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					Wikis, Blogs, and Podcasting

   WNYRIC/CSLO Model Schools
What is a

      What is a Blog?
     Wikipedia’s Definition

     Blogs vs. Forums
   What are the differences?
• More information on blogs vs.
• This site organizes the similarities
  and differences between the two
  topics and also gives definitions for
  terms that are used.
        Blogs vs. Forums
     What are the differences?

This is a
      Blogs vs. Forums
   What are the differences?

This is a
Blogging Examples
• 2ND Grade Class Weblog

• Mrs. Rikard’s 3rd Grade Blog Site

• New Century School House Blog
  (for Teachers)
     Things to Think About
• How much personal information will you
  put up about each student?
• How will you assess your student’s
  blogs? Will you assess their Blogs?
• Where will the Blog be done; at home,
  school, or both?
 Wikis in Education

WNYRIC CSLO/Model Schools
    Wikis created for WNYRIC
      CSLO/Model Schools
• Erie 1 Online Wiki
  • Users can add/edit pages for CSLO/Model
    Schools, including instructional resources,
    technology tool help, and lesson ideas – Wikis
    in Education Article.
• Wikis in Education – Created with
  • Contents of the workshop will be listed on this
    secondary wiki host, as well as Erie 1-based
    wiki server
Wikis in Education Overview
• Main Page - What is a Wiki?
• Activity – Discovering Wikipedia
• Wiki Information
• Issues Surrounding Wikis (Seedwiki)
• Types of Wikis (Seedwiki)
• Wiki Lesson Ideas and Curriculum
  Integration (Seedwiki)
• Free Wiki Hosting (Seedwiki)
             What is a wiki?
• The term "wiki" comes from a Hawaiian word
  meaning "quick."
• A wiki is an online resource that is easily
  editable by any user from any Internet browser.
• Wikis allow for cross-referencing outside links or
  other pages in the same wiki.
• Anyone can edit anyone else's work in a wiki.
• Wikis can be reverted back to previous edits.
• Wikis were created by Ward Cunningham for the
  Portland Pattern Repository in 1995.
• Web-based wikis can be created with free
  server-based software such as MediaWiki.
    Activity – Discovering Wikipedia
To become more familiar with the Wikipedia editor, visit the Wikipedia
   Sandbox at Click on
   the "edit this page" tab to use the Wikipedia editor.

After you are done testing the editor, go to the Wikipedia Main Page

1. Enter your hometown (e.g. Smethport, PA ) in the Search box and
   click the > box.

If no page is found with that title look in the Results area in the lower
    area to see if there might be a listing that uses a different format for
    the same information.

2. Read the information and if you find any inaccurate information, click
   the ―edit this page‖ tab, correct the errors and then click the ―Save
   page‖ button.
     Discovering Wikipedia - Continued
3. Click the ―edit this page‖ tab and add some information based on your
     experience growing up there. For example, you might add a section
     called ―notable businesses‖ to identify a business where your parents
     may have worked. You could also add a section dealing with sports
     teams and identify some information about the performance of a
     team you were involved with. If you want to edit an existing section
     of the page, click on the ―edit‖ hyperlink just above that section. Save
     the page.

4.   Click the ―history‖ tab to see the reference to your change. Click on
     (last) on the line for your entry to view your changes compared to
     what it was prior to your change.

5. Click the Globe in the upper left corner of the page to go to the Main
      Page of WIKIPEDIA. On the first line is a hyperlink ―anyone can
      edit.‖ Open the link and read the Introduction.

6. Click the button ―Next: Learn more about editing‖ and locate the link
     ―Explore our policies and guidelines‖ in the bottom center of the box.
     Read the ―Key Policies‖ section. You may also want to read the
     Simplified ruleset: 15 rules of thumb to help you avoid problems.
    Discovering Wikipedia - Continued

7. Scroll to the very bottom of the page and click the hyperlink ―About
   Wikipedia‖ and read the entry.

8. The third line contains a link ―Wikimedia Foundation.‖ Click on it to
   read about the organization and history of the site. Click the Globe
   in the upper left corner of the page to go to the Main Page.

9. On the left side of the page under ―toolbox‖ is a link ―Cite this

10. Scroll to the bottom of the page and click on the ―Privacy Policy‖
   link and read the article.

11. Return to the Main Page and scroll to the bottom of the page and
                 Wiki Information
• Wikis in Online Education -

• Wired, March 2005: The Book Stops Here -

• Marc Bilodeau: Wiki, an Overview -

• For Teachers New to Wikis -

• eSchool News Online, January 25, 2006 -

• Weblogg-ed Links: Wikis -
  Brief Introduction
Used with
                      What is Podcasting?
    • A Podcast is a web feed of audio or video files placed on
      the Internet to which anyone can subscribe.

    • A Podcast is different from a simple download or
      streaming because the subscription feed automatically
      delivers new content.

    • Podcasting's essence is creating content (audio or
      video) for an audience that wants to experience:
             •   What they want
             •   When they want
             •   Where they want
             •   How they want
Used with
              Types of Podcasts

• Basic Podcasts
   • formatted audio files, typically MP3 or AAC
   • Radio Willow Web, Example from CSLO/Model Schools
• Enhanced Podcasts
   • podcasts where Internet links, chapter markers, and/or
     pictures embedded within the audio file
   • May even contain attachments
   • A Winter Visit to Five Rivers, Countryside 4th Grade,
     Example from CSLO/Model Schools
• Video Podcast also called a Vodcast or Vidcast.
   • This is in a video format
   • Formats include .mov, .wmv, .mp4, .mpg, and sometimes
   • ABC News Podcast, Example from CSLO/Model Schools
Used with
                   Why Use Podcasting?
    • Education Benefits (see next slide)

    • Balance the playing field on a global scale
             • Cell phones in Europe and Asia have MP3 built-in
               capabilities. (This is emerging more slowly in the US)
             • Cell phone penetration is approaching 100% in many
               European and Asian countries.

    • According to Pew Internet and American Life
      Project (, more than 22 million
      American adults own iPods or other MP3 players
      and 29% of them have downloaded Podcasts.
Used with
             Educational Uses for Podcasting
    •   Recorded Lectures, Class             •   Extra Content for Advanced
        Discussions, Verbal Feedback             Learners
    •   Field Recording                      •   Multilingual Education
    •   Guest Speakers such as Book          •   Bridging the Cultural/Generational
        Discussion with Author                   Gap
    •   Audio Books                          •   Student/Teacher Creativity
    •   Differentiated Instruction-          •   Assist Auditory Learners
        Enhanced                             •   ESL
        Support for Individual Learning      •   Record Feedback for Student
        Preferences and Needs                    Presentations
    •   Asynchronous/Just-In-Time            •   Self Evaluation of Lecture Content
    •   Frequently Asked Questions           •   Portable Access to Content…
                                                 Speeches, Songs, Foreign
    •   Homework Tips                            Language
    •   Current Events for Social Studies,   •   Study Support Tool – Repeated
        etc.                                     Listening
    •   How-To’s                             •   Reduced Dependence on Physical
    •   Distance Learning                        Materials and Computer Lab and
    •   Self-Paced Learning                      Library Hours
    •   Remediation of Slower Learners       •   Greater Students Engagement and
             Problems with School
Used with
    • Many schools block .mp3 content, subscription
      software (iTunes), and podcast-supporting sites

    • Some schools have prohibited using
      headphones during the school day

    • Teacher anxiety

    • Ambiguous Fair Use Exception guidelines

    • Cost of optional Personal Media Players players
      What Do I need to listen to
• Hardware
  • A PC or Mac
  • Optional - portable media player
• Software
  • An Aggregator – This is software that manages your
    podcast subscriptions and downloads new content to your
    computer (or online with
  • A Media Player – This is software that plays the
    downloaded podcasts
  • iTunes is highly suggested
     • It is free
     • It acts as both the aggregator and media player
Used with
                  Subscribing Method 1
    •        Locate the Subscribe button to the podcast you would like
             to subscribe. Click this link to subscribe. iTunes or your
             default aggregator opens up. You can play the podcast in
             iTunes or other media player, or you can transfer it directly
             to an iPod from iTunes.

    •        iTunes will automatically begin downloading the first
             episode in the list. If you want to get previous episodes,
             click the Get button next to the other podcasts that appear
             grayed out in the list.

    •        Now that you have subscribed, iTunes will periodically
             check to see if new episodes have been published. When
             they are, it will download them for you.
    Where Do I Find Podcasts?
• iTunes Music Store
• These were just a sample of some of the places where
  you may find podcasts.
   What Do I need to Create, or
 Have Students Create Podcasts?
• For starters, a good idea
  • Ask yourself, ―what’s the purpose of my podcast?‖
  • As with any kind of production, the content is what is
    most important
  • It should be something that is ongoing (you can have
    different topics in your series)
  • And it should be something that people may want
    /need/ be required to subscribe to
• After you have an idea, you will want to make an
  outline or storyboard of your podcast
  • You should do this for each episode, and keep a
    similar format between episodes
    What Do I need to Create, or
  Have Students Create Podcasts?
• After you have an idea, and have an episode outlined, then you will
  need to record the podcast and edit it.
• Suggested Software
   • Mac
        • iLife ’06 (iPhoto, iTunes, iMovie, Garageband, iWeb)
   • PC
        • Audacity
        • Windows Movie Maker
        • Or Third Party software such as

             • Please note that this is just an example and is not a
   What Do I need to Create, or
 Have Students Create Podcasts?
• After recording and editing, you will need a
  place to post your files on the web.
  • There are many places that offer free or paid
    hosting of podcasts. Simply do a Google
    search for Podcast Hosting
     • Example – or
  • Depending on where you host your podcasts,
    you may need to create your own RSS file.