Parts of Speech Adverbs I. Adverbs • Modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs Adverbs answer: “The bell rang…” How? (loudly) When? (yesterday) Where? (outside) To what extent? (very) A. Forming adverbs •Many just add –ly to adjectives. Sometimes a spelling change is needed. sudden suddenly true truly heavy heavily B. Negatives • Imply something does not exist or happen • Should not be used with other negatives! (This creates a double negative.) Common Negatives No Not Never (adj/adv) (adverb) (adverb) None No one Nothing (pronoun) (pronoun) (pronoun) Nowhere Neither Nobody (adverb) (pronoun/adj) (pronoun) Other Negatives Barely Hardly Scarcely Can’t Don’t Hasn’t Notice contractions all include NOT! II. Comparisons: Adjective/Adverb •Both adjectives and adverbs can be used to compare two or more things. A.Comparative form • Used when comparing only two items. • Adds –er or more/less. Ex: faster, sooner more fun, less quickly B. Superlative form • Used to compare three or more items. • Adds –est or most/least. Ex: closest, nicest most lively, least boring Adjective or Adverb? • Good: adjective • Well: adverb (mostly) Studying for tests is I did well on my test. a good idea. Exception: Well is an I don’t feel well. adjective when referring to health! Adjective or Adverb? • Real: adjective • Really: adverb Preparing for tests You can do really well makes a real when you prepare. difference in your grade. Adjective or Adverb? • Bad: adjective • Badly: adverb Not doing your You will do badly on homework is a bad your quizzes and idea. tests if you don’t prepare.
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