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International Congress Amsterdam

VIEWS: 18 PAGES: 46

									Underground Space Challenges in Urban Development

International Congress
Amsterdam
28 & 29 January 2008




                                             powered by COB
Message from Executive Director and President of the Board




         Dear colleagues,

         Our world is changing at a steady pace. Never before so many people chose to live in
         cities: today more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas. This raises
         huge challenges for urban space development. In what way can the underground help
         to meet these challenges? That is the key question at the congress ‘Underground Space
         Challenges in Urban Development’. Seven themes demonstrate the diversity of under-
         ground solutions. In two days you will learn that underground construction makes the
         impossible possible, that it gives a new impuls to old cities and allows us to create a
         completely new urban environment. The underground dimension offers possibilities for
         sustainable development and a new balance between expansion and ecology.

         Over the past years, many technical problems have been dealt with. Solutions have
         been found to match the specific complexities of the underground. Now is the moment
         to broaden the view. It’s time for the engineers to meet the planners. They must share
         visions and experiences. Two worlds that all too often operate separately must meet
         and discuss the designing of a new dimension that is both sustainable and safe. At
         the congress, experts from all over the world will present their views on both planning
         and technical items. Also, this congress marks the official launch of the ITA Committee
         Underground Space (ITACUS).

         This congress takes place on Monday 28th and Tuesday 29th of January 2008. But, as
         hosts of the congress, we warmly invite you to stay the entire week and take part in all
         other activities related to Enlightened Underground, a Festival of Underground Space:
         films, presentations, discussions, an exhibition and working visits to celebrated under-
         ground projects.

         On behalf of all organising and supporting parties we wish you an enlightening experience.




         Han Admiraal                                     Jan de Jong
         Executive Director of the Netherlands            President of the Board of the Netherlands
         Centre for Underground Space and                 Centre for Underground Space and
         Underground Construction – COB                   Underground Construction – COB




2
of COB




         Content

         Message from Executive Director and President of the Board of COB | 2

         Organisation | 4

         Congress Information | 6

         Programme at a glance | 8

         Congress Floorplan | 10

         Programme | 12

         Session A – The Challenge for Planners | 14

         Session B – The Climate Change Challenge | 16

         Session C – Succesful Urban Underground Projects | 18

         Session D – Tunnelling in Urban Environments: Case Studies | 20

         Session E – Service and Utilities Tunnelling: Case Studies & Research | 22

         Session F – Urban Underground Facilities: Challenging the Future | 24

         Session G – Safe & Secure Underground Space Use | 26

         Exhibition information | 28

         Social Programme/Site Visits | 30

         Below Ground Level | 32

         General Information | 38

         Notes | 42




                                                                                      3
Organisation



         Organising Committee                           Recommendation Committee
         Mr J.B.M. Admiraal MBA, BSc                    Ms K.M.H. Peijs MA
         Chairman Organising Committee                  Chair, Tunnel Safety Commission
         Professor of Underground Space
         Executive Director Netherlands                 Prof. dr. J.T. Fokkema MSc
         Centre for Underground Space and               Rector of Technical University Delft
         Underground Construction - COB
                                                        Mr. M.J. Cohen MA
         Mr J. de Jong MSc                              Mayor of Amsterdam
         Director Volker Stevin Construction Europe
         Chairman COB Board of Directors                Mr. L.C. Brinkman MA
                                                        Chair Netherlands Federation Construction
         Mr J. ter Wal BSc                              Industry
         Director Movares
         Secretary COB Board of Directors
                                                        Enlightened Underground is
         dr. P. van den Berg MSc
         Director GeoDelft
                                                        supported by
                                                        ECTP
         Prof. J. Bosch MSc                             European Construction Technology Platform,
         Deputy Managing Director,                      Focus Area Underground Construction
         Project Office North South Metro Line
         Amsterdam                                      KIVI NIRIA TTOW
         Chair of Underground Space Technology,         Tunnel Technology and Underground Works
         Delft University of Technology                 Department of the Royal Institution
                                                        of Engineers in the Netherlands KIVI-NIRIA
         Prof. L. de Quelerij MSc
         Dean Faculty of Civil Engineering and Earth    ITA - AITES
         Sciences, Delft University of Technology       International Tunnelling and Underground
                                                        Space Association
         Mr C. Brandsen
         Director of Projects, Department of Public
         Works and Water Management, Ministry of
         Transport, Public Works and Water Management

         Mr M. Smitt MSc
         Director Strukton Civil Engineering

         Ms I. Stringa MA
         Programme Coordinator - COB

         Mr P. van Horn MSc
         General Manager IBA Consulting Engineers,
         City of Amsterdam

         Ms W. Hobma
         Communications - COB




4
COB Participants




 COB Partnerships




                    5
Congress Information



International Congress
    Underground Space Challenges
    in Urban Development
Amsterdam 27 01 2008 / 28 01 2008




                    Where planners and engineers meet
                    At the international congress ‘Underground Space Challenges in Urban
                    Development’ speakers from around the world will address the latest
                    developments in construction, safety, urban planning and utilities. Main
                    theme of the congress is the challenge for cities to accommodate more
                    than half of the world’s population: how can the underground help to
                    meet these challenges? Close co-operation between engineers and
                    city planners is necessary. The congress is part of the Festival of
                    Underground Space – Enlightened Underground that is being held
                    from January 27th to January 31st.




6
Congress Venue                                             Congress Materials
The Passenger Terminal Amsterdam forms an                  Upon registration, you will receive your Congress
interface between land and water. With its undulating      materials and name badge, which should be worn at
roof and glass walls, the building is a real eye-catcher   ALL times during Congress functions.
from the water and the railway. And from the
terminal you have a phenomenal view of the IJ harbor       Congress Delegates’entitlement
and the historic city centre. The unusually designed       All registered Congress delegates are entitled to:
building accommodates a large transparent space            • Attendance to all Congress Sessions
which, spread over three levels, provides room               (28 & 29 January 2008)
for approximately 3,000 guests. It also has an             • Daily Morning Tea Break and Afternoon Tea Break
underground car park with room for 500 cars. The             (28 & 29 January 2008)
terminal is in a modern urban environment and is in        • Daily Lunch (28 & 29 January 2008)
the immediate vicinity of the old city centre. A splen-    • Entry to Exhibition Stands
did example of modern architecture, on historic land.      • Entry to Exhibition Below Ground Level
                                                           • Welcoming Reception (27 January 2008)•– only if
Piet Heinkade 27                                             you registered
1019 BR Amsterdam                                          • Canal Cruise (only if you registered)
T +31(0)20 - 509 10 00                                     • Closing Banquet (only if you registered)
www.ptamsterdam.nl
                                                           Message Board
Official Language                                          A message board is located near the Congress
The official language of the Congress is English.          Registration Desk area at the Ground Floor. Check it
                                                           regularly to receive messages or post your own
Registration                                               messages.
The Congress Registration Desk is located as follows:
                                                           Exhibition Stands
Sunday, 27 January 2008                                    In conjunction with the Congress, an Exhibition Stand
Venue: ground floor Passenger Terminal Amsterdam           will be held in the Passenger Terminal Amsterdam
Duration: 15.00 – 21.00 uur                                on the Main Deck (Level 1). The exhibition is open to
                                                           all Congress delegates. Exhibition hours are from
Monday, 28 January 2008                                    09.00 – 17.00 (28 – 29 January 2008). Please refer
Venue: ground floor Passenger Terminal Amsterdam           to the Exhibition Information for participating
Duration: 08.00 – 21.00 uur                                companies

Tuesday, 29 January 2008                                   Liability
Venue: ground floor Passenger Terminal Amsterdam           The Congress Organiser is not liable for personal
Duration: 08.00 – 21.00 uur                                accidents or loss/damage of private properties of
                                                           registered delegates during the Congress. Registered
Wednesday, 30 January 2008                                 delegates are encouraged to make their own
Venue: ground floor Passenger Terminal Amsterdam           arrangement for personal insurance.
Duration: 08.30 – 13.00 uur
                                                           Disclaimer
                                                           Whilst every attempt will be made to ensure that
                                                           all aspects of the Congress mentioned will be as
                                                           scheduled, the Congress Organizer reserves the
                                                           right to make changes should the need arises.
                                                           The Congress Organizer is not responsible for any
                                                           personal expenses incurred or any loss suffered by
                                                           any delegate or his guest in connection with
                                                           the Congress.




                                                                                                                   7
Programme at a glance


         Enlightened Underground
          A Festival of Underground Space                Amsterdam 27 01 2008 / 31 01 2008




                                        MEETINGS                    INTERNATIONAAL
                                                                    CONGRESS

          TIME                     SUNDAY 27 01 08             MONDAY 28 01 08

          09.00                                                Seminar opening
                                                               and opening address

                                                               Keynote 1
                                                               Keynote 2
                                                               Keynote 3

          10.30 Coffee/tea break




                                                                                          Below Ground Level | Exhibition Stands
          11.00                                                Session A
                                                               The Challenge for
                                                               Planners




          12.30 Lunch break

          14.00                    ITACUS                      Session B
                                   ITA WG 20                   Service & Utilities
                                                               Tunnelling: Case Studies
                                                               & Research



          15.30 Coffee/tea break

          16.00                                                Session C
                                                               Succesful Urban
                                                               Underground Projects




          18.00                                                Opening Underground
                                   Welcoming Reception         Space Pub

          19.00                                                Canal Cruise
                                                               ECTP Meeting

          20.00




8
      INTERNATIONAAL                                                    SITE VISITS             NATIONAL UNDERGROUND
      CONGRESS                                                                                  SPACE DAY*

TUESDAY 29 01 08                                                   WEDNESDAY 30 01 08      THURSDAY 31 01 08

Session D                                                          Amsterdam               Parallel sessions
Tunnelling in Urban                                                Rijksmuseum
Environments:
Case Studies
                          Below Ground Level | Exhibition Stands




                                                                                                                       Below Ground Level | Exhibition Stands
Session E
Urban Underground
Facilities: Challenging
the Future




Session F                                                          Amsterdam               Reflection on the
The Climate Change                                                 North/South Metroline   International Congress
Challenge                                                                                  Schreuders Award
                                                                                           Ceremony




Session G
Safe & Secure
Underground Space Use




Underground                                                                                * Programme only in Dutch
Space Pub




Closing Banquet




                                                                                                                                                                9
10
                                                                   Congress Floorplan



                                                           Lobby




     Elevators
                                   Escalator to maindeck



     Registrationdeck



                        Entrance
       Entrance to                       Exhibition
       promenade deck




                         Expo
     Presentation hall   Below    Underground
                         ground     Space
                         level        pub




                                        Lobby         Restrooms
                                                                  Main Deck




                                           Entrance




11
Programme



       Keynotes
       Urgenda
       Prof.dr. J. Rotmans MSc, scientific director of the Dutch Research Institute for Transitions (DRIFT)
       Unfortunately this summary is not available.

       The New Cross London Rail Link Project: Crossing the Capital, Connecting the UK
       D. Oakervee OBE, FREng, CEng, FICE, FIMechE, FICES, FHKIE, FASCE, Executive Chairman
       Crossrail

       Crossrail is an exciting and visionary new railway proposal for London and the South- East. It will
       deliver a world-class, affordable railway, with a high frequency, convenient and accessible train
       service across the capital from 2017. This presentation will discuss the way this project has come
       about, the foreseeable non-technical issues which still need to be dealt with as well as giving an
       overview of the project which needs to be completed by 2017.

       ITA’s strategy for the coming years
       M. Knights, President International Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (ITA)

       There are many issues that we read about in the media such as Climate Change, Security,
       Sustainability, Energy Efficiency and Security, lack of skilled resource that have relevance to the
       use of Underground Space.
       The speech will cross reference these issues with current tunnelling and underground space
       projects. The speaker believes that proactive promotion of the appropriate use of underground
       space by COB,ITA and other sister organisations is necessary to contribute to the resolution of
       contemporary issues affecting the environment,society and infrastructure.




       Meetings
       ITA WG 20
       Urban Problems, Underground Solutions

       ITACUS
       Committee Underground Space

       ECTP
       European Construction Technology Platform FA Underground Construction




12
Sessions
Utilising underground space requires vision on the part of both planners and
structural engineers, the use of innovative technology and an adequate system
for underground planning. During this congress internationally known speakers
from the worlds of both urban planning and structural engineering will present
their vision. They will share their experiences and outline innovative directions for
solutions from their point of view. A surprising meeting of two worlds that all too
often operate separately.

Monday 28 01 2008

09.00 Key Notes – Underground spatial planning and space creation form the themes of the
      international congress. How does underground space contribute urban planning?
      And how do we organise the space – both above and below ground level – effectively?
10.30 Coffee / Tea Break
11.00 The Challenge for Planners – How can underground space make the maximum contribution
      to sustainable urban development? How - in an existing urban environment - can functions
      be fitted in underground?
12.30 Lunch Break
14.00 Services & Utilities Tunnelling: Case Studies & Research – Vital underground infrastructure
      networks in heavily built-up urban environments: reliable, accessible and flexible. How are
      cables and pipes positioned so that they do not interfere with other functions and so that
      excavation damage is effectively avoided?
15.30 Coffee / Tea Break
16.00 Successful Urban Underground Projects – On creating spatial quality and innovative
      Structural solutions.



Tuesday 29 01 2008

09.00 Tunnelling in Urban Environments: Case Studies – Constructing a predominantly bored
      Tunnel under the historic centre of Amsterdam: state of the art technology gives new
      impulses to a metropolis.
10.30 Coffee / Tea Break
11.00 Urban Underground Facilities: challenging the future – On creating spatial quality and
      innovative structural solutions.
12.30 Lunch Break
14.00 The Climate Change Challenge – What consequences is the changing climate having and
      what solutions does underground space offer?
15.30 Coffee / Tea Break
16.00 Safe & Secure Underground Space Use – Safety as a precondition for successful
      underground space use: the most recent developments.




                                                                                                    13
Session A –   the Challenge for Planners


               Session A – The Challenge for Planners


               The underground offers a world of opportunities. The more space aboveground
               becomes rare, the more the pressure on the underground grows. Already we see
               a large variety of activities below ground level, especially in urban areas.

               Danger
               This presents a danger: if we do not develop a coherent vision on our underground activities,
               we will fail to make the best use of space. Various functions will conflict. The horizontal use of space
               for subways, for instance, may interfere with the vertical use of space for geothermal purposes.
               Or: we create chaos with pipes and wires. And there is another danger: underground construction
               might affect the inherent qualities of the underground.

               Sustainable
               City planners now face the challenge of creating a sustainable suburban tissue. This calls for a
               coherent vision on the use of the underground. A vision that combines the top-down approach of
               exploiting the underground effectively with the bottom-up approach of protecting natural assets.
               A vision that integrates all local, regional, national and international functions in an area.

               Challenge
               Develop a coherent vision

               Chance
               A well thought-out vision brings an efficient and sustainable use of the underground within reach




               Session A –   28 January 2008

               11.00 Underground Solutions for Streetlevel Ambitions
               11.20 The Urban Underground in the Deep City Project:
                     ‘for construction but not only’
               11.40 Zuidas Amsterdam - a World Class Location
               12.00 Zuid Holland Underground Transit




14
                                                             28 January 2008 | 11.00 - 12.30




11.00   Underground Solutions for Urban Governance Challenges
        S. van Bodegraven BSc, Alderman Spatial Planning, City of Arnhem

        The desire for a high quality city environment often conflicts with development and
        redevelopment projects in densely built-up inner-city areas. The city of Arnhem will highlight
        some of its underground solutions which have solved the urban challenges. Examples and
        success factors will be presented.




11.20   The Urban Underground in the Deep City Project: ‘for construction but
        not only’
        Prof.dr. A. Parriaux, Director GEOLEP Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne

        The Deep City Project is considering the geological volume below the cities as a resource
        for several socio-economic uses. One of them is space for construction, others are
        geomaterials, geothermy and groundwater. For many big cities in the world, utilisation of
        these resources is the only way to achieve sustainable development. A new kind of three
        dimensional land planning policy is necessary to harness the potential of the urban under-
        ground. Developing synergies and avoiding incompatibilities between different resources
        should be the cornerstones of this new policy.




11.40   Zuidas Amsterdam - a World Class Location
        Mr. L.C. Brinkman MA, Chair of the Netherlands Federation Construction Industry
        Zuidas, the internationally renowned business district in the south part of Amsterdam,
        is about to enter a new stage in its development. The existing road, rail, light rail and
        metro infrastructure that currently intersects the area will be relocated underground
        over a total length of 1.3 kilometres. This enables the creation of a new integrated urban
        centre consisting of a balanced mixture of high quality residences, offices and amenities
        in a cosmopolitan setting. Zuidas forms an essential part of the Dutch economic engine.
        As proof of this, the national and regional governments of the Netherlands and the City
        of Amsterdam agreed in 2005 to invest € 0.9 billion (in real terms) in Zuidas, thus making
        it financially feasible to relocate the current infrastructure underground.




12.00   Zuid Holland Underground Transit
        Dr. F.D. van der Hoeven MSC, Associate Professor Urban Design Department of
        Urbanism Delft University of Technology

        The southern part of the Dutch Randstad needs a well integrated transit network that
        can effectively steer its urban development. Some bold steps in the right direction were
        undertaken recently (Stedenbaan, RandstadRail), but much needs to be done. Under-
        ground space (Souterrain, Staten-tunnel, Railtunnel Delft) will play a strategic role in such
        a development. It is time to take the discussion on urban development, transit systems
        and the use of underground space to a higher level. The EU sponsored Connected Cities
        Interreg IIIC network raised these topics through so-called Showcase Workshops and
        a Guide to Good Practice. In this way Connected Cities sets an agenda for a closer tie
        between sustainable mobility and urban development in Europe.




                                                                                                         15
Session B –   Services and Utilities Tunnelling: Case Studies & Research


               Session B – Services and Utilities Tunnelling: Case Studies & Research


               Life in the city depends on the availability of gas, water, light, telephone and the
               internet. The amount of cables and public utility networks increases rapidly.
               Unfortunately, ‘chaos’ is the best word to describe the first ten metres below
               ground level: utilities are everywhere. This complicates all plans for use of the
               underground. The arrangement of utilities is a dire necessity if we want to
               prevent city development from coming to a complete standstill.


               Trenchless technology
               The combination of several utilities in one tunnel has many advantages. For a start: the simple fact
               that we know where to find the utilities is profitable. It prevents damage caused by excavation and
               keeps consumers from being deprived of water, gas or electricity. If trenchless technology is used,
               the installation, replacement or repair of utilities can be done without excavating the trench from the
               surface. Also maintenance of the utilities becomes a lot easier, thus improving delivery reliability and
               the quality of city life.

               Experience
               Trenchless technologies however do introduce new issues into the planning, design and operation
               of these systems. Therefore, learning from the experience of others is the right thing to do.

               Challenge
               The arrangement of utilities is a dire necessity

               Chance
               Trenchless technology offers many advantages




               Session B –   28 January 2008

               14.00 Trenchless Technologies and their Impact on Urban Utility Systems
               14.20 The Public Utility Tunnel Mahlerlaan, Amsterdam A new Approach
                     to the Use of Urban Underground Space
               14.40 Simulation of Pipe-Jacking: Computer Models and 1:1 Scale Tests
               15.00 Utilities in the Netherlands – Research Projects




16
                                                             28 January 2008 | 14.00 - 15.30




14.00   Trenchless Technologies and their Impact on Urban Utility Systems
        Prof. R.L. Sterling, Director, Trenchless Technology Center, Louisiana Tech University

        In the past two to three decades, a series of underground utility construction and repair
        technologies have emerged that are grouped under the term trenchless technology. The
        term is used to describe those technologies that allow the installation, replacement or
        repair of underground utilities or conduits without the need for the excavation of a conti-
        nuous trench from the surface. While the term trenchless certainly also applies to larger
        bored tunnels, the term is typically used to refer to urban-utility-scale-technologies rather
        than rail, metro, or road tunnel installations. The development of these technologies
        provides new solutions for installing and maintaining urban utility systems, but it also
        introduces new issues into the planning, design and operation of these systems. These
        new issues have an impact on the engineers who plan and design the systems, an im-
        pact on the conduct of site investigations for utility work, and an impact on the long-term
        arrangements of urban utility systems as the techniques are used more extensively.




14.20   The Public Utility Tunnel Mahlerlaan, Amsterdam A new Approach to the
        Use of Urban Underground Space
        F.M. Taselaar MA, Hompe en Taselaar

        A more efficient use of space in densely-populated areas and the desire for a high-quality
        city environment requires an innovative approach to accommodate the rapidly-increasing
        amount of cables and pipelines for public utility networks in the city. The Public Utility
        Tunnel Mahlerlaan in Amsterdam is one such approach. The design, construction and
        commissioning of the tunnel will be discussed.




14.40   Simulation of Pipe-Jacking: Computer Models and 1:1 Scale Tests
        Dr. B. Bosseler MSc, Research Director, IKT-Institute for Underground Infrastructure,
        Germany

        When using Pipe-Jacking Techniques the jacked pipes are subjected to exceptional
        loads, particularly where the pipe route design is not ‘straight’ and/or soil conditions are
        difficult. A testing system was developed on a 1:1 scale at IKT, Germany to simulate the
        jacking loads exerted on pipes and pipe joints as well as the resulting bed stresses.
        Additional Finite Element analysis can be used for further parameter studies to improve
        pipe joints, planning and control of pipe-jacking operations.




15.00   Utilities in the Netherlands – research projects
        C.H. Schaapman MA, Municipality of The Hague
        Dutch policy developments showed a growing awareness of the importance of utilities
        for society and an increasing concern on risks and interruptions of delivery. Towards the
        end of 2003 COB established the knowledge platform Cables and Pipelines. The purpose
        of this platform is to exchange information on cables and pipelines and to develop new
        knowledge in this field. The platform unites parties which traditionally hold opposing po-
        sitions. Knowledge institutes, network owners and operators, constructors, consultants,
        communities and municipalities and state departments participate in the platform.




                                                                                                        17
Session C –   Successful Urban Underground Projects


               Session C – Successful Urban Underground Projects


               A prospering economy requires ever more space, especially in urban areas.
               Since space is rare, the underground becomes an intriguing option. New
               technologies push old boundaries: today building is possible in places that used
               to be ‘untouchable’. Urban developers, architects and designers meet new and
               different design challenges. They have to explore the possibilities and invent
               new concepts. They need inspiration.


               New urban tissue
               By creating new urban tissue, new possibilities arise. Daring examples demonstrate this. One of these
               is the sprawling underground labyrinth in Toronto that serves over 100,000 people per day. Thirty kilo-
               metres of shopping tunnels and retail nodes create an urban network that offers a world of commercial
               opportunities. It shields pedestrians from both extreme temperatures and traffic jams.

               Architecture
               In order to make the best use of the possibilities, an integrated approach is imperative. Otherwise the
               solutions of today will turn out to be the problems of tomorrow. It also is a challenge to find ways to
               ensure that architecture below ground level may have a positive influence on the surface.

               Challenge
               Create new urban tissue that improves the quality of cities

               Chance
               Learn from successful underground projects




               Session C –   28 January 2008

               16.00 The Underground Faculty of Theatre and Dance in Arnhem
               16.20 Underground Landscape: The Urbanism & Infrastructure
                     of Toronto’s Downtown Pedestrian Network
               16.40 Souterrain, The Hague
               17.00 Worldwide Use of Underground Space Solutions to Urban Challenges




18
                                                             28 January 2008 | 16.00 - 17.30




16.00   The Underground Faculty of Theatre and Dance in Arnhem
        Prof. H.J. Henket MSc, Henket and Partners Architects and prof. F. van Herwijnen MSc, ABT
        consulting engineers

        The Arnhem Academy of Art, originally designed in 1958 by Gerrit Rietveld, had to be tripled in
        size to accommodate the new Faculty of Theatre and Dance. Because of the fact that the Rietveld
        building is designated as a listed building and the location is considered a landscape of high value,
        we decided the only acceptable solution would be to add an underground extension. Hence an
        underground structure was designed, 17m deep and 45 by 100m, to facilitate 150 students and
        staff, two theatres, 16 studios and offices. The River Rhine runs directly adjacent to the building
        with a maximum water level of approximately 1 metre below ground level. Since no experience
        worldwide was available at the time of educating students - with high physical and emotional
        stress - underground for eight hours a day, five days a week, the users were rather apprehensive
        during the design stage. The end result is spacious, light and well received.




16.20   Underground Landscape: The Urbanism & Infrastructure of Toronto’s Downtown
        Pedestrian Network
        Prof. P. Bélanger, Centre for Landscape Research, Faculty of Architecture, Landscape & Design,
        University of Toronto

        Beneath the streets of Toronto lies a sprawling labyrinth that serves over 100,000 people every
        day. One of the city’s most under-appreciated urban spaces, Toronto’s underground is remarkably
        the largest underground shopping complex in the world according to the Guinness Book of World
        Records with more than 30 kilometres of shopping tunnels and retail nodes. Since the 1970s,
        this underground system has grown and multiplied beneath the surface of the city with relatively
        little intervention from city planners. This presentation discusses the development pattern of the
        underground as a network and the future it holds as an important public infrastructure.




16.40   Souterrain, The Hague
        R.C. Hilz MSc, Partner LAB-DA architects

        Due to its position between the North Sea and the A4 motorway, The Hague has very little room
        for expansion. Its growth can only take place through increasing the density within its own bor-
        ders. The Hague’s desire to improve the city’s quality has led to a curbing of the motorised traffic
        in the inner city and the simultaneous improvement of the public transport capacity. The Grote
        Marktstraat, a street which is the central axis where all the larger shops are situated, will be-
        come a pedestrian boulevard; the trams, (future) Randstad rail and parking facilities will be below
        ground. The greatest challenge in this project was to prove that architecture could have a positive
        influence on the rigid, difficult pragmatism of the infrastructure. The building is a tunnel tube
        measuring 1,250 metres long and 15 metres wide, with two stations that have a parking garage of
        650 metres, partially spread across two layers. The floor plans are determined by the contours of
        the buildings above.




17.00   Worldwide Use of Underground Space Solutions to Urban Challenges
        Prof. M. Thewes, PhD, MSc, Head of the Institute for Tunnelling, Pipeline Technology and
        Construction Management, Department of Civil Engineering, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany

        The presentation highlights underground solutions to solve urban challenges. Key elements in
        the decision-making process are discussed and outstanding international case examples will be
        presented.




                                                                                                             19
Session D –   Tunnelling in Urban Environments: Case Studies


               Session D – Tunnelling in Urban Environments: Case Studies


               Today, tunnelling under urban environments is a reality. But whereas many
               technical barriers have been overcome, the planning and building of a tunnel
               remain complex. What impact does it have on the urban surroundings? How can
               we minimise accompanying risks and inconveniences? And: do we have enough
               resources to carry out the project?

               Co-operation
               Recent drilling projects show, that the challenge for the builders no longer lies in the technical
               issues but in project planning. This requires new expertise from engineers. They enter the domain
               of city planners and policymakers. Only in close co-operation can they steer the interaction between
               the tunnelling project and the environment in the right direction.

               Technical expertise
               Meanwhile, technical expertise must be safeguarded. The demand for engineers is growing along
               with the number of tunnels being built. Unfortunately, the number of graduates is not. Who will
               build the tunnels? Knowledge sharing between engineers and with the field of education are
               indispensable to tackle this challenge.

               Challenge
               In order to develop the urban environment and to ensure mobility, we must develop and exchange
               new knowledge on planning and safeguard our technical expertise

               Chance
               Expertise is available




               Session D –   29 January 2008

               09.00 Interaction between Design and Urban Surroundings: the Multiple
                     Complexities of the North South Metro Line of Amsterdam
               09.20 Multi Purpose Deep Tunnel (MPDT), an Integrated Solution for
                     Flood Control, Water Supply, Waste Water, Road Tunnel and Public
                     Utilities in the Jakarta Megapolitan City
               09.40 Results Hubertus Tunnel Mark a New Tunnel Era in the Netherlands
               10.00 Visions of Underground Interchanges – mode vs node




20
                                                             29 January 2008 | 09.00 - 10.30




09.00   Interaction between Design and Urban Surroundings:
        the Multiple Complexities of the North South Metro Line of Amsterdam
        Prof. J.W. Bosch MSc, Deputy Managing Director, Project Office North South Metro Line
        Amsterdam Chair of Underground Space Technology, Delft University of Technology

        Planning and building of new major public transport infrastructure in a densely built-up
        area such as the historical inner city of Amsterdam is a complex matter. The design and
        the construction technology are greatly influenced by the restrictions posed by the urban
        surroundings.




09.20   Multi Purpose Deep Tunnel (MPDT), an Integrated Solution for Flood
        Control, Water Supply, Waste Water, Road Tunnel and Public Utilities in
        the Jakarta Megapolitan City
        A.L. Lanti M.Eng MSc, Chairman of the Jakarta Water Supply Regulatory Body

        Multi Purpose Deep Tunnel System (MPDT) is an emerging technology in the integrated
        efforts to mitigate flood, to address urban water resources management, and to reduce
        traffic congestion in the urban area of Central Metropolitan Jakarta which can be
        implemented in synergic manner.




09.40   Results Hubertus Tunnel Mark a New Tunnel Era in the Netherlands
        P.P.M.K. Janssen MSc, Project Organisation Hubertus Tunnel

        In The Hague the Hubertus Tunnel has nearly reached completion. This twin-tube
        bored tunnel, 1600 metres in length, with a diameter of 10 metres, is the first bored
        tunnel in the Netherlands which actually runs under buildings. The results in terms of
        settlements and vibrations give a lot of confidence for further tunnels in our weak soil.
        The brick buildings demonstrated a settlement of less then 5 mm, and no cracks
        occurred. The next era for tunnel-boring in the Netherlands has begun.




10.00   Visions of Underground Interchanges – mode vs node
        L. Dobrovolsky, Arup Director

        Unfortunately this summary is not available.




                                                                                                    21
Session E –   Urban Underground Facilities: Challenging the Future


               Session E – Urban Underground Facilities: Challenging the Future


               For the first time in history, in 2007 more people were living in cities than in the
               country. Cities seem to be more appealing than ever. Still, the growth must be
               limited. The existing lay out of cities can no longer answer the ongoing demand
               for houses, companies and utilities. To prevent the development of cities from
               getting stuck, we must look for new solutions, for a new urban tissue.

               Future
               In the upcoming fifty years, cities must find ways to adapt the town planning and the infrastructure
               to the climate change. Also, they have to find ways to absorb more people, more companies, more
               utilities. This calls for innovative concepts and vision.

               Inspiration
               Inspiration is at hand. In Japan and the USA a number of exciting underground space development
               projects are already under construction. In Amsterdam, the AMFORA-design is a highly innovative
               sustainable solution for the living environment. By relocating different functions underground,
               opportunities emerge for spatial development on the surface level.

               Challenge
               Cities must develop innovative concepts to be able to absorb more people,
               more companies, more utilities

               Chance
               Inspiration is at hand




               Session E –   29 January 2008

               11.00 Use of Underground Space for Urban Infrastruture in Mega Cities
               11.20 US Perspective: Challenges of Underground Facilities in Urban Areas
               11.40 AMFORA. Alternative Multifunctional Underground Space
                     Amsterdam - The City beneath the City




22
                                                             29 January 2008 | 11.00 - 12.45




11.00   Use of Underground Space for Urban Infrastruture in Mega Cities
        Prof. T. Hanamura, Department of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Okayama
        University

        The use of underground space for urban infrastructure is a vital need in mega-cities,
        especially in developing countries to reduce traffic congestions, environmental loads
        and urban disasters. Experiences of Japan and other countries are discussed.




11.20   US Perspective: Challenges of Underground Facilities in Urban Areas
        A.E. Elioff, Senior Professional Associate Project Management, Tunnel Engineering,
        PB Americas, Inc. and C. Laughton, Project Manager for Underground Design and
        Construction at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

        The presentation will illustrate challenges to underground construction (in the USA,
        urban areas) using illustrations from both successful and unsuccessful underground
        projects – and the impact of these on current and planned underground construction.
        Projects are expected to include CSO/Water tunnels, NUMI and DUESL Projects,
        WAMATA extension, (Virginia) Alaska Way Viaduct - Seattle, Los Angeles Metro
        System and Central Artery in Boston.




11.40   AMFORA. Alternative Multifunctional Underground Space Amsterdam
        The City beneath the City
        B.K.J. Obladen BSc, Strukton Civiel and Prof. M.E. Zwarts MSc, Founder and Board
        Member of Zwarts & Jansma architects

        AMFORA presents the opportunity of realising the much desired improvement of
        the living environment, without compromising mobility demands. Through a system
        of underground spaces with entrances and exits at several points along the A10 ring
        road, different functions can be relocated below ground. Examples are shops, parking
        spaces, sports facilities, cinemas, supply facilities, archives, bomb shelters, cables and
        ducts, personnel transport, there are many possibilities. AMFORA is as it were a “City
        beneath the City”. And by relocating different functions underground, opportunities
        emerge for spatial development on the surface level. When special attention is given
        to the energy concept and environmental impact, AMFORA forms an integral and
        sustainable solution for the challenges that the city of Amsterdam faces.

        AMFORA is a solution with far-reaching potentials, highly innovative, a sustainable
        solution for the living environment in Amsterdam, and not to say the least, technical
        and economical feasible. It brings back some of the glory days of the experience of
        the city of Amsterdam, without compromising the mobility demands of this era.




                                                                                                     23
Session F –   The Climate Change Challenge


               Session F – The Climate Change Challenge


               Our climate is changing. Temperatures and the sea level are rising. The annual
               precipitation turns to extremes. Water poses a threat to densely populated delta
               areas. The climate change will affect our living conditions in a manner we cannot
               fathom yet. How can we prepare ourselves for this challenge? Are underground
               solutions an option?

               Climate proof
               The climate change confronts us with a lack of knowledge. We must find out what will be its exact
               effects on our living environment, on transport and mobility. At the same time we must develop
               solutions that minimise the effects of extreme weather conditions. Our cities and infrastructures
               must be rendered climate proof. Underground space offers possibilities.

               Innovative concepts
               Examples from all over the world show us that the underground can help us face the climate
               change challenge. Innovative solutions shield the infrastructure from climate influences and allow
               the coupling of functions. An inspiring example? The SMART-tunnel project in Kuala Lumpur
               alleviates flooding in the city centre whilst helping to reduce traffic congestion. Another example are
               ‘bioports’, where transfer of traditional carbohydrates is combined with biomass production, transfer
               and trade for added value as well as commodity applications.

               Challenge
               The climate is changing

               Chance
               The underground can help us face the climate change challenge




               Session F –   29 January 2008

               14.00 The SMART Project – A Unique Dual Purpose Solution for the
                     City of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
               14.20 Effects of Climate Change and Adverse Weather Conditions
                     on Transport
               14.40 The Thames Tideway Tunnel Project - The best
                     environmental solution
               15.00 Airquality and Underground Structures in the Netherlands




24
                                                               29 January 2008 | 14.00 - 15.30




14.00   The SMART Project – A Unique Dual Purpose
        Solution for the City of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
        K.J. Abraham MSc, Project Director, Kuala Lumpur Flood Mitigation Project, Department of
        Irrigation and Drainage, Malaysia Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Government
        of Malaysia

        The SMART Project is a unique and innovative project conceived to alleviate flooding in the City
        Centre of Kuala Lumpur whilst helping to reduce traffic congestion in the city. The paper will
        elaborate the objectives of this project and the challenges faced in the construction of this
        dual-purpose 11.8m tunnel, 9.7 km long, under the city of Kuala Lumpur which now has been
        completed.




14.20   Effects of Climate Change and Adverse Weather Conditions on Transport
        dr. M. J. Koetse, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Department of Spatial Economics

        Next to the necessity of mitigating climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions,
        societies and governmental bodies have recognised that certain climate change processes are no
        longer reversible. In contemporary environmental policies the adaptation to climate change of our
        economies has therefore received more and more attention. In order to analyse to what extent
        adaptation is needed an assessment of potential effects of climate change is necessary. It is clear
        that traffic and transport are influenced by weather and, hence, by changes in weather. Still,
        transport has received little attention in recent climate change reports, such as the Stern and
        IPCC reports. In order to fill this gap a literature survey is presented on the effects of climate
        change and weather conditions on the transport sector. Potentially relevant issues here are,
        among others, safety, congestion at roads and airports, and changes in water levels necessary
        for inland navigation.




14.40   The Thames Tideway Tunnel Project - The best environmental solution
        Mr. N. Butler; Lee Tunnel Project Manager; Thames Water

        The Thames Tideway Tunnel Project has been developed in order for Thames Water to massively
        reduce the Combined Sewer Outfall discharges which result in combined sewage and stormwater
        entering the Thames River in London. By constructing the Project the Thames will become
        compliant with the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive.




15.00   Airquality in the Netherlands
        J.W. Huijben MSc, director/owner of h3mhuijben Consultancy

        In underground structures air quality is an issue in two ways: the air quality inside the structure and
        the air quality outside but in the near vicinity of the structure. Inside the structure people are mostly
        exposed very shortly to a minor air quality and air quality is a solvable problem. Outside the struc-
        ture the air quality is improved by separating emission sources and receivers, however near the
        outlets of polluted air problems may arise because of high concentrations. Technicians tend to find
        technical solutions. But it would be better to ask first “Do we really have a problem ?” And if yes
        “What problem?”. When measures are needed to improve the air quality it would be wise to find
        measures which cause as little CO2 as possible and minimize the influence on the climate change.




                                                                                                                    25
Session G –   Safe & Secure Underground Space Use


               Session G – Safe & Secure Underground Space Use


               An underground construction is nothing if not safe. People must not only be safe
               in an underground building, they must also feel safe. Safety is crucial. At the
               same time, it is harder to guarantee safety underground than above. The number
               of escape routes is limited. And, once built, a tunnel cannot (easily) be adapted
               to new safety insights. In recent years, several fires and terrorist attacks have
               demonstrated the vulnerability of tunnels and subways.


               Primary concern
               Improving the safety of underground space use must be our primary concern. But what can be
               done? A lot. The conduct of people in emergency situations can be analysed and redirected.
               New safety systems can be designed. And in Amsterdam, an integral safety approach for the new
               underground North/South metro line has been developed, based on the ‘safe haven’ concept.
               Escalators and an emergency ventilation system guarantee safe evacuation.

               Tunnel Safety Commission
               But there is more. Legislation and regulations have made important steps forward. In May 2006 the
               Netherlands Tunnel Safety Commission was established. This committee is called upon in the early
               stages of all tunnelling projects to advice on tunnel safety. The independent committee monitors
               projects on a regular basis, thus ensuring expertise and continuity.

               Challenge
               Reduce the vulnerability of underground space use

               Chance
               Safety is a top priority for all parties involved




               Session G –    29 January 2008

               16.00      Fire Safety Engineering for Deep Underground Metro System
               16.20      ITA-COSUF
               16.40      Netherlands Tunnel Safety Commission
               17.00      Tunnel Fire Safety: Results of the Largest European Research
                          Project UPTUN




26
                                                             29 January 2008 | 16.00 - 17.30




16.00   Fire Safety Engineering for Deep Underground Metro System
        A.J.M. Snel MSc, Senior Consultant Tunnel Safety, Witteveen+Bos consulting
        engineers and Project Office North/South Line Amsterdam

        An integrated safety approach has been developed for the new underground
        North/South metro line based on the “safe haven” concept. A functional fire safety
        design for the stations was hereby an essential topic. The depth of the (multi level)
        platforms and spatial constraints demand a solution whereby safe evacuation will be
        supported by escalators and an emergency ventilation system. For the main Central
        Station transport hub, special attention was given to the multiple and complex safety
        interfaces with other public transit areas, not only for the final state but also during
        the ten year construction period.




16.40   ITA-COSUF
        F. Amberg MSc, Amberg Engineering Ltd, Hagerbach Test Gallery Ltd, Chairman
        of ITA-COSUF

        ITA-COSUF – the committee on operational safety of underground facilities of the
        internatinal tunneling and underground space association is an international partnership
        to improve safety and security. It is the Committee’s ambition to contribute to and to
        promote tunnel safety by fostering innovation, raising awareness and supporting the
        development of regulations. This is done by 3 Activity Groups (external communica-
        tion, regulation and best practice, research and development) and workshops addres-
        sing issues related to safety and focusing on international research programmes.
        For futher information please refer to the ITA-AITES website.




16.20   Netherlands Tunnel Safety Commission
        K.M.H. Peijs MA, Chair of Tunnel Safety Commission

        Given the scarcity of space in the Netherlands underground infrastructural solutions
        are becoming increasingly deployed. Constructing a tunnel is an obvious solution.
        For all tunnels, old and new, tunnel safety is of essential importance. Certainly
        because all infrastructure – also in tunnels – is being used more intensely. European
        and national legislation and regulations address many tunnel safety issues. The supple-
        mentary legislation governing road tunnel safety provides for the establishment of the
        Committee for tunnel safety. The Committee, established in May 2006, is an indepen-
        dent committee of experts that is called upon in the early stages of a tunnel project to
        give advice on tunnel safety. Because of its role in all tunnel projects the Committee
        can apply the knowledge and experience it has amassed from previous projects,
        and thus guarantee expertise and continuity.




17.00   Tunnel Fire Safety: Results of the Largest European Research Project UPTUN
        Dr. C. Both MSc, Technical Director Efectis Nederland BV

        Last year the largest European research project in the area of tunnel safety was completed.
        This project, named UPTUN, was the closure of seven research projects in this area, initiated
        by the European Commission as a result of the famous tunnel fires over the past twelve
        months. The results of the UPTUN research are valuable for a wide public, varying from
        constructers to suppliers to tunnel operators and emergency response teams.




                                                                                                        27
Exhibition information


                    Exhibition Floor Plan




                                              2a
                           17
                           16
                                4


                                          3



                                              2
                             15 13
                         5

                                14
                               12




                                              1
                                      10
                         6




                                     11


                                              9
                         7




                                              8




28
                                                                         28 – 31 January 2008




Exhibitors List
1 - Delft Cluster                 T +31-318-640310                 12 - Arbo Unie
P.O. Box 69                       F +31-318-640425                 P.O. Box 7128
2600 AB Delft                     E n.beijer@ricas.nl              4330 GC Middelburg
The Netherlands                   www.ricas.nl                     The Netherlands
T +31-15-2693744                                                   T +31-113-886688
F +31-15-2693799                  6 - Rijkswaterstaat              F +31-113-886680
www.delftcluster.nl               P.O. Box 20.000                  www.arbounie.nl
                                  3502 LA Utrecht
2 - COB/KIVI NIRIA TTOW           The Netherlands                  13 - Fugro Ingenieursbureau B.V.
P.O. Box 420                      T +31-088-7972111                P.O. Box 63
2800 AK Gouda                     www.rws.nl                       2260 AB Leidschendam
The Netherlands                                                    The Netherlands
T +31-182-540660                  7 - TEC                          T +31-70-3111333
F +31-182-540661                  Tunnel Engineering Consultants   F +31-70-3277091
E info@cob.nl                     P.O. Box 108                     E ingenieursbureau@fugro.nl
www.cob.nl                        6500 AC Nijmegen                 www.fugro.nl
                                  The Netherlands
2a - Van Hattum en Blankevoort    T +31-24 3820430                 14 - ADC ArcheoProjecten
P.O. Box 525                      F +31-24 3229589                 P.O. Box 1513
3440 AM Woerden                   E info@TEC-tunnel.com            3800 BM Amersfoort
The Netherlands                   www.tec-tunnel.com               The Netherlands
T+31-348-435100                                                    T +31-33-2998181
F +31-348-435111                  8 - Liberty Gasturbine Holland   F +31-33-2998180
E info@vhb-vsce.nl                Hoge Eng West 12                 www.archeologie.nl
www.vhb-vsce.nl                   3882 TR Putten
                                  The Netherlands                  15 - Gemeente Arnhem
3 - Strukton Betonbouw            T +31-341-456984                 P.O. Box 99
P.O. Box 1025                     F +31-341-456157                 6800 AB Arnhem
3600 BA Maarssen                  E info@libertygasturbine.nl      The Netherlands
The Netherlands                   www.libertygasturbine.nl         T +31-26-3773400
T +31-30-2486911                                                   F +31-26-3773450
F +31-30-2486700                  9 - Movares Nederland B.V.       E gemeente@arnhem.nl
E info@struktonbetonbouw.com      P.O. Box 2855                    www.gemeentearnhem.nl
www.struktonbetonbouw.com         3500 GW Utrecht
                                  The Netherlands                  16 - Van Oord Nederland bv
3 - Zwarts & Jansma Architecten   T +31-30-2655555                 P.O. Box 243
P.O. Box 2129                     F +31-30-2653111                 4200 AE Gorinchem
1000 CC Amsterdam                 E info@movares.nl                The Netherlands
The Netherlands                   www.movares.nl                   T +31-183-642200
T +31-20-5352200                                                   F +31-183-642708
F +31-20-5352211                  10 - ARCADIS Nederland BV        E nederland@vanoord.com
E info@zja.nl                     P.O. Box 220                     www.vanoord.com
www.zwarts.jansma.nl              3800 AE Amersfoort
                                  The Netherlands                  17 - Betonson Locatie Arkel
4 - Herrenknecht AG               T +31-33-4771000                 P.O. Box 8
Schlehenweg 2                     F +31-33-4772000                 4240 CA Arkel
77963 Schwanau-Allmannsweier      www.arcadis.nl                   The Netherlands
Deutschland                                                        T +31-183 569 333
T +49-78243021038                 11 - Trelleborg Bakker B.V.      F +31183 561 167
F +49-7824302424                  P.O. Box 4007                    E info@betonson.com
www.herrenknecht.de               2980 GA Ridderkerk               www.betonson.com
                                  The Netherlands
5 - RICAS Safety bv               T +31-180-495555
P.O. Box 97                       F +31-180-430720
6710 BB Ede                       E bakker@trelleborg.com
The Netherlands                   www.trelleborgbakker.com

                                                                                                 29
Social Programme / Site Visits




          Sunday 27 01 2008
          Welcoming reception
          Opening 18.00 at Muziekgebouw aan ‘t IJ, just a few meters from the Passenger
          Terminal.

          More than 100 years after the Concertgebouw, the Muziekgebouw aan ‘t IJ opened
          its doors in 2005 as the concert hall of the 21st century. Amsterdam has with this
          Muziekgebouw aan ’t IJ a fully equipped medium-sized hall for a classical repertoire
          which is becoming increasingly broader and more varied.

          Monday 28 01 2008
          Canal Cruise Amsterdam by Night – start 19.00
          A 1 hour canal cruise through Amsterdam. The city of storehouses, fashion, of
          Dutch herring and pancakes, of house boats and saloon boats, of museums and
          pubs. The centre of Amsterdam has numerous charming buildings and interesting
          sights. The city centre is turned into one large unique monument, not only by the
          buildings or the beautiful views, but by the combination of canals, streets, bridges,
          trees, historic buildings and museums.

          Tuesday 29 01 2008
          Closing banquet
          Start 20.00 on the Panorama Dek of the Passenger Terminal (floor 3).

                                       Underground Space Pub
                                        End the day with a drink in our special pub in the PTA,
                                        located in the middle of the Main Deck (floor 1). It is the
                                        place to meet professionals from all over the world, chat
                                        informally about the day’s events and exchange ideas.
                                        On Monday we have a special guest who will bring
          music and film to the USP. Dirk Coppens of the Amsterdam Underground Festival
          will present the cultural side of underground space.

          Amsterdam Underground Festival
          The annual Amsterdam Underground Festival, which was last held in September
          2007, is a four-day exploration of the underground city and its culture. At every
          Festival underground locations will open their doors for the first time and serve as
          inspiration and decoration for film and theatre talent, writers, artists and musicians.
          The Amsterdam Underground Festival shows everything Amsterdam has to offer
          on a cultural and historical level. For everyone who is interested in the city of
          Amsterdam as well as theatre, music, film, architecture, dance and figurative art.




30
                                                                                27 – 30 January 2008




Wednesday 30 01 2008
Site Visits
Guests from inside and outside the Netherlands will visit together the most celebrated underground
projects in the Netherlands. This is a special programme that demonstrates the unexpected quality
of underground space use. And shows how architecture and structural innovation work together.




 Amsterdam / Building beneath a centuries-old monumental city built on poles


Absorb yourself in Amsterdam. This cosmopolitan city plays its part economically and culturally
on the world stage. At the same time the centuries-old monumental centre needs protecting.
Innovative multiple space use makes it possible to preserve the city’s heritage in a modern dynamic.
A striking example is the New Rijksmuseum, which is used for several functions and the North/South
Metroline who will carry 200,000 travellers quickly, safely and comfortably right through the centre of
Amsterdam each day.

Visit to the Amsterdam North/South Metroline and Stationseiland
Start the tour at the Information Centre
At Stationsplein 7 you will find an interesting exhibition with numerous scale models, photographs,
videos, archaeological finds and a large wall describing the various engineering methods used in
building the Noord/Zuidlijn and information about the other major construction project ‘Stationseiland’.
The tour consist of:
• Movie Stationseiland
• Guided tour around the Information Centre
• Visit to the building site of the caissons at Sixhaven




                                                                                                           31
Below Ground Level — an introduction to the exhibition




              Fascinating Exhibition in the Passenger Terminal Amsterdam

              Below Ground Level
              Underground construction has been around since the dawn of
              man. The exhibition ‘Below Ground Level’ in the Passenger
              Terminal Amsterdam shows you a number of fascinating examples
              of underground architecture. It covers different facets of under-
              ground construction and different types of underground buildings.


              Scale, light and action
              An advantage of underground construction is the fact that it’s not necessary to
              take the aesthetics of the outer wall into consideration. One major challenge for
              underground architecture is to utilize this freedom of orientation, without mistaking
              it for lack of direction, the latter leading to amorphous buildings. Scale, light and
              action are the most important elements of underground architecture.

              Types of underground buildings
              The exhibition showcases different types of underground spaces, like rooms that
              are completely underground, and basements. But there are also buildings covered
              with earth, where the ground level is raised. In The Netherlands this type of con-
              struction is very popular. It is technically less challenging, but has the advantage
              of not occupying the ground level. Also you will find submerged spaces, only just
              below ground level. Patios, atria and domes perforate the ground level to provide
              the underground space with daylight and a limited view.

              Come and be fascinated at the Main Deck.




32
                                                                             28 – 31 January 2008




   On the following pages you will find the descriptions of the photographs on show.




Underground attraction
Underground spaces occur in many fairytales and children’s
stories. Alice plunges through a rabbit hole to an underground
Wonderland, Peter Pan’s Lost Boys live in a Home Under the
Ground and the Teletubbies live in a home covered with earth.
Living underground appeals to our imagination.
The city of Amsterdam has plans to build its own Chocolate
Factory, which will be a cross-over between a museum and a
theme park. The park will showcase the Dutch cocoa and
chocolate trade in the year 1880. It has an underground section,
built in a tunnel that was originally meant to be part of the
“IJ”-tramline, but was never used for its intended purpose.



Underground aboveground
Underground construction has always been challenging in The
Netherlands, especially in the western part of the country,
because of high groundwater levels and a weak soil structure.
One alternative to building underground is lifting the ground level
and creating artificial hills by slotting buildings under the top soil.
Daylight can enter the room and the view is not obscured. The
raised ground level can be used for urban development, but it can
also be turned into a park.
The artificial landscape designed by Swiss architect Peter Vetsch
looks like a collection of dwellings for a strange but friendly
people. The nine houses are an integral part of their natural sur-
roundings, a hilly area in Switzerland. There is no clear distinction
between floors, roofs and walls.



Learning below ground level
In 2004, architects Henket and Partners added an underground
Faculty of Theatre and Dance to the Arnhem Academy of Art. The
academy was originally designed by Gerrit Rietveld and built in
1963.
The underground extension reflects the ambitions of the stu-
dents. The raised central zone looks like a catwalk, connecting
the underground space with the above-ground building. It is a
meeting place and a room for warming up. From the raised zone,
students can view the various practice zones. The theatre is at
the end of the zone.




                                                                                               33
Below Ground Level — an introduction to the exhibition




                     Underground monuments
                     Several plans proposing a location for the neo- Von Wied pavilion
                     in the dunes of Scheveningen met with resistance from the local
                     residents. Eventually, however, Wim Quist’s proposal was accep-
                     ted. Below the pavilion, hidden from sight, the unique collection
                     of statues of the Von Wied museum is now on display in the
                     dunes, in the Beelden aan Zee museum.




                     Underground museum
                     In the near future the design, fashion and creation centre Plat-
                     form 21 will be built in the Zuidas, a new office quarter in Amster-
                     dam. The faculty of architectural engineering of Delft University
                     of Technology challenged its students to design the building for
                     Platform 21. One of these students was Peter van Tol, who desig-
                     ned ART BEAT.
                     The underground design is a reaction to the dynamic Zuidas,
                     where one international company after is taking up residence in
                     a sky scraping tour de force. ART BEAT is a place for people who
                     are looking for peace and quiet place can relax. When you des-
                     cend the tunnel, the sound will slowly fade out. Eventually it will
                     be quiet enough for people to hear their own heartbeat.



                     Underground music
                     In the middle of the eighties, the Cologne city council decided
                     to revitalize its “Altstadt”, the historical city centre. The council
                     wanted to increase the number of functions of the “Altstadt”.
                     As the available above-ground space was limited, the only way to
                     achieve that was to go underground.
                     The road along the banks of the Rhine was rerouted to become a
                     tunnel, 750 meters long, with two three-lane roads. A five-storey
                     parking garage was built, as well as an underground concert hall
                     that can accommodate two thousand. visitors. One part of the
                     concert hall for the Kölner Philharmonie orchestra lies below
                     the Ludwig museum and the other part lies below a former bus
                     station, which has become a lively city square.



                     Underground storage
                     When the provincial archives of Zeeland and the municipal
                     archives of Middelburg and Veere were combined to become the
                     Zeeuws Archief, about 25 kilometers of bookshelf were needed.
                     The National Building Agency assigned the Van de Perrehuis to
                     the direction of the Zeeuws Archief. The Van de Perrehuis is a
                     city palace, built in 1756 and a national monument. However, this
                     building was far too small for the archives. As the parcel surroun-
                     ding the building was also too small, the logical solution was to
                     go underground.




34
                                                                       28 – 31 January 2008




Underground religion
Many mountains and caves are considered holy places. High
places enable people to free themselves from the earthly and
mundane and to come into contact with the heavenly. In places
deep within the earth, on the other hand, people connect to the
origin of life on earth, Mother Earth herself. In India temples were
created by cutting enormous caves out of solid rock. The empti-
ness that was “freed” from the solidity has a deep spiritual me-
aning, for Hindus as well as Buddhists. In places that are created
this way a monk can get in sync with life-creating energies and
the essence of the earth itself.
Light entering a room from above has a very dramatic effect,
especially in a religious context. The extremes represented by
heaven and earth are emphasized in the underground church
designed by Oscar Niemeyer. From the great plain along the
Esplanada - the main axis of the “new” capital Brasilia of Brazil,
whose parliament buildings were also designed by Niemeyer -
one enters the Metropolitana cathedral. This way, pilgrims can
prepare themselves the religious spectacle that will welcome
them when they enter the church.



Underground past
The Yao Dongs in China are among the oldest examples of under-
ground architecture. A Yao Dong is a kind of submerged patio. As
far as five thousand years ago, people were living in Yao Dongs
and nowadays some forty million Chinese still live underground.
The Yao Dong were designed to protect the people from the cold,
harsh, sandy winter winds and the summer heat. The surrounding
underground controls the temperature in the Yao Dong.




Underground transport
The Noord/Zuidlijn is a subway line running from the northern
part of Amsterdam to the World Trade Center in the south of the
city. The line is 9.5 kilometers long. 3.8 kilometers of it will be
built underground. The stations are designed with the assumption
that they will last a hundred years and that there is room to build
future developments, for example if the number of passengers
increases or the passenger flows change. Stations are built at
depths ranging from eight meters below sea level (Europaplein
station) to 26.5 meters below sea level (Ceintuurbaan station).




                                                                                         35
Below Ground Level — an introduction to the exhibition




                     Underground water
                     Finnish cities are required by law to build shelters, which can be
                     used in the event of nuclear war or disaster. As these spaces
                     cannot be in direct connection with light and air, it is logical to
                     build underground shelters. A park in one of Helsinki’s suburbs
                     needed a swimming pool as well as a shelter. The two projects
                     were combined, which resulted in a reduction of the high cost of
                     excavation of the ground.




                     Underground work
                     The 1869 Hoogerheide villa is sometimes referred to as a sin of
                     youth of the famous architect Berlage. Indeed, the villa is not
                     typical of Berlage’s work. The fairytale castle, with its white
                     plastered walls, bell tower and stepped gable, has a prominent
                     place on the highest point of the town of Hilversum. An under-
                     ground volume has been added so the building can be used as
                     an office.




                     Underground shopping
                     When architect Han de Kluijver had to design a new supermarket
                     in the town of Brielle, he faced unique circumstances: historical
                     city walls at one end, the new residential area Nieuwland at the
                     other and a strip of “no man’s land” in between. The supermar-
                     ket was to be situated in this empty strip.
                     Preserving the view was the main reason for going underground.
                     The supermarket was built entirely underground and the parking
                     lot was placed on top of it, at ground level. This design solved the
                     problem of the old supermarket in the city centre causing
                     a bottleneck, without spoiling the lovely view of the city’s
                     historical centre.



                     Underground living
                     This house was built in the nineteen thirties in the Oud-Zuid
                     district of Amsterdam. Its basement was designed for the lady of
                     the house, to retreat from the busy family life. Later, the simple
                     basement was used for storage and to stall bicycles. By con-
                     necting the two aisles of the basement, it has been turned into
                     a living room.




36
                                                                           28 – 31 January 2008




Underground techniques
Building underground is not a simple task. The soil in the Nether-
lands is weak and consists of sand, peat and clay. Cutting and
drilling is challenging. Apart from the technical difficulties, there
is the added fact that most people prefer not to be underground.
And what about safety in underground spaces?

Can we solve these problems? Fortunately, yes. Our expertise on
building tunnels and other underground structures is growing. We
can even drill tunnels under cities like Amsterdam, Rotterdam and
The Hague. Also, underground spaces are getting more aestheti-
cally pleasing and safer. By building more and more underground
structures, we make sure that the Netherlands remains an at-
tractive place to live.



Underground challenges and development
The underground is like outer space. It’s an exciting world where
many discoveries await. The circumstances in the underground
are so out of the ordinary, that a lot of research is needed. Delta
Tunnelling, drilling tunnels in the Dutch delta of sand, peat and
clay, is especially challenging. Over the past ten years we have
made a lot of progress. Several tunnels have been built or are in
progress, even in the centre of Amsterdam. Thanks to technical
innovations we keep getting better.




Underground research
It is crowded in the Netherlands. One way to keep the country
an attractive place to live is to construct roads underground. The
DC-COB consortium is researching how this can be done in a
sustainable, affordable and safe fashion. One example is the DC-
COB’s research on how to drill tunnels without causing too much
disruption, like cave-ins, structural damage to buildings or vibrati-
ons. Tunnel drilling leads to soil consolidation. If there is a building
above the tunnel, consolidation might damage it. Predicting and
controlling soil consolidation is an important research topic for the
DC-COB.

The DC-COB is collaboration between COB and Delft Cluster, a
consortium of research institutes. The founding of the DC-COB
was an important step towards building better tunnels. COB can
share Delft Cluster’s knowledge with its extensive network. Delft
Cluster can combine experiences from the field with fundamental
science, creating state-of-the-art knowledge. Every tunnel builder
in the Netherlands is a member of the consortium and shares its
knowledge and experience with the other members. This way,
every new tunnel will be a little bit better than the last one, with
respect to affordability, sustainability and, of course, beauty!




                                                                                             37
General Information



         Currency
         The official currency is the ‘euro’.

         Credit Card
         All major credit cards are accepted widely, but not everywhere. If in doubt, ask in advance.
         Cash-on-card services are available from selected American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and
         VisaCard addresses. These cards are also accepted by all GWK currency exchange outlets and
         Change Express Offices.

         Food
         The Netherlands have a lot of different cuisines to suit everyone. Many restaurants have specialities
         like French, German, Indonesian, Turkish, Chinese or Moroccan cuisine. The challenge is deciding
         what to try first.

         Drinking water
         It is perfectly safe to drink water straight from the tap in the Netherlands.

         Tax
         As a non-EU resident, you are entitled to claim back the tax you pay on your purchases when you
         take them home. The VAT, 19%, of the net purchase price amounts to 15,97% of the purchase
         price. Your refund is the percentage of the purchase price minus an administration fee. Your goods
         must be exported within 3 months plus month of purchase.
         Shop wherever you see the Global Refund TAX FREE SHOPPING sign. If you spend more than
         EUR 50,00 in one store in one day, always ask for your Global Refund Cheque.

         Calling within Holland
         Orange-and-gray colored telephone booths are located inside and around most Netherlands
         Railways stations. From these booths you can make calls with coins, credit cards and special
         telephone cards. Telfort telephone cards are available from the GWK – Holland Welcome Service,
         Wizzl Shops at a wide range of railway stations and all ticket offices at the Netherlands Railway
         stations.
         If you wish to make a telephone call from a green telephone booth (located outside railway stations)
         you need a different telephone card. These are available from, among other places, the
         GWK - Holland Welcome Service offices, post offices and major department stores.
         If you are not in an emergency situation, but you wish to contact the police, call (+31) (0)900 88 44.
         Please note that this is not a free call.

         National emergency numbers
         Police, fire brigade, ambulance: 112
         National number police, no emergency: 0900 8844

         Road patrol
         ANWB: 0800 0888

         Embassies and consulates
         Dutch embassies and consulates abroad and foreign embassies and consulates in Holland can be
         found on Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs (embassies and consulates).




38
Local tourist information offices: vvv
The local tourist office in the city you intend to visit can answer most of your questions. For the
addresses of these offices, go to: www.dynamic.holland.com. The tourist information offices are
listed under ‘General Information’.

Public transport
Please note: 0900-numbers are not available when you are calling from abroad!
Public transport travel information (operator)
T 0900 9292 (EUR 0,70 per minute)
Public transport travel information (computer)
T 0900 1475 (EUR 0,35 per minute)
Train travel to abroad: 0900 9296 (EUR 0,35 per minute)
Train planner Dutch railways (NS): The Netherlands Railways (NS)
Train taxi: 0900 TREINTAXI / 0900 8734682 (EUR 0,35 per minute) or visit www.treintaxi.nl
Taxi: www.taxi.nl

Telephone services
Telephone numbers within Holland: 0900 8008 (EUR 1,15 per call)
Telephone numbers abroad: 0900 8418 (EUR 1,15 per call)
Operator: 0800 0410 (toll-free)
Collect call: 0800 0101 (toll-free)




                                                                                                      39
General Information



         Electricity
         The voltage in Holland is 230 volts. Hotels may have a 110-volt or 120-volt outlet for shavers, but
         travellers are advised to bring a power converter and an adapter for two-prong, round-prong plugs
         with side grounding contacts.
         If you plan on staying in The Netherlands for a while, you might want to buy a hair dryer or electric
         razor here. Battery operated appliances are another option if you don’t mind replacing the batteries.

         Public Transportation
         There are 4 modes of public transport: taxis, buses, trams and trains. The nearest trainstation to the
         Congress venue is Amsterdam Central Station, which is approximately 15 minutes walk. Car-hire
         services are also available. Pleas check with the Concierge of your hotel.

         Smoking
         Smoking bans are not compulsory at work. However, increasingly more companies and public
         buildings are banning smoking as they are concerned for the health of their employees and want to
         create a healthier work environment. Most of these companies and public buildings have set aside
         areas where smoking is allowed. The Dutch Labor Law does not (yet) mention smoking specifically,
         however, does state emphatically that employees have the right to a healthy work environment with
         the least possible harmful influences.

         Business hours
         shops
         Most shops are open from Tuesday to Friday between 9 am and 6 pm, on Saturdays between
         9 am and 5 pm. On Monday, many shops are closed in the mornings and open between 11 am and
         1 pm and close at 6 pm. Most cities have late-night shopping (until 9 pm) on Thursdays or Fridays. In
         the main cities, many shops are open on Sunday from 12 noon to 5 PM. In most holiday and tourist
         resorts many shops are open at night, too. For business hours on Sundays or late night shopping,
         please call a local tourist information office in the city of your destination.

         Sunday shopping and late-night shopping in the main cities
         Amsterdam
         Sunday: every week from 12 a.m. to 7 p.m. (city centre)
         Late night shopping: every Thursday until 9 p.m. (city centre)

         Banks
         Business hours differ between banks. Most banks are open from Tuesday to Friday between 9 am
         and 4 pm. On Mondays businesss hours start mainly at 1 pm. On Saturdays and Sundays banks are
         closed. GWK offices are openen 7 days a week.

         Post offices
         Regular post offices are open from Monday to Friday, between 9 am and 5 pm. Bigger ones are also
         open on Saturdays between 9 am and 12 noon/12:30 p.m.

         Pharmacies
         Regular business hours are Monday to Friday between 8/9 am and 5:30/6 pm. On nights and week-
         ends, pharmacies are open on a rotation schedule.

         Restaurants
         Business hours vary, but usually restaurants are open for lunch from 11 am to 2:30/3 pm and for
         dinner from 5:30-10/11 pm.

         Museums
         Business hours vary, however, most museums are open from 10 am until 5 pm every day of the
         week, except Mondays.




40
Time Zone
The Netherlands is located in the Central European Timezone. This implies that the time difference
with EST is +6 hours and with PST +9 hours.

Surface
Holland is quite small, the surface area is 41,528 square kilometres. The greatest distance from
north to south is 300 kilometres, and from west to east 200 kilometres.

Population
Holland is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It has a population of sixteen
million and an average of 481 inhabitants per square kilometer.

Further information
Further information on touring the Netherlands is available at www.holland.com, an official website
of the Netherlands Board of Tourism & Conventions.




                                     Did you know that?
                                     • The Netherlands and Holland are the same place?
                                     • One-quarter of Holland is below sealevel?
                                     • The International Court of Justice (at the Peace Palace) and the International
                                        Criminal Court are both in The Hague?
                                     • Holland still has around a thousand old-fashioned working windmills?
                                     • Holland is the third biggest exporter of agricultural produce, trailing only the
                                        US and France, even though only 3% of the Dutch population works in the
                                        agriculture sector?
                                     • Holland has no less than 15,000 km of cycle paths?
                                     • Flevoland, the twelfth province, was reclaimed from the Zuider Zee in 1986?
                                     • The Dutch are the tallest people in Europe?
                                     • Amsterdam is built entirely on piles?
                                     • Holland always has a coalition government, so it is a land of compromise?
                                     • Every Dutch person has a bike and there are twice as many bikes as cars?
                                     • The Van Gogh collections in the Van Gogh Museum and the Kröller-Müller
                                        Museum are the largest in the world?
•   Holland has the highest concentration of museums in the world, with 42 in Amsterdam alone?
•   Holland was one of the six founding members of the European Community?
•   The former island of Schokland, the fortifications around Amsterdam, the windmills of Kinderdijk-
    Elshout, Willemstad (in the Netherlands Antilles) and the Rietveld-Schröderhuis are all on
    UNESCO’s World Heritage List?
•   The highest point in Holland is 323 metres above sea level, and is referred to as a ‘mountain’?
•   Amsterdam is the capital, but the government is in The Hague?
•   Most Dutch people speak a foreign language as well as Dutch?
•   Rotterdam is the second largest port in the world?
•   Holland is 6.7 metres below sea level at its lowest point?
•   Amsterdam has 1,281 bridges?
•   Prince Willem-Alexander, the heir to the Dutch throne, takes personal interest in
    water management?
•   When you arrive at Schiphol Airport, you are four metres below sealevel?
•   Holland has more than 4,400 km of navigable rivers, canals and lakes?
•   At Neeltje Jans in Zeeland, you can see how Holland waged war against the sea?




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