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44/4x/995 1,.


                        Visitor Use
                       Background Paper

                          for revising the

            Heilgate Recreation Area Management Plan




                           Louise Austermuehle


                     U.S. Department of the Interior


                      Bureau of Land Management
                        Medford District Office
                       Grants Pass Resource Area


                      November 1995, Second Edition

                                                       j
                   Special Thanks
                         and
                  Acknowledgement
                          to


                     Floy Aschenbrener
                       Pete Littlefield
                        Mike Walker
                        Robyn Wicks



Without the help of Pete's dbase IV expertise in the design of
the 1995 Visitor Use Data Base, Robyn's proficiency on the
Macintosh and assistance on many of the graphs, Floy's editing
skills and Mike's organizational support this background paper
would not have been so complete.




                                                 SOUTHERN OREGON UNIVERSITY LIB
                                                    -s ASHLAND, OREGON 97520
                                               VISITOR USE
                                           Background Paper
                                            for revising the
                              Hellgate Recreation Area Management Plan



                                             TABLE OF CONTENTS



I.     BACKGROUND .........................................                         1
II.    DECISION TO REVISE HELLGATE RECREATION AREA MANAAGEMENT
       PLAN ..........................................                              1
       Map 1 ...........................................                            2
III.   INTRODUCTION ........................................                        3
IV.    HISTORICAL USE - COMMERCIAL ............................                     4

V.     HISTORICAL USE - PRIVATE ...............................                     9
VI.    COMBINED VISITOR USE - 1968, 1985 - 1994 ....................               10
VII.   VISITOR USE - NONWATER BASED - PRIVATE - 1991 ....                .......... 13

VIII. VISITOR USE - WATER BASED - PRIVATE - 1991 .21

IX.    VISITOR USE - WATER BASED - COMMERCIAL - 1991 .27

X.     TOTAL 1991 WATER-BASED VISITOR USE
       - PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL COMBINED .36

XI.    COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS .41

XII.   SUMMARY .67

XM.    VISITOR USE INVENTORY METHODOLOGY .68

REFERENCES                              ..                                         81
                    LIST OF TABLES and GRAPHS

Table 1    Commercial Use - 1968, 1985 to 1994
           Hellgate Recreation Section .............               .                      6
Table 2    Motorized Tour Boat Business,
           Visitor Use, Number of Boat Runs, and Boat
           Trips: 1973-1994 ......                                                        8
Table 3    Commercial Use - MTB, White Water, and Boat Angling
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1968, 1985 to 1994 ......... .                   9
Table 4    Private Use - Jet Boat, White Water, and Boat Angling
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1968, 1985 to 1994 ....               .......   10
Table 5    Total Visitor Use - 1968, 1985 - 1994
           Hellgate Recreation Section            ................                       11
Table 6    Total Water Craft - 1968, 1985-1994
           Hellgate Recreation Section            ..                                     12
Table 7    BLM Drive-In Camp Sites/BLM Developed Day Use Sites .17
Table 8    Josephine County Parks Attendance
           Number of Visitors - Camping Parks ...................                        19
Table 9    Josephine County Parks Attendance
           Visitors - Boat Ramps .....                   .........                       20
Table 10   Water Based Recreation Activity
           Visitor Use Days - Private - 1991 .....................                       23
Table 11   Private Water Craft - 1991
           Hellgate Recreation Section .........                     .........           25
Table 12   Water Based Recreation Activity
           Visitor Use Days - Commercial - 1991 ..................                       29
Table 13   Commercial Water Craft - 1991
           Hellgate Recreation Section .........                     .........           31
Table 14   Average MTB Trips Per Day in 1991
           Weekdays Versus Weekend Days .....................                            35
Table 15   Total Water-Based Visitor Use
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ....................                       37
Table 16   Total Water Craft
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ....................                       39
Table 17   Visitor Use Days - Average # Visitors Per Day - 1991
           Weekends ......                                                               46
Table 18   Visitor Use Days - Average # Visitors Per Day - 1991
           Weekdayss....                                                                 46
Graph 1    Visitor Use Days - Commercial
           1985 - 1994 / Fish, Float, MTB, Races ..................                           5
Graph 2    Private Water-Based Visitor Use
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ....................                           24
Graph 3    Private Water Craft
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ....................                           26
Graph 4    Commercial Water-Based Visitor Use
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ....................                           30
Graph 5    Commercial Water Craft
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ....................                           32
Graph 6    1991 Motorized Tour Boat (MTB) Customers ....                  .........          33
Graph 7    1991 Motorized Tour Boat (MTB) Trips .................                            34
Graph 8    Total Water-Based Visitor Use - Private & Commercial
           Hellgate - 1991 .                                      . ........        .        38
Graph 9    Total Water Craft
           Private & Commercial - Hellgate - 1991 .                                          40
Graph 10   Water Craft Encounters by Month
           1991 - Heavy Use Season .                                                         42
Graph 11   Visitor Use Days
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 .                   ...........                43
Graph 12   Anglers - Bank and Boat
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 ..........                 ..........          44
Graph 13   Monthly Visitor Use - 1991
           Private vs. Commercial .                                      ...........         45
Graph 14   Applegate Reach - Total Use - 1991
           Visitor Use by Geographic Area .                              ...........         48
Graph 15   Dunn Reach - Total Use - 1991
           Visitor Use by Geographic Area.                               ...........         49
Graph 16   Time of Encounters at Hog Creek
           Fish and Float - 1991 - Early Season - Feb. through May ...                 ...   50
Graph 17   Time of Encounters at Hog Creek
           Fish and Float - 1991 - Summer Season - June through Sept ....                    51
Graph 18   Anglers - Bank & Boat
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991.           .............                       53
Graph 19   Floaters
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991.                   .............               54
Graph 20   Sightsee - Jet Boat
           Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991 .                  . . .5.. . . . . . . .      5
Graph 21   Summer Season - July and Aug. - 1991
           Floaters & Sightsee Visitors .            .............          56
Graph 22   Water Craft Encounters
           Summer Season - 1991 .                    .7.. . . . . . . . . . 5
Graph 23   Memorial Day Weekend - Visitors - 1991
           Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.            .............          58
Graph 24   Memorial Day Weekend - Water Craft - 1991
           Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.            .                      59
Graph 25     July 4 Weekend - Visitors - 1991
             Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.
Graph 26     July 4 Weekend - Water Craft - 1991
             Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.                         ...   . 61
Graph 27     Labor Day Weekend - Visitors - 1991
             Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.                                62
Graph 28     Labor Day Weekend - Water Craft
             Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.                   . .. .. . 63
Graph 29     Spring Fishing Runs - 1991
             Anglers and Jet Boats .                                       64
Graph 30     Fall Fishing Runs - 1991
             Anglers and Jet Boats .                                       65



                               APPENDICES

A - Rogue River Visitor Use Survey .......                                 86
B - Rogue River Visitor Use Survey - Commercial Trips ...    ....          87
C - Rogue River Visitor Use Survey - Daily Summary .......                 88
                         ACRONYMS

BLM     Bureau of Land Management
DEQ     Department of Environmental Quality
EIS     Environmental Impact Statement
GPRA    Grants Pass Resource Area
MDO     Medford District Office
MFB     Motorized Fishing Boat
MTB     Motorized Tour Boat
ODSL    Oregon Division of State Lands
ORV     Off Road Vehicle
PUR     Permittee Use Report
RAMP    Recreation Area Management Plan
R&PP    Recreation and Public Purposes Act
SCORP   Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan
USDI    United States Department of Interior
USFS    United States Forest Service
VUD     Visitor Use Day
VUS     Visitor Use Survey
                                        VISITOR USE

                            BACKGROUND PAPER FOR
                                 REVISING THE
                HELT LGATE RECREATION AREA MANAGEMENT PLAN


I.     BACKGROUND

In 1968 the United States Congress designated the United States Forest Service (USFS) and
the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as the lead agencies for managing the land and
water within the identified National Wild and Scenic Rogue River corridor (i.e., 84 miles
from its confluence with the Applegate River downstream to the Lobster Creek Bridge). The
portion of the river from the mouth of the Applegate River downstream to Marial, a distance
of approximately 47 miles, is administered by the BLM, Medford District Office (MDO).
The lower 37 miles are located within the boundaries of the Siskiyou National Forest and are
administered by the USFS.

The 27-mile BLM-administered Heilgate Recreation Area, a segment of the National Wild
and Scenic Rogue River (i.e., from its confluence with the Applegate River to Grave Creek),
provides a broad range of land and water based recreation opportunities (see map 1).
Recreational use of this segment of the river is managed with a minimum of regulations.
Campgrounds, several day-use recreation sites, and boat launching facilities are available.
All commercial recreation is regulated by permit. Present commercial activities permitted
are motorized tour boats (MTBs), guided floats, and guided fishing trips. Private recreation
activities are presently unregulated by the BLM. The river's proximity to Medford and
Grants Pass, abundant nearby recreation support services (e.g., raft rentals and supplies,
commercial guide services, shuttles, motels, restaurants, etc.), and a growing public interest
in river recreation have led to a tremendous increase in visitor use.


H.     DECISION TO REVISE HELLGATE
       RECREATION AREA MANAGEMENT PLAN

A decision to revise the Hellgate Recreation Area Management Plan (RAMP) was made
because the management situation for the river has changed significantly (USDI, BLM,
MDO, GPRA 1991; USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA 1993). Use of the river has increased
dramatically, creating numerous conflicts between competing users and unforeseen demands
on the recreation resource (Shindler and Shelby 1993; Walker and Littlefield 1992). Public
interest in the river resource has escalated which in turn has created tremendous interest in
BLM's management of the river.
                                                                      Mapi1
                                                             Hellgate Recreation Area
                                                   (Rogue River: Applegate River to Grave Creek)


                                                                       Location Map
                                            Park




    \w
    z                                                                      Oregon



                                         Indian Mary Park




                                                                                        .*To Med~n   -5


                                                                       .Robertson Bridge
                                                                       -+To Meef




                                                                                Park                 T.35 S.
                    Legend
                                                        II    LA".
        owwRogue River
         -~Creeks
                                                        6%-O%.Z
        .......Section lines
-              River corridor boundary
                                                                                   Whitehorse Park
                                                                                      -Ia



    0          Boat Ramp           N
        -~Roads




                Imo
              Iscale
                                                                       To Hwy. I199
                                                   2
The revised Hellgate RAMP will be a comprehensive management plan to provide protection
of the river values. It will address resource protection, development of lands and facilities,
user capacities, and other management practices necessary or desirable to achieve the
purposes of Public Law 90-542, October 2, 1968, the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act,
hereinafter referred to as the "Act" (see section 501 d 1 USC 1986). An environmental
analysis will be conducted and an environmental impact statement (EIS) will be developed as
part of the process for developing the revised RAMP.


m.     INTRODUCTION
Throughout the years, the Rogue has developed a national reputation as being an outstanding
recreation resource offering a wide variety of opportunities for engaging in fishing, hunting,
boating, sightseeing, camping, picnicking, and other outdoor pursuits. The United States
Congress acknowledged these recreation values in 1968 with passage of the National Wild
and Scenic River Act. The Act designated 84 miles of the Rogue River as one of the first in
the nation to form the initial National Wild and Scenic River System.

Many of the recreational activities pursued on and along the Rogue are seasonal, such as
fishing, rafting, motorized tour boat (MMB) excursions, swimming, and camping. Other
activities such as sightseeing and hiking are often engaged in year-round. Because of the
variety of recreational activities occurring within the same limited area and due in part to the
specialized nature of many, conflicts between activities are inevitable. However, due to the
seasonal nature of the main activities (fishing, rafting, and MTB excursions) most uses can
be accommodated with minimum social impacts. These social impacts could become more of
a problem should visitor use exceed its capacity.

The BLM manages the Rogue River, but the adjoining lands are a mix of private, county,
state and Federal ownership. Josephine County is active in providing parks along the river
with fishing and boating access and high intensity camping facilities.

The BLM has recorded the number of visitors using permitted commercial services since
1985. There was some knowledge of the kinds of recreational activities occurring along the
river, but there was limited quantitative information as to numbers of visitor use for the
unregulated (private) sector involved in specific activities until recently. BLM began actively
monitoring private use in 1989 and has conducted numerous visitor use surveys (VUS) to
bridge the information gap between the 'commercial" user and the 'private' user. The
results of the surveys are contained in this background paper.




                                               3
IV.    HISTORICAL USE - COMMERCIAL

Because of identified deteriorating resources, user conflicts, and increased concern for safety,
the BLM set a policy for special recreation permits starting in 1985. The permitting system
recognizes the public service performed by commercial services in providing opportunities
and access to recreation areas for those users not equipped or desiring to do so themselves.

Since regulation there have been as few as 17 permits, issued in 1986, to as many as 97
permits issued for the recreation section of the Rogue River in 1994 (table 1). However, not
all permittees reported use. Of the first 19 permits issued in 1985 only 11 reported any use.
In 1994, of the 97 permits issued, only 65 reported any use. (USDI,BLM,MDO,GPRA.
1985 thru 1994).

The majority of types of trips offered commercially are for MTB (sightseeing) excursions.
Fishing trips and white water trips come in second and third. Commercial use had increased
from 34,860 visitors in 1985 to 87,775 visitors in 1994. There were 12,000 estimated
commercial visitors in 1968 (table 1). While visitor use climbed sharply before 1989, use
has leveled off in the last few years (table 1, graph 1).




                                               4
                                           VISITOR USE DAYS - COMMERCIAL
                                           1985 - 1994 / Fish, Float, MTB, Races

            100000


             90000


            80000


   C)  -I   70000
en l


            60000


            50000


            40000


            30000
                          1985          1986   1987   1988   1989   1990   1991    1992   1993   1994

   Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995
                                                   Table 1




                       Number                                       Total                    Total
                          of                 Total                Visitor Use              Number of
      Year             Permits              Visitors                 Days                    Trips
                                    IY*
                                             87,775                  88,420                   2,225
                             91              85,787                  86,548                   2,116
                             97              85,535                  86,257                    1,881
                             92              90,050                  90,884                    1,823
                             80              81,495                  82,325                   2,000
                             49              79,000                  79,575                   2,040
                             46              66,615                  67,385                    1,560
                             24              52,125                  53,070                    1,115
                             17              44,115                  44,635                     890
                             19              34,860                  35,180                    910
                                             11,000                  11,000
               _sX
             -------
       kIWOJ Uarougn iyx'* uIVLY,'+) LiV,,tjrKA. i9       Lommercial Use Reports.
       (1968) USDIBLMMDO. 1972. NOTE: 1968 use was for the entire Rogue River, numbers
       may be higher than the actual use on the BLM recreation section. The entire number was used,
       assuming use was not greater than reported here.



       A.       Motorized Tour Boat: 1961 - 1994

April 15, 1961, was the first commercial MTB trip. The schedule was one to three trips per
day. In 1965 a second company offered commercial MTB trips. In 1978 the MTB business
began to expand. Champagne brunch and dinner trips were added to the scenic and white
water runs.

In 1988 the present operator purchased the two BLM permitted MTB businesses, including
the transfer of the permits, and began a marketing program to increase business. Boats were
increased from one in 1961 to 11 currently in the fleet. Visitors taking the MTB tours also
increased from approximately 700 in 1961 to over 72,800 in 1991 (Table 2). Visitor use
leveled off after 1991. Reasons for this leveling off might include limits on the trips below

                                                       6
Dunn Riffle because of operating restrictions due to low water, two drought years which
created low flows, and raised concerns for safety, and economic cycles (USDI, BLM, MDO,
GPRA. August 1994).




                                           7
                                                          Tahle 2




       Year       11         Visitor Use           Number of Boat Rum             Number of Boat Tnps

                  iii
                        Numbers
                                        PenI t
                                        Change    Numbers
                                                                    Percent
                                                                    Change
                                                                                 Number
                                                                                 Nhnbe
                                                                                            I       Percet
                                                                                                    Cars     |
                                                                                                                 Use:Tnip
                                                                                                                  Ratio

       1973              8,000

       1974              5,000             -37

       1975              6,000             +20
       1976              6,000               0

       1977              12,000         +100

       1978              15,900            +33
       1979              18,800            +18
       1980              18,700             -1

       1981              19,200            +3

       1982             20,400             +6

       1983              19,800             -3

       1984              19,200             -3
      1985              23,151             +21      330                     -      1,067              -           22:1

      1986              32,000             +38      440               +33          *942              -12          34:1
      1987              38,500             +20      510               +16         01,091             +16          35:1
      1988              52,000             +35      750               +47         01,605             +47          32:1
      1989              62,185             +20      887               +18        -1,898              +18          33:1
      1990              64,084             +3       741                -16         1,518             -20          42:1
      1991              72,856             +14      753                +2          1,661              +9          44:1
      1992              68,058              -7      704                 -6         1,571              -5          43:1
      1993              68,135               0      763                +8          1,565              0           44:1

      1994              70,356             +3       721-5                          1,604              +3          44:1

    ___________   |     S3,441_is___
                              _    __                                 +11         1,452         [
Source: UISAI, 13LAI, UXu, UFi(A. Augu 1I94. NOll: Averagc are bOsd On tUe years IY53 through 1994.
                                                                                                     +6      j    37:1

* Approximations using a known boat ran to boat trip ratio of 1:2.14 for the years 1990 - 1993.




                                                            8
            B.       White Water / Fishing / MTB: 1985 - 1994

Along with an increase in outfitters/guides operating on the Rogue River, visitors using these
services have increased. Table 3 shows the increase in commercial craft and visitors using
commercial services in 1968 and from 1985 to 1994.


                                                      Table 3




                          # Water Craft                      I                # Visitors
  Year
  Yea            MTB         'NW           Angler
                                             -       Total       - MITB    WNW     Angler     Total
                                                                            -        -         -
     1994         1,604      3,894             743   6,241        70,356   5,861      1,558   77,775
     1993         1,565      4,147             756   6,468        68,135   6,055      1,610   75,800
     1992         1,571      3,957             721   6,249        68,058   5,777      1,536   75,371
     1991         1,661      4,343             643   6,647        72,856   6,249      1,257   80,362
     1990         1,518      2,842           1,531   5,891        64,084   4,149     3,261    71,494
     1989         1,898      3,267             960   6,125        62,185   4,770     2,045    69,000
     1988         1,605      2,149             693   4,447       52,000    3,138      1,477   56,615
     1987         1,091       1,642            577   3,310       38,500    2,397      1,228   42,125
     1986           942      1,173             189   2,304       32,000    1,713       402    34,115
     1985         1,067         188          1,159   2,414       23,151     274      2,469    25,894
     1968           590          88            864   1,542        9,000      100      1,900   11,000
            I-  9Y..    -T..
                           rIT    vD^ 7
  Urc.      LOOLA, DDLAVX JVLlJJ, urnJa.    lyyj.




V.          HISTORICAL USE - PRIVATE

With an increase in the base population, better equipment, and a public more involved in
recreation, private use has climbed even faster than commercial use. Table 4 shows the
estimated use in 1968 and the increases from 1985 to 1994 for private individuals engaged in
water sport by jet boat, white water floating, and boat angling.



                                                         9
                                                                  Table 4




                              # Water Craft                              I               # Visitors
     Yr           Jet           'NW               Angler        Total        Jet    WW         Angler       Total

   1994               223       10,094             1,481        11,798        501   21,803        3,258     25,562
   1993               231       10,429             1,530        12,190        518   22,526        3,366     26,410
   1992               220        9,950             1,459        11,629        494   21,493        3,211     25,198
  1991                345       10,215             1,337        11,897        773   22,130        3,226     26,129
  1990                224      10,082              1,479        11,785        501   21,777        3,254     25,532
  1989                205        9,272             1,360        10,837       460    20,028        2,993     23,481
  1988                139        6,279                921       7,339         312   13,563        2,027     15,902
  1987                109        4,932                724       5,765        245    10,654        1,592     12,491
  1986                 64        2,877                422       3,363         143   6,215             929    7,287
  1985                 82        3,732                547       4,361         185    8,061        1,204      9,450
  1968                 7            602                    54     663          16     680             120     816
 5          1eT Tr*    M.     A L. d       D D      1ff-
 %FUL%10.              JDA.M1, LVM.^J,   %JrAA.     IVY.3.




VI          COMBINED VISITOR USE - 1968, 1985 - 1994


Table 5 is a combination of the previous two tables with an additional column showing the
numbers for bank anglers. It shows the number of water based visitors, commercial and
private alike. Visitor use grew rapidly until 1988. It leveled off in 1989 and 1990 then
grew again in 1991. Use dropped off slightly in 1992 but is on the increase again. Visitor
use has almost tripled since 1985.




                                                                    10
                                                     Table 5




                       Bank                Boat                   Jet
     Year              Angler             Angler     Floater      Boat    Mar      Total
     1994                   4,512            4,816     27,664 j     501   70,356    107,849
     1993                   4,662            4,976     28,581 j     518   68,135    106,872
     1992                   4,447            4,747     27.270       494   68.058    105.016
     1991                   4,209            4,483     28,379       773   72,856    110,700
     1990                   6,103            6,515     25,926       501   64,084    103,129
     1989                   4,720            5,038     24,798       460   62,185    97,201
     1988                   3,283            3,504     16,701       312   52,000    75,800
     1987                   2,642            2,820     13,051       245   38,500    57,494
     1986                   1,247            1,331      7,928       143   32,000    42,649
     1985                   3,441            3,673      8,335       185   23,151    38,785
     1968                   1,900            2,020          780      16    9,000     13,716
             array- K. *a *an       e.*     mp/
VurUg.   uJrnJs, DLAVI, rAJ,    klr^A.     iYYz.




                                                       11
                                                          Table 6



                       A~ngler            Float                  Jet
      Year              Craft             Craft                  Boat                     Total
      1994                  2,224                13,988                 501      1,604       18,317
      1993                  2,286                14,576                 231      1,565       18,658
      1992                  2,180                13,907                 220      1.,571      17,878
      1991                  1,980                14,558                 345      1,661       18,544
      1990                  3,010                12,924                 224      1,518       17,676
      1989                  2,320                12,539                 205      1,898       16,962
      1988                  1,614                8,428                  139      1,605       11,786
      1987                  1,301                6,574                  109      1,091        9,075
      1986                     611               4,053                   64        942        5,667
      1985                  1,706                3,920                   82      1,067        6,775
      1968                     918                 690                    7590                2,205
4Urp.,G;   UQAJ1, D14V1, NLLOJ, U~rlA.   1VYYD




Table 6 shows the same pattern of growth illustrated in table 5. The number of craft on the
Rogue River has more than doubled since 1985.




                                                            12
VII.   VISITOR USE - NON WATER BASED - PRIVATE - 1991

All numbers in this background paper are based on one visitor use day (VUD), which is one
person spending any part or all of one day on BLM lands and administered waters and
neighboring lands within the Rogue River recreation corridor. All BLM nonwater-based use
is private use and not commercial.

       Ax      Rogue River Day Only

               1. Off-Road Vehicle Use

Off-road vehicle (ORV) use is a recognized use of the public land and can be permitted
where land resources can accommodate this type of use. However, within the limited
boundaries of the National Wild and Scenic Rogue River it is inappropriate and limited to the
following access points:

Rand recreation site, Rocky Riffle recreation site, Griffin Park group recreation site, Argo
Recreation site, and Whitehorse Recreation sites (USDI, BLM, MDO. 1992a). There are no
quantitative numbers to confirm the amount of visitors who use ORVs. Professional
observation would put that number near 1,000 people per year.


              2. Motorized Travel

Many people take advantage of driving along the Merlin-Galice Road, that parallels the lower
half of the recreation section of the Rogue River, for its picturesque sightseeing
opportunities. From Hellgate Canyon down river there are several scenic viewpoints. BLM
has two National Back Country Byways which take off from the Merlin-Galice Road. The
Galice-Hellgate Byway goes north through Merlin then splits near Galice going west to the
coast and north to Grave Creek. The Grave Creek to Marial Byway begins at Grave Creek
where the Merlin-Galice Road ends. There are no current figures for any pleasure-driving
that would be confined to the vicinity of the Rogue River.

 Driving for pleasure was rated as the third most popular outdoor recreation activity in
America according to the Bureau of Outdoor Recreation's 1967 report on national outdoor
recreation use and trends. The Oregon Outdoor Recreation Demand Bulletin published in
1975 by the Department of Transportation projects that sightseeing and driving for pleasure
increase from 1,033,700 trips in 1975 to 1,437,500 in 1990 for Josephine County. This
includes visitations from both within and outside the county and does not limit itself to the
section of road along the recreation portion of the Rogue River.




                                              13
               3.     Nonmotorized Travel

                      a. Bicycling

There are a growing number of recreationists who bicycle on the road along the Rogue River
to enjoy the outdoors, to shuttle a vehicle for a float trip, or to get exercise. There are no
quantitative numbers to confirm the amount of visitor use through bicycling. Professional
observation would put that number between 4,000 and 5,000 per year.


                      b. Equestrian

Horseback riding is enjoyed by 250 to 500 visitors per year along the recreation section of
the Rogue River. Riders use an 11-mile segment on two old logging roads (roads 35-7-4.1
and 35-7-4.2) as a trail. This trail, the Stratton Creek Trail, cuts through the timber, out of
sight of the river, and is not maintained. The trail ends close to the river at Robert Dean
Placer Mine recreation site and is used by 6 different horse groups as well as private
individuals.

                      c. Running, Jogging, or Walking

This is another sport with a growing number of recreationists who hit the pavement on the
road along the Rogue River to enjoy the outdoors or to get exercise. There are many sites
which have had a system of trails created at the site because of the high use received by
those walking for pleasure or walking to a favorite fishing spot. These sites are in the
Whitehorse/Applegate area, at Griffin Park, Bailey Creek, Almeda Park, and Flanagan
Slough. There are no quantitative numbers to confirm the amount of visitor use through
running, jogging, or walking. Professional observation would put that number between
2,500 and 3,000 a year.


                      d. Backpacking or lHiking

There are no statistics on backpackers or hikers along the recreational section of the Rogue
River. There are a few hiking trails suitable for day hikes. One is the Umpqua Joe Trail,
across from Indian Mary Park, which offers a short two-mile hike. The other one is the
Stratton Creek Trail which is also used by equestrian groups and was described previously
under 'Equestrian.' Those visitors wishing to backpack would be inclined to hike the Rogue
River Trail on the wild section of the river which starts where the recreation section ends at
Grave Creek.




                                               14
               4.      Other Land Based Uses

                      a. Mining

Recreational mining includes gold panning and dredging at the shoreline using hydraulic
dredges. Historically there were opportunities to mine from below Gold Ray Dam to the
mouth of Grave Creek, subject to seasonal restrictions and certain intake limitations,
requiring a mining notice if the intake of the dredge is greater than four inches. The
permitted work period is June 15 to October 31 (DEQ 1986). In 1994 the Oregon Division
of State Lands (ODSL) closed all mining within the Oregon Scenic Waterways, regardless of
method of mining, ORS 390.835(1). Since the National Wild and Scenic Rogue River is also
recognized as a component of the Oregon Scenic Waterways, mining on the BLM
administered section was prohibited in 1994 according to ODSL. However, this was
reversed in 1995 and mining is allowed once again.

There are no quantitative numbers to confirm the amount of miners who pan for gold or
dredge along the Rogue River. Professional observation would put that number at 20
individuals who dredge recreationally throughout the season compiling 250 visitor use days in
1991.


                      b. Gathering and Collecting

Most gathering is done by local residents or visitors who are staying at one of the county
parks and is limited to picking a bucket full of blackberries or children collecting river stones
to take home. There is no use data on this activity.


                      c. Hunting

Hunting is a legitimate recreational activity on BLM land, but with the following restrictions:
1. It is prohibited to discharge a firearm or any other implement capable of taking human
life, causing injury, or damaging property at any time within 150 yards of a residence,
building, developed or undeveloped recreation site, or occupied area:. 2. It is prohibited to
discharge a firearm at any time across or on any public road, or across or on any trail or
body of water whereby any person or property is exposed to injury or damages as a result of
such discharge (USDI, BLM, MDO. 1992).

There are a number of deterrents to hunters along the Rogue River. Private lands are
intermixed with the BLM lands making access to Federal land for hunting difficult. There
are many roads, county parks, and high visitor use sites which detract from the quiet,
secluded, large acreage areas most hunters turn to. If a hunter does travel into the river
corridor they are usually traveling down from the hills, mountains, or along a stream such as
Stratton Creek. Deer hunting accounts for 250 VUDs. Water fowl hunting is very low.

                                               15
       B,      Rogue River Campgrounds

From the Applegate River to Hellgate Canyon, the Rogue flows through a rural setting.
Pumps in the river withdraw water for domestic use and irrigation of pasture and agricultural
lands. Residential and vacation homes appear along the banks, and some fields are changing
from cultivation to subdivisions.

From Hellgate Canyon to Grave Creek, the river valley is narrow and steep. The right bank
(facing downstream) is essentially undeveloped. There is some residential development, and
a few lodges are located on the left bank.

               1. BLM Developed Day Use Sites

There are seven developed day- use sites which offer the visitor a place to picnic or fish and
provide toilet facilities. A visitor center is located at Rand which is staffed by BLM and
USFS personnel. Here the outfitters and public check in before they run the wild section of
the Rogue River from Grave Creek down during the permitted season. Rand Visitor Center
provides information on the Rogue River, Rogue River Trail, and Back Country Byways,
and offers a number of books, brochures and maps visitors find useful when visiting BLM
and USFS lands.

Visitor use of BLM's drive-in campsites and day use sites was an estimated 90,705 people in
1991 (table 7). Note: Visitor-use numbers were estimated. The assumptions used are listed
in the 'Methodology' section of this report.

              2. BLM Undeveloped Sites

There are 49 known undeveloped sites along the recreation section of the Rogue River
administered by BLM (USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992a). These are largely day use
areas, many of them small sites on a beach or gravel bar. The use at these undeveloped sites
is estimated to be 50,000 visitors for 1991, collectively.




                                              16
                                              Table 7




  ROCKY                                                  HELLGATE
  BAR                  Noncamper                2,196    PARK                       3,000
          8 Sites      Camper                     549    RAINBOW                    1,000
                                                         CARPENTER'S
                       Subtotal                 2,745    ISLAND                       700
  ARGO                 Noncamper                5,328    GRAVE CREEK               22,000
                                                         RAND VISITOR
          4 Sites      Camper                    1,332   CENTER                    50,000
                       Subtotal                 6,660    CHAIR                      1,000
                                                         RAND BOAT
                                                         RAMP SIM                   3,600
 Subtotals             Noncamper                7,524
                       Camper                   1,881


                      1991 DRIVE-IN and DAY USE-SIM TOTALS           90,705
source:   UbDij,   ELM, ML)a,   UPSA. 1y92b




                    3. BLM Administered Drive-In Campsites

BLM has two drive-in campsites (table 7). These sites are more primitive than the county
owned sites, with a toilet being the only improvement at Argo. Each recreation experience
has a distinct quality and not all people seek the same experiences in outdoor recreation;
even in the same area and participating in the same activities. Different types of
developments and facilities attract different types and numbers of visitors. Developed
installations, such as the county parks, are valued for intensively used areas. The more
primitive sites, which the BLM manages, are appreciated for the more natural environmental
experience. Some 9,405 visitors were estimated to have used the two BLM drive-in
campsites in 1991 (table 7).


                                                17
The Recreation and Public Purposes Act (R&PP) authorizes the BLM to lease and/or convey
public lands for recreational and public purposes under certain conditions. Josephine County
Parks was issued an R&PP patent for Ennis Riffle (USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992c).


              4. BLM Float-In Campsites

There are 30 known sites for float-in camping (USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992a). These
sites are primitive. They are often only a beach or gravel bar, with the exception of Robert
Dean which has a toilet. Many of these are the same sites which are used for day use.
While there are no quantitative numbers on the use of these sites, professional observation
places an estimate of 5,000 visitors in 1991 for all BLM float-in campsites.


              5. County Owned Drive-In Campsites

There are four drive-in campsites owned by Josephine County and one site with a two day
limit, Ennis, which was deeded to the county by BLM (table 8). The county has
implemented an extensive program to develop recreational facilities along the Rogue River.
With the exception of Ennis, these facilities include overnight campgrounds, concrete boat
ramps, and day-use areas within the recreation section. Ennis also offers overnight camping,
day use, and a concrete boat ramp. It is the level of development that differs.




                                             18
                                                   Table 8


                         JOSEPHINE COUNTY PARKS ATTENDANCE
                             Number of Visitors - Camping Parks
                                                                               .... ..
                                                                            :~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                                                                       ., , . .      .....


                  | Noncamper            32,000          31,420        34,845          31,000                30,000
  25 Sites         Camper                  5,788           8,127        6,984           5,788                 5,024
                   subtotal              37,788          39,547       41,829           36,788                35,024
      3NS         |Noncamper               8,800
  12 Sites         Camper                  2,196               *             *

                   subtotal              10,996
  GRI~N            Noncamper             70,450          73,000       74,380           72,000            70,938
  19 Sites         Camper                  3,848           4,549        4,846           3,848                3,044
                   subtotal              74,298          77,549       79,226           75,848            73,982
  INJ>flAN         Noncamper            120,000        125,000       128,231          124,000           122,837

  90 Sites         Camper                34,728          29,634        38,269          34,728            30,699
                   subtotal             154,728        154,634       166,500          158,728           153,536
                   Noncamper             43,000          42,280       47,650           46,000            45,726

  44 Sites         Camper                  3,975           3,701        4,506           3,975                3,358
                   subtotal              46,975         45,981        52,156          49,975             49,084

  Subtotals
                    Noncamper           274,250        271,700       285,106           273,000         269,501
                      Camper             50.535         46.011 1      54.605            48.339   I       42.125


Source: Josephine County Parks Department.
* Footnote: Ennis is deeded to the county by BLM. Visitor use numbers are
         BLMs; the county doesn't keep records of number of people cmping at Ennis.
         Source: USDIBLMMDO,GPRA. 1992b.




                                                      19
Visitor use numbers collected by Josephine County show an increase in visitor use from 1987
to 1991 (table 8). Because of the limited number of campsites, developed camping use could
be at its peak and hold constant for the county unless more sites are created. Visitors
camping in county parks in developed sites along the Rogue River climbed from 42,125 in
1987 to 50,535 in 1991 (table 8, Camper). Noncampers showed an increase from 269,501 in
1987 to 274,250 in 1991.

Josephine County boat ramps are showing an increase in use (1able 9). Boat ramp use was
83,500 in 1991 compared to 71,000 in 1987.

                                                      Table 9

                          JOSEPHINE COUNTY PARKS - ATTENDANCE
                                Number of Visitors - Boat Ramps




  RIFFLE                         12,000            12,000            11,500             10,000   10,000
  HOG CREEK                      31,000            30,876           32,000              27,000   27,000
  MATSON                          7,250             7,000             9,000              8,000    8,000
  ROBERTSON
  BRIDGE                         16,750            15,246            19,600             18,500   17,500
  UPPER
  FERRY                          16.500            10.000             9.500              9,000   9,000


          A.       w w     ra
                           a;    A.-VkSa   WJ"

Footnote: Hog Creek and Robertson Bridge have duel BLM and county ownership
        Ennis numbers are boat-ramp use, not reflective of day or overnight use (table 6).



         C.       Rogue River Lodging

There are 3 privately owned lodges and one privately owned bed and breakfast which
provide food and lodging to the public. On river left (looking down river) in the Applegate
to Hellgate section of the river is the River Banks Inn, a bed and breakfast. This
establishment is open all year and is relatively new. The inn has averaged 990 visitors a
year according to M. Franklin, the owner. Along the river, located on the left bank in the
Hellgate section of the Rogue River, are Morrison's Lodge, Rogue Glen Lodge, and the
Galice Resort. On average these lodges, collectively, are open from March to November and
have 15,000 visitors a year, as reported by B.A. Hanten, owner of Morrison Lodge;

                                                         20
R. Chilton, owner of Rogue Glen Lodge; and M. Thomason, owner of Galice Resort.
Lodging brings 15,990 visitors a year to the recreation section of the Rogue River.


VIII. VISITOR USE - WATER BASED - PRIVATE - 1991

       A.      Floaters

               1.     Inflatable Craft

Whether in inflatable kayaks, rafts, or inner tubes, floating is a very popular recreational
activity on the river, accounting for 73 percent of the private recreational use (table 10/graph
2). In 1991 the visitor use survey (VUS) counts showed 22,130 visitors floated the
recreation section of the Rogue River (Table 10). Table 11 and graph 3 show that inflatable
kayaks accounted for 57 percent of the private water craft on the river and rafts accounted
for 25 percent. Table 11 shows the types and numbers of private water craft one may have
encountered on a float trip in 1991.


              2.      Kayaking

On the Rogue River there seem to be two types of kayakers, those who utilize a hardshell
and those who run in an inflatable kayak. The inflatable kayaker tends to run the easier
'fun' stretches of water, such as the Rogue's stretch from Hog Creek to Grave Creek. The
experienced hardshell kayaker tends to go for the bigger and more technical white water
found in the 'wild" section of the Rogue.

Table 11 shows that in 1991 there were 104 private hardshell kayaks on the river, accounting
for 1 percent of the private water craft on the Rogue. Inflatable kayaks were the number one
water craft of choice for private floaters on the river. There were 6,758 inflatable kayaks
making up 57 percent of the private water craft (table ll/graph 3).


              3.      Other

There are a few other methods of floating that were included in the VUS counts. These
consist of canoes, inner tubes, or durt bags. These craft represent a small percentage of use
(table 11/graph 3).

In 1991, December saw the lowest number of water craft on the river while July showed the
highest (table 11).




                                              21
        B. Boat Anglers

Boat fishing accounted for 11 percent of the private recreation activity on the Rogue River
(table 10). In 1991 BLM VUS counts showed 3,226 anglers fishing from boats (table 10).
Boat angling contributes 11 percent of the water craft use on the river (table 1l/graph 3, drift
boats).

Drift boating is largely seasonal and in connection with fishing. The highest number of
private drift boats on the water occured in February and March when the anglers were
fishing for winter steelhead. There was another surge in September and October when
anglers were after the summer steelhead and fall chinook (table 11).

A decline in fishing success occurred in 1991 due to poor fish runs and the fact that the
Rogue Valley was in the eighth year of a drought resulting in low water flows. The year
1992 was hard on anglers also. A ban was placed on salmon fishing from July 6, 1992, to
September 9, 1992, except for a stretch of the Rogue River beginning at the mouth and
extending 3 miles upstream. Low water releases from Lost Creek Reservoir were also a
factor in fishing success.


       C. Powerboating

In 1993 there were 33,384 registered motorized boats in Josephine County. The Oregon
State Marine Board (OSMB) keeps records of all registered motorized boats. Private jet
boats accounted for 2 percent of the private visitor use (table 10) and 3 percent of the water
craft (table 11).


       D. Bank Anglers

There are ample opportunities to cast a line from the bank. In 1991 some 4,209 anglers
were counted by BLM personnel while conducting visitor-use surveys (USDI, BLM, MDO,
GPRA. 1995) (Table 10). Bank fishing accounted for 14 percent of the recreation activity on
the Rogue River (table 10/graph 2).

March and September were the heavy use months for bank fishing. September had the most
bank anglers at 676. July showed the least amount of bank angling activity.




                                              22
                                                   Table 10




                                          BANK               BOAT            PVT JET             TOTAL
I MONTH         I FLOATERS               ANGLERS          ANGLERS             BOATS            USER DAYS
                               15                440                 110                 5                 570
                               25                460                 752                14               1,251
                               53                666                 848                10               1,577
                              154                  96                 54                15                 319
                           1,172                 454                  93              343                2,062
                           2,316                 205                  65               115               2,701
                           8,053                   89                 28                22               8,192
                           7,639                 354                 167                97               8,257
                           2,679                 676                 624               122               4,101
                               12                385                 356                15                 768
                                 7               272                 106                10                 395
                                 5               112                  23                 5                 145


II %USE         I           73%      I          14% 1              11%                 2%I               100%    II
Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995.
The shoulder seasons of November through March had the least amount of data for the private sector for bank
anglers, floaters, and private jet boats. Those use numbers have been augmented by professional judgment. See
methodology section.




                                                        23
                               Private Water-Based Visitor Use
                                      Heligate Recreation Section-1991



                                                         Jet Boats




                                                                         Bank Angling
         G)
N)   ~
         'V4
          N)




                    Floating




Source: USDI. BLM. MDO. GPRA. 1995
                                                          Table 11




                                                                           PVT                    MONTH
  MONTH I R                         IK           K           DB             JB        OTHER       TOTALS

                       3                 0            0            54            2        0                 59
                       5                 0            0            302            8       0                315
                      13                 0            2            326           5         0               346
                     39                  0            0             36            8        0                83
                    205              239              7             35          116       14               616
                    333              685             13             33           42       36             1,142
                  1,045             2,616            24             42           60      128            3,915
                    995             2,474            34             51           34       98            3,686
                    386              744             24            219           55       36             1,464
                       6                 0            0            160            8           7            181
                       2 1               0 1          o
                                                      0}            561           5           0             63
                       2                 0            0             23 1          2           0             27



Il% USE            25%I              57%l            1%I       11%I                                      100% lI
I_                         _-   _            ,                 _            _

Soure:UDI BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995.
The shoulder seasons of November through March had the least amount of data for the private sector for bank
anglers, floaters, and private jet boats. Those use numbers have been augmented by professional judgment. See
methodology section.

Note: R=raft, IK=inflatable kayak, K=kayak (hardshell), DB=drift boat, PVT JB=private jet boat,
Other = canoes, inner tubes, durt bags.




                                                              25
                                     Private Water Craft
                                     Heligate Recreation Section-1 991




                                                       Hardshell Kayak




     -I
)   10
                                                                         Raft
     co




                  Inflatable Kayak




Source: USDI. BLM. MDO. GPRA. 1995
IX.     VISITOR USE - WATER BASED - COMMERCIAL - 1991

       A.      Guided Floats

               1.     Inflatable Craft

Commercial outfitters offer many different types of water experiences from guided scenic or
white water trips to kayak schools. Float trips are run with inflatable kayaks, hardshell
kayaks, and any number of oar or paddle rafts. In 1991 the commercial counts showed some
6,249 clients floated the recreation section of the Rogue River (table 12). Table 13 shows
the type and number of commercial water craft one may have encountered on a float trip.
One company offers all inflatable kayak trips which accounted for a majority of the
commercial float trips. Table 13 and graph 5 show that inflatable kayaks comprised 53
percent of the water craft on the river while rafts made up 9 percent.


               2.     Kayaking

One hardshell kayak school constituted the majority of hardshell kayaks used commercially.
Commercial use reports showed 220 hardshell kayaks on the river, amounting to only 3
percent of the commercial water craft on the Rogue in 1991 (table 13).


       B.      Guided Boat Angling

Boat angling accounted for 2 percent of the commercial recreation activity on the Rogue
River (table 12). In 1991 commercial use counts showed 1,275 anglers fishing from boats
(table 12). Boat fishing contributed 10 percent of the commercial water craft on the river
(table 13/graph 5, drift boats).

Commercial boat angling is seasonal, dependent upon the fish runs. The highest number of
commercial drift boats on the water occurred in February and March when the winter
steelhead and spring chinook were running. There was another surge in September and
October when the summer steelhead, fall chinook, and coho salmon were coming up the
river (Table 13).

A decline in fishing in 1991 and 1992 can be attributed to a decrease in fishing success in
1991, poor fish runs, and the fact that the area was in the eighth year of a drought resulting
in low water flows. The year 1992 was a poor year for anglers also. A ban was placed on
salmon fishing from July 6, 1992, to September 9, 1992, except for a 3 mile stretch of the
Rogue River beginning at the mouth and extending 3 miles upstream. Low water releases
from Lost Creek Reservoir were also a factor in fishing success.



                                              27
        C.     Motorized Tour Boats

Currently there are two permits for MTBs to operate on the Rogue River. One owner retains
both permits under Hellgate Excursions and Rogue Whitewater Excursions. The MTBs run
from Grants Pass to Grave Creek, or some portion of that stretch, and offer a variety of
trips. The permits allow a combined limit of 19 round trips per day. The trips are
scheduled in groups spread out through the day. The operating season is May 1 through
September 30.

MTBs carried 72,856 visitors in 1991 (table 12). MTBs had the highest commercial visitor
use, accounting for 90 percent of the commercial recreational activities on the Rogue River
(graph 4). MTBs contributed 25 percent of the commercial water craft on the river (table
13/graph 5).

The MTB permittee offers scenic, white water, dinner, and brunch trips. The meal trips
include a stop at the OK Corral or Galice Store. In 1991 most of the runs included a meal
stop. Of the MTB trips run in May, 43 percent had meal stops. August had the highest
percentage of meal stop tour boat trips at 70 percent.

The daily visitor use pattern for MTBs was similar to the monthly pattern for total visitor use
in that days in July and August received more MTB visitor use (graph 6). Daily boat traffic,
like monthly visitor use, peaked in July and August where the 19 round trip ceiling was
reached on most weekend days (graph 7).


       D.     Jet Boats

There was no use reported by the three permittees allowed to run commercial trips with jet
boats. Not to confuse these with MTBs, which are often called jet boats by the public, these
boats only carry up to six passengers (see Commercial Fishing Boats under Miscellaneous
Activities, E.1. pg 35).




                                              28
                                       Table 12




  MONTH I        FLOATERS
                                A_.m
                            0           68        0          0       68
                            0          186        0          0      186
                           0           242        0          0     242
                           0            33        0          0       33
                         177             3        0      3,437    3,617
                         800            19        0     11,395   12,214
                       1,748            15        0     21,222   22,985
                       3,012            66        0     23,661   26,739
                         512           332        0     13,141   13,985
                           0           229        0          0     229
                           0            65        0          0      65
                           0            17        0          0       17


II%USE       I           8%I           2%I        0%I     90%I   100% lj
Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, UPRA. 1995.




                                             29
                          Commercial Water-Based Visitor Use
                                        Heligate Recreation Section-1 991


                                                        Boat Angling
                                                                   b~       ~loating




co) ~
      G)     I-A
0     'a




   Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995
                                                          Table 13




                  -         *                 I-               -            I-         I-


                        0                0                 0          93          0           0               93
                        0                0                 0          117         0           0              117
                        0                0                 0          25          0           0               25
                       12               88                17            2         0          96              215
                       71             444                67             9         0         280              871
                      156           1,069                61             5         0         461             1752
                      325           1,539                65           34          0         514             2477
                       28             390                 10         161          0         310              899
                        0                0                 0         108          0           0              108
                        0                0                 0          35          0           0               35
                        0               0                  0           17         0           0               17


I| %USE
Ow- -U5DI, |'JfLM, 9%
        - -
                                     53%      I         3%I         10%          0%I        25% 1         100% I
                                                                                                                    I
Source:             MLO,        OPRA. 1995.
NOTE: R   =   Raft, EK = Inflatable Kayak, K      -   Kayak, DB - Drift Boat, lB - Jet Boat, MTB = Motorized Tour
Boat




                                                               31
                                          Commercial Water Craft
                                            Heligate Recreation Section-1991




                                                              Kayaks




                                                                                Drift Boats


       G)
Co      B
       'ID
        (7.



                  Inflatable Kayaks

                                                                               MTBs




     Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995
            1991 Motorized Tour Boat (MTB) Customer
    1.000


    0.900


    0.800

    0.700


    0.600


0   0.000    -,
0

    0.400-


    0.300

    0.200-


    0.100    -    [


    0.000




             Source:   USDI, BUll, MDO, GPRA.   August 1994
               1991 Motorized Tour Boat (MTB) Trips
     24

     22 -

     20      Regulated Use Limit

     18

     16
CL
     14-

L    12

E    10
z
     8

     &




     0




           Source:   USDI, BLM, MOD0, GPRA.   August 1994
In 1991 average weekend MTh trips compared to average weekday trips showed that more
boat traffic occurred on Saturdays and Sundays (table 14). July and August were the
primary months for trips, with the weekends receiving the maximum number allowed and
even the weekdays showing a high use. Graph 7 gives a daily visual comparison of the MTB
trips during the months of operation.


                                                                  Table 14



                   Months                                Average Weekday     Average Weekend Day
   May                                                               3                5
   June                                                              8               13
  July                                                              13               19
   August                                                           15               19
  September                                                          8               16
      Z   IIJF!T   I01 AA     ALXTV% fl-O1 A    A..._.   1-1
                            AVA'L~'            JUYU*L.   177-t.




          E.        Miscellaneous Activities

                    1.          Commercial Fishing Boats

BLM has 3 permitted outfitters who are allowed to use small motorized fishing boats (MFB)
for commercial use. Use of this type is very low. One permit allows trips only 2 days a
year. That outfitter showed use consisting of four visitor days in 1986 and 10 visitor days in
1988. The other two outfitters also use drift boats and there is no delineation between drift
boat use vs. MFB use in their post-use report (PUR). One of the two averaged 17 visitor
days a year between 1985 and 1990. The other outfitter averaged 76 visitor days between
1987 and 1989. Of these visitor days it cannot be reported which were attributed to MFB
use. There was no use reported in 1991 by those outfitters allowed to use MFBs.


                    2.          Hydroplane Races

The Grants Pass Active Club has been permitted since 1985 to put on a one-day hydroplane
boat race in May called the Boatnik Run subject to yearly approval. This race usually
involves 10 to 20 small outboard hydroplane boats and draws approximately 10,000
spectators to the Hellgate recreation planning area.

                                                                    35
Another one-day hydroplane boat race occurs in September, the "Marathon Hydroplane
Race." This race involves about 20 small outboard hydroplane boats. This event has been
permitted since 1992.


X.     TOTAL 1991 WATER-BASED VISITOR USE
        - PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL COMBINED

The combined private and commercial visitor use and watercraft numbers are contained in
tables 15 and 16. Graphs 8 and 9 give a clear visual image of the different types of river use
and water craft.

       A.     Floaters

               1.     Inflatable Craft

There were 28,379 floaters on the river. Inflatable kayaks were by far the water craft of
choice with 10,288 inflatables, or 55 percent, counted. Rafts were the next craft of choice at
19 percent with 3,626 on the river.

              2.      Kayaks

Hardshell kayaks represented 3 percent of the craft on the river with 324 counted.


       B.     Boat Anglers

Boat fishing accounted for 4,501 visitors using 1,980 drift boats. Boat anglers comprised 4
percent of the water based river users with their drift boats amounting to 11 percent of the
water craft.


       C.     Powerboating

There were 345 private jet boats with 773 sightseers on the Rogue's recreation section.
Powerboating had the least amount of users on the river at only 1 percent.


       D.     MTBs

There were 1,661 MTBs on the river carrying 72,856 visitors. With the highest percentage
of visitors, at 65 percent, and a low 9 percent of boats, the MTBs operated with the most
efficient boat to passenger ratio.


                                              36
         E.         Bank Anglers

Anglers fishing from the bank of the Hellgate, section numbered 4,209. This represents 4
percent of the water-based users.


                                               Table 15




                I    BANK        BOAT                        JET
     MONTH          ANGLER      ANGLER         FLOAT        BOAT        MTBS       TOTAL
                          440            178          15            5          0       638
                          460            938          25           14          0     1,437
                          666       1,090             53           10          0     1,819
                           96             87       154             15          0      352
                          454            96      1,349         343       3,437       5,679
                          205             84     3,116         115      11,395      14,915
                           89            43      9,801             22   21,222      31,177
                          354        233        10,651             97   23,661      34,996
                          676        956         3,191         122      13,141      18,086
                          385        585              12           15          0      997
                          272            171          7            10          0      460
                          112            40            Is           5          0


II%USE          I                        4%I     26%I          1%I        65%I       100% I
i
..   .    -
sourcC: U.AA,   ALM, bLAJ, acXA. 1IY3.




                                                 37
                                   Total Water-Based Visitor Use
                                 Private and CommerciaW-Hellgate Recreation Section-1 991




                                                              Jet Boats




       G)
co     ii
       co

                            MTBs                                                            Boat Anglers

                                                                                       Bank Anglers




     Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995
                                                 Table 16




11            HI RArFT              IK       KAYAK I       DB     JB               0        TOTAL
                           3             0        0         91         2     0          0          96
                           5             0        0        395         8     0          0         408
                          13             0        2        443         5     0          0        463
                          39             0        0         61         8     0          0         108
                        217          327         24         37    116       96         14         831
                        404         1,129        80         42     42      280         36      2,013
                      1,201         3,685        85         47     60      461     128         5,667
                      1,320         4,013        99         85     34      514         98      6,163
                        414         1,134        34        380     55      310         36      2,363
                           6             0        0        268         8     0          7        289
                           2             0        0         91     5         0          0         98
                           2             0        0         40     2        0           0         44



|| %USE
,.
                 I     19%I         55%I        3%         11%I   2%j      9%I     1% I        100% I
Source: UNIX, BLM, MDO, UPRA. 1995.
NOTE: IK = Inflatable Kayak, DB = Drift Boat, JB = PVT Jet Boat, MTB = Motorized Tour Boat, 0 = Other   I
(canoes, inner tubes, durt bags).




                                                      39
                                             Total Water Craft
                                 Private and Commercia-Heligate Recreation Section-1991




                                                        Other




                                                                                          Drift Boats
      G)
      0
      I
o     c
      so




                 Inflatable Kayaks




    Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995
XI.    COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

       A.      Water Based Visitor Use - Monthly

Motorized tour boat trips (sightseeing), floating, and fishing are the activities which have the
greatest visitor use days and the greatest chance for user interaction. In looking at the
number of craft on the Rogue River, July and August show the greatest number of MTBs
compared to float craft and drift boats (graph 10). The number of drift boats counted
indicates a small percentage of anglers are on the water when the MTBs are. Inflatable
kayaks and rafts far outnumber the other water craft, as illustrated by graph 10. Thus there
could be a greater concern for competition between the floater and the MTB visitor than the
MTB visitor and the angler. To help ease conflict between floaters and MTBs there have
been some stipulations agreed to between the MTB permit holder and the BLM. One of
those involves displaying a number on the first boat (showing the number of boats in that
run) to alert other river users to the total number of jet boats in the group. A second
stipulation addresses the starting times of the tour boats. MTB start times were scheduled to
limit them from passing by the Hog Creek boat ramp around 11:00 a.m., the hour at which
BLM VUS data showed a large number of floaters launching.

Looking at visitor use days, MTBs provide most of the water-based use on the river.
Floating provides the next highest number, while bank anglers and boat anglers show a small
amount of use (graph 11).

An interesting comparison shows MTBs provided 65 percent of the total visitor-use days
while comprising only 9 percent of the water craft, whereas floating provided only 26
percent of the visitor use while employing 77 percent of the float craft on the river (table 15
and 16).

Anglers, either bank or boat, are on the river at approximately the same time during the
same months. However, bank anglers fished more during the summer months than boat
anglers. May showed the greatest difference between the two user groups. February,
March, September, and October drew more boat anglers than those fishing from the banks
(graph 12).

A comparison of commercial and private use of the river in graph 13 illustrates that during
the first four months of the year private use was higher. Commercial use was greater from
May to September. Private and commercial use alike dropped from October through
December.




                                               41
                                Water Craft Encounters by Month
                                   1991 - Heavy Use Season
                     4500

                     4000

                     3500

                     3000

                     2500

                     2000
         0


                     1500

                     1000

                      500

                         0
                                        I-   f'L 1I                   LEu                       i.
                                April        May      June     July         Aug      Sept            Oct


                             Drift Boats               Rafts                Inflatable Kayaks              MTBs
Soure: USDI, BLM, MDO. GPRA. 1995
                                                   Visitor Use Days
                                                 Heligate Recreation Section -   1991
                   26

                   24

                   22

                   20

                   18

                   16
             *0
             n
             m
                   14
    Gp   a
    M* 00 3

                   12
w   1        F
        -A   %-.

                   10

                    8

                    6

                    4

                    2

                    0



                           o    Floaters     +      Bank Anglers       0   Boat Anglers   A   MTB

                        Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA.    1995
                                 Anglers - Bank and Boat
                            Hellgate Recreation Section - 1991

          1200
          1100
          1000
           900
           800
           700
Pt         600
     N%
           500
           400
           300
           200
           100
              0
                   J        F        M   A     M   J   A   S     0    N   D
                       _~       Bank Anglers           Boat Anglers
Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995
                                  Monthly Visitor Use -                           1991
                                                     Private vs. Commercial
              30

              28

              26

              24

              22

              20

              18
         V)
         E
     0
              16
C,
0)       0    14

              12
              10

               8

               6

               4

               2

               0



                                  0    Private Visitor          +   Commercial Customer


                   Source:   USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA.       1995
Table 17 shows a comparison of the average number of water based visitors on weekend
days. Only those months which demonstrated the most chance for different user interaction
were tallied. July and August show the highest visitor use for the MTBs and floaters, while
boat angler use numbers were low. In September when the boat angler use was increasing
the MTB and floater use was diminishing.
                                            TaIle 17




      MONTH               BOAT ANGLERS                   FLOATERS            NfrBs

         May                               7                         35                381
         June                              4                         197             1,113
         July                               1                       623              2,608
        August                              6                       722              2,601
     September                             47                       241              1,446
source: USDI,   BLM, MhJU, UFRA.   lsY3.




Table 18 compares the average number of water based visitors on weekdays. The use
number patterns for the weekdays are similar to the weekend days but at a much reduced
visitor use level.


                                            Table 18




       MONTH              BOAT ANGLERS                    FLOATERS

          May                                   2                      46                73
         June                                   2                      57              326
          July                                  1                     209              596
        August                                  8                     188              691
      September                             25                         49                331
Source: USDI, BLM, MDU,    UPRA.   1IY3.




                                                    46
A comparison of the Rogue River's two geographic areas in the recreation section show that
interaction between the different river users is as likely in the Applegate Reach as the Dunn
Reach (graph 14/graph 15). Graph 14 shows that the Applegate Reach had its highest use by
boat anglers in September, floaters in July, and MTBs in August. The Dunn reach mirrors
those use patterns with the heaviest use by boat anglers in September, floaters in July, and
MTBs also in August (graph 15). Looking at graph 14 and graph 15 shows that MTBs were
distributed evenly and a major user on both stretches of the river. In the Applegate Reach,
MTBs had over half the visitor use for May through September with June and September
having the higher use percentages. The Dunn Reach also showed MTBs as having over half
the visitors, with June and September showing higher use percentages.

After observing launch times in 1991 from one of the most popular boat ramps, Hog Creek,
it is clear that the most popular launch time is 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. (graph 16 and
graph 17) for the early season and summer season. MTBs start times are scheduled to limit
their passing Hog Creek boat ramp at that time to minimize conflicts with other users.

Three prevailing use patterns emerge during the year. The highest visitor use is from May
to September when the MTBs run, school gets out, and the weather warms up. January to
May shows the next largest visitor use group in conjunction with the spring fish runs, except
for April which has almost no use. The least amount of visitor use is from September
through December (graph 11). Part of September and October have the fall fish runs, but
the weather is colder, schools are in session, and vacation is over. Use patterns such as
these occur because of the fishing runs, seasons and climate, and vacation opportunities or
social use patterns.




                                             47
                              Applegate Reach - Total Use - 1991
                                            Visitor Use by Geographic Area
              15000
              14000
              13000
              12000
              11000
        G)
        co1
              10000
    w
              9000
              8000
              7000
              6000
              5000
              4000
              3000
              2000
              1000
                 0
                                     Fish                    Float                  MTB

Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995          -   May    L[a     June   _      July   _     Aug   Sept
                                     Dunn Reach - Total Use - 1991
                                            Visitor Use by Geographic Area
           10000


           9000

           8000

           7000


    0      6000
    in
    U.'a   5000

           4000

           3000

            2000

            1000

                0                             _     I                      -I-
                                     Fish                     Float                     MTB

Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995                May   LII     June   _         July   _     Aug   _   Sept
                                 Time of Encounters at Hog Creek
                             Fish and Float -1991 - Early Season - Feb. thru May
               60



               50



               40


0     =
               30
     0)




               20



           ailo
           C
           0
           0
           0
                0                                     d I *E1
                      8:00       9:00   10:00         11:00     12:00   1:00   2:00    3:00       4:00   5:00
    Source: Austermuehle. 1992          r       Feb       1_ March               May          _     MTB (May Only)
                                  Time of Encounters at Hog Creek
                        Fish and Float -1991 - Summer Season - June thru Sept.
                 30
                 28
                 26
                 24
                 22
                 20

        a)       18
        -I       16
   -4

                 14
                 12
                 10
                   8
                   6
             0
             cm
             C
               2
             0)2
                   O
                       8:00   9:00    14
                                       ):00   11:00   12:00   1:00    2:00   3:00   4:00    5:00

Sourme: Austefnuehle. 1992    E    June       M   July
                                                   -                 Aug.       -   Sept.      -   MTB'S
        B.     Water-Based Visitor Use - Daily

Daily comparisons for the year 1991 showed anglers to be on the river primarily from
January 21 to March 24 and then again August 25 to November 5 (graph 18). Floaters were
on the Rogue essentially from May 10 to September 25 (graph 19). Visitors sightseeing
were on the water May 1 to September 30, similar to the floaters (graph 20). While this is
largely due to MTBs, private jet boat sightseeing visitors are also included. August and
September showed a chance for conflict by the three major users. A comparison of the three
graphs denotes anglers were not greatly impacted by floaters or sightseers. The floater and
sightseer were impacted the most by each other.

The floating and sightseeing visitors showed similar use patterns in 1991 (graph 21). The
most potential for conflict between the groups may occur during the summer season. This
pattern demonstrates a higher use for both users during the weekends, with the number of
floaters narrowing the gap and even matching the number of sightseers around July 4,
August 5, and August 10 (graph 21).

Looking at the number of water craft for 1991 during the peak season for floating and
sightseeing, June through September, one can conclude the jet boats (MTBs & pvt.) were the
minority on the river (graph 22). Use levels peaked on the weekends similarly for both
floaters and sightseers.

While weekends showed more use than weekdays in 1991, it is the holidays which receive
the majority of the visitors. Memorial Day weekend, July 4 weekend, and Labor Day
weekend had the highest number of visitors for the months they fell in (graphs 23, 25, and
27). Saturday of the July 4 weekend had roughly the same amount of visitors floating as
sightseeing (graph 25). Saturday and Sunday of Labor Day weekend had nearly as many
floaters as those sightseeing (graph 27). The number of visitors being equal gives a false
impression of constant encounters between floaters and sightseers. Using watercraft as the
measure for encounters, it is clear floaters are encountering each other. The number of float
craft far outweighed the number of jet boats (MTBs and private) on all holidays (graphs 24,
26, and 28).

The number of jet boats (MTBs and private) on the water and their use pattern is similar to
the angling use pattern (graph 29). Fall use patterns for the anglers showed almost ten times
the amount of anglers on the river but only three times the number of jet boats (M`Ms and
private)(graph 30). During the fall season when the chinook salmon run, angling visitor use
starts to increase as floating and sightseeing visitor use starts to decline (graph 30).




                                              52
                                            Anglers -                      Bank &                Boat
                                                         Heligate Recreation Section -      1991
          260

          240

          220

          200                                        I

          180

          160
      0
          140
LAi
in    0   120                           I _1                                                       II
          100                           I
                                        _ _ _ _ _z




           80

           60

           40

           20
                                  -OF




                                         I111i
                                         j  I
                                                                                             -.-
                                                                                                   1111


            0
                      0 IILa l W1
                      AL.
                        M
                         I      i                                                     L.J
                                                                                     LI      1.                      Abe          .
                                                                                                                                  a.
                  I

                01/01         1         03/04              1     05/05     1     07/06       _ 09/06        1     11/07     I
                            02/01                        04/04           06/05           08/06            10/07           12/08


                Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA.                       1995
                                                                        Floaters
                                                           Heilgate Recreation Section -                        1991
                   1


                 0.9                                                                              I         I
                                                                                                                I
                 0.8


                 0.7


                 0.6                                                                                            I
            eN

          at C
             0
'    -
                 0.5
,   ~~I
                 0.4


                 0.3                                                                       I
                                                                                           .4-3
                                                                                                  -I

                                                                                                        I
                                                                                                                       *1*


                                                                                    4.4.

                 0.2                                                                a-a-



                 0.1                                                                                                    _--   --




                   0
                       01/01      |           03/04             1   05/05       1     07/06                         09/06
                                                                                                                              I    1
                                                                                                                                       _-   .   .

                                                                                                                                            11/07     1
                               02/01                       04/04              06/05                    08/06                  10/07                 12/08



                           f    17--niL   -   FIT-"-   "    -          I Qs
                                           Sightsee -             Jet Boat
                                             Heligate Recreation Section -   1991
                1.1


                  1

                0.9


                0.8

                0.7

           VI
      c)   X    0.6
      0
      ib   a

 ,n   l    0    0.5
LU    C




                0.4

                0.3

                0.2

                0.1

                  0




                      Source:   USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA.   1995
                 Summer Season -               July & August         1991
                                 Flouters & Sightsee Visitors
           1.1

             1

           0.9

           0.8

           0.7
     U'I
     n
           0.6
.g   aa
     n
     C

*H   F     0.5

           0.4

           0.3

           0.2

           0.1

                    I                I
             0
                  07/01           07/21                     08/10       08/30


                          0   Floaters     +    Sightsee. Jet Boat
                                   Water Craft Encounters
                                             Summer Season -   1991
           500




           400




           300




Ufl
      N)
           200




           100




             0



                                        0   Float Craft   +    Jet Boats

                 Source:   USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA.   1995
                             Memorial Day Weekend - Visitors - 1991
                                          Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.

              510
              480
              450
              420
              390
              360
              330
        0
              300
              270
        c;a
              240
              210
              180
              150
              120                                                                                :!:Specific::



               90                                       ..........
               60
               30
                0                    I-   10 I
                           5/23           5/24          5/25                    5/215           5/27
                                                         r LI
Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995          Angling                  Floating           1-11 Sightsee, Jet Boat
                         Memorial Day Weekend - Water Craft - 1991
                                     Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.
               60



               50



               40

     G)

      -N       30



               20



               10



                0
                           5/23      5/24          5/25               5/26     5/27

Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995     Angling             Float Craft       Sightsee, Jet Boat
                                     July 4 Weekend - Visitors - 1991
                                                Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.
               1100

               1000

                900

               800

               700
     a)
a)
O
      la
          =r
               600
          en
               500

               400                      _
               300
                                                                                        I~     ~
               200

               100

                  0                                                    IL_
                           7/04                 7/05          7/06               7/07         7/08

Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995          -     Angling             Floating               Sightsee, Jet Boat
                                 July 4 Weekend - Water Craft - 1991
                                        Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.
              500

              450

              400

              350

              300
      G)
0)    a
 -L   V       250
      0)
              200

              150

              100

               50

                                   =I           =       I          U     I
                 0
                            7/04            7/05            7/06               7/07        7/08

 Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995     m     Angling        III]      Float Craft    _I    Sightsee, Jet Boat
                                  Labor Day Weekend - Visitors - 1991
                                              Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.
            1000


             900

             800

             700

      G)     600
a)   'a
      =5
             500

             400

             300

             200

             100

                0
                           8/29
                                     I-
                                              8/30
                                                     -L
                                                              L~I]
                                                            8/31               9/01
                                                                                        wjE




                                                                                               9/02

Source: USD1, BLM, MDO, OPRA. 1995        -     Angling        W    Floating          -~ _    Sightsee, Jet Boat
                            Labor Day Weekend - Water Craft - 1991
                                           Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun., Mon.
                   500




                   400




                   300
             G)
  CI
  C,)         =r
              00
             I'D
        C;     )


                   200




                   100




                     0     robm,     I _                         -l.
                           8/29            8/30          8/31            9/01    9/02

Source: USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995           Angling             Float Craft    Sightsee, Jet Boat
                      Spring Fishing Runs               -     1 991
                                  Anglers & Jet Boats
      32
      30

      28
      26

      24
      22
      20
      18
0     1   6
      14
I'D
      12
      10
          8
          6
          4
          2
          0
              05/01            05/21                    06/10         06/30


                          0   # Anglers     +   # Jet Boats
                                Fall Fishing Runs                       -    1 991
                                                  Anglers & Jet Boats
            100


            90


            80


             70


             60


             50
0'    '*
%.n   03
      ::r
      'U
      'w     40


             30


             20


             10


              0
                  09/01                         09/21                       10/11    10/31


                                        E      # Anglers      +   # Jet Boats

                   Source: USDI, BiL,   MDO,   GPRA.   1995
        C.     SOCIAL INTERACTION

 Social interaction is an important issue on the Hellgate Recreation Area of the Rogue River.
With an increase in visitor use and the number and type of water craft, there is potential for
conflict. One of BLM's goals is to provide an environment which allows an enjoyable and
positive experience for a variety of user groups. The type of activity, the time of year, and
even the time of day all have an affect on the kind of use, amount of visitors, and type of
interaction which occurs on the river.

The Grants Pass Resource Area (GPRA) of the Medford District BLM commissioned two
studies to look at social interaction resulting in two publications. One study conducted by
Southern Oregon State College, 'A survey of the attitude of residents along the Hellgate
Recreation Area of the Rogue River toward user groups and their impact," was designed to
measure a resident's general attitude toward the various users and to ascertain the degree to
which certain conditions, including visual and auditory presence, were perceived as
problems. The study concluded that scenic easement landowners are concerned about all
motorized boats, MTBs particularly. Landowners are disturbed with the noise level, invasion
of privacy, visual presence, and potential ecological damage they feel motorized boats
generate. The study found that 80 percent of the respondents thought that motorized tour
boat traffic should be reduced or eliminated. This publication is available at the BLM
Medford District Office for review.

The other study, 'Rogue River Study: Assessments of Recreation Impacts and User
Perceptions on the Bureau of Land Management Recreation Section," was completed by
Oregon State University. This study is the final report in a series of three user studies on the
Wild and Scenic Rogue River. It is a study of the motorized boaters, floaters, and anglers
who were on the river from July 1991 to March 1992. It describes user perceptions of
ecological and social conditions, examines preferences for recreation opportunities, and
assesses user support for a range of management alternatives. Findings from this study show
the similarities of anglers, regardless of water craft used or whether they're fishing from the
bank, are such that we can view anglers as a single group. A second major finding indicates
that the use characteristics of motorized boaters are different from either floaters or anglers,
whose characteristics are quite similar. Differences emerged in how users view ecological
impacts on the river. Floaters and anglers were much more likely to perceive resource
damage than the motorized boaters. Most users felt some degree of crowding at the slight or
moderate level. Floaters and anglers felt significantly more crowded than motorized boaters.
About half of those surveyed were in sight of others 100 percent of the time they were on the
river. Of the motorized boaters 21 percent of them experienced river crowding and
attributed floaters as the main source of the problem. Among floaters and anglers, jet
boating activity provided the major interference. Motorized boaters felt only a few situations
existed as minor problems; floaters and anglers saw more conditions in need of attention.




                                              66
The survey findings suggest three issues which need to be addressed: the controversy over
jet boats on the river, conflicts among users, and control of litter. Results indicate that the
biggest problems for river users are linked to intolerance for other types of activities. An
expansive review of this study is available at the Medford District office.


XI.    SUAARY

This background paper was prepared to support the affected environment and environmental
consequences section of the BLM, MDO, GPRA, RAMP/EIS. It describes the historical and
effected environment condition of visitor use in the Hellgate Recreation Area of the Rogue
River.

The total number of visitors who used the Rogue River's recreational section for fun,
pleasure, or profit in 1991 was 700,698.

The Rogue River has a national reputation as being an outstanding resource offering, among
other outdoor activities, fishing, boating, sightseeing, and camping. Camping, day use,
fishing, and boating have the majority of use on the Rogue River's BLM recreational section.
In 1991 some 408,285 visitors visited the Josephine County parks. The number of visitors
enjoying BLM's recreation sites, be they day use, float-in campsites, or undeveloped sites,
were estimated at 145,705 in 1991. Fishing and floating recreational activities drew close to
 110,718 anglers and boaters in 1991, while lodging brought in 15,990 visitors. The 1991
Boatnik Race, a one day event, attracted 10,000 spectators alone. ORV use, bicycling,
horseback riding, running, jogging, walking, hiking, hunting, and mining provided
recreational activities for about 10,000 visitors in 1991.

The Rogue has shown a steady increase in visitor use since the BLM started keeping records
in 1985. Visitor-use data demonstrates that the growth rate for visitor use has slowed in
recent years but has not stopped or shown a strong reversal. Use increases are very
probable.

Areas for concern, be they social or safety, are the holidays and weekends during the
summer months. Fishing runs in the fall also show potential for conflict. The sheer number
of float craft in the summer months, particularly during the weekends, demonstrates a need
to analyze the social carrying capacity of the Rogue River.




                                                 67
XIII. VISITOR USE INVENTORY METHODOLOGY

       A.     INTRODUCTION

There was no established method of counting visitors until 1989. It was in 1990 and 1991
that the Rogue River program staff completed an intensive visitor use count by conducting
VUSs. In 1991 BLM also awarded a contract to conduct VUSs on prescribed days at
designated boat ramps (Salmon). The VUS consisted of interviewing visitors by BLM and
the contractor in 1991 to get accurate counts and information on river activities (appendices
A and B).

Most of the counts were done at Hog Creek boat ramp. Hog Creek receives a large majority
of the water use for the recreation section of the Rogue in the summer. Each day-use count
started at 9:00 a.m. and ended at 5:00 p.m. This represented 98 percent of the people using
the site on that day. After VUSs were collected, the data was then summarized by BLM
river staff (appendix C). While most of the surveys were conducted at boat ramps, some
VUSs were taken during float trips by BLM river staff.

Another method used for visitor use count numbers was the Permittee Use Report (PUR).
The permittees, commercial outfitters, report their use monthly. Among other items
reported, they provide the number of clients they take down the river, the number of boats
and the stretch of river they float.

Visitor use in the Hellgate Recreation Area was documented for 1991 (Austermuehle 1992).
The visitor use background paper was based on VUSs which were conducted in 1991 and
PURs reported by permittees. The VUSs covered 71 days in 1991. The sample size of the
visitor use inventory was 4,630 records. The data was analyzed on a hand calculator. This
inventory was a comprehensive inventory well above standards normally attained in river
planning processes.

One goal of this updated visitor use inventory for the 1991 base year is to have coverage for
every day of the year.

An updated visitor use inventory, to create a 1991 base year for visitor use, was developed
in March 1995. This visitor use inventory has coverage for every day of 1991. This update
was based on VUS data from 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993 through September 15, 1994. The
expanded data base covered 176 days. The sample size of the visitor use inventory was
7,066 records.

The updated 1991 base year inventory was built on the following: 1. VUSs, 1990-1994,
2. historical visitor use data unrelated to BLM VUSs, 3. BLM commercial PUR by
watercraft and watercraft trip data as reported by the permittees for 1991, 4. BLM private
visitor use by watercraft and watercraft trip data from VUSs for the years 1990 through mid-
September of 1994; and 5. activity and lodging types identified in the "Economic Effects

                                              68
Study' report. The primary need for comprehensive visitor use data (i.e., daily, weekend,
weekday, weekly, monthly, and yearly) by watercraft and watercraft trip inventory data is to
create the 1991 base year which will be used in the design of alternatives describing the
affected environment and identifying impacts.

The general scope and format for the updated inventory is similar to the 1992 visitor use
background paper. A large number of copies of this document will be printed and bound by
the BLM Oregon State Office and distributed by the BLM Medford District Office to
interested publics.

This updated inventory document has a detailed methodology section and appendices which
document all the professional judgements used in interpreting the PUR and VUS data.


       B.     COMMERCIAL WATER-BASED VISITOR USE

Commercial visitor use data for anglers, floaters, and MTB visitors has been accumulated
since 1985 through PURs.

A detailed breakdown, daily and monthly, of all commercial visitor use by water craft and
water craft trip for anglers, floaters, and MTB visitors was developed for 1991 directly from
PURs (table 12 and table 13).

Numbers from table 1 were derived from PURs for 1985 through 1994. For 1968, numbers
came from the Federal Register, vol. 37, no. 131, Friday, July 7, 1972, pages 13411-13412.
Federal Register use counts were reported as 12,000. This 12,000 was for the entire Rogue
River; numbers are probably higher than actual use for the Hellgate Recreation Area. For
this document the entire Rogue River number was used nevertheless. An assumption was
made that there wouldn't have been any more use on the Hellgate section than the reported
11,000, so the 1968 number would be lower and to err on the high end. Another assumption
was that of those 11,000 visitors, 40 percent were private with the remaining being
commercial. Professional judgment assigned 95 percent of that 40 percent use number to
fishing.

Visitor numbers for table 2 (MTBs) have been comprehensively documented for the years
1985 through 1994 (Walker and Austermuehle. 1994).

Table 3 visitor use numbers and water craft numbers are from PURs by commercial
outfitters (Boatnik not included). MTB water craft numbers are taken from table 2 with the
exception of 1968. The 1968 numbers were generated by dividing the number of MTB
visitors by the average boat capacity, 21.75 people (i.e., 9,000 divided by 21.75 = 413
boats). Because not all MTBs run at 100 percent capacity, professional judgement assessed
413 as representing 70% of the total number of MTBs, therefore 100% would be 590 and the
number assigned to the MTB water craft for 1968.

                                             69
Annual growth rates for commercial and private visitor use were calculated from 1991
commercial visitor use. These rates are to be used to project visitor use either forward or
backward from 1991. For example, there were 7,506 commercial white water and angler
visitors by water craft in 1991. Growth changes from 1991 back to 1985 were calculated by
dividing one year of data by the more recent year's data (i.e., 7,410 [1990] divided by 7,506
 11991] equals 0.9872). Growth changes from 1991 to 1994 were calculated by dividing one
year of data by the previous year's data (i.e. 7,313 [1992] divided by 7,506 [1991] equal
0.9743). Numbers for 1968 came from the Federal Register, vol. 37, no. 131, Friday,
July 7, 1972, pages 13411-13412, as explained for table 1.
Those growth rates are:

               Growth
Year           (+ /-)

1994   -      0.9679
1993   -      1.0481
1992   -      0.9743
1991   -       -
1990   -      0.9872
1989   -      0.9197
1988   -      0.6772
1987   -      0.7855
1986   -      0.5834
1985   -      1.2969

       C.     PRIVATE WATER BASED VISITOR USE

For table 4 private visitor use data was extensively collated for white water and angler use
for the 1991 base year. For analysis purposes the assumption was made that annual private
visitor use for white water and angling reflects the same growth changes the commercial
visitor use had. Total private visitor use data for the years 1985-1990 and 1992-1994 were
calculated using the annual growth rates identified as listed in the previous paragraph. For
example, private white water and angler visitor use in 1991 was 25,356. The estimate for
private white water and angler visitor use in 1990 is 25,031 (i.e., 25,356 multiplied by the
growth rate of 0.9872). Once the total visitor use number was established, the visitor use for
white water and fishing was generated based upon the average ratio between private white
water and fishing visitors from the 1991/1992 base (i.e. 87 percent for white water and 13
percent for fishing).

Private jet boat use numbers (except for 1991 which were actual use numbers) were
generated based upon the percent of use occuring in 1991 and multiplied by that percent
forward and backward. A two percent increase was projected after 1991 and reduced prior
to 1991. For example in 1992, 24,704 visitors multiplied by .02 allocates 494 visitors to jet
boats.

                                              70
Private water craft numbers (except for 1991 which had the actual data) were generated from
the average number of people per boat in 1991 using combined private/commercial data. The
average in 1994 of 2.16 people per boat for white water and 2.20 people per boat fishing
(i.e. in 1993 22,526 ww (white water) visitors divided by 1.13 equals 10,429 ww water
craft. A total of 3,366 fishing visitors divided by 2.20 equals 1,530 fishing water craft.

Table 5 bank angler numbers (except for 1991 which was actual data) were generated by
using the percent difference between the bank and boat anglers in 1991. In 1991 boat
anglers made up .5158 percent and bank anglers made up .4442 percent of the total use of
both visitor groups. The formula used to find the number of bank anglers is as follows:

       # visitor boat angler (VBA) multiplied by 2 equal total anglers plus (TAP)
       TAP multiplied by the % difference between bank and boat (.0316)
       TAP multiplied by .0316 equal anglers less than boat (ALTB)
       TAP minus ALTB equals total anglers, boat and bank (TAB&B)
       TAB&B minus boat angler equal bank angler

              1993 boat angler = 4,976
                    4,976 x 2 = 9,952
                    9,952 x .0316 = 314
                    9,952 - 314 =9,638
                    9,638 - 4,976 = 4,662 Bank Anglers


The private visitor use inventory includes a comprehensive documentation of private visitor
use by visitor, watercraft, and watercraft trip data for anglers and floaters. The updated
1991 base year inventory includes a synthesis of 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994 VUS
private use inventories. A dbase IV program had been developed by Littlefield and was
being used operationally by members of the Rogue River Program staff.


Private visitor-use numbers for table 4 were collected through VUSs for 1991. For analysis
purposes the assumption was made that annual private visitor use reflects the growth changes
in commercial visitor use. Total private visitor use numbers for the years 1985-1990 and
1992-1993 were calculated with the annual growth rates identified in table 3, under Growth
(+/-). For example, private visitor use in 1991 was 36,566. The estimate for private visitor
use in 1990 is 37,019 (i.e., 36,566 multiplied by 1.0124 to equal 37,019). The estimate for
private visitor use in 1989 is 34,047 (i.e., 37,019 multiplied by .9197 to equal 34,047).
Except for 1991 data the numbers were generated based upon the average ratio between
commercial white water and fishing visitors from 1990 to 1993 (i.e., 73 percent for white




                                              71
water and 27 percent for fishing). Numbers for 1968 came from the Federal Register, vol.
37, no. 131, Friday, July 7, 1972, pages 13411-13412 as explained for table 1 with the
exception that professional judgement assigned 80% of the use of that number to fishing.

The 1991 private visitor-use numbers were created from VUSs numbers, table 10 and table
 11. For the shoulder seasons of November through February the data for floaters and private
jet boats was augmented by professional judgment. The same is true for bank anglers. A
formula was used that increased the numbers by using the same percentage of use compared
to the boat anglers that was established in the September 1992 Visitor Use Background Paper
(Austermuehle). Using the new 1991 data from boat anglers, the bank angler numbers were
derived by the following percentage rates:

       Month          % Bank Anglers        % Boat Anglers

       Jan.          80                    20
       Feb.          38                    62
       Mar.          44                    56
       Apr.          64                    36
       May           83                    17
       June          76                    24
       July          76                    24
       Aug.          68                    32
       Sept.         52                    48
       Oct.          52                    48
       Nov.          72                    28
       Dec.          83                    17


       D.      TOTAL WATER BASED VISITOR USE

Combining the 1991 private and commercial water-based visitor use data created the 1991
total water-based visitor use numbers in tables 15 and 16. All the other tables and graphs
used to display total use numbers were derived from this 1991 base year.

The numbers used to demonstrate visitor use by the Applegate Reach and Dunn Reach
geographic areas, in graphs 14 and 15, were generated from the total, private and
commercial, VUS dbase numbers. The total use numbers were multiplied by the percentages
of geographic use created in the first background paper. The percentages used are as
follows:




                                             72
              Aplegate Ruach       Dunn Reach

              May    78%                  22%
              June   68%                  32%
              July   56%                  44%
              Aug    62%                  38%
              Sept   70%                  30%

       E.     LAND BASED VISITOR USE

BLM drive-in campsites (camper) - use numbers were derived by professional observation of
site use during the year. Assumptions were developed and used in formulas to calculate use.
It was assumed that sites had full occupancy on weekends during the summer (June 15-
Sept. 15) and were less than full on weekdays. The assumption was that each site was
occupied by four people. The known facts were that summer had 24 weekend days and 60
weekdays. Using the following symbols, the different formulas used to calculate the use
numbers follow:

              Symbols:        = number of sites
                            X = multiplied by
                            w/end = weekend days
                            w/day = weekdays
                            oc = occupancy rate (4 people)
                            % = percent use time (for
                            nonsummer use formulas)

              Summer Visitor Formulas (June 15 - September 15):

              Ennis 8 (#) X 24 (w/end) X 4 (oc) = 768
                    + 4 (#) X 60 (w/day) X 4 (oc)= 960
                    =(768+960) = 1,728 summer campers

              Rocky 2 (#) X 24 (w/end) X 4 (oc)= 192
              Bar   + 1 (#) X 60 (w/day) X 4 (oc) = 240
                    =(192+240) = 432 summer campers

              Argo 4 (#) X 24 (w/end) X 4 (oc)= 384
                   + 2 (#) X 60 (w/day) X 4 (oc)= 480
                     = (384 + 480) = 864 summer campers




                                            73
              Non-sumnmer Visitor Formulas (September 16 - June 14):

              Ennis 1 (#) X 72 (w/end) X 4 (oc)= 288
                    + 1 (#) X .25 (%)X 180 (w/day) X 4 (oc) =180
                    -(288+180) = 468 nonsummer campers

              Rocky .25 (#) X 72 (w/end) X 4 (oc) = 72
              Bar   +.25 (#) X .25 (%) X 180 (w/day) X 4 (oc) = 45
                    -(72+45) = 117 nonsummer campers
              Argo 1 (#) X 72 (w/end) X 4 (oc) = 288
                   + 1 (#) X .25 (%) X 180 (w/day) X 4 (oc) = 180
                    = (288 + 180) = 468 non-summer campers

BLM drive-in campsites (noncamper) - it was assumed that the ratio of camper vs.
noncamper is the same as the ratio for the county parks, which was 80 percent-20 percent,
noncamper to camper. Using the 80 percent-20 percent ratio, the formulas used to calculate
the noncamper are as follows:

              Symbols:           X      =multiply

                                       /=divide
                                       --   subtract
                                 tu =total use
                                 du =day use
                                 cu =camping   use

             Total Use = Day Use + Camping Use
             Day Use = 80% Total Use
             Camping Use = 20% Total Use


             Noncamper Formulas:

             Ennis (cu)/20% = (tu)
                   2196/.20 = (tu)
                   10,980 = (tu)
                     (tu)   -   (cu)    =   (du)
                    10,996 - 2,196 = 8,784 day use visitors
                    (Ennis was calculated by BLM, county had no
                    records)




                                                       74
              Rocky 549 / .20 = (tu)
              Bar   2745 = (tu)
                    2745 - 549 = 2,196 day use visitors

              Argo    1,332 / .20 = (tu)
                      6,660 = (tu)
                      6,660 - 1,332 = 5,328 day use visitors


       F.     METHODOLOGY FOR INTEGRATION OF RAW VUS DATA
              1990 THROUGH 1993


              1.      Integration of Raw 1990 through 1994 VUS Data

The methodology for the integration of the 1990 through 1994 VUS data was based on
several factors:- 1. Annual percentage use estimated increases by activity type; 2. application
of the annual percentage rates to the data for VUS years 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994;
and 3. elimination of duplicate day VUSs or the creation of an average for that day. This
procedure produced a final product which was raw VUS data for a 1991 visitor base year.

              Activity L..y          Percent Increase

              Private floats                2.286
               1. raft
               2. inflatable kayak
               3. kayak

              Private Bank Anglers          1.571

              Private Boat Anglers          3.071
               1. drift boats

              Private Jet Boaters           0.786




The VUS data for 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994 was incorporated into the 1991 base
year data by using growth rates (i.e., percentage use estimate increases for 1987 through
2000) identified in the State of Oregon's publication entitled: Recreational Needs Bulletin,
Oregon State Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (Oregon State Parks and Recreation
Department 1991). Applicable percentage use estimate increases were those for Oregon

                                               75
SCORP Planning Region 9: Southwestern. The Southwestern Region 9 was comprised of the
following counties: Jackson, Josephine, Klamath, and most of Douglas. The annual
percentage use estimate increases for applicable visitor use activities follow.


                       a.     Annual Percentage Use Estimate
                              Increases: Recreation Needs
                              Bulletin
Visitor Use Activity                    Percent Increase
01.    Fishing: Freshwater Boat               3.071
02.    Fishing: Freshwater Bank               1.571
13.    Boating: River Nonmotor                2.286
16.    Boating: River Motorized               0.786
19.   Nature, Wildlife Observation            4.786
20.    Visits to Interpretive Centers         2.786
21.    Outdoor Photography                    4.214
22.   Dayhiking on Trails                     7.214
24.   Overnight Hiking on Trails              1.714
27.   Camping: Recreation Vehicle             4.714
28.   Camping: Tent with
      Motorized Vehicle                       3.071
29.   Camping: By Boat                        0.857
38.   Motorcycling Off Road                   3.789
39.   All Terrain Vehicle: Off Road           2.714
40.   Four Wheel Driving: Off Road            2.071
42.   Bicycle Riding: On Road                 7.214
43.   Bicycle Riding: Off Road                1.214
44.   Horseback Riding                        1.357
45.   Picnicking                              2.571
46.   Sightseeing                             3.429
51.   Jogging, Running                        3.929




                                                 76
                      b.      Annual Percentage Estimate
                              Increase For Economic Activity
                              Types

The Hellgate RAMP planning process includes a list of activity and lodging types. The
activity and lodging types were identified in the earlier visitor use inventory report and the
'Economic Effects Study" report. Following is a match of the activity types from the
Economic Effects Study and the annual percentage use estimate increases for applicable
visitor use activities from the Recreation Needs Bulletin.


Activity Type From                   Percent Increase From
Economic Effects Study               Recreation Needs Bulletin

Motorized Tour Boats                 Use actual commercial numbers
Private Floats                       2.286
Guided Floats                        Use actual commercial numbers
Private Bank Anglers                 3.071
Private Boat Anglers                 3.071
Guided Boat Anglers                  Use actual commercial numbers
Rogue River Day Use                  Use VUS/professional judgement numbers
Rogue River (BLM & county)
 Campgrounds                         Use actual numbers
Rogue River Lodging                  Use actual commercial numbers.
Miscellaneous Activities
  1. Private Jet Boaters             0.786


Lodging Typ
Economic Effects Study

Hotel/Motel
Campsite
Family/Friends
Day Use Only




                                               77
                       c.     Application of Growth
                              Rates/Percentage Changes to VUS
                              Data
The growth rates or percentage changes are the same each year from the base year the
changes are being applied. Application of the growth rates to the 1990 VUS data will always
be an increase of one year to the 1991 inventory base year. Application of the growth rates
to the 1992 VUS data will always be a decrease of one year to the 1991 base year, the
application of the growth rates to the 1993 VUS data will always be a decrease of two years
to the 1991 base year, and application of the growth rates to the 1994 VUS data will always
be a decrease of three years to the 1991 base year.

                       d.     Example for Application to 1990
                              VUS data:
The 1990 VUS data shows 100 visitors floating in 80 inflatable kayaks on August 12, 1990.

One hundred visitors times (x) annual growth rate (.02286) = a one year increase of 2.286
visitors for a total of 102.286 visitors (i.e., 100 original visitors in 1990 plus an increase of
2.286 visitors by 1991) August 12, 1991.

Eighty inflatable kayaks x annual growth rate (.02286) = a one year increase of 1.829
watercraft for a total of 81.829 watercraft (i.e., 80 original watercraft plus an increase of
1.829 watercraft) August 12, 1991.

                       e.     Example for Application to 1992
                              VUS data:
The 1992 VUS data shows 100 visitors floating in 80 inflatable kayaks August 13, 1992.

One hundred visitors x annual growth rate (-.02286) = a one year decrease of 2.286 visitors
for a total of 97.714 visitors (i.e., 100 original visitors in 1992 minus a decrease of 2.286
visitors by 1991) August 13, 1991.

Eighty inflatable kayaks x annual growth rate (-.02286) = a one year decrease of 1.829
watercraft for a total of 78.148 watercraft (i.e., 80 original watercraft minus a decrease of
1.829 watercraft) August 13, 1991.




                                                78
                      f.     Example for Application to 1993
                             VUS data:
The 1993 VUS data shows 100 visitors floating in 80 inflatable kayaks August 14, 1993.
The one difference in application of the growth rates to the 1993 VUS data is that the rates
will be applied for two years, not one year.

One hundred visitors x annual growth rate (-.02286) for two years = a one year decrease of
2.286 visitors for 1992 and a one year decrease of 2.286 visitors for 1991 for a total
decrease of 4.572 visitors (i.e., 100 original visitors in 1993 minus 2.286 visitors in 1992
and minus 2.286 visitors in 1991 equals 100 - 4.572) August 14, 1991.

Eighty inflatable kayaks x annual growth rate (-.02286) for two years = a one year decrease
of 1.829 watercraft in 1992 and a one year decrease of 1.829 watercraft in 1991 for a total
decrease of 3.658 watercraft. The total watercraft in 1991 are 76.342 watercraft (i.e., 80
original watercraft in 1993 minus 1.829 watercraft in 1992 and minus 1.829 watercraft in
1991 for a total decrease of 3.658 watercraft equals 80 - 3.658) August 14, 1991. The same
formula would apply for application to the 1994 VUS data, the difference being you would
apply the growth rate three times.

In conclusion, the application of the growth rates to the 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994 VUS
data and combining this data with the 1991 VUS data produces an integration of five years of
raw VUS data into an updated visitor use data base for 1991. Elimination of duplicate day
VUSs or creating an average for that day is the next step.

                     g.     Eliminate Duplicate Day VUSs

The combination of five years of VUSs created some days where VUS data was collected for
the same day in different years. For example, there would be two days of August 13, 1991,
data if there was also VUS data for August 13, 1992.

Elimination of duplicate day VUSs was accomplished by eliminating the duplicate day with
the least amount of time coverage. For example, the VUS on August 13, 1991 could have
been by a float trip lasting 4 hours. The August 13, 1992, VUS could have been conducted
by taking counts at a boat ramp for 10 hours. Because the VUS conducted at the boat ramp
covered more time and would have been more representative of a VUD, the 1992 data was
kept for the 1991 data base and the 1991 data eliminated.

                     h.     Coverage For Days Without VUS
                            Data

Even after combining five years of VUS data the integrated product may have days with no
VUS data. One goal of the updated visitor use inventory for the 1991 base year is to have
coverage for every day of the year.

                                             79
The methodology, for creating VUS data for days having no VUS data, focuses on the
existing VUS data by weekday, weekend, and month. Average weekend days and weekdays
were created by month from the existing integrated VUS data for the entire 1991 base year.
Applicable weekend and weekday averages were applied by month for the days without VUS
data.

The updated visitor use inventory now has coverage for every day of the year based on the
integration of five years of VUS data and assumptions about average weekday and weekend
use by month for those days previously without VUS data.




                                            80
REFERENCES

Austermuehle, Louise. 1992. Visitor Use Background Paper for revising the Hellgate
Recreation Area Management Plan. USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. Medford, OR.

Briggs, Gerald. Vice President: Fisheries, Oregon Guides and Packers. Owner Briggs
Rogue River Guide Service. 2750 Cloverlawn Dr. Grants Pass, OR 97526.
Correspondence through the mail.

Brown, Becky. BLM employee. Public outreach specialist, visitor use specialist (from
1988-1990). BLM, MDO, GPRA. Medford, OR. A private interview was conducted by
L. Austermuehle on numerous days in July and August. 1991.

Chilton, Ruth. Owner: Rogue Glen Lodge. 10526 Galice Rd. Merlin, OR. A private
interview was conducted by Eric Schoblom in August of 1992.

Craddock, Matt. BLM employee. Realty and minerals specialist. BLM, MDO, GPRA.
Medford, OR. A private interview was conducted by L. Austermuehle on 3-23-92.

Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) 1986. Permit number 0700-J (19).

Franklin, Myrtle. Owner: River Bank Inn. 8401 Riverbanks Rd. Grants Pass, OR. Phone
interview by L. Austermuehle on 8-30-92. Updated data mailed on 11-12-92.

Hanten, B.A. Owner: Morrison's Lodge. 8500 Galice Rd. Merlin, OR. Phone interview
by L. Austermuehle on 4-1-92.

Josephine County Parks Department JCPD) 1987 - 1991. Attendance Summary. Josephine
County, Grants Pass, OR.

Kruse, Wayne. Private jet boat owner. Provided listing of his trips and other jet boats he
observed. Mailed to Mike Walker on 12-3-92.

Littlefield, Pete. BLM employee. Computer Specialist. BLM, MDO, OR. Pete designed
dBase 1991 Base Year Programs, instructed river staff on use and executed queries for 1995
updated Visitor Use Background paper.

Oregon Department of Transportation. 1975. Oregon Outdoor Recreation Demand Bulletin.
OR.

Oregon State Marine Board (OSMB). 1992. Triennial Boating Survey for the Rogue River.
Josephine County, OR.



                                             81
Roper, Jim. BLM employee. Civil engineering tech. BLM, MDO, GPRA. Medford, OR.
A private interview was conducted by L. Austermuehle on 3-23-92.

Salmon Mountain Forestry. Sawyers Bar, Ca. Visitor Use Survey Contract.

Schoblom, Eric. BLM employee. Associate River Manager. BLM, MDO, GPRA. OR. A
private interview conducted by L. Austermuehle on 3-23-92.

Shindler, Bruce and Bo Shelby. 1993. Rogue River Study: assessments of recreation
impacts and user perceptions on the Bureau of Land Management recreation section.
Department of Forest Resources, Oregon State University. Corvallis, OR.

Thiebes, John. District Wildlife Biologist, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
(ODF&W). Phone interview by L. Austermuehle on 9-23-92.

Thomason, Mary. Owner Galice Resort. 11744 Galice Rd. Merlin, OR. Phone interview
by L. Austermuehle on 4-1-92.

United States Department of the Interior (USDI), Bureau of Land Management (BLM),
Medford District Office (MDO). 1968. National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act. MDO.
Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1972. Rogue National Wild and Scenic River, Oregon. River Uses.
Federal Register, vol. 37, no. 131, Friday, July 7, 1972, pages 13411-13412.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1978. Rogue national wild and scenic river activity plan. MDO,
Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1980. Rogue National Wild & Scenic River wildlife management plan
Hellgate recreational section. MDO, Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1981. Prohibited Acts in Rogue National Wild and Scenic River Area.
Federal Register, vol. 46, no. 107, Thursday, June 4, pages 29991-29994.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1988. Rogue national wild and scenic river commercial outfitter
operating plan for commercial permittees in the designated 'recreation' section administered
by the Bureau of Land Management: Applegate River to Grave Creek. MDO, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1989. Management of the wild and scenic Rogue River needs and
opportunities, MDO, Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO. 1992. Prohibited acts in Rogue National, Wild and Scenic River Area.
Federal register, vol. 57, no. 110, Monday, June 8, pages 24271-24272.



                                              82
USDI, BLM, MDO, Grants Pass Resource Area (GPRA). October 5, 1970. Rogue River
recreation planning team recommendations. Medford District, Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1985 thu 1994. Commercial Outfitter Use and Fee Summary.
MDO. Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1990 thu 1994. Commercial Outfitter Use and Fee Summary.
MDO. Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1991a. Preplan analysis for revising the Recreation Area
Management Plan: Rogue River Recreation Section. MDO, Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1991b. Recreation Management Information System Data for
Recreation Management Areas. MDO. Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1991c. Visitor Use Survey and Summary data. MDO.
Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992a. Recreation Site Inventory. MDO. Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992b. Recreation Site Inventory. Becky Brown. Medford,
OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992c. Lands/Minerals/Cultural Background Paper for
Revising the Hellgate Recreation Area Management Plan. Matt Craddock, Realty and
Minerals Specialist. Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1992d. Draft Prospectus Background Inventory for Revising
Hellgate Recreation Area Management Plan: Rogue River Recreation Section. MDO,
Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. August 1994. Motorized Tour Boat History Background Paper
for revising the Hellgate Recreation Area Management Plan. MDO, Medford, OR.

USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. 1995. Combined commercial permittee use reports of 1985 to
1994 and visitor use survey data of 1990 to 1994.

USDI, BLM, Washington Office (WO). 1988. Recreation 2000: A strategic plan. WO,
Washington D.C.

USDI, BLM, WO. 1989. Recreation 2000: Implementation plan. WO, Washington D.C.

Walker, Michael and Pete Littlefield. 1993. Scoping document for revising Hellgate
recreation area management plan. USDI, BLM, MDO, GPRA. Medford, OR.

                                            83
BLM Staff Assistance:

Aschenbrener, Floy - Office Assistant, GPRA.

Leffmann, Jim - River Program Manager, Rogue River Program, GPRA.

Wicks, Robyn   -   Park Ranger, Rogue River Program, GPRA.




                                            84
APPENDICES




    85
                                      Appendix A


I

                                                                          PAGE              / OF..J
                                    ROGUE RIVER
                                VISITOR USE SURVEY
     Date: 8-i-92-              Datacollector: L.          s7' n CAtC
     Day of week (circle one) : sa / su / m/ tu / w -/ f
     Weather (circle two) : cloudy @ ,                  I 75 Fto 60 F I <60 F
     Time of survey (starting and ending time): 86:'0-               ;70
     Type of survey and location (circle one and write-in location):
              Site - boat launch area or other:
              Float trip - stretch of river covered: ,iov 9 ,.C             r
              Jet boat trip - stretch of river covered:
     Comments:


                                                                          Primary Activity (enter
                                          Numer of craft                   x in one colmn)
                                         R D IK JO                        F S PS M C
                                     om- A R N A E T                      I W I I I A
                         Area       mer- F I F Y T H                      S I C G N M
                           of       caal T F L A         E                H M N H I P
                        activity acti-     T    K B R                     I / I T N I
                        interview vity        K     0                     N S C             G N
                                peol-B       A      A                     G U KS                G
                Num      stairting enter
             Numbr ime point and x    &
                                                    To                         N I E
               of   Of destine- see        A A                                         N E
    Location peoplb day bon)        b ;    T K                                         G




                                ~e-        Y…                                         -~t   /S,-   -    _-    _q___
      ""L                7      t.<>                                                        _      _-        _l____X
         ~~~                               2.,   _       _/           /       _.      _     _     z_
         ~~~~~           ir~'   en"                      IL
         lo-,   7   0-
                                                              -----                         170

                                           _     _                        3
                                                                          _    _




    &.g
      ,.        . _                    _                        _                     _ _               _
    1i01ai.     Z05                        1311 2 lM l 1151371 I 031
    Primay activity: Swim &sunufloaters, Sightaseeng-Jet boaters not fshing.
                                                                              S. M"       6 BROWN




                                                 86
                                              Appendix B




                                                                                     -




    I           Commercial Trips


I         MRP
     number
       or
    Company
        name
                         Number
                           of
                                      Number
                                        of
                        passengers guides
                                             Guides
                                                   name
                                                                 Time
                                                                 down
                                                                           Time
                                                                           up
                                                                 river     river
    Gf.        .I

               I20 tj> 2 /            sIt t        D*5-            =
                                                                  f/r     _     '=
             8+s*'                    s T7e                       -2      S-.




             ktt        41.              1                   ,2r2o         :ZS



                    I


          -t                      j            i

                    I




           -t~~~~i

                    -             I            I        -   J.   ~~~~ J         -
    Total:
                        187
                        1g7                                              Commercial tour       Max
                                                                          boat name and        pass-
                                                                           MRP number         engers
                                                                       Ginni Mac 208           71
                                                                       Miss Grants Pass 216    82
                                                                       Wendy Mario 216         49
    * Commercial jet boat enter name of                                Glen Wooldridge 208     49
    boat in guides name column and time                                HeidiJo 216             49
    down and up river.                                                 Zane Grey 208           43
                                                                       Osprey 208              41
                                                                       Argo 208                41
                                                                       Miss Heligate 216       36
                                                                       White Hore 208          21
                                                                       Miss Galice 216         17




                                                   87
                                                                 Appendix           C

                                         ROGUE RIVER
                              VISITOR USE SURVEY - DAILY SUMMARY

  GENERAL INFORMATION
         Date:                                                      Circle one  Circle one
         Time of survey : J o -                      S-ocWeekend       D      I                                                                               Wild Section
         Weather ( circle two   C
                                Cleund(~)
                                      y                          75 F tc 60 F / c 60 F
         Type of survey anc location ( circle one and writein
                                                              ation
                    I   Site - boat launch area or
                                                   other:
                    2 Fioat trip stretch of river covered
                    3 Jet boat tnp - stretch of river covered
                                                                                    /1o.           -       - R eac            czee0t

 VISITOR USE
         Visitor use (total number of people )                        20S                Number
         Commercial and private use
                                                                                              of                              Totai
                                                                                           people
                         Commercial use:
                         Pnvate use:
                                                                                         /                      ,                              x100.          I3              %
                                                                                                                /
                                                                                                                / __      J                    x 100.             7            %
                                                                            Total       20.                                                                       100%
 CrOMMERCIAL USE
                                                                                                             Number
                                                                                                                     Of                        Total
      Commercial tour boat use :                                                                                    Pofb                  _
      Guided tnps (other than tour boats )                                                                                                         _   __e             10 3                 %
                                                                                                                  2                            _           _ x 100.           / O           /
      Equpment rental and equipment and / or customer
                                                      transport :                                               /L zx                 /                            100._        7            %
                                                          Total :.                                               P100%                         .

CRAFT TYPESi                        Number
                                                at                  Total
                                        Craft
      Jet boats:                         3                  /                    x1 O-
      Drift boat:                                                                                      9               %
                          :    _            ~I              /x                      105__-=L                           #
     Rafts:                             3                   /I                   xl100. .o
     Inflatable ku                                                                                                     %
                 tyaks:         *        ?                  /                     x 100_ 7_-_
                                                                                    1
     kayaks:                                t               /_                    xE100-               3               #
     Other:                             I                   /                    x 1                   3               %
                  T                 1                       ...............................        100%

PRIMARY     AC~rATY                (only unt aperson one)                                                    Numbor
                                                                                                                      ot                           Total
     8     fishing:
     Bark fishing                                                                                                     o3                  ,                    x%
     Fbafing:                                                                                                                /-                                   x 100-                     %
                                                                                                                    .7
                                                                                                                    2 ...... /.                                       I.                     %
     Jet bma ( sight seemn count jet boat t isharmon
                                                     as boat fishing )                                                 60                 /
     Other (mining. sight seeing. picnidiong. campng. etc.                                                                                                        x 100-       7z2           %
                                                           )                                                _           _3_               /-                  x        1004                  %
                                                                                              Total :.                 Vs .1                                                         000.
ACCOUNTABILITY
    Name of data cllctor:                        LA             s
    Name of supervisor:
                                                                                                                                                                           BLM 2/91 8 BROvM

				
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