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INCEPTION REPORT TO Powered By Docstoc
					                          REPORT TO
              THE ROYAL DANISH EMBASSY, NAIROBI

             FOR THE PERIOD APRIL 2009 -MARCH 2010

                          Project Title:
         Knowledge Sharing for Climate Change Adaptation

               GRANT NUMBER 104.KEN.120-148(69)
                Date of Submission: 27th April 2010




                         Contact Person
                           James Nguo
                         Regional Director




     Arid Lands Information Network-Eastern Africa (ALIN-EA),
           P.O. Box 10098, 00100 G.P.O. Nairobi, Kenya,
AAYMCA Building, Along State House Crescent, Off State House Avenue.
          Tel +254 20 2731557; Telefax +254 20 2737813.
                      Email:admin@alin.net:
                       Website www.alin.net
Acronyms

CKC     -   Community Knowledge Centre
CKF     -   Community Knowledge Facilitator
CIV     -   Community Information Volunteer
CCAA -      Climate Change Awareness and Adaptation
ALIN -      Arid Lands Information Network
ICTs    -   Information Communication Technologies
DVDs -      Digital Versatile Disc
CC   -      Climate Change
OKN -       Open Knowledge Network
FFS     -   Farmer Field School
MP      -   Member of Parliament
DMI     -   Drought Management Initiative programme
NGOs, -     Non –governmental Organisations
CBOs -      Community Based Organisations
WEHMIS -    WEM Health Integrated Survey
ADRA -      Adventist Development and Relief Agency Kenya
ICPAC -      IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre




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Table of Contents

1.   INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND..................................................................................... 4
  1.1. Introduction ............................................................................................................4
  1.2. Background to the project .......................................................................................4
2. Project objectives ................................................................................................................... 4
3. PROJECT SCOPE, PARTNERS AND BENEFICIARIES ................................................................. 4
  3.1. Project scope ..........................................................................................................4
  3.2. Partners ................................................................................................................ 11
  3.3. Project beneficiaries .............................................................................................. 12
4. IMPACT OF THE PROJECT ..................................................................................................... 13
5. KEY LESSONS LEARNT ........................................................................................................... 14
6. KEY CONSTRAINTS/CHALLENGES......................................................................................... 15
7. RECOMMENDATIONS........................................................................................................... 15
8. WRITTEN DOCUMENTS/REPORTS FOR THE PERIOD ........................................................... 15
9. ANNEXES............................................................................................................................... 16
10. ANNEX 1 FINANCIAL REPORT ............................................................................................... 16




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    1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND


        1.1. Introduction
    ALIN is a Network of over 2000 grassroots Community Development Workers (CDWs) drawn
    from non-governmental organizations, community- based organizations as well as government
    departments, all offering a form of extension service in their fields of expertise. CDWs are the
    people in the villages who act as a source of information and knowledge for the rest of the
    community out of duty or socially.

    Our core business is to facilitate information exchange among communities in Kenya, Uganda,
    and Tanzania with a concentration in the dry lands.


        1.2. Background to the project
    ALIN received Ksh. Ksh.12, 743,471.40 from the Royal Danish Embassy in April 2009 to
    implement a project titled: ‘Knowledge Sharing for Climate Change Adaptation’ for one year
    ending in March 2010. The project was implemented in Eastern province within Kyuso and
    Mwingi districts where ALIN has established Community Knowledge Centers commonly known
    as Maarifa centres. The project aimed to facilitate communities’ awareness of and effective
    responses to climate change; empowering communities to address two complex questions:

            What is climate change and what does it mean for us?
            How do we cope and adapt to climate change?

    2. PROJECT OBJECTIVES
    The project broad objectives were:

        1.   To increase awareness and facilitate knowledge exchange on climate change
             adaptation strategies among communities in Kyuso and Mutomo districts
        2.   To build skills of youths on ICTs and grassroots journalism
        3.   To produce multi-media materials on climate change adaptation
        4.   To strengthen ALIN’s participation in international climate change foras

    3. PROJECT SCOPE, PARTNERS AND BENEFICIARIES

        3.1. Project scope
    The project’s specific objectives were as follows:

    Objective 1: To increase awareness and facilitate knowledge exchange on climate adaptation
    strategies among communities in Kyuso and Mutomo districts

Activities under objective 1

    i) Community workshops and meetings in Mutomo and Kyuso
    During the period under review, ALIN conducted eight climate change awareness meetings and
    workshops in Mutomo and Kyuso districts. The meetings involved more than 800 participants

                                                     4
drawn from the community and stakeholders around the Maarifa centres. They included; local
leaders, teachers, farmer field schools’ representatives, government departments, youths and
community development workers. Content on climate change effects and adaptation was
generated and as a result the participants were able to share and discuss how they could
forestall climate related changes noticed over the last 20 years. They discussed effects and
mitigation measures that included;

    a) Planting drought resistant crops such as millet, sorghum and cassava
    b) Implementing afforestation programmes in the community
    c) Use of alternative fodder for animals such as the mathunzuu (root tuber) in Kyuso
    d) Establishing kitchen gardens so as to maximize the use of water for domestic usage
    e) Alternative income generating activities such as selling of scrap metal to earn a living
    f) Government to sink boreholes and set up irrigation schemes to near natural sources e.g.
       along river Tana and Usueni (in Kyuso District)
   g) Government to build a Canal from River Tana across Mumoni, Kyuso and Tseikuru
       District.
Outputs
    More than 800 community members trained and sensitize on climate change
    Information on climate change adaptation disseminated, reaching 620 community
       members through iPods
    Best practices on climate change adaptation identified and documented for wider
       sharing
    Networks among climate change agents (farmer field schools and stakeholders) created
       and active
    Change of behavior among community members occurred. For instance, A group in
       conducted an environment conservation/cleanup exercise and tree planting on 24th
       November 2009.
    Climate change information was aired through Kenya Broadcasting Corporation
       (KBC) radio national service and reached wider audience as a result of climate change
       meetings

In addition, ALIN was invited to facilitate a one day awareness workshop for 60 Kangundo
community leaders that involved the District Commissioners, Division Officers, chiefs and village
elders

A detailed report is shared through Mutomo and Kyuso Maarifa blogs

http://kyusomaarifa.blogspot.com/
http://mutomomaarifa.blogspot.com/

ii) Exchange Visit in Vote-Mutomo
On 7th August 2009 ALIN facilitated an exchange visit that involved 22 participants who included
Community Information Volunteers, Community Knowledge Facilitators, Community
Development Workers, farmers, non-governmental organisations’ representatives and
government officials.

The group visited three sites to observe best practices on climate change adaptation.


                                               5
Some of the major lessons learnt included;

    a) Making of sub-surface dams to reduce salinity of water
    b) Planting different varieties of the same crop to increase the chances of ripping good
       harvests.
    c) Indigenous way of controlling pests
    d) Water harvesting techniques

Outputs
    Documentation of 3 articles which were produced and disseminated
    1 (one) Video on exchange visit produced and shared widely
    Networking among Farmer field schools enhanced
    Replication of best practice on sub surface dam by Mukutu farmer field school

A detailed report is available at Mutomo Maarifa centre blog.
http://mutomomaarifa.blogspot.com

iii) Open day at Ngarua-Laikipia district
Four (4) community members from Mutomo and Kyuso Maarifa centres participated in an open
day and an exhibition organized by the Ng’arua Maarifa centre in Laikipia West District. The
main objective of the exchange visit was to expose the members from Eastern province to what
people in Laikipia are doing in combating climate change. They learnt and exchanged ideas on
local adaptation which included; water harvesting techniques, indigenous pests control, bee
keeping, organic farming, value addition and group dynamics.

Outputs
    Replication of best practices by Kyuso members like Ali Mulei on water harvesting.
    Networking among members enhanced.

iv) NGO week
ALIN participated in the NGO week held in Nairobi. During this occasion, information on local
level adaptation of climate change effects and adaptation was disseminated through video
shows. Among the dissemination modes used included use of iPods, The Open Knowledge
Network (OKN), publications, posters on CC and brochures. More than 300 people visited ALIN’s
stand.

Outputs
    Information on climate change disseminated and reached more than 300 people
    Created new partnerships

v) Trade fair in Kyuso
ALIN participated in a trade fair in Kyuso which was organized by the Ministry of Agriculture. The
event attracted participants from the community, Government line ministries, stakeholders,
CBOs and NGOs. ALIN used the opportunity to create awareness and disseminate content on
climate change through exhibitions, posters, printed materials and ICTs.

The event was held in the farm of ALIN’s key focal group member Mr. Ali Mulei who had
innovative ways of local level adaptation strategies.
                                                6
ALIN received 1,150 visitors (514 male 639 female) to its tent. Information disseminated
included;
    a) Climate change effects and mitigation measures – through video shows
    b) Value addition to products (Baobab wine, Baobab Juice, and assorted fruit juice)
    c) Technologies on grafting and budding of fruit trees and on making of aloe products.
    d) Water harvesting techniques.
    e) Posters

Outputs
    Dissemination on climate change information reached more than 1,150 visitors (514
       male 639 female
    Networking strengthened.

A detailed report is available at Kyuso Maarifa centre blog. http://kyusomaarifa.blogspot.com

vi) Environmental clean up exercise in Mutomo
ALIN together with its partners organized an environmental clean up exercise in Mutomo. The
main objective of this event was to keep Mutomo town clean and also use the opportunity to
share information on climate change and the activities of the Maarifa centre. The clean up
exercise attracted government departments, NGOs, CBOs, organized groups and schools in the
area. The District Public Health Officer (DPHO) Mutomo officiated the event that was attended
by more than 762 people.
Output
      Information on environment and climate change was disseminated and reached more
         than 762 people
      Networking enhanced since the exercise involve more than 5 stakeholders

vii) Content generation and dissemination
During this period 53 articles on climate change effects and adaptation were documented and
disseminated using various ALIN information channels that included; Open Knowledge Network
(OKN) portal http://196.201.231.147/eNRICH community notice boards for easier access by
communities around the established Maarifa centres. The OKN portal is linked to all the other
10 Maarifa centres in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.

In addition The Mutomo CIV initiated a local publication titled The Farmer after realization that
communities needed more practical information on good agricultural practices and climate
change adaptation issues. The publication was developed in Mutomo and shared. It featured
several best practices on adapting to climate change suitable for Mutomo.

Outputs
    53 articles on climate change generated and disseminated widely
    Local magazine The farmer developed and shared in Mutomo

viii) Multimedia channels
During the period under review, ALIN trained Maarifa centre staff (Kyuso and Mutomo) on use
of multimedia and Web 2.0 channels. The trained staff then developed blogs enriched with
useful content for the community. The blogs contain news, articles on climate change effects
and adaptation, reports on climate change workshops and events around the communities. The

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blogs also have information and community videos on climate change awareness and
adaptation mechanisms and can be viewed at these links: http://mutomockc.blogspot.com/
http://kyusomaarifa.blogspot.com/
http://mutomomaarifa.blogspot.com/

In addition 16 videos and one song on climate change were developed and shared widely. The
videos cover content on effects of climate change among the vulnerable communities and local
mitigation measures. The videos can be viewed at http://televisheni.blip.tv and
http://www.youtube.com/user/ALINmedia

Content dissemination using iPods reached more than 620 community members, mostly women
in Kyuso and Mutomo. The iPods were loaded with 6 video clips with climate change content.
Among the dissemination points include major markets in Kyuso, Tseikuru, Ngomeni,
Kamuwongo and Katse (which are organized by the ministry of Agriculture for information
desks), Community meetings and Maarifa centres. The videos have become a powerful tool for
information sharing among communities on climate change issues.

Outputs
    Content dissemination using iPods reached more than 620 community members
    use iPods by women at convenient time

 ix) Development of printed material and Branding
Printed materials on climate change awareness were produced and disseminated to
 communities, NGOs, CBOs, schools, government departments, organized groups, and market
 notice boards among other channels. Printed materials include 2 posters, T-shirts and Kikoyis.

Output
    1000 posters produced and shared widely
    500 T-shirts and 350 Kikoyis (wrap around cloths) produced and shared widely
    11 Maarifa centers branded

Objective 2: To build skills of youths on ICTs and grassroots journalism
ALIN runs an annual youth volunteers programme. During the period under review, 5 training
workshops were conducted to build the skills of youths on ICTs and grassroots journalism. The
training workshops held saw youth trained to support documentation of climate change
awareness and adaptation .The training included:

i) ICT/web 2.0 tools training at Baobab communication
ALIN trained 10 youths on the use of various web 2.0 tools (simple social networking tools) i.e.
weblogs, web albums, Google maps, Google sites, you tube and Skype to enable them upload
web content from the Community Knowledge Centres, online discussions and dissemination and
enabling the community members participate in communication forums. As a result several
blogs have been created in these centres and are in use:
http://mutomockc.blogspot.com,                                  http://kyusockc.blogspot.com,
http://picasaweb.google.com/nmainye/MutomoContainer,
http://ngurumanmaarifa.blogspot.com, http://isinyamaarifa.blogspot.com
http://stevenature.blogspot.com/ and http://www.loitasafaritrekks.blogspot.com/
http://mutomockc.blogspot.com, http://kyusockc.blogspot.com

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    http://tukodisabled.blogspot.com, http://ndhiwamaarifa.blogspot.com

    Outputs

            Creation and use of more than 8 blogs at Maarifa centres
            Income generation through many visitors as a result of online marketing of the loita
             safari blog

    ii) Film making and Multimedia training in Mutomo and Naivasha
    ALIN collaborated with Community Based Conservation Films (CBCF) in conjunction with
    Leicester university (UK) to train 50 youths on film making, video editing and grassroots
    journalism to enable them create local films /documentaries on climate change and biodiversity
    conservation related issues.

    The youth were able to develop 16 videos and one song focusing on climate change and
    environmental conservation which were shared both locally and during the Cop 15 event in
    Denmark.

    Outputs
        16 videos and 1 song produced on climate change
        Mazingira song on climate change aired on KTN
        Climate change awareness widely understood by everyone including the illiterate

iii) Content generation and dissemination workshop in Kajiado
      10 Community Information Volunteers and two Community Knowledge Facilitators were trained
      on grassroots journalism that included writing skills, information generation and dissemination
      using various dissemination techniques like community radios, notice boards, and public
      gatherings and organizing field visits. The youth were equipped with skills and were able to build
      the capacity of the community members on climate change and sustainable livelihood.

    Through Joto Afrika magazine people have started understanding the existence, effects, impacts
    and adaptation to climate change. The residents of Kyuso district have been able to compare the
    community-based mitigation measures of different places featured by the magazines.

    Outputs
        53 articles on climate change documented and shared widely
        Interest of people in information on climate change created
        2 issues of Joto Afrika featured articles on climate change adaptation in eastern
           province and disseminated widely

    iv) iPod training and use at Maarifa centre

    More than 300 people have been trained on handling and using iPods. They include
    representatives from local non-governmental organizations, government officials, women
    groups, youths, farmers and community members. Four (4) officials from the Ministry of Youth,
    Gender and Sports from Embu were among those trained. They observed that what they had
    learnt would be very useful in creating awareness about e-government products, services or
    initiatives such as C-YES and EASY-YES youth loan in their ministry.
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Output

        More than 300 people trained on handling and using iPods.
        Four (4) officials from the Ministry of Youth, Gender and Sports from Embu were among
         those trained.

Reports and photos of iPod use can be viewed at Maarifa centre
http://kyusomaarifa.blogspot.com/
http://mutomomaarifa.blogspot.com/

v) Maarifa Centre Equipment placement and services
Equipment which included Mac-mini multimedia computer units, iPods and accessories, video
and digital camera were purchased and placed in Mutomo and Kyuso Maarifa centres. They
enable the community to have access to information sharing and use of ICTs.

The centres have offered community members’ free access to internet connectivity, capacity
building on the use of ICTs and promoted local content generation and dissemination. Through
the centres, community members were able to exchange experiences and information on
sustainable livelihood. The two Maarifa centres recorded a total of over 3,750 visitors who
sought a range of services offered including information on environment agriculture, water
harvesting, and e-government services as well as other services such as typing and printing.
Among the visitors recorded include the Member of Parliament, Mutomo South Constituency
Hon. Isaac Muoki Mulatya.

Outputs
    The Maarifa centres fully equipped and operational
    More than 3,750 registered users sought services from the two centres the centre
    Use and acceptance of ICT and web2 technology by community members
    29people(9M,20F) successfully trained on Ms office

See blogs
http://kyusomaarifa.blogspot.com/ and http://mutomomaarifa.blogspot.com/

Objective 3: To produce multi-media materials on climate change adaptation
During the period under review, sixteen (16) videos and one (1) song on climate change were
developed and shared widely. The videos highlighted the effects of climate change on the
community members. They can be viewed at http://televisheni.blip.tv
http://www.youtube.com/user/ALINmedia
output
     50 youths trained and deployed at the centres
     Skills of the youth develop

Objective 4: To strengthen ALIN’s participation in international climate change foras
ALIN was involved in a number of meetings and discussions on climate change awareness and
adaptation organized locally and internationally.

Locally, ALIN participated in more than 8 foras on climate change.


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Two ALIN staffs (Mr. James Nguo-Director and Noah Lusaka Projects Manager) participated at
the global conference – COP 15 where they exhibited climate change materials that were
developed, T-shirts with climate change messages, Posters, kikoys and Joto Afrika newsletters.
Short films developed at Mutomo and Naivasha were shown to participants visiting at the ALIN
stand.

ALIN staff collected information resources from the conference on climate change for sharing
with the community maarifa centres. New contacts were made for follow up on sharing climate
change issues.

ALIN has also created linkages with the Kenya climate change working group and will continue
to participate in meetings and organized events.

Strategy meeting for ALIN stakeholders
 ALIN has been working towards a change of strategy to enable it have a wide reach in the
region. ALIN has conducted several strategy meetings that brought together most of the
stakeholders who identified the key areas for ALIN improvement. The process of the
development of a full strategy is almost complete.

As part of the branding, ALIN purchased the domain www.alin.net to give it a more regional
outlook that assisted in the dissemination of climate change information at the regional and
international level.

Outputs
    A mlore tangible local and international presence for ALIN
    More partners drawn into the climate change working group and the Drought
       Management Initiatives among others
    ALIN participation in 8 climate change foras
    ALIN revised strategy developed and in place
    ALIN stakeholders more aware of climate change and adopting better coping
       mechanisms
    ALIN strengthen its network

    3.2. Partners
ALIN worked together with the following partners on the Project:

        a) Government line ministries including: agriculture; livestock; education; environment
           social services, gender youth and sport, local level administration like DOs, chiefs,
           assistant chiefs and village elders




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        b) Mutomo mission hospital
        c) Service providers like Baobab Communications,Ujuzi and Kenya Data Network
        d) 8 Farmer field schools – (8) like Kamola, Kangu, Katethya, Kangii, Mawende ,
           Kathumula, Mukuutu and Kwa Makweti farmer field schools
        e) Various CBOs like WEHMIS, ADRA, Kyuso Cotton Growers and Kyuso Fruit growers
        f) NGOs like Practical Action, Mutomo Peer Educators, Maendeleo ya Wanawake
           Organisation.
        g) Youths-individual and youth groups like KAAYA Youth Group
        h) Kenya Forest Services
        i) Community Based Conservation Films (CBCF]

     3.3. Project beneficiaries
The beneficiaries have used a range of services like; Information on climate change and
sustainable agriculture, free internet services, e-government services, photocopying, typing,
printing, computer training, typing, photocopying, printing, among others. Among the dignitaries
visited the Maarifa centre included the MP of Mutomo South Hon. Isaac Muoki Mulatya.

The project has enabled some of the beneficiary replicate best practices, created awareness of
effects, causes and mitigation of climate change.

‘During the prolonged drought of 2008-2009, I lost most of my cattle but I managed to save
three after attending climate change workshops organized by Arid Lands Information Network.I
learnt that we can use alternative feeding methods like root tubers, vegetable stalks, pawpaw
stems, acacia seed pods, dry grass and leaf foliage.
I also learnt about grass harvesting: Now after the 2010 march three days heavy down pour, I
am harvesting grass and converting it to bales for storage. So that when the drought comes, I
will be prepared for it’’, says Mr. Kisinga Lusia.

Project beneficiary at the Maarifa centre included;




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   a) Government line ministries including: agriculture; livestock; education; youth and sports
      staff
   b) Local level administration like DOs, chiefs, Assistant chiefs, Village elders
   c) Community members who include individual, farmers,
   d) Health institution like Mutomo mission hospital staff
   e) Various Farmer field schools –(8)( Kamola,Kangu,Katethya,Kangii, Mawende, Kathumula
      Mukuutu and Kwa Makweti FFS)
   f) Various CBOs like WEHMIS, ADRA,Kimu Mwangaza,Mamuke,Ndovoini,Jaribu Kuzuia
      Ukimwi among others
   g) NGOs like Mutomo Peer educators, Maendeleo ya Wanawake Organisation, Action Aid
   h) Learning Institutions- like Primary schools and secondary schools students and teachers
   i) Youths include youth groups like KAAYA
   j) Kenya Forests service
   k) Self help groups like Ngomano, Mateveve
   l) Churches
   m) Bankers and micro finance institutions like Kenya women Trust Fund
   n) Community Health Worker
   o) Social workers
   p) Community Development workers
   q) Mechanics

4. IMPACT OF THE PROJECT
As a result of the implementation of the project, many people’s living standards were improved,
change of behavior among community members was noted in Mutomo and Kyuso. There was
increased communication among communities and stakeholders, improved ICT skills and
increased access to e-government services.

It is worth noting that impact of this project cannot be measured within a year however there
are several success stories from community members as a result of the project. They include;

       “From the information I received during Ng’arua open day and Kitui CCA meetings, I
       learnt water harvesting as the main adaptation mechanism. I dug an earth dam of
       measurement 32 feet in diameter and 15 feet in depth in order to harvest water. Now
       my earth dam is full. I have planted coriander, sweet pepper, vegetables, egg plant,
       amaranth, spinach tomatoes, onions and fruits. This year I harvested and sold mangoes
       worth Ksh.60, 000 in my five acre land ‘’, says Ali Mulei, Kyuso.

      ‘During the prolonged drought of 2008-2009, I lost most of my cattle, but I managed to
       save three after attending climate change workshops organized by Arid Lands
       Information Network. I learnt that we can use alternative feeding methods like root
       tubers, vegetable stalks, pawpaw stems, acacia seed pods, dry grass and leaf foliage.
       I also learnt about grass harvesting: After the heavy rains experienced in March 2010, I
       am harvesting grass and converting it to bales for storage. So that when the drought
       comes, I will be prepared for it’’, says Mr. Kisinga Lusia.

      ‘Although I experienced a heavy loss both on livestock death and drying up of trees, I
       learnt grass harvesting through the Kyuso and Mivukoni Division climate change
       meetings facilitated by arid lands information network(ALIN). I gained more information

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       on grass harvesting, storage marketing and how to maintain the Melia Volkensii. I have
       also started an initiative of planting more root tubers I am proud that I am taking part in
       reducing the changes’, says Mzee Fednant Waititu

      The earth dam dug at Kitoo sub-location was as result of Wafula Misito, an agriculture
       officer borrowing books from Mutomo CKC. ‘Water from Roads’ a technicians handbook
       by Erick Nissen –Peterson of ASAL consultants. The second book is titled “Impacts of rain
       water Harvesting” by Orodi J. Odhiambo and others.

      ‘I have been able to send mails check email and get information I want without
       travelling up to Kitui, the centre has been very helpful and has made communication
       easier!” says Sister Kathleen Roy Mutomo hospital administrator”

      Dorothy Amboka a Community Information Volunteer says, “It felt good to go to the
       communities and work with them; I have gained various ICT skills, local language and
       public relations”.

      “I have Improved my video shooting and editing techniques- This is after the film making
       training I attended in Mutomo and Naivasha Have also improved my photography skills
       where my photos have been used used in Leisa (Kilimo Endelevu cover page and Baobab
       Magazine),” says, John Njue a CIV.

      “We received a support of Ksh. 340, 000 through the proposal we wrote with the
       support of Andrew-Mutomo CIV and we are really grateful to ALIN,” says Anne James,
       Maendeleo ya Wanawake Mutomo.

      Farmers have been able to get new crops from different regions in the country notably
       from the exchange visit in Ng’arua where they carried seeds and seedling which turn out
       to be adaptive to the climate of this area.

      Water harvesting techniques such as making of earth dams, use of roof catchment,
       terracing and channeling runoff water from roads and path ways as Farmers learn from
       one another.

      The project created appropriate community infrastructure for dialogue on climate
       change issues. The containerized Maarifa centres equipped with ICT tools like IPODS and
       film making equipment enhances communications hence connecting communities from
       local to international level.

      In addition ALIN staff capacity on climate change issues improved through the various
       climate change workshops and forums.



4. KEY LESSONS LEARNT

During the implementation several lessons were learnt as follows:

   a) The project enabled communities to understand what climate change is and the effects.

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           In view of this, communities understood why there was prolonged drought.
        b) There should be mitigation measures to combat climate change and these measures
           should be responsive to local conditions
        c) There are several existing innovative small scale adaptation which need support from
           the government and development partners for scaling up the initiatives.
        d) Some initiatives need further research for validation and scaling up.
        e) Using multimedia in dissemination of climate change is effective and reaches wider
           audience compared to publications which are mainly accessible to literate people.
        f) Multimedia tools such as iPods can be used by women and people with disabilities since
           they are easily portable and provide both audio and video content.

    5. KEY CONSTRAINTS/CHALLENGES
During the implementation there were few challenges particularly the following:

    a) Frequent power blackouts due to the power rationing
    b) A lot of expectation from the community members including the expectation of handouts
       relief food aid
    c) Poor signals for internet connectivity.

     6. RECOMMENDATIONS
    a) Climate change awareness needs to be a continous process and community need to be
        trained and exposed to best practices on mitigation measurers
    b) Governments should provide alternative measurers on water harvesting during rainy seasons
    c) There should be documentation of indigenous knowledge about ways of coping with climate
        change which should be shared widely
    d) There is greater need for Community members to access information on local innovations
        /adaptation on climate change
    e) Capacity building on climate change is crucial to reduce the human causes of the
        phenomenon
    f) Developed countries need to support communities through projects on local level adaptation
        like water harvesting

    7. WRITTEN DOCUMENTS/REPORTS FOR THE PERIOD
Reports of the project can be viewed through the following links:

           http://kyusomaarifa.blogspot.com/
           http://mutomomaarifa.blogspot.com/
           http://mutomockc.blogspot.com

    Several blogs created as a result of ICT and web2 training
        http://kyusockc.blogspot.com
        http://televisheni.blip.tv
        http://196.201.231.147/eNRICH/
        http://picasaweb.google.com/nmainye/MutomoContainer
        http://ngurumanmaarifa.blogspot.com
        http://isinyamaarifa.blogspot.com
        http://stevenature.blogspot.com/

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      http://www.loitasafaritrekks.blogspot.com/
      http://mutomockc.blogspot.com, http://kyusockc.blogspot.com
      http://tukodisabled.blogspot.com
      http://ndhiwamaarifa.blogspot.com
      http://www.youtube.com/user/ALINmedia


8. ANNEXES

9. ANNEX 1 FINANCIAL REPORT




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