...about your parks, recreation, refuse and sanitation services September 2010
UPCOMING EVENTS Tam Valley residenTs
2010 Schedule of Yard Events:
Paper Shredding &
Medical Waste Disposal
Sat, 10/9, 9am-1pm hrough the generosity of residents Russ and Sandy DeLong, Tam Valley has a new piece of public art to enjoy.
Green Waste Collection A sculpture by local artist Dennis Patton has been installed in front of the main entrance to the Tamalpais
(Organic Matter Only)
Sat, 9/25, 8am-1pm
Valley Community Center at the corner of Marin Avenue and Tennessee Valley Road. The loan of art by the
Sat, 11/13, 8am-1pm DeLongs is the first art installation to appear at the Community Center. Patton is a well-known artist from San
Debris Day Rafael. His work includes such sculptures as “Sir Francis Drake” in Larkspur Landing and “Tamalpais” at the Bon
(Garbage Only, No Green Waste)
Sat, 9/11, 8am-1pm Air Shopping Center in Greenbrae. These pieces have become a part of the local landscape and culture, and Tam
Valley’s newest sculpture is no different. The sculpture of two deer—a watchful buck and a grazing doe—blends
in with the natural creekside environment. According to Patton, the deer’s message is one of trust. The male has
Programs are located at TVCC, become alert to a potential danger but the female keeps grazing because she trusts his ability to protect her.
203 Marin Ave., unless noted
Patton created the deer as part of a limited edition series of 25 identical sculptures. Another one of the
Each Tue, 3-7pm (til 1st week Oct.) series is in the Bon Air Shopping Center. All of the sculptures he has created so far have been sold. Patton generally
Sustainability Tour works on a larger scale, but for this particular sculpture he wanted the deer to be life-size, he said. It’s made from
Sat, 10/9, 11am & 2pm steel that rusts easily, giving the deer a realistic brown
Fri, 10/16 & 11/5, 6:15pm
color. Said Sandy DeLong, “I saw the sculpture in Dennis’
Arts & Crafts Fair back yard and told him, ‘No one can see them here—why
Fri, 11/19, 5pm & Sat, 11/20, 10am are you hiding them?’ "She decided to purchase the deer
Haunted House directly from the artist and expose his work to a larger
When Disaster Strikes
audience. The DeLongs approached Jon Elam, General
Sat, 10/23, 10am Manager of the Tamalpais Community Services District,
Baptiste Inspired Yoga about displaying the sculpture in a central location. It was
installed in early June. The sculpture is located between
9/14-10/19 & 10/26-12/7 the Community Center entrance and the adjacent creek,
see page 11
in full view of the road. According to Elam, the piece has
Parliamo Italiano Classes Story courtesy of The Mill Valley Herald
see page 11 already received an enthusiastic response.
Letters to the North Pole
12/1 thru 12/19
Holly Jolly Jingles
comBine Food & Green WasTe!
Sat, 12/11, 7pm
Starting Tuesday, September 5th, TCSD residents will be able to
Breakfast/Brunch with Santa
Sat, 12/11, 9am-3pm
combine most food wastes in the same green plastic cart with their
Santa By Fire Engine
green waste. See the back page of the newsletter for details.
Sat, 12/11, 3pm For years, most of the green waste collected by TCSD has been used as “top-cover”
Tam Jam X-Fest material in landfills. This is standard practice to reduce odors and to minimize rodents and other
Sat, 12/18 scavengers from accessing the food waste in the landfills. Some of your green material has
Tam Valley Seniors Schedule been sent to the Bolinas Stinson Resource Recovery Project, their facility does not accept food
see page 10 waste. TCSD will be taking the new combined materials to Marin Sanitary Service in San Rafael.
Tennis Classes - All The materials will be ground and blended, and eventually become compost.
see page 12
TCSD will continue to report on the progress of this new effort in our newsletters and
Dog Training Level 1 & 2 on our website. We are counting on a large participation from our residents to embrace this new
see page 13
program or to continue their own home composting efforts. TCSD will also continue to offer
Wed, 9/15-11/17, 7pm composting classes as well as free worms, compost, and wood chips to Tam Valley residents.
see page 14
See back page for a handy tips sheet to keep!
A new study from researchers at the University of Arizona
and Loma Linda University shows that most shoppers who use
reusable bags never wash them–a factor that can lead to higher
cases of food poisoning from coliform bacteria and E.coli.
The research also discovered that if reusable bags are not
THouGHTs on moVinG properly washed between uses, they could create the
ToWards Zero WasTe potential for cross-contamination of foods.
W e have discussed the concept of Zero Waste as a
goal for our collection efforts, but generally it is an
undefined term since most people assume that we will never
Some helpful tips:
> When using reusable bags, be careful to separate
have zero waste, so it is not given much credit. raw foods (raw meats) from other food products
In many ways though, the TCSD program has achieved (fruits and vegetables) into separate bags
some progress in zero waste. If you take the perception that > Do not use reusable bags for other purposes such
Zero Waste helps define a hierarchy of reduction, reuse, as carrying books or gym clothes
recycling and that the landfill is our disposal choice of last > Do not store reusable bags in your car as the higher
resort then we are moving in the right direction. Our actual temperatures promote bacteria growth
waste disposal of garbage to the landfills has gone down > Wash your bags at least once a week
from 2,300 tons in 2006 to just over 1,800 tons in 2009.
That reduction of nearly 500 tons (over 1 million pounds)
has made a significant impact on our disposal costs and
allowed us to shift our disposal revenues to support our ASK TCSD ...
green waste and recycling programs so we have not had to YOUR RECYCLING QUESTIONS
increase rates since many systems comprise that. ANSWERED HERE!
In addition, each year the District has added new
disposal options for its residents: we now collect household
batteries, all electronic waste (any item with a cord), light
bulbs including CFLs and fluorescents. Add in recycling
Q What do I do with leftover grease and
oil after cooking?
of printer cartridges and eyeglasses, and we find a further Is it safe to pour down the sink?
reduction in flow of materials occurring.
One of the next steps is to move organic materials out PleaSe Don’T! Cooking oils and greases, while
of landfills. This has taken a while but given the difficulty of they seem harmless when poured down the drain,
finding a composting site that takes food and green waste, once they cool and solidify and can clog pipes and cause
it has been a challenge. Beginning though in September, sewer backflows.
the District anticipates beginning its food waste collection There’s an easier and more environmentally safe way to
and composting program. This effort will begin without dispose of it. TCSD is offering free Grease Kits to all Tam
any additional costs to its residents and will, in fact, save Valley residents-a container which holds disposable,
money as the refuse trucks will no longer need to travel heat-safe bags for grease collection.
to Richmond and instead will drop off green waste in San Once the bag is full, just place it in your
Rafael, which cuts our refuse disposal mileage in half. One
goal is that we move approximately 10% of our waste flow each kit comes with 10 bags and is
from the garbage stream to the green stream (a savings of available by just calling our offices. We
$25 per ton for disposal). need your help in keeping sewer pipes
We still have ground to cover before reaching Zero Waste flowing smoothly!
but TCSD sees this as a work in progress with an important
For more info call 388-6393 or visit www.tcsd.us
partnership with residents.
Tcsd unVeils limiTed
GarBaGe reporT capiTal improVemenTs
Garbage (brown cart) totals for the first six months of 2010 totaled in 2010/2011
883.64 tons. This was down slightly for the same period in 2009
when we totaled 894.53 tons. This reduction continues a trend
that started in 2006 by District residents once the formal recycling D uring these tight economic times, TCSD has been
careful to manage its capital resources by focusing on
the few critical areas that help keep the District in compliance
program began. Recycling (gray cart) totaled 551.41 tons, which
was also down slightly from 566.09 in 2009. Green/Yard Waste with new requirements, as well as to keep systems such as
(green cart) was 561.81 tons – up slightly from 558.18 tons in sewer and garbage equipment in order.
2009. This year’s projects include:
One of the goals for TCSD is to divert at least 50% of the > Resurfacing the two tennis courts at Eastwood Park after
refuse flows away from landfills. So far, we are having a great deal nearly 10 years at a projected cost of $55,000. Funding
of success. Total diversion for the first six months was 55.8%, up will be provided from the Park and Recreation reserves
2.0% from 2009. but will be paid back from revenues generated from our
These totals do not include the tonnage from recycled popular tennis lesson programs which began in 2009.
materials such as electronic waste, batteries, and light bulbs.
> Replacement of two pumps in the Bell Lane sewer pump
With the beginning of food waste collection in the green carts, it
station. Both are the original pumps installed 50 years
is hoped that an additional 5-10% diversion will occur bringing
ago and have provided exceptional service. New pump
the totals to over 60%.
designs will allow for reductions in power usage and will
Nationally, one of the barometers used to measure changes
offer greater flexibility. This project is required as part
in the economy is the level of materials collected by refuse haulers.
of our system-wide sewer upgrades that were the result
Since 2008, national waste levels have decreased significantly
of sewer spills from other local plants in 2007-2008.
and many landfills have increased their disposal fees (called
Estimated costs are $150,000.
tipping fees) to balance this. For a number of years, TCSD used
the landfill/transfer station operated by Republic Industries in > In early Summer 2010, a new safety fence was installed
Richmond. Tipping rates have been steadily increasing each year around the playground equipment at Eastwood Park.
and now total $77.0/ton. Compare that to our tonnage amounts The District had received numerous complaints from
listed above, you get a better sense of the collection process costs. concerned parents about dogs running through the play
Our green/yard waste has flowed between the Bolinas areas chasing balls and the potential of accidentally
composting site and the landfill at Richmond where it has been hurting any children. Total cost was $8,700 and was paid
used as cover materials. These costs also increased as the landfill for from the park equipment fund.
charged $51/ton and Bolinas charges per yard. Neither site accepts > Rapidly changing emission requirements on the District’s
food waste as part of the green waste stream, so effective mid-July, garbage truck fleet requires upgrades. The fleet today
TCSD will begin moving its green/food waste stream to the Marin consists of five smaller truck units and five larger units.
Refuse site in San Rafael. We will be charged the same $51/ton as Due to the shorter routes, the District is able to receive
in Richmond but will save on weekly bridge tolls, mileage, and many years of service on these vehicles. This saves
wear and tear on the truck since it is half the distance to the San residents thousands of dollars on truck cost replacements,
Rafael facility. By switching food waste from the brown cart to the but the fleet must be upgraded to air emission standards.
green, per ton costs are also reduced. The current upgrade will cost in excess of $100,000 and
We will continue our special collection days in the Fall will need to be completed by early 2011 or TCSD will
including Debris Day, Green Waste, Paper Shredding, and Medical risk being fined. These costs will come from the truck
Waste Disposal Day. depreciation fund and do not have any impact on rates.
> Upgrade of the lighting for the Tamalpais Valley
Community Center parking lot. Safety is a critical issue
for the District and by upgrading our lighting fixtures, we
address this important issue as well as staying aware of
the impact of the lighting on adjacent neighbors. Costs
are estimated at $30,000 coming from the Community
Tcsd Board adopTs BoaRD aCTIonS
BudGeT plan For FoR THe
2010/2011 Fiscal year SPRInG & SUMMeR
The TCSD Board of Directors adopted the 2010/2011 Budget for the District at the July 14, QUaRTeRS
2010 Board Meeting. Budget summaries for each program include the following:
>> Amended District Ordinance No. 81
> Total expenditures for the District’s three programs (Sanitation, Refuse, and Park governing the District’s sanitary sewer
and Recreation) total $4,824,463 system
> Sanitation (Sewer): >> Accepted a loan from Sandy and Russ
• Rates are set at $1,013, an increase from last year’s rate of $701. This rate DeLong of two Dennis Patton deer
increase was the subject of a Proposition 218 Public Rate Hearing process held in sculptures for installation in front
December 2009 and reflects the need to bring revenues in line with expenditures. of the Tamalpais Valley Community
This reflects the increases in treatment service costs over the past several years Center
from Sausalito-Marin City Sanitary District, which received 93% of the wastewater >> Accepted a proposal from a private
flow from the 2,550 District parcels. The sewer fund balance has been in deficit firm to explore developing a Tamalpais
of over $551,000 as of June 30, 2010. This was the fourth year in a row where Valley MyMapbook Project
revenues fell short of expenditures. >> Set the date for the Annual Budget
• Overall sanitation fund expenditures increase $38,365 and reflected a one- Workshop on June 14, 2010
year increase of $28,291 in debt service costs for the Kay Park improvement >> Reported on the requirements for
project and an increase of $30,940 for system-wide repairs and maintenance that filling a vacant Board of Directors seat
is in direct response to the pipe leaks and issues discovered via video inspection due to the resignation of Rick Johnson
by TCSD Staff that was completed between 2006 and 2010. Cost reductions were effective July 31, 2010
achieved in salaries, retirement costs, and professional services. Total staffing for >> Reviewed and accepted a proposal
the Sanitation Department is 2.67 positions. from Vintage Contractors to resurface
> RefuSe: the tennis courts at Eastwood Park at a
cost of $53,200
• Garbage rates will not increase for a third year in a row and remain at $362
for the 35-gallon garbage, 65-gallon recycling and green carts. Total budget >> Formally establish a revolving sewer
lateral repair fund that provides low
expenditures will decline by $18,709, which is from reductions in salaries, benefits
interest loans to residents who wish to
and other support services. Total refuse expenditures are $1,323,368. repair their private sewer laterals
• Projected changes in services for the next year include addition the collection
>> Accepted a proposal from Nute
of food waste (at no additional cost) and setting aside additional cash resources to Engineering to develop plans and
purchase a new small garbage collection vehicle in late winter 2011. specifications for the replacement
> PaRk and RecReation: of two pumps in the Bell Lane pump
• The budget for Park and Recreation will increase by $44,820. Total park and station. Total costs for engineering to
recreation expenditures are $811,820. The main increase is $30,000 in employee be $10,000
benefits primarily due to a shift of one position over to park and recreation from >> Reviewed the status of the Board’s goals
the other two divisions. Actual program salary costs are down by $8,000, but this for 2010 with the General Manager
has been offset by increased part-time salaries due to work on the open space >> Accepted the proposal from Croce
clearing programs. The parks program receives 5.1% of the total general tax and Company to conduct the District’s
collection levy defined by Proposition 13. annual audit at a cost not to exceed
> oveRall Budget: $17,500
• Total staffing remains at 12 full-time positions and has remained at this level >> Adopted the District’s Budget and
for the past five years. Salaries increased by $1,800 due to offset from retirements Work Plan for 2010/2011
and new hires. No retirements are anticipated to occur this fiscal year. >> Reviewed the first draft of the new
agreement for sewer treatment
services with the Sausalito-Marin City
A detailed cost breakdown of the 2010/2011 Budget is posted on the TCSD website
www.tcsd.us and is available by request by calling our offices at (415) 388-6393.
WasTe WaTer FloW sHiFT opTions BecominG clearer
W hen TCSD last reported on our progress to shift our
sewer flows from Sausalito-Marin City Sanitary District
(SMCSD) treatment plant over to Mill Valley’s SASM
plant, Staff was meeting with the six separate sewer agencies to
discuss capacity rights which are referred to as EDUs. The initial
As these meetings were unfolding, TCSD contracted with Nute
Engineering in San Rafael to study the design options, pipe sizes,
and locations to carry out the flow shift. The closest connection
point would have been the installation of 14 new sewer pipes that
would connect near Laurel Avenue and Shoreline Boulevard, route
goal of this project was to determine a fiscal alterative to residential along Shoreline through Tam Junction, and end at the SASM’s
rate increases due to annual process cost increases from SMCSD. Rosemont pump station. As the design options became clearer,
TCSD began by trying to determine if we could acquire up to 2,350 cost estimates were determined, as well as their impact on TCSD
EDUs, which is equal to the number of services that are currently finances and residential rates.
flowing to SCMSD. TCSD Board President Steffen Bartschat and Estimates received for the shift would cost in the range of $5
General Manager Jon Elam met with each district and afterwards million including engineering costs, upgrading the Rosemont
found that just three of the six were willing to provide 1,482 EDUs. pump station, and purchasing the 1,482 EDUs. Also, $1 million
Because this was short of the initial goal, TCSD determined that to cover costs of TCSD wet weather flows to SASM. Initially, it was
shifting the flow to SASM was not feasible. believed that some of these costs could be offset from the refund
TCSD would receive from SMCSD when the shift occurred ($2
million) as well as the reduced treatment costs from SASM. For
instance, in 2009, the treatment costs at SASM were $199/EDU;
neW SeWeR oRDInanCe SMCSD were $500/EDU.
oUTlIneS neW While the TCSD Board had envisioned some increased
ReQUIReMenTS charges by SASM in the future, the combination of fines from
spills in 2009 as well as costs for required E.P.A. work would have
The TCSD Board updated the Sanitary Sewer not only depleted SASM’s reserves, but increased the charges to
ordinance that governs the District’s sewer collection TCSD from $199/EDU to over $300/EDU over the next few years.
system. This was completed to incorporate the new
This eliminated the savings gap TCSD’s Board had hoped to use
requirements from both State and Federal authorities
relating to sewer spills and sewer line maintenance. to fund part of the $6 million project cost. The option of a refund
Most of the ordinance remains in place, but new from SMCSD was also eliminated when it was determined it would
requirements were adopted relating to the disposal only occur if all flows were shifted over.
of FOG (fats, oils, and greases) by commercial and The Board made a commitment at the Public Hearing in
restaurant facilities within the District. December 2009 that it was not prepared to increase residential
There were also new requirements related to the rates further and that any changes would have to occur within
District’s residences and their private sewer laterals, the existing fiscal resources. This meant that TCSD would have to
many of which are in need of repairs or upgrades borrow the $6 million to fund the project improvements – which
and are subject to increased treatment costs due to
would have resulted in TCSD having to increase rates another
the intrusion of rainwater and runoff. This past year,
we noted sewer flows of over 19 million gallons in $200 over the next 20 years. Due to all these factors, the project
January 2010 to the Sausalito-Marin City Sanitary was determined to not be feasible and was dropped.
District treatment plant. An average dry weather flow With the District’s agreement with SMCSD set to expire in 2014,
is approximately 8.3 million gallons. the timing to begin new discussions to provide a new agreement
TCSD crews will be conducting random inspec- with a longer time frame was brought before the Board. A
tions checking for the location of sewer cleanouts subcommittee comprised of President Bartschat and Vice President
and backflow devices (required at residences since Jim Jacobs met with a SMCSD subcommittee to discuss options.
1984). If you are curious about the state of your own Both sides have agreed, in concept, to extend a new agreement for
private sewer lateral, TCSD crews have a video unit
a potential time period of 30 years. Within this timeframe, there
that can come out and perform a free video of the
line to see if a repair plan is needed. would be an extended capital financing option that would allow
TCSD to payoff the projected $9.3 million capital costs but that
The District will provide system updates on high-
priority neighborhoods each quarter and is looking will hold yearly rates within the present rate structure.
forward to working with residents to help reduce The agreement discussions will continue into Fall 2010 and
unnecessary flows and costs. will be reported on in future newsletters. If you have any questions,
please contact TCSD at (415) 388-6393.
Board oF direcTors seaT opens WiTH
relocaTion oF ricK JoHnson To TeXas
A fter 67 months of exceptional service to TCSD including a
seat on the Board of Directors and terms on the Park and
Recreation Advisory Commission, Rick Johnson will be moving
with his family to Austin, Texas. Rick’s service to the District
was critical including major projects such as the Eastwood Park
upgrade in 2006, the development of a first class sewer system
in the neighborhood surrounding Kay Park, and work on sewer
laterals and wet weather flows throughout the District. Rick and
his family have lived in Tam Valley for the past 15 years and he
leaves a legacy of service to the community.
TCSD has received several applications for the vacant
seat and will be filling the position as soon as possible. For
more information call (415) 388-6393.
SUDDen oak DeaTH GGnRa VolUnTeeR DayS
In TaM Valley VolUnTeeRS aRe WelCoMe!
O n Monday, September 27, 2010, come learn about the presence of the
disease in Tam Valley, and what you should know about it–symptoms
and possible preventive measures.
The Golden Gate National Parks Service’s
Habitat Restoration Team (HRT)–a group
of volunteers lead by GGNRA Services
On June 10, 2010, a project was started to survey and sample vegetation and Conservancy Staff have scheduled
in Tam Valley for Sudden Oak Death (SOD). The project is funded by the workdays at two sites in Tam Valley.
USDA Forest Service through a grant awarded to TCSD. In addition to Volunteers of almost all ages (over 10)
the survey and sampling–done on vegetation on public lands–education are welcome and encouraged to spend
sessions will be conducted for Tam Valley residents regarding SOD and the whatever time they have available.
pathogen (Phytophthora ramorum) that causes the disease. These sessions On Sunday, September 12th, HRT
scheduled in the last quarter of this year. Finally a management plan will be will be at Coyote Ridge–at the end of
developed that will include recommendations for removal of certain plants, Enterprise Concourse. Come help remove
treatment of survivable plants, and proper maintenance of healthy plants. Scotch and French Broom, Himalayan
The work on this project is supplemented by a volunteer team that includes Berry, Cotoneaster, and other invasive
Tam Valley residents. plants. Meet at the chain link gate at the
SOD was first identified in California in the mid-1990s, including Marin end of Countyview.
County, and has since spread in forests throughout the Bay Area and along On Sunday, September 19th, HRT will
the Northern California coast. At this time, there is no ‘cure’ for an infected be at the Tam Fire site–west of Eastwood
plant; however steps can be taken to prevent the spread of the pathogen and Park. Help restore twelve acres of a
to manage its impact on an infected plant and a community. For many plant former eucalyptus grove into a native
species, SOD is a significant threat and often leads to the death of tanoak woodland plant community. Come help
remove small broom and eucalyptus and
and coast live oak. This change then results in increased fire risk, habitat
also collect naïve seed. Meet at Eastwood
loss, decreased beauty, reduced shade and noise filtering, and a potential for
changes in watershed conditions.
The HRT volunteers will meet at each
To learn more, come to the first education session on Monday,
location by 9:30 a.m. and work until
September 27. The session starts at 6:30 pm in the Tam Community
approximately 2:30 p.m. with a break for
Center. Information about the Tam Valley project including the education
lunch. Volunteers over the age of 10 are
sessions will soon be mailed to Tam Valley residents. It's available at the welcome and a parent or guardian must
TCSD office, 305 Bell Lane or at www.tcsd.us; (415) 388-6393. accompany those under 18.
Fire saFeTy GranT For Tam Valley
O n June 14, 2010, the California Fire Safe Council
announced that TCSD received a grant of $168,000 for
its proposed project for fire safety within Tam Valley. The funds
risk education session will also be held in this time period.
Vegetation work may also start in late 2010 once appropriate
work areas have been identified and prioritized. The work will
from the USDA Forest Service for this grant should be available continue through 2011 with breaks for various environmental
beginning in October 2010 (the beginning of the federal fiscal considerations (e.g., bird nesting seasons). If funds are still
year). Coordination with various organizations, including available, additional work could be completed in the first
neighborhood groups and individuals in Tam Valley will be key quarter of 2012. Information about the project will be regularly
to the project’s success. posted on the TCSD website at www.tcsd.us.
With cooperation and in-kind contributions from several This project will continue and expand upon the great work
organizations, the objective of this 18-month project is to begin started in 2005, first by the Marinview Homeowners Association
the process of making Tam Valley fire safe; ultimately having and then the Trillium Lane HOA. Through in-kind contributions,
Tam Valley be designated as a FireWise Community. various agencies in addition to TCSD are supporting this project;
included are PG&E, Mill Valley Schools, Marin County Fire
The components include: Department, Southern Marin Fire Department, and CalTrans.
>> Assessing the fire risk on TCSD and other public lands Where appropriate, work will be coordinated with activities
and rights-of-way in the Valley planned by the NPS on GGNRA land.
>> Performing free voluntary fire risk assessments on The project team at TCSD welcomes and seeks participation
privately owned parcels from Tam Valley residents–either by neighborhood groups or
>> Performing fire risk mitigation work (e.g., tree and individuals–since community participation is very important to
brush removal) on the most hazardous public parcels the project’s overall success. The team wants to coordinate work
>> Sponsoring and conducting various neighborhood fire completed via the grant with work that could take place in Tam
risk mitigation events (e.g., chipper days) Valley neighborhoods. This could include chipper days and green
>> Providing fire safety information and education sessions waste cleanup events. In addition, the team will ask residents for
for Tam Valley residents information regarding work performed by individuals or groups
during the project (October 2010 through late 2011).
A detailed work plan for this project should be completed If you have any questions or would like to participate in
soon. The first phase of the project–fire risk assessment this project, please contact Jim Kasper through TCSD’s offices
work–will take place from October to December of 2010. A fire at (415) 388-6393.
TAM VALLEY . . . WHEN DISASTER STRIKES, WILL YOU BE READY?
Save the Date: Saturday, october 23rd
Do you have a plan to take care of yourself, your family, your pets, and your community in case of an earthquake or wild fire?
October 16th-23rd marks the Southern Marin Disaster Preparedness Week and the official Get Ready programs will be offered.
The week also includes earthquake preparedness The Great California Shake Out (www.shakeout.org) which will take place
on October 21st at 10:21 a.m.
A Get Ready Tam Valley program will be taking place on Saturday, october 23rd starting at 10:00 a.m. at the Tam Valley
Community Center. Schedule will include:
•> Get Ready slide show program featuring information on what to do before, during, and after an earthquake or wildfire.
Topics addressed will including where to shelter during an earthquake, how to setup emergency supplies for the home and
car, how to create a communication plan for your family, how to turn off the gas line, electricity, and water if necessary.
•> The SPCA will have a display and answer all your questions for pet preparedness during an emergency
Get Ready Seniors Class
Monday, October 18, 10:00 a.m. – Noon (Strawberry Recreation Center)
This will be part of the official activities being held during the Great California ShakeOut week.
To register for the October 23rd program, please call Joanne or Tom at (415) 383-1733 or send an email to email@example.com.
Updates to the program will be posted on TCSD’s website at www.tcsd.us. For more events during Disaster Preparedness
Week, go to www.southernmarinfire.org.
BINGO FRIDAYS �rafts �ai�
friday, october 16 & november 5
doors open: 6:15 p.m.
family Bingo: 6:45 p.m.
dinner & 9 bingo cards: $7 per person
Dinner includes: Great tasting spaghetti,
salad, garlic bread and add dessert.
It’s Back … Everyone loves our Spaghetti Bingo
Fridays. Come on down … be hungry and ready to
SHOUT … BINGO!!! for this fun Friday night family
event. All bingo winners will receive a gift bag of
goodies. We play 9 games of family friendly bingo. friday, november 19, 5:00 p.m. – 9:00 p.m.
& Saturday, november 20, 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.
tam valley community center
203 Marin avenue, Mill valley
calling all crafters! if you are interested in becoming
a vendor at this yearly well attended event…please
call for an application, 388-6393.
Holiday Shoppers & Craft Enthusiasts …
Browse through a wonderful selection of gifts, holiday
decorations and handcrafted specialties all created by Bay
Area artists. Wood art, glass art, dolls pottery, jewelry and
susTainaBiliTy Tour more. Free admission, children’s activities and free parking.
Wooley egg Ranch, 503 tennessee valley Rd. For information on reserving your space at this holiday event,
tours at 11:00 a.m. & 2:00 p.m. call the TCSD office at 388-6393 ext. 17. Space is limited!
good shoes are recommended
Visit a working “sustainable” Ranch right here in Tam
Tam Valley Farmers market
Valley. Topics will range from Solar Power, free Hot The Farmers Market will run
water, Veggie oil cars, keeping and raising chickens, through the first week of October
heating your home with wood, sheep are not just for Don’t forget to stop
sweaters, and a true “Victory” garden. Take this hour- by the Tam Valley
long tour, seeing how “sustainability” is really done and Community Center,
see how easy it can be to make changes in your own to pick up your
homes. A good example of how everything interlocks fresh produce.
and works in concert with to produce all the comforts
of home with just a little planning and some work. Special thanks to
Tam Valley for all
Winter Magic at the TCSD
Holly Jolly JinGles
Saturday, december 11, 7–8:30 p.m.
tam valley community center, fRee
Come to the Holly Jolly Jingles Show, a free theatre event to be held
at 7:00 pm on Dec. 10 & 11 at the TVCC. Director Van Dyke Roth brings
this memorable and popular holiday show featuring local talent for its
third year. Join us for a fun-filled evening of holiday poems, readings and
a special candle-light sing-along to top off the evening - all designed to
get you into the holiday spirit! For more information, call 388-6393. Light
refreshments will be served.
BreaKFasT/BruncH WiTH sanTa
Saturday, december 11, 9–3:00 p.m.
tam valley community center, $15 per person includes:
Breakfast, crafts, Jumpee, SnoW & Santa!
Bring the kids down to grab some breakfast, decorate cookies, make
WALK-THRU crafts, and meet that Jolly Old
Man himself…SANTA!!!! Kids
will have fun and will come
FRIDAY NIGHT OCT. 29 away with full bellies, a holiday
craft and yes…a special toy
Presented/Designed By from Santa. Don’t forget to bring
SATURDAY NIGHT OCT. 30 your cameras for this wonderful
2:30-5:30 photo opportunity. New this
year…SNOW! and a Santa
Jumpee…ALL INCLUDED. All
VOLUNTEER MONSTERS NEEDED! ages welcome!! Reservations a
If you are interested in volunteering to help build, tear down, must. Please choose your seating
or be a monster in our 2010 haunted house, please contact time either 9:00-10:30, 11:00-
Carol at 388-6393. Lots of fun!! Join in this haunting event! 12:30, or 1:00-2:30. Snow closes
at 3pm. Space is limited! Make
Join us for your reservations today. Register
am Jam X-
on-line at www.tcsd.us
18th sanTa By Fire enGine
at the tam valley community center Saturday, december 11, 3–6:00 p.m.
$7 with food and music or Santa will be riding on Stations 4’s Fire Engine throughout the
$3 without food and only music flatlands (Flamingo, Jean, Ross, Cardinal Road, and Courts) spreading
cheer and smiles. When you hear the fire engine, come and join in a song
This time we’ll be hosting more bands, more music
and get a candy cane.
and more fun in this all day rock and roll festival
featuring local student bands from around Marin leTTers To THe norTH pole
County. The music will start around 2pm and go
december 1st – december 19th
all afternoon and into the evening. The show will Hey Kids…have you written your letters to Santa Yet? If not…why
be broadcast live on the web and will feature more not sit down right now and write him a letter. We here at TCSD promised
music and other talent than ever before. Santa we would collect all your letters and send them directly to him…
Food and drinks will be served all day long, so we need your letters today!! Make sure you put your return address on
with door prizes and special guests adding to your letter so he can write you back…have a great holiday season!!!
the magic. Come down and bring the whole Mail to: letters to the north Pole
family to this special community event! 305 Bell lane
Mill valley, ca 94941
G et de to School!
Ready to Ri taM valleY SenioRS
fRee Riding with
Bingo WedneSdaY’S… Join Us!
Youth Workshop each Wednesday, 11:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.
Mark Your calendars! TCSD welcomes Seniors (60 Years and older)
to join us every week for Bingo and a lunch party
Saturday, october 2 in the Community Center. Each week we get
9:30 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. together to play our weekly game of Bingo.
tam valley community center Once a month we add a little something special
like: a palm reader, a master gardener, musicians
Riding with Youth is a fun workshop for parents and kids to learn and yes lots and lots of bingo. We will also
how to ride together and how to safely navigate streets. Learn schedule lunch together at local restaurants.
about proper equipment, communications and appropriate Bring your ideas and your friends.
behaviors. Kids will gain confidence and the ability to ride We can even set up car pool schedules to
independently. accommodate our non-driving seniors.
These workshops are designed for children in grades 2 to 8 See you there!!
with prior on-the-street riding experience. A parent or adult
guardian must accompany children. Both adults and children SenioRS - Sing With uS
must have their own bikes. each Wednesday, 10 a.m.
This class is NOT designed for: If you like to sing around the piano, then you
•> Children riding with training wheels. should join us at the community center as
•> Children riding on a trailer bike attached to an adult bike. our own Jack Schwartz leads us in song. You don’t
•> Children riding on sidewalks. have to be a virtuoso, just a love to sing. Every
Wednesdays before our regular senior meeting.
Advance registration is required. Let the songs begin!
Online at www.marinbike.org – click on “Share the Road”
Call MCBC at 415-456-3469 ext. #8
To learn more or to schedule a Riding with Youth workshop at:
The Marin County Bicycle Coalition implements these workshops in
their ongoing effort to improve bicycle safety in Marin County. Funding open weekdays 11:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
is provided by the Non-motorized Transportation Pilot Program, 305 Bell lane, Mill valley
administered by WalkBikeMarin (www.walkbikemarin.org). (415) 388-6393
Special Needs Free admission, donations accepted.
American sign language interpreters and assistive listening Closed holidays.
devices may be requested by calling 499-6172 (TDD) or Tam Valley Arts Connection’s newest venture the
499-6528 (voice) at least 72 hours in advance. Paratransit is opening of an art gallery in Tamalpais Valley had
available by calling Whistlestop Wheels 454-0904. For bicycle a successful reception Thursday July 15. To the
and bus routes please contact 511.org or 415-817-1717. background music of Rob Schaaf, Jim Jacobs and
singer Julie Stewart, guests enjoyed refreshments
and viewed the latest display of fine art. The current
exhibit features: Alberta Buller, Bernard Healey
and a Marin MOCA Group show with Catherine
Moreno, Donna Solin, and Pat Doherty.
this exhibit will remain until September 23rd
so it’s not too late to stop by and see it. new
exhibits are planned every 3 months.
yoGa BuGs BapTisTe
Session 1: 6 weeks: 9/14 – 10/19
Session 2: 6 weeks: 10/26 – 12/7 tuesdays & thursdays, 8:30 – 9:45 a.m.
Yoga tweens (3rd-5th) 9-11 years: tam valley community center
Wed. 2:15 p.m. – 3:00 p.m. drop in $15. Second class is free.
Yoga Bugs (k-2nd) 5-8 years: Seven classes for $81 Or sliding scale,
Wed. 3:15 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. no one turned away for lack of funds.
Yoga Bugs contact (415) 388-6393
(pre-school/pre-k) 3 1/2-5:
Wed. 4:15 p.m. – 4:45 p.m. This yoga is an enlivening breath-based, gentle-
to-challenging flow. While developing our
6 weeks: $99 (no drop-ins) poses and our athletic abilities are worthwhile
Jane Gould (formerly Pavis) is thrilled to once again be offering kids yoga goals, we also focus on the development of our
classes at TCSD. Jane has been teaching yoga to kids in Mill Valley since awareness, inner calm, poise and connection to
2004 and has introduced yoga to more than 1000 kids over the years at our authentic self.
Tam Valley, Strawberry Point, Old Mill, Edna Maguire & Park Elementary
“Breath into breath, moment into moment.”
Schools as well as Sycamore Park and Marin Horizon Preschools. Jane,
a registered yoga teacher completed her YogaBugs Teacher Training in Each class is unique, safe, and inspired in
the UK in 2004. YogaBugs classes are fun and child centered, they lead how we practice alignment, balance, strength,
the children creatively engaging their imaginations while teaching yoga flexibility, focus and more. Whether you are new
poses, breathing and relaxation techniques through story telling, games to yoga, returning, or a more seasoned yogi, you
and dancing. are encouraged to practice at your own level
As well as teaching yoga to kids, Jane subs at YogaWorks yoga studio and continually discover ways that you can take
and specializes in teaching yoga to adults with the disease Multiple your yoga off the mat and into your moment-to-
Sclerosis. She offers teacher trainings for the NMSS and is honored to be moment life.
the ambassador for the NMSS for Marin and Sonoma Counties.
parliamo iTaliano! will be closed
Our full immersion Italian language
program will give your child the
The long awaited Tennis Court
opportunity to learn “la bella lingua”
by providing him/her a fun and creative resurfacing project will begin
Italian atmosphere which ultimately September 27th.
enhances the learning experience. We The Courts will be closed from
provide a happy, positive and developmentally appropriate environment. September 27th – October 30th.
Our student-teacher ratio is capped at 4:1 so children can receive
superior attention and be followed closely. A healthy snack will be Please help us by keeping people
provided. Moreover a balanced and organic Italian three course lunch off the courts until the project is
is also available. completed and the surface has cured.
Thank you for your help and patience.
Mon., tues. & Wed., 9:30 a.m. – 1:30 p.m.
Mill valley at the Peace lutheran church
205 tennessee valley Road ON-LINE REGISTRATION
$650 per month (3 times a week) COMING IN SEPTEMBER
$500 per month (2 times a week)
Beginning in September we will
Three month sessions: Fall 2010/Winter2011/Spring2011. Students will be taking On-Line Registration
be enrolled automatically for three sessions unless notified at least 60 for all your favorite Recreation
days in advance. Tuition is generally due the first of the month. To be paid classes and activities.
directly to Parliamo Italiano the first day of school: Check out our website at
annual fee: $150; Material fee: $34 per month www.tcsd.us for more details.
for further info contact Sara at (415)309-3545
2010 & 2011 Junior Tennis Classes
Eastwood Park Tennis Courts
Wednesdays: Sept. 1 - Sept. 22 (4 weeks)
9/29-11/3 Courts Closed for Resurfacing
Winter: Nov. 10 - Jan. 19 (8 weeks)
Early Spring: Feb. 9 - Mar. 23 (7 weeks)
Spring: Apr. 6 - June 8 (9 weeks)
Pre-K Grades 1-2 Grades 3-5
Beginner Red Beginner to &
Beginner Intermediate Grades 6-8
Red & Orange
1:30 to 2:15 2:15 to 3:00
9/1 - 9/22 9/1 - 9/22 to Intermediate
(4 weeks) $80 (4 weeks) $80
Winter 11/10- 1/19 3:00 to 4:30
Winter 11/10 - 1/19
(8 weeks) $160 9/1 - 9/22
(8 weeks) $160
Winter Make-up Winter Rain Make-up (4 weeks) $160
1/26-2/2, 2 weeks 1/26-2/2, 2 weeks
Winter 11/10 - 1/19
Early Spring 2/9 - 3/23 Early Spring 2/9 -3/23 (8 weeks) $320
(7 weeks) $140 Winter Rain Make-up
(7 weeks) $140
Early Spring Make-up Early Spring Rain Make-up 1/26-2/2, 2 weeks
3/30, 1 week 3/30, 1 week
Early Spring 2/9 - 3/23
Spring 4/6-6/8 Spring 4/6-6/8 (7 weeks) $280
(9 weeks) $180 (9 weeks) $180 Early Spring Rain Make-up
3/30, 1 week
Missed classes will not be refunded. Rained-out classes will be made up during
(9 weeks) $360
the Make-up class schedule times listed above. No additional make-up classes
will be scheduled, so if a student can not make a regularly scheduled make-up
class they will not be refunded for rained-out classes.
The Medals Program:
Children earn Medals by demonstrating certain stroke and playing skills. Just like belts in
Karate, every time a child earns a Star or Medal it builds their confidence and self-esteem.
Clinics run by Higgins Tennis Professionals - www.higginstennis.com/tennis-pro-bios.html
William Higgins has taught thousands of children and trained countless pros all over
California. He ran the largest junior tennis facility in the world, the Barnes Junior Tennis
Center in San Diego, was the Associate Pro at the Belvedere Tennis Club, and currently
runs all the tennis programs for Belvedere-Tiburon Recreation, the Bay Club Corte
Madera, Tamalpais Community Services District, and Marin Country Day School. We use
the Quickstart curriculum developed by the United States Tennis Association.
Register at TCSD: 415-388-6393
Questions: Higgins Tennis at 415-963-2549
Wednesday Speaker Series
Now in its 3rd year, Tam Valley Arts Connection, Tamalpais Community Services District, TCSD Parks & Recreation Dept.
and sponsor Supervisor Charles McGlashan continue to enrich the community by offering opportunities to
experience, learn, exchange ideas with and be inspired by excellent speakers.
tam valley community center
203 Marin Avenue, Mill Valley • 7:00 p.m. • Cost: Free
September 15 September 29
FOOD AS MEDICINE ENDANGERED SPECIES:
Speaker: Sharon Meyer, CALIFORNIA FISH AND GAME WARDENS
DipION CNC, nutritionist Speaker: James Swan, Ph.D., Co- Executive Producer: “Wild Justice”
at the Institute for Health TV series for National Geographic, and Producer/owner Snow Goose
& Healing in San Fran- Productions.
cisco and Marin County.
This documentary film is the result of a two-year journey in which
Sharon Meyer, DipION James and Andrew Swan traveled the state, riding with over 50 game
CNC, has been a practic- wardens in airplanes, helicopters, snowmobiles, boats, and patrol
ing nutrition consultant vehicles. They experienced a shootout in a marijuana grove; takedowns
for over 15 years. She for felony conspiracy abalone, caviar and bear poaching; and a warden’s
graduated from the Insti- discovery of a terrorist cell. He hopes to bring a game warden with a K-9
tute of Optimum Nutrition in London and specializes to demonstrate certain procedures.
in cancer, auto-immune, digestive health, and weight
OF BEAUTIES AND BEASTS: MAPPING THE
Eat well. Live well. This program provides insight
HEAVENS FROM ANTIQUITY TO MODERN TIMES
as to how maintaining your health, and preventing and
Speaker: Nick Kanas, M.D.,
treating chronic diseases can be influenced by naturally
Professor of Psychiatry at UCSF,
occurring chemicals in foods. In addition to providing
NASA-funded researcher, and author
energy, these dietary chemicals can directly or indirectly
of Star Maps: History, Artistry, and
influence gene expression. Learn about “brain foods”
and how they affect brain function; the benefits of the
Mediterranean Diet; and how phytochemicals promote What is the impact of the telescope
health and protect against chronic disease. on celestial mapping? What led to
the development of the great star
INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE FOR and constellation atlases? Using a
BETTER HEALTH AND WELLNESS PowerPoint presentation based on
Speaker: Dr. Molly Roberts, Integrative Medicine stunning images from his book, Dr. Kanas traces the history of celestial
Physician at the Institute for Health & Healing in San mapping from antiquity to modern times; relates the development of
Francisco and Marin County. celestial maps to contemporary views of the heavens; and in the process
illustrates their artistic beauty. Signed copies of his book will be available
Molly Roberts, MD, MS, has expertise in family medi-
cine, psychotherapy, spirituality, functional medicine,
and women’s health and is the co-author of The Indi- november 17
vidual Optimal Nutrition Handbook. PORTUGUESE DAIRY RANCHERS OF SOUTHERN MARIN
Good health requires integrating many aspects Speaker: Lissa McKee, M.A., Historian and Environmental Planner
of well-being, from the physical and mental to the en-
First they were milk hands, then renters, than dairy owners.
vironmental and spiritual. This holistic approach to
California was said to be their pot of gold. Become intrigued
health goes beyond symptom treatment and views each
as Lissa McKee travels back to a time when Portuguese dairy
person as whole—and able to activate their own in-
farmers were some of the largest landholders in Marin County.
nate healing response.
Before Pine, Maple, Laurel and other streets of the first residential
subdivision, when Tamalpais Valley was called Coyote Hollow small
dairy farms dotted the landscape as far south as Rodeo Lagoon, north to
for more info: 415-388-6393 Bolinas and beyond, and out the Tiburon peninsula. Nearly every single
To be included on the email list for future events one was owned by immigrants from the Azores, small rocky islands in
contact firstname.lastname@example.org the middle of the Atlantic.
hats off to everyone involved with this year’s
We had a great year with
special thanks to the
Our Overall Sponsor:
Amy has been a sponsor of this
event since 2005! Thank you Amy!
Evening Band Sponsors:
Cathy youngling and noel McMarthy
Stacey laminard of Zephr Real estate
Wende kumara of kumara School
Jeff Brown and family
T H a n k YO U ! !
Other thanks to:
lagunitas Brewery for donating all the beer
Southern Marin Fire for coming with oysters and ...
Thanks to our “A”Team Volunteers:
Robert DeWalt, Jeff Brown, Suzanne Diliberto,
Richard and Marilyn Skaff, Barry Wasserman, Tom Davey,
Malcolm Harvey, Julie Stewart, Jerry Taylor, Jon elam,
linda Schanfein, linda Johnson, Sue Hayes, Roberta
Ricketts, Tia Smirnoff, Micki Metcalf, nick Jaros, kevin
Brown, Susie Humphrey, Jerry and Ruth, Rita Callahan,
Sara Bartunek, Jacqueline Zimmer, Greg leMoi, Peggy
Clark, Melanie Haas, Tad, ken, Ruben and lianne.
We had a great year. Thank you all for coming and sharing your Fridays with us.
Hope to see you at all the great other programs coming up this fall! If you‘d like to
volunteer for any of our fall programs and join our “A” Team … Just give us a call!
Call TCSD for rental information garbage problems (TCSD) ........................................................... 388-6393
HAVE A QUESTION? HERE'S wHO TO CALL:
for your next event at the grafitti (TCSD property).............................................................. 388-6393
Tam Valley Community Center, the Log Cabin recycling (TCSD) .......................................................................... 388-6393
or one of our many beautiful parks! Sewer Odor (TCSD) ...................................................................... 388-6393
TCSD park Questions ................................................................... 388-6393
Marin County Supervisor, Charles Mcglashan......................... 499-7331
Flood Control (Marin County) .................................................... 499-6528
Hazardous Trees (On County Maintained properties) ........... 499-6528
Marin Ciunty library (Book Mobile) .......................................... 499-7544
Missing or Damaged Street Signs (Marin County) .................. 446-4422
Tam Valley Community Center pot Holes (road Maintenance) .................................................... 499-7388
Burned Out Street lamps (republic electric)............... 1-800-544-4876
CalTranS road Maintenance ........................................... 707-762-6641
ggnra (local emergencies) ...................................................... 556-7940
Household Hazardous Waste Hotline ...................................... 499-7868
lost or Injured animals (Wildcare) ............................................ 883-4621
Sheriff (850 Drake Blvd., Marin City).......................... 911 Or 499-6911
The Log Cabin Kay Park
Tam Union High adult education ................................................ 954-3730
Tam valley elementary School ...................................................... 389-7731
Water (Marin Municipal Water District) ................................... 924-4600
TCSD Board of Directors
Steffen Bartschat, president
Jim Jacobs, vice president US POSTAGE PAID
linda Johnson Mill Valley, CA
Tamalpais Community Services District
Board of Directors Meetings 305 Bell Lane, Mill Valley, California 94941
7pm • 2nd Wednesday of each month
Tam valley Community Center
203 Marin avenue
parks & recreation
Sue Hayes, Chairperson
Jeff Brown postal customer
roberta J. ricketts
mill Valley, california 94941
parks & recreation Commission Meetings
7pm • Last Monday of each month
TCSD Office, 305 Bell lane
revitalization & Safety Commission
robert Schaaf, Chairperson
Tom Davey alan Jones
Susan Hayes vacancy
lester kaufman The Mission of the TCSD is to protect and enhance a healthy community in the Tamalpais Valley:
• by providing an environmentally safe sanitation system • by conducting efficient and innovative refuse and recycling collection
revitalization & Safety program • by preserving District owned open space and providing recreational and educational activities for our residents that
Commission Meetings help build a sense of community • by giving a voice to our residents as they work with other governmental agencies.
7pm • 3rd Tuesday of each month
TCSD Office, 305 Bell lane - - - - - - - - - - - - - Clip & Save for Future Reference - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
ContaCt Us TCSD GARBAGE COLLECTION YES:
415-388-6393, then dial extension NOw TAKES FOOD SCRAPS •> Meat & poultry
wITH YOUR YARD wASTE IN •> Dairy products
Service / name ext.
THE GREEN CAN •> Cooking Oils & grease
general Information ......................................................... 10
Here’s how you can participate: •> Fats
general Manager / Jon elam ........................................... 18
1. Designate a “Food Compost •> Fruit & vegetables
public Works Superintendent / Bob Bunce ................. 12
Only” container near your •> egg Shells
refuse Foreman / vince Sanfilippo ................................ 14
garbage to collect food scraps •> Coffee grounds & Tea Bags
Finance Manager / Jerry Taylor ....................................... 16
parks & recreation Director / Carol Buchholz ......... 17 in your kitchen (containers are •> pizza Boxes
Directions to the Community Center ......................... 22
available from TCSD, contact our •> paper plates & napkins
Directions to the recreation Cabin ............................. 23
offices at 415-388-6393 •> Waxed paper & Waxed
Directions to 305 Bell lane ............................................ 24 2. place the list of acceptable food Cardboard
scraps, from the removable •> paper Towels
general Info section, near the container (to
Web ...................................................... www.tcsd.us prevent unwanted materials from
email ..................................................... email@example.com being added) NO:
phone ................................................... 415-388-6393 3. empty the container into the •> non-Organic Items
Fax ....................................................... 415-388-4168 green yard waste can as often as •> liquids or Juices
Office .................................................... 305 Bell lane needed •> glass or plastic
Hours .................................... 8am-4:30pm, Mon-Fri
4. remember to place your yard •> Foil
waste cart out at the curb every •> animal Feces
week for pickup •> Styrofoam
Yard waste Rules still apply:
graphic Design by no treated wood, rocks, hot ashes, •> Hazardous Waste
dirt, or concrete •> Motor Oil