The Haitian Revolution (PowerPoint download) by jizhen1947

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									Please do not talk at this time.                         Nov. 12 - 13

   Please put this Directive Word on pg. 36A of your note book.
   Justify
      Give solid, specific reasons to prove that
       decisions, actions, or conclusions are right
       or just.
           Justify the crimes commited by
       soldiers during war time.
      Justify includes a Moral component.
       Something done must be the correct thing,
       but also, at the end, morally right.
When you are done, find the paper with your name at the front of the room
and get a reading.
                          Based on this
                          picture and your
                          work from last
                          week, Describe
                          the Haitian
                          Revolution.




The Haitian Revolution: 1791-1803
Modern Map
  1623
 Slaves
 harvest
  sugar
  cane
  doing
  back
breaking
  work.
Few live
very long
because
the labor
  is so
  hard.
                                                             In 1791, Haitian Slaves
                                                             revolt in a violent uprising.




http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/haitian-revolution.htm
Find a partner ( or work alone)
   Read the info sheet on the background to
    the Haitian Revolution.
   Make a quick timeline of events on the top
    of the back of your Role card. Do not take
    up much space for this.
   Headphones ok.
Under what circumstances is it acceptable…
   To act violently against soldiers
   To attack or harm civilians
   To break promises
   To overthrow your government
   To trick your enemy with lies
Constitution of 1801 (excerpt)
TITLE II
Of the Inhabitants
   Art. 3. - There cannot exist slaves on this territory, servitude
    is therein forever abolished. All men are born, live and die
    free and French.
   Art. 4. – All men, regardless of color, are eligible to all
    employment.
   Art. 5. – There shall exist no distinction other than those
    based on virtue and talent, and other superiority afforded by
    law in the exercise of a public function.
   The law is the same for all whether in punishment or in
    protection.

    Give me three goals of this document…
                                                                                            Give me 2 examples of
                                                                                            dedication (beyond
                                                                                            following orders) from
                                                                                            this picture.




Saint-Domingue, The Taking of La Ravine Aux Couleuvres),
Book illustration by James Outhwaithe (19th century) after an original steel engraving by Karl Girardet (1813-1871).
Napoleon’s Secret Instructions
To General Leclerc


  If after the first 15 or 20 days it is impossible
  to bring back Toussaint….he is declared
  traitor to the country and, at the end of the
  delay, one will start war to the knife.
      Give me one consequence or result of this order.
Letter: from General Leclerc, 1802


 “Show no mercy with anyone that you
 suspect.... One must be unflinching and
 inspire great terror; it is the only thing that
 will suppress the blacks.”
Louverture to Dessalines, 1802
 “…Tear up the roads with shot; throw
 corpses and horses into all the fountains;
 burn and annihilate everything, in order that
 those who have come to reduce us to
 slavery may have before their eyes the
 image of that hell which they deserve.”

      Give me three effects this will have on Civilians.
    "Revenge
  Taken by the
  Black Army."
Engraving by J. Barlow
from Marcus Rainsford's
An Historical Account of
the Black Empire of Hayti,
1805.
Excerpt from “Birth of a Nation”
     “On both sides, it was a war of unsurpassed brutality.
     The bodies of rebel slaves swung from tree branches
     where they had been hanged, while fortifications the
     slaves built were lined with French skulls.

     ….The general… mounted his horse…and left camp
     with 600 men and four pieces of artillery. Two hours
     later one could not find a living Negro within a circle of
     two and a half miles, and the roads were strewn with
     their bloody remains."
excerpt from Adam Hochschild, “Birth of a Nation”, San Francisco Chronicle, 2004




  Explain two ways these actions would help the side in question win.
                  The Charge
 Crimes Against Humanity: Between
  the years 1791-1803, committed
  wide-spread murder of men,
  women and children.



Give me one good reason these armies acted as they did.
Point Of View- Historical Perspective
   In this trial you will be judging or arguing that these soldiers acted
    appropriately for their Time Period, not our ideas of right and wrong today.
   Consider the following while deciding what behavior is appropriate for this
    time period
       Religious Beliefs (Christianity)
       Philosophical Beliefs (Enlightenment ideas, Greek and Roman Ideas,
         Renaissance and Reformation Ideas)
       Political Documents English and American Bill of Rights, French
         Declaration of the Rights of Man, American and French Constitutions
         and others)
       Forms of Government (Autocracy, Democracy, Parliamentary
         Monarchy)
       National History (Slavery, Violent Revolution in America and France)
Haitian War Crimes Trial- Jury
   You will be asked to interpret the events of the Haitian
    Revolution War within the context of the time period and not
    simply in terms of present day norms and values. Therefore,
    you will need to identify the appropriate standards that you
    will hold the Haitian and French soldiers accountable.
   At the conclusion of the post trial debrief, you will be
    expected to indicate whether each group met or failed to
    meet this standard you set—that is to say, whether each
    group is innocent or guilty of committing Crimes Against
    Humanity.
Haitian War Crimes Trial- Lawyers
   Review background information from your reading notes.
   Examine evidence packet. Identify quotes and instances that
    explain your clients’ motives and help to justify their actions
    during the war.
   Prepare arguments that focus on why your clients acted as
    they did, since the court has already concluded that atrocities
    occurred. Listen to the opposing side’s opening statement.
   Through questioning, draw out testimony from the soldiers
    you are defending and identify questions to undermine the
    effectiveness of the cross-examination.
   Listen as the opposing lawyers question the enemy soldiers.
   Cross examine the enemy soldiers to try to undermine their
    testimony.
Haitian War crimes Trial- Soldiers
   Review background information from your reading notes.
   Examine evidence packet. Identify quotes and instances that
    explain your motives to help justify your actions during the war.
   Prepare your testimony using the table below. Be sure to focus on
    why you acted as you did, since the court has already concluded
    that atrocities occurred.
   Meet with your lawyers to plan their questioning of you during the
    trial, so that you have the opportunity to present your testimony.
   Listen to the opposing side’s opening statement. Then listen closely
    as your lawyer presents an opening statement in your defense.
   Be prepared to respond to questioning by your lawyer.
   Be prepared to respond to cross-examination questioning by the
    opposing sides’ lawyers.
Please do not talk at this time      Nov. 14

   HW: Prepare for in class essay

In class essay on Napoleon will happen on
  Tuesday. Two options. See the handout
  labeled Napoleon Essay.

   15 minutes to prep for Haitian War Crimes
    Trial!
Trial Set up:
Jury-       Finalize your criteria
Lawyers-    Choose your questions
            Decide who will ask what
            Decide who will answer each question
            Brainstorm cross examination questions

Soldiers-   Prepare answers to all possible questions
            Know what questions will come your way

								
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