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Renaissance

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 Europe: Decline
1. The Crusades (lost 7)

2. Black Death (killed 1/3)

3. 100 Years War
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       The Renaissance:


Page
 6
      Facts: Renaissance
• Where?
       Facts: Renaissance
• Where? Italy
       Facts: Renaissance
• Where? Italy
• Approximate Years? c. 1400-1550
       Facts: Renaissance
• Where? Italy
• Approximate Years? c. 1400-1550
• What was the Renaissance?
       Facts: Renaissance
• Where? Italy
• Approximate Years? c. 1400-1550
• What was the Renaissance?
  – “Rebirth” of _______________?
  – Learning, art, ideas
        Facts: Renaissance
• Where did it begin? Italy
• Approximate Years? c. 1400-1550
• What was the Renaissance?
  – “Rebirth” of Rome/ Greece
  – Learning, art, ideas
  – IDEAL- many talents in several fields
             Why Italy?
1. Site of ancient Rome
              Why Italy?
1. Site of ancient Rome

2. Italy survived the Middle Ages pretty
   well
              Why Italy?
1. Site of ancient Rome

2. Italy survived the Middle Ages pretty
   well

3. Merchant class (wealth/ power)
    Renaissance Artwork:
•   Realistic
•   3D
•   Perspective
•   Shading
•   Vanishing Point
          Humanism:
• Study great
  people (past)

• Can accomplish
  anything!
  Guess the Period:
1. Classical   (Greek/Roman)
               OR
   2.Medieval (Flat; 2D)
          OR
      3.Renaissance
Renaissance
Medieval
Renaissance
Classical
Renaissance
Medieval
Classical
Renaissance
Medieval
Renaissance?
        Leonardo da Vinci:
• 1452-1519
• “Renaissance
  Man”
• Scientist/ Artist/
  Inventor
The   Last Supper
         Michelangelo:

• 1475-1564

• Sculptor, painter,
  poet, engineer
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“DAVID”
Sistine Chapel
Pieta
        A&E Top 100
1.   Gutenberg        9. Copernicus
2.   Isaac Newton     10. Galileo
3.   Martin Luther    11. Da Vinci
4.   Charles Darwin   12. Freud
5.   Shakespeare      13. Louis Pasteur
6.   Columbus         14. Edison
7.   Marx             15. Jefferson
8.   Einstein         16. Hitler

 Most Influential of Millenium
Printing
 Press
 (1454)
    Printing before Gutenberg
• China:
  – Woodblock printing (c. 500 AD)

  – Moveable Type (1050 AD)



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Johann
Gutenberg




1398-1468
            Pages?


- Handprinting = 40 pages/ day

- Gutenberg’s = 3,600 pages/ day
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                     Impacts:
• Literacy/ learning increased
• Mass amounts of books
• Spread of ideas
• Empowered “common” people
-----------------------------------------------------------
• Top 100 list:
   – Year 1000 yrs. before: 3 people
   – Year 500 yrs. after: 67 people
Europe: “Rebirth”
1.   Increased Art/ Learning
2.   Printing Press
3.   Shared Knowledge
4.   Scientific Gains
5.   Exploration (compass)
6.   Guns, Steel, etc.
       A Great Combination:
1. Screw Press (olives)- heavy pressure

2. Cast letters (tin, lead, antimony)- HARD

3. Stamp mold for casting letters (mass
   production)

4. Printing ink w/ oil base (color?)
Inventors; Scientists
*For Consideration*

What scientific ideas
have been the most
shocking, ever?
*For Consideration II*

What will be discovered
in the future that will
shock us?
     Nicolaus Copernicus
•   Poland (1473-1543)
•   Not well known
•   No telescope
•   Sun centered
•   Earth rotates &
    revolves
             Galileo
• Italy (1564-1642)
• Created a better
  telescope
• “Proved”: Sun-
  centered
• Accused of
  heresy
“The Bible tells you how
  to get to Heaven, not
 how the Heaven’s go”.
                - Galileo
Phases of Venus
          Isaac Newton:
•   England (1643-1727)
•   “Gravity”
•   3 Laws of Motion
•   Calculus
•   Planetary Motion
•   Color theory
  What is good and beautiful?”
•Means “rebirth,” meaning rebirth of the
  classics
•Began in Italian city-states, spreads to
  Germany (then rest of Western Europe)
  via printing press
•Humanism: a return to classical Greco-
  Roman culture and an optimistic view of
  humanity
•Answer: Humanity

				
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posted:9/1/2011
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