Working with companies to safeguard foods

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                                                                 Street markets                                     Microbes                                                             Opera brings
                                                                 are his laboratory                                 as the solution                                                      Massenet to life




http://www.news.wisc.edu/wisweek	                                                                                                                                                                 October	21,	2009



   A century of song                                                                                                                                                        Graduate School
                                                                                                                                                                            proposal aired
                                                                                                                                                                            at meetings
                                                                                                                                                                            By Dave Tenenbaum
                                                                                                                                                                            djtenenb@wisc.edu

                                                                                                                                                                            In her first year, one of the primary con-
                                                                                                                                                                            cerns that Chancellor Biddy Martin heard
                                                                                                                                                                            from faculty and staff was the inadequa-
                                                                                                                                                                            cies of the research organization and
                                                                                                                                                                            infrastructure.
                                                                                                                                                                               These concerns reflected the tre-
                                                                                                                                                                            mendous growth in magnitude and
                                                                                                                                                                            complexity of the research enterprise
                                                                                                                                                                            nationally, as well as the frustration fac-
                                                                                                                                                                            ulty experienced in applying for and
                                                                                                                                                                            conducting peer-reviewed research.
                                                                                                                                                                               As a result, a proposed reorganiza-
                                                                                                                                                                            tion of the Graduate School designed to




                                                                                                                                                     Photo:	Bryce	Richter
                                                                                                                                                                            address shortfalls in the infrastructure of
                                                                                                                                                                            the university’s research environment is
                                                                                                                                                                            the focus of a series of town-hall meetings
Fans watch a halftime show featuring the marching band performing       youtube.com/user/uwmadison. All videos will be entered in a contest,
                                                                                                                                                                            across campus.
variations of “On, Wisconsin!” to celebrate the 100-year anniversary    with prizes awarded in the categories of largest group performance, per-                               Provost Paul DeLuca says that the
of the song during the Wisconsin-Iowa game on Oct. 17 at Camp           formance farthest from Madison, most creative performance and best                                  reorganization would help provide the
Randall Stadium. The university is honoring the song’s anniversary      overall performance. For more on the contest, visit http://onwisconsin.                             university’s research enterprise more effort
with a contest in which Badger fans can film their performances of      wisc.edu. For a slide show with more photos from the football game and
the song — through singing, playing instruments, dancing or any         Homecoming celebration, visit http://www.news.wisc.edu/slideshows/
                                                                                                                                                                            in preaward, compliance, large projects,
other method — then upload the videos to YouTube at http://www.         OnWisconsin_100/.                                                                                   industrial contracting and management of
                                                                                                                                                                            shared resources.
                                                                                                                                                                               Additionally, DeLuca says the proposal
                                                                                                                                                                            would provide research leadership at
 Wisconsin Idea                                                                                                                                                             the highest organizational levels of the
                                                                                                                                                                            university and establish a consultative

Working with companies to safeguard foods                                                                                                                                   presence in Washington at agencies such
                                                                                                                                                                            as the Department of Energy, the National
                                                                                                                                                                            Science Foundation and the National
By Nicole Miller                                gerous strain of E. coli, known to scientists    tute has nine core investigators who are                                   Institutes of Health.
nemiller2@wisc.edu                              as O157:H7, contaminated hamburgers              dedicated to understanding and solving                                        “To accomplish all of this and leave the
                                                sold by the Jack in the Box chain, killing       problems related to microbial foodborne                                    organizational structure of the Graduate


T
         his past summer, Kathy Glass and       four people and sickening more than 700.         pathogens and toxins. Originally founded                                   School the same is not easily possible,”
         her team made batches of pepperoni        Glass and other scientists have been          at the University of Chicago in 1946, the                                  DeLuca says.
         in her laboratory-cum-kitchen in the   able to come up with ways to prevent             institute has been at UW-Madison for the                                      The provost has explained the concept
Microbial Sciences Building. But it would       contamination from the 0157 strain in            past 43 years.                                                             at four campus meetings and will make
have been a very bad idea to put her handi-     meat processing. But in recent years, other,        Among the institute’s labs, Glass’s is                                  a final town-hall presentation from1-2
work on top of a pizza. Stuffed into each       less-familiar types of E. coli have emerged.     unique. Crammed with pilot-scale food                                      p.m. on Friday, Oct. 23, in 3650 Mosse
casing, along with pork and spices, were        Public-health officials believe that these       processing equipment — from milk pas-                                      Humanities Building. Martin is scheduled
E. coli bacteria, the kind that make people     strains may account for 20 to 30 percent of      teurizers and cheese-making vats to meat                                   to attend.
sick — and sometimes die.                       all E. coli contamination cases nationwide.      slicers and shrink-wrapping equipment                                         Over the decades, DeLuca says,
   Glass manages the UW-Madison Food               Naturally, the meat industry is con-          — it is a place where food companies                                       research administrative duties and
Research Institute’s Applied Food Safety        cerned, and that’s why Glass is preparing        come to get help dealing with specific                                     responsibilities have gradually grown
Laboratory, where it’s common practice          bad meats. The Grocery Manufacturers             contamination problems. The FRI is one                                     in the Graduate School, but available
to add dangerous bacteria and fungi to all      Association (GMA), which represents              of few academic institutions in the nation                                 resources are not sufficient to meet the
sorts of processed foods. When her team         hundreds of food, beverage and consumer          to help businesses in this way, says Glass.                                increasing complexity of reporting and
is not lacing pepperoni with E. coli, they      products companies across the nation, has        The results of the current E. coli study,                                  compliance requirements.
make contaminated cheeses and other deli        funded Glass’ project to study the emerging      for instance, will be distributed widely                                      In proposing a fundamental organiza-
meats, all in the name of protecting human      strains to assess how they fare under differ-    throughout the meat industry, including the                                tional change at UW-Madison, DeLuca
health. The tainted foods help Glass study      ent food-preparation conditions.                 state of Wisconsin, which is home to 488                                   describes his goal as fixing a now-broken
how foodborne pathogens spread through             “This is a pre-emptive strike,” says Glass.   meat processors and one of the largest pro-                                organizational chart.
the nation’s food system and search for         “We want to find out if all of these new         ducers of pepperoni in the nation.                                            Although UW-Madison has a pre-emi-
ways to stop them.                              types of E. coli act the same way as the            The food-processing equipment allows                                    nent record in both graduate education
   One needs only to look at the headlines      O157 strain. If so, or if they are more sensi-   Glass to make a wide variety of processed                                  and research, a structure that evolved
to understand the importance of that quest.     tive to processing, then we’re OK. But if        meats and cheeses just as the food industry                                over decades is no longer suited to today’s
Foodborne illnesses sicken approximately        we find out that these strains end up being      would. Except for the nasty microbes they                                  reality, he says.
76 million people in the United States          more resistant to heating, that means we’ve      contain, the lab’s products are indistin-                                     “In chemical, biological and radiation
each year, and kill about 5,000. The E. coli    got a lot of work to do [to figure out how to    guishable from comparable items available                                  safety, in animal use, in getting grants
bacterium, while not one of the top offend-     kill them].”                                     on grocery store shelves.                                                  submitted, it’s gotten to be quite a chal-
ers, is particularly deadly; just a few stray      Glass has been in charge of the Applied          “We’re able to make foods with con-                                     lenge,” DeLuca says. “My question is,
cells can kill. One of the worst incidents      Food Safety Lab since joining the Food           tamination that mimic what might                                           how is research and graduate education
occurred in 1993, when a particularly dan-      Research Institute (FRI) in 1985. The insti-                            Food, continues on page 11                                   Graduate School, continues on page 11
Short Cuts                                                                                                  N ews in B rief
To report news
Campus	mail:	28 Bascom Hall                                Martin names interim CALS dean
E-mail:	wisweek@news.wisc.edu                              Irwin Goldman, vice dean and associ-
                                                           ate dean for research in the College of
To publicize events
Wisconsin	Week	lists	events	sponsored		
                                                           Agricultural and Life Sciences, has been
by	campus	units.	We	must	receive	your		                    named the college’s interim dean by
listing	at least 10 days	before	you	want	                  Chancellor Biddy Martin.
it	published.	The	next	publication	dates		                    “Irwin has the respect of his peers and a
are	Nov. 4, Nov. 18 and	Dec. 9.                            thorough knowledge of the college’s people,
Campus mail:	28	Bascom	Hall                                projects and agenda,” Martin says. “He is a
E-mail:	calendar@news.wisc.edu                             skilled leader with the background needed
http://www.today.wisc.edu/submit/                          to sustain the college’s mission.”
                                                              Goldman assumes the post on Monday,
To find out more
n	Campus	Arts	Tickets		 265-ARTS (2787)                    Nov. 9, when CALS Dean Molly Jahn begins
                                                           her new appointment as deputy undersec-
n	Arts	Information		         www.arts.wisc.edu	
                                                           retary of research, education and economics
                           www.utmadison.com
                                                           at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (see
                  www.uniontheater.wisc.edu                Page 5 for the story). Martin granted Jahn
n	Film	Hotline		                         262-6333          a one-year leave from her duties as dean to
n	Concert	Line		                         263-9485          accept the post.
n	Chazen	Museum	of	Art		                 263-2246             Goldman has been on the UW-Madison
                                                           faculty since 1992, when he joined the
n	TITU	         http://www.union.wisc.edu/
                                                           Department of Horticulture.
Daily news on the Web                                         “While working in my current admin-
Bookmark	this	site	for	regular	campus	news	                istrative position, I have had the chance         Recent Sightings by Jeff Miller: Autumnal carpet
updates	from	University	Communications:                    to represent the college’s interests — to,        A fallen leaf and acorns cover the ground under an oak tree on Bascom Hill.
nhttp://www.news.wisc.edu/                                 as Molly often says, advocate with and for
                                                           us — out in the larger community,” says
Calendar on the Web                                        Goldman. “I consider these core elements of       has been in the forefront of this movement                               n What kinds of experiments and innova-
Bookmark	this	site	for	continually	                        the dean’s role, and ones that I will continue
updated	campus	event	listings:
                                                                                                             through its participation in the Collegiate                           tions are now under way in the worlds of
                                                           and deepen in the coming year.”                   Licensing Consortium (CLC) and the                                    private voluntary codes and audits, national-
n	http://www.today.wisc.edu/                                  His research examines the intersection of      Workers’ Rights Consortium.                                           level regulation and global rule-making?
                                                           plant breeding, plant genetics and human             To advance university efforts and pro-                                n What are the results of these different
Weekly news by e-mail
                                                           health, to improve crops for health and           vide a forum for discussion of these topics,                          initiatives for wages, working conditions
Sign	up	for	a	weekly	digest	of	campus	news,	
with	links	to	more:	                                       nutrition. He chaired the plant breeding and      the university will hold a one-day forum                              and rights of association, as well as for more
n		http://www.news.wisc.edu/wisweek/                       plant genetics graduate program from 2002-        called “Improving Labor Standards in                                  conventional measures of firm performance?
   aboutwire.html                                          05. From 2004-06, Goldman served in               Global Supply Chains: Codes of Conduct,                                  n Are there alternative ways of regulating
                                                           several interim roles as assistant dean, asso-    Monitoring and Beyond.”                                               labor standards in global supply chains that
Delivery problems?                                         ciate dean and executive associate dean, and         The session, open to the public, will be                           might plausibly achieve greater success than
Not	getting	Wisconsin	Week	on	time		                       was named as associate dean for research
or	at	all?	Check	with	your	building	manager	
                                                                                                             held from 9:15 a.m.-3:30 p.m. on Friday,                              current efforts?
                                                           and vice dean in 2006. In that role, he was       Nov. 6, in the Capital Conference Room,                                  Register for free by Thursday, Oct. 29, at
or	departmental	mail	coordinator	to	get		
                                                           heavily involved with the 2007 launch of          5120AB of Grainger Hall.                                              http://wage.wisc.edu/events/signup/. Box
the	problem	fixed.	Call	262-3846	to	get	
                                                           the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center,           The event is sponsored by the Center                               lunches will be provided for those who reg-
the	paper	you	missed.
                                                           a $130 million center funded by the federal       for World Affairs and the Global Economy                              ister early on a first-come, first-served basis.
                                                           government.                                       (WAGE) and the UW-Madison Labor                                          For more information about WAGE or
                                                              Ray Guries, a professor of forest and wild-    Licensing Policy Committee, an advisory                               the Labor Licensing Policy Committee, visit
                                                           life ecology, will serve as CALS interim vice     panel to Chancellor Biddy Martin. Martin is                           http://wage.wisc.edu/ or http://www.news.
                                                           dean and associate dean for research.             also expected to attend.                                              wisc.edu/laborlicensing/.
                                                           Workshop to explore global labor standards           The one-day workshop will bring together
                                                                                                                                                                                   Research expenditures jump,
                                                           During the past decade, efforts to improve        leading academic researchers and policy
                                                                                                                                                                                   UW-Madison retains top ranking
                                                           labor standards in global supply chains have      practitioners to review current approaches
                                                                                                             to improving labor standards in global                                According to statistics compiled by the
                                                           focused on encouraging retailers and manu-                                                                              National Science Foundation (NSF),
                                                           facturing firms to adopt private voluntary        supply chains, with particular reference to
                                                                                                             collegiate licensed apparel.                                          UW-Madison is the nation’s third largest
                                                           codes of conduct monitored by professional                                                                              research university as measured by dollars
                                                           auditors and nongovernmental organiza-               The workshop’s goals are to enrich public
   	                                                                                                                                                                               spent on research.
                                                           tions.                                            understanding of these issues and to lay the
                                                                                                             groundwork for an informed debate about                                  The most recent NSF ranking show
        wisconsin week                                        These codes are widely considered to
                                                                                                             alternative approaches to supply chain gov-                           UW-Madison lagging only Johns Hopkins
                                                           have had a beneficial but limited impact in                                                                             University and the University of California
       Vol. XXIV, No. 5, Oct. 21, 2009                                                                       ernance and collegiate labor licensing policy.
                                                           achieving the desired objectives of improv-                                                                             at San Francisco, with research expenditures
Wisconsin Week, the official newspaper of record
                                                           ing wages, working conditions and rights          Key questions to be explored in the work-
for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, carries
                                                                                                             shop include:                                                         for fiscal 2008 (the most recent available fig-
legally required notices for faculty and staff.            of association for workers. UW-Madison                                                                                  ures) totaling $882 million, a jump of $41
    Wisconsin Week (ISSN 890-9652;
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If you receive an individually addressed copy of
                                                                                                                                                                                   We had just one guess and no winners
Wisconsin Week, you may change the address by
correcting the label and mailing it to Wisconsin Week,                                                                                                                             in this week’s photo quiz. Pictured was
27 Bascom Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive, Madison, WI                                                                                                                                     pigmented concrete making the arching
53706.                                                                                                                                                                             columns surrounding a seating area in the
                  Editor: Ellen Page                                                                                                                                               outdoor sculpture titled “Basis” that sits
               Designer: Jeffrey Jerred                                                                                                                                            outside Ogg residence hall. Better luck
      Editorial advisers: Dennis Chaptman                                                                                                                                          next time!
                                                                                                                                                           Photos:	Bryce	Richter




                            Gwen Evans
                            Amy Toburen
         Photographers: Jeff Miller
                            Bryce Richter
            Circulation: Susannah Brooks                   If you think you know what the image above shows, e-mail lookslike@uc.wisc.edu. A randomly
           Distribution: UW-Madison Truck Service          selected winner who submits a correct answer by Friday, Oct. 30, will receive a mug with the
      Publication dates: Nov. 4, Nov. 18, Dec. 9           university’s logo.


2	        Wisconsin Week
                                                   N ews in B rief                                                                                                         Almanac                               Qu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   estio




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ns
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Got
                                                                                                                                                                           Ask Bucky		




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ?
                                                                                                                                                                           Ask	Bucky	is	an	e-mail		




                                                                                                                                                                                                            AS



                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Y!
million over fiscal 2007 expenditures.                                                                                                                                                                         K
                                                                                                                                                                           and	live	chat	service	                 BUCK
   Other than Johns Hopkins, UW-Madison                                                                                                                                    provided	by	Visitor	&	           LIVE CHAT • EMAIL
is the only institution, public or private, that                                                                                                                           Information	Programs.		
has ranked among the top five research uni-                                                                                                                                For	more	information,	call	263-2400,		
versities for each of the past 20 years.                                                                                                                                   stop	by	the	Campus	Information	Center		
   The NSF ranking reflects funding from                                                                                                                                   in	the	Red	Gym	or	the	Welcome	Center		
all sources: federal, state and private. Of the                                                                                                                            at	21	N.	Park	St.,	or	visit	us	online	anytime		
$882 million spent by UW-Madison in fis-                                                                                                                                   at	http://www.vip.wisc.edu.	Below	are	
cal 2008, $474 million came from federal                                                                                                                                   two	recent	questions	Ask	Bucky	received.	
sources, placing UW-Madison second on the                                                                                                                                  Q:	I	love	the	wonderful	food	options	Madison	
list of federally funded research expendi-                                                                                                                                 offers!	Are	there	any	upcoming	dining	events	
tures at public universities.                                                                                                                                              I	might	be	interested	in?
                                                                                                                                                                           A:	Madison	Magazine	and	madisontravel.
Financial security center receives                                                                                                                                         com	will	be	holding	their	eighth	annual	
Social Security Administration award                                                                                                                                       Madison	Food	and	Wine	show	during	the	
The UW-Madison Center for Financial                                                                                                                                        weekend	of	Oct.	23.	
Security has received first-year funding of                                                                                                                                    The	event	showcases	the	best	of	food	




                                                                                                                                                      Photo:	Jeff	Miller
$1.48 million to participate in the Social                                                                                                                                 and	wine	from	Wisconsin.	In	addition	to	food	
Security Administration’s new Financial                                                                                                                                    and	wine	sampling,	the	event	also	includes	
Literacy Research Consortium (FLRC).                                                                                                                                       chef	demonstrations	and	the	Dueling	Chef	
                                                   Participants brainstorm ideas about what it means to be inclusive on campus during a Diversity                          Competition.
   As a member of the FLRC, the Center for
                                                   Forum roundtable discussion held in the Memorial Union’s Tripp Commons on Oct. 8. Pictured                                  Tickets	are	on	sale	either	online	or	at	the	
Financial Security will participate in con-        talking is Melba Jesudason. The theme of this year’s daylong forum was “Seeding Inclusive                               door	for	both	one-day	and	weekend	passes.	
ducting and disseminating applied research         Excellence.”                                                                                                            All	samplings,	demonstrations	and	a	com-
on financial literacy and consumer behavior                                                                                                                                plimentary	wine	glass	are	included	with	the	
with a focus on savings, borrowing and                                                                                                                                     purchase	of	a	ticket.
spending of special populations. Special           people know how much of a big deal this           Coming up on the Big Ten Network                                          For	more	information,	visit	http://www.
interests of the research include financial        year is,” DeWitt says.                            Here’s a look at what’s ahead in                                      madisonfoodandwineshow.com/2009.
issues for families in transition and people                                                         UW-Madison programming on the Big Ten
                                                   Continuing Studies holds open house                                                                                     Q:	My	family	loves	Halloween	and	we	enjoy	
with disabilities and their caregivers; finan-                                                       Network.                                                              the	charm	of	downtown	Madison.	What’s	a	
cial decision-making by the elderly; financial     The Division of Continuing Studies has            Monday, Oct. 26                                                       good	way	to	experience	both	this	year?
knowledge among vulnerable populations;            moved to a new location and is holding               n 9 a.m.: “Office Hours,” featuring politi-                        A:	For	the	first	time,	Downtown	Madison	Inc.	
and the role of education, counseling and          an open house to celebrate.                       cal science professor Charles Franklin and                            and	the	Business	Improvement	District	will	
coaching in overcoming financial literacy             The event will be held from 12:30-             population health sciences professor Tom                              host	a	family	downtown	trick	or	treat.	This	is	
deficits. This research is expected to have        2:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 27, on the             Oliver on health care reform.                                         a	free	event	on	Friday,	Oct.	30	for	families	
implications for consumer behavior, public         seventh floor of 21 N. Park St. Visitors can         n 9:30 a.m.: “5-Minute Lectures.” Topics                           with	children	12	and	under.	
policy and financial-planning professionals,       tour the new space and participate in a draw-     are geostrophic paradox, theater for cultural                            Downtown	businesses	will	hand	out	candy	
increasing understanding of how to bet-            ing for a Continuing Studies course. There        awareness, magic of moving magnets, and                               to	children	in	costume	during	daylight	hours	
                                                   also will be refreshments and giveaways.                                                                                so	families	can	enjoy	Halloween	while	down-
ter prepare for retirement and to increase                                                           Aldo Leopold and climate change.
                                                                                                                                                                           town	in	a	safe,	hometown	manner.	The	list	
security over economic cycles and through          MathBio looks at ‘best picture’                      n 3 p.m. “Office Hours,” featuring
                                                                                                                                                                           of	participating	businesses	is	available	at	
personal financial shocks.                         If 2008’s inaugural MathBio Symposium             University Health Services director Sarah                             http://www.visitdowntownmadison.com/
   The FLRC-supported research will                was a big-picture look at collaboration, the      Van Orman and pathobiological sciences                                events/index.php.
include projects requiring extensive quan-         focus of this year’s symposium is on the best     professor Chris Olsen on the truths and                                  In	conjunction	with	the	trick-or-treat,	
titative data analysis, as well as those           picture.                                          myths behind H1N1.                                                    Madison	Children’s	Museum	will	host	
gathering data through qualitative inter-             MathBio 2: Image, hosted by the                   n 3:30 p.m. “Wisconsin Reflections.”                               Beakers	and	Broomsticks,	a	spooky	night	at	
views and focus groups. Funded projects                                                              Now a local businessperson, former Badger                             the	museum	featuring	wacky	experiments	
                                                   Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery and the
will define and identify forms of financial                                                          wide receiver and NFL star Al Toon is inter-                          with	mad	scientists,	costumed	creatures	and	
                                                   Graduate School on Nov. 19 and 20 at the
literacy during the life course and among                                                            viewed.                                                               delicious	treats.	
                                                   Fluno Center, will highlight the need for                                                                                  This	event	will	be	held	from	5:30-8	p.m.	
low-income and other specific populations.         interdisciplinary collaborative efforts to        Tuesday, Oct. 27
                                                                                                                                                                           Tickets	are	just	$12	each	or	$40	for	a	family	
This research will also explore “teachable         better understand, analyze, visualize and            n 3 a.m.: “In My Humble Opinion
                                                                                                                                                                           four-pack.	For	more	information,	or	to	order	
moments,” times that motivate a change in          disseminate biological imaging data.              (IMHO).” Five student panelists discuss stu-
                                                                                                                                                                           tickets,	visit	http://www.madisonchildrens
financial behavior, and identify potential            Leading the list of keynote speakers is        dent social lives.                                                    museum.org	or	call	268-1231.	
financial education strategies for targeted        John Anderson, a senior scientist at Pixar           n 3:30 a.m.: “Wisconsin Reflections.”
populations.                                                                                         Wisconsin alum Aaron Kennedy, founder,                                Alumnus documents master’s project
                                                   Animation Studios and former UW-Madison
                                                                                                     president and CEO of Noodles and Co.                                  with Wendt Gallery exhibit
German Club to build, tear down ‘Wall’             atmospheric and oceanic science professor.
                                                                                                     Friday, Oct. 30                                                       In	May	2006	College	of	Engineering	alum	
To celebrate the 20th anniversary of the           Anderson, who founded the university’s
                                                                                                        n 8 a.m.: “Walk Wisconsin.”                                        Steve	Preston	saw	months	of	collaboration,	
tearing down of the Berlin Wall, the German        Computational Sciences Program, has
                                                                                                        n 2 p.m. “Wisconsin Reflections.” CBS                              calculation	and	hard	work	come	to	fruition	in	
Club will take it down again.                      applied his expertise in fluid dynamics                                                                                 a	temporary	installation	of	giant,	intertwined	
                                                   to create special effects and animation for       News senior political correspondent and
   For the fourth year in a row, the German                                                                                                                                paper-tube	arches	on	Engineering	Mall.	
                                                   films, and will discuss image visualization       alumnus Jeff Greenfield.
Club will build a cardboard wall on Library                                                                                                                                   He	documented	the	project	—	his	master’s	
                                                   and analysis and how these approaches             Saturday, Oct. 31
Mall and invite passersby to graffiti mes-                                                                                                                                 research	—	and	a	selection	of	the	photos	will	
                                                   including visual abstraction can be applied          n 2 a.m.: “Wisconsin Reflections.” CBS                             be	on	display	in	an	exhibit	titled	“Portals	to	
sages on the wall and, at the end of the day,                                                        News senior political correspondent and
                                                   in scientific imaging.                                                                                                  an	Architecture:	A	Retrospective	Photo	Exhibit	
help the club tear it down.                                                                          alumnus Jeff Greenfield.
                                                      Panels and presentations are structured to                                                                           Documenting	the	Creation	of	a	Sculpture	on	
   This year, the wall will be bigger and bet-                                                       Monday, Nov. 2
                                                   maximize the potential for fruitful cross-dis-                                                                          Engineering	Mall”		at	the	Wendt	Gallery	until	
ter. With funds from the German embassy,                                                                n 9 a.m.: “Wisconsin Reflections.” CBS                             Dec.	31.		
the club will build two 30-foot-long walls         ciplinary discussion by inviting contributions
                                                   from audience members and avoiding dips           News senior political correspondent and
that are 8 feet high out of cardboard and                                                                                                                                  German architect to speak
                                                   into jargon and minutia familiar only to          alumnus Jeff Greenfield is interviewed.
wooden supports on Friday, Oct 23.                                                                                                                                         German	architect	Meinhard	Hansen,	an	
                                                   experts in a single field.                           n 3 p.m.: “Office Hours.” Political sci-
   Club members will stand by the wall                                                                                                                                     expert	in	smart	technology	involving	passive	
                                                      Maryellen L. Giger, a University of            ence professor Andrew Kydd discusses Iran
between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. to lend spray                                                                                                                                    energy	design	and	low-energy	construction,	
                                                   Chicago radiology professor and a leader          policy.                                                               will	discuss	those	techniques	in	a	presenta-
paint for the campus to leave their mark                                                                n 3:30 p.m.: “Wisconsin Idea.” Magazine-
                                                   in computer-aided diagnosis, and Robert F    .                                                                          tion	on	Wednesday,	Oct.	28.
and to hand out items the embassy donated,                                                           style special features different programs at
                                                   Murphy, a computational biology profes-                                                                                    The	event,	at	7	p.m.	in	the	Ebling	
such as water bottles, back packs and pens                                                           UW-Madison that highlight the Wisconsin
                                                   sor at Carnegie Mellon University and a                                                                                 Symposium	Room	at	the	Microbial	Sciences	
with the logo “Freedom Without Walls.”                                                               Idea.                                                                 Building,	is	free	and	open	to	the	public.
   There will also be banners and historical       renowned expert in cell image analysis, are
                                                                                                     Tuesday, Nov. 3                                                          Hansen,	from	Madison’s	sister	city	
displays near the wall.                            the other keynote speakers in a schedule
                                                                                                        n 1 a.m.: “Office Hours.” University                               Freiburg,	Germany,	will	discuss	how	some	
   At 4 p.m. on Oct. 23, the German Club           that includes a number of UW-Madison life
                                                                                                     Health Services director Sarah Van Orman                              buildings	in	sustainable	neighborhoods	there	
and any other interested parties will tear         and physical science faculty and members of                                                                             have	saved	up	to	90	percent	of	their	energy	
                                                   the Center for Humanities and the for Visual      and pathobiological sciences professor Chris
down the wall with fake sledgehammers.                                                                                                                                     costs.
                                                   Culture Center.                                   Olsen discuss the truths and myths behind
   The club will contact local high school                                                                                                                                    The	talk	is	co-sponsored	by	the	Center	for	
                                                      Further information is available at http://    H1N1.
German clubs and invite them to the event                                                                                                                                  European	Studies,	the	Morgridge	Center	for	
                                                   www.WiscMathBio.org or http://www.                   n 1:30 a.m.: “IMHO.” Panelists discuss                             Public	Service,	the	Department	of	German,	
“not only to get the word out about German                                                           student volunteering.
                                                   discovery.edu.                                                                                                          the	Madison-Freiburg	Sister	City	Committee	
Club for future students, but also just to let
                                                                                                                                                                           and	Facilities,	Planning	and	Management.



                                                                                                                                             	                                       october 21, 2009	                     3
                                                             f aculty                         and             s taff
                                              Street markets are this professor’s laboratory
                                              By Jenny Price
                                              price3@wisc.edu




                                              A
This column features the We Conserve                    lfonso Morales didn’t
program and its work on campus. Learn                   sit in a library to do
more at http://www.conserve.wisc.edu.                   research for his gradu-
                                              ate degrees.
At one time or another, chances are that         Instead, he worked as a
most of us have had to deal with the          vendor in Chicago’s famed
guilt of throwing away something we           Maxwell Street Market, where
know to be recyclable.                        he saw firsthand that public
   This often occurs despite our best         markets serve as fertile ground
intentions, as when we finish that bottle     for entrepreneurs and new
of juice and proudly march toward the         businesses, gathering places
nearest waste receptacle to perform our       for communities and an entry
small act of environmentalism, a lone         point into the economy and
trash can is all that greets us.              society for new arrivals to the
   After a brief internal struggle over       United States.
whether to lug the bottle around until           “Markets are living laborato-
a recycling bin is finally found, most        ries,” says Morales, an assistant
people will simply sigh and send the          professor in the Department of
beverage container off to spend an eter-      Urban and Regional Planning
nity in the landfill.                         whose work analyzes the




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Photo:	Bryce	Richter
   Fortunately, soon these small struggles    social, political and economic
of conscience will be a thing of the past.    processes that produce street-
Some UW-Madison groups are partner-           level businesses.
ing to improve the scope and efficiency          From 1989-92, Morales             Alfonso Morales, assistant professor in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, talks with a vendor at the
of campus recycling efforts.                  sold used items (donated by          Dane County Farmers’ Market on the Capitol Square on Oct. 17. Morales focuses his research on analyzing the
   Last year, Physical Plant and the stu-     professors and fellow graduate social, political and economic processes that produce street-level businesses.
dent group REthink Wisconsin began            students) and new bathroom
sorting trash in a few strategic locations    accessories with a business                         237 markets in 128 cities at the time.             “in some jurisdictions creating a market is
around campus and discovered that             partner. The experience was the foundation             “We measure what we care about, and so          impossible, they’re not allowed.” Many cit-
about 30 percent of waste being col-          of his work as he earned a master’s degree at       part of it is a question of measurement. The       ies don’t want public markets because they
lected as trash was actually recyclable.      the University of Chicago — where he was a          federal government collects statistics of all      believe the cost of running them will be
   To remedy this problem, a program          student of famed sociologists James Coleman         sorts … but rarely are these activities enu-       greater than the benefits they provide, but
was pioneered by the university’s We          and William Julius Wilson — and a Ph.D.             merated,” he says. “This is an economically        his experience at Maxwell Street showed
Conserve initiative at the Atmospheric,       at Northwestern University under the direc-         active population aiming for mobility or at        him people don’t always need government
Oceanic and Space Sciences building, in       tion of Art Stinchcombe. His connection to          least to make ends meet … we should har-           involvement to tell them how to organize
which recycling stations accepting glass,     Maxwell Street continues to form his research       ness their entrepreneurial energy.”                themselves.
plastic, aluminum and mixed paper             and scholarship today.                                 Morales also argues local governments              “This was a 1,000-vendor flea market and
were placed next to trash cans in all of         “I still write about and communicate with        should make it easier for markets to take          every Sunday these various ethnic groups —
the common areas.                             people who I worked with at the market,” he         hold because of the benefits they provide,         black, white and brown — got together and
   The result of this program was an          says. “Now, 20 years later, it’s amazing.”          including tools for community development          allocated vending space to each other with
estimated 30 percent increase in the             Now, with the United States and the rest         and employment. When he studied Maxwell            basically no fuss,” he says.
amount of recyclables being collected.        of the world in recession, Morales says there’s     Street, it was surprising how much money              Public markets have few barriers to entry,
Such success has led to a desire for more     anecdotal evidence that more people are             could be made at the market.                       making business experimentation possible,
stations, and We Conserve is currently        flocking to garage sales, flea markets and             “Some merchants made $800 or $900 in a          and the ease of building a business is par-
in the process of expanding the program       swap meets — either as buyers or sellers —          single day, $1,000, and this was their occupa-     ticularly important for people with limited
to include other buildings.                   to obtain goods at lower prices or to earn          tion,” he says. “Their children were in private    resources as well as new immigrants in cities.
   However, office and classroom build-       alternative income.                                 schools. They were purchasing buildings.’’            “Markets are a familiar place, a sort of
ings aren’t the only places where things         “People don’t grow up and go to college             Morales has edited a book on street mar-        socioeconomic interface, where people can
are changing. The Wisconsin Union             and say ‘I want to be a street vendor,’ but in      kets around the world and also hosts a Web         incorporate themselves into their new sur-
Food Services department recently made        the face of serious problems, people think          page (http://openair.org) for academic work        roundings,” he says.
the transition to recyclable plastic cups     creatively and they find solutions,” Morales        connected to public markets and street ven-           Street markets have served as incubators
and has placed recycle bins next to all of    says. “Selling in a market is a solution,           dors, though he says contributors have also        for major business ventures, launching TV
the trash cans.                               whether you’re a garage sale guy supple-            been known to post photos of their favorite        pitchman Ron Popeil and clothing corpora-
   Because the Union goes through more        menting your unemployment check or the              markets. More recently, Morales has focused        tion Phillips-Van Heusen. And sometimes,
than 500,000 cups each year, the change       one income that’s coming into your house-           attention on how public markets can serve          they even serve as a catalyst for revolution, as
allows a tremendous amount of plastic         hold, or whether you find a way to make a           public health.                                     Faneuil Hall did in Boston, Morales says.
to be diverted from the trash stream.         living at it, which people do.”                        “There are examples of street vendors              “A public market that is basically one of
   Finally, We Conserve has begun                In many ways, markets are a hidden part          selling healthy food in some places around         the cradles of the revolution. … it’s hard
reaching out to tailgaters before Badger      of the economy, though that wasn’t always           the country and providing it in places that        not to get kind of excited and say ‘wow,’” he
football games in an effort to make recy-     the case, Morales says. Up until 1940, “ped-        have little access to healthy food, places that    says. “These are day-to-day activities that
cling their waste easier.                     dler” was a Census occupation category and          people call food deserts,” he says.                people hardly pay attention to and yet they
   Although the initiative is currently       in 1920 there was an official count of all of          Rural and urban markets are emerging or         fulfill such great promise in so many different
concentrating on Lot 60, eventual             the public markets in the country; there were       being rehabilitated all over the country, but      ways.”
expansion is anticipated as a result of its
positive impact.
   To find out more about We Conserve
and the ways the campuswide initiative
                                              Medicine professor earns national honor for advocacy work
is making an environmental difference,        Michael Fiore, a professor of medicine, is         duced both the original U.S. Public Health          UW-Madison in the international spotlight as
visit http://www.conserve.wisc.edu.           one of two physicians in the nation to             Service (PHS) Clinical Practice Guideline:          an incomparable resource in the fight against
                                              receive the 2009 Physician Advocacy Merit          Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence, in             tobacco,” says Robert Golden, dean of the
                                              Award from the Institute of Medicine as a          2000 and its updated version in 2008. The           School of Medicine and Public Health. “This
                                              Profession.                                        PHS guidelines are considered the national          honor is appropriate recognition of the many
                                                 Fiore is founder and chair of the               gold standard for health care providers.            roles he plays so well.”
                                              school’s Center for Tobacco Research and              Fiore is also a widely published researcher          Fiore’s involvement with CTRI, since
                                              Intervention (CTRI), and a nationally rec-         who has focused on assessing treatments that        its establishment in 1992, has helped the
                                              ognized expert in the treatment of tobacco         help smokers quit most effectively.                 UW-CTRI to become internationally recog-
                                              dependence.                                           “Mike Fiore’s stellar work as a scientist,       nized as a worldwide authority on tobacco
                                                 He served as chair of the panels that pro-      physician, researcher and advocate has put          research and cessation.

4	      Wisconsin Week
                                                     O n C ampus                                                                                           Milestones
                                                                                                                                                           Truman Graf,	emeritus	professor	of	agricul-
                                                                                                                                                           tural	economics,	has	been	inducted	into	the	
From the desk of the chancellor                                                                                                                            National	Dairy	Shrine	Hall	of	Fame.


Chancellor addresses Graduate School proposal
                                                                                                                                                           Shawn Kelly,	faculty	associate	in	the	
                                                                                                                                                           Department	of	Landscape	Architecture,	has	
                                                                                                                                                           been	inducted	into	the	Council	of	Fellows	
   Dear faculty, staff and students,              ence with funding agencies and foundations          provide unequivocal responses, in writing, so        of	the	American	Society	of	Landscape	
   UW-Madison is a research powerhouse.           for UW-Madison and its researchers and              our discussions can proceed without unnec-           Architects.
Once again, the university ranks third in the     scholars. The Graduate School would con-            essary worries. First, we are not proposing          Ron Raines,	a	professor	with	joint	appoint-
nation in research expenditures, a testament      tinue to be served by a dean whose full-time        and will not support changes in the forms of         ments	in	the	biochemistry	and	chemistry	
to the quality of our faculty and research        job it would be to ensure we are keeping            faculty governance that currently exist in the       departments,	has	won	the	2010	Repligen	
staff, and a reminder of the importance of a      pace with innovations in graduate education,        allocation of those components of the WARF           Award	from	the	American	Chemical	Society.	
responsive and supportive infrastructure for      to oversee the allocation of the WARF grant,        grant that flow through the Graduate School          The	Repligen	Award	is	a	lifetime	achievement	
research and for graduate education.              and increase support for graduate programs          — e.g., the fellowship competition, fall             award	for	outstanding	contributions	to	the	
                                                                                                                                                           understanding	of	the	chemistry	of	biological	
   I am writing to bring you up to date on the    and students.                                       research competition and mid-career awards.
                                                                                                                                                           processes.
proposed establishment of a separate Office          Because of the serious problems with             Second, it is not the job of the administration
for Research and its potential to help us sus-    which the administration has been dealing           to decide what faculty will pursue in research       The	American	Association	of	Bovine	
tain and enhance our competitiveness.             over the past two years, Provost DeLuca             and scholarship. It is also not the intent of        Practioners	has	bestowed	its	1969	Award	of	
   The proposal for reorganization arises         expressed a hope early on that agreement on         reorganization and it will not be an effect of       Excellence	to	Pam Ruegg,	Department	of	
in response to widespread and repeated            a new structure could be reached quickly.           any changes that are made.                           Dairy	Science.
complaints on the part of faculty, depart-        Since then, he has consulted with deans,               Third, centers that currently report to the
ment chairs, deans and external partners          associate deans, centers reporting to the           Graduate School may end up remaining in
about grants administration, inadequate
infrastructure and problems with industry
                                                  graduate school, graduate school deans and
                                                  the University Committee, and is in the pro-
                                                                                                      the Graduate School or move to other admin-
                                                                                                      istrative units. It is not yet clear what the best   Professor’s book
contracts; a number of safety and compli-
ance problems that have led to investigations
                                                  cess of holding five town hall meetings for
                                                  interested faculty, staff and graduate students.
                                                                                                      location would be and the centers need to
                                                                                                      think hard about different options. Fourth,
                                                                                                                                                           named National
and fines by major federal funding agen-             In response to the provost’s proposal, the       the emphasis on safety and infrastructure            Book Award finalist
cies and have required crisis-like efforts on     University Committee recommended that               has led some to worry that a reorganization
the part of the university administration to      a faculty ad hoc committee be formed to             would be designed only to help the sciences.         By Dave Tenenbaum
avoid harsher sanctions; the need to estab-       consider the proposal and the problems              There are opportunities in a potential reor-         djtenenb@wisc.edu
lish a strong presence with national agencies     that gave rise to it. The ad hoc committee          ganization to provide much-needed visibilty,
and with foundations to remain competi-           is working diligently and hopes to have a           advocacy and support for the arts, humani-            Genetics professor Sean Carroll’s book
tive and help shape national priorities; the      response by the end of the semester. The            ties and qualitative social sciences. It is not      “Remarkable Creatures” has been named
importance of being able to give adequate         Academic Staff Executive Committee (ASEC)           clear that the current setup adequately meets         a finalist in the nonfiction category of
attention to graduate education and support;      has appointed its own committee to consider         the needs of those disciplines.                       the National Book Award. The book
and our commitment to ensuring that faculty,      the issues and also intends to report at the           Finally, as I noted above, we will make no        recounts the most dramatic expedi-
academic staff and graduate students are          end of the semester. In the meantime, fac-          final decisions about the reorganization of the       tions and important discoveries in two
well-served by the university’s research infra-   ulty and staff have asked that the process for      Graduate School until the ad hoc committees           centuries of natural history — from the
structure and its Graduate School.                decision-making be slowed from what the             of the University Committee and ASEC have             epic journeys of pioneering naturalists
   Provost Paul DeLuca and I believe that the     provost had initially suggested and timed to        completed their deliberations.                        to modern breakthroughs — and how
problems and opportunities before us require      accommodate the work of these committees.              On the other hand, some of the safety,             they inspired and enlarged the science
change and that the growing complexity            Provost DeLuca readily agreed. Both of us           compliance, and infrastructure problems               of evolution.
of research and graduate education suggest        look forward to the opportunity to discuss          are sufficiently serious to require that we act          Carroll’s latest book describes the
structural change and additional investments,     the committees’ conclusions with them and           without too long a delay. Should the delibera-        adventures of well-known scientists like
in addition to increased efficiencies. I am       seek responses from faculty and academic            tions of these committees take significantly         Charles Darwin, but Carroll says he’s
pleased to hear that “administrative process      staff. We will also continue, in the interim, to    longer than currently anticipated, we may            “particularly drawn” to scientists with-
redesign,” under the campuswide leader-           consult with faculty and staff, with deans and      well have to take interim steps, short of com-        out marquee names.
ship of Vice Chancellor Darrell Bazzell, has      governance groups, and with current and             plete reorganization, to address some of the             Alfred Wallace, for example, col-
been adopted by Research and Sponsored            potential partners.                                 most compelling problems.                            lected specimens in the South Seas for
Programs (RSP) and has already begun to              Our goal is to find solutions to the prob-          I urge you to share your ideas with the            eight years, selling samples to museums
improve the efficiency of grants management.      lems that many of you have brought so               committees established by the Faculty Senate          to finance his travels. Wallace’s 1858
   Provost DeLuca has developed and shared        insistently to our attention, and to find ways      and ASEC and also with the deans, the pro-           letter to Darwin outlined a theory of
a proposal that would involve creating a new      to take advantage of new opportunities. The         vost and me. Together I am confident we               evolution through natural selection
position — a vice chancellor for research         goal is NOT to force any particular outcome.        will come up with strategies that ensure our          and sparked Darwin to finish “On the
— whose responsibility it would be to coor-       There is too much at stake to do anything           continued excellence in research, scholarship         Origin of Species,” the seminal book of
dinate research infrastructure in a separate      except seek the best possible way forward.          and graduate education.                               evolution. Because Wallace and Darwin
Office for Research, foster research efforts         I have been made aware of several very                                                 Best wishes,   published similar theories on the same
across campus, and establish a greater pres-      significant concerns to which I would like to                                            Biddy Martin     day, technically they are co-discoverers
                                                                                                                                                            of evolution, which most biologists
                                                                                                                                                            consider the organizing principle of life.
CALS dean appointed to senior position with USDA                                                                                                               Why dwell on people like Wallace
                                                                                                                                                            and Mary Leakey, who, with her hus-
By Michael Penn                                                        priorities relating to agri-   CALS faculty includes 20 USDA scientists,             band Louis, found some of the most
mpenn@cals.wisc.edu                                                    culture, food, nutrition,      who share facilities with campus scientists          important pre-human fossils?
                                                                       energy and the environ-        and provide training opportunities for                  “I root for the underdog, and each of
Molly Jahn, dean of the College of                                     ment,” says Jahn.              UW-Madison graduate students.                         these individuals was very unlikely to
Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS), has                                Jahn will begin her            Jahn has served as CALS dean since                rise to greatness,” says Carroll. “None of
been appointed to a senior position in the                             new duties Nov. 9.             August 2006, when she became the college’s            them finished a formal education, but
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA),                                 Chancellor Biddy Martin        first female dean. Her tenure has included           when each got the opportunity to pur-
university officials announced Oct. 12.                                has granted Jahn a one-        several major landmarks for the college,              sue their passion, they were Herculean
   Jahn will serve as deputy undersecretary               Jahn         year leave from her            including winning a $130 million grant from           collectors who made great discoveries.
of research, education and economics, a           duties as dean to accept the post.                  the U.S. Department of Energy to establish           Their determination in the face of all
position responsible for leading three units         Jahn will provide leadership for the USDA        the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center             sorts of obstacles, or outright tragedy, is
within the USDA that provide research and         Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the            on campus. Since her arrival, extramural             very moving.”
service on issues related to food and agricul-    Economic Research Service and the National          research funding at CALS has increased by                Carroll will give a public lecture
ture. Under the leadership of U.S. Secretary      Agricultural Statistics Service. The largest of     48 percent.                                           honoring the 150th anniversary of
of Agriculture Tom Vilsack and USDA               those units, the ARS, funds approximately              Jahn has led several infrastructure proj-         “On the Origin of Species” at 7 p.m.
Undersecretary Rajiv Shah, she will help          $1.1 billion in research projects annually.         ects, including construction of a new dairy           on Wednesday, Nov. 4, at the Ebling
guide the agency’s efforts to ensure a safe,      Some 2,100 scientists and 8,000 employees           facility at CALS’ Arlington Research Station         Auditorium in Microbial Sciences.
healthy, abundant and affordable food sup-        work at more than 100 ARS research facili-          and a significant renewal of the college’s fac-         The awards, issued by the National
ply for the nation and the world.                 ties around the nation.                             ulty. She has been involved in the hiring of         Book Foundation, are now in their 60th
   “I am humbled and deeply honored to               Three ARS units reside on UW-Madison’s           more than 70 professors, representing nearly         year.
be asked to serve in this capacity, which I       campus: the U.S. Dairy Forage Research              one-quarter of the CALS faculty.
consider a once-in-a-lifetime chance to be a      Center, the Cereal Crops Research Unit and
part of the conversation about our national       the Vegetable Crops Research Unit. The

                                                                                                                                                	                    october 21, 2009	                5
                                                                                   r esearch
War of the viruses: Could ancient virus genes help fight AIDS?
By Dave Tenenbaum                                DNA now comprises “an astounding 8 per-                   vaccine, Sacha, working in the laboratory of                                    is helpful. This approach does not put direct
djtenenb@wisc.edu                                cent” of the human genome, Sacha says.                    David Watkins, a professor of pathology at                                      pressure on the virus, and we believe it will
                                                    Viruses such as HIV that insert themselves             UW-Madison, will explore whether ancient                                        change slowly, if at all.”
Almost 30 years into the AIDS epidemic,          into host chromosomes, called retroviruses,               viral proteins appear on the cells of rhesus                                       It’s not clear if the ancient viral genes
scientists have yet to find an effective vac-    were discovered at UW-Madison in the                      macaques, monkeys that can be infected by a                                     play a role in causing the immune decline
cine against HIV, the virus that destroys the    1970s. Unlike most viruses, which exploit                 virus similar to HIV.                                                           in AIDS. “We don’t know, but the body is
immune system and causes AIDS. HIV is            their host’s biochemistry to make viral pro-                 Sacha hopes that attacking these viral pro-                                  already fighting HIV,” says Sacha. “It looks
perhaps the most adaptive virus ever seen,       teins, retroviruses join their host’s genome,             teins instead of HIV proteins would sidestep                                    like it could instead become a war on two
not only evading the immune system, but          which is then forced to produce viral pro-                a key roadblock to vaccination: So many                                         fronts. I think that retroviruses from inside
also anti-viral medicines.                       teins along with human                                                                strains of HIV have                                 and outside the body could be working
   Because this genetic slipperiness also        proteins.                                                                             evolved that vac-                                   together.”
makes the virus a difficult target for vaccine      Sacha’s strategy                                                                   cine makers could                                      Although incorporating genes from other
makers, a UW-Madison scientist is embark-        focuses on retrovirus                 “It looks like it could instead become          be forced to make                                   organisms sounds odd, scientists believe that
ing on a brand-new effort to sidestep this       genes that entered the                                                                a nearly infinite                                   both mitochondria, which provide energy to
evasive behavior.                                chromosomes of our
                                                                                                a war on two fronts.                   number of vaccines.                                 cells, and chloroplasts, which perform pho-
   Jonah Sacha, an immunologist and              ancestors millions of           I think that retroviruses from inside and outside And if an effective                                     tosynthesis in plants, lived independently
assistant scientist in the UW-Madison            years ago. Most of these                                                              vaccine were dis-                                   before they were “adopted” by their parent
AIDS Vaccine Research Laboratory at the          so-called endogenous
                                                                                       the body could be working together.”            tributed, the evasive                               organisms.
Wisconsin National Primate Research Center,      retroviruses are inactive,                                                            virus would proba-                                     A similar repurposing may have been
thinks he may have identified a stable mol-      either because they carry                         — Jonah Sacha                       bly mutate to evade                                 applied to the ancient viral genes, Sacha
ecule on the outside of HIV-infected cells.      defects or are somehow                                                                control, Sacha adds.                                adds. “In some cases, the body has harvested
If so, it may be possible to create a vaccine    stifled by the human cells                                                            “There is an amaz-                                  these viruses and begun taking advantage of
to “teach” the human immune system to            they reside in.                                           ing error rate in HIV replication, and if you                                   them.” Viral proteins are involved in forming
destroy these cells and prevent HIV from            Less than two years ago, however, Douglas              put selective pressure on the virus, it almost                                  the placenta and controlling when human
escaping and reproducing. “It’s analogous to     Nixon of the University of California at San              always escapes from that pressure.”                                             genes make proteins. For these reasons, any
teaching a bull to ignore the ‘red cape’ and     Francisco and Brad Jones at the University                   All of this shape-shifting “has caused                                       vaccine experiments that emerge from Sacha’s
go instead for the ‘matador’ portion of the      of Toronto discovered that the cells of                   immunologists to look for stable targets on                                     studies must first be explored in animals.
virus,” Sacha says. “Even though the cape        AIDS patients carry proteins made by these                HIV,” Sacha says, “but it’s been a real struggle.                                  The story of the ancient retroviruses is
may vary, the matador does not.”                 adopted retroviruses. When HIV replicates                 Even the recent vaccine trials in Thailand,                                     new to science, but old to biology, Sacha
   Sacha, who also has an appointment in         in a cell, it somehow triggers the old retrovi-           which showed partial effectiveness, worked                                      concludes. “This incorporation of retroviral
the Department of Pathology and Laboratory       ruses to make viral proteins. These proteins              only against the strain of HIV circulating in                                   genes has happened many times before in
Medicine, acknowledges that success is           are then transported to the cell surface,                 that region. Using that approach, it might be                                   primate evolution. Some members of this
something of a long shot, but his proposal       becoming markers that could allow the                     necessary to build multiple vaccines for use                                    family of genes were even inserted before
has now attracted a $100,000 exploratory         immune system to destroy the infected cell.               against the different strains of HIV in differ-                                 humans and monkeys split off into separate
grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates               This process is how the body normally                  ent areas of the world.”                                                        lineages. I think this has been happening the
Foundation, announced Oct. 20.                   rids itself of viruses and the cells they infect.            Another benefit of attacking proteins                                        entire time we have been evolving. But we
   The new strategy is rooted in the fact that   Teaching the immune system to recognize                   produced by old viral genes rather than                                         can expect more surprises as we watch HIV
ancient retroviruses like HIV have, over the     foreign proteins is a core strategy for vaccina-          HIV is that it should not force HIV to evolve                                   interact with these ancient retroviruses.”
eons, inserted their genes into the chromo-      tion.                                                     resistance, Sacha says. “Any way you can
somes of our animal ancestors. This viral           As a first step toward producing an AIDS               circumvent the ability of the virus to escape


Unraveling how DNA                               Banded rocks reveal early Earth conditions, changes
strands combine                                  By Jill Sakai                                                                                                                             all those eventually affect the biosphere on
A team of UW-Madison researchers has             jasakai@wisc.edu                                                                                                                          the early Earth.”
identified some of the pathways through                                                                                                                                                       Their model shows how BIFs could have
which single complementary strands of            The strikingly banded rocks scattered across                                                                                              formed when hydrothermal fluids, from
DNA form the double helix.                       the upper Midwest and elsewhere through-                                                                                                  interactions between seawater and hot oce-
   The group, including Juan de                  out the world are actually ambassadors from                                                                                               anic crust from deep in the Earth’s mantle,
Pablo, Howard Curler Distinguished               the past, offering clues to the environment                                                                                               mixed with surface seawater. This mix-
Professor of Chemical and Biological             of the early Earth more than 2 billion years                                                                                              ing triggered the oscillating production of
Engineering, drew on models to study             ago.                                                                                                                                      iron- and silica-rich minerals, which were
the reaction pathways through which                 Called banded iron formations (BIFs),                                                                                                  deposited in layers on the seafloor.
double-stranded DNA undergo dena-                these ancient rocks formed between 3.8 and                                                                                                   They used a series of thermodynamic
                                                                                                                                                               Photo	courtesy	Huifang	Xu




turation, where the molecule uncoils             1.7 billion years ago at what was then the                                                                                                calculations to determine that the source
and separates into single strands, and           bottom of the ocean. The stripes represent                                                                                                material for BIFs must have come from
hybridization, through which comple-             alternating layers of silica-rich chert and                                                                                               oceanic rocks with a very low aluminum
mentary DNA strands bind.                        iron-rich minerals like hematite and mag-                                                                                                 content, unlike modern oceanic basalts that
   The researchers studied both random           netite.                                                                                                                                   contain high levels of aluminum.
                                                                                                        A banded iron formation about 2.5 billion years
and repetitive base sequences. Random               First mined as a major iron source for              old near Soudan Underground Mine State                                                “The modern-day ocean floor is basalt,
sequences of the four bases contained            modern industrialization, BIFs are also a              Park in Minnesota shows alternating layers of                                      common black basalt like the Hawaiian
                                                 rich source of information about the geo-              silica-rich (red) and iron-rich (gray) minerals.                                   islands. But during that time, there was also
little or no regular repetition. To the                                                                 This type of ancient rock formation dominated
researchers’ surprise, a couple of bases         chemical conditions that existed on Earth                                                                                                 a strange kind of rock called komatiites,”
                                                                                                        the global ocean floors for more than 2 billion
located toward the center of the strand          when the rocks were made. However, inter-              years, but disappeared 1.7 billion years ago.                                      says Xu. “When ocean water reacts with
associate early in the hybridization pro-        preting their clues requires understanding                                                                                                that kind of rock, it can produce about
cess. When they find each other, they            how the bands formed, a topic that has                                                                                                    equal amounts of iron and silica” — a com-
bind and the entire molecule hybridizes          been controversial for decades, says Huifang           the global marine landscape for two billion                                        position ideally suited to making BIFs.
rapidly and in an organized manner.              Xu, a UW-Madison geology professor.                    years and why they abruptly disappeared                                               Such a mixture can create distinct alter-
   Conversely, in repetitive sequences,             A study appearing Oct. 11 as an advance             1.7 billion years ago.                                                             nating layers due to a constantly shifting
the bases alternated regularly, and the          online publication in Nature Geoscience                  With Yifeng Wang of Sandia National                                              state that, like a competition between two
group found that these sequences bind            offers a new picture of how these color-               Laboratories, Enrique Merino of Indiana                                            well-matched players, resists resolving
through a so-called diffusive process.           ful bands developed and what they reveal               University and UW-Madison postdoctoral                                             to a single outcome and instead see-saws
“The two strands of DNA somehow find             about the composition of the early ocean               candidate Hiromi Konishi, Xu developed                                             between two extremes.
each other, they connect to each other           floor, seawater and atmosphere during the              a BIF formation model that offers a more                                              BIFs dominated the global oceans 3.8 to
in no particular order, and then they            evolution of the Earth.                                complete picture of the environment at the                                         1.7 billion years ago then abruptly disap-
slide past each other for a long time               Previous hypotheses about band for-                 time, including interactions among rocks,                                          peared from the geologic record. Their
until the exact complements find one             mation involved seasonal fluctuations,                 water and air.                                                                     absence in more recent rocks indicates that
another in the right order, and then they        temperature shifts, or periodic blooms of                “They are all connected,” Xu explains.                                           the geochemical conditions changed around
hybridize,” says de Pablo.                       microorganisms, all of which left many                 “The lithosphere affects the hydrosphere,                                          1.7 billion years ago, Xu says.
                                                 open questions about how BIFs dominated                the hydrosphere affects the atmosphere, and

6	      Wisconsin Week
                                                          r esearch                                                                                                                            Curiosities
                                                                                                                                                                                               Editor’s note: This column provides a glimpse
Five questions with ... Katrina Forest                                                                                                                                                         into the science behind everyday life. Do you
                                                                                                                                                                                               have a question for Curiosities? Submit it to


Solving the world’s problems with microbes
                                                                                                                                                                                               curiosities@news.wisc.edu.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Q:	Every	time	there’s	
By Jill Sakai                                                                                                 ances are related to signatures of your                                                                   an	Olympics	or	big	
jasakai@wisc.edu                                                                                              microbial flora. We have evolved over                                                                     global	sports	competi-
                                                                                                              many millennia to live with these                                                                         tion	world	records	fall.	
Bacteriology professor Katrina Forest                                                                         organisms, so it makes perfect sense                                                                      Is	there	a	limit	to	how	
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        fast	humans	can	be?	
once considered studying architec-                                                                            that we’re interdependent in countless
                                                                                                                                                                                               A:	“In	my	opinion	there	are	no	limits,”	says	
ture — and in a way she does, albeit                                                                          ways.
                                                                                                                                                                                               Tim	Gattenby,	a	faculty	associate	in	kinesiol-
on a very small scale. As a protein                                                                              The goal of my work is to get at the
                                                                                                                                                                                               ogy.	“People	said	that	no	one	could	break	
crystallographer, she studies the three-                                                                      molecular interactions that ultimately                                           the	four-minute	mile,	and	then	someone	did.	
dimensional structures of bacterial                                                                           govern these signals.                                                            People	said	no	one	could	get	more	gold	med-
proteins on an atomic level to under-                                                                            WW: What outcomes do you see                                                  als	than	Mark	Spitz	[who	won	seven	in	the	
stand how the proteins function.                                                                              from your work for society?                                                      1972	Olympics],	but	records	are	a	carrot	that	
   Most of her research focuses on                                                                               KF: I think there are potential                                               stimulates	people	to	go	out	and	break	them.”
the tiny surface protrusions called                                                                           health benefits of everything we inves-                                              Gattenby	says	long-standing	records,	such	
pili that bacteria use to move across                                                                         tigate. These pili are what bacteria use                                         as	Bob	Beamon’s	1968	long	jump	record,	




                                                                                                          Photo:	Bryce	Richter
surfaces and interact with other cells                                                                        to interact with each other, with us,                                            which	stood	until	1991,	are	“anomalies,	
                                                                                                                                                                                               freaks	of	nature,	where	all	the	right	ingre-
— including both beneficial and harm-                                                                         with soil particles, and with catheters
                                                                                                                                                                                               dients	went	into	the	performance.	A	gifted	
ful interactions — and the molecular                                                                          in the hospital, so understanding both
                                                                                                                                                                                               athlete	had	a	great	day.”
motor proteins that drive their move-       Katrina Forest, professor of bacteriology, is pictured with       the good and the bad of those interac-
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Part	of	the	credit	for	the	regular	estab-
ments.                                      a 3-D model of a bacterium in her office at the Microbial        tions on a molecular level should allow
                                            Sciences Building.                                                                                                                                 lishment	of	new	records	goes	to	advancing	
   Wisconsin Week: What inspires                                                                             us to either encourage or block them                                              technology,	such	as	the	springy,	rubberized	
you in your work?                                  so I think part of the path I followed was                depending on the specific situation.                                              track	surfaces	that	are	simply	faster	than	the	
   Forest: Bacteria. I am astonished by            “nobody else is doing this” or “this will be            Another outcome is a better appreciation                                            old	pea	gravel,	Gattenby	says.	“We	are	also	
microbes and what they’ve figured out              more daring.” Admittedly, sometimes it’s             of the solution microbes have found to the                                             improving	our	approach	to	injury	prevention,	
how to do. The protein we work on is the           miserable — but in the long run it’s stimu-          problem of how to build this motor — it’s                                              which	leads	to	better	performance.”
strongest biological motor ever described.         lating to stretch your brain and keep on             fascinating. This is basic biology on one                                                  However,	Gattenby,	who	has	coached	and	
Bacteria stick to things with incredible           stretching.                                          hand, but on the other hand, I think there’s                                           competed	in	ultra-endurance	events	like	the	
                                                                                                                                                                                               Ironman	triathlon,	says	psychology	may	be	
tenacity, they produce amazing bio-glues,             WW: What about your work do you                   the long-term potential for some interesting
                                                                                                                                                                                               the	most	important	factor.	“Winning	a	triath-
they have structural proteins that can with-       think surprises people the most?                     nanotechnology applications of this motor.
                                                                                                                                                                                               lon	is	one	part	luck,	not	having	a	flat,	one	
stand huge forces, and they know how to               KF: People are amazed to learn how                   WW: What’s the coolest thing you’ve
                                                                                                                                                                                               part	training	and	one	part	your	mental	abil-
speak to each other using small molecule           many processes on Earth are driven by                learned?                                                                               ity	to	handle	adversity.”	Gattenby	adds	that	
compounds that we still don’t fully appreci-       microbes and how much of their own                      KF: The coolest moments are when all                                                it	is	common	for	gifted	athletes	to	be	well	
ate. We’re now trying to solve a lot of the        health is dependent on their interactions            our calculations yield a protein structure or                                          prepared	and	still	mentally	“take	themselves	
world’s problems using microbes.                   with microbes. Your immune response is               when the thermodynamics we study actu-                                                 out”	of	the	competition.	“It	all	can	come	
   WW: Who or what has had the most                largely governed by what microbes you                ally explain how the motor works. I love                                               down	to	the	mental	aspect.	Being	mentally	
influence on your work as a scientist?             have already reacted to, and recent research         seeing that fundamental chemistry, physics                                             tough	means	being	tough	against	your	envi-
   KF: Sometimes I chose to do things              results suggest even psychological imbal-            and math lead to astonishing biology.                                                  ronment,	your	competition	and	yourself.”
because they were the challenging option,                                                                                                                                                           — Produced by University Communications



Satellite anniversary marks 50 years of studying climate from space
By Mark Hobson                                                                                                          Suomi had realized early on                                           “Climate studies, as inspired by the first
mark.hobson@ssec.wisc.edu                                                                                               the importance of under-                                           look at the Earth from space by the radia-
                                                                                                                        standing the intricacies of                                        tion energy budget experiment on Explorer
On Oct. 13, 1959, University                                                                                            the Earth’s climate. His 1953                                      7, have always been an important thrust at
of Wisconsin professors Verner                                                                                          dissertation, measuring the                                        the center,” says Hank Revercomb, director
Suomi and Robert Parent                                                                                                 difference between the solar                                       of the Suomi-founded UW-Madison Space
crouched in a bunker at Cape                                                                                            energy absorbed by a cornfield                                     Science and Engineering Center (SSEC).
Canaveral, sweating through the                                                                                         and that radiated back into                                        “But now, with the realization that the rapid
countdown for the Juno II rocket                                                                                        the atmosphere, served as a                                        increase of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel
                                                                                                                                 Photo	courtesy	Space	Science	and	Engineering	Center




perched on its launching pad 150                                                                                        springboard for ongoing stud-                                      burning can jeopardize the well-being of the
yards away.                                                                                                             ies of Earth-atmosphere energy                                     whole planet, this research has taken on a
   The Explorer 7 satellite atop                                                                                        balances.                                                          new sense of urgency.”
the missile contained their newest                                                                                         He and Parent, a professor of                                      After their success with Explorer 7,
scientific instrument, a radiometer                                                                                     electrical engineering, designed                                   Suomi and Parent continued to drive new
designed to measure from space                                                                                          the radiometer on Explorer 7                                       innovations in satellite climate monitoring,
the amount of heat reaching and                                                                                         to ramp up their studies to a                                      including a spin-scan cloud camera that
leaving the Earth.                                                                                                      global scale. Modest in size by                                    pioneered continuous weather viewing from
   Before satellite technology,                                                                                         today’s standards, Explorer 7                                      space and software that enabled “instant
meteorologists were limited to                                                                                          weighed less than 100 pounds                                       replays” of weather data.
                                       Pictured circa 1959, University of Wisconsin meteorologist Verner Suomi
viewing the atmosphere from the        (right) and electrical engineer Robert Parent work on an early satellite         and measured just two and a                                           In addition to the Explorer 7 50th
ground up. Data about clouds in        instrument. The pair built one of the first instruments to allow scientists      half feet on each side. Solar                                      anniversary celebration, a global com-
the middle and upper atmosphere to study Earth’s weather and climate from space, a radiometer that                      cells and 15 nickel-cadmium                                        munity of scientists and researchers will
                                       launched on the Explorer 7 satellite on Oct. 13, 1959. Their radiometer
and global measurements of heat                                                                                         batteries powered instruments                                      meet Tuesday-Thursday, Nov. 3-5, at
                                       kicked off an era of satellite-assisted climate studies that now influence
absorption and emission were           everything from global climate models to the weather maps on the nightly measuring solar proton radia-                                              Monona Terrace for the sixth Geostationary
sketchy and localized at best, and news.                                                                                tion and cosmic rays.                                              Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)
scientists were quickly realizing                                                                                          Augmenting the satellite’s                                      Users’ Conference. This year’s conference,
that satellites offered the best                                                                                        observations with ground-                                          themed “Bringing Environmental Benefits
                                                    opened the door to a new era of satellite-
opportunity to fill their knowledge gaps.                                                                based measurements, Suomi and his team                                            to a Society of Users,” is presented by
                                                    based climate studies.
   The launch went smoothly, and when                                                                    discovered that the Earth absorbs more                                            the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
                                                       A 50th anniversary celebration of the
Explorer 7 came to life in orbit, Suomi                                                                  solar energy than previously thought and                                          Administration (NOAA), with support from
                                                    launch of Explorer 7 will be held at the
and Parent’s radiometer provided the first                                                               demonstrated that it was possible to mea-                                         SSEC and the UW-Madison Cooperative
                                                    Monona Terrace Convention Center on
measurements of the Earth’s heat balance,                                                                sure and quantify seasonal changes in the                                         Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies
                                                    Monday, Nov. 2. Several researchers who
the difference between the heat received                                                                 global heat budget.                                                               (CIMSS).
                                                    worked with Suomi and Parent will be
from the sun and the heat exiting the atmo-                                                                 Explorer 7 transmitted continuous data                                            More information about the conference
                                                    attending and participating in a panel dis-
sphere as a result of reflection and emission                                                            through February of 1961 and finally went                                         is available at http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/
                                                    cussion for the Oral History Project.
processes. Since uneven heating of the                                                                   silent in August of that year. Today, dozens                                      goes_r/meetings/guc2009/.
                                                       As one of the first professors in the uni-
Earth’s surface is the primary driving force                                                             of satellites from around the world continue
                                                    versity’s new Department of Meteorology,
of the world’s weather, these measurements                                                               its legacy of climate and weather studies.


                                                                                                                                                                                       	                  october 21, 2009	                   7
arts&events
October	21,	2009

Festival leverages film for community action                                                                                                                                                                            Book Smart                       	

By Tom Sinclair                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Charles Munch,
tksincla@wisc.edu                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Dreaming in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Color: Paintings



T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1971–2006	
         he Tales from Planet Earth film
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (UW	Press,	2009),	
         festival takes center stage in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    by	Jody	Clowes	
         Madison Friday-Sunday, Nov.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    (with	Richard	Ely),		
6-8 with something new — a built-in                                                                                                                                                                                                                 curator	of	the	
call to action.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Design	Gallery,	
   “When the lights come up, we want                                                                                                                                                                                    School	of	Human	Ecology
people to take the energy and inspi-
ration of great storytelling to build                                                                                                                                                                                   In	addition	to	her	work	as	curator	for	the	
community and effect positive environ-                                                                                                                                                                                  School	of	Human	Ecology’s	Design	(SoHE)	
mental and social change,” says festival                                                                                                                                                                                Gallery,	Jody	Clowes	is	known	for	her	
director Gregg Mitman. “To help                                                                                                                                                                                         thoughtful	reviews,	exhibit	guides	and	analy-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ses	on	the	intersection	of	form	and	function.




                                                                                                                                                           Photos	courtesy	Nelson	Institute	for	Environmental	Studies
people do that, we’ve worked hard this
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           “To	do	an	intelligent	review,	you	have	to	
year to include community engagement
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        do	your	homework,”	says	Clowes.	“You	have	
as part of the festival’s mission.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to	understand	what	goes	into	a	craft	like	
   Indeed, the event is billed as a                                                                                                                                                                                     weaving,	technically,	and	what	explorations	
community and film festival because                                                                                                                                                                                     they’re	taking.	I	also	enjoy	the	technical	
organizers have partnered with                                                                                                                                                                                          challenge	of	thinking	about	how	an	exhibit	
Madison-area nonprofit organizations                                                                                                                                                                                    reads.”
involved in issues raised by many of                                                                                                                                                                                       This	understanding	of	the	“work	behind	
the films.                                                                                                                                                                                                              the	work”	served	her	well	in	writing	about	
   “We hope to make the festival a                                                                                                                                                                                      Wisconsin	painter	Charles	Munch.	Known	
new national model, using film to                                                                                                                                                                                       for	his	bold,	colorful	expressions	of	animals	
                                             “The Cove” will be shown as part of the Tales From Planet Earth film festival at 7 p.m. on Saturday,                                                                       and	landscapes,	Munch	is	also	renowned	as	
catalyze community action on broad-          Nov. 7, at the Wisconsin Union Theater.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        an	art	restorer.	His	careful	study	of	the	tech-
ranging issues in environment and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        niques	of	old	masters	has	informed	his	own	
sustainability like food, health, energy,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        meticulous	art,	even	as	he	has	moved	from	
climate, and biodiversity,” says Mitman,                                                                                                                                                                                realism	to	abstraction.	
interim director of the Nelson Institute for                                                                                                                                                                               In	this	retrospective	book,	Clowes	provides	
Environmental Studies.                                                                                                                                                                                                  a	critical	analysis	of	his	career,	while	collabo-
   Admission to all events is free on                                                                                                                                                                                   rator	Richard	Ely	adds	a	detailed	biographic	
a first-come, first-served basis. For                                                                                                                                                                                   essay.	Munch	worked	closely	with	Clowes	
a complete schedule, visit http://                                                                                                                                                                                      and	Ely	in	designing	the	book	and	selecting	
TalesFromPlanetEarth.com.                                                                                                                                                                                               the	60	full-color	images	inside.
   When it premiered in Madison two years                                                                                                                                                                                  These	days,	the	renovation	of	the	Human	
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ecology	building	looms	large	in	Clowes’	
ago, Tales from Planet Earth drew enthusias-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        thoughts.	Her	work	sends	her	in	multiple	
tic reviews and more than 3,000 filmgoers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        directions	—	literally,	as	she	must	find	new	
Surpassing a highly successful debut with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        locations	on	and	off	campus	in	which	to	
an inspired sequel is always a challenge, but                                                                                                                                                                           stage	exhibits.	
in this case the odds are good. The second                                                                                                                                                                                 During	the	next	two	years,	she	plans	to	
edition will feature 45 films from around                                                                                                                                                                               not	only	expand	the	school’s	online	exhibi-
the world — almost twice as many as the                                                                                                                                                                                 tion	presence,	particularly	with	archived	
opener. And unlike its predecessor, this             “Our Daily Bread” will be shown at 9:30 p.m. on Saturday, Nov. 7, at UW Cinematheque,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        work,	but	encourage	outreach	efforts	in	the	
year’s event will highlight a full year of com-      4070 Vilas Hall.                                                                                                                                                   Madison	community.
munity engagement. It also will spawn a                                                                                                                                                                                    In	February,	she	will	curate	a	four-person	
traveling mini-festival.                                                                                                                                                                                                show	of	fiber	art,	including	some	from	
                                                     Green,” and host of a new special public             talist Winona LaDuke will speak on “The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        SoHE	faculty,	at	the	Wisconsin	Academy	of	
   The theme of the first Tales from Planet          radio series called “The Promised Land,”             Economy for the Next Seven Generations”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sciences	Arts	and	Letter’s	James	Watrous	
Earth was hope. This year’s theme is justice.        received a MacArthur Foundation “genius              at 1 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 8, in the Union
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Gallery	in	the	Overture	Center	for	the	Arts.	
The program again features four issue-based          grant” in 2005 for her work.                         Theater. A two-time Green Party vice                                                                          Also	on	tap	next	semester:	a	relocated	stu-
“strands”: landscapes of labor, precious                Other headlining films include “What’s            presidential candidate, LaDuke is program                                                                     dent	show,	presented	in	May	as	part	of	the	
resources, strange weather and in the com-           on Your Plate” (2009), which follows two             director of Honor the Earth, a national                                                                       always-popular	fashion	show	at	Monona	
pany of animals. Besides films, it includes          New York City pre-                                                        organization that focuses                                                                Terrace	Community	and	Convention	Center.	
lectures, panel and audience discussions,            teens who tenaciously                                                     on issues of sustainable                                                                    The	challenge	for	Clowes,	even	in	a	single	
interactions with filmmakers, and other              investigate the sources                                                   development, renewable                                                                   location,	never	escapes	her.	Visitors	to	a	
                                                                                       “We hope to make the festival                                                                                                    new	exhibit	might	find	her	painting	walls	
community activities.                                of their food; “Sleep                                                     energy and food systems.
   Most events will take place at one of             Dealer” (2008), a                     a new national model.”              She lives and works on                                                                   or	setting	up	a	final	buff	for	the	floor.	She	
four venues: the Wisconsin Union Theater                                                                                                                                                                                also	hires	students,	counts	attendance	and	
                                                     Sundance Award-                                                           the White Earth res-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        writes	grants.	But	the	excitement	of	working	
and the Fredric March Play Circle, both in           winning science-fiction                  — Gregg Mitman                   ervation in northern
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        with	faculty	members	and	the	variety	of	new	
Memorial Union; UW Cinematheque, 4070                feature that imagines                                                     Minnesota.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ideas	continue	to	inspire	her.
Vilas Hall; and the Madison Museum of                a future in which all                                                       Two graduate-level                                                                        Writing	forces	Clowes	to	make	sense	of	
Contemporary Art, 227 State St.                      U.S. borders are closed to immigration               courses taught this semester by Mitman and                                                                    the	visceral	responses	she	has	when	viewing	
   The festival opens with a public lecture,         yet foreign workers continue to perform              visiting artist Judith Helfand, co-founder of                                                                 art	or	objects.	The	process	lets	her	question	
“Green the Ghetto and How Much it Won’t              labor remotely via robotic connections; and          Working Films, have paired budding stu-                                                                       herself	and	make	connections	she	might	not	
Cost Us,” by green jobs and environmental            “Saving Luna” (2008), the moving story of            dent filmmakers and community organizers                                                                      otherwise	have	made.	She	hopes	her	words	
justice advocate Majora Carter at 7 p.m.             an orphaned Orca whale that raises impor-            with the festival’s Madison-area nonprofit                                                                    act	as	a	trigger,	something	to	help	readers	
Friday, Nov. 6, in the Union Theater. A              tant issues about how people should relate           partners to create films and outreach cam-                                                                    find	the	point	that	will	makes	their	assump-
screening of the 2008 film “Trouble the              to wild animals.                                     paigns about these groups and their work in                                                                   tions	about	art	shift	and	change.
Water,” an extraordinary portrait of terror,                                                                                                                                                                               Often,	this	takes	place	in	very	few	words:	
                                                        Fifteen producers, directors, editors and         the community.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a	label	here,	a	mini-review	there.	Clowes	
survival and redemption featuring footage            animators of films being shown will partici-            Echoes of Tales from Planet Earth will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        loves	the	challenge.
shot by an aspiring rap artist as she and her        pate in the festival. Among them are guest           continue in 2010 when a smaller selection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           “If	you	do	it	well,	it’s	like	writing	haiku,”	
neighbors in the Lower Ninth Ward of New             artist Alex Rivera, whose work addresses             of films will be screened in four communi-                                                                    she	says.	“In	the	right	spirit,	it’s	a	creative	
Orleans are trapped by Hurricane Katrina,            concerns of the Latino community through             ties across the state — Baraboo, Milwaukee,                                                                   act	in	itself.”		
will follow.                                         a language of humor, satire and metaphor;            Dodgeville and Ashland — as part of the                                                                                                      —	Susannah Brooks
   Carter, founder of the nonprofit group            and George Stoney, a professor of film and           Wisconsin Humanities Council’s Making it
Sustainable South Bronx, president of her            cinema studies at New York University and            Home initiative.
own “green collar” economic consulting               a pioneer in the field of documentary film.             For more information, visit http://
firm, co-host of Sundance Channel’s “The                Native American activist and environmen-          TalesFromPlanetEarth.com.


8	      Wisconsin Week
To view event listings: http://www.today.wisc.edu/

Calendar Highlights
Vocalist charms Union Theater audience             Campus capoeira group shares its art                                                                                                                                   attempted conversion of an infamous
She’s young, but don’t let that fool you:          Capoeira is more than a martial art: it’s a                                                                                                                            courtesan, “Thais” features many stunning
Grammy-nominated chanteuse Jane                    dance, a game, a whole-body expression of                                                                                                                              musical moments, including the famous
Monheit already has nine studio albums             life. Developed in Brazil by African slaves,                                                                                                                           “Meditation,” for violin, harp and strings.
to her credit, with countless guest appear-        its 400 years of traditions have spread                                                                                                                                William Farlow’s production examines
ances and an international touring resume.         around the world. Learn more at a demon-                                                                                                                               issues of the sacred and profane within the
A professional singer since her mid-teens,         stration, featuring world-renowned artists.                                                                                                                            context of New York’s hedonistic club scene
Monheit brings her seductive blend of clas-           At noon on Sunday, Oct. 25, in the Great                                                                                                                            of the 1970s. A talented cast of students
sic gems and contemporary explorations to          Hall of the Memorial Union, Capoeira                                                                                                                                   from the School of Music is supported
campus.                                            Omulu Guanabara presents its annual                                                                                                                                    by the UW Symphony, directed by James
   Monheit lights up the Wisconsin Union           batizado and troca de cordas, including                                                                                                                                Smith. The production is sung in French
Theater stage at 8 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 23.        open demonstrations. This event is free and                                                                                                                            with projected English surtitles.
Tickets range from $18-$35 general admis-          open to the public.                                                                                                                                                       For more information, visit http://music.
sion, with $10 tickets available for UW               Music and acrobatics play key roles in                                                                                                                              wisc.edu or contact the School of Music at
students.                                          capoeira. In practice, members form a                                                                                                                                  265-2787 or jnsmith5@wisc.edu.
   Runner-up in the 1998 Thelonius Monk            circle, play instruments and sing songs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cinematheque gets a little batty
Institute vocal competition at the age of          while two people play capoeira in the center
20, Monheit is now firmly established as           of the circle. This circle, known as a roda,                                                                                                                           It’s a cold night, and you’re in a dark room
one of the post-millennial jazz world’s fore-      promotes a communal spirit as participants                                                                                                                             with no windows, huddling in your seat




                                                                                                                                                                                       Photo	courtesy	University	Opera
most vocalists. Mixing Brazilian tunes and         move to the pulsing beat. Banned in some                                                                                                                               as gray figures jump out from the gloom.
‘50s standouts with newer songs by artists         places until the 1930s, capoeira is now                                                                                                                                Behind you, a scream shatters the air. Is it a
like Bonnie Raitt and Corinne Bailey Rae,          enjoyed by participants of many ages and                                                                                                                               haunted house?
she is adept at making each note her own.          backgrounds. The term “batizado” refers                                                                                                                                    No, just Cinematheque.
In addition to singing in the movie “Sky           to a baptism, when new members join the                                                                                                                                    In its annual Halloween screening,
Captain and The World of Tomorrow,” she            group.                                          Emily Birsan is Thaïs and Justin Niehoff Smith                                                                         UW-Madison’s home for classic films pres-
has been a featured performer in the nation-          For information, visit http://omulu.rso.     is Athanaël in University Opera’s upcoming                                                                             ents “The Bat Whispers” at 7:30 p.m. on
                                                                                                   production of “Thais,” opening Friday, Oct. 30.                                                                        Saturday, Oct. 31. The showing, in 4070
ally televised Christmas at the White House,       wisc.edu/ or contact them at 658-7868 or
the Capitol Fourth of July Celebration and         uwcapoeira@studentorg.wisc.edu.                                                                                                                                        Vilas Hall, is free and open to the public.
                                                                                                   cism go hand in hand.                                                                                                      A haunted house and a cat burglar
The National Memorial Day Celebration,                                                                At 7:30 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 30, join
                                                   University Opera brings Massenet                                                                                                                                       named “The Bat” are the focus of “The Bat
among others.                                                                                      University Opera in Music Hall for the
                                                   masterpiece to life                                                                                                                                                    Whispers.” Both an early sound film and an
   For tickets or more information, visit                                                          opening night of “Thais.” The production
http://uniontheater.wisc.edu/season/jane_          Ah, l’amour. Whether love is like a red,                                                                                                                               early experiment with the widescreen for-
                                                   red rose or a rebellious bird, it brings pas-   continues at 3 p.m. on Sunday, Nov. 1, and                                                                             mat, the film features dollies down the sides
monheit.html or contact the Union Theater                                                          at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 3. Tickets are
at 262-2201 or cvweisse@wisc.edu.                  sion to all it touches and turns worlds                                                                                                                                of buildings and elaborate shadow effects.
                                                   upside down. That’s certainly the case with     $20 for general admission, $18 seniors and                                                                             For information, visit http://cinema.wisc.
                                                   Massenet’s controversial, virtuosic “Thais,”    $10 for UW-Madison students.                                                                                           edu or contact Cinematheque at 262-3627
                                                   where religious fervor and sensuous eroti-         A cautionary tale of a zealous monk’s                                                                               or kfkolb@wisc.edu.




   Writer’s Choice: No shortage of things to do and see on campus
   By Gwen Evans                                     is free but registration is required. For                                                                                                                           also earned degrees in medieval and
   gevans@wisc.edu                                   more information visit http://www.dcs.                                                                                                                              Renaissance English literature. His thesis
                                                     wisc.edu/lsa/literature/ee.htm or contact                                                                                                                           connected the worlds of hip-hop music


   O
             ne of the advantages to working         Emily Auerbach, 262-3733, eauerbach@                                                                                                                                and literary poetry. He has toured the
             on a university campus is the           dcs.wisc.edu.                                                                                                                                                       world with his hit theater show on the
             availability of free or inexpensive                                                                                                                                                                         rap Canterbury Tales, a hip-hop inter-
                                                     “From Dictatorship to the Security
   things to see and do. Among the many                                                                                                                                                                                  pretation of Chaucer’s famous work. A
                                                     Council: A Political Memoir,” 7:30 p.m.
   choices are lectures from visiting scholars                                                                                                                                                                           brief lecture at 4 p.m. on Chaucer and
                                                     Monday, Oct. 26, 7:30 p.m.,
   and notables as well as from our very own                                                                                                                                                                             medieval manuscripts precedes the per-
                                                     University Club
   faculty. You don’t need to be an expert                                                                                                                                                                               formance. Visit http://humanities.wisc.
   on the topic to attend; there are no quiz-        The Chilean ambassador to the U.N.,                                                                                                                                 edu/ for more information.
   zes. Just go with open ears and a curious         Heraldo Munoz, will present a lecture,
                                                     followed by a book signing. Munoz is                                                                                                                                “An Evening with Dave Eggers and
                                                                                                                                                Photo	courtesy	Center	for	Humanities




   mind. You’re sure to learn something new.
                                                     chairman of the U.N. Peacebuilding                                                                                                                                  Valentino Achak Deng,” 7:30 p.m.
   Here are just a few taking place during
                                                     Commission, served as president of the                                                                                                                              Wednesday, Nov. 4, Chazen Museum
   the next two weeks.
                                                     U.N. Security Council, and chaired the Al                                                                                                                           of Art
   “Eloquence and Eminence: The Theatre              Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee                                                                                                                               Dave Eggers is the author of five books,
   of the Holocaust,” 2 p.m. Sunday,                 in 2004. During the Pinochet dictator-                                                                                                                              including “What Is the What,” a final-
   Oct. 25, Pyle Center                              ship, he held leadership positions in the                                                                                                                           ist for the 2006 National Book Critics
   Robert Skloot, professor emeritus with            Socialist Party of Chile and co-founded       Baba Brinkman will present “The Rap                                                                                   Circle Award. The book is about
   the Department of Theatre and Drama,              the Party for Democracy. For more, visit      Canterbury Tales” on Monday, Nov. 2,                                                                                  Valentino Achak Deng, a survivor of the
                                                                                                   at the Chazen Museum of Art.
   is a leading scholar on theater related to        http://www.lacis.wisc.edu or contact                                                                                                                                civil war in southern Sudan. “What is
   the Holocaust and genocide. His work is           262-0616 and skripp@wisc.edu.                                                                                                                                       the What” gave birth to the Valentino
   challenging and important, dealing with                                                         Zealand, will discuss “Growing Food                                                                                   Achak Deng Foundation, which is run
                                                      “Healthy Land, Food and Eaters: An
   the suffering and aftermath of human                                                            and Knowing Food: The Traceability of                                                                                 by Deng. Its mission is to build schools
                                                     Ecological Approach to Health,” 4 p.m.
   horrors through theater. By looking,                                                            Sustainability.” For more information on                                                                              in southern Sudan. Eggers’ most recent
                                                     Tuesday, Oct. 27, 270 Soils Building
   through theater, at what makes us want to                                                       the two presentations, visit http://agro-                                                                             book, “Zeitoun, is a nonfiction account
   turn away, we can better understand our-          Fifth in the Agroecology Fall Lecture                                                                                                                               of a Syrian-American immigrant and
                                                                                                   ecology.wisc.edu or contact 265-9930
   selves and our modern world.                      Series, this session will be presented by                                                                                                                           his extraordinary experience during
                                                                                                   and michaelbell@wisc.edu.
      Skloot’s lecture is part of the 16th           Angie Tagtow, managing editor of the                                                                                                                                Hurricane Katrina. Zeitoun stayed behind
   annual award-winning series of Sunday             Journal of Hunger and Environmental           “Baba Brinkman’s ‘The Rap Canterbury                                                                                  and helped in rescue efforts, until he was
   afternoon lectures by retired UW-Madison          Nutrition. Then on Wednesday, Nov. 4,         Tales,’” 5 p.m. Monday, Nov. 2,                                                                                       arrested and denied medical attention or
   faculty known for their teaching excel-           Hugh Campbell, director of the Centre         Chazen Museum of Art                                                                                                  a telephone call. For more information,
   lence and scholarship. Refreshments will          for the Study of Food, Agriculture, and       Baba Brinkman is best known as a rap-                                                                                 visit http://www.humanities.wisc.edu.
   be served following the talk. The lecture         Environment at Otago University, New          per and performance artist, but he



                                                                                                                                            	                                                                                          october 21, 2009	              9
                                                                            O n C ampus
Student engineers drive Bucky Wagon’s green makeover
Badger fans always recognize the spirited                                                                                                                                            Badger football team.
Bucky Wagon by its bright-red exterior, but                                                                                                                                             The wagon is in good hands for the
inside, the historic vehicle’s engine is going                                                                                                                                       renovation. Under Bower, more than 1,500
green.                                                                                                                                                                               students have participated on the vehicle
   During the next year, College of                                                                                                                                                  teams and developed innovative vehicle
Engineering students will renovate the Bucky                                                                                                                                         designs that will affect the future of the auto-
Wagon into an electric-powered vehicle with                                                                                                                                          motive and snowmobile industries.
a hydraulic braking system, as well as power                                                                                                                                            The teams have a very successful track
brakes and steering for safety.                                                                                                                                                      record. Most recently, the two snowmobile
   Mechanical engineering faculty associate                                                                                                                                          teams, one a zero-emissions sled and the
Glenn Bower, who advises the college’s six                                                                                                                                           other an internal-combustion sled, won their
vehicle project teams, is bringing together                                                                                                                                          respective categories in the 2009 Society
students from the teams and undergraduate                                                                                                                                            of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Clean
mechanical engineering design classes to                                                                                                                                             Snowmobile Challenge.
complete the renovation.                                                                                                                                                                In 2007, the Formula SAE team claimed
   The project will preserve the vehicle’s                                                                                                                                           the world championship. The Formula
exterior, wheels and hubcaps to maintain                                                                                                                                             Hybrid, EcoCAR and Baja SAE teams have
the iconic appearance of the wagon, which                                                                                                                                            also done well competitively. Coupled with
is owned and operated by the Wisconsin                                                                                                                                               the Hybrid and Baja SAE teams, Wisconsin
Alumni Association (WAA).                                                                                                                                                            has been victorious at 16 different interna-
   The current Bucky Wagon is a restored                                                                                                                                             tional automotive competitions since 1998.




                                                                                                                                                             Photo:	Bryce	Richter	
1932 La France fire engine, donated in 1971                                                                                                                                             The Bucky Wagon renovation is happen-
to WAA by Jay J. and Norma Normington of                                                                                                                                             ing as Bower and the students work to raise
Wisconsin Rapids, who both graduated from                                                                                                                                            funds for a vehicle-team endowment, which
UW-Madison in the late 1940s. Painted red,       Bucky Badger and cheerleaders from the UW Spirit Squad drive along Regent Street in the Bucky                                       will allow the teams to continue working on
and until recently, running on all original      Wagon before the Wisconsin vs. Penn State University football game at Camp Randall Stadium on                                       campus projects and to excel in competition.
parts, the wagon can be heard blocks away        Oct. 11, 2008. Beginning this month and lasting for nearly a year, students from UW-Madison’s                                       Follow the renovation through the Bucky
                                                 College of Engineering will renovate the Bucky Wagon into an electric-powered vehicle with a
by its distinctive horn, which plays the tune    hydraulic braking system, as well as power brakes and steering for safety.                                                          Wagon Blog and learn how to get involved
of “On, Wisconsin!”                                                                                                                                                                  with the endowment at http://vehicles.wisc.
   WAA uses the Bucky Wagon to bring                                                                                                                                                 edu.
                                                 countless alumni and university events.         improved Bucky Wagon will be friendlier to
Badger spirit across campus and throughout                                                                                                                                              “This project shows our commitment to
                                                   “Generations of alumni remember see-          the environment and will remain a familiar
Madison on football Saturdays and for each                                                                                                                                           UW-Madison as a whole since the wagon
                                                 ing the Bucky Wagon on campus or being          sight for Badgers everywhere.”
year’s Homecoming festivities and parade.                                                                                                                                            is a key symbol for the university,” Bower
                                                 among the lucky few to have been on board         The current Bucky Wagon, which reaches
Until 2001, the Bucky Wagon was used on                                                                                                                                              says. “This is a unique way for students to
                                                 for a ride on game day,” says Jeff Wendorf,     a top speed of about 30 mph, is the third in
game days to carry the Spirit Squad into                                                                                                                                             learn something while restoring the wagon,
                                                 vice president for programs and outreach at     a line of vehicles known by this name. The
Camp Randall Stadium. The wagon has also                                                                                                                                             and the past success of the teams shows they
                                                 the WAA. “The Bucky Wagon broke down            previous wagons were first used to transport
been featured in Middleton’s community                                                                                                                                               have the ability to do a good job.”
                                                 late last year, and replacement parts are       shells for the crew team from lake to lake
parade, the Monroe Cheese Days parade and
                                                 expensive and hard to find. The new and         and later provided transportation for the


                                                                                                                                    F or the R ecord
                                                                                                                                              Oct. 21-Nov. 4, 2009
                                                                                                                    Wisconsin Week, the newspaper of record for UW-Madison,
                                                                                                                        carries legally required notices for faculty and staff.
                                                                                                  Call for support grant proposals for racial and                                    WUN Research Development Fund grants designed
                                                                                                  ethnic studies                                                                     to facilitate international collaboration. Please see
                                                                                                  Four categories of grant support are being made                                    the links below for detailed proposal information,
                                                                                                  available by the UW System Institute on Race and                                   deadlines, financial guidelines and eligibility.
                                                                                                  Ethnicity for implementation during the 2010-11                                       WUN is a consortium of leading public research
                                                                                                  fiscal year. The four grant categories are:                                        universities. Its members draw on combined
                                                                                                      n Category A, Research: To support scholarly                                   resources and expertise to advance knowledge
                                                                                                  research on topics addressing race, ethnicity, diver-                              and understanding on issues of global concern.
                                                                                                  sity, inclusivity and/or equity with the intention of                              UW-Madison’s partnership in WUN is managed
                                                                                                  publication.                                                                       by the Division of International Studies and led by
                                                                                                      n Category B, Curriculum Development: To sup-                                  Kris Olds, Department of Geography. UW-Madison’s
                                                                                                  port the development and teaching of new courses                                   participation in WUN activities has resulted in
                                                                                                  pertaining to race, ethnicity, diversity, inclusivity                              wide-ranging impacts, including research advances,
                                                                                                  and/or equity.                                                                     strengthened international partnerships, extramural
                                                                                                      n Category C, Campus Activities: A miscel-                                     funding bids, sharing of best practices, new online
                                                                                                  laneous category designed to support campus                                        resources and innovative educational opportunities.
                                                                                                  activities, guest lectures, fine arts performances, cur-                              Learn more about WUN funding opportunities:
                                                                                                  ricular infusion and instructional innovations, and/                               http://tinyurl.com/ycgf9hq/.
                                                                                                  or events regarding race, ethnicity, diversity, inclu-                                Please submit proposal materials by Friday,
                                                                                                  sivity and/or equity.                                                              Nov. 13.
                                                                                                      n Faculty diversity research awards: To provide
                                                                                                                                                                                     Classified Staff Child Care Grant
                                                                                                  release time and support for categories of individu-
                                                                                                                                                                                     The Classified Staff Child Care Grant is a privately
                                                                                                  als who are tenure-track faculty members for their
                                                                                                                                                                                     funded family child care award given to permanent
                                                                                                  scholarly research and writing, thus enhancing their
                                                                                                                                                                                     UW-Madison classified employees who need assis-
                                                                                                  opportunities for achieving tenure.
                                                                                                                                                                                     tance with paying for the high cost of quality child
                                                                                                      To learn more details about the grant categories,
                                                                                                                                                                                     care. Permanent UW-Madison classified employees
                                                                                                  requirements and other stipulations, visit http://
                                                                                                                                                                                     who demonstrate a high need for financial sup-
                                                                                                  www4.uwm.edu/ire/grant_programs/support_
                                                                                                                                                                                     port for child care are eligible, and both part- and
                                                                                                  grants.html.
                                                                                                                                                                                     full-time employees are eligible. Typically, a total of
                                                                                                      Proposals must be sent to the institute office and
                                                                                                                                                                                     $2,000 is disbursed annually among 4-6 families.
                                                                                                  postmarked no later than April 9. For more informa-
                                                                                                                                                                                     Awards range from $250-$500.
                                                                                                  tion, contact Thomas Tonnesen at 414-229-4700 or
                                                                                                                                                                                        To apply, download an application from the Web
                                                                                                  tonnesen@uwm.edu.
                                                                                                                                                                                     site at http://www.occfr.wisc.edu and click on
                                                                                                  Call for Proposals:                                                                “financial assistance” and then “For Faculty/Staff.”
                                                                                                  WUN Research Development Funds                                                     For more information or to have an application
                                                                                                  The Worldwide Universities Network (WUN)                                           mailed, call Jordan at 890-0436. The deadline for
                                                                                                  is pleased to announce the availability of WUN                                     applications is Nov. 1, and awards will be granted in
                                                                                                  Research Development Funds. All UW-Madison                                         December.
                                                                                                  faculty and academic staff are invited to apply for




10	     Wisconsin Week
                                                                              O n C ampus
Food Continued from page 1

happen in the real world, and because it’s
                                                                                                                                                                                   Innocence
more representative of what would happen
in the real world, we’re giving people more                                                                                                                                        Project
                                                                                                                                                                                   marks 10th
accurate results,” says Glass. “It’s a shorter
distance from the basic science to the appli-
cation in the real world. That’s where we
are. We’re that bridge.”
   That is a big reason why the GMA chose
UW-Madison lab to run the current E. coli
                                                                                                                                                                                   anniversary
study. Originally, GMA scientists had con-                                                                                                                                         By Stacy Forster
sidered doing the project in-house, but they                                                                                                                                       forster2@wisc.edu
quickly realized this wasn’t an option. “First
off, we don’t have a smoke house, and you                                                                                                                                          When Keith Findley and John Pray
can’t do pepperoni without one,” says Elena                                                                                                                                        founded the Wisconsin Innocence




                                                                                                                                                        Photo:	Wolfgang	Hoffmann
Enache, a GMA microbiologist who spent                                                                                                                                             Project, they weren’t sure it would even
the better part of two weeks in Madison                                                                                                                                            go anywhere.
this summer working elbow-to-elbow with                                                                                                                                               It was 1998, at the start of a national
Glass’s team. “At the FRI lab, we mimicked                                                                                                                                         movement to expose the mistakes that
the whole process. Everything was done like                                                                                                                                        can result in innocent people being sent
                                                  Kathy Glass, associate director of the Food Research Institute (FRI), runs the FRI’s Applied Food
in the pepperoni industry.”                                                                                                                                                        to prison.
                                                  Safety Lab. Here, she is asessing whether a group of emerging pathogenic E. coli strains can
   It also didn’t hurt that Glass ran the         survive the pepperoni-making process.                                                                                               “We wondered, would we have any
original E. coli O157:H7 safety study in                                                                                                                                           clients, will anybody come to us for
fermented meats in the early 1990s, and                                                                                                                                            assistance and will we be able to find any
that the FRI team subsequently developed             At present, the FRI has more than two-          terium that thrives in these products                                         innocent people?” recalls Findley. He and
the processing techniques that are still used     dozen dues-paying industry members that            at refrigerator-temperature.                                                  Pray are professors at the Law School.
today to kill O157:H7 in fermented meats.         help guide the institute’s research agenda,           “Now you can’t find a processed meat                                       “We quickly learned there is no shortage
   Glass claims she hasn’t had a single bor-      including Wisconsin’s Johnsonville                 product today that doesn’t have sodium lac-                                   of clients and no shortage of innocent
ing day over the years. She has worked with       Sausage, Jones Dairy Farm, Sargento                tate in it, and you can say that is because of a                              people if you just dig deep enough.”
a long list of companies, food products and       Foods and Schreiber Foods. But the insti-          combination of work between FRI and Oscar                                        The Wisconsin Innocence Project will
pathogenic bacteria, calling upon her FRI         tute is open to research projects proposed         Mayer,” says Larry Borchert, who was direc-                                   mark its first 10 years with a program
colleagues to help whenever it made sense.        by members and nonmembers alike. On                tor of central research and regulatory affairs                                and reception at 4 p.m. on Friday, Oct.
Most projects involve testing the safety of       more than one occasion, a project has              at Oscar Mayer from 1980 until his retire-                                    23, at the Law School.
new product formulations or re-evaluating         kept a business from failing. Some have            ment in 1996, and oversaw Oscar Mayer’s                                          In its first decade of working to free
products when new pathogens crop up. In           helped save lives.                                 role in the project.                                                          the wrongly convicted, the Wisconsin
recent years, Glass has been involved in a           In one particularly fruitful collabora-            While Glass is particularly proud of this                                  Innocence Project has freed 12 people
big push to discover natural antimicrobials       tion, the FRI collaborated with Oscar              project, it’s just one of many that have helped                               and played an important part in shak-
that can compensate for the salt — a natu-        Mayer to show that adding sodium lac-              her lab fulfill its mission over the years.                                   ing up the criminal justice system by
ral microbe-killer — that’s removed from          tate to processed meats was a safe way to             “We are here to help food companies make                                   highlighting the problem of wrongful
low-sodium processed meats. “We go where          prevent the growth of Clostridium botuli-          their food products safe for the consumer,”                                   convictions. Nationally, 244 people have
there’s the greatest need,” says Glass, “and      num, the bacterium that causes botulism,           says Glass. “We really do work together for a                                 been exonerated because of DNA evi-
that’s a shifting target all the time.”           and, more recently, Listeria, a deadly bac-        common goal, which is public health.”                                         dence.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Now, one of the project’s biggest chal-
                                                                                                                                                                                   lenges is the sheer number of requests
Graduate School Continued from page 1                                                                                                                                              it receives from inmates who want their
                                                                                                                                                                                   cases reviewed. About 400 inmates write
best organized for future success?”               protocol management by hundreds of pro-            the safety charges to the university.”                                        to the project each year looking for help,
   Although the most pressing issues con-         tocols. We had not marshaled the resources             Growing oversight requirements concern                                    says Findley.
cern grants management, compliance and            and manpower, and did not have a mecha-            Daryl Buss, dean of the School of Veterinary                                     The program has become an impor-
enforcement, DeLuca also wants the univer-        nism to get that done,” he says.                   Medicine. “The complexity of what goes                                        tant training ground for students, who
sity to have a stronger presence with research       DeLuca confronted considerable skepti-          on in the research enterprise has increased                                   are chosen to spend a year poring over
funders at foundations, industry and the          cism at some of the meetings.                      so dramatically, with so many different                                       case files, trial transcripts and police
federal government, and also in discussions          At a Science Hall meeting, David Turner,        elements, human subjects, animal care,                                        reports, talking to witnesses and prepar-
about future research regulation.                 an assistant professor of atmospheric and          compliance, safety,” Buss said. “We know                                      ing briefs.
   The proposal would create a new vice           oceanic sciences, commented, “I don’t think        that compliance requirements are not going                                       Findley says many students report
chancellor for research who would be              you have made the point why this is critical,      to decrease; effort reporting is just the most                                that their work on the project was the
responsible for such areas as compliance,         urgent.”                                           recent example. The complexity of a job that                                  most significant learning experience of
safety and protection of human subjects; the         In common with some others at the meet-         was given to the Graduate School many years                                   their law school careers. Students are
position would report to the provost and the      ing, Turner suggested focusing efforts on          ago is going beyond the ability of one indi-                                  trained in practical matters such as how
chancellor.                                       units where problems are arising. “Looking         vidual to monitor and provide advocacy.”                                      to develop relationships with clients and
   The dean of the Graduate School would          at the procedures and processes seems more             Although much of the discussion con-                                      present facts in a case, as well as bigger
continue to oversee graduate education and        reasonable than throwing them out and start-       cerned the university’s research mission,                                     lessons, such as how to be skeptical and
report to the provost. The many academic          ing anew,” Turner said.                            dividing the responsibilities should also                                     aggressively investigate every possibility.
centers now housed in the Graduate School            Several humanists also raised concerns.         benefit graduate education, Buss says. “This                                     Former students say the work they did
would be free to choose their most appropri-         Lyn Keller, professor of English, noted         complexity is one motivator for having sepa-                                  in the Wisconsin Innocence Project is
ate home.                                         that research issues were driving the reor-        rate advocacy for graduate education, lest                                    something they use in their legal careers
   The provost says that the complexity           ganization, and asked how funding for the          it fall under the radar screen because of the                                 every day.
involved in administering a research enter-       humanities would be protected within this          intensity of these research-related activities.                                  “I think it’s very important for an
prise as large as UW-Madison’s was shown          proposed structure. The fall competition           It’s important to have a high level of leader-                                attorney to pause to say, ‘Not everyone
in a pair of incidents during the past six        for Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation           ship and advocacy for the graduate program                                    arrested of a crime is guilty,’” says for-
months.                                           teaching grants would continue as before,          so it has equal administrative weight with the                                mer student Art Ettinger, now a public
   A threatened loss of accreditation             DeLuca responded.                                  research enterprise,” Buss said.                                              defender in Pittsburgh. “In my daily
through the Association for Assessment and           Other community members were more                   DeLuca is gathering input and is hoping                                   practice here I never assume my client
Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care           supportive.                                        to make a recommendation in time for a                                        committed a crime, let alone the crime
could have caused “a suspension of research          For example, Bruce Thomadsen, a pro-            decision to be made as early as possible next                                 they’re accused of.”
funding in all areas using animals,” DeLuca       fessor of medical physics and chair of the         spring.                                                                          In addition to work on individual
says. “Only by a last-ditch effort were we able   UW-Madison radiation safety committee,                 The Academic Staff Executive Committee                                    cases, the project has been part of other
to put into place needed facilities and pro-      agreed that serious problems need to be            and the University Committee have both                                        criminal justice reform efforts. The proj-
cesses to engender a successful review,” he       addressed. “I have seen over the decades that      appointed committees to look into the issue.                                  ect received a $647,000 federal grant
says. “That’s an example of not aligning our      resources for the radiation safety program             For more information on the topic, includ-                                this month to expand the state’s efforts to
resources to our needs.”                          have dwindled,” Thomadsen said. “Much of           ing videos of the town-hall meetings, visit                                   use DNA evidence to exonerate citizens
   The second concerned biosafety compli-         that is due to the current organization, and       http://www.news.wisc.edu/research-and-                                        who have been wrongly convicted.
ance, he says. “We were behind in biosafety       some major reorganization is needed to fulfill     graduate-ed/.

                                                                                                                                              	                                              october 21, 2009	            11
                                                                               o n c ampus
University Theatre explores obsessions, love in comedy, tragedy
By Gwen Evans                                      century and uses the mechanical tech-                                                                          “I’m thrilled to be working with the
gevans@wisc.edu                                    nology from the Victorian era of steam                                                                     new incoming graduate acting company
                                                   power in a mash-up of the modern.                                                                          and the wonderful guest artists,” says


C
          lass and politics, unhealthy obses-      The result is a fantastic and decadent                                                                     Saldivar. “The piece is a great example of
          sions and forbidden love are common      costume drama: big, powdered wigs                                                                          what happens when one’s passion is sub-
          themes explored in two produc-           from the 17th century now have                                                                             jugated by the demands or constraints of
tions being staged by University Theatre this      dreads; the maid wears a super-short                                                                       society. With Lorca, you can count on a
semester. Timeless and universal states of the     skirt with “killer high-heeled boots,”                                                                     story full of excitement and passion. We
human condition, right? Sure, but these two        says Boyette. “We stay true to Moliere,                                                                    can’t imagine a better way to welcome a
plays are miles apart in tone, mood and out-       but link it to the contemporary.”                                                                          new crop of actors to UW-Madison.”
comes. “The Imaginary Invalid” by Moliere             “The Imaginary Invalid” was                                                                                 Lighting will play a big role in the
is a lively comedic romp from 1673; “Blood         Moliere’s last work. On stage playing                                                                      production. MFA lighting designer Katie
Wedding” is a tragedy written by Spanish           the role of the hypochondriac Argan,                                                                       Kudrick creates different environments
dramatist and poet Frederico Garcia Lorca in       he famously coughed up blood during                                                                        on blank canvasses. The minimal set
1932. Try to guess which play has a happy          a performance, collapsing and dying                                                                        is a high-gloss floor and the canvasses,
ending.                                            later that evening, without the atten-                                                                     so there is little to distract from Lorca’s
   Undoubtedly, we all know someone a little       tion of a doctor or the comfort and                                                                        poetry.
bit like Argan, who gives “The Imaginary           ministrations of a priest. His death was                                                                       Like Moliere, Lorca had an unhappy
Invalid” its title. Argan is a miser who           a bitter irony given the play’s subject of                                                                 death. It is believed he was executed by
imagines himself afflicted with all types of       imaginary illness.                                                                                         the Nationalist forces at the beginning
illnesses. His life is spent consulting doctors       Performance dates for “The                                                                              of the Spanish Civil War in August 1936
who encourage his delusion (it’s good for          Imaginary Invalid” are Oct. 23, 24, 29,                                                                    and buried in a mass grave; one of the




                                                                                                                                                                                  Photo	Courtesy	University	Theatre
their business) and following doctors’ orders.     30, 31 and Nov. 5-7 at 7:30 p.m.; and                                                                      many who “disappeared.” The complete
   But medical attention is expensive. Argan       Nov. 1 at 2 p.m. A pre-performance                                                                         circumstances of his death remain a
wants his daughter to marry a doctor so he         lecture will take place Oct. 29, 6:30                                                                      mystery.
can get free medical care, even though she is      p.m.; a post-performance discussion                                                                            Performance dates are Nov. 13,
in love with another. Add to this mix of char-     will take place Nov. 5.                                                                                    14, 19-21 and Dec. 3-5 at 7:30 p.m.;
acters and familial structure sensible servants,      The title “Blood Wedding” should          Charlie Bauer as Argan and Jon Hause as De Bonnefoi in the    and Nov. 22 at 2 p.m. A pre-perfor-
icky suitors, a greedy stepmother, disguises       tip you off that this is not a frothy rom- University Theatre’s production of “The Imaginary Invalid.”     mance lecture is planned for Nov. 19,
and a faked death that reveals true love and       com. The play tackles the passion and        The production runs Oct. 23-Nov. 7.                           6:30 p.m. A post-performance discussion
loyalty.                                           anguish of forbidden love wrapped in a                                                                     will take place Dec. 3.
   The play is directed by Patricia Boyette,       white-hot feud between families. Dark,                  The production is directed by Norma                   “The Imaginary Invalid” is in the
professor of acting at UW-Madison. Boyette         brooding and full of poetry and symbolism,           Saldivar, professor of directing. The cast       Mitchell Theatre; “Blood Wedding” is in the
has cast 11 undergraduate students; most are       “Blood Wedding” chronicles a tragic couple           includes 10 brand-new MFA acting students,       Hemsley Theatre. Both theaters are in Vilas
theater majors. “We haven’t done Moliere in        as they confront social expectations in their        who are joined by Susan Sweeney, University      Hall. Tickets to both productions are avail-
ages. He is still a premiere writer of comedy      desire to live and love.                             Theatre professor of voice. The play also fea-   able at the Union Theater Box Office during
and one of the best ever,” says Boyette. “His         Lorca is known as a poet as well as a play-       tures original music composed by guest music regular box office hours or at http://www.
archetypes are still recognizable today.”          wright and the language in “Blood Wedding”           director Joe Cerqua, fight choreography by       uniontheater.wisc.edu/.
   Boyette’s production adopts the steampunk       is front and center. The translation by Lillian      David Daniels, and dance and flamenco from
style, setting the play during the turn of the     Groag retains Lorca’s potency and lyricism.          the Dance Program’s Chris Walker.


Digital reading technology makes UW-Madison classroom debut
By Kiera Wiatrak                                                                                                            which was first developed at MIT. Rather                But Suri’s class, as will Cronon’s, gets access
wiatrak@wisc.edu                                                                                                            than illuminating the screen like a computer,       to the Kindle’s economical library free of cost.
                                                                                                                            which can strain your eyes, the Vizplex screen      With the Kindles lent for no charge and the
Alongside music, television and the news                                                                                    combines several shades of gray to make each        course texts already uploaded, students are
media, books are surging into the new tech-                                                                                 digital page appear similar to the paper page       free to download as much as they want and
nology era with digital-reading devices.                                                                                    of a book.                                          transfer their files onto their personal com-
   The UW-Madison Libraries system was                                                                                         “The Kindle itself is really light and pretty    puters when the semester is over.
quick to get on board with the latest in elec-                                                                              easy to read since the screen is more like              It’s only a few weeks into the semester and
tronic reading.                                                                                                             an Etch A Sketch than a laptop,” says Jenna         Suri already sees that introducing the Kindle
   “The cost and convenience factor is really                                                                               Hindi, another student in the class.                into the classroom has enhanced the course.
significant,” says Libraries director Ken                                                                                      However, Frazier points out that there is            “We read classical wisdom and classi-
Frazier. “There’s an enormous amount of                                                                                     still room for improvement. “I’m disappointed       cal thoughts from 2,500 years ago or more,
content and book titles that are becoming                                                                                   that the Kindle DX is not accessible to the         and we think about how those ideas can be
available.”                                                                                                                 blind,” he says.                                    relevant and useful for the world we live in
   Frazier says the library has been monitoring                                                                                Suri gave his 20 students the option of bor-     today,” he says. “Doing this on the Kindle
the wireless technology since it first emerged,                                                                             rowing the Kindle or buying the paper copies        makes us very conscious of the potential for
but when Amazon introduced its new Kindle                                                                                   of the eight required texts, including Leo          using classical wisdom in a more technologi-
DX in May, Frazier knew it was time to take                                                                                 Tolstoy’s 1,200-page “War and Peace.”               cally advanced environment.”
                                                                                                      Photo:	Jeff	Miller	




paperless reading into the classrooms.                                                                                         While some students opted to also buy                Although Suri and his students’
   History professors Jeremi Suri and William                                                                               some of the texts, all 20 of his students           experience with the Kindle has been over-
Cronon were enthusiastic about the tech-           Undergraduate Allison Neumann refers to                                  accepted the Kindle, recognizing its cost-          whelmingly positive, Frazier points out
nology and willing to bring it into their          the Kindle DX during a class discussion in                               saving and environmental benefits.                  they’re always on the lookout for newer
classrooms for a trial run to assess what place    Professor Jeremi Suri’s upper-level history                                 “Providing more access at a less-expensive,      digital-reading technology.
                                                   seminar.
digital-reading devices might have in the uni-                                                                              [less] ecologically damaging rate to students           “We have no commitment to this device,”
versity’s future.                                                                                                           is the direction we need to be moving as we         he says. “The future of this depends on what
   The UW-Madison Libraries purchased 20           PDF files, so professors can assign articles and                         think about teaching,” Suri says.                   we learn. This is really about everybody learn-
Kindles last summer with $10,000 from the          digital excerpts from books without forcing                                 Of the 17 students surveyed before the           ing and it seems very likely that we’re going
Parents Fund and distributed them to the 20        students to print hundreds of pages or strain                            course, 14 said they typically spend $200 or        to see better and cheaper electronic-reading
students in Suri’s upper-level history seminar     their eyes reading on their computers.                                   more on their course books each semester.           devices.”
“The Past and Future of Grand Strategy.”              “I’m no fan of reading 60- to 75-page PDFs                            Four of them reported spending $500 or                  But Frazier has no doubts that there will be
   The Kindles will be collected at the end of     sitting stiffly in front of a computer,” says                            more.                                               a future in electronic reading.
the semester and re-distributed in spring to       Sarah Mittermaier, one of Suri’s students.                                  While the Kindle DX costs nearly $500,               “I think that this is a breakthrough technol-
Cronon’s environmental history students.           “Curling up in a comfy chair with a Kindle is                            that’s a one-time cost, and it usually costs less   ogy now,” he says. “I don’t know what the
   The Kindle DX was particularly attractive       painless.”                                                               than $10 to upload a book, not to mention           tipping point will be, but I can’t imagine that
to the UW-Madison Libraries because of its            The Kindle DX, the largest available digital-                         the thousands of cost-free uploads available in     it isn’t going to happen. There are just too
9.7-inch screen and its ability to download        reading device, features a Vizplex screen,                               the public domain collection.                       many advantages.”



12	     Wisconsin Week

				
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