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Senior Project: Sample Introductions and Conclusions - DOC

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					                                          North Lawndale College Prep Charter HS
                                    Sample Introductions and Conclusions
                                                        2011-2012



                                                Sample Introductions

The Interrogative Introduction
King Lear may be the most tragic of Shakespeare's tragedies. Nothing exceeds the emotion of Lear’s bending
over his dead Cordelia, looking for life in her and then expiring himself. But what should we think of Lear
generally? Is he the vain, irascible and doddering old man many readers and viewers make him out to be—a
view quite close to the one held by his two bad daughters, Goneril and Regan? If so, why, then, at the end, do
we not only pity but admire him as a man of very great soul, a much greater man than the loyal Earl of
Gloucester, his lesser counterpart in the parallel story of the two men? Or is Lear a victim of a much greater
force — the true source of all evil that may be represented by Edmund but existing within each of us? Robert
Falls’ production of William Shakespeare’s masterpiece, King Lear, spotlights verbal images of villainy,
treacherous diction, and visual images of the horror of war to pronounce that each of us is liable to greed’s
seductiveness.

The Personal (Anecdote) Introduction
In my opinion, most pain is self-inflicted. For example, due to my foolish tendencies, I lost my sense of smell.
When I was eight years old, I maced myself on three separate occasions. I wanted to know if mace had a smell
in addition to the horrible pain, and ironically, these acts of stupidity cost me my sense of smell. At the time, I
didn’t really have the common sense not to mace myself; the first time can be an honest mistake, but the second
and third times were just plain stupid. Villains are similarly stupid. Villains end up causing themselves a lot of
pain because they don’t have the common sense to stop while they’re ahead. Robert Falls’ production of
William Shakespeare’s masterpiece, King Lear, spotlights verbal images of villainy, treacherous diction, and
visual images of the horror of war to pronounce that each of us is liable to greed’s seductiveness.

The Broadly Philosophic (Theme-based) Introduction
The concept of Nature in Shakespeare’s King Lear is not simply one of many themes to be uncovered and
analyzed; rather, Nature can be considered the foundation of the whole play. From Kingship to personal human
relations, from representations of the physical world to notions of the heavenly realm, from the portrayal of
human nature to the use of animal imagery, Nature permeates every line of King Lear. But, however powerful
the thundering literal force of Nature within King Lear may be, Robert Falls’ and William Shakespeare’s
figurative power of Nature — their diction and verbal and visual imagery — far exceeds the horrors of being
abandoned in the worst of violent storms. Robert Falls’ production of William Shakespeare’s masterpiece, King
Lear, spotlights verbal images of villainy, treacherous diction, and visual images of the horror of war to show
that each of us is liable to greed’s seductiveness.


Other Possible Introduction Techniques:

The Narrative or Anecdote Introduction
The Data (Statistics, Facts, Etc.) Introduction
The Allusion Introduction
The Descriptive Introduction
                                              Sample Conclusions
The Implicit Conclusion (The Most Sophisticated Conclusion, whereby the Conclusion has already been clearly
implied through the use of Synthesis within the Body and does not need to be stated)

The Explicit Conclusion: Restating the Theme Using a Quote from the Work
As the faithful Kent watches the distraught Lear holding Cordelia's body in his arms, he expresses a sentiment
that members of the audience may well share, saying "Is this the promised end?" (101). King Lear is not a tragic
hero, though; he is a pathetic, powerless, and infirm old man whose story resembles that of all human beings,
ending not with a bang but with a whimper when the mortal coil of life unwinds.

The Explicit Conclusion: The Thematic Summary (using Plot Summary) Conclusion
A tragic hero gains insight through suffering. Neither Lear nor Gloucester realizes he has committed an error
until he has suffered. Lear's suffering is so intense that it drives him mad; it is in this desolate health that Lear
fully realizes his mistake in giving the kingdom to his two savage daughters and disowning the one daughter
who loves him. It is not until Gloucester has been blinded that he learns the truth about his two sons. These
two characters learn to endure their suffering. When Gloucester's attempt to commit suicide fails, he decides to
bear his affliction until the end. In his madness Lear learns to endure his agony. Later, when he knows he is to
be imprisoned, he maintains this misfortune with a passive calmness. He has grown spiritually through
painfully achieved self-knowledge and through Cordelia's love. Tragedy in King Lear is not only seen through
itself, but also through the character of the King and other characters.

The “This-is-What-I’ve-Done-in-my-Essay” Conclusion (not recommended)
In conclusion, I have attempted to show that the representation of Nature in King Lear is more than simply one
theme amongst many. I have shown that not only is it an intricate part of the play but also inherent in
contemporary society. King Lear reflects the social and political beliefs at the time while also reinforcing them.

The Personal Conclusion (not recommended)
I think that King Lear is a great play that shows the reader that, although you may be a false person, you can
fool people who are blind. This was certainly the case with Goneril and Regan. They showered Lear with such
great words of flattery that he regarded them as his true daughters and left them everything because he really
felt that they deserved it. He did not leave Cordelia anything because she did not flatter him like the others and
therefore felt that she did not love him at all. In truth, she loved him more than her other sisters because she
really did feel the "bond" that they had as father and daughter. I think this makes King Lear a great play.

Other Possible Conclusion Techniques:

Any of the Introduction techniques can, if skillfully handled, become a Conclusion technique:

The Interrogative Conclusion
The Personal (Anecdote) Conclusion
The Broadly Philosophic (Theme-based) Conclusion
The Narrative or Anecdote Conclusion
The Data (Statistics, Facts, Etc.) Conclusion
The Allusion Conclusion
The Descriptive Conclusion

				
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posted:8/31/2011
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