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					s tat US   a s tat e b y s tat e
              Handbook
Introduction
	 Welcome	to	the	second	annual	edition	of	STATUS,	a	state-by-state	ethanol	reference	guide	published	
by	the	American	Coalition	for	Ethanol	(ACE).	

	 This	is	the	only	publication	of	its	kind	that	provides	up-to-date	and	complete	information	about	U.S.	
ethanol production, marketing, and use, as well as petroleum refining and marketing on a state-by-state
basis.	Furthermore,	the	publication	summarizes	the	public	policies	and	regulations	states	have	adopted	
affecting	ethanol	production	and	use,	including	retail	pump	labeling	requirements	for	ethanol-blended	
fuel,	production	incentives,	and	state	laws	requiring	ethanol	use.	

	 We	intend	this	reference	guide	to	serve	as	a	valuable	resource	for	the	media,	petroleum	marketers,	
policymakers,	and	others	who	want	to	acquire	a	better	understanding	of	ethanol	production	and	use	in	
the	nation.	

	   Brian	Jennings,	Executive	Vice	President
	   American	Coalition	for	Ethanol	(ACE)


What’s Inside?
STATUS	2007	is	a	treasure	trove	of	information	about	the	U.S.	ethanol	industry	and	includes	state-by-
state	data	on:
	 •	Gasoline	use
	 •	Ethanol-blended	fuel	use
	 •	Total	potential	ethanol	use	in	E10	blends
    • Specifics of retail labeling requirements for ethanol-blended fuel
	 •	Ethanol	production	statistics
	 •	Laws	and	regulations	relating	to	ethanol	production	and	use
	 •	Number	of	refueling	stations	supplying	E85
	 •	Fuel	formulation
	 •	Upstream	petroleum	supply
	 •	Major	product	pipelines	for	crude	and	gasoline
    • Downstream petroleum refining and marketing
STATUS	2007	also	includes	charts	and	maps	illustrating	the	nation’s:
	 •	Ethanol	production	facilities:	operational	and	under	construction	
	 •	Licensed	drivers
	 •	Crop	density	for	corn,	sorghum,	wheat,	and	soybean	feedstocks
	 •	Major	railway	lines	and	petroleum	pipelines
	 •	Fuel	taxes	and	E85	stations
	 •	Ethanol	consumption,	standards,	incentives,	and	labeling	requirements
	 •	And	more!	

The data contained in this reference guide will be updated on an annual basis.


Methodology
This	reference	guide	is	based	upon	research	conducted	by	the	American	Coalition	for	Ethanol	(ACE)	
from	numerous	sources,	including	ACE’s	general	knowledge	of	the	U.S.	ethanol	industry	and	laws	and	
regulations	applicable	to	ethanol	production	and	use,	Internet	document	searches,	and	petroleum	data	
from	the	United	States	Department	of	Energy’s	Energy	Information	Administration	(EIA).	Phone	calls	
were	made	to	a	wide	variety	of	sources	within	the	petroleum,	agriculture,	and	ethanol	industries,	and	in	
many instances phone calls and e-mail correspondence were conducted with state government officials.


                                                                                                   i        s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
Disclaimer
	 To	the	best	of	our	knowledge,	the	information	contained	in	this	reference	guide	is	accurate	and	
timely	as	of	April	2007,	but	we	do	not	make	any	warranty	or	assume	any	legal	liability	for	the	accuracy	
of	the	information.


About ACE                 TX
	 The	American	Coalition	for	Ethanol	(ACE)	is	the	grassroots	voice	of	the	ethanol	industry.	Formed	
in	1988,	ACE	unites	and	represents	all	facets	of	the	industry—ethanol	producers,	farmers,	investors,	
agriculture	and	commodity	organizations,	industry	suppliers,	and	other	supportive	groups	and	
individuals.

	 ACE	promotes	the	increased	production	and	use	of	ethanol	through	efforts	to	educate	consumers	and	
the media, develop new markets, and enact beneficial legislation at the state and federal levels.

Mission Statement
ACE	is	organized	to	promote	and	expand	the	development	of	the	ethanol	industry,	and:
	 •	To	reduce	America’s	dependence	on	foreign	oil	imports
	 •	To	provide	a	value-added	alternative	for	farm	products
  • To create public awareness for the uses and benefits of ethanol, at the same time dispelling fears
    and	erroneous	product	information
    T
	 •		 o	support	legislative	efforts	to	promote	ethanol	usage	and	to	do	other	things	necessary	or	
    expedient	for	the	promotion	and	increased	usage	of	ethanol.

Membership Benefits
Ethanol Today                                                                                                                     “The Grassroots Voice of
	 Ethanol	Today,	published	monthly	for	members	of	the	American	Coalition	for	Ethanol,	is	the	newest,	
most	dynamic	magazine	covering	the	ethanol	industry.	Widely	circulated	among	ethanol	producers,	                                   the Ethanol Industry”
investors,	industry	suppliers,	and	policymakers,	the	magazine	highlights	the	people	and	events	that	are	
leading	ethanol	today.

Ethanol Conference and Trade Show
	 Each	year,	the	ethanol	industry	comes	together	for	the	ACE	Annual	Conference	and	Trade	Show.	
This	year’s	20th	anniversary	event	will	be	held	August	7-9,	2007	in	St.	Paul,	Minnesota.	The	ethanol	
conference	features	addresses	by	industry	leaders	and	national	policymakers,	break-out	sessions	                                ACE represen
                                                                                                                                              ts nearly
examining	key	ethanol	issues,	and	opportunities	to	network	with	the	trade	show’s	exhibitors.                                    2000 membe
                                                                                                                                              rs in the
Legislative Leadership                                                                                                          United State
	 ACE	is	a	strong,	respected	voice	in	Washington,	D.C.,	working	to	ensure	ethanol	is	entrusted	with	                                         s and 15
a	leading	role	in	our	nation’s	energy	security	and	independence.	ACE’s	extensive	grassroots	network	                                 countries.
also allows the organization to fight at the local level for favorable tax treatment, fair labeling laws,
and beneficial producer incentives. ACE membership is an effective mechanism to ensure your voice is
heard	from	the	statehouse	to	the	nation’s	Capitol.

Ethanol Promotion and Education
	 ACE	is	a	leading	and	reliable	authority	on	the	ethanol	industry	and	works	tirelessly	to	educate	
consumers, policymakers, and petroleum marketers about the benefits of ethanol. Through the
organization’s	website	(www.ethanol.org),	publications,	presentations,	meetings,	and	its	staff	and	
leadership,	ACE	is	a	key	industry	resource.		



                                                                                            ii              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
ACE Staff
Executive Vice President – Brian Jennings
bjennings@ethanol.org

Vice President /Market Development – Ron Lamberty
rvlamberty@ethanol.org

Communications Director – Kristin Brekke
kbrekke@ethanol.org

Member Services Director – Shannon Gustafson
sgustafson@ethanol.org

Outreach Coordinator – Lacey Rose Horkey
lrhorkey@ethanol.org

Executive Assistant – Karen McCarty
kmccarty@ethanol.org

Legislative Counsel – Eric Washburn




                                                                                                                                                                          rkey
                                                                                                                                                             Lacey Rose Ho

                                                                                                                                             shannon Gu stafson

                                                                                                                                 kristin brekke
                                                    eric Washburn   Ron Lamberty         karen McCarty          brian Jennings




                                                                                   iii                   s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
Table of Contents
Alabama	......................................................................................................................... 1             Oklahoma	....................................................................................................................... 43
Alaska	............................................................................................................................ 2                    .
                                                                                                                                                Oregon	........................................................................................................................... 44
           .
                                       TX
Arizona	.......................................................................................................................... 3
Arkansas	........................................................................................................................ 4
             .
                                                                                                                                                Pennsylvania	.................................................................................................................. 45
                                                                                                                                                Rhode	Island	.................................................................................................................. 46
California		...................................................................................................................... 5            South	Carolina	............................................................................................................... 47
             .
Colorado	........................................................................................................................ 7                                .
                                                                                                                                                South	Dakota	................................................................................................................. 49
Connecticut	.................................................................................................................... 8	             Tennessee	....................................................................................................................... 51
Delaware	........................................................................................................................ 9             Texas	.............................................................................................................................. 53
District	of	Columbia	...................................................................................................... 10                  Utah	................................................................................................................................ 55
Florida	............................................................................................................................ 11         Vermont	.......................................................................................................................... 56
           .
Georgia	 .......................................................................................................................... 12          Virginia........................................................................................................................... 57
Hawaii	............................................................................................................................ 13          Washington..................................................................................................................... 58
Idaho	.............................................................................................................................. 14                            .
                                                                                                                                                West	Virginia	 ................................................................................................................. 59
Illinois	............................................................................................................................ 15        Wisconsin	....................................................................................................................... 60
         .
Indiana	........................................................................................................................... 17          Wyoming	........................................................................................................................ 61
      .
Iowa	............................................................................................................................... 19         Major	Federal	Ethanol	Polices	....................................................................................... 62
Kansas	............................................................................................................................ 21                                          .
                                                                                                                                                How	Ethanol	is	Made	.................................................................................................... 63
Kentucky	........................................................................................................................ 23            U.S.	Ethanol	Facilities	in	Operation	Map	...................................................................... 65
Louisiana	........................................................................................................................ 24           U.S.	Ethanol	Facilities	Under	Construction	Map	.......................................................... 66
Maine	............................................................................................................................. 25          U.S.	Ethanol	Facilities	in	Operation	List	....................................................................... 67
Maryland	........................................................................................................................ 26            U.S.	Ethanol	Facilities	Under	Construction	List	........................................................... 68
Massachusetts	................................................................................................................ 27               Ethanol	Production	Incentives	Map	............................................................................... 69
Michigan	........................................................................................................................ 28                                                            .
                                                                                                                                                Renewable	Fuel	Standards	Map	.................................................................................... 70
               .
Minnesota	...................................................................................................................... 29             Retail	Pump	Incentives	Map	.......................................................................................... 71
Mississippi	..................................................................................................................... 31            State	Ethanol	Labeling	Requirements	Map	................................................................... 72
Missouri	......................................................................................................................... 32           Ethanol	Volume	Potential	Map	...................................................................................... 73
Montana	......................................................................................................................... 33            Retail	E85	Stations	Map	................................................................................................ 74
Nebraska	........................................................................................................................ 34            Licensed	Flex	Fuel	Vehicles	Map	.................................................................................. 75
Nevada	........................................................................................................................... 35                                           .
                                                                                                                                                Corn	Production	Map	.................................................................................................... 76
New	Hampshire	............................................................................................................. 36                  Wheat	Production	Map	.................................................................................................. 77
New	Jersey	..................................................................................................................... 37             Sorghum	Production	Map	.............................................................................................. 78
New	Mexico	................................................................................................................... 38                                              .
                                                                                                                                                Major	Railways	Map	..................................................................................................... 79
New	York	....................................................................................................................... 39             Major	Pipelines	Map	...................................................................................................... 80
North	Carolina	............................................................................................................... 40               Major Refineries Map	.................................................................................................... 81
                   .
North	Dakota	................................................................................................................. 41               Major Refineries List	..................................................................................................... 82
Ohio................................................................................................................................ 42


                                                                                                                                                Abbreviations:

                                                                                                                                                BCD — Barrels/Calendar Day
                                                                                                                                                BGY — Billion Gallons/Year
                                                                                                                                                MGY — Million Gallons/Year


                                                                                                                                           iv          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                           Alabama
                                                                      Population:        4,557,808 (2005)—ranked 23rd
                                                                 Licensed Drivers:       3,600,000 (2004)
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                         2.35 BGY (2005)
                                                                                         314 MGY (2004)                                                AL
                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       235 MGY (2005)

Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(18	AAC	53.007):
	 	          A
           *		 ny	dispenser	containing	gasoline	with	more	than	1	percent	by	volume	ethanol	shall	exhibit	
             labels	with	black	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	with	a	1/16”	stroke	on	a	contrasting	background.	
             The	label	shall	appear	on	both	sides	of	the	dispenser.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	        *	“contains	ethanol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline:		18	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
       J
	 -			 efferson	and	Shelby	counties,	located	in	the	Birmingham	metropolitan	area,	require	7.0	lb	RVP	
       gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15.		All	other	counties	sell	conventional	9.0	lb	RVP	
       gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.		Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	
       waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	11,880,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	53	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	17th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	22,000	BCD	(2005)—ranked	15th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	814	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	3	(2005)

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Hess,	Hunt,	Genesis,	Citronelle-Mobile,	Miller	
	 -		Product:	NuStar,	Colonial,	Plantation

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: Operable distillation capacity of 135,300 barrels/calendar day (BCD) (2006)
    - Goodway Refining, LLC (Atmore @ 4,100 BCD)
	 -		Gulf	Atlantic	Operations,	LLC	(Mobile	@	16,700	BCD)
    - Hunt Refining Co. (Tuscaloosa @ 34,500 BCD)
	 -		Shell	Chemical	LP	(Saraland	@	80,000	BCD)
•		Gasoline	Stations:	5,500	outlets	(2006)	or	about	3.3	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
                                                                                                    1           s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                              Alaska
                              AKTX                                                              Population:
                                                                                           Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                                               663,661 (2005)—ranked 47th
                                                                                                               480,000 (2004)
                                                                                     Gasoline Consumption:     300 MGY (2005)
                                                                         Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     32 MGY (2004)
                                                                               Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   30 MGY (2005)


                                                                                                               Transportation
                                                                                                               •	Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                               	 -		Crude	Oil:	Alyeska,	Cook	Inlet,	Kenai,	Kuparuk,	Milne	Point

                                                                                                               Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                               • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 373,500 BCD (2006)
                                                                                                               	 -		BP	Exploration,	Inc.	(Prudhoe	Bay	@	12,500	BCD)
Ethanol Profile                                                                                                	 -		ConocoPhillips	Alaska,	Inc.	(Kuparuk	@	14,000	BCD)
                                                                                                               	 -		Petro	Star,	Inc.	(North	Pole	@17,000	BCD)
•		Labeling	Laws
                                                                                                               	 -		Petro	Star,	Inc.	(Valdez	@	48,000	BCD)
	 -		Label	Requirements:
                                                                                                               	 -		Tesoro	Petroleum	Corp.	(Kenai	@	72,000	BCD)
	 	           A
              	
           *			 	label	must	appear	on	the	upper	2/3	of	the	dispenser	in	a	location	conspicuous	to	the	
                                                                                                               	 -		Flint	Hills	Resources	Alaska,	LLC.	(North	Pole	@	210,000	BCD)
              consumer.	The	label	must	contrast	with	the	dispenser	and	its	lettering	must	contrast	with	its	
                                                                                                               •		Gasoline	Stations:	460	outlets	(2005)	or	about	0.3	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
              background.	It	must	appear	in	20	point	bolded	font.	
	 -		Label	Phrasing:	
	 	           	
              “
           *			 The	gasoline	from	this	pump	is	oxygenated	and	will	reduce	carbon	monoxide	pollution	
              from	motor	vehicles.	The	gasoline	is	oxygenated	with	ethanol	and	contains	no	more	than			
              10	percent	ethanol	by	volume.	Its	oxygen	content	is	not	less	than	2	percent	by	weight.”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(AS	43.40.010)
	 	           E
           *			 10	receives	a	tax	exemption	at	the	pump	when	sold	in	areas	of	the	state	required	to	comply	
              with	state	or	federal	carbon	monoxide	air	quality	standards.
•		Fuel	Taxes	
	 -		Gasoline:		8	cents/gallon
	 -		E10:		2	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	throughout	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	
      1	lb.	RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                      Ethanol Plants in Operation
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	4,327	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	2nd—20	percent	                                Plant                                 City               State Capacity (MGY)
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	864,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	2nd—17	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	2,766	(2005)                                                                       Panhandle energies                    dumas                tX             30
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	9	(2005)


                                                                                                       2           s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                Arizona
                                                                      Population:         5,939,292 (2005)—ranked 17th
                                                                 Licensed Drivers:
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                          3,800,000 (2004)
                                                                                          2.45 BGY (2005)                                                             AZ
                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          137 MGY (2004)
                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        245 MGY (2005)

                                                                                                                                                              Pinal Energy, LLC
                                                                                                                                                                  Maricopa


Ethanol Profile
•	Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Arizona	Revised	Statutes	R20-2-709):
	 	           T
           *			 he	state	requires	that	fuels	containing	ethanol	or	fuels	blended	with	at	least	1.5	percent	
              oxygen	display	the	type	of	oxygenate	and	percentage	on	the	upper	60	percent	of	each	face	of	
              each	fuel	dispenser.		The	labels	must	exhibit	black	or	white	block	letters	no	less	than	1/4”	in	
              height	on	a	sharply	contrasted	background.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:	
	 	        *		contains	up	to	10	percent	ethanol
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	6
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		18	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      A
	 -			 ccording	to	the	EPA,	a	cleaner	burning	summer	gasoline	will	be	used	in	Maricopa	County	from	
      May	1	to	September	30,	while	a	cleaner	burning	non-summer	gasoline	will	be	used	October	1	
      through	April	30.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	3,060,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	55	MGY

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	137	BPD	(2005)—ranked	30th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	19	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Kinder	Morgan                                                                                      Ethanol Plants in Operation
                                                                                                                 Plant                         City       Capacity (MGY)
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                                 Pinal energy, LLC             Maricopa           55
• Refineries: 0
•		Gasoline	Stations:	2,190	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1.3	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                                      3                  s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                       Arkansas  Population:     2,779,154 (2005)—ranked 32nd
                                                                                            Licensed Drivers:    1,900,000 (2004)
                         AR                                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                          Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                                                 1.35 BGY (2005)
                                                                                                                 0 (2004)
                                                                                Potential Ethanol Use in E10:    135 MGY (2005)




                                                                                                                 Transportation
                                                                                                                 •	Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                                 -	 Crude	Oil:	Mobil,	Lion,	Mid-Valley
                                                                                                                 -	 Product:	Sun,	TEPPCO,	Razorback
Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
                                                                                                                 Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 -		Label	Requirements:                                                                                         • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 76,800 BCD (2005)
	 	       *			 ccording	to	the	Arkansas	State	Plant	Board,	if	the	fuel’s	oxygen	content	is	equal	to	or	
             A                                                                                                       - Cross Oil Refining & Marketing, Inc. (Smackover @ 6,800 BCD)
             exceeds	1.5	percent,	a	label	must	be	located	on	the	upper	50	percent	of	the	dispenser’s	            	 -		Lion	Oil	Co.	(El	Dorado	@	70,000	BCD)
             front	panel	in	a	position	clear	and	conspicuous	to	the	driver.		The	label’s	lettering	must	be	      •		Gasoline	Stations:	3,300	outlets	(2005)	or	about	2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
             at	least	1/2”	in	height	with	a	stroke	of	at	least	1/16”	inch.	(At	the	time	of	publication,	state	
             legislation	was	pending	concerning	this	regulation.)
	 -		Label	Phrasing:	
	 	       *		“contains”	or	“may	contain	up	to	10	percent	ethanol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	2
•		Proposed	Ethanol	Legislation
	 -		(House	Bill	1379)
	 	          H
          *			 ouse	Bill	1379,	the	Alternative	Fuels	Development	Act,	is	pending	having	been	adopted	by	
             the	House	of	Representatives	in	February	2007.		HB	1379	would	provide	up	to	$2	million	
             annually	in	incentives	for	biofuel	producers	and	up	to	$50,000	per	year	per	location	for	
             biofuel	distributors.		The	legislation	recognizes	ethanol	and	biodiesel	as	eligible	biofuels.
•		Fuel	Tax	
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		21.5	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	May	1	through	September	15	ozone	season.	Ethanol	
      blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	26,280,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                        Ethanol Plants in Operation
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	51	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	19th—Less	than	1	percent	
                                                                                                                   Plant                                 City               State Capacity (MGY)
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	17,000	BPD	(2005)—ranked	16th—Less	than	1	percent	
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	6,236	(2005)                                                                         Panhandle energies                    dumas                tX             30
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	9	(2005)


                                                                                                        4            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                               California
                                                                                                                          Population:    36,132,147 (2005)—ranked 1st
                                                                                                                     Licensed Drivers:   22,700,000 (2004)
                                                                                                               Gasoline Consumption:     15.9 BGY (2005)
                                                                                                   Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     15.8 BGY (2004)
                                                                                                         Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   1.59 BGY (2005




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Business	and	Professions	Code:	Section	13480):
	 	           F
           *			 or	gasoline-oxygenate	motor	fuel,	a	label	must	be	conspicuously	displayed	on	the	device	
              stating	the	ratio	of	gasoline-oxygenate	blend	to	motor	oil	with	letters	at	least	1/2”	inch	in	
              height	and	1/16”	wide.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Executive	Orders	Supporting	Biofuels
	 	        *			 n	executive	order	issued	by	the	governor	on	April	25,	2006,	requires	California	to	produce	
              A
                                                                                                               Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
              a	minimum	of	25	percent	of	its	own	biofuels	by	2010	and	40	percent	by	2020.	                     •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	3,376	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	3rd—16	percent
	 	        *			 n	January	2007,	the	governor	issued	an	executive	order	to	establish	a	Low	Carbon	Fuel	
              I                                                                                                •		Crude	Oil	Production:	631,000	BPD	(2005)—ranked	3rd—12	percent
              Standard	for	all	transportation	fuels	sold	in	the	state,	with	an	initial	goal	of	reducing	the	   •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	44,007	(2005)
              carbon	content	of	motor	fuel	vehicles	used	in	California	by	10	percent	by	2020.		                •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	27	(2005)
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		18	cents/gallon                                                             Transportation
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                           •	Major	Pipelines
    - The RVP flat limit is 7.0 lbs. Cap limits for RVP range from 6.4 lbs to 7.2 lbs. The RVP time                   -	 Crude	Oil:	All	American,	Chevron,	Four	Corners,	Mobil,	Shell,	Texaco,	
      frames	for	the	South	Coast	Air	Basin,	Ventura	County,	San	Diego	Air	Basin,	Mojave	Desert	Air	                      Unocal,	ARCO
      Basin,	and	Salton	Sea	Air	Basin	is	April	1	through	October	31.		The	time	frame	for	the	Great	Basin	             -	 Product:	Calnev,	Shell,	Kinder	Morgan
      Valley	Air	Basin	is	May	1	to	September	30.		The	time	frame	for	the	San	Francisco	Air	Basin,	San	
      Joaquin	Air	Basin,	Sacramento	Valley	Air	Basin,	Mountain	Counties	Air	Basin,	and	Lake	Tahoe	
      Air	Basin	is	May	1	through	October	31	while	the	time	frame	for	the	Lake	County	Air	Basin,	
      Northeast	Plateau	Air	Basin,	and	North	Coast	Air	Basin	is	June	1	through	September	30.		A	June	
      1	through	October	31	time	frame	applies	to	the	South	Central	Coast	Air	Basin,	excluding	Ventura	
      County,	and	the	North	Central	Coast	Air	Basin.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	
      waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	18,150,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	69	MGY



                                                                                                    5               s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
    CA                                                                                                                   California
        Pacific Ethanol, Inc.
          Port of stockton



                                Pacific Ethanol
                                   Madera




                                          Phoenix Biofuels
                                              Goshen




                                                                U.S. Liquids                                                   Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                                               • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 2,005,008 BCD (2006)
                                                             Rancho Cucamonga



                                                                                                                               	 -		Tenby,	Inc.	(Oxnard	@	2,800	BCD)
                                                                                Golden Cheese
                                                                                Company of California
                                                                                Corona
                                                               BlueFire
                                                             Ethanol, Inc.                                                         - Valero Refining, Co. California (Wilmington @ 6,200 BCD)
                                                                                                                               	 -		Lunday	Thagard	(South	Gate	@	8,500	BCD)
                                                                Irvine



                                                                                                                               	 -		Greka	Energy	(Santa	Maria	@	0	BCD)	*9,500	BCD	idle	on	1/1/06
                                                                                                                               	 -		Edgington	Oil,	Co.	(Long	Beach	@	14,000	BCD)
                                                                                                                                   - San Joaquin Refining Co., Inc. (Bakersfield @ 15,000 BCD)
                                                                                                                                   - Kern Oil & Refining (Bakersfield @ 26,000 BCD)
                                                                                                                               	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Arroyo	Grand	@	44,200	BCD)
                                                                                                                               	 -		Paramount	Petroleum	Corp.	(Paramount	@	50,000	BCD)
Ethanol Plants in Operation                                                                                                        - Big West of California (Bakersfield @ 66,000 BCD)
                                                                                                                                   - Shell Oil Products US (Bakersfield @ 66,000 BCD)
Plant                                                           City                                    Capacity (MGY)         	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Rodeo	@	76,000	BCD)
Golden Cheese Company                                           Corona                                        5                	 -		Ultramar,	Inc.	(Wilmington	@	80,887	BCD)
                                                                                                                               	 -		Shell	Oil	Products	US	(Wilmington	@	98,500	BCD)
Pacific ethanol                                                 Madera                                        35
                                                                                                                               	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Wilmington	@	139,000	BCD)
Parallel Products                                               Rancho Cucamonga                              4                    - Valero Refining, Co. California (Benicia @ 144,000 BCD)
                                                                                                                                   - ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co. (Torrance @ 149,500 BCD)
Phoenix biofuels                                                Goshen                                        25
                                                                                                                               	 -		Shell	Oil	Products	US	(Martinez	@	155,600	BCD)
                                                                                                                                   - Tesoro Refining & Marketing (Martinez @ 166,000 BCD)
Plants Under Construction                                                                                                      	 -		Chevron	USA,	Inc.	(Richmond	@	242,901	BCD)
                                                                                                                               	 -		BP	West	Coast	Products	LLC	(Los	Angeles	@	260,000	BCD)
Plant                                                           City                                    Capacity (MGY)         	 -		Chevron	USA,	Inc.	(El	Segundo	@	260,000	BCD)
blueFire ethanol, Inc.                                          Irvine                                        24               •		Gasoline	Stations:	9,857	outlets	(2006)	or	about	5.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total

Pacific ethanol, Inc.                                           Port of stockton                              50




                                                                                                                           6             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                    Colorado
                                                                                                                                                           Front Range Energy
                                                                                                                                                                 Windsor
                                                                                                                                                                                Sterling Ethanol
                                                                                                                                                                                     sterling



                                                                                                                                                          Merrick/Coors
                                                                                                                                                             Golden
                                                                                                                                                                                      Yuma Ethanol, LLC
                                                                                                                                                                                           yuma

                                                               Population:         4,665,117 (2005)—ranked 22nd
                                                          Licensed Drivers:        3,200,000 (2004)
                                                    Gasoline Consumption:
                                        Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                   2.15 BGY (2005)
                                                                                   840 MGY (2004)                                                     CO
                                              Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        215 MGY (2005)

Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	and	Phrasing—(8-20-211.5):
	 	           A
           *			 ll	dispensers	containing	at	least	2	percent	alcohol	blends	must	be	clearly	labeled	indicating	
              the	presence	of	alcohol.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	16
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Infrastructure	Assistance
           * In January 2007, the Colorado Office of Energy Management and Conservation (OEMC)
              announced	the	availability	of	funding	assistance	for	E85	infrastructure.		The	OEMC	will	
              provide partial funding (not to exceed $15,000) to qualified applicants or a maximum of
              75	percent	of	the	after-tax	incentive	project	costs,	whichever	is	less.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		22	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	has	a	voluntary	7.8	lb	RVP	program	in	the	Denver	and	surrounding	metropolitan	areas.	
      Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	134,160,000	bushels	(2006)	
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	85	MGY

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	225	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	11th—1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	63,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	11th—1	percent                                     Ethanol Plants in Operation
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	6,862	(2005)
                                                                                                                 Plant                    City         Capacity (MGY)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	74	(2005)
                                                                                                                 Front Range energy       Windsor                  40
Transportation                                                                                                   Merrick/Coors            Golden                     3
•	Major	Pipelines                                                                                                sterling ethanol         sterling                 42
	 -		Crude	Oil:	BP,	Conoco,	Unocal,	Ultramar	Diamond	Shamrock
	 -		Product:	Chase,	NuStar,	Phillips,	Sinclair,	Ultramar	Diamond	Shamrock
                                                                                                                 Plants Under Construction
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                              Plant                    City         Capacity (MGY)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 94,000 BCD (2006)
	 -		Suncor	Energy	(USA)	Inc.	(Denver	@	32,000	BCD)	                                                             yuma ethanol, LLC        yuma                     50
	 -		Suncor	Energy	(USA)	Inc.	(Commerce	City	@	62,000	BCD)	
•		Gasoline	Stations:	2,300	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1.4	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
                                                                                                      7            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                             Connecticut
                                   CT                                                                            Population:
                                                                                                            Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                                      Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                                                                  3,510,297 (2005)—ranked 29th
                                                                                                                                  2,700,000 (2004)
                                                                                                                                  1.6 BGY (2005)
                                                                                          Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:       1.6 BGY (2004)
                                                                                                Potential Ethanol Use in E10:     160 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Connecticut	General	Statutes	16a-15):
	 	          A
          *			 	label	is	required	on	the	upper	50	percent	of	the	dispenser	if	the	fuel’s	ethanol	content	is	equal	to	or	
             exceeds	1	percent.		The	label	must	appear	on	the	front	skirt	of	each	gasoline	dispenser	in	lettering	1/2”	
             in	height	and	with	a	1/16”	stroke.		It	must	be	clear	and	conspicuous	to	the	driver.
•		Label	Phrasing:
	 -		“contains”	ethanol
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		25	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state’s	RVP	is	lower	in	the	summer	due	to	RFG.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Buckeye	

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: 0
•		Gasoline	Stations:	1,475	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.9	percent	of	nation’s	total




                                                                                                        8                  s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                      Delaware
                                                                  Population:         843,534 (2005)—ranked 45th
                                                             Licensed Drivers:        530,000 (2004)
                                                       Gasoline Consumption:          430 MGY (2005)
                                           Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          0 (2004)
                                                 Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        43 MGY (2005)



Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws	(Title	30,	Chapter	51	Promulgated	Regulations	B	3)
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	        *			 he	state	requires	retail	locations	to	clearly	label	dispensers	containing	fuel	blends	of	nine	
              T
                                                                                                                                                                   DE
              parts	unleaded	gasoline	and	one	part	ethanol	on	the	upper	50	percent	of	each	fuel	dispenser	
              in	a	clear	and	conspicuous	location.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	        *		“with	10%	ethanol”
	 	        *		“gasohol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		23	cent/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
       K
	 -			 ent,	New	Castle,	and	Sussex	counties	are	low	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer	as	required	under	
       the	RFG	program.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	23,345,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Motiva


Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 181,500 BCD (2006)
    - Premcore Refining Group, Inc. (Delaware City @ 181,500 BCD)
•		Gasoline	Stations:	384	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                                      9            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                    Panhandle Energies
                         dumas




                                                            District of Columbia                          Population:    550,521 (2005)—ranked 50th
                                                                                                     Licensed Drivers:   350,000 (2004)

                                         DC
                                                                                               Gasoline Consumption:     100 MGY (2005)
                                                                                   Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     0 (2004)
                                                                                         Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   10 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		20	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	entire	district	has	a	lower	RVP	during	the	summer	as	a	result	of	the	RFG	
      program.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:			0

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines:	0

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: 0                                                                                                  Ethanol Plants in Operation
•		Gasoline	Stations:	121	outlets	(2006)	or	less	than	0.1	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
                                                                                                                 Plant                          City         State Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                 Panhandle energies             dumas         tX          30



                                                                                                    10             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                 Florida
                                                     Population:         17,789,864 (2005)—ranked 4th
                                                Licensed Drivers:        13,100,000 (2004)
                                          Gasoline Consumption:          8.61 BGY (2005)
                              Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          0 (2004)
                                    Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        860 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                                                                        FL
Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(5F-2.003):	
	 	           F
           *			 uel	containing	ethanol	must	be	labeled	to	identify	the	amount.	The	label	must	
              appear	on	the	upper	50	percent	of	the	dispenser	in	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	
              with	a	1/16”	stroke.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	        *		“contains	10%	or	less	ethanol”	or	“1-10%	ethanol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	7
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Grant	Assistance—(2006	Florida	Energy	Act):
	 	           T
           *			 hrough	the	2006	Florida	Energy	Act,	grant	funds	were	provided	for	several	
              ethanol	projects,	including;	$2.5	million	for	a	proposed	citrus-waste-based	
              biorefinery, $2.5 million for a project proposing to use biomass to co-produce
              ethanol	and	electricity,	$2.5	million	to	refurbish	a	shuttered	ethanol	facility,	
              and	$990,000	to	determine	the	technical	feasibility	of	using	Florida	sugarcane	
              waste	as	a	feedstock	for	ethanol	production.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		15.3	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
       B
	 -			 roward,	Dade,	Duval,	Hillsborough,	Palm	Beach,	and	Pinellas	counties	sell	7.8	RVP	
       gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15.		All	other	counties	sell	9.0	RVP	gasoline	
       during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	2,460,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Estimated	Total	Sugar	Cane	Production:	13,500,000	tons	(2006)
                                                                                                       Transportation
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                            •	Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                       	 -		Crude	Oil:	Genesis,	Sunniland
•	Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	68	million	barrels	(2003)—ranked	16th—Less	than	1	percent                 	 -		Product:	Everglades,	Central	Florida
•	Crude	Oil	Production:	8,000	barrels	per	day	(2004)—ranked	19th—Less	than	1	percent
•	Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	70	(2004)
•	Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	1	(2004)
                                                                                                       Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                       • Refineries: 0
                                                                                                       •	Gasoline	Stations:	9,215	outlets	(2005)	or	about	5.5	percent	of	the	nation’s	total	



                                                                                                  11                s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                   Panhandle Energies
                        dumas




                                                                                               Georgia Population:    9,072,576 (2005)—ranked 9th
                                                                                                  Licensed Drivers:   5,800,000 (2004)

                          GA                                                                Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                                                      4.63 BGY (2005)
                                                                                                                      0 (2004)
                                                                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   463 MGY (2005)


                                                                                                           Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                                                                                                           •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
                                                                                                           •		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
                                                                                                           •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
                                                                                                           •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Ethanol Profile                                                                                            Transportation
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                           •	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Rule	40-20-10.01G	Standards	for	Petroleum	Products):
                                                                                                           	 -	Product:	Colonial,	Plantation
	 	          I
          *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1.5	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	on	the	gasoline	
             dispenser	in	an	area	highly	visible	to	the	customer.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                       Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 	       *		“contains,”	“with,”	“with	up	to,”	or	“contains	up	to	__%	ethanol”	                            • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 0 BCD (2005)
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	5                                                                            - Citgo Asphalt Refining Co. (Savannah @ 0 BCD) *28,000 BCD idle on 1/1/04
•		Proposed	Ethanol	Legislation
                                                                                                           •		Gasoline	Stations:	7,685	outlets	(2006)	or	about	4.6	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
	 -		(HB	186)
	 	          T
          *			 he	governor	has	proposed	to	provide	a	4	percent	sales	tax	exemption	for	equipment	
             and	materials	used	to	construct	ethanol	production	facilities	until	the	commencement	of	
             production.		The	tax	exemption	would	apply	between	July	1,	2007	and	June	30,	2012.
	 -		(SB	157)
          * The proposed bill, approved by the Senate, provides state grants to finance the
             installation	and	conservation	of	E85	storage	and	dispensing	equipment	for	not	less	than	
             five consecutive years of retail sale. The Department of Community Affairs shall work
             with	the	Georgia	Environmental	Facilities	Authority	to	implement	the	program	and	
             disperse	available	funds.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		15.2	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 hroughout	the	state,	43	counties	require	7.0	lb	RVP	from	June	1	through	September	15	and	
      require	low	sulfur	gasoline	year	round.		These	include:	Banks,	Borrow,	Bartow,	Butts,	Carroll,	
      Chattooga,	Cherokee,	Clarke,	Clayton,	Cobb,	Coweta,	Dawson,	Dekalb,	Douglas,	Fayette,	
      Floyd,	Fordon,	Forsyth,	Fulton,	Gwinnett,	Hall,	Haralson,	Henry,	Heard,	Jackson,	Jasper,	
      Jones,	Lamar,	Lumpkin,	Madison,	Meriwether,	Monroe,	Morgan,	Newton,	Oconee,	Paulding,	
      Pickens,	Pike,	Polk,	Putnam,	Rockdale,	Spalding	Troup	Upson,	and	Walton.	All	counties	
      require	low-sulfur	gasoline	with	an	annual	average	of	30	ppm	and	a	per	gal	cap	of	150	ppm.		
      The	cap	during	the	summer	is	80	ppm.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	25,200,000	bushels	(2006)

                                                                                                   12          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                              Hawaii
                                                               Population:         1,275,194 (2005)—ranked 42nd
                                                          Licensed Drivers:        840,000 (2004)
                                                    Gasoline Consumption:          460 MGY (2005)
                                        Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          0 (2004)

                                                                                                                                                                                            HI
                                              Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        46 MGY (2005)


Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Hawaii	Administrative	Rules,	Chapter	4-94-2):
	 	          I
          *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	in	the	upper	50	percent	of	
             the	dispenser.		The	label	must	exhibit	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	with	a	1/16”	stroke.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	       *		“with”	or	“containing”	ethanol
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Use	Standard—(H.S.	15.35.3)
	 	          I
          *			 n	April	2006,	Hawaii’s	ethanol	mandate	went	into	effect,	requiring	at	least	85	percent	of	
             gasoline sold in the state to contain at least 10 percent ethanol. However, due to insufficient
             production	capabilities,	the	mandate	is	not	being	enforced.		The	law	requires	that,	if	
             ethanol production is sufficient to meet demand, all gasoline must be blended with at least
             10	percent	ethanol.		
	 -		Production	Tax	Credit—(H.S.	235-110.3)
          * For each qualified ethanol production facility, the annual dollar amount of a tax credit
             during	an	eight	year	period	shall	equal	30	percent	of	its	nameplate	capacity	if	the	nameplate	
             capacity	exceed	500,000	gallons	per	year	but	is	less	than	15	MGY	(the	equivalent	to
             30	cents	per	gallon	of	ethanol	produced).	A	qualifying	ethanol	facility	must	be	in	production	
             on	or	before	January	1,	2012	and	operate	at	a	level	of	at	least	75	percent	of	nameplate	
             capacity	on	an	annual	basis.	Once	the	statewide	ethanol	capacity	reaches	or	exceeds	
             40	MGY,	credits	will	not	be	allowed	for	new	ethanol	facilities.	Total	amounts	of	credits	
             shall	not	exceed	$12	million	per	year.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		16	cents/gallon
                                                                                                                 Transportation
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                             •	Major	Pipelines:	0
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	
      RVP	waiver.                                                                                                Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
•		Estimated	Total	Sugar	Cane	Production:	1,700,000	tons	(2006)                                                  • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 147,500 BCD (2006)
                                                                                                                 	 -		Chevron	U.S.A.		Inc.	(Honolulu	@	54,000	BCD)
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                      	 -		Tesoro	Hawaii	Corp.	(Ewa	Beach	@	93,500	BCD)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0	                                                                                 •		Gasoline	Stations:	328	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0
                                                                                                     13               s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
               Panhandle Energies
                    dumas




                                                                                                      Idaho
                                                                                                     Population:        1,429,096 (2005)—ranked 39th
                                                                                                Licensed Drivers:       940,000 (2004)
                                                                                          Gasoline Consumption:         670 MGY (2005)
                                                                              Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:         0 (2004)
                                                                                    Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       67 MGY (2005)




                                                                                                                 Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                          ID                                                                                     •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
                                                                                                                 •		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
                                                                                                                 •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:		0	
                                                                                                                 •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

                                                                                                                 Transportation
Ethanol Profile                                                                                                  •		Major	Pipelines
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                                 	 -		Product:	Chevron,	Yellowstone
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Idaho	Administrative	Procedures	Act	02.02.14.350):
	 	          I
          *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	in	the	upper	50	percent	of	
             the	dispenser.	The	label	must	exhibit	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	with	a	1/16”	stroke.
                                                                                                                 Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 -		Label	Phrasing:	                                                                                            • Refineries: 0
          * suggests “with” or “containing” (or similar wording) to identify specific oxygenate                  •		Gasoline	Stations:	847	outlets	(2005)	or	about	0.5	percent	of	nation’s	total
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(I.S.	63-2407)
	 	          E
          *			 10	receives	a	2.5	cent	per	gallon	exemption	from	the	state’s	excise	tax	on	gasoline.		The	
             state’s	gas	tax	is	25	cents	per	gallon	while	the	state’s	E10	tax	is	22.5	cents	per	gallon.
	 -		Ethanol	Infrastructures	Assistance
	 	          H
          *			 150	offers	a	50/50	matching	grant	program	for	fuel	retailers	investing	in	biofuels	
             infrastructure. Through H316, the program received $690,000 for fiscal year 2008
             (beginning	July	1,	2007).	Additional	funding	will	be	provided	next	year	for	the	remaining	
             four	years.		The	bill	sunsets	on	July	1,	2012.
•		Proposed	Ethanol	Legislation
	 -		(H177)
	 	          H
          *			 177	provides	a	6	percent	investment	tax	credit	for	fuel	retailers	and	wholesalers	investing	
             in	biofuels	infrastructure,	including	the	cleaning	of	existing	fuel	storage	tanks.	The	bill	
             sunsets	on	January	1,	2011.	
•		Fuel	Taxes	                                                                                                   Ethanol Plants in Operation
	 -		Gasoline:		25	cents/gallon
	 -		E10:		22.5	cents/gallon                                                                                     Plant                                 City               State Capacity (MGY)
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                             Panhandle energies                    dumas                tX             30
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	during	the	summer	season.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	
      RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	11,050,000	bushels	(2006)
                                                                                                    14             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                Illinois
                                                                                    Population:        12,763,371 (2005)—ranked 5th
                                                                               Licensed Drivers:       8,100,000 (2004)
                                                                         Gasoline Consumption:         5.15 BGY (2005)
                                                             Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:         4.2 BGY (2004)
                                                                   Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       515 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(815	ILCS	370/4	from	Chapter	5,	Paragraph	1704.1):
	 	         	
           *		If	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	identify	the	maximum	percent	to	the	nearest	whole	number.		
            Such	labeling	must	be	positioned	within	the	top	30	percent	of	the	height	of	the	dispenser	and	exhibit	contrasting	colors	
            with	block	letters	at	least	1/2	”	in	height	and	1/4”	in	width.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	149
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Grant	Assistance
	 	           A
           *			 	$15	million	grant	fund	is	available	for	the	construction	or	expansion	of	ethanol	or	biodiesel	plants.
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(35	ILCS	505	Motor	Fuels	Tax)
	 	           B
           *			 eginning	July	1,	2003,	a	2	percent	sales	tax	exemption	is	allowed	for	proceeds	from	the	sales	of	E10,	E85,	and	
              biodiesel.	The	tax	applies	to	80	percent	of	the	proceeds	from	sales	of	E10.		No	tax	applies	to	sales	of	E85.	Tax	
              exemptions	expire	on	December	31,	2013.
•		Sales	Tax	Rates	for	Fuels:	
	 -		Gasoline:		6.25	percent	
	 -		E10:		4.25	percent
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		19	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	following	counties	use	lower	RVP	gasoline	during	summer	as	a	function	of	RFG:	Cook,	DuPage,	Grundy,	Kane,	Kendall,	
      Lake,	McHenry,	and	Will.		In	Madison,	Monroe,	and	St.	Clair	counties,	7.2	RVP	conventional	gasoline	is	required	from	June	1	
      through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	1,817,450,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	at	least	317	MGY—ranked	2nd




                                                                         15                 s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                               Illinois
                                         Adkins Energy, LLC
                                         Lena



                                 Illinois River Energy
                                        Rochelle

                                            Marquis Energy, LLC
                        ADM                     Hennepin
          Patriot       Peoria
        Renewable
        Fuels, LLC                 MGP Ingredients, Inc.
         annawan                          Pekin

                            Aventine
                            Renewable Energy, Inc.
                            Pekin
                                             ADM
                                            decatur




                        IL
                                 LincolnLand Agri-Energy, LLC
                                          Robinson
                     Central Ethanol, LLC
                           sauget


                Central Illinois Energy

                                                                                                   Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                    Cooperative
                        sauget


                                                                                                   •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	92	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	14th—1	percent
                                                                                                   •		Crude	Oil	Production:	28,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	14th—1	percent
                                                                                                   •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	16,426	(2005)
                                                                                                   •		Rotary	Rigs	in	Operation:	0	

Ethanol Plants in Operation                                                                        Transportation
                                                                                                   •		Major	Pipelines
Plant                                                             City       Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                   	 -		Crude	Oil:	BP	Amoco,	Exxon/Mobil,	Lakehead
adkins energy, LLC                                                Lena             43                   P
                                                                                                   	 -			 roduct:	Badger,	Transmontaigne,	TEPPCO,	TEXACO,	Phillips,	BP	Amoco,	
archer daniels Midland                                            Peoria           *                    Explorer,	Shell,	Marathon,	West	Shore,	Magellan

archer daniels Midland                                            decatur          *
                                                                                                   Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
aventine Renewable energy, Inc. Pekin                                             100              • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 903,500 BCD (2006)
Illinois River energy                                             Rochelle         50                  - PDV Midwest Refining LLC (Lemont @ 167,000 BCD)
                                                                                                   	 -		Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC	(Robinson	@	192,000	BCD)
LincolnLand agri-energy                                           Robinson         48                  - ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co. (Joliet @ 238,500 BCD)
MGP Ingredients, Inc.                                             Pekin            76              	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Wood	River	@	306,00	BCD)
                                                                                                   •		Gasoline	Stations:	5,100	outlets	(2005)	or	about	3	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
	   *	Production	capacity	not	available.



Plants Under Construction
Plant                                                             City       Capacity (MGY)
Central ethanol, LLC                                              sauget           54
Central Illinois energy Cooperative sauget                                         37
Marquis energy, LLC                                               Hennepin        100
Patriot Renewable Fuels, LLC                                      annawan         100



                                                                                              16              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                             Indiana
                                                                                                  Population:           6,271,973 (2005)—ranked 15th
                                                                                             Licensed Drivers:          4,500,000 (2004)
                                                                                       Gasoline Consumption:            3 BGY (2005)
                                                                           Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:            1.5 BGY (2004)
                                                                                 Potential Ethanol Use in E10:          300 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:		80	
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Tax	Credit—(Indiana	Code	6-3.1-28)
	 	           A
           *			 	tax	credit	of	12.5	cents	per	gallon	is	available	for	ethanol	production	from	any	ethanol	facility	that	produces	at	least	40	MGY,	
              or,	after	December	31,	2005,	increases	ethanol	production	by	at	least	40	MGY.	Total	credit	per	facility	may	not	exceed	$3	million	
              for	all	taxable	years,	but	may	be	increased	to	not	exceed	$5	million	for	all	taxable	years	with	approval	from	the	Indiana	economic	
              development	corporation.
	 -		Proposed	Comprehensive	Renewable	Fuel	Standard—(House	Bill	1646)
	 	           P
           *			 ending	House	Bill	1646	would	establish	a	comprehensive	renewable	fuels	standard	to	ensure	ethanol	and	biodiesel	comprise	
              15	percent	of	the	state’s	fuel	use	in	2015	by	providing	tax	credits	to	retailers	to	purchase	and	sell	renewable	fuels.	The	House	
              of	Representatives	unanimously	adopted	HB	1646	in	February	2007.	The	pending	bill	extends	the	current	retailer’s	sales	tax	
              collection	discount	for	E85	sales	through	2020.	Currently,	that	discount	is	calculated	10	cents	per	gallon	of	E85	sold	by	a	retailer,	
              and	under	the	bill	would	remain	so	through	2011.	The	next	year,	the	deduction	would	begin	phasing	down	by	1	cent	per	gallon	
              each	year	until	it	expires	after	2020.	The	bill	has	passed	the	House	and	is	currently	pending	in	the	Senate.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		18	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       T
	 -			 wo	counties	in	the	Louisville	metro	area—Clark	and	Floyd—sell	7.8	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15.		All	other	
       counties,	except	Lake	and	Porter	(the	Gary	metro	area),	sell	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	
       10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	844,660,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	162	MGY—ranked	9th	




                                                                                       17                  s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                      Indiana
                               New Energy Corp.
                               south bend


              Iroquois
        Bio-Energy Company
             Rensselaer

                          The Andersons
                          Clymers Ethanol
                          Clymers

                                Central Indiana
                                  Ethanol, LLC
                                         Marion
                                                   POET Biorefining
               AS Alliances     POET Biorefining      Portland
               Biofuels, LLC          alexandria
               Linden
                                                    Cardinal Ethanol
                                                       Winchester




                             IN
                                             Grain Processing Corp.
                                             Washington




                                                                                                     Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                                                                                                     •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	11	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	23rd—Less	than	1	percent
                                                                                                     •		Crude	Oil	Production:	5,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	23rd—Less	than	1	percent
                                                                                                     •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	5,375	(2005)
                                                                                                     •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0
Ethanol Plants in Operation
Plant                                                                  City         Capacity (MGY)   Transportation
Iroquois bio-energy Company                                            Rensselaer         40         •		Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                     	 -		Crude	Oil:	Buckeye,	Marathon,	ARCO
new energy Corp.                                                       south bend        102         	 -		Product:	Buckeye,	Explorer,	Marathon,	Phillips,	Texaco,	TEPPCO,	Wolverine
Grain Processing Corp.                                                 Washington         20
                                                                                                     Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
Plants Under Construction                                                                            • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 433,000 BCD (2006)
                                                                                                     	 -		Countrymark	Cooperative,	Inc.	(Mount	Vernon	@	23,000	BCD)
Plant                                                                  City         Capacity (MGY)   	 -		BP	Products	North	America,	Inc.	(Whiting	@	410,000	BCD)
the andersons Clymers ethanol                                          Clymers           110         •		Gasoline	Stations:	1,684	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1	percent	of	nation’s	total

asalliance biofuels, LLC                                               Linden            100
Cardinal ethanol                                                       Winchester        100
Central Indiana ethanol, LLC                                           Marion             40
Poet biorefining–alexandria                                            alexandria         60
Poet biorefining–Portland                                              Portland          120




                                                                                                       18               s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                                  Iowa
                                                                                                              Population:    2,966,334 (2005)—ranked 30th
                                                                                                         Licensed Drivers:   2,000,000 (2004)
                                                                                                   Gasoline Consumption:     1.6 BGY (2005)
                                                                                       Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     1.2 BGY (2004)
                                                                                             Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   160 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                              	   -		E85	Promotion	Tax	Credit
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Administrative	Rule	21-85.48):                                                       	   	         T
                                                                                                                         *			 he	law	also	establishes	a	new	tax	incentive	to	encourage	E85	distribution	
	 	       *			 f	fuels	contain	more	than	1	percent	ethanol,	the	state	requires	that	a	dispenser	label	be	
             I                                                                                                              at	the	retail	level,	providing	retail	fuel	dealers	a	tax	credit	of	25	cents	per	
             placed	in	a	location	conspicuous	to	the	driver.	Pump	decals	are	available	in	1.25”	x	4”	                       gallon	for	E85	sales	in	calendar	years	2006	through	2008,	decreasing	in	
             and	2”	x	6”	sizes.                                                                                             value	to	20	cents	per	gallon	for	calendar	years	2009	and	2010,	and	declining	
•		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                                          thereafter	by	1	cent	per	year	to	1	cent	per	gallon	in	calendar	year	2020,	after	
	 -		“Cleaner	air	for	Iowa	with	ethanol”                                                                                    which	the	E85	tax	credit	expires.		Retail	fuel	dealers	are	able	to	claim	both	
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	60                                                                                        the	Ethanol	Promotion	Tax	Credit	and	the	E85	Promotion	Tax	Credit.
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                                R
                                                                                                              	 -			 enewable	Fuel	Infrastructure	Program	for	Retail	Fuel	Sites	(Iowa	Code	15.401)
	 -		Comprehensive	Renewable	Fuels	Act                                                                                   * The law provides financial incentives to retail fuel dealers distributing
	 	       *			 	comprehensive	law	enacted	in	2006	establishes	a	goal	to	have	renewable	fuels	replace	
             A                                                                                                              E85	or	biodiesel	blends	not	to	exceed	50	percent	of	the	actual	cost	of	the	
             25	percent	of	all	gasoline	use	by	January	1,	2020.	It	provides	incentives	for	infrastructure	                  infrastructure	or	$30,000,	(whichever	is	less).	The	program	is	subject	to	
             to	store	and	dispense	renewable	fuels,	and	provides	tax	credits	for	renewable	fuel	                            funding	limitations.
             distribution.                                                                                    	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(Iowa	Code	452A.3)
      R
	 -			 enewable	Fuels	Standard	(RFS)                                                                          	 	           T
                                                                                                                         *			 he	E85	and	E10	tax	throughout	Iowa	is	19	cents	per	gallon,	while	gasoline	
	 	       *			 nder	the	law,	10	percent	of	the	state’s	transportation	fuel	must	be	of	renewable	content	
             U                                                                                                              is	taxed	at	a	rate	of	20.3	cents	per	gallon.		Furthermore,	Iowa	Code	422.11C	
             (ethanol	and	biodiesel)	beginning	in	2009,	and	the	percentage	shall	increase	annually	                         provides	a	tax	credit	to	retail	outlets	at	which	more	than	60	percent	of	
             until	25	percent	of	the	state’s	fuel	is	renewable	by	2020.		                                                   the	total	gallons	of	gasoline	sold	are	blended	with	ethanol.	Once	retailers	
	 -			 ax	Credits	for	Ethanol	Use	Tied	to	RFS
      T                                                                                                                     exceed	the	60	percent	level,	they	are	eligible	for	a	tax	credit	of	2.5	cents	
	 	       *			 he	law	also	provides	incentives	for	retail	fuel	dealers	(petroleum	marketers),	including	
             T                                                                                                              per	gallon	for	every	additional	gallon	of	ethanol	blended	gasoline	sold	from	
             a	new	Ethanol	Promotion	Tax	Credit	for	every	gallon	of	ethanol	blended	with	gasoline	                          2002	to	2007.
             at	the	retail	level	(which	replaces	the	existing	renewable	fuel	income	tax	credit	in	2009).		    •		Fuel	Taxes
             The	Ethanol	Promotion	Tax	Credit	is	conditional	based	on	a	retailer’s	compliance	with	           	 -		Gasoline:	21	cents/gallon	
             the	RFS.		The	value	of	the	tax	credit	increases	from	2.5	cents	per	gallon	for	retailers	         	 -		E10:		19	cents/gallon
             within	4	percent	of	complying	with	RFS	schedule	up	to	6.5	cents	per	gallon	for	retailers	        •		Fuel	Formulations
             meeting	or	exceeding	the	RFS	schedule.		                                                                T
                                                                                                              	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of													
                                                                                                                     10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
                                                                                                              •		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	2,050,100,000	bushels	(2006)
                                                                                                              •		Total	Ethanol	Production:	1.42	BGY—ranked	1st



                                                                                                     19            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                  Superior Ethanol, LLC                                        Absolute Energy, LLC
                                        Superior,                                                   St. Ansgar

Siouxland Energy POET Biorefining
   & Livestock
   Cooperative
   Sioux Center
                 Ashton         VeraSun Energy
                                    Hartley
                                       US Bio
                                                       Global Ethanol
                                                           Lakota
                                                                               POET Biorefining
                                                                                  Hanlontown
                                                                                                                VeraSun Energy
                                                                                                                  Charles City
                                                                                                                                                                   Ethanol Plants in Operation
    Plymouth
                                     Albert City
                                     Albert City                                               Golden Grain Energy                                                 Plant                                       City             Capacity (MGY)
     Energy POET Biorefining                                    Corn, LP
                                                                                               Mason City                Hawkeye
                                                                                                                                                                   amaizing energy                             denison               55
      Merrill       Emmetsburg                                                                                           Renewables, LLC
                                                                Goldfield                                                Fairbank
          Little Sioux Corn                                                                          Pine Lake Corn Processors, LLC    US Bio Dyersville
           Processors, LLC
                     Marcus
                                                  POET
                                            Biorefining                     VeraSun
                                                                                                     Steamboat Rock                    Dyersville                  archer daniels Midland                      Cedar Rapids           *
                                                 Jewell                     Energy                         Hawkeye Renewables, LLC
                                         Quad
                                                                            Fort Dodge                     Iowa Falls                                              archer daniels Midland                      Clinton                *
                                   County Corn                                                                              Permeate Refining
                                    Processors
                                         Galva
                                                      POET     Tate & Lyle
                                                   Biorefining Fort Dodge                                      ADM
                                                                                                                            Hopkinton
                                                                                                                                    Penford Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                   big River Resources, LLC                    West burlington       52
                     Amaizing                        Gowrie            Lincolnway Energy                       Cedar Rapids         Cedar Rapids
                      Energy
                      Denison
                                                                             Nevada
                                                                                                                     Tama Ethanol, LLC
                                                                                                                                                                   Cargill                                     eddyville             35
                                                           Dexter                                                    Tama
                                       POET Biorefining Ethanol, LLC                        US BioEnergy/Big River
                                                                                                    Resources, LLC
                                                                                                                                                     ADM
                                                                                                                                                    Clinton
                                                                                                                                                                   Corn, LP                                    Goldfield             50
                                         Coon Rapids       Dexter




                                              IA
                                                                                                          Grinnell
                                                                                Xethanol
                                                                                                                                                                   Global ethanol                              Lakota                90
                                                                              BioFuels, LLC                   Grain Processing Corp.
                       Southwest Iowa
                      Renewable Energy
                                                                               Blairstown                                 Muscatine                                Golden Grain energy                         Mason City            50
                        Council Bluffs

                                                             POET
                                                                                                                                                                   Grain Processing Corp.                      Muscatine             20
                                                          Biorefining                     Cargill                         Big River
                              Green Plains
                              Renewable Energy, Inc.
                                                            Corning                      Eddyville                  Resources, LLC                                 Hawkeye Renewables, LLC                     Fairbank              100
                              Shenandoah                                                                            West Burlington
                                                                                                                                                                   Hawkeye Renewables, LLC                     Iowa Falls            100
                                                                                                                                                                   Lincolnway energy                           nevada                50
                                                                                                                                                                   Little sioux Corn Processors                Marcus                50
                                                                                                                                                                   Permeate Refining                           Hopkinton              2
                                                                                                                                                                   Pine Lake Corn Processors                   steamboat Rock        20
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–ashton                     ashton                55
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–Coon Rapids                Coon Rapids           49
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–Corning                    Corning               60
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–emmetsburg                 emmetsburg            52
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–Gowrie                     Gowrie                60
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–Hanlontown                 Hanlontown            55
                                                                                                                                                                   Poet biorefining–Jewell                     Jewell                60
     Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                                                                   Quad County Corn Processors                 Galva                 27
     •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0                                                                                                                               siouxland energy & Livestock                sioux Center          22
     •		Crude	Oil	Production:	0                                                                                                                                    Usbio albert City                           albert City           100
     •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	                                                                                                                              Verasun energy                              Charles City          110
     •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	1	(2004)                                                                                                                          Verasun Fort dodge                          Fort dodge            110
                                                                                                                                                                   Xethanol bioFuels LLC                       blairstown             6
     Transportation                                                                                                                                                	    *	Production	capacity	not	available.
     •		Major	Pipelines                                                                                                                                            Plants Under Construction
     	 -		Crude	Oil:	Magellan,		Koch
                                                                                                                                                                   Plant                                       City             Capacity (MGY)
     	 -		Product:	Magellan,		Heartland,		BP	Amoco,	NuStar
                                                                                                                                                                   absolute energy, LLC                        st. ansgar            100
                                                                                                                                                                   dexter ethanol, LLC                         dexter                100
     Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                                                                           Green Plains Renewable energy               shenandoah            50
     • Refineries: 0                                                                                                                                               Penford Corporation                         Cedar Rapids          40
     •		Gasoline	Stations:	2,658	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1.6	percent	of	the	nation’s	total                                                                         Plymouth energy                             Merrill               50
                                                                                                                                                                   southwest Iowa Renewable energy (sIRe)      Council bluffs        110
                                                                                                                                                                   superior ethanol, LLC                       superior              50
                                                                                                                                                                   tama ethanol, LLC                           tama                  100
                                                                                                                                                                   tate & Lyle                                 Fort dodge            100
                                                                                                                                                                   Us bio dyersville                           dyersville            100
                                                                                                                                                                   Us bio energy/ big River Resources, LLC     Grinnell              100
                                                                                                                                                                   Verasun energy                              Hartley               110



                                                                                                                                                              20       s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                        Kansas
                                                                                             Population:        2,688,418 (2005)—ranked 33rd
                                                                                        Licensed Drivers:       2,000,000 (2004)
                                                                                  Gasoline Consumption:         1.4 BGY (2005)
                                                                      Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:         432 MGY (2004)
                                                                            Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       140 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	19
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Credit—(K.S.A.	79-34,	163)
	 	           E
           *			 thanol	producers	that	began	production	before	July	1,	2001	were	eligible	to	receive	5	cents	per	gallon	for	ethanol	sold	
              during	2002,	2003,	and	2004.	If	an	ethanol	producer	was	in	production	prior	to	July	1,	2001	and	increased	production	
              capacity	by	5	MGY,	7.5	cents	per	gallon	may	be	collected	for	each	gallon	of	ethanol	sold	to	a	blender	that	is	in	excess	of	
              the	ethanol	producer’s	base	sales	(up	to	15	MGY).	Ethanol	producers	beginning	production	after	July	1,	2001	and	have	sold	
              at	least	5	MGY	to	a	blender	may	receive	7.5	cents	for	each	gallon	sold	up	to	15	MGY.	
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(K.S.A.	79-34,141)
	 	           T
           *			 he	statute	reduces	the	motor	vehicle	tax	rate	on	E85	blends	by	7	cents	per	gallon	beginning	on	January	1,	2007.		The	tax	
              rate	on	E85	is	17	cents	per	gallon,	down	from	the	24	cents	per	gallon	on	regular	gasoline.		In	2020,	the	tax	rate	on	E85	will	
              be	11	cents	per	gallon.	
	 -		Proposed	Renewable	Fuels	Standard
	 	           S
           *			 enate	Bill	327	has	been	proposed	to	provide	a	package	of	tax	incentives	and	requirements	for	retailers	to	use	increasing	
              volumes	of	ethanol	and	biodiesel,	requiring	9	percent	of	the	state’s	motor	fuel	to	contain	renewable	fuels	beginning	in	
              2009,	increasing	to	a	25	percent	renewable	fuels	standard	by	2025.		SB	327	was	adopted	by	the	Senate	Taxation	Committee	
              in	March	2007,	and	is	pending	in	the	Senate.
•		Fuel	Taxes
	 -		Gasoline:		24	cents/gallon	
	 -		E10:		24	cents/gallon
	 -		E85:		17	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
       J
	 -			 ohnson	and	Wyandotte	counties	(the	Kansas	City	metro	area)	require	7.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15.	
       Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Milo/Grain	Sorghum	Production:	145,000,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	345,000,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	210.5	MGY—ranked	8th	




                                                                               21                 s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                                                                                 Kansas
        Western Plains Energy, LLC                Prairie Horizon Agri-Energy
                 Campus                           Phillipsburg
E Caruso, LLC
  Goodland



                                                                                                             MGP Ingredients, Inc.
     ESE Alchohol, Inc.                                                                                                  atchison
           Leoti                                                     U.S. Energy Partners, LLC




                                                  KS
                                                                              Russell


                      Reeve Agri-Energy
                         Garden City



                                                                                                                          East Kansas
                  Bonanza Bio-Energy, LLC                                                                               Agri-Energy, LLC
                       Garden City                                                                                           Garnett
                                                                                   Abengoa Bioenergy Corp.
                                                                                          Colwich
                                                             Gateway Ethanol
                                                                  Pratt


                            Arkalon Energy, LLC
                                  Liberal




                                                                                                                                                Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                                                                                                                                                   C
                                                                                                                                                •			 rude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	245	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	11th—1	percent
                                                                                                                                                •		Crude	Oil	Production:	93,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	9th—2	percent
                                                                                                                                                •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	40,446	(2005)
  Ethanol Plants in Operation                                                                                                                   •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	7	(2005)
  Plant                                                                City                            Capacity (MGY)
  abengoa bioenergy Corp.                                              Colwich                                     25                           Transportation
                                                                                                                                                •		Major	Pipelines
  east kansas agri-energy, LLC                                         Garnett                                     35                                 C
                                                                                                                                                	 -			 rude	Oil:	Farmland,	Kaw,	Texaco,	NuStar,	Arco,	Jayhawk,	Ultramar	
  ese alcohol, Inc.                                                    Leoti                                      1.5                                 Diamond	Shamrock,	Magellan
                                                                                                                                                    - Product: Chase, Heartland, Nu Star, Magellan, National Cooperative Refining,
  MGP Ingredients, Inc.                                                atchison                                    20                                 Conoco,	MAPCO,	Diesel,	Kansas	City,	Phillips
  Prairie Horizon agri-energy                                          Phillipsburg                                40
  Reeve agri-energy                                                    Garden City                                 12                           Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                                                                • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 299,200 BCD(2006)
  U.s. energy Partners, LLC                                            Russell                                     48                           	 -		NCRA	(McPherson	@	81,200	BCD)
  Western Plains energy, LLC                                           Campus                                      45                               - Frontier Refining & Marketing, Inc. (El Dorado @ 103,000 BCD)
                                                                                                                                                    - Coffeyville Resources Refining & Mkg (Coffeyville @ 112,000 BCD)
                                                                                                                                                •		Gasoline	Stations:	2,500	outlets	(2005)	or	about	1.5	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
  Plants Under Construction
  Plant                                                                City                            Capacity (MGY)
  arkalon energy, LLC                                                  Liberal                                   110
  bonanza bio-energy, LLC                                              Garden City                                 55
  e Caruso, LLC                                                        Goodland                                    20
  Gateway ethanol, LLC                                                 Pratt                                       55




                                                                                                                                           22                 s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                           Kentucky
                                                                                                                                                                                           KY
                                                       Population:        4,173,405 (2005)—ranked 26th
                                                  Licensed Drivers:       2,800,000 (2004)                                                                      Parallel Products
                                                                                                                                                                    Louisville
                                            Gasoline Consumption:         2.1 BGY (2005)
                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:         303 MGY (2004)                                                     Commonwealth
                                                                                                                                             Agri-Energy, LLC

                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       210 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                             Hopkinsville

                                                                                                                 BlueGrass Bio-Energy, LLC
                                                                                                                          Fulton




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	4	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		19.7	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	uses	low	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer	as	required	under	the	RFG	program.	
      Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Total	Corn	Production:	151,840,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	25.4	MGY

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	27	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	20th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	7,000	barrels	per	day		(2005)—ranked		21st—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	18,000	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	5	(2005)

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Farm	Bureau	Oil,	Mid-Valley,		Ashland
	 -		Product:	NuStar,	Ashland
                                                                                                         Ethanol Plants in Operation
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                      Plant                                                             City           Capacity (MGY)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 227,500 BCD (2006)
   - Somerset Refinery Inc. (Somerset @ 5,500 BCD)                                                       Commonwealth agri-energy, LLC                                     Hopkinsville         23
	 -		Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC	(Catlettsburg	@		222,000		BCD)                                           Parallel Products                                                 Louisville          2.4
	 -		Gasoline	Stations:	3,507	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.1	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
                                                                                                         Plants Under Construction
                                                                                                         Plant                                                             City           Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                         blueGrass bio-energy, LLC                                         Fulton               50



                                                                                              23          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                               Louisiana   Population:           4,523,628 (2005)—ranked 24th

               LA                                                                     Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                                                 3,200,000 (2004)
                                                                                                                 2.4 BGY (2005)
                                                                    Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:            2 MGY (2004)
                                                                          Potential Ethanol Use in E10:          240 MGY (2005)




                                                                                                                    Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                                                                                                                    •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	427	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	7th—2	percent
Ethanol Profile                                                                                                     •		Crude	Oil	Production:	207	thousand	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	4th—4	percent
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required                                                                                 •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	21,962	(2005)
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0                                                                                 •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	182	(2005)
•		Renewable	Fuels	Standard
	 -		(Louisiana	Revised	Statutes	(R.S.)	Title	3:4674)                                                               Transportation
	 	          S
          *			 igned	into	law	on	June	12,	2006,	the	state’s	renewable	fuels	act	calls	for	ethanol	to	
                                                                                                                    •		Major	Pipelines
             comprise	2	percent	by	volume	of	total	gasoline	sales	within	six	months	of	ethanol	
                                                                                                                         C
                                                                                                                    	 -			 rude	Oil:	Chevron,	BP,	Texaco,	Shell,	Exxon,	Scurloch-Permian,	Mid-Valley,	
             production	reaching	50	million	gallons	per	year	from	state-produced	feedstocks.		Biodiesel	                 Calumet,	Conoco,	Koch,	Unocal,	Department	of		Energy,	Locap	
             is	also	required	to	comprise	2	percent	by	volume	of	total	diesel	fuel	sales	within	six	months	              P
                                                                                                                    	 -			 roduct:		TEPPCO,	Colonial,	Chevron,	Shell,	Plantation,	Explorer,	Texaco,	
             of	biodiesel	production	reaching	10	million	gallons	per	year	from	state-produced	feedstocks.	   	           Collins,	BP
             Aviation	fuels	are	exempt	from	the	requirements.
       (
	 -			 Louisiana	R.S.	3:3751	and	3752,	Chapter	23-A	–	The	Louisiana	Renewable	Fuels	Production	
       Accountability	Act)                                                                                          Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 	       *			 n	July	7,	2006,	SB	454	was	signed	into	law,	placing	conditions	on	the	applicability	of	
             O                                                                                                      • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 2,533,883 BCD (2006)
             the	renewable	fuels	standard,	including	efforts	to	require	minimum	volumes	of	Louisiana-               	 -		Calumet	Lubricants	Co.	LP	(Princeton	@	8,300	BCD)
             grown	feedstocks	to	manufacture	ethanol	and	biodiesel,	and,	preventing	the	implementation	             	 -		Calumet	Lubricants	Co.	LP	(Cotton	Valley	@	13,020	BCD)
             of	the	ethanol	use	requirement	until	the	average	wholesale	price	of	Louisiana-produced	                    - Calcasieu Refining Co. (Lake Charles @ 30,000 BCD)
             ethanol	(including	the	value	of	the	federal	blenders’	credit)	is	equal	to	or	below	the	average	        	 -		Calumet	Shreveport.	LLC	(Shreveport	@	42,000	BCD)
             wholesale	price	of	regular	unleaded	gasoline	in	the	state	for	at	least	60	days.		The	law	                  - Placid Refining Co. (Port Allen @ 50,000 BCD)
             requires a three-member task force to meet and review wholesale price data. If they find               	 -		Shell	Chem	LP	(Saint	Rose	@	55,000		BCD)
                                                                                                                        - Valero Refining Co. Louisiana (Krotz Springs @ 80,000 BCD)
             ethanol	prices	more	expensive	than	wholesale	regular	gasoline	for	a	period	of	60	days,	the	
                                                                                                                    	 -		Murphy	Oil	U.S.A.	Inc.	(Meraux	@	0	BCD)	*120,000	BCD	idle	on	1/1/06
             renewable	fuels	mandate	would	not	be	enforced.
                                                                                                                        - Valero Saint Charles Refinery (Norco @ 185,003 BCD)
•		Fuel	Tax                                                                                                             - Chalmette Refining LLC (Chalmette @ 188,160 BCD)
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		20	cents/gallon	                                                                 	 -		Motiva		Enterprises	LLC	(Norco	@		226,500	BCD)
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                                	 -		Motiva	Enterprises	LLC	(Convent	@	235,000	BCD)
      T
	 -			 he	following	parishes	require	7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15:	Calcasieu,	              	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Westlake	@	239,400	BCD)
      Grant,	Jefferson,	Lafayette,	LaFourche,	Orleans,	Pointe	Coupee,	St.	Bernard,	St.	Charles,	St.	                	 -		Marathon	Ashland	Petroleum	Co.	LLC	(Garyville	@	245,000	BCD)
      James,	and	St.	Mary.		All	others	require	9.0	lb	RVP	from	May	through	September	15.	Ethanol	                   	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Belle	Chasse	@	0	BCD)	*247,000	BCD	idle	on	1/1/06
      blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.                                                              	 -		Citgo	Petroleum	Corp.	(Lake	Charles	@	429,500	BCD)
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	40,600,000	bushels	(2006)                                                           - ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co. (Baton Rouge @ 501,000 BCD)
•		Estimated	Total	Sugar	Cane	Production:	11,200,000	tons	(2006)                                                    •		Gasoline	Stations:	4,082	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.4	percent	of	the	nation’s	total



                                                                                                       24                s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                           Maine
                                                             Population:       1,321,505 (2005)—ranked 40th
                                                        Licensed Drivers:
                                                  Gasoline Consumption:
                                      Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                               980,000 (2004)
                                                                               750 MGY (2005)
                                                                               0 (2004)
                                                                                                                                                                               ME
                                            Potential Ethanol Use in E10:      75 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:                                                                                     Transportation
	 	       *		Any	ethanol-blended	fuel	must	be	labeled	at	the	retail	pump.                                    •	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                         	 -		Crude	Oil:	Portland
	 	       *		“contains	10%	ethanol”                                                                          	 -		Product:	Buckeye,	Exxon/Mobil
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Production	Tax	Credit—(Title	36,	Section	5219-X)
                                                                                                             Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 	       *			 eginning	on	or	after	January	1,	2004,	a	5	cent	per	gallon	tax	credit	is	allowed	for	the	
             B                                                                                               • Refineries: 0
             production	of	biofuels	(ethanol	and	biodiesel).	Any	unused	portion	of	the	tax	credit	may	be	    •	Gasoline	Stations:	1,036	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
             carried over for the succeeding five taxable years.
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel
	 	          A
          *			 n	excise	tax	is	levied	on	motor	fuels	at	a	rate	of	22	cents	per	gallon	on	gasoline	and	for	
             each	gallon	of	other	fuel	based	on	BTU	content	compared	to	gasoline.	E10	receives	a	tax	
             exemption	for	a	total	tax	of	approximately	19.6	cents	per	gallon.	
•		Fuel	Taxes
	 -		Gasoline:		22	cents/gallon	
	 -		Ethanol:		19.6	cents/gallon		
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	following	counties	require	a	7.8	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15:	
      Androscoggin,	Cumberland,	Kennebec,	Knox,	Lincoln,	Sagadohoc,	and	York.		All	other	counties	
      have	a	9.0	lb	RVP	requirement	during	the	summer.	By	state	law,	the	federal	l	lb.	RVP	waiver	is	not	
      allowed	in	the	Portland/Augusta	area.	

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0




                                                                                                  25              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                     MD                                                                   Maryland     Population:    5,600,388 (2005)—ranked 19th
                                                                                                                  Licensed Drivers:   3,600,000 (2004)
                                                                                                            Gasoline Consumption:     2.5 BGY (2005)
                                                                                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     3 MGY (2004)
                                                                                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   250 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	2
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Credit—(SB	740	in	2005—Ag	Code	10-1501-1507)
	 	           T
           *			 he	Maryland	governor	signed	a	law	in	2005	to	create	a	20	cent	per	gallon	producer	credit	
              for	ethanol	made	from	small	grains	(wheat,	rye,	triticale,	oats,	barley)	and	a	5	cent	per	gallon	
              credit	for	ethanol	made	from	other	agricultural	products	(i.e.	corn).	The	credit	applies	to	no	
              more	than	15	MGY	of	ethanol.		Furthermore,	at	least	10	MGY	of	the	total	accredited	must	be	
              from	small	grains.	A	total	credit	of	$3	million	is	available	for	ethanol	producers.	Payments	
              can	be	made	after	December	31,	2007,	and	the	program	sunsets	on	December	31,	2017.	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		23.5	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       C
	 -			 ounties	participating	in	the	RFG	program	use	lower	RVP	gasoline	in	the	summer	to	meet	VOC	
       standards	for	RFG.		All	others	use	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of									
       10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	60,350,000	bushels	(2006)	

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines	
	 -		Product:	Colonial

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: 0
•	Gasoline	Stations:	2,346	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1.4	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                                        26           s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                          Massachusetts                Population:         6,398,743 (2005)—ranked 13th                               MA
                                                  Licensed Drivers:        4,600,000 (2004)
                                            Gasoline Consumption:          2.8 BGY (2005)
                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          10 MGY (2003)
                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        280 MGY (2005)



Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Commonwealth	of	Massachusetts	202	CMR	2.06):
	 	          T
          *			 he	state	requires	that	all	retail	fuel	dispensers	containing	more	than	1	percent	alcohol	
             exhibit	labels	on	main	display	panels	that	state	the	fuel’s	maximum	ethanol	content.		Each	
             dispenser’s	yellow,	waterproof	label	must	be	5”	wide	and	6”	long	with	a	1/8”	black	border.	
             The	label’s	black	block	letters	must	be	1/2”	in	height	and	3/8”	wide	while	all	other	labels	
             may	be	1/4”	in	height	and	1/8”	wide.
•		Label	Phrasing:
	 -		“ALCOHOL	CONTENT”
	 -		“Ethanol	__%”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		21	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state’s	gasoline	has	a	lower	RVP	in	the	summer	to	meet	VOC	standards	under	the	RFG	
      program.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Exxon/Mobil,	Buckeye

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: 0
•	Gasoline	Stations:	2,700	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1.6	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                                  27        s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                        Michigan      Population:    10,120,860 (2005)—ranked 8th
                                                                                                                 Licensed Drivers:   7,100,000 (2004)
                                                                                                           Gasoline Consumption:     4.6 BGY (2005)
                                                                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     1.5 BGY (2003)
                                                                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   460 MGY (2005)

                                         MI
                                                                                                                                        Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                                                                                                                                           C
                                                                                                                                        •			 rude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	53	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	16th—Less	than	
                                                                            POET Biorefining
                                     US Bio Woodbury                             Caro
                                       Lake odessa

                                                                                                                                           1	percent
                                           The Andersons, Inc.                                                                             C
                                                                                                                                        •			 rude	Oil	Production:	16,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	18th—Less	than						
                                                                                                                                           1	percent
                                                 albion



                                                       Great Lakes Ethanol, LLC                                                         •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	4,200	(2005)
                                                                                                                                        •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	3	(2005)
                                                                 Riga




Ethanol Profile                                                                                                                         Transportation
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required                                                                                                     •		Major	Pipelines
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	38	                                                                                                   	 -		Crude	Oil:	Lakehead,	Shell,	Marathon
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                                                        P
                                                                                                                                        	 -			 roduct:	Buckeye,	Marathon,	Wolverine,	BP	Amoco,	Ultramar-Diamond		
	 -		Ethanol	Infrastructure	Assistance                                                                                                       Shamrock
	 	          H
          *			 B	5754	was	adopted	in	2006	to	amend	the	Michigan	Strategic	Fund	to	create	a	service	
             station	matching	grant	program	providing	incentives	to	service	stations	to	convert	existing	
             fuel	delivery	systems	and	create	new	fuel	delivery	systems	designed	to	provide	E85	and	
                                                                                                                                        Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
             biodiesel	blends.		A	grant	covering	75	percent	of	the	cost	to	convert	an	existing	delivery	                                • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 100,000 BCD (2006)
             system,	not	to	exceed	$3000,	is	provided	for	E85	and	biodiesel.		A	grant	covering	50	percent	                              	 -		Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC	(Detroit	@	100,000	BCD)
             of	the	cost	to	create	a	new	delivery	system,	not	to	exceed	$12,000	per	facility,	is	provided	                                   G
                                                                                                                                        	 -			 asoline	Stations:	5,078	outlets	(2006)	or	about	3	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
             for	E85	and	biodiesel.		If	grant	recipients	discontinue	the	sale	of	E85	or	biodiesel	within	
             three	years	of	receiving	grant	assistance,	they	must	repay	a	portion	of	the	grant.
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel
	 	          S
          *			 B	1074	was	enacted	in	2006,	reducing	statewide	gasoline	taxes	to	12	cents	per	gallon	for	
             E85	blends.		The	reduced	rate	remains	in	effect	for	10	years,	unless	determined	otherwise	by	                             Ethanol Plants in Operation
             the	Michigan	State	Department	of	Treasury.                                                                                Plant                                   City      Capacity (MGY)
•		Fuel	Taxes	
	 -		Gasoline:		19	cents/gallon                                                                                                        Global ethanol, LLC                     Riga              57
	 -		E10:		19	cents/gallon	                                                                                                            								-Formerly	Great	Lakes	Ethanol

	 -		E85:		12	cents/gallon	                                                                                                            the andersons, Inc.                     albion            55
•		Fuel	Formulations
	 -			 he	counties	that	require	7.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15	include	Lenawee,	
      T                                                                                                                                Poet biorefining–Caro                   Caro              50
      Livingston,	Macomb,	Monroe,	Oakland,	St.	Clair,	Washtenaw,	and	Wayne.		All	other	counties	                                       Us bio Woodbury                         Lake odessa       50
      require	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	
      receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•	 Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	289,120,000	bushels	(2006)
•	 Total	Ethanol	Production:	212	MGY—ranked	7th	

                                                                                                                         28               s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                               Minnesota       Population:         5,132,799 (2005)—ranked 21st
                                                                                          Licensed Drivers:        3,100,000 (2004)
                                                                                    Gasoline Consumption:          2.6 BGY (2005)
                                                                        Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          2.8 BGY (2004)
                                                                              Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        260 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	307	
•		Ethanol	Incentives	
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(MN	Statutes,	296	A.07)	
	 	           E
           *			 85	receives	a	5.8	cent	per	gallon	exemption	from	the	state’s	20	cent	excise	tax	on	gasoline.	E85	tax	rate	is	14.2	cents	
              per	gallon.	No	tax	exemption	for	E10.	
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive—(MN	Statutes,	Section	41	A.09)	
	 	           S
           *			 ubject	to	state	funding,	a	20	cent	per	gallon	incentive	is	available	to	ethanol	produced	at	eligible	facilities	that	began	
              production	on	or	before	June	30,	2000,	for	up	to	10	years.	Annual	payments	are	limited	to	$3	million	per	plant.			In	
              2003,	payments	were	temporarily	discontinued	and	reduced	to	13	cents	per	gallon.		No	payments	shall	be	made	for	
              ethanol	production	that	occurs	after	June	30,	2010.		
	 -		Ethanol	Use	Standard—(MN	Statutes	239.791	Oxygenated	Gasoline)	(SF4)	
	 	           S
           *			 ince	1997,	virtually	every	gallon	of	gasoline	must	contain	fuel	grade	ethanol	at	a	volume	of	not	less	than	10	percent.	
              Premium	gasoline	may	be	sold	without	ethanol	if	properly	labeled.	
	 	           I
           *			 n	2005,	the	law	was	amended	to	require	that	if	ethanol	does	not	comprise	at	least	20	percent	of	all	motor	fuels	
              consumed	in	Minnesota	by	December	31,	2010,	gasoline	blends	must	contain	fuel	grade	ethanol	at	a	volume	not	less	
              than	20	percent	by	August	30,	2013.	Implementation	of	this	provision	also	requires	the	state	to	petition	the	U.S.	EPA	
              certifying	that	E20	is	compatible	with	and	will	not	cause	increased	emissions	from	gasoline	engines.
•		Fuel	Taxes
	 -		Gasoline	and	E10:		20	cents/gallon
	 -		E85:		14.2	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      A
	 -			 ll	locations	sell	9.0	lb	RVP	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	1,102,850,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Estimated	Total	Sugar	Beet	Production:	11,900,000	tons	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	at	least	524.5	MGY—ranked	5th	




                                                                               29                  s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
       Otter Tail Ag
       Enterprises
        Fergus Falls
                             MN                                                                                      Minnesota
                                 Central Minnesota Ethanol
                                         Little Falls



                                    Land O’ Lakes
              DENCO                    Melrose
              Morris Chippewa Valley
        Granite Falls        Ethanol
        Energy, LLC          benson
        Granite Falls
                                  Minnesota Energy
                                      buffalo Lake
                         Bushmills
                          Ethanol                   Heartland
          ADM             atwater
         Marshall                                   Corn Products
                      POET Biorefining              Winthrop
                       bingham Lake                                 Al-Corn
         Heron Lake                  POET Biorefining
         BioEnergy                                              Clean Fuels
                                        Lake Crystal              Claremont
         Heron Lake
                                                      POET            POET Biorefining
                                 Corn Plus, LLP       Biorefining         Preston
 Agri-Energy, LLC                Winnebago            albert Lea
     Luverne
                    Buffalo Lake, LLC   US Bio Janesville
VeraSun Energy          Fairmont            Janesville
   Welcome




   Ethanol Plants in Operation
   Plant                                                                            City            Capacity (MGY)         Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
   agri-energy, LLC                                                                 Luverne               21               •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0	
   al-Corn Clean Fuels                                                              Claremont             35               •		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
   archer daniels Midland                                                           Marshall               *               •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
   bushmills ethanol, LLC                                                           atwater               40               •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0
   Central Minnesota ethanol                                                        Little Falls          21
   Chippewa Valley ethanol                                                          benson                45               Transportation
   Corn Plus, LLP                                                                   Winnebago             44               •	Major	Pipelines
   diversified energy Co. (denCo)                                                   Morris               21.5              	 -		Crude	Oil:	Lakehead,	Minnesota,	Portal,	Koch
   Granite Falls energy LLC                                                         Granite Falls         45               	 -		Product:	BP	Amoco,	Magellan
   Heartland Corn Products                                                          Winthrop              60
   Land o’Lakes                                                                     Melrose                3
   Minnesota energy                                                                 buffalo Lake          18
                                                                                                                           Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                                           • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 349,300 BCD (2006)
   Poet biorefining–Glenville east                                                  albert Lea            45
                                                                                                                           	 -		Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC	(Saint		Paul	@	70,000	BCD)
   Poet biorefining–bingham Lake                                                    bingham Lake          32
                                                                                                                           	 -		Flint	Hills	Resources	LP	(Saint	Paul		@	279,300	BCD)
   Poet biorefining–Lake Crystal                                                    Lake Crystal          52               •		Gasoline	stations:	3,656	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
   Poet biorefining–Preston                                                         Preston               42
   	          *	Production	capacity	not	available.

   Plants Under Construction
   Plant                                                                            City            Capacity (MGY)
   buffalo Lake energy, LLC                                                         Fairmont             115
   Heron Lake bioenergy                                                             Heron Lake            50
   otter tail ag enterprises                                                        Fergus Falls         57.5
   Us bio Janesville                                                                Janesville           100
   Verasun energy                                                                   Welcome              110



                                                                                                                      30              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                       Mississippi      Population:          2,921,088 (2005)—ranked 31st
                                                                   Licensed Drivers:
                                                             Gasoline Consumption:
                                                 Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                             1,900,000 (2004)
                                                                                             1.7 BGY (2005)
                                                                                             0 (2004)
                                                                                                                                                                             MS
                                                       Potential Ethanol Use in E10:         170 MGY (2005)



Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Miss.	Code	7555-22):
	 	           A
           *			 	label	with	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	1/16”	inch	stroke	is	required	for	all	fuels	containing	at	
              least	1	percent	ethanol.		The	label’s	lettering	must	create	a	contrast	with	its	background.
	 -		Label	Phrasing	(Miss.	Code	7555-9):	
	 	        *		“with”	or	“containing”	ethanol
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0                                                                                 Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                               • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 364,000 BCD (2006)
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive—(Miss.	Code	69-51-5)                                                                  - Hunt Southland Refining Co. (Lumberton @ 0 BCD) *5,800 BCD idle on 1/1/06
	 	        *			 ach	gallon	of	ethanol	produced	in	Mississippi	on	or	before	June	30,	2005,	or	for	10	years	
              E                                                                                                         - Hunt Southland Refining Co. (Sandersville @ 11,000 BCD)
              after	the	start	of	production,	whichever	is	later,	is	eligible	for	a	20	cent	per	gallon	payment.	         - Ergon Refining Inc. (Vicksburg @ 23,000 BCD)
              Payments may not exceed $37 million in a fiscal year. Total payments to a producer in                 	 -		Chevron	U.S.A.		Inc.		(Pascogoula		@	333,000	BCD)
                                                                                                                    •		Gasoline	stations:	3,559	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.1	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
              any fiscal year may not exceed $6 million. Hydrous (wet) ethanol produced in Mississippi
              is	eligible	for	a	payment	in	cents	per	gallon	calculated	by	a	formula	of	alcohol	purity	in	
              percent divided by five and rounded to the nearest cent per gallon, but not less than 11 cents
              per	gallon.	No	payments	shall	be	made	after	June	30,	2015.	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		18.4	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      A
	 -			 ll	counties	use	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a					
      1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	35,750,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	178	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	13th—1	percent	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	49,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	12th—1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	1,531	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	10	(2005)

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	EOTT	Energy,	Genesis,	Hunt,	Shell,	Mid-Valley,	Scurlock-Permian,	BP			
	 -		Product:	Colonial,	Plantation


                                                                                                        31              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                   Panhandle Energies
                                        dumas




                                                                                         Missouri
    Golden Triangle Energy
         Cooperative
             Craig


                                      POET Biorefining
                                          Macon



                                                         POET Biorefining
                                                            Laddonia
                    Mid-Missouri Energy
                        Malta bend
                                                                                                   Population:    5,800,310 (2005)—ranked 18th
                                                                                              Licensed Drivers:   4,000,000 (2004)

                                      MO                                                Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                            Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                  Potential Ethanol Use in E10:
                                                                                                                  3 BGY (2005)
                                                                                                                  1.2 BGY (2004)
                                                                                                                  300 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	67
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Use	Standard—(Revised	Statutes	Missouri	(RSMo)	Section	414.255)
	 	           H
           *			 B	1270	was	signed	into	law	in	2006	requiring	that	all	gasoline	sold	in	Missouri	by	January	
              1,	2008	contain	10	percent	ethanol	so	long	as	the	price	of	ethanol,	including	the	value	of	
              the	federal	blender’s	credit,	is	the	same	or	less	than	the	price	of	conventional	gasoline.		
              Exceptions	to	the	requirement	include	premium	gasoline	and	blends	of	ethanol	incorporated	             Transportation
              into	E85.                                                                                              •		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive—(Section	142.028)                                                                  	 -		Crude	Oil:	NuStar,	Koch,	Mobil,	Platte,	Shell,	Magellan	
	 	        *			 thanol	producers	that	are	at	least	51	percent	owned	by	Missouri	agricultural	producers	
              E                                                                                                           P
                                                                                                                     	 -			 roduct:	NuStar,	Conoco,	Explorer,	Heartland,	Kerr-McGee,	
              actively	engaged	in	agricultural	production	may	receive	a	20	cent	per	gallon	payment	for	                   Razorback,	Phillips,	TEPPCO,	Magellan
              the first 12.5 million gallons of ethanol produced and a 5 cent per gallon payment for the
              next	12.5	million	gallons	produced,	up	to	a	total	of	25	MGY.	The	incentive	program	applies	            Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              to the first five years of an ethanol plant’s operation and expires on December 31, 2015.              • Refineries: 0
•		Fuel	Tax                                                                                                          •		Gasoline	Stations:	4,312	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.6	of	the	nation’s	total
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		17.55	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	Kansas	City	metro	area	counties—Clay,	Jackson,	and	Platte—will	sell	7.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	
      during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	362,940,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	155	MGY—ranked	10th		
                                                                                                                   Ethanol Plants in Operation
                                                                                                                   Plant                                City         Capacity (MGY)
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                        Golden triangle energy               Craig                20
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent	(2004)
                                                                                                                   Mid-Missouri energy                  Malta bend           45
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	233	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	29th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	320	(2005)                                                                           Poet biorefining–Laddonia            Laddonia             45
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0                                                                                      Poet biorefining–Macon               Macon                45



                                                                                                     32              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                           Montana    Population:
                                                                 Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                          935,670 (2006)—ranked 44th
                                                                                          710,000 (2004)                                                       MT
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:          510 MGY (2005)
                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          19 MGY (2004)
                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        51 MGY (2005)

Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	           T
           *			 he	Missoula	County	area	must	comply	with	the	Winter	Oxy-Fuel	requirements.		
              Furthermore,	Montana	requires	pump	labels	for	ethanol-blended	fuels	offered	for	retail	sale	
              in that area. Montana law defines “gasohol” as gasoline containing 10 percent ethanol.
                                                                                                               Transportation
              Pump	labels	with	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	with	a	1/16”	stroke	are	required	for	fuels	          •		Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                                    C
                                                                                                               	 -			 rude	Oil:	Conoco,	Cenex,	Exxon,	Belle	Fourche,	Texaco,	Portal,	Wascana,	
              containing	at	least	1.5	percent	ethanol.		
                                                                                                                    NuStar,	Shell
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0                                                                            	 -		Product:	Cenex,	Conoco,	Yellowstone
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Credit—(MT	Code	15-70-522)
	 	        *			 thanol	producers	are	eligible	for	a	30	cent	per	gallon	tax	incentive	for	each	gallon	of	
              E                                                                                                Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              ethanol	that	is	entirely	produced	from	Montana	products	(agriculture	and	wood	products).	        • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 181,200 BCD (2005)
              To	become	eligible,	an	ethanol	producer	must	use	20	percent	of	Montana	products	to	                 - Montana Refining Co. (Great Falls @ 8,200 BCD)
              produce ethanol in the first year of operation, 25 percent in the second, and 35 percent in      	 -		Cenex	Harvest	States	Coop.	(Laurel	@	55,000	BCD)
              the	third.	In	following	years,	the	rate	increases	by	10	percent	each	year	until	the	ethanol	     	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Billings	@	58,000	BCD)
              producer	uses	at	least	65	percent	of	Montana	products	for	ethanol	production.	The	tax	              - ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co. (Billings @ 60,000 BCD)
              incentive is available to a facility for the first six years from the date the facility begins   •	 Gasoline	Stations:	900	outlets	(2005)	or	about	0.5	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
              production,	and	total	incentive	payments	may	not	exceed	$6	million	during	any	year.
        E
	 -				 thanol	Use	Standard—(MT	Code	82-15-121	Required	use	of	gasoline	blended	with	ethanol)	
        (SB293)
	 	           O
           *			 nce	the	Department	of	Transportation	has	determined	that	Montana	has	produced												
              40	million	gallons	of	ethanol	on	an	annualized	basis	for	at	least	3	months,	the	department	
              shall adopt standards and specifications pursuant to 82-15-103 that ensure that all gasoline
              sold	within	state	contains	10	percent	ethanol.	
•		Fuel	Tax	
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		27	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       M
	 -			 ontana	requires	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	statewide	during	the	summer	season.	Ethanol	blends	of						
       10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	2,628,000	bushels	(2006)


Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	364	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	9th—1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	90,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	10th—2	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	3,888	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	24	(2005)
                                                                                                    33             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                 Panhandle Energies
                                      dumas




                                                                                                                                                               Nebraska
                                                                     Holt County Ethanol, LLC
                                                                             o’neill
                                                                                                     Husker-Ag
                                                                                                 Processing, LLC
                                                            NEDAK Ethanol, LLC                         Plainview
                                                                                                                         Siouxland




     NE
                                                                atkinson                                               Ethanol, LLC
                                                                                                                            Jackson
                                                                                                                      Elkhorn Valley
                                                                                                AS Alliances             Ethanol
                                                                                                Biofuels, LLC             norfolk
                                                                                                   albion                              Cargill
                                                                         US Bio Ord
                                                                                                                                                                            Population:    1,758,787 (2005)—ranked 38th
                                                                            ord                                                         blair

                                                                                                               ADM

            Mid American Agri
                                 Midwest Renewable
                                    Energy, LLC
                                     sutherland
                                                            Abengoa Bioenergy           US Bio Platte Valley Columbus
                                                                                            Central City
                                                                                                                                                                       Licensed Drivers:   1,300,000 (2004)
                                                                   of Ravenna
       Products/Wheatland, LLC
                       Madrid
                                                Cornhusker Energy
                                                    Lexington, LLC
                                                                      Ravenna                                        Wahoo
                                                                                                                Ethanol, LLC
                                                                                                                                                                 Gasoline Consumption:     820 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                                     Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     370 MGY (2004)
                                                         Lexington                                                   Wahoo     E3 BioFuels, LLC
                                                                                  Biofuel Energy, LLC                                Mead
                                       KAAPA Ethanol, LLC                             Wood River                      Advanced BioEnergy

                       Trenton Agri
                                           Minden
                                                                 Chief Ethanol, Inc.       Nebraska Energy
                                                                                                                      Fairmont      E Energy Adams
                                                                                                                                         adams
                                                                                                                                                           Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   82 MGY (2005)
                      Products, LLC                                        Hastings            aurora
                            trenton       Horizon Ethanol, LLC                                                      Abengoa Bioenergy Corp.
                                          Cambridge                                         AGP                     york
                                                                                           Hastings        Altra Nebraska, LLC
                                                                                                           Carleton

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ethanol Plants in Operation
Ethanol Profile                                                                                                                                                                                      Plant                                       City           Capacity (MGY)
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                                                                                                                     abengoa bioenergy Corp.                     york              55
	 -		Label	Requirements:                                                                                                                                                                             aGP                                         Hastings          52
	 	           I
           *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1	percent	ethanol,	the	pump	must	be	clearly	labeled	on	the	face	of	                                                                                     archer daniels Midland                      Columbus*         60
              each	pump	dispenser	with	letters	1/2”	in	inch	in	height	and	with	1/16”	stroke.		                                                                                                       Cargill                                     blair             85
	 	           I
           *			 n	March	2007,	the	Unicameral	adopted	the	use	of	an	ethanol	labeling	law	that	requires	the	letter	                                                                                    Chief ethanol, Inc.                         Hastings          62
              “e”	to	promote	use	of	the	environmentally	friendly	fuel.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Cornhusker energy Lexington, LLC            Lexington         40
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	29		
                                                                                                                                                                                                     e3 biofuels                                 Mead              24
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Credit                                                                                                                                                                       Husker ag Processing, LLC                   Plainview         28
	 	           E
           *			 thanol	plants	meeting	a	minimum	production	requirement	by	June	30,	2004	are	currently	                                                                                               kaaPa ethanol, LLC                          Minden            40
              qualifying for credit of 18.5 cents per gallon for the first 15.625 million gallons of ethanol.                                                                                        Midwest Renewable energy, LLC               sutherland        22
              Qualifying	plants	can	earn	up	to	$2.8	million	per	year	for	up	to	eight	years	(total	of	$22.5	million	                                                                                  nebraska energy (aventine)                  aurora            45
              per	plant)	under	LB	536	(approved	by	the	Unicameral	in	2001	and	in	effect	until	June	30,	2012).	                                                                                       trenton agri-Products                       trenton           40
              The	June	30,	2004	deadline	is	the	last	of	three	phases	of	the	state’s	incentive	program.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Us bio Platte Valley                        Central City      40
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		28	cents/gallon                                                                                                                                                   	   *	Production	capacity	not	available.
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                                                                                                                 Plants Under Construction
      A
	 -			 ll	counties	sell	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Plant                                       City           Capacity (MGY)
      receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     abengoa bioenergy of Ravenna                Ravenna           88
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	1,178,000,000	bushels	(2006)	
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	at	least	533	MGY—ranked	3rd                                                                                                                                             advanced bioenergy                          Fairmont          100
                                                                                                                                                                                                     altra nebraska, LLC                         Carleton          110
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                                                                                                          asalliances biofuels, LLC                   albion            100
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	15	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	21st	–Less	than	1	percent                                                                                                             biofuel energy, LLC                         Wood River        100
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	7,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	22nd—Less	than	1	percent                                                                                                                e energy adams                              adams             50
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	1,172	(2005)                                                                                                                                                           elkhorn Valley ethanol                      norfolk           50
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	none                                                                                                                                                                     Holt County ethanol, LLC                    o’neill           100
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Horizon ethanol, LLC                        Cambridge         44
Transportation                                                                                                                                                                                       Mid american agri Products/Wheatland, LLC   Madrid            44
•		Major	Pipelines                                                                                                                                                                                   nedak ethanol, LLC                          atkinson          40
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Platte,	Unocal                                                                                                                                                                       siouxland ethanol, LLC                      Jackson           50
    - Product: NuStar, Magellan, Conoco, Heatland, National Cooperative Refining Association
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Us bio ord                                  ord               45
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Wahoo ethanol, LLC                          Wahoo             110
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: 0
•		Gasoline	Stations:	1,542	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total	                                                                                        34              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                NevadaPopulation:       2,414,807 (2005)—ranked 35th
                                                                 Licensed Drivers:
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                        1,600,000 (2004)
                                                                                        990 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                                      NV
                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:        466 MGY (2004)
                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:      99 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws	
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	          A
          *			 lthough	no	label	is	required	by	law,	the	state’s	weights	and	measures	department	
             recommends	pump	labels	for	Ethanol	blends.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	7
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:	24.805	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
      W
	 -			 ashoe	County	(Reno	metro	area)	requires	7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through							
      September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.


Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent	(2004)
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	1,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	26th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	70	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	2	(2005)


Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Calnev,	Kinder	Morgan


Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 2,000 BCD (2006)
    - Foreland Refining Corp. (Ely @ 2,000 BCD)
•		Gasoline	Stations:	1,094	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.7	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                                   35          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                    Panhandle Energies
                         dumas




                                                                  New Hampshire                  Population:    1,309,940 (2005)—ranked 41st
                                                                                            Licensed Drivers:   990,000 (2004)
                                                                                      Gasoline Consumption:     670 MGY (2005)
                                                                          Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     0 (2004)
                                                                                Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   67 MGY (2005)


               NH


Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	       *		Each	retail	dispenser	of	fuel	ethanol	shall	be	labeled	when	containing	ethanol.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	       *		“Ethanol	10	percent”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		19.625	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       T
	 	-			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	
       RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Portland
                                                                                                                 Ethanol Plants in Operation
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                              Plant                         City          State Capacity (MGY)
• Refineries: 0
                                                                                                                 Panhandle energies            dumas          tX          30
•		Gasoline	Stations:	800	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.5	percent	of	the	nation’s	total


                                                                                                     36            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                    New Jersey
                                                                     Population:
                                                                Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                      8,717,925 (2005)—ranked 10th
                                                                                      5,800,000 (2004)
                                                                                                                                                         NJ
                                                          Gasoline Consumption:       4.5 BGY (2005)
                                              Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:       12 MGY (2004)
                                                    Potential Ethanol Use in E10:     450 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0		
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		14.5	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	uses	a	lower	RVP	gasoline,	as	a	result	of	the	RFG	mandate.	In	non-RFG	ethanol	blends	
      of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	8,256,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Colonial,	Buckeye,	Sun

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 655,000 BCD (2006)
	 -		Amerada	Hess	Corp.	(Port	Reading	@	0	BCD*)	*downstream	capacity	only
    - Citgo Asphalt Refining Co. (Paulsboro @ 32,000 BCD)
	 -		Chevron	USA,	Inc.	(Perth	Amboy	@	80,000	BCD)
	 -		Sunoco	Inc.	(Westville	@	145,000	BCD)
    - Valero Refining Co. New Jersey (Paulsboro @ 160,000 BCD)
	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Linden	@	238,000	BCD)
•		Gasoline	Stations:	3,301	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                               37            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                             Abengoa Bioenergy Corp.
                                                                    New Mexico
                                           TX
                                    Portales

                                                                                        Population:        1,928,384 (2005)—ranked 36th
                  NM                                                               Licensed Drivers:
                                                                             Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                                           1,300,000 (2004)
                                                                                                           970 MGY (2005)
                                                                 Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:         65 MGY (2004)
                                                                       Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       97 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	           A
           *			 	label	is	required	if	the	fuel	contains	more	than	1	percent	ethanol.		The	label	must	appear	
              in	a	conspicuous	location	and	exhibit	letters	1/2”	in	height	with	an	appropriate	stroke	that	
              contrast	with	its	background.	
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	3	
•		Fuel	Tax                                                                                                     Transportation
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		18.875	cents/gallon	                                                         •		Major	Pipelines
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                                 C
                                                                                                                	 -			 rude	Oil:	Texas	New	Mexico,	Ciniza,	Kerr-Mcgee,	Arco,	Pactex,	All	American,	
	 -			 he	state	requires	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of							10	
      T                                                                                                              Navajo,	Mobil,	NuStar,	EOTT	Energy
      percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.                                                                            P
                                                                                                                	 -			 roduct:	ATA,	Support	Terminals	Oper	Ptnshp,	Loch,	Navajo,	DSE,	Kinder	Morgan
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	8,325,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	30	MGY                                                                             Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                                • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 112,600 BCD (2006)
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                        - Giant Industries Inc. (Bloomfield @ 16,800 BCD)
                                                                                                                	 -		Giant	Industries	Inc.	(Gallup	@	20,800	BCD)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	669	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	4th—3	percent
                                                                                                                   - Navajo Refining Co. (Artesia @ 75,000 BCD)
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	166	thousand	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	6th—3	percent	                              	 -		Gasoline	Stations:	1,478	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	28,579	(2005)	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	83	(2005)




                                                                                                                  Ethanol Plants in Operation
                                                                                                                  Plant                                City        Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                  abengoa bioenergy Corp.              Portales             30



                                                                                                      38            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                            New York   Population:          19,254,630 (2005)—ranked 3rd
                                                                  Licensed Drivers:
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                            11,300,000 (2004)
                                                                                            5.7 BGY (2005)                                                                    NY
                                           Ethanol Blended Gasoline Consumption:            3.9 BGY (2004)
                                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:         570 MGY (2005)



Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
       L
	 -			 abel	Requirements	(New	York	State	Weights	and	Measures	Regulations,	1	NYCRR,	Part	224.8):                   Transportation
	 	           A
           *			 	label	with	1/4”	block	letters	must	appear	on	the	upper	50	percent	of	fuel	dispensers	             •		Major	Pipelines
              containing	product	with	more	than	1	percent	ethanol.                                                 	 -		Crude	Oil:	Kiantone
•		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                                 	 -		Product:	Buckeye,	Sunoco
	 -		“Contains		_%	ethanol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0		
•		Ethanol	Incentives
                                                                                                                   Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                                                   • Refineries: 0
	 -		Cellulosic	Production	Grant	Assistance	
                                                                                                                   •		Gasoline	Stations:	7,050	outlets	(2006)	or	about	4.2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
	 	           N
           *			 ew	York	has	awarded	a	total	of	up	to	$25.2	million	to	two	companies	to	develop	and	
              construct	pilot	commercial	cellulosic	ethanol	facilities.
	 -		Ethanol	Infrastructure	Assistance
	 	           A
           *			 	$10	million	grant	program	assists	private	service	stations	in	installing	alternative	fuel	
              pumps	for	ethanol,	biodiesel,	or	compressed	natural	gas	(CNG).
	 	           A
           *			 	law	was	adopted	in	August	2006	which	prohibits	exclusivity	contracts	between	fuel	
              distributors and gasoline stations, providing flexibility to retailers to offer E85.
	 -Biofuel	Production	Tax	Credits
	 	           R
           *			 enewable	fuel	production	tax	credits	of	up	to	$2.5	million	annually	(per	project)	are	
              awarded	for	the	production	of	ethanol,	biodiesel,	and	other	renewable	fuels.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		24.6	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       S
	 -			 everal	counties	use	a	lower	RVP	gasoline	for	the	summer	season,	in	accordance	with	the	
       RFG	specs.		Other	locations	require	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of													
       10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	61,920,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent	(2004)
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	540	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	28th—Less	than	1	percent	
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	3,270	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	4	(2005)




                                                                                                       39               s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                    Panhandle Energies
                         dumas




                                                                      North Carolina             Population:    8,683,242 (2005)—ranked 11th
                                                                                            Licensed Drivers:   6,100,000 (2004)

                                         NC                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                          Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                                                4.2 BGY (2005)
                                                                                                                2 MGY (2004)
                                                                                Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   420 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	12
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:	30.15	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       D
	 -			 avidson,	Durham,	Forsyth,	Gaston,	Guilford,	Mecklenburg	and	Wake	counties,	as	well	as	
       portions	of	Davie	and	Granville	counties,	require	7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	
       September	15.		All	other	locations	require	9.0	lb	RVP	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of									
       10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	97,680,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Product:	Colonial,	Plantation

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: 0
•		Gasoline	Stations:	7,052	outlets	(2005)	or	about	4.2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total	                           Ethanol Plants in Operation
                                                                                                                 Plant                         City          State Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                 Panhandle energies            dumas          tX          30



                                                                                                       40          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                             North Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ADM
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Walhalla




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Alchem, Ltd.
                                                                                                                                                                            Blue Flint Ethanol, LLC                 Grafton
                                                                                                                                                                                 Underwood




                                                                                                                                                                                                      ND
                                                                       Population:         636,677 (2005)—ranked 48th
                                                                  Licensed Drivers:        460,000 (2004)
                                                            Gasoline Consumption:          330 MGY (2005)                                                Red Trail Energy
                                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          105 MGY (2004)                                                  Richardton


                                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        33 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         US Bio Hankinson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hankinson




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(ND	Code	19-10-03.1):
	 	           I
           *			 n	March	2007,	the	legislature	adopted	an	ethanol	labeling	law	that	requires	the	letter	“e”	to	
              promote	use	of	the	environmentally	friendly	fuel	for	any	fuel	blends	that	contain	at	least	one	
              percent	ethanol.		The	label’s	letters	must	be	at	least	the	same	size	as	those	used	to	label	the	
              basic	grade	of	gasoline	and	must	be	next	to	the	gasoline	grade	label.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	25		                                                                           Transportation
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                            •		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Credit—(ND	Code	4-14.1-07.1	and	4-14.1-07.2)                                                  C
                                                                                                                 	 -			 rude	Oil:	Portal,	Lakehead,	Koch,	Little	Missouri,	Belle	Fourche,	Madador,	
	 	        *			 n	ethanol	plant	that	was	in	operation	before	July	1,	1995	and	has	a	capacity	less	than	15	
              A                                                                                                       Magellan
              MGY	may	receive	up	to	$900,000	in	production	incentives	during	the	2005-2007	biennium	             	 -		Product:	Cenex,	NuStar,	Magellan
              and	may	receive	no	incentives	after	such	time.	An	ethanol	plant	that	was	in	operation	before	
              July 1, 1995 and has a production capacity of 15 MGY or more in the previous fiscal year is        Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              eligible	to	receive	up	to	$450,000	in	production	incentives	during	the	2005-2007	biennium	
                                                                                                                 • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 58,000 BCD (2006)
              and	may	receive	no	incentives	after	such	time.	If	an	ethanol	plant	that	was	in	operation	
                                                                                                                 	 -		Tesoro	West	Coast	(Mandan	@	58,000	BCD)
              before	July	1,	1995	increases	its	production	by	10	MGY	or	50	percent	(whichever	is	less)	
                                                                                                                 •		Gasoline	Stations:	930	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.6	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
              the	plant	is	eligible	to	receive	additional	incentives	under	4-14.1-08.	
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Credit—(ND	Code	4-14.1-08)
	 	           T
           *			 his	incentive	grants	authority	for	the	agricultural	products	utilization	commission	to	
              provide	quarterly	countercyclical	payments	for	ethanol	producers	based	upon	the	price	of	
                                                                                                                   Ethanol Plants in Operation
              corn	and	rack	price	of	ethanol	during	each	quarter.	                                                 Plant                                       City                            Capacity (MGY)
•		Fuel	Tax	
                                                                                                                   alchem, Ltd.                                Grafton                                 10.5
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		23	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations                                                                                               archer daniels Midland                      Walhalla                                    *
       N
	 -			 orth	Dakota	requires	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	statewide	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	
       blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.                                                            blue Flint ethanol                          Underwood                                 50
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	155,400,000	bushels	(2006)                                                     Red trail energy                            Richardton                                 50
•		Estimated	Total	Sugar	Beet	Production:	6,300,000	tons	(2006)
                                                                                                                   	    *	Production	capacity	not	available.
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	at	least	110.5	MGY	
                                                                                                                   Plants Under Construction
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                        Plant                                       City                            Capacity (MGY)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	389	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	8th—More	than	2	percent	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	98,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	9th—2	percent                                        Us bio Hankinson                            Hankinson                                100
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	3,120	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	21	(2005)
                                                                                                     41                s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                   Panhandle Energies
                                        dumas




            Greater Ohio
            Ethanol, LLC
                Lima



    The Andersons Marathon
          Ethanol, LLC
           Greenville
                              POET Biorefining
                                  Leipsic




                                                               Liquid Resources of Ohio, LLC
                                                                          Medina
                                                                                                                      Ohio
                                                                                                                      Population:    11,464,042 (2005)—ranked 7th

                                 OH
                                                                                                                 Licensed Drivers:   7,700,000 (2004)
                                                        Coshocton Ethanol, LLC
                                                             Coshocton

                                                                                                           Gasoline Consumption:     5.1 BGY (2005)
                                                                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     1.9 BGY (2004)
               ASAlliance Biofuels, LLC
                     bloomington
                                                                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   510 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	36		
•		Fuel	Tax	
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:	28	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	requires	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of								
      10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	470,640,000	bushels	(2006)		
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	4	MGY

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	49	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	19th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	16,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	17th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	28,954	(2005)                                                                                           Ethanol Plants in Operation
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	9	(2005)                                                                                                  Plant                                 City          Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                                      Liquid Resources of ohio, LLC         Medina              4
Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	BP	Amoco,	Exxon/Mobil,	Lakehead
                                                                                                                                      Plants Under Construction
                                                                                                                                      Plant                                 City          Capacity (MGY)
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                                                   asalliances biofuels, LLC             bloomington        100
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 510,900 BCD (2006)                                                                             the andersons Marathon ethanol, LLC   Greenville         110
	 -		Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC.	(Canton	@	73,000	BCD)
	 -		BP	Products	of	North	America,	Inc.	(Toledo	@	131,000	BCD)                                                                        Coshocton ethanol, LLC                Coshocton           60
    - Premcor Refining Group Inc. (Lima @ 146,900 BCD)                                                                                Greater ohio ethanol, LLC             Lima                56
	 -		Sunoco	Inc.	(Toledo	@	160,000	BCD)
•		Gasoline	Stations:	4,935	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total                                                 Poet biorefining–Leipsic              Leipsic             60



                                                                                                                        42              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                      Oklahoma       Population:           3,547,884 (2005)—ranked 28th                                           OK
                                                                                Licensed Drivers:          2,400,000 (2004)
                                                                          Gasoline Consumption:            1.9 BGY (2005)
                                                              Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:            0 (2004)
                                                                    Potential Ethanol Use in E10:          190 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws:	No	label	required
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0	
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                                Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel—(68	O.S.	Section	500.10-1)                                       •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	570	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	6th—3	percent
	 	           A
           *			 	1.6	cent	per	gallon	tax	credit	is	available	for	each	gallon	of	ethanol	blended	gasoline	sold	       •		Crude	Oil	Production:	170	thousand	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	5th—3	percent
              at	the	retail	level.		The	incentive	becomes	effective	January	1,	2006.                                 •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	82,533	(2005)
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Tax	Credit—(68	O.S.	Supp.	2004,	Section	2357.66)                                             •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	152	(2005)
	 	           O
           *			 klahoma	provides	a	tax	credit	for	ethanol	production	facilities	of	20	cents	per	gallon	
              of	ethanol	produced	before	denaturing	beginning	January	1,	2004	and	ending	December	
              31, 2010. The credit is allowed for 60 months beginning with the first month for which
                                                                                                                     Transportation
              the	facility	is	eligible	to	receive	the	credit	and	may	only	be	claimed	if	the	ethanol	facility	        •		Major	Pipelines
              maintains	an	average	production	rate	of	at	least	25	percent	of	its	nameplate	design	capacity	                C
                                                                                                                     	 -			 rude	Oil:	Sun,	Shell,	Ozark,	Koch,	Duke,	Conoco,	NuStar,	Seaway,	Natural	Gas	
              for at least six months after the first month for which it is eligible to receive the credit.                Clearinghouse,	Arco,	Texaco,	Mobil,	Ultramar	Diamond	Shamrock,	Jayhawk,	
	 	        *			 ny	ethanol	facility	is	eligible	for	a	tax	credit	of	20	cents	per	gallon	in	excess	of	the	original	
              A                                                                                                            Farmland
              nameplate	capacity	resulting	from	the	expansion	of	such	facility	completed	after	July	1,	              •		Product:	Magellan,	Conoco,	Explorer,	Citgo,	Phillips,	Emerald
              2003	and	before	December	31,	2008.	Eligibility	for	the	tax	credit	is	allowed	for	60	months	
              beginning with the first month of operation and ends no later than December 31, 2010. A                Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              maximum	of	25	MGY	at	a	single	ethanol	facility	and	nor	more	than	75	MGY	of	ethanol	                    • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 486,940 BCD (2006)
              produced	at	all	facilities	is	eligible.	Beginning	January	1,	2011,	an	ethanol	facility	shall	             - Wynnewood Refining Co. (Wynnewood @ 54,000 BCD)
              receive	a	credit	totaling	7.5	cents	per	gallon	for	up	to	10	MGY	for	three	years.	A	maximum	            	 -		Sinclair	Oil	Corp.	(Tulsa	@	70,300	BCD)
              of	30	MGY	is	eligible.	                                                                                   - Valero Refining Co. Oklahoma (Ardmore @ 83,640 BCD)
•		Fuel	Taxes                                                                                                        	 -		Sunoco	Inc.	(Tulsa	@	85,000	BCD)
	 -		Gasoline:		17	cents/gallon	                                                                                     	 -		ConocoPhillips	Company	(Ponca	City	@	194,000	BCD)
	 -		E10:		15.4	cents/gallon	                                                                                        •	 Gasoline	Stations:	3,500	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.1	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
	 -		E85:		15.4	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       D
	 -			 uring	the	summer,	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	is	sold	throughout	the	state.		The	Tulsa	metro	area	
       voluntarily	uses	a	7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline.		This	area	includes	Creek,	Osage,	Rogers,	Tulsa,	and	
       Wagoner	counties.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	23,100,000	bushels	(2006)		




                                                                                                         43              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                      Panhandle Energies
                           dumas




                                                                                       Oregon
      Cascade Grain
        Clatskanie

                                           Pacific Ethanol, LLC
                                                boardman




                            OR
                                                                                          Population:             3,641,056 (2005)—ranked 27th
                                                                                     Licensed Drivers:            2,600,000 (2004)
                                                                               Gasoline Consumption:              1.5 BGY (2005)
                                                                   Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:              370 MGY (2004)
                                                                         Potential Ethanol Use in E10:            150 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	           I
           *			 f	the	fuel	contains	more	than	1.5	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	on	the	upper												
              50	percent	of	the	ethanol	dispenser	in	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	with	a	stroke	of	1/16”	inch.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	        *		“with”	or	“containing”	ethanol
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	4		
•		Ethanol	Incentives
                                                                                                                       Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
	 -		Property	Tax	Credit	for	Ethanol	Production	Facilities—(307.701)                                                   •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
	 	        *			 he	real	and	personal	property	of	an	ethanol	production	facility	is	exempt	from	taxation.		
              T                                                                                                        •		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
              The	exemption	shall	be	50	percent	of	the	assessed	value	of	the	property.	                                •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
	 -		Portland	Ethanol	Use	Standard                                                                                     •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0
	 	           I
           *			 n	July	2006,	the	Portland	City	Council	passed	an	ordinance	mandating	minimum	blends	of	
              biodiesel	and	ethanol	in	all	petroleum-based	fuels	sold	in	Portland	by	July	1,	2007.		The	city	          Transportation
              standard	will	require	all	gasoline	to	contain	10	percent	throughout	the	year.	                           •	Major	Pipelines
	 -		Proposed	Ethanol	Use	Standard                                                                                        - Product: Santa Fe Pacific, Chevron
	 	           S
           *			 enate	Bill	316	is	pending	in	the	legislature	to	establish	a	Renewable	Fuel	Standard	
              for	ethanol	and	biodiesel	in	the	state	and	create	certain	tax	credits	for	the	production	of	             Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              biofuels.		If	enacted,	after	ethanol	production	reaches	90	million	gallons	on	an	annualized	
                                                                                                                       • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 0 BCD (2006)
              basis	in	Oregon	for	at	least	three	months,	gasoline	would	need	to	be	blended	with	E10.		
                                                                                                                       	 -		Chevron	USA,	Inc.	(Portland	@	0	BCD*)	*Asphalt	plant
              Similar	requirements	would	apply	for	biodiesel.
                                                                                                                       •		Gasoline	Stations:	1,724	outlets	(2006)	or	1	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		24	cents/gallon
•		Fuel	Formulations
       O
	 -			 regon	requires	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	in	most	areas	during	the	summer.		Clackamas,	Marion,	
       Multnomah,	Polk,	and	Washington	counties	sell	7.8	lb	RVP	from	June	1	through	September	15.	                       Plants Under Construction
       Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	5,220,000	bushels	(2006)
                                                                                                                         Plant                                City           Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                         Ethanol Plants in Operation
                                                                                                                         Cascade Grain                        Clatskanie             108
                                                                                                                         Plant                                 City               State Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                         Pacific ethanol Columbia, LLC        boardman               35
                                                                                                                         Panhandle energies                    dumas                tX                 30



                                                                                                         44                s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                              Pennsylvania
                                                                                                                                                                       PA
                                                                       Population:         12,429,616 (2005)—ranked 6th
                                                                  Licensed Drivers:        8,400,000 (2004)
                                                            Gasoline Consumption:          5.15 BGY (2005)
                                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          85 MGY (2003)
                                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        515 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:                                                                                         Transportation
	 	           A
           *			 ll	retail	service	station	dealers	shall	conspicuously	post	a	sign	on	each	pump	from	which	       •	Major	Pipelines
              gasoline	containing	gasoline	additives	is	dispensed.	The	sign	must	indicate	that	the	type	         	 -		Product:	Atlantic,	Buckeye,	Colonial,	Laurel,	Exxon/Mobil,	Sun
              or	types	of	gasoline	additives	contained	in	the	gasoline	and	the	maximum	percentage	by	
              volume,	to	the	nearest	whole	percent,	of	each	gasoline	additive.	The	information	shall	be	
              conveyed	in	bold	block	lettering	at	least	1/4”	in	height	on	labels	that	appear	on	both	sides	of	   Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              the	dispenser.                                                                                     • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 770,000 BCD (2006)
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	9                                                                                  - American Refining Group Inc. (Bradford @ 10,000 BCD)
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                                - United Refining Co. (Warren @ 65,000 BCD)
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive—(SB	255)                                                                       	 -		Sunoco	Inc.	(Marcus	Hook	@	175,000	BCD)
	 	        *			 nder	the	Department	of	Environmental	Protection’s	$3	million	Alternative	Fuels	Incentive	
              U                                                                                                  	 -		ConocoPhillips	(Trainer	@	185,000	BCD)
              Grant	Program,	biofuel	producers	can	be	provided	5	cents	per	gallon	up	to	12.5	MGY	of	             	 -		Sunoco	Inc.	(Philadelphia	@	335,000	BCD)
              production	per	year.                                                                               •		Gasoline	Stations:	4,678	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.8	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		31.2	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       S
	 -			 everal	counties,	primarily	in	the	Pittsburgh	metro	area,	have	a	7.8	lb	RVP	designation	for	June	1	
       through	September	15.		They	are:	Allegheny,	Armstrong,	Beaver,	Butler,	Fayette,	Washington	and	
       Westmoreland.		The	rest	of	the	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	By	state	law,	the	
       federal	1lb.	RVP	waiver	is	not	allowed	in	this	area.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	117,120,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	12	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	23rd—Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	11,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	19th—Less	than	1	percent	
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	16,061	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	13	(2005)




                                                                                                      45             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                    Panhandle Energies
                         dumas




                                                                            Rhode Island
                                                                     Population: 1,076,189 (2005)—ranked 43rd

        RI                                                           Licensed Drivers: 740,000 (2004)
                                                                     Gasoline Consumption: 480 MGY (2005)
                                                                     Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption: 4.5 MGY (2004)
                                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10: 48 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	          I
          *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	on	two	sides	of	the	
             dispenser.		It	must	state	the	amount	of	ethanol	to	the	nearest	percent.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		31	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	during	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	
      RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines	
	 -		Product:	ExxonMobil

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                          Ethanol Plants in Operation
• Refineries: 0
•		Gasoline	Stations:	375	outlets	(2005)	or	0.2	percent	of	the	nation’s	total                                Plant                        City           State Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                             Panhandle energies           dumas           tX          30



                                                                                                     46        s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                        South Carolina               Population:        4,255,083 (2005)—ranked 25th                                                  SC
                                                                Licensed Drivers:       3,000,000 (2004)
                                                          Gasoline Consumption:         2.4 BGY (2005)
                                              Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:         0 (2004)
                                                    Potential Ethanol Use in E10:       240 MGY (2005)




                                                                                                            Transportation
Ethanol Profile                                                                                             •		Major	Pipelines
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                            	 -		Product:	Colonial,	Plantation
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	       *		A	label	must	appear	on	the	dispenser	if	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1.5	percent	ethanol.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                        Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 	       *		“with”	or	“containing”	ethanol                                                                 • Refineries: 0
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	42		                                                                      •		Gasoline	Stations:	3,924	outlets	(2006)	or	about	2.3	percent	of	the	nation’s	total	
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Tax	Credit
	 	          T
          *			 he	law	allows	tax	credits	for	ethanol	and	biodiesel	plants	beginning	production	between	
             2007	through	2009	of	20	cents	per	gallon	on	their	fuel	production	until	2014.		In	2014,	the	
             tax	credit	declines	to	7.5	cents	per	gallon.		
	 -		Ethanol	Infrastructure	Tax	Credit
	 	       *		The	state	offers	a	25	percent	tax	credit	for	the	installation	of	E85	infrastructure.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		16	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	
      receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	31,900,000	bushels	(2006)


Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0




                                                                                                   47            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                                                  THANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PRO
                                                 O                                                                         F 	E




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             GR
THANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROG
                                                                                                                                    For more information
                                                                                                                                    about ACE and the
                                                                                                                                    ethanol industry, visit
                                                                                                                                    www.ethanol.org
                           F 	E
                                                                           	O




                                                                                                                           S                                                                                                                                                                                RE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   SS	•	2
                                                                                                                               0	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	• 20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEARS	OF	ETHANOL	PROGRESS	•	20	YEAR


                                                                                                                                                                                                                   48            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                South Dakota             Population:         775,933 (2005)—ranked 46th
                                                                                    Licensed Drivers:        560,000 (2004)
                                                                              Gasoline Consumption:          420 MGY (2005)
                                                                  Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          240 MGY (2004)
                                                                        Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        42 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
    - Label Requirements (SD Codified Laws 37-2-30):
           * Any fuel containing 2 percent or more of any oxygenate must be identified by oxygenate type and
              percentage.	A	label	must	appear	on	the	upper	50	percent	of	the	dispenser	with	letters	1/4	”	in	height	
              with	a	1/16”	stroke	on	a	contrasting	background.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	        *		“Ethanol”
	 	        *		“E10”
	 	        *		“ethanol	blend”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	56	
•		Ethanol	Incentives
    - Ethanol Production Incentive—(SD Codified Laws 10-47 B-162)
	 	           T
           *			 he	ethanol	producer	incentive	program	expired	on	December	31,	2006.		However,	plants	that	were	
              constructed	and	producing	fuel	ethanol	prior	to	the	sunset	date	may	still	be	eligible	for	incentives	under	
              the	law	subject	to	cumulative	annual	incentive	limits	of	$7	million	for	all	eligible	producers.
	 -		Retail	Pump	Incentive	for	Ethanol-Blended	Fuel
	 	           E
           *			 10	receives	a	2	cent	per	gallon	exemption	from	the	state’s	22	cent	excise	tax	on	gasoline.	E85	
              receives	a	12	cent	per	gallon	exemption.	The	state’s	gas	tax	is	22	cents	per	gallon,	while	the	E10	tax	is	
              20	cents	per	gallon,	and	the	E85	tax	is	10	cents	per	gallon.
•		Fuel	Taxes
	 -		Gasoline:		22	cents/gallon
	 -		E10:		20	cents/gallon	
	 -		E85:		10	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	entire	state	has	a	9.0	lb	RVP	requirement	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of														
      10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	312,340,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	602	MGY—ranked	4th




                                                                          49                  s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                      South Dakota
                                    Aberdeen    POET Biorefining North Country
                                    Energy, LLC     Groton             Ethanol
                                    Mina                                Rosholt
                                                                     POET Biorefining
                                         Heartland Grain Fuels        big stone City
                                               aberdeen
                                    Redfield Energy, LLC
                                                Redfield



                    SD
                                                                   Glacial Lakes VeraSun
                                    Heartland Grain Fuels           Energy, LLC Energy
                                                   Huron             Watertown aurora


                                               Dakota Ethanol, LLC
                                                        Wentworth
                                                                             JPJ Enterprises
                                             POET Biorefining                     Humboldt
                                                      Loomis                      Millenium Ethanol
                                                            POET Biorefining      Marion
                                                                  Chancellor

                                            POET Biorefining
                                                    scotland         POET Biorefining
                                                                              Hudson


                                                 Missouri Valley
                                              Renewable Energy
                                                      Meckling




Ethanol Plants in Operation
Plant                           City                  Capacity (MGY)
dakota ethanol, LLC             Wentworth                              50
Glacial Lakes energy            Watertown                              49
                                                                                                       Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
                                                                                                       •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent	(2004)
Heartland Grain Fuels           aberdeen                                9                              •		Crude	Oil	Production:	4,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	25th—Less	than	1	percent	
Heartland Grain Fuels           Huron                                  30                              •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	181	(2005)
                                                                                                       •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	2	(2005)
JPJ enterprises                 Humboldt                             n/a
north Country ethanol           Rosholt                                20                              Transportation
Poet biorefining–big stone      big stone City                         50                              •		Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                       	 -		Product:	Magellan,	NuStar
Poet biorefining–Chancellor     Chancellor                             50
Poet biorefining–Groton         Groton                                 50                              Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
Poet biorefining–Hudson         Hudson                                 55                              • Refineries: 0
                                                                                                       •		Gasoline	Stations:	1,073	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.6	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
Poet biorefining–Mitchell       Loomis                                 60
Poet biorefining–Research Center scotland                               9
Redfield energy                 Redfield                               50
Verasun energy                  aurora                               120


Plants Under Construction
Plant                           City                  Capacity (MGY)
aberdeen energy, LLC            Mina                                 100
Millenium ethanol               Marion                               100
Missouri Valley
Renewable energy                Meckling                               60


                                                                                                      50             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                            Tennessee      Population:            5,962,959 (2005)—ranked 16th
                                                                      Licensed Drivers:           4,200,000 (2004)
                                                                Gasoline Consumption:             3.2 BGY (2005)
                                                    Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:             0 (2004)
                                                          Potential Ethanol Use in E10:           320 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements	(0080-5-12.-03):
	 	           A
           *			 	label	must	appear	in	a	clear	and	conspicuous	location	on	the	upper	50	percent	
              of	the	dispenser	to	alert	consumers	to	fuel	containing	at	least	1.5	percent	
              ethanol.		The	label’s	lettering	must	be	1/2”	in	height	with	a	1/16”	stroke.
•		Label	Phrasing:
	 -		“with”	or	“containing”	ethanol
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	4
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive
	 	        *		A	producer	credit	of	up	to	$6	million	is	available	from	the	state.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		21.4	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	following	counties,	mostly	in	the	Nashville	and	Memphis	metro	areas,	require	
      7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	September	15.		Those	counties	include:	
      Davidson,	Rutherford,	Shelby,	Sumner,	Williamson,	and	Wilson.		All	other	locations	
      have	a	9.0	lb	RVP	requirement	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	
      10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	62,500,000	bushels	(2006)	
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	67	MGY




                                                                                       51                 s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                   Tennessee
                                  TN                      Tate & Lyle
                                                            Loudon




Ethanol Plants in Operation                                                                Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                                           • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 180,000 BCD (2006)
Plant                        City            Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                               - Premcor Refining Group Inc. (Memphis @ 180,000 BCD)
tate & Lyle                  Loudon                  67                                    •		Gasoline	Stations:	4,713	outlets	(2006)	or	2.8	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	888	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	27th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	450	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Mid-Valley,	Shell
	 -		Product:	BP,	Colonial,	Plantation




                                                                                      52                s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                                                             Texas
                                                                                                               Population:    22,859,968 (2005)—ranked 2nd
                                                                                                          Licensed Drivers:   14,500,000 (2004)
                                                                                                    Gasoline Consumption:     13 BGY (2005)
                                                                                        Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     330 MGY (2004)
                                                                                              Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   1.3 BGY (2005)




                                                                                                            Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
Ethanol Profile                                                                                             •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	4,613	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	1st—22	percent
                                                                                                            •		Crude	Oil	Production:	1,062	thousand	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	1st—21	
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                            percent
	 -		Label	Requirements:                                                                                    •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	149,300	(2005)
	 	           A
           *			 ny	gasoline	dispenser	that	contains	fuel	with	at	least	1	percent	by	volume	ethanol	must	    •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	614	(2005)
              exhibit	a	label	with	block	letters	1/2”	in	height	and	with	a	1/4”	stroke	on	a	contrasting	
              background.	The	label	must	appear	on	both	sides	of	the	dispenser	in	a	clear,	conspicuous,	    Transportation
              and	prominent	location.	
                                                                                                            •		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
                                                                                                                 C
                                                                                                            	 -			 rude	Oil:	Jayhawk,	Ultramar	Diamond	Shamrock,	Phillips,	Texaco,	NuStar,	
	 	        *		“contains	up	to	10%	ethanol”                                                                       Arco,	Texas-New	Mexico,	Chevron,	Pactex,	All	American,	Mobil,	EOTT	Energy,	
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	27                                                                             Koch,	Fina,	West	Texas	Gulf,	Mobil,	Shell,	Coastal,	Scurlock-Permian,	Pride,	
•		Ethanol	Incentives                                                                                            Exxon,	Camden,	Seaway,	Sun,	Matador,	Unocal,	ETML,	Celex,	Genesis,	Duke,	
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive—(Chapter	16-S.	16.001-006)                                                     Natural	Gas	Clearinghouse,	Conoco,	Farmland
           * A payment of 20 cents per gallon per year for up to 10 years, on the first 18 MGY of                P
                                                                                                            	 -			 roduct:	Coastal,	Koch,	Sigmor,	Mobil,	Texaco,	Citgo,	Exxon,	Phillips,	Mobil,	
              production	from	each	ethanol	producer.	Fees	shall	be	imposed	on	ethanol	producers	totaling	        Chevron,	Pride,	Longhorn,	Shell,	Navajo,	SFPP,	STOP,	DSE,	Trust,	UDS,	
              3.2	cent	for	each	gallon	of	ethanol	up	to	18	million	gallons	per	facility.	                        Conoco,	TEPPCO,	ATA,	River,	Explorer
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		20	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
       N
	 -			 inety-eight	counties	(most	of	eastern	Texas)	sell	7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	
       October	1.		El	Paso	County	requires	7.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	October	1.	By	state	
       law,	the	federal	1lb.	RVP	waiver	is	not	allowed	in	this	area.	These	counties	and	the	remainder	of	
       Texas	are	eligible	for	a	federal	1	lb.	RVP	waiver	for	ethanol	blends.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	175,450,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Estimated	Total	Sorghum	Production:	62,400,000	bushels	(2006)




                                                                                                 53             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
               Panhandle Energies
                    dumas



                   White Energy
                   Hereford, LLC




                                                                                  Texas
                     Hereford
                      Panda Hereford
                        Ethanol LP
                         Hereford


              Levelland/Hockley
                 Ethanol, LLC
                   Levelland




                                       TX



                                                                     Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
                                                                     • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 4,241,303 BCD (2006)
                                                                     	 -		South	Hampton	Resources	Inc.	(Silsbee	@	-0-	BCD*)	*Asphalt	plant	
                                                                     	 -		Trigeant	LTD	(Corpus	Christi	@	-0-	BCD*)	*Downstream	capacity	only	
                                                                         - Age Refining, Inc. (San Antonio @ 10,200 BCD)
                                                                         - Delek Refining LTD (Tyler @ 58,000 BCD)
Plants Under Construction                                            	 -		Alon	USA	Energy	Corp.	(Big	Spring	@	67,000	BCD)
                                                                     	 -		Marathon	Petroeum	Co.	LLC	(Texas	City	@	72,000	BCD)
Plant                                  City        Capacity (MGY)        - Valero Refining Corp. (Houston @ 83,000 BCD)
                                                                     	 -		Valero	Energy	Co.	Texas	(Three	Rivers	@	90,000	BCD)
Levelland/Hockley ethanol, LLC         Levelland         40              - Pasadena Refining Systems Inc. (Pasadena @ 100,000 BCD)
Panda Hereford ethanol LP              Hereford         100              - Western Refining Company LP (El Paso @ 116,000 BCD)
                                                                         - Valero Refining Co. Texas (Corpus Christi @ 142,000 BCD)
Panhandle energies                     dumas             30          	 -		ConocoPhillips	Company	(Borger	@	146,000	BCD)
White energy Hereford, LLC             Hereford         100              - Citgo Refining & Chemical, Inc. (Corpus Christi @ 156,000 BCD)
                                                                     	 -		Valero	Energy	Corp.	(Sunray	@	158,327	BCD)	
                                                                         - Valero Refining Co. Texas (Texas City @ 213,750 BCD)
                                                                     	 -		Total	Petrochemicals	Inc	(Port	Arthur	@	232,000	BCD)	
                                                                     	 -		Conoco	Phillips	Company	(Sweeny	@	247,000	BCD)
                                                                         - Premcor Refining Group Inc. (Port Arthur @ 260,000 BCD)
                                                                         - Lyondell Citgo Refining Co. LTD (Houston @ 270,200 BCD)
                                                                     	 -		Motiva	Enterprises	LLC	(Port	Arthur	@	285,000	BCD)	
                                                                     	 -		Flint	Hills	Resources	LP	(Corpus	Christi	@	288,126	BCD)	
                                                                         - Deer Park Refining LTD (Deer Park @ 333,700 BCD)
                                                                         - ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co. (Beaumont @ 348,500 BCD)
                                                                           B
                                                                     	 -			 P	Products	North	America,	Inc.	(Texas	City	@	0	BCD)	*437,000	BCD	idle	on	1/1/06
                                                                         - ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co. (Baytown @ 562,500 BCD)
                                                                     •		Gasoline	Stations:	16,500	outlets	(2006)	or	about	9.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                    54            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                         Utah
                                                                      Population:         2,469,585 (2005)—ranked 34th
                                                                 Licensed Drivers:        1,600,000 (2004)
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:
                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:
                                                                                          1.2 BGY (2005)
                                                                                          45 MGY (2003)
                                                                                          120 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                                           UT
Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws	
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	           I
           *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1.5	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	on	the	face	of	the					
              dispenser	in	a	clear	and	conspicuous	location.		The	letters	must	create	a	contrast	with	the			
              label’s	background.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:
	 	        *		“__%	ethanol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	4	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		24.5	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      F
	 -			 our	counties—Davis,	Salt	Lake,	Utah	and	Weaver—sell	7.8	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	June	1	through	
      September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.		All	other	locations	sell								
      9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.
•		Total	Estimated	Corn	Production:	2,669,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	215	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	12th—1	percent	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	46,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	13th—1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	2,328	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	28	(2005)

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	NuStar,	Arco,	Anschutz	Ranch	East,	Chevron,	Texaco,	Texas	New	Mexico,	Unocal
	 -		Product:	Chevron,	Pioneer

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 167,350 BCD (2006)
    - Silver Eagle Refining (Woods Cross @ 10,250 BCD)
	 -		Big	West	Oil	Co.	(North	Salt	Lake	@	24,400	BCD)
    - Holly Corp. Refining & Marketing (Woods Cross @ 24,700 BCD)
	 -		Chevron	USA	Inc.	(Salt	Lake	City	@	45,000	BCD)	
	 -		Tesoro	West	Coast	(Salt	Lake	City	@	58,000	BCD)	
•		Gasoline	Stations:	1,104	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.7	percent	of	the	nation’s	total

                                                                                                     55          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                    Panhandle Energies
                         dumas




                                                                                       Vermont   Population:    623,050 (2005)—ranked 49th

         VT                                                                                 Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                      Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                          Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:
                                                                                                                550,000 (2004)
                                                                                                                320 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                0 (2004)
                                                                                Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   32 MGY (2005)




Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:	
	 	          A
          *			 	label	must	appear	on	the	dispenser	if	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1.5	percent	ethanol.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:	
	 	       *		The	label	should	contain	a	capital	“E”	followed	by	the	numerical	value	of	ethanol.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	0	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		20	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	requires	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of							10	
      percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Portland
                                                                                                                 Ethanol Plants in Operation
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                              Plant                        City           State Capacity (MGY)
• Refineries: 0                                                                                                  Panhandle energies           dumas           tX          30
•		Gasoline	Stations:	621	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.4	percent	of	the	nation’s	total	


                                                                                                   56              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                Virginia
                                                                       Population:         7,567,465 (2005)—ranked 12th
                                                                  Licensed Drivers:
                                                            Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                           5,100,000 (2004)
                                                                                           3.8 BGY (2005)                                                              VA
                                                Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          0 (2004)
                                                                                                                                                  Osage, Inc.
                                                                                                                                                    salem

                                                      Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        380 MGY (2005)


Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws	
	 -		Label	Requirements:
	 	           A
           *			 	label	with	letters	1”	in	height	must	clearly	identify	fuel	that	contains	at	least	1	percent	
              ethanol.
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Incentive—(Code	of	Virginia	–	Chapter	26,	Title	45,	Sections	393-394)
	 	           T
           *			 he	Biofuels	Production	Fund	provides	grants	to	biofuels	producers	manufacturing	at	least	
              10	million	gallons	per	year	of	ethanol	and	biodiesel	from	U.S.	feedstocks.		Beginning	on	
              January	1,	2007,	biofuel	producers	are	eligible	to	receive	an	incentive	equaling	10	cents	
              for	each	gallon	of	biofuel	sold	in	the	calendar	year.		In	the	event	applications	for	grant	
              assistance	exceed	funds	allocated	for	the	program,	grant	funds	shall	be	prorated	based	upon	
              total	qualifying	gallons	of	biofuel,	and,	no	biofuel	producer	shall	receive	grant	assistance	for	
              more	than	six	calendar	years.		The	incentive	program	expires	on	January	1,	2017.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		17.5	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	sells	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	in	the	summer.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a																
      1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	41,400,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	Less	than	1	percent	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	22	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	31st	–Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	6	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	2	(2005)

Transportation
•	Major	Pipelines
       -	 Product:	Colonial,	Plantation
                                                                                                                  Ethanol Plants in Operation
Refining and Marketing (Downstream)                                                                               Plant                   City                  Capacity (MGY)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 0 BCD (2006)                                                               osage, Inc.             salem                      n/a
    - Giant Yorktown Refining (Yorktown @ 58,600 BCD) *58,600 BCD idle on 1/1/06
•		Gasoline	Stations:	4,846	outlets	(2005)	or	about	2.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total


                                                                                                      57            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                              Panhandle Energies
                                   dumas




                                                                                Washington
                                                   WA                                             Population:
                                                                                             Licensed Drivers:
                                                                                       Gasoline Consumption:
                                                                                                                   6,287,759 (2005)—ranked 14th
                                                                                                                   4,500,000 (2004)
                                                                                                                   2.8 BGY (2005)
                                                                           Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:       5 MGY (2004)
        Northwest Renewables, LLC
               Longview                                                          Potential Ethanol Use in E10:     280 MGY (2005)



                                                                                                                   Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
Ethanol Profile                                                                                                    • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 623,850 BCD (2006)
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                                       - U.S. Oil & Refining Co. (Tacoma @ 37,850 BCD)
	 -		Label	Requirements	(Washington	Administrative	Code	16-662):                                                   	 -		ConocoPhillips	Company	(Ferndale	@	96,000	BCD)	
	 	        *			 f	the	fuel	contains	up	to	10	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	be	displayed	with	letters	1/2”	in	
              I                                                                                                    	 -		Tesoro	West	Coast	(Anacortes	@	120,000	BCD)	
              height	and	with	a	1/16”	stroke.		                                                                    	 -		Shell	Oil	Products	US	(Anacortes	@	145,000	BCD)	
•		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                                 	 -		BP	West	Coast	Products	LLC	(Ferndale	@	225,000	BCD)	
	 -		“contains	up	to	10	percent	ethanol”                                                                           •		Gasoline	Stations:	3,228	outlets	(2006)	or	about	1.9	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1
•		Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Ethanol	Use	Standard—(Senate	Bill	6508)	
	 	           T
           *			 he	law	requires	that	by	December	1,	2008,	at	least	2	percent	of	the	total	gasoline	sold	in	
              Washington,	measured	on	a	quarterly	basis,	is	denatured	ethanol.	(In	December	2006,	a	
              Washington	State	Biofuels	Committee	had	been	formed	to	advise	the	state	director	on	the	
              feasibility	of	implementing	the	biofuels	requirement.)
	 	           T
           *			 he	law’s	future	attainment	goals	state	that,	by	November	30,	2008,	the	Director	of	
              Agriculture	shall	determine	whether	gasoline	fuel	supply	in	the	state	equals	at	least													
              20	percent	ethanol	made	predominately	from	the	state’s	feedstock.
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		34	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations	
    - The entire state uses 9.0 lb RVP gasoline from May 1 through September 15. Some refiners are
      voluntarily	supplying	7.8-8.5	lb	RVP	in	the	summer	months.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	receive	a	
      1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	15,750,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0
                                                                                                                                    in Operation
                                                                                                                     Ethanol Plants Under Construction
Transportation                                                                                                       Plant
                                                                                                                     Plant                                City
                                                                                                                                                          City              State Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                                                                          Capacity (MGY)
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Trans	Mountain	                                                                                      Panhandle energies
                                                                                                                     northwest Renewables, LLC            dumas
                                                                                                                                                          Longview              tX 55          30
	 -		Product:	Chevron,	Olympic,	Yellowstone	


                                                                                                          58           s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                              West Virginia           Population:       1,816,856 (2005)—ranked 37th
                                                                 Licensed Drivers:      1,300,000 (2004)
                                                           Gasoline Consumption:        760 MGY (2005)
                                               Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:        72 MGY (2004)
                                                     Potential Ethanol Use in E10:      76 MGY (2005)
                                                                                                                                           WV
Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:	
	 	          I
          *			 f	the	fuel	contains	at	least	1.5	percent	ethanol,	a	label	must	appear	on	the	dispenser.
	 -		Label	Phrasing:	
	 	          T
          *			 he	label	should	contain	a	capital	“E”	followed	by	the	numerical	value	of	ethanol	or	note	
             that	the	fuel	“contains	up	to	10%	ethanol.”	
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	1	
•		Fuel	Tax
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		31.5	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      T
	 -			 he	state	uses	9.0	lb	RVP	fuel	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of	10	percent	
      receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	3,120,000	bushels	(2006)

Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	13	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	23rd—Less	than	1	percent
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	4,000	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	25th—Less	than	1	percent
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	6,037	(2005)
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	15	(2005)

Transportation
•		Major	Pipelines
	 -		Crude	Oil:	Eureka

Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
• Refineries: Distillation capacity of 19,400 BCD (2005)
	 -		Ergon	West	Virginia,	Inc.	(Newell	@	19,400	BCD)
•		Gasoline	Stations:	1,300	outlets	(2005)	or	about	0.8	percent	of	the	nation’s	total




                                                                                                   59          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                 Panhandle Energies
                                      dumas




   Western Wisconsin
   Renewable Energy
       boyceville
                       WI
                                    Ace Ethanol
                                      stanley
                                                                                           Wisconsin     Population:    5,536,201 (2005)—ranked 20th
                                                                                                    Licensed Drivers:   3,900,000 (2004)
                                                  Central Wisconsin
                                                       Alcohol
                           Castle Rock                  Plover
                       Renewable Fuels, LLC
                            necedah                                                           Gasoline Consumption:     2.6 BGY (2005)
                                                             Utica Energy, LLC
                                                                                  Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:     1.1 BGY (2004)
                                                                 oshkosh
                                                                                        Potential Ethanol Use in E10:   260 MGY (2005)
                                          United Wisconsin
                                          Grain Producers
                                              Freisland




                                                                   Renew Energy

                                                                                                                              Transportation
                                                                     Jefferson


                                      Badger State Ethanol, LLC
                                              Monroe
                                                                                                                              •		Major	Pipelines
                                                                                                                              	 -		Crude	Oil:	Lakehead	
                                                                                                                              	 -		Product:	West	Shore,	Magellan,	Koch
Ethanol Profile
•		Labeling	Laws
	 -		Label	Requirements:                                                                                                      Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
	 	        *			 f	the	fuel	contains	ethanol,	the	pump	label	must	display	the	percentage.		The	label	must	be	
              I                                                                                                               • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 34,300 BCD (2006)
              contrasting	in	color	with	letters	at	least	1/2”	in	height	and	with	at	least	a	1/8”	stroke.                      	 -		Murphy	Oil	USA,	Inc.	(Superior	@	34,300	BCD)
	 -		Label	Phrasing:                                                                                                          •		Gasoline	Stations:	4,126	outlets	(2005)	or	about	2.5	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
	 	        *		“up	to	10%	ethanol”
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	65
•		Proposed	Ethanol	Incentives
	 -		Proposed	Ethanol	Initiative
	 	           I
           *			 n	2007,	the	governor	proposed	the	dedication	of	$40	million	in	state	funds	for	developing	
              renewable	energy,	including	ethanol.		The	proposal	would	add	400	refueling	pumps	for	                             Ethanol Plants in Operation
              dispensing	higher	renewable	fuel	blends	as	well	as	$5	million	dedicated	to	helping	construct	                     Plant                                 City         Capacity (MGY)
              the nation’s first cellulose ethanol plant. The governor’s proposal would also include
              ensuring	that	renewable	energy	comprise	at	least	10	percent	of	the	state’s	energy	usage	by	                       ace ethanol, LLC                      stanley           39
              2030.	                                                                                                            badger state ethanol, LLC             Monroe            48
	 -		Proposed	E85	Infrastructure	Assistance
	 	           P
           *			 roposed	tax	credits	would	provide	25	percent	of	the	cost	to	implement	E85	refueling	                            United ethanol                        Milton            52
              infrastructure,	with	a	maximum	credit	of	$5,000	per	pump.		The	program	budget	would	be	                           United Wisconsin Grain Producers Friesland              49
              $2	million.
•		Fuel	Tax                                                                                                                     Utica energy, LLC                     oshkosh           48
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		32.9	cents/gallon	                                                                           Western Wisconsin
•		Fuel	Formulations:	conventional                                                                                              Renewable energy, LLC                 boyceville        40
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	400,000,000	bushels	(2006)
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	276	MGY—ranked	6th
                                                                                                                                Plants Under Construction
Petroleum Supply (Upstream)                                                                                                     Plant                                 City         Capacity (MGY)
•		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	0	
•		Crude	Oil	Production:	0                                                                                                      Castle Rock Renewable Fuels, LLC necedah                50
•		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	0	                                                                                                Renew energy                          Jefferson         130
•		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	0

                                                                                                                   60             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                                  Wyoming                                                                                                                Renova Energy




                                                                                                                                                                       WY
                                                                                                                                                                                           torrington
                                                                               Population:         509,294 (2005)—ranked 51st
                                                                         Licensed Driverss:        380,000 (2004)
                                                                    Gasoline Consumption:          310 MGY (2005)
                                                        Ethanol Blended Fuel Consumption:          0 (2004)
                                                              Potential Ethanol Use in E10:        31 MGY (2005)




                                                                                                                 Petroleum Supply (Upstream)
Ethanol Profile                                                                                                  •		Crude	Oil	Proved	Reserves:	528	million	barrels	(2004)—ranked	5th—3	percent
•		Labeling	Laws                                                                                                 •		Crude	Oil	Production:	141	thousand	barrels	per	day	(2005)—ranked	7th—3	percent
       L
	 -			 abel	Requirements	(40-7-101	to	111;	Petroleum	and	Antifreeze	Laws:	Chapter	134,	Section	2):               •		Total	Producing	Oil	Wells:	10,389	(2005)
	 	           A
           *			 ll	products	must	be	sold	“under	their	true	names	and	grades”	through	clearly	marked	             •		Total	Rigs	in	Operation:	78	(2005)
              containers,	vessels,	barrels,	and	dispensing	devices.		Pumps	dispensing	fuel	containing	90	
              percent	gasoline	and	10	percent	denatured	ethanol	must	be	labeled	as	gasohol.                      Transportation
•		Label	Phrasing:
                                                                                                                 •		Major	Pipelines	
	 -		“gasohol”
                                                                                                                       C
                                                                                                                 	 -			 rude	Oil:	NuStar,	Butte,	Belle	Fourche,	Conoco,	Express,	Frontier,	Mobil,	Platte,	
•		Number	of	Retail	E85	Stations:	3	
                                                                                                                       Prima, Sinclair, Wyoming Refining
•		Ethanol	Incentive
                                                                                                                     - Product: Conoco, Magellan, Pioneer, Sinclair, Wyoming Refining
	 -		Ethanol	Production	Tax	Credit—(W.S.	39-17-109)
	 	           E
           *			 ffective	July	1,	2003,	ethanol	producers	may	redeem	a	credit	of	40	cents	per	gallon											
              if	25	percent	of	the	producer’s	input	purchases,	excluding	water,	originate	in	Wyoming.	           Refining and Marketing (Downstream)
              Total	credits	redeemed	by	all	ethanol	producers	may	not	exceed	$4	million	per	year,	and	           • Refineries: Distillation capacity of 153,000 BCD (2006)
              total	credits	redeemed	by	any	one	ethanol	producer	may	not	exceed	$2	million	per	year.	               - Silver Eagle Refining (Evanston @ 3,000 BCD)
              New	ethanol	facilities	after	July	1,	2003	may	receive	tax	credits	for	up	to	15	years.	Any	            - Wyoming Refining Co. (Newcastle @ 12,500 BCD)
              ethanol	producer	that	expands	production	after	July	1,	2003	by	at	least	25	percent	is	eligible	       - Little America Refining Co. (Evansville @ 24,500 BCD)
              for	credits	with	an	increased	maximum.	Ethanol	producers	qualifying	for	tax	credits	on	or	            - Frontier Refining Inc. (Cheyenne @ 47,000 BCD)
              before	July	1,	2003	may	only	receive	credits	until	June	30,	2009.                                  	 -		Sinclair	Oil	Corp.	(Sinclair	@	66,000	BCD)	
•		Fuel	Tax	                                                                                                     •	 Gasoline	Stations:	598	outlets	(2006)	or	about	0.4	percent	of	the	nation’s	total
	 -		Gasoline	and	Ethanol	Blends:		14	cents/gallon	
•		Fuel	Formulations
      W
	 -			 yoming	uses	9.0	lb	RVP	gasoline	from	May	1	through	September	15.	Ethanol	blends	of													
      10	percent	receive	a	1	lb.	RVP	waiver.
•		Estimated	Total	Corn	Production:	5,805,000	bushels	(2006)                                                       Ethanol Plants in Operation
•		Total	Ethanol	Production:	10.7	MGY                                                                              Plant                                City         Capacity (MGY)
                                                                                                                   Renova energy                        torrington          10.7



                                                                                                      61             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                      Major Federal Public Policies Supporting Ethanol Production and Use

Renewable Fuel Standards (RFS)                                                                         Small Ethanol Producer Tax Credit
The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005), established the first-ever Renewable Fuels Standard        The	adoption	of	the	American	Jobs	Creation	Act	of	2004	included	provisions	improving	the	
(RFS)	in	federal	law,	requiring	increasing	volumes	of	ethanol	and	biodiesel	to	be	blended	with	        Small	Ethanol	Producer	Tax	Credit	by	allowing	the	$1.5	million	credit	to	be	passed-through	to	
the	U.S.	fuel	supply	between	2006	and	2012.		The	Environmental	Protection	Agency	(EPA)	is	             farmer	owners	of	ethanol	cooperatives.		Prior	to	that	change,	patrons	of	cooperatives	involved	
responsible	for	implementing	and	enforcing	the	RFS	program.		                                          with	ethanol	production	could	not	elect	to	pass	the	value	of	the	credit	to	the	co-op	members.		The	
                                                                                                       Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005) made further modifications to the tax credit. EPAct
                                                                                                       2005 amended the definition of a “small ethanol producer” from one that produces 30 million
                   RFS Ethanol Demand                                                                  gallons	of	ethanol	to	one	that	produces	60	million	gallons	of	ethanol	per	year.		Under	this	
 8.0             (in	billion	gallons	per	year)                                                         provision	of	the	tax	code	(section	40	tax	credit),	ethanol	producers	that	manufacture	60	million	
                                                                                                       gallons	of	ethanol	or	less	per	year	qualify	for	a	tax	credit	equaling	10	cents	per	gallon	on	15	
 7.5                                                                                                   million	gallons	of	fuel	ethanol.		The	maximum	incentive	is	$1.5	million	annually.		This	tax	credit	
                                                                                                       is	in	effect	through	December	31,	2010.		
 7.0
 6.5                                                                                                   Tax Credit for E85 Infrastructure
 6.0                                                                                                   The	Energy	Policy	Act	of	2005	(EPAct	2005)	created	a	30	percent	federal	income	tax	credit,	up	
                                                                                                       to	$30,000	maximum,	to	establish	alternative	fuel	infrastructure.	The	provision	permits	taxpayers	
 5.5                                                                                                   to	claim	a	30	percent	credit	for	the	cost	of	installing	clean-fuel	vehicle	refueling	property	to	be	
                                                                                                       used	in	a	trade	or	business	of	the	taxpayer	or	installed	at	the	principal	residence	of	the	taxpayer.		
 5.0                                                                                                   Under	the	provision	clean	fuels	are	any	fuel	at	least	85	percent	of	the	volume	of	which	consists	of	
                                                                                                       ethanol, natural gas, compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, and
 4.5                                                                                                   hydrogen	and	any	mixture	of	diesel	fuel	and	biodiesel	containing	at	least	20	percent	biodiesel.		
                                                                                                       The	provision	is	effective	for	property	placed	in	service	after	December	31,	2005	and	before	
 4.0                                                                                                   January	1,	2010.

           2006	      2007	    2008	     2009	    2010	     2011	    2012                              Ethanol Trade Policy
                                                                                                          • Ad Valorem Tariff
                                                                                                              U.S.	ethanol	imports	are	subject	to	a	2.5	percent	ad	valorem	tariff,	which	is	quite	modest	
Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit (VEETC)                                                                  compared	to	the	tariffs	that	other	countries	impose.		For	example,	Brazil	levies	a	20	
                                                                                                              percent	ad	valorem	tariff	on	ethanol	imports.
– The “Blenders’ Credit”
The	American	Jobs	Creation	Act	of	2004	created	the	Volumetric	Ethanol	Excise	Tax	Credit	
(VEETC)	to	replace	the	partial	tax	exemption	ethanol-blended	fuel	received	from	the	federal	                • Secondary Tariff
excise	tax	on	gasoline.		Prior	to	VEETC,	ethanol-enriched	fuel	(E10)	received	a	5.2	cent	per	                 All ethanol blended with gasoline in the U.S. qualifies for the VEETC or blenders’ credit,
gallon	partial	exemption	from	the	18.4	cents	per	gallon	gas	tax,	effectively	reducing	the	tax	rate	           no	matter	the	country	of	origin	of	the	fuel	ethanol.		To	offset	this	fact	and	to	ensure	that	
on E10 to 13.2 cents per gallon. States that used significant volumes of ethanol-blended fuel                 taxpayer	dollars	are	not	invested	to	support	foreign	ethanol	production,	U.S.	ethanol	
argued	the	imbalance	in	the	taxation	of	the	fuels	shortchanged	what	they	received	for	highway	                imports	from	non-Caribbean	Basin	countries	are	subject	to	a	54	cent	per	gallon	secondary	
improvements	under	the	Highway	Trust	Fund.		Under	VEETC,	the	federal	excise	tax	on	gasoline	                  tariff.		This	tariff	is	in	effect	through	January	1,	2009.
and	ethanol-blended	fuel	was	made	consistent	at	18.4	cents	per	gallon,	ensuring	ethanol-blended	
fuel	remits	the	same	to	the	Highway	Trust	Fund	as	all	gasoline.		Additionally,	the	tax	incentive	           • Duty-free Imports from Caribbean Basin Nations
was	shifted	from	a	partial	exemption	to	a	tax	credit	that	oil	companies	could	qualify	for	based	on	
the	volume	of	ethanol	they	blend	with	gasoline.		Referred	to	as	the	“blender’s	credit,”	VEETC	                Under	the	Caribbean	Basin	Initiative	(CBI),	up	to	7	percent	of	domestic	ethanol	production	
provides	oil	companied	with	an	economic	incentive	to	blend	ethanol	with	gasoline,	totaling	51	                (about	350	million	gallons	of	ethanol	based	on	2006	production	data)	may	be	imported	to	
cents	per	gallon	on	pure	ethanol,	5.1	cents	per	gallon	for	E10,	and	42	cents	per	gallon	on	E85.		             the	U.S.	duty-free	so	long	as	the	fuel	ethanol	is	derived	from	nations	covered	by	the	CBI.
VEETC	provides	the	tax	incentive	through	December	31,	2010.		The	tax	credit	is	passed	on	to	
motorists	in	the	form	of	more	cost-effective	fuel	at	the	pump.




                                                                                                      62              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                        Ethanol Production

                                                                                         Grain Handling
                                                                                    the corn is loaded
                                                                                    in storage structures
                                                                                    designed to hold
                                                                                    enough corn to
                                                                                    supply the ethanol
                                                                                    plant for 10 days.
                                                                                                                Milling
                             Grain Delivery                                                                 Grain passes through
                        Corn is delivered to the                                                            hammer mills which
                        ethanol plant via truck                                                             grind the feedstock
                        and rail.                                                                           into a flour or powder.




                                                                                                                 Fermentation
                                                   Liquefaction                                                  yeast is added to the mash which is allowed
                                                   the mixture is held in liquefaction tanks                     to ferment for 50 hours, resulting in a mixture
    Slurry Tanks                                   to enable enzymes time to break down                          called “beer” containing alcohol and solids.
Milled grain is mixed with water and               the starch into fermentable sugars.
enzymes creating a liquid mixture, slurry.

                                                                             63                s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                      Products and Co-Products




          Distillation
                                                                        Dehydration (Molecular Sieve)                    Ethanol Holding & Denaturing
      the beer is pumped into distillation
                                                                   the ethanol contains 5 percent water              a small portion of gasoline is used to
      columns which separate the alcohol
                                                                   (hydrous ethanol) and runs through                “denature” the ethanol making it unfit
      (ethanol) from the solids.
                                                                   molecular sieves to remove the remaining          for human consumption. the ethanol
                                                                   water molecules, resulting in 200-proof           is stored until it is transported to a
                                                                   alcohol (anhydrous ethanol).                      terminal for blending with gasoline.




                                                                                                         CO2 Coproduct
                                                             DDGs Coproduct                          Carbon dioxide is given off during the
    Separation (Centrifuge)                              the wet distillers grain is often sent      fermentation stage of ethanol production
                                                         through dryers producing a valuable and     and some ethanol plants collect the carbon
the solids from the distillation column and water is     high-protein feed ration for livestock.     dioxide and market it as a coproduct.
transferred through a centrifuge for separation into
thin stillage (a liquid with 5 percent solids) and wet
distillers grain.                                                        64            s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
US Ethanol Facilities
    Plants Currently Operating




               65      s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
US Ethanol Facilities
    Plants Under Construction




               66                                                                                  ethano
                      s t a t U U s2 0 0 7 7H Ha m m r ir ci a n nc o o la i l ti it o o nf o o re t h a n o l l
                        stat s       2 0         a ee        ca     ca                in    fr
US Fuel Ethanol Production Capacity
                                                                      Plants Currently Operating
Company                              Plant Site        State    MGY    Company                           Plant Site         State    MGY           Company                              Plant Site     State    MGY

Abengoa	Bioenergy	Corp.	            Colwich	           KS	      25     Golden	Triangle	Energy	          Craig	              MO	      20            POET Biorefining–Chancellor         Chancellor      SD       50
Abengoa	Bioenergy	Corp.	            York	              NE	      55     Grain	Processing	Corp.	          Muscatine	          IA	      20            POET Biorefining–Coon Rapids        Coon Rapids     IA       49
Abengoa	Bioenergy	Corp.	            Portales	          NM	      30     Grain	Processing	Corp.	          Washington	         IN		     20            POET Biorefining–Corning            Corning         IA       60
Ace	Ethanol,	LLC	                   Stanley	           WI	      39     Granite	Falls	Energy,	LLC	       Granite	Falls	      MN	      45            POET Biorefining–Emmetsburg         Emmetsburg      IA       52
Adkins	Energy,	LLC	                 Lena	               IL	     43     Hawkeye	Renewables,	LLC	         Fairbank	           IA	     100            POET Biorefining–Gowrie             Gowrie          IA       60
AGP	                                Hastings	          NE	      52     Hawkeye	Renewables,	LLC	         Iowa	Falls	         IA	     100            POET Biorefining–Groton             Groton          SD       50
Agri-Energy,	LLC	                   Luverne	           MN	      21     Heartland	Corn	Products	         Winthrop	           MN	      60            POET Biorefining–Hanlontown         Hanlontown      IA       55
Alchem,	Ltd.	                       Grafton	           ND	     10.5    Heartland	Grain	Fuels	           Aberdeen	           SD	       9            POET Biorefining–Hudson             Hudson          SD       55
Al-Corn	Clean	Fuels	                Claremont	         MN	      35     Heartland	Grain	Fuels	           Huron	              SD	      30            POET Biorefining–Jewell             Jewell          IA       60
Amaizing	Energy	                    Denison	           IA	      55     Husker	Ag	Processing,	LLC	       Plainview	          NE	      28            POET Biorefining–Laddonia           Laddonia        MO       45
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Cedar	Rapids	      IA              Illinois	River	Energy	           Rochelle	           IL	      50            POET Biorefining–Lake Crystal       Lake Crystal    MN       52
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Clinton	           IA	             Iroquois	Bio-Energy	Company	     Rensselaer	         IN	      40            POET Biorefining–Macon              Macon           MO       45
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Columbus	          NE	             JPJ	Enterprises	                 Humboldt	           SD	     N/A            POET Biorefining–Mitchell           Loomis          SD       60
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Decatur	           IL              KAAPA	Ethanol,	LLC	              Minden	             NE	      40            POET Biorefining–Preston            Preston         MN       42
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Marshall	          MN	     1070    Land	O’Lakes	                    Melrose	            MN	       3            POET Biorefining–Research Center    Scotland        SD        9
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Peoria	            IL              LincolnLand	Agri-Energy	         Robinson	           IL	      48            Prairie	Horizon	Agri-Energy	        Phillipsburg	   KS	      40
Archer	Daniels	Midland	             Walhalla	          ND	             Lincolnway	Energy	               Nevada	             IA	      50            Quad	County	Corn	Processors	        Galva	          IA	      27
Aventine	Renewable	Energy,	Inc.	    Pekin	              IL	    100     Liquid	Resources	of	Ohio	        Medina	             OH	       4            Red	Trail	Energy,	LLC	              Richardton	     ND	      50
Badger	State	Ethanol,	LLC	          Monroe	            WI	      48     Little	Sioux	Corn	Processors	    Marcus	             IA	      50            Redfield Energy, LLC                Redfield        SD       50		
Big	River	Resources,	LLC	           West	Burlington	   IA	      52     Merrick/Coors	                   Golden	             CO	      3             Reeve	Agri-Energy	                  Garden	City	    KS	      12
Blue	Flint	Ethanol	                 Underwood	         ND	      50     MGP	Ingredients,	Inc.	           Pekin	              IL	      76            Siouxland Energy & Livestock        Sioux Center    IA       22
Bushmills	Ethanol,	LLC	             Atwater	           MN	      40     MGP	Ingredients,	Inc.	           Atchison	           KS	       4            Sterling	Ethanol,	LLC	              Sterling	       CO	      42
Cargill	                            Eddyville	         IA	      35     Mid-Missouri	Energy	             Malta	Bend	         MO	      45            Tate & Lyle                         Loudon          TN       67
Cargill	                            Blair	             NE	      85     Midwest	Grain	Processors	        Lakota	             IA	      90            The	Andersons	Albion	Ethanol	       Albion		        MI	      55
Central	Minnesota	Ethanol	          Little	Falls	      MN	      21     Midwest	Renewable	Energy,	LLC	   Sutherland	         NE	      22            Trenton	Agri-Products	              Trenton	        NE	      40
Chief	Ethanol	Fuels,	Inc.	          Hastings	          NE	      62     Minnesota	Energy	                Buffalo	Lake	       MN	      18            U.S.	Energy	Partners,	LLC	          Russell	        KS	      48
Chippewa	Valley	Ethanol	            Benson	            MN	      45     Nebraska	Energy	(Aventine)	      Aurora	             NE	      45            United	Ethanol		                    Milton	         WI	      52
Commonwealth	Agri-Energy,	LLC	      Hopkinsville	      KY	      33     New	Energy	Corp.	                South	Bend	         IN	     102            United	Wisconsin	Grain	Producers	   Friesland	      WI	      49
Corn	Plus,	LLP	                     Winnebago	         MN	      44     North	Country	Ethanol	           Rosholt	            SD	      20            US	Bio	Albert	City	                 Albert	City	    IA	     100
Corn, LP                            Goldfield          IA       50     Osage,	Inc.	                     Salem	              VA	     N/A            US	Bio	Platte	Valley	               Central	City	   NE	      40
Cornhusker	Energy	Lexington,	LLC	   Lexington	         NE	      40     Pacific Ethanol                  Madera              CA      35             US	Bio	Woodbury	                    Lake	Odessa	    MI	      50
Dakota	Ethanol,	LLC	                Wentworth	         SD	      50     Parallel	Products	               Rancho	Cucamonga	   CA	      4             Utica	Energy,	LLC	                  Oshkosh	        WI	      48
Diversified Energy Co. (DENCO)      Morris             MN      21.5    Parallel	Products	               Louisville	         KY	     2.4            VeraSun	Energy	                     Aurora	         SD	     120
E3	Biofuels	                        Mead		             NE	      24     Permeate Refining                Hopkinton           IA       2             VeraSun	Energy	                     Charles	City	   IA	     110		
East	Kansas	Agri-Energy	            Garnett	           KS	      35     Phoenix	Biofuels	                Goshen	             CA	     25             VeraSun	Energy	                     Fort	Dodge	     IA	     110
ESE	Alcohol,	Inc.	                  Leoti	             KS	      1.5    Pinal	Energy,	LLC	               Maricopa	           AZ	     55             Western	Plains	Energy,	LLC	         Campus	         KS	      45
POET Biorefining–Bingham Lake	      Bingham	Lake	      MN	      32     Pine	Lake	Corn	Processors	       Steamboat	Rock	     IA	     20             Western	Wisconsin	Energy,	LLC	      Boyceville	     WI	      40
Front	Range	Energy	                 Windsor	           CO	      40     POET Biorefining–Albert Lea      Albert Lea          MN      45             Wyoming	Ethanol	                    Torrington	     WY	     10.7
Glacial	Lakes	Energy	               Watertown	         SD	      49     POET Biorefining–Ashton          Ashton              IA      55             Xethanol	BioFuels,	LLC	             Blairstown	     IA	       6
Golden	Cheese	Company	              Corona	            CA	       5     POET Biorefining–Big Stone       Big Stone City      SD      50
Golden	Grain	Energy	                Mason	City	        IA	      50     POET Biorefining–Caro            Caro                MI      50




                                                                                                          67                        s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
US Fuel Ethanol Production Capacity
                                                                       Plants Under Construction
 Company                                Plant Site      State   MGY       Company                                                  Plant Site                   State          MGY     Company                                                         Plant Site                      State                       MGY
 Abengoa	Bioenergy	of	Ravenna	          Ravenna	        NE	      88       First	United	Ethanol,	LLC	(FUEL)	               Camilla	                              GA	            100	    POET Biorefining–Alexandria                               Alexandria                             IN                         60
 Aberdeen	Energy,	LLC	                  Mina	           SD	     100	      Gateway	Ethanol,	LLC	                           Pratt	                                KS	             55	    POET Biorefining–Portland	                                Portland	                              IN	                        120	
 Absolute	Energy,	LLC	                  St.	Ansgar	     IA	     100	      Great	Lakes	Ethanol	(owned	by	MGP)	 Riga	                                             MI	             57	    Renew	Energy	                                             Jefferson	                            WI	                         130	
 Advanced	BioEnergy	                    Fairmont	       NE	     100	      Greater	Ohio	Ethanol,	LLC	                      Lima	(Allen	Co.)	 OH	                                 56	    Renova	Ethanol	of	Idaho,	LLC	                             Heyburn	                               ID	                         20	
 Arkalon	Energy,	LLC	                   Liberal	        KS	     110	      Green	Plains	Renewable	Energy	                  Shenandoah	                            IA	            50	    Siouxland	Ethanol,	LLC	                                   Jackson	                              NE	                          50	
 Altra	Nebraska,	LLC	                   Carleton	       NE	     110	      Heron	Lake	BioEnergy	                           Heron	Lake	                          MN	              50	    Southwest	Iowa																																																																																													
 ASAlliances	Biofuels,	LLC	             Albion	         NE	     100	      Holt	County	Ethanol,	LLC	                       O’Neill		                             NE	            100	    			Renewable	Energy	(SIRE)	                               Council	Bluffs	                        IA	                        110	
 ASAlliances	Biofuels,	LLC	             Bloomingburg	   OH	     100	      Horizon	Ethanol,	LLC	                           Cambridge	                            NE	             44	    Summit	Ethanol,	LLC	                                      Leipsic	                              OH	                          60	
 ASAlliances	Biofuels,	LLC	             Linden	         IN	     100	      Levelland/Hockley	Ethanol,	LLC	                 Levelland	                            TX	             40	    Superior	Ethanol,	LLC																																																																																									
 Biofuel	Energy,	LLC	                   Wood	River	     NE	     100	      LifeLine	Foods	                                 St.	Joseph	                          MO	              40	    			(Green	Plains	Renewable	Energy)	                       Superior		                             IA	                        50
 BlueFire	Ethanol,	Inc.	                Irvine	         CA	      24	      Marquis	Energy,	LLC	                            Hennepin		                             IL	           100	    Tama	Ethanol,	LLC	                                        Tama	                                  IA	                        100	
 BlueGrass	Bioenergy,	LLC	              Fulton	         KY	      50	      Mid	American	Agri	Products/																																																																							           Tate & Lyle                                               Fort Dodge                             IA                         100
 Bonanza	BioEnergy,	LLC	                Garden	City	    KS	      55	      					Wheatland,	LLC	                            Madrid	                               NE	             44     The	Andersons	Clymers	Ethanol,	LLC	 Clymers	                                                     IN	                        110	
 Buffalo	Lake	Energy,	LLC	              Fairmont	       MN	     115	      Millennium	Ethanol	                             Marion	                               SD	            100	    The	Andersons	Marathon	Ethanol,	LLC	 Greenville	                                                OH	                         110	
 Bunge-Ergon	Vicksburg,	LLC	            Jackson	        MS	      60	      Missouri	Valley	Renewable	Energy	               Meckling	                             SD	             60	    US	Bio	Dyersville	                                        Dyersville	                            IA	                        100	
 Cardinal	Ethanol	                      Winchester	     IN	     100	      NEDAK	Ethanol,	LLC	                             Atkinson	                             NE	             40	    US	Bio	Hankinson	                                         Hankinson	                            ND	                         100	
 Cascade	Grain	                         Clatskanie	     OR	     108	      Northeast	Biofuels,	LLC	                        Fulton	                               NY	            100	    US	Bio	Janesville	                                        Janesville	                          MN	                          100	
 Castle	Rock	Renewable	Fuels,	LLC	      Necedah	        WI	      50	      Northwest	Renewables,	LLC	                      Longview	                             WA		            55	    US	Bio	Ord	                                               Ord	                                  NE	                          45	
 Central	Ethanol,	LLC	                  Sauget	         IL	      54	      Otter	Tail	Ag	Enterprises	                      Fergus	Falls	                        MN	             57.5    US	BioEnergy/																																																																																																												
 Central	Illinois	Energy	Cooperative	   Canton	         IL	      37	      Pacific Ethanol Columbia, LLC                   Boardman                              OR              35     			Big	River	Resources,	LLC	                              Grinnell	                              IA	                        100
 Central	Indiana	Ethanol,	LLC	          Marion	         IN	      40	      Pacific Ethanol, Inc.                           Burley                                 ID             50     VeraSun	Energy	                                           Hartley	                               IA	                        110	
 Coshocton	Ethanol,	LLC	                Coshocton	      OH	      60	      Panda	Hereford	Ethanol,	LP	                     Hereford	                             TX	            100	    VeraSun	Energy	                                           Welcome	                             MN	                          110	
 Dexter	Ethanol,	LLC	                   Dexter	         IA	     100       Panhandle	Energies	                             Dumas	                                TX	             30	    Wahoo	Ethanol,	LLC	                                       Wahoo	                                NE	                         110
 E	Caruso,	LLC	                         Goodland	       KS	      20	      Patriot	Renewable	Fuels,	LLC	                   Annawan	                               IL	           100	    Western	New	York	Energy,	LLC	                             Shelby	                               NY	                          50	
 E	Energy	Adams	                        Adams	          NE	      50	      Penford	Corporation	                            Cedar	Rapids	                          IA		           40	    White	Energy	Hereford,	LLC	                               Hereford	                             TX	                         100	
 Elkhorn	Valley	Ethanol	                Norfolk	        NE	      50	      Plymouth	Energy	                                Merrill	                               IA	            50	    Yuma	Ethanol,	LLC	                                        Yuma	                                 CO	                          50	




                                                                                                                           68                                     s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
 Ethanol Production Incentives
                                                                                             ME


          MT    ND
                                MN
OR                                                                                 NY
                                          WI
                SD
           WY                                                               PA
                 NE
                                                          IN
                                               IL                                        MD
                                                                              VA
                      KS             MO

                                                             TN
                          OK                                             SC

                                                MS

                     TX




     HI                                        States with ethanol
                                               production incentives




                           69         s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
     Renewable Fuels Standards
WA

          MT          MN




                           IA



                                MO




                                 LA




     HI
                                            States with renewable
                                            fuels standards




                 70             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
          Retail Pump Incentives
                                                                                                    ME

                   ND
                                  MN

     ID            SD                                                                               CT

                                       IA
                                                    IL

                        KS                  MO


                         OK




AK

                                                      States with retail pump
                                                      incentives for E10
                                                      States with retail pump
                                                      incentives for E85
              HI                                      States with retail pump
                                                      incentives for both



                             71              s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
State Ethanol Labeling Requirements
                                                                                                                          ME
           WA
                                          ND                                                                        VT
                               MT                                                                                        NH
                                                                                                                               MA
      OR                                                                                                       NY
                                                                WI
                ID                        SD                                                                                   RI
                                                                                                                          CT
                                WY                                                                        PA
                                                         IA
                                           NE                                                                         DE
                                                                      IL                                             MD
                     UT                                                                          WV
                                     CO                                                                   VA
 CA

                                                                                   TN
                     AZ                                                                              SC
                                    NM                        AR
                                                                                    AL          GA

                                               TX

 AK                                                                                                   FL
                          HI

                                                                        States with ethanol
                                                                        labeling requirements




                                                    72        s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
               Ethanol Volume Potential
                    (In millions of gallons/year, based on 10% blend of 2005 volume)
                                                                                                                                      75
        280                                                                                                       32
                          51                   33                                                                                              67
                                                             260
  150                                                                                                             570                       280
               67                                                        260                                                               48
                                               42                                     460                                        160
                               31                                                                           515                  450
                                                               160
                                                82                                            510                              43
          99                                                               515       300
                                                                                                     76                      250
                    120             215                                                                      380
1590                                                 140           300                      210
                                                                                                             420
                                                                                      320
                                                       190           135                                240
                245             97                                                                                             PADD I – 5 Billion

                                                                               170    235         463                          PADD II – 3.8 Billion

                                                                                                                               PADD III – 2.2 Billion

                                                    1300             240                                                       PADD IV – 485 Million

                                                                                                                               PADD V – 2.4 Billion

                                                                                                                        PADD = Petroleum Administration
   30                                                                                                                          for Defense Districts

                                                                                                           860           Data	obtained	from	the	Energy	
                                                                                                                          Information	Administration




                                          46

                                                       73             s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                            Retail E85 Stations
        1

                                      25
                                                      307
    4                                                                                                                               1
                1                                                 65
                                      56                                                                                           48
                                                                                     38
                             3                                                                                        9
                                                        60
                                       29                                                           36                         1
            7                                                       149          80
                        4                                                                                    1             2
                                 16                                                                                   1
1                                           19               67                                 4
                                                                                                                      12
                                                                                      4
                    6                                         2                                                  42
                                 3
                                                                                                         5

                                           27


                                                                                                                  7

                                                                       States with retail E85
                                                                       Stations




                                                 74          s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
       Licensed FFVs/Licensed Vehicles
                                                                                                                                                                           14,974
        64,453                                                                                                                                                            1,100,000
                                                                                                                                                          15,967
       5,500,000                                                                                                                                       1,200,000
                                             13,386                                                                                                                                 8,753
                                                                15,165                                                                                                              520,000
                                            1,000,000           700,000             105,728
     47,563                                                                        4,600,000                                                                                        69,834
    3,000,000                                                                                                                                                                       5,500,000
                                                                                                  116,054                                                  173,229
                                                                                                 4,700,000                                              11,100,000               11,066
                          16,595                                 18,813                                                                                                         81,000
                         1,300,000                               840,000                                                 243,668                                              33,708
                                                10,008                                                                  8,400,000                                           3,000,000
                                                640,000                                                                                               174,943
                                                                                        58,049                                                       9,800,000           116,512
                                                                                       3,400,000                                                                        6,200,000
                                                                  36,859                                                           205,658
                                                                 1,700,000                                       105,495           10,600,000
              24,031                                                                                                                                                     16,491
                                                                                                        207,483 5,500,000                                               710,000
             1,300,000                                                                                 9,200,000
                                 31,227                                                                                                        27,392                 90,411
                                2,100,000            63,725                                                                                             112,368      4,100,000
                                                    2,000,000                               107,888                                          1,400,000 6,500,000
                                                                       48,519
 257,318                                                              2,300,000            4,800,000                          56,802
31,400,000                                                                                                                   3,300,000
                                                                                                                                                      121,547
                                                                                                                                                     6,200,000
                                                                                                                        93,698
                                                                             55,549                                    5,000,000
                               77,169                                      3,200,000            55,251                                             68,303
                              3,800,000           32,209                                       1,900,000                                          3,300,000
                                                 1,500,000                                                                              165,608
                                                                                                            39,848                     7,900,000
                                                                                                           2,000,000    91,984
                                                                                                                       4,500,000

                                                                     415,207
                                                                     16,900,000
                                                                                                   92,631
                                                                                                 3,800,000
     9,542
    660,000
                                                                                                                                                                   307,093
                                                                                                                                                                   15,000,000

                                              14,993                                                             Licensed FFVs (2006 data)
                                              950,000
                                                                                                                 Licensed vehicles (2004 data)




                                                                              75                   s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                        Corn Production by County
                                                (based on 2005 figures)




 Bushels in millions
        Less than 1
        1 to 4.9
        5 to 9.9
        10 to 14.9
        15 to 19.9
        20 or more


Data	obtained	from	the	U.S.	Dept.	
of	Agriculture,	National	Agriculture	
         Statistics	Service

                                                           76       s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                         Wheat Production by County
                                        (based on 2005 figures)




 Bushels in millions
        Less than 1
        1 to 4.9
        5 to 9.9
        10 to 14.9
        15 to 19.9
        20 or more


Data	obtained	from	the	U.S.	Dept.	
of	Agriculture,	National	Agriculture	
         Statistics	Service

                                                   77         s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
              Sorghum Production by County
                                        (based on 2005 figures)




 Bushels in millions
        Less than .5
        .5 to .9
        1 to 1.9
        2 to 2.9
        3 to 4.9
        5 or more


Data	obtained	from	the	U.S.	Dept.	
of	Agriculture,	National	Agriculture	
         Statistics	Service

                                                   78       s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                 Major Railways




Class I Railroad lines
• BNSF Railway
• Canadian National Railway
• Canadian Pacific Railway
• CSX Transportation
• Kansas City Southern Railway
• Norfolk Southern
• Union Pacific Railroad



 Data	obtained	from	PenWell	
        MAPSearch


                                       79   s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                          Major Pipelines




Major Refined Product Pipelines Owner
    Buckeye Partners, LP
    ConocoPhillips
    EPCO Inc.
    ExxonMobil Corporation
    Koch Industries Inc.
    Magellan Midstream Partners, L.P.
    NuStar Energy, LP
    Other Refined Pipelines

   Data	obtained	from	PenWell	MAPSearch



                                                 84
                                                 80   s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
Petroleum Refineries




         81   s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
                                                     Petroleum Refineries
Company                                City                State    BCD      Company                                City              State    BCD          Company                                City              State    BCD
Foreland Refining Corp.                Ely                 NV        2,000   Wynnewood Refining Co                  Wynnewood         OK        54,000      ConocoPhillips	Company		               Borger	           TX	      146,000
Tenby,	Inc.		                          Oxnard	             CA	       2,800   Shell	Chem	LP	                         Saint	Rose	       LA	       55,000      Premcor Refining Group Inc.            Lima              OH      146,900
Silver Eagle Refining                  Evanston            WY        3,000   Cenex	Harvest	States	Coop.		           Laurel	           MT	       55,000      ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.       Torrance          CA      149,500
Goodway Refining, LLC                  Atmore              AL        4100    ConocoPhillips	                        Billings	         MT	       58,000      Shell	Oil	Products	US		                Martinez	         CA	     155,600
Somerset Refinery Inc.                 Somerset            KY        5,500   Tesoro	West	Coast		                    Mandan	           ND	       58,000      Citgo Refining & Chemical, Inc.        Corpus Christi    TX      156,000
Hunt Southland Refining Co.            Lumberton           MS       5,800*   Delek Refining LTD                     Tyler             TX        58,000      Valero	Energy	Corp.		                  Sunray	           TX	     158,327
Valero Refining, Co. California        Wilmington          CA        6,200   Tesoro	West	Coast		                    Salt	Lake	City	   UT	       58,000      Valero Refining Co. New Jersey         Paulsboro         NJ      160,000
Cross Oil Refining & Marketing, Inc.   Smackover           AR        6,800   Giant Yorktown Refining                Yorktown          VA       58,600*      Sunoco	Inc.		                          Toledo	           OH	     160,000
Age Refining, Inc.                     San Antonio         TX      10,200    ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.       Billings          MT        60,000      Tesoro Refining & Marketing            Martinez          CA      166,000
Montana Refining Co.                   Great Falls         MT        8,200   Suncor	Energy	(USA)	Inc.		             Commerce	City	    CO	       62,000      PDV Midwest Refining LLC               Lemont            IL      167,000
Calumet	Lubricants	Co.	LP		            Princeton	          LA	      8,300    United Refining Co.                    Warren            PA        65,000      Sunoco	Inc.		                          Marcus	Hook	      PA	     175,000
Lunday	Thagard		                       South	Gate	         CA	      8,500    Big West of California                 Bakersfield       CA        66,000      Premcor Refining Group Inc.            Memphis           TN      180,000
Greka	Energy		                         Santa	Maria		       CA	     9,500*    Shell Oil Products US                  Bakersfield       CA        66,000      Premcore Refining Group, Inc.          Delaware City     DE      181,500
American Refining Group Inc.           Bradford            PA      10,000    Sinclair	Oil	Corp.		                   Sinclair	         WY	       66,000      ConocoPhillips	                        Trainer	          PA	      185,000
Silver Eagle Refining                  Woods Cross         UT      10,250    Alon	USA	Energy	Corp.		                Big	Spring	       TX	       67,000      Valero Saint Charles Refinery          Norco             LA       185,003
Hunt Southland Refining Co.            Sandersville        MS       11,000   Lion	Oil	Co.		                         El	Dorado		       AR	       70,000      Chalmette Refining LLC                 Chalmette         LA      188,160
BP	Exploration,	Inc.		                 Prudhoe	Bay		       AK	     12,500    Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC		           St.	Paul	         MN	       70,000      Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC		           Robinson	         IL	     192,000
Wyoming Refining Co.                   Newcastle           WY      12,500    Sinclair	Oil	Corp	                     Tulsa	            OK	       70,300      ConocoPhillips	Company		               Ponca	City	       OK	     194,000
Calumet	Lubricants	Co.	LP		            Cotton	Valley	      LA	     13,020    Tesoro	Petroleum	Corp.		               Kenai		           AK	       72,000      Flint	Hills	Resources	Alaska,	LLC	     North	Pole	       AK	     210,000
ConocoPhillips	Alaska,	Inc.		          Kuparuk	            AK	     14,000    Marathon	Petroeum	Co.	LLC		            Texas	City	       TX	       72,000      Valero Refining Co. Texas              Texas City        TX       213,750
Edgington	Oil,	Co.	                    Long	Beach		        CA	     14,000    Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC	            Canton	           OH	       73,000      Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC		           Catlettsburg		    KY	      222,000
San Joaquin Refining Co., Inc.         Bakersfield         CA      15,000    Navajo Refining Co                     Artesia           NM        75,000      BP	West	Coast	Products	LLC		           Ferndale	         WA	     225,000
Gulf	Atlantic	Operations,	LLC		        Mobile	             AL	     16,700    ConocoPhillips		                       Rodeo	            CA	       76,000      Motiva		Enterprises	LLC		              Norco	            LA	      226,500
Giant Industries Inc.                  Bloomfield          NM      16,800    Shell	Chemical	LP		                    Saraland	         AL	       80,000      Total	Petrochemicals	Inc		             Port	Arthur	      TX	      232,000
Petro	Star,	Inc.		                     North	Pole	         AK	     17,000    Valero Refining Co. Louisiana          Krotz Springs     LA        80,000      Motiva		Enterprises	LLC		              Convent	          LA	      235,000
Ergon	West	Virginia,	Inc.		            Newell	             WV	     19,400    Chevron	USA,	Inc.	                     Perth	Amboy		     NJ	       80,000      ConocoPhillips	                        Linden	           NJ	      238,000
Giant	Industries	Inc.		                Gallup	             NM		    20,800    Ultramar,	Inc.		                       Wilmington	       CA	       80,887      ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.       Joliet            IL       238,500
Countrymark	Cooperative,	Inc.		        Mount	Vernon	       IN	     23,000    NCRA	                                  McPherson	        KS	       81,200      ConocoPhillips	                        Westlake	         LA	      239,400
Ergon Refining Inc.                    Vicksburg           MS      23,000    Valero Refining Corp.                  Houston           TX        83,000      Chevron	USA,	Inc.		                    Richmond	         CA	      242,901
Big	West	Oil	Co.		                     North	Salt	Lake		   UT	     24,400    Valero Refining Co. Oklahoma           Ardmore           OK        83,640      Marathon	Ashland	Petroleum	Co.	LLC		   Garyville	        LA	      245,000
Little America Refining Co.            Evansville          WY      24,500    Sunoco	Inc.		                          Tulsa	            OK	       85,000      ConocoPhillips	                        Belle	Chasse		    LA	     247,000*
Holly Corp. Refining & Marketing       Woods Cross         UT      24,700    Valero Refining Co. Texas              Three Rivers      TX        90,000      Conoco	Phillips	Company		              Sweeny	           TX	      247,000
Kern Oil & Refining                    Bakersfield         CA      26,000    Tesoro	Hawaii	Corp	                    Ewa	Beach	        HI	       93,500      BP	West	Coast	Products	LLC		           Los	Angeles	      CA	      260,000
Citgo Asphalt Refining Co.             Savanah             GA      28,000*   ConocoPhillips	Company	                Ferndale	         WA	       96,000      Chevron	USA,	Inc.		                    El	Segundo		      CA	      260,000
Calcasieu Refining Co.                 Lake Charles        LA      30,000    Shell	Oil	Products	US		                Wilmington	       CA	       98,500      Premcor Refining Group Inc.            Port Arthur       TX       260,000
Suncor	Energy	(USA)	Inc.		             Denver	             CO	      32,000   Marathon	Petroleum	Co.	LLC		           Detroit	          MI	      100,000      Lyondell Citgo Refining Co. LTD        Houston           TX       270,200
Citgo Asphalt Refining Co.             Paulsboro           NJ      32,000    Pasadena Refining Systems Inc.         Pasadena          TX       100,000      Flint	Hills	Resources	LP		             St.	Paul	         MN	     279,300
Murphy	Oil	USA,	Inc.		                 Superior	           WI	     34,300    Frontier Refining & Marketing, Inc.    El Dorado         KS       103,000      Motiva	Enterprises	LLC		               Port	Arthur	      TX	      285,000
Hunt Refining Co.                      Tuscaloosa          AL      34,500    Coffeyville Resources Refining & Mkg   Coffeyville       KS       112,000      Flint	Hills	Resources	LP		             Corpus	Christi	   TX	      288,126
U.S. Oil & Refining Co.                Tacoma              WA      37,850    Western Refining Company LP            El Paso           TX       116,000      ConocoPhillips	                        Wood	River	       IL	      306,000
Calumet	Shreveport.	LLC	               Shreveport	         LA	     42,000    Murphy	Oil	U.S.A.	Inc.		               Meraux	           LA	     120,000*      Chevron	U.S.A.		Inc.		                 Pascogoula	       MS	      333,000
ConocoPhillips	                        Arroyo	Grand	       CA	     44,200    Tesoro	West	Coast		                    Anacortes	        WA	     120,000       Deer Park Refining LTD                 Deer Park         TX       333,700
Chevron	USA	Inc.		                     Salt	Lake	City	     UT	      45,000   BP	Products	of	North	America,	Inc.		   Toledo	           OH	     131,000       Sunoco	Inc.		                          Philadelphia	     PA	      335,000
Frontier Refining Inc.                 Cheyenne            WY       47,000   ConocoPhillips	                        Wilmington	       CA	      139,000      ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.       Beaumont          TX       348,500
Petro	Star,	Inc.		                     Valdez	             AK	      48,000   Valero Refining Co. Texas              Corpus Christi    TX       142,000      BP	Products	North	America,	Inc.		      Whiting	          IN	     410,000
Paramount	Petroleum	Corp.	             Paramount	          CA	      50,000   Valero Refining, Co. California        Benicia           CA       144,000      Citgo	Petroleum	Corp.		                Lake	Charles		    LA	     429,500
Placid Refining Co.                    Port Allen          LA       50,000   Sunoco	Inc.		                          Westville	        NJ	      145,000      BP	Products	North	America,	Inc.		      Texas	City	       TX		    437,000*
Chevron	U.S.A.		Inc.		                 Honolulu	           HI	      54,000   Shell	Oil	Products	US		                Anacortes	        WA	      145,000      ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.       Baton Rough       LA      501,000
                                                                                                                                                            ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Co.       Baytown           TX      562,500


* denotes refinery is currently idle


                                                                                                             82                        s tat U s 2 0 0 7 H a m e r i c a n c o a l i t i o n f o r ethanol
   2500 s. Minnesota avenue
             suite 200
sioux Falls, south dakota 57105
     Ph | 605.334.3381
     Fx | 605.334.3389
     www.ethanol.org

				
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