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Shallow Foundations - CONTENTS

VIEWS: 128 PAGES: 9

The lowest part of a structure which transmits its weight to the underlying soil or rock is the foundation. Foundations can be classified into two major cate- gories: that is, shallow foundations and deep foundations. Individual footings square or rectangular in plan which support columns, and strip footings which support walls and other similar structures are generally referred to as shallow foundations. Mat foundations, also considered shallow founda- tions, are reinforced concrete slabs of considerable structural rigidity which support a number of columns and wall loads. When the soil located immediate- ly below a given structure is weak, the load of the structure may be transmitted to a greater depth by piles and drilled shafts, which are considered deep foundations. This book is a compilation of the theoretical and experimental evaluations presently available in literature as they relate to the load-bearing capacity and settlement of shallow foundations.

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