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					Allegato B2

Quadro degli obiettivi formativi specifici e delle propedeuticità
Corso di Laurea magistrale in Biotecnologie delle piante e degli animali
Rau, art. 12, comma 2, lettera b

    N.      Insegnamento       Settore                 Obiettivi formativi specifici                    Propedeuticità
                                SSD                                                                     obbligatorie*

         Plant biotechnology   AGR/07    Aim of the course are the following:                           Genome analysis
1                                        - to illustrate the organization of DNA in plants with         and
                                         particular emphasis to transposable elements, repetitive       bioinformatics
                                         sequences and differential nucleotide composition;
                                         - to present the most valuable molecular markers in
                                         functional genomics;
                                         - to analyze at molecular level the different factors
                                         involved in the regulation of gene expression in plants;
                                         - to explain recombinant DNA technology and gene
                                         transfer in plants;
                                         - to show principles and practices in plant cell, tissue and
                                         organ culture;
                                         - to give students hands-on experience and training in
                                         representative plant tissue culture- and genetic
                                         engineering techniques;
                                         - to acquaint students with experimental design and
                                         analysis of plant biotechnology experiments;
                                         - to outline the issues and challenges encountered in the
                                         area of plant biotechnology.
         Molecular nutrition   AGR/17    The course aims to survey different applications of
2        of plant and animal             biotechnology and genetic engineering in the field of
         II                              animal nutrition. In particular the course will investigate
                                         the integration of genomics into animal sciences, using a
                                         system biology approach with the special cases of
                                         nutritional sciences. At this regard, the complexity of
                                         genome responses to nutritional exposures is investigated
                                         with particular focus on transcriptome modifications
                                         (nutrigenomics and pharmacogenomics) after specific
                                         nutrient administration (antioxidants, CLA, PUFA…).
                                         Special cases of bioactive compounds, as those deriving
                                         from plant secondary metabolites, in the regulation of
                                         gene expressions and protein activity are included in the
                                         programme. The interaction of nutrients on epigenetic
                                         regulations in animal genomes is also reported. Notes on
                                         bioinformatics and tools for the analysis of gene-nutrient
                                         interaction will be also provided
         Plant-pathogen        AGR/12    The students will develop a comprehension of the               Plant Molecular
3        interaction                     molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction of             Biology; protein
                                         fungal and bacterial pathogens with their host. They will      Structure and
                                         be able to recognize the molecular signals that                function
                                         characterize plant diseases, the major physiological and
                                         genetic aspects of pathogenicity and virulence in the
                                         microrganisms, the different aspects of innate immunity
                                         and resistance in the plant. Within the general contexts of
                                         evolution, environmental fitness and competition among
                                         organisms, the most recent research issues with potential
                                         for disease control will be acquired.
         Protein Structure     BIO/04    The aim of this course is to cover the structures of
4        and Function                    proteins and their biophysical chemistry. This topic is
                                         intended to show the general principles and the main
                                         techniques that allow the identification, isolation and
                                         purification of some common proteins. The basic
                                         concepts, previously acquired by the student, are
                                         developed to examine molecular and physiological
                                      aspects of protein purification, folding, distribution into
                                      the cell, modification and evolution. The course is
                                      integrated by laboratory practical and computer-assisted
                                      analysis of protein databases, sequence alignments and
                                      3D structures.
     Molecular nutrition     AGR/13   The students will learn basic and applied concepts of
5    of plant and animal I            plant nutrition; in particular mechanisms and regulatory
                                      principles of nutrient uptake and plant response to abiotic
                                      stresses will be elucidated considering approaches from
                                      biochemistry and molecular biology; the role of secondary
                                      metabolites in plant adaptation to adverse conditions will
                                      also be considered. Applied objectives are the
                                      identification of processes contributing to nutrient
                                      efficiency and stress tolerance in crop plants, and possible
                                      improvements by biotechnological approaches.
     Genetic Resources       AGR/03
6

     Biotechnology and       IUS/03
     genetics legislation
7
     Biotechnology in        VET/10   The aims of the course is to provide the essential none
8    Animal Reproduction              knowledge for understanding the biology of reproduction
                                      of domestic animals; in particular, the techniques for
                                      synchronization and superovulation of the donor and
                                      recipient females, in vivo and in vitro gametes and
                                      embryo collection, in vivo and in vitro oocyte maturation
                                      and fertilization, and for embryo transfer in domestic and
                                      laboratory animals will be described. Technical knowledge
                                      will be also provided for oocyte nuclear transfer (cloning),
                                      for obtaining transgenic animals and their possible use in
                                      animal production and biomedicine, for the embryo and
                                      sperm sexing, for the cryopreservation of gametes and
                                      embryo, the cryobanking of the genetic resource, and the
                                      principal pathologies due to the application of
                                      biotechnologies of reproduction (epigenetic defects).
                                      Laboratory activity on rabbit superovulation and embryo
                                      collection and evaluation will be also organized.
     Genome analysis         BIO/10
9    and bioinformatics

     Food Safety             VET/04   This Program is designed to provide a strong technical
10                                    education in the areas of food safety of animal product
                                      and food inspection with the aim to prepare students for
                                      employment in the food industry and regulatory agencies.
                                      Students will be educated on analytical and molecular
                                      skills applied for foodborne pathogens identification and
                                      characterization AND for biomarkers / DNA investigation
                                      of species substitution to prevent economic frauds and to
                                      assure food traceability.


     Animal physiology       VET/02   The nervous system : Conduction. Development,
11   and welfare                      maturation. The spinal cord and spinal nerve. Reflexes.
                                      The brain, brainstem, cranial nerves, cerebellum,
                                      diencephalon, cerebellum. The autonomy nervous
                                      system. The endocrine system: The hormones. Transport,
                                      metabolism, and secretion. Receptors. The hypothalamus,
                                      pituitary gland ,melatonin, thyroid gland, adrenal glands.
                                      Brain modulator: Biological rhythms, circadian rhythms.
                                      Cyclical changes over longer intervals. The skin:
                                      epidermis, dermis hypodermis the skin surface, hair and
                                      feathers, gland endocrine functions. The senses:
                                      Sensory cells. Sensory perception. The sense of touch,
                                      pressure, temperature, pain, smell, taste, vomeronasal
                                      organ. Hearing, echolocation, balance, magneto
                                      reception, vision. Thermoregulation: core and skin
                                      temperature, production and loss of the temperature, the
                                      thermo      neutral    zone,     the   adaptation.    Stress:
                                      classification. The axis of stress : nervous, endocrine and
                                      coetaneous.
     Livestock production    AGR/18   Livestock production course covers the aspects of farm
12   (mod. Livestock                  animal feeding and husbandry, in relation to the
     production I)                    environmental, social and economical issues, offering to
                                      the students a general frame for the applications of
                                      biotechnology. After an introduction of feedstuffs
                                      compositions, the course offers the knowledge of animal
                                      nutrition, feeding and ration formulations. The course
                                      continues with the description of milk production systems
                                      of ruminants and meat production systems of ruminants
                                      and pigs, giving an insight of the optimum feeding and
                                      management techniques to improve animal products,
                                      animal welfare and to ensure environmental sustainability
                                      of farms through a rational utilization of natural
                                      resources. Methods to improved animal production
                                      systems are also reported, indicating possible
                                      modification needed to be developed to respond to
                                      increasing human populations and to take advantage of
                                      improvements in the genetic potential of animals. The
                                      course is completed with processing of animal products,
                                      with the aim to develop an efficient milk and meat
                                      industry, to reduce animal and human health risks,
                                      through enhancing hygiene and reducing of wastes.
                                      Special cases of production systems for laboratory
                                      animals are also offered
     Livestock production    AGR/20   The course is aimed at providing the students with the
     (mod. Livestock                  basic knowledge of poultry and aquatic animals farming
     production II)                   systems. It first introduces, under a comparative
                                      perspective, to the main morpho-functional traits and
                                      environmental needs of poultry, fishes, shrimps and
                                      shellfish. Secondly it describes major clues of their
                                      nutrition, feeding, reproduction, genetic improvement,
                                      with an updated vision on technologies and management
                                      practices to improve productivity, animal welfare and
                                      environmental sustainability in farming broiler chicken,
                                      laying hens, marine and freshwater fish, shrimps and
                                      shellfish. The last part of the course dealth with the
                                      quality and safety of poultry and aquaculture food
                                      products, with particular emphasis to the methods and
                                      systems to improve their nutritional quality, ensuring their
                                      traceability and safety along the supply-chain. Major
                                      current biotechnological applications in the poultry and
                                      aquaculture industry are also given.

     Plant Cell Physiology   BIO/04   The purpose of this course is to provide an initial focus on
14   and Tissue culture               the main metabolic pathways in relation to their
                                      regulatory mechanisms. Then, the synthesis of the
                                      oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, storage lipids and
                                      proteins will be described. This argument ends with the
                                      description of secondary metabolites (terpenes, phenols
                                      and alkaloids). The second part provides information on
                                      plant tissue culture, propagation techniques and crop
                                      improvement techniques. The course is integrated by
                                      practical teaching on the main topics.
15   Plant breeding (mod.    AGR/07   Aim of this course is to explain the principles underlying   Plant
     Principles of Crop               conventional plant breeding, to illustrate the basic         biotechnology
breeding)                      methods used to select new varieties in both autogamous
                               and allogamous species and to present new tools for
                               plant breeding offered by advances in cell and tissue
                               culture techniques and in the “omic” disciplines. The
                               following topics will also be illustrated and discussed:
                               definition and aims of plant breeding; plant breeding and
                               sustainable agriculture; plant breeding and food
                               insecurity; origin-, diversification- and spreading centres
                               of cultivated species; plant domestication; gene pools and
                               germplasm collections; role of mutation, interspecific
                               hybridization and polyploidization in the evolution of plant
                               species; mating systems, sterility and self-incompatibility.
                               The course will consist of lectures.

Plant Breeding        AGR/03   The objective of this course is to illustrate the            Plant
(mod. Tree Genetics            conventional methods used to select new varieties in         biotechnology
and Breeding)                  vegetatively propagated crops with particular emphasis to
                               fruit and timber trees, as well as the most advanced
                               techniques used to improve selection efficiency in wooden
                               species.
                               Aspects related to fruit tree breeding, including polyploid
                               inheritance, apomixis and genetic analysis of complex loci
                               will be presented and discussed. The course will consist
                               of lectures, practical exercises and visits to ongoing field
                               trials.

				
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posted:8/28/2011
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