Adverbs-Comparisons by yaofenji

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									Parts of Speech
    Adverbs
    I. Adverbs
• Modify verbs,
  adjectives, or other
  adverbs
Adverbs answer:
  “The bell rang…”
How?      (loudly)
When?     (yesterday)
Where? (outside)
To what extent? (very)
A. Forming adverbs
  •Many just add –ly to
   adjectives. Sometimes a
   spelling change is needed.
    sudden suddenly
    true truly
    heavy heavily
B. Negatives
• Imply something does not
  exist or happen
• Should not be used with other
  negatives! (This creates a
  double negative.)
Common Negatives
   No           Not          Never
 (adj/adv)     (adverb)       (adverb)

 None         No one         Nothing
 (pronoun)     (pronoun)      (pronoun)

Nowhere      Neither         Nobody
 (adverb)    (pronoun/adj)    (pronoun)
  Other Negatives
Barely    Hardly      Scarcely

Can’t     Don’t       Hasn’t


         Notice contractions all
         include NOT!
II. Comparisons:
 Adjective/Adverb
  •Both adjectives and
   adverbs can be used to
   compare two or more
   things.
A.Comparative form
 • Used when comparing
   only two items.
 • Adds –er or more/less.
 Ex: faster, sooner
     more fun, less quickly
  B. Superlative form
• Used to compare three or
  more items.
• Adds –est or most/least.
Ex: closest, nicest
    most lively, least boring
   Adjective or Adverb?
• Good: adjective       • Well: adverb
                          (mostly)


Studying for tests is   I did well on my test.
  a good idea.
                        Exception: Well is an
I don’t feel well.        adjective when
                          referring to
                          health!
   Adjective or Adverb?
• Real: adjective      • Really: adverb

Preparing for tests    You can do really well
  makes a real           when you prepare.
  difference in your
  grade.
   Adjective or Adverb?
• Bad: adjective     • Badly: adverb

Not doing your       You will do badly on
 homework is a bad     your quizzes and
 idea.                 tests if you don’t
                       prepare.

								
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