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					     ALSTOM
AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND

           Bernard Hayes
     Country Sale Director
   Agenda



                     Alstom Today


                     The CO2 Challenge


                     Alstom‟s CO2 Strategy


                     CO2 – Future Directions




- 31/08/2011 - P 2
ALSTOM - Core competencies

• Power Systems
      •25% of the World’s installed capacity   • Rail Transport
• Power Service                                World Rail Speed Record




- 31/08/2011 - P 3
                                                                         3
    ALSTOM today

•      Sales                            A$ 27.48 bn


•      Orders                           A$ 38 bn


•      Order backlog                    A$ 63.74 bn


•      Employees                        76,000


•      Presence                         70 countries


•      Market Capitalisation            ~ A$ 38 bn

•      Listed on Paris Stock Exchange

                                         FY 2006/7
- 31/08/2011 - P 4
    Innovative Technologies in Alstom


Innovation – a top priority
 Increasing R&D expense to A$900 million
  (+ 21%) in 2007/08

 Technical leadership evident
  in major programmes:
    − Power: 7 partnerships for 8 pilot plants
      for CO2 capture (USA, Canada,
      Germany, France, Norway, Sweden)

        − Transport: AGV, new Citadis tram,
          signalling


 - 31/08/2011 - P 5
The Environment is at the core of our business

The Environment is the main driver for Alstom


  Clean Power challenge




  Environmental benefits of rail
   transport


- 31/08/2011 - P 6
 ALSTOM - coverage across Australia & NZ
                                                                                 Brisbane
                                                                        •SIGMA Energy Solutions
             Perth                                                                                                Maitland
                                                                        •Power Service Office
•Sales office
                                                                        •Sales Office                    •Workshop for rotating plant
•Power Service Office
                                                                                                         •Satellite for GTs, Hydro, Site
•Projects Office                                                                                         Services, Leak seal



                                    Orders                 AUD      $1.1bn

                                    Employees              Approx      700

                                                                                                                    Sydney
                                                                                                         •Head Office
         Melbourne                                                                                       •Engineering, Sales
•Sales Office
•Transport Office
•Satellite for all field services                     Hobart
                                      •Power Service Workshop                       Hamilton, NZ
                                                                                 •Power Service Office
                                      •Sales Office
                                                                                 •Sales Office

   - 31/08/2011 - P 7
POWER - Present in All Major PowerGen Fuel Markets

              Technologies adapted to all major energy sources
        Gas                                 Coal




Hydro                      Nuclear (conventional part)   Wind
 Alstom has the most extensive product offering

              Products
                         Product portfolio compared with competition
                                                                              Renewable      Nuclear/
               Large     Large              Gene-
                                  Boilers            HRSG   HEX       ECS                     Conv.     Plant
                GT        ST                rators
                                                                            Hydro   Wind      Island
Players

Alstom



Comp. 1




Comp. 2




Comp. 3


                                 Strong presence        Medium presence        No presence

   - 31/08/2011 - P 9
The largest portfolio for integrated power solutions

•Gas Turbines                         56 - 288MW

•Steam Turbines                     10 - 1800MW

•Hydro Turbines                    5MW - 750MW

•Wind Turbines                      640kW - 3MW

•Generators                      10MW - 1800MW

•CFB Boilers                      50MW - 600MW

•Sub Critical Boilers             120MW - 750MW

•Super Critical Boilers          400MW - 1100MW

•HRSG‟s                (covering complete GT range)

•Environmental Control             PM, Nox, Sox, Hg

•Control Systems                  For all plant types
 - 31/08/2011 - P 10
   Alstom - The Plant Integrator

                          Optimise the whole power plant
          Plant       

         Large
          GT          

         Large            Architect Engineers
          ST                    (A/E)
                                                        Alstom

         Boilers      

          Gene-
          rators                                                Comp.
                                                Comp.              2
                                                  3
          HRSG/                                                           Comp.
          HEX         
                                                                            1

           ECS                                     Component suppliers


- 31/08/2011 - P 11
Power Service - Powering
Performance
    Customers              Proactive management




        Full                Integrated maintenance,
       service               service contracts, O&M




   Added value                Diagnostics and
     service                monitoring, upgrades,
                              refurbishments


   Spare parts,            Spare parts, maintenance
   maintenance               and technical support


- 31/08/2011 - P 12
   Agenda



                      Alstom Today


                      The CO2 Challenge


                      Alstom‟s CO2 Strategy


                      CO2 – Future Directions




- 31/08/2011 - P 13
ALSTOM‟s Position on CO2


 • Alstom is a technology company in PowerGen and Transport, not a
   atmospheric scientific research organisation

 • Accept as scientifically measured fact that atmospheric CO2
   concentrations & global atmospheric temperatures have risen over
   recent decades

 • Acknowledges that IPCC has recognised link between anthropogenic
   CO2 and earth surface temperature is unequivocal

 • Acknowledges that Governments are establishing policy setting to
   counteract manmade CO2 in response
 • Consequently Alstom is developing technological solutions to allow
   our customers to meet new Govt policy settings
- 31/08/2011 - P 14
CO2 Intensity and Temperature

         CO2 Rise                  IPCC Temperature projections




     Current atmospheric CO2 concentration 380 ppm, highest
     ever…
    Total worldwide CO2 Reduction Requirements – IPCC
    Targets

            •Greenhouse gas emissions and required
           reductions to stabilize concentrations (IEA)
           70
                                                 •Business
           60                                    as usual

           50                                                - 35/40%
                                                                         - 45/50%
  •Gt      40                                    •550ppm
CO2/Year                                         •450ppm
           30

           20                                                   •IPCC now estimates the
                                                                target CO2 concentration
           10
                                                                to limit world
            0                                                   temperature increase to
            1970      1990      2010      2030                  2°C is between 350 and
                                                                450 ppm
Abatements Required to Meet IPCC Target for 2030




    Power Industry will need a 7.7 GT CO2-e pa reduction by
    2030 incl 4.7 GT CO2-e pa from Carbon Capture and Storage
    to meet 500 ppm
Projected Power Industry Growth to 2030


China & Aisa the Major Growth                                  Coal will still the major fuel source in
            Areas                                                                 2030
                                                                                 Power installed base
                        Power installed                                            by technology
                        base by region                              TW
     TW                                                                                Alstom Long
                      Alstom Long                                     10
      10                                                                              Term Scenario
                     Term Scenario                                     9
        9                                                                                              8.0
                                        8.0                            8                                      Renew.
        8
                                                                       7                       6.4            Oil
        7                      6.4             Rest of                                                        Nuclear
                                                                       6
        6                                      the World                               4.9
                      4.9                                              5      4.2                             Gas
        5     4.2
                                               China                   4
        4                                                                                                     Hydro
                                                                       3
        3                                      Pacific OECD
                                                                       2
        2                                      North America                                                  Coal
                                                                       1
        1                                      Europe
                                                                       0
        0
                                                                             2005     10       20      30
              2005     10       20      30
                                                                      Fig. 2 – Source Alstom Long Term Forecast 2030
     Fig. 1 – Source Alstom Long Term Forcast 2030
 Power Gen Emissions Growth to 2030 without CCS

  Emissions from Coal (esp in                              China Driving Emissions Growth
China) Driving Emissions Growth

                                                     Gt CO2/Yr
   Power CO2 emissions without CO2
           capture by fuel                           5             Incremental Power Sector CO2 Emissions
   Gt/Yr                                                                         2005-2030
  16                                  15.5
                                             Oil     4
  14                         13.2
                                             Gas
  12                                                 3
                  10.7
  10       9.2
                                                     2
   8

   6                                         Coal    1
   4

   2                                                 (0)
                                                           China    Rest of the       North          Pacific          Europe
   0                                                                  World          America         OECD
           2005     10        20       30
                                                                     Fig. 4 – Source Alstom Long Term Forecast 2030
    Fig. 3 – Source Alstom Long Term Forecast 2030




No Chance for Power Gen to meet IPCC CO2 Targets without CCS and
Involvement of China
Meeting IPCC„s 450 ppm CO2 Tragets for 2030




     The Challenges for Power Gen to meet IPCC Target:
     1. Implementing Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS)
     2. Adoption of CCS into China
   Agenda



                      Alstom Today


                      The CO2 Challenge


                      Alstom‟s CO2 Strategy


                      CO2 – Future Directions




- 31/08/2011 - P 21
ALSTOM‟s CO2 Strategy for Fossil Fuel Power Generation

        The 4 Pillars of Alstom‟s Fight against CO2


   1. Increased efficiency of the installed base

   2. Highest efficiencies for new coal and gas plants

   3. CO2 capture ready for new power plant

   4. CO2 capture solutions to retrofit to the installed
      base and for new plants

- 31/08/2011 - P 22
1& 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY
From service to retrofit and new plants…
                                 1400
                                   Existing power plant                      New power plant
                                 1200

         CO2 Emissions (g/KWh)   1000


                                  800                                                            Lignite
                                                                                                 Bituminous Coal
                                                                                                 Coal + 20% Biomass
                                  600                                                            Natural Gas


                                  400


                                  200


                                    0
                                    30%     35%     40%      45%         50%      55%     60%
                                                      Plant Efficiency LHV

                                  • Service and Retrofit                       • New Equipment
                                  • Retrofit (efficiency                       • High efficiency plants
                                    improvement)
                                                                               • Biomass co-firing
                                  • Biomass Cofiring/Fuel switch
                                                                               • Carbon capture and storage
                                  • Integrated Retrofit Projects
1& 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY
Biomass Co-firing - example

• Retrofit to Biomass co-firing in UK
• 2x 60 T/Hr Biomass fuel handling and preparation systems
• 2006, UK, 2/4 x 500 MWe ALSTOM T Fired Boilers EPC
• 20% Heat input Biomass and 2x 100MWe – CO2 free
• Multi Fuels = Wood Pellets, Palm Kernels, Olive Stones, Olive Cake
                       Total CO2 savings per year = 800kt pa !

                                        NEXT STEPS:
                                        •Several projects under discussion
                                        •R&D Program tosource capabilities
                                         of biomass fuel
                                                          develop wider range
 1& 2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY
 Lignite Drying - Hazelwood 2030 Demonstration Project

Hazelwood 2030 Demonstration Project



                                                            Customer: International Power
                                                            Integrated Plant Retrofit
                                                            Lignite Dryer Installation
                                                            Demonstration CO2 reduction
                                                             project




 - 31/08/2011 - P 25
1. INCREASED EFFICIENCY
Emission Reduction through Plant Retrofitting




                             HP Retrofit           IP Retrofit         LP Retrofit

 Performance                    ~ 1.5%               ~ 0.5%                ~ 3%
 improvement
 (Heat Rate)

 Emissions reduction
  g/kWh
                                ~ 1.5%                ~ 0.5%               ~ 3%



 Further performance improvement through integrated boiler and turbine retrofit solutions
2. INCREASED EFFICIENCY
New Steam Plant – Higher Steam Conditions to boost Efficincies




     New Plant Efficiency Targets :
     Combined Cycle Gas Fired Combined Cycle Plants: 60% +
        (nett)
     Black Coal Fired Steam Plants:                  50%+
      3. “CAPTURE READY” PLANT CONCEPT
      For New Plant Built before CCS is Commercialised

      The need                                     The answer

                                     • CO2 capture ready plant definition:
                                          − Plant designed to have CO2 capture added at some
                                            time in the future with minimal impact on plant lifetime
                                            performance and cost
     Address
                             CO2     • Availability of a CO2 ready plant:
    today the
                            ready         − Based on post-combustion scrubbing or oxy-
  issues raised                             combustion processes, coal-fired plants are CO2 ready
                            power
     by future                              provided that:
                            plant
  stringent CO2                                • Transport and storage of CO2 is validated
                           concept
   regulations                                 • Extra room is left for the installation /layout for the
                                                 capture plant or ASU
                                               • Suitable back-end equipment is installed
                                               • Future shut-down time is minimised



             Insure CO2 readiness of current power plants – IEA Standards
Source : ALSTOM analysis
3. “CAPTURE READY” PLANT CONCEPT
CO2 “Capture Ready” concept for a Coal Power Plant
                                                   Optimisation of the cooling system
                      Control system adaptation
                                                   Recovery of heat in the CO2 capture
                                                   and compression


                                                                          Preparation for increased low
                                                                          pressure steam demand from
                                                                          steam turbine

  Optimisation of the                                                                           Provision for auxiliary
  Boiler surfaces according                                                                     Power consumption
  Modifications of the heat
  load sharing



                                            Provisions in arrangement planning



                Improvement of flue
                gas cleaning and
                potentially addition
                of components


                                   An integrated approach is key
Example of CO2 a Capture Plant




 - 31/08/2011 - P 30
   4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
   Zero emission technology pathways

                                                 •Power Plant with CO2 Capture

                                                                    SOLUTIONS DEVELOPED BY ALSTOM



        •Pre-combustion                               Oxy-combustion                          Post-combustion
            •(New plants only)                            (New + retrofit)                      (New + retrofit)




                            Source: Vattenfall                           Source: Vattenfall                    Source: Vattenfall




                       All require a form of Gas Separation Technology

- 31/08/2011 - P 31
4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
Technology comparison –2015 Design – 650 Mwe (net)

                                   Cost of electricity comparison
                                  Benchmark Analysis, based on EPRI, IEA, CPS, CERA studies
                                  ALSTOM analysis
                  90
                                                     USC PC and ALSTOM technologies
  ($ / MWh net)




                  80                                                                                  75,8
                                                                                              71
                  70                                                         67,9
                                                         61,3
                  60                     58,5

                  50       48,8
  CoE




                  40

                  30
                       SCPC without IGCC without     SCPC with           SCPC with       Oxy PC    IGCC with
                          Capture      capture        Amonia            Future Amine
                                                                                                   11
                                                                                                    capture
                                                      Capture             Capture
      4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
      A. Pre Combustion Solution for New Plants: IGCC+Capture


                                                                      • CO2 Capture technology is
                                                                        proven and economical in
                                                                        other industries
                                                                      • High Capital and Operating
                                                                        Costs
                                                                      • Limited operation flexibility
                                                                      • Plant retrofit: not possible
                                                                      • Larger Landspace
                                                                        requirements
                                                                      • Highest cost of electricity
                                                                      • Can make sense in
                                                                        polygeneration context
API Falconara IGCC, 290 MW Cogeneneration with ALSTOM 190 MW GT13E2
 4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
 B. Oxy-combustion : Oxyfired CFB

   Fuel Flexibility




  Significant
  boiler size
  reduction



                                    Recycled solids
Possibility of integrated
                                    control CFB
membrane oxygen
                                    temperature in
production being studied
                                    external
                                    exchanger
              CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
              B. Oxy-combustion: Chemical Looping Metal Oxides

                                                                                    Depleted air
                                                   Electricity
                                                                                      (N 2 , O 2 )
                    N2, O2                        Production                                                     CO 2
                                                  H2O, CO2               Electricity




                                                                                                     Condenser
                                                                      Production
                                     MeO
Air Reactor




                                                                     Fuel Reactor
                                                                                                                 H 2O
                 Me + 1/2O2 -> MeO    CxHy + MeO -> Me + CO2 + H2O



                                     Me


                                                        Fuel               Natural gas, refinery gas, Coal,
                  Air                                                      Fuel-oil, Petcoke,Biomass
                                                        (C x H y )
4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
C. Post Combustion Solutions for New Plants and Retrofit
CO2 absorption processes (MEA, MDEA)
                                              • Available in commercial scale
                                              • Retrofitable and flexible
                                              • High energy demand for regeneration
                                                of solvents




PP Esbjerg (DK)




              1 t CO2/h pilot plant (CASTOR
              EU-FP6)
4. CO2 CAPTURE SOLUTIONS
C. Chilled Ammonia Process
A promising technology for post combustion carbon capture
                                         Principle
                                         • Ammonia (NH3) reacts with CO2 and
                                            water. It forms ammonia carbonate or
                                            bicarbonate
                                         • Moderately raising the temperatures
                                            reverses the above reactions –
                                            releasing CO2

Advantages
• High efficiency capture of CO2 and
  low heat of reaction
• Low cost reagent
• No degradation during absorption-
  regeneration
• Tolerance to oxygen and                                         Start-up anticipated for 2007
                                         5 MW Pilot Plant (USA)
  contaminations in flue gas
   Agenda



                      Alstom Today


                      The CO2 Challenge


                      Alstom CO2 Strategy


                      CO2 – Future Directions




- 31/08/2011 - P 38
     Coal - Current Status and Medium Term Developments

                                               ALSTOM SOLUTION                                            ALSTOM SOLUTION
                                                    NOW                                                      TOMORROW
    Installed base                         • Improved efficiency through                              • Post combustion CO2
                                               integrated retrofits up to 3%                              scrubbing to achieve
                                               points                                                     emission reduction
                                           •   Reduced conventional emissions
                                               by 95% - 99% through
                                               Environmental Control Systems
    New base                                                                                          • Efficiencies of 50%+
                                           • Black Coal Net Plant Efficiencies                        • Post-combustion CO2
                                               >46.5% today*)                                             capture
                                                                                                      •   Oxyfiring
                                                                                                      •   Pre-combustion CO2
                                                                                                          capture?
*) LHV based; plants under construction with ~30 mbar condenser pressure by river/seawater cooling)



 - 31/08/2011 - P 39
   Gas - Current Status and Medium Term Developments

                                           ALSTOM SOLUTION                    ALSTOM SOLUTION
                                                NOW                              TOMORROW
   Installed base                      • Improved Efficiency by              • Post combustion CO2
                                           Conversion of Open Cycle Plants    scrubbing to achieve
                                           to Combined Cycle Plants from      emission reduction
                                           ~35% to ~55%+*)
                                       •   Improved efficiency by up to 1%
                                           points through upgrades

   New base

                                       • Efficiencies up to 59% for          • Efficiencies of 60%+
                                           Combined Cycle*                   • Post-combustion CO2
                                                                              capture

   *) LHV based; ISO conditions, 45 mbar condenser pressure




- 31/08/2011 - P 40
   Main Alstom Demonstration Partnerships/Projects
   Announced
                        Stanford (US) - Gas and Coal         0.25 MWt


                         Pleasant Prairie (US) - Coal         5 MWt
   CHILLED                Mountaineer (US) - Coal             30 MWt
                          Northeastern (US) - Coal           >200 MWt
   AMMONIA
                         Karlshamn (Sweden) - Gas             5 MWt


                          Mongstad (Norway) - Gas             40 MWt

 ADVANCED
                             Joint Development Partnership
     AMINES

                      Schwarze Pumpe (Germany) - Coal        30 MWt
 OXY-COMB
                             Lacq (France) - Gas              30 MWt


                         Hazelwood 2030 (Australia)          330 MWt
Lignite Drying
- 31/08/2011 - P 41
         Capture and Storage
         Deployment time-line
                                                           Roadmap
Capture               2007           2010                 2015                2020                2025         2030

    Post-                                       Pre-
                            Pilot / Demo     commercial
                                                                              Commercialization
    comb.
     Oxy-
                              Pilot / Demo       Pre-commercial                      Commercialization
    comb.
     Pre-
                                  Pilot / Demo               Pre-commercial                Commercialization
    comb.
Transport
  EU,US                 Local, limited EOR projects +              Progressive pipeline deployment,
 Australia                           Demo                         depending on validated storage sites

Storage
   EU,US                    EOR + validation of storage
                                                                       Ramp-up to full scale saline aquifer storage
  Australia                            sites
Source : Alstom Analysis


                            Ample storage available but its timely deployment is
                                           the likely bottleneck
      - 31/08/2011 - P 42
       CO2 Conclusion


  •Carbon intensity solutions are available
  today for the installed base

  •Post Combustion CCS offers the best
  long term solution to fossil fuel power
  station GHG emissions

  •Alstom is participating in the development
  of carbon capture solutions which should
  be commercially available from 2015 on

- 31/08/2011 - P 43
 Post-Combustion
 Field Pilot at WE Energies


                                             Industrial pilot program

                                             • Project participation through EPRI by over 30 US
                                             and international utilities

                                             • Designed to capture up around 15,000 tons/year of
                                             CO2 at full capacity
       Pleasant Prairie Power Plant (US)
                                             • Absorber and cooling systems commissioned
                                             • Erection of regenerator system in completion
                                             • Parametric testing to commence March 2008
                                             • Will provide data necessary to establish “proof of
                                             concept”


Test Bench 5 MW, start up in February 2008
 - 31/08/2011 - P 44
Post-Combustion
Field Pilot at E.ON Karlshamn



                                      Industrial pilot program

                                      • Designed to capture up around 15,000 tons/year
                                      of CO2 at full capacity

                                      • Project schedule:
     Karlshamn Power Plant (Sweden)
                                          -Commissionning July 08
                                          -Testing Fall 2008
                                      • Testing to continue into late 2009




          Test bench 3D schematic


- 31/08/2011 - P 45
Post-Combustion
Demonstrations: AEP & STATOIL




                                          • Designed to capture up around 100,000 tons/year
                                          of CO2 at full capacity

                                          • Saline aquifers storage
       Industrial demonstrator 30 MWt,
                Mountaineer (US)
                                          • Commenced engineering Oct 07
                                          • Project commissioning 09


                                          • European Test Centre Mongstad for flue gases
                                          from natural gas CHP plant and a refinery

                                          • Designed to capture 100,000 tons/year
        Industrial demonstrator 40 MWt,
                Mongstad (Norway)
- 31/08/2011 - P 46
 Post Combustion
 Partnership with DOW

                                                              Amine CO2 capture is proven

                                                              • Retrofitable
                                                              • Installed on a few plants burning coal
                                                              • High energy demand for regeneration


                                                              Exclusive partnership with DOW
  PP Esbjerg
   Denmark                                                           – Advanced Amines
                      1 t CO2/h pilot plant (CASTOR                  – Improved Process
                                 EU-FP6)
                                                                     – Plant Integration




                                      Warrior Run, Maryland
                                      AES CFB w/MEA CO2 separation
SHADY POINT, OKLAHOMA, USA
AES CFB w/ MEA CO2 separation

- 31/08/2011 - P 47
Oxy-Combustion
Oxy-PC: Demonstration 30 MWth: Vattenfall



• Goal: validation and improvement
   of oxyfuel process starting summer
   2008

Main features
• 5,2 t/h solid fuel
  10t/h oxygen
• 40 t/h steam
  9 t/h CO2
• ALSTOM supplies the oxy-boiler and
  ESP


                                        30 MWt Demonstration – Schwarze Pumpe, Germany

   Source: Vattenfall
 - 31/08/2011 - P 48
   Oxy-Combustion
   Oxy-PC: Demonstration 30 MWth: Vattenfall
WEBCAM: http://www.vattenfall.de/www/vf/vf_de/225583xberx/228227umwel/228407klima/228587co2-f/818970webca/index.jsp



                                                                        Cryogenic unit
                                                                                                         Oxy boiler




                                       CO2 Compression




                                                                                                 29.11.2007


    - 31/08/2011 - P 49
Oxy-Combustion
Oxy-PC: Demonstration 30 MWth: TOTAL Lacq




• Goal: validation and improvement
   of oxyfuel process starting 2008


Main features
• 40 t/h steam,
  240 t/day Oxygen
• 150,000 tons CO2 will be stored
  in a depleted gas field
                                      30 MWt demonstration – Lacq, France

                                                Source: TOTAL




- 31/08/2011 - P 50
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