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INTRODUCING

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 44

									   The Wisconsin
Comprehensive School
 Counseling Program
       Model
     Judith Kuse
     Consultant - School Counseling Programs

     WI Department of Public Instruction
     P.O. Box 7841
     Madison, WI 53707-7841
     phone: 608-266-2820
     fax:   608-266-3643

http://www.dpi.wisconsin.gov/sspw/counsl1.html
     What do counselors do?
               vs.
How are students different because
of the school counseling program?

                         Wong [2002]
           Pair and Share
What changes have you seen in the school
counseling program in your district over the
past two—three years? Identify two changes
and explain them to your partner.
      Comprehensive School
      Counseling Programs
        are based upon

   National School Counseling
    Standards
   ASCA National Model
   Wisconsin Developmental
    Guidance Model
 The GOAL is to help all students:

Learn                               Learn
about                             about the
 self                            world around
                                     them



              And make
        meaningful connections
           between the two
      Outcomes include:
   Increased student achievement K-12.
   Increased collaboration among parents,
    community and school.
   Increased post secondary school
    enrollments.
   Decreased discipline problems and
    dropout rate.
   Decreased last minute schedule
    changes.
Research on Counseling Effectiveness
     School Counseling in the Elementary
      School–Impact on Academic Achievement
         Hadley [1988] – Elementary guidance activities
          have a positive impact on student academic
          achievement
         Borders & Drury [1992] – School counseling
          interventions have a substantial impact on student
          educational development and improved school
          attendance
         Boutwell & Myrick [1992] – Counseling
          programming focused on school success and
          behaviors related to achievement: 83% showed
          academic improvement and 76% of those failing
          improved and passed classes
Research on Counseling Effectiveness
     School Counseling in the Elementary
      School– Impact on Academic Achievement
         Lee [1993] – Counselors have a positive impact on
          student achievement in Math with some
          improvement in Lang Arts.
         Mullis & Otwell [1997] – Counselors can assist
          teachers in helping improve student academic
          performance
         Sink & Stroh [2003] – Schools with comprehensive
          school counseling programs produced higher
          achievement test scores
Research on Counseling Effectiveness
     School Counseling in the Middle School–
      Impact on Academic Achievement
         Gerler & Kinney [1985] – Underachieving students who
          received counseling services improved significantly in
          Math and Lang Arts
         Watts & Thomas [1997] – Counselors do impact
          students academic performance including significant
          improvement in Lang Arts
         Tobias & Myrick [1999] – Counselors demonstrated
          they could help students improve school grades and
          attendance
         McElroy [2000] – Counselors directly support the
          schools academic mission
         Lapan, Gysbers & Petroski [2001]– Schools
          implementing a comprehensive school counseling
          program have students earning higher grades
Research on Counseling Effectiveness
     School Counseling in the High School–
      Impact on Academic Achievement
         Myrick [1987] – Developmentally-based programs
          promote student development and academic success.
         Borders & Drury [1992] – Effective school counseling
          programs have a substantial impact on student
          educational development and improved attendance.
         Lapan, Gysbers & Sun [1997] – Schools with more fully
          implemented comprehensive school counseling
          programs had students earning higher grades; more
          career and college information available; students better
          prepared for the future; more positive school climate;
          counselors promoting the school’s educational goals.
Research on Counseling Effectiveness
     School Counseling in the High School–
      Impact on Academic Achievement
         Nelson, Gardner & Fox [1998] – Schools with more fully
          implemented comprehensive school counseling programs
          had students who took more advanced math and science
          courses; took more vocational/technical courses; had higher
          ACT scores on every scale of the test.
         Mau, Hitchcock & Calvert [1998] - Counselors influence
          students futures by encouraging them to have higher
          expectations; student self-expectations increased over time.
         Kaufman, Klein & Frase [1999] – Counseling services are
          one of the key elements in dropout prevention programs.
         Schlossberg & Morris [2001] – Counselor led developmental
          guidance units help assist students in coping with the
          overwhelming transition to high school.
Requires a new view of counseling in schools!
        FROM:                          TO:

   Emphasis on at-risk            Includes all students
    students                       Curriculum-driven
   Crisis-driven                  Calendared time
   “On call” approach to use      Delivered
    of time                         collaboratively by
   Delivered only by               counselors, faculty,
    counselors                      parents, and community
   Owned by counseling             members
    staff only                     Owned and supported
                                    by the community
      Underlying Principles
   All students are served and opportunities are
    provided for all grades K-12.
   The curriculum is developed and delivered by
    counselors, faculty, and community.
   Counselors’ time is calendared among the four
    components of the comprehensive school
    counseling program.
   Parents are involved and the community helps
    deliver services.
   The curriculum is standards-based and
    competency- driven.
National School Counseling
        Standards
     Wisconsin Model Academic
  Standards for School Counseling
      Academic Domain
      Students develop lifelong learning
      skills.
      Career Domain
      Students engage in educational/career
      planning.

      Personal/Social Domain
      Students understand themselves and
      others.
School Counseling As a Program
       Comprehensive School Counseling Program


     Content                      Organizational
                                                                       Resources
                          Structure, Activities and Time



                          Structural          Program                 Resources
     Frameworks
                         Components          Components

                                           School Counseling
       Standards          Definition                                  Personnel
                                              Curriculum
     Benchmarks          Assumptions          Structured Groups
                                                                      Facilities
                                           Classroom Presentations
    Critical Knowledge    Rationale                                   Financial
      (Competencies)                       Individual Planning
                                                 Advisements
                                                 Assessment
                                              Transition Planning

                                          Responsive Services
                                             Individual Counseling
                                               Group Counseling
                                                  Consultation
                                                    Referral

                                            Support Services
                                             Management Activities
                                                 Consultation
                                             Community Outreach
                                                Public Relations
                                              Parent Involvement
                                           Professional Development
     4 Program Components
School Counseling     Individual Planning
Curriculum




Responsive Services    System Support
           Pair and Share
Estimate the percentage of time school
counselors spend on each of the four
components at either the elementary, middle,
or high school level in your district. Share
your estimate with a partner near you.
          Calendaring

•Program activities are calendared and
the program starts on the first day of
school and ends on the last day of
School.

•A counselor time usage plan is followed.

•The time usage plan is focused on the
 developmental needs of all students.
Suggested Distribution of School
        Counselor Time
        Elementary            Middle School

                                    15%   30%
         15%     35%          35%           20%
           40%

                        10%




 School Counseling            High School
Curriculum
                                    15%   25%
 Individual Planning         30%           30%

 Responsive Services
 System Support
    Program Component:
School Counseling Curriculum
Provides school counseling content in a
systematic way to all students K-12.


Purpose:
Student awareness, skill
development, and
application of skills
needed in everyday life
        School Counseling
           Curriculum
   Career
    “All Work is Noble”



   Personal/Social
    “ Character is Essential”



   Academic
    “Learning is Lifelong”
            Curriculum Topics

    CAREER                PERSONAL             ACADEMIC
                           SOCIAL
                        Self-knowledge and
 Career Awareness                                Goal Setting
                         Self-management
       Career
                        Cultural Competence      Study Skills
     Exploration
 Career Preparation     Communication Skills
                                               Academic Support
   and Planning
Career Management                                 Transition
                        Character Education
and Lifelong Learning
     15% 35%
                       Curriculum:
         School Counseling
            Curriculum
    40%                Through the Stages...
           10%




Elementary School
   Character education
   Anger management
   Social skills
   Conflict resolution
   Developmental assets
   Career exploration
          15%
                           Curriculum:
    35%    30%
           School
              Counseling
              Curriculum
                           through the stages...
       20%




Middle School
   Identify career clusters
   Explore the relation between
    classes and career/career
    preparation
   Research careers of interest
   Develop an individual learning plan
   Begin a career portfolio
      35%
           10%
                           Curriculum:
20%        School

       35%
              Counseling
              Curriculum
                           through the stages...

High School
   Develop cultural literacy
   Explore careers and post-secondary
    training or education options
   Identify learning styles and effective
    study skills
   Create a resume
   Generate a transition plan
     Program Component:
      Individual Planning
Assists students in planning, monitoring, and managing
their personal and career development.


Purpose:
Student educational
and career planning,
decision making, and
goal setting
        Individual Planning

   Assessment

   Advisement

   Transition Planning

   Accommodations
   Individual Planning




Student, parent,
and counselor
conferencing…
“putting the pieces together.”
    15%
          35%
                        Individual Planning
    40%    10%
           Individual
           Planning



Elementary School

   Accommodation Plans

   Home/School Plans

   Behavioral Contracts

   Transition Plans
      15%
                       Student Education
35%
            30%        Career Planning
      20%
      Individual
      Planning
                       Conference

Middle School
   Hopes and dreams
   Individual Learning
    Plan
   Co-curricular, extra-
    curricular, volunteer
    and community
    involvement
      35%                 Student Education
            10%
20%
       35%
                          Career Planning
       Individual
       Planning           Conference

 High School
     Review portfolio
                                   Individual Learning Plan
     Review transcript            Multiple Intelligences
     Review class schedule and    Learning Styles
      attendance                   PLAN Test
     Review post-secondary and    PSAT/ASVAB
      funding options              Career Booklets
   Program Component:
    Responsive Services
Addresses the immediate concerns of students.



Purpose:
Prevention and Intervention
   Responsive Services

 Individual Counseling Sessions
 Support Group Facilitation
 Crisis Response
 Coordination, referral and outreach
  with community agencies
                   Responsive Services

                      Time Allocation
     15%                                               30%    15%
                                                 Responsive
             35%                                   Services
      40%
                                                               25%
Responsive
  Services                           15%                30%
             10%
                             35%
                       Responsive
                         Services          30%
Elementary School                                    High School
                                    20%


                           Middle School
    Issues that Counselors
          Respond to
Divorce          Family Issues
   Abuse        Suicide
       Coping       Depression
Loss        Drug/Alcohol
            Use or Abuse
  Program Component:
     System Support
Includes program support activities.



Purpose:
Program delivery
and support
       System Support

 Public Relations
 Community and Parent Involvement
 Staff Development
 Professional Development
 Information Management Services
                  System Support

                    Time Allocation
     15%                                          15%
  System                                          System
  Support                                  30%    Support
            35%

                                                      25%
    40%                        10%
            10%                System       30%
                               Support
                         35%
                                     30%
Elementary School                          High School
                               20%



                        Middle School
WCSCPM Connections
            Delivered By All
   Counselor’s Role: To lead, facilitate, and
    provide direct services.
   Others’ Roles: Other pupil services
    professionals may provide services;
    teachers may deliver curriculum; community
    partners may provide advisement and/or
    resources.
            Delivered By All for All


      Community Volunteers



                                                 Classroom Teachers
                                                    Support Staff
                 Post Secondary
                   Personnel
                                                                      Community/
                                                                        School
                                                                        Liaison
                                  Employers
 Local School                                 Pupil Services
Administrators                                  Personnel

                      School                                School To Work
                     Counselors                              Coordinators
                  In Summary
    A fully implemented comprehensive school
    counseling program includes:

   A program orientation vs. a position orientation.
   4 Components: School Counseling Curriculum,
    Individual Planning, Responsive Services, and
    System Support.
   Standards-based.
   A student development focus.
   Delivery by all for all.
   Community owned and supported.

								
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