PERSPECTIVE by yaofenji


                                               Prevention & Education
  East Carolina University                     Alcohol & Other Drugs
 Regional Training Center                           May 2003                                          Volume 12, No.9
NATIONAL NEWS                                                NORTH CAROLINA NEWS
Study links maternal alcohol use with later drinking Tideland Mental Health Center (TMHC) reaches
problems. Heavy drinking by pregnant women increases out to the faith community. TMHC hosted a Faith-
the chances of alcohol problems for that child later in Based Youth Leadership Training for clergy and
life says a study from the (UW) Fetal Alcohol and Drug church officials on basic substance abuse prevention
Unit at the University of Washington. Various studies issues among the youth in the communities making up
have linked maternal alcohol use to mental retardation, its five-county service area.                      Michael Dublin,
developmental delays and behavioral disorders, but this Prevention Director of Durham Council on Alcoholism
is the first to link prenatal alcohol use to later drinking and Drug Dependence (DCADD), conducted the day-
problems for the offspring.                                  long training covering the history of faith communities
   UW initiated the study in 1974 when pregnant women addressing social issues, current models of addiction,
commonly drank and it was socially acceptable. About prevention and intervention, criteria for state funding,
80% of the participants in the study drank during program development within a congregation, coalition
pregnancy or during the months before they conceived. building and youth development and an overview of the
Almost one-third of the mothers drank “heavily”, five or Federal Faith Initiative. Mr. Dublin used information
more drinks, on at least one occasion during pregnancy. that is included in the DCADD’s guide from The North
Fourteen percent of the children, at the age of 21, whose Carolina Faith Community Initiative. According to Mr.
mothers had heavy drinking episodes, showed signs of Dublin, “The NC Faith Community Initiative is being
alcohol problems, compared to 4.5% of those whose born out of the desire to fill the information and
mothers drank less. This association held true even after training needs of those willing to make a positive
researchers allowed for differences in demographics, difference in the area of alcohol, tobacco and other
family history of alcoholism, growing up around alcohol drug use. This initiative proposes to develop a base
and exposure to nicotine.                                    guide that will be used by congregations to address
   “This raises the possibilities that the inheritance of substance abuse issues.” Dublin stressed collaboration,
alcoholism is more complex than just genetics,” said Dr. saying that the faith-based community needed to “build
Sam Cullison, director of the addiction recovery bridges” to other segments of the community, including
program at Swedish Medical Center “It could partly be medical facilities and the various government agencies.
a poisonous effect of prenatal exposure.”                     He also discussed strategies for overcoming barriers
   The reported amount of drinking by the offspring of that people might face when seeking services from a
mothers who had drank heavily during pregnancy versus faith-based program.
those whose mothers did not was no different.                 Project Coordinator, Sharon Garrett of TMHC says
However, the disparity lay in how the two different that at least 75 clergy and church officials attended the
groups of 21 year-olds reacted to drinking. Those event and that the participant response was very
children of heavy-drinking mothers were three times positive. She says that this project was a “spring board
more likely to show symptoms of alcohol dependence, piece” for follow-up sessions for the many
such as blackouts, hangovers, being physically sick, organizations that want to pursue ATOD prevention
staggering and unclear thinking. The study pointed out programs. At the end of the session, participants were
that the findings could have been complicated because given the opportunity to provide feedback as to what
the offsprings were 21 and at the college age when this they would like to see happen in their areas. The
is generally the period of heaviest drinking for most majority favored developing a mentoring program,
people. However, the previous study of this population which Garrett is in the process of investigating. This
took place when they were 14 years old and it showed a day long training was funded by a mini-grant from the
link between prenatal exposure and experimenting with Regional Training Center. Contact Mike Dublin at 919-493-
alcohol. Source: The Seattle Times, April 15, 2003.          9392 or Sharon Garrett at 252-975-4695, ext 2183.
UPCOMING EVENTS                                         FOR YOUR INFORMATION
*Preparing for the Prevention Certification Exam, May   *Have you heard of “Robotripping?” Across the
16, Substance Abuse Services, Charlotte. Call 704-      country, children and teens are intentionally
375-3784. Up to 3 hours GSB.                            overdosing on cold medicine in order to get a
*Apraxia in Children, May 16-17, North Charleston       hallucinogenic high. Although cough syrup abuse is
Convention Center, Charleston, SC. Call 910-343-        nothing new, dating back 30 years, it seems to be
0161. 1.1 CEU credits and 13.2 CNE nursing contact      making a comeback. Robitussin, Nyquil, Benadryl
hours.                                                  and Coricidin are among the favorites.            The
*Child Psychiatry Day, Substance Abuse and Co-          common       additive    in    cough     suppressants,
Morbid Disorders in Kids, May 29, 9am-4:30pm,           Dextromethorphan (DXM), can cause hallucinations
Monroe AHEC Conference Center, Greenville. Call         when used in large amounts, according to Dr. Drew
252-744-5228. .5 CEU credits.                           Pinsky, an addiction expert. Users can suffer
*Maternal Alcohol Consumption and Other Pregnancy       psychosis, brain damage and seizures. Overdoses
Exposures: Assessment and Interventions for Both        can be fatal, but since these cough suppressants are
Mother and Child, June 17, 9am-4pm, Gerald Strand       legal, only the worst cases of overdoses make it into
Auditorium      at   Southern      Regional    AHEC,    the records. Source: DATELINE, April-June,
Fayetteville. Call 910-678-7293. .5 CEU credits.        2003, page 10.
*Solution Focused Group Therapy, June 19, 9am-4pm,      *Annual publication of The Regional Training Center
Edwin W. Monroe AHEC Conference Center,                 will soon be available. PERSPECTIVES ON
Greenville. Call 252-744-5228. .5 CEU credits.          PREVENTION showcases programs that received
*Underreported and Undiagnosed: Substance Abuse         community developed mini-grants from the last
and the Older Adult, June 26, 9am-4pm, Moore            year, plus an educational section featuring
Regional Hospital, Southern Pines. Call 910-678-        information on Social Norms Marketing. Social
7293. .5 CEU credits.                                   norms marketing is a new approach to prevent
*Helping the Helpless, Treatment and Case Mangement     ATOD use.         By focusing on changing the
for the Chronic Substance Abuser, June 27, 9am-         misperceptions of various populations regarding
4:30pm, Pitt County Agricultural Extension              substance use, it has proven to effectively prevent or
Auditorium, Greenville. Call 252-744-5215. .5 CEU       reduce a variety of unhealthy attitudes and
credits.                                                behaviors.
*2003 NC Summer School, Aug 4-8, Wilmington.            Fax the form below if you wish to receive a
Cost options and catalog information are available      complimentary copy, 252-328-4652.
on webpage             Use the online   Name______________________________________
registration.                                           Title_______________________________________
   May is National Teen Pregnancy                       Business Name______________________________
   Prevention Month
   202-347-5700                                         City/State/Zip_______________________________                      Phone #____________________________________
                                                        *Staff: Carol-Ann Tucker, Director; Elizabeth Montgomery, Special
                                                        Projects Coordinator; Bonnie Cowan, Program Assistant

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