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					Firefighter I                                                             Building Construction




                                  Chapter 4 Test
Name:                                                  Date:

Directions: Write the correct letter on the blank before each question.


Objective 1:
Describe common building materials.
________        1.     Which of the following is the most common building material used in
                       North America and is the main component of a variety of structural
                       assemblies? (141)
                       A.      Wood
                       B.      Masonry
                       C.      Cast iron
                       D.      Reinforced concrete

________        2.     Rapid cooling, which can occur when water is used to extinguish a
                       fire, may cause ___ materials to crack. (142)
                       A.      wood
                       B.      gypsum
                       C.      masonry
                       D.      fiberglass

________        3.     Which of the following common building materials is often used in
                       the construction of fire walls? (142)
                       A.      Fiberglass
                       B.      Wood
                       C.      Masonry
                       D.      Cast iron

________        4.     Applying water to burning ___ minimizes damage by stopping the
                       charring process, which reduces its strength. (142)
                       A.      steel
                       B.      wood
                       C.      gypsum
                       D.      masonry




Fire Protection Publications                                                      Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                  4-1
Firefighter I                                                                Building Construction


________        5.     Which of the following common building materials is rarely used in
                       modern construction and was historically fastened in large sections
                       to the masonry on the front of buildings? (143)
                       A.      Steel
                       B.      Glass
                       C.      Gypsum
                       D.      Cast iron

________        6.     Firefighters should look for cracks and spalling of ___ surfaces. (144)
                       A.      glass
                       B.      wood
                       C.      cast iron
                       D.      reinforced concrete

________        7.     Which of the following is the primary material used for structural
                       support in the construction of large modern buildings? (143)
                       A.      Steel
                       B.      Wood
                       C.      Cast iron
                       D.      Reinforced concrete

________        8.     Firefighters should consider that elongating ___ can actually push
                       out load-bearing walls and cause a collapse. (144)
                       A.      steel
                       B.      gypsum
                       C.      cast iron
                       D.      wood

________        9.     Which of the following common building materials is internally
                       fortified with rebar or wire mesh? (144)
                       A.      Wood
                       B.      Cast iron
                       C.      Masonry
                       D.      Reinforced concrete

________ 10.           A primary concern with the use of ___ is that bolts or other
                       connections that hold it to the building can fail, causing these
                       sections to come crashing down. (143)
                       A.      wood
                       B.      cast iron
                       C.      glass/fiberglass
                       D.      reinforced concrete


Fire Protection Publications                                                         Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                     4-2
Firefighter I                                                               Building Construction


________ 11.           Which of the following is an inorganic product from which plaster and
                       wallboards are constructed? (145)
                       A.      Glass
                       B.      Wood
                       C.      Gypsum
                       D.      Fiberglass

________ 12.           If heated, ___ may crack and shatter when it is struck by a cold fire
                       stream. (145)
                       A.      steel
                       B.      glass
                       C.      gypsum
                       D.      reinforced concrete

________ 13.           Which of the following common building materials is used in sheet
                       form for doors and windows? (145)
                       A.      Glass
                       B.      Wood
                       C.      Cast iron
                       D.      Fiberglass

________ 14.           In areas where ___ has failed, the structural members behind it will
                       be subjected to higher temperatures and could fail as a result. (145)
                       A.      steel
                       B.      gypsum
                       C.      cast iron
                       D.      fiberglass

Objective 2:
Describe construction types and the effect fire has on the
structural integrity of the construction type.
________ 15.           Which of the following types of construction has exterior walls, load-
                       bearing walls, floors, roofs, and supports made completely or
                       partially of wood or other approved materials of smaller dimensions
                       than those used for heavy timber construction? (149)
                       A.      Type   II
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V




Fire Protection Publications                                                        Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                    4-3
Firefighter I                                                                 Building Construction


________ 16.           Which of the following types of construction requires that exterior
                       walls and structural members be made of noncombustible or limited
                       combustible materials and interior structural members are completely
                       or partially constructed of wood of smaller dimensions than that
                       required for heavy timber construction? (148)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   III
                       D.      Type   IV

________ 17.           Which of the following types of construction maintains its structural
                       integrity during a fire, which is intended to allow occupants time to
                       exit the building? (146)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V

________ 18.           Which of the following types of construction requires that interior
                       structural members are made of solid or laminated wood large
                       enough to be considered heavy timber, with no concealed spaces?
                       (148)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V

________ 19.           Which of the following types of construction is similar to fire-resistive
                       construction except that the structural components lack the
                       insulation or other protection of Type I construction? (147)
                       A.      Type   II
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V

________ 20.           The primary fire concerns in ___ construction are the contents of the
                       structure and the interior finishes. (146)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V



Fire Protection Publications                                                          Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                      4-4
Firefighter I                                                                Building Construction


________ 21.           The primary fire concern in ___ construction is the problem of fire
                       and smoke spreading through concealed spaces. (148)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   III
                       D.      Type   V

________ 22.           Which of the following types of construction has a fire-resistance
                       rating on all parts of the structure including exterior and interior
                       load-bearing walls and building materials? (147)
                       A.      Type   II
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V

________ 23.           Which of the following types of construction presents almost
                       unlimited potential for fire extension within the building of origin and
                       to nearby structures, particularly if the nearby structures are also
                       wood-frame construction? (149)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   III
                       D.      Type   V

________ 24.           The primary fire hazard in ___ construction is the massive amount of
                       combustible contents presented by the structural timbers in addition
                       to the contents of the building. (148)
                       A.      Type   II
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V

Objective 3:
Identify the primary strengths and weaknesses of construction
types.
________ 25.           Which of the following types of construction confines fire well? (147)
                       A.      Type   II
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V



Fire Protection Publications                                                         Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                     4-5
Firefighter I                                                                    Building Construction


________ 26.           Which of the following types of construction resists collapse due to
                       flame impingement of heavy beams? (149)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   III
                       D.      Type   IV

________ 27.           Which of the following types of construction is relatively easy to
                       vertically ventilate? (148)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   III
                       D.      Type   V

________ 28.           Which of the following types of construction is resistant to collapse
                       from earthquakes due to light weight and flexibility? (150)
                       A.      Type   II
                       B.      Type   III
                       C.      Type   IV
                       D.      Type   V

________ 29.           Which of the following types of construction is impervious to water
                       damage? (146)
                       A.      Type   I
                       B.      Type   II
                       C.      Type   III
                       D.      Type   IV

________ 30.           One weakness of Type I construction is: (146)
                       A.      it is difficult to ventilate during a fire.
                       B.      it is susceptible to rapid interior flame spread.
                       C.      steel components are subject to weakening by fire.
                       D.      it is susceptible to total collapse due to fire or explosion.

________ 31.           One weakness of Type II construction is: (147)
                       A.      it is susceptible to water damage.
                       B.      it is easy to ventilate during a fire.
                       C.      it is susceptible to rapid flame spread from outside.
                       D.      steel components are subject to weakening by rust and
                               corrosion.




Fire Protection Publications                                                             Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                         4-6
Firefighter I                                                                    Building Construction


________ 32.           One weakness of Type III construction is: (148)
                       A.      the presence of massive debris following collapse.
                       B.      it is susceptible to total collapse due to fire or explosion.
                       C.      interior structural members are vulnerable to fire involvement.
                       D.      steel components are subject to weakening by rust and
                               corrosion.

________ 33.           One weakness of Type IV construction is: (149)
                       A.      the presence of massive debris following collapse.
                       B.      potential for flame spread to other nearby structures.
                       C.      it is susceptible to total collapse due to fire or explosion.
                       D.      steel components are subject to weakening by rust and
                               corrosion.

________ 34.           One weakness of Type V construction is: (150)
                       A.      it is susceptible to water damage.
                       B.      the floors, ceilings, and walls retain heat.
                       C.      fire spread potential through concealed spaces.
                       D.      steel components are subject to weakening by fire.

Objective 4:
Describe dangerous building conditions created by a fire or by
actions taken while trying to extinguish a fire.
________ 35.           What is fire load? (152)
                       A.      The length of time a building will take to burn completely
                       B.      The amount of heat produced in an area when flashover occurs
                       C.      The maximum heat that can be produced if all the combustible
                               materials in a given area burn
                       D.      A designation based on type of construction, age of building,
                               and amount of combustible furnishings in a building

________ 36.           Which of the following contributes to the spread and intensity of a
                       fire? (153)
                       A.      Roof supports
                       B.      Roof coverings
                       C.      Location of exits
                       D.      Location of hydrants




Fire Protection Publications                                                             Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                         4-7
Firefighter I                                                               Building Construction


________ 37.           Which of the following conditions make a building susceptible to
                       collapse? (153)
                       A.      Atmospheric conditions
                       B.      Age of the building
                       C.      Wooden floors and ceilings
                       D.      Height of the building

Objective 5:
Identify indicators of building collapse.
________ 38.           Which of the following is an indicator of building collapse? (156)
                       A.      Unusual creaks and cracking noises
                       B.      Height of the building
                       C.      Flames breaking through roof covering
                       D.      Structural members falling from building

________ 39.           Which of the following is NOT an indicator of building collapse? (155-
                       156)
                       A.      Walls that appear to be leaning
                       B.      Structural members separating from roof
                       C.      Amount of smoke coming from the building
                       D.      Structural members that appear to be distorted

Objective 6:
List actions to take when imminent building collapse is suspected.
________ 40.           Which of the following is NOT an action to be taken when imminent
                       building collapse is suspected? (156)
                       A.      Exit the building.
                       B.      Clear the collapse zone.
                       C.      Place a manned master stream device in the collapse zone.
                       D.      Inform Command and others inside the building of the situation.




Fire Protection Publications                                                        Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                    4-8
Firefighter I                                                                  Building Construction



Objective 7:
Describe hazards associated with lightweight and truss
construction.
________ 41.           Unprotected lightweight steel and wooden trusses will fail after ___
                       minutes of exposure to fire. (156)
                       A.      1 to 5
                       B.      5 to 10
                       C.      10 to 15
                       D.      15 to 20

________ 42.           The critical temperature at which steel trusses can fail from exposure
                       to heat alone without any flames is: (156)
                       A.      500°F (260ºC).
                       B.      750°F (399ºC).
                       C.      1,000°F (538ºC).
                       D.      1,250°F (677ºC).

________ 43.           Unless ___, metal gusset plates in wooden trusses can warp and fail
                       quickly when exposed to heat. (156)
                       A.      welded
                       B.      soldered
                       C.      end-nailed
                       D.      corner-nailed

________ 44.           When used in lightweight construction, wooden I beams have
                       characteristics similar to: (156)
                       A.      steel trusses.
                       B.      wooden trusses.
                       C.      concrete trusses.
                       D.      fiberglass trusses.

________ 45.           Which of the following actions should firefighters take when dealing
                       with truss-containing buildings exposed to fire conditions for longer
                       than 5 minutes? (158)
                       A.      Attack the fire from the roof.
                       B.      Do not enter the building to attack the fire.
                       C.      Enter and proceed to extinguish the flames.
                       D.      Do not treat the situation any differently than other types of
                               buildings.




Fire Protection Publications                                                           Chapter Test
Oklahoma State University                                                                       4-9

				
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