How to Develop Underage Club Coaching _ Games - Ulster GAA by yaofenji

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    Ulster Club Coaching and Games Underage
            Development Programme

              How to Plan and Implement an
     Efficient and Effective Club Coaching Structure


                           Tutor:
                    Terence McWilliams:
             Ulster Games Development Manager
                      Comhairle Uladh 2006             1
              Aim
    To help coaches plan and
    implement a sustainable,
effective and efficient Coaching
    and Games Development
  Structure with in their club.
            Comhairle Uladh 2006   2
                        Outcome
 At the end of this session you should be
               able to go back
to your club and implement a Coaching and
             Games Structure.
          You will know how to……
1. Use the right ingredients at the right time.

2. Help coaches select the right ‘Menu’ for a specific age
   group.

3. Put the whole programme together in an annual plan.
                          Comhairle Uladh 2006               3
Comhairle Uladh 2006   4
GAA Games Development Strategy




           Comhairle Uladh 2006   5
SKILL DEVELOPMENT MODEL              The Body
                                   follows where
                                   the Mind goes
3 T’s                               J. Morrison




                                       3
                                      P’s
            Comhairle Uladh 2006            6
                                    Technical …The SKILLS of Gaelic Football
                      A. Gaining Possession:                                         B. Exploiting Possession:
                      Non Possession – Defence                                             Possession - Attack
                   To help coaches plan their programme these may be sub divided into four components:
                                                             2. Playing Skills:       Possession Skills, Passing, Breaking Ball
 1. Receiving Skills:
                                                             a. Kicking:
 a.      Catching:-                                               Ground – Short & Long
 b.      Low, Bounce (Half-Volley), Tummy, Head-High,             Volleying & Half Volleying
         Overhead, One-Handed                                     Punt – Drive (Front of in step)
 b.      The Lift:                                                        Hook (Inside of in step) - Swerve (Outside of in step)
                 Crouch (Stationary and Rolling)                          Drop, Overhead, Tap-on

                 Jab Lift, Chip & Assist                     b. Handling –Hand/Fist Pass
                                                             c. Travelling Skills:

3. Defending Skills:                                            The Solo – Hand To Toe & The Bounce

 a. Tackling:                                                d. Evasion Skills:

      Side – Near Hand Tackle                                  Dodging, Side-Step, Feint and Side Step, Swerve, The Roll, Ball Feints
                                                                 (Hand and Feet)
      Front – ‘The Fencer Tackle’
                                                             e. Scoring Skills:
 b. Blocking – From the Feet & The Dive Block
                                                               Direct – Feet, Fist - Deflected – Hands ETC. - Free Kicks & Penalties
 c. Interceptions
                                                            4. Non Playing Skills:
 d. Man To Man Marking
                                                            a. Spatial Awareness: Scanning: On/Off The Ball
 e. Marking Space                                  Comhairle Running 2006 Ball: Calling The Play
                                                          b. Uladh Off The                                                         7
 f. 3 D’s - Delay, Deny & Dispossess                        c. Marshalling Your Defence
                     Introduction: The Skills of Camogie & Hurling:
A. Gaining Possession: Non Possession - Defence                 B. Exploiting Possession: Possession - Attack

         To help coaches plan their programme these may be sub divided into four components:
 1. Receiving Skills:                         2 Playing Skills: Possession Skills
 Ready, Lock & Lifting Positions              . Striking: Grip & Swing
 a.    Catching:-                             a. Ground: Stationary & Moving Ball
 b.    Chest, Low, Head-High, Overhead,           Passer: Stationary & Moving to strike - Both sides
       One-Handed                                 Doubling Back – Striking moving ball
 b.    The Lift:                                  Doubling Forward – Striking on ground (Both sides)
        Roll: Stationary and Rolling          b. Airborne: Both Sides                4. Non Playing Skills:
            Jab Lift, Chip & Assist                Batting a ball overhead
                                                                                         a. Spatial Awareness
                                                   Sideline Cut
3.    Defending Skills:                                                                     Scanning: On/Off the ball
                                                   The Puck Out
      a. Tackling:                                                                      b. Running Off The Ball
                                              c. Hand Pass/Palming
         The Clash: 1. Ground : Side                                                       Calling The Play
                                              d. Travelling Skills:
                     2. Frontal                                                         c. Marshalling Your Defence
                                                 Dribbling
      b. Blocking: Ground/Above Ground
                                                  The Solo: Balance ball on hurley & Ball hopping
        ( Below Head Level & Above the head   e. Evasion Skills:
      c. Hooking                                 Dodging, Side-Step, Feint and Side Step, Swerve,
      d. Interceptions                           The Roll, Ball Feints (Hand and Feet)
      e. Man To Man Marking                   f. Scoring Skills:
      f. Marking Space                           Direct: Hurl/Foot/Hand
                                              Comhairle Uladh 2006 / Deflected – Hurl, Hands                        8
      g. 3 D’s - Delay, Deny & Dispossess        Frees & Penalties / Drop Shot
A Plan Never Goes To Plan Unless…

You set Long , Medium, and Short term GOALS

Goals provide the Direction and a Target to
focus your efforts and measure your success

    Goals let you:
Make the most of your talents
        Get more out of your time
                         Get better results
                  Comhairle Uladh 2006    9
    Where do we start?
Club Audit?

         SWOT Analysis?

    We need to know were we
      currently are before
   we can plan for the future !
              Comhairle Uladh 2006   10
       Club Audit - Where Are We Now?
What factors would you consider in carrying out an
 audit in your club?

• Current status of club

• Time Scales –

• Who Leads The Process?

• Where are we Heading – Where would you like to be in
  10/20 yrs.?

• How will we get there?

• How do we develop sustainable 2006
                      Comhairle Uladh
                                      structures?        11
      Club Audit - Where Are We Now?
• What do we do to make it happen?

• Where do we start and finish?

• Key issues that need to be addressed

• What do we coach them?

• Where do we coach?

• When do we coach the ‘What’?

• What do we Need to coach the ‘What’?
                   Comhairle Uladh 2006   12
             Club Coaching & Games Structure
                                        Club
                                     Coordinator
                                                              Equipment      School/Club
Children’s                                                    Coordinator   Liaison Officer
                Administrator
 Officer
                                        Coaching
                                       Coordinator
                                       Head Coach
                                                                      Senior
     Junior                                                         Head Coach
   Head Coach

                         Under 14
                        Head Coach                             Senior
                                                           Team Manager
                                                             Reserves
                       Under 12                              O.30/35’s
                      Head Coach                              (U.21’s)

                                                     Under 18
                 Under 10                           Head Coach
                Head Coach


        Under 8                                                 Under 16
       Head Coach                                              Head Coach
                                    Comhairle
                                Parent Helper Uladh 2006                            13
 MENU – Building Your Programme
1. The Physical Stuff – 5’s

2. The Technical Stuff – ‘The How’

3. The Tactical Stuff – ‘When to use the How’.

4. The ‘Thinking Bits’ – Decision Making

5. Putting all the bits together in an annual
   programme.       Comhairle Uladh 2006     14
          MENU


1. The Physical Stuff – 5’s



          Comhairle Uladh 2006   15
             Group Work


1. In Groups of 3/4 discuss each area and
   select what activities you feel are
   appropriate to your age group.


2. From the following menu select and rank
   the parts you feel are appropriate to your
   age group.
                 Comhairle Uladh 2006     16
            Group Work
1. U. 6’s
2. U.8
3. U.10


4. U.12
5. U.14

6. U.16
7. U.18
              Comhairle Uladh 2006   17
Discuss the words, interpret them and rank their importance
when working with Children, Youths or Teenagers - No 1 most important –
Discuss:




                            Comhairle Uladh 2006                 18
Ranking: Children



1
                                           1

2
                                           2

3
                                           3

4


                                           4
5


                                           5

                    Comhairle Uladh 2006       19
Ranking: Youths




                  Comhairle Uladh 2006   20
Ranking: Teenagers




                     Comhairle Uladh 2006   21
               MENU



2. The Technical Stuff – ‘The How’




             Comhairle Uladh 2006   22
Discuss the words, interpret them and rank their importance
when working with Children, Youths or Teenagers - No 1 most important –
Discuss:




                                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                   23
The Technical Stuff: Children

1

              1
2

              2
3

              3
4


5
              4



6
              5   Comhairle Uladh 2006   24
The Technical Stuff: Youths




                Comhairle Uladh 2006   25
The Technical Stuff: Teenagers




               Comhairle Uladh 2006   26
                    MENU



3. The Tactical Stuff – ‘When to use the
    How’.




                  Comhairle Uladh 2006     27
Discuss the words, interpret them and rank their importance
when working with Children, Youths or Teenagers - No 1 most important –
Discuss:




                            Comhairle Uladh 2006                 28
Ranking Tactical: Children




                    Comhairle Uladh 2006   29
Ranking Tactical: Youths

1


2

                                           1
3

                1                          2
4

                2
5                                          3
                3
6                                          4


7               4                          5
                    Comhairle Uladh 2006       30
                                           6
Ranking Tactical: Teenagers


1



               1


2              2
               3


3              4


4              5
               6
5
                    Comhairle Uladh 2006   31
                   MENU



4. The ‘Thinking Bits’ – Decision Making




                 Comhairle Uladh 2006      32
           GAMES = PROBLEMS
    Vision with Decision and then Precision
    EYES                 SEE THE PROBLEM
                               VISION

   BRAIN               SOLVES THE PROBLEM
                            DECISION

   BODY                ACCOMPLISHES THE TASK
                            PRECISION

Passing = A visual agreement between the Passer and
                     the Receiver.
                      Comhairle Uladh 2006         33
                TACTICAL AWARENESS …PROBLEM SOLVING GAMES..ATTACK
 Principles of Play in Invasion Games – ATTACK: Problem Solving For The
                                  Attack:
                    Attacking Play                   Skills Required

  Problem               Solution     On The Ball   Off The Ball

1. How might we
Keep possession?




2. How can we
invade territory?




3. How can we
  score?
  1. Hold the ball                  1. Solo
                                    2. Select Receiver              1. To pass diagonal
  2. Pass the ball                                                  2. To pass forward
                                    3. Pass: Short/Long
                                    4. Practice Deception           3. To move forward
1. Move to the sides                   Learn all evasive
2. Move behind the                     techniques
defence
3. Move in front of            1. Create a scoring space
opponents                      2. Exploit a shooting space
4. ‘Dummy Run’ Run from        3. Attack the target
one space to create
space for a team mate.
                                                                1. Evade a defender
                                     1.Pull defenders
                                                                2. To pass or shoot
                                     from the shooting
                                                                3. Decide when and
                                       zone
                                                                 where to Shoot and
                                     2. Provide support
                                                                         Score.
1. Make yourself available:          3. Present options
 Move laterally to the sides, in     for passer.
front or behind
2. Practice deception e.g.                                1. Penetrate the defence
‘Cut’ i.e. pretend to go one                              2. Spread the attack
way and then suddenly go the                              3. Support the attack
                                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                              35
other.
                TACTICAL AWARENESS …PROBLEM SOLVING GAMES..ATTACK
 Principles of Play in Invasion Games – ATTACK: Problem Solving For The
                                  Attack:
                    Attacking Play                                            Skills Required
  Problem               Solution              On The Ball                 Off The Ball
                     1. Hold the ball        1. Solo                    1. Make yourself available: Move laterally to
                     2. Pass the ball        2. Select Receiver          the sides, in front or behind
1. How might we
                                             3. Pass: Short/Long        2. Practice deception e.g. ‘Cut’ i.e.
Keep possession?
                                             4. Practice Deception         pretend to go one way and then
                                                Learn all evasive          suddenly go the other
                                                techniques

                     1. Penetrate the        1. To pass diagonal        1. Move to the sides
2. How can we           defence              2. To pass forward         2. Move behind the defence
invade territory?    2. Spread the attack    3. To move forward         3. Move in front of opponents
                     3. Support the attack                              4. ‘Dummy Run’ Run from one space
                                                                            to create space for a team mate.

                     1. Create a scoring     1. Evade a defender        1.Pull defenders from the shooting
3. How can we           space                2. To pass or shoot          zone
                     2. Exploit a shooting   3. Decide when and where   2. Provide support
  score?
                        space                   to Shoot and Score      3. Present options for passer
                     3. Attack the target
         TACTICAL AWARENESS….ROBLEM SOLVING GAMES..DEFENCE
       Principles of Play in Invasion Games – DEFENCE: Problem Solving For The Defence:

         Defending Play                                       Skills Required
 Problem        Solution                   Near The Ball            Off The Ball


1. How can we
  regain
possession?



2. How can we stop
  the invasion?



3. How can we stop
   the opposition
   scoring?

                                     Comhairle Uladh 2006                                 37
1. Stay arms length
                            1. Stay goal side
   from attacker
                            2. Block the pass
2. Anticipate the pass                                1. Get behind the ball
                            3. Know where the ball
or move                                               2. Close down the
                               and your ‘marker’
                                                      spaces
                               are at all times
                                                      3. Man to Man marking
                                                      4. Double mark gifted
                                                      player
1. Stop forward passes       1. Close down shooting
2. Block forward             space
movement                     2. Defend the target
3. Close down the ball       3. Get your players
carrier                         behind the ball       1. Don’t be pulled out
4. Mark the ‘nearest
                                                      of position
pass’
                                                      2. Anticipate the
                                                      pass or run
      1. Dispossess                                   3. Support the ‘Nose
         the attack            1. Build numbers in
                                                      Defender’ i.e. nearest
                               support
                                                      defender to the ball
                               2. Don’t rush into
                                                      4. ‘Cover’ defender –
  1. Know when to tackle       the tackle
                                                      anticipate through
  2. Know where to tackle      3. Stay ball and
                                                      passes
   3. Know how to tackle       goal side
                               Comhairle Uladh 2006                     38
           TACTICAL AWARENESS….ROBLEM SOLVING GAMES..DEFENCE
        Principles of Play in Invasion Games – DEFENCE: Problem Solving For The Defence:

                 Defending Play                                                        Skills Required

  Problem                Solution                      Near The Ball                       Off The Ball

1. How can we          1. Dispossess the attack       1. Stay arms length                1. Know when to tackle
  regain possession?                                     from attacker                   2. Know where to tackle
                                                      2. Anticipate the pass or          3. Know how to tackle
                                                         move
2. How can we stop     1. Get behind the ball         1. Stop forward passes             1. Build numbers in support
  the invasion?        2. Close down the spaces       2. Block forward movement          2. Don’t rush into the tackle
                       3. Man to Man marking          3. Close down the ball carrier     3. Stay ball and goal side
                       4. Double mark gifted player   4. Mark the ‘nearest pass’


3. How can we stop     1. Close down shooting         1. Stay goal side                  1. Don’t be pulled out of
   the opposition         space                       2. Block the pass                    position
   scoring?            2. Defend the target           3. Know where the ball             2. Anticipate the pass or run
                       3. Get your players               and your ‘marker’ are           3. Support the ‘Nose Defender’
                          behind the ball                at all times                     i.e. nearest defender to the ball
                                                                                         4. ‘Cover’ defender – anticipate
                                                  Comhairle Uladh 2006                       through passes            39
     Lesson Planning
    1.Warm Up - ABC’S/RJ

2. Appropriate Game Form

   3. Individual or Small Group
         Practices CPK’s

  4. Appropriate Game Form
     Adapt or Modify to reinforce skill

    5. Warm Down (Home Work)
         Comhairle Uladh 2006             40
                 A Sample Session
Part 1 Warm Up:
A. Pulse Raisers – Agility (+ Ball-100/200 Touches)
Balance – Strength – Partner Resistance – Power Bags
Coordination – Ladder Work/Poles/Hurdles
B. Mobilising
C. Dynamic Mobilising & Stretches (Esp. Hamstrings &
    Groins)

Part 2: Technical Skills (Part/Whole) or Games (Whole/Part)
Recap & Introduce New Skill
Basic Drills, Intermediate to Advanced drills Lead to…

Part 3:
a. Target Games, Court to Field Games lead to……
b. Non Invasion, Part Invasion to Full Invasion lead to…..
                          Full Games
c. Conditioned Games to Comhairle Uladh 2006                 41
             Underage Sample Session:
Part         Content                                   Key Points
             a.   Agility – Mine Field                 Head: Watch ball into hands…
             b.   Balance – ‘Show me….                       Keep head down….
1. Warm Up   c.   Coordination – Ladder…               Hands: Use ‘Big’ hands..
             d.   Speed - 2’s tag                      Feet: Use ‘hard’ foot – Toes
                                                       pointed down…

            a.    Basic Drill – 2’s Passing: Situ      Passer & Receiver both Static
   2.       b.    Intermediate Drill – Pass & Move     Passer moves after passing
Development c.    Advanced Drill – 3 v 1               Both Passer & Receiver Moving



             a.   Grid Game – Rotate The               4 Attackers outside a grid 4 v 1
                  Defender                             Defender in the grid
3. Game      b.   Conditioned Game – 30m Pass          3 v 3 – 30m x 45m
             c.   Full Game – 7 v 7
                                Comhairle Uladh 2006                              42
   Planning Games: 6 Week Programme
                                Small sided games

Week 1 Team Ball Pass (4 v 0)                          Aim: Pass and Move to a space

Week 2 Tower Ball (3 v 1) Scoring Game                        Aim: How to attack a goal and
                                                                   How to defend a goal?


Week 3 Rotate The Defender (3 v 1)                            Aim: Support off the ball
                                                                    The angle of the pass .


Week 4 Space Invaders    (4 v 1 v 1)                      Aim: To retain possession while
                                                                     invading territory.


Week 5    End Zone (4 v 2)                             Aim: Same as above except defenders
                                                                may move anywhere.


Week 6    Wide Man (4 v 4 + 2 wide players)            Aim: To keep possession and invade
                                                         territory using the principle of width.
                                       Comhairle Uladh 2006                                   43
              Yearly Programme Planning

 Pre-Season          Playing Season                        Off-Season



                                                                   Christmas
                                                        Pre          Break
Post Christmas    Playing     Championship           Christmas       Rest
                  Season                                           Swimming
                  Leagues                                          Basketball


   8 weeks       16 weeks         6 weeks             6 weeks       4 weeks

General Speed     Specific         Speed            Strength &     Swimming
  Endurance        Speed                            Conditioning   Basketball
                 Endurance
                                                      Circuits
                             Comhairle Uladh 2006                         44
              Season Planning: For Different Age Groups
    Age          U.6/8’s          U.10’s                         U.14’s          U.16’s          Minors
                                               U.12’s
Technical:    General Sport    Learn Sport     All Sport     Sport skills     Skills
Skill         Skills           Skills          Skills        incorporated     developed
Development                                    should be     into games.      under match
                                               developed.
                                                                              conditions.

Tactical:     Simple           Simple          Simple        Develop          Develop game
              attacking &      attacking &     attacking &   game plays       plays in match
Activities    defending        defending       defending     in match         situations
              principals       principals      principals    situations

Games

Physical:     Play daily       Play 4/5        Play 4/5      Develop          Introduce weight Use weights to
Aerobic       activities       different       different     strength         training through develop strength

Seed          involving lots   sports.         sports.       through          brush shafts

Endurance     of running,      Develop         Develop       body             and
              jumping,         speed           speed         weights          light weights
Speed         handling,        through         through
Strength      kicking and      relay races.    relay
              hitting                          races.


Mental        Learn fair       Introduce     Introduce      Introduce         Introduce mental training skills
              play – when      visualisation imagery        mental training
                                          Comhairle Uladh 2006
                                                            skills                                      45
              to take turns                  skills
              etc.
            Season Planning: Physical U. 18’s
                                                                   Reverse Planning
Month         1              2                3 Mar./April     4 May/June     5 July/Aug.     Sept.
            Nov./Dec.      Jan./Feb.


Week          1 - 6          7- 15            16 - 24           25 - 33        34 -38

Phase       General        Pre Season       Early Season      Main            Final           Rest
            preparation                                       Competitive                     Recovery
                                                              Season
Physical    Conditioning   Aerobic          Improve Speed     Maintain        Speed
            New Weights    Conditioning     &                 Aerobic         1,000m
                           Improve          Power             Fitness &       10m/35m
                           Strength                           Power           5 Sets x 5
                                                                              Reps.
Technical   E.g. Lifting   Basic            Advanced          Speed
            Techniques     Skills:          Skills;
                           Endurance        Speed End.
Mental      Goal Setting   Dealing with     Motivation and    Arousal and     Concentration
                           success and      Mental Training   stress
                           failure          Skills            management

Events      Basketball     Challenge        League             Championship
                                          Comhairle Uladh 2006                                 46
                           Games
        (Moderation 15 – 16yrs)                       Stamina - Prolonged Effort (15 – 30 minutes) Speed
                                                                                              Endurance

•       Method A: Prolonged Effort                            30m
         – As children move into their teens their
            aerobic capacity decreases.
         – There is a need to develop this in a FUN
            way using the ball where possible

•       Activity
         – Volume: build from a suitable base
             1400m to 2500m using pitch markings
             (20, 30 & 50m sprints)
         – Intensity: Medium pace to fast running       40m
         – Type: Running with or without the ball             80m
             individually and in groups of two or       40m
             more
         – Time: for approximately 25 – 30 minutes
             twice a week in pre season.


    •   The FUN (Solo) Run                                     50m
          – GAA is a multi sprint event – but it
            requires a good aerobic base on
            which to build.
          – Pitch marking allow coach to mix
            the length of runs and the pace to
                                       Comhairle Uladh 2006                                     47
            replicate game conditions.
    (Sample speed endurance session for 15 – 16yrs) Stamina - Prolonged Effort (15 – 30 minutes)




Week           Distance             Reps.           Volume Recovery               Intensity

1        300m (30 x 10)             4               1200       20sec. Reps.        60%
                                                               2min. Sets

2        350                        5               1,750                          70%


3        400 (40m x10)              6               2,400                          75%


4        350 (35m x 10)             5               1,750                          80%
         N.B. Rest Week

5        500 (50m x 10)             6               3,000      10 secs. Reps.      90%
         N.B. Build up to week                                 40secs. Sets.
         2 etc.                         Comhairle Uladh 2006                             48
  (Moderation 13 – 14yrs: Optimal 15 – 16yrs)      Stamina- Shorter and Sharper (10 – 15 minutes) : Speed
                                                                   Endurance Periodisation Step Loading

60%
                                                 85 + % Intensity


          40%                        20%
                                                        Early season there will be an emphasis
                                                                        on the
                                                        speed endurance (60%) but this should
                                                                          be
                                                          supported with speed work (40%).

                                                          As the season progresses the focus
                                                                      changes to
                                                           15% speed endurance and 85%
                                                                        speed.
  Speed Endurance                 Speed




 Start of
 Season                                         Championship
                                           Comhairle Uladh 2006                                  49
                                  Stamina- Shorter and Sharper (10 – 15 minutes)
                                                     Periodisation Step Loading

Specialised v Multilateral development
Vary the training Load by manipulating the:
• Volume…..500m to 8,000m
• Intensity….70% - 95%
• Frequency…1 Session – 4/9Sessions - Week
• Duration of Sessions….15min. – 90mins.
• Number of Exercises….5/6 - 14
• Weeks of Training……1 – 16 Weeks max.
• Months of Training…… 4/5 - 11
• Years of Training (10 year rule)
• Step Loading…..3 Week Cycles – 3 yr. Cycles
                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                                 50
                       Stamina - Shorter and Sharper (10 – 15 minutes) : with ball & game related


• Game related and skills based                  Stamina GAA Circuit - 30 minutes, 1 minute for
                                                 switching between activities Group A’s in
  activities can raise the heart rate            corners and Group B in the game. Group A
  into the training zone.                        rotates every 3 min Group B in middle for 15
                                                 min - then switches with Group A’s
                                                 A                           A 2V2
                                                       2V2                     Hand
• To keep the heart rate in or close to              Blocking                 Passing
  the training zone it is necessary to                  Drill                  Activity
  have active rest between activities.                (3min)                   (3min)


• The game related activity (7v7)                          B
                                                                  8V8
  shows that the heart rate is at 86%                       Small sided game
  of maximum for about 20 minutes.                             (15 min)

• Increasing the numbers (11 v 11)
  reduced the heart rate to 83%                   A                           2V2 A
                                                      2V2
                                                                           Agility work
  maximum but still in the training               Kick Passing
                                                                           Ladders and
  zone.                                           & Follow Ball
                                                                             Hurdles
                                 Comhairle Uladh 2006(3 min)                 (3min) 51
       Sample Yearly Plan: U. 8/10 & 12’s
Week           Out Door Activity Sessions          Key Dates
1      Start-Up Meeting                            March
2      Parent/Coach Orientation Training Day       April
3      Parent & Child Mentoring                    April
4      Session 1 Fun Day – Come and Try            April
5      Session 2 Go Games                          April
6      Session 3 Inter Club Blitz                  May
7      Session 4 U-Can Awards                      May
8      Session 5 Multi –Sports Day                 May
9      Session 6   4- Club Blitz                   May
10     Session 7   Inter Parish Blitz              June
11     Session 8   Trip To Croke Park              June
12     Session 9   End Of Season U-Can Tests       June
                            Comhairle Uladh 2006           52
13     Session 10 Wind Up Day BB                   June
                              Weekly Planning: Elite Player
                                          Personal Training
    Day 1          Day 2         Day 3            Day 4          Day 5        Day 6         Day 7

•Strength        •Day Off     •Strength        •Day Off       •Strength    •Day Off      •Day Off
Training         •relaxing    Training         •low-          Training     •Bodyweight   •relaxing
•Interval        activity     •Interval        intensity,     •Interval    dumbbell      activity
Training         •30-         Training         moderate       Training     exercises     •30-60mins.
                 60mins.                       volume                      •30-60mins.
                                               circuits
                                               •30-60mins.



                                              Team Training

•Match/ Team     •Recovery    •Personal        •Team          •Recovery    •Personal     •Day Off
Training                      Training         Training                    Training




•Recovery –      •Cross       •90-100mins      •Rest          •60-70mins   •Rest         •Game /
Rehabilitation   training /   intensive and    •Specialist    Skills and                 Match Day
•Light Run       Swim         Competitive      Training       Team Play
                 •Jog
                 •Light                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                               53
                 Skills
                                      Monthly Team Training Planner
Month                      Position                            Name

    Week 1

Monday       Tuesday            Wednesday           Thursday          Friday   Saturday   Sunday




    Week 2

Monday       Tuesday            Wednesday           Thursday          Friday   Saturday   Sunday




    Week 3

Monday       Tuesday            Wednesday           Thursday          Friday   Saturday   Sunday




    Week 4   Reassessment/ Testing and Reset Week

Monday       Tuesday            Wednesday           Thursday          Friday   Saturday   Sunday




Notes:                                         Comhairle Uladh 2006                                54
                                   Self Monitoring Daily Record
 Month                            Club/ County                                       Name
                Training Time                                                                      Nutrition
                                       Fatigue Index   Health & Well-being
                    (mins)                                                   Heart             3= Good 2= Okay     Hydration
                                                                                     Weight        1= Poor
 Day     Date                   Game                                          Rate
                                                                     Worn             (kgs)
                Team    Own            +    =     -    Sick   Inj            (bpm)                                  Intake
                                                                      out                     Quality   Quantity
                                                                                                                     (lit)

Mon
 Tue
Wed
 Thu
 Fri
 Sat
 Sun
 Weekly Total

Mon
 Tue
Wed
 Thu
 Fri
 Sat
 Sun
 Weekly Total

Notes: Must be completed around 9pm every night Comhairle Uladh 2006                                               55
           Individual Strength Training Programme
            Name


Exercise           Resistance                  Reps   Sets   Rest

                                   Warm Up




                                   Work out


                                                             Super
                                                             Set



                                                             Super
                                                             Set



                                                             Super
                                                             Set


                                Interval Training
                            Comhairle Uladh 2006               56
                              Coaching Session Planner
Team                Date:          Start:                Finish:             Venue


Time Breakdown      Warm Up    Warm Down        Ball Work          Stamina           Set Pieces




   Min’s         Part            Exercise                             Diagram
           1




           2




           3




Notes:
                                  Comhairle Uladh 2006                                    57
       Long-Term Player Development For Playing Gaelic Games

         Age / Class
 Stage 1 Group             Emphasis                    Game Specifics
      Long-Term Development Pathway for Playing Gaelic Games
                                                 •Unstructured Play leading to
                       This stage gives          Guided Play.
         3-5 Yrs.      children an Active
         Nursery       Start linking basic       •Target Games leading to trio tasks
         P.1 & 2       movement skills to        invented by children themselves.
                       form play.
1. Active Pre School                             •Individual and Partner Tasks
Start                  ABC Nursery               leading from cooperative play to
          Infants &
                       Programme                 competitive play.
          Higher
          Infants      Resources:
                       Fundamentals Book         •Trio activities leading to Group
                       Fun Do Pack               Tasks.
         U.5’s
                                                 •All children should be active for 60
                                                 minutes every day in an
                                                 unstructured play situation.

                               Comhairle Uladh 2006                              58
Active Start – 4 yr. olds                                    FUN and Participation
                                                      Physical Literacy through unstructured
                                                          playful movement involving:


 Physical:                                Tactical:
•Agility – Walks a straight line          •Unstructured play to Guided
• Balance – Big Body Parts                discovery
• Co-ordination – runs, jumps, hops &     •Experimentation and Familiarisation
skips around obstacles                    • Spatial awareness
• Speed-Tag Games (First Speed Window)    • Co-operation – Individual before
• Running – Short distances – 10/20m      partner
• Jumping – 2 feet – 2 feet               • Target Games – Aiming
•Can jump over obstacles 15 – 18cm        at/through/under/over onto various
                                          pieces of equipment
Technical:                                •Make up own rules to suit as they
•Play Through lots Of involvement in:     go along
CPKS:-
•Body & Equipment stationary initially    Mental:
•Catch- Roll/bounce to air borne          •Little attention span -10 -15 secs.
• Pass – Roll/Bounce                      •Develop self confidence
• Kick – Ground to punt                   •Physical – provide 1 Hour per day
• Strike – Hand/Bat/Stick:                •Own body strength exercises
•Through individual, partner tasks        •Competition V Self
                               Comhairle Uladh 2006                                   59
Active Start - 5 yr. olds
                                                               FUN and Participation
                                                           Physical Literacy through playful
                                                                movement involving:


Physical:
• Agility
• Balance – On either foot for 5/10secs.            Tactical:
• Co-ordination – Learns to skip & capable of       • Experimentation and Familiarisation
learning complex body coordination skills like      • Spatial awareness
swimming & riding a bike                            • Co-operation involving partner and
• Speed - Tag Games                                 trios
• Running – Can skip run on tip-toes                • Target Games – Invents games
• Jumping – Combinations of take offs &               with Simple rules
                     landings                       • Likes to test muscular
                                                     strength and motor skills
Technical:
•   Play Through lots Of involvement in: CPKS:-
•   Catch- Roll/bounce/airborne – bean bag          *Not ready for competition
•   Pass – Roll/Bounce – Throw overhead
•   Kick – Ground/punt out of hands                 Mental:
•   Strike – Hand/Bat/Stick in a:                   •Little attention span
•   Multi Sport Environment                         •Develop self confidence
•   Link travelling with the ball                   •Physical – provide 1 Hour per day
•   Left & Right hand dominance can be              •Embarrassed by mistakes
             established                            •Plays without constant supervision
                                    Comhairle Uladh 2006                               60
     Long-Term Player Development For Playing Gaelic Games
        Age / Class
Stage 2 Group              Emphasis                       Game Specifics
      Long-Term Development Pathway for Playing Gaelic Games
                      •Overall Development          •Build the Fundamentals into:
                                                    Generic Sport Skills for use in All
                      •Learn all fundamental        Sports.
                      skills and build overall
        6-8 Yrs.      Motor Skills.                 •More advance Court Games.

                      •It should be well            •Build from Non Invasive games to
2. FUN P. 3 & 4       structured, positive and                 Part Invasion.
dament                FUN.
als    First &                                      •Build from 3v3 to First Touch 7v7
                      •By passing this stage is
       Second                                                with 3 Zones.
                      detrimental to their future
       Class          engagement in sport.
                                                    •They should play a wide variety of
         U.8                                                       sports.

                                                    •Perform Physical Activity 5/6 times
                                                    per week


                                Comhairle Uladh 2006 •Introduce simple rules and ethics.
                                                                                     61
Active Start – 6yr. olds
                                                         FUN and Participation
                                                     Physical Literacy through playful
                                                          movement involving:

Refine:
• Agility                                Tactical:
• Balance – Good sense of balance        • Spatial awareness –in simple target
• Co-ordination                          & court games
• Speed - Tag Games                      • Progress through non invasion to
• Running – 20 to 30m                    part invasion and 2 v 2 – 3 v 3
• Jumping – over various obstacles       • Develop a sense of team play
• Strength – Use body weight - enjoys
                                          *Simple rules and ethics become
testing muscle strength & skills
                                         important
Technical:
Play Through lots Of involvement in:         Mental:
CPKS:-                                       Longer attention span
• Catch- Can catch small balls               More decision making
• Pass & Catch – Partners – involve pass     • Develop self confidence
& move                                       • Can learn difference between right
• Kick – Ground/punt                         & left
• Strike – Hand/Bat/Stick in a:
                                             • Gains sense of security from
• Multi Sport Environment
• Through individual, partner and group      organised play and club identity
relays                                       •Becomes more confident
                                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                       62
            FUNdamentals                      Under 8’s
         Learn all the Fundamental skills before moving to the next stage
     Develop Generic Movement Skills through FUN and Participation involving:

                                  Tactical:
                                  Capable of taking instructions
Physical:                         • Spatial awareness
                                  • Co-operation through Court and then Non invasive games
• Agility/Balance                 •Develop Part Invasion when ready
• Improved coordination &         • Progress to Go Games
                                  •First Touch – 5 v 5 to 7 v 7
Reaction Time
                                  •No hard physical contact
• Speed – First Speed Window      •They will want to play a game at every opportunity so use
• Running – 30 to 45m             ‘whole part whole’ method of coaching
• Jumping                         • Simple rules and ethics
•Strength using own body
weight                            Mental:
                                  • Positive Attitude to Sport
                                  • Develop self confidence
Technical:
                                  • Seeks a sense of security in groups & organised play

•Increased hand/feet/stick        * Enjoys being asked questions through problem solving
dexterity especially least        tasks
preferred side
                                  Physical:
•Can judge the flight of a ball
                                  • Own body strength exercises
•Better anticipation              • Well structured programmes
                                  • Coaching / Competition Ratios
                                  Comhairle Uladh 2006                                 63
                                     75: 25 Mini Blitzes
      Long-Term Player Development For Playing Gaelic Games
           Age /
       3   Class       Emphasis             Game Specifics
 Stage Long-Term Development Pathway for Playing Gaelic Games
           Group


                          •Refine the                •Modify and Condition games to suit
              8-10 Yrs.   Fundamental skills         Ability Levels.


3. Learning               •Learning overall          •Build from 5v5 to Quick Touch 9 a-
              P. 5 & 6
                          sport specific skills to   side
  To Train
                          be able to play our
     1        Third &     Gaelic games.              •70:30 Ratio of Training To
              Fourth                                 Competition .
  U. 10’s     Class       •Players must Learn
              U.10        to Play before they        •Play 3/4 other sports plus all Gaelic
                          Play To Win.               sports i.e.
                                                     •Hurling/Camogie/Gaelic
                                                     Football/Handball

                                                      •Introduce
                                   Comhairle Uladh 2006         and learn some of the
                                                                                   64
                                                     rules and ethics
              Learn To Train 1: Under 10’s
•Physical Literacy – Refine:
                                               Tactical
Use Warm up: Athleticism
Agility                                        • Spatial awareness – Better Scanning
Balance                                        Ability – On & Off the Ball
Co-ordination                                  • Simple Attack & Defence – Support Play
Speed                                          • Non invasive/Invasive games
                                               • Go Games – 9 V 9 Quick Touch
Athletics:                                     • Simple rules and ethics
Running                                        • Play 4/5 sports
Jumping                                        • Coaching / Competition Ratios
Strength: Own body strength                         75: 25 Mini Blitzes
exercises
                                               Mental
Technical – Motor Development
Window                                         •   Positive Attitude to Sport
                                               •   Develop self confidence
                                               •   Perception of worth vital – Drop out
•Continue bilateral development
                                               •   See effort = Success
through this stage
•Link ball into all physical skills
                                      Comhairle Uladh 2006                                65
          Age/
Stage 3   Class          Emphasis                      Game Specifics
          Group
                  •Build the General Sport      •Build from 7v7 to Smart Touch 11
                  Skills through playing        a-side.
          10-12   Modified Gaelic games to
                  progress team play in fun     •70:30 Ratio of Training To
          Yrs.    blitz competitions.
Learn                                           Competition .
 To       P.7 &   •The emphasis must be on
Train     Yr.8                                  •Basic Fundamental Tactics –
                  individual performance in a   Offence and Defence
  2               team environment and not
          Fifth   winning.
            &                                   •Structure competition to address
U.12’s                                          differences in training age and
          Sixth   •Winning is not everything
          Class                                 abilities.
                  at this age but striving to
                  win is.
          U.12                                  •Focus on 3 sports.
                  •Cognitive and Emotional
                  Development are central         •Learn new rules and study others
                                                  •N.B. All the basic sport specific
                                                  skills should be established before
                               Comhairle Uladh 2006
                                                  they leave this stage.        66
Learning To Train 2:                              Under 12
Advanced Physical Literacy (PL)               Tactical
Incorporate the ball into the key PL
components:                                    Spatial Awareness-Creating &
                                               Exploiting Space
Refine: ABC’S, RJTS, CPKS into Gaelic
                                               Develop ‘Game Sense’ through
Games                                          ‘Problem Solving’
                                               Go Games: 11v11 ( Smart Touch)
Technical                                      Coaching / Competition Ratios
                                                   70: 30 Mini Blitzes
• Major skill learning phase                   Mental
•All basic sports skills should be
learnt before entering next phase              Introduction to mental preparation
•Develop individual team play in a              Cognitive Development
                                                Emotional development
team performance rather than                    Winning V Development
winning at all costs
                                               Physical
Ancillary Capacities
                                                Medicine ball, Swiss ball,
                                                Own body strength exercises
 Hydration practices - Nutrition
                                                Speed & Agility development 67
                             Comhairle Uladh 2006
          Age/
Stage 4   Class             Emphasis                           Game Specifics
          Group
                    •Consolidate Sport Specific       •Build from 9v9 to15 a-side depending
                    Skills by                         on skill ability.

                    •Progressing to the full Gaelic
          12-14     game to perform as a team         •Learn to cope with the physical and
 Train    Yrs.      player in formal competitions.    mental challenge of competition.
 To
          Yr.9-10   •Performance and                  •Tactical Awareness – ‘Reading The
 Train
                    Development should be the         Game’ Decision Making
   1                Focus rather than Winning.
          U.14
                                                      •60:40 Ratio of Training To Competition
                    •This and the previous stage
                    are the most important in a
 U.14’s                                               •Structure competition to address
                    player’s Development.
                                                      differences in training age and abilities.

                    •During these stages we Make
                    or Break a Player.                •Use PHV as an indicator


                    •Mental Preparation and Life      •Know most of the rules
                    Skills are Vital

                                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                                  68
       Train To Train 1:                            Under 14
Technical:                                 Tactical:

• Major skill learning phase               • Spatial Awareness-Creating &
•All basic sports skills should be                Exploiting Space
learnt before entering next phase          • Develop ‘Game Sense’ through ‘
•Develop unit team play (half                            Problem Solving’
forwards) in a team performance
rather than winning at all costs           Mental:

Physical:                                  • Introduction to mental
                                           preparation
• PHV will determine strength              • Cognitive Development
programme                                  • Emotional development
• Medicine ball, Swiss ball,               • Winning V Development
• Own body strength exercises              • Learn to cope with the physical
• Speed & Agility development                and mental challenge of
                                             competition.
Ancillary Capacities
Hydration practices – Nutrition
                             Comhairle Uladh 2006                         69
          Age/
Stage 4   Class             Emphasis                            Game Specifics
          Group
                    •Performing additional tasks in   •Full rules,15 a-side.
                    order to achieve more as a
                    player.                           •60:40 Ratio of Training To Competition

                    •Year - round training e.g.       •Structure competition to address
  Train   14-16     weight training, lifestyle        differences in training age and abilities.
          Yrs.      management, nutrition etc.
   To
  Train                                               •Use PHV as an indicator
                    •Although players do their best
    2     Yr.11 &   to win the major Focus is on
          Yr.12     learning the basics as opposed    •Too much competition wastes valuable
                    to Competing to win at all        training time and conversely not
                    costs.                            enough inhibits the practice of technical
U.16’s    U. 16                                       and tactical and decision making skills.

                                                      •Learn to cope with the physical and
                                                      mental challenge of Competition.

                                                      •Know all the rules to be able to play the
                                                      game fairly


                                  Comhairle Uladh 2006                                   70
  Train To Train 2:                                 Under 16
 Broad base skills & sport
 specific skills- Major fitness             Physical:
 development phase -                        • Year round training
 Anaerobic and Strength,                    • Development of Strength:
 (PHV is the reference point)               • Introduce lifts
                                            • Fitness within the games
Technical:                                  • Speed & Speed Endurance
•Advanced Technical Skill                   • Flexibility
• development
• Skills developed under pressure               Ancillary Capacities:
• Fitness within skills drills                  • Monitor PHV - posture
Tactical:                                       • Nutritional Awareness
•Understanding of Principles of Play            • Video Feedback
in grids and small-sided games.
•Application of skills in game                  Periodisation:
Mental:                                          Single or Double
• Understand the use of psychology               Training / Competition Ratios
• Use skills based goal setting                     60: 40
• Use mental imagery training
                               Comhairle Uladh 2006                       71
Stage 5   Age/Class          Emphasis                            Game Specific
          Group

                       •Achieving potential in order to    •Coach players how to perform
                       succeed* others at a higher level   under a variety of competitive
                       e.g. senior club, minor, county     conditions in training.
                       etc.
                                                           •Place special emphasis on
                       •Change the training to             optimum preparation by ‘modelling’
 Train                                                     high competition training.
                       competition and competition-
          16-18 Yrs.   specific to 40:60.
  To
          Yr.13 &      •Devote 40% to the development      •Optimise fitness preparation and
Compete   Yr.14        of technical and tactical skills    sport – individual, and position
                       and improving fitness and 60% of    specific skills as well as
          U.18         training to competition and         performance.
U.18’s                 competition-specific training.
                                                           •Study and interpret all the rules
                       •Succeed = Take over From,
                       Follow On from previous levels

                       •Advanced Mental Practice


                                   Comhairle Uladh 2006                                  72
 Training to Compete                             Under 18
  Sports position specific skills
Technical                                   Physical
• Position specific technical playing       • Specific physical conditioning
  skills preparation                        • Light weights
• Skill development within small            • Flexibility
  sided games leading to full games         • Core Stability

Tactical                                    Ancillary Capacities
• Position specific tactical and            • Optimise Ancillary capacities
  playing skills under competitive          • Hydration and Nutrition
  conditions                                • Managing training loads
• Refining Games SENSE                      • Managing Competition load
•Model high performance in training         • Performance Analysis
                                            • Recovery methods
Mental
• Mental rehearsal                            Periodisation
• Focusing and refocusing                      Double/ Triple Periodisation
• Relaxation techniques                        Training / Competition Ratios
                                                 40: 60
                            Comhairle Uladh 2006                         73
• Advanced mental preparation
Stage 6 Age/Class            Emphasis                        Game Specific
        Group

                      •This is the final stage of        •Individual and position-
                      player performance                 specific skills as well as team
                                                         performance.
                      •Maximise fitness
                      performance:                       •The focus of training is now
                                                         shifted to maximisation of
Train                                                    performance.
 To                   •All of the player’s physical,
                      mental and lifestyle
Win       18 + Yrs.   capacities are fully               •Change Training to
                      established.                       Competition Ratios
                                                         to 25:75, with the competition
Seniors               •All training is of high           percentage including
                      intensity and relatively high      competition- specific training
                      volume.                            activities.




                                  Comhairle Uladh 2006                             74
  Training To Win                         U21 to Senior
   Position specific and team               Physical:
            play skills                     •Maximise Fitness Performance
                                            •Majority of training should be high
                                            intensity to represent match conditions
                                            • Weights program
Technical:                                  • Core Stability
• Further refinement of technical           • Flexibility
• skills                                    • Build rest into the program
• Development within full games
                                            Ancillary Capacities:
                                            •   Training diary
Tactical:                                   •   Food diaries
• Further refinement of position            •   Heart rate monitoring
                                            •   Fatigue monitoring
• specific tactical and playing skills
                                            •   Recovery Strategies
• in full games                             •   Hot and cold / pool
•Video Analysis                             •   Health Check

Mental:                                    Periodisation:
                                            Double, triple or multiple
• Modelling all possible aspects of         Training / Competition Ratios   20: 80
• training and performance     Comhairle Uladh 2006                                  75
Stage 7   Age/Class          Emphasis                         Game Specific
          Group

                      AIM:                              •All sports must make a paradigm
                      •The age of transition from       shift from ‘cutting’ players to re-
                      competitive sport to              directing them to other activities
                      lifelong physical activity.       where they might find lifelong
                                                        enjoyment.

Active                •Move from competitive
                      sport to volunteering as          •Footballers/Hurlers/Camogs
For       This can    coaches, referees or              could be re-directed to rounders,
Life      occur at    administrators.                   hand ball or Master’s Games
          any age                                       (Over 40’s).
                      •A positive experience in
                      sport is the key to               •Jogging clubs at various age
                      retaining players after they      groups should be set up at all
                      leave the competitive             clubs.
                      stream.                           N.B.
                                                        •You don’t stop playing games
                                                        because you grow old.
                                                        •You grow old because you stop
                                 Comhairle Uladh 2006   playing games.            76
                 Conclusion:

• Schools, Clubs and County Boards must work in unison
  and not separately as is the case at present

• Implications for all future coaches – LTPD Training etc.


• Coaches of the future will be central to the sporting
  ambitions of all players

• The best coaches must be selected to coach the
  appropriate programmes at the right stage i.e. LTPDP
  must be aliened to our coaching courses

• Most players now need remedial action to improve their
  performance because of a lack of proper coaching at the
  appropriate stage   Comhairle Uladh 2006           77
• The most talented performers are not always being
  identified or identified too early

• Over-competing and under-training – not reaching
  potential by peaking too early

• Damage done between age 6-12 cannot be fully
  corrected

• Big drop out if children lack these fundamental skills

• Age appropriate competition with emphasis on
  development not winning

       Motto: Children First Winning Second

                        Comhairle Uladh 2006               78

								
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