                                  199310
                                                  329 724
                                                                        23135
                                                                        29606
                                                                                                    118
                                                                                                  3468
                                                                                                                       103291
                                                                                                                       141 602                       3970
                                                                                                                                                            -        6431
                                                                                                                                                                             -       72780
                                                                                                                                                                                    144649
                                                                                                                                                                                                   203074
                                                                                                                                                                                                    52938
New Jney _____________________ 3361 505
New MexIco _____________________                                       474986                    18679               1 959255                       14149           44644           649412         931214
New YOlk _______________________      397724
                                   14625 189
                                                                        63 821
                                                                     1 917248               698 091
                                                                                                         -             181683
                                                                                                                     7652986
                                                                                                                                                    28524
                                                                                                                                                   268 791
                                                                                                                                                                     6918
                                                                                                                                                                    68 141
                                                                                                                                                                                    108594
                                                                                                                                                                                  4003940
                                                                                                                                                                                                   250 519
                                                                                                                                                                                                 6368197
North CaroIIna ___________________
North Dekota ____________________
                                    1 610750
                                      213348
                                                                       223 145
                                                                        11791
                                                                                            135198
                                                                                                268
                                                                                                                       930 900
                                                                                                                       189413
                                                                                                                                                    18569
                                                                                                                                                    11 490            1 246
                                                                                                                                                                             -      382940
                                                                                                                                                                                     53012
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 322 814
                                                                                                                                                                                                    55768
0hI0 ____________________________
Okllhoma _______________________                4725138                769753               230 564                  2611 629                      100 052          28778           964 140      1 490 503
                                                1 048 741              167812                   151                    643110                          214          11089           220 359        644 914
                                                                                                                                                                          -
e.=::::::::::::::::::::
                                                  750 309              127493                 9395                     313125                        1 321                          298 915        382 135
                                                4925619                748521               266 453                  1 898 446                      99 119         113593         1 803481       1 029 618
                                                  525130                83 555               17 985                    290001                       11 769          11 491          110329         119941
South CarolIna __________________
South Dekota ___________________
T_______________________
                                                  742227
                                                  113356
                                                                        93564
                                                                        21 750
                                                                                               6045
                                                                                               3264
                                                                                                                       419148
                                                                                                                       102071                        6610
                                                                                                                                                            -         2079
                                                                                                                                                                             -      223470
                                                                                                                                                                                     37502
                                                                                                                                                                                                   950 908
                                                                                                                                                                                                    45399
T___________________________
Utah ____________________________
                                                1 191' 515
                                                3388 381
                                                                       141 681
                                                                       555482
                                                                                              30068
                                                                                             142529
                                                                                                                       728 198
                                                                                                                     1 918594
                                                                                                                                                    25148
                                                                                                                                                    32405
                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                                      1 282
                                                                                                                                                                                    268 478
                                                                                                                                                                                    720089
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 112651
                                                                                                                                                                                                 2930 723

Vermont ________________________
                                                  313950                61 682                11191                    185 051                      13513                    -       98 247        211856
                                                  245015                40749                     2834                 121 313                         189            4640           75250          22681
~-:::::::::::::::::::::                         1 338981
                                                1 652509
                                                                       238 285
                                                                       318145
                                                                                                 21618
                                                                                                 41 720
                                                                                                                       681 600
                                                                                                                       894 181
                                                                                                                                                    26276
                                                                                                                                                     2516           13256
                                                                                                                                                                             -      381208
                                                                                                                                                                                    364 685
                                                                                                                                                                                                 1 031563
                                                                                                                                                                                                   757 262
West     gInIa ____________________
WIIconIiiI _______________________                531 609
                                                2525022
                                                                       105489
                                                                       421 751
                                                                                                  1 827
                                                                                                 48692
                                                                                                                       303390
                                                                                                                     1 265496                       53290
                                                                                                                                                            -        1 265
                                                                                                                                                                    11711
                                                                                                                                                                                    119638
                                                                                                                                                                                    718016
                                                                                                                                                                                                   176043
                                                                                                                                                                                                   542139
Wyoming------------------------                   106 452               18795                       889                 45881                        8219            3738            29170         203 172

           See footnoles at end of table,




GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 22.            Expenditure of State and Local Governments by Function and Stat ..:
                     1988-89-con.
[Thousand dollars.   Detail may not add to total because of rounding.    For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see IntroductOl)ltext)

                                                                                                           General expendllute-Con.

                                            Social services and Income maintenance-Con.                                                                 Transportation

         Geographic area                                         Employment
                                                                      security    Veterans' services                          Air transportation                              Water transport
                                                  HeaHh         administration           (State only)          HighWays                (airports)        Parking faCIlities    and terminals      Transit subsidies

                                                       17                    18                    19                   20                       21                      22                23                    24
        Unlt~ Swlft ___________              20 814 311            2 11471811               10f8 1..         SI 01130111             5752001                     754 578          1 922887                401 729

Alabama ________________________
Alaska __________________________               332753                   31 802               8920              871 298                 42594                     12256               47985                  1 519
Arizona _________________________
                                                114385                   23220                  634             583 201                 80189                      2802               27696
                                                                                                                                                                                           -                        -
ArI<ansss _______________________               244 497
                                                130988
                                                                         19076
                                                                         30439
                                                                                              1 663
                                                                                              1 903
                                                                                                              1 363 602
                                                                                                                459059
                                                                                                                                       146620
                                                                                                                                        23343
                                                                                                                                                                   6462
                                                                                                                                                                   2235                1 054                   16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
California _______________________            2691 249                  273 558              18159            4 111 610                602034                    118568              409263               140398
COlorado ________________________
Connecticut _____________________               245047
                                                292694
                                                                         50197
                                                                         58964
                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                935 792
                                                                                                              1 208 370
                                                                                                                                        176607
                                                                                                                                         25509
                                                                                                                                                                    6478
                                                                                                                                                                   18237
                                                                                                                                                                                       1 801
                                                                                                                                                                                         587
                                                                                                                                                                                                               180
                                                                                                                                                                                                            62161
Delaware _______________________
                                                 83207                    7489                   137            216096                    3382                     12502              18290                    968
District of Columbla ______________
Florida __________________________
                                                139826
                                              1 296 358
                                                                         10342
                                                                         29829                 2408
                                                                                                   -            111 351
                                                                                                              2811 220                 687745
                                                                                                                                                    -               1 220
                                                                                                                                                                   59774             164 783
                                                                                                                                                                                              -                332
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
~=~:::::::::::::::::::::::::                    431 190                  80742                 9115           1 290 345                107836                       3798              62766                         -
IdahO ___________________________               125731
                                                 63 282
                                                                         17360
                                                                         13581
                                                                                                 352
                                                                                                 148
                                                                                                                208 681
                                                                                                                308971
                                                                                                                                       142531
                                                                                                                                         8978
                                                                                                                                                                      102
                                                                                                                                                                    9210
                                                                                                                                                                                      37706
                                                                                                                                                                                       1 008                    12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
IIHnola __________________________              774477                  175230                 6291           2800 799                 392696                      20969              11 179                10544
Indiana _________________________
                                                294 764                  63862                   353          1 056786                  69328                       6058               6502                 17839
lows ____________________________               168 776                  41 171                  187            974202                   29553                     15043
Kansss _________________________                                                                                                                                                         215                 6870
KentUCky ________•______________
LOUitIana ______________ •________
                                                133523
                                                216 177
                                                                         15352
                                                                         37999
                                                                                               1 408
                                                                                               1599
                                                                                                                731 739
                                                                                                              1 043224
                                                                                                                                         30883
                                                                                                                                         82230
                                                                                                                                                                    2451
                                                                                                                                                                    4329
                                                                                                                                                                                         852
                                                                                                                                                                                       2343                    695
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
Maine _. _______________ •________              212172                   55909                 4771             921 664                  74917                      4434              61 384                 8250
                                                 86455                   18600                   256            331 877                  18610                     15640              21 226                   109
                                                313488
~i.-:::::              :::::::::::
                      __                        822911
                                              1 385846
                                                                         32721
                                                                         98151
                                                                        148877
                                                                                               2896
                                                                                               3409
                                                                                                 484
                                                                                                              1
                                                                                                              1
                                                                                                              1
                                                                                                                  464
                                                                                                                  107
                                                                                                                  787
                                                                                                                        672
                                                                                                                        113
                                                                                                                        159
                                                                                                                                         70647
                                                                                                                                        109252
                                                                                                                                                                   34441
                                                                                                                                                                   31 390
                                                                                                                                                                                      76550
                                                                                                                                                                                      75169
                                                                                                                                                                                                             4115
                                                                                                                                        134653                     34501               1 331                22914
='ti:::::::::::::::::::::::
Mlssisa/ppi ______________________              328232
                                                137740
                                                                         90 965
                                                                         39488
                                                                                               2949
                                                                                                 538
                                                                                                              1   521
                                                                                                                  556
                                                                                                                        923
                                                                                                                        135
                                                                                                                                         98 137                    33102               2004                  2360
                                                                                                                                         10508                        208             10729                  1 092
M.aourf ________________________
Montana ________________________                359975                   58190                 1 218          1 070191                  126774                      6375               2182                  4171
Nebrlllka _______________________
                                                 75453                    9081                   431            284 670                  14841                      2148                   6                        -
Nevada _________________________                 50822                   22012                 1 231            487705                   29930                        856                179                        -
New Hampshire _________________                  57215
                                                 95416
                                                                         19503
                                                                         13094
                                                                                                 478
                                                                                                 189
                                                                                                                331 224
                                                                                                                315226
                                                                                                                                        137160
                                                                                                                                          5144
                                                                                                                                                                    1 279
                                                                                                                                                                    3740
                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                       1 578                 2657
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
New Jersey _____________________
                                                596 932                  59012                 3 151          2095985                    10613                     26342              16988                  1 787
New MexIco _____________________
New York _______________________                128353
                                              2 146000
                                                                         42218
                                                                        294 708
                                                                                                 900
                                                                                              11 710
                                                                                                                649109
                                                                                                              4451 347
                                                                                                                                         57574
                                                                                                                                        653980
                                                                                                                                                                    6010
                                                                                                                                                                   56640             1628B6
                                                                                                                                                                                              -             B7314
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
North CaroNna ___________________               533 lB7                  41 733                2566           1 291 463                 152811                     17335                                       436
North Dekota ____________________                                                                                                                                                     3644B

0hI0 ____________________________
                                                 24481                    6863                   171            249710                   10997                        723                     -              1 208

OklahOma _______________________              1 00.. 001                134 877                 525           2028662                   102792                     16966               2795                         -
                                                159698
                                                218630
                                                                         41 296
                                                                         32191
                                                                                                200
                                                                                             28647
                                                                                                                763 169
                                                                                                                650 929
                                                                                                                                         61 172
                                                                                                                                         95454
                                                                                                                                                                    5675
                                                                                                                                                                    5513
                                                                                                                                                                                       1 685
                                                                                                                                                                                      95512
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
l?!~sytV8riiii:::::::::::::::·:::::
Rhode Island _____• _______ . _____             B08 965                 129 314               2484            2725593                   17697B                     74542              21 66B
                                                                                                                                                                                                               BB5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
South CaroNna _____• ____________
                                                118260                   20300                         -        238841                    9087                         65              30B4                 16296

South Dekota ___________________                360 247                  56477                   574            580471                   36903                      4658              50455                         -
Tennessee ______________________                 64 627                  11 838                  556            272 139                   8385                      6366                      -                 330
Tex8I __________________________
Utah____________________________
                                                350375
                                                754 761
                                                                         56829
                                                                        216302
                                                                                               1 287
                                                                                              10626
                                                                                                              1 098878
                                                                                                              4 221 761
                                                                                                                                        177 482
                                                                                                                                        3487Bl
                                                                                                                                                                    1 409
                                                                                                                                                                   26995
                                                                                                                                                                                         315
                                                                                                                                                                                     144149                     160
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
Vermont ________________________
                                                125121                   27567                    69            457908                   53329                          7                     -                     -
                                                 39255                    9 185                1 013            199 584                   3336                      1 501                                    1 283
                                                556 382                  64 089                2421           1 924229                  147859                      9118
~-:::::::::::::::::::::
West V glnla ____________________               421 456                  59544                 1 941          1 009919                   84737                      4024
                                                                                                                                                                                     134 044
                                                                                                                                                                                     202760
                                                                                                                                                                                                             1 992
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
Wfaconsm _______________________                132904
                                                404271
                                                                         21469
                                                                         29763
                                                                                                 893
                                                                                               4561
                                                                                                                423 965
                                                                                                              : J23482
                                                                                                                                         12547
                                                                                                                                         59567
                                                                                                                                                                    3798
                                                                                                                                                                   15745               3690
                                                                                                                                                                                              -                109
                                                                                                                                                                                                               739
Wyomlng------------------------                  40875                   10812                         -        271 684                   6586                        640                     -                     -
         See footnotes at ond of table.




                                                                                                                                                                    GOVE:~NMENT t=INANCES
Table 22.                Expendltore of State and Local Governments by Function and State:
                         1988-89-Con.
(Thousand dollars.        Datlll may not add to total because of rounding.    For meaning of abbreviations      and symbols, ...     Introductory text!

                                                                                                                    Generat expenditure-Con.

                                                                               Public safety                                                                      Environment and houaIng
                                                                                                            .
            Geographic area                                                                                             Protective                Natural resources
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Housing and
                                                                                                                   Inspection and                                                        Parks and      community
                                             Police protection      FIre protection             ComK:tIon               regulation                   Total            Agriculture        recreation   devetopment

                                                            25                    26                   27                      28                         29                   30               31            32

           UnItttd   sta..............            27   no 681          11 1132217              21 1117451              50101113               11012 132               31122 684                1
                                                                                                                                                                                        12 11211133   14 7311303

Atabama ••••••••••••••••••••••••                     301 9~8              133708                  216440                  42371                  147519                  87328             150 114       144 690
Alaska ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                    108 7~3               46927                  113 537                 28300                  160 918                 15538              88700         78814
ArIzona •••••••••••••••••••••••••                    525632               179248                  388 016                 87055                  2~ 986                  66 063            215 936       113728
Arj(lI1sas •••••••••••••••••••••••                   134 932               51 735                  81889                  32051                  114 525                 84 488             47629         67437
Cahlomla •••••••••••••••••••••••                   4 163 142            1 812366                3 594389               1 159190                2 413 150                485408           1 863796      2521 289
CoIoraoo ••••••••••••••••••••••••                    401 862                 167819               271 082                 42154                   146374                 44 694           288 871        136282
ConnectIcut •••••••••••••••••••••                    418 949                 233621               220 969                100 869                   85700                 23355            138448         326 004
Detaware •••••••••••••••••••••••                      83181'                  11 944               84 909                 24269                    31 181                 4095             40508          60 492
DIstrict of Columbia ••••••••••••••
Florida ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                     2~8 343
                                                   1 714161
                                                                              98546
                                                                             690 002
                                                                                                  270763
                                                                                                1 230973
                                                                                                                          49047
                                                                                                                         308743                  797088                 270 175
                                                                                                                                                                                -          58189
                                                                                                                                                                                          995629
                                                                                                                                                                                                         220386
                                                                                                                                                                                                         422351
                                                     588850                  271 999              533 810                 70840                  269532                 147017            331 831        299847
~:r.r:::::::::::::::::::::::::
Idaho •••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                     ',9744
                                                       81010
                                                                              55558
                                                                              30226
                                                                                                   7378'
                                                                                                   593'0
                                                                                                                          24191
                                                                                                                          26 925
                                                                                                                                                  93039
                                                                                                                                                 101 293
                                                                                                                                                                         43975
                                                                                                                                                                         33302
                                                                                                                                                                                          130286
                                                                                                                                                                                            25573
                                                                                                                                                                                                         102666
                                                                                                                                                                                                          37213
IIhno1a ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                 1 459 573                 BOB023               862547                 173026                  263 489                127879            908061         678692
Indiana •••••••••••••••••••••••••                    363 584                 182774               260887                  38434                  151 373                 61 639           '47884         261 588
IOWI••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                       215309                 78093               108 911                 38112                  132700                  84 678            118502         69898
K_ .........................                           208 575                ~62O                160 448                 30588                  150 493                 78025              85526         33040
                                                       253 126                97152               228292                  45 7~                  175763                  84 063            115336        195634
~=.:::::::::::::::::::::::                             445960
                                                        65937
                                                                             145460               302 ,,7
                                                                                                   86 614
                                                                                                                          35758                  225028                  84 725            170669        151875
Maine ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                                              48698                                       22037                   72571                  31 216             33988        106 909
                                                     603 055                                      517197                  93406                                          72958            381 549        379232
~~9·::::::::::::::::::                               766 872
                                                   1 091 624
                                                                             260 '83
                                                                             537847
                                                                             357881
                                                                                                  517 416
                                                                                                  989670
                                                                                                                          99101
                                                                                                                         159953
                                                                                                                                                 20339'
                                                                                                                                                 150 379
                                                                                                                                                 269755
                                                                                                                                                                         24018
                                                                                                                                                                        103978
                                                                                                                                                                                          282888
                                                                                                                                                                                          426 385
                                                                                                                                                                                                         922415
                                                                                                                                                                                                         260 713
:'18:::::::::::::::::::::::
MlsaiuippI ••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                     410591
                                                     160 797
                                                                             154 362
                                                                              65666
                                                                                                  230981
                                                                                                   89075
                                                                                                                          77 376
                                                                                                                          41 213
                                                                                                                                                 279638
                                                                                                                                                 144 377
                                                                                                                                                                         98243
                                                                                                                                                                         87598
                                                                                                                                                                                          349428
                                                                                                                                                                                           55630
                                                                                                                                                                                                         356 329
                                                                                                                                                                                                          77 991
MItsouri •••••••• _•••••••••••••••                     483569                191 447              246990                  57600                   179741                 70 137            195 233        153091
Montll/18 ••••••••••••••••••••••••                      61 176                20 2~                30339                  12493                   123',9                 23081              19107          38 2~
Nebruka •••••••••••••••••••••••                        119165                 49502                70605                  25716                   125208                 87810              84 553         67775
Nevada •••••••••••••••••••••••••                       188 185               107820               182217                  52521                    58030                 12291             115822          39728
New Hampshire •••••••••••••••••                        104 169                58690                75603                  20 440                   45302                  5452              33982          44 BOB
New Jersey •••••••••••••••••••••                   1 117573               382908                  700 518                229 846                 160 309                 44 985            478 160       475572
New Meldco •••••••••••••••••••••                     '67 558               55415                  125867                  39489                   73295                  25888             ',7238         38463
New York •••••••••        _•••••••••••••           3 128222             1 256 150               2903386                  463 387                 3411598                 87148           1 212998      2342528
North CaroHoa •••••••••••••••••••                    585344               213189                  468 524                108 897                 261 677                147413             284 443       27~ 331
North Dakota ••••••••••••••••••••                      39495               12777                   20 195                 15146                   73738                  40618               26276        35055
OhIo ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                  1 048862                  546355               715640                 149187                  188 839                 84 612            383569        545348
Oklahoml!l •••••••••••••••••••••••                   233226                  114 084              169067                  66420                   863~                   48 77~            144123        111 884
                                                     295 180                 194033               220 498                 78615                  214515                  60 226                          171 635
~~aiiia::::::::::::::::::::
Rh0d8 Istand ••••••••••••••••••••
                                                     977 42~
                                                     107217
                                                                             274960
                                                                              82482
                                                                                                  66266'
                                                                                                   65677
                                                                                                                         136863
                                                                                                                          23897
                                                                                                                                                 33863'
                                                                                                                                                  18680
                                                                                                                                                                         81 179
                                                                                                                                                                          4055
                                                                                                                                                                                           '3' 110
                                                                                                                                                                                           292 '39
                                                                                                                                                                                             51 574
                                                                                                                                                                                                         692314
                                                                                                                                                                                                          689\1
South CaroHoa ••••••••••••••••••                     284 109                  89037               286 469                 39736                   153377                 80770
                                                                                                                                                                                    ,     108 189        101304
South Dakota •••••••••••••••••••                       47778                  15509                27983                  10034                    53658                 24017             31 227         19072
Tennessee ••••••••••••••••••••••                     394260                  188591               392392                  38775                   105529                 46437            209140         230610
Texas ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                   , 518119                  653411             , 253 638                229 184                  5829'4                171 368           615667         428695
Utah ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                    '40010                   54442               109009                  21 786                   89186                 33352             87544          70351
Vennont ••••••••••••••••••••••••                        43186                 15159                24028                   9633                   44 293                 20327             '4609          38021
                                                       609 ~10               323708               497442                 142544                  178 358                 77 557           309 600        353549

i!t~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Wyoming ••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                       485320
                                                        84 912
                                                       550 1:14
                                                        84 280
                                                                             310906
                                                                              30431
                                                                             281' 709
                                                                              17770
                                                                                                  354 452
                                                                                                   46024
                                                                                                  263 370
                                                                                                   33932
                                                                                                                         186663
                                                                                                                          14934
                                                                                                                          71 308
                                                                                                                           9434
                                                                                                                                                 308442
                                                                                                                                                  83249
                                                                                                                                                 248 335
                                                                                                                                                  78497
                                                                                                                                                                         51 786
                                                                                                                                                                         28947
                                                                                                                                                                         66 782
                                                                                                                                                                         15840
                                                                                                                                                                                          292 157
                                                                                                                                                                                           48354
                                                                                                                                                                                          247079
                                                                                                                                                                                           27708
                                                                                                                                                                                                         177 684
                                                                                                                                                                                                          ~' 761
                                                                                                                                                                                                         1 2748
                                                                                                                                                                                                           9572

           See footnotes at end of table.




GOVERNAAF!NTI f1fNANCeS                                                                                                                                                                 EXPEHIfITURE         a
Table 22.              Expenditure of· State and Local Governments by Function and State:
                       1988-89-Con.
[Thousand doHars. Detail may not add to total because 01 rounding.            For meaning 01 abbreviations and symbols. see IntroductOfY telll]

                                                                                                                 General expenditure-Con.

                                               Environment and housing-Con.                              Government administration

             Geographic area                                                                                                                         Other                   Miscellaneous
                                                                    Solid waste           Flnancfal      Judicial and    General FcUblic     Jlovernment       Interest on     commercial           Other and
                                                   Sewerage        management        administration              legal        buldlngs      a ministration   general debt         activities       unallocable
                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                          33                   34                35                36                37                38              39                 40               41

             UnHMI Stll",   ___________          17038884            8733742           14993045          12 588 881         5 145 335          8 197870      48557 090             358 6711        40628   100

Alabama __._ •• __________________
"IUka __• _______________________                    175550
                                                      53766
                                                                       101 640
                                                                        23151
                                                                                          223826
                                                                                          139396
                                                                                                            142168
                                                                                                            107025
                                                                                                                                43168
                                                                                                                                33641
                                                                                                                                                   74135
                                                                                                                                                   94359
                                                                                                                                                                495425
                                                                                                                                                                630947              57916
                                                                                                                                                                                           -          268 663
                                                                                                                                                                                                      841 237
ArIzona _________________________                    223254            108 872            262462            244 214             53474             130568        889000                     -          494423
Arl<anus _______________________
california    _______________________
                                                      90191
                                                   2 174909
                                                                        44717
                                                                       622 966
                                                                                           94690
                                                                                        2567669
                                                                                                             62231
                                                                                                          2 135 273
                                                                                                                                17 012
                                                                                                                               264 976
                                                                                                                                                   49411
                                                                                                                                                  969135
                                                                                                                                                                276073
                                                                                                                                                              4 558 416               7565
                                                                                                                                                                                           -           96041
                                                                                                                                                                                                    6 682 515
CoIorado. ____••• _____• __._._. ___                 211 489            78 134             245935           173 557             73427                           680112
Connecticut _______• ___•• _______•                                                                                                               151 988                               397           291 746
                                                     235095            446949              252 903          174331              81 130            131 045       782 170                 497         1 084763
DilIeware ___________• ___._. _____
DIstrIct of Columbia ____• ______• __
                                                      67033
                                                     110684
                                                                        38409
                                                                        38403
                                                                                            63208
                                                                                            52975
                                                                                                             46379
                                                                                                            111 895
                                                                                                                                24517
                                                                                                                                54164
                                                                                                                                                   24401
                                                                                                                                                   37680
                                                                                                                                                                267 124
                                                                                                                                                                212842                  646
                                                                                                                                                                                           -           78971
                                                                                                                                                                                                      281 578
Florida • _______ ••• _._. ___ ._._. ___             560 061           869301              887 318          733215             184 144            349886      2798220                    96         1 500 770
                                                     334675            210736              230499           227893             231 045            282339        696 195                 132           619081
~=r..:::::::::::::::::::::::::
Idaho __._._ •• __________•• _____._                  74614
                                                      44046
                                                                        76966
                                                                        24637
                                                                                            84814
                                                                                            64 055
                                                                                                             95911
                                                                                                             30941
                                                                                                                                69959
                                                                                                                                 6492
                                                                                                                                                   64 097
                                                                                                                                                   21 019
                                                                                                                                                                253946
                                                                                                                                                                 69496                2639
                                                                                                                                                                                           -          344 328
                                                                                                                                                                                                       86801
illinois _._ •• _•• ______ ._ •• ____ • __ •         634602            263371              597264           501 697            195 384            406639      1 623 697                  60         1 517 639
In<lena ____• _____________._. ____
                                                     418941             58939              248 953          153 233             68006             210481        577 247               6676            581 634
lows ___• ____•• ________• _____• ___
                                                     270676             55 128             136490            121 194            38426              82144         332557                 588           294723
Kanus   • __• __•• ___ • __•••• _____ ••
Kentucky _____ ••• _. __• ___________
LOIIiIlana _. _______• __• ________._
                                                      84993
                                                     161 352
                                                                        36694
                                                                        72393
                                                                                           210427
                                                                                           150 189
                                                                                                             10483(3
                                                                                                             121 019
                                                                                                                                45509
                                                                                                                                48312
                                                                                                                                                   70907
                                                                                                                                                   94309
                                                                                                                                                                 474828
                                                                                                                                                                 760030
                                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                                      324786
                                                                                                                                                                                                      379618
                                                     313544            121 823             185706            170298             7164t1            142621       1 473 166              5725            373439
Milne _._. ______________________                     87846             42262              100238             37370             20373              36979         200 279                     -        209112
                                                     373732            183 109             308340            257421            168248             139014         697373              12132            877069
~=seiis-::::::::::::::::::                           559606
                                                     606 400
                                                                       246468
                                                                       240 143
                                                                                           517452
                                                                                           381 851
                                                                                                             337260
                                                                                                             497 569
                                                                                                                               178872
                                                                                                                               242885
                                                                                                                                                  218687
                                                                                                                                                  367343
                                                                                                                                                               1 375640
                                                                                                                                                               1 137491
                                                                                                                                                                                      1 659
                                                                                                                                                                                     15699
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 6'13 315
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1 497894
~ti:::::::::::::::::::::::                           375030             82119              281 957           208239            105765             195693       1 148311
MtuisIIippI ----_.----------------
MI$eourI ____________• ___________
                                                      66771             42291              107923             53829             43981              70046         315 975
                                                                                                                                                                                         17
                                                                                                                                                                                             -        793834
                                                                                                                                                                                                      265369

Montana _. ____________• ____•____                   296 739            55487              198936            161 613            80051             127662         652256                 638           334 544
                                                      22426             30 199              66265             30507              9761              25299         172175               1 777           113 774
Nebrul<a _______________________                      70349             21 321              67253             48248             14202              40405         202984                               153 332
Nevada _____• __________________•                                                           95595                                                                295136
New Hampshire ___________• _____                      61 631             2015                                 78089             34855              65042                                148           144264
                                                      65360             42896               45601             57597             28049              56860         251 460              1 592           143724
New
New
       Jersey ____________• ________
       Mexico _____________________
New York ______ •_______________•
                                                     799174
                                                      75442
                                                                       626649
                                                                        42952
                                                                                          451 996
                                                                                          104366
                                                                                                            507564
                                                                                                             84 236
                                                                                                                               268 016
                                                                                                                                34734
                                                                                                                                                  260 775
                                                                                                                                                   61 755
                                                                                                                                                               2 177
                                                                                                                                                                 317
                                                                                                                                                                       307
                                                                                                                                                                       683
                                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2865489
                                                                                                                                                                                                      140580
                                                   1 414 344         1 500 302          1 237 572         1 472754             5113037            706 183      5 250   318          40057           6 155 489
North caroRna. ___• ___• _________•
North Dakota _______________• ____

0hI0 ____• __________________•____
                                                      68226
                                                      1443&
                                                                       224 915
                                                                        13264
                                                                                          242859
                                                                                           40126
                                                                                                            195700
                                                                                                             25692
                                                                                                                               147223
                                                                                                                                11921
                                                                                                                                                  230590
                                                                                                                                                   15633
                                                                                                                                                                 594
                                                                                                                                                                 131
                                                                                                                                                                       233
                                                                                                                                                                       635   .         641
                                                                                                                                                                                   151 428
                                                                                                                                                                                                      629 635
                                                                                                                                                                                                       86376

OklahOma _____________• _________                    962586            228336              560407            497370            304609             233201       1 417 107              4073          1 142797
                                                     190050             80657              183303             87329             49894              85391         439565               1 401           170 431
~yJV8rila-::::::::::::::::::::                       187507
                                                     741 619
                                                                        40510
                                                                       380738
                                                                                           205335
                                                                                           500 264
                                                                                                             141 773
                                                                                                             539975
                                                                                                                                67812
                                                                                                                               229354
                                                                                                                                                  134750
                                                                                                                                                  409172
                                                                                                                                                                 663 483
                                                                                                                                                               2 412 232                102
                                                                                                                                                                                               -      416755
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2306 911
Rh0d8lsland ____________________                      96891             26415               67305             59053             25944              46306         277 537              2243            170379
South caroHna __• _____________._
South Dakota _______• ____• ______
Tennessee __• ________________• __
                                                     160470
                                                      16639
                                                                        78749
                                                                          9240
                                                                                           167451
                                                                                            43265
                                                                                                              86170
                                                                                                              21 289
                                                                                                                                62052
                                                                                                                                 9751
                                                                                                                                                  121 629
                                                                                                                                                   18246
                                                                                                                                                                 382933
                                                                                                                                                                 165838              24641
                                                                                                                                                                                               -      293224
                                                                                                                                                                                                       70854
TelCU __________________________                     294 155           129053              170560            146604             87823              98602         662418                 440           537 148
Utah _____•• _•• __________________                1 324096            389833              605 189           661 310           258636             337 598      3 481 822              5041          1 189 347
                                                      88704             :12931             102643             66048             48901              57689         280280               4155            158910
Vermont _. ______________• _______
                                                      28109             I.: 120             45594             21 476            30351              15542          96508                        -      101 506
~~~-:::::::::::::::::::::                            551 354
                                                     345999
                                                                       219408
                                                                       177 950
                                                                                           435613
                                                                                           346637
                                                                                                             269735
                                                                                                             222263
                                                                                                                               201 378
                                                                                                                                49648
                                                                                                                                                  202343
                                                                                                                                                  171 088
                                                                                                                                                                 871 325
                                                                                                                                                                 698 193                 698
                                                                                                                                                                                               -      489326
                                                                                                                                                                                                      557972
   InIa __________ • ___ • ____ •
West
WlsconsIn _________• _____• _______                   74840
                                                     532408
                                                                        25132
                                                                       163830
                                                                                            92280
                                                                                           211 799
                                                                                                              46176
                                                                                                             202093
                                                                                                                                33646
                                                                                                                                84835
                                                                                                                                                   51 403
                                                                                                                                                  172739
                                                                                                                                                                 371) 703
                                                                                                                                                                 768454               5133
                                                                                                                                                                                               -      276794
                                                                                                                                                                                                      478321
WyomIng_._-------_._-----_. __.-                      26029             49199               46287             27001             13694              34439         174965                        -       72253

             See footnotes at end of table.




 30 EXIlENDITURE                                                                                                                                                GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 22.                Expenditure of State, and Local Governments by Function and State:
                         1988-89-con.
[Thousand dollars.       OetaH may not add to total because of rounding.   For moaning of abbreviations    and symbols, see Introductory text]

                                                                                                 UbllU"s

          Geographic area                                 Total            Water supply          Electric power              Gas supply              Transit       liquor stores   Insurance trusts

                                                             42                      43                        44                     45                  48                  47                 48
          United Slain ___________
                                                   70637775                20524386                  30   ln   806            26401123           17 Dt4 878          2871 520          54 013 543

Alabama ________________________                     1 167 923                 262746                  647571                   216043              19561              125636             552 190
Alaska __________________________
ArIzona _________________________                      309119                   74323                  215 994                         -            16602                  600            273641
Arkansas _______________________
                                                     1 623 356
                                                       265366
                                                                               359 664
                                                                               142520
                                                                                                     1 171 245
                                                                                                       135157
                                                                                                                                 20966
                                                                                                                                  1 896
                                                                                                                                                    71 279
                                                                                                                                                     5791
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                          636073
                                                                                                                                                                                          281' 878
Callfomia _______________________
CoIorado ________________________
                                                    10 029 301               3 896360                4067368                    116863           1 948710                      -        9289079
                                                     1 124019                  506890                     386341                 81 409            149379                      -          858 414
ConnectIcut _____________________
Delaware _______________________                       460828
                                                       110300
                                                                               151 276
                                                                                27261
                                                                                                          152669
                                                                                                           62923
                                                                                                                                  8018
                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                   148863
                                                                                                                                                    20116
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                          751 423
                                                                                                                                                                                          116398
DIstrict of Columbia ______________
Florida __________________________
                                                     1 068589
                                                     4 139865
                                                                                88043
                                                                             1 802191                 1 922542
                                                                                                                 -               71 134
                                                                                                                                       -           980548
                                                                                                                                                   343998
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                          277 963
                                                                                                                                                                                        1 171 752

~:rt-:::::::::::::::::::::::::                       2 193 160                 663757                 1 062587                  149419             317397                      -          834619
Idaho ___________________________
illinois __________________________
                                                       174 703
                                                        86717
                                                                                99485
                                                                                29722                      53571
                                                                                                                 -                     -
                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                    75218
                                                                                                                                                     3424                28393
                                                                                                                                                                               -          259121
                                                                                                                                                                                          177 132
Indiana _________________________                    1 880982
                                                       990 634
                                                                               775 614
                                                                               201 815
                                                                                                          272531
                                                                                                          464847
                                                                                                                                 37495
                                                                                                                                283275
                                                                                                                                                   795342
                                                                                                                                                    40697
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                        2472524
                                                                                                                                                                                          515978
lowa ____________________________
Kansas _________________________                       467896                  146 802                    268 105                25031               25958               56027             330 188
                                                       536286
                                                       607 199
                                                                               222473
                                                                               244 126
                                                                                                          281 077
                                                                                                          252660
                                                                                                                                 26318
                                                                                                                                 47406
                                                                                                                                                      6416
                                                                                                                                                     63 007
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                           376427
                                                                                                                                                                                           586 O~
~=~-:::::::::::::::::::::::
Maine __________________________                       707622                  214396                     330055                 62946              100 225                    -           981 732
                                                        73623                   55967                      14098                        -             3758               50188             214623
                                                       549986                  265720                      35697                  1 078             247491               86531          1 087 162
~~s-::::::::::::::::::                               22989!.:!
                                                     1 3699'1
                                                                               392235
                                                                               724734
                                                                                                          818041
                                                                                                          430704
                                                                                                                                 35076
                                                                                                                                      1
                                                                                                                                                  1 053601
                                                                                                                                                    234472             354 059
                                                                                                                                                                               -        1 774348
                                                                                                                                                                                        2 363 196
=a:::::::::::::::::::::::
MIsIissIppI ______________________
                                                       886 60,~                213635                     506 910                52201              113 856            132 381            996 606
                                                       369971                  120671                     204600                 43030                1 670             88809             320 019
Missouri ________________________
Montana ________________________                       844 404
                                                        40923
                                                                               260938
                                                                                36357
                                                                                                          368 120
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                                 61 604
                                                                                                                                    172
                                                                                                                                                    153742
                                                                                                                                                      4394               30401
                                                                                                                                                                               -           638652
                                                                                                                                                                                           259038
Nebraska _______________________
Navada _________________________
New Hampshtre _________________
                                                     1 546500
                                                       187307
                                                                                75154
                                                                               144918
                                                                                                      1 322576
                                                                                                         32357
                                                                                                                                132247
                                                                                                                                      -              16523
                                                                                                                                                     10032
                                                                                                                                                                               -           100 344
                                                                                                                                                                                           423 482
                                                        59642                   47244                     9612                        -               2786              143978              94097

~ =:::::::::::::::::::::                             1 315541                  440472                    52555                        -             822614                    -         2 143 lG5
New York _______________________
No!th caroNna ___________________
                                                       226345
                                                     9085533
                                                                                98332
                                                                             1 028280
                                                                                                         94824
                                                                                                      1 515057
                                                                                                                                 22 ioe
                                                                                                                                  2574
                                                                                                                                                     11 081
                                                                                                                                                  6539622
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                                          272 186
                                                                                                                                                                                        6106 265
                                                     2 414 353                 675484                 1 542 106                  54259               42504              231 550           829 364
No!th Dakota ____________________
0hI0 ____________________
                        .._______
                                                        48002                   37755                     8661                      218               1 370                    -          135786
                                                     1 515 322                 657706                     514 083                21 136             322397              287539          4305086
OkIahOma _______________________                       670246                  237994                     401 131                16202
                                                                                                                                      -
                                                                                                                                                     14919                     -          622240

=~::::::::::::::::::::
                                                       546377                  160989                     333063                                    134 325              90 281           651 664
                                                     2092498                   542 162                     83310                501 234             965792              596 003         2773940

South camNna __________________
                                                        85094                   50733                       3540                      -              30821                     -          308650

South Dakota ___________________                     1 335416                  316 152                  928014                   79117               12133                                476674
                                                       121 912                  77 170                   38638                    4135                1 969              16747             57494
Tennessee ______________________
Texas __________________________                     3654997
                                                     5 362081
                                                                               432687
                                                                             2 196 668
                                                                                                      2778614
                                                                                                      2 519993
                                                                                                                                368579
                                                                                                                                151 785
                                                                                                                                                     64 917
                                                                                                                                                    493635
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                          564 286
                                                                                                                                                                                        2330709
Utah ____________________________
                                                     1 065482                  161 392                  866261                          -            37609               46611            293360
Vermont   ________________________                     104 869
                                                       835355
                                                                                25765
                                                                               465647
                                                                                                         76246
                                                                                                        181 076                 115080
                                                                                                                                        -             2658
                                                                                                                                                     93352
                                                                                                                                                                         27461
                                                                                                                                                                        211 590
                                                                                                                                                                                           54233
                                                                                                                                                                                          614347
~-:::::::::::::::::::::
West V rglnla ____________________
WleconsIn _______________________
                                                     3 115969
                                                        98284
                                                                               295747
                                                                                62004
                                                                                                      2407704
                                                                                                          2800
                                                                                                                                  7609
                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                    404 709
                                                                                                                                                     13480
                                                                                                                                                                        169665
                                                                                                                                                                         51 499
                                                                                                                                                                                        1 807336
                                                                                                                                                                                          592935
                                                       541 769                 193855                   229362                     1 057            117 515                 168           895632
Wyoming------------------------                         86323                   57931                    30392                          -                      -         22963            122 197

          'Duplicatfve    Intorgovemmentsl   transactions are excluded where applicable; see text.




                                                                                                                                                                       eXPENDituRE 31
Table 23.         Allocation 'of State and"Local Government Direct General Expenditure by Level of
(DoHar amounts In thousands.   DetaH m.y not add to total because 01 rounding.      For meaning 01 abbreviation. and aymbol" see Introductory te><')

                                                                                                 Funding level 01 government (belore transfers among governments)

                                                                                             Amount                                                              Percent
         Geographic area
                                      Total dIrecI geII8!IIl
                                               exp8i1dllure    Federal Government         State government       Local government    Federal Government       Slate government       Local governmem

                                                           1                     2                          3                    4                        5                   6                        7
        UnHtId SIaIH ___________                                     125123    732            345740015              217 815 475                       15.5
                                             75.310223                                                                                                                     45.5                  37.'

Alabama ________________________
Alaska __________________________              9933 606                 1 982118                 4829846               3141 842                        19.8                48.6                  31.6
Arizona _________________________              5 187073                   880 473                3507983                 998637                        13.1                67.6                  19.3
Arkansas _______________________              11 422, 003               1 378 122                5474246               4569635                         12.1                47.9                  40.0
CaHfomla _______________________               4924335                  1 105816                 2425950               1 392569                        22.5                49.3                  28.3
                                              97 576 123              II' 374 530               47251 288             33950 305                        16.8                48.4                  34.8
COlorildo ________________________
Connecticut _____________________              9 tl68 854              1 438401                  3852842               4577 811                        14.6                39.0                  46.4
Delaware _______________________              123111 098               1 785255                  6434 051              4 171 792                       14.4                51.9                  33.7
                                               2391.1151                 371 416                 1 538089                482652                        15.5                84.3                  20.2
Dlstricl 01 Columbia ______________
Florida __________________________             3681' 262
                                              35891' 727
                                                                       1 459749
                                                                       4210532                  15 638 401
                                                                                                             -         2201 513
                                                                                                                      16044 794
                                                                                                                                                       39.9
                                                                                                                                                       11.7                43.6
                                                                                                                                                                                 -               60.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                 44.7
                                              17919298                  3 1I38 749               7550516                7330033                        17.0                42.1                  40.9
~=~===================:=====
Idaho ___________________________
IIHnoIs __________________________
                                               3701435
                                               2421 863
                                                                          593682
                                                                          5~·' 222
                                                                                                 2429095
                                                                                                 1 183 481
                                                                                                                          684 458
                                                                                                                          734 180
                                                                                                                                                       16.0
                                                                                                                                                       21.8
                                                                                                                                                                           65.5
                                                                                                                                                                           48.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                 18:5
                                                                                                                                                                                                 30.3
Indiana _________________________             31' 618 941               50\15592                13824341               12699 002                       16.1                43.7                  40.2
                                              14082617                  2310814                  7 107728               " 844 275                      16.4                50.5                  33.0
lowa ____________________________
                                               8307077                 1 401 819                 3928 741               2976711                        18.9                47.3                  358
Kansas _________________________               6875794                                           2834128                3 102482                       13.1                41.2                  45.1
                                                                         93S' 204
                                               9140352                 1 675 146                 4959679                2305 527                       20.5                54.3                  25.2
~~~-=======================
Maine __________________________
                                              11 852 880
                                               3683090
                                                                       2 31"1 684
                                                                         730984
                                                                                                 5835751
                                                                                                 1 804128
                                                                                                                        3899 225
                                                                                                                        1 148000
                                                                                                                                                       19.6
                                                                                                                                                       19.B
                                                                                                                                                                           47.5
                                                                                                                                                                           49.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                 32.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                 31.2
Maryland ________________________
Massachusetts __________________              14 769 110                2 352 (i11               8814287                5542308                        15.9                48.5                  37.5
                                              21 558 916                3464072                 12528900                5543944                        162                 58.1                  25.7
                                              29773148                  4 709 ~63               13315354               11 748531                       15.8                44.7                  39.5
~~:;:ii=======================
Mississippi ______________________
                                              18138825
                                               6324918
                                                                        2461 749
                                                                        1 458 56'4
                                                                                                 7414092
                                                                                                 2774987
                                                                                                                        6242994
                                                                                                                        2091 367
                                                                                                                                                       15.4
                                                                                                                                                       23.1
                                                                                                                                                                           45.9
                                                                                                                                                                           43.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                 38.1
                                                                                                                                                                                                 33.1
Missouri ________________________             11 829 919                                         5035431                                               16.2
Montana ________________________                                        1 911 041.\                                     4683440                                            42.6                  41.3
Nebraska _______________________               2351 668                   81277G                 1 032752                 708 139                      26.1                439                   30.0
Nevada _________________________               4493 380                   721 309                1 743 310              2028 761                       16.1                38.8                  45.1
New HampshIre _________________                3439180                    415411                 1 757857               1 ~052                         12.1                51.1                  38.8
                                               3030 312                   410535                 1 192810               1 425 967                      13.5                39.4                  47.1
New Jersey _____________________
New MexIco--- __________________              27984951                  3700 219                13451 041             10833685                         13.2                48.1                  38.7
                                               4645439                    892 014                2702880               1 050 445                       19.2                582                   22.8
New York _______________________              82700 358                13398 857                31 422 787                                             18.2
NortI1 CaroHna ___________________                                                                                    37880734                                             38.0                  45.8
                                              18532816                  2942137                  8492429               5 198 050                       11.2                51.4                  31.4
North Dekota ____________________              2 126 175                  468244                 1 122 148               517783                        22.9                52.7                  24.3
01110 ____________________________            29472238                  4984918                 13264 227                                              18.8
Oklahoma _______________________                                                                                       11 223 093                                          45.1                  38.1
                                               8 008 150                1 802437                 3895 897               2710016                        200                 48.1                  33.8
                                               8886305                  1 858 549                3 398 112              3631 844                       20.9                38.2                  40.9
                                              32 891 165                58115 285               15038447               11977 433                       17.9                45.7                  384
=a~::::::::::::::::::::                        3294 590                   858 968                1 718929                 918894                       20.0                52.1                  27.9
SouII1 CaroNna __________________
South Dakcla ___________________               8646325                  1 643987                 4280      335         2722 023                        19.0                49.5                  31.5
Tennessee ______________________               1 795 135                  472359                     719   213           803 563                       28.3                40.1                  33.6
TelCU __________________________              11 801 246                2582646                  ... 731   164         4507238                         21.7                40.1                  38.2
UIah ____________________________             43 76£r 558               6386 933                16102      120        21 279505                        14.8                38.8                  48.6
                                               4831' 991'               1 032200                 2 191     111         1 408 680                       22.3                47.3                  30.4
Vermont ________________________
                                               1 815 126                  408786                   931 172                475 180                      22.5                51.3                  282
                                              17 776 471                2401 458                 8835255                6739748                        13.5                48.6                  37.9
~~;,-=====================
West V rglnia ____________________
Wisconsin _______________________
                                              14 409 769
                                               4333123
                                                                        2810482
                                                                          878757
                                                                                                 7480 708
                                                                                                 2358 981
                                                                                                                        4318599
                                                                                                                        1 097405
                                                                                                                                                       18.1
                                                                                                                                                       20.2
                                                                                                                                                                           51.9
                                                                                                                                                                           5·t.4
                                                                                                                                                                                                 30.0
                                                                                                                                                                                                 25.3
Wyoming ________________________              15 233 779                2413 145                 7277 064               5483550                        ie.a                47.8                  36.0
                                               2081 772                   523 590                  854 668                703518                       25.2                41.1                  33.8

         Note: This table shows the original source and dlsburllng 80UrCe 01 State and IocaJ QOV8(I1mentdlrect general expenditures before and alter funds have been transferred among the levels
of government. AppendilC C provides 8 guide lor tracing these fun(fs. MInor amounts to \he Federal Government were not calculated.




                                                                                                                                                          GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 24.             Capital Outlay of State and Local Governments for Selented Functions by State:
                      1988·89
[Thousand dollars Detail may not add to total because 01toundlng               For me.nlng 01 abbIeviationa and symbols....       InlrodUctorytexll

                                                                                                                              General expend/lUte

                                                                                                Education

           Geographic area                                                                                        Elementary



                                                                                                                   ==
                                                                                                                        and
                                                   Total. all                                                                                                                                              PolIce
                                                  lunctions          Totall            Total      ~                               Pubtk: welfare       HoIpital.          Health        Hlghwaya      protectlon

                                                           1              2                3                 4                5                6                   7              6               9            10

          united Sllll•••••••••••••         111943      ell     81 511 342      21 1M 475        1,.,     011     15003414             400 171        2731   .,3        712 ...       32714     470   1 371 123


Alabama ••••••••••••••••••••••••              1 421     109      1 305 882          380907          138194           2..2713              6492          95825             8717           441 069         1580t
Alasl<a••••••••••••••••••••••••••               7t2     992        546 541          1304 .. ,        25285           105 158              3588             83..           2933           259305           2321
Anzona •••••••••••••••••••••••••              2630      438      2338 108           614420           98333           516067               7201          15385             6294         1 003668          49165
Ar!cansas •••••••••••••••••••••••               610     820        562205           194 194          21 528          162658               2217           9871            10 ..04         208 875          8849
Caillornia •••••••••••••••••••••••           11 798     374      9 509 352        2 150395          619 824        1 530571              23772         337045            62 ..06       1 722391         181 1..9

COlorado••••••••••••••••••••••••             1 725 429           1 453324           300 719          87252           213467               1 592          30 302          20 619          532870          11 278
COnnecticut •••••••••••••••••••••            1 978350            1 838444           2722 .. ,        34872           237389               2290           10767           10875           788 610         17234
Delawsre •••••••••••••••••••••••               322563              303 608           31 158          12160            18998               1 806             728           2 IW8          154 790          4810
DIstrict 01 Columbia ••••••••••••••            627 186             298 277           54 73..          6617            48 117              1 291           8780            1 637           84685           7043
Florida••••••••••••••••••••••••••            7 356 750           6003369          1 4897 .. ,       348648         1 121 095              8418          137 806          628 ..0       1 771 881         98 791
                                             3408 783            2866 145           7..9970         194 985         554995                2158          225408            4304           877    929      « 088
         ::::::
~:~~9~::::::::::::::::          :::
Idaho •••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                               750 151
                                               440 918
                                                                   692695
                                                                   417 328
                                                                                    121 957
                                                                                     81 508
                                                                                                     432 ..5
                                                                                                     29798
                                                                                                                     78712
                                                                                                                     51 712
                                                                                                                                          3201
                                                                                                                                          3414
                                                                                                                                                         22590
                                                                                                                                                          6389
                                                                                                                                                                          3921
                                                                                                                                                                          2509
                                                                                                                                                                                         103
                                                                                                                                                                                         21..
                                                                                                                                                                                                903
                                                                                                                                                                                                753
                                                                                                                                                                                                          4708
                                                                                                                                                                                                          51 .. ,
Illinois••••••••••••••••••••••••••           4 213 137           4026381            880 355         306 494         553 891              16779           29902            9945         1 621    381      63 93\1
tndiana •••••••••••••••••••••••••            1 902131            1 815914           607588          220075          387491                3546           47411            7928           594    673      31 857

lows ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
Kansas •••••••••••••••••••••••••
Kentucky••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                              1 269 265
                                                926 286
                                              1 495446
                                                                 1 174
                                                                   824
                                                                 1 360
                                                                         408
                                                                         364
                                                                         578
                                                                                    231 749
                                                                                    207503
                                                                                    216981
                                                                                                    118003
                                                                                                     91 053
                                                                                                    109485
                                                                                                                     mml
                                                                                                                     107491.j
                                                                                                                                          1 87..
                                                                                                                                         11 009
                                                                                                                                          1 488
                                                                                                                                                        61 645
                                                                                                                                                        18086
                                                                                                                                                        42025
                                                                                                                                                                          7426
                                                                                                                                                                          3 128
                                                                                                                                                                          5088
                                                                                                                                                                                         537298
                                                                                                                                                                                         382131
                                                                                                                                                                                         704883
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7385
                                                                                                                                                                                                          6 ..37
                                                                                                                                                                                                         12189
LOUisiana•••••••••••••••••••••••              1 444 286          1 349   131        222261           61 832          180 429                793         34470             4671           557265          25352
Maine •••••••••••••••••.••••••••                499206             478   187        112437           18549            95888                 250          1 519            1588           138650           53Ul

Maryland••••••••••••••••••••••••              2 495 ~14          2338 981           356296           63807          272489                 4785           6121           17384           945950          40755
Massachusetts ••••••••••••••••••              2803020            2260560            369592          140881          228 731                2603          52529           10 ..61         575353          373M
                                              3 121 761          2 986 138          943 810         481 391         462 419              , .. 506        91 641          19751           764 917         39487
~~~~:c::ii:::::::::::::::::::::::
Mississippi ••••••••••••••••••••••
                                              2 479 861
                                                800 271
                                                                 2390 096
                                                                   755005
                                                                                    506 927
                                                                                    192685
                                                                                                    141 065
                                                                                                     60702
                                                                                                                    365862
                                                                                                                    131 963
                                                                                                                                         14052
                                                                                                                                           4458
                                                                                                                                                         23852
                                                                                                                                                         36732
                                                                                                                                                                         12833
                                                                                                                                                                          254 ..
                                                                                                                                                                                         973011
                                                                                                                                                                                         285652
                                                                                                                                                                                                         21433
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7995

MIssouri •••••••••••                          1 651 072          1 537 516          396 117             76263       319 854               6585           37329           14960           5762 ..7        31806
Monlana ••••••••••••• ~~:::::::::               297543             291 574           40 116             11 221       28895                1 025           1 885             681          175609           3755
Nebraska •••••••••••••••••••••••                833 793            612399           137 670             594 ..7      78223                4521           3522 ..          1 113          3111880          7178
Nevada •••••••••••••••••••••••••                668093             630335           129479              34 (199      94480                  383           7 811           1 271          2221 ....        7 ..33
New Hampshire •••••••••••••••••                 463657             450695           121 362              9927       111 435               2372            8882            1 713          150773           5592

New Jersey •••••••••••••••••••••              3 520 112          3281 745           698936          303806           395 130             22277           33951           37331         1 323 555         34 077
New Mel<lco  •••••••••••••••••••••              759923             713735           136937           4067 ..          98263               1 070          11 146           1 648          352 198          9505
New York., •••••••••••••••••••••             11 199 120          8445 384         1 327 191         2~0 223        1 036988              91095          294 461         178633         2349688          130018
North carolina ••••••••• , •••••••••          2 614 525          2207576            671 213         267531           403662               9158           87450           29140           606 813         58 603
North Dakota ••••••••••••••••••••               281 642            271 613           63393           19340            44053                 702           1 143             906          136343           1 991

Ohio••••••••••••••••••••••••••••              3   740 806        3355 532           732309          332531           399778              20102          113705           35294         1 035943          45215
Oklahoma •••••••••••••••••••••••              1   156075         1 061 409          292783           88 274          226509               5167           25419            6492           412098          16277
Otegon ••••••••••••••••••••••••               1   105 690          984 792          186709          106 789           79920               5730           2.. 037          3304           361 492          6280
Pennsylvania.... ••• • ., •••••••••           3   886 394        3 535 913          955207          176468           778721              13453           38988            9207         1 360 4111        262 ..5
Rhode Island ••••••••••••••••••••                 365832           346937            33979           12725            21 254              5588            3276            7 otl          166 858          1 080
South carolina ••••••••••••••••••             1 423 562          1 199 938          326322           65458           280 894              5817           65297            8086           362394          30961
South Dakota •••••••••••••••••         ,.       298951             244 414           51 412          16882            34550                 822           1 657             353          140548           2730
Tennessee ••••••••••••••••••••••              2 329 504          1 943 228          394 220         198 509          167 711              4380          100 909           7 ..93         rca 153         28611
Tewas ••••••••••••••••••••••••••              8481 200           7017 019         1 720 294         575 lBl        1 145 113             19616          258 903          31670         2716 129          83 609
Utah ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••               847 816            708984           154905           8.. 99t          69906               1 703          12367            4 751          295767           5350
Vermonl ••••••••••••••••••••••••                193185             179 979           "8974'           18389            30605                498             254             431           77 633          3383
VIrginia•••••••••••••••••••••••••             3 191 704          2988759            715155          225559           489596               5871          102942           11 951        1 133812          31 624
Washlnglon •••••••••••••••••••••              2 575 757          2 120 065          72.. 971        172950           552021              19430           62819            8220           585813          25 ..07
Wesl VIrginia••••••••••••••••••••               406 360            387015           106 723           26887            79 1!36              280           3878            2 ..92         185819           5062
WIsconsin •••••••••••••••••••••••             1 752638           1 699818           290 401         , ..8941         , .., 460            9158           28 652           7001           688 061         21 105
Wyoming••••••••••••••••••••••••                 374365             342 567           55180            19086            36094                371          25687              403          157 ..51         .. 99t

          See lootnotes at end 01 table.




 34 EXPENDITURE                                                                                                                                                        GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 25.                   Indebtedn ...           and Debt Transactions of State and Local Governments by State:
                             1988·89
(t.f!IIIon doIIwI. Detail may nol add to lolal beelU .. 01 rounding.    For rnanIng 01 abbreviations    and symbols, _            Introduclory laxl!

                                                                                                               Dabt outslandlng       al end 01 filCll year

                                                                       By term                                                                 By levll and type 01 government

                                                                                                                                                                               I.oeal
              GeogrIIjI/1Ic ....
                                                                                                                                                                                                         School         SpacIal
                                                 TOIaI             Long             Short              Slate               Tolal             Counties       t.4unlclpalllias            Townships       dl,\rIcja       dIItrlcla

                                                     1                  2               3                  4                      5                     6                  7                        8           9              10

             UnIted .................          1M 311          710312             17 IlI4        211 500                502 I ••             110 OM               1111.14                   .114        4271.           141 417


~            ........................           9 ea2            9832                  50           4078                  5 S04                   374               3955                            -        314          1 181
AIuIca ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
ArIzona •••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                               10479
                                               181)79
                                                                10479
                                                                16481                418
                                                                                        -           5611
                                                                                                    2069
                                                                                                                          48e8
                                                                                                                         14 811
                                                                                                                                                1 600
                                                                                                                                                3682
                                                                                                                                                                    3011
                                                                                                                                                                    4719
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -     1884
                                                                                                                                                                                                                -           257
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4548
~           •.......................
CaIIIomIa •••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                413111
                                               82181
                                                                 4627
                                                                80913
                                                                                      33
                                                                                   1 288
                                                                                                    1 787
                                                                                                   26207
                                                                                                                          2894
                                                                                                                         55974
                                                                                                                                                  607
                                                                                                                                               11 507
                                                                                                                                                                    1 388
                                                                                                                                                                   27123
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                            488
                                                                                                                                                                                                            832
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            210
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         16512

Colorado ••••••••••••••••••••••••
Connec1Icut •••••••••••••••••••••
                                               11 54e
                                               12767
                                                                11 511
                                                                123113
                                                                                       35
                                                                                      373
                                                                                                       2171
                                                                                                       9573
                                                                                                                          9375
                                                                                                                          3194
                                                                                                                                                1 795
                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                                     4031
                                                                                                                                                                     1 288                  1 127
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -        990
                                                                                                                                                                                                              28
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2559
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            752
IleIaMnI •••••••••••••••••••••••                3748             3693                  55              2831                 917                    511                 265                          -         18            124
DiIIrtct 01 ColumbIa ••••••••••••••
FlorIda ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                4041
                                               48 OlIO
                                                                 4040
                                                                47700
                                                                                        1
                                                                                      390              6967
                                                                                                               -          4041
                                                                                                                         39123                 17 798
                                                                                                                                                        -            3043
                                                                                                                                                                    14 114
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -     2209
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -       998
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5002


=-:::::::::::::::::::::::::                    17140
                                                3857
                                                                17 002
                                                                 3612
                                                                                      138
                                                                                       45
                                                                                                    30311
                                                                                                    3063
                                                                                                                         14101
                                                                                                                            794
                                                                                                                                                3221
                                                                                                                                                  201
                                                                                                                                                                     2262
                                                                                                                                                                       593
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1035
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          7584
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                -
IcMho •••••••••••••••••••••••••••
lilinoia ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                1 372
                                               211792
                                                                 1343
                                                                29131
                                                                                       29
                                                                                      681
                                                                                                      834
                                                                                                   14158
                                                                                                                            537
                                                                                                                         15634
                                                                                                                                                  104
                                                                                                                                                1 225
                                                                                                                                                                       178
                                                                                                                                                                     7827
                                                                                                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                                                                                                42
                                                                                                                                                                                                            160
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2300
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4239
Indillna ••••••••••••••••••••••         , ••    9649             9368                 281           3587                  6061                    467                2803                       16          428           2347

10ft••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
KII1I8I •••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                5065
                                                6951
                                                                 4970
                                                                 6794
                                                                                       95
                                                                                      158
                                                                                                    1 618
                                                                                                      344
                                                                                                                           3447
                                                                                                                           6607
                                                                                                                                                  526
                                                                                                                                                1 453
                                                                                                                                                                     2487
                                                                                                                                                                     4 201
                                                                                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                                                                                                            339
                                                                                                                                                                                                            484
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              94
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             469
Kentucky ••••••••••••••••••••••••              13040            13031                  10           5138                   7904                 3748                 3222                       -           658              279
LouIIiMa •••••••••••••••••••••••
t.4IIInII ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                               20 910
                                                3241
                                                                20 S04
                                                                 3197
                                                                                      106
                                                                                       44
                                                                                                   12160
                                                                                                    2032
                                                                                                                           8750
                                                                                                                           1 2011
                                                                                                                                                3440
                                                                                                                                                   32
                                                                                                                                                                     3680
                                                                                                                                                                       242
                                                                                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                                                                                              308
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 349
                                                                                                                                                                                                            283
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             281
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             388


=-iiS'::::::::::::::::::                       14782
                                               23960
                                                                14638
                                                                22288
                                                                                      144
                                                                                    1 675
                                                                                                    5834
                                                                                                   16218
                                                                                                                          8948
                                                                                                                          7742
                                                                                                                                                4547
                                                                                                                                                   45
                                                                                                                                                                     1 589
                                                                                                                                                                     1 965
                                                                                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                                                                                            1 839            88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -     2812
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3805
                                               19972            196111                281           8198                 11 774                 3115                 3907                      365        2922            1 465
~:::::::::::::::::::::::
MIuIaIppI ••••••••••••••••••••••
                                               17690
                                                4899
                                                                17 367
                                                                 4884
                                                                                      322
                                                                                       15
                                                                                                    3601
                                                                                                    1 346
                                                                                                                         14069
                                                                                                                          3553
                                                                                                                                                  596
                                                                                                                                                1 872
                                                                                                                                                                     8437
                                                                                                                                                                     1 038
                                                                                                                                                                                                33
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 342
                                                                                                                                                                                                            391
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3681
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            251

t.4iIeouri ••••••••••••••••••••••••             9759             98e8                  73              4893                4887                   947                2597                           -        761            581
Montana •••••••••••••.••••••••••
Nebruka •••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                2482
                                                6053
                                                                 2458
                                                                 5998
                                                                                       23
                                                                                       58
                                                                                                       1 347
                                                                                                       1 411
                                                                                                                           • 135
                                                                                                                           4642
                                                                                                                                                  177
                                                                                                                                                  151
                                                                                                                                                                       694
                                                                                                                                                                     1 007
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                             153
                                                                                                                                                                                                             261
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            111
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3223
Nevada •••••••••••••••••••••••••                4198             4188                  12              1 ~23               2778                 1 742                  350                          -        450            234



=
NeW Hampehlre •••••••••••••••••                 3781             3781                  21              2 11-16               835                   53                  276                     182           232             93
                                               30948            29588              1 359           17 393                13555                  1 818                2058                   1 639         1 075           6988
       =:::::::::::::::::::::
New York •••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                5020
                                               87004
                                                                 49115
                                                                82325
                                                                                      25
                                                                                   4679
                                                                                                    1898
                                                                                                   43306
                                                                                                                          3125
                                                                                                                         43697
                                                                                                                                                  207
                                                                                                                                                8132
                                                                                                                                                                     2634
                                                                                                                                                                    26308                   3212
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -       237
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2620
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             48
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3426
North CarolIna •••••••••••••••••••
North o.kola ••••••••••••••••••••
                                               14945
                                                1 911
                                                                14683
                                                                 1 6112
                                                                                     281
                                                                                      19
                                                                                                    2950
                                                                                                      927
                                                                                                                         11 995
                                                                                                                            984
                                                                                                                                                3594
                                                                                                                                                  358
                                                                                                                                                                     1 775
                                                                                                                                                                       519
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -          69
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -     6626
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             37
OhIo ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••              22115            20755               1360           10513                 11 602                 3598                 5228                       16        1 454           1 306
0kIIh0ma •••••••••••••••••••••••
Oregon •••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                8034
                                               10224
                                                                 7998
                                                                 9978
                                                                                       38
                                                                                      249
                                                                                                    3577
                                                                                                    6737
                                                                                                                          4457
                                                                                                                          3488
                                                                                                                                                1 100
                                                                                                                                                  260
                                                                                                                                                                     2690
                                                                                                                                                                     1 629
                                                                                                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                                                                                                            383
                                                                                                                                                                                                            465
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            305
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 114
                                               40241            39268                 953          10540                 29701                  2488                 5458                      314        3952           17 511
~                   ::::::::::::::::::::        4034             3943                  91           3343                    6111                        -              295                     243                  -       153
SouIh CeroIIna ••••••••••••••••••               9318             9279                  311             3775               5543                  1 702                  816                          -       991           2034
Swth Dllkola •••••••••••••••••••
T_            ••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                2332
                                               11 712
                                                                 2325
                                                                11 418
                                                                                        6
                                                                                      2115
                                                                                                       1 880
                                                                                                       2574
                                                                                                                            471
                                                                                                                          9139
                                                                                                                                                   38
                                                                                                                                                2813
                                                                                                                                                                       233
                                                                                                                                                                     4714
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                             61
                                                                                                                                                                                                             20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            139
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1 592
Texu ••••••••••••••••••••••••••
UIah ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••
                                               60 977
                                                9757
                                                                60 355
                                                                 9731
                                                                                      622
                                                                                       26
                                                                                                       6685
                                                                                                       1694
                                                                                                                         54 311
                                                                                                                          8064
                                                                                                                                                9308
                                                                                                                                                  7A4
                                                                                                                                                                    21 132
                                                                                                                                                                       985
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                          7506
                                                                                                                                                                                                            483
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         16388
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5852
Vermont ••••••••••••••••••••••••                 1 510           1 482                 29              1 106                 403                        -              194                      53             73            82

~::::::::::::::::::::                           14147
                                                22 001
                                                                14050
                                                                21 852
                                                                                       97
                                                                                      149
                                                                                                       5510
                                                                                                       5364
                                                                                                                           8638
                                                                                                                          18638
                                                                                                                                                3782
                                                                                                                                                  794
                                                                                                                                                                     3692
                                                                                                                                                                     2340
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -     1 704
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -     1 183
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         11 BOO
                                                 5585            5577                   8              2452                3133                 2148                   654                                  138             195
Wee!     ••• ::::::::::::::::::::               11 335          10511                 824              5931                5404                   650                2934                      268          998             558
WyomIng ••••••••••••••••••••••••                 2339            2334                   5                926               1 412                  809                  337                          -       181              84




 31 DEBT                                                                                                                                                                                GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 28.                        State'and Cocal Government Insurance Trust Finances by State: 1988':89
[T/l<uMd doIW8.                    DeIIIII may not add to total because 01 rounding. For meaning 01 abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text]
                                                                         Insurance tru.ta, total                            Unemployment compensation'                                  Employee retirement

                                                                         Revenue                                                 Revenue                                               Revenue

             G<IK1gI'~_                                                                  Eamlngs                                                Eamlngs                                             Eamlngs         I
                                                                             Contri-    on Inve.t·       Expend-                    Contri-    on Invest·     Expend·                    Contri-   on love.t·
                                                               Total         bIllIOnS       menta           Iture       Total       butlons        ments         lturo         Total     butions       menta     E!<p8I1dIture

                                                                    1              2               3           4            5              6            7              6           9          10           11             12

            UnIIMI .................                  111 441 241        41 172 tI02 ~1 575 447 ~'"5U               1704 184 7 101 131 2 515 025            2 111.37       , 173731 ~4 341 327 ~ 824 401 34 IN 411


AIIIbMII ........................                       1 291 488          418537         672 931        552 190   210916          162274        48642        147346  1 080 455          256 253       624202      404 606
AIMQ ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                           698 993          294 617        404 376        273641    133318          125624         7694         77 141   563 757          167075        396 682     193088
AIIzoNI •••••••••••••••••••••••••                       1 424361           651 627        772734         636 073   158 605         118656        39749        117 135 1 002868           335076        667790      313077
ArIc-.II8 •••••••••••••••••••••••                         541 901          18Af105        357798         281 876   135050          124981        10069        121 312   402959            56031        346928      160 177
c.tIfomIe .......................                      20158 250         9033450        1 124800       9289079   2381 991        1 980 562      401 429     1 585395  4249870          3834878     o   415 192   5 548    sn
Colorado ••••••••••••••••••••••••
Connecticut •••••••••••••••••••••
                                                           1 701 571
                                                           1 359432
                                                                            863 671
                                                                            428986
                                                                                          837900
                                                                                          930 446
                                                                                                         858 414
                                                                                                         751 423
                                                                                                                     234 745
                                                                                                                     230007
                                                                                                                                  221 104
                                                                                                                                  203347
                                                                                                                                                 13641
                                                                                                                                                 26 660
                                                                                                                                                              158568
                                                                                                                                                              217108
                                                                                                                                                                           1 206 262
                                                                                                                                                                           1 088235
                                                                                                                                                                                         419674
                                                                                                                                                                                         185382
                                                                                                                                                                                                     786588
                                                                                                                                                                                                     902853
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    46'  718
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    491.'930
~              .......................                       236 283         85721        152562         118398       72989        58460         14509         36443         160 847      22794      138053          76811
DIeIrIct 01 Columbia ••••••••••••••                          194202          91 157        93045         277983       64 341       57261          7080         70823         119881       33896       85965         207 :;""0
FIoridII ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                        3 250 029      1 577 033     1 872995       1 171 752     483 451      300 594       162657        304 299      2779697     1 272999    1 506 698        825088

                                                           1 910300         701 462     1 208 838        834 619      349838       271 457       78381        239458       1 560 482     430005    1 130457         595 181
=:r:::::::::::::::::::::::::
IdIho ...........................
                                                             550 784
                                                             390 218
                                                                            118218
                                                                            249491
                                                                                          432568
                                                                                          130727
                                                                                                         259121
                                                                                                         177 132
                                                                                                                       75210
                                                                                                                      104005
                                                                                                                                    50929
                                                                                                                                    89395
                                                                                                                                                 24282
                                                                                                                                                 14610
                                                                                                                                                               41 661
                                                                                                                                                               58327
                                                                                                                                                                             475574
                                                                                                                                                                             211 820
                                                                                                                                                                                          67288
                                                                                                                                                                                         107010
                                                                                                                                                                                                     408 286
                                                                                                                                                                                                     104 810
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    217460
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     91 929
IlI1no11 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••                        4685886        2306 912      2378954        2472524      1 225726     1 155 734       89994        705 110      3455661     1 146752    2308 909       1 762001
Indilna •••••••••••••••••••••••••                            916422         466 683       449739         515 978      257357       203 483       53874        107784         657979      262 114     395865         407284
Iowa ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••                            911 724       397626         514098        330 186      232295        198 830       35465        118 878       679330      200 730        478600       211 099
K_        .........................                          623548        329 197        297351        376427       201 971       186 827       35144        149176        398 742     136535         282207       206 910
KentucIIy........................                          1 140698        830 471        510225        568 027      224824        198 849       26175        148545        835421      353371         482050       384 241
LouIIIane .......................                          1 254 712       615086         839624        981 732      321 681       307954        13707        182072        933051      307 134        625917       789144
Milne ..........................                             318785        183 736        155049        214623        93770         78771        14999         57100        224746       84746         140000       167500
                                  1 751 691                                 623 916     1 127775  1 087 162          213 150      183 790        49360        182 450      1 228727      194148    1 034579         850 482
~~.:::::::::::::::::: 731 927     1
                                  3843342
                                                                          1 039061
                                                                          1 459086
                                                                                          692866  1 774346
                                                                                        2384 256 2383 196
                                                                                                                     571 333
                                                                                                                     918767
                                                                                                                                  476729
                                                                                                                                  899 892
                                                                                                                                                 94 604
                                                                                                                                                 18875
                                                                                                                                                              608592
                                                                                                                                                              828767
                                                                                                                                                                           1 150 793
                                                                                                                                                                           2838616
                                                                                                                                                                                         553812
                                                                                                                                                                                         512919
                                                                                                                                                                                                     596 981
                                                                                                                                                                                                   2325697
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 167 445
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 411 531
~::::::::::::::::::::::: 2407644
MiIIinIppI ......................   723479
                                                                          1 010472
                                                                            351 526
                                                                                        1 397 172
                                                                                          371 953
                                                                                                    998 608
                                                                                                    320 019
                                                                                                                     397539
                                                                                                                     104 936
                                                                                                                                  376855
                                                                                                                                   73040
                                                                                                                                                 20684
                                                                                                                                                 31 698
                                                                                                                                                              305 170
                                                                                                                                                               88731
                                                                                                                                                                           1 899 853
                                                                                                                                                                             618 543
                                                                                                                                                                                         524989
                                                                                                                                                                                         278486
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 374864
                                                                                                                                                                                                     340057
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    602040
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    231 288
MIeeouri     ........................                      1 481 200        575911        905289        638852       237336        204847        32489        225329       1 242210      369466        872744       397347
Montane ........................                             425593         273950        151 643       259038        55921         50756         5 185        37884         250 283     107447        142838       122 358
Nabralka .......................                             268 207        139968        128239        100 344       59236         50444         8792         34518         208809       89501        119308        65583
Nevada .........................                             778064         504 392       273872        423462       108072         85001        23071         63 157        368 805     174 589       194216       118 405
New HI/IIPIhfre .................                            189742          82783         86959         94097        42184         28095        16089         17050         111 470      56688         54 782       56 875
NewJeraey .....................                         4083979           2 190 362 1 893617           2 143 185    1 175 394      976886       198428        641 334      2 563650      890 508   1 673 142      1 197129
New MexIco .....................                          666 114           253620    412494             272 186       85399        73042        12357         56212         580590      180578      400012         212588
New york .......................                       13 598 905         4181 136 9417789             6 106 285    1 477 316    1 201 614      275702      1 075252       1 051 436   2243997     B 807 439      4 540060
North CarolIna ...................                      1 987599            667470  1 320 129            829 354      309 406      194 984      114422        204 471      1 678865      472432    1 204 433        623 327
North Dakota ....................                         188066            111 563    76503             135766        42404        39849         2555         27474         102822       43160       59662          35706
OhIo ............................                          8581    743    4401 631      4 180112       4305066        B85609       847551        38058        549499       5957235     2402751     3 554 484      2 511 659
Oklahoma .......................                             964   459      575591        388868         622240       208 029      187370        18856         95696         651 817     304446      347371         484 583

~.n:;::::::::::::::::::::                                  1 184
                                                           4494
                                                             604
                                                                   272
                                                                   618
                                                                   294
                                                                            928574
                                                                          2388 560
                                                                            282872
                                                                                          255698
                                                                                        2 106 058
                                                                                          321 422
                                                                                                         651 684
                                                                                                       2773840
                                                                                                         308 650
                                                                                                                      385533
                                                                                                                    1 248 313
                                                                                                                      140462
                                                                                                                                   335833
                                                                                                                                 1 145577
                                                                                                                                   117613
                                                                                                                                                 49700
                                                                                                                                                102736
                                                                                                                                                 22 849
                                                                                                                                                              197784
                                                                                                                                                              876342
                                                                                                                                                               93904
                                                                                                                                                                             510 563
                                                                                                                                                                           2999 527
                                                                                                                                                                             411 020
                                                                                                                                                                                         390 778
                                                                                                                                                                                       1 121 912
                                                                                                                                                                                         117299
                                                                                                                                                                                                     119 785
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1 877 615
                                                                                                                                                                                                     293721
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    058 782
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1 803 886
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    169093
South CarolIna .................. 1 199677                                  569   109   630568           478674       194 103      166 772        27331        89978         969147      367731      601 416        349530
South Dakota ...................    198290                                   61   758   136532            57494        14832         9885          4947        10634         183 156      51 584     131 572         45629
T_                ......................
                                  1 062900                                  369   B67   693 033          584 268      275892       226 488        49424       194859         787004      143395      843609         389387
T_ .......................... 5781 371                                    2881    765 3099 606         2330 709     1 497293     1 469990         27313       740622       4283 617    1 191 539   3072078        1 589949
Utah ............................   560 916                                 303   823   257093           293380        99199        83288         15911        60 151        390908      153648      227280         150 174
Vermont ........................                             153095          56 578        96 519         54233       68 229        52714         13515        24334          86866        3862       83 OO~         29899
                                                           1 938483         807758      1 130705         614347      200 858       144 683        55795       131 942      1 737805      662895    1 074910         482405
                                                           3470968        1 811l 807    1 651 161      1 807336      723 !;20      636 493        87027       384 274      1 734490      445577    1 288 913        699 219
                                                             606 218        423225        182991         592935      132205        121 102        11 103       91 377        201 346      99096      102250         217436
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~                                      2808227        1 037835      1 770392         895632      621 149       558 682        62467       278189       2 180604      476831    1 703973         814319
Wyoming ........................                             211 644        114049         97595         122 197      42 61>!!      39953          2743        24382         137564       43920       93644          52164

             See      lootnotes         al end 01 table.




GOVERNMENT' FINANCES                                                                                                                                                             IHSURANCF TRUSTS                         43
Table 28.         State and Local ,Government Insurance Trust Finances by State: 1988-89-Con.
[Thousand dollars. Det8Il may not add to total because 01 roundtng. For meantng 01abbreviations and symbols. see Introductory text)

                                                               Workers' compensatJ0n2                                                        Other Insurance trusts'

                                                             Revenue                                                                       Revenue
         Geographic area
                                                                                  Eamlngson                                                                    Earnings on
                                                   Total     ContriblJtions       Investments          Expendtture               Total     ContributIOns       Investments      Expendrture

                                                      13                14                  t5                   16                   17              16                  19            20
        United 1It.tM ___________          .250     788        II 203 078          2047710             531.374             2311581           2211 258              101 303      1 118883
Alabama ________________________
AIMka __________________________                   97                 10                    87                236
Arizona _________________________               1 918              1 918                                    3412
                                              282890             197695                65 195             205861
ArIuInsal ____• _________________               3692               3093                   799                 387
CaIIIomIe _______________________           1 734 943          1 497767               237 176             6&4 161          1 791 448         1 720443                  71 003   1 490 646
CoIorado ________________________
Connec1Icut _____________________               257441            220 366              37075              223028                3123              2527                   596        10082
Delawere _______________________                 41 IS;>           40257                  933              37385
                                                  4487              4487                                    4 144
DIstrict 01ColumbIa ______________
FIorida__________________________                 6880
                                                       -            3440                3440               42385
                                                                                                                  -
~=r:::::::::::::::::::::::::
Idaho___________________________
                                                 64393
                                                       -           53086               11 307              28676
illinois __________________________               4477              4428                   51               5413
Indiana _________________________
                                                  1086              1 086                                     950
lows ____________________________                                                           33                209
K_s _________________________         99                               66
                                  22835                            22835                                   20 341
                                  80451                            80451                                   73241
~=~-:::::::::::::::::::::::
Maine __________________________                                                                           10516
                                     269                               219                  50                 23
                                                141 829           111 851              29978              145216              167985            154 127                13856      109012
~=seiiS-::::::::::::::::::                        9801
                                                 85959
                                                                    6520
                                                                   48275
                                                                                        1 281
                                                                                       39684
                                                                                                            8309
                                                                                                           62898
~a:::::::::::::::::::::::
MIssI"'PPI ______________________
                                                110252            108628                1 624              89398

MISsouri ________________________                 1 654             1 598                  56
Montana ________________________                                                                           15976
                                                119389            115747                3642               98796
Nebfallka _______________________                   162                23                 139                 243
Nevada _________________________                301 187           244 802              56385              241 900
N_ Hampshire _________________


~=e:vo:::::::::::::::::::::
                                                 16088                                 18088               20172
                                               39366               32273                7093               50482             305569            290 615                 14954      254220
 ~
N_ YOlk _______________________
                                                  125
                                            1 070 153             735525
                                                                         -                125
                                                                                      334628
                                                                                                            3386
                                                                                                          490 953
North CaroNna ___________________               1 328                  54               1 274               1 556
North Dakota ____________________              42840               28554               14286               72586
Ohlo ____________________________           1 738899
OklahOmll_______________________                                1 151 329             587570            1 243908
                                              106 616              83775               22841               61 961

=~::::::::::::::::::::
                                              288 176             201 963              86213               95116
                                              246778
                                                5068
                                                                  121 071
                                                                    4465
                                                                                      125707
                                                                                          603
                                                                                                           93632
                                                                                                            2655               47744             43495                 4249        52 998
                                                                                                                                                                                         -
South CaroHna __________________
                                                 36427             34606                1 821              39168
South Dakota ___________________                    302               288                  13               1 231
Tennessee ______________________
Texas __________________________
Utah____________________________
                                                      4
                                                    461
                                                                        4
                                                                      246                 215
                                                                                             -                 22
                                                                                                              138
                                                 80809             66887               13922               83055
Verinont ________________________

:=-:::::::::::::::::::::
W~a      ____________________
                                            1 012958
                                                       -          737737              275221              743843
WI    _______________________                 272865              203027               69638              284 122
                                                2780                2471                  309               1 419               3694                 51                 3643         1 705
WyomIng------------------------                31 384              30176                1 208              45661

        'States and Dlstrict 01Columbia only.
        'States only.




44 INSURA'NCE TRUSTS·                                                                                                                            GOVERNMENT FINANCES
Table 29.           State and·Local Government·Revenue and Expenditure by Level and t:ype of·
                    Government" by Stote: 1988-89
[Thousand dollars. DetaIl may not add to total because of roundIng. For meanIng of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory textl

                                                              Slate and local                                                            Local governments
                                                                 government,             Slate
                           Item                                          total     government            Total           County          Municipal     Township     School district   Special district

                                                                             1                2               3               4                 5               6                7                  8

UNITED STATES

         Revenue. lolttl ______________________________
                                                         953511374                see eee 83r     532012579       1111135 713      1847111808        17 fill" <BO    183931 809         57 1211982
      General revenue _______________________________
                                                         785844 168               482 477 170     468 549 041     115459373        143495545         18 641 868     163063049           41 341' 177
Intergovernmental revenue, tota'-- _____________________ 125823 732               115765232       175 240 543      41 648950        40205479                         68 714 797
   From Faderal Government' ________________________                                                                                                  4301 983                          11 823 325
      Education_"____________________________________    125823732                108235243        17 588 489       2545694          7348146            251 099       1 338 136          6 105 414
      Pubhcwelfare __________________________________ 21 383375                    19 546, 821      1 836554          202019           269263            27136        1 338 136                     -
   From State governments' __________________________
                                                          52443848                 51 933705
                                                                                            -
                                                                                                      510143
                                                                                                  157652 054
                                                                                                                      173507
                                                                                                                   37401 007
                                                                                                                                       320 922
                                                                                                                                    29547 177
                                                                                                                                                         15714
                                                                                                                                                      3711 356        84573316
                                                                                                                                                                                 -       2 419 198
                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
      Education______________________________________
      Public welfare __________________________________
   From local governments ___________________________
                                                                  (2
                                                                  (2!
                                                                  (2
                                                                                            -
                                                                                            -
                                                                                                  102326 777
                                                                                                   t7887 145
                                                                                                                    8268 547
                                                                                                                   12 798 025
                                                                                                                                     6095311
                                                                                                                                     5058 060
                                                                                                                                                      1 386286
                                                                                                                                                         19270