Sunshine Coast Waste Minimisation Strategy by yaofenji


									         Sunshine Coast Waste Minimisation Strategy
                                 Discussion Paper
                                Consultation Report  


Most of the suggestions had merit and will be incorporated in some form in the draft
Mimimisation Strategy for consideration firstly by the Taskforce and then by Council. The
budget prioritisation remains the most significant issue for Council as it must balance the
rates and charges with better waste management. There were a number of suggestions that
implied that savings would be made through better waste minimisation. While this is true in
a triple bottom line analysis, in a strict financial analysis, nothing is cheaper than an unlined
hole in the ground. Thus, to improve waste minimisation on the Sunshine Coast means that
cleansing rates and charges will need to rise. Thus, of all the good ideas put forward, the
hardest job will be to prioritise them.


The Sunshine Coast Regional Council initiated a public consultation exercise on the future of
the waste system on the coast. This took the form of a Discussion Paper “The Sunshine
Coast – too good to waste” which was made available on-line and in hard copy for comment.
This was supplemented by a series of public displays (see Appendix 3) and a questionnaire
to facilitate input (Appendix 2).

This Report summarises the themes that emerge, key data and issues needing analysis for
possible inclusion in the draft Waste Minimisation Strategy. This Report and the draft
Strategy will go to the Waste Taskforce who will then decide on the draft Waste
Minimisation Strategy for Council consideration.

There was also targeted consultation with some commercial waste producers and waste

          Consultation Feedback

Most feedback was received via the displays and electronic responses with a couple of
written submissions. This should not be viewed as a representative sample and would be

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largely from those interested in the subject. However, it provides a barometer of those
motivated, either in opposition or support for the proposals.

It should be remembered that many of these feedback forms were not so much in response to
the Discussion paper but a response to the display (which summarised the Discussion Paper)
and their experiences as residents of the Coast. Public responses traditionally receive a
greater weighting of those opposed to a proposal compared to those in favour. There was no
significant reaction, positive or negative, to the suggestion of possible increased costs to
ratepayers from increased federal and State taxation or Sunshine Coast initiatives. Details are
contained in Appendix 1.

There is also a summary of responses on specific question listed in Appendix 2. The
numbers are included for transparency but, due to the non-random sample, the quantification
should be treated with some reserve.

The views on those were....
   • 52% already perform some amount of domestic organic waste management

   •   27% home compost

   •   Of those who don’t currently, 41% would use a third bin for garden waste and kitchen
       organics 32% would use a compost bin and 23% would set up a worm farm

   •   44% believe our poor recycling habits are caused by ignorance of the system and
       another 22% think it is because we don’t recycle at work

   •   There was strong support for new technologies with

           o 38% wanting improved sorting and processing of recyclables,
           o 37 % Waste to energy and
           o 25% commercial tunnel composting

   •   2/3s of those who currently have a 240L waste bin would consider down-sizing to a
       140L bin

   •   70% do not fill their waste bin each week which is consistent with the previous

   •   Over 80% want to see single use non-compostable plastic bags banned

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         Written Submissions

There were a number of detailed submissions made by organisations and individuals. All
were strongly in support of the initiatives mentioned in the Discussion Paper.
There was specific support for
   • The sustainability-based triple bottom line approach including the waste hierarchy
   •   Recycling as much as possible BEFORE considering waste to energy
   •   3 bin system with smaller waste bins and subsidised organics waste bin
   •   Banning garden waste in waste bin
   •   More education particularly on composting
   •   Expansion of the eco-efficiency programs for business
   •   Community-managed up-graded Resource Recovery Centres to be more community-
       focussed centres with coffee shops, links to artists etc.
   •   The “Sustainability Park” next to the State’s industrial estate
   •   Farmer’s markets
   •   Stronger enforcement of illegal dumping
   •   Better data collection and analysis
   •   Banning of non-compostable plastic bags
   •   Council to lead by example of its own waste minimisation and sustainable purchasing
   •   Regional approaches to problematic waste streams
   •   Minimise transport impacts from moving waste around the region and outside
   •   Local solutions such as neighbourhood or on-farm composting
   •   Utilise other local resources such as bio-sludges
   •   Annual external review of the Strategy before budget considered by SCRC
   •   Immediate installation of methane capture at landfills
   •   Waste policy controlled by Sustainability Unit external to of waste business unit
   •   TBL comparison of alternatives to expanding landfills at Caloundra and Nambour.

All these suggestions are consistent with the Discussion Paper and will be incorporated in the
draft Waste Minimisation Strategy though sometimes to a lesser degree than that requested.
For example, the need for better data is a given but this is an issue that challenges all waste
managers. Waste characterisation studies are expensive and subject to serious inaccuracies.
Almost all measurements around the world are based on weight, yet volumes and toxicity are
the key measures of relevance. Council will strive for better data but recognise the costs and
challenges in that endeavour.

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         Feedback forms and Electronic Submissions.

The feedback can be grouped into a number of major themes that stood out.

The feedback only had less than 1% that were not supportive of the direction of the
Discussion Paper. Two people specifically suggested that the costs would be too high. This
nominal 99% approval would suggest a high level of support for significant improvements to
the Sunshine Coast’s waste system. This is particularly so as feedback usually solicits the
opposition more than the supporters. It would be unwise to place too much store by the
quantitative data though the broad trends and priorities should be indicative.

The key themes that emerge are a very strong support for a number of initiatives mentioned
in the Discussion Paper. Some themes and comments over-lap each other so the
catagorisation is somewhat arbitrary.

First and foremost, respondents believed that there needs to be more emphasis on education.
Respondents believe that there needs to be a much better awareness of the practicalities and
consequences of waste management and how the public, businesses and tourists can play a
responsible role. It was clear from many of the answers and the targeted consultation with
business that there is currently a significant ignorance of the services and systems provided
by Council.

Strategy Response:
The Strategy has placed a much stronger emphasis on education and has included a number
of the specific suggestions. Particular emphasis will be placed on
    • Educating tourists
    • Eco-efficiency and recycling for business
    • Home composting and worm farming for residents
    • General information on services and recycling the 40% of recyclables ( particularly
        paper) that is currently being wasted
    • The link between organic waste in landfills and climate change

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                           Page 4 
The second most popular topic for suggestions for improvement lay with the recycling.
Many suggestions related to increased recycling services and a significant number are angry
about packaging waste and that no level of government is legislating to stop what they
perceive as excessive packaging. There was also considerable anger at junk mail and throw-
away newspapers. Recycling facilities and education for tourists was also raised as were
inspection and policing/disincentives for poor recyclers.
Strategy Response:
Council is planning to
    • provide extra recycling capacity for those who require it at nominal cost
    • more education will be provided to encourage residents to better use and maximise
        the space in their recycling bins
    • Review public place and particularly public event recycling
    • Examine how to help residents who do not want the free newspapers delivered such as
        a front yard sign
    • Encourage people and charities to take material from the large item collection piles
    • Lobby Federal and State Governments to legislate to reduce non-recyclable
        packaging and introduce container deposit legislation or other effective system
    • Include the visitors in any future recycling education and ensure they have convenient
        facilities to do so
    • Examine industry awards system to encourage better performance

There were many suggestions regarding organics which is hardly surprising, given the
emphasis in the Discussion Paper. A lot of the suggestions were for a third bin for garden
waste or support and incentives for home composting and worm farming. Interestingly, no
one mentioned domestic food waste collection though some did mention commercial food
wastes. There was also the suggestion to allow for local solutions such as neighbourhood
composting, food gardens and on-farm composting.

Strategy Response:
The over-whelming bulk of suggestions were for assistance to help home composting and
garden waste collection. Council will
    • Develop a home mulching, composting and worm farming neighbourhood training
       program to provide subsidised bins and worm farms to those who complete the
    • Provide on-line assistance for residents seeking assistance on problems with home
       organics management
    • Provide a fortnightly 240 L garden waste bin at a subsidised rate to any residents
       who request it
    • Ensure future contracts have sufficient flexibility to accommodate local solutions
    • Trial on-farm composting
    • Trial a kitchen organics collection service for domestic and commercial premises

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                         Page 5 
A lot of respondents mentioned the need to provide incentives and disincentives for
behaviour. There was resentment that those who “did the right thing” by recycling or
reducing waste received little if any financial benefit compared to those who didn’t. There
were also some suggestions for changes or increases to services, particularly reduction in the
general waste bin coupled with a larger recycling and garden waste capacity. Some also
mentioned a desire for increased kerbside collections of large items etc.

Strategy Response:
    • Pricing for services will use waste disposal charges to subsidise recycling charges
    • The proposed standard service will be
          o A 140L waste bin collected weekly with a 240L recycling bin fortnightly
              Optional services will be
          o A weekly 240L waste bin at an increased charge
          o A fortnightly subsidised 240L garden waste
          o An additional 240L recycling bin at a subsidised rate
          o A more frequent domestic and commercial organic service may also be
              available for kitchen scraps if trials are successful.

   •   Council will develop a standard set of options for businesses to provide both
       flexibility and incentives to recycle within a full cost framework
   •   Household organic waste training with subsidised bins or worm farms will be used to
       encourage residents to keep organics on their own property
   •   Develop a brand or award for “green” Sunshine Coast businesses

This is a spectrum of ideas covering a wide range of initiatives and is thus difficult to
summarise. Most suggestions will be incorporated in full or in part.

Strategy Response:
    • Single use plastic bags will be banned through a Local law
    • A competition for great recycling will be conducted where bins are inspected at
       random and those that have less than 5% in the wrong bin will win a prize.
    • More detail on preferred landfill and disposal choices

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          Commercial Consultation

Those consulted were existing users of Council bins for waste disposal and / or recycling.
Construction and demolition waste was not included as it was difficult to identify large
operators and the building companies approached showed no interest in providing
information. Waste collection from construction and demolition tends to be collected in
commercial skips as required with little or no sorting to facilitate recycling and is the subject
of a separate set of recommendations in the Resource Recovery and Waste Management
Discussion Paper for the review Taskforce.

There are other large businesses that produce specialized waste, such as value-adding to
primary production, which are not included within the scope of this consultation.

In spite of businesses saying they are not consulted enough, there was only two or three
businesses who bothered to contribute to any of consultation processes that was not a direct
contact to them.

Two questionnaires were generated. One for Waste Generators and one for Waste Service
Providers. Contacts for large waste generators were obtained from Council officers and a
phone book survey was undertaken to compile a database as a representative sample from the
key industries generating waste identified below. All of these businesses were contacted
initially by phone, the opportunity to have a say on the review of waste management on the
Sunshine Coast was explained and an email contact. The questionnaires were sent through
and a date for reply set. If no response was obtained, a follow up email was sent after that
date and further phone contact made as required.

The response rate overall was very poor indicating that waste and its attendant costs were not
high on the daily agenda of Coast’s business. To further explore the issue, a number of
further phone contacts and personal visits were made. This report extrapolates from
information obtained from all these sources and summarizes issues that emerged. The same
methodology was followed with waste service. Response rates were insufficient to make data
representative, with some commercial-in-confidence issues and a highly competitive
operational environment, but some consistent themes emerged.

An undertaking was given to respondents that information was confidential, hence no
personal comments by individual businesses will be identified.

     1. Retail shopping centres

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                             Page 7 
Large retail centres offer the advantage of being run by a central management company and
motivation is high to reduce the costs associated with high volumes of waste. A common
response was that these businesses did not know what services were available with respect to
recycling and did not have sufficient information to be able to assess commercial viability of
recycling and how to separate waste effectively. There was a desire for more “hands on”
service from Council, not just the contractor. They wanted more flexibility from Council and
were prepared to pay and they wanted a “value-added” service that analysed their wastes and
told them how to reduce wastes and costs. Again, they seemed prepared to pay for this
service. The sentiment was that they would go to the private sector waste managers who
offered this service if Council did not improve its services.

        2. Retirement Villages
Retirement villages tend to be like small suburbs with domestic scale waste management at
each household level (240L), rather than using skips. Typically, every household will have
an MSW bin and recycling bins are shared. Participation rates are high with recycling but
volumes per household are smaller than average. Significant green waste is generated with
high standard garden maintenance usually a feature of retirement villages. Green waste tends
to be taken to the Council tip and there was little or no knowledge about the availability of
Council green waste bins. Management in many cases offers a disposal service for large
items to residents.

       3. Markets
Markets are potentially major waste generators with the opportunity to impose conditions on
waste management at the time of granting permission to operate. Eumundi Market is
considered a leader, both as the largest market on the Sunshine Coast with over 600 stalls
twice a week. Management is a leader in sustainable operation of a market, supported by the
Eumundi Historical Association (EHA) that technically “owns” the market and requires
stallholders to support EHA’s drive towards leadership in sustainability. An integrated waste
management plan is being rolled out throughout the market, with support for educational
messages throughout the market promoting the waste management plan and through
assistance with encouraging positive environmental practices. As a first step in phasing in
compostable packaging, plastic bags may not be used in the market from 1 January 2009.
Non-compliance with this rule may be considered a breach of the Stallholder Agreement.
There is potential to encourage or require all markets to reach higher standards of waste
management with more recycling bins and collection of compostable waste by private

        4. Champions
A survey was made of Eco Biz partners to find some good examples of waste management.
Most partners have made significant reductions in waste to landfill but one stands out.
Queensland Complete Printing at Nambour has been recognized with awards for
sustainability including the recent Westpac Corporate Sustainability Award. When the initial
Eco Biz audit was done, Queensland Complete were recycling 95.6% of all waste and

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                          Page 8 
containing non recycled waste to a domestic wheelie bin per week. This has been further
reduced down to .8 of a wheelie bin a week. Each month approx. 50 wheelie bins of high
quality pre consumer waste is sent off to recycling. Annual Estimate = 57.6 ton of paper
waste plus bailed cardboard & plastic + liquid chemicals also to recycling. Because they can
guarantee that paper waste is 100% uncontaminated payment of $6 a bin is made, providing
an estimated annual income of $3456. The initiatives have come from both management and
staff with a high degree of voluntary cooperation in working towards sustainability.
Importantly, one member of staff in rotation rates compliance with a checklist weekly in each
corporate area, with results placed on a notice board. This competitive element plus ongoing
monitoring of performance are vital to achieve ongoing success in reducing waste and
working towards sustainability.

The idea of champions who are from a business environment to speak at workshops for
different sectors of business offers a lot in terms of credibility compared to an information
campaign by Council or an insertion with the rates notice.

The overwhelming conclusion to be drawn from the business consultation was that business
lacks the information about waste disposal options and especially about recycling to be able
to make good business decisions. Specialized workshops for retail and resort complexes
especially could make good use of champions like Phillip Richards from the Sheraton or Don
Parry from Queensland Complete Printing. Getting like-minded businesses together, or a
precinct-based approach (e.g. Hastings Street) could foster some sustainability and waste
reduction initiatives that could be taken out to a wider audience. This could work in with Eco
Biz and also the Council’s Sustainability Advisory Group.

   •   There is a need for clear and consistent information on Council waste and recycling
       services from SCRC due to historical differences between the former three Councils
   •   Staff want to be able to recycle at work
   •   Business wants recycling bins as a cheap (or preferably profitable) option
   •   There is little knowledge about the availability of green waste bins where they are
       currently offered
   •   Waste managers see SCRC as a competitor and feel under-consulted about changes to
       services and pricing. In particular, the warning given on price or service changes
       gives little chance to factor these into business contracts.
   •   Council going heavily into commercial skips would adversely affect many small
   •   Businesses already consider Council tipping fees are too high (before the increase in
       2009-10 Budget) but had little idea of corresponding charges elsewhere
   •   An awards scheme and publicity for good performers were indicators as motivators to
       reduce waste

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   •   Paper (particularly high grade office paper) as a waste stream is sustainably
       employing Sunshine Coast people at present, so Council offering any similar pick up
       service would impact negatively on several businesses

Strategy Response:
The Strategy will include
    • Increased emphasis on informing and educating businesses about eco-efficiency and
       recycling options
    • A web-based waste exchange register to enable businesses to trade in otherwise
       wasted resources
    • Harmonisation of service provisions and more contact between Council and its
       commercial waste customers
    • Fair pricing of services based on principles of polluter and user pays
    • Partnership with the private sector to deliver waste and recycling services
    • Use of resources to provide inputs to re-manufacturing and waste to energy to help
       diversify the economy on the Coast.

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                     Page 10 

With the assistance of the Waste Contractors and Recyclers Association of Qld, WCRA, a
meeting was held with the C&D waste management companies operating on the Sunshine
Coast. The SCRC’s planned approach was outlined and responses sought.
The private contractors were in basic support of the Council’s strategy and are quite keen to
partner with the Council to achieve the proposed 70% diversion from landfill.

The key issues mentioned were
   • the access to appropriately zoned sites on which to operate and
   • a strong regulatory regime to ensure that all operators had a level playing field
   • a significant problem with EPA resourcing of enforcement.

There was less consensus as to whether builders would respond to education on minimisation
and segregation of wastes to facilitate recycling.

Strategy Response:
The Council will
    • open up its waste facilities to “best practice” C&D recycling
    • work in collaboration with the State Government to police illegal dumping
    • develop a Local Law to set specific recycling standards required of all waste

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   Appendix 1: Summary of Ideas and Suggestions from Public Consultation

TV & radio advertising promoting recycling
Have a link to on the Council website with all the places that recycle all sorts of things e.g. Australia zoo recycling
mobile phones, what's recyclable and how to recycle etc. You need to make it as easy as possible to do, or to find the
information or else people won't do it.
Hold more free workshops at libraries/in schools/ at shopping centres regarding recycling. Have video streaming of these
workshops available on the council website (efficient and effective)
Council to provide more helpful information about compost bins.
Improved public education relating to impact of excessive production and resource consumption
Point out the dollars which can be saved if recycling is done constantly.
Introduce a label for manufacturers and retailers that reduce packaging at their end (this creates a market advantage)
Regular newsletters with hints and articles on recycling - issued maybe through the library and or customer service
Cultural change from consumerism to a more moderate lifestyle is required - needs to be driven from Federal
Government down.
Have 'waste hierarchy' as part of school curriculum - help achieve the natural change over time.
We are unlikely to reduce waste per se, but we need greater education on recycling issues and incentives to use recycling
options and facilities. We need to be able to recycle larger and heavier items more effectively.
Educating people about how to recycle and what is recyclable, especially things like batteries. More education about
composting food and garden waste which can be turned into fantastic fertiliser for the garden.
To start with we need to educate the students at schools as they then encourage their parents who are slow to change their
habits about recycling effectively. With smaller size lots it is harder for people to compost as a lot of people don’t want
Definitely more local Education promoting how much 'general' waste can actually be recycled. * Encourage more
home compost/worm farms - maybe start with primary/high school kids to encourage parents to support this at home as
well as school.
Unfortunately sufficient ordinary people will not respond well enough or soon enough unless there is some self interest
at stake. Council really needs to step outside the frame and go all out if it wants to be Australia's most sustainable area.
Education for schools so children are more aware. Funding for schools to become self sufficient with waste e.g. veggie
gardens, worm farms, composting.
Run regular free workshops across the Coast on sustainability steps - maybe one step every quarter - slow steps
embedded can be built into long ladders that reach the ultimate goal!
Educate people more. Send our sticker to put on recycling bin to say what can be recycled. Supply compost bins in the
same method as other bins.
Better education to householders about recycling and what can now be recycled. The stickers that were placed on bins
years ago would be faded and out of date as to what council now accepts to collect.
More community awareness. This really needs to be a mental shift for people. Maybe some advertising showing images
of what 1.3 Tonnes looks like so people get a better feel for what it's doing for our environment.
Being more aware of what can be recycled, govt. incentives for people buying worm / compost farms, implementing
water restrictions all year round, govt. incentives for people setting up grey water systems.
Buy products with less packaging, and recycle packaging when you can. Reuse items or give them to charities for resale
instead of throwing things out. Only buy what you intend to consume or use.
Firstly if each household saw the materials that came in to their site as containing valuable resources (such as
compostable organics, recyclable metal and cardboard, etc) less waste would be put out for Council removal.
We definitely need more education. People are unsure about what can be recycled and what can`t. There are so many
products out there that are still using packaging that can`t be recycled. This is something that needs to be addressed.
Think more carefully when making purchases and only choosing products that are almost completely recyclable or
buying only fresh which eliminates packaging-the worst packaging comes from what our children eat as a teacher I see it
littering our yards ever
Increase level of support for community and school waste education programs. TV and radio community
announcement messages and adds with a constant reinforcement the Refuse, Reduce, Reuse and Recycle message.
Another lot of adds/announcements with what
Firstly educate the community to use the recycle and garden waste bins we currently have. Managing a unit complex I
regularly see a lot of laziness.
Clear ongoing communication regarding what can and can't be recycled. Improved education in the workplace, where
recycling ethics seem very lacklustre. Recycling hotline including worm farms, composting etc.

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                             Page 12 
Educating people about how to recycle and what is recyclable, especially things like batteries. More education about
composting food and garden waste which can be turned into fantastic fertiliser for the garden.
In the 1980's, there was a huge campaign for Life Be In It and slip slop slap etc. Everyone knows they should recycle but
not everyone does for reasons like they can't be bothered or unsure so they put it in the waste bin.
I hope we are able to achieve this. I feel education is the most important area that needs to be looked at initially; many
people have no idea how important this is and how dire the situation is.
TEACH the idiots to put the right products in the recycle bin. Garden waste does not go in them. With the increasing
population of southerners etc., are these people being told what correctly goes in to the bins?
If the council is serious about making a real impact in the amount of waste piling up, it's going to take a huge overhaul,
and is going to involve the education and buy-in of residents. Without that, any improvements are likely to be wasted
Better education on recycling and how easy it can be and how important it is.
Whilst the recycling info on council's website is great, a lot of people will never look at it so a public info campaign
using local media, electronic newsletters Business sponsorship of a 'green' page in the local paper with stories of local
initiatives Graphic advertising along the lines of anti smoking ads -i.e. what the dumps of the future will look like if we
don't change Make recycling sexy! A local TV show along the lines of 'Carbon Cops'- perhaps looking at some well
known coast residents Increased number of community gardens would help with food composting - maybe some
corporate sponsorship of same. Maybe a door to door campaign as was done in North Queensland to help reduce the
incidence of dengue fever - residents could be offered compost bins and info on how to use them. Competitions to win
compost bins, worm farms, cloth nappies? Competitions to win stainless steel water bottles - a separate initiative to cut
down plastic water bottle use Develop (maybe there is one?) an electronic council newsletter for any residents interested
in finding out more about sustainable living - develop the ground swell!
Council rep comes out to teach kids about local aspects of waste reduction measures and how to do so at home.
Educate and motivate - community and school food gardens, composting, worm farms;
Better education on recycling and how easy it can be and how important it is.
I run daily, over about about 2 ks of footpath, in suburban areas - usually but not always the same path - and pick up
litter. Most is smoking related (average 17 butts daily, plus some packets); next is alcoholic beverage containers,
followed by fast food and confectionary wrappers and non-alcoholic drink containers. When I 'bin' these en route, the full
bins are full mainly of fast food containers (e.g. pizza boxes or drink containers). I almost never see fruit peels or skins.
My (small) bin is never more than 1/2 full, and this includes rubbish I pick up en route. People are trashing their and their
children's bodies as well as the environment; if we can educate and motivate to grow food, and eat local produce, via
school and community programmes, we will save health dollars as well as deal with the waste issue.
Encourage people to be self sustainable.
Recycling and compost. Massive education programmes. In our household we are lucky to have 1 small garbage bag of
rubbish each week. I think people who are innovative and do not produce waste should be rewarded. This could include
not having to pay for waste collection if you do not produce waste.
Improved education to residents and visiting tourists of what can and can't be recycled, getting local businesses and
schools involved in recycling projects, raising the awareness of the importance of recycling and where the Sunshine
Coast is heading if we don't take action.
There are numerous communication mediums available, more advertisements that show people choosing to recycle and
showing the action of recycling to continually build a culture of recycling, reinforcing the outcomes of recycling. Let’s
make recycling and the Sunshine coast synonymous.
Better education on recyclable materials. Sharing waste, if you don't use food scraps there are people that would (food
for chickens, animals) who would probably collect it.
We are happy to sort recyclables but don’t know exactly what can go in. need some information on that . I know allot
of people put green waste in their bin because there they don’t generate enough to take it to the tip, but things like palm
fronds don’t degenerate in compost fast so they just cut them up and chuck them. I think a green waste bin would be a
great idea, maybe on the opposite week to the recycling. I don’t know how to compost and don’t know why you would
use worms vs. compost etc. information would be good on these too. I think that strongly educating and people on
recycling and encouraging alternative energy supply would be good. However, the reason that most of the people I know
aren’t switching to solar is basically the cost of it. Also there is not much info on where we can drop off whitegoods to
be recycled, but many of them would be better off being fixed. Surely fostering a switch back to 'fix it' rather than 'chuck
it' mentality would be a good idea. Really I think that one of the major issues is that many things are totally over
packaged. Who needs individual plastic wrapped single serves within another plastic packet? Encouraging people to buy
things with the least waste might help. But it’s hard when people go convenience over other factors. I really think that
kerbside collections should be implemented, but with either different weeks for metals/greenery/other or just asking
people to separate them in two piles so that they can be recycled more easily.
Increase recycling and encourage people to get compost bins to break down organic matter which can promote
environmental awareness

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                             Page 13 
Easy-to-understand information needs to be provided to the community on what is able to be recycled and in which way.
Also details on how to best recycle e.g. cleaning of cans and milk bottles etc would benefit the average householder as
TV ads at prime time on local channels relating to what can be recycled.
School programs about recycling in schools.
Ongoing education
Provide information on how to recycle properly
Show people how to compost
Better education on how to recycle compost and encourage burying of food scraps into soil.
Better education on waste management at home.
Provide education on 'how to compost' and what to put into recycling bins
Encourage influential groups to lead by example
Change rampant consumerism mentality
Educate to recycle waste and try to buy recyclable packaging or products without packaging.
Keep the public better informed of these issues
More promotion of recycling
Education on how to recycle etc
Consumers need to think before they buy
Produce flyers to encourage people to recycle
Education to be directed at tourists too
This is a 'visual society' - not much use writing about recycling, you need to send a booklets with a rates notice so people
have to handle it. Use pictures in the booklet of how items are sorted and the damage it causes.
Educate people on shopping/food preparation to avoid waste.
Emphasise on how much money can be saved
Ask local TV channels to run advertisements explaining recycling to the community/what is recyclable etc for free.
An advertising campaign on what can and cannot be recycled
Households need to be sent a letter telling them which things can be recycled
Increase education
Greater awareness of recycling
Public need to be better educated on recycling
Provide more education
Improve wellness and health campaigns
Promote importance of recycling
Provide more education
Educate children.
Have competitions between shops, centres, residential areas to reduce landfill waste.
Develop a campaign similar to water during drought
Give community regular feedback on landfill volumes
Kids should have composting and recycling stations at their schools. Hopefully they will then take the message home and
encourage their parents to do the right thing. An education program on bottled are paying for something that
comes out of the tap...look at all the energy and eventually waste that is being generated unnecessarily...carry your own
bottle and refill it from the tap.
Incentives / services
Have green awards each year for business, home, school etc
Implement rebates for composting bins and worm farms.
Council provide a green waste collection for composting at landfill sites - collect residents garden waste to mulch and
compost or burn as a biomass in energy recovery schemes
Reward low rubbish producers financially.
Better facilities for dumping separated reusable unwanted items. e.g., I have just completed building a new house and
had as a principle to recycle whatever was possible. I was impressed that off-cut timber could be taken to be reused at the
Nambour dump however was surprised and discouraged by having to pay for me to take it there.
More white goods & large garden waste collections to stop illegal dumping.
Grants/bursaries for businesses that support eco-friendly packaging.
Encourage tourists to recycle.
Follow Switzerland - locate big recycle bins around town for plastics, glass, oils and cans etc
Tyre retailers/manufacturers should have to recycle and contribute to a rubber recycling plant.
All packaging should go into a recycling system via yellow bins. Reduce size of general bins but keep recycle bin size
and increase collection to weekly for recycle bins.

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                            Page 14 
More incentives to recycle
Follow USA - 3 bins - one for normal, one for green waste, one for bottles and papers.
.Education and Incentives: The Incentives could be providing free or heavily discounted worm farms and/or compost
bins. Other incentives could be to assist major waste produces to minimise waste.
As a holiday destination for many visitors, family. This 400,000 tonnes per year is not as accurate for local residents.
Many of the resorts and accommodation buildings, restaurants, waste increase with visitors, better management of their
waste could help.
I live in a block of 4 home units. We have a compost bin that we all use. There are 7 people occupying all the units. Our
general waste bin is usually half full on garbage bin day but our two recycling bins are both filled by pickup day.
Bring rising costs more into public knowledge. Let those who take responsibility to reduce their waste benefit
Make all public trips to the local tip free as long as they can sort their rubbish into recyclables.
I think the reduction of bin size is a key. We have a 5 person household & generally do not fill our 140L bin. The
supporting of composting is another think I would like to see, reuse over recycle
Why not empty recycle bins every week and the normal bins every two weeks. Then people would put more in recycle
bins. Also, most households do not have big enough yards for compost bins or worm farms but a green waste bin
would be a great idea.
Set up 'Green Coast Awards' - awards for school age people to manage and reduce waste as groups or individuals locally
and heavily market, with decent prizes to attract youth to participate
Provide a green waste bin to all households & reduce size of general waste bin. Kerbside clean up service to all areas in
SCRC. Phase out plastic carry bags at all retail outlets. There needs to be clearer labelling on containers so that people
can become better aware of what is recyclable - or alternatively, an awareness campaign conducted by Council.
Make it mandatory for new buildings to have rubbish/recycle/green waste/grey water facilities in the kitchen.
Look at other regions that have zero waste policies e.g. Wingecarribee and Shoalhaven councils in NSW.
There should also be a 70Lt wheelie bin size. Pricing for 70:140:240 be multiples of 1:3:6. Recycle bins stay at 240LT
and be "free" 2. As in UK, provide bottle banks (one each for clear, green and brown) and newspaper banks in
convenient supermarket car parks. Means some of the recyclables are already sorted (less cost) and less for the garbo to
pick up and transport. Means for us the recycle bin could be reduced to 140Lt
Interesting to note that landfill will be full by 2014. This is motivation enough for me to do something about my
recycling habits.
I get the feeling that Council doesn't take recycling seriously, otherwise there would be no restriction on the number of
recycling bins that we can have. For some reason Council has told me on several occasions that we have reached the
maximum that we can have of 6 recycling bins for our apartment complex. We need more yellow bins and less normal
bins. Recycling collections should be weekly, not fortnightly. Whilst we can order additional normal rubbish bin
collections during busy times, the Council does not allow for additional recycling collections. Why not?
The ideas I read on your waste management strategy sounded great! Good luck
With the general recycling you should make it more appealing to users - the first time I paid for my brown bin - I got a
card for free mulch from the tip - now I pay for it and nothing - I work hard and work every weekend - if I need to take
extra to the tip (as in green waste - I get charged) but the majority of the population who work Mon-Fri get to take green
waste to the tip for free on the weekend. Also in regards to that - you should enlist the help of the police or local laws to
be at the tip - so many people driving around with the load uncovered and our highways and main roads look terrible due
to large rubbish. One more thing - I think we should up the fines for people dumping rubbish in the forestry.
Provide people with lots of choice. People are very motivated if a choice is provided and they can save money.
Financial incentives are great.
More roadside clean-ups so people can rid of big items easily and not just dump their stuff anywhere especially when
young people move from units
Provide water fill stations, designed to encourage the disuse of water bottles. Have more recycling bins around
shopping centres, etc Encourage builders to incorporate greener building practices such as recycling of materials. Be
prominent in people’s lives. Out of sight, out of mind. More people would recycle if it was obvious to do so. Reward
those who reduce their waste. Encourage supermarkets to provide products with less packaging and mark these
products with a greener sunshine coast logo
Recycling bin to be collected weekly whilst general waste bin to be collected fortnightly or be smaller bins, our recycling
bin is often overflowing by the end of the fortnight. Discourage the use of plastic bottles install more bubbler fountains,
or put handles back on the public taps
Council should have more specific and frequent kerbside recycling collections e.g. white goods, electrical, BBQs,
furniture, household goods etc.
There needs to be an additional examination for how waste is collected from small multi-occupancy unit blocks. There
need to be incentives to absent owners and to holiday tenants. The current fact sheets seem to be aimed at single family
house or to large commercial premises that might include large condominiums with resident managers and facilities.

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                              Page 15 
tenants of holiday units need different campaigns to residential units and houses
Any strategy should contain carrots and sticks e.g. If you downsize your bin waste, charge stays the same. Community
gardens also have worm farms Recycling education & opportunities at farmers markets More public place recycling
through community & business partnerships.
Need larger recycle bins and one for each household (not 2 for a unit complex of 3 as they fill up too quickly)
Reduce the size of general waste bin
Financial incentives for businesses and individuals
Businesses should be encouraged to recycle more.
Encourage product manufacturers to reduce packaging
Subsidies for worm farms or a rate rebate for those who attend a composting course
Subsidise non disposable nappies
Have a system whereby we pay per use of our wheelie bin, i.e. pay each time we get it emptied.
Enforce a penalty for lazy people who can't be bothered to sort their rubbish.
Offer a 60 - 80 L general waste bin as an alternative, at a lower cost, increase the cost of large bins. This would
encourage people to reduce waste.
Do a recycling pickup weekly, people put recyclable items in the green bin when their recycling bin is full. An average
family of 5 would need a weekly pickup.
Council spot checks on all types of bins and auto spot fines for improper use thereof.
Do not charge at tips for any waste - this will reduce waste (both organic and inorganic) from being dumped in our local
Wheelie bins need to be smaller and have 3 bins - one for household rubbish, recycling and garden waste
Provide incentives for people to recycle - offer rewards, rate discounts, pet rego discounts etc
Bigger bins per house
Make wasters pay for it.
Financial incentives to reduce waste
Should be a financial incentive - the more you produce - the more you pay.
Smaller recyclables for pensioners or couples who did not fill regular bin - less costly on rates bill.
Spot checking of bins before collection
Have barcodes on wheelie bins, equip waste trucks with barcode reading devices and weigh garbage and pay for what
you produce.
Set a plan to reduce to the required level and impose it. People will complain and protest but ultimately we all have to
accept the new reality.
Reduce bin size and charge more for big bins
We definitely don’t fill our bin up. Only put it out once a fortnight usually. Maybe you should make the financial
difference for people who would opt for a smaller bin more - it would encourage people to change. I rang about it and it
was only $15 difference, so we kept our big one, just in case we had lots one day
Maybe a reward system could be established by utilising computerised systems within the waste trucks to track the
weight/volume of resident’s bins. If residents can achieve set targets to reduce the weight of their household waste bins
and increase the weight/volume of their recycle bins over set periods council could offer rewards or incentives to
encourage people.
Suggest a deal with Bunnings to supply home composting bins at a discounted rate with instructions
Free compost bins to each household
Edible cul-de-sacs' - encourage residents to use 'islands' in centre of cul-de-sacs and nature strips to create no dig gardens
and grow easy food crops
Encourage schools to have worm farms.
Reuse paper and food scraps in community gardens, parks and schools
Encourage communities to join forces and form community composting where available.
Encourage home growing of food to reduce packaging waste.
Grow vegies instead of buying trade them with your neighbours if you don’t have room to grow lots.
Council to support local and Australia growers
Encourage communal worm farms and herb gardens in units, town houses and apartment blocks.
Introducing curb side green waste disposal.
Garden waste to be separately collected and managed by Council - would reduce our quantity of waste we produce.
Target hospitality industry to dispose of organic waste correctly
Allow free dumping of organic (e.g. garden waste) waste to prevent this from being put into garbage bins as is common
practice. Observe and learn from other successful models such as the ACT Government
Council/government rebate scheme for purchase of composting materials

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                               Page 16 
Organic waste can easily be converted to mulch for the garden. People need to be educated and incentivised (if that's a
word) to compose lawn clippings, chip prunings and feed food scraps to worms.
The 3rd bin for green waste & organics should be implemented the same as the current recycle bin: everyone should
receive one, as the current system is clearly not working: the percentage of people using it is way too low.
Green Waste Recycling bin (worked well in Sutherland Shire)Encourage more Worm Farms at home (council rebate if
purchased) Encourage more Composting at home (council rebate if purchased)
Use newspapers to wrap organic kitchen waste and compost it instead of throwing it in plastic bags and putting in the bin
Council to use composting and worm farm on a commercial scale and sell the product to gardeners.
I see a lot of people using the general waste bin to dispose of garden waste. I have on occasions been guilty of this too.
The tip charges for a ute load whether it is a full load or not and most people don't have access to a ute or a trailer
I have some concern over the composting tunnel technology as I had previously heard there has been problems with the
technology trying to compost nearly all waste produced.
I would really like to see a facility where you can take your green waste so it can be turned into garden mulch-I believe
that palm fronds cause havoc in a mulcher but surely there is something that can make them reusable?
The 3rd bin for green waste & organics should be implemented the same as the current recycle bin: everyone should
receive one, as the current system is clearly not working: the percentage of people using it is way too low.
Each household should be given a bin for green waste as well as it would direct our garden waste to better areas. Local
papers should be printed on recycled paper if it isn't already. Local newspapers should also only be delivered to people
who request them.
Free disposal of Green Waste at the Tip, processed and then sold back as compost. (worked well in Sutherland Shire)
Ask social groups to support recycling more (Rotary, Lions etc) More School participation projects to help educate
school children.
If the council could supply compost bins to households at a reduced cost, especially the dearer sealed units (they can take
all organic waste and not encourage vermin) that would encourage more people to recycle the organic waste and reduce
the carbon emissions.
Provide composting bins to those who would use them. Many people would use them but don't have the money to buy
them or the knowledge of how to use them. Same with worm farms. I would use either if I had the money to set it up
and the knowledge.
Run free composting/worm farm workshops and give away free compost containers (look at NSW Shoalhaven council's
The individual household needs to recycle, in particular, food waste via composting. Further education and incentives
need to be provided for this to occur in every household as currently it is all too easy just to bag it and throw it in the bin.
Maybe the provision by Council of a composting bin for every household and a downsize of the wheelie bin to 140 litre
might be effective.
Educate and motivate - community and school food gardens, composting, worm farms; enforceable laws re inappropriate
disposal of waste; new buildings be required to be designed with onsite waste management - run-off collected and used
onsite, composting and food garden on site wherever possible (consider roof gardens, carparks in basement, garden
where car park would have been; paths through gardens rather than lawns needing mowing; penalties for unnecessary
packaging; levy for using disposable packaging (including bags); composting toilets or other environmentally friendly
options in all new facilities; recycling grey water
Provide a green waste bin to all households & reduce size of general waste bin. Kerbside clean up service to all areas in
SCRC. Phase out plastic carry bags at all retail outlets. There needs to be clearer labelling on containers so that people
can become better aware of what is recyclable - or alternatively, an awareness campaign conducted by Council.
I think the biggest opportunity we have is to consolidate the treatment of all organic wastes, both domestic garbage and
sewage, into one stream to maximise the potential to generate energy from this waste. At present methane generated
from the degradation of organic waste at landfills is Council's largest source of greenhouse gases. However,
economically feasible electricity generation from methane is dependent on economies of scale i.e. large scale processes.
At the moment we have methane generation from multiple landfills, as well as several sewage treatment plants (STPs).
I'm not sure how many of the landfill facilities are large enough to make power generation from methane cost effective
but I know that all the STPs are just a bit too small for it to be cost effective. But if we could increase methane
production at STPs and/or electricity prices keep going up, then electricity generation will become cost effective. So it
seems to make sense to me to consolidate the treatment of all organic wastes at fewer facilities in order to make
electricity generation cost effective. There are two alternative, and compatible, routes for getting all organic wastes to the
STPs. The sewage is already transferred by the sewerage network, and studies have shown that food scraps can be
effectively transported to STPs via the sewer network if in-sink-erators are installed in our homes. This could be used in
combination with improved sorting and separation of organic waste from domestic garbage at a recycling facility,
followed by transport to the appropriate STP. Several STPs already have anaerobic digestion, although they would
require up-sizing to cope with the potential significant increase in organic load. Furthermore, the STP staff already has

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                                Page 17 
the operating experience and expertise to ensure stable operation of the anaerobic digestion process. The anaerobic
digestion process operates at a quicker rate than the rate of degradation in landfills, leading to a lower total volumetric
process requirement, and furthermore the used landfill space tends to be a one-off use, whereas the capital cost
associated with the digester volume is used over and over again. Following anaerobic digestion the residual waste could
still be used as an input to composting. However, compared to the option of just directly composting organic waste, the
inclusion of anaerobic digestion prior to composting allows some of the energy to be extracted from the waste. At the
moment all residual matter (referred to as biosolids) from anaerobic digestion at STPs is transported by truck to the
Darling Downs for reuse on agricultural land, and this could continue if food wastes are added to the digesters. I'm not
sure what the market size is for compost, particularly in an urban context, but the demand for biosolids reuse on
agricultural land is growing. Furthermore transfer and reuse of organic wastes back to agricultural land helps to "close
the nutrient loop". Farms input significant amounts of nutrients to grow crops, which are then exported to urban areas. So
to balance this we need to export as much of the nutrients remaining in our wastes as possible back to the agricultural
land, otherwise this is not sustainable. For example, geological stores of phosphorus e.g. superphosphate are rapidly
being depleted and are predicted to become extremely rare within about 50 years i.e. the life of our children! STPs can
very effectively capture phosphorus and ensure it is transported back to the farms in the biosolids that are reused. Finally
this whole concept is not theoretical, but has been implemented in several places, notably in the US. The first case study
that I read about was at San Diego (USA) and it has been running for maybe 5 years now. In this case I understand they
only send food waste to the STP anaerobic digesters, but not organic garden waste.
Nutri-Tech Solutions based at Yandina is always on the look-out for good quality compost suitable for use in agriculture.
The specifications for an agricultural product may be different to the composts used for landscaping and manufactured
soils. NTS is keen to discuss with Local Government how we can help each other to recycle compostable materials and
provide local farmers with a superior resource that will improve their farms and as a consequence, improve the
Provide residents with free drop off of garden green waste and pick up of a trailer load of free mulch at least twice a year.
With the increase in smaller backyards and private open space areas in new estates, establish local community vegetable
gardens with composting facilities. Residents can collect organic waste at home and bring it to the community worm
farm or other compostable material to add to the compost bins while also growing fresh vegetables. This program will
also provide an educational opportunity to teach community members and children how to compost correctly and even
how to utilise their own garden space to create an edible and sustainable garden.
Council to supply a third bin for green waste
Green waste bins (garden waste could become cheaper to have and perhaps share with other people/neighbours and the
Rent worm farms through Council or pay them off via rates.
Make it mandatory that every household should have a compost bin
Provide an incentive to recycle organic waste product for compost
Make green waste bins free to all as most people use the general waste bin
Council to supply free worm farms and compost bins to each property.
No charge for depositing green waste at transfer stations
Use compost bins for waste
Homeowners to compost and recycle more
If Council offered cheap compost bins and worm farm set ups to people then the 3rd bin wouldn't be used or needed.
Subsidised compost bins
More information and incentives for composting
Communal gardens
Council needs to provide a free bin for garden waste which they could turn into compost and sell to householders for a
small fee.
All new households to install food waste disposal units
Have a garden waste collection fortnightly.
Council to supply compost bins at a cheap price
Supply green waste bin at low cost
Reintroduce free green waste at landfill sites.
Compost and worm farms available at a discounted rate to rate payers
Mulch all green waste.
Make it a rule/law that green waste cannot be placed in the general garbage bin - encourage people to take it to a
composting plant.
Have green waste mulchers that people can borrow/hire to keep green waste on own properties to use as mulch.
Have mulcher visit neighbourhoods monthly/bi-monthly where people can bring along their green waste and have it
mulched or so Council can use at local parks.
Composting bins for house scraps

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                             Page 18 
Green bins should be supplied free of charge to all home.
Vouchers for residents on rate to drop off green waste for free
Beerwah mulch is great - other waste facilities aren’t. Make all drop off points like Beerwah.
Community gardens
Speed up decomposition of waste in landfills to re invent space and make landfill gas power
Consider organic waste in landfills as resource recovery.
Do not charge for green waste - people will dump on road side and/or burn
Composting of clean green waste at landfills
Council to provide composting bins
Free dumping of green waste but solar heat treating the mulch to kill weed seed and fungus spores, then sell mulch at a
higher price.
Rebates for worm farms and Bokashi Bins
Teach composting and provide households with a cheap compost bin for $5 (on application)
General recycling suggestions
Involve big business in this whether you have to change the planning laws/zoning laws to help. E.g. Rockcote moved to
the Gold Coast as the old laws were too strict here, Motor Plant in America that recycles basically 90% of their factory
from paint/car parts to garbage.
Get the big property developers onside to ensure that they build in recycling deposits in their new suburbs. high rises etc.
Spend the money to make it mandatory that recycling bins are next to every garbage bin in community areas/on streets
Help promote and foster community drives e.g. Scouts collecting tin cans for fundraisers etc. The African shoe appeal
worked well in the libraries.
Utilise more shops that offer re-fills of commodities rather than another packet. Promote buying fresh produce rather
than convenient food.
Donating paper/cardboard to preschools and vets
Encouraging new home owners to utilise building waste in the landscaping process
Every bin should have a recycle bin next to it in shops and on streets.
Commercial kitchens should be made to have recycle bins and kitchen scrap bins as in most kitchens it all goes to land
fill e.g. Countless plastic take-away containers which are recyclable and loads of kitchen food scraps.
Build bigger recycling sorting areas.
Enlist those who are unable to source employment due to circumstances such as Work for the Dole, those recovering
from psychiatric or addiction problems. Place them on a casual basis (which would make them part of the working
community) and turn the recycle sorting business into an actual industry.
Have household competitions for recycling.
More signs and advertising around the Sunshine Coast encouraging sensible recycling.
Deposits for recyclable containers - would encourage kids to collect as we would use and provide a source of income for
others who desperately need it.
Give recycle bins to businesses on the coast.
In other countries i.e.: Germany that at the supermarket door you can dispose of the packaging and the supermarket is
charged for the disposal of the packaging
Have recycling bins collected every week rather than fortnightly.
Federal laws to change packaging on products Provide Discount Compost bins for household Encourage Glass
recyclables 10cent deposit on Cans/Bottles as per South Australia
Recycle printed matter in businesses i.e. use for fax machines, double sided print or quite logically THINK before you
print. Recycle garden and food waste into a compost bin.
Avoid buying overly packaged products and foods. Think creatively on what can be done with some of the waste.e.g.
plant pots out of yoghurt containers Don't throw out any paper or it under mulch and soak it in water
and add it to your garden.
Most grocery items are over packaged. A lot of the packaging is not recyclable. Most workplaces don't have a yellow
recycle bin.
Force people to recycle all types of waste. I have just been to Europe and in Germany they have 4 different bags for their
waste. People not recycling correctly are fined. They also have a monthly green waste collection.
Much waste comes from packaging - meat & fruit trays, plastic cling wrap, boxes, cellophane, etc. More innovative
ways to package are needed.
Set up a computer/printer dumping site and teach unemployed how to repair/restore computers and sell them off to
charities, low income earners, disability and age pensioners
I have a Masters in Environmental Management and I'm currently doing contract cleaning for some major companies in

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                            Page 19 
the area and I'm disgusted by the amount of waste that is thrown out daily.
I don't know of anywhere to send electronic equipment at the end of its life. TV, Video, computer, etc. There seems to
me to be a lot of recyclable material, some of which is quite valuable, in that sort of equipment. Every household is
throwing them out.
Stop buying and eating processed foods. Ban over-packaging. Re-use and re-cycle everything possible. Find a use for
used ink cartridges and obsolete computers, printers etc.
Less packaging take shopping bags recycle green waste collection for compost educate the public about reusing things
rather than just throwing them out encourage no shopping days
Bake/cook more food if possible as opposed to buying packaged foods. Buy food from markets, bakeries etc... where
packaging is not used. Buy in bulk rather than individually wrapped items.
The only way to really reduce waste is to get better at recycling. In Australia with all recycling going into one bin, it is
up to the people at the depot to separate this out, which I doubt very highly is being done properly.
Recycle more. The recycling service needs to be on a weekly basis as by the end of the fortnight the recycle bin is full
and the normal bin has to be used therefore creating more landfill when it could have been recycled.
Encouraging Supermarkets and Manufacturers to reduce packaging. Continuing the offer of free dump fees if rubbish is
sorted into recyclables. Continue and increase educational programs in schools by encouraging schools to reuse their
onsite waste e.g. worm farms
Manufacturers should be encouraged to eliminate the amount of packaging of their goods. There needs to be an
advertisement campaign to encourage the community to support this as there seems to be a mentality of using products
that are multi packs for convenience.
Promote the idea of individuals buying second-hand goods and clothing as opposed to purchasing brand new- perhaps
council could encourage people to re-sell their unwanted goods and clothing by setting up some sort of
weekly/fortnightly/monthly flea markets
We are unlikely to reduce waste per se, but we need greater education on recycling issues and incentives to use recycling
options and facilities. We need to be able to recycle larger and heavier items more effectively
There is not much point in recycling if the waste materials are not recycled, as I understand a lot of waste materials are
just stored as we do not have the technology(& machinery)in Australia to process the waste e.g. newspapers, plastic.
Rather than having options, all possible ideas should be put in place to allow for the best possible outcome. And instead
of filling up the landfill by 2020, it will provide a wider window of opportunity to develop more waste reduction
Collection points should be established for IT waste what are we supposed to do with the dud computer equipment that
could be recycled? That idea of a green business at south Caloundra or somewhere to process this stuff is a good idea.
Why is there NO recycling on Hastings St? I manage a resort that has daily papers, bottles etc yet we are unable to
separate these & recycle them. Also, installing bottle recycling bins on Hastings st would be a great idea!!
I manage a holiday apartment complex. Guests on holidays don't read our instruction signs regarding waste recycling or
don't care, and throw general rubbish into the yellow bins. We have no facility in the rooms to separate the normal
rubbish from recyclables.
Recycling Refusing packaging whenever possible Shredding paper to compost Shredding garden waste to compost
Publicising companies who don’t create things in plastic wrap Publicising companies who ask for packaging back so
they can recycle (TV boxes with foam in them etc)
Recycle at home like munching lawn cutting, branches and leaves.
 Perhaps create and link more community garden spaces with recycling points and education. Have a visible presence.
EG If I ruled the world I'd have the Tat G commercial organic digester in every shopping centre surrounded by a public
garden fed from the worm castings and juice. I have no interest in the company just think it’s a great concept. By making
waste recycling visible we are more aware of it. It is too easy to put everything in the green bin and its council’s
problem. I'd also like to see more detail of exactly what happens to things in my yellow bin . Where do they go after
sorting? What do they end up as? What companies use the recycled materials? I may be more responsible for it If I know
where it actually goes. Perhaps a left field idea for reuse. More council clean ups except council doesn't take it away.
This annual occasion is often by default a social phenomenon of giving away unwanted goods to those who need/want
them. Perhaps we could allow a day a month where residents are permitted to put their unwanted goods on the front lawn
to give away. All goods must be taken back in if not taken within 48 hours!
Recycle Styrofoam boxes and invest in new recycling programs
Lobby state and federal government to introduce minimal/green product packaging laws.
Industry is the first place you should attach. At work the amount of paper we go though is unreal. But it's all too hard for
most people. Make it easier. Since we have gone paperless with computers we are using three times as much paper.
Have a publicity campaign to inform people that recycling helps all concerned rather than a Council benefit or directive
i.e. Newspapers can be used as mulch for flower beds or weed elimination and perhaps donate same to the various Vet
clinics which could use donated newspapers for lining animal cages. Donate clean clothing to refuges instead of the
usual Op shops. If there was a Council recycle/sorting bins at shopping centres where people could drop off cans &

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                             Page 20 
bottles then people may feel more inclined to use these places.
We never read junk mail, but we have junk mail thrown onto our driveway every single day. Junk mail alone counts for a
large portion of our household waste.
I consider the disposal of Styrofoam problematic. Many items (particularly electrical appliances, etc) come in cardboard
cartons with copious quantities of Styrofoam holding the article in place. This material is bulky and, I think, has a long
breakdown period (if ever), and as far as I know, Styrofoam is not recyclable. Is there any scope to recycle this material?
If not, I suggest encouraging manufacturers to use cardboard or other recyclable materials to pack these products.
In regard to used mattress dumping, it is pleasing that steps are being taken to deal with these monsters. However, I
question why manufacturers persist with the making of 'ensembles'. There never was anything wrong with a bed base
(wire or boards) with a comfortable mattress on top, and there still is nothing wrong with it. We personally have never
bought one, and never will. Bed bases become 'downtrodden' over time, and must be dumped, just as mattresses have to
be. Mattress dumping would be halved if we reverted back to the old system. (Besides, it's always handy to have an
'under the bed' to store things!) The kerbside cleanup, while welcome for items which have 'had it' and cannot be
reused, I feel that a large proportion of stuff put out on the street is reusable and/or recyclable. The fact that everything
put on the street goes straight to landfill (as I understand it), means that things like old appliances, for example, cannot be
utilised for their metal, etc. Nor do useful items find their way to the recycle shop. This is waste at its worst. I feel there
could be some way (user pays, but low-as-possible cost) for transport to be provided to take these types of items to the
appropriate place for those without a trailer or ute.
Palm trees are an absolute curse. I know, because I have some. They are forever dropping their fronds, and in my
experience, these are not suitable for composting. Further, people are not averse (including me) to chopping them up and
topping up the waste bin. Mea Culpa. The answer is probably to proclaim them as noxious weeds and fine anyone who
doesn't get rid of the pesky things. Finally, back to the people who do not use their recycle bin correctly, or
conversely, use their rubbish bin for recyclable material. While some may be ignorant, in the main, many people are just
plain lazy, in my opinion. I walk regularly, and pick up bits or rubbish as I go and (on collection days) deposit it into
various bins awaiting emptying. I am continually amazed by what I see when I lift the lid. Bottles and cans, etc galore
in the wrong bins, and - worse - foreign waste in the recycle bin. Suggest garbage police. Just as you have parking
inspectors to fine parking offenders, there could be random inspections of waste bins on collection days - complete with
fines. Firstly, you'd boost the coffers, and secondly, there is no 'education' like the raid on the hip pocket. You'll be
surprised at how fast they learn.
All glass bottles should have a refundable deposit payable on them and plastic bottles either banned or attract a tax to
cover cost of recycling.
Get the manufacturers of goods to cut down on excess packaging. Do what they do in some European countries and
when white goods are purchased there is an extra charge on top of the purchase price which is then refunded when that
item is then no longer needed and then it is properly recycled. Also have a surcharge on bottles and then get a refund on
the empty ones. In some European countries they have a machine at the supermarkets that these bottles are feed into and
they get a receipt which they can then spend in the store and get a reduction on their grocery items. Also when these
bottles with a surcharge are thrown away or left lying around in the community people will pick them up and take them
to the recycling locations (super markets) and get a receipt so that they can get a discount on their shopping.
No more plastic bags! No more take-away food! No more fishing people leaving stuff around! Re-cycle clothing for
other people Re-cycle take-away containers for other use Grow own herbs and veggies Compost bins provided by
Maroochy Palms Holiday Village for residents Only use 1/2 flush on loo after about 3 uses for urine Only use 1/2 flush
on loo for defecation - definitely works Only shower for 3 minutes Re-cycle bins provided by Maroochy Palms
Holliday Village = counterpart at Noosa does this!!!!!!!!!!!!! Use old boxes etc to send stuff by mail Keep mail stuff
and white out addresses and re-use Use paper bags Use newspaper to wrap up garbage stuff
One or two examples would be to be more conscientious when doing your grocery shopping about what we buy e.g.
glass jars, plastic containers etc bearing in mind whether it can be recycled or not. Also using lunch boxes thereby
eliminating foil, cling wrap etc. to wrap sandwiches and having one water bottle that can be refilled when needed.
Retailing to use less packaging. Encourage bulk supply. Retailers selling batteries and other non compostable items,
should be encouraged to have an exchange system. 10c deposit on all drink bottles and cans.
There is entirely too much packaging of goods. A major initiative needs to be implemented to reduce the amount of
packaging used in food and in general consumer goods. An individual has no control on this and can only search out
alternative sources of food that are not packaged.
The community does not generate waste--manufacturers and re-sellers do that We need to cut down on all sorts of
packaging, and make sure more and more goods are recyclable,
As the 'event' capital of Aust - make events more environmentally friendly - less disposables and recycle bins as the main
focus. Refill your own mug and its cheaper etc In Warrnambool we had the small bins (120L). When I moved here 10
years ago I was surprised to see the big bins - & it encourages you to be lazy & just throw things in the bin rather than
thinking 'can I find another use for this as my bin is getting full.
Recycle bins located in community areas to encourage recycling
Need larger recycle bins and one for each household (not 2 for a unit complex of 3 as they fill up too quickly)

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                               Page 21 
Reduce the amount of plastic packaging on consumables
More recycle bin/skips at caravan parks
Promoting fresh food products rather than packaged items
Lack of suitable recycling bins around sporting grounds and shopping centres
Have a Sunshine Coast rebottling plant and container return system
Create Green Jobs - recycling bin inspections with incentives for good separation
Purchase products with minimal packaging
Buy food with recyclable packaging
More recycle bins for tourists
More recycling bins in public places
. More recycling at schools, play groups, day care centres
Offer a weekly recycle collection
Make it essential that all businesses adopt a recycling program or implement minimisation strategies for
packaging/plastic bag use
Recycling of milk and juice containers
Cut down the use of disposable nappies as clot ones can be washed and used again.
Lobby government to make mandatory that all packaging of foodstuffs in stores be recycled.
Recycle more items e.g. UHT cartons
Campaign for manufacturers to re-package items to recyclable covers/containers
As the area grows so does the need for recycling bins on building sites as there is so much which needs to be recycled.
Commercial recycling
Plasterboard recycling
Recycling of computers and televisions
Add refundable deposits on all bottles, cans and containers like South Australia.
Free drop off to the tip of usable items that can be resold through recovery shops. (Will prevent people from dumping
waste in bushland areas). More incentives for residents to take recyclable items to the tip and become actively involved
in recycling. Unfortunately people need to think that there is something in it specifically for them, not just the
environment or their community.
Other suggestions
Eliminate single use plastic bags in shopping centres.
Get rid of disposable nappies - must be biodegradable
Council needs to 'penalise' (or fine) businesses and residents doing the wrong thing.
Set up a market and contract for services arranged by SCRC for packaging waste pickup and delivery to a best practice
MRF so the packaging does not make it to the consumer and is fully recycled after being intercepted.
There are too many free newspaper wasting paper and landfill space
Reduce sale of bottled water in Sunshine Coast.
Create green collar jobs.
Regaining land currently used as landfill sites.
Community plastic bag disposals for dog poo and other usage next to rubbish bins.
Residents placing signs out the front of their properties asking for newspapers NOT to be delivered
Emailing instead of postal mail. Junk mail not necessary
Provide smaller rubbish bin (140l) but let us keep large bin and make it for green garden waste and food scraps. Some
ways to recycle large packing boxes from TV’s etc that are too big to put into recycle bins.
Emailing instead of postal mail. Junk mail not necessary.
Every bin should have a recycle bin next to it in shops and on streets. Grow vegies instead of buying trade them with
your neighbours if you don’t have room to grow lots.
Lessons need to be learnt from other councils around the country that have trialled many ideas many of which have not
worked rather than embarking on projects which are costly and may not succeed.
I was very impressed at the detail and all the options. The DP suggestions are all good and there is a real sense of
urgency. We need to move even faster than the ambitious DP however.
Zero landfill is a noble but unachievable goal. We'll just end up with a greater problem of old mattresses, broken
furniture etc. being dumped in forests and water ways like the bad old days.
We have the right man for the job- Big Bob. It has been said that he wants to turn the Sunshine Coast into the first
sustainable community in Australia. I say let’s do it! Let's get excited about it.
It would be good for all those families that can't afford to have a computer at home could have access to this paper.
Could Council consider having this paper delivered - perhaps in the local paper and a mention of TV and Radio that the
paper is included.
Keep up the good work, and use the goodwill of residents to make the Sunshine Coast a lighthouse of innovation for the

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                         Page 22 
rest of the country. What you help build and prove here will become an industry that we can export to the whole world.
Solar powered bins may be of use for the sunshine coast - the run on solar power and compress the waste to minimise the
collection costs.
It is important to take the first step. Well done. There are plenty of people in this area who really do want to make a
difference and who care for the environment and the future of this wonderful planet.
Compulsory Work for the Dole programs in the area of Land Care, recycling and sorting.
I was very impressed at the detail and all the options. The DP suggestions are all good and there is a real sense of
urgency. We need to move even faster than the ambitious DP however.
Look at other regions that have zero waste policies e.g. Wingecarribee and Shoalhaven councils in NSW.
Lobby state and federal government to introduce minimal/green product packaging laws.
Stop all junk mail
Council to lead by example and invest in good sustainable design practises and models that encourage the kitchen of both
residential and commercial premises to be near a garden with composting facilities and convenient grey water collection
and distribution. Invest and display architectural design model of houses that facilitate waste management and
permaculture principles into residential house design Community Houses should be designed as state of the art examples
of how we can live at home.
As individuals, we need to really rethink the way we live and what we consume. The current waste problem is rooted in
consumerism, ignorance on our social and environmental impacts on the rest of the world, and apathy towards our future
generation. If we can just slow down, rethink and live more simply, more sustainably, then we would not be consuming
so much energy and producing so much waste.
Get rid of plastic bags. South Australia has done it successfully without many dramas. Introduce the 10c refund for
cans/bottles as done in SA.
Investigate the unsolicited delivery of community newspapers and property magazines to residents of the Sunshine
Coast. Most of these are immediately put into wheelie bins. We get four community newspapers and a property
magazine. The only reason we open them is to put the paper in the recycling bin and the plastic in the general waste bin.
The reasons why plastic bags are found in waterways should be investigated. Are they left in rivers and the ocean by
The plan appears to be for 5 years. We need a 20 year goal of no waste - where everything is reusable. All goods sold
should be recyclable. This would require federal and international agreements - we need standards (comparable with
electrical safety) so that only goods that are 100% recyclable can be sold.
The discussion paper is a good step in analysing the issues and options, and engaging the community. It gives clear
reasons to act. I’d have liked to see more emphasis on waste avoidance (the bigger part of Reduce) and sustainability in
the discussion paper. As it is, the emphasis is very much engineering and industry driven. Still, the task force is to be
congratulated for pinpointing the importance of educating and partnering with the community and industry. Initiatives
like Eco-biz, Living Smart & school waste / sustainability education are indeed valuable and should be further supported.
Given organic waste is a key target area, restaurants and other food outlets should also be targeted, either in the context
of Eco-biz or some kind of a commercial food waste recycling program. The role of community groups in managing
resource recovery centres has proved to be highly effective and beneficiary (e.g. Eumundi Road Brit Side tip shop) and it
is good to see the task force support an increase in their role. Moreover, community groups, with their local knowledge
and networks, are invaluable and cost-effective in delivering educational / awareness programs for local communities,
schools and businesses. The Noosa Integrated Catchment Assoc. (NICA), for example, has worked with local schools
and businesses to minimize waste and stormwater pollution for several years now. Our waste wise schools website offers a wide range of educational resources and tips for practical actions to
minimize waste. Our fishing line recovery project educates fishers and helps to reduce impacts of discarded fishing gear
on wildlife. Each year, we organize local teams for Clean Up Australia Day which engages the community and reduce
the litter problem. In terms of organic waste recycling, composting, worm farming and food gardens at homes or at
schools, we have an in-house horticulturalist who is well qualified and experienced in these activities. Likewise, the
Maroochy Catchment Centre (Sunshine Coast hub for Queensland Environmental Sustainability Schools Initiative
QESSI), Coolum District Coast Care and Noosa and District Landcare all have their indispensable roles in community
education and delivering on-ground environmental outcomes. We would like to see the Strategy give more explicit roles
and support for local community groups in all aspects of waste minimization, and indeed environmental sustainability. In
terms of packaging reduction and manufacturer responsibilities, I am glad to see Council’s willingness to “lobby State
and Federal Govts”. This should indeed be a priority and the community could play a key role, if they are well informed
and encouraged. Perhaps there could be a community campaign for manufacturer responsibility to reduce packaging and
minimize waste. The same applies to E-waste involving take back schemes, etc. I do not understand why there is no
consideration or even mentioning of a Container Deposit System (CDS) in the discussion paper? Various assessments
have been done on the effectiveness and economics of CDS in SA and its potential in WA. I believe Council should
lobby State and Federal Govts on adopting CDS across the country, or at least provide some transparent analyses on the
feasibility of its adoption in QLD. CDS is an important tool to maximizing away-from-home beverage containers and

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                            Page 23 
reducing litter. On plastic bags, we should also lobby the QLD Govt for a ban of single use bags. But we don’t need to
wait till there is an official ban, as the task force has identified the anti plastic bag campaign as a priority. In fact, some
local businesses have already taken the lead. E.g. the Peregian Beach Business Assoc. was instrumental in declaring
Peregian a “plastic-free zone” back in December 2006 and is reinforcing its efforts this year. It is interesting to see
“farmers’ market” being singled out for reducing packaging waste in the discussion paper. Indeed some of our local
markets are leading the way in waste minimization. The Eumundi market has given a big push to recycling, elimination
of non-recyclable packaging, promoting compostable plates & bowls, and introducing worm farming and composting to
deal with the food waste. There is also the opportunity to further reduce the amount of disposable wastes by establishing
a washing up facility equipped with dish washers, solar hot water, photovoltaic and rain water tank. I would like to see
Council consider funding support and partner with community groups, schools and event organizations to develop a
mobile washing up facility to serve the numerous public events and festivals on the coast. If connected with an
established composting operation, the facility would truly minimize waste, educate and engage the communities and
contribute to environmental sustainability.
Bravo to council and the taskforce for taking an innovative look into the future of waste management on the Sunshine
Close all supermarkets and make people sustain on veg and animal products only
Waste is an unnatural concept. Only people produce waste. Producers should be required to be responsible for the
ultimate disposal of materials which they produce - a cradle to grave responsibility. I appreciate that this won't be
realizable for some time. For a start, provision should be made to recycle all packaging which is labelled as 'recyclable' -
e.g. Tetrapaks, some plastics. Reuse of containers should be encouraged. A system as in SA regarding containers (a
deposit) should be introduced in Queensland, but with emphasis on reuse. This did happen in the Province of Ontario
Canada where up until the early 1990s all local beer bottles were mandated to be recyclable. SCRC landfills should
refuse to accept cardboard from commercial disposal bins. This approach prevailed in Metropolitan Toronto, Canada in
the 1980s predicated by the lack of available landfill sites. Commercial operators there were expected to make their own
arrangements for disposal
Allow people to scavenge. Or; set up an area where people can dump their usable materials i.e.: whitegoods,
bricks/cement/pavers, tyres, wood, metal. If people could access these materials for free somewhere, instead of having
to pay money for them at the dump shop- heaps of people would go there for their landscaping things, craft, arts bits and
pieces- and general recycled goods.
Instant fines for littering, free composting bins, banning of plastic bags, recycling of larger consumables i.e. computers,
cell phones, fridges, etc.
Packaging of goods to be more considerate of the environment. Have the recycling bins collected weekly - this would
allow for smaller general waste bins to be used. Subsidise a free compost bin for every householder if they wanted it.
Broaden the scope of what can be recycled through the present system. Have a facility for electronic waste (e.g. TVs,
computers, mobile phones, all types of batteries). Have public recycling areas like they do in the UK (e.g. in shopping
centre car parks) with big metal bins in which recyclable products can be separated & placed in (e.g. brown glass, clear
glass, plastic bottles, newspapers etc). These bins with relatively small entrance points so idiots can't put large bags of
stuff in. Publicise what by-products are available for sale (e.g. mulch etc) so that the community knows about it & can
purchase. Don't get rid of plastic bags from shops totally, but charge for them (has been done for years overseas). They
are useful for a myriad of reusable purposes around the house & if people want the bags, they pay for them.
Charge for plastic bags..See the reduction Ireland achieved with this charge. Education at school...primary and
secondary. Encourage local vegie gardens..Community space to be made available for this purpose. LASTLY I AM
A very well written article clear, simple and precise.
I support the feedback from the Sunshine Coast Environment Council.
I think you have made some great suggestions and I hope this gets underway. The community must take responsibility
for their own waste.
Only thing is to keep looking for ways to better compact waste into given areas.
We use the Yandina transfer station and it is unbelievable how many cars pull up and dump their rubbish, plus boxes of
bottles and newspapers in the rubbish container when the recycle bins are only 20 metres away. I think that the people
who oversee these facilities should get off their butts and stand and supervise what is dumped in the rubbish bins and
insist that recyclables are taken to the appropriate bins, instead of just sitting and collecting the fees.
I thought it was great, just need to put it in to practice as quickly as possible so we may look after this beautiful area
Eliminating plastic shopping bags is NOT the answer. If we all are serious, then the elimination of ALL plastic products

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                               Page 24 
should be eliminated. For example Woolworths and other stores still use the plastic cases for cakes etc. These are far
worse pollutants than the shopping bags. I have always recycled my shopping bags and so do others, now I have to
purchase (from Woolworths) bags to put my garbage in.
This discussion paper is a significant document in that it not only outlines waste management issues, strategies to deal
with waste and outcomes of particular strategies, it is also a visible policy statement that waste management is everyone's
Supermarkets and fruit and vegetable shops should be asked to scale down their plastic cookie and cake containers and
prohibit consumables being wrapped in plastic.
Listen and act on what the public request
Ban throwaway napkins - the amount of sewerage leeching from tips must be horrendous.
Rubbish trucks need 2 assistants who can get in and out of the truck and inspect bins.
More explicit detail on how to dispose of surplus citrus fruit which may be stung by fruit fly making it risky to return to
the soil which will facilitate the breeding of the next generation.
Ban single use plastic bags
Eliminate wasteful packaging
Sponsor research into using waste as a fuel to produce electricity
Buy in bulk and store at home.
Instead of having landfill sites, have composting sites and bigger recycling sites
Remove takeaway good outlets or put a tax of 20% in takeaways.
This survey could have asked more applicable questions
Glad to see Council taking a proactive stance on this important issue
Place deposits on reusable containers
Use multi use bags for shopping
Charge 'free' newspapers and unnecessary junk mail.
In Mt Tamborine, the Council stopped the random delivery of 'free' newspapers and instead allowed for these free papers
to be placed in dedicated containers outside selected shops
Supermarket suppliers over package
Burn it
As Canada Bay Council (Sydney) does, a general street collection where it is legal for dumped goods to be taken by
public during the few days prior to official Council collection.
Limit the amount of excess packaging
More Council collections/pick ups
Place fines on suppliers who over package
State and federal government to address packaging
Eliminate Styrofoam
Ban plastic bags or utilise bags that can be recycled with the other plastics by methods more efficient than recycled water
Go back to basics - use paper bags instead of plastic
Why has this issue not been addressed 10 years ago or more?
Reserve land for waste disposal to last at least 20 years
Look at what other countries do to manage waste - e.g. Europe and Japan.
Use refillable containers for products like honey, shampoo, soaps etc
Buy products with less packaging
Enforce strict guidelines on packaging
Expand what can be recycled
Buy products which have no packaging
Reduce, reuse, recycle
Op shops or tip shops or put at Council pickups for people to take
Less shopping in commercial stores, e.g. supermarkets
More farmers markets which would allow for less packaging for foods and other items of purchase.
Ban non recyclable packaging
Ban plastic bags
Buy less packaged food
E Waste
Ban the blister wrappings - alternatives are available and have been introduced in Europe successfully
Collect chemical waste
Maximise energy from waste
Take packaging off products and leave at supermarket to apply pressure for them to get their suppliers to use less

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                            Page 25 
Polystyrene packaging needs to be replaced with a recyclable product that will break down.
Buy fresh produce locally - farmers markets
Council should employ litter police.
Focus of the strategy should be on maximising capture of embodied energy in the non organic waste, and capturing the
biogenic energy.
Fossil fuel electricity generation is responsible for 70% of Australia's emissions. Solid waste contributes less than 2% of
Australia's emissions, yet is contributing to 14% of the renewable energy supply, with potential, for improvement in the
current level of generation. This displaces the need for equivalent coal dried generation when fed into the grid. Surely
this is the biggest single driver for any strategy?
If the methane from organic waste is being captured, which is possible at a 90% efficiency level in landfill and further
converted to renewable energy; how can the diversion of this material away from landfill with gas capture avoid
emissions and benefit the community?
Nothing in discussion paper discussing landfills replacement, as it will be needed regardless of however many millions
are wasted on 'nice to haves'.
This survey is lip service for the Discussion Paper and the questions will not give rise to answers that should form a new
strategy. It is also too restrictive and predicated on the belief that what is in the Discussion Paper will be adopted.
Add refundable deposits on all bottles, cans and containers like South Australia.
I picked up litter on a the Peachester range last year as I was disgusted with the amount of rubbish there. I went to the
Beerwah Transfer Station and they wanted to charge me as apparently it is a state road - not Council road. How does this
encourage people to do the right thing and take pride in their community and help the environment?
Eliminate plastic bags all together.
Establish a pilot plant where non recyclables are incinerated in a purpose built facility and generate electricity to be fed
back into the grid. Federal funding should be available to offset some cost.
Question 3 is misleading - how were the proposed new technologies chosen? Was there a defensible risk (including
environmental, financial etc) assessment and what are the results. How can this question be answered without cost and
performance data?
Question 4 is wrongly represented and ill founded argument. There is no evidence about the comparable weights of bin
sizes in practice. I suspect overflows from smaller bins are placed in the recycling or green waste bin (I know my
neighbour does)
In NSW they have a facility that converts waste or part of waste/rubbish into electricity. At least this gives back to the
community and recycles for a good outcome.
Stop supermarkets from selling over packaged items and selling items packaged in plastics that are not recyclable
Guests tie up their recyclable rubbish in plastic bags and throw it into the bins. I have to tear open the bags to put the
contents into the yellow bins and then put the plastic bags into the normal rubbish bins. It's a dirty job and I shouldn't
have to do it. This is despite signs saying no plastic bags in the yellow bins. Plastic shopping bags are actually an
example of re-use. They are an essential means of people carrying their rubbish to the bins. We use them instead of
plastic bin liners. You can't put putrescibles rubbish in the reusable bags. Rather than banning plastic bags it would be
better to develop technology to make biodegradable plastic bags. If you ban plastic shopping bags, then people will just
have to buy plastic bin liners instead which doesn't solve your plastics problem.
enforceable laws re inappropriate disposal of waste; new buildings be required to be designed with onsite waste
management - run-off collected and used onsite, composting and food garden on site wherever possible (consider roof
gardens, car parks in basement, garden where car park would have been; paths through gardens rather than lawns
needing mowing; penalties for unnecessary packaging; levy for using disposable packaging (including bags); composting
toilets or other environmentally friendly options in all new facilities; recycling grey water

   Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                             Page 26 
Appendix 2: Feedback Questionnaire Summary TOTAL RESPONDENTS –
Do you currently recycle your organic waste at home?

         Yes      57 %

         No       43 %



If you answered 'yes' to Question 1, please advise how you do this:
       Composting                                                                                 52.7 %
       Worm farms                                                                                 17.5 %
       Mulching/use in garden                                                                     16.9 %
       Feed to pets/chooks                                                                        9.5 %
       Take to transfer station                                                                   0.6 %
       Garden waste bin                                                                           0.9 %
       Insinkerator                                                                               0.3 %
       Anaerobic digestion (Gedy’s bins)                                                          0.3 %
       Bokashi Bin                                                                                0.6 %
       Tumbler                                                                                    0.6 %
       Used as firewood                                                                           0.3 %
                                                                          Other method
If you answered 'no' to Question 1, would
you consider using any of the following to                                                 Worm farm
help recycle this type of waste at home?                                                     23%

Use a third bin for garden waste and kitchen
organics                             41 %
                                                                Third bin
Use a compost bin at home to turn organic                         41%
material into rich compost          32 %

Set up a worm farm                           23 %
                                                                                            Compost bin
Other method                                 4%                                                32%

If you selected 'other method' to Question 3, what is it?

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                              Page 27 
        •   Offer a garden chipping/mulching service to residents
        •   Distributed pyrolysis, gasification, vitrification plants
        •   Turn weeds into liquid fertiliser by immersing in covered water for two months
        •   Something which can also be used in a villa complex
        •   Bury organic waste in gardens
        •   Fallen palm fronds used as mulch
        •   Burn/incinerate
        •   Feed it to chooks, then eat the chooks.
        •   In home compost bins
        •   Turn into power/energy
        •   Bokiashi Bin (for small households and apartments)

Why do you think some recyclable materials are not being recycled?
     There is a lack of understanding of what can and cannot be recycled                       44 %
     We need better recycling facilities at work                                               22 %
     Recycle bins are not big enough                                                           13 %
     Other reasons                                                                             22 %

                                                             Recycle bins are
                                                              not big enough
                            Other reasons                          13%

                       Need better
                    recycling facilities                             There is a lack of
                         at work                                      understanding
                           22%                                             43%

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                      Page 28 
  If you selected 'other reasons' in Question 5, what are they?
• Lack of knowledge of future impact of not recycling
• Paying to dump green waste
• Better school education programs
• LGA fines for littering
• Too much unnecessary packaging
• Lazy attitude of public
• More frequent bin collections - weekly not fortnightly
• Need for incentives
• People not willing to wash out containers before placing in recycle bin
• No deposit placed on bottle and cans in Queensland
• Need for recycling bins in schools and public places
• Unaware of locations of mass recycle bins
• Large functions and events are run without the provision of recycle bins
• Sign/sticker saying what we can/can't recycle should be placed on top (not under) the lid
• Businesses use recycle bins for general waste bins as Council does not police what goes into
the bins
• Toxic items (electrical equipment, batteries etc) are not accepted for recycling
• Don’t under-estimate how much social change work is required for people to change their
behaviours and routines.
• People aren't motivated
• Bad habits
• Education for the public on why it's important and how an individual can make a difference.
• Need for recycling bins at sportsgrounds - whether there is a great deal of alcohol consumed
from cans and bottles
• There are not enough recycle bins in the community.
• Commercial bins have a large percentage of recyclables in them
• Not enough sorting and recycling at waste stations
• We need more frequent collection of large items e.g. Bikes and appliances
• Companies are not encouraged to use rebottling plants
• Council's acceptance of palm, tree and garden waste in garbage bins
• Restrictions to what can/can't be accepted at a transfer station - therefore more is ending up
in landfills
• No composting materials collection
• Need more days when big items can be put out on the kerb and collected.
• Recycling bins need to be collected weekly - not fortnightly
• Too much packaging on consumable products.
• No provision of recycling within villa complexes
• No incentive for people to recycle

  Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                           Page 29 
Would you support any of the following proposed new technologies?

         Improved sorting and processing of recyclables                                            38 %
         Waste to energy                                                                           37 %
         Commercial tunnel composting                                                              25 %

                                         Waste to                                  25%

                                                                                   sorting and
                                                                                  processing of


Please indicate any alternatives to Question 7.

• Keep green waste out of landfill and ensure it is free
• Rates are paid for services' - This community demands that LG get on with the job. All of
these initiatives are needed now and if that means higher rates so be it.
• Incinerate the waste
• See -
• More frequent kerbside cleanups
• Small community composting
• Sewage gases should be used to power Council vehicles
• Free Council pick up of tree prunings for those who don't have trailers or means of getting
to tip.
• More convenient disposal of appliances and hazardous wastes
• Thermal Depolymerization
• Council sponsored recycling markets for general public
• Use recycled concrete in road bases
• Greater emphasis on education about recycling and composting
• Freecycle - There is a group on the Sunshine Coast.
• Have the local media commit to free advertising. Pull Council advertising dollars until they

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                          Page 30 
• Ban plastic bags
• Investigate hospital waste
• Biochar
• Provide compost bins to residents.
• Separation of organic waste and input to existing anaerobic digesters at sewage treatment
plants for bio-gas production and energy generation
• Encourage less packaging
• Priority should be on waste avoidance and reuse first.
• On site commercial composting make it visible. Tat G on site organic Digester
• Community food gardens - educative and participatory; community service and
     unemployment education in this area; recycling bins in all public facilities especially
• Free scavenging. I understand it is a work place health and safety issue, but if people were
still allowed to scavenge, so many more items would be re-used.
• Information on composting and providing composting bins to interested families for free or
reduced costs.
• Council start commercial type worm farming to use waste and sell their castings.
• Introduce penalties for companies who over package
• Rate reductions for shops/businesses who refuse to stock over packaged goods
• Defeat the ETS
• Educate at an early age
• Develop smart shopping guides
• Leave the land alone - keep its foundations untouched
• Green energy from landfills
• Renewable energy


Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                          Page 31 
If you have a 240 litre general waste wheelie bin, would you consider down-sizing to a
140 litre wheelie bin?
        N.B. Caloundra residents already have 140 L bin 6 %

Yes                      63 %                          6%

No                       31 %



Do you completely fill your general waste wheelie bin each week?

       No       70 %

       Yes      30 %



Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                                         Page 32 
Do you support the elimination of single use plastic bags at shopping centres on the
Sunshine Coast?

       Yes           85 %

       No            15 %


Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                     Page 33 
Appendix 3 : Consultation Program
    Our Sunshine Coast – It’s too good to waste
       September 2009
         Community Engagement Campaign

With the help of the Community Waste Strategy Taskforce, Council prepared a discussion
paper titled, Our Sunshine Coast – It’s too good to waste, which addressed options for the
future of waste management and minimisation on the Sunshine Coast. During September
2009 council sought feedback from interested residents, businesses, schools and industry on
the ideas and strategies outlined in the discussion paper. The following is an outline of the
community engagement campaign that was undertaken by council during this time.

The community engagement period for the waste discussion paper commenced on 1
September 2009 and concluded 30 September 2009.

The challenge for this campaign was to ensure meaningful communication and engagement
was carried out with integrity in order to obtain valuable feedback and input from all relevant
stakeholders. A secondary challenge was to ensure the topic of ‘waste management’ was
communicated in such a way to engage, inspire and motivate residents to participate in the
feedback opportunity.

In order to achieve this, a number of key components comprised the waste community
engagement campaign. Those components included a campaign launch; an extensive
advertising campaign across press, television and radio; online survey and webpage; media
relations and public displays.

The Our Sunshine Coast – It’s too good to waste campaign kicked off with a launch at the
Caloundra Resource Recovery Transfer Station on 1 September 2009. At the launch, council
introduced to the media and key stakeholders ‘the face’ of the advertising campaign,
Thommo the Garbo – an actual garbage truck driver engaged to help council spread their key
messages and encourage all of the community to read the discussion paper and have their say.
The launch received media coverage by the Sunshine Coast Daily, Mix and Sea FM, ABC
Coast FM, Channel Seven and WIN television.

On the same day of the launch, a comprehensive advertising campaign commenced with
council’s media partners: Channel Seven, Sea FM and the Sunshine Coast Daily. Thanks to
the support of these three media outlets, council received over $20,000 in advertising and in
kind support, which enabled council to spread the message further about the opportunity for
residents to have their say.
Advertising commenced from 1 September on Channel Seven, Sea FM, the Sunshine Coast
Daily and a wide variety of community newspapers including the Maroochy Weekly,

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                           Page 34 
Caloundra Weekly, Buderim Weekly, Nambour Weekly, Coolum News, Noosa News and the
Range News.

Throughout the advertising campaign, residents were encouraged to visit council’s website,
where they could download the discussion paper and learn more about the objectives of the
Community Waste Taskforce. Council also established an online survey and feedback form,
where residents could provide feedback on the discussion paper, including room for free
comment and ideas. The online survey went live from the day of the launch and was available
until the end of the community engagement period.

Thanks to our partnership and support from the Sunshine Coast Daily, the community
engagement campaign received great coverage on the key issues of waste management
throughout the month of September. A total of 11 news stories were covered by the Sunshine
Coast Daily, focusing on the key issues to come out of the waste discussion paper with each
article directing residents online to council’s website where they could provide feedback.

A total of 16 public displays were set up across the Sunshine Coast covering the townships of
Caloundra, Beerwah, Maleny, Kenilworth, Nambour, Eumundi, Cooroy, Tewantin, Coolum,
Maroochydore, and Kawana. Hard copies of both the discussion paper and feedback form
were made available at each public display location. A recycle bin modified to accept
completed forms made the feedback as convenient as possible for interested residents.

Nambour Council      Caloundra               Tewantin Council             Maroochydore
Customer Service     Council Customer        Customer Service Centre      Council Customer
Centre               Service Centre                                       Service Centre
Maroochydore         Caloundra Library       Noosa Library                Coolum Beach
Library                                                                   Library
Beerwah Library      Maleny Library          Kawana Shopping World        Noosa Civic
Eumundi Red Dog      Kenilworth IGA          Cooroy IGA                   Envirocom waste
Cafe                                                                      education centre

As well as advertising, media relations, online and public displays, a wide variety of other
communication methods were utilised by council to ensure all key stakeholders were given
the opportunity to provide feedback. These included:
Inclusion in council’s own community advertising on radio and in community newspapers
Articles in council’s online E-newsletter
 Articles in council’s Economic Development E-newsletter
Articles in various tourism industry e-newsletters
 Information distributed to local business through Eco Biz
 Promotion to Sunshine Coast University students
 Meetings with key community groups
 Inclusion in councilor columns across various community newspapers
 Comprehensive internal communications with council employees
 Articles in SCEC’s community newsletter (hard copy and online)
Direct mail out to key industry and community stakeholders

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                                          Page 35 
Feedback responses

 Source                                          Number of responses
 Online via council’s website                            360
 Via the post (sent into Council care of Emma)            28
 Coolum Library                                           15
 Eumundi Red Dog Cafe                                      5
 Noosa Library                                             1
 Kawana Shopping World                                    12
 Noosa Civic                                              14
 Maroochydore Library                                      4
 Beerwah Library                                          11
 Maleny Library                                           11
 Caloundra Library                                        15
 Nambour Customer Service Centre                          2
 Caloundra Customer Service Centre                         9
 Maroochydore Customer Service Centre                     13
 Tewantin Customer Service Centre                          7
 Kenilworth IGA and Cooroy IGA                            0
 Envirocom education centre                                4
 TOTAL                                                   511

Waste Discussion Paper – Consultation Report                  Page 36 

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