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Book I Unit 6 Section A The Trashman New Horizon College English Book I Unit 6 Objectives of section A 1. To get to understand the main idea and structure of the text. 2. To use new words and phrases to express yourselves about the theme reflected in the text. 3. To grasp some typical sentence patterns 4. To learn to write in a general statement- examples method. Book I Unit 6 Pre-class Tasks Checking Background Information Text Understanding Difficult Sentences Words and Phrases Summary Writing Post-class Tasks Book I Unit 6 Pre-class Tasks Checking Book I Unit 6 1. Make a report of your searching about the waste management in a US city. 2. Use some words to describe the image you have about a trashman. BACK Book I Unit 6 Background Information Trashmen Trashmen, also called garbagemen or garbage collectors, sometimes prefer to be called “sanitation engineers” or “environmental engineers”. These terms make their work seem more important since they are especially sensitive about their work, especially if they believe their job is not respected by society. Book I Unit 6 IQ? IQ stands for “intelligence quotient”. Intelligence refers to how effective one‟s mental ability is, including ability to understand, learn, recall, think and reason. An average IQ score is 100. Book I Unit 6 , Born in 1912 in California, John Gardner, was a psychology educator. Known for his clear thinking, he argued for the cause of people who are ignored in a wealthy society. John Gardner The quotation referred to in Passage A first appeared in the Saturday Evening Post December 1, 1962 BACK Book I Unit 6 Text Understanding Structure of the text Structure Analysis Understanding Q &A Book I Unit 6 Part Paras. Main Idea 1 1~3 The work of being a trashman What the writer and Steve 2 4~11 experienced during their exchanges with local people. The writer‟s attitude in face 3 12~13 of the cold responses from the people they served. 4 14 Conclusion Book I Text Study—Structure Analysis Unit 6 Structure Analysis A. The Writing Model: General Statement + Examples Book I Text Study—Structure Analysis Unit 6 The General Statement (the Main Idea) Most of people look down upon trash-men. Book I Unit 6 The Specific Examples 1. Response to my greetings showed that people weren’t often friendly. (Paras.5－6) Examples ①－④ 2. People look down on trash-men. (Paras.8－9) Examples ①－② 3. Things made Steve raged. Book I Unit 6 Paras. 5－6 Response to my greetings showed that viewpoint: people weren‟t often friendly. Example1: Example2: Occasionally, I got a But most often the direct reply from response was either someone who looked nothing at all or a me in the eye, smiled surprised stare. and responded. Book I Unit 6 Paras. 5－6 Response to my greetings showed that viewpoint: people weren‟t often friendly. Example3: Example4: One woman was startled Another woman stared as I came, at me. She seemed she gathered her frightened as she housecoat tightly turned coldly away. about her & retreated quickly indoors. BACK Book I Unit 6 Paras. 8－9 Viewpoint: People look down on trash-men. Example1: Example2: If you say “hello” to Once I told a lady not to put them, they stare at ashes in her trash-can. She you in surprise. said, “Who are you to say They do not realize what goes? You‟re nothing we‟re human. but a trash-man.” BACK Book I Unit 6 3. Things made Steve raged: a. The way most people look at trash-man show that ________; they think a trash-man was a monster they don’t realize trash-men are ______. (Para.6) human b. I didn’t tell anyone I’m a ___________. (Para.10) garbage man stay away c. A friend _____ at her kids, asking them to _______ yelled from the trash-men. (Para.11) Book I Unit 6 Understanding Two trash-men are very exhausted and raged because of their work as trash-man and people’s responses to their greeting. But they still have their own attitudes towards the job. Now use some words and phrases from the text to make lists of major points. Book I Unit 6 1. The work as a trash-man: • haul trash for 4 hours continuously • shoulder hurt wickedly • legs occasionally trembled • no joy in it • dump, lift, walk, lift Book I Unit 6 2. People’s response to greeting from a trash-man: • nothing • a surprised stare • startled • retreat indoors • frightened • coldness Book I Unit 6 3. Steve’s attitude to his own work: • nothing • do it for the money, not the only work he can do • not be ashamed of it, but not boast about it • not dirty • as good as we are Book I Unit 6 4. Author’s attitude to his own work: • exercise • outdoors in clean air • not dirty on the job • essential task • leave this country a little cleaner • respect for trash-men Book I Unit 6 Q&A 1. Did the trashman expect joy in his job when he took it? No, he didn‟t. Collecting garbage is dull work. Book I Unit 6 Q&A 2. According to Steve, why most people don‟t understand trashmen? Because they don‟t understand the nature of trashmen‟s work. Book I Unit 6 Q&A 3. Was there any change in the trashman‟s attitude towards his job? If any, what was that? Yes. He took the job for the money at first. But later he found his job was as necessary as that of a police officer or a fire fighter. Book I Unit 6 Q&A 4. Why did the narrator change his mind to stay at the job? Because he thought the job was good for him and necessary for people. Book I Unit 6 Q&A 5.What is the purpose on quoting John Gardner‟s words? To stress the idea that all workmen should be treated equally no matter what their jobs are. Book I Unit 6 Difficult Sentences Paraphrase Translation Book I Unit 6 •1. Steve and I hauled trash for four solid hours continuously, except for about five minutes when we stopped to talk.(Para.1) Paraphrase: Steve and I carried trash for four full hours without breaks, during which we only stopped to have a chat for about five minutes. Translation:我和史蒂夫已拖运垃圾整整 4个小时了，中间只停下来说了约5分 钟的话。 Book I Unit 6 2. My shoulder hurt wickedly each time I put another full barrel on it, and my legs occasionally trembled as I was heading to the street… (Para.1) 这是一个由 and 连接的并列句，each time I put another full barrel on it 和 as I was heading to the street 作时间状语从句。 Each time when I put another full barrel of each time: my shoulder, it hurt 每逢，每当 trash on every time, whenever me badly and sometimes my cold, even a pain as I was Each time I catch a legs I have shook in my back. walking to the street… 每次伤风感冒，我的背就疼。 每次我将满满一桶垃圾扛上肩，肩膀就痛得 厉害，有时候扛着垃圾朝街上走，腿都打 颤…… Book I Unit 6 3. I thought this might mean more exchanges as I made the rounds today.(Para.3) Paraphrase: I thought their staying at home might provide more chances for exchanging greetings as I went around collecting trash from door to door today. Translation:我心里琢磨，这可能意味着我挨 家挨户收垃圾时可以和人们多搭上几句话了。 Book I Unit 6 4. I said hello in quite a few yards before the message registered that this wasn‟t normally done.(Para.5) Paraphrase: Before I refers to “that this wasn‟t “The message” here understood that saying hello normally done”. The response the greeted people wasn‟t something that was commonly done, I made to his greetings helped him understand that said hello to many people. he was doing something other trashmen never did and were not expected to do. Translation:直到我在几家院子里问候了几次之后， 才意识到这么做是不常见的。 Book I Unit 6 5. Say „hello‟ and they stare at you in surprise.(Para.8) Paraphrase: If you say hello to them, they will get surprised and stare at you without words. Here “and” is used to introduce a result. When used in this sense, the sentence begins with a verb and equals an “if…” sentence. e.g. Move again and I will kill you.(=If you move again, I will kill you.) Book I Unit 6 6. Who are you to say what goes? You‟re nothing but a trashman.(Para.9) Paraphrase: 我倒什么你管得着么，你算 Translation: How dare you say I should not put the ashes in the trashcan? You are only 什么东西？你不过是个垃圾工罢了。 a trashman. who are are to say… e.g. Whoyou you to say I‟m fired? You are what right at all.你有什么权利说我被解雇 not my bossdo you have to say… 了？你又不是我老板。 你有什么权利说······ Book I Unit 6 7. Frankly, I‟m proud. (para.13) frankly: to be honest 在句中作插入语，表 示说话人的态度或说明整个句子。 类似的词还有： apparently, obviously, honestly, certainly, fortunately, naturally等 1) Frankly, I think you have very little chance of getting the job. 说实话, 你要获得这个工作的机会是微乎其微的。 2)Obviously, online application for employment has both advantages and disadvantages. 显然，网上求职有优点也有缺点. Book I Unit 6 8. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water…(para.14) Paraphrase: Neither its pipes nor its theories will stand up to inspection because of low quality… The sentence has been take from the following quotation: “ The society which scorns excellence in plumbing because plumbing is a humble activity and tolerates shoddiness in philosophy because philosophy is an exalted activity, will have neither good plumbing nor good philosophy. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water.” Book I Unit 6 8. Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water…(para.14) neither… nor…: not… and not… e.g. He neither drinks nor smokes. 他不喝酒，也不抽烟 Note that in “neither…nor” structure, the agreement between the subject and predict is decided by what follows “nor”. For example: Neither Jane nor her colleagues were at the meeting.简和她的同事均未出席会议。 Book I Unit 6 A mini-test am 1. Either you or I _______ going there tomorrow. are 2. Neither he nor you ____ going to buy the book. Are 3. _____ either you or I going to Beijing next week? were 4. Neither mum nor sisters _____ at home last night. is 5. Either you or she _____ good at drawing. 6. Neither I nor he _____ to school by bike. goes Book I Unit 6 New Words and Phrases Translation and Sentences Making Chinese to English Word Replacing Word Using Book I Unit 6 Translation and Sentences Making 1. 朝街上走 to head to the street 2. (时间)过得飞快 to fly by 3. 看起来和善的 to look approachable 4. 长时间的聊天 lengthy talks 5. 相互问候 to exchange greetings 6. 逐一巡查，访问 to make the rounds 7. 赶忙退进屋里 to retreat quickly indoors Book I Unit 6 Translation and Sentences Making 8. 冷冷地转身走了 to turn coldly away 9. 驾车去垃圾场的路上 on the long ride to the dump 10. 惊恐地看着你 to stare at you in surprise 11. 为······感到羞耻 to be ashamed of… 12. 吹嘘······ to boast about/of… 13. 不像某人认为的那样 contrary to what sb thinks 14. 没有什么坏处 not to do any harm 15. 轻视,看不起 to look down on/upon 16. 更进一步 to go a step further 17. 忘记带······ ；留下······ to leave… behind Book I Unit 6 Chinese to English haul trash for four solid o 整整四小时持续不停地 运送垃圾 hours continuously cannot image there will be o 想象不到其中的乐趣 joy in it look sb. in the eye o 直视某人 be in for trouble o 肯定会倒霉 Book I Unit 6 Chinese to English exchange greetings that o 有礼貌地互相问好 go with civilized ways The theory will not hold o 这理论将行不通 。 water. call for respect for both o 要求既尊重经济学家， the economists and the 也尊敬垃圾清理工 trashmen Book I Unit 6 Word Replacing 1. They visited a number of made the rounds different sections of the shopping center. 2. I like the way the blue goes with carpet matches the golden curtains. 3. The man sat down and called for asked for some beer. Book I Unit 6 Word Replacing 4. You say I‟m fired? Thanks. I didn‟t want stay at to do the job for long. 3. She shouldn‟t have married him as she looks down on/upon has a poor opinion of him. Book I Unit 6 Word Using 1. continuously(para.1) adv. Without stopping e.g. It has rained continuously here for 3 days. 这里连续下了三天雨。 adj. continuous: happening or existing without stopping e.g. The brain needs a continuous supply of blood. 大脑需要不断供血。 Book I Unit 6 2. image (para.2) vt. make a copy of the form of sth.; make a picture of image: vt. 想象，设想 image: n. 图象，映像，形象 imagine: vt. 想象，设想, 料想 1)You can hardly image what our life will be without cell phones. 简直无法想象没有手机我们的生活将会怎样。 Book I Unit 6 2) Put yourself in his position, and imagine what you would do. 你要处于他的地位，想想你会怎么办。 3)We must not do anything that would harm our image. 我们不应做任何有可能 损害自己形象的事。 Book I Unit 6 imagine—想象 imaginable—能想象的，可想象到的 imaginary—假象的，虚构的 imaginative—富有想象力的 － All the troubles are_______________ imaginary － an ___________writer imaginative － every means_________ imaginable － I didn‟t___________ becoming a writer in my imagine childhood. Book I Unit 6 3. go with (para.3) match; suit 与······相配（协调）， 和······一起存在 to go with this brown suit 1)I want to buy a new tie ______________________. 我想买一条新领带与这套咖啡色西装相配。 2)Money doesn‟t always go with happiness ________________. 有钱不一定幸福。 Book I Unit 6 4. register (para.5) v. 显示，记录，登记，挂号邮寄 1)汶川地震是里氏8级。 Wenchuan earthquake registered 8.0 points on the Richter scale. 2) 你最好还是挂号邮寄这封信。 You‟d better register this letter. 3) 他没有向当地卫生院登记。 He failed to register with the local health centre. Book I Unit 6 5. rage (para.7) v. shout angrily at someone “I can‟t see it‟s any of your business,” he raged. “这不关你的事，” 他气呼呼地说。 n. a strong feeling of anger She flew into a rage. 她勃然大怒 n. fashion 3G mobiles become the rage among the youth. 3G 手机在年轻人中很流行。 Book I Unit 6 6. boast about/of (para.10) speak too proudly of e.g. It‟s disgusting to hear him boasting about/of his new car. 听他吹嘘自己的新车真让人受不了。 Translate:他因考试得高分而洋洋得意。 He boasts of having got a high score on the exam. Book I Unit 6 7. originally (para.12) origin: n. 起源，来源 originate: v. 起源，创始 original: a. 最初的，有创造性的 originally: adv. 最初，原先 1) 谁是这座房子最早的主人？ 1) Who was the original owner of this house? 2) Do you know the origin of the custom of giving 2)你知道在圣诞节互赠礼品这一风俗的来源吗？ presents at Christmas? 3) I 我不得不放弃我原先计划好的那条路线。 3) had to abandon the route I had originally planned. 4) 他们萍水相逢成知己。 4) Their friendship originated in a chance meeting. Book I Unit 6 Summary of the Text Book I Unit 6 Both Steve and I are _________ after four hours‟ exhausted continuous hard work. The work as a trash-man is dull boring and ____. Dump. Lift. Walk. Lift. On Saturday, we want to exchange greetings with people. However, we‟re __________ by the way we are astonished look down upon treated with. Most of people _____________ us. ___ They think the job of trash-men is dirty, so are trash- men. As a matter of fact, trash-men have done an _________ work. It‟s trash-men who make the essential country cleaner and more beautiful! People should respect _______ others whether he is an economist or a trash-man. Book I Unit 6 Writing Structure analysis Tasks for writing Book I Unit 6 Structure analysis A general statement supported by examples A general statement example1 example2 example3 example4 Book I Unit 6 Sample Yesterday was an awful day for me when everything I did went wrong. (General statement) I didn‟t hear my alarm clock and arrived late for work. (Example 1) I didn‟t read my diary properly and forgot to get to an important meeting with my boss. (Example 2) During the coffee break, I dropped my coffee cup and spoilt my new skirt. (Example 3) Book I Unit 6 At lunch time, I left my purse on the bus and lost all the money in it. (Example 4) Then I didn‟t notice a sign on a door that said “Wet Paint” and I spoilt my jacket. (Example 5) When I got home I couldn‟t get into my flat because I had left my key in my office. (Example 6) It was simply an awful day! (Conclusion) Book I Unit 6 Tasks for writing Write a paragraph on one of the following topics. 1. Students have different ways to learn English. 2. Computer presents a vivid world in front of us.
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