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					                                                                                Ghana 1993
                                                                Health, Nutrition, Population and Poverty:
                                                                            Total Population
                                                                                           Quintiles                    Population   Poor/Rich   Concentration Conc. Index
Indicator                           Summary Definition (*)                Poorest Second    Middle Fourth     Richest     Average      Ratio        Index       std. error
HNP Status Indicators
IMR                                 Deaths under age 12 months             77.8    93.6     83.8     63.9      45.8        74.7       1.699        -0.09292      0.0552
                                    per thousand births

U5MR                                Deaths under 5 years per              157.1   171.7      141     102.1     74.9        132.8      2.097        -0.13458      0.0517
                                    thousand births

Children Stunted (%)                Below -2 sd z-score, height           35.3    29.1      27.9     22.8      12.6        25.9       2.802        -0.15158      0.0623
                                    for age, children under 3 years

Children Underweight                Below -2 sd z-score, weight           33.2    32.3      32.9     23.4      12.6        27.3       2.635        -0.13865      0.0728
(% moderate)                        for age, children under 3 years

Children Underweight                Below -3 sd z-score, weight           10.4    10.0      12.3      4.0      1.9          7.9       5.474        -0.22271      0.1296
(% severe)                          for age, children under 3 years

Low Mother's BMI (%)                Body Mass Index < 18.5                 11.3    14.8     13.8     12.1       7.2        12.1       1.569        -0.06693      0.0676

Total Fertility Rate                Births per woman age 15-49             6.7      6        5.6      4.7       3.4         5.2       1.971        -0.12493      0.0349
Age Specific Fertility Rate         Births per 1000 women age 15-19        149     151       117      116       72          116       2.069        -0.13274      0.0437
(15-19 years)

HNP Service Indicators

Immunization coverage (%):          Children age 12-23 months, by
-- Measles                          vaccination card or mother's report   47.8    63.5      60.4     64.2      88.4        64.4       0.541         0.09971      0.0401
-- DPT3                                                                   43.4    61.9      58.2     67.2      83.5        62.4       0.520         0.10867      0.0379
-- All                                                                    37.5    56.3      48.5     56.0      78.5        54.8       0.478         0.11714      0.0486
-- None                                                                   30.9    17.5      9.0      14.2      3.3         15.2       9.364        -0.30655      0.1024

Medical Treatment of
Illnesses
Treatment of Diarrhea (%):
-- Prevalence                       % Ill in the preceding 2 weeks        21.6    22.9      21.5     18.9      14.2        20.0       1.521        -0.07035      0.0363
-- ORT use                          ORS, RHF, or increased liquids        40.9    35.6      42.9     58.2      60.0        45.6       0.682         0.09660      0.0258
-- Seen Medically                   Brought to a health facility if ill   17.0    20.2      24.2     30.4      34.0        24.0       0.500         0.13525      0.0245
-- % Seen in a Public Facility      Among those medically treated         13.6    13.5      15.4     21.5      28.0        17.2       0.486         0.14280      0.0433

Treatment of Acute
Respiratory Infection (%):
-- Prevalence                       % Ill in the preceding 2 weeks        13.0    12.1       9.9      6.9      8.2         10.1       1.585        -0.11858      0.0184
-- Seen Medically                   Brought to a health facility if ill   22.6    38.2      (59.5)   (48.3)   (58.6)       42.8       -0.386        0.16978      0.0590
-- % Seen in a Public Facility      Among those medically treated         13.2    27.3      (42.9)   (41.4)   (44.8)       31.3       -0.295        0.21360      0.0734

Antenatal Care Visits (%):
-- to a Medically Trained Person    Doctor, nurse, or nurse-midwife       75.8    78.7      83.9     95.0      97.3        85.6       0.779         0.05194      0.0115
-- to a Doctor                                                            15.8    16.7      18.0     32.4      55.4        26.4       0.285         0.26545      0.0559
-- to a Nurse or Trained Midwife    Nurses and nurse-midwives             60.0    62.0      65.9     62.7      41.8        59.2       1.435        -0.04018      0.0455
-- 2+ visits                                                              70.8    72.6      78.7     91.4      94.0        80.9       0.753         0.06297      0.0075

Delivery Attendance (%):
-- by a Medically Trained Person    Doctor, nurse, or nurse-midwife       25.3    23.8      31.7     62.4      85.1        43.7       0.297         0.27403      0.0312
-- by a Doctor                                                            2.7     0.6       3.3      8.8       20.7        6.6        0.130         0.49448      0.0724
-- by a Nurse or Trained Midwife    Nurses and nurse-midwives             22.6    23.2      28.5     53.6      64.4        37.2       0.351         0.23484      0.0214
-- % in a Public Facility                                                 16.1    16.7      24.6     44.8      62.8        31.5       0.256         0.29227      0.0351
-- % in a Private Facility                                                7.5     5.1       6.3      15.4      21.2        10.6       0.354         0.26737      0.0500
-- % at Home                                                              75.1    76.4      68.5     39.6      15.8        57.0       4.753        -0.20615      0.1016

Use of Modern                       Currently married persons using
Contraception (%):                  a modern method
-- Females                                                                 5.4    5.3       7.7      12.1      19.1        10.1       0.283        0.27493       0.0362
-- Males                                                                   6.1    11.8      17.8     27.0      32.7        19.9       0.187        0.27423       0.0762

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS               Knows sexual transmission
Prevention (%):                     routes of HIV/AIDS
-- Females                                                                  na      na       na       na        na          na          na            na           na
-- Males                                                                    na      na       na       na        na          na          na            na           na

Number of Household Members                                               4433    4322      4388     4384      4373        21900

(*) see annex for full definition
                                                                                           Ghana 1993
                                                                            Health, Nutrition, Population and Poverty:
                                                                                            By Gender

                                                                                                          MALE                                      FEMALE
Indicator                                        Summary Definition (*)                                  Quintiles                                   Quintiles
                                                                                          Poorest Second Middle Fourth        Richest Poorest Second Middle Fourth         Richest
HNP Status Indicators

IMR                                              Deaths under age 12 months                90.5    91.7     90.1     71.1     43.2     65.4     95.7     77.1     56.3      48.4
                                                 per thousand births

U5MR                                             Deaths under 5 years per                 176.2    167.5    142.3    107.0    78.9     138.0    176.2    139.5    97.0      70.8
                                                 thousand births

Children Stunted (%)                             Below -2 sd z-score, height               42.2    34.1     26.9     21.2     13.3     28.9     23.4     29.0     24.4      11.8
                                                 for age, children under 3 years

Children Underweight                             Below -2 sd z-score, weight               36.7    36.0     33.5     24.6     10.9     30.0     28.2     32.3     22.3      14.4
(% moderate)                                     for age, children under 3 years

Children Underweight                             Below -3 sd z-score, weight               12.0    11.4     13.7      3.4      0.6      8.9      8.5     10.8      4.7      3.3
(% severe)                                       for age, children under 3 years


HNP Service Indicators

Immunization coverage (%):                       Children age 12-23 months, by
-- Measles                                       vaccination card or mother's report       43.5    64.4     64.0     56.6     86.2     51.4     62.3     55.9     74.1      90.5
-- DPT3                                                                                    48.4    60.3     64.0     63.2     82.8     39.2     64.2     50.8     72.4      84.1
-- All                                                                                     35.5    53.4     54.7     47.4     77.6     39.2     60.4     40.7     67.2      79.4
-- None                                                                                    29.0    13.7      8.0     14.5      5.2     32.4     22.6     10.2     13.8       1.6

Medical Treatment of
Illnesses
Treatment of Diarrhea (%):
-- Prevalence                                    % Ill in the preceding 2 weeks            21.3    23.0     23.8      18.0     15.1     21.8     22.8     19.0     19.7     13.2
-- ORT use                                       ORS, RHF, or increased liquids           (35.7)   40.0     45.3     (62.2)   (60.7)   (45.7)   (30.6)   (39.5)   (54.8)      *
-- Seen Medically                                Brought to a health facility if ill      (11.9)   21.8     28.3     (32.4)   (39.3)   (21.7)   (18.4)   (18.4)   (28.6)      *
-- % Seen in a Public Facility                   Among those medically treated             (9.5)   12.7     20.8     (24.3)   (32.1)   (17.4)   (14.3)    (7.9)   (19.0)      *

Treatment of Acute
Respiratory Infection (%):
-- Prevalence                                    % Ill in the preceding 2 weeks            13.2     13.8     11.7     8.7      8.1      12.8    10.2      8.0      5.2      8.4
-- Seen Medically                                Brought to a health facility if ill      (26.9)   (36.4)   (65.4)     *        *      (18.5)     *        *        *        *
-- % Seen in a Public Facility                   Among those medically treated            (23.1)   (24.2)   (53.8)     *        *       (3.7)     *        *        *        *

Use of Modern                                    Currently married persons using
Contraception (%):                               a modern method
-- Females                                                                                                                              5.4      5.3      7.7     12.1      19.1
-- Males                                                                                   6.1     11.8     17.8     27.0     32.7

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS                            Knows sexual transmission
Prevention (%):                                  routes of HIV/AIDS
-- Females                                                                                                                              na       na       na       na        na
-- Males                                                                                    na      na       na       na        na


(*) see annex for full definition
Notes: ( ) indicate large sampling errors due to small number of cases.
         * indicates results not shown due to very small number of cases.
                                                                                          Ghana 1993
                                                                           Health, Nutrition, Population and Poverty:
                                                                                   By Urban-Rural Residence

                                                                                                       URBAN                                       RURAL
Indicator                                     Summary Definition (*)                                   Quintiles                                   Quintiles
                                                                                        Poorest Second Middle Fourth        Richest Poorest Second Middle Fourth            Richest
HNP Status Indicators

IMR                                           Deaths under age 12 months                   *      *        *       63.1     44.9      79.0      93.6      84.7     64.6       *
                                              per thousand births

U5MR                                          Deaths under 5 years per                     *      *        *      100.6     72.5     159.3     171.9     142.4     103.7      *
                                              thousand births

Children Stunted (%)                          Below -2 sd z-score, height                  *      *      (20.0)    17.7     11.7      34.9      29.1      28.6     27.7     (18.9)
                                              for age, children under 3 years

Children Underweight                          Below -2 sd z-score, weight                  *      *      (30.0)    19.9     11.7      32.5      32.0      33.1     26.7     (18.9)
(% moderate)                                  for age, children under 3 years

Children Underweight                          Below -3 sd z-score, weight                  *      *      (16.7)    2.8       1.4      10.4      10.3      11.9      5.2      (5.4)
(% severe)                                    for age, children under 3 years

Low Mother's BMI (%)                          Body Mass Index < 18.5                       *      *      (10.3)    14.8      7.8      11.6      14.9      14.2      9.4      (3.0)

Total Fertility Rate                          Births per woman age 15-49                   *      *        *       (3.9)     3.3      (6.7)     (6.1)     (5.7)      *        *
Age Specific Fertility Rate                   Births per 1000 women age 15-19              *      *        *      (105.0)   69.0     (146.0)   (159.0)   (119.0)     *        *
(15-19 years)

HNP Service Indicators

Immunization coverage (%):                    Children age 12-23 months, by
-- Measles                                    vaccination card or mother's report          *      *        *       66.7     92.2      47.0      64.3      59.1     61.3       *
-- DPT3                                                                                    *      *        *       70.8     85.4      42.4      61.7      56.7     62.9       *
-- All                                                                                     *      *        *       56.9     82.5      36.4      56.5      47.2     54.8       *
-- None                                                                                    *      *        *        9.7      1.9      31.1      17.4       9.4     19.4       *

Medical Treatment of
Illnesses
Treatment of Diarrhea (%):
-- Prevalence                                 % Ill in the preceding 2 weeks               *      *      (26.5)    18.6      14.4     21.5      22.7      21.1      19.1    (12.8)
-- ORT use                                    ORS, RHF, or increased liquids               *      *        *      (70.3)    (62.2)    40.0      35.7      42.7     (47.6)     *
-- Seen Medically                             Brought to a health facility if ill          *      *        *      (29.7)    (35.6)    15.3      19.4      22.0     (31.0)     *
-- % Seen in a Public Facility                Among those medically treated                *      *        *      (24.3)    (28.9)    11.8      13.3      12.2     (19.0)     *

Treatment of Acute
Respiratory Infection (%):
-- Prevalence                                 % Ill in the preceding 2 weeks               *      *      (8.8)     5.0       7.7      13.4      12.1      10.0      8.6     (12.8)
-- Seen Medically                             Brought to a health facility if ill          *      *        *        *         *       22.6      38.5     (56.4)      *        *
-- % Seen in a Public Facility                Among those medically treated                *      *        *        *         *       13.2      26.9     (38.5)      *        *

Antenatal Care Visits (%):
-- to a Medically Trained Person              Doctor, nurse, or nurse-midwife              *    (88.9)   (91.9)    96.2     97.2      75.1      78.1      83.2     93.9     (97.7)
-- to a Doctor                                                                             *    (18.5)   (24.3)    40.4     56.0      16.3      16.6      17.5     24.9     (51.2)
-- to a Nurse or Trained Midwife              Nurses and nurse-midwives                    *    (70.4)   (67.6)    55.9     41.2      58.8      61.5      65.7     69.0     (46.5)
-- 2+ visits                                                                               *    (85.2)   (89.2)    93.9     94.2      70.2      71.8      77.8     89.1     (93.0)

Delivery Attendance (%):
-- by a Medically Trained Person              Doctor, nurse, or nurse-midwife              *    (44.4)   (51.4)    80.3     88.0      24.2      22.6      30.0     45.9     (62.8)
-- by a Doctor                                                                             *     (7.4)    (2.7)    11.7     22.5       2.8       0.2       3.3      6.1      (7.0)
-- by a Nurse or Trained Midwife              Nurses and nurse-midwives                    *    (37.0)   (48.6)    68.5     65.5      21.4      22.4      26.7     39.7     (55.8)
-- % in a Public Facility                                                                  *    (25.9)   (45.9)    58.2     64.6      15.6      16.1      22.7     32.3     (48.8)
-- % in a Private Facility                                                                 *    (18.5)    (2.7)    20.2     22.2       7.2       4.3       6.6     10.9     (14.0)
-- % at Home                                                                               *    (55.6)   (51.4)    21.1     12.9      75.8      77.6      70.0     56.8     (37.2)

Use of Modern                                 Currently married persons using
Contraception (%):                            a modern method
-- Females                                                                                 *     (5.0)    8.6      13.2     19.1      5.6        5.3       7.7     11.1     19.2
-- Males                                                                                   *       *       *       26.4     34.9      6.3       12.6      17.8     27.6       *

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS                         Knows sexual transmission
Prevention (%):                               routes of HIV/AIDS
-- Females                                                                                na      na      na        na       na        na        na        na       na        na
-- Males                                                                                  na      na      na        na       na        na        na        na       na        na

Number of Household Members                                                               152    288      440      2282     3918      4281      4034      3948     2102      455

(*) see annex for full definition
Notes: ( ) indicate large sampling errors due to small number of cases.
        * indicates results not shown due to very small number of cases.
                                                  Ghana 1993
                                              Annex A: Sample Sizes

                                                                                        Quintiles
Indicator                       Sample Definition                      Poorest Second    Middle Fourth   Richest   Total
HNP Status Indicators
Mortality Rates                 base: births in the last 10 years
All                                                                    1,447   1,644     1,542   1,362   1,201     7,195
Urban                                                                    34      90       123     675    1047
Rural                                                                  1413    1554      1420     687     154
Female                                                                  732     799       752     664     598
Male                                                                    715     845       790     698     603

Children's Nutritional Status   base: living children under 3 years,
                                weighed and measured
All                                                                     346     399       383    372      318      1,818
Urban                                                                    8       21        30    181      281
Rural                                                                   338     378       353    191       37
Female                                                                  180     188       186    193      153
Male                                                                    166     211       197    179      165

Maternal Nutritional Status     base: mothers of children under 3
                                years weighed and measured
All                                                                     318     379       347    340      291      1,675
Urban                                                                    8       23        29    169      258
Rural                                                                   310     356       318    171       33

Total Fertility Rate            base: all women ages 15-49
All                                                                    2,065   2,512     2,574   2,784   3,074     13,009
Urban                                                                    74     182       262    1541    2794
Rural                                                                  1991    2330      2311    1243     280

Age-Specific Fert. Rate 15-19   base: all women age 15-19
All                                                                     342     458       485    658      625      2,568
Urban                                                                    20      43        57    410      584
Rural                                                                   323     415       429    248       41
                                                      Ghana 1993
                                                  Annex A: Sample Sizes

                                                                                             Quintiles
Indicator                           Sample Definition                       Poorest Second    Middle Fourth   Richest   Total
HNP Service Indicators

Immunization coverage:              base: living children age 12-23
                                    months
All                                                                          136     126       134    134      121      651
Urban                                                                          4      11         7    72       103
Rural                                                                        132     115       127    62        18
Female                                                                        74      53        59    58        63
Male                                                                          62      73        75    76        58

Prevalence of Diarrhea
and ARI:                            base: living children under 3 years
All                                                                          408     454       423    419      352      2,056
Urban                                                                         12      23        34    199      313
Rural                                                                        396     431       389    220       39
Female                                                                       211     215       200    213      167
Male                                                                         197     239       223    206      185

Treatment of Diarrhea:              base: living children under 3 years
                                    with diarrhea in the past 2 weeks
All                                                                           88     104       91      79       50      412
Urban                                                                          3       6        9      37       45
Rural                                                                         85      98       82      42        5
Female                                                                        46      49       38      42       22
Male                                                                          42      55       53      37       28

Treatment of Acute
Respiratory Infection:              base: living children under 3 years
                                    with ARI in the past 2 weeks
All                                                                           53      55       42      29       29      208
Urban                                                                          0       3        3      10       24
Rural                                                                         53      52       39      19        5
Female                                                                        27      22       16      11       14
Male                                                                          26      33       26      18       15

Antenatal and Delivery Care:        base: live births in the last 3 years
All                                                                          442     492       460    442      368      2,204
Urban                                                                         12      27        37    213      325
Rural                                                                        430     465       423    229       43

Contraceptive Prevalence:           base: currently married persons
Female                                                                       539     660       684    645      676      3,204
Urban                                                                         18      40        58    311      598
Rural                                                                        521     620       626    334       78
Male                                                                         131     136       163    148      171      749
Urban                                                                          5       9        11    72       152
Rural                                                                        126     127       152    76        19

Knowledge of HIV/AIDS               base: all respondents
Prevention:
Female                                                                       720     870       904    981     1,087     4,562
Urban                                                                         26      64        94    547      989
Rural                                                                        694     806       810    434       98
Male                                                                         244     241       255    266      296      1,302
Urban                                                                         12      21        18    139      270
Rural                                                                        232     220       237    127       26


(*) see annex for full definition
                                                                             Ghana 1993
                                                                   Annex B: Assets and Factor Scores




                                                                    1. List of Assets and Factor Scores


                                                                                                                                                             Household score if:
                                                                                                   Quintiles                                 Asset factor   has asset  does not
Asset variable                                            Unweighted             Poorest    Second     Middle Fourth       Richest   Total      score                 have asset
                                                      Mean Std. Deviation                   Percentage of Population
Has electricity                                       0.306        0.461          0.0%        0.0%       0.6%     44.6%    94.1%     27.9%     0.18024       0.27148    -0.11965
Has radio                                             0.409        0.492          0.0%       19.1%      68.4%     50.9%    80.4%     43.7%     0.10575       0.12702    -0.08802
Has television                                        0.130        0.337          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      7.8%    63.4%     14.2%     0.16700       0.43128    -0.06465
Has refrigerator                                      0.091        0.288          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.0%    50.3%     10.1%     0.17110       0.53948    -0.05425
Has bicycle                                           0.161        0.368         27.3%       26.4%      20.7%     18.4%    15.0%     21.6%    -0.01492      -0.03400    0.00655
Has motorcycle                                        0.011        0.105          0.0%        0.0%       0.4%      3.3%     4.3%      1.6%     0.03484       0.32788    -0.00370
Has car                                               0.026        0.160          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      2.6%    14.8%      3.5%     0.09180       0.55877    -0.01508
If HH has a domestic worker not related to head       0.001        0.035          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.0%     0.8%      0.2%     0.03207       0.92424    -0.00111
If household works own or family's agric. land        0.649        0.477         70.3%       82.9%      85.8%     79.4%    86.4%     80.9%     0.02106       0.01547    -0.02865
Number of members per sleeping room                   2.440        1.655           3.0         2.8        3.1       3.1      3.1       3.0    -0.00161          **         **
If piped drinking water in residence                  0.146        0.353          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      8.3%    60.0%     13.7%     0.16535       0.39960    -0.06841
If piped drinking water in public tap                 0.208        0.406          0.0%        0.2%      21.5%     43.9%    27.6%     18.7%     0.03552       0.06931    -0.01820
If inside well drinking water                         0.016        0.127          0.0%        2.4%       1.6%      3.9%     1.3%      1.8%    -0.00107      -0.00830    0.00014
If uses a public well                                 0.107        0.309          1.1%       29.0%      12.9%      9.0%     3.6%     11.0%    -0.03045      -0.08788    0.01055
If has a borehole well                                0.184        0.387         14.3%       38.1%      25.6%     12.7%     3.4%     18.8%    -0.05320      -0.11204    0.02526
If uses water from a tanker truck                     0.009        0.094          0.0%        1.4%       0.0%      2.2%     0.4%      0.8%    -0.00376      -0.03955    0.00036
If rain for drinking water                            0.008        0.090          0.0%        2.2%       0.7%      1.0%     0.4%      0.9%    -0.00496      -0.05436    0.00045
If uses river, canal or surface water for drinking    0.321        0.467         84.6%       26.6%      37.7%     18.9%     3.3%     34.4%    -0.08965      -0.13032    0.06167
If has own flush toilet                               0.040        0.196          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.0%    21.3%      4.3%     0.12300       0.60100    -0.02517
If uses shared flush toilet                           0.021        0.145          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.8%     7.7%      1.7%     0.06345       0.42834    -0.00940
If has pit latrine                                    0.486        0.500         63.4%       51.8%      60.3%     42.5%    18.0%     47.2%    -0.08676      -0.08914    0.08443
If uses VIP latrine                                   0.146        0.353          0.0%        0.0%       8.3%     29.9%    27.7%     13.2%     0.05357       0.12974    -0.02212
If uses a bucket or pan as a latrine                  0.080        0.271          0.0%        0.0%       0.3%     12.2%    23.1%      7.1%     0.06826       0.23141    -0.02013
If uses bush,field as latrine                         0.226        0.418         36.6%       48.2%      31.1%     14.6%     2.2%     26.5%    -0.06552      -0.12117    0.03542
If has earth, dung principal floor in dwelling        0.145        0.352         23.6%       30.2%      22.4%      2.7%     0.4%     15.9%    -0.05788      -0.14065    0.02381
If has wood, plank principal floor in dwelling        0.003        0.051          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.4%     1.0%      0.3%     0.01335       0.26264    -0.00068
If has cement principal floor                         0.683        0.465         76.4%       69.7%      77.2%     84.5%    33.8%     68.3%    -0.09250      -0.06302    0.13574
If has tile flooring                                  0.008        0.087          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.4%     3.0%      0.7%     0.03622       0.41501    -0.00316
If floor is palm or bamboo                            0.000        0.019          0.0%        0.0%       0.1%      0.0%     0.0%      0.0%    -0.00193      -0.10415    0.00004
If has parquet or polished wood flooring              0.001        0.023          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.0%     0.3%      0.1%     0.01199       0.52823    -0.00027
If has vinyl or asphalt strips as flooring            0.133        0.339          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      9.9%    50.5%     12.1%     0.13504       0.34508    -0.05283
If has carpeted floors                                0.022        0.148          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      1.9%     8.0%      2.0%     0.06264       0.41446    -0.00947
If has terrazo flooring                               0.005        0.074          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.0%     3.0%      0.6%     0.05896       0.79304    -0.00438
If has other type of flooring                         0.000        0.013          0.0%        0.0%       0.0%      0.3%     0.0%      0.1%    -0.00093      -0.07101    0.00001

* For each variable, missing values are replaced with the variable mean.
** Household score for number of members per sleeping room is calculated as follows: {#people per room - unweighted mean)/unweighted std. Deviation}*asset factor score; see
Annex C




                                                                             2. Cut-off Points for Wealth Quintiles

                                                                                Wealth     Asset Index Value
                                                                                Quintile     Lowest    Highest
                                                                                Poorest      lowest -0.71136
                                                                                Second      -0.71136 -0.54044
                                                                                 Third      -0.54044 -0.36370
                                                                                Fourth      -0.36370 0.53995
                                                                                Richest     0.53995 highest
                                         Sample Asset Questionnaire:
                                                   Ghana


Question                                                     Score if            Score if       Item
                                                         response is "yes"   response is "no"   Score
In Your Dwelling, Is There:
Electricity                                                   0.271              -0.120
A radio                                                       0.127              -0.088
A television                                                  0.431              -0.065
A refrigerator                                                0.539              -0.054
A bicycle                                                     -0.034              0.007
A motorcycle                                                  0.328              -0.004
A car                                                         0.559              -0.015
A domestic worker not related to household head               0.924              -0.001

Do members of your household work on
their own or the family's agricultural land                   0.015              -0.029


What is the principal household source of
drinking water?
Piped drinking water in residence                             0.400              -0.068
Piped drinking water in public tap                            0.069              -0.018
Inside well drinking water                                    -0.008              0.000
Public well                                                   -0.088              0.011
Borehole well                                                 -0.112              0.025
Tanker truck                                                  -0.040              0.000
Rain for drinking water                                       -0.054              0.000
River, canal or surface water for drinking                    -0.130              0.062


What is the principal type of toilet facility used by
members of your household?
Own flush toilet                                              0.601              -0.025
Shared flush toilet                                           0.428              -0.009
Pit latrine                                                   -0.089              0.084
VIP latrine                                                   0.130              -0.022
Bucket or pan as a latrine                                    0.231              -0.020
Bush,field as latrine                                         -0.121              0.035
                                             Sample Asset Questionnaire:
                                                       Ghana


Question                                                               Score if               Score if           Item
                                                                   response is "yes"      response is "no"       Score
What is the principal type of flooring in your
dwelling?
Earth, dung                                                              -0.141                 0.024
Wood, plank                                                               0.263                 -0.001
Cement                                                                   -0.063                 0.136
Tile flooring                                                             0.415                 -0.003
Palm or bamboo                                                           -0.104                 0.000
Parquet or polished wood flooring                                         0.528                 0.000
Vinyl or asphalt strips                                                   0.345                 -0.053
Carpeted floors                                                           0.414                 -0.009
Terrazo flooring                                                          0.793                 -0.004
Other type of flooring                                                   -0.071                 0.000

In your dwelling, how many members are there per                  æ # members - 2.440 ö
sleeping room (score is per member)                               ç                   ÷ ´ -0.002
                                                                  è      1.655        ø

Total Household Asset Score
(sum of individual item scores)




Notes:
1. The asset scores listed here are based on the 1993 Demographic and Health Survey's national sample of households

				
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