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FINAL PLAN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR IN RADIOLOGIC AND

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					                        FINAL PLAN

FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MAJOR IN RADIOLOGIC AND IMAGING
                        SCIENCES


                  BACHELOR OF SCIENCE




                        Submitted by:

                Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
                 College of Health Professions
                 Grand Valley State University



                       January 2, 2009




                              1
                                   Table of Contents

Executive Summary……………………………………………………..……                                    2

Figure 1      Structure of Undergraduate Majors
              in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences…..……………………..                6

Description of the Proposed Major in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences………      7

Summary of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Coursework……………………                9

Figure 2      Suggested Pattern of Coursework:
              Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major with
              Transferred Associate Degree in Radiography
              Meeting MACRAO Requirements………………………………..                      13

Comparison to Programs at Other Institutions………………………………                     12

Desirability of the Program………………………………………………….                              13

The Need For the Program………………………………………………….                                 13
Interest in the Program……………………………………………………...                               13
Needs Assessment – Student Interest Survey………………………………                       14
Role of the Program………………….…………………………………….                                   14
Evidence of Program Quality…………………………………….…………                               14
    Letters of Support……………………………………………………….                                 16
    Staffing needs……………………………………….………………….                                   16
    Physical resources…………………………………..………….……..…                              16
    Accreditation Requirements…………………….………………….……                            17
    Financial Implications of the Program………………………………..…                     17
    Table 1 Budget Summary……………………………………..……..                               18
    Budget Description…………………………………………..…….……                                20
    Radiation Therapy Laboratory…………………………………………...                          20
    Program Implementation Time-table……………………………..….….                       21
    Impact upon Existing Units or Programs…………….………………….                     21
Appendices……………………………………..……….
        A       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major Outcomes Assessment Plan
        B       Letters of Support
        C       Admission Requirements to Secondary Admission Majors in Radiologic and
                Imaging Sciences
        D       Radiation and Imaging Sciences Catalog Copy



                                             2
                                EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This final plan for the Development of a Major in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences leading to
a Bachelor of Science is part of a three-part curriculum proposal to develop three new majors
in the Radiologic and Imaging Sciences fields. The three new majors are Radiation Therapy,
Diagnostic Medical Sonography, and Radiologic and Imaging Sciences. This final plan is for
the Radiologic and Imaging Sciences major only.

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences is a nationally recognized term for a grouping of nearly two
dozen medical specialties devoted to diagnostic and therapeutic uses of various types of
radiations (ionizing, acoustic, and radiofrequencies). Figure 1 illustrates the specialties’
relationships to one another.

It is our desire to separate out a specific Radiologic and Imaging Sciences major emphasis area
from the umbrella term to create an upper division baccalaureate degree completion program
focused on the large number of practicing professionals who possess associate degrees and
desire to acquire baccalaureate credentials. This is appropriate because entry into professional
practice in most of these specialties is considered advanced (or post-primary) practice and
requires a national radiologic or imaging sciences credential, which is post-associate degree
level work.

A number of universities around the country have developed baccalaureate completion
programs to meet the needs of the huge number of radiologic and imaging sciences
professionals seeking to advance their higher education credentials. Several universities
(including Siena Heights University in Adrian) have offered baccalaureate completion degrees
for many years but these lack additional clinical skill sets. Because nearly all candidates for
these degrees are clinical professionals, additional clinical skills that can be validated by
national examinations specific to the clinical specialty have high value to employers. This
proposal creates a baccalaureate completion degree based on existing subsets of academic
work completed as part of an associate degree or other lower division undergraduate
coursework. All majors and concentrations proposed for this proposal include face-to-face
faculty interaction and integrated clinical education designed to qualify graduates for national
board examinations in the specific concentration(s) completed by the student.

On September 25, 2008 the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (which represents
285,000 radiologic technologists in the United States) issued a new policy statement that
beginning in 2015 eligibility for their national examinations will require the completion of an
academic degree from an accredited institution. The Joint Review Committee on Education in
Radiologic Technology’s November 2008 report lists 593 of the 624 accredited radiography
programs as either certificate or associate degrees. Consequently there is a large and growing
need for baccalaureate completion degree options for those desiring to acquire advanced
credentials in the radiologic and imaging sciences. Among these are the 9,859 individuals in


                                              3
Michigan who hold ARRT credentials (this number rises by slightly over 450 new registrants
per year).

The major reasons for the proposed Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major include:

 •   Following our earlier final plans which separate out two specific majors from the
     Radiologic and Imaging Sciences academic unit, nine additional specialty concentrations
     remain in this unit. Most of these concentrations are recognized as professional
     specialties through national credentialing or registry agencies that offer board
     examinations. These concentrations are also recognized as advanced (or post-primary)
     areas of professional practice. Eligibility for these specialty national examinations
     requires professionals to hold national credentials in an entry (or primary) field of
     practice. Because the population of practicing professionals with associate degrees
     possess entry (or primary) credentials, an upper division baccalaureate completion
     program is ideal to promote their re-entry into higher education. More importantly, this
     program design provides these radiologic and imaging sciences professionals with
     appropriate academic credentials that will permit them to pursue graduate education in
     their professional fields.

 •   This proposal will provide a new workforce supply of appropriately credentialed
     radiologic and imaging sciences specialists in the following concentrations:
           ● advanced radiologic sciences
           ● computed tomography
           ● mammography and bone densitometry
           ● breast ultrasound
           ● cardiac interventional imaging (cardiac catherization)
           ● vascular interventional imaging
           ● quality management in radiologic and imaging sciences
           ● clinical instruction in radiologic and imaging sciences
           ● clinical supervision in radiologic and imaging sciences

 •   The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists offers national registration
     credentials in computed tomography, mammography, bone densitometry, cardiac
     interventional imaging (cardiac catherization), vascular interventional imaging, and
     quality management.

 •   The American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers offers national registration
     credentials in breast ultrasound.

 •   Professionals working in these nine specialty areas of practice often do not hold the
     appropriate national registrations and also often do not hold appropriate higher education
     credentials that reflect the advanced skills they possess. The implementation of the
     Radiologic and Imaging Sciences major will allow them to validate their professional
                                             4
    skills within their own profession as well as within a framework of a higher education
    degree that provides appropriate general education from which to build graduate
    experiences.

•   This major will provide a new workforce supply of appropriately credentialed
    professionals in a full range of radiologic and imaging sciences fields of practice.

•   The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook 2008-09 states that
    employment of radiologic technologists (a category that includes several of the
    concentrations proposed for this major) is expected to increase by about 15 percent
    through 2016, which is faster than average for all occupations. As the U.S. population
    grows and an increasing share of it is in the older age groups, the number of people
    needing treatment is expected to increase and to spur demand for all types of radiologic
    technologists. A number of new jobs will be found in offices of physicians and
    diagnostic imaging centers. Health facilities such as these are expected to grow through
    2016, because of the shift toward outpatient care, encouraged by third-party payers and
    made possible by technological advances that permit more procedures to be performed
    outside the hospital.


•   The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook 2008-09 states that
    employment of cardiovascular technologists and technicians is expected to increase by 26
    percent through the year 2016, which is faster than average for all occupations. Growth
    will occur as the population ages, because older people have a higher incidence of heart
    disease and other complications of the heart and vascular system. Procedures such as
    ultrasound are being performed more often as a replacement for more expensive and
    more invasive procedures. Due to advances in medicine and greater public awareness,
    signs of vascular disease can be detected earlier, creating demand for cardiovascular
    technologists and technicians to perform various procedures. Employment of vascular
    technologists and echocardiographers will grow as advances in vascular technology and
    sonography reduce the need for more costly and invasive procedures. Electrophysiology
    is also becoming a rapidly growing specialty. Medicaid has relaxed some of the rules
    governing reimbursement for vascular exams, which is resulting in vascular studies
    becoming a more routine practice. As a result of increased use of these procedures,
    individuals with training in vascular studies should have more favorable employment
    opportunities as well.

•   The Occupational Outlook Handbook 2008-09 says that job opportunities should be
    favorable. In addition to job openings from growth, openings are expected to arise from
    the need to replace radiologic technologists who retire or leave the occupation
    permanently for some other reason. Radiologic technologists willing to relocate and who
    also are experienced in more than one diagnostic imaging procedure—such as CT, MR,
    and mammography—will have the best employment opportunities as employers seek to

                                            5
       control costs by using multi-credentialed employees. CT is becoming a frontline
       diagnosis tool. Instead of prescribing x-rays to decide whether a CT is needed, as was the
       practice before, it is often the first choice for imaging because of its accuracy. MR also is
       increasing in frequency of use. Technologists with credentialing in either of these
       specialties will be very marketable to employers.

Figure 1 presents the proposed structure of the undergraduate programs within Radiologic and
Imaging Sciences. Programmatic accreditation is available from the JRCERT for Magnetic
Resonance Imaging. This information provides an overview/summary of the new majors,
including Radiologic and Imaging Sciences core courses, which are common to all the majors.

Closing Comment
The creation of these academic units from Radiologic and Imaging Sciences comes at a time
when there is a first ever movement toward graduate degrees and mid-level clinical practitioner
professions in the United States. GVSU has opportunity to become not only a state wide force,
but also one of a select few national leaders in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences education
through the implementation of this series of undergraduate degrees and completion degrees that
encompass a full range of specialties in diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Baccalaureate
degrees in radiation therapy, diagnostic medical sonography, and radiologic and imaging
sciences provide students access to a total of 18 areas of study. Graduates of these programs
meet eligibility requirements for national board registration examinations and, through them,
meet workforce requirements to qualify for full time positions that start between $50,000 and
$65,000 per year. Michigan needs programs that can provide access to these types of high
paying positions. We believe that these curriculum changes are essential to allow the College of
Health Professions to grow and meet the expectations of the university and community.




                                                 6
                             Figure 1
              Structure of Undergraduate Majors in
                 Radiologic and Imaging Sciences


                    Radiologic and Imaging Sciences



Radiation Therapy       Diagnostic Medical          Radiologic and Imaging
Major                   Sonography Major            Sciences Major



                            General Emphasis
                                                        Advanced Radiologic Sciences
                                                        Concentration

                                 Abdominal
                                 Concentration          Computed Tomography
                                                        Concentration

                                 Obstetrics-
                                 Gynecology             Mammography & Bone
                                 Concentration          Densitometry Concentration


                            Echocardiography &          Breast Ultrasound Concentration
                            Vascular Sonography
                            Emphasis
                                                        Cardiac Interventional Technology
                                                        Concentration
                                 Adult
                                 Echocardiography
                                 Concentration          Vascular Interventional Technology
                                                        Concentration

                                 Pediatric
                                 Echocardiography
                                 Concentration          Quality Management Concentration


                                 Vascular               Clinical Education Concentration
                                 Sonography
                                 Concentration
                                                        Clinical Supervision Concentration

                             Breast Ultrasound
                                                        Magnetic Resonance Imaging
                             Emphasis
                                                        Concentration




                                        7
   A. Description of the Proposed Major in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences has all of its programs housed under a single designation.
Because of the plethora of diverse specialties that have evolved over the years, this is not
appropriate. Not only will it remain unclear to prospective students, but simply communicating
to the professional academic and clinical communities regarding the full range of specialty
education in the radiologic and imaging sciences that is now available at GVSU makes the
changes in this proposal essential. GVSU’s offerings in the Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
currently include a major deficiency:
                The major is hidden within the general structure of the radiologic and imaging
                sciences academic unit, such that students transferring to campus (especially those
                working in the radiologic and imaging) may have difficulty locating the offerings.

Therefore, we propose:

       1. To elevate the Radiologic and Imaging Sciences major with a name that clearly
          delineates the professions.
       2. To revise the content of the current curriculum to reflect the initiative to reduce the
          B.S. degree requirements from the current 138 semester hours to 120 semester hours
          that will be more likely to produce graduates within four years of entering GVSU.
       3. To revise the curriculum currently offered to meet the standards published in the
          Bone Density, Bachelor of Science in Radiologic Science, Cardiac Interventional and
          Vascular Interventional, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
          (MRI), and Mammography Curriculum Guides of the American Society of
          Radiologic Technologists.
       4. The MRI curriculum guide meets the standards of the Joint Review Committee on
          Education in Radiologic Technology for Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Several of
          the other concentrations in this major are currently evolving toward accreditation of
          schools.
       5. To provide between 336 and 896 contact hours of clinical education for students,
          depending on the concentrations chosen.

A program in Radiation and Imaging Sciences (Medical Imaging) was approved by the GVSU
Board of Trustees in 2000. This proposal constitutes a reorganization of the current academic
offerings and an update of the curriculum to meet current workforce needs, national curriculum
guides, scopes of practice, and accreditation standards. This program continues to expand
academic offerings and possibilities for degree completion which did not exist under the 2000
plan.

Admission to this major requires a secondary admission process. The requirements for
matriculation into this major are specified in Appendix C. Transfer credits will be assessed by
the GVSU registrar as part of the standardized admission process to the university. Those

                                                8
students requiring equivalency evaluations will have them made by the appropriate academic
units within the university. For example, students claiming experience in vascular sonography
would be evaluated according to the standards established for graduation in that concentration at
GVSU, including final laboratory demonstrations of competency, clinical evaluation of both
competency and proficiency, and didactic ability in the field. There is no deviation from
established university procedures in this process.

The following pages summarize the major and the concentrations proposed.




                                                9
           Summary of Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Coursework

Basic Skills (10 to 13 hours)

MTH 123                                              3 hours
WRT 150                                              4 hours
SWS course (may include hours in gen ed)             3 hours
Junior writing assessment (or WRT 305)               3 hours

General Education Requirements(33 hours)

Recommended General Education
SOC 280
PSY 101
BMS 202
MTH 123

B.S. Cognates (10 hrs)

           •   STA 215 Statistics                                                   3 hours

           •   BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                         4 hours

           •   SS 300 Research Methods in the Social Sciences                       3 hours
                      or

           •   PSY 300 Research Methods in Psychology                               3 hours
                     or

           •   HPR 301 Inquiry Into Evidence Based Practice                         3 hours
                     or

           •   BMS 301 Introduction to Research in Biomedical Sciences              3 hours
                      (note: STA 215 is a pre-requisite for these 4 research courses)

Prerequisites Courses (12 semester hours)
      HPR 111       Medical Terminology                                             2
      BMS 208       Human Anatomy                                                   3
      BMS 309       Lab in Human Anatomy                                            1
      PHY 220       General Physics I                                               3
      PHY 221       General Physics II                                              3

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Core Courses (13 semester hours)

                                                10
       RIS 441        Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                               4
       RI 401         Computer Applications                                       3
       RIS 310        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management                  3
       RIS 320        Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences                   3

Note: All concentration x60 series courses are clinical education offerings and can be repeated
until the necessary quantity of clinical contact hours have been achieved. Therefore all x60
series courses listed below have the academic credit given as the total number of semester hours
required for that concentration. Individual course proposals are given as 1 to no more than 5
semester hour credits because five is the maximum number of clinical semester hours permitted
by accreditation agencies.

Breast Ultrasound Concentration Courses (17 hrs)
RIS 458       Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                                2
RIU 320       Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum I                                                 2
RIU 321       Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum I Lab                                             1
RIU 420       Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instum II                                                 2
RIU 434       Breast Sonography Procedures                                                     2
RIU 464       Breast Sonography Clinical Education                                             8

Computed Tomography Concentration Courses (19 hrs)
RIS 450    Head and Brain Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                               3
RIS 451    Musculoskeletal Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                              3
RIS 456    Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                                        3
RIS 458    Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                                   3
RIS 424    Computed Tomography Instrumentation                                                 2
RIS 434    Computed Tomography Procedures                                                      2
RIS 464    Computed Tomography Clinical Education                                              3

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Concentration Courses (19 hrs)
RIS 450     Head and Brain Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                               3
RIS 456     Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                                        3
RIS 457     Neurologic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                                  3
RIS 415     Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics                                                  2
RIS 425     Magnetic Resonance Imaging Instrumentation                                         2
RIS 435     Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedures                                             2
RIS 465     Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinical Education                                     4

Mammography and Bone Densitometry Concentration Courses (12 hrs)
RIS 458   Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                                    3
RIS 421   Mammography and Bone Densitometry Instrumentation                                    2
RIS 431   Mammography and Bone Densitometry Procedures                                         2
RIS 331   Mammography and Bone Densitometry Procedures Laboratory                              1

                                               11
RIS 436       Quality Management Procedures                                           2
RIS 461       Mammography and Bone Densitometry Clinical Education                    2

Cardiac Interventional Technology (Cardiac Catheterization) Concentration Courses (17
hrs)
RIS 455      Cardiac Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                            3
RIS 459      Vascular Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                           3
RIE 340      Cardiac & Vascular Hemodynamics                                           2
RIE 341      ECG in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences                                   2
RIS 422      Cardiac Interventional Technology Instrumentation                        2
RIS 432      Cardiac Interventional Technology Procedures                             2
RIS 462      Cardiac Interventional Technology Clinical Education                     3

Vascular Interventional Technology Concentration Courses (17 hrs)
RIS 455      Cardiac Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                           3
RIS 459      Vascular Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                          3
RIE 340      Cardiac & Vascular Hemodynamics                                          2
RIE 341      ECG in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences                                   2
RIS 423      Vascular Interventional Technology Instrumentation                       2
RIS 433      Vascular Interventional Technology Procedures                            2
RIS 463      Vascular Interventional Technology Clinical Education                    3

Advanced Radiographic Sciences Concentration Courses (18 hrs)
RIS 451    Musculoskeletal Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                     3
RIS 452    Gastrointestinal & Genitourinary Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences    3
RIS 456    Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                               3
RIR 320    Computed Radiography Systems                                               2
RIR 321    Computed Radiography Systems Laboratory                                    1
RIR 420    Advanced Radiologic Dosimetry                                              2
RIR 330    Adaptative Radiographic and Orthopedic Procedures                          2
RIR 461    Advanced Radiography Clinical Education                                    2

Quality Management Concentration Courses (7 hrs)
RIS 426     Quality Management Instrumentation Laboratory                             2
RIS 436     Quality Management Administration                                         2
RIR 420     Advanced Radiologic Dosimetry                                             2
RIS 466     Quality Management Clinical Education                                     1

Clinical Instruction Concentration Courses (8 hrs)
RIS 477        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Competency Evaluation                  2
RIS 317        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Instructional Methodologies            3
RIS 417        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Performance Assessment                 3


                                             12
Clinical Supervision Concentration Courses (8 hrs)
RIS 477       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Competency Evaluation                 2
RIS 308       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Facilities Management                 3
RIS 478       Organizational Behavior                                               3


Basic Skills                                                          10-13 hours
       Gen Education                                  33 hours
       Transfer Professional Associate Degree or
          College of Health Professions Electives     20-35 hours
Total Gen Education and Transfer Courses
   necessary to total 120 hours for degree                            53-68 hours
B.S. Cognate                                                          10 hours
Prerequisite Courses                                                  12 hours
RIS Core                                                              13 hours
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Concentration                         7-19 hours

Total                                                                 120 hours




                                            13
                    Figure 4. Suggested Pattern of Coursework:
                    Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major with
                    Transferred Associate Degree in
                    Radiography Meeting MACRAO
                    Requirements


Junior Fall Semester                                             Sem Credit Hrs
              General Education (Cultural Emphasis)                           3
              General Education (Theme)                                       3
 MTH 123 Trigonometry                                                         3
 HPR 111 Medical Terminology                                                  2
 RI 401       Computer Applications                                           3
 BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                                 4
                Total                                                        18

Junior Winter Semester                                           Sem Credit Hrs
             General Education (Theme)                                        3
 STA 215     Statistics                                                       3
 BMS 208 Human Anatomy                                                        3
 PHY 201 General Physics I                                                    3
 RIS 320     Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences                        3
 RIS 42x     Concentration (Instrumentation)                                  2
                Total                                                        17

Junior Spring/Summer Semester                                    Sem Credit Hrs
              General Education (Cultural Emphasis)                           3
                Total                                                         3

Senior Fall Semester                                             Sem Credit Hrs
              General Education (Theme)                                       3
 RIS 45x      Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Course                 3
 RIS 46x      Concentration Clinical Education Course                         1
 BMS 309 Lab in Human Anatomy                                                 1
              Research Methods Course                                         3
 PHY 202 General Physics II                                                   3
 RIS 43x      Concentration (Procedures)                                      2
                 Total                                                       16

Senior Winter Semester                                           Sem Credit Hrs
 RIS 441     Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                                    4
 RIS 310     Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management                       3
 RIS 45x     Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Course                  3
 RIS 46x     Concentration Clinical Education Course                          2

                                             14
RIS 495   Advanced Clinical Problems in Rad & Imaging Sciences (Capstone)    3
            Total                                                           15




                                        15
Comparison to Programs at Other Institutions

We have compared GVSU to universities within the state of Michigan. We have also compared
our program to other universities offering a range of specialties in the radiologic and imaging
sciences across the country. We have compared the GVSU proposals to those holding
programmatic accreditation through several different national accrediting agencies (Joint Review
Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology, Joint Review Committee on Education in
Diagnostic Medical Sonography, and the Joint Review Committee on Nuclear Medicine
Technology). The GVSU plan is to meet all requirements for all specialties for which
programmatic accreditation is offered.

The GVSU Radiologic and Imaging Sciences academic unit is currently proposing three Final
Plans that would offer B.S. majors in a total of 16 specialties: Radiation Therapy, Diagnostic
Medical Sonography (General), Adult Echocardiography, Pediatric Echocardiography, Vascular
Sonography, Breast Ultrasound, Mammography, Bone Densitometry, Advanced Radiographic
Sciences, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cardiac Interventional
Technology, Vascular Interventional Technology, Quality Management, Clinical Supervision,
and Clinical Instruction. If the three final plans currently proposed are approved, GVSU can
arguably be said to offer the most complete range of radiologic and imaging sciences
concentrations in the United States.

There are ten universities in the United States who offer more than five radiologic and imaging
sciences specialties. They are:

       Weber State University in Ogden, Utah offers A.A.S. and B.S. programs in 14
       specialties: Radiography, Advanced Radiologic Sciences, Bone Densitometry,
       Cardiovascular Interventional, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging,
       Mammography, Quality Management, Ultrasound (General and Vascular or Cardiac),
       Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Therapy, and Radiologist Assistant.

       Loma Linda University offers A.S., B.S., and M.S. programs in 11 specialties:
       Radiography, Diagnostic Medical Sonography (General, Echocardiography, Vascular),
       Nuclear Medicine, Radiation Therapy, Medical Dosimetry, Computed Tomography,
       Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Imaging Informatics, and Radiologist Assistant.

       Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia offers B.S. and M.S. programs in 10
       specialties: Radiography, Diagnostic Medical Sonography (General), Nuclear Medicine,
       Cardiac Sonography (Echocardiography), Vascular Sonography, Radiation Therapy,
       Medical Dosimetry, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Invasive
       Cardiovascular Technology (Cardiac Catheterization).




                                               16
There are a number of other universities with multiple academic offerings in radiologic and
imaging sciences. These include Oregon Institute of Technology (9 specialties), The University
of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (8 specialties), Arkansas State University (8 specialties), The
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center (7 specialties), Southern Illinois University (6
specialties), and Washburn University (6 specialties).
The other universities in Michigan offering radiologic and imaging specialties are Baker College,
which offers five (four A.A.S. and one B.S.), and Wayne State University, which offers three
(two B.S. degrees and one M.S.), in collaboration with Henry Ford Hospital.



   Desirability of the Program

The Need for the Program
The creation of a major in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences has been justified in the comparison
section above. Many professionals currently working in western Michigan are not appropriately
credentialed in their specialty. For example, many hospitals hire sonographers who are
registered in one specialty (i.e., abdomen) yet routinely require them to perform obstetric,
gynecologic, and vascular studies without requiring additional national credentials. Essentially
this contributes to the on-the-job training and corporate vendor in-service training paradigms that
have dominated radiologic and imaging sciences for decades. While regional data does not exist
in governmental or professional organization databases, the constant stream of inquiries received
by GVSU since 2000, commentary to GVSU from advisory committee members, and
observation of working radiologic and imaging sciences professionals have all contributed to the
data in the above section regarding the need for this major and the desire of the professions to
acquire recognized higher education credentials.


The American Society of Echocardiography cites 2005 Bureau of Labor Statistics Reports
showing average sonographer annual income as $65,200 for pediatric echocardiography, $52,600
for adult echocardiography, $47,400 for vascular sonography, $45,500 for abdominal ultrasound,
$44,800 for breast ultrasound, and $41,700 for obstetrics-gynecology ultrasound.

In summary, the need for a baccalaureate degree completion major in Radiologic and Imaging
Sciences major is evident nationally, and even more so for western Michigan. Given academic
standards that national organizations and accrediting agencies are mandating, the timing of this
curricular change is advantageous. In addition, graduate school opportunities will be more
readily available for students pursuing this major. Our students and western Michigan will
benefit greatly.




                                                17
Interest in the Program
There are currently about 180 students who have declared pre-Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
intentions as lower division undergraduate students. However, we estimate approximately 1,200
- 2,000 working professionals (about 40% of those holding national credentials in western
Michigan) meet the primary criteria for interest in this major. They live or work within one hour
of GVSU and they either have or will experience a need for additional clinical skills and the
associated national credentials in order to keep their present job or gain advancement. This data
does not take into consideration those who hold positions for which they lack appropriate
national credentials. This may add significantly to these figures. Even by conservative
estimates, there is a large latent demand for this major within the western Michigan community.


Student interest in the radiologic and imaging sciences is growing rapidly both within and
without the GVSU community. The Radiologic and Imaging Sciences majors at GVSU are
currently receiving 2-4 times the number of qualified (minimum 3.0 GPA) applicants as can be
accommodated in the current academic concentrations. GVSU’s Director of Radiologic and
Imaging Sciences has regular contact with the seven associate degree programs in radiography
that are located around Grand Rapids. These programs and faculty are continually searching for
viable baccalaureate degree options for their students. These programs graduate about 150
students each year.


Needs Assessment- Student Interest Survey
In an effort to gain student feedback regarding interest in the proposed Radiologic and Imaging
Sciences major, GVSU holds an open house in the fall and winter semesters to assist the College
of Health Professions advising center clarify how many of the students indicating preliminary
interest are specifically focused on the radiologic and imaging sciences. All students receive
individual advising which provides a written plan for the completion of the degree they wish to
pursue. Radiologic and Imaging Sciences maintains these files for 5 years after they are created.
When students enroll in courses in the major, a file is created for them and is maintained
throughout their pursuit of the degree. This file records academic, laboratory, and clinical
progress as well as ionizing radiation exposure through the requirements for the degree. Upon
graduation, the file is purged of all records except clinical competency records and ionizing
radiation exposure records. These records are maintained to meet state law and national
accreditation requirements.


Role of the Program
The Radiologic and Imaging Sciences major will seek to serve the students of Grand Valley
State University by providing the theoretical foundation for clinical practice in this profession.
We currently hold affiliation agreements with a wide range of radiologic and imaging sciences
centers throughout western Michigan and have commitments from these clinical education
centers to provide clinical experiences for GVSU radiologic and imaging sciences students in all

                                               18
the concentrations given in this proposal. The strength of the major is focused not only on its
ability to provide hands-on clinical experience to students with patients in clinical education
centers, but also provides students with the ability to value and participate in continuing
education, community service, and scholarly endeavors as part of a lifelong commitment toward
personal and professional growth. The development of the radiologic and imaging sciences
major will serve to provide a more appropriate “home” for students interested in these clinical
specialties.


Evidence of Program Quality
As per the current strategic and assessment plan, program quality will be assessed in a variety of
ways. The most important national gold standard will be the pursuit of national programmatic
accreditation for all those specialties for which it is available. As with most accreditation
agencies, there is a strong focus on outcomes assessment and a detailed plan that assesses all
major objectives of the concentrations in the GVSU Radiologic and Imaging Sciences major is in
progress. This includes assessment not only of the GVSU curriculum, facilities, faculty, and
students, but also surveys stakeholders through annual employer surveys and advisory committee
meetings, as well as annual alumni surveys. The results of this data are regularly employed to
facilitate changes in program operation. Appendix A is a copy of the diagnostic medical
sonography outcomes assessment document.

Program Goals

The graduate of the radiologic and imaging sciences major will be able to:

 1. Perform beyond minimum entry-level clinical skills according to the national scope of
    practice for each concentration, national curricular guides, national credential examination
    content specifications and outlines, and the minimum Standards promulgated by national
    programmatic accreditation agencies. This includes, but is not limited to the ability to:

     a.   Chart records of procedures
     b.   Correlate topographical and sectional anatomy in localization of anatomical structures
     c.   Explain principles of physics applied in the practice of the specialty
     d.   Operate imaging or treatment equipment
     e.   Conduct an examination following the physician's prescription
     f.   Utilize treatment accessories
     g.   Select appropriate immobilization and beam directional devices
     h.   Perform machine calibration and quality assurance testing
     i.   Detect malfunctioning equipment and act to insure the safety of patients and personnel
     j.   Perform procedures for protection from sources of radiation exposure
     k.   Provide basic patient nursing care and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation
     l.   Select appropriate psychological support mechanism and interact with patients
     m.   Perceive patterns of physical and emotional stress exhibited by patients

                                                19
       n. Recognize patient clinical progress, symptoms of disease progression, the
           complications and side-effects of pathologic conditions
       o. Consult with physicians as appropriate for total quality care of the patient
       p. Assist with a program of continuing patient care or follow-up
       q. Interact in a professional manner with other health care personnel involved in the
           treatment of the patient

  2.    Meet professional specifications established for national registration by the appropriate
        credentialing agency.

  3.    Build upon sound principles of general education by learning how to communicate well,
        think analytically, be intellectually adaptive, integrate knowledge and experience from
        different disciplines, apply ethical standards and values to the clinical practice, and
        appreciate social and cultural diversity.

  4.    Function as an active member of the health care team.

  5.    Participate in the advancement of knowledge through research.

 6.     Engage in lifelong learning and service


Letters of Support

In an effort to gain support as well as advice concerning the major, we asked key individuals to
examine the curriculum and provide comments. Based on comments from each, we have made
particular programmatic changes. Letters of support comprise Appendix B.

Tim Strickler, from GVSU’s anatomy department consulted on both prerequisite and RIS core
curriculum in anatomy, specifically our sectional anatomy courses. Through him we have
developed a good combination of gross anatomy laboratory work on the Allendale Campus and
didactic and clinical correlative materials at the Center for Health Sciences laboratories.


Staffing needs
Currently we have one tenure track radiographer (Rick Carlton) who teaches the primary upper
division coursework within the major. We also employ a rotating series of five medical
physicists as adjunct faculty to teach applied physics related to the various concentrations. We
must hire additional adjunct faculty with appropriate national credentials for each concentration.
Because this curricular plan offers most concentration specific courses once every two years, we
anticipate a need for about 3-4 adjunct faculty per year. We need to clarify that this is a rotating
schedule of adjunct faculty, with many credentialed to teach more than a single course. We


                                                  20
believe there are adequate numbers of adjunct faculty available in the western Michigan clinical
community.


Physical Resources
In addition to didactic instruction, students may receive demonstrations, practice, and a
competency based evaluation of their ability to perform in the GVSU Radiologic and Imaging
Sciences laboratories located in CHS 411 - 415. This is followed by a parallel clinical
competency evaluation system that requires students to utilize a modified mastery learning
system to perform all procedures required by the national credentialing agency. This is achieved
through student performed set up procedures on patients at our clinical education sites
throughout western Michigan. GVSU Radiologic and Imaging Sciences currently holds 26
affiliation agreements with a diverse range of clinical sites. In addition, GVSU has sent students
to clinical sites for specialized opportunities at the University of Michigan Medical Center in
Ann Arbor, The Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer
Center in Houston, St. Jude’s Hospital in Memphis, and other institutions as appropriate to
specific student learning outcomes.


Accreditation / Endorsement Requirements
The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT) accredits
magnetic resonance imaging programs and upon approval of this final plan, an application and
self-study document will be started.

The JRCERT utilizes an outcomes-based Standards document that is endorsed by the major
national professional organizations. The academic program prepares a self-study document,
which is submitted with an application for re-accreditation as the first phase of the process. This
is followed by a site visit that includes not only GVSU but the clinical education sites as well.
The site visit is followed by a Report of Findings, to which the university must respond. These
documents are then provided to the JRCERT Board of Trustees, which reviews them before
rendering an accreditation decision.


Financial Implications of the Program
Table 1 outlines the budgetary implications of the program, along with estimated income and
expenses. We have attempted to include present expenses as well, since we have an existing
program.




                                                21
                                             Table 1

                             PROJECTED BUDGET SUMMARY

PERSONNEL AND STUDENTS
EMPLOYEES           2009-10              2010-11        2011-12     2012-13        2013-14
 New Faculty (FTE):    0.5                  0              0           0              0
STUDENTS
  First Year
   Second year
   d t
 t Third year                      10        15           20           25             30
   Fourth year                 0             10           15           20             25
 t d t
Total Enrollment               10            25           35           45             55
PROGRAM COSTS
BUDGET ITEM
  Personnel:                   0              0              0            0             0
  Graduate                     0              0              0            0             0
    i t t
A CSSM:                     10,000         15,000         15,800       16,500        17,400
  *Equipment:
  Accreditation Fees:       3,000             1,000         1,000         1,000        1,000
  Library:                      0              0               0         0               0
 Instructional                  0             0                0            0           0
Technology:

TOTAL:                         $               $               $            $           $


Estimated Personnel          8,400          8,500          8,600        8,700         8,800
costs

                            21,400          24,500        25,400        26,300       27,200
      New Total

REVENUE FROM STUDENT TUITION
Tuition: $5878^    58,780  146,950                       205,730       264,510      323,290
average/yr/student
* Periodic or one-time expenditure, not annual increases
^ Average junior & senior year tuition estimate for this major - does not consider tuition
increases after 2008-2009 academic year
                                                   22
We have reviewed these budget totals and believe they are reasonable estimates.


____________________________                ________________________________
 Gayle R. Davis, Provost                    Roy H. Olsson, Jr. , Dean,
                                            College of Health Professions


_____________________________               _________________________________
Lee Van Orsdel,                             Sue Korzinek, Information Technology
Director of the Library




                                              23
                                     Budget Description
Faculty (FTE) –          This major requires 1 full time, tenure track faculty member (who is
already employed). We must hire additional adjunct faculty with appropriate national credentials
for each concentration. Because this curricular plan offers most concentration specific courses
once every two years, we anticipate a need for about 3-4 adjunct faculty per year. We need to
clarify that this is a rotating schedule of adjunct faculty, with many credentialed to teach more
than a single course.

Projected Enrollment – We anticipate initial enrollment of approximately 10 students with
increases of five per year through each of the next 5 years with a plateau at 35. It is important to
realize that the JRCERT places rigid limitations on the number of students who can be assigned
to a clinical education site based on patient case load, equipment, and qualified professional staff
available for supervision of students. Vice-Provost Jean Nagelkerk continues to work with the
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences to expand the number of clinical education sites and the
quantity of students placed annually. We anticipate enrolling 55 students in the program by year
2013.

Graduate Personnel – There are no plans to add any graduate personnel.

CSSM –We request $10,000 with an additional $5,000 the second year and then inflationary
increases to fund laboratory equipment and faculty development and reference materials to the
CSSM budget for this major.

Accreditation – This major has one concentration that can initially be accredited by the Joint
Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology. Annual costs are ~$1,000 per year
with variations depending on the number of clinical education centers in use at the time. A site
visit usually costs ~$2,000.

Instructional – We do not anticipate additional instructional costs as the existing Radiologic and
Imaging Sciences laboratories in CHS 411 – 415 have adequate space and major equipment for
the concentrations in this major. Instructional costs will be minimal.

Equipment – We do not anticipate additional instructional costs as the existing Radiologic and
Imaging Sciences laboratories in CHS 411 – 415 have adequate space and major equipment for
the concentrations in this major. We anticipate infrequent additions of some relatively low cost
equipment that can be handled from the CSSM budget line.



Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Laboratory

Introduction
                                                24
The GVSU Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Laboratories were established in 2003 in CHS 415
in anticipation of the start of the program. Since that time the laboratory has served as a national
model level facility and has hosted a wide range of visitors from other schools inquiring about
expense, equipment acquisition and installation, and curricular procedures. The laboratory
includes computed radiography photostimulable phosphor equipment, a C-arm fluoroscopy unit,
a mobile radiography unit, a high frequency unit with ceiling suspended tube and automatic
exposure control, and a unit with a floor mounted tube.


                          Program Implementation Time-table
Currently, all of the new courses are being added to the schedule of classes for a target of Fall
2009.

Students in the radiologic and imaging sciences major will be able to complete their program as
shown in the catalog, with changes scheduled for phasing in.

Implementation Timetable

Summer 2008            Development of Curricular Changes
Fall 2008              Development of Final Plan
Fall 2008              Final Plan Submission to DCC and approval of plan and courses
Winter 2009            UCC, Senate, and provost approval of Final Plan
Fall 2009              Implementation of full program

Course Transition Plan

AY 2009-10             Students admitted in 2009 take new curricular plan.

AY 2010-11             Phase in complete.


                           Impact on Existing Units or Programs
Impact Within the Unit

   This plan calls for a seamless phase in of the new curriculum beginning in the fall of 2009
   with the incoming junior class. By fall 2010 all the new courses will be in place and the
   phase-in completed.

Impact Outside the Unit

                                                25
We do not anticipate any impact outside the Radiologic and Imaging Sciences unit as none of
the cognates, general education requirements, or prerequisite courses are planned for change in
this proposal.




                                             26
            Appendix A

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major
      Outcomes Assessment Plan




                 27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
   Appendix B

Letters of Support




        43
44
                                                Appendix C

   Admission Requirements to the Secondary Admission Majors in
                Radiologic and Imaging Sciences



The Radiologic and Imaging Sciences program is a competitive selection process for each major that requires
completion of a secondary application. Please contact the College of Health Professions for secondary application
packages. Applications are due March 1 of the sophomore year for the Radiation Therapy and Diagnostic Medical
Sonography majors. There is no deadline for Radiologic and Imaging Sciences majors enrolling in the upper
division baccalaureate degree completion major. All applicants are invited to enroll based on the following criteria:
Academic grade point average from completed prerequisite courses (50%).
          Prerequisite courses:
          HPR 100           Medical Terminology
          BMS 208           Human Anatomy
          BMS 309           Lab in Human Anatomy
          PHY 220           General Physics I
          PHY 221           General Physics II
Academic grade point average from previous 2 calendar years or most recent 2 calendar years if the student has not
been enrolled at a college or university in the past 2 calendar years (10%).
Evaluation from a professional writing sample (15%).
Evaluation from a personal interview (15%).
Completion of 16 hours of documented work or volunteer time in a health field (5%).
2 letters of recommendation on university forms (5%).
Additional considerations: Additional educational, leadership, scholarly, work experience and/or volunteer activities
are valued and may impact selection decisions.


  Admission to the RIS upper division baccalaureate degree completion major requires additional criteria of:

  National registration in a radiologic or imaging sciences profession
  AND EITHER
  2.5 GPA from previous 2 calendar years
  OR
  45 semester hour credits from an accredited institution of higher education with a GPA of 2.5.




                                                         45
               Appendix D

Radiation and Imaging Sciences Catalog Copy




                    46
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
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Director and Associate Professor: Carlton, R. M.S., R.T.(R)(CV), Assistant Professor: Pawloski, B.,
M.Ed., R.T.(R) (T). Adjunct Faculty: Burke, T., B.S., RDMS, RVT, Dykstra, J., RDCS (AE), Johnson,
B., B.S., R.T.(R)(VI), Schippers, D., M.S.

Radiation Therapy Program Coordinator and Assistant Professor: Pawloski, B., M.Ed., R.T.(R) (T).
Medical Director of Radiation Therapy: Bott-Kothari, M.D. Associate Professor: Carlton, R. M.S.,
R.T.(R) (CV). Instructor: Hollenbeck, J., B.S., R.T.(T). Meadows, J., M.S., A.B.M.P., Reuter, J., M.S.,
A.B.M.P., Smereka, H., M.S., Erard, K., B.S., R.T.(T). Dunning, B., B.S., R.T.(T) CMD, Clinical
Faculty: Dauby, J., B.S., R.T.(T), Galecka S., B.S., R.T.(R)(T), Hubbard, G., B.S., R.T.(T), Jimenez,
J., R.T.(R)(T), Kane, B., R.T.(T), Kettle, A., R.T.(R)(T), Muellerleile, S., B.S., R.T.(T), Rowland, K.,
B.S., R.T.(T)(N), Sieffert, H., R.T.(R)(T), CMD, Weberg, W., R.T.(R)(T).

Diagnostic Medical Sonography-General Concentration (Abdominal and Obstetrics-Gynecology) and
Breast Ultrasound Program Coordinator and Assistant Professor: Carlton, L., M.S., R.D.M.S., R.T.
(R) (M). Medical Director of Diagnostic Medical Sonography: Larson, K., M.D.. Adjunct Faculty:
Boodt, C., B.S., RDMS, Burke, T., B.S., RDMS, RVT, Kamp, RDMS. Clinical Faculty: Bjork, J., RDMS,
Cook K., A.A.S., RDMS, Heath, S., A.A.S., RDMS, Merkle, P., A.A.S., RDMS, Schaffer, E., B.S.,
RDMS, Schriner, M., RDMS, Senneker, S., A.A.S., RDMS, Smith, T., A.A.S., RDMS, Wigger, R., B.S.,
RDMS, RVT, Williams, R., A.A.S., RDMS.

Diagnostic Medical Sonography-Adult and Pediatric Echocardiography Program Coordinator and
Instructor: Susan Raaymakers, B.S., R.D.C.S.(AE)(PE), Medical Director of Echocardiography,
Langholz, D., M.D., Adjunct Faculty: Dykstra, J., RDCS (AE), Gosnell, J., B.S., RDCS (AE)(PE),
Hansen, B., AA, RDCS (AE), Iedema, J., AA, RDCS (AE), Pawloski, S., B.S., RDCS (AE)(PE), Potter,
S., B.S.. Clinical Faculty: Brown, S., RDCS (AE), Dykstra, J., RDCS (AE), Hildebrand, S., RDCS (AE),
), Iedema, J., AA, RDCS (AE), Pawloski, S., B.S., RDCS (AE)(PE), Powell, J., RDCS (AE)(PE), Reglin,
P., AA, RDCS (AE), Volk, B.S., RDCS (AE)(PE), Woodworth, K., RDCS (AE).

Diagnostic Medical Sonography-Vascular Sonography: Program Coordinator and Instructor: Jennifer
VanderPoel, B.S., RDCS (AE), RVT., R.M.A., Medical Director of Vascular Sonography, Robson, L.,
M.D. Adjunct Faculty: Green, E., A.A., RVT, Hopewell, F. B.S., RVT, Clinical Faculty: Hopewell, F.
B.S., RVT, Koehler, R.N., RVT., Kmiecik, R.N., RVT.

Admission to Radiologic and Imaging Sciences

The Radiologic and Imaging Sciences majors have a competitive selection process for each major
that requires completion of a secondary application. Please contact the College of Health Professions
for secondary application packages. Applications are due March 1 of the sophomore year for the
Radiation Therapy and Diagnostic Medical Sonography majors. There is no deadline for Radiologic
and Imaging Sciences majors enrolling in the upper division baccalaureate degree completion
major. Applicants are invited to enroll based on the following criteria:
    •   Academic grade point average from completed prerequisite courses (50%).
    •          HPR 100 – Medical Terminology
    •          BMS 202 – Anatomy and Physiology
    •          BMS 208 - Human Anatomy
    •          BMS 309 - Laboratory in Human Anatomy




                                                       47
    •            MTH 123 - Trigonometry
    •            PHY 220 - General Physics I
    •            PHY 221 - General Physics II Cred
    •            PSY 101 - Introductory Psychology
    •            SOC 280 - Social Problems
Academic grade point average from previous 2 calendar years or most recent 2 calendar years if the
student has not been enrolled at a college or university in the past 2 calendar years (10%).
Evaluation from a professional writing sample (15%).
Evaluation from a personal interview (15%).
Completion of 16 hours of documented work or volunteer time in a health field (5%).
2 letters of recommendation on university forms (5%).

Additional considerations: Additional educational, leadership, scholarly, work experience and/or
volunteer activities are valued and may impact selection decisions.
  Admission to the RIS upper division baccalaureate degree completion major requires additional
  criteria of:

  National registration in a radiologic or imaging sciences profession
  AND EITHER
  2.5 GPA from previous 2 calendar years
  OR
  45 semester hour credits from an accredited institution of higher education with a GPA of 2.5.
Program major class size limit is based on clinical availability.

A grade of B- or higher is required in all major RIS courses to continue in the program.

Two SWS courses are required for graduation. It is the responsibility of the student to select courses
which will fulfill all writing requirements. Satisfactory scores on the junior-level assessment essay or
the WRT 305 course is also required.

RIS courses are defined as courses with prefixes of RIS, RIT, RIU, RIE, RIR, and RI.

100% of the mandatory laboratory procedures established by faculty in the first laboratory
procedures course in each major must be completed at mastery level as a prerequisite to attending
any clinical education course.

Radiation Therapy, Diagnostic Medical Sonography, and Radiologic and Imaging Sciences majors
may repeat a total of two RIS courses.

Any single RIS course may be repeated only once.

Independent study courses in clinical education will be scheduled only when clinical positions are
available at sites with university clinical education agreements.

Independent study courses are offered at the discretion of the RIS faculty as a whole.




Degrees offered: B.S. in Radiation Therapy, B.S. in Diagnostic Medical
Sonography, B.S. in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences




                                                        48
Completion of the Radiation Therapy Major requires the following:

General university degree requirements, as identified in the General Academic Regulations of the
catalog (in particular, General Education Requirements).

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Prerequisites:
    •   HPR 100 – Medical Terminology Credits: 2
    •   BMS 202 – Anatomy and Physiology Credits: 4
    •   BMS 208 - Human Anatomy Credits: 3
    •   BMS 309 - Laboratory in Human Anatomy Credits: 1
    •   MTH 123 - Trigonometry Credits: 3
    •   PHY 220 - General Physics I Credits: 5
    •   PHY 221 - General Physics II Credits: 5
    •   PSY 101 - Introductory Psychology Credits: 3
    •   SOC 280 - Social Problems Credits: 3

Radiation Therapy Major

Radiation Therapy is a Radiologic and Imaging Sciences specialty that is one of the disciplines of
radiation oncology. Radiation Therapy is considered an entry-level profession in that students may
enter GVSU without previous college experience and may aspire to complete the entire B.S. degree
program in 4 years.
Radiation therapists practice in a collaborative effort between medical and radiation oncology
physicians, medical physicists, dosimetrists, oncology nurses, dietitians, and social workers.
Radiation Therapists are responsible for accurately recording, interpreting and administering the
treatment prescribed by radiation oncologists. These responsibilities require highly specialized
clinical skills as well as complex critical thinking in order to effectively contribute to the team
approach to patient treatment.
Students receive didactic, laboratory, and clinical experiences in both existing and emerging
radiation therapy practices in the university’s energized laboratories and through a clinical education
system that requires students to attend full days of clinical practice under the supervision of
registered Radiation Therapists at clinical education sites located as far as about two hours from
GVSU (although most clinical assignments are within one hour from campus). Students must have
transportation available to these sites.
Clinical experiences are available in both existing and emerging radiation therapy practices and
procedures, including treatment planning, computed tomography and tomotherapy simulation,
quality assurance, brachytherapy, external beam therapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, intraoperative
procedures, intensity modulated radiation therapy, and total body irradiation.
Students who receive a B.S. degree in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences with a major in radiation
therapy from GVSU are eligible for the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT)
examination in radiation therapy. Granting of the baccalaureate degree is not contingent on
passing the ARRT examination.




                                                      49
Individuals who have been involved in a criminal proceeding or charged with or convicted of a crime
may not be eligible for national certification by the ARRT. Because this certification is available to
graduates of the radiation therapy program as part of preparation for clinical practice, students to
whom this may apply are strongly advised to work with the ARRT for pre-application review of
eligibility for certification from their website at www.arrt.org (Ethics, Pre-Application Process). The
ARRT may be contacted by phone at 651-687-0048 for more information.
The Radiation Therapy program is accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in
Radiologic Technology (JRCERT). The program adheres to JRCERT standards. Students have the
right to notify the JRCERT if they believe the university is not adhering to these standards. The
JRCERT is at 20 N. Wacker Dr., Suite 2850, Chicago, IL 60606-3182, phone 312-704-5300.

Radiation therapy students must complete SS 381 Death and Dying (3 credits). Although this course
is part of Theme 14, students may choose any theme to meet the General Education Theme
requirements.
B.S. Cognates (10 hrs)

    •   STA 215 Statistics                                                   3 hours
    •   BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                         4 hours
    •   SS 300 Research Methods in the Social Sciences                       3 hours
        or
    •   PSY 300 Research Methods in Psychology                               3 hours
        or
    •   HPR 301 Inquiry Into Evidence Based Practice                         3 hours
        or
    •   BMS 301 Introduction to Research in Biomedical Sciences              3 hours

    (note: STA 215 is a pre-requisite for these 4 research courses)
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Core Courses (13 semester hours)
       RIS 441 Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                    4
       RI 401 Computer Applications                             3
       RIS 310 Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management       3
       RIS 320 Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences        3
Radiation Therapy Major Courses (54 hrs)
       RIS 322 Radiation Protection Physics                                  2
       RIT 330 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices I                    4
       RIT 331 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices I Lab                1
       RIT 420 Radiation Therapy Physics I                                   2
       RIT 332 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices II                   3
       RIT 333 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices II Lab               1
       RIT 361 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed I                               2
       RIT 362 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed II                              4
       RIT 422 Radiation Therapy Physics II                                  2
       RIT 430 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices III                  3
       RIT 431 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices III Lab              1
       RIT 460 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed III                             3
       RIT 470 Rad Therapy Treatment Planning                                2
       RIT 471 Rad Therapy Treatment Planning Lab                            1
       RIS 424 Computed Tomography Instrumentation                           2
       RIT 322 Radiation Biology                                             2
       RIT 432 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices IV                   3
       RIT 433 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices IV Lab               1
       RIT 461 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed IV                              3




                                                      50
        RIT 472 Intro to Medical Dosimetry                        2
        RIT 473 Intro to Medical Dosimetry Lab                    1
        RIT 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Radiation Therapy
                (Capstone)                                        3
        RIS 458 Neoplastic CRIS                                   3
        RIS 452 Gastrointestinal & Genitourinary CRIS             3

                CRIS = Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
        Basic Skills:                                             10-13 hours
        Gen Ed:                                                   33 hours
        B.S. Cognate                                              10 hours
        RIS Core                                                  13 hours

Radiation Therapy Major area                                      54 hours


Total                                                             126-129 hours



                  Figure 2. Suggested Pattern of Coursework:
                            Radiation Therapy Major

Freshman Fall Semester                                                  Sem Credit Hrs
 HPR 100 Medical Terminology                                                   2
 MTH 122 College Algebra                                                       3
 WRT 150 Strategies in Writing                                                 4
 General Education Theme Elective                                              3
 General Education Elective (Historical Persp suggested)                       3
                                                                               15
Freshman Winter Semester                                                Sem Credit Hrs
 BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                                  4
 MTH 123 Trigonometry (if needed for GVSU physics)                             3
 PSY 101 Introductory Psychology                                               3
 SOC 28 Social Problems                                                        3
 General Education Elective (World Perspective suggested)                      3
                                                                               16
Sophomore Fall Semester                                                 Sem Credit Hrs
*STA 215 Statistics                                                            3
 BMS 208 Human Anatomy                                                         3
 PHY 220 General Physics I                                                     5
 General Education Theme Elective                                              3
                                                                               14
Sophomore Winter Semester                                               Sem Credit Hrs
 *One of the following                                                         3
        SS 300 Research Methods in the Social Sciences
        PSY 300 Research Methods in Psychology
        HPR 301 Inquiry Into Evidence Based Practice
        BMS 301 Introduction to Research in Biomedical Sciences
  BMS 309 Lab in Human Anatomy                                                    1




                                                    51
 General Education Theme Elective                                             3
 General Education Elective (Philosophy & Lit suggested)                      3
 General Education Elective (Arts suggested)                                  3
                                                                              13
Junior Fall Semester                                                   Sem Credit Hrs
 *RI 401 Computer Applications                                                3
  RIS 322 Radiation Protection Physics                                        2
 *RIS 458 Neoplastic Clinical Rad/Imaging Sci                                 3
  RIT 330 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices I                          4
  RIT 331 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices I Lab                      1
                                                                              13
Junior Winter Semester                                                 Sem Credit Hrs
 *RIS 320 Principles of Rad Imaging Sciences                                  3
 *RIS 441 Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                                       4
  RIT 420 Radiation Therapy Physics I                                         2
  RIT 332 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices II                         3
  RIT 333 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices II Lab                     1
  RIT 361 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed I                                     2
                                                                              15
Junior Spring/Summer Semester                                          Sem Credit Hrs
 RIT 362 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed II                                     4
                                                                              4
Senior Fall Semester                                                   Sem Credit Hrs
 *RIS 452 GI/GU Clinical Rad/Imaging Sci                                      3
  RIT 422 Radiation Therapy Physics II                                        2
  RIT 430 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices III                        3
  RIT 431 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices III Lab                    1
  RIT 460 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed III                                   3
  RIT 470 Rad Therapy Treatment Planning                                      2
  RIT 471 Rad Therapy Treatment Planning Lab                                  1
  RIS 424 Computed Tomography Instrumentation                                 2
                                                                              17
Senior Winter Semester                                                 Sem Credit Hrs
 *RIS 310 Rad & Imaging Sci Management                                        3
  RIT 322 Radiation Biology                                                   2
  RIT 432 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices IV                         3
  RIT 433 Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices IV Lab                     1
  RIT 461 Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed IV                                    3
  RIT 472 Intro to Medical Dosimetry                                          2
  RIT 473 Intro to Medical Dosimetry Lab                                      1
  RIT 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Radiation Therapy (Capstone)          3
                                                                              18


Completion of the Diagnostic Medical Sonography Major requires the
following:




                                                     52
General university degree requirements, as identified in the General Academic Regulations of the
catalog (in particular, General Education Requirements).

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Prerequisites:
    •   HPR 100 – Medical Terminology Credits: 2
    •   BMS 202 – Anatomy and Physiology Credits: 4
    •   BMS 208 - Human Anatomy Credits: 3
    •   BMS 309 - Laboratory in Human Anatomy Credits: 1
    •   MTH 123 - Trigonometry Credits: 3
    •   PHY 220 - General Physics I Credits: 5
    •   PHY 221 - General Physics II Credits: 5
    •   PSY 101 - Introductory Psychology Credits: 3
    •   SOC 280 - Social Problems Credits: 3
Diagnostic Medical Sonography is a Radiologic and Imaging Sciences specialty with eight
subspecialties. Grand Valley State University offers six of these subspecialties. Diagnostic Medical
Sonography is considered an entry-level profession in that students may enter GVSU without
previous college experience and may aspire to complete the entire B.S. degree program in 4 years.
Students are required to choose a concentration in either general sonography (abdominal and
obstetric-gynecology) or echocardiography and vascular sonography. Students choosing
echocardiography and vascular sonography spend their 3rd year in adult echocardiography and then
are assigned to either pediatric echocardiography or vascular sonography for their 4th year of
study.

Breast ultrasound is offered as an emphasis in the DMS major. GVSU students desiring registration
in breast ultrasound may complete the courses in this emphasis as electives while pursuing their
initial credential in Diagnostic and Medical Sonography. In other situations, registered sonographers
who find significant breast ultrasound to be part of their workload may return to GVSU to complete
the coursework and qualify for the national examinations.

Sonographers practice a form of medical imaging that uses complex computerized high frequency
sound wave and Doppler signal equipment to visualize subtle differences between healthy tissues
and pathologic areas of the body, evaluate vascular flow information, and document pathologic and
other conditions. The sonographer must acquire excellent knowledge of sectional anatomy, clinical
medicine, pathology, and the use of sonographic instrumentation. Sonographers are responsible for
patient care during procedures, which may include inpatient, outpatient, surgery, and mobile work.
It is critical that sonographers have exceptional critical thinking and problem solving skills in order
to develop a high level of interpersonal relationships with patients, sonographers, other staff,
physicists, and physicians. Sonographers work collaboratively with radiologists, cardiologists,
vascular surgeons, and other physicians to discuss differential diagnoses.

Students receive didactic, laboratory, and clinical experiences in both existing and emerging
diagnostic medical sonography practices in the university’s state-of-the-art laboratories and through
a clinical education system that requires students to attend full days of clinical practice under the
supervision of registered Sonographers at clinical education sites located as far as about two hours
from GVSU (although most clinical assignments are within one hour from campus). Students must
have transportation available to these sites.

Students working toward a B.S. degree in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences with a major in
diagnostic medical sonography from GVSU become eligible for the American Registry of Diagnostic
Medical Sonographers (ARDMS) examinations specific to the concentrations completed. Eligibility
for ARDMS examinations is achieved upon completion of 1680 contact hours (which occurs in
November or December of the senior year before graduation the following April). Granting of the
baccalaureate degree is not contingent on passing ARDMS examinations.



                                                      53
Individuals who have been involved in a criminal proceeding or charged with or convicted of a crime
may not be eligible for national certification by the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical
Sonographers. Students are strongly advised to work with the ARDMS for pre-application review of
eligibility for certification from their website at www.ardms.org (Credentials and Examinations,
Application Process and Resources). The ARDMS may be contacted by phone at 301-738-8401 for
more information.

The Diagnostic Medical Sonography program is accredited by the Joint Review Committee on
Education in Diagnostic Medical Sonography (JRCDMS). The program adheres to JRCDMS
standards. Upon accreditation, students have the right to notify the JRCDMS if they believe the
university is not adhering to these standards. The JRCDMS is at 2025 Woodlane Drive, St. Paul, MN
55125-2998, phone 615-731-1582.

Diagnostic Medical Sonography General Emphasis

(Abdominal and Obstetrics-Gynecology concentrations)

The Diagnostic Medical Sonography general emphasis prepares students for clinical practice in
abdominal and obstetrics-gynecology. Vascular sonography is an elective option that is taken
concurrently.

General (Abdominal and Obstetrics-Gynecology) Sonographers work collaboratively with radiologists
or other specialized physicians to diagnosis a diverse range of conditions using invasive and non-
invasive procedures using complex computerized high frequency sound wave and Doppler signal
equipment. The sonographer must acquire excellent knowledge of sectional anatomy, clinical
medicine, pathology, and the use of sonographic instrumentation.

Diagnostic Medical Sonography Echocardiography and Vascular
Sonography Emphasis

(Adult Echocardiography and either Pediatric Echocardiography or Vascular Sonography
concentrations)

The Adult Echocardiography and Pediatric Echocardiography/Vascular Sonography concentrations in
the Diagnostic and Medical Sonography general emphasis prepare students for clinical practice in
adult echocardiography and either pediatric echocardiography or vascular sonography.

Echocardiographers practice a form of medical imaging that uses complex computerized high
frequency sound wave and Doppler signal equipment to visualize cardiovascular anatomy and
function. They are responsible for delineating subtle differences between healthy and pathological
cardiac and vascular structure and function, evaluate vascular flow information, and document
pathologic and other conditions. The echocardiographer must acquire excellent knowledge of cardiac
and vascular anatomy, clinical medicine, pathology, and the use of sonographic instrumentation.
Echocardiographers work collaboratively with cardiologists in medical center, hospital, or private
practices to produce differential diagnoses. Vascular sonographers often work collaboratively with
vascular physicians but also work in radiology and cardiology departments in hospitals and private
practices to discuss differential diagnoses.
B.S. Cognates (10 hrs)

    •   STA 215 Statistics                                                3 hours
    •   BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                      4 hours




                                                    54
   •   SS 300 Research Methods in the Social Sciences                 3 hours
       or
   •   PSY 300 Research Methods in Psychology                         3 hours
       or
   •   HPR 301 Inquiry Into Evidence Based Practice                   3 hours
       or
   •   BMS 301 Introduction to Research in Biomedical Sciences        3 hours

   (note: STA 215 is a pre-requisite for these 4 research courses)
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Core Courses (13 semester hours)
       RIS 441 Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                    4
       RI 401 Computer Applications                             3
       RIS 310 Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management       3
       RIS 320 Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences        3
Diagnostic Medical Sonography Foundations Courses (7 hrs)
       RIU 320 Applied Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation I       2
       RIU 321 Applied Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation I Lab   1
       RIU 324 Applied Doppler Ultrasound Physics                     2
       RIU 420 Applied Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation II      2
Students must choose one of the following concentration options:
           1. General (Abdomen and Obstetrics-Gynecology)
           2. Adult Echocardiography and Pediatric Echocardiography
           3. Adult Echocardiography and Vascular Sonography
Diagnostic Medical Sonography - General (Abdomen and Obstetrics-Gynecology)
Concentration/Emphasis Courses (48 hrs)
       RIU 330 Abdominal Sonography I                              4
       RIU 331 Abdominal Sonography I Lab                          2
       RIU 360 Introduction to Ultrasound Clinical                 2
       RIU 301 Diagnostic Medical Sonography Image Evaluation I    1
       RIU 332 Obstetrics-Gynecology Sonography                    4
       RIU 333 Obstetrics-Gynecology Sonography Lab                1
       RIU 361 Ultrasound Clinical Education I                     2
       RIU 362 Ultrasound Clinical Education II                    4
       RIU 302 Diagnostic Medical Sonography Image Evaluation II   1
       RIU 430 Abdominal Sonography II                             2
       RIU 431 Abdominal Sonography II Lab                         1
       RIU 460 Ultrasound Clinical Education III                   3
       RIE 432 Vascular Sonography Procedures I                    3
       RIE 433 Vascular Sonography Procedures I Lab                1
       RIU 461 Ultrasound Clinical Education IV                    3
       RIU 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Ultrasound (Capstone) 3
       RIE 436 Vascular Sonography Procedures II                   3
       RIE 437 Vascular Sonography Procedures II Lab               1
       RIS 454 Obstetric and Gynecologic CRIS                      3
       RIS 458 Neoplastic CRIS                                     3

       CRIS = Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
Diagnostic Medical Sonography - Adult Echocardiography Concentration/Emphasis
Courses (31 hrs)
       RIE 330 Echocardiography I                               4
       RIE 331 Echocardiography I Lab                           1




                                                  55
       RIE 340 Cardiac and Vascular Hemodynamics                    2
       RIE 341 ECG in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences               2
       RIE 360 Introduction to Echocardiography Clinical            2
       RIE 332 Echocardiography II                                  4
       RIE 333 Echocardiography II Lab                              2
       RIE 361 Echocardiography Clinical Education I                2
       RIE 362 Echocardiography Clinical Education II               3
       RIE 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Echocardiography and
                                Vascular Sonography (Capstone)      3
       RIS 455 Cardiac CRIS                                         3
       RIS 459 Vascular CRIS                                        3

       CRIS = Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
Diagnostic Medical Sonography - Pediatric Echocardiography Concentration/Emphasis
Courses (24 hrs)
       RIE 434 Pediatric Echocardiography I                       3
       RIE 435 Pediatric Echocardiography I Lab                   1
       RIE 363 Pediatric Echocardiography Clinical Education I    2
       RIE 463 Pediatric Echocardiography Clinical Education II   3
       RIE 438 Pediatric Echocardiography II                      3
       RIE 464 Pediatric Echocardiography Clinical Education III  3
       RIE 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Echocardiography and
                                Vascular Sonography (Capstone)    3
       RIS 455 Cardiac CRIS                                       3
       RIS 459 Vascular CRIS                                      3

       CRIS = Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
Diagnostic Medical Sonography - Vascular Sonography Concentration/Emphasis Courses
(25 hrs)
       RIE 432 Vascular Sonography Procedures I                   2
       RIE 433 Vascular Sonography Procedures I Lab               2
       RIE 366 Vascular Sonography Clinical Education I           2
       RIE 466 Vascular Sonography Clinical Education II          3
       RIE 436 Vascular Sonography Procedures II                  2
       RIE 437 Vascular Sonography Procedures II Lab              2
       RIE 467 Vascular Sonography Clinical Education III         3
       RIE 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Echocardiography and
                               Vascular Sonography (Capstone)     3
       RIS 455 Cardiac CRIS                                       3
       RIS 459 Vascular CRIS                                      3

       CRIS = Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences
Basic Skills:                                                 10-13 hours
Gen Ed:                                                       33 hours
B.S. Cognate                                                  10 hours
RIS Core                                                      13 hours

DMS Foundation Courses                                        7 hours

Emphasis/Concentration areas
      General                                                 48 hours




                                                  56
        Adult Echo + Peds Echo                                    55 hours

        Adult Echo + Vascular Sono                                56 hours

Total                                                             121 - 132 hours


                   Figure 2. Suggested Pattern of Coursework:
                     Diagnostic Medical Sonography Major
                       General (Abdomen and Obstetrics-
                           Gynecology) Concentration
Freshman Fall Semester                                                          Sem Credit Hrs
 HPR 100 Medical Terminology                                                           2
 MTH 123 Trigonometry                                                                  3
 WRT 150 Strategies in Writing                                                         4
 General Education Theme Elective                                                      3
 General Education Elective (Historical Persp suggested)                               3
                                                                                       15
Freshman Winter Semester                                                        Sem Credit Hrs
 BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                                          4
 PHY 220 General Physics I                                                             5
 PSY 101 Introductory Psychology                                                       3
 SOC 280 Social Problems                                                               3
                                                                                       15
Sophomore Fall Semester                                                         Sem Credit Hrs
 *STA 215 Statistics                                                                   3
  BMS 208 Human Anatomy                                                                3
  PHY 221 General Physics II                                                           5
  General Education Theme Elective                                                     3
                                                                                       14
Sophomore Winter Semester                                                       Sem Credit Hrs
 *One of the following                                                                 3
        SS 300 Research Methods in the Social Sciences
        PSY 300 Research Methods in Psychology
        HPR 301 Inquiry Into Evidence Based Practice
        BMS 301 Introduction to Research in Biomedical Sciences
  BMS 309 Lab in Human Anatomy                                                         1
  General Education Theme Elective                                                     3
  General Education Elective (World Perspective suggested)                             3
  General Education Elective (Philosophy & Lit suggested)                              3
  General Education Elective (Arts suggested)                                          3
                                                                                       16
Junior Fall Semester                                                            Sem Credit Hrs
 *RIS 441 Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                                                4
 *RI 401 Computer Applications                                                         3
  RIU 320 Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum I                                             2
  RIU 321 Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum I Lab                                         1




                                                    57
 RIU 330 Abdominal Sonography I                                                            4
 RIU 331 Abdominal Sonography I Lab                                                        2
 RIU 360 Intro to Ultrasound Clinical                                                      2
                                                                                           18
Junior Winter Semester                                                            Sem Credit Hrs
*RIS 320 Principles of Rad Imaging Sciences                                              4
  RIU 301 DMS Image Evaluation I                                                         1
  RIU 324 Applied Doppler Ultrasound Physics                                             2
 *RIS 454 Ob-Gyn Clinical Rad/Imaging Sci                                                3
  RIU 332 Ob-Gyn Sonography                                                              4
  RIU 333 Ob-Gyn Sonography Lab                                                          1
  RIU 361 Ultrasound Clinical Education I                                                2
                                                                                         17
Junior Spring/Summer Semester                                                     Sem Credit Hrs
 RIU 362 Ultrasound Clinical Education II                                                4
                                                                                         4
Senior Fall Semester                                                              Sem Credit Hrs
  RIU 302 DMS Image Evaluation II                                                        1
 *RIS 458 Neoplastic Clinical Rad/Imaging Sci                                            3
  RIU 420 Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum II                                              2
  RIU 430 Abdominal Sonography II                                                        2
  RIU 431 Abdominal Sonography II Lab                                                    1
  RIU 460 Ultrasound Clinical Education III                                              3
  RIE 432 Vascular Sonography Procedures I                                               2
  RIE 433 Vascular Sonography Procedures I Lab                                           2
                                                                                         16
Senior Winter Semester                                                            Sem Credit Hrs
 *RIS 310 Rad & Imaging Sci Management                                                   4
  RIU 461 Ultrasound Clinical Education IV                                               3
  RIU 495 Advanced Clinical Problems in Ultrasound (Capstone)                            3
  RIE 436 Vascular Sonography Procedures II                                              2
  RIE 437 Vascular Sonography Procedures II Lab                                          2
                                                                                         14


Completion of the Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major requires the
following:

General university degree requirements, as identified in the General Academic Regulations of the
catalog (in particular, General Education Requirements).

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Prerequisites:
    •   HPR 100 – Medical Terminology Credits: 2
    •   BMS 202 – Anatomy and Physiology Credits: 4
    •   BMS 208 - Human Anatomy Credits: 3
    •   BMS 309 - Laboratory in Human Anatomy Credits: 1
    •   MTH 123 - Trigonometry Credits: 3




                                                    58
    •    PHY 220 - General Physics I Credits: 5
    •    PHY 221 - General Physics II Credits: 5
    •    PSY 101 - Introductory Psychology Credits: 3
    •    SOC 280 - Social Problems Credits: 3

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences are specialties that are self standing professions using either
ionizing, sound, or radio radiations to produce diagnostic images and guide invasive and non-
invasive procedures of the body. The concentrations included in this major are designed to form
the basis for the completion of a clinical baccalaureate degree. These specialties are considered
advanced or post-primary level professions in that students are eligible for admission to the major
only after acquiring a national registration in a primary radiologic or imaging sciences field (i.e.,
ARRT, ARDMS, or NMTCB). Eligibility for these registrations requires completion of a primary
professional program from a recognized national registration organization as specified above.
Although two of these programs are available at GVSU (i.e., radiation therapy and diagnostic
medical sonography), this major is intended for graduates of associate degree programs that meet
these professional program requirements (i.e., radiography programs).

This major is specifically designed for practicing Radiologic and Imaging Sciences professionals who
wish to complete a bachelor’s degree while meeting their continuing education requirements while
adding a post-primary specialty (to include national board examination eligibility). The ARRT and
ARDMS currently accept college credit for CE requirements at the rate of 1 semester hour equal to
8-16 continuing education credit hours. The university offers the following concentrations with most
classes meeting one night per week:
    ●    breast ultrasound
    ●    computed tomography
    ●    magnetic resonance imaging
    ●    mammography and bone densitometry
    ●    cardiac interventional imaging (cardiac catherization)
    ●    vascular interventional imaging
    ●    advanced radiologic sciences
    ●    quality management
    ●    clinical instruction
    ●    clinical supervision

Students receive didactic, laboratory (depending on the concentration) and clinical experiences in
the university’s energized laboratories and through a clinical education system that allows students
to schedule individually tailored and mutually agreed upon time for clinical practice under
appropriate supervision at clinical education sites located as far as about two hours from GVSU
(although most clinical assignments are within one hour from campus). Students must have
transportation available to these sites.

Clinical experiences are available in all specialties.

Students who complete a Radiologic and Imaging Sciences concentration from GVSU may become
eligible for the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) or American Registry of
Diagnostic Medical Sonographers (ARDMS) examinations in the specialty that matches the
concentration areas of study that have been completed, upon completion of specific clinical
requirements that are promulgated by the credentialing organizations. Information on these
requirements changes from time to time and is available on the credentialing organization websites.
GVSU provides opportunities for additional clinical education experiences to help students meet
these requirements. Granting of the baccalaureate degree is not contingent on passing ARRT or




                                                         59
ARDMS examinations.

Individuals who have been involved in a criminal proceeding or charged with or convicted of a crime
may not be eligible for national certification by the ARRT or ARDMS. Students to whom this may
apply are strongly advised to work with the ARRT for pre-application review of eligibility for
certification from their website at www.arrt.org (Ethics, Pre-Application Process). The ARRT may be
contacted by phone at 651-687-0048 for more information. Students are strongly advised to work
with the ARDMS for pre-application review of eligibility for certification from their website at
www.ardms.org (Credentials and Examinations, Application Process and Resources). The ARDMS
may be contacted by phone at 301-738-8401 for more information.

B.S. Cognates (10 hrs)
    •   STA 215 Statistics                                                 3 hours
    •   BMS 202 Anatomy & Physiology                                       4 hours
    •   SS 300 Research Methods in the Social Sciences                     3 hours
        or
    •   PSY 300 Research Methods in Psychology                             3 hours
        or
    •   HPR 301 Inquiry Into Evidence Based Practice                       3 hours
        or
    •   BMS 301 Introduction to Research in Biomedical Sciences            3 hours
(note: STA 215 is a pre-requisite for these 4 research courses)

Prerequisites Courses (12 semester hours)
       HPR 100 Medical Terminology                                         2
       BMS 208 Human Anatomy                                               3
       BMS 309 Lab in Human Anatomy                                        1
       PHY 220General Physics I                                            3
       PHY 221General Physics II                                           3

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Core Courses (13 semester hours)
       RIS 441 Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                    4
       RI 401 Computer Applications                             3
       RIS 310 Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management       3
       RIS 320 Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences        3

Note: All concentration 60 series courses are clinical education and can be repeated until the
necessary quantity of clinical contact hours have been achieved. Therefore all 60 series courses are
listed below have the academic credit given as the total number of semester hours required for that
concentration. Individual course proposals are given as 1 to no more than 5 because five is the
maximum number of clinical semester hours permitted by accreditation agencies for a single week.
Breast Ultrasound Concentration Courses (17 hrs)
RIS 458        Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                            2
RIU 320        Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum I                                             2
RIU 321        Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instrum I Lab                                         1
RIU 420        Applied Ultrasound Phy/Instum II                                             2
RIU 434        Breast Sonography Procedures                                                 2
RIU 464        Breast Sonography Clinical Education                                         8
Computed Tomography Concentration Courses (19 hrs)
RIS 450     Head and Brain Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                           3
RIS 451     Musculoskeletal Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                          3




                                                     60
RIS   456       Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                           3
RIS   458       Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                      3
RIS   424       Computed Tomography Instrumentation                                    2
RIS   434       Computed Tomography Procedures                                         2
RIS   464       Computed Tomography Clinical Education                                 3
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Concentration Courses (19 hrs)
RIS 450      Head and Brain Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                     3
RIS 456      Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                              3
RIS 457      Neurologic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                         3
RIS 415      Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics                                        2
RIS 425      Magnetic Resonance Imaging Instrumentation                                2
RIS 435      Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedures                                     2
RIS 465      Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinical Education                             4
Mammography and Bone Densitometry Concentration Courses (12 hrs)
RIS 458    Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                           3
RIS 421    Mammography and Bone Densitometry Instrumentation                           2
RIS 431    Mammography and Bone Densitometry Procedures                                2
RIS 331    Mammography and Bone Densitometry Procedures Laboratory                     1
RIS 436    Quality Management Procedures                                               2
RIS 461    Mammography and Bone Densitometry Clinical Education                        2
Cardiac Interventional Technology (Cardiac Catheterization) Concentration Courses (17
hrs)
RIS 455        Cardiac Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                   3
RIS 459        Vascular Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                  3
RIE 340        Cardiac & Vascular Hemodynamics                                  2
RIE 341        ECG in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences                           2
RIS 422        Cardiac Interventional Technology Instrumentation                2
RIS 432        Cardiac Interventional Technology Procedures                     2
RIS 462        Cardiac Interventional Technology Clinical Education             3
Vascular Interventional Technology Concentration Courses (17 hrs)
RIS 455        Cardiac Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                          3
RIS 459        Vascular Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                         3
RIE 340        Cardiac & Vascular Hemodynamics                                         2
RIE 341        ECG in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences                                  2
RIS 423        Vascular Interventional Technology Instrumentation                      2
RIS 433        Vascular Interventional Technology Procedures                           2
RIS 463        Vascular Interventional Technology Clinical Education                   3
Advanced Radiographic Sciences Concentration Courses (18 hrs)
RIS 451      Musculoskeletal Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                    3
RIS 452      Gastrointestinal & Genitourinary Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences   3
RIS 456      Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences                              3
RIR 320      Computed Radiography Systems                                              2
RIR 321      Computed Radiography Systems Laboratory                                   1
RIR 420      Advanced Radiologic Dosimetry                                             2
RIR 330      Adaptative Radiographic and Orthopedic Procedures                         2
RIR 461      Advanced Radiography Clinical Education                                   2
Quality Management Concentration Courses (7 hrs)
RIS 426       Quality Management Instrumentation Laboratory                            2
RIS 436       Quality Management Administration                                        2
RIR 420       Advanced Radiologic Dosimetry                                            2




                                                    61
RIS 466          Quality Management Clinical Education                               1
Clinical Instruction Concentration Courses (8 hrs)
RIS 477         Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Competency Evaluation                2
RIS 317         Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Instructional Methodologies          3
RIS 417         Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Performance Assessment               3
Clinical Supervision Concentration Courses (8 hrs)
RIS 477        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Competency Evaluation                 2
RIS 308        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Facilities Management                 3
RIS 478        Organizational Behavior                                               3

Basic Skills                                                                  10-13 hours
Gen Education                                                                 33 hours
          Transfer Professional Associate Degree or
          College of Health Professions Electives                             20-35 hours
Total Gen Education and Transfer Courses
   necessary to total 120 hours for degree                                    53-68 hours
B.S. Cognate                                                                  10 hours
Prerequisite Courses                                                          12 hours
RIS Core                                                                      13 hours
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Concentration                                 7-19 hours

Total                                                                         120 hours

                   Figure 4. Suggested Pattern of Coursework:
                   Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Major with
                        Transferred Associate Degree in
                        Radiography Meeting MACRAO
                                  Requirements

Junior Fall Semester                                                          Sem Credit Hrs
        General Education (Cultural Emphasis)                                        3
        General Education (Theme)                                                    3
 MTH 123        Trigonometry                                                         3
 HPR 100        Medical Terminology                                                  2
 RI 401         Computer Applications                                                3
 BMS 202        Anatomy & Physiology                                                 4
                         Total                                                       18
Junior Winter Semester                                                        Sem Credit Hrs
                General Education (Theme)                                            3
 STA 215        Statistics                                                           3
 BMS 208        Human Anatomy                                                        3
 PHY 201        General Physics I                                                    3
 RIS 320        Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences                            3
 RIS 42x        Concentration (Instrumentation)                                      2




                                                    62
                        Total                                                          17
Junior Spring/Summer Semester                                                  Sem Credit Hrs
                General Education (Cultural Emphasis)                                 3
                        Total                                                         3
Senior Fall Semester                                                           Sem Credit Hrs
                General Education (Theme)                                             3
 RIS 45x        Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Course                       3
 RIS 46x        Concentration Clinical Education Course                               1
 BMS 309        Lab in Human Anatomy                                                  1
                Research Methods Course                                               3
 PHY 202        General Physics II                                                    3
 RIS 43x        Concentration (Procedures)                                            2
                         Total                                                        16
Senior Winter Semester                                                          Sem Credit Hrs
 RIS 441        Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                                          4
 RIS 310        Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management                             3
 RIS 45x        Clinical Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Course                        3
 RIS 46x        Concentration Clinical Education Course                                2
 RIS 495        Advanced Clinical Problems in Rad & Imaging Sciences (Capstone)        3
Total                                                                                  15




                                                   63
The final section of this catalog copy will include all RIS course descriptions cut and pasted from
those proposed following approval by GVSU curricular committees.

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Radiology Informatics
RI 401           Computer Applications                                                         3

Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Echocardiography and Vascular Sonography


RIE 330          Echocardiography I                                                            4

RIE 331          Echocardiography I Lab                                                        1

RIE 332          Echocardiography II                                                           4

RIE 333          Echocardiography II Lab                                                       2

RIE 340          Cardiac and Vascular Hemodynamics                                             2

RIE 341          ECG in Radiologic and Imaging Sciences                                        2

RIE 360          Introduction to Echocardiography Clinical                                     2

RIE 361          Echocardiography Clinical Education I                                         2

RIE 362          Echocardiography Clinical Education II                                        3

RIE 363          Pediatric Echocardiography Clinical Education I                               2

RIE 366          Vascular Sonography Clinical Education I                                      2

RIE 432          Vascular Sonography Procedures I                                              3

RIE 433          Vascular Sonography Procedures I Lab                                          1

RIE 434          Pediatric Echocardiography I                                                  3

RIE 435          Pediatric Echocardiography I Lab                                              1

RIE 436          Vascular Sonography Procedures II                                             3

RIE 437          Vascular Sonography Procedures II Lab                                         1

RIE 438          Pediatric Echocardiography II                                                 3

RIE 463          Pediatric Echocardiography Clinical Education II                              3

RIE 464          Pediatric Echocardiography Clinical Education III                             3

RIE 466          Vascular Sonography Clinical Education II                                     3

RIE 467          Vascular Sonography Clinical Education III                                    3

RIE 495          Advanced Clinical Problems in Echocardiography and
                                         Vascular Sonography (Capstone)                        3
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Radiologic Sciences


RIR 320       Computed Radiography Systems                                  2

RIR 321       Computed Radiography Systems Laboratory                       1

RIR 330       Adaptative Radiographic and Orthopedic Procedures             2

RIR 420       Advanced Radiologic Dosimetry                                 2

RIR 461       Advanced Radiography Clinical Education                       2
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences


RIS 308       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Facilities Management         2

RIS 310       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Management                    3

RIS 317       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Instructional Methodologies   3

RIS 320       Principles of Radiologic Imaging Sciences                     3

RIS 322       Radiation Protection Physics                                  2

RIS 331       Mammography and Bone Densitometry Procedures Laboratory       1

RIS 415       Magnetic Resonance Imaging Physics                            2

RIS 417       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Performance Assessment        3

RIS 421       Mammography and Bone Densitometry Instrumentation             2

RIS 422       Cardiac Interventional Technology Instrumentation             2

RIS 423       Vascular Interventional Technology Instrumentation            2

RIS 424       Computed Tomography Instrumentation                           2

RIS 425       Magnetic Resonance Imaging Instrumentation                    2

RIS 426       Quality Management Instrumentation Laboratory                 2

RIS 431       Mammography and Bone Densitometry Procedures                  2

RIS 432       Cardiac Interventional Technology Procedures                  2

RIS 433       Vascular Interventional Technology Procedures                 2

RIS 434       Computed Tomography Procedures                                2

RIS 435       Magnetic Resonance Imaging Procedures                         2

RIS 436       Quality Management Procedures                                 2




                                             65
RIS 441       Gross Human Sectional Anatomy                            4

RIS 450       Head and Brain Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences    3

RIS 451       Musculoskeletal Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences   3

RIS 455       Cardiac Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences           3

RIS 456       Chest Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences             3

RIS 457       Neurologic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences        3

RIS 458       Neoplastic Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences        3

RIS 459       Vascular Clinical Radiologic & Imaging Sciences          3

RIS 461       Mammography and Bone Densitometry Clinical Education     2

RIS 462       Cardiac Interventional Technology Clinical Education     3

RIS 463       Vascular Interventional Technology Clinical Education    3

RIS 464       Computed Tomography Clinical Education                   3

RIS 465       Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinical Education            4

RIS 466       Quality Management Clinical Education                    1

RIS 477       Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Competency Evaluation    2

RIS 478       Organizational Behavior                                  3
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Radiation Therapy
RIT 322       Radiation Biology                                        2

RIT 330       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices I               4

RIT 331       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices I Lab           1

RIT 332       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices II              3

RIT 333       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices II Lab          1

RIT 361       Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed I                          2

RIT 362       Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed II                         4

RIT 420       Radiation Therapy Physics I                              2

RIT 422       Radiation Therapy Physics II                             2

RIT 430       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices III             3

RIT 431       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices III Lab         1

RIT 432       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices IV              3




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RIT 433       Radiation Therapy Principles & Practices IV Lab              1

RIT 460       Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed III                            3

RIT 461       Radiation Therapy Clinical Ed IV                             3

RIT 470       Rad Therapy Treatment Planning                               2

RIT 471       Rad Therapy Treatment Planning Lab                           1

RIT 472       Intro to Medical Dosimetry                                   2

RIT 473       Intro to Medical Dosimetry Lab                               1

RIT 495       Advanced Clinical Problems in Radiation Therapy (Capstone)   3
Radiologic and Imaging Sciences Ultrasound
RIU 301       Diagnostic Medical Sonography Image Evaluation I             1

RIU 302       Diagnostic Medical Sonography Image Evaluation II            1

RIU 320       Applied Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation I             2

RIU 321       Applied Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation I Lab         1

RIU 324       Applied Doppler Ultrasound Physics                           2

RIU 330       Abdominal Sonography I                                       4

RIU 331       Abdominal Sonography I Lab                                   2

RIU 332       Obstetrics-Gynecology Sonography                             4

RIU 333       Obstetrics-Gynecology Sonography Lab                         1

RIU 360       Introduction to Ultrasound Clinical                          2

RIU 361       Ultrasound Clinical Education I                              2

RIU 362       Ultrasound Clinical Education II                             4

RIU 420       Applied Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation II            2

RIU 430       Abdominal Sonography II                                      2

RIU 431       Abdominal Sonography II Lab                                  1

RIU 434       Breast Sonography Procedures                                 2

RIU 460       Ultrasound Clinical Education III                            3

RIU 461       Ultrasound Clinical Education IV                             3

RIU 464       Breast Sonography Clinical Education                         8

RIU 495       Advanced Clinical Problems in Ultrasound (Capstone)          3




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