Model Narrative Text 1 Fable

					           NARRATIVE TEXT
There are many different
   types of narratives.
1. Fable
2. Legend
3. Romance
4. Mystery
5. Adventure
6. Historical fiction
7. Science fiction
8. etc
Social function :

 To amuse, entertain and to deal with
  actual or vicarious experience in
  different ways;

 Narrative deal with problematic
  events which lead to a crisis or
  turning point of some kind, which in
  turn find a resolution
 Model Narrative Text 1 : Fable
                     Once there was a Hare who used to laugh scornfully at a
ORIENTATION     Tortoise because he plodded along so slowly. "You never can get           Past
                anywhere with those short legs of yours. Look at my long legs!
                They're so swift no one would dare race me." All the animals              Tense
                of field and forest were tired of hearing the Hare brag.
                     At last the Tortoise said, "If we were to run a race, I'm sure I
COMPLICATION    would beat you." The animals were astonished for they knew
                the Tortoise was the slowest of them all, and the Hare, bursting
                into loud laughter, cried, "What a joke!” That slowpoke thinks           Participant
                he can beat me! Come on, Mr. Tortoise, you shall see what my
                feet are made of. Why I can beat you before you are even half-
                started!" "You'd better not be too sure," cautioned the Tortoise
                     All the big and little animals gathered to watch the race. At the    Action
SERIES OF       signal the Hare leaped forward in a great bound and soon left
 EVENTS         the plodding Tortoise far behind him on the dusty road.                   verbs
                Looking back, the Hare could not even see the Tortoise after a
                little while.
                     "Hum-m, I've as good as won this race already," the thought,
                "There's really no reason to hurry." So, as the sun was very
                warm, he decided to rest a bit under a shady tree. "I'll come in         Time
                away ahead of that Tortoise, anyhow," he told himself. Soon
                he was sound asleep. The little rest stretched into a good long          Conjunction
                     Meantime, the Tortoise jogged steadily along on the hot,
RESOLUTION      dusty road, ever so slowly, but surely, and soon he passed the
                Hare who was still peacefully sleeping. Quietly the Tortoise
                plodded on nearing the goal. When the Hare finally woke up
                with a start, he saw the Tortoise just reaching the finish line far
                ahead and he could hear all the animals cheering the winner.
                      Boastful and careless, the Hare had lost the race. Now he
REORIENTATION   would never again be able to count on his speed.
                     Moral of the story: Perseverance wins the race
     Model Narrative Text 2 : Legend
                                                 MALIN KUNDANG
Orientation   Long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatera, lived a woman and her
              son, Malin Kundang.

              Malin Kundang's father had passed away when he was a baby, and he had to live hard
              with his mother.
              Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong child. He usually went to the sea to
              catch fish, and brought it to his mother, or sold it in the town.

              One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing as usual, he saw a merchant's ship which was
              being raided by a small band of pirates. With his brave and power, Malin Kundang
              defeated the pirates. The merchant was so happy and asked Malin Kundang to sail with
              him. Malin Kundang agreed.
              Many years later, Malin Kundang became a wealthty merchant, with a huge ship, loads of
              trading goods, many ship crews, and a beautiful wife. In his journey, his ship landed on a
              beach. The villagers reconigzed him, and the news ran fast in the town: Malin Kundang
              became a rich man and now he is here. His mother, in deepful sadnees after years of
              loneliness, ran to the beach to meet her beloved son again.

              When the mother came, Malin Kundang, in front of his well dressed wife, his crews and
              his own gloriness, denied to meet that old, poor and dirty woman. For three times she
              begged Malin Kundang and for three times yelled at him. At last Malin Kundang said to
              her "Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly peasant!"
              Then he ordered his crews to set sail.

              Enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn't apologize.
              Malin Kundang just laughed and set sail.

              In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was
              too late for Malin Kundang to apologized. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship, fell
              on a small island, and suddenly turned into stone.
                 Teacher’s Information
Story handed down from the past . Legends are often based on
   historical events or people but are not true history or doubtful
                                                     Doubtful truth
Setting in the past          ORIENTATION             location

  Hard live                 COMPLICATION

                                                     Untrue historical
                              RESOLUTION             events

Tragic ending/
Happy ending                REORIENTATION
Model Narrative Text 3 : Historical Fiction -
TROY           Through time men have waged war. Some for power, some for glory, some for
                           honour. and some for love.
                           In ancient Greece. the passion of two literature’s of most notorious lovers.
                           Paris prince of Troy and Helen , Queen of Sparta ignited as a war that would
                           devastate civilization. When Paris spirits away from her husband, King
                           Menelaus, it was an insult that could not be suffered. Familiar pride dictated
                           that an affront to Manelaus was an affront to his brother, powerful King of
                           the Mycenaeans , who soon united all the massive tribes of Greece to steal
                           Helen back from Troy in defence of his brother’s honour.

                           In truth, Argamemnon’s pursuit of honour was computed by his
                           overwhelming greed-he needs to conquer Troy to control seize of the Aegean,
                           thus insuring the supremacy of his already vast empire. The walled city under
                           leadership of King Priam and defended by mighty prince Hector, was a
                           citadel that no army had ever been able to breach.

                           One man alone stood as the key to victory or defeated over Troy – Archilles ,
                           believed to be the greatest warrior alive.
                           Arrogant, rebellious and seemingly invincible, Archilles had allegiance to
                           nothing and no one, save his own glory. It was his insatiable hunger for
                           eternal renown that led him to attack the gates of Troy under Agamemnon’s
                           banner – but it would be love for Brisies, Prince Hector’s Cousin that
                           ultimately decided his fate.

                           Two words would go to war for honour and power. Thousands would fall in
                           our suit of glory. And for love, a nation would burn to the ground.

                                                                           < TroyE4>
 Historical Fiction
 Here are the features of typical historical
  fiction text.
                                         Description of a
A setting in the past    ORIENTATION
                                         period in history

 Good met evil                            Good versus evil
 Action related to      COMPLICATION      Description of life
 History                                  In the time
 Characters’ lives
 affected by the
 events of history

                                        Characters survive
  Honour                 RESOLUTION     the chaos of the time
                                        The end of the war

Summation               REORIENTATION   Loss and destruction
Who are these characters?
            1.   Hector
            2.   Paris
            3.   Helen
            4.   Menelaus
            5.   Argamemnon
            6.   Archilles
            7.   Priam
Model Narrative Text 4 : Romance - A Story of
Cinderella.        Once upon a time not so very long ago a young
                      girl named Sam Martin lived in the San Fernando
                      Valley with her widowed father. He delighted in
                      reading her fairy tale stories every night, as well as
                      teaching her good values, including standing up for
                      her. He was an a successful diner and one day,
                      married again to give Sam a mother; a woman named
                      Fiona who had daughters of her own, fraternal twins
                      Brianna and Gabriella. And then Sam’s father died in
                      the Northridge earthquake, leaving her alone with her
                      stepmother and two stepsisters. With no will found to
                      speak of, Fiona took over the house and the diner,
                      relegating Sam to live in the attic.
                              Fast forward eight years; Sam had grown up into
                      a pretty young senior in a high school (who was often
                      lost in the crowd) , and must balance mounds of
                      schoolwork, working at the diner, and taking care of
                      her spoiled stepmother’s every whim. While Sam
                      disliked being made into a slave, she tried to keep her
                      stepmother happy in order to get money to attend
                      Princeton. She had a text message secret admirer who
                      she communicated with on a regular basis. Along with
                      her best friend Carter they attended the school’s
                      Halloween dance incognito, where Sam was set to
                      meet her secret admirer for the first time. Dressed in a
                      never-before-been-worn wedding gown and mask, she
                      was loaned by friends, including fairy god mother
                      Ronda who had worked at the diner since Sam was
                      still a child. Sam was ready to meet her Prince
      When Sam discovered that her secret admirer was non
other than popular quarterback, Austin Ames she was sure
anything between them would never work out; After all. Why
would the most popular boy in school be interested in her?
They played ‘20’ questions, she gave him 10. And Austin
learned some things about her; just when he was about to lift
her mask and discovered her identity, Sam cell rang and she
ran away, leaving her cell phone behind. Austin began
searching the school to discover his Cinderella’s identity;
Austin although jock–popular boy on the surface, longed to
be a writer and attended Princeton ( his dad wanted him to be
a USC man like him). But can he convince the elusive Sam
that he liked her for herself. And when fellow seniors
discovered who Austin’s Cinderella really was, things could
get ugly. They mocked her as a diner girl. And this really
hurt her heart.
      Carter tried to encourage Sam to be strong. He asked
her to go to the soccer match where Austin played as
quarterback. When most of the spectators cheered for
Austin, Sam wanted to leave the match for she couldn’t stand
looking at Austin. She wanted to get out of soccer field. Sam
could not concentrate in playing the game. Knowing that
Sam was leaving the soccer field, he ran after her to explain
what really happened. Then they hugged each other happily.
      One day when Sam felt that she could not stand to live
with her stepmother anymore, she came to Ronda her fairy
godmother to stay with her. Fortunately, Sam found a will
dropped from the fairy tale book given by her late father
saying that all the house and the diner belonged to her.
      Since then her stepmother and stepsisters worked at
the diner and Sam happily continued her study at Princeton
together with her prince Austin Ames.
                Teacher’s Explanation
The romance narrative typically tells of two lovers who
  overcome difficulties to end up together. Here are the
  usual features.
                                            Exotic setting:
Male and female
                           ORIENTATION      Sunset, beach,
who is looking for love
Characters introduced
                                            Dance floor

                          COMPLICATION       Boy met girl
                                             hurt & pain

Development of                               love,
relationship                                 Warmth,
                                            Marry, and live
 Boy got girl             REORIENTATION
                                            happily ever after

Shared By: