Seat No.: _____ Enrolment No.______
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
MBA Sem.- I Examination January 2010
Subject code: 810005 Subject Name: Organizational Behavior
Date: 27 / 01 / 2010 Time: 12. 00 – 2.30 pm
Total Marks: 70
1. Attempt all questions.
2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.
3. Figures to the right indicate full marks.
Q.1 (a) Discuss the Individual and organizational approaches to managing diversity. 07
(b) Define : 1 - Contrast effects 2 - Knowledge management 3 - Classical conditioning 07
4 - Mentoring 5 - Reinforcement 6 - Terminal values
7 - Communication
Q.2 (a) Applied behavioral science is built on contribution from number of behavioral 07
(b) Discuss the various challenges to applied behavioral science. 07
(b) Modern organization designs meet the challenges of new environment. Explain briefly. 07
Q.3 Read the following case and answer the questions given at the end.
High tech – High Fear
Both the popular and academic press proclaim how wonderful advanced technology is
for today`s organizations. For example, B2B processes can dramatically cut a form`s
costs. The other side, the dark side of this high – tech revolution, however, is seldom
mentioned. Although young employees who grew up with computers in their schools
and homes may be adaptable and open to IT changes in the workplace, and certainly
some middle-age and older employees at all levels welcome and are excited by the IT
challenges, a significant number of today`s employees of all ages are not only resistant,
but downright terrified.
With the dramatic changes brought on by the new technological environment, today’s
employees have been trust into a whole range of emotional reactions, from surprise to
fear to anger to even shame. Competent, secure employees who were very optimistic
and efficacious about their job duties in the old economy have become pessimistic and
questioning of their abilities and cognitive resources necessary to be successful in this
new high tech environment.
Here is a recent list of human problems associated with the advent of advanced
technology in today`s organizations:
1. Feelings of being overwhelmed, intimated, and ashamed of not being able to keep up
with job demands.
2. Some employees belief that they are actually being enslaved, not empowered, by new
3. Fears of appearing incept, unintelligent, or resistant to change.
4. A diminished ability to solve problems, fostering a sense of hopelessness and worry.
5. Loss of respect by the boss, peers, and subordinates.
6. Physiological disturbances brought on by longer hours, time pressures, and even
hormone shifts brought on by being physically isolated.
7. Mood swings, depressions, exhaustion, and attention deficits.
Obviously, these feelings, beliefs, fears and physical/mental dysfunction are taking their toll
on the people affected but there also may be an impact on quality, productivity, and
Q-I What are the trade-offs in today`s organizations between the positives and negatives of 05
advanced technology? Does it really matter of some of the older employees are having a hard
time adjusting ; aren`t they on their way out anyway and they can be replaced by the
technology? On balance, what do you feel about the impact of technology?
Q-II In the “dark side” of IT presented in this case, there are many implications for self –
efficacy, optimism, hope, resiliency, emotional intelligence, SWB. Describe a specific 05
example of each of these POB constructs.
Q-III In general, how can the understanding of the POB constructs help overcome the list
of problems presented in the case? How can the manager of a unit consisting of mostly older,
computer anxious, if not illiterate, employees who were very effective under the old system 04
use these concept to make a more successful transition to a new, technologically
sophisticated operating system?
Q.3 (a) Discuss the basic difference between content theories and process theories of work 07
motivation. “Expectancy theory directly aims at work motivation.” Explain.
(b) Establish the relationship between Need hierarchy theory and Herzberg’s two-factor theory 07
Q.4 (a) Explain the various conditions of Interpersonal conflict and Intergroup behavior conflict. 07
(b) How would you define power? How does power differ from authority? Explain citing 07
Q.4 (a) Path goal leadership theory explains the impact of leadership on performance. Justify. 07
(b) Explain any two Modern theoretical processes of leadership. 07
Q.5 (a) A number of barriers can retard or distort effective communication. Explain giving suitable 07
(b) How do group members transfer meaning between and among each other? 07
Q.5 (a) Explain the factors that create and sustain an organization`s culture. 07
(b) What types of barriers prevent from changing their attitudes? How can be attitudes can be 07