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					Police, Fire and Safety Committee

Date 15th October, 2009
Agenda Item No.

Making Fife’s Communities Safer - Outcome
Theme Report
Report by: Andrew Barker, Assistant Chief Constable and Michael Enston, Executive
Director, Performance and Organisational Support
Wards Affected: All


The purpose of this report is to update members of the Police, Fire and Safety Committee
on the progress being made in delivering the „Making Fife‟s Communities Safer‟ theme of
the Community Plan, and in particular the work overseen by the Fife Community Safety
Partnership Group.

Committee members are asked to approve the report and to note the progress being made
by community planning partners in making Fife‟s communities safer.

Resource Implications

Legal & Risk Implications
There are no additional implications for the Council.

Policy & Impact Assessment
The information presented in this report does not require a Policy & Impact Assessment.

Community planning partners were consulted in the preparation of this report.

List of Appendices

Appendix 1 – Making Fife‟s Communities Safer - Outcome Theme Report
1.0 Background
1.1.     Fife Community Safety Partnership was established in May 1998 to take forward joint
         approaches to community safety in Fife. It aims to work in partnership to ensure that
         people in Fife can live in confidence and without fear for their own or other people‟s
         safety. Partners include Fife Council, Fife Constabulary, Fife Fire & Rescue Service,
         NHS Fife, the voluntary sector and local communities.
1.2.     In 2006, following a best value review of community safety in Fife, the structure of the
         partnership was rationalised to ensure clear lines of accountability between task groups,
         associated partnerships, local areas, management and strategy groups, and the Police,
         Fire and Safety Committee, as shown below:
                                    PARTNERSHIP STRUCTURE

                                            Fife Partnership Executive
                                                                                 Area Committees

                                             Fife Community Safety             Area Community Safety
           Safer Neighbourhoods
                                               Partnership Group                Coordinating Groups
                Task Group

                Safer Homes
                Task Group

                                                           Fife Domestic and
                                     Fife Alcohol &
                                                             Sexual Abuse
                                    Drug Partnership
                 Safer Travel                                  Partnership
                 Task Group

              Safer Communities
                 Task Group

              Youth Justice &
           Community Safety Task

1.3.   Care has been taken to ensure that partner agencies have appropriate representation at
       all levels – partnership group, task groups and area groups. The partnership group has a
       key role to play in ensuring effective buy-in by the key partner services and agencies at all
1.4.   In 2007 the Partnership undertook a strategic assessment of community safety in Fife.
       This document presents statistical information for use in forward planning and policy
1.5.   The assessment identified a number of emerging trends and issues, along with
       recommendations for action. The assessment informed the current review of the Making
       Fife Safer community safety strategy.
1.6.   The Community Safety outcome theme in the revised Community Plan sets out four
       outcomes that are aligned to the new Community Safety Strategy 2008 – 2011:
               Less crime and fear of crime
               Less antisocial and nuisance behaviour
               Less abuse of women and children
               Fewer injuries and losses of life at home and on the roads
1.7   An update on progress against Community Plan outcome measures is provided in
      Appendix 1.

1.8   Each section provides an update on performance whether improving, declining or remaining
      the same, plus current and planned initiatives, challenges and improvements.

2.0 Issues and Options
2.1       Key challenges for the Partnership over the coming year include:

              Embedding community safety in the work of area committees through the newly
               established area community safety co-ordinating groups.

              Further strengthening shared approaches to community safety at the Safer
               Communities Centre, through the co-location of the Licensing Team and Road
               Safety Team.

              Implementing a Fife-wide joint data base for antisocial behaviour.

              Expanding the joint reporting of racial incidents to cover all forms of hate crime.

Report Contact:
Tim Kendrick
Partnership and Policy Manager
Safer Communities Centre, Kingdom House, Saltire Centre, Glenrothes
Telephone: 08451 55 55 55 + 446110
Email –
                                           APPENDIX 1.


                          Outcome 1 – Less Crime and Fear of Crime

Community plan outcome targets: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)

       Reduction in the fear of crime
       Less domestic housebreaking
       Better police clear up rates for violent crime
       Better joint reporting of hate crime

How we know we are achieving the outcomes: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)

-   % of people who feel worried that they may be the victim of crime
-   recorded housebreakings per 10,000 households
-   % of violent crimes cleared up
-   % of crimes (group 1 to 5) cleared up
-   Number of hate incidents reported

Key output targets for 2009/2010 (As per thematic strategies/service plans)

-   34 % of residents worried about crime (2011 target)
-   65 recorded housebreakings per 10,000 (2011 target)
-   increase % of violent crimes cleared up
-   increase clear up rate for all crimes (groups 1 to 5)
-   increase reporting of hate crime until confidence levels reached

Progress against          Annual figures for 2008/09, with first quarter details for 2009/2010 where
each outcome              available:

                              55% of all crimes (group 1 to 5) are cleared up, an increase from a
                          2007 baseline of 52% and 2007/08 figure of 54.5%.

                               78 housebreakings per 10,000 households in 2008/09 (a total of
                          1602 housebreakings). 362 charges of housebreaking have been
                          recorded so far in 2009.

                                 335 hate incidents reported
                      37% of residents very or fairly worried that they may be the victim
                of crime (2006).

                     84% of charges relating to violent crimes have been detected,
                against a baseline of 86% in 2007. The current clear up rate is 85.3%.

Narrative       (Summary of key trends and main partnership activities
                contributing to delivery of outcomes.)

                The Making Fife Safer survey 2009 will take place in autumn, to find out
                residents‟ current views on crime and antisocial behaviour.
                Housebreaking in Fife continues to decline, with a focus on preventing
                this crime from occurring. Alongside targeted work by Fife Constabulary,
                1265 Fife Cares home security visits were carried out in 2008/09,
                offering advice and equipment to older and vulnerable residents. 732
                homes were fitted with equipment ranging from locks and bolts, to
                security lights and intruder alarm systems. Specific projects such as the
                „Window of Opportunity‟ (see Notable Successes) also identify target
                areas for housebreaking, working with services to both prevent crime
                and influence policy so new houses are designed with security in mind.
                      Violent crime
                Although more cases of violent crime were reported to Fife Police during
                2008/09, this still represents a decrease from the three-year baseline
                and detection rates remain high. Measures including stop and search for
                those suspected of carrying weapons, and seasonal campaigns such as
                „policing our festive Fife‟, led to reductions in violent crime in identified
                „hot spot‟ areas.
                      Hate Crime
                Fife‟s commitment to tackling under-reporting of hate crime has shown
                increased reports of incidents motivated by prejudice or hate on the
                basis of age, disability, gender, race, religion or sexual orientation. While
                the total number of reports to Fife Constabulary has decreased, more
                reports are now being received by different partnership agencies,
                highlighting the knowledge of the range of support available.
                A pilot scheme is currently underway between Victim Support Fife and
                Procurator Fiscal, to improve black and minority ethnic victims‟
                confidence in the criminal justice system. Positive feedback has been
                received for this service, with a formal evaluation planned for later in the
                Victim Support Fife staff re-located to the Safer Communities Centre in
                February 2009, joining the two dedicated support workers for antisocial
                behaviour and hate crime already based with community safety staff.
                This will further enhance opportunities for information sharing and
                problem solving.

Key successes   (Partnership activities that have contributed to better outcomes)
                      Home Security
                The security project „Window of Opportunity‟, based in Glenrothes,
                    focused on a number of houses which had experienced a spate of
                    housebreaking, tackling design vulnerability and offering advice to
                    residents. It was short listed in both the Problem Oriented Partnership
                    and Fife Excellence Awards during 2008.
                    Following the success of this initiative, the Safer Homes Task Group has
                    discussed the development of Housing‟s investment and improvement
                    programmes. It has been agreed that housing programmes should also
                    consider information such as housebreaking statistics. Fife Council
                    Housing Service will now receive annual information from Fife
                    Constabulary on house breakings, including addresses and methods
                    used in the break in.
                          Hate Crime
                    There has been a large increase in the reporting of racial incidents in
                    schools, thanks to improvements in the reporting process and increased
                    staff awareness. This will be developed to incorporate all diversity

Improvement areas   (What next? Key planned actions over next six months)
                    Glenrothes Area Committee has agreed to part fund projects in the area
                    which focus on home security, following the success of „Window of
                    A DVD is currently being developed to encourage Fife‟s diverse
                    communities to report hate crime, illustrating the range of support
                    available to victims and the interventions used to deal with perpetrators.
                    A staff training programme will be developed to complement the
                    introduction of new IT system for reporting all antisocial behaviour, which
                    will also be used to record incidents motivated by prejudice or hate.

                   Outcome 2 – Less Antisocial and Nuisance Behaviour

Community plan outcome targets: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)

Improvement in antisocial behaviour by reducing:
-   breach of the peace, urinating/defecating, petty assault crimes and offences
-   Vandalism
-   Noise Nuisance
-   Vehicle Nuisance
-   Alcohol & drug related crime
Please see separate template for „less youth offending‟.

How we know we are achieving the outcomes: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)
-   Monitor number of breach of the peace, urinating/defecating, petty assault crimes and
-   Monitor number of vandalism/malicious mischief crimes recorded
-   Reduce number of domestic noise complaints received during the year dealt with under part
    5 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc (Scotland) Act 2004 (Night Time Noise)
-   Reduce number of non-domestic noise complaints received during the year
-   Review % of respondents who feel noisy neighbours are common in their area
-   Monitor number of vehicle nuisance warnings; and number of vehicles seized following
-   Reduce number of drinking in public places offences
-   Monitor number of charges for supply and possession with intent to supply class A drugs
Key output targets for 2009/2010 (As per thematic strategies/service plans)
-   Decrease in number of breach of the peace, urinating/defecating, petty assault
-   Decrease in number of vandalism/malicious mischief crimes recorded
-   4000 noise nuisance complaints received (dealt with under part 5 of ASB Act) (2011 target)
-   350 non-domestic noise complaints (2011 target)
-   Monitor vehicle nuisance warnings, seizures
-   Reduce drinking in public places offences
-   Monitor charges for supply and possession with intent to supply class A drugs
Progress against
each outcome             2008/09 information, plus data for April – June 2009 where available:

                               10,608 crimes/offences of breach of the peace,
                         urinating/defecating and petty assault in 2008/09, down from 11,079
                         average from 2004 – 2007.
                         2530 crimes/offences of this nature from April – June 2009.*

                              7134 crimes of vandalism and malicious mischief, compared to
            10,110 average from 2004 to 2007.
            1757 crimes of vandalism, reckless damage and malicious mischief from
            April to June 2009 (new classification for 2009/2010)*

                627 offences of drinking in public places during 2008/09, a 17%
            reduction from 2007/08, and a total reduction of 22% from the 2006/07
            146 drinking in public places offences during first quarter of 2009.

                152 warnings issued for the antisocial use of vehicles, a 42%
            reduction from the previous year. A similar decrease was noted for
            seizures, with 26 seized in 2008/09, a 41% drop from 2007/08.
            During the first three months of 2009, 39 vehicle nuisance warnings
            were issued; with three vehicles seized. See narrative for details.

                 321 non-domestic noise complaints were received during 2008/09,
            a decrease from the baseline of 355 in 2006/07, meeting and exceeding
            the target of 350 by 2010/2011.

                 26% of survey respondents feel noisy neighbours are very or fairly
            common in their area (2006). This figure will be revisited following the
            Making Fife Safer survey, due to be conducted in Autumn 2009.

                 347 charges were made for the supply and possession with intent
            to supply class A drugs, a 17% increase from 297 in 2007/08.

                5605 complaints of noise nuisance were received by the Night Time
            Noise Team in 2008/09, an increase from 4412 in 2006/07.

Narrative   The Safer Neighbourhoods Team (SNT) within Fife Community Safety
            Partnership continues to work to address antisocial and nuisance
            behaviour, alongside other specialist services within the Safer
            Communities Centre.
            Community wardens are based in six areas of Fife at present, with
            positive feedback received from local communities on their work to make
            areas safer and better places to live. Following a Fife Partnership
            Excellence Award and a Kingdom FM Local Heroes Award, they
            continue to work with all sections of the community on a range of
            An interim system for reporting antisocial behaviour has been in place
            for over a year. The council‟s intranet is used to allow any member of
            Fife Council staff to record details of incidents from the public, and
            quickly refer the case onto the relevant agency.
            This means support can be offered quickly and effectively. For example,
            offensive graffiti reports can be received by the graffiti removal team
                based in Catering and Cleaning Services, and removed within 48 hours.
                The increase in noise nuisance complaints can be attributed to the
                growing awareness of the service available to people affected by noise.
                The Night Time Noise Team continues to promote the services available,
                and visited locations throughout Fife as part of Noise Action Week in
                May 2009 to highlight the solutions available to residents and
                businesses affected by noise.
                During 2008/09, 3469 visits were undertaken by the Night Time Noise
                Team, 97% of which were within the 2 hour target. 998 verbal warnings
                were issued, with 20 fixed penalty notices and no equipment seizures.
                The reduction in vehicle warnings and seizures noted is due to the
                change in procedures for these offences. Police are now able to use
                legislation within the Road Traffic Act, involving warnings and seizures
                when vehicles are not adequately taxed or insured. This ensures that
                such offences are dealt with in a joined up way.
                      Safer Neighbourhoods - Kirkcaldy
                In Kirkcaldy area, the dedicated SNT operations team, consisting of a
                police sergeant and six constables, now work from the local police
                station. This allows for greater integration with local agencies and
                divisional police officers.
                The monthly partnership tasking meeting and intelligence-led approach
                for tackling antisocial behaviour issues, which has operated in Kirkcaldy
                Committee area since April 2008 and in Templehall since May 2007, has
                been recommended through external evaluation as a good model for
                future partnership working. The Fife-wide rollout of this approach is
                currently being explored.
                Following the selection of Templehall, Kirkcaldy as a test site for the
                national Equally Well project in 2008, dedicated staff, including a PhD
                student, have been allocated to this project, focusing on alcohol misuse
                and its links to both antisocial behaviour and health problems.

Key successes   The following reductions in crime levels have been noted for the
                Templehall area during 2008/09:

                      Overall 27% reduction in antisocial behaviour reports
                      19% decrease in the number of secondary fires
                      25% fewer calls relating to street disorder
                      40% fewer calls of noise nuisance
                      13% fewer incidents of vandalism; with a 44% increase in
                       detections of this type of antisocial behaviour.
                In May 2009, an innovative telephone survey was conducted with people
                in Templehall. Findings show over three quarters of residents in target
                areas feel safer when out and about in the area compared to a year ago,
                with almost two thirds satisfied with how the Police and Council are
                responding to antisocial behaviour.
                The SNT initiative in Kirkcaldy was recently presented with the award for
                „Best Neighbourhood Community Initiative‟ at the Association for Public
                Service Excellence (APSE) Service Awards in Cardiff.
                The information sharing protocol for antisocial behaviour has been
                reviewed, offering legal protection to agencies sharing information for the
                prevention and detection of antisocial behaviour. To date, a range of
                agencies including Fife Constabulary, Fife Council, NHS Fife, Victim
                    Support Fife, Clued Up, Sacro and registered social landlords have
                    signed up to this protocol.
                    Operation LASER has been established by Fife Constabulary to focus
                    on community intelligence. By encouraging residents to report crime and
                    disorder, and details of who, where and when, officers can be deployed
                    to where they are needed most. The impact of operation LASER will be
                    evaluated in the autumn.
                    Drug raids this year have yielded large hauls, following record seizures
                    by Fife Constabulary of more than £3million of drugs in 2008/9.

Key challenges      While the Incase system is being developed (see below), the team is
                    currently relying on manual systems and databases to record incidents
                    and manage cases. This can be disjointed and time consuming at points.

Improvement areas   Incase, Fife‟s antisocial behaviour recording system, is being developed,
                    with a planned roll-out to staff during late 2009/early 2010. This system
                    will allow agencies to record and manage cases of antisocial behaviour.
                    Incase will initially be used to report incidents, manage ongoing cases,
                    identify trends, and produce performance reports. It will replace the
                    different spreadsheets, databases and manual systems which are
                    currently used, bringing information together into one central system for
                    case workers and managers.
                    Fife will be implementing the national and local recommendations within
                    the National Antisocial Behaviour Framework, which include
                    interventions with perpetrators of antisocial behaviour.
                    Work is now under way to explore the potential for extending the
                    partnership tasking approach to other areas of Fife, linking with the local
                    area community safety co-ordinating groups.
                    The SNT is continuing to develop the use of the Information Sharing
                    Protocol with agencies involved in the prevention of antisocial behaviour.

        Outcome 2a – Less Antisocial and Nuisance Behaviour: Youth Offending

Community plan outcome targets: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)
-   Improvement in antisocial behaviour by reducing youth-related nuisance

How we know we are achieving the outcomes: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)

-   Fewer referrals to Scottish Children‟s Reporter Administration (SCRA) on offence grounds,
    failure to attend school, misuse of alcohol and drugs
-   Less referrals from police to SCRA
Key output targets for 2009/2010 (As per thematic strategies/service plans)
-   Decrease in number of referrals to SCRA on the above grounds
-   5% reduction in referrals from police to SCRA (2011 target)

Progress against
each outcome
target:                     During 2008/09, 944 police referrals were made to SCRA, from
                        1155 in 2007/08. This far exceeds the 5% target reduction.
                        169 referrals were made to SCRA from April to June 2009, compared to
                        232 during the same period in 2008 – a 27% reduction, equivalent to a
                        saving of 507 officer hours.

                              Information on the number of referrals to SCRA on offence
                        grounds, failure to attend school, or misuse of alcohol and drugs, will be
                        available as part of the SCRA Annual Report, due to be published in
                        October 2009.

Narrative               The Youth Offender Management Group (YOMG) is a unique multi-
                        agency partnership, which aims to divert young offenders to appropriate
                        interventions through partner agencies, to provide an efficient, effective
                        and proportionate response to the offending behaviours.
                        Prior to the development of YOMG, because of the numbers involved,
                        referrals made to SCRA took on average 17 weeks to be processed and
                        actioned. The YOMG aims to:
                        • enable more timely and appropriate interventions for young offenders
                        • reduce re-offending rates and the number of persistent young
                        • reduce the amount of Police time and resources spent compiling
                        Standard Police Reports (SPRs) for minor crimes/offences
                        • reduce the number of inappropriate referrals to SCRA
                        • enhance partnership working through more effective communication
                        and information sharing.
                    The YOMG is the central point for managing interventions, meeting twice
                    weekly to review offences committed by under 16s in the previous 3-4
                    day period (excluding those of a solemn nature such as violent or sexual
                    Data on detected offences is circulated to the group prior to each
                    meeting, to allow each agency to interrogate their own system and bring
                    any relevant information to the table.
                    Following a full and open discussion, joint decisions are made on the
                    appropriate course of action for each individual – with referrals to the
                    SCRA only made when necessary, or as a last resort if the young
                    person cannot engage with any other service.
                    Interventions include: Warning letter, Police Restorative Justice process,
                    Safer Neighbourhoods Team, SACRO, Integrated Community Schools,
                    Social Work Children & Families Team, Social Work Youth Justice team,
                    Social Work Child Support Services, Includem, Drug & Alcohol Project
                    Levenmouth (DAPL), Operation Lifeline, DiversiFIRE, Fife Fire & Rescue
                    Service or ultimately, SCRA.
                    The relevant agency is then tasked with progressing the case, and
                    following each meeting, information systems are updated to reflect the
                    decisions made.

Key successes       The development of the YOMG has led to a decrease in persistent
                    young offenders with 48 qualifying in 2008/09, down from a high of 109
                    in 2006/7 and 68 in 2007/8.
                    Fife‟s Youth Justice Co-ordinator was seconded to the Scottish
                    Government in 2008 to help evaluate similar schemes across the
                    country. An evaluation report on Early and Effective Intervention
                    processes was published in May 2009. noted that the development of
                    the partnership model in Fife is in line with the Getting it Right for Every
                    Child agenda, with a clear focus on agencies providing appropriately
                    identified early intervention through effective partnership working to meet
                    the needs of our most vulnerable and at risk children and young people.

Key challenges      It has been identified that links could be developed between Fife Council
                    Community Services and the field of youth justice and community safety.
                    The Youth Offender Management Group collects a rich set of
                    information regarding the profile of youth offending in Fife. This could be
                    used more efficiently to target service delivery. However, the team have
                    faced difficulties trying to develop this service using current systems and
                    processes. Expansion of the service will impact on staff resources and
                    Fife Constabulary have recognised and responded to a national issue
                    involving the identification of 16 and 17 year olds subject to supervision
                    requirements from the Children‟s Hearing system. The Child Protection
                    Messaging System – where key data about a vulnerable or at risk child
                    is e-mailed to all relevant partner organisations – has been identified as
                    a potential tool for dealing with this issue.

Improvement areas   Work is continuing to examine the links between different multi-agency
                    meetings and the Youth Offenders Management Group in order to
                    improve communication and efficiency. This will involve the Getting it
                    Right for Every Child agenda.
The Youth Justice and Community Safety Task Group will further
consider the analysis of violent offending in Fife by young people.
Information will be provided to the Criminal Justice Development Centre
Champions Group on Violent Offending by Young People, in order to be
included in national development of this work.
Six-weekly review meetings will be established alongside the YOMG, to
identify trends and review the effectiveness of interventions, with a view
to identifying and commissioning any further projects for this target

                      Outcome 3 - Less Abuse of Women and Children

Community plan outcome targets: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)
       Better provision, protection and prevention in relation to sexual and domestic abuse
       Improved awareness, cooperation & prevention in relation to the abuse, neglect & harm of
How we know we are achieving the outcomes: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)
   Reporting of domestic abuse incidents to the police
   The number of new supervision requirements made during the year (SPI)

Key output targets for 2009/2010 (As per thematic strategies/service plans)
   5% increase in number of domestic abuse incidents reported to the police (baseline 3135
   100 supervision requirements during the year (SPI) (2010/11 target)
Progress against
each outcome                   3972 incidents of domestic abuse were reported to police, a 1%
target:                  increase from 3946 in 2007/08, and a 27% increase on the baseline.

                               Information is awaited on the number of supervision requirements
                         for 2008/09.

Narrative                The Scottish Government is looking to local partnerships to broaden
                         their remit from domestic abuse to “violence against women” to reflect
                         the continuum of violence that many women experience.

                         The new Fife Domestic and Sexual Abuse Partnership strategy for 2008
                         – 2011 identifies 6 strategic priorities, which have been supported by a
                         review of membership and structure:

                            1   Ensure there is accessible information and support services for
                                those who have experienced men‟s violence against women and
                                children at the time of need ensuring an equity of access to
                            2   Ensure services are responsive to, and staff have the knowledge
                                and understanding of the needs of young people who experience

                            3   Develop a prevention programme to raise awareness and
                                challenge attitudes regarding men‟s violence against women and

                            4   Co-ordinate training for service providers
                            5   Reduce repeat victimisation and harassment
                            6   Ensure there is meaningful participation as appropriate in line
                                with the national standards for community engagement
                FDASAP has continued to receive ring fenced Scottish Government
                funds to support:
                a) Training
                A range of seminars have been developed and delivered to raise
                awareness of issues regarding violence against women, children and
                young people. 312 participants attended multi agency seminars.
                217 attended single agency seminars (Education, Social Work,
                Community Services, Elected Members, Children‟s Panel and Police).
                25 individuals are involved in the delivery of training, with some running
                specialist courses and others a specialist input to part of a course.
                b) MARAC (multi-agency risk assessment conferencing) in Fife for those
                at high risk of repeat victimisation. A police officer was seconded from
                the Family Protection Unit to look at the implications of adopting MARAC
                in Fife by visiting similar projects around the country. (see section on
                c) CEDAR (children experiencing domestic abuse recovery) is a pilot
                group work project for children and young people along with their
                mothers (see key successes below).
                The post of Children and Young People‟s Co-ordinator, vacant since
                August, has been advertised on a permanent basis, increasing the
                capacity to work with and on behalf of young people. FDASAP did
                however provide inputs to PSE classes on issues of domestic abuse and
                sexual assault, work on the promotion of prevention resources, and
                provide all P5 and S1 pupils with TALK magazine produced by the
                Child Protection
                In April 2009, the HMIe published the Fife Child Protection Inspection
                Report. This report highlighted a number of shortcomings both within
                individual services and in Fife‟s multi agency response. A multi agency
                improvement plan has been developed to address these issues.

Key successes   Fife has been selected as one of 3 areas to pilot the CEDAR project, an
                innovative, therapeutic project which should significantly add to the
                range of services for children and young people in Fife. CEDAR works to
                a multi-agency model designed to improve understanding amongst
                partner agencies, and cascade learning through the use of “donated”
                facilitators from a range of statutory and voluntary agencies.
                The CEDAR project has worked with other pilot projects in Edinburgh &
                Forth Valley and also Scottish Women‟s Aid. Initial feedback from groups
                is positive, with a formal evaluation planned by the action research
                company “Research for Real”.
                NHS induction programme trainers have now been trained in gender
                based violence and have included information for all new members of
                Child Protection
                The sharing of information about children at risk within the Fife
                Partnership has been recognised and has resulted in a National E-
                Government Award being presented to the Project Team in January
                2009. This followed success in the “Care Accolades” and “Good
                Communication Awards” for the same innovative work.
                    In total 1092 members of staff from the partnership have
                    participated in child protection training over the past year. This
                    significant commitment increases the network of people, working
                    in Fife‟s communities, who are better prepared to protect Fife‟s
                    children and young people.

Key challenges      The Scottish Government “Violence Against Women” agenda has the
                    following definition:
                    “Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family,
                    within the general community or in institutions, including:
                    Domestic abuse, rape, incest and child sexual abuse; Sexual
                    harassment and intimidation at work and in the public sphere;
                    commercial sexual exploitation, including prostitution, pornography and
                    trafficking; Dowry related violence; female genital mutilation; forced and
                    child marriages; honour crimes; Activities such as pornography,
                    prostitution, stripping, lap dancing, pole dancing and table dancing are
                    forms of commercial sexual exploitation. …A sexual activity becomes
                    sexual exploitation if it breaches a person's human right to dignity,
                    equality, respect and physical and mental wellbeing. It becomes
                    commercial sexual exploitation when another person, or group of people,
                    achieves financial gain or advancement through the activity.”
                    The breadth of this definition will present challenges to the partnership in
                    terms of extending partners understanding and resources.
                    The Scottish Government has issued a Chief Executives letter on gender
                    based violence with four key areas:
                        Implementation of routine enquiry of abuse within priority settings
                        Dissemination of revised guidelines on abuse for NHS staff
                        Production of an employee policy on gender-based violence
                        Multi-agency collaboration
                    This will have implications for both the NHS and the Partnership

Improvement areas   The FDSAP Provision Task Group will work to improve mechanisms for
                    case review and quality assurance, and develop methods to consistently
                    gather statistics – a local and national challenge in part due to the under-
                    reporting and recording of gender based violence.
                    The Protection Task Group will examine ways of reducing repeat
                    victimisation. This includes MARAC, a process that has been operating
                    in North Lanarkshire for a number of years to reduce the incidence of
                    repeat victimisation following domestic abuse incidents. It ensures a
                    joined up service response to those at greatest risk.
                    The Prevention Task Group will develop ways to imbed violence against
                    women training with partner agencies as part of core training, by working
                    with statutory agencies and other partnerships such as the Child
                    Protection Committee and Fife Drug and Alcohol Action Team.
                    FDSAP is also exploring an e-learning tool to develop understanding
                    amongst staff, of domestic and sexual abuse.
                    The HMIe Inspection Team is due to return to Fife in February 2010 to
                    conduct a follow through inspection for child protection. Over the next
                    six months, partners face a period of intense activity to ensure improved
                    practice and processes designed to further enhance outcomes for Fife‟s
                    This work is being tackled in tandem with the partnerships longer term
strategies including a commitment to raise responsibility awareness
among front line partnership staff. The training strategy provides
continuous personal development for child protection practitioners and
managers in the form of modular based training, which serves to
enhance their professional practice skills.
Further to a report to Police, Fire and Safety Committee on 3rd
September 2009 on services for male victims of domestic abuse in Fife,
an ad hoc working group has been established to ensure that both male
and female victims can access appropriate support material.

                         Fewer injuries and losses of life on the roads

Community plan outcome targets: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)
       Fewer people killed or seriously injured as a result of road crashes, especially young

How we know we are achieving the outcomes: (As per community plan – 2007
       Number of people killed or seriously injured as a result of a road accident
       Number of children killed or seriously injured as a result of a road accident
Key output targets for 2009/2010 (As per thematic strategies/service plans)
   Less than 160 people killed or seriously injured as a result of a road accident (2010 target)
   Less than 22 children killed or seriously injured as a result of road accident (2010 target)

Progress against          Road casualty information for the first quarter of 2009/2010 will be
each outcome              available later in the year. The following statistics are from the Fife
target:                   Community Safety Partnership Annual Report 2008/09.

                              113 people were killed or seriously injured in 2008/09 compared
                          with 154 in 2007/08.

                                18 children were killed or seriously injured in 2008/09 compared
                          with 13 in 2007/08. While this represents an increase from the previous
                          year, it still meets the 2010 target set.
                          The Safer Travel Strategy for Fife 2008-2011 was recently endorsed by
Narrative                 Police, Fire and Safety Committee. The Safer Travel remit adopts a
                          holistic approach on all aspects of travel. The strategy has an overall
                          outcome to „Make Travel Safer‟, and has identified three key outcomes:
                          Safer Travel Methods, Safer Travel Networks and Safer Personal Travel.

                          The objectives set to meet these outcomes focus on modes of transport;
                          whether public, private or commercial; routes, when walking, cycling or
                          using the road; and personal attitudes and behaviours.

                  As p    As part of ongoing work to reduce incidences of crime on public
                          transport, a survey has been carried out to assess public perceptions on
                          progress to date. While the response to the survey was low, the main
                          concerns highlighted related to safety after dark, particularly among
                          older people.

Key successes             While crash and casualty figures for the year are the lowest on record,
                          work is ongoing to further reduce these figures among target groups.
                          The Safe Drive Stay Alive event to highlight the impacts of dangerous
                          driving saw its biggest audience yet in late 2008, with 5628 high school
                          pupils, college students and 17 year olds currently in employment
                    attending. A recent evaluation indicates steady progress in reaching
                    young people and making a difference.
                    To date, over 2500 new drivers have completed the Pass Plus advanced
                    driving initiative. The cost for the course is currently £35, thanks to
                    funding from community safety partners.
                    Approximately 80% of residential areas and areas around schools are
                    now covered with a 20 mph limit and all will be completed within the next
                    two years subject to available funding.
                    Traffic calming measures, and crash reduction schemes, also continue
                    to make a valuable contribution towards reducing casualties and speed.
                    In addition Fife Police deliver an intelligence-led enforcement
                    programme focussing on high risk areas and target groups including
                    young drivers, drink and drug driving, drunk pedestrians, inappropriate
                    speed, seatbelts, mobile phone offences and disqualified drivers. The
                    Road Safety Unit of Fife Constabulary continues to engage with young
                    people, particularly schools, to develop road safety knowledge and
                    awareness from as early a stage a possible.

Key challenges      Any reductions in resources available to partners could result in the
                    progress in casualty reduction seen in recent years being lost.

Improvement areas   Fife Council, along with all other local authorities, will be developing and
                    delivering a speed management strategy by 2011. This will review the
                    appropriateness of all rural speed limits.
                    Fife Constabulary and Fife Council Transportation Services will be
                    discussing future funding for the Pass Plus scheme.
                    An initiative to improve safety on school transport will continue to be led
                    by Fife Constabulary, working in partnership with Transportation and
                    Education services.
                    All initiatives currently being promoted by the road safety partners will
                    continue to be developed and expanded where funding allows.

                   Outcome 4a - Fewer injuries and losses of life in homes

Community plan outcome targets: (As per community plan – 2007 revision)
       Fewer injuries and less loss of life because of accidents or fire in the home

How we know we are achieving the outcomes: (As per community plan – 2007
   Accident admission rates for adults per 1,000 population
   Accident admission rates for children per 1,000 population
   Number of home safety visits provided by Fire, police, Fire Cares
   Fire incidents resulting in casualties (including fatalities) per 10,000 population
   Number of fatal and non-fatal fire casualties per 10,000 population (SPI)
   Number of Accidental dwelling fires per 10,000 population (SPI)
Key output targets for 2009/2010 (As per thematic strategies/service plans)
   Decrease in level of admission rates for adults
   Accident admission rates for children per 1, 000 population – 11 (2010 target)
   Increase number of home safety visits by Fire, Police and Fife Cares
   1.27 fire incidents resulting in casualties (including fatalities) per 10,000 population
   6.36 accidental dwelling fires per 10,000 population (2010/11 target)
Progress against          The following information is provided on an annual basis, and has been
each outcome              taken from the Community Safety Annual Report. Where available, the
target:                   figure for April to June 2009 is given.

                               1.22 fire incidents resulting in casualties (including fatalities) in
                          2008/09 compared with 1.4 in 06-07

                              1.36 fatal and non fatal fire casualties per 10,000 population in
                          2008/09 compared with 1.48 in 2006/07

                                6841 Fife Cares home safety and child safety visits, and home fire
                          risk assessments (baseline set in 2008/09).
                          From April to June 2009, the number of Fife Cares home safety and
                          child safety visits totalled 387. This is a reduction from 637 in the same
                          period the previous year, and can be attributed to changes in the service
                          (noted in the narrative).

                              Accident admission rate for children (0 – 15) 13.1 in 2008,
                          compared with 13 in 2007 (note change of age range from 0-14 to 0-15)
                     Accident admission rate for adults (age 16-64) per 1,000 population
                – 9.2 in 2008 compared with 9.1 in 2007 (note change in recording age
                range from 15-64 to 16-64)

                     Accident admission rate for adults (age 65+) per 1,000 population
                – 22.6 in 2008 compared with 22.1 in 2007

                   7.35 accidental dwelling fires per 10,000 population in 2008/09
                compared with 7 in 2006/07

Narrative       Fife Cares continues to be one of the most comprehensive safety and
                security services in the UK. Free home safety visits are available to
                older and vulnerable residents, with advice and equipment provided as
                appropriate. In addition to the figures given above, during 2008/09, Fife
                Cares fitted 777 ten-year smoke alarms in properties across Fife,
                including 78 in council properties.
                The Fife Cares child safety service provides visits, again free of charge,
                to vulnerable families with children under 5. A range of child safety
                equipment was fitted in the homes of vulnerable families, including 231
                child safety gates and 145 fire guards. 454 non-slip bath mats were also
                distributed, along with 507 electric socket covers, 658 corner cushions
                and over 1,000 door jammers.
                Two Home Safety Advisers are now working specifically on this service
                full time, with all visits undertaken jointly. These changes are designed
                to improve staff safety and develop the service provided. Alongside
                handy magnets featuring top tips for child safety, the team has created a
                DVD to emphasise the consequences of ignoring home safety, to be
                used within presentations to groups and agencies.
                Partnership working with a NHS Fife analyst has provided accurate
                information on hospital admissions following home accidents, including
                breakdowns for age and area (both data zone and area committee
                level), and type of accident. This data allows resources to be targeted
                towards areas of greatest need. Information to date indicates that, in
                relation to home accident rates, accidents are more prevalent among the
                15% most deprived areas of the region, compared to the 15% least

Key successes   Following the shortfall identified when ring-fenced funding ended, the
                Fife Cares budget has since been secured and boosted within Fife
                Community Safety Partnership‟s 2009/2010 budget. Additional funding
                has also been secured from Fife Rural Partnership (£30,000) and Fife
                Health and Well Being Alliance (£30,000) to target the Fife Cares child
                safety service in the West Fife Villages and SIMD areas respectively.
                The „Safer by Design‟ principle forms the main part of ongoing work by
                the Partnership in addressing home and fire safety, with a new policy in
                development to ensure that safety features are built into new homes and
                renovations. In particular, Fife Fire and Rescue Service have hosted a
                presentation, involving two identical houses, to show the benefits of
                installing sprinkler systems in homes to save lives and property – and
                    the consequences when such features are not present.
                    The Bonfire and Firework Framework document was completed and
                    implemented in 2008 to ensure that partner agencies worked together to
                    reduce secondary fires during the peak period of October and
                    November. Initial findings from last year indicate a 36% reduction in
                    secondary fires from the previous year; and a 25% reduction in fires
                    during the bonfire period.
Key challenges      A key challenge is the development of a new web based database for
                    Fife Cares. The existing database does not have the capacity to deal
                    with the growing needs of the service, and cannot support the sensitive
                    information gathered and the way it requires to be stored, despite
                    password protection.

Improvement areas   A sub group of the Safer Homes Task Group – the „Safer by Design
                    Task and Finish Group‟ - has been established to take promote the
                    Safer by Design principle, based on the RoSPA document „Can the
                    Home ever Be Safe?‟. This report recommends the inclusion of a
                    number of safety features in all new and refurbished homes. The initial
                    focus of the task group is to encourage the inclusion of these design
                    features in all Fife Council housing stock.

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