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Soc Psy Altruism

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Soc Psy Altruism Powered By Docstoc
					Altruism Behaviour intended to help others, motivated by a desire to benefit someone else (with no benefit to self) Why are people altruistic? theories When do we help? Bystander intervention Who helps? Who is helped?

Increasing altruism Applications

Theories of altruism
1 Social Exchange
(social psychological)

Vulgar or subtle cynicism? Does altruism exist? Egoism and empathy 2 Social Norms
(sociological)

i reciprocity ii social responsibility (depends on attributions) 3 Evolutionary Psychology
(biological)

i kin protection ii reciprocity -> survival

Two routes to helping Batson (1991)

Emotion distress

Motive egoistic

Behaviour reduce own distress
(avoid or help)

Other’s Distress empathy altruistic reduce their distress
(help)

Four motives for helping others Batson (1994)

1 2 3

egoism altruism collectivism

4 principalism

When do we help? Situational influences 1 • • • • number of bystanders noticing interpreting assuming responsibility deciding to act affected by 3 processes: • diffusion of responsibility • audience inhibition • social influence 2 seeing someone else help

3

time pressures

Who will help? Personal influences

4

emotional states

• guilt • good moods • some bad moods

5 • • • •

personality traits high emotionality high empathy self-efficacy high self-monitors

• religiously committed


				
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posted:7/10/2008
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