The Immune System
A Students Perspective
It is no secret that the world on the human body: balance and
is a toxic place. Every day we are integration. In health, all of the body’s by Gabriella DeCastro
exposed to innumerable disease- systems and functions are in balance
causing agents. The quality of the air and well integrated. No process in the primary defense against disease and a
we breathe and the water we drink is body occurs in isolation; complex wide variety of bacterial, viral, and
no doubt in decline. Our meat is full processes are dependent on seemingly fungal infections, all of which we come
of hormones and antibiotics & our small ones, showing the body’s in contact with simply by breathing,
produce is sprayed with harmful extraordinary degree of integration. eating, and the acts of everyday living.
pesticides. Bacteria have become When physical discomfort occurs the In addition, on a daily basis many cells
resistant to even the strongest body reacts in ways that will bring it are damaged or killed due to trauma,
antibiotics. Every year there’s a new flu back to equilibrium, demonstrating its toxins, microbial attack, and other
shot and millions of us head to the innate desire for balance. However, processes in the body. The immune
doctor to get vaccinated. Many find many factors can upset this system is responsible for removing such
themselves sick anyway because the equilibrium. This lack of balance sets cells, a task it can only perform if
shot only works against last year’s off a chain of reactions that can cause healthy.” 1
“bug;” this year the bug has “mutated.” disease. The immune system protects
In addition to all these factors, Thus, the question arises: Can us against the millions of viruses,
prolonged periods of stress have we help our bodies maintain or achieve bacteria, parasites and fungi to which
become the norm for many. Not only balance and integration? The answer we are exposed on a regular basis. In
do we have to deal with everyday is a resounding: Yes! Disease does not addition to this, it protects us from our
stressors (traffic jams, family problems occur in a vacuum. There are own unhealthy cells (free radicals) by
and demanding jobs) but we can now environmental, nutritional, emotional, disposing of them before they can
add a bad economy, the threat of mental and genetic factors that play a reproduce and become a problem.
terrorism and pending wars to that list. role in our health. Addressing disease So how does the immune
In the mad rush to survive we forget as a manifestation of a dysfunction of system accomplish this? How does it
about taking care of the emotional side the whole person, not just of our defend us against all these enemies?
of ourselves. In light of all these factors physical health, is the key to a healthy The processes involved in immunity
it’s no wonder that disease takes hold. life. Alternative practices offer a are so complex that researchers have
The human body, with its holistic view of health. Among these just begun to understand their
intricacies, beauty and mysteries shows is aromatherapy, an art and science intricacies. They tell us, however, that
a remarkable ability to survive. Cells, that seeks to enhance the body’s own immunity begins at the cellular level.
organs, proteins and hormones, each ability to heal and attain balance The cells primarily responsible for
one essential to our body’s proper through the use of essential oils. keeping us healthy are our white blood
function, all work together in order to Aromatherapy offers us a cells. To understand these cells we
keep us alive and healthy. At the core multilayered approach to health that need to take a closer look at the
of our ability to stay alive lies our addresses the body, mind and spirit. composition of blood.
immune system, a system of
astonishing complexity. Researchers What is the immune system? Blood Composition
discover something new about Alternative Medicine, The Often referred to as “the river
immunity virtually everyday. However, Definitive Guide states that “the of life,” blood is the transportation
many questions remain unanswered. immune system is a complex network vehicle for substances responsible for
Two concepts, nonetheless, seem to of specialized organs, cells and sustaining life and promoting
have withstood centuries of research substances that acts as the body’s wellbeing. Blood carries oxygen from
The Immune System continued
the lungs to the rest of the body, and monocytes and lymphocytes. Each of Monocytes: These cells make up 3 to
transports carbon dioxide from body these has its own role to play in 8 percent of all circulating leukocytes.
tissue to the lungs. It also carries immune function. They are phagocytic. Although
nutrients and hormones secreted by monocytes are active in the immune
different glands throughout the body. Polymorphonuclear granulocytes response, their most important role is
But more importantly blood transports (polys): These cells form the first line to mature into macrophages.
disease-fighting substances throughout of defense. They don’t have a
the body. specialized function: they can attack all sMacrophages: These are very large
Plasma contains proteins, foreign intruders. Polys include and extremely “hungry” phagocytic
enzymes, electrolytes, sugar, glucose neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils cells that can not only circulate in the
and fats and constitutes 55 percent of and mast cells. bloodstream, but also settle in the
the blood. The other 45 percent of the spleen, liver, lymph nodes, tonsils,
blood is made up of cells, including s Neutrophils: These cells are lungs and bone marrow. There they
red blood cells (erythrocytes), white extremely mobile. Neutrophils are can engulf aging or damaged cells and
blood cells (leukocytes) and platelets phagocytic cells, meaning that they can microbes. They are also good defenders
(thrombocytes). engulf other cells, microbes and other against fungi. Along with the
Red blood cells are particles. Neutrophils play a major role neutrophils, macrophages are the
responsible for carrying oxygen to all in the inflammatory response. They body’s major phagocytes.
other cells in the body. Platelets help comprise 55-70 percent of all white Together,neutrophils,
cuts and wounds heal. White blood blood cells. monocytes and macrophages play a
cells form the army of the immune major role in the inflammatory, or
system. Although all these cells depend s Eosinophils: These cells are nonspecific, immune response. These
on each other to keep a person healthy, phagocytes. It is believed that they play phagocytes are able to engulf invaders
it is the work of white blood cells that an important role in regulating the and abnormal cells and then help to
is at the core of our immune system. severity of allergic reactions by clean up after the immunological
Blood and lymph are the secreting an enzyme that breaks down response. However, as we will see later,
transport mechanisms for leukocytes histamine. They also seem to be monocytes and macrophages are also
(white blood cells), the basic units of involved in combating parasites. involved in the more specific immune
immunity. Eosinophils comprise 1-3 percent of response.
the total of white blood cells.
Leukocytes Lymphocytes: These are very
White blood cells, or s Basophils: These cells are not specialized leukocytes and comprise 20-
leukocytes, come in different sizes and phagocytic; however, they are 50 percent of all leukocytes.
perform different functions. responsible for releasing histamine, a
Leukocytes all have a nucleus, which chemical involved in the allergic T-cells: These cells are called T-cells
contains the material for growth, response. Basophils also release because they mature in the thymus.
nourishment and reproduction. All heparin, an important anticoagulant. They comprise 60-70 percent of
leukocytes arise from a stem cell, or These cells are found in small numbers lymphocytes. When humans are still
parent cell, located in the bone in the blood, accounting for less than in the fetal stage of development,
marrow. Stem cells give rise to different 1 percent of all white blood cells. immature stem cells migrate from the
types of blood cells, which then mature bone marrow to the thymus, where
into different types of cells depending sMast cells: These cells are similar to they become T-cell “parents.” The
on where in the body the maturation basophils, but they do not circulate in progeny of these cells endure a
process takes place. the blood. Mast cells can be found selection process that weeds out T-cells
All the body’s leukocytes fall closer to the skin and are very active that are abnormal or have receptors
into one of three categories: in the allergic response. that recognize normal body structures.
polymorphonuclear granulocytes, The cells emerging from this
The Immune System continued
process are programmed to respond to very specific; each one can bind to only leukocytes to perform their duties,
a single enemy. They then migrate to one specific antigen. This binding there has to be an effective
the spleen and the lymph nodes and helps destroy that particular antigen. communication system in place. How
await an attack. These cells now Antibodies come in five different types: do these cells “speak” to each other?
compose what is called cell-mediated IgM, IgG, IgA, IgE and IgD. Ig stands Through proteins called cytokines.
immunity. T-cell receptors are made for immunoglobulin. Manufactured by monocytes,
of proteins and they specialize in macrophages and lymphocytes, these
identifying viruses and other s IgM: is the first antibody to appear proteins regulate cell growth and
organisms that invade a cell. in response to an invader. It attaches function during inflammatory and
to the intruder and marks it for specific immune responses. Among
There are three basic types of T-cells: destruction by phagocytic cells. It these proteins are interferons,
remains in the blood stream and it is interleukins, tumor necrosis factor,
sHelper T-cells: Most abundant T- very effective against bacteria. colony-stimulating factor, and
cells. They stimulate the growth of However, its effects are very short-lived. erythropoietin. Cytokines can enhance
cytotoxic and suppressor T-cells. They inflammatory and immune responses,
also stimulate macrophages to perform s IgG is the most abundant antibody and can inhibit these responses in the
their engulfing duties and B-cells to and it provides lifelong immunity fight or flight response. (see section on
produce antibodies. against a specific antigen. It can enter Stress and Immunity).
tissue spaces and is the only antibody
sCytotoxic T-cells (killer cells): These able to pass through the placenta, The Immune System at Work
cells attach to specific antigens and giving the fetus its immunity. When a macrophage attacks
secrete enzymes to puncture the shells an antigen, it takes fragments of it to
of the invaders. s IgA is found in wet surfaces such as helper and suppressor T-cells. In turn,
saliva, tears, nasal and vaginal these orchestrate a response. Helper T-
s Suppressor T-cells: These cells secretions. It fights off invaders at the cells always want to send too many
suppress the active immune response. sites of entrance. cytotoxic T-cells to fight, while the
They keep the immune system from suppressor T-cells never want to send
becoming overactive. s IgE is able to adhere to mast cells enough. Together they arrive at a
and basophils to release histamines balance. The cytotoxic T-cells are sent
B-Cells: These cells comprise 10-20 responsible for allergic reactions. It is to fight armed with enzymes, when
percent of all lymphocytes. Once a also involved in the fight against they find the invader, they can use
stem cell produces a descendant, the parasites. these enzymes to drill holes on its shell
stromal cells of the bone marrow causing its insides to pour out.
decide whether this cell will become a s IgD almost exclusively found inserted Phagocytes arrive and clean-up debris.
B-cell or another cell type. Once a cell into the membrane of B-cells, it seems This is cell-mediated immunity.
is designated as a B-cell, a specialized to regulate the cell’s activation. Humoral or antibody-
structure called the surrogate complex mediated immunity involves B-cells
determines which cells will survive and s Natural killer (NK) cells: These are and T-cells. It is a highly sophisticated
be allowed to circulate throughout the lymphocytes that are granular in response. When the macrophages
body. The B-cells that survive migrate appearance. Their role is nonspecific. cannot handle a foreign invader, they
to the lymph nodes and spleen to await They can destroy invaders, specifically surround the entire antigen, dissolve
action. B-cells are especially adept at cancer and virus-infected cells, without most of it, and carry back molecular
catching intruders like bacteria. B-cells assistance from other cells. fragments of the antigen to the helper
fight intruders by manufacturing and suppressor T-cells for examination.
antibodies. This type of immunity is The Communication System If antibodies are needed, antigen
known as humoral or antibody- As expected, in order for all fragments are presented to B-cells. A
mediated immunity. Antibodies are these specific and non-specific portion of B-cells transform themselves
The Immune System continued
into plasma cells and start toxic chemicals, excess alcohol the parasympathetic nervous systems.
manufacturing antibodies, mostly of consumption, overuse of antibiotics,
the IgM type. Antibodies are displayed drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen, The sympathetic nervous system has
on the surface of B-cells like antennas, acetaminophen and corticosteroids, nerve projections that start in the brain
ready to lock on to invaders. Once the frequent exposure to infectious agents and extend to the rest of the body. It
B-cells label the invaders with antibody, like viruses, bacteria, parasites and responds in cases of real or perceived
a signal is sent to phagocytic cells to fungi, and the list goes on. At some danger. In these types of situations the
devour the intruder. point in our lives, we all have been system responds by releasing
The remaining B-cells become exposed to at least some of these factors adrenaline from its nerve endings in
memory B-cells, which remember a and/or engaged in some of these the adrenal glands and noradrenaline
particular antigen and remain on alert behaviors. from nerve endings throughout the
for future invasion. The next time Remaining healthy and body. These two hormones prepare our
memory cells are presented with the improving our quality of life is a choice. bodies to “fight or flight,” diverting
same antigen, they will be able to We can look at the list above and see a blood flow from the heart to the
respond more efficiently to the attack few items on which we have direct muscles.
by quickly becoming plasma cells and control. We can definitely make good The parasympathetic nervous
secreting antibodies (mostly of the IgG nutritional choices and reduce our system acts in opposition to the
type). consumption of alcohol. There are sympathetic nervous system. Where
many natural alternatives to aspirin, the sympathetic system speeds up our
Disorders of the Immune System steroids and antibiotics. One of the heart rate, the parasympathetic slows
Many things can go wrong most important things you can do for it down.
with our immune system. An yourself is to learn how to manage Another hormone that plays
underactive immune system is not able stress. an essential role in the stress response
to successfully combat the many are glucocorticoids. In stressful
bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi Stress and Immunity situations, the hypothalamus secretes
that we come in contact with in our So what does stress have to do a set of hormones into the pituitary,
daily lives. An overactive immune with immunity? Robert M. Sapolski in among these is CRF (corticotrophin
system may react to harmless foreign his book Why Zebras Don’t Get releasing factor). CRF then triggers the
substances, causing allergies. Ulcers argues that “a period of stress pituitary to release ACTH or
The immune system can also will disrupt a wide variety of immune corticotropin. When ACTH reaches
mistake normal body tissue for a functions—the formation of new the adrenals it causes them to secrete
foreign antigen and attack it, as is the lymphocytes and their release into the glucocorticoids, which act similarly to
case in auto-immune diseases, such as circulation, the time preexisting adrenaline but can be active for
AIDS and lupus. In cancer, abnormal lymphocytes stay in circulation, the minutes or hours.
cells reproduce uncontrollably. This manufacture of antibodies in response In addition to the hormones
can happen in any organ in the body, to an infectious agent, and discussed above, in stressful times the
including the immune system. communication among lymphocytes pancreas secretes glucagons, which in
Leukemia is an example of abnormal through the release of relevant combination with glucocorticoids,
cell reproduction in the immune messengers, to name just a few of these adrenaline and noradrenaline are
system. actions.”2 responsible for mobilizing energy to
In his book Total Wellness, To better understand how the muscles in the form of glucose.
Dr. Joseph Pizzorno lists a number of stress has such impact on immunity, it Stress also triggers the release of
factors that have a detrimental effect is vital to understand the basics of the prolactin and vasopressin by the
on our immune system. Among these stress response. At the heart of the pituitary. The first suppresses
are stress, obesity, excessive sugar and stress response lies the autonomic reproduction and the second displays
concentrated carbohydrate nervous system. This system consists antidiuretic effects. Both the pituitary
consumption, nutritional deficiencies, of two branches: the sympathetic and and the brain secrete endorphins and
The Immune System continued
enkephalins, which are responsible for Alexander, in his paper entitled and depression, as well as the
an analgesic effect at the site of pain. “Aromatherapy and Immunity”, refers to physiological ones like increased heart
In addition to all this one study that shows that fluctuations rate, elevated blood pressure, etc. We
hormone activation and suppression, in mood can affect the amount of IgA choose oils that are sedative,
hormones related to growth are in the subject’s saliva. IgA, as antispasmodic, uplifting and deemed
inhibited in stressful times, as are mentioned earlier, is the type of appropriate for the individual client.
testosterone, estrogen and antibody that is found in the body’s We choose the appropriate
progesterone. It makes perfect sense wet surfaces (saliva, tears, vaginal essential oils, methods of application
from a survival point of view. When secretions). IgA levels are higher when and dosages based on the unique
we are in real or perceived danger, our the subject is in a good mood. chemical constitution of each oil and
bodies have evolved to divert energy In the same paper, the author its known effect on the psyche and the
to those parts that can get us out of adds “Investigators have revealed many body. Contrary to popular belief,
the mess we’re in—our muscles. immunological changes associated aromatherapists don’t just choose oils
The stress response is a great with depression. Among the more because they smell good. As
mechanism to get one out of a prevalent of these changes are professionals, we guide ourselves by the
dangerous situation. So what is so reduction in natural killer (NK) cell body of evidence and by experience.
wrong about being stressed out? Why activity, lymphocyte responsiveness (T- Research and experience show
is it harmful to our immune system? and B-cells) and immune control over, that essential oils can be effective in
The problem arises when we go for instance, latent herpes viruses.” achieving and maintaining a healthy
through periods of prolonged stress. immune system in three ways:
Robert Sapolski argues that Aromatherapy and Immunity · They can be used as tools to de-stress
glucocorticoids play an active role in Now that we understand the and uplift.
immune suppression. These hormones basics of our immune system and have · The antiviral, antibacterial,
inhibit the production of new an idea of how stress can have a antifungal and antiparasitic properties
lymphocytes in the thymus and the negative impact on it, we’re ready to of essential oils are well-documented.
release of messengers like interleukins discuss how aromatherapy can help us Essential oils can attack antigens at the
and interferons. They cause fight disease. cellular level.
lymphocytes to be pulled out of Aromatherapy is both a · Certain essential oils can strengthen
circulation and can actually enter psychological and physical healer. It is aspects of our immune system, thereby
lymphocytes and cause them to a discipline that treats the individual by making the body a less friendly place
manufacture a suicide protein that as a whole. When it comes to our for foreign invaders.
disintegrates their DNA. immunity, aromatherapy can help us
As a result, in long periods of by working on both the psychological Essential Oils Working Against Stress
glucocorticoid secretion we’re left with and physical level. It can improve our Through the Psyche
fewer lymphocytes and, in the absence emotional health as well as support our To work on a psychological
of cytokines, the few that are left can’t bodies against microbes. level, essential oils must act on the
even communicate with each other! As aromatherapists we begin central nervous system. According to
Ironically, a mechanism set in place to the process of addressing a client’s Robert Tisserand, essential oils can
save our lives can actually kill us. issues with a consultation. We become have an effect on our central nervous
As we can see glucocorticoids familiar with the client’s symptoms, system in two ways. The first would
are major players in suppressing the lifestyle, level of stress and other occur via our olfactory nerve.
immune system; however, they do not matters of consideration. We then Stimulation of this nerve would cause
act alone. Adrenaline and create a program, which addresses the “aromatic” messages to reach the
noradrenaline, CRF and beta- client as a whole. For example, for a limbic area of the brain, comprised of
endorphines are also involved. stressed client we choose oils that the pituitary, the thalamus, the
Depression is another enemy address both the psychological hypothalamus, the hippocampus, the
of the immune system. Michael symptoms like fear, anxiety, withdrawal amygdala and the pineal glands.
The Immune System continued
The second mechanism in to significantly reduce a stress-induced stress management and thus help us
which essential oils could have an rise in blood pressure, indicating a to maintain a healthy and balanced
effect on the central nervous system stress-countering effect. These include immune system.
would be by being absorbed into the neroli, nutmeg and valerian (Warren
bloodstream via the olfactory et al., 1987).” Essential Oils Working at the Cellular
membranes. Robert Tisserand argues s In another paper entitled “Success Level Against Microbes
that it could be possible that essential with Stress”, Tisserand refers to a study Much has been written about the
oils act in both ways. This seems to be that shows that menthol can lower antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and
the consensus in the aromatherapy blood pressure through vasodilation. antiparasitic properties of essential oils.
community. He also cites other studies that show It is speculated that these oils are
calamus, carrot seed, melissa and effective against microbes because they
Here’s what some authors have tagetes lower blood pressure. possess the ability to penetrate their
concluded about the effect of essential s Shibata et al. (1990) showed that cell membrane and influence cellular
oils on the psyche: labdanum, oak moss and tuberose can metabolism.
block the activation of the
s In his book Advanced Aromatherapy, hypothalamus in response to acute s In the antibacterial aspect of oils, one
Kurt Schnaubelt states that “The stressors after four days of treatment. of the most significant advances was
citronellal of melissa and Eucalyptus s Peter Holmes, in his paper “Uplifting made by Paul Belaiche in his 1979 work
citriodora and the linalol found in Oils”, argues that the oils of rose, ylang- Traité de Phytothérapie et
lavender are among the components ylang, clary sage, atlas cedarwood, d’Aromathérapie. By using the
with the strongest sedative effects. Also, sandalwood, myrrh and valerian have aromatogram method, he was able to
the limonene of lemon has a a sedative yet euphoric effect. This is prove the effectiveness of individual
significant calming effect. Oils derived achieved by the oils working through oils on specific bacteria. He not only
from melissa, Eucalyptus citriodora, the raphe nucleus and thalamus to did this in a lab, he actually treated
lemon, verbena, citronella, and other release serotonin and GABA, and individuals with infectious illnesses.
oils with a high aldehyde content also enkephalins. These oils would work for He concluded that oils could be
have a sedative effect.” The author later an individual who is suffering from grouped in three categories. He
states that “The phenylpropane ethers, depression involving nervous referred to oregano, savory, thyme and
especially estragole (methyl chavicol) hyperactivity and restlessness. clove as the oils with the broadest
stabilize an overactive sympathetic sIn the same paper, Peter Holmes lists spectrum of efficacy (in later studies
nervous system (sympatholytic effect) fir, tea tree, niaouli, cypress, lemon, Belaiche added tea tree oil to this list).
and restore a healthy balance between rosemary and holy basil as restorative Pine, cajeput, Eucalyptus globulus,
the sympathetic and parasympathetic oils. Working through the locus lavender, myrtle, geranium, petitgrain,
nervous systems.” ceruleus, hippocampus and amygdala, tarragon, niaouli and Thymus
s In the same book, Schnaubelt adds these oils can influence the release of serpyllium, were grouped as oils effective
that “For their effects on the central noradrenaline, dopamine and other against a certain types of bacteria. With
nervous system and stress-related hormones. These oils would be useful the final group having a strengthening
symptoms, oils with a high-ester for cases of depression which are effect on the immune response but not
content, such as clary sage and Roman accompanied by low energy, fatigue, directly active against bacteria.
chamomile, are equally effective and despair. s Extracts from plants belonging to
antispasmodics. They reduce tension One could go on and on the Lamiaceae family have shown
in stressful situations or with pre- presenting research. The truth is that antiviral properties. Among these are
menstrual discomfort.” these are a few examples of the research rosemary, clary sage, lavender and
s In his paper entitled “Aromatherapy that has been taking place in the last melissa. Extract of melissa is used in
as Mind-Body Medicine”, Robert few decades. There’s plenty of evidence Germany as the active ingredient in a
Tisserand states that “The vapours of that leads us to believe that
several essential oils have been found aromatherapy can help immensely in
The Immune System continued
cream to treat herpes. nutmeg, lemongrass, lemon and unique individuals who are never
s In a 2000 study, an Argentinean orange stimulate the phagocytic static. This results in care plans that
team of researchers (Benencia & activity of leukocytes. are customized to our specific needs
Courreges, 2000), after conducting a s In a very exciting 1999 study, a team in a specific time.
study to examine the antiviral activity of researchers conducted an Aromatherapy empowers us to
of eugenol (a constituent of clove oil), experiment in –vitro, the results of take charge of our own health. More
concluded that eugenol was indeed which showed that tea tree oil and often than not, orthodox practitioners
effective against the herpes simplex terpinen-4-ol “can markedly increase take a “disease just happens” approach.
virus, the oil seems to act by dissolving the ability of certain white blood cells This is disempowering. It leaves us
the viral lipidic envelope. in the immune system to destroy feeling victimized and at the mercy of
s Essential oils of Thymus vulgaris and microbial cells that have been attacked invasive treatments that often result in
Origanum vulgaris exhibit anthelmintic by antibodies” a weakened immune system. Essential
properties, meaning that they destroy s Kurt Schnaubelt states that thyme oils, when administered properly have
or expel intestinal parasites. This is due ct thujanol “stimulates the immune no harmful side effects.
to their carvacrol content. The 1,8 response as well as the regeneration of
cineole found in the different liver cells.” The truth is that health is a conscious
eucalyptus species and in cajeput, for s Schnaubelt offers that studies suggest choice. As we just learned, there are
example, is also known to exhibit that immunoglobulin levels in the many factors that can impact our
anthelmintic properties. blood can be raised or lowered by the health. Many of these are factors over
s The fungicidal activity of essential use of essential oils. He argues that in which we have control. To attain and
oils can be seen in oils rich in esters conditions that show a depressed maintain health, we must choose to use
like lavender and geranium. However, gamma-globulin level, savory, thyme healing tools that honor all the parts
strong antifungals also include oils (linalol type), spike lavender, and of ourselves. Aromatherapy is one of
lacking in esters such as tea tree, Eucalyptus globulus have the ability to those tools.
melissa, myrrh and patchouli. restore the antibody to a proper level.
In cases of immune suppression, Our bodies have the capacity to heal;
Essential Oils Strengthening Our Borneol, abundant in Moroccan our immune system and its complex
Immune System Thyme, is very effective in normalizing processes are a perfect example of that.
Rosalind Blackwell and high levels of immunoglobulin. Aromatherapy offers us a natural and
Michael Smith make an interesting safe way to support the body’s innate
argument in their paper entitled Conclusion power to heal itself.
“Aromatograms”. They argue that while As we have seen essential oils
conventional antibiotics act by slowing offer us a holistic way of looking at **Bibliography available upon request.
down or stopping bacterial growth or health. Where orthodox medicine has
by directly killing bacteria, essential oils failed to treat us as multifaceted beings
have the added benefit of acting on by simply targeting symptoms, About Gabriella DeCastro
the environment in which bacteria aromatherapy succeeds at maintaining Gabriella has been pursuing a life long
grow. In other words, essential oils and promoting our psychological, as interest in natural health care
somehow strengthen the immune well as physical and emotional remedies. She is a graduate of the
system so that it can battle antigens wellbeing. Institute of dynamic Aromatherapy
better. Orthodox medicine tends to with Jade Shutes. Gabriella is currently
take a “one size fits all” approach, developing her aromatherapy practice
Here is some of the research that where there is one remedy for a in Seattle, WA You can contact her
supports this idea: symptom. The remedy prescribed is the at: 206.856.1013.
same for everyone, regardless of the
s Robert Tisserand states that the oils cause of the symptom. In contrast,
of cardamom, eucalyptus, ginger, dill, aromatherapy treats each of us as