1.00 INTRODUCTION Mr. V. Venkateshulu, Bellary, is having mining by heapsofluvv


									         Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.


       Mr. V. Venkateshulu, Bellary, is having mining lease bearing M.L.
       No. 2368 to win iron ore in Janekunta village, Bellary Tq., Bellary
       Dist., Karnataka, over an extent of 56.7390 Ha.

       The lease was granted on 26.07.2002, for a period of 20 years. No
       mining activities were carried out till 2004-05. Lease is granted for
       iron ore, yellow ochre, red ochre and BHQ. Since yellow ochre and
       red ochre are available in traces, are not considered mineable at
       present. However, iron ore and quartzite reserves are estimated.

       It is located in village Janekunta, Bellary Taluka, Bellary Dist.
       District Head Quarter Bellary is at a distance of about 15km from
       the mine site.

       The Scheme of Mining is approved vide letter No. MS/BLR/Fe-104-
       SZ dated 10.01.2008 for iron ore production capacity of 1.02mtpa.

       There is no forest area within the lease. The lease area is in waste


       Latitude      : N 15º 06’ 44” to N 15º 06’ 59”
       Longitude     : E 76º47’ 23” to E 76º 77’ 51”
       Elevation     : The highest elevation is 962m RL
                        Lowest elevation is 712m RL

       The total quantity of reserves estimated are 11.02 million tones. The
       quality of ore is analyzing between 50 to 64 % Fe. Total waste to be
       handled upto the life of the mine is estimated to be 6.646 million
       tones with overall ore to overburden ratio of 1:0.60.

       With the proposed annual production, the life of the mine would be
       about 13 years.
Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
         Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

 2.3 Details of Mining

       Open-cast mechanized mining will be followed with 7m as bench
       height, working bench width will be maintained 7m during the
       ultimate stage, keeping general bench slope of 60º. The ore body is
       exposed to a length of 310m, since the strike length of ore body is
       small entire strike will be worked systematically as per the approved
       mining plan. Benches will be formed along the strike and will
       advance towards dip and strike. Present highest elevation is 962m
       MSL and lowest bench planned would be 800m above MSL.
       Stripping ratio estimated is 1:0.60.

       ROM mining and screening will be adopted, all the ore will be
       blended and entire ROM will be sold as per the requirement of the
       steel/sponge iron plants of both domestic/overseas, there-by
       ensuring zero waste mining.


       This Rapid EIA/EMP is prepared based on the environmental data
       monitored during Summer-2007. The data of various quality
       parameters are given in detail in the succeeding paragraphs.

       Location of monitoring stations:
           Name of Sampling       Distance(km)     Direction      Station Codes
              Stations             w.r.t core      w.r.t core   Air   Noise   Soil
                                      zone           zone
        Belagallu                      5.9             NEE      AI     N1     S2
        Hariginadona village           3.6             NWW      AII    N2     S1
        (Forest Land)
        Tumti village                  2.3             SWW      AIII   N3     S3
        Janekunta village              4.7           NE         AIV    N4      -
        Core zone                      Within the lease         AV     N5     S4

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
             Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

 3.1 Ambient Air Quality Monitoring:

       The predominant wind direction is NW-SE.

       Mining activity will be carried-out on a hilly terrain, wherein there is
       no        possibility of encountering        ground water as the mining
       operations will be carried-out on sloping hill with highest & lowest
       elevation of 962 m and 712 m above MSL respectively. The ground
       water table is at about 500 to 550m above MSL.

       Representation of SPM, RSPM in a tabular form given below:
                                          Back      Maximum       Maximum
        Sr.            Name of the                                              CPCB
                                         ground     Predicted     Resultant
        No.              village                                                Limit
                                          level   concentration concentration
            1.    Belagallu village       169          7.61         176.61
            2.    Hariginadona village    185          7.36         192.36
            3.    Tumti village           164         15.30         179.30
            4.    Janekunta village       193         13.61         206.61
            1.    Belagallu village       83           3.73         86.73
            2.    Hariginadona village    85           3.38         88.38
            3.    Tumti village           84           7.84         91.84        100
            4.    Janekunta village       94           6.63         100.63

   3.1.1 Mitigation measures to lower the emission of pollutants:

       i)        Water spraying on roads with 25 trips per day of 8000 lts
                 tanker capacity.
       ii)       Tipper bodies will be checked for any leakages through the body
                 and corrective action will be taken.
       iii)      Development of green barriers along the entire haul road, waste
                 dumps, around statutory buildings and along the lease
       iv)       Construction of well designed haulage roads with side drains.
       v)        Haul roads and service roads will be graded regularly to clear
                 accumulation of any loose material.

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
             Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       vi)     Drilling will be carried-out by wet drilling as well as by using
               dust extractors. Blasting will be carried-out with optimum
               spacing and burden and by using millisecond delay detonators.
               Maximum 10 holes will be blasted at a time. Hence generation
               of Noise, vibration and fly rock will be reduced to great extent.
       vii) Over filling of tippers will be avoided so that there is no spillage
               on the roads.
       viii) Ore loaded tippers will be covered with tarpaulin before allowing
               to transport on the main roads.
       ix)     Monitoring of air quality periodically to take necessary steps to
               keep the pollution constituents with-in the permissible limits.

 3.2 Noise Environment:

       From the monitoring data of Summer 2007, it may be observed that
       Leq(day) varies for buffer zone from 54.1 to 58.3 dB(A). Maximum
       noise level recorded was 68.4 dB(A) at Hariginadona village.

   3.2.1 Proposed mitigating measures

       i)      Planting of trees with thick foliage along roads, around
               buildings to act, as, acoustic barriers.
       ii)     Protective devices like earmuffs/ear plugs shall be provided to
               machine operator etc.
       iii)    Proper   and    regular   maintenance      of   vehicles   and   other
       iv)     Speed of trucks will be limited to moderate speed to minimise
               excessive noise from empty trucks.
       v)      Restricting the work to day time.
       vi)     Noise and ground vibrations will be controlled by adopting wet
               drilling, by using optimum spacing and burden and by using
               millisecond delay detonators.
       vii) Supply of PPE to the workers exposed to noise levels
Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
            Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       viii) Periodic     noise     level   monitoring    at    various     sources   like
              equipment, plant, transport, loading, and dumping and also at
              the monitoring stations.
       ix)    If there is any increasing trend of noise level, will be
              investigated and corrected.
       x)     Maintaining individual health checks of workers and any
              nearby villagers. If any deterioration is noticed, will be
              investigated and corrective measures will be taken.
       xi)    Maintaining machinery checks and maintenance schedules.
       xii) Maintaining record of road repairs.
       xiii) Noise level from various mining activities will be controlled at
              sources by selecting HEMM’s with sound proof cabins. All the
              operators    will    be   provided   with    PPEs.     Periodic    medical
              examinations at “Sanjeevini Multispeciality Hospital” located at
              Toranagal, will be carried-out. Based on the examination
              suitable remedial actions will be taken, like job rotation,
              medical support etc.

 3.3 Water Environment:

       Location of Monitoring Stations
        Code                      Particulars                   Distance      Direction
                                                               w.r.t core     w.r.t core
                                                               zone (Km)         zone
        (a) Ground water stations:
         GW1 Belagallu village bore well water                    5.9           NEE
         GW2 Hariginadona village bore well water                 3.6           NNW
         GW3 Tumti village bore well water                        2.3           SWW
        (b) Surface water station:
         SW1 Avinamadugukere                                      6.3            SW
         SW2 Allipur tank water                                   8.0            NE
         SW3 Odakanahalla                                         4.0            NW

       Water requirement for dust suppression is 202m3/day, 10 m3/day
       for green belt development and 2 m3/day will be for domestic
       consumption once the mining operations commence in full scale.
       Total quantum of water to be consumed when the mine starts to

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
         Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       produce 1.02million tons/annum would be about 214 m3/day. This
       will be drawn from bore well located at the general ground level from
       local people on sale.

   3.3.1 Proposed mitigating measures

       During plan period of five years, 5 check dams, 750m retaining wall
       and gully checks as per the requirement will be constructed within
       the lease area to control monsoon run-off.

       Proposed protection measures will charge the                   ground water
       additionally. Further, about 6.50 Ha. pit area will be left as water
       recharging pit at the end of the conceptual period. During the course
       of the mining also the mining pit will help for ground water

 3.4    Land Environment:
     Study of Land use:
       Buffer zone:
       There are 14 working mining leases present in buffer zone occupying
       735.329 Ha. (1.86% of land area). There are 3 non-working mining
       leases covering an area of 69.35 Ha.

       Core Zone:
       Present & Stage-wise land use pattern of the lease area is given below:
        Sl.        Particulars       Present   End of 1st     End of          During
        No.                           Land        plan       2nd plan      Conceptual
                                                 period       period       plan period
                                               (2007-12)    (2012-17)       (2017-22)
        1.    Mining                  4.2000          6.6         10.0             13.5
        2.    Over         burden/    0.4800          7.0         8.86              9.8
        3.    Infrastructure                     Out side the lease area
        4.    Mineral storage                               ,,
        5.    Roads                   1.0800         1.35         1.35           1.35
        6.    Green belt                   -         4.50         7.00           9.80
        7.    Protective measures                       -             -             -
        8.    Area for future use    50.9790     37.2890        29.529         22.289
              Total                   56.739      56.739       56.739          56.739
Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
            Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

   3.4.1 Proposed mitigating measures:

       Top soil handled, if any, will be re-used for plantation, concurrent to
       mining. The following measures will be adopted to protect land
       •     Water spraying on roads and dumps
       •     Construction of check dams, gully checks and toe/retention
       •     Concurrent biological reclamation of inactive portion of the
       •     Application of Coco-Erosion control Blanket and Coco-filter
             Technique (about 1.5 Ha) in elimination of dump erosion during
       •     Keeping minimum area under mining and dumping during life of
             the mining.

       Concurrent biological reclamation of inactive portion of the dumps
       and subsequent afforestation of top benches of about 7.0 Ha. with
       local species and the remaining pit 6.5Ha will be kept as water
       recharging pit.

       There is no colony, so there is no domestic solid waste.

       The proposed plantation programme is as follows:

                                          PLANTATION PROGRAM
                               Green             Surface dumps                  Total
             Year       belt/plantation area
                        Area (Ha.)   Plants   Area Agave/ plants      Area     Agave/    plants
                                              (Ha.)  others           (Ha.)    others
           2008-09        0.60        1500    0.50   20,000 1,250     1.10     20,000     2,750
           2009-10        0.60        1500    0.50   20,000 1,250     1.10     20,000     2,750
           2010-11        0.80        2000    0.50   20,000 1,250     1.30     20,000     3,250
           2011-12        0.80        2000    0.50   20,000 1,250     1.30     20,000     3,250
            IInd five       -           -     4.80 1,92,000 12,000    4.80    1,92,000   12,000
           year upto
           al period
              Post      7.0+2.70+   1,01,097   3.00   1,20,000 7,500 40.639 1,20,000 1,08,597
            Mining        27.939
              Total       40.439    1,08,097   9.8    3,92,000 24,500 50.239 3,92,000 1,32,597

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
         Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

 3.5    Biological Environment:

       There is no forest land involved in the lease area. There is no loss of
       forest cover. The core zone is not having any tree growth, since the
       area is rocky with thin soil cover followed by scanty rainfall. There
       will not be any impact on aquatic biodiversity due to increase in the
       mining activity.

       Lessee has already carried-out plantation of about 6000 saplings of
       various local species on the dumps, float worked out area and all
       along the road covering an area of 3.00 Ha. Apart from this natural
       growth is protected.

       As the mining activities are confined to lease area only, which is
       Revenue land. Green belt will be developed along the boundary of
       the lease area, there is no adverse effect of increased production on
       the buffer-zone Fauna.

       There is no adverse impact on core-zone flora due to proposed
       increase in production, as the mining will be continued in the
       barren land, which is assessed waste land of Revenue Department.

       All the inactive dumps will be stabilized by massive plantation.
       Further, it is planned to have only required area under mining and
       associated activities at any given point of time. As the entire lease
       area will be covered under plantation, increasing the positive effect
       drastically on Flora with-in the lease area. Species for plantation will
       be selected as per the advice of local Forest Department, strict watch
       and ward will be provided, to stop indiscriminate felling of trees, and
       this will be continued till the life of the mine.

   3.5.1 Proposed mitigating measures:

       Wildlife conservation prepared in consultation with forest experts
       and forest officials is as follows.
Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
           Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       •    To protect the wildlife from any damage, project authority will
            fence the lease boundary, Safety barrier of 7.5m will be planted
            with tall growing plants, to prevent inadvertent entry of animals
            into the mining area.

       •    Promoting growing of grass to increase the rabbit population to
            conserve wild animals.

       •    Salt licks and water holes will be provided for animals in the
            forest area to conserve animal in consultation with Forest

       •    Mine working is restricted to day time only in order to prevent
            any disturbance to wild life during night. Drilling and blasting
            operation will be carried-out only for hard strata and kept
            minimum, in a specified time.

       •    Mine management will provide watch and ward to monitor,
            manage the wild life and forest for better management.

       •    Fire protection works like cutting of trenches for 15m width will
            be continued in the buffer zone area, with-in the radius of 1km
            from the mine.

       •    Mine management will actively participate in the additional
            conservation plan as and when prepared by the State Forest
            Department/ CWLW if any and will contribute funds for its

 3.6       Socio-Economic Environment:

       As a matter of fact mining is the major economic activity in the
       District, which results in creation of job opportunities             and
       Industrialization. For the surrounding villages, this project would be
       major economic activity resulting in generation of revenue to both
       State as well as Central Government by means of royalties, taxes,
       excise duties and most importantly earning foreign exchange.
Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
           Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       There are 14 villages with-in the buffer zone of 10km radius.

   3.6.1 Proposed mitigating measures:

       The company will identify the merit students from local schools and
       suitable scholarships will be provided every year. Provision of
       scholarships for higher education also will be considered based on
       economically weaker sections of the local community, funds will be
       utilized    from     Rs.30.00lakhs      earmarked        for    socio-economic

       Free saplings distribution to the local population every year on the
       occasion of celebrating “World Environment Day”. Only local
       population will be engaged in annual plantation and other related

       Proposed increase in annual production will create additional job
       opportunities      for   64   persons   directly.   It   will   also   increase
       employment in ancillary activities, like transport, security, service

       Need based assessment for the nearby villages, in general, has been
       conducted to study economic measures which can help in
       upliftment of poor section of society. Accordingly the following
       programme has been prepared.

       •    Identifying the poor section of the society-2 families in each
            village (4 villages) falling with-in the 5 km radius and 1 family
            each beyond 5 km and upto 10 km radius (10 villages) and
            providing interest free loan with financial support for the
            purchase of iron transport vehicle and employ in this mine.

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
           Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       •    Identifying the grazing land in 5 villages falling with-in 10 km
            radius and form self help group with women from economically
            weaker section and provide help for plantation with fruit bearing
            plant, apart from supporting the plantation till its maturity.
       •    Developing fodder forms in 5 villages involving local women
            population and make them to run on their own.
       •    Providing 5 vocational training centers in the buffer zone villages
            involving local youth.
       •    Providing two free school buses for students traveling to the town
            for higher education.
       •    5 students will be sponsored for higher education from the near-
            by villages.
       •    Conducting health camps in the buffer zone 5 villages once in 3
            months for eye, heart, lungs etc., and providing free medical
            treatment as per the requirement.
       •    Adopting Janekunta village located towards North-East and will
            be ensured for civic amenities such as Drinking water, Schools,
            Health centre, Roads infrastructure etc., by spending Rs. 10
       •    Regular    maintenance       of   village   roads   through      which
            transportation of ore will be done.

 3.7 Occupational health Environment:

       There are no hazardous operations/activities. However, drilling and
       blasting operations, Storage of explosives, HEMM’s operations etc.
       are considered as sensitive operations which require care. In case of
       iron ore mines, the dust does not have any toxic elements. The
       workers will be provided with personal protective equipments like
       dust masks, helmets, goggles, glouse, mining shoes etc.

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
         Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

   3.7.1      Proposed mitigating measures
       Full time medical officer who is trained in dealing with occupational
       diseases will be engaged to examine workers health and the villagers

       Medical check-up will be conducted every year as per the Mines Act,
       and treatment will be provided accordingly and records will be

       Employees will not be allotted more than shift hours. The workers
       exposed to various activities will be assessed through Time
       Allotment Record.

       Conducting of Mines Safety Week and Environment week helps in
       communication and occupational health training.

           Budget for environmental & occupational health activities:
                              Particulars                     Rupees Per annum
           Full time Medial Officer with specialization                 5,29,000
           in treatment occupational health, HIV etc.,
           treatment recurring/annum
           For occupational health test 64personxRs.                     64,000
           1000 recurring/annum
           For 1st Aid station, Medicines, Ambulance                   10,00,000
           facilities capital cost.
                                                  Total               15,93,000

4.0    ENVIRONMENT            MANAGEMENT               PLAN     AND     PROJECT

       Environmental cell will be constituted to monitor the environmental
       programmes as per the approved EIA/EMP following statutory

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka
         Executive Summary of Janekunta Iron Ore Mine of Sri. V. Venkateshulu.

       The total initial cost during first five years is around Rs. 208.38
       lakhs and recurring expenditure is about Rs. 98.75 lakhs.

       Overall Environment management running expenses are about Rs.
       11.72/tonne of ore produced from the mine when the mine reaches
       the peak level of production.

       The mine management will take all the measures mentioned in this
       Environmental Management Plan.

                                                   For TRANSIT SURVEYS,

Sri. V. Venkateshulu                               C.D. Prabhakar Reddy,
         Lessee                                    Authorised Signatory,

Prepared by M/s. Transit Surveys, Bellary, Karnataka

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