Metropolitan Universities News
GlassRoots at Rutgers – formed glass, graphic design, and busi- ing, according to Kettenring,
Newark Fosters ness skills programs (as well as partici- GlassRoots director. Students in various
pate in field trips) at 10 Bleeker Street, graduate business programs act as men-
Entrepreneurship in the heart of the Newark arts district. tors to the Newark youngsters, and are
FUTURE BUILT UPON A GLASS Ultimately, these youngsters will learn currently learning the skills to market
foundation isn't as risky as it how to blow large glass pieces, such as their products successfully through a
sounds. In fact, for Newark bowls, in a "hot shop" to be built in the program taught by Rutgers MBA stu-
youngsters participating in the GlassRoots Bleeker Street facility. “This will com- dent Gloria Sandiford. Sandiford uses a
project founded by Pat Kettenring, pro- plete the original mission of GlassRoots program called NFTE, or National
gram development administrator at the to provide positive risk-taking to youth Foundation for Teaching
Rutgers Business School on the Newark who have not had the opportunity to Entrepreneurship, which was founded
campus, glass could be the basis for a learn creative arts in the past,” by Steve Marriotti in Newark over 20
bright economic future. notes Kettenring. years ago.
Since its inception in 2001, the pro- Students in Rutgers' interfunctional In the summer of 2006, young
gram has served more than 1,500 stu- management program helped draft a GlassRoots artists had the opportunity
dents including over 650 the past year business plan for GlassRoots, as well as a to exhibit their work at the Paul
alone. Through GlassRoots, Newark capital budget, with additional assis- Robeson Gallery at Rutgers-Newark.
children ages 11 through 18 are learning tance from a marketing team of under- The students worked in collaboration
both the craftsmanship of making fine graduate students in a strategic manage- with the internationally renowned New
glass and the business acumen to market ment course. Students in the visual and Jersey artist Willie Cole to create “Glass
their wares. "The aim of GlassRoots is performing arts department designed the City,” a city made of recycled glass that
to teach young people both life skills GlassRoots logo, its letterhead and its provided a visual metaphor for a posi-
and career skills," says Kettenring. business cards to help give the project a tive future. While creating Glass City,
"They're developing their self-esteem professional image. A small army of the students channeled their creativity,
and personal goals while learning Rutgers students, alumni, board mem- learned new life skills, and boosted their
the career skills to be productive and bers and AmeriCorps participants lent self-confidence, notes Kettenring.
marketable." their talents to renovating the Bleeker
Young artists attend workshops in Street site which opened in 2002. For more information on GlassRoots,
glass bead-making, glass casting, kiln- The interaction with Rutgers is ongo- please go to: http://www.glassroots.org/
Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis
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Indianapolis, IN 46202 The Metropolitan Universities News
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A World’s Source of Higher
Education for the st Century
MUJ News • March
HRSA Awards $1.3 Million Grant for Nurse SIU/SDM
Retention and Patient Care To ASU College of Wing Expansion Shows
Nursing & Healthcare Innovation Community Commitment
HE HEALTH RESOURCES AND ORE THAN 90 ALUMNI, FACULTY
Services Administration In addition to creating a new Center and friends of the Southern
(HRSA) awarded a $1.3 million for Professional and Clinical Excellence Illinois University School of
grant to the Arizona State University based on the American Association of Dental Medicine in Alton raised more
(ASU) College of Nursing & Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) Synergy than $625,000 to invest in the School’s
Healthcare Innovation to fund a project Model, nurses’ practice and patient out- future by giving it room to grow.
to improve nurse retention and patient comes will be enhanced through a variety An Advanced Care Wing added to the
care. ASU’s ultimate goal of the Nurses- of activities. The center will offer on-site Main Clinic allows general dentistry and spe-
to-Nurses project is to implement a advisement for Abrazo nurses, encourage cialty disciplines—including periodontics
working model for creating and sustain- specialty certification, and establish a and endodontics—to be taught in one place.
ing a healthy and effective nursing recognition program for outstanding
Construction of the wing was
work environment that can be adapted performance. Specialty certification
financed through bonds and loans that
by health organizations across the classes will include Medical/Surgical,
the School of Dental Medicine will pay
United States. Perinatal, Critical Adult Care, and
back over time, said Stephen Schaus,
The ASU College of Nursing & Emergency Nursing.
the School’s Director of Development.
Healthcare Innovation will partner with “We are pleased to partner with the
“Due to the high cost of construction, the
Abrazo Health Care (AHC) of Arizona College of Nursing & Healthcare
Innovation at Arizona State University building and mechanicals required all
on the five-year initiative through 2011.
in this important learning initiative,” said those available funds. “We turned to alum-
Abrazo Health Care employs more than
Judy L. Schueler, Ph.D., chief learning ni, faculty, friends and corporate sponsors
5,000 employees across the Maricopa
County Metropolitian area and is experi- officer of Abrazo Health Care. “Through to help purchase the equipment necessary
encing nursing shortages similar to other this project we will collaborate on to make the new space function.”
hospital systems in the state. In fact, improving the overall work environment The 6,400-square-foot wing expansion
a recent HRSA report noted that for nurses—and subsequently improve the provides space for 24 more clinical oper-
Arizona had a 21 percent vacancy rate patient care experience. As we increase atories, or areas that contain several
in 2005, triple the national average. The the number of new graduate nurses enter- dental stations, and a new classroom.
nursing shortage in Arizona, including ing our hospitals, we know we will need “As with all fundraising initiatives at
Phoenix, is acute because of rapid popu- the support and mentorship of our nurs- the dental school, we approached the
lation growth. ing experts across the system to support project with a donor-centered focus,”
Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano their ongoing professional development.” Schaus said.
spoke at the news conference announc- According to Dr. Hrabe, project out- “We made every effort throughout the
ing the grant and described the Nurses- comes are expected to improve patient process to match donors with opportu-
to-Nurses project as innovative and com- care, RN retention in the workplace, and nities for giving, which on our end
mended the collaboration between the employee satisfaction. “By implementing translated into specific needs to com-
ASU college and Abrazo Health Care. this model, we’re pulling together the lat- plete the project.” (Continued pg. 2)
National and local reports indicate 25 est research and innovations related to
percent of new RN graduates leave their patient care,” Dr. Hrabe said.
positions in one year and up to 50 per- Abrazo Health Care
cent terminate in 18 months, a major Abrazo Health Care comprises Phoenix
cause of the nursing shortage. Health Plan (serving nearly 100,000
The project will employ a comprehen- community residents), TMC Imaging
sive career development initiative to Centers at seven locations across the
increase retention and advance skills and Valley, and six hospitals including
competency among Abrazo RN’s. David Arrowhead Hospital, Maryvale Hospital,
Hrabe, Ph.D., RN, director of the Paradise Valley Hospital, Phoenix Baptist
Academy of Continuing Education at the Hospital, Phoenix Memorial Hospital,
College of Nursing & Healthcare and West Valley Hospital.
Innovation and grant project director, ASU College of Nursing &
said more than 600 nurses, their man- Healthcare Innovation
agers, executives, and administrators will Founded in 1957, ASU College of
From back left to right – Dr. Robert Dennison, CEO
take part in the continuing education Nursing & Healthcare Innovation has
of Delta Dental of Illinois and a 1982 graduate of the
workshops presented by ASU faculty in nearly 1800 students in its Bachelors,
SIU School of Dental Medicine; Illinois State Sen.
residence at Abrazo. “We’re very excited Masters, and Doctor of Science nursing Bill Haine; and SIUE Chancellor Vaughn
about our partnership with Abrazo,” Dr. degree programs and more than 7,100 Vandegrift. From front left to right – SIU School of
Hrabe stated. “It will be a high-impact alumni. The college also has one of only Dental Medicine Dean Ann Boyle, SIU System
project with positive results for both four Centers for the Advancement of President Glenn Poshard, SIU Board of Trustees
nurses and patients alike.” Evidence-based Practice at U.S. colleges Chairman Roger Tedrick, and Illinois State Rep.
of nursing. Renee Kosel.
MARCH 2007 1
A World’s Source of Higher
Education for the st Century
Metropolitan Universities News
Dramatic Delivery for New $620,000
Scientific Instrumentation at Boise State
studying the possible delivery methods,
HE LARGE CROWD OF FACULTY,
students and local media gathered Boise State crews decided to remove the
behind barrier tape on the north glass from the second-story window of the
side of the Math/Geosciences Building at Math/Geosciences Building and use a
Boise State University in mid-October forklift to get the various crates contain-
2006 breathed a collective sigh of relief as ing the instrumentation into the building.
a large crate containing scientific instru- Schmitz says he was very pleased that the
mentation was safely delivered through operations went so smoothly. With the
the building’s second-floor window. help of a support engineer from the Among the national-scope projects Boise State will
Manchester, England company where the join is an NSF-funded initiative to precisely date the
TIMS was built, Schmitz and his col- Earth’s geologic history.
leagues are now busy setting up the instru- will support a number of local and region-
mentation in the new ultra-clean lab. al research projects, such as determining
The TIMS measures the products of when volcanic eruptions occurred on the
radioactive decay in microscopic minerals Snake River Plain or tracing how quickly
and can be used to determine the age of water flows underground through the
geologic materials such as rocks or fossils Boise Foothills and what dissolved miner-
and the composition of environmental als it picks up along the way.
samples such as dissolved minerals in Boise State now has the only TIMS
water or lead contaminants in soil. The capabilities in a geographic area stretch-
instrumentation will enable Boise State ing from the University of Washington in
Delivery was made through a second–floor window. faculty and students to collaborate with Seattle, Washington to the University of
The instrumentation, a thermal ioniza- scientists at similar labs at the Wyoming in Laramie, Wyoming. As
tion mass spectrometer, or TIMS, will be Massachusetts Institute of Technology, such, the facility will be an important
the centerpiece of a new Isotope Geology the University of California-Berkeley, and regional center of training for the next
Laboratory that is the first of its kind in other research universities as part of a generation of geoscientists and may also
the interior Northwest. The TIMS was National Science Foundation program. support research at the Idaho National
acquired with a $620,000 instrumenta- Among the national-scope projects Laboratory, Schmitz says.
tion grant from the National Science Boise State will join is an NSF-funded ini- “Geoscience is a global science, and we
Foundation. Geosciences professor Mark tiative to precisely date the Earth’s geolog- anticipate that current and future part-
Schmitz procured the grant. ic history. Another project focuses on nerships with scientists in Europe, Russia,
The unusual delivery method was nec- understanding future climate change by South Africa, Australia and South
essary because of the size of the instru- documenting how the Earth’s climate has America will flourish with the resources
mentation and its sensitivity to being changed over the past 500 million years. made available through this new facility,”
tipped more than about 15 degrees. After In addition, the new TIMS equipment Schmitz adds.
SIU/SDM Wing Expansion Shows Community Commitment (Continued)
Speakers at a dedication ceremony in dents by allowing them to more reg-
September included Illinois Sen. ularly work with graduate students
William Haine of Alton, Illinois Rep. and specialty faculty members.
Renèe Kosel of New Lenox, SIU Dr. Ann Boyle, Dean of the School,
President Glenn Poshard, and SIUE cited gifts from alumni, faculty, corpo-
Chancellor Vaughn Vandegrift. rate and other sponsors as critical not
Dr. Robert Dennison, CEO of Delta only to the completion of the
Dental of Illinois (DDIL) and a 1982 Advanced Care Wing but also to the
SDM graduate, also addressed the success of the institution.
Dedication guests. Dennison spoke on “With the erosion of state support,
behalf of DDIL, which also made a gener- private contributions allow us to con-
ous contribution of $250,000 for equip- tinuously improve the quality of den-
ment for the project. The wing was named tal education our students receive,
the Delta Dental of Illinois Advanced and our students’ performance on
Care Wing in the company’s honor. national examinations reflects these
“Education and access to care play key improvements,” Boyle said.
roles in improving oral health,” “The Class of 2006 recorded the
Dennison said. “The School obviously second highest comprehensive stan-
does important work on both fronts, dard scores in the United States on
greatly benefiting the community. We the National Board Examination
are proud to support the School and its Part II. These results are made possi-
good work by doing what we can to ble through developments, such as
help provide better education to its stu- the Advanced Care Wing, which
dents and improved care to its patients.” offer the capacity necessary to improve Advanced Care Wing
The new facility will enrich educa- the curriculum and enhance the educa-
tional opportunities for pre-doctoral stu- tion we provide.”
2 MARCH 2007
Metropolitan Universities News
UCDHSC Researcher Shows Progress in Helping to Safely Restore Native Artifacts
FFORTS TO CONSERVE ARTIFACTS OF
ancient life have been undertak-
en by many well-meaning conser-
vationists throughout human history.
However, some of the methods and
materials used by early conservationists
have since been determined to cause
additional damage and make exposure
to such items hazardous to humans.
University of Colorado at Denver and
Health Sciences Center (UCDHSC)
Associate Professor of Biology
Timberley Roane has been working on
ways to safely remove harmful chemi-
cals from artifacts under a grant from
the National Center for Preservation
Technology and Training, an office of
the National Park Service.
“Early methods of preserving many
native artifacts, such as headdresses,
pipes, blankets and ceremonial masks,
relied heavily on the use of pesticides,”
says Roane. “Two common ingredients
in those pesticides were mercury and
arsenic. Concentrations of those chemi-
cals now make it risky for humans to
come into contact with the artifacts.”
Roane, who is of Lumbee descent,
discussed his concerns about hazardous
artifact preservation with a Navajo col-
league at the Environmental Protection
Agency and came up with the use of
bacteria as a possible means of restora-
tion. Due to the presence of mercury in
artifacts, the risk of skin exposure or
inhalation makes it dangerous for them
to be used in their historic and cultural
contexts. Roane’s idea was to apply bac-
teria to the artifacts to extract the dan-
gerous mercury from the objects (from
when they were originally made) in
such a way that not only would the
artifacts not be damaged but also they
would then be safe to use in their tradi-
tional ways. Roane has found 20 types
of bacteria that are able to grow in high uses a similar approach to manage envi-
concentrations of toxic mercury with ronmental cleanup with naturally
one bacterium capable of removing occurring bacteria.
approximately 20 percent of the mercu- When Roane began her work with
ry from a surface within two weeks. native artifacts not much was known
“These bacteria may be the key to help- about contamination levels. Through
ing return artifacts to the people who the renewable grant, she was able to
created them and to return them with- begin her work with the Native
out endangering individuals coming in American collections at the Arizona
contact with the items,” says Roane. State Museum. “It is very important to
Other proposed methods for remov- handle the items with great care
ing toxic materials include using chemi- because they are considered to be living
cals or ultraviolet light and heat, but by the tribes from which they come,”
such techniques could damage the says Roane. “So, we believe this
items. Roane’s approach is to use bacte- research offers hope to ensure their
ria to change the mercury into a continued legacies.”
gaseous form which then can be dis-
posed of safely. In other work, Roane
MARCH 2007 3
A World’s Source of Higher
Education for the st Century
Metropolitan Universities News
“Saviors of Our Cities”: Twenty-Five Urban Colleges Noted
for Positive Economic and Social Benefit to Their Communities
that has eroded the traditional urban economic base.”
R. EVAN DOBELLE, PRESIDENT OF THE NEW ENGLAND
Board of Higher Education (NEBHE), has released a list Many other institutions also have a very positive impact on
of 25 “best-neighbor” urban colleges and universities their communities, Dobelle noted, and hopefully the focus on a
that, because of their strong positive contribution of careful range of actions taken by colleges and universities of various
strategic planning and thoughtful use of resources, have sizes, both public and private, will encourage others to take
dramatically strengthened the economy and quality of life additional steps. “This list is designed to recognize 25 outstand-
of their neighboring communities and have become “Saviors ing institutions that represent hundreds of others who every day
of Our Cities.” become more and more important by providing stability in
The economic impact of institutions on smaller, familiar “col- every social indices in cities across America,” he said.
lege towns” has long been recognized, but the current reality is Inclusion on the list is based on 10 criteria that have been
that many major cities are now dependent on the economic designed to accommodate scale in terms of the size of the insti-
influence and impact of their colleges. Today there are numer- tution in geography, student population, endowment, and popu-
ous cities where the decisions made by these institutions play lation of their immediate neighborhood or city. Some, by neces-
the major role in the economic and social health of their com- sity, include subjective impressions based on 20 years of profes-
munity. Dobelle noted, “In New England alone there are 270 sional experience. The criteria are:
colleges and universities in those six states that employ 250,000,
including 38,000 faculty, and have annual budgets of $20 bil- 1. The institution’s longstanding involvement with it’s urban
lion, exclusive of capitol construction which approached $1 bil- community.
lion last year. The economic multipliers are huge.” 2. The real dollars invested through the institution’s
The “Saviors of Our Cities” list is composed of 25 academic foundations and annual budgets.
institutions that are outstanding examples of community revi- 3. The institution’s catalyst effect on additional partners for
talization and cultural renewal, economic drivers of the local social and economic change.
economy, and advocates of community service and urban devel- 4. The institution’s presence felt from their payroll, research
opment, both commercial and residential. They are: and purchasing power.
5. Faculty and student involvement in community service.
1. University of Southern California – Los Angeles, 6. The institution’s continued sustainability of neighborhood
California initiatives that in many ways have supplanted
2. University of Pennsylvania – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania government programs.
3. University of Dayton – Dayton, Ohio 7. The marked difference the institution has made on local
4. IUPUI – Indianapolis, Indiana* student access and affordability to attend college
5. Rhode Island School of Design – Providence, Rhode Island through K-12 partnerships.
6. Case-Western University – Cleveland, Ohio 8. The qualitative esprit of the institution in its engagement.
7. Clark University – Worcester, Massachusetts 9. The quantifiable increase in positive recognition of the
8. Virginia Commonwealth University – Richmond, Virginia* institution as demonstrated by a rise in applications by
9. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee – Milwaukee, prospective students and resources raised through
Wisconsin* renewed alumni giving becoming available for
10. Emerson College – Boston, Massachusetts community projects and local scholarships.
11. Trinity College – Hartford, Connecticut 10. Recognition of the impact of the institution within its
12. University of Chicago – Chicago, Illinois community gathered from interviews with educators
13. Mercer University - Macon, Georgia and public officials throughout the country.
14. Middlesex Community College – Lowell, Massachusetts
15. George Washington University – Washington, DC Dobelle, an expert in the field of Higher Education and
16. Carnegie-Mellon University – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Cities, was recognized as New Englander of the Year in 1999 for
17. Portland State University – Portland, Oregon* his efforts leading Trinity College in Hartford. He was widely
18. University of Pittsburgh – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania praised that year for his “call to arms” in a National Press Club
19. College of Charleston – Charleston, South Carolina speech in Washington D.C., entitled “Stepping Down From
20. Springfield College – Springfield, Massachusetts The Ivory Tower.” A former president at four different higher
21. Emory University – Atlanta, Georgia education institutions, he is a longtime Executive Board mem-
22. Union College – Schenectady, New York ber of the National Campus Compact, a frequent speaker, and
23. University of Missouri – Kansas City – Kansas City, recipient of numerous awards and honorary degrees.
24. Miami-Dade College – Miami, Florida For more information contact:
25. Creighton University – Omaha, Nebraska Amanda Krupkoski, email@example.com
Evan Dobelle, firstname.lastname@example.org
These 25 urban institutions, some nationally well-known and
others less so, were all found to have led the way in instituting Five of those universities are members of the Coalition of Urban and
policies which not only have had positive results on their cam- Metropolitan Universities (CUMU).
puses, but also produced a major beneficial impact in the cities
they call home.
Dobelle said, “The extraordinary efforts of these and other
colleges have made higher education one of the great growth
industries in America and have given a sense of confidence and
hope as well as stability to cities that would otherwise be strug-
gling in a world of mergers, downsizing and global outsourcing
4 MARCH 2007
Metropolitan Universities News
respective investments of time and
money pay off in the future,” Clark said
Learning in Leaps and Bounds: in the study.
Positive Outcomes for Children with Autism As a result of the education received at
UTC, the average male member of the
ARENTS WHOSE CHILDREN HAVE Fall 2003 entering class who completes
been diagnosed with autism spec- “If you deliver dosages of intervention his undergraduate training at UTC can
trum disorder are finding hope early enough, with peers as intervention
be expected to earn approximately $1.47
through a program developed by agents, you can turn profoundly non-
million more over his lifetime than his
Professor Phillip Strain at the social beings into social beings,” Strain
says. “Peer relationships, begun early on, counterpart with only a high school
University of Colorado at Denver and
are the most powerful predictor of diploma. A male graduate student will
Health Sciences Center (UCDHSC).
Strain’s program, known as LEAP or where you wind up as an adult.” earn an additional $1.41 million more
Learning Experiences-An Alternative “I’d like to see a time when the than his college undergraduate counter-
Program for Pre-schoolers and Parents, majority of kids with autism get a part during the earning years. The aver-
is funded by the U.S. Department of chance at being in inclusive settings age female who completes her undergrad-
Education and is housed in UCDHSC’s early in life,” Strain says. “And I’d like uate training will earn $1.14 million more
Positive Early Learning Experiences to see a set of professional standards in than her counterpart with a high school
Center. The LEAP pre-school program the field such that if you said you were
education. Females who go on to earn a
is offered in 50 school districts around doing intervention, any parent could
graduate degree will earn $723,000 more
the country. assume they were going to get standard
proven treatment.” than her undergraduate counterpart.
Funding for the original LEAP interven-
According to Strain, the LEAP model The vast majority of UTC students, 88
tion program was through a U.S. Office of
Special Education model demonstration grew out of a series of small scale studies percent of undergraduates and 83 percent
grant. Subsequent grants to conduct which demonstrated the existence of a of graduate students, will remain in
research on the model and replicate the general level of dissatisfaction with the Tennessee after graduation. That means
program were provided by grants from the typical outcomes experienced by chil- the incremental future earning and
U.S. Office of Special Education, the dren and families dealing with autism spending, attributable to an education at
National Institute of Mental Health, and and that typical children can have a UTC, will contribute significantly to the
the Pennsylvania and Colorado State rather profound impact on the develop- future economic development of the state
Departments of Education. ment of children with autism.
and the tax revenues the state collects.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is LEAP helps children, their families,
and their teachers learn to live with For every $1 spent by the state on the
characterized by a series of developmen-
ASD and maximize autistic children’s Fall 2003 entering UTC class, the state
tal deficits in social interaction, verbal
potential. “We’ve learned over the past will receive $1.45 back in taxes, on a pres-
and non-verbal communication, and by
repetitive behaviors or interests. 30 years that the outer limits of what ent discounted value basis. This translates
Children with ASD may also have kids are capable of is pretty phenome- to a 5.14 percent rate of return on the
unusual responses such as panic or nal,” states Strain. “And in 30 years it state’s investment in the university.
tantrums to certain sounds or the will be even better.” In 2003, UTC brought into the state
appearance of certain objects. For more information about ongoing nearly $37 million from external sources,
More sophisticated diagnostic tech- research contact: such as grants, foundation spending and
niques have led to an increased number Phil Strain, Ph.D.
tuition from out-of-state students. The
of diagnosed autism cases—and with it a (303)556-3353
sales tax revenue generated by this
proliferation of alternative treatments. email@example.com.
income flow amounts to approximately
Equine therapy, swimming with dolphins,
$2.2 million annually.
and other alternative treatments may be
well-intended, Strain says, but they are
Economic Impact on “In summary, the three major economic
not proven. More effective early inter- University of Tennessee at contributions UTC makes to Tennessee –
vention includes coaching parents on an educated labor force for the private
helping their children with routines such Chattanooga and public sector, a large increment in
as getting up, getting dressed and going state tax revenues from the additional
ETROPOLITAN UNIVERSITIES CAN
out into the community. have a very important impact earnings of UTC in-state resident alumni,
“We’re concerned about relieving the on the well-being of a commu- and the boost to the state income and
obvious pain and anxiety that parents revenue from UTC as an “export base” –
nity. The University of Tennessee at
feel when they learn they have a child all suggest that the engaged metropolitan
Chattanooga plays an integral role in the
with significant special needs,” Strain
stimulation of the local economy of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
says. “Providing training and support for
“Scenic City,” contributing more than is an extraordinary investment for the
families is important to help children
with this disorder.” $285 million a year, providing over 4,000 state,” said Clark.
Early on, Strain and his colleagues jobs, and receiving only 6.7 percent of
found that even the most highly skilled Tennessee’s total higher education appro-
adult mediators had limited long-term priations, with 59 percent of University
effects on the children. The children funding coming from other sources.
weren’t maintaining their skills or gen- These findings were recently released in
eralizing them to new settings. They
“The Economic Impact and Return on
found that it is helpful to integrate
Investment of UTC: What Tennessee
these children with children who are
developing normally. The bonus of this Taxpayers Get for Their Money 2005-
practice is that kids who have been part 2006” written by Dr. S., J. R. Clark and
of LEAP are very forgiving of kids who Scott L. Probasco Jr., Chair of Free
are not having success. LEAP teaches Enterprise.
A UTC undergraduate can be expected to earn
typically developing peers to facilitate “Both students and taxpayers might be
the social and language skills of children approximately $1.47 million more over his life-
surprised to learn exactly how their
time than his counterpart with only a high
school diploma. MARCH 2007 5