Page 4 Page 7 Page 9
Street markets Microbes Opera brings
are his laboratory as the solution Massenet to life
http://www.news.wisc.edu/wisweek October 21, 2009
A century of song Graduate School
By Dave Tenenbaum
In her first year, one of the primary con-
cerns that Chancellor Biddy Martin heard
from faculty and staff was the inadequa-
cies of the research organization and
These concerns reflected the tre-
mendous growth in magnitude and
complexity of the research enterprise
nationally, as well as the frustration fac-
ulty experienced in applying for and
conducting peer-reviewed research.
As a result, a proposed reorganiza-
tion of the Graduate School designed to
Photo: Bryce Richter
address shortfalls in the infrastructure of
the university’s research environment is
the focus of a series of town-hall meetings
Fans watch a halftime show featuring the marching band performing youtube.com/user/uwmadison. All videos will be entered in a contest,
variations of “On, Wisconsin!” to celebrate the 100-year anniversary with prizes awarded in the categories of largest group performance, per- Provost Paul DeLuca says that the
of the song during the Wisconsin-Iowa game on Oct. 17 at Camp formance farthest from Madison, most creative performance and best reorganization would help provide the
Randall Stadium. The university is honoring the song’s anniversary overall performance. For more on the contest, visit http://onwisconsin. university’s research enterprise more effort
with a contest in which Badger fans can film their performances of wisc.edu. For a slide show with more photos from the football game and
the song — through singing, playing instruments, dancing or any Homecoming celebration, visit http://www.news.wisc.edu/slideshows/
in preaward, compliance, large projects,
other method — then upload the videos to YouTube at http://www. OnWisconsin_100/. industrial contracting and management of
Additionally, DeLuca says the proposal
would provide research leadership at
Wisconsin Idea the highest organizational levels of the
university and establish a consultative
Working with companies to safeguard foods presence in Washington at agencies such
as the Department of Energy, the National
Science Foundation and the National
By Nicole Miller gerous strain of E. coli, known to scientists tute has nine core investigators who are Institutes of Health.
email@example.com as O157:H7, contaminated hamburgers dedicated to understanding and solving “To accomplish all of this and leave the
sold by the Jack in the Box chain, killing problems related to microbial foodborne organizational structure of the Graduate
his past summer, Kathy Glass and four people and sickening more than 700. pathogens and toxins. Originally founded School the same is not easily possible,”
her team made batches of pepperoni Glass and other scientists have been at the University of Chicago in 1946, the DeLuca says.
in her laboratory-cum-kitchen in the able to come up with ways to prevent institute has been at UW-Madison for the The provost has explained the concept
Microbial Sciences Building. But it would contamination from the 0157 strain in past 43 years. at four campus meetings and will make
have been a very bad idea to put her handi- meat processing. But in recent years, other, Among the institute’s labs, Glass’s is a final town-hall presentation from1-2
work on top of a pizza. Stuffed into each less-familiar types of E. coli have emerged. unique. Crammed with pilot-scale food p.m. on Friday, Oct. 23, in 3650 Mosse
casing, along with pork and spices, were Public-health officials believe that these processing equipment — from milk pas- Humanities Building. Martin is scheduled
E. coli bacteria, the kind that make people strains may account for 20 to 30 percent of teurizers and cheese-making vats to meat to attend.
sick — and sometimes die. all E. coli contamination cases nationwide. slicers and shrink-wrapping equipment Over the decades, DeLuca says,
Glass manages the UW-Madison Food Naturally, the meat industry is con- — it is a place where food companies research administrative duties and
Research Institute’s Applied Food Safety cerned, and that’s why Glass is preparing come to get help dealing with specific responsibilities have gradually grown
Laboratory, where it’s common practice bad meats. The Grocery Manufacturers contamination problems. The FRI is one in the Graduate School, but available
to add dangerous bacteria and fungi to all Association (GMA), which represents of few academic institutions in the nation resources are not sufficient to meet the
sorts of processed foods. When her team hundreds of food, beverage and consumer to help businesses in this way, says Glass. increasing complexity of reporting and
is not lacing pepperoni with E. coli, they products companies across the nation, has The results of the current E. coli study, compliance requirements.
make contaminated cheeses and other deli funded Glass’ project to study the emerging for instance, will be distributed widely In proposing a fundamental organiza-
meats, all in the name of protecting human strains to assess how they fare under differ- throughout the meat industry, including the tional change at UW-Madison, DeLuca
health. The tainted foods help Glass study ent food-preparation conditions. state of Wisconsin, which is home to 488 describes his goal as fixing a now-broken
how foodborne pathogens spread through “This is a pre-emptive strike,” says Glass. meat processors and one of the largest pro- organizational chart.
the nation’s food system and search for “We want to find out if all of these new ducers of pepperoni in the nation. Although UW-Madison has a pre-emi-
ways to stop them. types of E. coli act the same way as the The food-processing equipment allows nent record in both graduate education
One needs only to look at the headlines O157 strain. If so, or if they are more sensi- Glass to make a wide variety of processed and research, a structure that evolved
to understand the importance of that quest. tive to processing, then we’re OK. But if meats and cheeses just as the food industry over decades is no longer suited to today’s
Foodborne illnesses sicken approximately we find out that these strains end up being would. Except for the nasty microbes they reality, he says.
76 million people in the United States more resistant to heating, that means we’ve contain, the lab’s products are indistin- “In chemical, biological and radiation
each year, and kill about 5,000. The E. coli got a lot of work to do [to figure out how to guishable from comparable items available safety, in animal use, in getting grants
bacterium, while not one of the top offend- kill them].” on grocery store shelves. submitted, it’s gotten to be quite a chal-
ers, is particularly deadly; just a few stray Glass has been in charge of the Applied “We’re able to make foods with con- lenge,” DeLuca says. “My question is,
cells can kill. One of the worst incidents Food Safety Lab since joining the Food tamination that mimic what might how is research and graduate education
occurred in 1993, when a particularly dan- Research Institute (FRI) in 1985. The insti- Food, continues on page 11 Graduate School, continues on page 11
Short Cuts N ews in B rief
To report news
Campus mail: 28 Bascom Hall Martin names interim CALS dean
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Irwin Goldman, vice dean and associ-
ate dean for research in the College of
To publicize events
Wisconsin Week lists events sponsored
Agricultural and Life Sciences, has been
by campus units. We must receive your named the college’s interim dean by
listing at least 10 days before you want Chancellor Biddy Martin.
it published. The next publication dates “Irwin has the respect of his peers and a
are Nov. 4, Nov. 18 and Dec. 9. thorough knowledge of the college’s people,
Campus mail: 28 Bascom Hall projects and agenda,” Martin says. “He is a
E-mail: email@example.com skilled leader with the background needed
http://www.today.wisc.edu/submit/ to sustain the college’s mission.”
Goldman assumes the post on Monday,
To find out more
n Campus Arts Tickets 265-ARTS (2787) Nov. 9, when CALS Dean Molly Jahn begins
her new appointment as deputy undersec-
n Arts Information www.arts.wisc.edu
retary of research, education and economics
at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (see
www.uniontheater.wisc.edu Page 5 for the story). Martin granted Jahn
n Film Hotline 262-6333 a one-year leave from her duties as dean to
n Concert Line 263-9485 accept the post.
n Chazen Museum of Art 263-2246 Goldman has been on the UW-Madison
faculty since 1992, when he joined the
n TITU http://www.union.wisc.edu/
Department of Horticulture.
Daily news on the Web “While working in my current admin-
Bookmark this site for regular campus news istrative position, I have had the chance Recent Sightings by Jeff Miller: Autumnal carpet
updates from University Communications: to represent the college’s interests — to, A fallen leaf and acorns cover the ground under an oak tree on Bascom Hill.
nhttp://www.news.wisc.edu/ as Molly often says, advocate with and for
us — out in the larger community,” says
Calendar on the Web Goldman. “I consider these core elements of has been in the forefront of this movement n What kinds of experiments and innova-
Bookmark this site for continually the dean’s role, and ones that I will continue
updated campus event listings:
through its participation in the Collegiate tions are now under way in the worlds of
and deepen in the coming year.” Licensing Consortium (CLC) and the private voluntary codes and audits, national-
n http://www.today.wisc.edu/ His research examines the intersection of Workers’ Rights Consortium. level regulation and global rule-making?
plant breeding, plant genetics and human To advance university efforts and pro- n What are the results of these different
Weekly news by e-mail
health, to improve crops for health and vide a forum for discussion of these topics, initiatives for wages, working conditions
Sign up for a weekly digest of campus news,
with links to more: nutrition. He chaired the plant breeding and the university will hold a one-day forum and rights of association, as well as for more
n http://www.news.wisc.edu/wisweek/ plant genetics graduate program from 2002- called “Improving Labor Standards in conventional measures of firm performance?
aboutwire.html 05. From 2004-06, Goldman served in Global Supply Chains: Codes of Conduct, n Are there alternative ways of regulating
several interim roles as assistant dean, asso- Monitoring and Beyond.” labor standards in global supply chains that
Delivery problems? ciate dean and executive associate dean, and The session, open to the public, will be might plausibly achieve greater success than
Not getting Wisconsin Week on time was named as associate dean for research
or at all? Check with your building manager
held from 9:15 a.m.-3:30 p.m. on Friday, current efforts?
and vice dean in 2006. In that role, he was Nov. 6, in the Capital Conference Room, Register for free by Thursday, Oct. 29, at
or departmental mail coordinator to get
heavily involved with the 2007 launch of 5120AB of Grainger Hall. http://wage.wisc.edu/events/signup/. Box
the problem fixed. Call 262-3846 to get
the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, The event is sponsored by the Center lunches will be provided for those who reg-
the paper you missed.
a $130 million center funded by the federal for World Affairs and the Global Economy ister early on a first-come, first-served basis.
government. (WAGE) and the UW-Madison Labor For more information about WAGE or
Ray Guries, a professor of forest and wild- Licensing Policy Committee, an advisory the Labor Licensing Policy Committee, visit
life ecology, will serve as CALS interim vice panel to Chancellor Biddy Martin. Martin is http://wage.wisc.edu/ or http://www.news.
dean and associate dean for research. also expected to attend. wisc.edu/laborlicensing/.
Workshop to explore global labor standards The one-day workshop will bring together
Research expenditures jump,
During the past decade, efforts to improve leading academic researchers and policy
UW-Madison retains top ranking
labor standards in global supply chains have practitioners to review current approaches
to improving labor standards in global According to statistics compiled by the
focused on encouraging retailers and manu- National Science Foundation (NSF),
facturing firms to adopt private voluntary supply chains, with particular reference to
collegiate licensed apparel. UW-Madison is the nation’s third largest
codes of conduct monitored by professional research university as measured by dollars
auditors and nongovernmental organiza- The workshop’s goals are to enrich public
spent on research.
tions. understanding of these issues and to lay the
groundwork for an informed debate about The most recent NSF ranking show
wisconsin week These codes are widely considered to
alternative approaches to supply chain gov- UW-Madison lagging only Johns Hopkins
have had a beneficial but limited impact in University and the University of California
Vol. XXIV, No. 5, Oct. 21, 2009 ernance and collegiate labor licensing policy.
achieving the desired objectives of improv- at San Francisco, with research expenditures
Wisconsin Week, the official newspaper of record
ing wages, working conditions and rights Key questions to be explored in the work-
for the University of Wisconsin-Madison, carries
shop include: for fiscal 2008 (the most recent available fig-
legally required notices for faculty and staff. of association for workers. UW-Madison ures) totaling $882 million, a jump of $41
Wisconsin Week (ISSN 890-9652;
USPS 810-020) is published by University
Communications biweekly when classes are in
session (17 issues a year). Send information to
28 Bascom Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive, Madison, WI
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Wisconsin Week, you may change the address by
correcting the label and mailing it to Wisconsin Week, in this week’s photo quiz. Pictured was
27 Bascom Hall, 500 Lincoln Drive, Madison, WI pigmented concrete making the arching
53706. columns surrounding a seating area in the
Editor: Ellen Page outdoor sculpture titled “Basis” that sits
Designer: Jeffrey Jerred outside Ogg residence hall. Better luck
Editorial advisers: Dennis Chaptman next time!
Photos: Bryce Richter
Photographers: Jeff Miller
Circulation: Susannah Brooks If you think you know what the image above shows, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. A randomly
Distribution: UW-Madison Truck Service selected winner who submits a correct answer by Friday, Oct. 30, will receive a mug with the
Publication dates: Nov. 4, Nov. 18, Dec. 9 university’s logo.
2 Wisconsin Week
N ews in B rief Almanac Qu
Ask Bucky is an e-mail
million over fiscal 2007 expenditures. K
and live chat service BUCK
Other than Johns Hopkins, UW-Madison provided by Visitor & LIVE CHAT • EMAIL
is the only institution, public or private, that Information Programs.
has ranked among the top five research uni- For more information, call 263-2400,
versities for each of the past 20 years. stop by the Campus Information Center
The NSF ranking reflects funding from in the Red Gym or the Welcome Center
all sources: federal, state and private. Of the at 21 N. Park St., or visit us online anytime
$882 million spent by UW-Madison in fis- at http://www.vip.wisc.edu. Below are
cal 2008, $474 million came from federal two recent questions Ask Bucky received.
sources, placing UW-Madison second on the Q: I love the wonderful food options Madison
list of federally funded research expendi- offers! Are there any upcoming dining events
tures at public universities. I might be interested in?
A: Madison Magazine and madisontravel.
Financial security center receives com will be holding their eighth annual
Social Security Administration award Madison Food and Wine show during the
The UW-Madison Center for Financial weekend of Oct. 23.
Security has received first-year funding of The event showcases the best of food
Photo: Jeff Miller
$1.48 million to participate in the Social and wine from Wisconsin. In addition to food
Security Administration’s new Financial and wine sampling, the event also includes
Literacy Research Consortium (FLRC). chef demonstrations and the Dueling Chef
Participants brainstorm ideas about what it means to be inclusive on campus during a Diversity Competition.
As a member of the FLRC, the Center for
Forum roundtable discussion held in the Memorial Union’s Tripp Commons on Oct. 8. Pictured Tickets are on sale either online or at the
Financial Security will participate in con- talking is Melba Jesudason. The theme of this year’s daylong forum was “Seeding Inclusive door for both one-day and weekend passes.
ducting and disseminating applied research Excellence.” All samplings, demonstrations and a com-
on financial literacy and consumer behavior plimentary wine glass are included with the
with a focus on savings, borrowing and purchase of a ticket.
spending of special populations. Special people know how much of a big deal this Coming up on the Big Ten Network For more information, visit http://www.
interests of the research include financial year is,” DeWitt says. Here’s a look at what’s ahead in madisonfoodandwineshow.com/2009.
issues for families in transition and people UW-Madison programming on the Big Ten
Continuing Studies holds open house Q: My family loves Halloween and we enjoy
with disabilities and their caregivers; finan- Network. the charm of downtown Madison. What’s a
cial decision-making by the elderly; financial The Division of Continuing Studies has Monday, Oct. 26 good way to experience both this year?
knowledge among vulnerable populations; moved to a new location and is holding n 9 a.m.: “Office Hours,” featuring politi- A: For the first time, Downtown Madison Inc.
and the role of education, counseling and an open house to celebrate. cal science professor Charles Franklin and and the Business Improvement District will
coaching in overcoming financial literacy The event will be held from 12:30- population health sciences professor Tom host a family downtown trick or treat. This is
deficits. This research is expected to have 2:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 27, on the Oliver on health care reform. a free event on Friday, Oct. 30 for families
implications for consumer behavior, public seventh floor of 21 N. Park St. Visitors can n 9:30 a.m.: “5-Minute Lectures.” Topics with children 12 and under.
policy and financial-planning professionals, tour the new space and participate in a draw- are geostrophic paradox, theater for cultural Downtown businesses will hand out candy
increasing understanding of how to bet- ing for a Continuing Studies course. There awareness, magic of moving magnets, and to children in costume during daylight hours
also will be refreshments and giveaways. so families can enjoy Halloween while down-
ter prepare for retirement and to increase Aldo Leopold and climate change.
town in a safe, hometown manner. The list
security over economic cycles and through MathBio looks at ‘best picture’ n 3 p.m. “Office Hours,” featuring
of participating businesses is available at
personal financial shocks. If 2008’s inaugural MathBio Symposium University Health Services director Sarah http://www.visitdowntownmadison.com/
The FLRC-supported research will was a big-picture look at collaboration, the Van Orman and pathobiological sciences events/index.php.
include projects requiring extensive quan- focus of this year’s symposium is on the best professor Chris Olsen on the truths and In conjunction with the trick-or-treat,
titative data analysis, as well as those picture. myths behind H1N1. Madison Children’s Museum will host
gathering data through qualitative inter- MathBio 2: Image, hosted by the n 3:30 p.m. “Wisconsin Reflections.” Beakers and Broomsticks, a spooky night at
views and focus groups. Funded projects Now a local businessperson, former Badger the museum featuring wacky experiments
Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery and the
will define and identify forms of financial wide receiver and NFL star Al Toon is inter- with mad scientists, costumed creatures and
Graduate School on Nov. 19 and 20 at the
literacy during the life course and among viewed. delicious treats.
Fluno Center, will highlight the need for This event will be held from 5:30-8 p.m.
low-income and other specific populations. interdisciplinary collaborative efforts to Tuesday, Oct. 27
Tickets are just $12 each or $40 for a family
This research will also explore “teachable better understand, analyze, visualize and n 3 a.m.: “In My Humble Opinion
four-pack. For more information, or to order
moments,” times that motivate a change in disseminate biological imaging data. (IMHO).” Five student panelists discuss stu-
tickets, visit http://www.madisonchildrens
financial behavior, and identify potential Leading the list of keynote speakers is dent social lives. museum.org or call 268-1231.
financial education strategies for targeted John Anderson, a senior scientist at Pixar n 3:30 a.m.: “Wisconsin Reflections.”
populations. Wisconsin alum Aaron Kennedy, founder, Alumnus documents master’s project
Animation Studios and former UW-Madison
president and CEO of Noodles and Co. with Wendt Gallery exhibit
German Club to build, tear down ‘Wall’ atmospheric and oceanic science professor.
Friday, Oct. 30 In May 2006 College of Engineering alum
To celebrate the 20th anniversary of the Anderson, who founded the university’s
n 8 a.m.: “Walk Wisconsin.” Steve Preston saw months of collaboration,
tearing down of the Berlin Wall, the German Computational Sciences Program, has
n 2 p.m. “Wisconsin Reflections.” CBS calculation and hard work come to fruition in
Club will take it down again. applied his expertise in fluid dynamics a temporary installation of giant, intertwined
to create special effects and animation for News senior political correspondent and
For the fourth year in a row, the German paper-tube arches on Engineering Mall.
films, and will discuss image visualization alumnus Jeff Greenfield.
Club will build a cardboard wall on Library He documented the project — his master’s
and analysis and how these approaches Saturday, Oct. 31
Mall and invite passersby to graffiti mes- research — and a selection of the photos will
including visual abstraction can be applied n 2 a.m.: “Wisconsin Reflections.” CBS be on display in an exhibit titled “Portals to
sages on the wall and, at the end of the day, News senior political correspondent and
in scientific imaging. an Architecture: A Retrospective Photo Exhibit
help the club tear it down. alumnus Jeff Greenfield.
Panels and presentations are structured to Documenting the Creation of a Sculpture on
This year, the wall will be bigger and bet- Monday, Nov. 2
maximize the potential for fruitful cross-dis- Engineering Mall” at the Wendt Gallery until
ter. With funds from the German embassy, n 9 a.m.: “Wisconsin Reflections.” CBS Dec. 31.
the club will build two 30-foot-long walls ciplinary discussion by inviting contributions
from audience members and avoiding dips News senior political correspondent and
that are 8 feet high out of cardboard and German architect to speak
into jargon and minutia familiar only to alumnus Jeff Greenfield is interviewed.
wooden supports on Friday, Oct 23. German architect Meinhard Hansen, an
experts in a single field. n 3 p.m.: “Office Hours.” Political sci-
Club members will stand by the wall expert in smart technology involving passive
Maryellen L. Giger, a University of ence professor Andrew Kydd discusses Iran
between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. to lend spray energy design and low-energy construction,
Chicago radiology professor and a leader policy. will discuss those techniques in a presenta-
paint for the campus to leave their mark n 3:30 p.m.: “Wisconsin Idea.” Magazine-
in computer-aided diagnosis, and Robert F . tion on Wednesday, Oct. 28.
and to hand out items the embassy donated, style special features different programs at
Murphy, a computational biology profes- The event, at 7 p.m. in the Ebling
such as water bottles, back packs and pens UW-Madison that highlight the Wisconsin
sor at Carnegie Mellon University and a Symposium Room at the Microbial Sciences
with the logo “Freedom Without Walls.” Idea. Building, is free and open to the public.
There will also be banners and historical renowned expert in cell image analysis, are
Tuesday, Nov. 3 Hansen, from Madison’s sister city
displays near the wall. the other keynote speakers in a schedule
n 1 a.m.: “Office Hours.” University Freiburg, Germany, will discuss how some
At 4 p.m. on Oct. 23, the German Club that includes a number of UW-Madison life
Health Services director Sarah Van Orman buildings in sustainable neighborhoods there
and any other interested parties will tear and physical science faculty and members of have saved up to 90 percent of their energy
the Center for Humanities and the for Visual and pathobiological sciences professor Chris
down the wall with fake sledgehammers. costs.
Culture Center. Olsen discuss the truths and myths behind
The club will contact local high school The talk is co-sponsored by the Center for
Further information is available at http:// H1N1.
German clubs and invite them to the event European Studies, the Morgridge Center for
www.WiscMathBio.org or http://www. n 1:30 a.m.: “IMHO.” Panelists discuss Public Service, the Department of German,
“not only to get the word out about German student volunteering.
discovery.edu. the Madison-Freiburg Sister City Committee
Club for future students, but also just to let
and Facilities, Planning and Management.
october 21, 2009 3
f aculty and s taff
Street markets are this professor’s laboratory
By Jenny Price
This column features the We Conserve lfonso Morales didn’t
program and its work on campus. Learn sit in a library to do
more at http://www.conserve.wisc.edu. research for his gradu-
At one time or another, chances are that Instead, he worked as a
most of us have had to deal with the vendor in Chicago’s famed
guilt of throwing away something we Maxwell Street Market, where
know to be recyclable. he saw firsthand that public
This often occurs despite our best markets serve as fertile ground
intentions, as when we finish that bottle for entrepreneurs and new
of juice and proudly march toward the businesses, gathering places
nearest waste receptacle to perform our for communities and an entry
small act of environmentalism, a lone point into the economy and
trash can is all that greets us. society for new arrivals to the
After a brief internal struggle over United States.
whether to lug the bottle around until “Markets are living laborato-
a recycling bin is finally found, most ries,” says Morales, an assistant
people will simply sigh and send the professor in the Department of
beverage container off to spend an eter- Urban and Regional Planning
nity in the landfill. whose work analyzes the
Photo: Bryce Richter
Fortunately, soon these small struggles social, political and economic
of conscience will be a thing of the past. processes that produce street-
Some UW-Madison groups are partner- level businesses.
ing to improve the scope and efficiency From 1989-92, Morales Alfonso Morales, assistant professor in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, talks with a vendor at the
of campus recycling efforts. sold used items (donated by Dane County Farmers’ Market on the Capitol Square on Oct. 17. Morales focuses his research on analyzing the
Last year, Physical Plant and the stu- professors and fellow graduate social, political and economic processes that produce street-level businesses.
dent group REthink Wisconsin began students) and new bathroom
sorting trash in a few strategic locations accessories with a business 237 markets in 128 cities at the time. “in some jurisdictions creating a market is
around campus and discovered that partner. The experience was the foundation “We measure what we care about, and so impossible, they’re not allowed.” Many cit-
about 30 percent of waste being col- of his work as he earned a master’s degree at part of it is a question of measurement. The ies don’t want public markets because they
lected as trash was actually recyclable. the University of Chicago — where he was a federal government collects statistics of all believe the cost of running them will be
To remedy this problem, a program student of famed sociologists James Coleman sorts … but rarely are these activities enu- greater than the benefits they provide, but
was pioneered by the university’s We and William Julius Wilson — and a Ph.D. merated,” he says. “This is an economically his experience at Maxwell Street showed
Conserve initiative at the Atmospheric, at Northwestern University under the direc- active population aiming for mobility or at him people don’t always need government
Oceanic and Space Sciences building, in tion of Art Stinchcombe. His connection to least to make ends meet … we should har- involvement to tell them how to organize
which recycling stations accepting glass, Maxwell Street continues to form his research ness their entrepreneurial energy.” themselves.
plastic, aluminum and mixed paper and scholarship today. Morales also argues local governments “This was a 1,000-vendor flea market and
were placed next to trash cans in all of “I still write about and communicate with should make it easier for markets to take every Sunday these various ethnic groups —
the common areas. people who I worked with at the market,” he hold because of the benefits they provide, black, white and brown — got together and
The result of this program was an says. “Now, 20 years later, it’s amazing.” including tools for community development allocated vending space to each other with
estimated 30 percent increase in the Now, with the United States and the rest and employment. When he studied Maxwell basically no fuss,” he says.
amount of recyclables being collected. of the world in recession, Morales says there’s Street, it was surprising how much money Public markets have few barriers to entry,
Such success has led to a desire for more anecdotal evidence that more people are could be made at the market. making business experimentation possible,
stations, and We Conserve is currently flocking to garage sales, flea markets and “Some merchants made $800 or $900 in a and the ease of building a business is par-
in the process of expanding the program swap meets — either as buyers or sellers — single day, $1,000, and this was their occupa- ticularly important for people with limited
to include other buildings. to obtain goods at lower prices or to earn tion,” he says. “Their children were in private resources as well as new immigrants in cities.
However, office and classroom build- alternative income. schools. They were purchasing buildings.’’ “Markets are a familiar place, a sort of
ings aren’t the only places where things “People don’t grow up and go to college Morales has edited a book on street mar- socioeconomic interface, where people can
are changing. The Wisconsin Union and say ‘I want to be a street vendor,’ but in kets around the world and also hosts a Web incorporate themselves into their new sur-
Food Services department recently made the face of serious problems, people think page (http://openair.org) for academic work roundings,” he says.
the transition to recyclable plastic cups creatively and they find solutions,” Morales connected to public markets and street ven- Street markets have served as incubators
and has placed recycle bins next to all of says. “Selling in a market is a solution, dors, though he says contributors have also for major business ventures, launching TV
the trash cans. whether you’re a garage sale guy supple- been known to post photos of their favorite pitchman Ron Popeil and clothing corpora-
Because the Union goes through more menting your unemployment check or the markets. More recently, Morales has focused tion Phillips-Van Heusen. And sometimes,
than 500,000 cups each year, the change one income that’s coming into your house- attention on how public markets can serve they even serve as a catalyst for revolution, as
allows a tremendous amount of plastic hold, or whether you find a way to make a public health. Faneuil Hall did in Boston, Morales says.
to be diverted from the trash stream. living at it, which people do.” “There are examples of street vendors “A public market that is basically one of
Finally, We Conserve has begun In many ways, markets are a hidden part selling healthy food in some places around the cradles of the revolution. … it’s hard
reaching out to tailgaters before Badger of the economy, though that wasn’t always the country and providing it in places that not to get kind of excited and say ‘wow,’” he
football games in an effort to make recy- the case, Morales says. Up until 1940, “ped- have little access to healthy food, places that says. “These are day-to-day activities that
cling their waste easier. dler” was a Census occupation category and people call food deserts,” he says. people hardly pay attention to and yet they
Although the initiative is currently in 1920 there was an official count of all of Rural and urban markets are emerging or fulfill such great promise in so many different
concentrating on Lot 60, eventual the public markets in the country; there were being rehabilitated all over the country, but ways.”
expansion is anticipated as a result of its
To find out more about We Conserve
and the ways the campuswide initiative
Medicine professor earns national honor for advocacy work
is making an environmental difference, Michael Fiore, a professor of medicine, is duced both the original U.S. Public Health UW-Madison in the international spotlight as
visit http://www.conserve.wisc.edu. one of two physicians in the nation to Service (PHS) Clinical Practice Guideline: an incomparable resource in the fight against
receive the 2009 Physician Advocacy Merit Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence, in tobacco,” says Robert Golden, dean of the
Award from the Institute of Medicine as a 2000 and its updated version in 2008. The School of Medicine and Public Health. “This
Profession. PHS guidelines are considered the national honor is appropriate recognition of the many
Fiore is founder and chair of the gold standard for health care providers. roles he plays so well.”
school’s Center for Tobacco Research and Fiore is also a widely published researcher Fiore’s involvement with CTRI, since
Intervention (CTRI), and a nationally rec- who has focused on assessing treatments that its establishment in 1992, has helped the
ognized expert in the treatment of tobacco help smokers quit most effectively. UW-CTRI to become internationally recog-
dependence. “Mike Fiore’s stellar work as a scientist, nized as a worldwide authority on tobacco
He served as chair of the panels that pro- physician, researcher and advocate has put research and cessation.
4 Wisconsin Week
O n C ampus Milestones
Truman Graf, emeritus professor of agricul-
tural economics, has been inducted into the
From the desk of the chancellor National Dairy Shrine Hall of Fame.
Chancellor addresses Graduate School proposal
Shawn Kelly, faculty associate in the
Department of Landscape Architecture, has
been inducted into the Council of Fellows
Dear faculty, staff and students, ence with funding agencies and foundations provide unequivocal responses, in writing, so of the American Society of Landscape
UW-Madison is a research powerhouse. for UW-Madison and its researchers and our discussions can proceed without unnec- Architects.
Once again, the university ranks third in the scholars. The Graduate School would con- essary worries. First, we are not proposing Ron Raines, a professor with joint appoint-
nation in research expenditures, a testament tinue to be served by a dean whose full-time and will not support changes in the forms of ments in the biochemistry and chemistry
to the quality of our faculty and research job it would be to ensure we are keeping faculty governance that currently exist in the departments, has won the 2010 Repligen
staff, and a reminder of the importance of a pace with innovations in graduate education, allocation of those components of the WARF Award from the American Chemical Society.
responsive and supportive infrastructure for to oversee the allocation of the WARF grant, grant that flow through the Graduate School The Repligen Award is a lifetime achievement
research and for graduate education. and increase support for graduate programs — e.g., the fellowship competition, fall award for outstanding contributions to the
understanding of the chemistry of biological
I am writing to bring you up to date on the and students. research competition and mid-career awards.
proposed establishment of a separate Office Because of the serious problems with Second, it is not the job of the administration
for Research and its potential to help us sus- which the administration has been dealing to decide what faculty will pursue in research The American Association of Bovine
tain and enhance our competitiveness. over the past two years, Provost DeLuca and scholarship. It is also not the intent of Practioners has bestowed its 1969 Award of
The proposal for reorganization arises expressed a hope early on that agreement on reorganization and it will not be an effect of Excellence to Pam Ruegg, Department of
in response to widespread and repeated a new structure could be reached quickly. any changes that are made. Dairy Science.
complaints on the part of faculty, depart- Since then, he has consulted with deans, Third, centers that currently report to the
ment chairs, deans and external partners associate deans, centers reporting to the Graduate School may end up remaining in
about grants administration, inadequate
infrastructure and problems with industry
graduate school, graduate school deans and
the University Committee, and is in the pro-
the Graduate School or move to other admin-
istrative units. It is not yet clear what the best Professor’s book
contracts; a number of safety and compli-
ance problems that have led to investigations
cess of holding five town hall meetings for
interested faculty, staff and graduate students.
location would be and the centers need to
think hard about different options. Fourth,
and fines by major federal funding agen- In response to the provost’s proposal, the the emphasis on safety and infrastructure Book Award finalist
cies and have required crisis-like efforts on University Committee recommended that has led some to worry that a reorganization
the part of the university administration to a faculty ad hoc committee be formed to would be designed only to help the sciences. By Dave Tenenbaum
avoid harsher sanctions; the need to estab- consider the proposal and the problems There are opportunities in a potential reor- email@example.com
lish a strong presence with national agencies that gave rise to it. The ad hoc committee ganization to provide much-needed visibilty,
and with foundations to remain competi- is working diligently and hopes to have a advocacy and support for the arts, humani- Genetics professor Sean Carroll’s book
tive and help shape national priorities; the response by the end of the semester. The ties and qualitative social sciences. It is not “Remarkable Creatures” has been named
importance of being able to give adequate Academic Staff Executive Committee (ASEC) clear that the current setup adequately meets a finalist in the nonfiction category of
attention to graduate education and support; has appointed its own committee to consider the needs of those disciplines. the National Book Award. The book
and our commitment to ensuring that faculty, the issues and also intends to report at the Finally, as I noted above, we will make no recounts the most dramatic expedi-
academic staff and graduate students are end of the semester. In the meantime, fac- final decisions about the reorganization of the tions and important discoveries in two
well-served by the university’s research infra- ulty and staff have asked that the process for Graduate School until the ad hoc committees centuries of natural history — from the
structure and its Graduate School. decision-making be slowed from what the of the University Committee and ASEC have epic journeys of pioneering naturalists
Provost Paul DeLuca and I believe that the provost had initially suggested and timed to completed their deliberations. to modern breakthroughs — and how
problems and opportunities before us require accommodate the work of these committees. On the other hand, some of the safety, they inspired and enlarged the science
change and that the growing complexity Provost DeLuca readily agreed. Both of us compliance, and infrastructure problems of evolution.
of research and graduate education suggest look forward to the opportunity to discuss are sufficiently serious to require that we act Carroll’s latest book describes the
structural change and additional investments, the committees’ conclusions with them and without too long a delay. Should the delibera- adventures of well-known scientists like
in addition to increased efficiencies. I am seek responses from faculty and academic tions of these committees take significantly Charles Darwin, but Carroll says he’s
pleased to hear that “administrative process staff. We will also continue, in the interim, to longer than currently anticipated, we may “particularly drawn” to scientists with-
redesign,” under the campuswide leader- consult with faculty and staff, with deans and well have to take interim steps, short of com- out marquee names.
ship of Vice Chancellor Darrell Bazzell, has governance groups, and with current and plete reorganization, to address some of the Alfred Wallace, for example, col-
been adopted by Research and Sponsored potential partners. most compelling problems. lected specimens in the South Seas for
Programs (RSP) and has already begun to Our goal is to find solutions to the prob- I urge you to share your ideas with the eight years, selling samples to museums
improve the efficiency of grants management. lems that many of you have brought so committees established by the Faculty Senate to finance his travels. Wallace’s 1858
Provost DeLuca has developed and shared insistently to our attention, and to find ways and ASEC and also with the deans, the pro- letter to Darwin outlined a theory of
a proposal that would involve creating a new to take advantage of new opportunities. The vost and me. Together I am confident we evolution through natural selection
position — a vice chancellor for research goal is NOT to force any particular outcome. will come up with strategies that ensure our and sparked Darwin to finish “On the
— whose responsibility it would be to coor- There is too much at stake to do anything continued excellence in research, scholarship Origin of Species,” the seminal book of
dinate research infrastructure in a separate except seek the best possible way forward. and graduate education. evolution. Because Wallace and Darwin
Office for Research, foster research efforts I have been made aware of several very Best wishes, published similar theories on the same
across campus, and establish a greater pres- significant concerns to which I would like to Biddy Martin day, technically they are co-discoverers
of evolution, which most biologists
consider the organizing principle of life.
CALS dean appointed to senior position with USDA Why dwell on people like Wallace
and Mary Leakey, who, with her hus-
By Michael Penn priorities relating to agri- CALS faculty includes 20 USDA scientists, band Louis, found some of the most
firstname.lastname@example.org culture, food, nutrition, who share facilities with campus scientists important pre-human fossils?
energy and the environ- and provide training opportunities for “I root for the underdog, and each of
Molly Jahn, dean of the College of ment,” says Jahn. UW-Madison graduate students. these individuals was very unlikely to
Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS), has Jahn will begin her Jahn has served as CALS dean since rise to greatness,” says Carroll. “None of
been appointed to a senior position in the new duties Nov. 9. August 2006, when she became the college’s them finished a formal education, but
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Chancellor Biddy Martin first female dean. Her tenure has included when each got the opportunity to pur-
university officials announced Oct. 12. has granted Jahn a one- several major landmarks for the college, sue their passion, they were Herculean
Jahn will serve as deputy undersecretary Jahn year leave from her including winning a $130 million grant from collectors who made great discoveries.
of research, education and economics, a duties as dean to accept the post. the U.S. Department of Energy to establish Their determination in the face of all
position responsible for leading three units Jahn will provide leadership for the USDA the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center sorts of obstacles, or outright tragedy, is
within the USDA that provide research and Agricultural Research Service (ARS), the on campus. Since her arrival, extramural very moving.”
service on issues related to food and agricul- Economic Research Service and the National research funding at CALS has increased by Carroll will give a public lecture
ture. Under the leadership of U.S. Secretary Agricultural Statistics Service. The largest of 48 percent. honoring the 150th anniversary of
of Agriculture Tom Vilsack and USDA those units, the ARS, funds approximately Jahn has led several infrastructure proj- “On the Origin of Species” at 7 p.m.
Undersecretary Rajiv Shah, she will help $1.1 billion in research projects annually. ects, including construction of a new dairy on Wednesday, Nov. 4, at the Ebling
guide the agency’s efforts to ensure a safe, Some 2,100 scientists and 8,000 employees facility at CALS’ Arlington Research Station Auditorium in Microbial Sciences.
healthy, abundant and affordable food sup- work at more than 100 ARS research facili- and a significant renewal of the college’s fac- The awards, issued by the National
ply for the nation and the world. ties around the nation. ulty. She has been involved in the hiring of Book Foundation, are now in their 60th
“I am humbled and deeply honored to Three ARS units reside on UW-Madison’s more than 70 professors, representing nearly year.
be asked to serve in this capacity, which I campus: the U.S. Dairy Forage Research one-quarter of the CALS faculty.
consider a once-in-a-lifetime chance to be a Center, the Cereal Crops Research Unit and
part of the conversation about our national the Vegetable Crops Research Unit. The
october 21, 2009 5
War of the viruses: Could ancient virus genes help fight AIDS?
By Dave Tenenbaum DNA now comprises “an astounding 8 per- vaccine, Sacha, working in the laboratory of is helpful. This approach does not put direct
email@example.com cent” of the human genome, Sacha says. David Watkins, a professor of pathology at pressure on the virus, and we believe it will
Viruses such as HIV that insert themselves UW-Madison, will explore whether ancient change slowly, if at all.”
Almost 30 years into the AIDS epidemic, into host chromosomes, called retroviruses, viral proteins appear on the cells of rhesus It’s not clear if the ancient viral genes
scientists have yet to find an effective vac- were discovered at UW-Madison in the macaques, monkeys that can be infected by a play a role in causing the immune decline
cine against HIV, the virus that destroys the 1970s. Unlike most viruses, which exploit virus similar to HIV. in AIDS. “We don’t know, but the body is
immune system and causes AIDS. HIV is their host’s biochemistry to make viral pro- Sacha hopes that attacking these viral pro- already fighting HIV,” says Sacha. “It looks
perhaps the most adaptive virus ever seen, teins, retroviruses join their host’s genome, teins instead of HIV proteins would sidestep like it could instead become a war on two
not only evading the immune system, but which is then forced to produce viral pro- a key roadblock to vaccination: So many fronts. I think that retroviruses from inside
also anti-viral medicines. teins along with human strains of HIV have and outside the body could be working
Because this genetic slipperiness also proteins. evolved that vac- together.”
makes the virus a difficult target for vaccine Sacha’s strategy cine makers could Although incorporating genes from other
makers, a UW-Madison scientist is embark- focuses on retrovirus “It looks like it could instead become be forced to make organisms sounds odd, scientists believe that
ing on a brand-new effort to sidestep this genes that entered the a nearly infinite both mitochondria, which provide energy to
evasive behavior. chromosomes of our
a war on two fronts. number of vaccines. cells, and chloroplasts, which perform pho-
Jonah Sacha, an immunologist and ancestors millions of I think that retroviruses from inside and outside And if an effective tosynthesis in plants, lived independently
assistant scientist in the UW-Madison years ago. Most of these vaccine were dis- before they were “adopted” by their parent
AIDS Vaccine Research Laboratory at the so-called endogenous
the body could be working together.” tributed, the evasive organisms.
Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, retroviruses are inactive, virus would proba- A similar repurposing may have been
thinks he may have identified a stable mol- either because they carry — Jonah Sacha bly mutate to evade applied to the ancient viral genes, Sacha
ecule on the outside of HIV-infected cells. defects or are somehow control, Sacha adds. adds. “In some cases, the body has harvested
If so, it may be possible to create a vaccine stifled by the human cells “There is an amaz- these viruses and begun taking advantage of
to “teach” the human immune system to they reside in. ing error rate in HIV replication, and if you them.” Viral proteins are involved in forming
destroy these cells and prevent HIV from Less than two years ago, however, Douglas put selective pressure on the virus, it almost the placenta and controlling when human
escaping and reproducing. “It’s analogous to Nixon of the University of California at San always escapes from that pressure.” genes make proteins. For these reasons, any
teaching a bull to ignore the ‘red cape’ and Francisco and Brad Jones at the University All of this shape-shifting “has caused vaccine experiments that emerge from Sacha’s
go instead for the ‘matador’ portion of the of Toronto discovered that the cells of immunologists to look for stable targets on studies must first be explored in animals.
virus,” Sacha says. “Even though the cape AIDS patients carry proteins made by these HIV,” Sacha says, “but it’s been a real struggle. The story of the ancient retroviruses is
may vary, the matador does not.” adopted retroviruses. When HIV replicates Even the recent vaccine trials in Thailand, new to science, but old to biology, Sacha
Sacha, who also has an appointment in in a cell, it somehow triggers the old retrovi- which showed partial effectiveness, worked concludes. “This incorporation of retroviral
the Department of Pathology and Laboratory ruses to make viral proteins. These proteins only against the strain of HIV circulating in genes has happened many times before in
Medicine, acknowledges that success is are then transported to the cell surface, that region. Using that approach, it might be primate evolution. Some members of this
something of a long shot, but his proposal becoming markers that could allow the necessary to build multiple vaccines for use family of genes were even inserted before
has now attracted a $100,000 exploratory immune system to destroy the infected cell. against the different strains of HIV in differ- humans and monkeys split off into separate
grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates This process is how the body normally ent areas of the world.” lineages. I think this has been happening the
Foundation, announced Oct. 20. rids itself of viruses and the cells they infect. Another benefit of attacking proteins entire time we have been evolving. But we
The new strategy is rooted in the fact that Teaching the immune system to recognize produced by old viral genes rather than can expect more surprises as we watch HIV
ancient retroviruses like HIV have, over the foreign proteins is a core strategy for vaccina- HIV is that it should not force HIV to evolve interact with these ancient retroviruses.”
eons, inserted their genes into the chromo- tion. resistance, Sacha says. “Any way you can
somes of our animal ancestors. This viral As a first step toward producing an AIDS circumvent the ability of the virus to escape
Unraveling how DNA Banded rocks reveal early Earth conditions, changes
strands combine By Jill Sakai all those eventually affect the biosphere on
A team of UW-Madison researchers has firstname.lastname@example.org the early Earth.”
identified some of the pathways through Their model shows how BIFs could have
which single complementary strands of The strikingly banded rocks scattered across formed when hydrothermal fluids, from
DNA form the double helix. the upper Midwest and elsewhere through- interactions between seawater and hot oce-
The group, including Juan de out the world are actually ambassadors from anic crust from deep in the Earth’s mantle,
Pablo, Howard Curler Distinguished the past, offering clues to the environment mixed with surface seawater. This mix-
Professor of Chemical and Biological of the early Earth more than 2 billion years ing triggered the oscillating production of
Engineering, drew on models to study ago. iron- and silica-rich minerals, which were
the reaction pathways through which Called banded iron formations (BIFs), deposited in layers on the seafloor.
double-stranded DNA undergo dena- these ancient rocks formed between 3.8 and They used a series of thermodynamic
Photo courtesy Huifang Xu
turation, where the molecule uncoils 1.7 billion years ago at what was then the calculations to determine that the source
and separates into single strands, and bottom of the ocean. The stripes represent material for BIFs must have come from
hybridization, through which comple- alternating layers of silica-rich chert and oceanic rocks with a very low aluminum
mentary DNA strands bind. iron-rich minerals like hematite and mag- content, unlike modern oceanic basalts that
The researchers studied both random netite. contain high levels of aluminum.
A banded iron formation about 2.5 billion years
and repetitive base sequences. Random First mined as a major iron source for old near Soudan Underground Mine State “The modern-day ocean floor is basalt,
sequences of the four bases contained modern industrialization, BIFs are also a Park in Minnesota shows alternating layers of common black basalt like the Hawaiian
rich source of information about the geo- silica-rich (red) and iron-rich (gray) minerals. islands. But during that time, there was also
little or no regular repetition. To the This type of ancient rock formation dominated
researchers’ surprise, a couple of bases chemical conditions that existed on Earth a strange kind of rock called komatiites,”
the global ocean floors for more than 2 billion
located toward the center of the strand when the rocks were made. However, inter- years, but disappeared 1.7 billion years ago. says Xu. “When ocean water reacts with
associate early in the hybridization pro- preting their clues requires understanding that kind of rock, it can produce about
cess. When they find each other, they how the bands formed, a topic that has equal amounts of iron and silica” — a com-
bind and the entire molecule hybridizes been controversial for decades, says Huifang the global marine landscape for two billion position ideally suited to making BIFs.
rapidly and in an organized manner. Xu, a UW-Madison geology professor. years and why they abruptly disappeared Such a mixture can create distinct alter-
Conversely, in repetitive sequences, A study appearing Oct. 11 as an advance 1.7 billion years ago. nating layers due to a constantly shifting
the bases alternated regularly, and the online publication in Nature Geoscience With Yifeng Wang of Sandia National state that, like a competition between two
group found that these sequences bind offers a new picture of how these color- Laboratories, Enrique Merino of Indiana well-matched players, resists resolving
through a so-called diffusive process. ful bands developed and what they reveal University and UW-Madison postdoctoral to a single outcome and instead see-saws
“The two strands of DNA somehow find about the composition of the early ocean candidate Hiromi Konishi, Xu developed between two extremes.
each other, they connect to each other floor, seawater and atmosphere during the a BIF formation model that offers a more BIFs dominated the global oceans 3.8 to
in no particular order, and then they evolution of the Earth. complete picture of the environment at the 1.7 billion years ago then abruptly disap-
slide past each other for a long time Previous hypotheses about band for- time, including interactions among rocks, peared from the geologic record. Their
until the exact complements find one mation involved seasonal fluctuations, water and air. absence in more recent rocks indicates that
another in the right order, and then they temperature shifts, or periodic blooms of “They are all connected,” Xu explains. the geochemical conditions changed around
hybridize,” says de Pablo. microorganisms, all of which left many “The lithosphere affects the hydrosphere, 1.7 billion years ago, Xu says.
open questions about how BIFs dominated the hydrosphere affects the atmosphere, and
6 Wisconsin Week
r esearch Curiosities
Editor’s note: This column provides a glimpse
Five questions with ... Katrina Forest into the science behind everyday life. Do you
have a question for Curiosities? Submit it to
Solving the world’s problems with microbes
Q: Every time there’s
By Jill Sakai ances are related to signatures of your an Olympics or big
email@example.com microbial flora. We have evolved over global sports competi-
many millennia to live with these tion world records fall.
Bacteriology professor Katrina Forest organisms, so it makes perfect sense Is there a limit to how
fast humans can be?
once considered studying architec- that we’re interdependent in countless
A: “In my opinion there are no limits,” says
ture — and in a way she does, albeit ways.
Tim Gattenby, a faculty associate in kinesiol-
on a very small scale. As a protein The goal of my work is to get at the
ogy. “People said that no one could break
crystallographer, she studies the three- molecular interactions that ultimately the four-minute mile, and then someone did.
dimensional structures of bacterial govern these signals. People said no one could get more gold med-
proteins on an atomic level to under- WW: What outcomes do you see als than Mark Spitz [who won seven in the
stand how the proteins function. from your work for society? 1972 Olympics], but records are a carrot that
Most of her research focuses on KF: I think there are potential stimulates people to go out and break them.”
the tiny surface protrusions called health benefits of everything we inves- Gattenby says long-standing records, such
pili that bacteria use to move across tigate. These pili are what bacteria use as Bob Beamon’s 1968 long jump record,
Photo: Bryce Richter
surfaces and interact with other cells to interact with each other, with us, which stood until 1991, are “anomalies,
freaks of nature, where all the right ingre-
— including both beneficial and harm- with soil particles, and with catheters
dients went into the performance. A gifted
ful interactions — and the molecular in the hospital, so understanding both
athlete had a great day.”
motor proteins that drive their move- Katrina Forest, professor of bacteriology, is pictured with the good and the bad of those interac-
Part of the credit for the regular estab-
ments. a 3-D model of a bacterium in her office at the Microbial tions on a molecular level should allow
Sciences Building. lishment of new records goes to advancing
Wisconsin Week: What inspires us to either encourage or block them technology, such as the springy, rubberized
you in your work? so I think part of the path I followed was depending on the specific situation. track surfaces that are simply faster than the
Forest: Bacteria. I am astonished by “nobody else is doing this” or “this will be Another outcome is a better appreciation old pea gravel, Gattenby says. “We are also
microbes and what they’ve figured out more daring.” Admittedly, sometimes it’s of the solution microbes have found to the improving our approach to injury prevention,
how to do. The protein we work on is the miserable — but in the long run it’s stimu- problem of how to build this motor — it’s which leads to better performance.”
strongest biological motor ever described. lating to stretch your brain and keep on fascinating. This is basic biology on one However, Gattenby, who has coached and
Bacteria stick to things with incredible stretching. hand, but on the other hand, I think there’s competed in ultra-endurance events like the
Ironman triathlon, says psychology may be
tenacity, they produce amazing bio-glues, WW: What about your work do you the long-term potential for some interesting
the most important factor. “Winning a triath-
they have structural proteins that can with- think surprises people the most? nanotechnology applications of this motor.
lon is one part luck, not having a flat, one
stand huge forces, and they know how to KF: People are amazed to learn how WW: What’s the coolest thing you’ve
part training and one part your mental abil-
speak to each other using small molecule many processes on Earth are driven by learned? ity to handle adversity.” Gattenby adds that
compounds that we still don’t fully appreci- microbes and how much of their own KF: The coolest moments are when all it is common for gifted athletes to be well
ate. We’re now trying to solve a lot of the health is dependent on their interactions our calculations yield a protein structure or prepared and still mentally “take themselves
world’s problems using microbes. with microbes. Your immune response is when the thermodynamics we study actu- out” of the competition. “It all can come
WW: Who or what has had the most largely governed by what microbes you ally explain how the motor works. I love down to the mental aspect. Being mentally
influence on your work as a scientist? have already reacted to, and recent research seeing that fundamental chemistry, physics tough means being tough against your envi-
KF: Sometimes I chose to do things results suggest even psychological imbal- and math lead to astonishing biology. ronment, your competition and yourself.”
because they were the challenging option, — Produced by University Communications
Satellite anniversary marks 50 years of studying climate from space
By Mark Hobson Suomi had realized early on “Climate studies, as inspired by the first
firstname.lastname@example.org the importance of under- look at the Earth from space by the radia-
standing the intricacies of tion energy budget experiment on Explorer
On Oct. 13, 1959, University the Earth’s climate. His 1953 7, have always been an important thrust at
of Wisconsin professors Verner dissertation, measuring the the center,” says Hank Revercomb, director
Suomi and Robert Parent difference between the solar of the Suomi-founded UW-Madison Space
crouched in a bunker at Cape energy absorbed by a cornfield Science and Engineering Center (SSEC).
Canaveral, sweating through the and that radiated back into “But now, with the realization that the rapid
countdown for the Juno II rocket the atmosphere, served as a increase of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel
Photo courtesy Space Science and Engineering Center
perched on its launching pad 150 springboard for ongoing stud- burning can jeopardize the well-being of the
yards away. ies of Earth-atmosphere energy whole planet, this research has taken on a
The Explorer 7 satellite atop balances. new sense of urgency.”
the missile contained their newest He and Parent, a professor of After their success with Explorer 7,
scientific instrument, a radiometer electrical engineering, designed Suomi and Parent continued to drive new
designed to measure from space the radiometer on Explorer 7 innovations in satellite climate monitoring,
the amount of heat reaching and to ramp up their studies to a including a spin-scan cloud camera that
leaving the Earth. global scale. Modest in size by pioneered continuous weather viewing from
Before satellite technology, today’s standards, Explorer 7 space and software that enabled “instant
meteorologists were limited to weighed less than 100 pounds replays” of weather data.
Pictured circa 1959, University of Wisconsin meteorologist Verner Suomi
viewing the atmosphere from the (right) and electrical engineer Robert Parent work on an early satellite and measured just two and a In addition to the Explorer 7 50th
ground up. Data about clouds in instrument. The pair built one of the first instruments to allow scientists half feet on each side. Solar anniversary celebration, a global com-
the middle and upper atmosphere to study Earth’s weather and climate from space, a radiometer that cells and 15 nickel-cadmium munity of scientists and researchers will
launched on the Explorer 7 satellite on Oct. 13, 1959. Their radiometer
and global measurements of heat batteries powered instruments meet Tuesday-Thursday, Nov. 3-5, at
kicked off an era of satellite-assisted climate studies that now influence
absorption and emission were everything from global climate models to the weather maps on the nightly measuring solar proton radia- Monona Terrace for the sixth Geostationary
sketchy and localized at best, and news. tion and cosmic rays. Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)
scientists were quickly realizing Augmenting the satellite’s Users’ Conference. This year’s conference,
that satellites offered the best observations with ground- themed “Bringing Environmental Benefits
opened the door to a new era of satellite-
opportunity to fill their knowledge gaps. based measurements, Suomi and his team to a Society of Users,” is presented by
based climate studies.
The launch went smoothly, and when discovered that the Earth absorbs more the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
A 50th anniversary celebration of the
Explorer 7 came to life in orbit, Suomi solar energy than previously thought and Administration (NOAA), with support from
launch of Explorer 7 will be held at the
and Parent’s radiometer provided the first demonstrated that it was possible to mea- SSEC and the UW-Madison Cooperative
Monona Terrace Convention Center on
measurements of the Earth’s heat balance, sure and quantify seasonal changes in the Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies
Monday, Nov. 2. Several researchers who
the difference between the heat received global heat budget. (CIMSS).
worked with Suomi and Parent will be
from the sun and the heat exiting the atmo- Explorer 7 transmitted continuous data More information about the conference
attending and participating in a panel dis-
sphere as a result of reflection and emission through February of 1961 and finally went is available at http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/
cussion for the Oral History Project.
processes. Since uneven heating of the silent in August of that year. Today, dozens goes_r/meetings/guc2009/.
As one of the first professors in the uni-
Earth’s surface is the primary driving force of satellites from around the world continue
versity’s new Department of Meteorology,
of the world’s weather, these measurements its legacy of climate and weather studies.
october 21, 2009 7
October 21, 2009
Festival leverages film for community action Book Smart
By Tom Sinclair Charles Munch,
email@example.com Dreaming in
he Tales from Planet Earth film
(UW Press, 2009),
festival takes center stage in
by Jody Clowes
Madison Friday-Sunday, Nov.
(with Richard Ely),
6-8 with something new — a built-in curator of the
call to action. Design Gallery,
“When the lights come up, we want School of Human Ecology
people to take the energy and inspi-
ration of great storytelling to build In addition to her work as curator for the
community and effect positive environ- School of Human Ecology’s Design (SoHE)
mental and social change,” says festival Gallery, Jody Clowes is known for her
director Gregg Mitman. “To help thoughtful reviews, exhibit guides and analy-
ses on the intersection of form and function.
Photos courtesy Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies
people do that, we’ve worked hard this
“To do an intelligent review, you have to
year to include community engagement
do your homework,” says Clowes. “You have
as part of the festival’s mission.”
to understand what goes into a craft like
Indeed, the event is billed as a weaving, technically, and what explorations
community and film festival because they’re taking. I also enjoy the technical
organizers have partnered with challenge of thinking about how an exhibit
Madison-area nonprofit organizations reads.”
involved in issues raised by many of This understanding of the “work behind
the films. the work” served her well in writing about
“We hope to make the festival a Wisconsin painter Charles Munch. Known
new national model, using film to for his bold, colorful expressions of animals
“The Cove” will be shown as part of the Tales From Planet Earth film festival at 7 p.m. on Saturday, and landscapes, Munch is also renowned as
catalyze community action on broad- Nov. 7, at the Wisconsin Union Theater.
an art restorer. His careful study of the tech-
ranging issues in environment and
niques of old masters has informed his own
sustainability like food, health, energy,
meticulous art, even as he has moved from
climate, and biodiversity,” says Mitman, realism to abstraction.
interim director of the Nelson Institute for In this retrospective book, Clowes provides
Environmental Studies. a critical analysis of his career, while collabo-
Admission to all events is free on rator Richard Ely adds a detailed biographic
a first-come, first-served basis. For essay. Munch worked closely with Clowes
a complete schedule, visit http:// and Ely in designing the book and selecting
TalesFromPlanetEarth.com. the 60 full-color images inside.
When it premiered in Madison two years These days, the renovation of the Human
Ecology building looms large in Clowes’
ago, Tales from Planet Earth drew enthusias-
thoughts. Her work sends her in multiple
tic reviews and more than 3,000 filmgoers.
directions — literally, as she must find new
Surpassing a highly successful debut with
locations on and off campus in which to
an inspired sequel is always a challenge, but stage exhibits.
in this case the odds are good. The second During the next two years, she plans to
edition will feature 45 films from around not only expand the school’s online exhibi-
the world — almost twice as many as the tion presence, particularly with archived
opener. And unlike its predecessor, this “Our Daily Bread” will be shown at 9:30 p.m. on Saturday, Nov. 7, at UW Cinematheque,
work, but encourage outreach efforts in the
year’s event will highlight a full year of com- 4070 Vilas Hall. Madison community.
munity engagement. It also will spawn a In February, she will curate a four-person
traveling mini-festival. show of fiber art, including some from
Green,” and host of a new special public talist Winona LaDuke will speak on “The
SoHE faculty, at the Wisconsin Academy of
The theme of the first Tales from Planet radio series called “The Promised Land,” Economy for the Next Seven Generations”
Sciences Arts and Letter’s James Watrous
Earth was hope. This year’s theme is justice. received a MacArthur Foundation “genius at 1 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 8, in the Union
Gallery in the Overture Center for the Arts.
The program again features four issue-based grant” in 2005 for her work. Theater. A two-time Green Party vice Also on tap next semester: a relocated stu-
“strands”: landscapes of labor, precious Other headlining films include “What’s presidential candidate, LaDuke is program dent show, presented in May as part of the
resources, strange weather and in the com- on Your Plate” (2009), which follows two director of Honor the Earth, a national always-popular fashion show at Monona
pany of animals. Besides films, it includes New York City pre- organization that focuses Terrace Community and Convention Center.
lectures, panel and audience discussions, teens who tenaciously on issues of sustainable The challenge for Clowes, even in a single
interactions with filmmakers, and other investigate the sources development, renewable location, never escapes her. Visitors to a
“We hope to make the festival new exhibit might find her painting walls
community activities. of their food; “Sleep energy and food systems.
Most events will take place at one of Dealer” (2008), a a new national model.” She lives and works on or setting up a final buff for the floor. She
four venues: the Wisconsin Union Theater also hires students, counts attendance and
Sundance Award- the White Earth res-
writes grants. But the excitement of working
and the Fredric March Play Circle, both in winning science-fiction — Gregg Mitman ervation in northern
with faculty members and the variety of new
Memorial Union; UW Cinematheque, 4070 feature that imagines Minnesota.
ideas continue to inspire her.
Vilas Hall; and the Madison Museum of a future in which all Two graduate-level Writing forces Clowes to make sense of
Contemporary Art, 227 State St. U.S. borders are closed to immigration courses taught this semester by Mitman and the visceral responses she has when viewing
The festival opens with a public lecture, yet foreign workers continue to perform visiting artist Judith Helfand, co-founder of art or objects. The process lets her question
“Green the Ghetto and How Much it Won’t labor remotely via robotic connections; and Working Films, have paired budding stu- herself and make connections she might not
Cost Us,” by green jobs and environmental “Saving Luna” (2008), the moving story of dent filmmakers and community organizers otherwise have made. She hopes her words
justice advocate Majora Carter at 7 p.m. an orphaned Orca whale that raises impor- with the festival’s Madison-area nonprofit act as a trigger, something to help readers
Friday, Nov. 6, in the Union Theater. A tant issues about how people should relate partners to create films and outreach cam- find the point that will makes their assump-
screening of the 2008 film “Trouble the to wild animals. paigns about these groups and their work in tions about art shift and change.
Water,” an extraordinary portrait of terror, Often, this takes place in very few words:
Fifteen producers, directors, editors and the community.
a label here, a mini-review there. Clowes
survival and redemption featuring footage animators of films being shown will partici- Echoes of Tales from Planet Earth will
loves the challenge.
shot by an aspiring rap artist as she and her pate in the festival. Among them are guest continue in 2010 when a smaller selection
“If you do it well, it’s like writing haiku,”
neighbors in the Lower Ninth Ward of New artist Alex Rivera, whose work addresses of films will be screened in four communi- she says. “In the right spirit, it’s a creative
Orleans are trapped by Hurricane Katrina, concerns of the Latino community through ties across the state — Baraboo, Milwaukee, act in itself.”
will follow. a language of humor, satire and metaphor; Dodgeville and Ashland — as part of the — Susannah Brooks
Carter, founder of the nonprofit group and George Stoney, a professor of film and Wisconsin Humanities Council’s Making it
Sustainable South Bronx, president of her cinema studies at New York University and Home initiative.
own “green collar” economic consulting a pioneer in the field of documentary film. For more information, visit http://
firm, co-host of Sundance Channel’s “The Native American activist and environmen- TalesFromPlanetEarth.com.
8 Wisconsin Week
To view event listings: http://www.today.wisc.edu/
Vocalist charms Union Theater audience Campus capoeira group shares its art attempted conversion of an infamous
She’s young, but don’t let that fool you: Capoeira is more than a martial art: it’s a courtesan, “Thais” features many stunning
Grammy-nominated chanteuse Jane dance, a game, a whole-body expression of musical moments, including the famous
Monheit already has nine studio albums life. Developed in Brazil by African slaves, “Meditation,” for violin, harp and strings.
to her credit, with countless guest appear- its 400 years of traditions have spread William Farlow’s production examines
ances and an international touring resume. around the world. Learn more at a demon- issues of the sacred and profane within the
A professional singer since her mid-teens, stration, featuring world-renowned artists. context of New York’s hedonistic club scene
Monheit brings her seductive blend of clas- At noon on Sunday, Oct. 25, in the Great of the 1970s. A talented cast of students
sic gems and contemporary explorations to Hall of the Memorial Union, Capoeira from the School of Music is supported
campus. Omulu Guanabara presents its annual by the UW Symphony, directed by James
Monheit lights up the Wisconsin Union batizado and troca de cordas, including Smith. The production is sung in French
Theater stage at 8 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 23. open demonstrations. This event is free and with projected English surtitles.
Tickets range from $18-$35 general admis- open to the public. For more information, visit http://music.
sion, with $10 tickets available for UW Music and acrobatics play key roles in wisc.edu or contact the School of Music at
students. capoeira. In practice, members form a 265-2787 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Runner-up in the 1998 Thelonius Monk circle, play instruments and sing songs
Cinematheque gets a little batty
Institute vocal competition at the age of while two people play capoeira in the center
20, Monheit is now firmly established as of the circle. This circle, known as a roda, It’s a cold night, and you’re in a dark room
one of the post-millennial jazz world’s fore- promotes a communal spirit as participants with no windows, huddling in your seat
Photo courtesy University Opera
most vocalists. Mixing Brazilian tunes and move to the pulsing beat. Banned in some as gray figures jump out from the gloom.
‘50s standouts with newer songs by artists places until the 1930s, capoeira is now Behind you, a scream shatters the air. Is it a
like Bonnie Raitt and Corinne Bailey Rae, enjoyed by participants of many ages and haunted house?
she is adept at making each note her own. backgrounds. The term “batizado” refers No, just Cinematheque.
In addition to singing in the movie “Sky to a baptism, when new members join the In its annual Halloween screening,
Captain and The World of Tomorrow,” she group. Emily Birsan is Thaïs and Justin Niehoff Smith UW-Madison’s home for classic films pres-
has been a featured performer in the nation- For information, visit http://omulu.rso. is Athanaël in University Opera’s upcoming ents “The Bat Whispers” at 7:30 p.m. on
production of “Thais,” opening Friday, Oct. 30. Saturday, Oct. 31. The showing, in 4070
ally televised Christmas at the White House, wisc.edu/ or contact them at 658-7868 or
the Capitol Fourth of July Celebration and email@example.com. Vilas Hall, is free and open to the public.
cism go hand in hand. A haunted house and a cat burglar
The National Memorial Day Celebration, At 7:30 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 30, join
University Opera brings Massenet named “The Bat” are the focus of “The Bat
among others. University Opera in Music Hall for the
masterpiece to life Whispers.” Both an early sound film and an
For tickets or more information, visit opening night of “Thais.” The production
http://uniontheater.wisc.edu/season/jane_ Ah, l’amour. Whether love is like a red, early experiment with the widescreen for-
red rose or a rebellious bird, it brings pas- continues at 3 p.m. on Sunday, Nov. 1, and mat, the film features dollies down the sides
monheit.html or contact the Union Theater at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 3. Tickets are
at 262-2201 or firstname.lastname@example.org. sion to all it touches and turns worlds of buildings and elaborate shadow effects.
upside down. That’s certainly the case with $20 for general admission, $18 seniors and For information, visit http://cinema.wisc.
Massenet’s controversial, virtuosic “Thais,” $10 for UW-Madison students. edu or contact Cinematheque at 262-3627
where religious fervor and sensuous eroti- A cautionary tale of a zealous monk’s or email@example.com.
Writer’s Choice: No shortage of things to do and see on campus
By Gwen Evans is free but registration is required. For also earned degrees in medieval and
firstname.lastname@example.org more information visit http://www.dcs. Renaissance English literature. His thesis
wisc.edu/lsa/literature/ee.htm or contact connected the worlds of hip-hop music
ne of the advantages to working Emily Auerbach, 262-3733, eauerbach@ and literary poetry. He has toured the
on a university campus is the dcs.wisc.edu. world with his hit theater show on the
availability of free or inexpensive rap Canterbury Tales, a hip-hop inter-
“From Dictatorship to the Security
things to see and do. Among the many pretation of Chaucer’s famous work. A
Council: A Political Memoir,” 7:30 p.m.
choices are lectures from visiting scholars brief lecture at 4 p.m. on Chaucer and
Monday, Oct. 26, 7:30 p.m.,
and notables as well as from our very own medieval manuscripts precedes the per-
faculty. You don’t need to be an expert formance. Visit http://humanities.wisc.
on the topic to attend; there are no quiz- The Chilean ambassador to the U.N., edu/ for more information.
zes. Just go with open ears and a curious Heraldo Munoz, will present a lecture,
followed by a book signing. Munoz is “An Evening with Dave Eggers and
Photo courtesy Center for Humanities
mind. You’re sure to learn something new.
chairman of the U.N. Peacebuilding Valentino Achak Deng,” 7:30 p.m.
Here are just a few taking place during
Commission, served as president of the Wednesday, Nov. 4, Chazen Museum
the next two weeks.
U.N. Security Council, and chaired the Al of Art
“Eloquence and Eminence: The Theatre Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee Dave Eggers is the author of five books,
of the Holocaust,” 2 p.m. Sunday, in 2004. During the Pinochet dictator- including “What Is the What,” a final-
Oct. 25, Pyle Center ship, he held leadership positions in the ist for the 2006 National Book Critics
Robert Skloot, professor emeritus with Socialist Party of Chile and co-founded Baba Brinkman will present “The Rap Circle Award. The book is about
the Department of Theatre and Drama, the Party for Democracy. For more, visit Canterbury Tales” on Monday, Nov. 2, Valentino Achak Deng, a survivor of the
at the Chazen Museum of Art.
is a leading scholar on theater related to http://www.lacis.wisc.edu or contact civil war in southern Sudan. “What is
the Holocaust and genocide. His work is 262-0616 and email@example.com. the What” gave birth to the Valentino
challenging and important, dealing with Zealand, will discuss “Growing Food Achak Deng Foundation, which is run
“Healthy Land, Food and Eaters: An
the suffering and aftermath of human and Knowing Food: The Traceability of by Deng. Its mission is to build schools
Ecological Approach to Health,” 4 p.m.
horrors through theater. By looking, Sustainability.” For more information on in southern Sudan. Eggers’ most recent
Tuesday, Oct. 27, 270 Soils Building
through theater, at what makes us want to the two presentations, visit http://agro- book, “Zeitoun, is a nonfiction account
turn away, we can better understand our- Fifth in the Agroecology Fall Lecture of a Syrian-American immigrant and
ecology.wisc.edu or contact 265-9930
selves and our modern world. Series, this session will be presented by his extraordinary experience during
Skloot’s lecture is part of the 16th Angie Tagtow, managing editor of the Hurricane Katrina. Zeitoun stayed behind
annual award-winning series of Sunday Journal of Hunger and Environmental “Baba Brinkman’s ‘The Rap Canterbury and helped in rescue efforts, until he was
afternoon lectures by retired UW-Madison Nutrition. Then on Wednesday, Nov. 4, Tales,’” 5 p.m. Monday, Nov. 2, arrested and denied medical attention or
faculty known for their teaching excel- Hugh Campbell, director of the Centre Chazen Museum of Art a telephone call. For more information,
lence and scholarship. Refreshments will for the Study of Food, Agriculture, and Baba Brinkman is best known as a rap- visit http://www.humanities.wisc.edu.
be served following the talk. The lecture Environment at Otago University, New per and performance artist, but he
october 21, 2009 9
O n C ampus
Student engineers drive Bucky Wagon’s green makeover
Badger fans always recognize the spirited Badger football team.
Bucky Wagon by its bright-red exterior, but The wagon is in good hands for the
inside, the historic vehicle’s engine is going renovation. Under Bower, more than 1,500
green. students have participated on the vehicle
During the next year, College of teams and developed innovative vehicle
Engineering students will renovate the Bucky designs that will affect the future of the auto-
Wagon into an electric-powered vehicle with motive and snowmobile industries.
a hydraulic braking system, as well as power The teams have a very successful track
brakes and steering for safety. record. Most recently, the two snowmobile
Mechanical engineering faculty associate teams, one a zero-emissions sled and the
Glenn Bower, who advises the college’s six other an internal-combustion sled, won their
vehicle project teams, is bringing together respective categories in the 2009 Society
students from the teams and undergraduate of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Clean
mechanical engineering design classes to Snowmobile Challenge.
complete the renovation. In 2007, the Formula SAE team claimed
The project will preserve the vehicle’s the world championship. The Formula
exterior, wheels and hubcaps to maintain Hybrid, EcoCAR and Baja SAE teams have
the iconic appearance of the wagon, which also done well competitively. Coupled with
is owned and operated by the Wisconsin the Hybrid and Baja SAE teams, Wisconsin
Alumni Association (WAA). has been victorious at 16 different interna-
The current Bucky Wagon is a restored tional automotive competitions since 1998.
Photo: Bryce Richter
1932 La France fire engine, donated in 1971 The Bucky Wagon renovation is happen-
to WAA by Jay J. and Norma Normington of ing as Bower and the students work to raise
Wisconsin Rapids, who both graduated from funds for a vehicle-team endowment, which
UW-Madison in the late 1940s. Painted red, Bucky Badger and cheerleaders from the UW Spirit Squad drive along Regent Street in the Bucky will allow the teams to continue working on
and until recently, running on all original Wagon before the Wisconsin vs. Penn State University football game at Camp Randall Stadium on campus projects and to excel in competition.
parts, the wagon can be heard blocks away Oct. 11, 2008. Beginning this month and lasting for nearly a year, students from UW-Madison’s Follow the renovation through the Bucky
College of Engineering will renovate the Bucky Wagon into an electric-powered vehicle with a
by its distinctive horn, which plays the tune hydraulic braking system, as well as power brakes and steering for safety. Wagon Blog and learn how to get involved
of “On, Wisconsin!” with the endowment at http://vehicles.wisc.
WAA uses the Bucky Wagon to bring edu.
countless alumni and university events. improved Bucky Wagon will be friendlier to
Badger spirit across campus and throughout “This project shows our commitment to
“Generations of alumni remember see- the environment and will remain a familiar
Madison on football Saturdays and for each UW-Madison as a whole since the wagon
ing the Bucky Wagon on campus or being sight for Badgers everywhere.”
year’s Homecoming festivities and parade. is a key symbol for the university,” Bower
among the lucky few to have been on board The current Bucky Wagon, which reaches
Until 2001, the Bucky Wagon was used on says. “This is a unique way for students to
for a ride on game day,” says Jeff Wendorf, a top speed of about 30 mph, is the third in
game days to carry the Spirit Squad into learn something while restoring the wagon,
vice president for programs and outreach at a line of vehicles known by this name. The
Camp Randall Stadium. The wagon has also and the past success of the teams shows they
the WAA. “The Bucky Wagon broke down previous wagons were first used to transport
been featured in Middleton’s community have the ability to do a good job.”
late last year, and replacement parts are shells for the crew team from lake to lake
parade, the Monroe Cheese Days parade and
expensive and hard to find. The new and and later provided transportation for the
F or the R ecord
Oct. 21-Nov. 4, 2009
Wisconsin Week, the newspaper of record for UW-Madison,
carries legally required notices for faculty and staff.
Call for support grant proposals for racial and WUN Research Development Fund grants designed
ethnic studies to facilitate international collaboration. Please see
Four categories of grant support are being made the links below for detailed proposal information,
available by the UW System Institute on Race and deadlines, financial guidelines and eligibility.
Ethnicity for implementation during the 2010-11 WUN is a consortium of leading public research
fiscal year. The four grant categories are: universities. Its members draw on combined
n Category A, Research: To support scholarly resources and expertise to advance knowledge
research on topics addressing race, ethnicity, diver- and understanding on issues of global concern.
sity, inclusivity and/or equity with the intention of UW-Madison’s partnership in WUN is managed
publication. by the Division of International Studies and led by
n Category B, Curriculum Development: To sup- Kris Olds, Department of Geography. UW-Madison’s
port the development and teaching of new courses participation in WUN activities has resulted in
pertaining to race, ethnicity, diversity, inclusivity wide-ranging impacts, including research advances,
and/or equity. strengthened international partnerships, extramural
n Category C, Campus Activities: A miscel- funding bids, sharing of best practices, new online
laneous category designed to support campus resources and innovative educational opportunities.
activities, guest lectures, fine arts performances, cur- Learn more about WUN funding opportunities:
ricular infusion and instructional innovations, and/ http://tinyurl.com/ycgf9hq/.
or events regarding race, ethnicity, diversity, inclu- Please submit proposal materials by Friday,
sivity and/or equity. Nov. 13.
n Faculty diversity research awards: To provide
Classified Staff Child Care Grant
release time and support for categories of individu-
The Classified Staff Child Care Grant is a privately
als who are tenure-track faculty members for their
funded family child care award given to permanent
scholarly research and writing, thus enhancing their
UW-Madison classified employees who need assis-
opportunities for achieving tenure.
tance with paying for the high cost of quality child
To learn more details about the grant categories,
care. Permanent UW-Madison classified employees
requirements and other stipulations, visit http://
who demonstrate a high need for financial sup-
port for child care are eligible, and both part- and
full-time employees are eligible. Typically, a total of
Proposals must be sent to the institute office and
$2,000 is disbursed annually among 4-6 families.
postmarked no later than April 9. For more informa-
Awards range from $250-$500.
tion, contact Thomas Tonnesen at 414-229-4700 or
To apply, download an application from the Web
site at http://www.occfr.wisc.edu and click on
Call for Proposals: “financial assistance” and then “For Faculty/Staff.”
WUN Research Development Funds For more information or to have an application
The Worldwide Universities Network (WUN) mailed, call Jordan at 890-0436. The deadline for
is pleased to announce the availability of WUN applications is Nov. 1, and awards will be granted in
Research Development Funds. All UW-Madison December.
faculty and academic staff are invited to apply for
10 Wisconsin Week
O n C ampus
Food Continued from page 1
happen in the real world, and because it’s
more representative of what would happen
in the real world, we’re giving people more Project
accurate results,” says Glass. “It’s a shorter
distance from the basic science to the appli-
cation in the real world. That’s where we
are. We’re that bridge.”
That is a big reason why the GMA chose
UW-Madison lab to run the current E. coli
study. Originally, GMA scientists had con- By Stacy Forster
sidered doing the project in-house, but they firstname.lastname@example.org
quickly realized this wasn’t an option. “First
off, we don’t have a smoke house, and you When Keith Findley and John Pray
can’t do pepperoni without one,” says Elena founded the Wisconsin Innocence
Photo: Wolfgang Hoffmann
Enache, a GMA microbiologist who spent Project, they weren’t sure it would even
the better part of two weeks in Madison go anywhere.
this summer working elbow-to-elbow with It was 1998, at the start of a national
Glass’s team. “At the FRI lab, we mimicked movement to expose the mistakes that
the whole process. Everything was done like can result in innocent people being sent
Kathy Glass, associate director of the Food Research Institute (FRI), runs the FRI’s Applied Food
in the pepperoni industry.” to prison.
Safety Lab. Here, she is asessing whether a group of emerging pathogenic E. coli strains can
It also didn’t hurt that Glass ran the survive the pepperoni-making process. “We wondered, would we have any
original E. coli O157:H7 safety study in clients, will anybody come to us for
fermented meats in the early 1990s, and assistance and will we be able to find any
that the FRI team subsequently developed At present, the FRI has more than two- terium that thrives in these products innocent people?” recalls Findley. He and
the processing techniques that are still used dozen dues-paying industry members that at refrigerator-temperature. Pray are professors at the Law School.
today to kill O157:H7 in fermented meats. help guide the institute’s research agenda, “Now you can’t find a processed meat “We quickly learned there is no shortage
Glass claims she hasn’t had a single bor- including Wisconsin’s Johnsonville product today that doesn’t have sodium lac- of clients and no shortage of innocent
ing day over the years. She has worked with Sausage, Jones Dairy Farm, Sargento tate in it, and you can say that is because of a people if you just dig deep enough.”
a long list of companies, food products and Foods and Schreiber Foods. But the insti- combination of work between FRI and Oscar The Wisconsin Innocence Project will
pathogenic bacteria, calling upon her FRI tute is open to research projects proposed Mayer,” says Larry Borchert, who was direc- mark its first 10 years with a program
colleagues to help whenever it made sense. by members and nonmembers alike. On tor of central research and regulatory affairs and reception at 4 p.m. on Friday, Oct.
Most projects involve testing the safety of more than one occasion, a project has at Oscar Mayer from 1980 until his retire- 23, at the Law School.
new product formulations or re-evaluating kept a business from failing. Some have ment in 1996, and oversaw Oscar Mayer’s In its first decade of working to free
products when new pathogens crop up. In helped save lives. role in the project. the wrongly convicted, the Wisconsin
recent years, Glass has been involved in a In one particularly fruitful collabora- While Glass is particularly proud of this Innocence Project has freed 12 people
big push to discover natural antimicrobials tion, the FRI collaborated with Oscar project, it’s just one of many that have helped and played an important part in shak-
that can compensate for the salt — a natu- Mayer to show that adding sodium lac- her lab fulfill its mission over the years. ing up the criminal justice system by
ral microbe-killer — that’s removed from tate to processed meats was a safe way to “We are here to help food companies make highlighting the problem of wrongful
low-sodium processed meats. “We go where prevent the growth of Clostridium botuli- their food products safe for the consumer,” convictions. Nationally, 244 people have
there’s the greatest need,” says Glass, “and num, the bacterium that causes botulism, says Glass. “We really do work together for a been exonerated because of DNA evi-
that’s a shifting target all the time.” and, more recently, Listeria, a deadly bac- common goal, which is public health.” dence.
Now, one of the project’s biggest chal-
lenges is the sheer number of requests
Graduate School Continued from page 1 it receives from inmates who want their
cases reviewed. About 400 inmates write
best organized for future success?” protocol management by hundreds of pro- the safety charges to the university.” to the project each year looking for help,
Although the most pressing issues con- tocols. We had not marshaled the resources Growing oversight requirements concern says Findley.
cern grants management, compliance and and manpower, and did not have a mecha- Daryl Buss, dean of the School of Veterinary The program has become an impor-
enforcement, DeLuca also wants the univer- nism to get that done,” he says. Medicine. “The complexity of what goes tant training ground for students, who
sity to have a stronger presence with research DeLuca confronted considerable skepti- on in the research enterprise has increased are chosen to spend a year poring over
funders at foundations, industry and the cism at some of the meetings. so dramatically, with so many different case files, trial transcripts and police
federal government, and also in discussions At a Science Hall meeting, David Turner, elements, human subjects, animal care, reports, talking to witnesses and prepar-
about future research regulation. an assistant professor of atmospheric and compliance, safety,” Buss said. “We know ing briefs.
The proposal would create a new vice oceanic sciences, commented, “I don’t think that compliance requirements are not going Findley says many students report
chancellor for research who would be you have made the point why this is critical, to decrease; effort reporting is just the most that their work on the project was the
responsible for such areas as compliance, urgent.” recent example. The complexity of a job that most significant learning experience of
safety and protection of human subjects; the In common with some others at the meet- was given to the Graduate School many years their law school careers. Students are
position would report to the provost and the ing, Turner suggested focusing efforts on ago is going beyond the ability of one indi- trained in practical matters such as how
chancellor. units where problems are arising. “Looking vidual to monitor and provide advocacy.” to develop relationships with clients and
The dean of the Graduate School would at the procedures and processes seems more Although much of the discussion con- present facts in a case, as well as bigger
continue to oversee graduate education and reasonable than throwing them out and start- cerned the university’s research mission, lessons, such as how to be skeptical and
report to the provost. The many academic ing anew,” Turner said. dividing the responsibilities should also aggressively investigate every possibility.
centers now housed in the Graduate School Several humanists also raised concerns. benefit graduate education, Buss says. “This Former students say the work they did
would be free to choose their most appropri- Lyn Keller, professor of English, noted complexity is one motivator for having sepa- in the Wisconsin Innocence Project is
ate home. that research issues were driving the reor- rate advocacy for graduate education, lest something they use in their legal careers
The provost says that the complexity ganization, and asked how funding for the it fall under the radar screen because of the every day.
involved in administering a research enter- humanities would be protected within this intensity of these research-related activities. “I think it’s very important for an
prise as large as UW-Madison’s was shown proposed structure. The fall competition It’s important to have a high level of leader- attorney to pause to say, ‘Not everyone
in a pair of incidents during the past six for Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation ship and advocacy for the graduate program arrested of a crime is guilty,’” says for-
months. teaching grants would continue as before, so it has equal administrative weight with the mer student Art Ettinger, now a public
A threatened loss of accreditation DeLuca responded. research enterprise,” Buss said. defender in Pittsburgh. “In my daily
through the Association for Assessment and Other community members were more DeLuca is gathering input and is hoping practice here I never assume my client
Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care supportive. to make a recommendation in time for a committed a crime, let alone the crime
could have caused “a suspension of research For example, Bruce Thomadsen, a pro- decision to be made as early as possible next they’re accused of.”
funding in all areas using animals,” DeLuca fessor of medical physics and chair of the spring. In addition to work on individual
says. “Only by a last-ditch effort were we able UW-Madison radiation safety committee, The Academic Staff Executive Committee cases, the project has been part of other
to put into place needed facilities and pro- agreed that serious problems need to be and the University Committee have both criminal justice reform efforts. The proj-
cesses to engender a successful review,” he addressed. “I have seen over the decades that appointed committees to look into the issue. ect received a $647,000 federal grant
says. “That’s an example of not aligning our resources for the radiation safety program For more information on the topic, includ- this month to expand the state’s efforts to
resources to our needs.” have dwindled,” Thomadsen said. “Much of ing videos of the town-hall meetings, visit use DNA evidence to exonerate citizens
The second concerned biosafety compli- that is due to the current organization, and http://www.news.wisc.edu/research-and- who have been wrongly convicted.
ance, he says. “We were behind in biosafety some major reorganization is needed to fulfill graduate-ed/.
october 21, 2009 11
o n c ampus
University Theatre explores obsessions, love in comedy, tragedy
By Gwen Evans century and uses the mechanical tech- “I’m thrilled to be working with the
email@example.com nology from the Victorian era of steam new incoming graduate acting company
power in a mash-up of the modern. and the wonderful guest artists,” says
lass and politics, unhealthy obses- The result is a fantastic and decadent Saldivar. “The piece is a great example of
sions and forbidden love are common costume drama: big, powdered wigs what happens when one’s passion is sub-
themes explored in two produc- from the 17th century now have jugated by the demands or constraints of
tions being staged by University Theatre this dreads; the maid wears a super-short society. With Lorca, you can count on a
semester. Timeless and universal states of the skirt with “killer high-heeled boots,” story full of excitement and passion. We
human condition, right? Sure, but these two says Boyette. “We stay true to Moliere, can’t imagine a better way to welcome a
plays are miles apart in tone, mood and out- but link it to the contemporary.” new crop of actors to UW-Madison.”
comes. “The Imaginary Invalid” by Moliere “The Imaginary Invalid” was Lighting will play a big role in the
is a lively comedic romp from 1673; “Blood Moliere’s last work. On stage playing production. MFA lighting designer Katie
Wedding” is a tragedy written by Spanish the role of the hypochondriac Argan, Kudrick creates different environments
dramatist and poet Frederico Garcia Lorca in he famously coughed up blood during on blank canvasses. The minimal set
1932. Try to guess which play has a happy a performance, collapsing and dying is a high-gloss floor and the canvasses,
ending. later that evening, without the atten- so there is little to distract from Lorca’s
Undoubtedly, we all know someone a little tion of a doctor or the comfort and poetry.
bit like Argan, who gives “The Imaginary ministrations of a priest. His death was Like Moliere, Lorca had an unhappy
Invalid” its title. Argan is a miser who a bitter irony given the play’s subject of death. It is believed he was executed by
imagines himself afflicted with all types of imaginary illness. the Nationalist forces at the beginning
illnesses. His life is spent consulting doctors Performance dates for “The of the Spanish Civil War in August 1936
who encourage his delusion (it’s good for Imaginary Invalid” are Oct. 23, 24, 29, and buried in a mass grave; one of the
Photo Courtesy University Theatre
their business) and following doctors’ orders. 30, 31 and Nov. 5-7 at 7:30 p.m.; and many who “disappeared.” The complete
But medical attention is expensive. Argan Nov. 1 at 2 p.m. A pre-performance circumstances of his death remain a
wants his daughter to marry a doctor so he lecture will take place Oct. 29, 6:30 mystery.
can get free medical care, even though she is p.m.; a post-performance discussion Performance dates are Nov. 13,
in love with another. Add to this mix of char- will take place Nov. 5. 14, 19-21 and Dec. 3-5 at 7:30 p.m.;
acters and familial structure sensible servants, The title “Blood Wedding” should Charlie Bauer as Argan and Jon Hause as De Bonnefoi in the and Nov. 22 at 2 p.m. A pre-perfor-
icky suitors, a greedy stepmother, disguises tip you off that this is not a frothy rom- University Theatre’s production of “The Imaginary Invalid.” mance lecture is planned for Nov. 19,
and a faked death that reveals true love and com. The play tackles the passion and The production runs Oct. 23-Nov. 7. 6:30 p.m. A post-performance discussion
loyalty. anguish of forbidden love wrapped in a will take place Dec. 3.
The play is directed by Patricia Boyette, white-hot feud between families. Dark, The production is directed by Norma “The Imaginary Invalid” is in the
professor of acting at UW-Madison. Boyette brooding and full of poetry and symbolism, Saldivar, professor of directing. The cast Mitchell Theatre; “Blood Wedding” is in the
has cast 11 undergraduate students; most are “Blood Wedding” chronicles a tragic couple includes 10 brand-new MFA acting students, Hemsley Theatre. Both theaters are in Vilas
theater majors. “We haven’t done Moliere in as they confront social expectations in their who are joined by Susan Sweeney, University Hall. Tickets to both productions are avail-
ages. He is still a premiere writer of comedy desire to live and love. Theatre professor of voice. The play also fea- able at the Union Theater Box Office during
and one of the best ever,” says Boyette. “His Lorca is known as a poet as well as a play- tures original music composed by guest music regular box office hours or at http://www.
archetypes are still recognizable today.” wright and the language in “Blood Wedding” director Joe Cerqua, fight choreography by uniontheater.wisc.edu/.
Boyette’s production adopts the steampunk is front and center. The translation by Lillian David Daniels, and dance and flamenco from
style, setting the play during the turn of the Groag retains Lorca’s potency and lyricism. the Dance Program’s Chris Walker.
Digital reading technology makes UW-Madison classroom debut
By Kiera Wiatrak which was first developed at MIT. Rather But Suri’s class, as will Cronon’s, gets access
firstname.lastname@example.org than illuminating the screen like a computer, to the Kindle’s economical library free of cost.
which can strain your eyes, the Vizplex screen With the Kindles lent for no charge and the
Alongside music, television and the news combines several shades of gray to make each course texts already uploaded, students are
media, books are surging into the new tech- digital page appear similar to the paper page free to download as much as they want and
nology era with digital-reading devices. of a book. transfer their files onto their personal com-
The UW-Madison Libraries system was “The Kindle itself is really light and pretty puters when the semester is over.
quick to get on board with the latest in elec- easy to read since the screen is more like It’s only a few weeks into the semester and
tronic reading. an Etch A Sketch than a laptop,” says Jenna Suri already sees that introducing the Kindle
“The cost and convenience factor is really Hindi, another student in the class. into the classroom has enhanced the course.
significant,” says Libraries director Ken However, Frazier points out that there is “We read classical wisdom and classi-
Frazier. “There’s an enormous amount of still room for improvement. “I’m disappointed cal thoughts from 2,500 years ago or more,
content and book titles that are becoming that the Kindle DX is not accessible to the and we think about how those ideas can be
available.” blind,” he says. relevant and useful for the world we live in
Frazier says the library has been monitoring Suri gave his 20 students the option of bor- today,” he says. “Doing this on the Kindle
the wireless technology since it first emerged, rowing the Kindle or buying the paper copies makes us very conscious of the potential for
but when Amazon introduced its new Kindle of the eight required texts, including Leo using classical wisdom in a more technologi-
DX in May, Frazier knew it was time to take Tolstoy’s 1,200-page “War and Peace.” cally advanced environment.”
Photo: Jeff Miller
paperless reading into the classrooms. While some students opted to also buy Although Suri and his students’
History professors Jeremi Suri and William some of the texts, all 20 of his students experience with the Kindle has been over-
Cronon were enthusiastic about the tech- Undergraduate Allison Neumann refers to accepted the Kindle, recognizing its cost- whelmingly positive, Frazier points out
nology and willing to bring it into their the Kindle DX during a class discussion in saving and environmental benefits. they’re always on the lookout for newer
classrooms for a trial run to assess what place Professor Jeremi Suri’s upper-level history “Providing more access at a less-expensive, digital-reading technology.
digital-reading devices might have in the uni- [less] ecologically damaging rate to students “We have no commitment to this device,”
versity’s future. is the direction we need to be moving as we he says. “The future of this depends on what
The UW-Madison Libraries purchased 20 PDF files, so professors can assign articles and think about teaching,” Suri says. we learn. This is really about everybody learn-
Kindles last summer with $10,000 from the digital excerpts from books without forcing Of the 17 students surveyed before the ing and it seems very likely that we’re going
Parents Fund and distributed them to the 20 students to print hundreds of pages or strain course, 14 said they typically spend $200 or to see better and cheaper electronic-reading
students in Suri’s upper-level history seminar their eyes reading on their computers. more on their course books each semester. devices.”
“The Past and Future of Grand Strategy.” “I’m no fan of reading 60- to 75-page PDFs Four of them reported spending $500 or But Frazier has no doubts that there will be
The Kindles will be collected at the end of sitting stiffly in front of a computer,” says more. a future in electronic reading.
the semester and re-distributed in spring to Sarah Mittermaier, one of Suri’s students. While the Kindle DX costs nearly $500, “I think that this is a breakthrough technol-
Cronon’s environmental history students. “Curling up in a comfy chair with a Kindle is that’s a one-time cost, and it usually costs less ogy now,” he says. “I don’t know what the
The Kindle DX was particularly attractive painless.” than $10 to upload a book, not to mention tipping point will be, but I can’t imagine that
to the UW-Madison Libraries because of its The Kindle DX, the largest available digital- the thousands of cost-free uploads available in it isn’t going to happen. There are just too
9.7-inch screen and its ability to download reading device, features a Vizplex screen, the public domain collection. many advantages.”
12 Wisconsin Week