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					The Profile Characteristics and 2004 management ratings for the
  PSF assisted Marine Protected Areas of Northwestern Bohol




A landsat satellite image of northern Bohol, central Philippines and the Danajon Bank Reef
Complex. The PSF assisted Marine Protected areas are marked with red squares.


                  Project Seahorse Foundation for Marine Conservation
                              Advancing Marine Conservation

Author: Hazel Panes, MPA Biologist
June 2005




                                                                                         a
Executive Summary

This report aimed to outline the basic profile of the Marine Protected Areas
(MPAs) that Project Seahorse Foundation (PSF) has assisted with and/or are
part of the long-term biophysical MPA monitoring program. A basic description of
twenty no take marine sanctuaries within the Danajon Bank region and the
detailed characteristics of fourteen of these MPAs are presented in this report.
Information includes details of the communities (population, main livelihoods),
year MPA was established and the size of the MPA along with relevant
associated ordinances. The compilation of these MPA profiles was made
possible by the work undertaken to assess eight MPAs for their management
rating in 2004, conducted under the scheme established by Coastal Conservation
and Education Foundation (CCE Foundation).




                                                                               i
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary
1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 1
2 Materials and methods ............................................................................................ 3
3 Results ..................................................................................................................... 4
4 Discussion ............................................................................................................. 39
5 Conclusions ........................................................................................................... 39
6 Recommendations ................................................................................................. 40
7 Acknowledgements ................................................................................................ 40
8 References ............................................................................................................ 41
9 Appendix I: CCE Foundation MPA guide ............................................................... 43




                                                                                                                     ii
1. Introduction

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are established for many reasons. According to
Clark (1998), there are two main categories for the creation of MPAs: 1) material
or “conservation” which is ensuring the sustainability of economic resources and
2) spiritual or “environmental protection”. The community-based MPAs that
Project Seahorse Foundation have assisted with fit these categories mentioned
above but there is more emphasis on the conservation aspect and the
sustainability of the resources that local subsistence fishers are dependent on for
direct food consumption and trade. Northwest Bohol is endowed with many coral
reefs that are a component of the Danajon Bank reef complex. The unique
double barrier reef, known as the Danajon bank is situated at the Northwest
portion of Bohol, central Philippines and was first reported upon by Pichon
(1977). This reef complex has been a source of an abundance of marine
organisms and rich fishing grounds, but overpopulation, illegal fishing and other
disturbances have affected the reefs leading to widespread habitat degradation
and a scarcity of marine resources in the area (Green et al. 2000). Over-
extraction of marine organisms specifically seahorses led to a focused
community-based study in Bohol by Dr. Amanda Vincent in mid-1990s and the
creation of a full time project in 1994 in conjunction with the Haribon Foundation
of the Philippines. This project developed into an independent NGO, Project
Seahorse Foundation for Marine Conservation Inc. and Dr. Vincent is the current
Chair person of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation and Director of Project
Seahorse. One of the programs launched by the organization to address the
marine conservation challenges of the area was a MPA program which includes
establishment of MPAs, MPA management, long term biophysical monitoring and
continued assistance in the establishment of further MPAs and their maintenance
by local communities.

In the Philippines, >400 community-based MPAs have been designated since
1980s (Pajaro et al 1999). Most of the MPAs were facilitated and assisted by
NGO-directed coastal management projects (Osorio, MPA news 2005). Recent
compilation of the no take marine sanctuaries that PS has been involved with are
presented in Table 1. Different levels of intervention by PS are shown in the
categorization of the sanctuary listing. PSF MPAs are located in eight
municipalities of Bohol and earliest work started in 1995. AS of 2004, nine of the
listed MPAs are part of the Project Seahorse Foundation long-term biophysical
monitoring of MPAs in Danajon Bank. The programme aims to assess the
effectiveness of no take sanctuaries in terms of a) coastal habitat protection, b)
fish abundance and biomass and c) seahorse population recovery and
protection.

This profile report tackles the compilation of the basic characteristics of the PSF
assisted MPAs. The MPA report guide of CCE foundation serves as the basis of
how the profile was organized. The profile shows the general characteristics of
each MPA (with information available) in a one-page summary. The in-depth



                                                                                  1
analyses of the results of the biophysical monitoring are not included in this
profile. These are being produced as a series of MPA related papers that will be
documented separately.

CCE Foundation MPA Report Guide is intended to a) standardize data collecting
methods, b) provide methodology for monitoring human impacts on the
environment around MPAs, c) serve as a guide for resource managers and d) act
as data organizing and summarizing tool for storage and retrieval of information
(MPA Report Guide manual 2004). The MPA report guide is composed of four
MPA related sections: Basic Description, General Status and Management
Rating System ,Site Survey Information and Biophysical Status and Community
Perception. The data are accessible to all resource managers/stakeholders
online as maintained by CCE Foundation and mainstreamed to selected LGUs.

The aim of the profile was to document an overview of the twenty individual
MPAs that Project Seahorse Foundation have assisted with or have ongoing
interventions including the long term biophysical monitoring. The profile
information includes details on the technical description of each MPA, ordinance
content and the CCE Foundation MPA management rating level. The MPA rating
is the basis of the over-all effectiveness of the current MPAs and the ratings will
be updated on an annual basis serving as an internal PSF indicator of
conservation impact as MPAs will be expected to reach higher levels of
effectiveness each year and integrated into MPA management plans. Integration
of the ratings system within individual management of MPAs will provide an
important indicator of management success and allo communities can track their
MPA effectiveness. This profile serves as an important introduction and
background document to both the characteristics of the MPAs and the MPA
management rating system.




                                                                                 2
Table 1. A list of the no take marine sanctuaries across the Danajon Bank with
Project Seahorse involvement (1995-2004).

Municipality #        MPAs              PSF-               PSF –           Non-PSF
                                        established        established     established
                                        (self-initiated)   (within         (delineation)
                                                           CRMP
                                                           contract)
Tubigon      1        Batasan                              1997 (1999)
             2        Bilang-bilangan                      1999
             3        Macaas                               2000
Clarin       4        Nahawan                                 1999-2000
             5        Lajog                                   1999-2000
Inabanga     6        U-og/Ubujan                             1999-2000
Buenavista   7        Asinan                                 1999 (2002)
Getafe       8        Alumar                                               1996 (2004–
                                                                           PSF
                                                                           involvement)
             9        Handumon          1995 (1998)*
                      (Libaong)
             10 and   Jagoliao          1997
             11
             12       Jandayan Norte     2000 (2002)
             13       Jandayan Sur       2000 (2002)
             14       Mahanay                                              2003
             15 and   Pandanon          1999 (2000)
             16
Bien Unido   17       Pinamgo                                              2002
Carlos P.    18       Bantigian                2003
Garcia
             19       Sidlakan                 2003
Ubay         20       Sinandigan               2003




                                                                                           3
2. Materials and methods

Information was derived from a number of sources and the main guide for
identification of parameters collected was the CCE Foundation MPA report guide
(Appendix 1). Profile details are presented for twenty MPAs with detailed
information on fourteen. Interviews were conducted at eleven MPAs that
presently have Project Seahorse Foundation involvement. The MPA of Jagoliao
though reported here is no longer managed and was not rated in 2004. The new
MPAs of Ubay and CPG were also not rated in 2004. A questionnaire provided
by the MPA report guide was used to attain the necessary information required
for both the profile and the management rating system. Biologists from PSF
conducted a series of interviews with key respondents, all community members
with a role in the establishment and/or management of their local MPA. The
interviews were conducted during the dry season MPA survey in March and April
2004. Follow-up interviews were conducted after all data were collated.
Secondary information was also sourced from documents made by past and
present PSF staff and personal interviews with certain current staff members.
One page summaries written in Cebuano were produced and disseminated to
eight MPA communities at the time of MPA feedback sessions in late 2004.

All ratings related data are stored in the MPA database and the database
structure is described in the MPA Technical Report (McCorry 2005, PSF Internal
Report) and a separate database report (Giles and Cabrera 2004, PSF Internal
Report).

Management Ratings for PSF-assisted MPAs

In 2003, the PSF formalized its partnership with the CCE Foundation which led to
the adoption and integration of the CCEF MPA guide into the MPA monitoring
program. A section of the MPA guide provided criteria for the MPA management
rating.

In the year 2004, eight MPA assisted by the Project Seahorse Foundation were
rated. Five MPAs were rated Level 2. These were MPAs in Bilangbilangan,
Jandayan Norte, Jandayan Sur, Pandanon and Pinamgo. Two MPAs, Batasan
and Asinan were rated Level 4. Handumon, the oldest among the MPAs, was
rated Level 5.


Method
A section on the CCE Foundation’s MPA report guide provides the criteria for
rating the management of a particular MPA. This guide was used in attaining the
necessary information required to determine the management ratings of the
MPAs assisted by Project Seahorse Foundation. Biologists from PSF conducted
a series of interviews with key respondents. The key respondents interviewed
were all community members who have a role in the establishment and/or
management of their local MPA. The acquisition of the assessment guide from


                                                                                 4
CCE Foundation enabled the PSF biologist to rate the management of the MPAs
particularly in Jandayan Island (e.g., Jandyan Norte, Jandayan Sur and
Handumon) starting in September 2002. In the following year 2003, interviews
were again conducted in Jandayan Island in December, and in Pinamgo in
October of the same year. These MPAs were included in the interviews
conducted during the dry season MPA survey 2004. The data from these
interviews and the completed rating for eight MPAs were encoded into the MPA
database and reports produced which were submitted to the CCE Foundation for
archiving.

Tool description
Using the CCEF MPA guide enabled PSF to rate eight (8) MPAs in 2004.
 The CCEF rating system rates the MPAs according to Levels, starting with Level
1 as “Passing” and Level 5 as “excellent”. The description for each Level (e.g.
Level 1=”passing”, Level 2=”fair”, Level 3=”Good”, Level 4= “Very good”, Level
5= “Excellent”) are determined by a set of criteria listed in Table 1 below. The
criteria listed have corresponding points required for each MPA to meet. In the
assessment, a zero (0) point is given to a criterion which is not fully satisfied. One
(1) point is given to the criterion which is satisfied or met. The management rating
system works in a cumulative point scheme whereby, points accumulated are
summed up. The total accumulated points determine the “Level” of the MPA
management. This management rating system is limited by number of years in
existence of MPA.
Table 2. Rating Levels (CCEF)
 Rating Level            Descriptions            Criteria or activity satisfied/Checklist
    Level 1        “Passing”               Site selected
                                           Site surveyed with baseline assessment completed (Reports
                                             available on fish abundance, coral substrate and information
                  Marine Protected Area      on issues and concerns)
                  Initiated                Education program started (Conducted at least 2 types of MPA
                                            related trainings/orientation for the directly affected
                                            barangay/s)
                  Required points: 6       Social acceptance sought (Consulted members of the affected
                  points accumulated        stakeholders: fishers, resource users and social groups, both
                                            men and women)
                  Age: Year 1              Management body membership tentatively determined
                                            (The identified management core group has met at least twice
                                             regarding the MPA)
                                           Preliminary management plan drafted
    Level 2       “Fair”                   Acceptance approved by community and documented
                                            (Documented either through barangay resolution or signature
                                             campaigns as well as documentation of public
                  Marine Protected Area      consultations/meetings)
                  Established              Education program raising awareness about MPA benefits
                                             (Conducted at least 4 documented IEC activities regarding
                                              MPAs with participation of affected barangay/s)
                  Required points: 12
                                           Management body formally organized and recognized
                  points accumulated        (Management group has legal mandate from local government
                                            or is recognized by the local government)
                                           Management plan adopted by community and LGU or PAMB
                                            (Management plan initially implemented and/or endorsed by
                  Age: Year 1 or 2
                                             LGU/PAWB)
                                           Ordinance approved by municipal council
                                           Anchor buoys, marker buoys and/or boundary marks installed
                                           Management activities started
                                           (Conducted at least 2 MPA related activities such
                                            as maintenance of buoys, patrolling, apprehension of



                                                                                                      5
                                     violators, user-fees implemented, etc.)
           “Good”                   Sanctuary rules and/or mgt plan posted at strategic locations
                                    Education program increased awareness about MPA
Level 3                                functions/benefits (Conducted at least 5 trainings for capacity
           Marine Protected Area       building and community empowerment with representation
           Enforced                    from fishers, resource users and social groups, both men and
                                       women. Process should be documented.)
                                    Biophysical monitoring measuring habitat condition and
           Required points: 22
                                     changes (Documented surveys at least once after the baseline
           points accumulated         assessment, using standard/ accepted method.)
                                    Patrolling and surveillance conducted (At least 3 fish wardens
           Age: Year 2                on rotation assigned to guard and patrol the area day and
                                       night)
                                    Marker and/or anchor buoys maintained
                                    (Budget allocated for maintenance of buoys. Can be a part of or
                                      an item within the municipal CRM budget)
                                    MPA outpost or other structures constructed
                                      (Guardhouse and/or other MPA-related structures
                                     constructed.)
                                    Management body active
                                      (Members attend meetings regularly; Assist in enforcement of
                                       the MPA; Participates in regular monitoring activities)
                                    Budget from local gov’t or from other sources allocated and is
                                      accessible for MPA mgmt (There is a legal document by the
                                       local government or an agreement with the private sector
                                       allocating budget for MPA mgmt.)
                                    Fishing effectively stopped inside of sanctuary zone
                                      (No fishing-related violations/ apprehensions reported in the
                                       sanctuary for the past six (6) months)
                                    Illegal and destructive fishing reduced outside of MPA
                                      (Violations/apprehensions reported outside sanctuary was
                                       reduced by 50% for the last 6 months)
 Level 4   “Very Good”              MPA management plan updated and adopted in a participatory
                                      process (Revisions made with the participation of all
                                     stakeholders: fishers, diver operators, partners, local
           Marine Protected           government units, resource users and social groups, both men
           Area Sustained             and women)
                                    Biophysical monitoring and feedback of results implemented
                                       for 2 years or more
           Required points: 30         (Documented surveys using standard/accepted method.
           points accumulated           Reports are available.)
                                    Monitoring includes local participation (Locals were trained to
           Age: Year 3 or after        do monitoring.)
                                    Budget from government or from other sources allocated and
                                       was accessed for 2 or more consecutive years (There is a
                                       legal document made by the local government or an
                                       agreement with a funding source allocating budget for MPA
                                       management. Can be a part of, or an item within the municipal
                                       CRM budget, w/c was accessed for at least 2 yrs as indicated
                                       in the financial report.)
                                    Management body trained and capacitated to run the MPA
                                     independently (Trainings completed on: Leadership and values
                                     formation, Monitoring and evaluation, Management planning,
                                     Paralegal and environmental laws, Law enforcement)
                                    Enforcement system fully operational (Enforcement group with
                                       clear mandate and workplan; enforcement system fully
                                       operational within the past year)
                                    Illegal and destructive activities stopped inside and within
                                      vicinity of MPA (No violations/apprehensions reported in the
                                      past year.)
                                    Environment friendly enterprise and/or fees initiated as part of
                                      MPA (Imposes collection of user-fees; sells environment
                                      friendly souvenirs to tourists, etc.)
 Level 5   “Excellent”              MPA management plan incorporated in the LGU development
                                      plan (MPA incorporated within the long-term LGU area-wide
                                      development plan)
           Marine Protected Area    Monitoring of impacts on environment & socio-economics
           Institutionalized           conducted & feedback of results completed
                                       (Reports on biophysical assessment, attitude and perception
                                       surveys and economic valuation studies conducted are



                                                                                                   6
                     Required points:38             available. Results of these studies have been reported back to
                                                    stakeholders.)
                     points accumulated            Information on MPA management plan, rules and monitoring
                                                     maintained
                     Age: Year 4 or after            (Information campaign has reached 60% of affected
                                                     communities through brochures, posters and installation of
                                                     signboards.)
                                                  Revenues from enterprise and/or fees sustained and
                                                   accounted for
                                                   (Collection of fees consistently enforced and recorded
                                                   properly; financial report easily accessible.)
                                                  Management body capacitated for financial management as
                                                    needed (Management body is able to handle their money
                                                      effectively; facilitates wise use and proper documentation)
                                                  Management plan reviewed and updated
                                                   (Further refinement of the management plan after it has been
                                                    revised.)
                                                  MPA used as a study tour site, residents advocate for MPAs
                                                   (Presence of an identified group that conducts tours and are
                                                    capable of giving relevant information about the MPA.)
                                                  Expansion strategies considered or initiated
                                                   (There are plans of increasing the scope of activities in the
                                                    MPA: e.g. outreach programs, culturing of clams, etc.; or
                                                    expanding MPA coverage, e.g. from a sanctuary/reserve to a
                                                    park.)

Note:
         Total possible points: 39
         All points are cumulative
         Points from higher levels can be used to satisfy lower rating levels




                                                                                                               7
3. Results
Tubigon, Bohol.

Batasan and Bilang-bilangan MPAs are included in the MPA long-term
monitoring of Project Seahorse Foundation formerly known as Project Seahorse-
Haribon Foundation. The two marine protected areas were established under
Coastal Resource Management Project (CRMP) wherein Project Seahorse-
Haribon Foundation did the baseline assessment and management planning as a
sub-contract with CRMP in early 2000s.

Batasan, Bohol
Batasan is an island with 800-900 m in length and 50 m wide located at the
Northeast portion of Tubigon municipality. The island used to have thick
mangrove area with abundant sea grass and healthy coral reef. After the Second
World War, dynamite fishing started, net fishing and population rose due to
immigration which led to the scarcity of marine resources. The island currently
has a total population of 1,074. (Batasan CRM Plan 2000). The houses were built
on top of piled corals which now form the foundation of the island. Batasan Island
is a declared protected area as a Mangrove Swamp Forest Reserve under
Presidential Proclamation 2152 in 1981. After the enactment of R.A. 7586, it is
now considered as Protected Landscape and Seascape under the National
Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act in 1992. (Batasan CRM Plan
2000).

The population is comprised of 70% fishers. The average income per month
ranges from 2000-3500PHP. (Batasan CRM Plan 2000). Other livelihood
includes reef gleaning, carpentry, sewing, selling water, sari-sari stores and
seaweed farming.

Batasan Marine Sanctuary (Management rating – Level IV)
The Batasan marine sanctuary is ~21 hectares in size, legally established in
1999 under Municipal resolution 99-01 series of 1999 as a no take area and
encompasses coral reef habitat. The over-all MPA rating is level IV. It has
adopted a management plan (2000-04), community-based biophysical monitoring
was implemented for two years or more with local participation, there is an
accessible budget and the enforcement system is fully operational.

Two people’s organizations are managing the coastal resources in addition to the
Barangay Council. The fisher’s organization known as United Batasan Fishers
Association (UBFA) and the women’s organization known as Kababayen-ang
Alagad sa Katawhan sa Batasan (KAKBA). They are both involved in the
management of the sanctuary.

Batasan MPA is well enforced. A team of UBFA and KAKBA members, barangay
tanod, fish wardens and barangay officials have formed a roving team for



                                                                                 8
patrolling for their MPA. Bi-annual biophysical monitoring has been conducted by
Project Seahorse since 1999.

The rating level indicated that the efforts of the community are good and they
have been able to sustain and improve their MPA not just biologically but also
socially. Batasan community followed closely their 5-year coastal resource
management (CRM) plan which ended last 2004 by linking with NGOs and NGAs
in their area. They were able to source out some funds for the enforcement of
their sanctuary.

Batasan need to renew their CRM plan and revise their marine sanctuary
management plan.
Refer to Table 1 for summary profile details.

Bilang-bilangan, Tubigon
In 1927, the five-hectare island of Bilang-bilangan located within the municipality
of Tubigon was an uninhabited area. A fisher from Minglanilla Cebu spotted the
island which was composed mostly of grasses and the majority of the species in
the area were the so-called Bilang where Bilang-bilangan got its name. A family
of the fishers was the first settlers then other immigrants from Cebu and Bohol
flocked to the island after World War II.

In 2000 the population was 605, a total of 99% of the residents are fishers.
(Bilangbilangan CRM Plan, 2001). The majority of fishers are involved in “lawag”
an off reef fishing method (round haul seining) with the use of super lights to
attract anchovies and mackerel caught using fine mesh nets at night. A team of
lawag fishers is comprised of 15-30 people. The rest of the residents used fish
corral, spear or hook and line for fishing. Please refer to MPA Food Fish
Monitoring Review (Torrechilla and McCorry 2005, PSF Internal report) for more
details on fishing behaviour.


Bilang-Bilangan Marine Sanctuary (management rating – Level II)
Bilang-bilangan marine sanctuary is ~10.5 hectares in size, legally established in
1999 under Municipal Resolution 99-101 series of 1999 as a no take marine
sanctuary and encompasses coral reef habitat. The over-all MPA is level II. The
five-year coastal resource management plan (2001-05) was not adopted by the
management council because the house where they stored the plan was hit by
fire and the documents destroyed. No further activities were conducted after the
establishment of the marine sanctuary. Bi-annual biophysical monitoring has
been conducted by Project Seahorse Foundation since 1998 (fish) and 1999 (fish
and benthos). Vigilant members of KAMANASABI also do their best to guard the
marine sanctuary area from poachers which is especially difficult since they do
not have buoys to mark the boundaries of their MPA but did establish bamboo
posts in 2004.




                                                                                  9
A management body created by the Barangay council known as Kahugpungan
sa Mananagat sa nga Nagdumala sa Sanktwaryo sa Bilang-bilangan
(KAMANASABI) is managing the sanctuary. KAMANASABI together with the
Brgy. Council of Bilang-bilangan made a user-fee (snorkeling and SCUBA diving)
under the Brgy. Ordinance #1 series of 2000 scheme as part of revenue
generating scheme for their sanctuary. The management council and
management plan were organized and facilitated under Project Seahorse-
Haribon and CRMP and a resolution was created for the user fee scheme of the
sanctuary for people doing snorkeling or SCUBA diving.

Bilang-bilangan marine sanctuary, management structure is not fully utilized. The
marine sanctuary has been in operation for five years now and there still no
guardhouse and other infrastructure or activities that would further enhanced the
management of their sanctuary. A renewed CRM plan is required and adoption
of revised marine sanctuary management plan.

Refer to Table 1 for summary profile details.




                                                                               10
Table 1: Summary profiles details for Tubigon MPAs.
Summary profile for PSF assisted MPAs of TUBIGON
Municipality              Tubigon                             Tubigon
Level of CRM              None                                None
Certification (CRMP
2003)
Location                  Batasan Island                      Bilang-bilangan Island
Barangay PCRA (Y/N, yr)   2000                                 2000
Name of MPA               Batasan Marine Sanctuary            Bilang-bilangan Marine Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates        Latitude         Longitude          Latitude         Longitude
                          1. 10°00’40.22”N 123°58’58.8“E      1. 09°59’39.8”N     123°52’69.8”E
                          2. 10°00’30.5“N     123°58’53.3”E   2. 09°59’19.4”N     123°52’68.0”E
                          3. 10°00’42.6“N     123°58’32.3“E   3. 09°59’19.1”N     123°52’77.8”E
                          4. 10°00’47.5”N     123°58’38.7”E   4. 09°59’41.0”N     123°52’75.6“E
Basic description         -Coral reef habitat                 -Coral reef habitat
                          -No take marine sanctuary           - No take marine sanctuary
                          -Batasan Island declared:
                          Mangrove Swamp Forest
                          Reserve -Presidential
                          Proclamation 2152 (1981)
                          - Protected Landscape and
                          Seascape under the National
                          Integrated Protected Areas
                          System (NIPAS) Act in 1992
Size                      Approx. 21 hectares as core zone    Approx. 10.5 hectares as core zone

                          19.53 hectares(FISH and PSF         15.51 hectares(FISH and PSF 2005)
                          2005)
                                                              Buffer zone:
                          Buffer zone:                        50 m from the edges of core zone.
                          50 m from the edges of core         Hook and line fishing allowed .
                          zone.. No information of fishing
                          activities allowed.

Year of establishment     Legally established :1999           Legally established :1999
Ordinances                Municipal Resolution No.99-27       Municipal Resolution No.99-101
                          (Series of 1999)                    (Series of 1999)

                          Brgy. Ordinance No. 1 series of     Brgy. Ordinance No. 1 series of 1999
                          1999
General status of         Management active and shared        Management Body created by the
management bodies         by three organizations:             Brgy. Council:
                          Managing organizations:             -Kapunungan sa mga Mananagat
                          -United Batasan Fishermen’s         nga Nagdumala ug Sanktwaryo sa
                          Association (UBFA-People’s          Bilang-bilangan
                          Organization)
                          -Brgy. Local Government Unit
                          -Kababayen-ang Alagad sa
                          Katawhan sa Batasan (KAKBA).
Financial Management      Brgy. Council manages the funds.    Brgy. Council(KAMANASABI)
                          User fees for the MPA is one type   manages the funds.
                          of revenue generation and           User fees for MPA:
                          Internal Revenue Allocation of      Amount is stated in the Brgy.
                          Barangay Batasan                    Ordinance #1 Series of 2000




                                                                                          11
Summary profile for PSF assisted MPAs of TUBIGON – cont’d:
Municipality             Tubigon                               Tubigon
Location                 Batasan Island                        Bilang-bilangan Island
Name of MPA              Batasan Marine Sanctuary              Bilang-bilangan Marine Sanctuary
Other economic benefits     NONE                               NONE
Enforcement                    Guardhouse                          No markers buoys (but
                               100 small marker buoys for              temporary bamboo posts
                                   boundary                             established in 2004)
                               No anchor buoys                     No sign posted
                         -Penalties imposed on violators.           No guardhouse
                         (The violators opt to pay rather than      No anchor buoys
                         file a case.)                         -Penalties imposed with
                         -The community plays a very active corresponding amount for violators
                         role in the whole process of          stated in the MPA ordinance
                         management; empowered and
                         confident in support of the MPA.
Management Plan          Komprehensibong Plano sa              Five-     Year    Coastal    Resource
                         Kalamboan Ug Pagdumala sa             Management plan (CRM Plan): CY
                         Barangay(2000-2004)                   2001-05
                         Barangay Development Council

                           MPA management plan adopted         Management plan not adopted
Start of management        Management began: 1999              Management began: 1999
Monitoring: Biophysical    PSF LTM: Biophysical monitoring     PSF LTM: Biophysical monitoring by
                           by Project Seahorse started in      Project Seahorse started in 1998
                           1999 (fish and benthos) and         (fish only) then both the fish and
                           feedback of results implemented     benthos in 1999-onwards and
                           with local participation.           feedback of results implemented with
                                                               local participation.
                           PMSM:     Participatory  Marine
                           Sanctuary monitoring formed in      PMSM:         Participatory    Marine
                           1999(PMSM)-local MPA monitoring     Sanctuary Monitoring team formed
                           team                                1999 but actual conduct of surveys
                                                               not realized
Monitoring: Social         2004 perceptions survey             No surveys
Management rating          Level IV-Marine Protected Area      Level II- Fair: MPA Established
                           Sustained :Very Good                -Approved by the community and
                           -Sustained and improved their MPA   documented
                           not just biologically but also      -Conducted IEC
                           socially.                           -Management body organized
                           -Batasan community followed         -Ordinance approved
                           closely their 5-year coastal
                           resource management (CRM ) plan
                           which ended last 2004 by linking
                           with NGOs and NGAs in their area.
                            They were able to source out
                           some funds for the enforcement of
                           their sanctuary.



                                                                                           12
Strengths             -Management is active and           -The community plays a very active
                      protection is achieved.-            role in the whole process
                      -User-fees collected.               -Some management activities acted
                      -Active community management        upon:
                      and support
                      -Presence of MAC and location
                      adopted by MAMTI
Weaknesses            -Management plan needs renewed      -Management plan needs renewed
                      -PMSM not conducted regularly       and adopted
                      -No data feed backing from PMSM     -Management needs strengthening
                      team                                -Five-year management plan not
                      -Need additional budget for         implemented
                      maintenance of the MPA              -No budget for MPA activities.
                      infrastructure.                     -Lack of support or participation and
                      -Need to strengthen law             role in management.
                      enforcement                         -In need of capacity development for
                      -More participation from LGUs and   the community
                      NGAs                                -Illegal forms of fishing conducted by
                      -.                                  fishing community




MPA MAP (Batasan and Bilangbilangan )

Other MPAs with PS involvement in Tubigon, Clarin and Inbanga Municipalities:

CRMP related MPAs
Macaas, Nahawan, Lajog and U-og/Ubujan




                                                                                      13
Buenavista, Bohol

Asinan was selected as a learning area of the Coastal Resource Management
Project (CRMP) and Project Seahorse-Haribon Foundation did the baseline
assessment and management planning for this sanctuary in 2000.

Asinan, Buenavista Bohol
Asinan is a 12 hectare barangay belonging to the Municipality of Buenavista, part
of mainland Bohol on the western side of the island province. It is named after
the livelihood of the first settlers which is salt-making. The total population of
Asinan as per the 2000 survey was 757 (Asinan CRM Plan 2001) The houses
are mostly clustered near the shorelines. Most of the residents are fishers who
rely on their daily catch for food consumption and money earning and catch
includes: squid, crabs and fishes (mackerel, fusiliers etc.).

Asinan Reef Fish Sanctuary (Management rating – level IV)
Asinan Reef Fish Sanctuary is approx. 50 hectares, it was legally established in
2002 under Municipal ordinance C-004 series of 2002 but management began in
1998. The no take sanctuary encompasses coral reef habitat. The over-all MPA
management rating based on the CCEF rating system is level IV. It adopted it’s
five-year CRM plan and bi-annual biophysical monitoring is conducted by Project
Seahorse since 1999-onwards, the sanctuary has an accessible budget and a
good enforcement system. This is also a focal study site of Marivic Pajaro for
community-based indicators of MPA effectiveness.

Initially the Marine Protected Area was managed by two POs and supported
financially by Buenavista Integrated Resource Development (BIRD) under the
Community Based-Resource Management Project (CBRM) of the Department of
Finance and World Bank through the Municipal Government. The People’s
Organizations known as Nagkahiusang Mananagat sa Asinan (NAMASIN) and
the adjacent barangay PO, Hunan 3 Bridges United Small Fishers Association
(HU3BUSFA) were being tapped by BIRD to manage the marine sanctuary and
provide livelihood assistance to the fishers in the area. There was a conflict
between HU3BUSFA and NAMASIN in the co-management of the sanctuary.
HU3BUSFA is no longer involved with the management of Asinan sanctuary. The
management was passed on to NAMASIN, Asinan Barangay council and the
community.

Enforcement was a problem during the first two years but at present Asinan has
a very strict and well maintained voluntary guard system. NAMASIN is well-
organized, in fact their financial scheme is very good and they are able to
generate funds in order to support the maintenance cost of their MPA. NAMASIN
implemented the user-fee system for cross-visitors, a certain percentage of
penalties from violators and each member donates one fish or 50 cents per day.
The Municipal LGU of Buenavista provided the NAMASIN fishers with bottom-set



                                                                                14
gillnet with each fisher paying a portion of income back to LGU into an income
generating fund(IGF),1% of which goes to MPA management. NAMASIN gives
their monthly collection of IGF to the Municipal LGU. The money generated from
their sanctuary is deposited into the NAMASIN bank account for their activities.

NAMASIN is very active PO and work on a volunteer basis including the role as
daily guards . For monitoring and research, they have a very active Participatory
Marine Sanctuary Monitoring (PMSM) team who conducts quarterly monitoring of
their sanctuary.Feedbacking of the results is done during their meeting. Their
main gap is data analysis, they still have to ask external help for their data. The
community is very active and very supportive of their MPA. Their main problem
now is the siltation caused by the river and run-off from the mainland going
straight to the sanctuary.

Table 2: Summary profiles details for Buena Vista MPA.
Summary profile details of Buenavista MPA
Municipality                                Buenavista
Level of CRM Certification (CRMP 2003)      None
Location                                    Asinan (mainland Bohol)
Barangay PCRA                               2000
Name of MPA                                 Asinan Reef Fish Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates                          Latitude           Longitude
                                            1. 10°06’22”N         124°06’27”E
                                            2.10°06’30”N          124°06’22”E
                                            3. 10°06’12”N         124°05’35”E
                                            4. 10°05’59”N         124°05’50”E
Basic description                           -Coral reef habitat
                                            -No-take marine sanctuary
Size                                        Approx. 50 hectares

                                            60.67 hectares(FISH and PSF 2005)

                                            Buffer zone:
                                            Approx. 15-20 m from the edge of both sides
                                            as buffer zone(not stated in their ordinance)

Year of establishment                       Legally established: 2002
Ordinances                                  Municipal Ordinance C-004 Series of 2002

                                            Barangay Resolution No.3,series of 2001

General status of management bodies         Management active and shared by two
                                            organizations:
                                            Nagkahiusang Mananagat Sa
                                            Asinan(NAMASIN-People’s Organization) and
                                            Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit
Financial Management                        NAMASIN manages the funds.
                                            -User fees
                                            -Donations of a fish per day or 50 cents a day
                                            from NAMASIN members as fund for the
                                            maintenance of the MPA (gasoline for
                                            patrolling, buoys, etc.)



                                                                                            15
                          -Percentage of penalties from violators
Other economic benefits   Municipal LGU provided NAMASIN fishers with
                          bottom-set gill nets with each fisher paying a
                          portion of income back to the LGU into an
                          income generating fund, 1% of which goes to
                          MPA management.
Enforcement               60 small buoys
                          Signs posted in front of the guardhouse and
                          along the road

                          -Very strict enforcement.
                          -A certain % of the penalties from violators are
                          taken as part of their MPA funds.

Management Plan           5-Year Coastal Resource Management plan
                          ( CRM Plan CY 2001-2005)

Start of management       Management began: 1998
Monitoring: Biophysical   PSF LTM: Biophysical monitoring by Project
                          Seahorse started in 1998 (fish and benthos)
                          and feedback of results implemented with local
                          participation.

                          Participatory Marine Sanctuary monitoring
                          formed in 1999 (PMSM)-local MPA monitoring
                          team.
                          PMSM team have regular monitoring and feed
                          backing

Monitoring: Social        None to date
Management rating         Level IV-Marine Protected Area Sustained
                          :Very Good
                          -Management is active and protection is
                          achieved.

                          -The community plays a very active role in the
                          whole process of management; empowered
                          and confident in support of the MPA.
                          -Very strict enforcement.
                          A certain % of the penalties from violators are
                          taken as part of their MPA funds.

Strengths                 -The community plays a very active role in the
                          whole process of management; empowered
                          and confident in support of the MPA.
                          -Very strong People’s Organization

Weaknesses                PMSM team needed additional training for
                          basic data analysis
                          -Needed additional source of funding for the
                          maintenance of their MPA(gasoline for
                          patrol,etc)

                          -More training on capacity development of
                          members.



                                                                         16
                    -More or continuous IEC for the community.
                    -Renewed MPA management plan required for
                    2006 onwards




MAP of Asinan MPA




                                                            17
Getafe, Bohol
Getafe is a port town on the northern coast of Bohol belonging to the second
district, 92 kms from the capital city of the province, Tagbilaran. It is composed of
24 barangays with the total population of 26,826 (Population Census 2000) and
land area of 9,980 ha (Getafe Municipal official website 2004).

Jandayan Island, Getafe
Jandayan Island is composed of three barangays namely Jandayan Sur,
Jandayan Norte and Handumon. The Island is listed under Presidential
Proclamation 2151-Wilderness area for conservation and protection purposes by
reason of their ecological, scientific, educational, and recreational values,
including flora and fauna and marine life found therein and other values. All
barangays have respective marine sanctuaries. The Handumon Marine
Sanctuary is the oldest sanctuary of Jandayan Island since it was legally
established in 1998 but managed by the Handumon community since 1995. The
Jandayan Norte and Jandayan Sur sanctuaries were legally established in 2002.

Inter-community MPA management: Jandayan Island Coastal Development
Council (JICDC)

A multi-sectoral council formed by the three Barangays of Jandayan Island is
known as Jandayan Island Coastal Development Council (JICDC). The role of
this integrative PO is to strengthen the linkage of the three barangays in one
common goal of protecting the environment and in addition to provide alternative
means of income for the communities (Mondido and Brunio 2004 unpub.).

Jandayan Island’s three MPAs were granted new funds for infrastructure and
enforcement from a SEACOLOGY grant (e.g. guardhouses, patrol boats, etc.) in
2004. The grant included alternative livelihood in terms of distributing banana
(lakatan) shoots for the members, free-range chicken (sasso) managed by
Jandayan Sur group and organic farming managed by Jandayan Norte. The
three barangays will benefit financially for all the livelihood alternatives provided
(Mondido A, per comms.).
JICDC also formed a joint ordinance to allocate no less than ten thousand pesos
from the barangay IRA (internal revenue allocation ) for MPA management (Joint
Ordinance No 01 SS 2004).




                                                                                   18
Handumon, Jandayan Island
Handumon is situated at the northwestern part of Jandayan Island. It has a
population of 927 as of the yr 2000 population census. It has a land area of 81
hectares. The residents are comprised mostly of seaweed farmers and fishers.
Spear fishing at night is one of the most common fishing methods and this is
performed with the use of a light on the prow of their paddle boats and fishers are
locally known as the lantern fishers. Fishing activities include the use of crab
pots, traps and netting, squid jigging and gill netting (Brunio 2002). Project
Seahorse have been conducting seahorse focused research and fishery
monitoring since 1995. Please refer to reports and publications reported
separately. Other economic activities in Handumon are water hauling and
vending to other islands, firewood selling, carpentry and mat weaving. (Brunio
2002; Torregosa et al. 2000)

 Libaong Marine Sanctuary (Handumon MPA) (Management rating – level V)
The marine sanctuary is ~50 hectares in size, was legally established in 1998
under Municipal Ordinance No.4 series of 1998 and encompasses coral reef
habitat. The over-all MPA rating is level V. Management began in 1995 with the
area enforced as a no-take zone. The community adopted a three-year
management plan under JICDC and bi-annual biophysical long term monitoring
has been conducted by Project Seahorse since 1998 (fish) and 1999 (fish and
benthos) onwards. The MPA is used as a study tour site (seahorses), seahorse
long term research (PSF) and residents have been directly involved with
alternative livelihood activities under a People’s Organization (PO) specifically
formed in Handumon. A Participatory Marine Sanctuary Monitoring team was
formed in 1997 but at the present time is non-active.

The barangay council and a people’s organization, Kapunungan sa
Nagkahiusang Mananagat ug Lumulupyo sa Handumon (KANAGMALUHAN) are
managing the sanctuary. Recently, JICDC was able to access a grant for the
three Jandayan Island sanctuaries. A new guardhouse was constructed in 2004
with a fish warden as guardian for night enforcement and there is occasional
patrolling by KANAGMALUHAN members with barangay council and municipal
LGU assistance.

Handumon MPA is well-enforced and attained the highest level of management
rating under the CCEF scheme between September 2002 to June 2004. This
MPA is rated the highest for all the MPAs assisted by Project Seahorse.

Jandayan Norte, Getafe
Jandayan Norte is situated in between Handumon and Jandayan Norte. It has a
total population of 876. (Population Census 2000).

Jandayan Norte Marine Sanctuary (Management rating – level II)



                                                                                 19
Jandayan Marine Sanctuary is approx. 25.21 hectares in size, legally established
in 2002 under Municipal ordinance #08 series of 2002 and encompasses coral
reef habitat. The over-all MPA rating is level II. It has adopted a three-year
management plan under JICDC. Bi-annual biophysical long term monitoring was
started in 2002-onwards and a PMSM team was formed in 2002. Management of
the no take sanctuary began in 2002.

The barangay council is managing the sanctuary together with JICDC and
assisted by Project Seahorse Foundation which in 2004 included the grant from
SEACOLOGY. The sanctuary has infrastructure, e.g., a new guardhouse, patrol
boat in 2004. The municipal LGU also assisted in providing support for
enforcement (gasoline for patrol). The management plan was implemented in
2002 under JICDC. Installation of a financial management scheme is needed
for a better managed MPA.




                                                                              20
Table 3.
Summary profile details for Getafe MPAs
Municipality               Getafe                             Getafe
Level of CRM               Level I
certification(CRMP 2003)
Location                   Handumon, Jandayan Island          Jandayan Norte, Jandayan
                                                              Island
Barangay PCRA              2000                               2000
Name of MPA                Libaong Marine Sanctuary           Jandayan      Norte      Marine
                                                              Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates      Latitude          Longitude        Latitude          Longitude
                           1. 10°10.321 N 124°10.590 E        1. 10°10.393 N 124°09.909 E
                           2. 10°10.653 N 124°10.557 E        2. 10°10.525 N 124°10.179 E
                           3. 10°10.864 N 124°11.023 E        3. 10°10.738 N 124°10.144 E
                           4. 10°10.700 N 124°11.062 E        4. 10°10.568 N 124°09.782 E
Basic description          -Coral reef habitat                -Coral reef habitat
                           No take marine sanctuary           No take marine sanctuary

                           Declared as Wilderness Area        Declared as Wilderness Area
                           under Presidential Proclamation    under Presidential
                           2151                               Proclamation 2151

Size                       Approx. 50 hectares as core        -Approx. 25.21 hectares as
                           zone                               core zone

                           42.91 hectares (FISH and PSF       24.86 hectares (FISH and PSF
                           2005)                              2005)

                           Buffer zone:                       Buffer zone:
                           50 m from the edge of both         50 m from the edge of both
                           sides (not stated in their         sides as buffer zone
                           ordinance)                         Hook and line, crab pot and
                                                              spear fishing allowed at the
                                                              buffer zone.

                                                              Note: Scientific researches of
                                                              the fish refuge and sanctuary
                                                              shall pay a municipal permit of
                                                              Pp200.00 per day.(Municipal
                                                              Ordinance No.8,Series of
                                                              2002)

Year of establishment      Legally established :1998          -Legally established :2002



Ordinances                 Municipal Ordinances               Municipal Ordinance #8 series
                           Municipal Ordinance #4 series      of 2002
                           of 2002
                           Municipal Ordinance #4 series
                           of 1998

                           Barangay Resolutions
                           Brgy. Resolution No.02 series of
                           1997



                                                                                             21
                          Brgy. Resolution No.48 series of
                          1995
                          Brgy. Resolution No.15 series of
                          1995

General status of         Management active and shared         Managing organization:
management bodies         by two organizations:
                          Kapunungan sa Nagkahiusang           -Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit
                          Mananagat ug Lumulupyo sa
                          Handumon (KANAGMALUHAN)              Assisting org.:

                          -Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit             Jandayan    Island  Coastal
                          Assisting org.:                      Development Council
                          Jandayan Island Coastal
                          Development Council

Financial Management      KANAGMALUHAN and                     Barangay Council manages
                          Brgy.Council manage their own        the MPA related funds.
                          funds:
                                                               Barangay Jandayan Norte and
                          KANAGMALUHAN                         Getafe      Municipal  LGU
                          Environmental Fund established       allocated    an amount as
                          from the proceeds of handicraft      counterpart   for      MPA
                          sales,part of which supports the     management/operations
                          MPA

                          Barangay Handumon and
                          Getafe Municipal LGU allocated
                          an amount as counterpart for
                          MPA management/operations

Other economic benefits   -Handicraft making by                -Seaweed      farming      initial
                          KANAGMALUHAN members                 capital from BFAR

                          -Seaweed farming initial capital     Under JICDC: (2004)
                          from BFAR                            Cash crop =Banana(Lakatan)
                                                               for JICDC members
                          Under JICDC:(2004)                   *Organic Farm for the 3
                          Cash crop =Banana(Lakatan)           barangays is managed by
                          for JICDC members                    Jandayan Norte.
                          Organic farm and free-range
                          chickens for the Handumon
                          group

Enforcement               -SEACOLOGY GRANT also                -7 small buoys
                          provided     money       for   the
                          guardhouses, patrol boats, etc.      -Sign posted in front of the
                          as well as financial support from    guardhouse
                          Municipal and Barangay LGU for       SEACOLOGY GRANT also
                          gasoline (patrolling)                provided money for the
                          -All cases or violations resolved    guardhouses, patrol boats, etc.
                          with corresponding penalties         as well as financial support
                          based on the municipal               from Municipal and Barangay
                          ordinance.                           LGU for gasoline(patrolling)
                                                               -All cases or violations
                                                               resolved with corresponding


                                                                                               22
                                                              penalties based on the
                                                              municipal ordinance.

Management Plan           3-Year Management plan (2002-       -3 Year Management plan
                          2005)                               (2002-2005)

Start of management       Management began:1995               Management began:2002

Monitoring: Biophysical                                       Biophysical    monitoring   by
                          -Biophysical monitoring by          Project Seahorse started in
                          Project Seahorse started in         2003 (fish and benthos) and
                          1998 (fish) and 1999 (fish and      feedback        of      results
                          benthos)-onwards and feedback       implemented       with    local
                          of results implemented with local   participation.       Conducted
                          participation.                      Education program raising
                          -Participatory Marine Sanctuary     awareness          about MPA
                          monitoring formed in 1997           benefits.
                          (PMSM)-local MPA monitoring         -Participatory Marine
                          team. Monitoring activities         Sanctuary monitoring formed
                          irregular                           in 2002 (PMSM)-local MPA
                                                              monitoring team

Monitoring: Social        1999 perceptions survey             2004 perceptions survey
                          2004 perceptions survey
Management rating         Marine Protected Area               Level II; Marine Protected Area
                          Institutionalized : Level V-        Established- Fair
                          Excellent
                          -Information on MPA                 -Acceptance approved by
                          management plan, rules and          community and documented.
                          monitoring maintained               Management body formally
                                                              organized and recognized.
                                                              -Management plan adopted by
                                                              Community and and LGU
                                                              -Ordinance approved by
                                                              municipal
                                                              -Anchors bouys and other
                                                              markers installed
                                                              -Management           activities
                                                              started.
Strengths                                                     -Management is active and
                          -Management is active and           protection achieved.
                          protection achieved.                -The community plays a very
                          -The community plays a very         active role in the whole
                          active role in the whole process    process     of    management;
                          of management; empowered            empowered and confident in
                          and confident in support of the     support of the MPA.
                          MPA.
                          -Management plan reviewed
                          and updated
                          -MPA used as a study tour
                          site(seahorses), residents
                          advocate for MPAs

Weaknesses                                                    -PMSM not done regularly
                          -PMSM not done regularly



                                                                                            23
                          -No data feed backing from       -No data feed backing from
                          PMSM team                        PMSM team
                          -Strengthening law enforcement   -Strengthening law
                          -More participation from LGUs    enforcement
                          and NGAs                         -More participation from LGUs
                          -Resource Use Conflict between   and NGAs
                          Municipal LGU and PAMB           -Resource      Use      Conflict
                          MPA management plan will         between Municipal LGU and
                          need renewed in 2006             PAMB
                                                           MPA management plan will
                                                           need renewed in 2006




Jandayan Sur, Getafe
Jandayan Sur is the closest barangay to the mainland of Getafe facing the port
on mainland Bohol. It has a population of 1657 as per 2000 population census.

Jandayan Sur Marine Sanctuary
Jandayan Sur Marine Sanctuary is 4.65 hectares in size, legally established in
2002 under Municipal ordinance #08 series of 2002 and encompasses coral reef
habitat. The over-all MPA rating is level II. It has adopted a three-year CRM
plan. PSF have not adopted this site for biophysical monitoring, however, PhD
student Jonathan Anticamara conducted surveys at this site from 2003-05. A
PMSM team was formed in 2002 but is inactive. Management began in 2002.

The barangay council is managing the sanctuary together with JICDC and
assisted by Project Seahorse Foundation and with the island grant from
SEACOLOGY. The sanctuary has infrastructure, e.g., a new guardhouse, patrol
boat in 2004. The barangay and municipal LGU also provided financial assistant
for enforcement (gasoline for patrol) and other related CRM activities. The
management plan was implemented in 2002 under JICDC. The only lacking is
their financial management system.
The sanctuary is not part of the bi-annual biophysical long-term monitoring but
technical assistance is provided by Project Seahorse.

Table 4.
Summary details of Getafe MPAs
Municipality                             Getafe
Level of CRM Certification (CRMP 2003)   Level I
Location                                 Jandayan Sur, Jandayan Island
Barangay PCRA                            2000
Name of MPA                              Jandayan Sur Marine Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates                    Latitude         Longitude
                                         1. 10°10.055 N 124°09.398 E
                                         2. 10°10.097 N 124°09.313 E
                                         3. 10°10.985 N 124°09.212 E
                                         4. 10°10.930 N 124°09.263 E




                                                                                         24
Basic description                     -Coral reef habitat
                                      -Declared as Wilderness Area under Presidential
                                      Proclamation 2151



Size                                  Approx. 4.65 hectares as core zone

                                      For re-mapping hectares (FISH and PSF 2005)

                                      Buffer zone: approx.50 m from the edge of the
                                      core zone of both sides
                                      Hook and line, crab pot and spear fishing allowed
                                      at the buffer zone.

                                      Note: Scientific researches of the fish refuge and
                                      sanctuary shall pay a municipal permit of
                                      Pp200.00       per    day.(Municipal     Ordinance
                                      No.8,Series of 2002)
Year of establishment                 Legally established :2002
Ordinances                            Municipal Ordinance #8 series of 2002

General status of management bodies   Managing organization:
                                      -Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit
                                      l
                                      Assisting org.:
                                      -Jandayan Island Coastal Development Council
Financial Management                  Barangay Jandayan Sur and Getafe Municipal
                                      LGU allocated an amount as counterpart for
                                      MPA management/operations

                                      SEACOLOGY GRANT also provided money for
                                      the guardhouses, patrol boats, etc
Other economic benefits               Seaweed farming initial capital from BFAR

                                      Under JICDC:(2004)
                                      Cash crop =Banana(Lakatan) for JICDC members
                                      Organic farm and free-range chickens for the
                                      Handumon group

                                      *Free-range chicken raising is managed by
                                      Jandayan Sur.
Enforcement                           MPA materials/ structures:
                                      -No anchor buoys
                                      -5 small buoys
                                      -Sign posted in front of the guardhouse
                                      . -All cases or violations resolve with
                                      corresponding penalties based on the municipal
                                      ordinance.




                                                                                           25
Management Plan
                          -3 Year Management plan (2002-2005)


Start of management       Management
                          began:2002

Monitoring: Biophysical   PhD student study site: monitored biophysical
                          status of the sanctuary

                          Participatory Marine Sanctuary monitoring formed
                          in 2002 (PMSM)-local MPA monitoring team



Monitoring: Social        None to date
Management rating         Level II; Marine Protected Area Established- Fair
                          -Acceptance approved by community and
                          documented.
                          - Conducted Education program raising
                          awareness about MPA benefits
                          -Management body formally organized and
                          recognized.




Strengths                 -Management is active and protection achieved.
                          The community plays a very active role in the
                          whole process of management; empowered and
                          confident in support of the
                          -Management plan adopted by community and
                          LGU

                          -Ordinance approved by municipal
                          -Anchors buoys and other markers installed
                          -Management activities started.


Weaknesses                -PMSM not done regularly
                          -No data feed backing from PMSM team
                          Strengthening law enforcement
                          -More participation from LGUs and NGAs
                          -Resource Use Conflict between Municipal LGU
                          and PAMB
                          -MPA management plan will need renewed in
                          2006




                                                                              26
Pandanon Island, Getafe
Pandanon is located near Cebu and is the farthest island of Getafe Municipality.
It has a total population of 1,947. Majority of the residents are fishers. A certain
percentage of these fishers are still engaged in dynamite fishing. (Brunio 2002,
unpub.B.). It has two protected areas: a marine reserve at the southern portion of
the island that is protected from any form of fishing except squid jigging and a
marine sanctuary with complete protection from fishing. (Brunio 2002, unpub.A).

Pandanon Fish Refuge and Sanctuary - 2002 (Management rating – Level II)
The marine sanctuary is ~20 hectares in size, legally established in 2002 under
Municipal Ordinance No. 8 series of 2002 and encompasses coral reef habitat.
The over-all MPA rating is level II. It has a guardhouse, bi-annual biophysical
monitoring has been conducted by Project Seahorse since 1998 onwards. A
PMSM team was formed in 2002 but not active and the sanctuary has no
management plan to date.

The establishment of the sanctuary was facilitated by Project Seahorse
Foundation and Getafe Rehabilitation of Agricultural and Coastal Environment
(GRACE). GRACE organized Pandanon Mananagat Sa Sanktwaryo
Organization (PAMASO) a PO currently managing the sanctuary with the
Barangay council.

Presently PAMASO and Barangay Council focused their attention in this MPA.
Enforcement is still poor, occasional poaching inside the core zone is evident
(HMP per obs.,2003).


Pandanon Marine Conservation (old name) - 1996
Fish Refuge and sanctuary – 2003

The marine sanctuary is ~25 hectares in size, legally established in 1996 under
Municipal Ordinance No.20 series of 1996 known as Pandanon Marine
Conservation and amended in 2003 under Municipal Ordinance #07 series of
2003 to be known as Fish Refuge and sanctuary. It encompasses coral reef
habitat. This MPA was not rated in 2004. It has buoys but no guardhouse and
faces the barangay hall and clustered houses. Bi-annual biophysical monitoring
has been conducted by Project Seahorse since 1998 onwards.

The establishment of the sanctuary was facilitated by Project Seahorse –Haribon
Foundation and Getafe Rehabilitation of Agricultural and Coastal Environment
(GRACE). GRACE organized Pandanon Mananagat Sa Sanktwaryo
Organization (PAMASO) a PO currently managing the sanctuary with the
Barangay council.




                                                                                  27
Enforcement is very poor, except in some occasional cases of apprehensions.
(Brunio 2002 unpub.B.). The community is divided into two factions due to their
political affiliations. Dynamite fishing is still rampant within the vicinity but not
inside the reserve and sanctuary.




                                                                                   28
Table 5.
Summary details of Getafe MPAs
Municipality                 Getafe
Level of CRM Certification   Level I
(CRMP 2003)
Location                     Pandanon Island                    Pandanon Island
Barangay PCRA                2000                               2000
Name of MPA                  Pandanon              Marine       Pandanon Fish Refuge and
                             Conservation(old name)             Sanctuary
                             Fish Refuge and sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates        A.Latitude       Longitude         Latitude         Longitude
                             1.10°10.628 N, 124°5.010 E         1. 10º11.242’ 124º04.732’
                             2.10°10.560 N, 124°4.836 E         2. 10º11.408’    124º04.909’
                             (Brunio 2002 A)                    3. 10º11.603’    124º04.870’
                                                                4. 10º11.060’    124º04.231’
                                                                 (Municipal Ordinance
                             B.Latitude       Longitude         No.8,Series of 2002)
                             1. 10º10.734’ 124º05.319’
                             2. 10º10.681’ 124º05.295’
                             3. 10º10.428’ 124º04.772’
                             4. 10º10.268’ 124º04.742’
                             (Municipal Ordinance #7
                             series of 2003)



Basic description            -Coral reef habitat                -Coral reef habitat
                             no take with the exception of      no take marine sanctuary
                             squid jigging

Size                         -Approx. 4 hectares                -Approx. 20 hectares as core
                             Squid        jigging          is   zone
                             allowed(Brunio 2002 A)

                             Core zone                          33.25 hectares (FISH and
                             -Approx. 25 hectares               PSF 2005)

                             16.52 hectares (FISH and           Buffer:
                             PSF                                approx.50 m from the edge
                             2005)                              of both sides of the core zone
                                                                Hook and line, crab pot and
                             Buffer:                            spear fishing allowed at the
                             approx.50 m from the edge          buffer zone.
                             of both sides of the core zone
                                                                 Note: Scientific researches
                                                                of the fish refuge and
                                                                sanctuary shall pay a
                                                                municipal permit of Pp200.00
                                                                per day.(Municipal Ordinance
                                                                No.8,Series of 2002)


Year of establishment        -Legally established : 1996        Legally established : 2002




                                                                                             29
Ordinances                Municipal Ordinance #17          Municipal Ordinance #17
                          series of 2003(Amended           series of 2003(Amended
                          section 7-Penalty Clause of      section 7-Penalty Clause of
                          both Municipal ordinance #7      both Municipal ordinance #7
                          of 2003 and 8 of 2002)           of 2003 and 8 of 2002)

                          Amended under Municipal          Municipal Ordinance #8
                          Ordinance #07 series of 2003     series of 2002

                          Municipal Ordinance No.20
                          series of 1996

General status of         Managing organizations:          Managing organizations:
management bodies
                          -Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit         Pandanon Mananagat
                                                           Sanktwaryo
                                                           Organisasyon(PAMASO)

                                                           -Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit

Financial Management      Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit          Brgy. Local Gov’t. Unit
Other economic benefits   Fish nets, crab nets, swine breeding

Enforcement               Buoys as markers of the MPA      30 small buoys
                                                           -Guardhouse
Management Plan           None                             None
Start of management       Management began:1996            Management began:1999

Monitoring: Biophysical   LTM monitoring- outside          Biophysical monitoring by
                          transect established in          Project Seahorse started in
                          connection with the old MPA      1998 (fish and benthos) and
                                                           feedback of results
                                                           implemented with local
                                                           participation
                                                           LTM monitoring- inside

                                                            -Participatory Marine
                                                           Sanctuary monitoring formed
                                                           in 2002 (PMSM)-local MPA
                                                           monitoring team

Monitoring: Social        None                             2004 perceptions survey
Management rating                                          Level II; Marine Protected
                          Not rated                        Area Established- Fair

                                                           -Acceptance approved by
                                                           community and documented.
                                                           -Ordinance approved by
                                                           municipal
                                                           -Anchors buoys and other
                                                           markers installed
                                                           -Management activities
                                                           started.




                                                                                         30
Strengths                   Good visibility                 Good visibility
                                                            -Community Involvement is
                                                            moderate      only PAMASO
                                                            members are active
                                                            Conducted Education
                                                            program raising awareness
                                                            about MPA benefits
                                                            -Management body formally
                                                            organized and recognized.

Weaknesses                  No management effort            No management effort
                            observed.                       observed.
                            No proper enforcement           No proper enforcement
                            -Blasting outside MPA is very   -Blasting outside MPA is very
                            rampant                         rampant
                            -Law enforcement should be      -Law enforcement should be
                            strengthened                    strengthened

                            -Needs more Participation       -Needs more Participation
                            from LGUs and NGAs              from LGUs and NGAs
                            -Management Plan needed         -Management Plan needed




Jagoliao Island, Getafe
Jagoliao Island has an area of 7 hectares (MADP 2001). It had a population of
1675 in 2000 (MBN 2000). The majority of the residents are involved in shell
gleaning, spear fishing, shell dredging, sea cucumber and seaweed gathering
(Anticamara and Alcaria 1997).

In 1997, participatory coastal resource assessment at Jagoliao was conducted by
Project Seahorse-HARIBON subcontracted under Coastal Resource
Management Project (Anticamara and Alcaria 1997).

Jagoliao Marine Refuge and Sanctuary

The marine sanctuary is ~10.5 hectares in size, legally established in 2002 under
Municipal Ordinance No.8 series of 2002 and encompasses sea grass beds with
patches of coral communities. Management began in 1998. The sanctuary is
respected by most of the community members but still not enforced due to
inaccessibility and of lack of legal support (Brunio 2002 unpub.A.).

The sanctuary is under the management of the barangay council and
Kapunungan sa Mananagat sa Jagoliao sa Sanktwaryo (KAJAMASA) a people’s
organization. Under Getafe Rehabilitation of Agricultural and Coastal
Environment (GRACE), a new people’s organization called Kapunungan sa mga
Yanong Mananagat (KAYAMANAN) was created. KAYAMANAN identified the
sanctuary and their main project involves livelihood component (i.e. seaweed
farming, fish caging) for displaced fishers.



                                                                                        31
In 1997, a proposed seagrass sanctuary was established and became part of the
Project Seahorse bi-annual biophysical long-term monitoring from 1998-2002. In
1999, a Participatory Marine Sanctuary monitoring was formed but no information
of the actual conduct of monitoring is available. Catch monitoring was also
conducted in 1997-98 (Brunio 2002 unpub.A.). The Jagoliao sanctuary was not
subjected to CCEF rating.


Jagoliao Seagrass Sanctuary

The marine sanctuary is ~20 hectares in size, legally established in 2002 under
Municipal ordinance No.14 series of 2002 and encompasses sea grass habitat.
Project Seahorse helped in the delineation of the boundaries. The sanctuary is
not part of the PSF long –term monitoring nor was it subjected to CCEF
management rating.


MPA status of Jagoliao
Jagolia has two sanctuaries , both have sea grass habitats. The data were taken
from previous works (all table research) and a visit to the Municipality of Getafe,
the in-charge of the CRM office mentioned that they have a coral MPA (HMP,per
comms 2004). The problem now, is that Jagoliao have four ordinances with
different coordinates. Only two coordinates were mapped and they are adjacent
to each other (FISH and PSF MPA maps, 2005). Three ordinances referred to
seagrass habitat and one listed under the consolidated MPAs of Getafe had no
habitat description. HMP noted this MPA as coral habitat due to the fact that the
other MPAs mentioned are all with coral habitat. Further research with previous
files from Brunio E. found that the one mentioned in Municipal ordinance #8
series of 2002 contains seagrass habitat.

Table 6.
Summary details of Getafe MPAs
Municipality                  Getafe
Level of CRM Certification    Level I
(CRMP 2003)
Location                      Jagoliao Island
Barangay PCRA                 1997
Name of MPA                   Jagoliao         Seagrass   Jagoliao Fish Refuge and
                              Sanctuary                   Marine Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates         Latitude        Longitude   Latitude        Longitude
                              1.10º12.678’ 124º09.387’    1.10º12.913’ 124º09.279’
                              2.10º12.873’ 124º09.575’    2.10º12.757’ 124º09.235’
                              3.10º12.740’ 124º09.749’    3.10º12.577’ 124º09.373’
                              4.10º12.534’ 124º09.567’    4.10º12.733’ 124º09.467’
                              (Municipal Ordinance #14    (Municipal Ordinance #8 series
                              Series of 2002)             of 2002)

Basic description             Sea grass sanctuary         Habitat not stated(?) based on
                                                          EOB’s table 2002)seagrass
                                                          bed


                                                                                     32
Size                           approx. 20 hectares          Approx. 10.5 hectares as core
                                                            zone
                               20.66hectares (FISH and      12.79 hectares (FISH and PSF
                               PSF                          2005)
                               2005)

                               Buffer zone: approx.50 m
                               from the edge of the core    Buffer zone: approx.50 m from
                               zone of both sides           the edge of the core zone of
                               Hook and line, crab pot      both sides
                               and spear fishing allowed    Hook and line, crab pot and
                               at the buffer zone.          spear fishing allowed at the
                                                            buffer zone.


Year of establishment          Legally established :2002    Legally established :2002
Ordinances                     Municipal Ordinance #08      Municipal Ordinance #06
                               series of 2003               series of 2003

                               Municipal Ordinance #14      Municipal Ordinance #8 series
                               Series of 2002               of 2002
General status of management   Managing organizations:      Managing organization:
bodies                         Barangay Local
                               Government Unit              Barangay Local Government
                                                            Unit
                               Kapunongan sa Yanong         Kapunungan sa Mananagat sa
                               Mananagat(KAYAMANAN)         Jagoliao sa Sanktwaryo
                                                            (KAJAMASA)

                                                            Kapunongan sa Yanong
                                                            Mananagat(KAYAMANAN

Financial Management           Barangay             Local   Barangay Local Government
                               Government Unit              Unit
Other economic benefits        Not rated                    Not rated
Enforcement                    Not rated                    Not rated
Management Plan                Not rated                    Not rated
Start of management            Not rated                    Management began: 1998
Monitoring: Biophysical        No biophysical monitoring    Biophysical monitoring by
                                                            Project Seahorse started in
                                                            1998(fish and benthos) and
                                                            feedback of results
                                                            implemented with local
                                                            participation.
                                                            JA ended the biophysical
                                                            monitoring in 2002.

                                                            -Participatory          Marine
                                                            Sanctuary monitoring formed in
                                                            1999      (PMSM)-local   MPA
                                                            monitoring team
Monitoring: Social             None to date                 None to date
Management rating              Not rated                    Not rated

Strengths                      Not rated                    Not rated



                                                                                        33
Weaknesses                      Not rated                   No concrete participation and
                                                            enforcement      from     the
                                                            community (Brunio,2000 A)


Jao Island
Jao island is composed of three barangays namely Busalian, Suba and Pinamgo.
Two barangays belong to the municipality of Talibon while Pinamgo is under Bien
Unido Municipality.

Pinamgo, Bien Unido
Pinamgo is situated at the northern portion of Jao Island facing Sagasa Island. It
has a population of 1,835. Bien Unido municipality has not conducted a coastal
assessment to date. FISH project facilitated PCRA training in the area in January
2005 and there are plans for Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment
(PCRA) for the municipality and hence the barangay of Pinamgo to undergo
assessment in their respective areas.

Pinamgo Fish Sanctuary
The marine sanctuary is ~40 hectares but under the Municipal Ordinance No.
2002-02 is documented as 10 hectares based on compass readings recorded. It
encompasses coral reef habitat with patches of sea grass. Management began in
1997 though no ordinance was in effect at that time. The over-all MPA rating is
level II. It has a guardhouse but is not well-enforced. Bi-annual biophysical long
term monitoring has been conducted by Project Seahorse Foundation since
2002-onwards. Pinamgo Fish Sanctuary has no management plan to date.

The establishment of the sanctuary was initiated by Nagkahiusang Gagmayng
Mananagat sa Pinamgo and supported by the barangay council with the
assistance of Bohol Integrated Development Foundation (BIDEF).

Table 7.
Summary profile details for Bien Unido MPA
Municipality                                 Bien Unido
Level of CRM Certification (CRMP 2003)       Level I
Location                                     Pinamgo, Jau Island
Barangay PCRA                                2005 (FISH,2005)
Name of MPA                                  Pinamgo Fish Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates                        Latitude            Longitude
                                             1. 10°11’38.2” N    124°22’88.6” E
                                             2. 10°11’63.7” N    124°22’90.5” E
                                             3. 10°11’61.8” N    124°22’53” E
                                             4. 10°11’30.6” N    124°22’50.1” E

Basic description                            -Coral reef and seagrass habitat

Size                                         Approx.40 hectares;

                                             100.10 hectares (FISH and PSF 2005)-needs
                                             rechecking



                                                                                      34
                                      no buffer stated in the ordinance

Year of establishment                 -Legally established :2002

Ordinances                            Municipal Ordinance 2002-02

General status of management bodies   Managing organizations:

                                      -Nagkahiusang Gagmayng Mananagat sa
                                       Pinamgo(NAGAMAPI)

                                      -Barangay Local Government Unit
                                      -Management effort is minimal.

Financial Management                  None yet
Other economic benefits               None yet
Enforcement                           MPA materials/ structures

                                      -4 big buoys

                                      Sign posted in front of guardhouse
                                      All cases resolved at the barangay leve.l
                                      Penalties collected goes directly to the
                                      barangay.

                                      People who do not understand the reason
                                      behind the MPA hampered the enforcement.



Management Plan                       No MPA management plan

Start of management
                                      Management began:1997

Monitoring: Biophysical               -Biophysical monitoring by Project Seahorse
                                      started in 2002 (fish and benthos) and
                                      feedback of results implemented with local
                                      participation.

Monitoring: Social                    None
Management rating                     Level II-Fair
                                      -Acceptance approved by 10% of the
                                      community but the rest are passive.

                                      -MPA was established with the assistance from
                                      Bohol Integrated Development Foundation.

Strengths                             With guardhouse




                                                                                    35
Weaknesses                               About 10% of the constituents supports the
                                         MPA but 90% are passive
                                         MPA is established:
                                         -Needed continuous IEC on importance of
                                         marine resources.
                                         -Needed budget for the management and
                                         operations of MPA.
                                         -Needed for CRM /MPA management plan.




Sinandigan, Ubay
Sinandigan is one of the coastal barangays of Municipality of Ubay It has a total
population of 1,883 (Population Census 2000). The people are engaged in
fishing and farming. Based on the results of the PCRA in Ubay, Sinandigan the
marine habitat is comprised of 5% live hard coral cover (PCRA 2003).

Sinandigan Marine Sanctuary
The marine sanctuary is ~51.68 hectares in size, legally established in 2005
under the Sangguniang Panlalawigan (SP) resolution 2005-229 approving
Municipal ordinance 06 A. The sanctuary encompasses coral and seagrass
habitat.

Management began in 2003 after the baseline assessment conducted by Project
Seahorse Foundation together with BEMO and the local community. The MPA
was not subjected to the CCEF rating in 2004. Bi-annual biophysical long term
monitoring has been conducted by Project Seahorse Foundation since 2004.

A people’s organization, Kahugpungan saGagmayng Mananagat sa Sinandigan
(KAMAGASI) is managing the sanctuary with the help of the barangay Council. A
management plan was initiated in 2004 and will be developed and documented in
2005 with technical assistance from Project Seahorse Foundation and funding
from the Foundation for Philippine Environment (FPE). A patrol boat and funding
from the Municipality were given to Sinandigan in procurement of the patrol boat.

Sinandigan marine sanctuary needs more resource accessing in order to
construct a guardhouse, marker buoys and other materials needed for better
enforcement.




                                                                                 36
Table 8.
Summary details of the Ubay MPA
Municipality                             Ubay
Level of CRM Certification (CRMP 2003)   None
Location                                 Sinandigan
Barangay PCRA                            2003
Name of MPA                              Sinandigan Marine Sanctuary
Boundary co-ordinates                    Latitude          Longitude
                                         1.10º01.891’     124º33.192’
                                         2.10º01.937’     124º32.226’
                                         3.10º01.286’     124º33.728’
                                         4.10º01.251’     124º33.544’
Basic description                        Coral reef and seagrass habitat



Size                                     Approx.51.68 hectares

                                         123.80 hectares(FISH and PSF 2005)-needs
                                         rechecking on site

                                         Buffer zone:
                                         approx. 50m from the edge of both sides of the
                                         core zone


Year of establishment                    Legally established :2005

Ordinances                               Approved by S.P. 2005-229
                                         Municipal
                                         Ordinance 06-A


General status of management bodies      Managing Organizations:
                                         Kahugpongan sa Gagmayng Mananagat sa
                                         Sinandigan
                                         (KAGAMASI)
                                         -Brgy. Local Govt. Unit

Financial Management                     None yet
Other economic benefits                  None yet
Enforcement                              MPA materials/ structures:
                                         No markers(Buoys )
                                         guardhouse (2005)
                                         With patrol boat for enforcement


Management Plan                          No management plan yet

Start of management                      Management began:2003

Monitoring: Biophysical                  -Biophysical monitoring by Project Seahorse
                                         Foundation started in 2004 (fish and benthos)
                                         and feedback of results implemented with local
                                         participation



                                                                                     37
Monitoring: Social                        None to date
Management rating                         Not rated
Strengths                                 Management planning started but not yet fully
                                          implemented
                                          Community very supportive to the MPA
                                          initiative
Weaknesses
                                          -No buoys yet




Saguise, Carlos P. Garcia (CPG)
Saguise is one of the barangays of the Municipality of Carlos P. Garcia (CPG)
formerly know as Pitogo. It has a total population of 632 (Population Census
2000). The people are engaged in fishing and farming. Based on the results of
the PCRA in CPG, Saguise marine habitat comprises 26% live hard coral cover
(PCRA 2003). The Barangay of Saguise has established two sanctuaries, one
belonging to the sitio Sidlakan known as Sidlakan Marine sanctuary which is very
close to the barangay proper and another in Bantigian which is a small islet off
the Brgy. Saguise.

Sidalakan Marine Sanctuary
The marine sanctuary is ~13 hectares in size, legally established in 2004 under
Municipal Ordinance No. 9-041 and encompasses coral reef habitat. The MPA is
situated in the main barangay of Saguise. The MPA was not subjected to MPA
rating in 2004. Baseline assessment was conducted in 2003 for the sanctuary
location and a sanctuary baseline survey was conducted in 2004. The sanctuary
is not part of Project Seahorse Foundation bi-annual biophysical long term
monitoring.

A people’s organization is managing the sanctuary Kahugpungan saGagmayng
Mananagat sa Saguise (KAMAGASA) in addition to barangay council. Sidlakan
marine sanctuary is well-enforced despite the fact that there are no marker buoys
only stakes delineating the sanctuary boundaries. The area where the MPA is
placed is very strategic for enforcement and a guardhouse is not needed since
there are houses in front of the sanctuary and people living there voluntarily look
after the sanctuary.

MPA resource accessing is the urgent issue of the MPAs in Saguise to provide
materials and structures needed for better management and enforcement of the
area. Additional support and more funding from the Local Government unit, other
stakeholders and a catalyst to do this work is necessary.




                                                                                    38
Bantigian Marine Sanctuary
The marine sanctuary is ~10.8 hectares in size, was legally established in 2004
under Municipal Ordinance No. 9-041 and encompasses coral reef habitat. The
MPA is situated far from the main barangay of Saguise and accessible only by
boat. The islet is separated from the main barangay by a large river system with
high mangrove coverage. The MPA was not subjected to the MPA rating in 2004.
A baseline survey was conducted in 2003 to identify the siting of the sanctuary
and bi-annual biophysical long term monitoring has been conducted by Project
Seahorse Foundation since 2004-onwards.

A people’s organization is managing the sanctuary Kahugpungan saGagmayng
Mananagat sa Saguise (KAMAGASA) in association with the barangay council.

Bantigian marine sanctuary is not well-enforced due to the lack of accessibility
from barangay Saguise. Though the ordinance was approved in 2004 the
sanctuary is not marked. Enforcement infrastructure is lacking with no marker
buoys, guardhouse, patrol boat and other materials needed for better
management and enforcement of the area. Additional support and more funding
from the Local Government unit, other stakeholders and a catalyst is needed to
develop and sustain this incipient reef that has good biological potential for
improvement.

Within the same programme of MPA management facilitation under a grant
received from FPE management plans for these two marine sanctuaries will be
produced by the community of Saguise with facilitation from PSF in 2005.

Table 9.
Summary profile details for CPG MPAs
Municipality                         CPG
Level of CRM Certification (CRMP     None
2003)
Location                             Bantigian, Saguise             Sidlakan, Saguise

Barangay PCRA                        2003
Name of MPA                          Bantigian Marine Sanctuary     Sidlakan Marine Sanctuary

Boundary co-ordinates                Latitude         Longitude     Latitude            Longitude
                                     1.10º08.954’     124º34.955’   1. 10º07.100’       124º35.764’
                                     2.10º09.024’     124º34.983’   2. 10º07.117’       124º35.870’
                                     3.10º08.912’     124º35.234’   3. 10º07.459’       124º35.871’
                                     4.10º08.833’     124º35.245’   4. 10º07.452’       124º35.980’
                                     5.10º08.838’     124º35.164’




                                                                                    39
Basic description              Coral-reef habitat                  Coral-reef habitat

Size                           Approx: 10.8hectares                Approx: 13 hectares

                               8.6 hectares(FISH and PSF 2005)     12.43 hectares(FISH and PSF
                                                                   2005)
                               Buffer zone:
                               approx.50 m from the edge of both Buffer zone:
                               sides of the core zone            approx.50 m from the edge of
                                                                 both sides of the core zone


Year of establishment          Legally established::2004
Ordinances                     Municipal ordinance:#9-041


General status of management   Managing Organizations:
bodies                         Kahugpongan sa Gagmayng Mananagat sa Saguise
                               (KAGAMASA)
                               -Brgy. Local Govt. Unit


Financial Management           None yet
Other economic benefits        None yet
Enforcement                    MPA materials/ structures:          Well-enforced:       in   front   of
                               No markers(Bouys )                  houses
                               No guardhouse yet
                               NOT Rated yet
                               -weak enforcement(poachers still
                               rampant)

Management Plan                Management planning started but not yet fully implemented


Start of management            Management began:2003

Monitoring: Biophysical        -Biophysical monitoring by Project Baseline assessment coducted
                               Seahorse started in 2004 (fish in 2004 but not part of the PSF
                               and benthos) and feedback of LTM.
                               results implemented with local
                               participation
Monitoring: Social             None to date
Management rating              Not rated yet
Strengths                      Community is supportive in terms of the MPAs
                               -Municipal LGU facilitated the ordinance faster than expected though
                               budget for infrastructure not yet released
Weaknesses                     -No guardhouse, buoys




                                                                                    40
41
MPA management plan status
Compilation of data relating to the MPA management plans for each marine
sanctuary are detailed in Table 10.




                                                                      42
Table 10. Present status of MPA management plans.

Municipality   Barangay/MPA      MP approved         MP made            MP
                                                                        missing/not
                                                                        completed
Tubigon        Bilang-bilangan   5-yr plan under     Yes but not        Lost in fire
                                 Project Seahorse-   adopted            and they did
                                 HARIBON-CRMP                           not ask a
                                                                        copy from the
                                 Five-       Year                       municipality
                                 Coastal Resource                       of Tubigon
                                 Management plan
                                 (CRM Plan): CY
                                 2001-05

               Batasan           5 yr plan under     Yes and
                                 Project Seahorse-   adopted
                                 HARIBON-
                                 CRMP
                                 Komprehensibong
                                 Plano sa
                                 Kalamboan Ug
                                 Pagdumala sa
                                 Barangay(2000-
                                 2004)
                                 Barangay
                                 Development
                                 Council
Buenavista     Asinan            5-Year Coastal      Yes and
                                 Resource            adopted
                                 Management plan
                                 ( CRM Plan CY
                                 2001-2005)

Getafe         Handumon                              Under JICDC
               Jandayan Sur                          3yrs
               Jandayan Norte                        management
                                                     plan-part of
                                                     joint resolution
                                                     recognized by
                                                     Municipal LGU
                                                     -Did not go
                                                     through the
                                                     Municipal LGU
                                                     for deliberation
                                                     and approval
                                                     2002-2005

               Jagoliao                                                 NO plans
               Pandanon                                                 NO plans
Bien Unido     Pinamgo                                                  NO plan
Ubay           Sinandigan                            2004               2005
CPG            Saguise –                             Undergone          2005
               Bantigian and                         workshop and
               Sidlakan                              management
                                                     plan submitted
                                                     to Municipal                       43
                                                     LGU for
                                                     approval
MPA management gap analyses
A gap analyses regarding the present MPA status of each marine sanctuary is
presented in Table 11.




                                                                         44
Table 11. MPA status gap analyses for future MPA planning and work activities.
Marine       Management     Enforcement      Enforcement       LGU     PMSM       Biophysical     Social       Food fish    Community   Management
Sanctuary    plan           infrastructure   activities        supp.              monitoring      Monitoring   Monitoring   Feedback    rating
Batasan      Yes: 2001–04   Yes              Yes               Yes     Team       Yes - 1999      2004         no           yes         2004 –Level IV
             renewal                                                   irregul
             needed                                                    ar
Bilang-      Yes: 2001-05   No               Yes – occas.      No      Team       Yes - 1998                   2004-05      yes         2004 –Level II
bilangan     (CRMP not                                                 no
             adopted) –                                                activiti
             renewal                                                   es
             needed
Asinan       Yes: 2001-05   Yes              Yes – best site   Yes     Yes        Yes - 1998                   no           yes         2004 –Level IV
             (CRMP) –
             renewal
             needed
Handumon     Yes – JICDC    Yes              Yes               yes     Team       Yes - 1998      1998, 2004   Yes –        yes         2004 –Level V
             (2002-05) –                                               – irreg.                                1996-2000
             renewal
             needed
Jandayan     Yes – JICDC    Yes              Yes               yes     Team       Yes - 2003      2004         no           yes         2004 –Level II
Norte        (2002-05) –                                               – 2002
             renewal                                                   irreg.
             needed
Jandayan     Yes – JICDC    Yes              Yes               yes     Team       No (JA)         2004         no           No (JA –    2004 –Level II
Sur          (2002-05) –                                               – 2002                                               yes)
             renewal                                                   irreg.
             needed
Pandanon     No             Yes – old MPA    No                no      Team       Yes 1998        2004         no           yes         2004 –Level II
                                                                       – 2002
                                                                       not
                                                                       active
Pinamgo      No             Yes              Yes               no      no         Yes - 2002      2004         2004-05      yes         2004 –Level II
Sinandigan   No – 2005      Yes              Yes               Yes     no         Yes - 2004      2004         no           yes
Bantigian    No –2005       No               Yes – occas.      yes     no         Yes -2004       2004         no           yes
Sidlakan     No – 2005      No               Yes               yes     no         Yes – 2004      2004         no           yes
                                                                                  baseline only




                                                                                                                                          45
4. Discussion
This report has compiled all background and profile characteristics for fourteen
no take marine sanctuaries situated in Northern Bohol and associated with the
Danajon Bank reef complex. Results included the status and functioning of these
Marine sanctuaries, e.g, tthe non-functioning status of Jagoliao Marine Refuge
and Sanctuary at this time.

The Project Seahorse Foundation contribution to this MPA database provides the
stakeholders/MPA managers an overview of status of the MPAs that is part of our
long term monitoring and MPA establishment. PSF assisted MPAs encompasses
the municipalities of Tubigon, Buena Vista, Getafe, Bien Unido, Ubay and Carlos
P. Garcia (CPG) basically mapping the area of Northern Bohol were the unique
double barrier reef Danajon Bank is situated. This give an overview for the Local
Government Units (LGUs) concerned in undertaking endeavors related to coastal
resource management in their area.

The CCEF rating on MPAs basically tackled the basic management structure of
the MPAs assisted or part of Project Seahorse Foundation long-term monitoring.
Out of the eight MPAs subjected to the CCEF MPA rating; Libaong Marine
Sanctuary or Handumon Marine Sanctuary reached the highest level V in terms
of how the entire community-based MPA is managed. Asinan and Batasan
followed closely to Handumon with level IV management. The rest of the MPAs
were rated as fair management level II. The age of the MPAs did not have a
consistent association with the over-all management status, e.g., the case of
Bilang-bilangan which is one of the oldest but also lowest rated MPAs as
compared to Handumon also one of the oldest MPAs and with the highest rating.
Management intervention in most sites showed that before the MPA was
legalized through municipal ordinances, the community started the management
of their proposed sanctuary.

For the community-based monitoring, not all MPAs have Participatory Marine
Sanctuary Monitoring. Out of six MPAs with PMSM team, only one remains
active - Asinan PMSM team though data analysis is still a limitation.

5. Conclusions
The strong points of the MPA reaching the highest ratings boiled down to the
strength of People’s organizations managing their MPA and their strong linkages
with catalysts and municipal LGUs. Proper implementation of the management
plan improved the management status of the MPA as in the case of Asinan.

The results of the MPA management ratings will be updated annually. This will
allow for the associated communities and PSF to track effectiveness of MPA
management. The rating also provides for a gap analysis which can be used to
identify and formulate MPA activities in future years.




                                                                               46
6. Recommendations
A community that is properly oriented on the importance of it’s role in helping to
reverse the trend of degraded coastal resources is likely to have a better
commitment in coastal conservation. MPAs are one management option that are
highly favored by the local communities and government units in the Philippines.
The proliferation of community-based no take marine sanctuaries is continuing
but their role in fisheries management is not clear as at the present time such
protection does not guarantee an increase in adjacent fishery yields (Willis 2004).
See MPA Food Fish Monitoring review for further details (Torrechilla and
McCorry PSF Internal Report 2005). The need for other conservation
management options is still necessary in order for the goals and objectives of
MPAs to succeed. The role of the communities and other stakeholders are very
important in insuring the sustainability of MPAs and other management option
endeavors.

7. Acknowledgements
The Project Seahorse Foundation team would like to extend their thanks to the
communities of Northern Bohol, Local Government Units, People’s Organizations
and KAMADA chapters. Hazel Panes is grateful for the support and input to this
report given by Project Seahorse Foundation staff: Erwin Brunio, Brian Cabrera,
Alen Mondido, Perfecto Auxilo, Rosemarie Apurado, Lourdes Labrada and
Amado Blanco.

Researchers who contributed to the report include:
Erwin O.Brunio - Policy and Advocacy Officer (PSF)
Angelie C. Nellas - RAP Biologist (PSF)
Armi May Torrechilla - Fisheries Biologist (PSF)
Brian Cabrera - Habitat Biologist (PSF)
Denise McCorry - Research Scientist (PS)




                                                                                 47
8. References

Anticamara, J.A. and F. Alcaria 1997, Participatory Coastal Resource
Assessment in Jagoliao Area: Profile 1997. Project Seahorse-Haribon
Foundation. Jagoliao, Getafe, Bohol.

Asinan CRM Plan,2001. Coastal Resource Management Plan: CY 2001-
2005.Asinan,Buenavista, Bohol.

Batasan CRM Plan, 2000. Komprehensibong Plano sa Kalamboan ug
Pagdumala sa Barangay:Tuig 2000-2004.Batasan,Tubigon, Bohol.

Bilangbilangan CRM Plan, 2001.Coastal Resource Management Plan:CY 2001-
2005.Bilangbilangan, Tubigon,Bohol

Brunio ,E.O. 2002 unpub.A. Measuring the Effectiveness of Community-managed
Marine Protected Areas: Description of a Monitoring Program in Central
Philippines

Brunio ,E.O. 2002 unpub.B. Measuring the Effectiveness of Community-managed
MPA as Management Intervention in Managing Coastal Resources: Case Study
from Northwest Bohol, Philippines

Clark J.1998. Coastal Seas: The Conservation Challenge. Blackwell Science,
Oxford.134 pp.

CRMP (Coastal Resource Management Project.).2003. Proceedings of the First
Congress of Philippine National Association of Fish Wardens (PHILNAF) Region
7 . CRMP, Cebu City, Philippines.

Eisma-Osorio R. 2005.”No-take MPAs in the Philippines”. MPA news 2005.Vol 6,
No.9.

Getafe Municipal official website.2004.www.bohol.ph/municipality

Green, S.J., R.P. Monreal, A.T. White and T.G. Bayer. 2000. Coastal
Environmental Profile of Northwestern Bohol, Philippines. Coastal Resource
Management Project, Cebu City, Philippines, 113 pp.

MADP 2001. Municipal Agricultural Development Plan, Getafe, Bohol,
Philippines.

MBN 2000.(Minimum Basic Need Survey). Getafe Profile. Getafe, Bohol,
Philippines.




                                                                          48
Municipal Coastal Database 2000.Official Report. Tubigon,Bohol

NSO 2000.National Statistics Office. Population Census for the Province of
Bohol, NSO, Philippines.

Perante,N.C., M.G. Pajaro, and A.C.J. Vincent 1998. Demographics of the
seahorse Hippocampus comes in the Central Philippines. In Proceedings of the
Third International Conference on the Marine Biology of the South China Sea.
(Morton,B.ed) Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. pp. 439-448.

Pichon, M. 1977. Physiography, morphology, and ecology of the double barrier
reef of North Bohol (Philippines). Proceedings of the Third International Coral
Reef Symposium (Taylor, D.L., ed.) Rosentiel School of Marine and Atmospheric
Science, Miami, USA. pp.262-267.

Torregosa, F. , Bonghanoy R., Torrefiel J.,Bonghanoy J.,Paden,G.,Paden,
R.,Tacatani, E.,Torreta C.,Tacatani T.,Otarra M., Paden,R.,Camacho,J.,
Torremocha F. Camacho D. 2000. Hulagway sa Isla sa Jandayan tuig 2000.
Resulta sa Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment. Project Seahorse.
Getafe, Bohol.98pp.

Technical Working Group. 2003. Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment in
Ubay.Ubay, Philippines

Technical Working Group. 2003. Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment in
Carlos P. Garcia, Philippines

White, A.T.,M.F. Ovenden, A.T. Meneses and E.Z. Dolumbal. 2004. The MPA
Report Guide Manual.Coastal Conservation and Education Foundation. 21 pp.

Willis, T. 2005. “Scientific Opinion on Promises of Higher Fishery Yields”, MPA
News.Vol.6 No.9.




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