COMPUTER ASSISTED TRANSLATION
What does Realia mean?
October 12th, 2005.
Origins of the Word Realia
Latin Origin (Language of Science,
research and philosophy)
– Objects of any origin used to illustrate
vocabulary and structure in the L2
– Objects from Real Life used in
– Objects of The Material Culture.
Meaning of Realia in The field of
“It means signs, words and, more
precisely, those words signifying
objects of the material culture,
especially pertaining to a local
Definition of Realia by two Bulgarian
Scholars (Vlahov and Florin)
“Words (and composed
expressions) of the popular
denominations of objects,
concepts, typical phenomena
of a given geographic place, of
material life or of social –
Historical peculiarities of some
people, nation, country, tribe,
that for local or historical color;
these words do not have exact
matches in other languages”.
Some Characteristics of Realia in The
Field of Translation Studies.
Realia is related to the
It excites interest about
the unknown enviroment
realia represents and
What is meant by Virtual Realia?
In language teaching, they
are digitized objects and
items from the target
culture which are brought
into the classroom as aids
and used to simulate
spoken or written
• Big Mac Wrapper
• Cover of People Magazine
• Greeting Cards (Idioms,
How to Exploit Virtual
A free web browser (netscape)
Realia demands from Translators:
A peculiar attitude
To be aware of when to transcribe,
partially preserve or substitue
words for lexical units.
To realice that some words do not
exist in other people, countries