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                                          +++ Special: Expo 2010 +++
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E No. 1/2010 February/March




                                            +++ Fashion in Germany +++

                                                    +++ Urban Age +++
                                                    +++ Ruhr 2010 +++
                                              +++ Events of the Year +++
                                        Ruhr 2010
                                        Die Kulturhauptstadt Europas



                                                                       Change Through Culture –
                                                                       A Colliery of Ideas
                                                                       Today, 5.3 million people live here, there are five opera houses and five universities.

                                                                       Yet the Ruhr region is not a city. A fascinating paradox. In 2010, the Ruhr region
                                                                       will be European Capital of Culture, and will present countless new sides to itself. Struc-
                                                                       tural change has transformed the former industrial region into a center of creativity.




                                        The Zollverein mine, now                                                                        The “world’s most beautiful mine”
                                        a cultural center, is the                                                                       is a World Heritage site and
                                        “Ruhr region’s landmark”                                                                        Germany’s premier event location
Jörn Sackermann, picture-alliance/dpa




                                                                                                                                                  Deutschland 1 I 2010 — 11
                             The Sanaa building features
                             the gleaming “Close
                             Encounters” installation




                                                                                  “European Capital of Culture
                                                                                  Ruhr 2010” opened on January
                                                                                  9-10 with a two-day cultural
                                                                                  festival staged against the monu-
                                                                                  mental backdrop of the Zollverein
                                                                                  minehead. The speakers at the
                                                                                  grand opening on January 9 were
                                                                                  German Federal President Horst
                                                                                  Köhler, José Manuel Barroso, Pres-
                                                                                  ident of the European Commis-
                                                                                  sion, and Jürgen Rüttgers, Minister




                                                                                                                          Ilja Höpping/WAZ FotoPool, Manfred Vollmer, Volker Hartmann/ddp, M. Horn
                                                                                  President of the State of North
                                                                                  Rhine Westphalia. The highpoint
                                                                                  of the evening: a multimedia spec-
                                                                                  tacle of immobile lights and very
                                                                                  lively fireworks. On January 10, the
                                                                                  new Ruhr Museum opened its
                                                                                  doors in the former coal washing
                                                                                  plant at Zollverein. Its permanent
                                                                                  exhibition presents the fascinating
                                                                                  history of one of the world’s largest
                                                                                  industrial regions. Over 200,000
The new escalators at                                                             people visited the cultural events
the Zollverein seems to be                                                        over the first two days.
made of molten steel




                                                           White angles in
                                                           Essen – were part of                                                                                                                      Deutschland 1 I 2010 — 13
                                                           the opening show
                                        Debuting with e real spectacle –
                                        the opening celebrations for Ruhr
                            RUHR 2010   2010 at the Zollverein complex




                                                                            S
                                                                                      een from the air it looks radiant:
                                                                                      Satellite images of Europe by night
                                                                                      show the Ruhr region as a large
                                                                                      and brightly illuminated conur-
                                                                            bation. Only the metropolises of London
                                                                            and Paris emit a similar level of light. This
                                                                            perspective, and it is one long since being
                                                                            used by city and regional marketing strat-
                                                                            egists, is deceptive. On closer inspection,
                                                                            reality does not stand up to the flattering
                                                                            comparison.

                                                                            Germany’s largest city is not a city. To exag-
                                                                            gerate slightly, it is this paradox that typi-
                                                                            fies the Ruhr region. 5.3 million people, or
                                                                            one and a half times as many as in Berlin,
                                                                            live here, across a total area of almost 5,000
                                                                            square kilometers, or almost five times the
                                                                            capital’s footprint. And can choose from
                                                                            five opera houses and five universities,
                                                                            whereas in Berlin there are ‘only’ three of
                                                                            each. And as at February 1, 2010 the Ruhr
                                                                            had three teams in Germany’s top division,
                                                                            the Bundesliga, and they were all doing
                                                                            better that Berlin’s Hertha BSC. However,
                                                                            none of this definitely makes the Ruhr re-
                                                                            gion a city, as it is far more an agglomera-
                                                                            tion of suburbs that grew swiftly and large-
                                                                            ly willy nilly in an attempt to meet the needs
                                                                            of heavy industry; indeed, the suburbs are
                                                                            not grouped around an historical town
                                                                            center and many of the town boundaries
                                                                            seem quite arbitrary.

                                                                            It was the industrialization of mining in the
                                                                            early 19th century that defined the region
                                                                            and caused such upheaval, which ensured
                                                                            it glory and continues to shape its face to-
                                                                            day, with the equipment it has left behind.
                                                                            Yet the Ruhr had a history before coal, as
                                                                            in Medieval times the clergy and secular
                                                                            lords battled for control of the thinly
                                                                            populated farming country: Essen was
                                                                            founded as long ago as 852, when a convent
                                                                            was opened, Dortmund was a powerful
                                                                            Hanseatic city, and in the 16th century
                                                                            mapmaker Gerhard Mercator reinforced
                                                                            the reputation of “Duisburgum” as a “doc-
                                                                            tum”, the “learned Duisburg”. Like islands
Ilja Höpping/WAZ FotoPool




                                                                                                 Deutschland 1 I 2010 — 15
                                                                                                                                                                             1.
RUHR 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          RUHR 2010
                                                 MOBILE TAGGING /// More about culture in Germany



from a past age, the castles and monasteries
stand in the industrial surroundings.
                                                 from construing itself as a unity; it is admin-
                                                 istered from outside like a “colony”, the
                                                                                                    towns each with its own center and limits,
                                                                                                    commercial estates and greenbelts, indus-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Info
                                                 term the steel barons of yore used to give         trial zones and wastelands, these are the
There were minor mining operations in            their mining grounds. It is both cut up and        new coordinates that seek to come together                                                                                                                                             de
the Ruhr Valley, where the coal seams ran        held together by three administrative dis-         in a new structure. The industry that ate
up to the surface, as early as the Middle        tricts and two different regional authori-         into so much space has been and gone,
Ages. Industrialization commenced in the         ties. By contrast, the scope of the regional       leaving free areas that radiate a new appeal                                                                                                                                The Ruhr’s transformation
early 19th century, not building up steam        association, Regionalverband Ruhr (RVR),           and are fast becoming the nodal points of
until the 1830s, driven by Prussian reforms;     with its 53 member towns, is fairly modest.        a possibly insular and ephemeral urbanity                                                                                                                                   Over the last five decades the Ruhr region
then founding pioneers such as Haniel,           There is neither a directly elected Ruhr           that could generate new opportunities and                                                                                                                                   has undergone an immense structural
Harkort, Stinnes and Krupp prioritized           parliament, nor does the region have a say         working spaces for start-ups and creative                                                                                                                                   transformation. In the mid-1950s there were
technological innovation and gradually           over its own finances.                             minds. In this respect, the Ruhr region                                                                                                                                     still 470,000 people working in the mining
built huge corporations – as did Thyssen                                                            holds great potential for social change, as                                                                                                                                 industry, whereas today the figure is a mere
or Hoesch at a later date. The linkage of        Writer Joseph Roth, who traveled round             already indicated by the International                                                                                                                                      30,000; today, the steel industry has only
mining coal and iron ore laid the founda-        the Ruhr region back in 1926, asked him-           Construction Fair held at Emscher Park                                                                                                                                      57,000 employees, compared with a figure of
tions for a powerful industrial heartland        self in amazement in an article penned for         (IBA). The ecological and economic strat-                                                                                                                                   300,000 in the past. It is now the service
that erected its own efficient transporta-       the ‘Frankfurter Zeitung’: “So why do they         egy for modernization practiced there                                                                                                                                       industry that is the single largest employer,
tion infrastructure in the form of railroad      need Essen here and Duisburg, Hamborn,             gave rise to 120 model projects between                                                                                                                                     providing 1.4 million jobs in the region. The
tracks and inland waterways, thus gaining        Oberhausen, Mülheim, Bottrop, Elber-               1989 and 2000; perhaps its greatest achieve-                                                                                                                                growth sectors are IT, logistics and energy.
access to the world’s markets.                   feld, or Barmen there? Why all the names,          ment was to find an aesthetic appearance                                                                                                                                    Thus, Dortmund as the Ruhr’r largest city is
                                                 all the mayors, all the municipal councilors       for the industrial heritage that led to it                                                                                                                                  now Germany’s leading IT hub and a prime
This expansive growth peaked as early as         for what is one city? And to top it all, a state   being reinterpreted and accepted. Zeche                                                                                                                                     model of how to achieve structural change.
the late 19th century. The result was cor-       line runs through the middle. The inhabit-         Zollverein in Essen, which discontinued                                                                                                                                     The development has been driven first and
porate groups with widespread interna-           ants imagine for some reason that if they          operations in 1986 and has since 2001                                                                                                                                       foremost by Technologiepark Dortmund. Essen
tional operations and an inflow of hun-          are on the right they are Westphalians, and        been on the UNESCO World Heritage list,                                       1. The Jahrhundert-                                                                           is the heart of the German power industry,
                                                                                                                                                                                     halle in Bochum,
dreds of thousands of workers, mainly            if they’re on the left they are Rhinelanders.      is rapidly morphing into a cultural center,                                                                                                                                 with the giants RWE, Evonik and Ruhrgas all
                                                                                                                                                                                     once an exhibition
from the East. For many years, technologi-       But what are they really?” It is no coinci-        the Jahrhunderthalle in Bochum has be-                                           hall in a steel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                based in the city and 60 percent of Germany’s
cal innovation and rationalization kept          dence that the idea of the Ruhr as one ad-         come a festival hall, the minehead at Duis-                                      casting factory, now                                                                       power consumption billed there. Duisburg
production levels high, with heavy industry      ministrative unit received new impetus in          burg-Meiderich has become the beacon of                                          a festival hall                                                                            is now home to Europe’s fast-growing and largest
standing tall through the First World War,       the run-up to the European Capital of Cul-         a landscaped park.                                                                                                                                                          inland port. No other region in Germany




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Frank Rogner, Andreas Rentz/Getty Images, picture-alliance/dpa
                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Local rock star Her-
the French Occupation, bouts of labor un-        ture Ruhr 2010, with the region somewhat                                                                                                                                                                                       handles such a volume of logistics. The trend
                                                                                                                                                                                     bert Grönemeyer
rest, sharp inflation, the Third Reich, the      arrogantly deeming to term itself a metrop-        It can hardly fall to an individual city to take                                 wrote the new hit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                was incisively shaped by the strong local
Second World War, enforced disassembly,          olis. At the end of 2008, the symbolic foun-       up the ideas broached by the IBA and move                                        “Komm zur Ruhr” for                                                                        university and research presence. Yet it was
and emerging as the engine driving recon-        dation stone was laid in Gelsenkirchen for         the process of urbanization forward, just as                                     the cultural capital                                                                       not until the mid-1960s that the region got
struction and the German economic mira-          “Germany’s largest city”. The initiators are       it cannot be for one city alone to set up a lo-                                                                                                                             its first university, the Ruhr-Universität Bochum.
                                                                                                                                                                                  3. The world’s first
cle. Until, in 1957, the end of coal subsidies   members of a generation whose identity             cal passenger transport system or create an                                                                                                                                 And the process of change has not yet been
                                                                                                                                                                                     biennial of interna-
and the import duties on mineral oil             revolves less around the mines and the             image with global appeal. None of that can                                       tional light art will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                completed, as unemployment is still three per-
sounded the beginning of the crisis. Mines       smelters and more around that past reality         be achieved in just one year, but the Euro-                                      take place here in                                                                         cent above the German average.
died and companies merged. Since then,           having been successfully overcome.                 pean Capital of Culture could help the Ruhr                                      the spring
the agenda has largely been defined by                                                              region to gain a stronger identity and
structural change, and it has turned the         “Smoke connects the cities”, or so the title       (e)merge as a polycentric metropolis. Then
Ruhr region with its two legs of coal and        of Jospeh Roth’s article back in 1926 would        we might see what Joseph Roth regarded so
steel into a centipede. Whereby Duisburg         have it – and yet the smoke has long since         critically becoming a thing of the past: “Each
remains Europe’s largest steel producer to       stopped, as coal has moved north, and by           city has its own theater, its souvenirs, its mu-
this day. The vast numbers of immigrants         2012 the last mines will have closed down.         seum, its history. But none of that has a sus-
turned the Ruhr region into a veritable          However, the towns, housing estates, trans-        tainable resonance. Because things of a his-
“melting pot” that today is home to 170 na-      port links and structures that mining              torical (or so-called ‘cultural’) nature thrive
tions and has given rise to a unique outlook     brought with it continue to shape the face         on the echo that feeds them.”
on life. Yet to this day it has been prevented   of the Ruhr region: an irregular series of                                    Andreas Rossmann
                                                                                                                                                       Jörn Sackermann (5)




16 — Deutschland 1 I 2010
                                                                                                                                                                             2.               3.
Ruhr 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              RUHR 2010
The Seven Landmarks of the Ruhr District

                                                     Monumental industrial structures tower above the Ruhr District,
                                                     giving the region a new identity. Nobody comes to work in the old
           Geographical position of
           the Ruhr District in Germany              collieries and smelting works any more, only to visit an exhibition,
                                                     a concert, or just for fun – because the seven landmarks offer an
                                                     unobstructed view of a unique panorama.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Gaasterland/Laif




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bussenius/Laif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Kost/Laif
                                                                                                    Halter
                                                                                                      ltern
                                                                                                    Haltern
                              Hamminkeln

                                                          Schermbe
                                                            hermbeck
                                                          Schermbeck                                                                                                                          1. North Duisburg Landscape Park                                ery – stood for the largest brewery complex in                              District ever since. Today it is a cultural and
                                                                                                                                                                                      Lippe
                                      Wesel
                                                                                                      Oer
                                                                                                      Oer-
                                                                                                                                               Selm                                           The smelting works in Duisburg produced                         Europe in the 1960s. Today the illuminated                                  creativity centre.
           Xanten                                                                                                                                                              Ham
                                                                                                                                                                               Hamm
                      Rhein
                      Rhein                                                Dorsten        Marl        Erkenschwick
                                                                                                      Erkenschwi
                                                                                                              hwick                                      Werne                                57 million tonnes of pig iron until it was closed in                      ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              golden “U” towering 70 metres above the city,
       Sonsbeck
       Sonsbeck                                          Hünxe
                                                         Hünxe                                                    Datteln
                                                                                                    Reckling
                                                                                                        ling-
                                                                                                    Reckling                                                                                  1985. Today it stands at the centre of a landscape              landmarks the first Centre for Creative Industries                          6. Nordstern Tower, Gelsenkirchen
                                             oerde
                                            Voerde                                                  hausen            altrop
                                                                                                                    Waltrop                           Lünen Bergkamen
                                                                          Gladbeck
                                                                          Gladbeck                                                                             gkamen
                                                                                                                                                            Bergk                             park, and its gasometer houses Europe’s biggest                 in Germany; it will be opened in 2010.                                      The final shift was worked at the Nordstern
                    Alpen                    Dinslaken                                                                                                                     Bönen
                                                                                                                                                                           Bönen
                                                                                          He rten
                                                                                          Hert en               Emscher
                                                                                                                Emsche                                           Kamen                        artificial diving sport centre. At night on weekends                                                                                        colliery in Gelsenkirchen-Horst in 1993, but the
                                                                           4                                    Castrop-
                                                                                                                Castrop-                         FLUG HAFE N DORTMUND
                                                                                                                                                 FLUG HAFEN DORTM UND
                                                                                                                                                   UGHA                                       and public holidays the ensemble is illuminated by              4. Tetrahedron, Bottrop                                                     tower of Shaft II has remained standing. It is
                             Rheinberg
                             Rheinberg                                 Bottrop
                                                                       Bottrop           Gelsen-
                                                                                         kirchen
                                                                                         kirchen    Herne       Rauxel                                           Unna
                                                                                                                                             Dortmund                                         coloured lights.                                                The Beckstrasse slag heap in Bottrop served                                 currently being turned into a museum. The top
                    Kamp-Lintfort
                                                                   2                 6                                                          3
                                                             Oberhausen                                                                                    Holzwickede
                                                                                                                                                           Holzwickede                                                                                        the Prosper Haniel colliery until 1980. Today the                           of the tower is being raised by four additional
                                                                                     7                                                        Em
                                                                                                                                               ms
                                                                                                                                                                               Ruhr
                                    Moers                                                 5         Bochum
                                                                                                    Bochum
                                                                                                                                                                                              2. The Oberhausen Gasometer                                     74-metre-high hill is dominated by a tetrahedron,                           glass-clad-storeys, to be crowned by a 25-metre-
                                                                                  Essen
                                                                                  Essen                                                                              Fröndenbe
                                                                                                                                                                       öndenberg
                                                                                                                                                                     Fröndenbe
                      Neukirchen-
                      Neukirc                                                                                                                                                                 Since the late 1920s, what used to be Europe’s                  a 50-metre-high steel structure shaped like a                               high monumental sculpture by Markus Lüpertz.
                      Vluyn                                      Mülheim                                      Witten                                Schwerte
                                                                                                                                                    Schwerte
                                                                     a. d. Ruhr                                                                                                               biggest gas holder in Oberhausen had stored                     three-sided pyramid that is open to the public. It                          It will be opened in 2010.
                                                      1                                                                           Herde e
                                                                                                                                     deck
                                                                                                                                  Herdecke
                                               Duisburg
                                               Duisburg                                             Hattingen
                                                                                                    Hattingen                                                                                 gas for the surrounding industrial plants. Since                seems to float on air when it is illuminated at night.
                                                                                                                 Wetter
                                                                                                                                                                                              1994, however, the impressive 117-metre-high                                                                                                7. Bramme for the Ruhr District, Essen
                                                                                                    Sprock
                                                                                                        ck-
                                                                                                    Sp ck
                                                                                                    hövel
                                                                                                                                               Hagen                                          tower has hosted some spectacular exhibitions,                  5. Zollverein Coal Mine, Essen                                              The Schurenbach slag heap in Essen was used by
                                                                                                                                                                                              concerts and theatrical productions.                            The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in                              the Zollverein colliery until its closure. Since 1998
                                                                                                       Gevelsberg
                                                                                                       Gevelsber
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Essen ceased operations in 1986, 135 years after                            a cast-steel slab has stood atop this 45-metre-
                                                                                                              Ennepetal
                                                                                                              Ennepetal
                                                                                                        Schwel
                                                                                                          hwelm
                                                                                                        Schwelm                                                                               3. The Dortmund “U”                                             it had opened. UNESCO added it to its list of                               high hill: the 15-metre sculpture Bramme for the
                                                                                                                                               eckerfeld
                                                                                                                                               ec
                                                                                                                                             Breckerfeld                                      The Dortmund “U” – the company logo visible                     world cultural heritage sites in 2001, and it has                           Ruhr District. It looks unspectacular when viewed
                                                                                                                                                                                              for miles around that tops the former Union brew-               been regarded as the landmark of the Ruhr                                   from afar, but is a veritable giant close up.




1.    DUISBURG – LANDSCAPE PARK
2.    OBERHAUSEN – GASOMETER
3.    DORTMUND – “U”
4.    BOTTROP – TETRAHEDRON
5.    ESSEN – ZOLLVEREIN COAL MINE
6.    GELSENKIRCHEN – NORDSTERN TOWER
                                                                                                                           Jörn Sackermann




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Jörn Sackermann




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Steinhilber/Laif
7.    ESSEN – BRAMME FOR THE RUHRGEBIET




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  THS
18 — Deutschland 1 I 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Deutschland 1 I 2010 — 19
Ruhr 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                      RUHR 2010
Change through Culture




                                             During the official ceremony in the pres-    Fritz Pleitgen, born in Duisburg, used to      centuries been marked by a parish-pump           and beyond official guidelines”. “They
                                             ence of José Manuel Barroso, President       be a foreign correspondent for German          mentality.” But the application to be Eu-        rise to the experience of 150 years of mi-
                                             of the European Commission, Germa-           television. His last position was that of      ropean Cultural Capital under the head-          gration, the everyday life of people from
For the first time, a whole                   ny’s Federal President Horst Köhler
                                             opened the Cultural Capital of Europe
                                                                                          director of the Westdeutscher Rundfunk
                                                                                          broadcasting company in Cologne. He
                                                                                                                                         ing “Essen for the Ruhr District” already
                                                                                                                                         brought about a change in attitude. “The
                                                                                                                                                                                          more than 170 nations. The sections
                                                                                                                                                                                          “Wissenschaft und Ruhr 2030” deal with
                                             Ruhr 2010 at the historical Zollverein       regards the Ruhr metropolitan area as          cities in the mining district pulled to-         local and global questions of the present
region, namely the Ruhr Dis-                 Coal Mine Industrial Complex with a
                                             cordial “Glück auf”, the traditional min-
                                                                                          an economic and cultural link between
                                                                                          Warsaw, Berlin and Brussels. After all,
                                                                                                                                         gether like never before. City boundaries
                                                                                                                                         are increasingly blurring. From Duisburg
                                                                                                                                                                                          and the future. In Pleitgen’s view the de-
                                                                                                                                                                                          cisive issues are: What is the role of the

trict, is the European Cul-                  ers’ greeting. The city of Essen holds the
                                             title of Cultural Capital on behalf of 53
                                             municipalities in the Ruhr District,
                                                                                          people at its five general universities, ten
                                                                                          universities of applied sciences and
                                                                                          roughly 100 research institutes are work-
                                                                                                                                         to Essen to Dortmund, from the borders
                                                                                                                                         to Münsterland to Bergisches Land, local
                                                                                                                                         administrations are collaborating strate-
                                                                                                                                                                                          European city in a Europe of the re-
                                                                                                                                                                                          gions? How will the Ruhr Metropolis
                                                                                                                                                                                          develop? What will be the results of an

tural Capital. 53 municipal-                 which has a total of 5.3 million inhabit-
                                             ants and is thus the third largest conur-
                                             bation in Europe after Paris and Lon-
                                                                                          ing “on innovations for the future of
                                                                                          Europe”. Ten of the 100 German compa-
                                                                                          nies with the highest turnovers have
                                                                                                                                         gically.” This interplay could also be a
                                                                                                                                         model for other regions in Germany “es-
                                                                                                                                         pecially in times of economic crisis and
                                                                                                                                                                                          ageing society? What role will renewable
                                                                                                                                                                                          energies and climate change play at the
                                                                                                                                                                                          global and regional level? How can chil-

ities will be presenting 300                 don. As the Federal President remarked
                                             in his address, this was “a first in the
                                                                                          their headquarters there. As Pleitgen
                                                                                          pointed out, “Cities like Amsterdam,
                                                                                                                                         emergency local government budgets,
                                                                                                                                         along with growing global competition”.
                                                                                                                                                                                          dren and young adults be acquainted
                                                                                                                                                                                          with cultural education?
                                             25-year history of this European honor-      Rotterdam, Cologne and Antwerp are             “In the future, if you want to survive in-

projects and 2,500 events                    ary title, a great endorsement of the
                                             Ruhr District and of us all”. The Ruhr
                                                                                          just around the corner, and the road and
                                                                                          rail network, the canal system, and the
                                                                                                                                         ternationally, you will also have to be
                                                                                                                                         strong at regional level. That works bet-
                                                                                                                                                                                          The 53 municipalities in this former
                                                                                                                                                                                          mining region have more than 200 twin
                                             District’s very own rock star Herbert        Rhine and Ruhr rivers provide the logis-       ter in a group.”                                 towns in Europe and beyond. These cit-

over the course of one whole                 Grönemeyer then struck up his new,
                                             specially composed mining-district hymn
                                                                                          tical prerequisites for organizing com-
                                                                                          merce in Europe.” The Ruhr 2010 organ-         Fritz Pleitgen grew up in the Ruhr Dis-
                                                                                                                                                                                          ies, referred to as the Twins, were asked
                                                                                                                                                                                          to enter exciting future-oriented ideas
                                             “Komm zur Ruhr”. For three whole years       ization aims to use this infrastructure to     trict. While still an active journalist he was   and projects for the European Cultural

year. Fritz Pleitgen, head of                the two managers of Ruhr 2010 GmbH,
                                             Fritz Pleitgen and Oliver Scheytt, worked
                                                                                          create new cultural axes that will be
                                                                                          marked by different artistic projects.
                                                                                                                                         also vice president, and latterly president,
                                                                                                                                         of the European Broadcasting Union, an
                                                                                                                                                                                          Capital. As early as spring 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                          an international jury nominated the 100
                                             with their team to prepare for this spe-     “The Ruhr District will thus merge into        amalgamation of 75 broadcasting organi-          best Twins Ideas from some 500 entries.

Ruhr 2010, takes us through                  cial year, which will involve 300 projects
                                             and 2,500 events. These aim to rid the
                                                                                          one cultural metropolis that assumes sig-
                                                                                          nificance at the national level for the old
                                                                                                                                         zations in Europe, North Africa and the
                                                                                                                                         Middle East. According to Pleitgen, the
                                                                                                                                                                                          These projects will mainly give young
                                                                                                                                                                                          people opportunities to actively work on
                                             district of the cliché of being – as Horst   and the new Europe.”                           Cultural Capital is also engaging “explic-       the European Cultural Capital pro-
the programme of events.                     Köhler put it – “a region of chimney
                                             stacks” and to conjure up new images.        With a view to Ruhr 2010, can one speak
                                                                                                                                         itly with issues to do with migration and
                                                                                                                                         identity, culture and education” in the
                                                                                                                                                                                          gramme and implement their own un-
                                                                                                                                                                                          conventional ideas. Pleitgen: “Over re-
                                             The motto is Culture through Change,         of “active integration” of the Ruhr com-       programme section entitled “Europa be-           cent years, Twins has become a highly
                            By Lars Hansen
                                             Change through Culture, and the pro-         munities? “Not yet!” says Pleitgen. “Be-       wegen” (Getting Europe Moving). Differ-          creative driver for a superlative Europe-
                                             gramme guide, which is still not com-        cause the city perimeters border directly      ent projects aim to show a “lively Europe        an Cultural Capital programme.” One of
                                             plete, runs to 224 pages.                    on one another, the Ruhr District has for      of encounter and collaboration, above            several examples Pleitgen mentions is
                             Schmauch/laif




20 — Deutschland 1 I 2010
A Glass Elephant towers
above Maximilianpark in Hamm
                                                                                                                                               Facts                                                                                                                      RUHR 2010
                                                                                                                                               & Figures




                                                                                                                                                   5                  1/3
                                                                                                Info                                                                                                                                    of the people living in the Ruhr District are of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Polish origin. Most of the Poles arrived in the Ruhr in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the late 19th century to work in the local mines.
                                                                                                                  de



                                                                                                The Cultural Capitals in
                                                                                                2010
                                                                                                                                                                          219          million people live in the Ruhr District.
                                                                                                                                                                                       In Europe only the conurbations of Paris
                                                                                                                                                                                       and London are larger.




the international theatre project “Piano
– Fortissimo”, which involves coopera-
tion between the Piano Theatre Nizhny
Novgorod and the Studio-Bühne Essen.
                                                  District developed. The miners had to be
                                                  able to trust one another, and that weld-
                                                  ed them together – despite language
                                                  barriers.” Needless to say, the challenges
                                                                                                Essen-Pécs-Istanbul
                                                                                                There are three European Cultural Capi-
                                                                                                tals this year. In addition to a city from
                                                                                                the “old” and the “new” EU member
                                                                                                states (Essen, Pécs), for the first time an
                                                                                                applicant from a non-EU country was
                                                                                                selected: Istanbul. It is the largest city
                                                                                                in Turkey, with 12 million inhabitants,
                                                                                                                                                                   10,000
                                                                                                                                                                       peopled lived in Essen in   the mid-19th century; today the figure is 580,000.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kilometres, the length of the Ruhr river,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        which rises in Winterberg in the Higher
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sauerland district. It flows through
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the Ruhr District for 124 kilometres be-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        fore entering the Rhine. The Ruhr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        District measures 116 kilometres from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        west to east, 67 from north to south.




                                                                                                                                                                                                   95
A school theatre group from Nizhny                of integration have changed over past         and the only metropolis to lie in two con-                                                                          million Currywurst – a speciality consisting of a chopped up pork sausage
Novgorod in Russia will be performing,            decades. The figures say it all: currently,   tinents (Europe and Asia). The old uni-                                                                             with tomato sauce and curry powder – are sold every year in the Ruhr




                                                                                                                                                    5
with deaf children expressing their feel-         the Central Register of Foreigners in the     versity town of Pécs in southern Hunga-                                                                             District. Other typical dishes are beans with bacon, all kinds of stews and
ings and ideas in pantomime. For the              Ruhr District lists more than 500,000         ry has more than 150,000 inhabitants                                                                                potatoes in all forms. Simply hearty. And of course, best with a beer.
managing director of Ruhr 2010, this is           persons with more than 170 different na-      and is thus the country’s fifth largest




                                                                                                                                                                                                     485,000
“a moving example of how – even with-             tionalities in an overall population of       city; it is also considered to be one of the
out words – understanding between peo-            5.3 million. The largest number of for-       country’s most beautiful. In both Pécs
ples can be achieved if good will exists          eigners are from Turkey, ex-Yugoslavia,       and Istanbul building projects were the
on both sides.”                                   Poland, Italy, Greece and Morocco.            main focus of the preparations. Pécs
                                                  Ruhr 2010 would like to make a contri-        invested in a concert and conference
That art and culture can forge links across       bution towards dealing with the tasks         centre and a new cultural quarter on the
languages and borders is also demon-              that arise from the situation of migrants.    site of an old porcelain factory. Istanbul’s                            general universities             people worked in 140 collieries in     the heyday of the mining Ruhr District.
strated by the joint projects with the two        Pleitgen says: “The leading discipline is     complex refurbishment projects have                                     and ten universities             At the end of 2008, the total was only 21,000 in four mines.
other European Cultural Capitals in 2010,         the ‘art of living together’. How do we       secured the rich cultural and historical                                of applied sciences
Istanbul in Turkey and Pécs in Hungary.           perceive one another? How do immi-                                                                                    with a total of

                                                                                                                                                                                                   16,000
                                                                                                heritage of the Byzantine emperors and
There will be more than 25 projects or-           grants and their families take part in cul-   Ottoman sultans, including the Hagia                                    180,000 students plus                                                76,000
ganized with Istanbul alone, and a dozen          tural life? How do we make this partici-      Sophia and the Topkapi Museum.Essen                                     numerous research                                                     spectators, on average, attended the home games
with Pécs, including trilateral projects.         pation possible? How and for whom do          and the Ruhr District are planning nu-                                  institutes and technol-    kiosks are to be found throughout          of Borussia Dortmund in the first half of the
The Ruhr Metropolis has had close con-            our cultural institutions draw up their       merous joint projects with Pécs and Is-                                 ogy centres make           the Ruhr District.                         09/10 season.
tacts with both cities for years; this applies    programmes? Who is the potential audi-        tanbul, largely under the supervision of                                the Ruhr District Eu-
not only to the mutual exchange of ideas
on organizational matters, but also to mu-
tual visits as well as to artistic and cultural
collaboration on projects in the run-up to
the Cultural Capital 2010.

The Ruhr Metropolis sees itself as a “for-
                                                  ence for all the art and culture on offer
                                                  in the Ruhr Metropolis? We want to use
                                                  the European Cultural Capital Year to
                                                  raise, discuss and hopefully also find
                                                  answers to these questions.”
                                                                                                “Twins”, the international network of the
                                                                                                200 twin towns of the 53 municipalities
                                                                                                that make up the Ruhr metropolitan
                                                                                                area. One of these is the Promethiade
                                                                                                theatre project which will be presented
                                                                                                in Istanbul and Essen this summer.
                                                                                                Another is the “2010 Chairs” urban plan-
                                                                                                                                                                        rope’s densest edu-
                                                                                                                                                                        cational and research
                                                                                                                                                                        landscape. This in-
                                                                                                                                                                        cludes the first and
                                                                                                                                                                        only German distance-
                                                                                                                                                                        learning university,
                                                                                                                                                                        in Hagen.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          350 50
                                                                                                                                                                                                           kilometres can be covered by
                                                                                                                                                                                                           bicycle on the “Rundkurs Ruhr-
                                                                                                                                                                                                           gebiet” which runs along the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    billion euro is the annual turnover of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the discount supermarket chains Aldi
ward-looking immigration society” espe-                                                         ning project for which a German team                                                                       Route of Industrial Culture.             Nord and Aldi Süd. Aldi is thus the
cially as it emerged through immigra-                                                           will install 2010 stools in Pécs to link the                                                                                                        largest enterprise to have its headquar-




                                                                                                                                                                             00800200
tion, so to speak. Pleitgen: “It was in min-                                                    city’s various quarters.                                                                                                                            ters located in the Ruhr District – ahead
ing that the lived solidarity of the Ruhr                                                                                                                                                                                                           of RWE and Deutsche BP. The brothers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Theo and Karl Albrecht, who share the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    discount market chain, have earned as-
                                                                                                                                                                              is the number of Pope John Paul II’s honorary membership              sets of 40 billion US dollars and are thus
                                                                                                                                                     Jörn Sackermann




                                                                                                                                                                              of FC Schalke 04.                                                     among the ten richest people on earth.
Ruhr 2010                                                                                                                                                                                                               RUHR 2010
Twelve Trips to the New Ruhr District


1 RuhrKunstMuseen                                     2 Still Life                                           3 Shaft Marks
The twenty art museums in the Ruhr District           The so-called Ruhr Metropolis will celebrate the       From 22 to 30 May 2010, up to 400 yellow
will be interconnected for the first time under       cultural year’s largest event on 18 July 2010,         balloons will mark the position of former mine
                                   .
the heading “Mapping the Region” In the course        when local people gather along the A40/B1              shafts, conveyor towers and pithead stocks.
of the year, the exhibitions on show will include     autobahn from Dortmund to Duisburg at a                This poetic art installation will extend over an




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Heidrun Kuhlman
                                                                                                                                                                 Heinz Feußner
“Coal Mines and Smelting Works” featuring the         60-kilometre-long Table of Cultures, Nation-           areas of more than 4,000 square kilometres




                                                                                                                                                                                        Sascha Kraus
internationally-renowned photographer-couple          alities and Generations. Emotionally, this could       and will show a long-gone – but for a few
Bernd and Hilla Becher, and Mischa Kubell’s           well be the founding moment of the Ruhr Me-            exceptions – mining landscape.
“100 Lights/100 Faces”   .                            tropolis.




4 Striking Places                                     5 Emscherkunst 2010                                    6 Landmark Angerpark
Fifteen art societies in the Ruhr District have       On the world’s largest renaturation project,           On the Heinrich-Hildebrand-Höhe south of
got together to transform twelve unusual spots        the so-called Emscher Island, 40 artists have          Duisburg a new landmark is emerging for the




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Heike Mutter, Ulrich Genth
in the region into Striking Places with the help      created 20 works at unusual places. The Sing-          Ruhr metropolis. The large walk-in sculpture




                                                                                                                                                                                        Emscher Genossenschaft
                                                                                                                                                                 Engels + Krämer GmbH
of artistic interventions, installations and per-     ing Cliff and the Sunken Garden in a former            Tiger & Turtle/Magic Mountain takes the form
formances. The trip begins in the Sodingen air        sedimentation tank are easily reached by bi-           of a roller coaster from which you can discover
raid shelter in Herne on 6 March 2010.                cycle from 29 May to 5 September 2010.                 the surroundings from different perspectives.
                                                                                                             Opening autumn 2010.




7 Light Art 2010                                      8 Folkwang Museum                                      9 The New Ruhr District
From 28 March to 27 May 2010 the eastern              A first highpoint of this Cultural Capital Year will   The Ruhr Museum in the Zeche Zollverein in
Ruhr District will offer the world’s first Biennale   be the opening on 30 January 2010 of the new           Essen will show the special exhibition “The Black




                                                                                                                                                                                          Museum Folkwang/Wolf Haug
of International Light Art. Under the heading         Museum Folkwang in Essen, designed by top              Coal Mining District” from 26 September 2010.
“Open light in private spaces”, 60 works by           architect David Chipperfield. The first large          This photoreportage by Heinrich Hauser was
internationally renowned artists will be shown        special exhibition of masterpieces from the col-       undertaken in the 1920s during a 6,000-kilo-




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Erik Jobs
in private spaces, late 19th century villas and       lection is called “The Most Beautiful Museum in        metre-long car journey. The large retrospective
garden houses.                                        the World” and will open on 20 March 2010.             exhibition“The New Ruhr District”will be shown
                                                                                                             in parallel.




10        !Sing – Day of Song                         11        Slam 2010                                    12       Local Heroes
On 4 and 5 June the Ruhr District will come alive     The first German Poetry Slam Championship              In the 52 weeks of the Cultural Capital Year the
with song. More than 600 choirs involving over        will take place in the Ruhr metropolis from 10         53 municipalities of the Ruhr District will each
22,800 singers have registered to take park. A        to 13 November 2010. More than 150 authors             present themselves for a week by means of
highpoint will be on 5 June at 12:10 p.m., when       will compete in the popular and entertaining           wide-ranging cultural programmes; Essen, as




                                                                                                                                                                 Sonja Werner
a song will be sung jointly throughout the me-        reading events to be held in Bochum, Duis-             the 53rd city, will be the Local Hero the whole




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   WDR/Falke
tropolis, before the final concert in the Auf         burg, Essen and Oberhausen. The audience               year long. The presentations will start with
Schalke football stadium.                             is the jury.                                           Dinslaken and end with Hünxe (Kreis Wesel).




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Jörn Sackermann
24 — Deutschland 1 I 2010                                                                                                                                                                                             Deutschland 1 I 2010 — 25

				
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