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					BIO 110                                      Take Home Opportunity 3A — 100
Instructor: D. Davies

Instructions: Select the single best answer to each question. Matching choices may be used more than
once or not at all.

1.        The major portion of our blood volume is composed of the liquid plasma.
          a.     True
          b.     False

2.       This is normally the most abundant leukocyte in our blood.
          a.       lymphocyte
          b.       erythrocyte
          c.       basophil
          d.       neutrophil
          e.       thrombocyte

3.        This is not a feature of any leukocyte activity.
           a.      symbiosis
           b.      chemotaxis
           c.      diapedesis
           d.      phagocytosis
           e.      antibody production

Matching — Questions 4 through 8
                                                                          a.   Erythrocytes
4.        albumins, globulins, & fibrinogen                               b.   Thrombocytes / Platelets
5.        the most numerous of the formed elements in blood
                                                                          c.   Leukocytes
6.        serve primary role in immunity                                  d.   Electrolytes
7.        serve primary role in hemostasis                                e.   Plasma Proteins
8.        the least numerous of the formed elements in blood

9.        This is unrelated to hemostasis.
          a.       Fibrinogen
          b.       Prothrombin
          c.       Calcium
          d.       Heparin
          e.       Antibodies

10.       Which    of the following is not a standard human blood type?
          a.        ABO+
          b.        A-
          c.        AB-
          d.        O+
          e.        B+

11.       Hemostasis is all about
          a.    blood type options.
          b.    regulation of blood pressure via autonomic brain stem centers.
          c.    incompatible blood transfusion reactions.
          d.    blood clotting mechanisms.
          e.    none of the above.

12.       This would be your blood type if you have anti-A antibodies and one or more Rh factors in your blood.
          a.     A+
          b.     A-
          c.     B+
          d.     B-
          e.     AB +

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                 1                                                  2/15/2011
13.       This is an anti-clotting substance which we produce to dissolve clots and prevent inappropriate
          intravascular clotting (thrombus).
          a.       Thrombin
          b.       Heparin
          c.       Histamine
          d.       Acetylcholine
          e.       Fibrinogen

14.       This is the most abundant portion of blood plasma.
          a.       Electrolytes
          b.       Water
          c.       Proteins
          d.       Gases
          e.       Hemoglobin

15.       Which disease condition might occur as the result of an Rh incompatibility between a mother and
          her fetus?
          a.      Pleurisy fetalis
          b.      Asthma fetalis
          c.      Pulmonary edema fetalis
          d.      Erythroblastosis fetalis
          e.      None of the above

16.       The + or – listed with a blood type represents the ___?__ status of that sample.
          a.     HIV
          b.     gender
          c.     immunity group
          d.     Rh
          e.     anticoagulant

17.       “B” cells produce ___?__ in response to exposure to foreign substances they encounter.
          a.       histamine
          b.       antibodies
          c.       fibrinogen
          d.       beta hydroxbutyric acid
          e.       norepinephren

18.       This is where the autonomic control center for cardiovascular functions is located.
          a.       dorsal root ganglia
          b.       medulla oblongata
          c.       corpus callosum
          d.       cerebral cortex
          e.       carotid and aortic bodies

19.       According to the Frank-Starling principle of heart function, cardiac output will___?__ if venous return
          is reduced.
          a.       increase
          b.       decrease
          c.       be unaffected
          d.       become erratic
          e.       I have no idea

20.       This causes the normal heart sounds “lubb & dupp”.
          a.      heart valves closing.
          b.      heart valves opening.
          c.      heart valves prolapsing.
          d.      nodal tissue depolarizing.
          e.      chordae tendinae vibrating.

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                 2                                                    2/15/2011
Matching — Questions 21 through 28
21.       Blood exits the ___?_____ through the aortic valve
22.       Blood exits the ____?____ through the tricuspid valve              a.   Left atrium
23.       Pushes blood directly into the pulmonary circuit                   b.   Right atrium
24.       Contracts during its systolic phase of the cardiac cycle           c.   Left ventricle
25.       Receives blood coming from the systemic circuit                    d.   Right ventricle
26.       Receives blood coming from the pulmonary circuit                   e.   All of the above
27.       Fills during its diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle
28.       Has hypertrophied myocardium

29.       The heart is not contained within the ___?__ cavity.
          a.     mediastinum
          b.     dorsal
          c.     thoracic
          d.     pericardial
          e.     ventral

30.       Otherwise called "the" pacemaker of the heart.
          a.     Mitral (Bicuspid) valve
          b.     Atrioventricular (AV) node
          c.     Foramen ovale
          d.     Myocardium
          e.     Sinoatrial (SA) node

31.       Ischemia, injury, & infarction are
          a.     valves in the heart.
          b.     stages of a heart attack.
          c.     parts (waves) of a normal EKG.
          d.     pumping phases of the cardiac cycle.
          e.     nonsense terms.

32.       Which    part of an EKG would most accurately indicate a problem with the SA node?
          a.        U wave
          b.        QRS complex
          c.        P wave
          d.        T wave
          e.        Hypochondriac region

33.       Which    of the following values would be considered "textbook normal" blood pressure for a healthy adult?
          a.        80 / 120
          b.        120 / 80
          c.        90 / 140
          d.        140 / 190
          e.         none of these options represents a "normal" blood pressure for a healthy adult

34.       These are pressure (stretch) sensitive receptors located within sinuses in the arch of the aorta and
          bifurcations of the common carotids.
          a.       Proprioceptors
          b.       Tensionometers
          c.       Chemoreceptors
          d.       Baroreceptors
          e.       None of the above

35.       This is unrelated to cardiovascular homeostatic mechanisms.
          a.       Vagus nerve
          b.       Occulomotor nerve
          c.       SA node
          d.       Baroreceptors
          e.       Chemoreceptors
BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                  3                                                 2/15/2011
36.       Fill in the missing information: Cardiac Output = _______________ x _____________.
          a.        heart rate             x     stroke volume
          b.        systolic pressure      x     diastolic pressure
          c.        pulse pressure         x     mean arterial pressure
          d.        vertical axis          x     horizontal axis
          e.        age                    x     height (in millimeters)

37.       Which    of the following is not a valve found within the heart?
          a.        Epicardial
          b.        Mitral
          c.        Tricuspid
          d.        Bicuspid
          e.        Pulmonary semilunar

38.       Arteries always carry blood away from the heart and veins always carry blood toward the heart.
          a.       True
          b.       False

39.       Which    of the following vessels would not be involved in blood flow to the brain?
          a.        common carotid
          b.        jugular
          c.        basilar
          d.        internal carotid
          e.        circle of willis (cerebral arterial circle)

40.       Which    of the following vessels would not be involved in blood flow to the wrist?
          a.        axillary
          b.        radial
          c.        subclavian
          d.        celiac
          e.        ulnar

41.       Which    of the following vessels would not be involved in blood flow to the leg?
          a.        descending aorta
          b.        common iliac
          c.        femoral
          d.        popliteal
          e.        brachiocephalic

42.       Which    of the following vessels would not be involved in blood flow to the intestines?
          a.        superior mesenteric
          b.        splenic
          c.        inferior mesenteric
          d.        abdominal aorta
          e.        all of the vessels above are involved

43.       Which of the following vessels would not be involved in blood return from the intestines to
          the heart?
          a.     superior vena cava
          b.     portal
          c.     inferior mesenterics
          d.     superior mesenterics
          e.     inferior vena cava

44.       Which of the following vessels would not be involved in blood return from the hands to the heart?
          a.      cephalic
          b.      basilic
          c.      median cubital
          d.      jugular
          e.      axillary

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                  4                                              2/15/2011
45.       Which of the following vessels would not be involved in blood return from the brain to the heart?
          a.      circle of willis/cerebral arterial circle
          b.      internal jugular
          c.      subclavian
          d.      brachiocephalic
          e.      superior vena cava

46.       Which of the following vessels would not be involved in blood return from the ankle to the heart?
          a.      portal
          b.      great saphenous
          c.      femoral
          d.      external iliac
          e.      popliteal

47.       This term is out of place with the others listed.
          a.      carotid
          b.      celiac
          c.      basilar
          d.      portal
          e.      aorta

48.       This term is out of place with the others listed.
          a.      cephalic
          b.      common iliac
          c.      axillary
          d.      median cubital
          e.      subclavian

49.       This term is out of place with the others listed.
          a.      basilic
          b.      cephalic
          c.      portal
          d.      carotid
          e.      median cubital

50.       These    are the two flow circuits of the CV system.
          a.        Diastolic & systolic
          b.        Autonomic & systemic
          c.        Arterial & venous
          d.        Pulmonary & systemic
          e.        Sympathetic & parasympathetic

51.       Which    of the following is not one of the 6 components in the overall picture of "circulation"?
          a.        Blood
          b.        Intraoccular space
          c.        Interstitium
          d.        Lymphatics
          e.        Intracellular space

52.       This is an egress vessel of the heart.
          a.       Pulmonary veins
          b.       Inferior vena cava
          c.       Coronary veins (sinus)
          d.       Pulmonary trunk
          e.       Superior vena cava

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                   5                                                    2/15/2011
53.       This vessel would be blue in color on a picture.
          a.      Pulmonary trunk
          b.      Celiac
          c.      Pulmonary vein
          d.      Carotid
          e.      Circle of Willis

Matching — Questions 54 through 61

54.       comprise our "microcirculation". It is where molecular exchanges
          occur between the interstitium and blood                                            a. Capillaries
55.       have thick, resilient walls in order to tolerate large pressure                     b. Major arteries
          variations                                                                          c. Arterioles
56.       our "faucets" in the system. They exert the most significant influence upon         d. Major veins
          blood pressure variations and blood distribution throughout the body.               e. Venuoles
57.       always carry blood toward the heart.
58.       otherwise referred to as our resistance vessels
59.       contain one way valves
60.       contraction of skeletal muscles in our limbs and breathing supplies the pressures to move blood
          through these vessels.
61.       may become varicose, especially in the legs.

62.       Which    of the following does not contain valves?
          a.        Large lymphatic vessels
          b.        The heart
          c.        Large veins
          d.        Large arteries
          e.        All of the above contain valves

63.       This is not a function of the lymphatic system.
          a.       production, maintenance, & distribution of lymphocytes
          b.       production and distribution of blood plasma
          c.       distribution of hormones, nutrients, and wastes from their tissues of origin to the general circulation
          d.       return fluid and solutes from peripheral tissues to the blood
          e.       All of the above are functions of the lymphatic system

64.       T cells,   B cells, & NK cells are
          a.         stem cells found in bone marrow that make the "formed elements" in blood.
          b.         types of lymphocytes.
          c.         the “formed elements” within blood.
          d.         lymphocytes that manufacture antibodies.
          e.         nonsense terms to confuse me.

65.       This is part of the “specific” immune response.
          a.       interferon
          b.       fever
          c.       antibodies
          d.       complement system
          e.       inflammation

66.       The “memory” component of our immune system accounts for
          a.     passing on immune genes from parent to child.
          b.     avoiding incompatible transfusion reactions.
          c.     consistency in the ABO blood typing system.
          d.     a more efficient secondary response to disease causing agents.
          e.     why humans cannot get chimpanzee blood transfusions.

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                  6                                                   2/15/2011
67.       Interleukin, tumor necrosis factor, phagocytic regulator cytokine, & colony-stimulating factor are all . . .?
          a.      types of immune cells.
          b.      hormones of the immune system.
          c.      chemicals that cause autoimmune diseases.
          d.      drugs used to treat AIDS.
          e.      words I can’t even pronounce.

68.       This category of diseases is characterized by our bodies essentially becoming allergic to and
          eventually destroying our own tissues.
          a.      Pleurisy
          b.      Autoimmune
          c.      Immunodeficiency
          d.      Inflammatory
          e.      none of the preceding

69.       Chronic or long-term stress typically ____________ the immune system.
          a.      improves
          b.      depresses
          c.      has little or no effect upon

70.       These are otherwise called our chemical “fingerprints” and they are responsible for making each of
          us unique compared to every other human being.
          a.      antigens
          b.      antibodies
          c.      plasma electrolytes
          d.      gamma globulins
          e.      cAMPs

Matching — Questions 71 through 74
                                                                                          a.   T cells
71.       produced by plasma cells (sensitized B lymphocytes)                             b.   B cells
72.       a non-specific immune component especially effective against viruses.           c.   Interferon
73.       killer, suppressor, and helper are specific types of?                           d.   Antibodies
74.       considered an external barrier or one of our first lines of defense             e.   Stomach acid

75.       This lymphatic vessel carries about 75% of all lymph fluid in our body.
          a.      Inferior vena cava
          b.      Thoracic duct
          c.      Superior sagittal sinus
          d.      Celiac duct
          e.      Right lymphatic duct

76.       Which    of the following is out of place regarding immune system function?
          a.        B cells
          b.        Neutrophils
          c.        Macrophages
          d.        T cells
          e.        Thyroid

77.       The lungs are not contained within this body cavity.
          a.      dorsal
          b.      thoracic
          c.      ventral
          d.      pleural
          e.      The lungs are contained within all of the preceding cavities.

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                  7                                                     2/15/2011
78.       This structure is in direct contact with the base of both lungs.
          a.       Floating ribs (#11 and #12 pairs)
          b.       liver
          c.       apical pleura
          d.       diaphragm
          e.       basal mucosa

79.       These    are the most numerous airways.
          a.        secondary bronchi (lobar or 2º)
          b.        tertiary bronchi (segmental or 3º)
          c.        primary bronchi (main stem or 1º)
          d.        trachea
          e.        conchae

80.       This is the root word used with the prefixes Oro-, Naso-, and Laryngo-.
          a.       –pleura
          b.       -mesentery
          c.       –otic
          d.       –pharynx
          e.       –larynx

81.       The left lung has three lobes and the right lung has two lobes.
          a.       True
          b.       False

82.       Otherwise called the Adam’s Apple.
          a.     the cornua of the hyoid
          b.     the posterior enlargement of the cricoid cartilage
          c.     the thyrohyoid ligament
          d.     the anterior projection of the thyroid cartilage
          e.     the true vocal fold (chord)

83.       This term is out of place compared to the others.
          a.      Cricoid
          b.      Hyoid
          c.      Thyroid
          d.      Arytenoids
          e.      Epiglottis

84.       This is the last structure encountered by air flowing into the respiratory system, often called the
          dead end of the system.
          a.       visceral pleura
          b.       alveolus
          c.       tertiary bronchiole
          d.       conchea
          e.       internal nare

85.       This is the unique feature of the hyoid.
          a.       It does not articulate with any other bone.
          b.       It is solid compact bone tissue, lacks any spongy portions.
          c.       It is the smallest bone forming a synovial articulation.
          d.       It only appears after puberty.
          e.       It is classified as a sesamoid bone.

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                   8                                                  2/15/2011
86.       This is the chemical secreted by alveolar epithelial cells that enables lungs to expand with minimum
          resistance during inhalation.
          a.       lysozyme
          b.       surfactant
          c.       resisticene
          d.       adrenalin
          e.       pleural serum

87.       This clinical condition is unrelated to the respiratory system.
          a.       pleurisy
          b.       cystic fibrosis
          c.       diabetes
          d.       carbon monoxide poisoning
          e.       hypoxia

88.       Fill in the missing part of this chemical equation: CO2 + ????  H2CO3
          a.        CO
          b.        HCl
          c.        H2O
          d.        NaCl
          e.        HPO3

89.       This muscle is not normally involved in breathing at all.
          a.     internal intercostals
          b.     diaphragm
          c.     pectoralis
          d.     abdominals
          e.     external intercostals

90.       There are two of these (a pair).
          a.      thyrohyoid ligament
          b.      cricoid cartilage
          c.      trachea
          d.      arytenoid cartilage
          e.      epigottis

91.       The CNS autorhythmicity center controlling respiratory function is located here.
          a.    Spinal cord
          b.    Corpus callosum
          c.    Pons and medulla oblongata
          d.    Hypothalamus
          e.    Cerebellum

92.       Which    term is out of place with the others regarding respiratory function?
          a.        Phrenic and intercostal nerves
          b.        Vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves
          c.        Diaphragm
          d.        Calvin's law of gases
          e.        Pulmonary surfactant

93.       Which    is the last event to occur in a normal inhalation sequence?
          a.         Air moves into the lungs
          b.         CNS control centers send out motor commands
          c.         Muscles of inhalation contract
          d.         Intrapulmonary pressure drops
          e.         Intrapulmonary volume increases

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                  9                                                2/15/2011
94.       This statement is untrue regarding the respiratory system.
          a.       There is a very large alveolar surface area within lungs
          b.       As membranes go, the air/blood interface membrane within the lungs is very thick for protection.
          c.       Pulmonary surfactant makes it easier to expand the lungs during inhalation
          d.       Intrathoracic pressure is normally subatmospheric
          e.       Each secondary bronchus specifically supplies a lung lobe.

95.       This is the most powerful stimulus in the process of autonomic control of respiration.
          a.       Blood oxygen variations
          b.       Blood pH variations
          c.       CSF carbon dioxide variations
          d.       Degree of stretch of thoracic tissues (lungs)
          e.       CSF pH variations

96.       The vast majority of oxygen contained within the blood is found in this specific form.
          a.     Oxyhemoglobin
          b.     Carbaminohemoglobin
          c.     Free oxygen dissolved as a gas in the plasma PO2
          d.     Bicarbonate ions HCO3-
          e.     Carbon monoxide CO

97.       This is the standard figure used for atmospheric pressure at sea level.
          a.       200 lbs. per sq. in.
          b.       760 mmHg.
          c.       98.6 degrees F
          d.       760 lbs.
          e.       5,280 in. of water

98.       This has little or nothing to do with the homeostasis of respiration.
          a.      Pons and medulla oblongata
          b.      CSF pH levels
          c.      Blood pressure
          d.      Blood carbon dioxide levels
          e.      Vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves

99.       This has nothing to do with respiration.
          a.      Boyles’s Law of Gases
          b.      Surfactant
          c.      Law of Entropy
          d.      ABO typing system
          e.      Visceral & Parietal Pleura

100.      A laryngeal structure that “bends downward” to direct swallowed material into the esophagus and
          away from the trachea.
          a.      vocal chords
          b.      arytenoids
          c.      thymus
          d.      epiglottis
          e.      cricoid

BIO/Davies/110/TAKEHOME-OPP#3A-W11.doc                 10                                               2/15/2011

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