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A joint initiative of the ETH domain and Swiss Federal Offices

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									A joint initiative of the
ETH domain and Swiss
Federal Offices
      ecoinvent: A Comprehensive Web-
      Based LCA Database                                                                 Swiss Centre
                                                                                         For Life Cycle
                                                                                         Inventories
                                                                                         A joint initiative of the
                                                                                         ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                                         Federal Offices




      Gerald Rebitzer 1, Rolf Frischknecht            2

      1   Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL)
      2   ecoinvent Centre, Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories



      InLCA / LCM 2003 Conference, Seattle, USA
      September 23, 2003




Slide 2                                                               www.ecoinvent.ch
Problem Setting
• Various LCI-Databases in Switzerland                                       Swiss Centre
                                                                             For Life Cycle
    different methodological approaches                                      Inventories

     ➨ different results / incompatible datasets (general problem)!
                                                                             A joint initiative of the
                                                                             ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                             Federal Offices


• Data updates:
    resource intensive (labor, costs), and
    duplication of work
• Broad LCA expertise in Switzerland (LCI and LCIA)
• Demand for consistent LCI data of basic commodities for
    - Widespread application of LCA (e.g., in IPP)
    - specific tools such as planning tools in the building sector,
      design for environment (manufacturing sector), etc.


Slide 3                                                   www.ecoinvent.ch
Therefore:
ecoinvent 2000 Database
                                                                                 Swiss Centre
• Joint Swiss LCA database (w/ international applicability)                      For Life Cycle
                                                                                 Inventories
• Consistent, harmonized, and quality controlled LCI data                        A joint initiative of the
                                                                                 ETH domain and Swiss

• Matching LCIA data (equivalency factors)
                                                                                 Federal Offices



• Newest LCIA methods (including the new IMPACT 2002+ method)
• Data in different levels of aggregation (unit-process on level of data
  collection as well as aggregated cradle-to-gate data)
• Inexpensive LCA data access via the Internet

Leads to:
• Enhanced feasibility of LCA application (reduced data efforts)
• Increased credibility and acceptance of LCA (transparency)
• Establishment of LCA as a tool to support routine and strategic
  decision-making in LCM, IPP, etc.

Slide 4                                                       www.ecoinvent.ch
Project Partners
                           Swiss Federal Offices                                  Swiss Centre
                                                                                  For Life Cycle
                                                                                  Inventories

               BUWAL     BFE        BBL       ASTRA        BLW                    A joint initiative of the
                                                                                  ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                                  Federal Offices




    Project leader                                                 Software-
   ecoinvent 2000 :                                              Development:

  R. Frischknecht              ecoinvent                       ifu   (Hamburg)
                                 Board


                         Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories


     ETHZ         ETHZ                          EMPA
                         EPFL         PSI                  EAWAG           FAL
      LTC          UNS                        (Leitung)



Slide 5                                                        www.ecoinvent.ch
 LCI DB: Economic Sectors Covered
                                                                          Swiss Centre

     EMPA SG                            FAL                               For Life Cycle
                                                                          Inventories
                                        •Agriculture                      A joint initiative of the
     •Plastics                                                            ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                          Federal Offices
     •Paper & cardboard
     •Basic chemicals
     •Detergents
                                                   PSI
     •Waste treatment                              •Energy supply
                                                    -> Fuels
                              Central              -> Electricity
                                                   -> Heat
EMPA Dü                      Database

•Metals
•Building materials
•Wood & Forestry
                                                ETHZ ICB
•Basic chemicals          ETHZ UNS              •Basic chemicals
                          •Transports



 Slide 6                                               www.ecoinvent.ch
Main Features of LCI Datasets
                                                                         Swiss Centre
                                                                         For Life Cycle
• Same approach and level of detail for all processes included           Inventories

• Processes are interlinked:                                             A joint initiative of the
                                                                         ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                         Federal Offices

    change in electricity mix causes change in environmental
    performance of all other datasets
     ➨ selected updates possible, consistency maintained
• Min/mean/max values for all datasets
• Quality control measures (reviews) implemented
• Standardized data(exchange) format
• Not focused on a specific application field (such as construction
    / architecture) ➨ broad application


Slide 7                                               www.ecoinvent.ch
EcoSpold: ecoinvent Data Format
                                                               Swiss Centre
                                                               For Life Cycle
• Data exchange between project partners                       Inventories
                                                               A joint initiative of the

• Extensive documentation                                      ETH domain and Swiss
                                                               Federal Offices




• Confidential implementation of LCI raw data possible
• Efficient implementation of LCI data in LCA software
    systems
• Based on SPOLD 97/99 data format
• Adapted to ISO Technical Specification 14048



Slide 8                                     www.ecoinvent.ch
Structure of Data Format

            ecoinvent data documentation of process                 Swiss Centre
                                                                    For Life Cycle
                                                                    Inventories
                                                                    A joint initiative of the
                                                                    ETH domain and Swiss

          Meta information               Flow data                  Federal Offices




             Process information           Exchanges


             Modelling and validation      Allocation


            Administrative information


Slide 9                                          www.ecoinvent.ch
EcoSpold Fields: Data Requirements
 Field                         Unit proc.   Results    Elem. flows     Impact ass.
                                                                                        Swiss Centre
 ReferenceFunction             Always       Always     Always          Always           For Life Cycle
                                                                                        Inventories
 Geography                     Always       Always     Never           Never
                                                                                        A joint initiative of the
                                                                                        ETH domain and Swiss
 Technology                    Possible     Possible   Never           Never            Federal Offices


 TimePeriod                    Always       Always     Never           Possible

 DataSetInformation            Always       Always     Always          Always

 Representativeness            Possible     Possible   Never           Never

 Sources                       Always       Always     Never           Always

 Validations                   Possible     Possible   Possible        Possible

 DataEntryBy                   Always       Always     Possible        Always

 DataGeneratorAndPublication   Always       Always     Never           Always

 Persons                       Always       Always     Possible        Always

 Exchanges                     Always       Always     Never           Always

 Allocations                   Possible     Never      Never           Never

Slide 10                                                             www.ecoinvent.ch
Meta Information in Web-Interface
                                                  Swiss Centre
                                                  For Life Cycle
                                                  Inventories
                                                  A joint initiative of the
                                                  ETH domain and Swiss
                                                  Federal Offices




Slide 11                       www.ecoinvent.ch
Flow Information in Web-Interface
                                                                  Swiss Centre
                                                                  For Life Cycle
                                                                  Inventories
                                                                  A joint initiative of the
                                                                  ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                  Federal Offices




           ecoinvent tool for conversion to MS Excel files available
Slide 12                                       www.ecoinvent.ch
Data Compilation & Quality Control
   Central Administrator   Local Administrator 1   Local Administrator 2
                                                                                 Swiss Centre
                                                                                 For Life Cycle
                                  Isolated                                       Inventories
                                 corrections                                     A joint initiative of the
            Central
                                                        mathematical             ETH domain and Swiss
           Database            More extensive                                    Federal Offices
                                                        correctness
                                 revisions
                                                       completeness
                                                       flows /impacts
                                                        plausibility of
                                     X
                                                            data
                                                       accordance with
                                                          guidelines



                                                       completeness
                                                       documentation
                                                                            X
            Quality
                                Creation and
            guide-             Documentation
             lines
                             compilation                review
                               process                 process
Slide 13                                                      www.ecoinvent.ch
 LCIA Implementation: State of the
 Art Impact Assessment Methods
                                                                        Swiss Centre

      EMPA SG                            EPFL                           For Life Cycle
                                                                        Inventories
                                         •Impact 2002+ (CH)             A joint initiative of the
      •Ecological scarcity                                              ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                        Federal Offices
       (UBP‘97) (CH)
      •EDIP-Method (DK)                              PSI
                                                     •External Costs
                                                      (ExternE; EU)
                             Central                 •EPS 2000 (SE)
EMPA Dü                      Database

•CML Method 2001 (NL)


                                        ETHZ UNS
                                        •Eco-Indicator’99 (NL)
                                        •CED (GLO)


 Slide 14                                            www.ecoinvent.ch
Major ecoinvent Clients:
Software Makers (resellers)
                                                                          Swiss Centre
                                                                          For Life Cycle
• Carbotech AG (Emis, CH), client                                         Inventories

• ecobilan / PWC (Team, FR), in discussion                                A joint initiative of the
                                                                          ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                          Federal Offices


• ifu / ifeu (Umberto, DE), client
• KCL (KCL, FI), in discussion
• PE Europe (GaBi, DE), in discussion
• Pira (PEMPS, GB), in discussion
• PRé Consultants (SimaPro, NL), client
• Sinum (Regis, CH), in discussion
will (likely) implement ecoinvent data into their software



Slide 15                                               www.ecoinvent.ch
Other Cooperation Activities
                                                                         Swiss Centre
• Germany:                                                               For Life Cycle
                                                                         Inventories
  LCI network (Karlsruhe University, Germany)                            A joint initiative of the
                                                                         ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                         Federal Offices
• United States of America:
  National LCI database (G. Norris, Boston, USA)
• European Union:
  LCA database initiative (European Commission, Ispra)
• International: Life Cycle Initiative (UNEP/SETAC,
  Paris/Brussels)
Not yet established:
• Asia: LCI database activities



Slide 16                                              www.ecoinvent.ch
Database Access
                                                                             Swiss Centre
                                                                             For Life Cycle
• www.ecoinvent.ch                                                           Inventories
                                                                             A joint initiative of the

• Registration required                                                      ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                             Federal Offices


  - Guest
  - Member
• Access rights Guest:
  - Meta information of all processes and impact assessment methods
• Access rights Member:
  - access rights Guest +
  - Inventory raw data and -results of all processes
  - Download of all data sets
  - extensive final reports (documentation, on CD-ROM, 1st quarter 2004)
• Cost: 1200 € per license

Slide 17                                                  www.ecoinvent.ch
Current State and Outlook
                                                                         Swiss Centre
                                                                         For Life Cycle
• ecoinvent data v1.0 online since September, 2003                       Inventories

• Ecoinvent data v1.0 contains data on more than 2500 processes          A joint initiative of the
                                                                         ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                         Federal Offices


• Regular updates planned (every 2-3 years)
• Extension to other economic sectors planned, e.g.
    - Mechanical industry
    - Electronics industry
    - Food industry




Slide 18                                              www.ecoinvent.ch
Summary
                                                                           Swiss Centre
• ecoinvent Centre builds on Swiss LCA capacity (institutionalized)        For Life Cycle
                                                                           Inventories

• Fully harmonized LCA methodology                                         A joint initiative of the
                                                                           ETH domain and Swiss
                                                                           Federal Offices

• Ecoinvent database provides fully consistent and quality
  controlled LCI data
• No limitations in terms of impact assessment
• Major software makers implement ecoinvent data v1.0
• Lower costs and higher efficiency for LCA studies
  (focusing on specific processes of interest is facilitated)

➨ Preconditions fulfilled to promote/enable
    wide-spread application of LCA

Slide 19                                                www.ecoinvent.ch
Ecoinvent data Version 1.0 online
                                                   Swiss Centre
                                                   For Life Cycle
• Database accessible at:                          Inventories
                                                   A joint initiative of the
                                                   ETH domain and Swiss
                                                   Federal Offices




    www.ecoinvent.ch




Slide 20                        www.ecoinvent.ch

								
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