575 INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY WORKSHEETS by Reileyfan

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									    Name __________________________________
    Class __________________________________                    Chapter 1 Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology           575

                      INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
                                    WORKSHEETS
Anatomy                                                             21 What are the three components of the cell theory?
1 Define anatomy. _________________________________                    (1)____________________________________________
   ______________________________________________                      (2) ___________________________________________
2 Define cellular anatomy. __________________________                  (3)____________________________________________
   ______________________________________________                   22 Tissues are built on the __________ level and are organ-
3 Define cytology. ________________________________                    ized into the ___________level.
   ______________________________________________                   23 What are the four fundamental groups of tissues?
4 Define developmental anatomy (embryology). _________                 (1)____________________________________________
   ______________________________________________                      (2) ___________________________________________
5 Define gross anatomy. ___________________________                    (3)____________________________________________
   ______________________________________________                      (4)____________________________________________
6 Define histological anatomy. _______________________              24 Organs are built on the __________ level and are organ-
   ______________________________________________                      ized into the ___________level.
7 Define histology. ________________________________                25 Organ systems are built on the __________ level and are
   ______________________________________________                      organized into the ___________level.
8 Define microscopic anatomy. ______________________                26 Match the following systems with their components:
   ______________________________________________
9 Define regional anatomy. __________________________                   Cardiovascular system         Muscular system
   ______________________________________________                       Digestive system              Nervous system
10 Define systemic anatomy. _________________________                   Endocrine system              Respiratory system
   ______________________________________________                       Female reproductive system    Skeletal system
11 Define surface anatomy. __________________________                   Integumentary system          Urinary system
   ______________________________________________                       Lymphatic system
Physiology                                                              Male reproductive system
12 Define physiology. _______________________________
   ______________________________________________                   _________________ Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and receptors
13 Define cell physiology. ___________________________              _________________ Heart, blood vessels, and blood
   ______________________________________________                   _________________ Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and
14 Define pathology. _______________________________                                  urethra
   ______________________________________________                   _________________ Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels and
15 Define systemic physiology. _______________________                                their fluid called lymph, tonsils, spleen,
   ______________________________________________                                     and thymus
16 Define special (organ) physiology. __________________            _________________ Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small
   ______________________________________________                                     intestine, large intestine, anus, and
Complementarity                                                                       accessory
17 What does complementarity of anatomy and physiology              _________________ Nasal cavity, voice box (larynx), wind-
   refer to? _______________________________________                                  pipe (trachea), and lungs
   ______________________________________________                   _________________ Organs such as salivary gland, pancreas,
Organizational Levels                                                                 liver and gallbladder
18 List in sequence (lowest first) the six hierarchical levels of   _________________ Organs which produce hormones
   anatomy and physiology.                                                            (chemical messengers) which include
   (1)____________________________________________                                    pituitary, testes, ovaries, thymus, thy-
   (2) ___________________________________________                                    roid
   (3)____________________________________________                  _________________ Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and
   (4) ___________________________________________                                    vagina
   (5)____________________________________________                  _________________ Skeletal muscles
   (6) ___________________________________________                  _________________ Skeleton
19 How does the chemical level (atoms, molecules, and their         _________________ Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and oil
   interactions) relate to cells? ________________________                            glands
   ______________________________________________                   _________________ Testes, ductus (vas) deferens, prostate,
20 Cells are built on the __________ level and are organized                          seminal vesicles, and penis
   into the ___________level.
                                                                         Name __________________________________
576      Chapter 1 Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology                Class __________________________________


27 Match the following systems with their functions:
    Cardiovascular system
    Digestive system
    Endocrine system
    Female reproductive system
    Integumentary system
    Lymphatic system
    Male reproductive system
    Muscular system
    Nervous system
    Respiratory system
    Skeletal system
    Urinary system
________________ Delivery of air to lungs for oxygen and
                     carbon dioxide exchange between air
                     and blood
_________________ Immediate control of systems, personal-
                     ity, emotions, etc.
_________________ Includes the production, storage, and
                     elimination of urine, which involves
                                                                 Figure 1.1
                     regulation of water, electrolytes, and
                                                                 28 In reference to Figure 1.1, identify levels #1 - #6.
                     blood pH.
                                                                     1______________________ 4_____________________
_________________ Includes the skeleton which supports,
                                                                     2______________________ 5_____________________
                     protects, provides for storage of calci-
                                                                     3______________________ 6_____________________
                     um, and serves as a site of blood cell
                                                                 Characteristics of Human Life
                     production
                                                                 29 Define metabolism. _____________________________
_________________ Long-term regulation of systems by pro-
                                                                     ______________________________________________
                     duction and release of hormones
                                                                 30 What are the two major divisions of metabolism?
_________________ Movement of the body and involved in
                                                                     (1)____________________________________________
                     body temperature regulation
                                                                     (2) ___________________________________________
_________________ Processing and absorption of nutrients
                                                                 31 Define catabolism. _____________________________
_________________ Production of egg, implantation and
                                                                     ______________________________________________
                     development
                                                                 32 Define anabolism. _______________________________
_________________ Production of lymphocytes for immuni-
                                                                     _____________________________________________
                     ty, and collects, filters, and transports
                                                                 33 What are three ways growth may occur?
                     fluid (lymph)
                                                                     (1)____________________________________________
_________________ Production of sperm
                                                                     (2) ___________________________________________
_________________ Protection (by skin, hair, etc.), site of
                                                                     (3)____________________________________________
                     sensory receptors, involved in body
                                                                 34 Define differentiation. ___________________________
                     temperature control, etc.
                                                                     ______________________________________________
_________________ Transport of blood; including cells,
                                                                 35 Define responsiveness. ___________________________
                     nutrients, wastes, gases, hormones, etc.
                                                                     ______________________________________________
                                                                 36 Motion begins with controlled molecular actions within
                                                                     the _________.
                                                                 37 List five areas where movements are seen.
                                                                     (1)____________________________________________
                                                                     (2) ___________________________________________
                                                                     (3)____________________________________________
                                                                     (4) ___________________________________________
                                                                     (5)___________________________________________
                                                                 38 What are two processes of cell reproduction?
                                                                     (1)____________________________________________
                                                                     (2) ___________________________________________
                                                                 39 What does meiosis give rise to? _________________
                                                                     ______________________________________________
                                                                 40 What are three things cell division provides? __________
                                                                     ______________________________________________
                                                                     ______________________________________________

								
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