SERBIAN MOBILITY GUIDE by yaofenjin

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 52

									SERBIAN
MOBILITY
GUIDE
                   Published By:
                   Serbian Bridgehead Organisation
                   University of Nis
                   Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Nis
 



                               ´,              ´,
Compiled by: Jelena Milovanovic Milan Zdravkovic
                ´,                 ´
Nikola Korunovic Miroslav Trajanovic

                            ´
Edited by Miroslav Trajanovic

                                ´
Graphic design by Bojan Cvetkovic

                             ˇic
Illustrations by: Boris Ljubic ´, Studio International

                          ´
Translated by: Milena Manic

                          ´ ´
Proofread by: Biljana Mišic Ilic

Printed by: Grafika Galeb


Disclaimer: The descriptions of administrative procedures in the Republic
of Serbia and another information given in this guide are to be used for
informational purposes only. Recommendations in this publication do not
substitute official information sources and information given by the official
administration should be taken into account in all cases.
The information provided in this publication gives no right for claims or legal
expectations of any kind.
Updated information can be found on theSerbian EURAXESS Portal
www.euraxess.rs
Contents

Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Common facts about Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
State symbols of the Republic of Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
    General information about Serbia  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .7
    Holidays in Serbia  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .10
    Maps  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .11
    Geography  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 12
    History  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 12
    Political system  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 13
    Population, language and religion  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 14
    Climate  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 14
Travel to and through Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                                                         16
    By plane  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .       17
    “Nikola Tesla” Airport .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                           17
    “Constantin the Great” Airport, Nis .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                  19
    By train .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .     19
    Ticket purchase and reservation using the Internet .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                                             19
    Information  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .             20
    By bus  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   20
    By car  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .   20
    Traffic regulations in Serbia  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                     22
    Procedure in a case of a traffic accident  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .                                                          23
Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Levels of education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
    Duration of schooling  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 25
Republic of Serbia system of higher education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Science in Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Ministry of Education and Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Scientific and research institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Researchers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
    Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of Serbia from
    2010 to 2015  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .31
Studying and working in Serbia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Recognition of foreign higher education documents and evaluation
of foreign study programmes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
     Documentation that has to be submitted with the application form  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 34
Admission of foreign students at universities in Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Passports, visas and the procedure for registration of
residence of foreigners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Passports and visas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
    Group and transit visas  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 40
    General conditions for issuing visas to citizens of the countries
    that are subject to visa requirement  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .41
Importing and exporting dinars and foreign currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Registration of foreigners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Application for temporary residence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
    A temporary residence permit for a researcher .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 44
    A temporary residence permit for family  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 44
Taxation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
    Personal income tax  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 44
Health and social insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
    International agreement on health insurance  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 45
    International agreement on social insurance  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 46
Employment of foreign citizens in the Republic of Serbia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
   Work permit  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 47
   Extensions of work permit  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 48
EURAXESS SERBIA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
   Center for the Development of the National Mobility networks  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .51
          EURAXESS Service centres  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .51
Preface
                            In order to enhance the living and working
                            environments of researchers in Europe and to attract
                            and maintain a high level of human resources in
                            research, the European Commission proposed in
                            2001 the “Mobility Strategy for Researchers in the
                            European Research Area”. According to a Council
                            Resolution from 2001, one of the priorities for the
                            implementation of this Strategy in the European
                            Research Area was to improve practical assistance
                            to mobile researchers, to provide better and
                            more adequate information and dissemination of
                            vacancies.
In order to accomplish these tasks, in 2003 the Commission decided to set up the
European Network of Mobility Centers – ERA-MORE (later renamed “EURAXESS
Services Network”). Its aim is to provide customized assistance to researchers and
their families in all matters related to their mobility, as well as to establish the
European Researcher’s Mobility Portal, as a tool for dissemination of mobility
and vacancy information.
Serbia has been a member of the EURAXESS Service Network since 1 January
2009, when the Serbian EURAXESS portal was put into operation and a network
of EURAXESS Service Centers was established. Network development was funded
by the European Commission through the FP7 project SER MORE - Development
of Serbian Network of Mobility Centers. The coordinator of this project and
also the Bridgehead Organisation for Serbia is the University of Nis, Faculty of
Mechanical Engineering.
One of deliverables of this project is the Serbian Mobility Guide. The aim of
this publication is to provide a single source of practical information for all the
researchers who want to come to Serbia.
Information contained within this guide dates from March 2011. Given that
some data may change, the updated version of this guide can be found on
www.euraxess.rs
Welcome to Serbia.

            ´,
Božidar Đelic
Deputy Prime Minister for European Integration
Government of the Republic of Serbia

                                                                                      5
Common
facts
about
Serbia




6
State symbols of the Republic of Serbia

    Coat of arms of the                 The national flag of the Republic of
    Republic of Serbia                  Serbia




General information about Serbia
Official name    Republic of Serbia

Population       7,478.820 citizens

Geographical     Republic of Serbia is located in the Southeastern part of
location         Europe, covering the central parts of the Balkan peninsula.
                 It represents the shortest natural connection between east
                 and west, south and north of Europe.

Area             88.361 km2

Climate          Gradual transition between the four seasons of the year.
                 Summer is warm, with an average temperature of 30°C
                 and winter is snowy with an average temperature of 5°C,
                 although temperature can even be -10°C or lower.

Capital          Belgrade - 1,600.000 citizens.

Official         Serbian. The scripts used are Cyrillic and Latin.
language

Religion         Most of the population is Orthodox, there are, however,
                 smaller groups of people who practice Catholicism, Islam or
                 other religion.




                                                                               7
    Money            Dinar (RSD).

                     The current exchange rate of dinar can be found on the
                     following link: http://www.nbs.rs/export/internet/english/
                     scripts/kl_srednji.html

    Credit cards     At the majority of the shops, airlines, hotels and
                     restaurants it is possible to use domestic or international
                     credit cards (Visa, Master, Diners etc.).

    Banks and post   There are a lot of domestic and international banks in
    offices          Serbia. Their working time is from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m., but
                     some of them work only untill 4 p.m. on working days. On
                     Saturdays, most of the banks work untill 1 p.m.

                     In every city in Serbia there are ATM machines that you
                     can use for taking money out of your bank account, which
                     operate 24 hours a day.

                     Foreing currency can be converted to dinars at the banks
                     and at exchange offices. Exchange offices could be offering
                     slightly more favorable exchange rate.

    Stores           Grocery stores are open from 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. on workdays
                     and Saturdays, and from 6 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Sundays.
                     Markets are open every day from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m., except
                     on Sundays, when they work untill 2 p.m. Other kinds of
                     shops are usually open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. every day
                     except on Sundays, when they work untill 5 p.m. There
                     are, however, some shops that are open 24 hours a day.
                     There is also a great number of hypermarkets, where
                     you can purchase goods at lower price. Working time of
                     hypermarkets is usually from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. on workdays
                     and from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on weekends.

    Health           Organised services that provide medical care 24-hour a day
    facilities       are available in hospitals and clinics. Pharmacies are open
                     from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on workdays, and from 8 a.m to 3
                     p.m. on Saturdays. Only pharmacies that are open for 24-
                     hour service work on Sundays.

    Electricity      220 V, 50 Hz

8
 Time zone         GMT + 1 hour

 Toll              The toll has to be paid on the following routes: E-75
                   Belgrade-Novi Sad, E-70 Novi Sad-Feketic  ´-Subotica, E75
                   Belgrade-Niš, E75 Niš-Leskovac i E70 Belgrade-Šid.

 Telephone area    For Serbia +00 381, For Belgrade (0)11, for Novi Sad (0)21,
 codes             for Niš (0)18, for Kragujevac(0)34.

                   For international calls from Serbia: 00 + the number of
                   the country you want to dial + the number of the city you
                   want to dial

 Emergency         Police                    92
 phone numbers     Fire department           93
                   Ambulance                 94
                   Road assistance           987

 Mobile            064 i 065 MTS-Mobile telephony of Serbia
 operators         www.mts.telekom.rs
                   063 i 062 TELENOR www.telenor.co.rs
                   060 i 061 VIP www.vipmobile.rs

 Hotel             333 hotels, 90 motels, 525 boarding houses, tourist
 capacities        apartments, spas and climatic health resorts, rooms and
                   other accomodation units. The total number of beds in all
                   kind of accomodation facilities is about 116.182.

 Drinking water    Water from the public water system can be used for
                   drinking in almost every city in Serbia. Other than that,
                   you can buy numerous kinds of bottled mineral water from
                   different mineral springs in Serbia.

Other useful facts about Serbia can be found at the website of the Government
of the Republic of Serbia:
www.srbija.gov.rs/pages/intro.php?id=5
and at the website of the Tourist organization of Serbia:
www.serbia-tourism.org
www.serbiatouristguide.com




                                                                                 9
Holidays in Serbia
State holidays

 1. and 2. January                New Year 
 15. February                     The national day of Serbia
 1. and 2. May                    Labor Day 
 9. May                           Victory Day (Working day)

Religious holidays

 7. January                       Orthodox Christmas 
 Easter according to the old      From Good Friday to the second day of Easter
 (Julian) calendar

During state and religious holidays that are celebrated in the Republic of Serbia,
state authorities and companies do not work, except on the Victory Day, which is
not celebrated.

If one of the celebrated state holidays of the Republic of Serbia is on Sunday,
the first following working day is actually a non-working day.

Notice: Saint Sava – Spirituality Day (27. January) and St. Vitus’ Day – memory
of the Battle of Kosovo (28. June), are holidays, but also working days.




10
Maps
Maps of Serbia can be found on the following links:
www.worldofmaps.net/europe/serbia_maps.htm
www.serbiamap.net

The official Internet site of City of Belgrade:
www.beograd.org.rs

Map of Belgrade:
www.planplus.rs

The official Internet site of City of Niš:
www.ni.rs

Map of Niš:
www.plangrada.rs/nis/index.asp?WelcomeScreen=ON/
www.jugoistocnasrbija.com/nis.php

The official Internet site of City of Kragujevac:
www.kragujevac.rs

Map of Kragujevac:
www.kragujevactravel.com/mapa_index-kragujevac.html

The official Internet site of City of Novi Sad:
www.novisad.rs

Map of Novi Sad:
www.virtualnigrad.com/Mapa_Novog_Sada_Novi_Sad_mapa_plan_
grada-30-12412/

The official Internet site of City of Novi Pazar
www.novipazar.rs

Map of Novi Pazar
www.kartasrbije.com/mapa-novi-pazar.php



                                                            11
Geography
Serbia is located at the Balkan Peninsula – the region of southeastern Europe
(approximately 80% of its territory) and in the Pannonian Plain – the region of
Middle Europe (approximately 20% of its territory). However, geographically and
climatically speaking, it could be considered a mediterranean country as well.
Total length of borders with neighbouring countries is 2.027 km. The length of
the border of each neighbouring contry – without taking into account the self-
proclaimed independence of Kosovo - is: Albania 115 km , Bosnia i Herzegovina
302 km, Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia 241 km, Hungary 151 km, the Republic of
Macedonia 221 km, Montenegro 203 km, Romania 476 km. The north part of
the Republic is covered by plain, and southern area is occupied by hills and
mountains. There are more than 15 mountain peaks that are over 2.000 metres
above sea level; the highest mountain peak is Djeravica (on the Prokletije
mountain) and it is 2.656 metres above sea level. Serbia has continental climate.
The mountain relief of Serbia is the main reason why there are so many canyons,
gorges and caves (Resava’s cave, Ceremošnja, Risovac  ˇa...), and well-preserved
forests with a great number of endemic species and a lot of streams, springs and
pastures provide additional beauty.
Navigable rivers are Danube (588 km), Sava (206 km), Tisza (168 km) and partly
Great Morava (whole course is 185 km). Other important rivers are West Morava
(308 km), South Morava (295 km), Ibar (272 km), Drina (220 km) and Timok (202
km). The biggest lake in Serbia is Đerdap’s lake - 163 km² (with the Romanian
part of the lake: 253 km²).
Serbia has 5 National Parks: Đerdap, Kopaonik, Tara, Šar-planina and Fruška gora.
All of the National Parks have high climatic and health and recreational worth


History
The first data about Serbian national state are from 7th century AD and are
                                                  ´,
related to Serbian dynasty, House of Vlastimirovic however, that national state
also fell under the rule of Byzantine and Bulgarian Empire. The person who
has re-established medieval Serbian statehood was Stefan Nemanja, Serbian
nobleman with the title of Grand Župan who lived in the 12th century AD. In
1220, under the rule of Stefan Prvovenc ˇani, Serbia became a kingdom, and in
1346 it became an Empire under the rule of Stefan Dušan. In the period from
1459 to 1717 and from 1739 to 1804 Serbia was under the rule of the Ottoman
Empire, and from 1717 to 1739 under the rule of Austria (Holly Roman Empire of
the German Nation).
In 1804 Serbian people, as a great majority of the European nations at that time,

12
                                                                           ´,
started creating a modern state, and under the leadership of Đore Petrovic also
                ¯ord
known as Karad ¯e, they began fighting for the change of authority and the
system that was imposed by Turkey during the occupation that lasted for many
centuries. From 1813 to 1903 Serbian state was governed by the Obrenovic    ´
                                                                ¯ord ´
dynasty, and after that, the throne was taken over by the Karad ¯evic dynasty –
                         ¯e
the descendants of Đord Petrovic         ¯ord
                                  ´-Karad ¯e.
The struggle for the creation of modern society, respect for human rights and
national state lasted for almost three decades and ended by adoption of the
constitution (known as Sretenje’s constitution) on the 15th of February, 1835
After 1918, Serbia, together with Montenegro, as one of the founder states,
became the part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovens, later renamed
Yugoslavia, as the only country that joined the union having its own sovereignty.
After the dissolution of the SFRY, from 1992. to 2003., Serbia was part of the
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, together with Montenegro. From 2003. to 2006.
Serbia was an integral part of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro,
and with Montenegro’s independence declaration Serbia itself becomes an
independent state.
www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Serbia



Political system

Political system of Serbia is based on multiparty parliamentary democracy. Serbia
has the President of the Republic, National Assembly and the Government.
Municipal authority is founded on the principle of the local government through
the municipal or city assemblies, government and administrative bodies.
Aside from more than dozen different political parties, there are also a couple of
hundreds of non-governmental organizations and many trade unions.
The official web site of the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia:
http://www.parlament.rs/content/eng/index.asp
The official web site of the Government of the Republic of Serbia:
www.srbija.gov.rs/?change_lang=en




                                                                               13
Population, language and religion
Ethnic composition of the Republic of Serbia is very heterogeneous, which is
the result of the dynamic changes througout the history in this area. The great
majority of the population are Serbs, but in addition, there are 37 national
minorities living in Serbia. All the citizens of the Republic of Serbia have the
same rights and duties, and they all have equal national status.
The constitution of the Republic of Serbia guarantees respect for human rights
according to the highest international standards to all the national minorities.
Based on the data from the last census from 2002., Serbia has 7.498.001 citizens
(data from Kosovo and Metohija are not included), which made about 92,3
percent of the population of the former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
Serbs made about 82,86 percent of the population, Hungarians 3,91 percent,
Bosnians 1,81%, Roma people 1,44%, Yugoslavs 1,08%, Croats 0,94%,
Montenegrins 0,92%, Albanians 0,82%, Slovaks 0,79%, Vlachs 0,53%, Romanians
0,46%, Macedonians 0,34%, Bulgarians and Bunjevci per 0,27%, Muslims 0,26%,
Pannonian Rusyns 0,21%, Slovenes and Ukrainians per 0,07%, Gorani people
0,06%, Germans 0,05% and Russians and Czechs per 0,03 percent.
The official language in Serbia is Serbian and the script in official use is Cyrillic,
while Latin script is also used. National minorities have a legal right to use their
native language and the script as the official language (and script) in the area
where they live.
The vast majority of the people in Serbia are Orthodox Christians. Serbian
orthodox church, autocephalous since 1219 had a really important role in the
development and preservation of the Serbian national identity. Apart from
the Serbian orthodox church, there are other religious communities in Serbia:
Islamic, Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and other religious groups.
www.srbija.gov.rs/pages/article.php?id=37


Climate
The climate in Serbia is mildly continental, with warm summers and
temperatures up to 35 °C, and snowy winters with average temperatures from -
5°C to 10°C.
Serbia is located on the Balkan peninsula which is surrounded by warm seas
(Adriatic, Aegean and Black sea), while to the north it is adjacent to the
European continent. The additional important fdactor that influences the
climate of Serbia is its relief. In general, one can say that Serbia has continental
climate at the north, mild continental at the south and mountain climate on
high mountains. Winters in Serbia are short, cold and snowy, while summers

14
are warm. The coldest month is January, the warmest July. The average annual
precipitation is 896 mm.


The most important winds in Serbia are:
Košava (cold and dry wind, characteristic for nothern Serbia)
Severac (cold and dry northern wind)
Moravac (cold and dry; comes from the north and blows through the valley of
the Morava)
South wind (warm and dry; blows from the south through the valley of Morava)
Southwestern wind (warm and wet; comes from Adriatic sea and blows all the
way to the west part of Serbia)
www.hidmet.sr.gov.yu/eng/meteorologija/klimatologija_srbije.php




                                                                               15
Travel
to and
through
Serbia




16
By plane
Air transportation in Serbia has recently recorded a steady and rapid growth in
the number of flights and passangers. Although there are 39 airports in Serbia,
only 3 are used as civil airports.Those are:
•	 Nikola Tesla Airport, Belgrade (BEG)
•	 Constantin the Great Airport, Niš (INI)
•	 Priština Airport (PRN).

There are also 4 Helipads in Serbia that are in use.

“Nikola Tesla” Airport

Information: www.beg.aero

“Nikola Tesla” airport (BEG) is the biggest one in Serbia. It is located only 18 km
from the center of Belgrade and from the main railway station and it occupies
an area of 250 hectares. The airport was opened in 1962. Dimensions of the
runway are 3520x300 m. The airport itself is in the center of the air route
network for this part of Europe. It is also conviniently located very closeto the
international roads E-5 i E-94 (Zagreb, Niš, Novi Sad, Subotica, etc.). There is a
branch office of the national airline, “JAT airways” www.jat.com at the airport,
and also, branch offices of all the well-known international airlines that operate
regular flights from Belgrade to almost every city in the world. At the airport
you can also find various air taxi companies: “AIR PINK”, “JAT airways taxi”,
“Princ Avijacija”.




                                                                                  17
All the well-known European airlines have flights to the “Nikola Tesla”
airport in Belgrade: British Airways, Lufthansa, Air France, Al Italia, Aeroflot
Russian Airlines , Aerosvit Ukrainian Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Czech Airlines,
Montenegro Airlines, Montavia, Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, Olympic Airlines
S.A., Skyservice Airlines,  Swiss International Air Lines Ltd, Tunisair, Turkish
Airlines, Germanwings, Tarom,FlyNiki, Nordvik er link.
The duration of flights from and to some cities in Europe and in the world:
Up to 1 hour - Bucharest, Istanbul, Ljubljana, Rome, Vienna, Zurich, Sarajevo
Up to 2 hours - Berlin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Kiev, Milan, Munich, Paris, Prague
Up to 3 hours - London, Moscow, Stockholm, Amsterdam
More than 3 hours – New York, Toronto
Detailed information about transportation from the „Nikola Tesla“ airport to
Belgrade can be found on the following link:
www.beg.aero/passengers/to_and_from_the_airport/transportation.106.html/

There are various types of transportation from the „Nikola Tesla“ airport to
Belgrade:

Bus transportation:
GSP line number 72
www.gsp.rs/linija.asp?id=72/
Frequency:
Route: “Nikola Tesla” Airport Belgrade - Zeleni venac
          from 05:20 to 00:00; a bus goes every 32 minutes
Route: Zeleni venac - “Nikola Tesla” Airport Belgrade
          from 04:40 to 23:40; a bus goes every 32 minutes
Ticket price: 80 dinars (on the newspapers stand), 120 dinars (in the bus)
Approximate travel time: 30 - 40 minutes

Rent -a-car
A large number of rent-a-car companies have its office at the airport.

Transportation from airport to Belgrade by taxi
Prices of transportation by a taxi depend on destination place. There are 5 zones.
The prices for zones are:
                 Zone                                 Price in RSD
                   1                                      1500
                   2                                      2000
                   3                                      3000
                   4                                      4500
                   5                                      7500

18
“Constantin the Great” Airport, Niš
 
Information: www.nis-airport.com
International airport “Constantin the Great” – Niš (INI) is located 4 km from the
center of Niš and this is the second largest international airport in Serbia.
Company “Montenegro Airlines” also has regular flights from the airport on the
line Podgorica - Niš - Podgorica. The flight schedule is made in a way that allows
passengers to continue their journey from Podgorica to many different European
destinations.

By train
Travelers who want to come to Serbia using train can use international railway
trains that connect Serbia with all the parts of Europe throughout the year.

International tickets can be bought at railway station ticket offices and travel
agencies two months before the departure date.

Requests for reservation of seats for individual passengers and groups are sent to
the central reservation bureau in Belgrade:

Center for seat reservation,
Belgrade Station, Savski trg 2, 11000 Belgrade
Tel: +381 11 2645 763, Fax: +381 11 2658 888

In international traffic, there are special offers and privileges for certain
categories:
•	 Transportation of children
•	 Transportation of youth that are up to 26 years old
•	 Group travels
•	 “Rail Plus”
•	 “Rail Plus/Euro<26”
•	 “Interail”
•	 “Balkan Flexipass” etc.

Ticket purchase and reservation using the Internet

Reservatin of seats can be made on the official website of Serbian Railways for
all the trains that operate in domestic and international traffic. The seat that
you ask for is reserved for the next 24 hours. If the passenger does not take the
ticket at one of the offices during that time, the seats are put back into free sale.

                                                                                   19
It is possible to reserve a seat by dialling Call center - 011/360-28-99 for all the
trains that operate in domestic and international traffic and depart from Serbian
Railways’ stations.
Information
Serbian Railways
Nemanjina 6, 11000 Belgrade
+381 11 3614 811, 3616 722
www.zeleznicesrbije.com

By bus
There are international bus lines towards all European cities, however, the lines
towards the West European cities are organised in the way that buses mostly go
to Germany or Austria and the connection to other destinations is made from
there.
Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš and Kragujevac are connected with all the other cities in
Serbia and Montenegro by intercity bus lines. Intercity bus lines are the cheapest
way of transportation in Serbia. There are also a lot of bus lines towards
Macedonia and Republika Srpska.

Information about bus transportation can be found on the following links:

Travel organisation of Belgrade : www.tob.co.rs
Main bus station, Belgrade : www.bas.rs
Timetable: www.bas.rs/basweb_eng/redvoznje.asp
Bus transportation company “Lasta”(part of the Eurolines organization) :
www.lasta.co.rs
Bus trasnportation company “Niš-ekspres”: www.nis-ekspres.rs

By car
Serbia and Belgrade are located at the crossroads of very important European
roads, connecting the central part of Europe with Western Europe, Greece and
Anatolia.

European roads that go through Serbia are E70 i E75.

You can drive through Serbia only if you possess certain documents: driver’s
license (international driver’s license for foreigners), registration card and, if
you come from abroad, international vehicle insurance that you can buy at the
border when entering the country.
20
Distance from Belgrade to some of the major cities in Europe: Amsterdam 1760
km, Athens 1090 km, Vienna 620 km, Berlin 1490 km, Berne 1360 km, Brussels
1700 km, Budapest 380 km, Bucharest 620 km, Istambul 930 km, Copenhagen
2020 km, Ljubljana 528 km, London 2070 km, Munich 1020 km, Moscow 2200
km, Podgorica 450 km, Rome 1280 km, Sarajevo 325 km, Skopje 440 km,
Thessaloniki 700 km, Stockholm 2620 km, Zagreb 393 km.

On the part of the roads E70 i E75 that go through Serbia the toll is charged.

A foreign citizen can come to Serbia in his or her own car with a foreign
license plate and can use it during his visit. Motor vehicles with regular foreign
registration plate are reported to the customs orally; that kind of vehicle a
passenger can only use personally and when he or she returns, the vehicle must
be returned too.

If a visitor plans on staying more than 3 months in Serbia, he can temporarily
import a motor vehicle with full exemption from payment of any duties under
the following conditions:
•	 A vehicle can not be older than 3 years
•	 A person has to have a stay permit for longer than 3 months
•	 A person has to be the owner of the vehicle for more than 6 months, before
     arriving to Serbia.

A foreign driver in Serbia has to have a national driver’s license, a registration
card and an insurance policy (if a person already owns an international driver’s
license, he can use it, but he has to have some kind of insurance (an insurance
policy paid in his own country, green card or international insurance).

If a driver does not have an evidence that his vehicle is insured, he has to pay
obligatory insurance policy when entering the Republic of Serbia, that is, he has
to sign the contract with one of the Serbian insurance companies.

A foreigner who is granted a permanent settlement can drive a car under the
international driver’s license for 6 months after entering the country. At his
request, his international driver’s license could be replaced with a Serbian
driver’s license for those categories of vehicles with which he can operate
without taking the driving test.




                                                                                 21
Traffic regulations in Serbia
Speed limit

On a road inside the city, a driver can not operate a vehicle that moves at a
speed higher than 50 km/h, that is, at the speed that is higher than the one
allowed by the traffic sign installed for the whole area or a part of it.

Exceptionally, on a road in the city, whose technical elements allow it, a traffic
sign can be installed to permit the speed up to 80 km/h.

Speed limit in the area near schools in the city is up to 30 km/h, and outside of
the city is up to 50 km/h, from 7,00 to 21,00h. Traffic sign can be installed to
regulate the time of speed limitation differently.

On a road outside of the city a driver can not operate the vehicle which goes at
the speed higher than:
•	 120 km/h on a highway,
•	 100 km/h on a main road,
•	 80 km/h on other roads.
•	
On a road outside of the city a driver can not operate the vehicle which goes at
a speed higher than the traffic sign regulates.

The use of headlights in traffic. During the day, a motor vehicle when in traffic
on a road has to have normal beams turned on.

A driver may not use the phone while driving, or any other devices for
communication, unless he owns the equipment that allows him to use those
devices without using his hands.

When crossing the street, a pedestrian may not use a mobile phone or
headphones.

Mandatory equipment in a car: A first aid kit, High visibility yellow waistcoat,
warning triangle, tow, spare bulbs and European report on a traffic accident.

Alcohol: A driver must not operate the motor vehicle or even to start
operating the motor vehicle if he is under the influence of alcohol or any other
psychoactive substance.


22
Under the influence of alcohol is a driver or a person whose blood results show
that he or she has alcohol conetnt higher 0,30 mg/ml or if the presence of
alcohol in the body is determined by the appropriate means or aparatus for
measuring the percentage of alcohol in blood.

Seat belt: A driver and passengers in the car that has seat belts built in or has a
place for instalation of seat belts shall use the seat belt in the traffic on a road
in a way that producer of a car has recommended.

A child younger than 12 years shall not be driven in a motor vehicle in the
front seat; also, the person that is under the influence of alcohol or any other
psychoactive substance (or for any other reasons can not be responsible for his
or her actions) shall not be driven in a motor vehicle in the front seat.

A child of 3 years old or younger must be driven using the security seat.

24h/day HELP on the road : AMSS www.amss.org.rs
phone number : 987.

Procedure in a case of a traffic accident

In case of an accident, traffic police should be called. Traffic police will make a
record of the accident, and for the vehicles with a foreign registration plate it
is necessary to get a certificate of vehicle damage form the traffic police. This
document should be kept and shown to the officials on the border when leaving
the country.

The service “Help-Information” of Auto-moto Association of Serbia is available
to provide tehnical assistance and transport of damaged vehicles. In the case
that the owner plans to leave the vehicle completely, it should be reported to
the customs’ authorities or to the local offices of AMSS, which will conduct
the further procedure. Either way, it is necessary to have a certificate of vehicle
delivery, so that the officials could ease the procedure in the country where the
vehicle is registrated.

If a foreigner citizen enters the country with a damaged car he is obliged to
report that to the customs authorities in order to determine the damage and to
obtain the confirmation.




                                                                                   23
Education




24
Levels of education
Serbia’s education system consists of three levels of education:
•	 Pre-school and primary education, which is compulsory
•	 Secondary education
•	 Higher education

List of international schools in Serbia can be found on site of Ministry of
Education and Science www.mp.gov.rs/ustanove/skole.php#spisak

Higher educational institutions are divided into university institutions
(universities and colleges and art academies) and non-university institutions
(academies of vocational studies, advanced schools (that are at the level of
faculty) and advanced schools of vocational studies).

List of Higher Education Institutions in Serbia can be found on site of Ministry
of Education and Science www.mp.gov.rs/ustanove/visoke.php?page=111

Duration of schooling
Preschool education – According to the Law on Basic Education from 2006 the
preschool program is mandatory, and it should last at least for 6 months.

Primary education - Primary education is compulsory and it lasts 8 years.

Secondary education - Duration of secondary education can be 3 or 4 years,
and it takes place at three-year vocational, four-year vocational schools and
grammar high schools.

Higher education - According to the Law on Higher Education, all the courses
and scope of study are expressed in terms of ECTS credits, where 60 ECTS credits
corresponds to the average total student involvement within the 40-hour work week
during the school year. This means that one academic year typically has 60 ECTS. In
this distribution, duration of schooling in higher education is the following:

First degree of higher education:
•	 Basic academic studies have from 180 to 240 ECTS credits and last for 3 or
     4 years;
•	 Basic vocational studies have 180 ECTS credits, and last for 3 years.
Second degree higher education:
•	 Graduate academic studies – master bring 60 or 120 ECTS credits, depending

                                                                                25
     on whether the previously achieved scope of undergraduate studies was
     240 or 180 ECTS credits. Practically, this means that studies for the master
     degree last 3+2 or 4+1 years;
•	 Specialist professional studies have at least 60 ECTS credits and last at least
     1 year;
•	 Specialist academic studies have at least 60 ECTS credits and last at least 1
     year.
Third degree of higher education are the studies for achieving a level of PhD,
they have 180 ECTS and last for 3 years.




Republic of Serbia system of higher education:
Approximate age:

                        PhD academic studies
 27-28      Level III   180 ECTS credits (with previously 300 ECTS credits
                        acquired at the levels of Bachelor and Master studies)

                        Master academic studies                        Specializa-
                                                   Specialization
                        60-120 ECTS credits                            tion vocational
 24-25      Level II                               academic studies
                                                                       studies 60 ECTS
                                                   60 ECTS credits
                        Integrated academic                            credits
                        studies
                        300 ECTS credits
                                                     Bachelor vocational studies 180
 22-23      Level I     Bachelor academic
                                                     ECTS credits
                        studies 180-240
                        ECTS credits

                        CANDIDATES
 18-19                  with completed secondary school education and passed admis-
                        sion exam


The number of ECTS credits is allocated to course units depending on the
student’s workload required to complete them.




26
                                                            University of Belgrade
                                                    University of Arts in Belgrade
                                                  University of Defence, Belgrade
                                               University “Metropolitan”, Belgrade
                                                  University Megatrend, Belgrade
                                                 University Singidunum, Belgrade
                                                        “Alfa” University, Belgrade
                                                    European University, Belgrade
                 Novi Sad                               Union University, Belgrade


         Sremska Kamenica
                         Belgrade




                                  Kragujevac




                                                          Nis
                          Novi Pazar

                               Kosovska Mitorvica


University of Novi Sad
University of Nis
University of Kragujevac
State University of Novi Pazar
University Edukons, Sremska Kamenica
University Business Academy, Novi Sad
University of Novi Pazar
University of Pristina, with headquarters in Kosovska Mitrovica

                                                                               27
Science
in
Serbia




28
Ministry of Education and Science
The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia is in charge of
the science policy in the Republic of Serbia.
www.nauka.gov.rs

Sector for International Cooperation and European Integration of this ministry is
responsible for state administration related to:
•	 international scientific and technical bilateral and multilateral cooperation
•	 projects and programs of the European Union in the field of scientific and
    technological researches
•	 monitoring implementation of projects financed from pre-accession EU
    funds
•	 cooperation with organizations and agencies from the system of the United
    Nations,
•	 cooperation with international scientific organizations and associations,
•	 cooperation with scientists and experts in diaspora,
•	 implementation of programs of scientific and technical cooperation,
•	 European integration in the field of scientific and technological
    development.

The system of scientific-research activities in Serbia is regulated by the Law on
scientific and research activities. This law defines:
•	 planning and realization of general interest,
•	 quality assurance,
•	 development of activities.

Scientific-research activity is an integral part of the international, scientific,
educational and cultural interest of Serbia.

This law also regulates the development of strategy of scientific and
technological development of the Republic of Serbia, programmes of general
interest and programmes of international scientific cooperation.

Priorities, plans and possibilities of development of science and technology
were established for the year 2009. 472 projects of technological development
were approved and 96 innovative projects for legal entities and 34 projects for
individuals.




                                                                                     29
Scientific and research institutions
The Law on Scientific Research Activity (Article 62) specifies that The Ministry
of Science and Technology (from March 2011 The Ministry of Education and
Science) keeps track of scientific and research organizations that meet the
requirements for scientific research activities of general interest to the Republic
of Serbia.

Register of scientific-research organizations in Serbia can be found at:
www.nauka.gov.rs/nio/index.php

This website lists institutes and institutions of higher education that meet legal
requirements for carrying out scientific-research activities of common interest
and which, as such, are accredited by the Ministry of Education and Science .

All the organizations that perform scientific research activities in the RS are
divided into:
•	 Institutions of national importance (Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts,
     Matica srpska (the oldest cultural-scientific institution in Serbia))
•	 Scientific-research organizations (public and private - institutes, higher
     education institutions, centers of outstanding value).

Contact information of Serbian RTD institutions and researchers can be found on
site www.partners.nauka.gov.rs

Researchers
Researcher is definead as a person with at least a university degree, who has
at least finished undergraduate academic studies and works on the scientific-
research and development activities and who is elected to the position.

The titles of researhers:
•	 research trainee,
•	 research associate

Academic qualification:
•	 research fellow
•	 senior research fellow
•	 research professor



30
Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development
of Serbia from 2010 to 2015
In the period from 2001 to 2009 Serbian researchers have achieved encouraging
initial results in international scientific and technological cooperation. Basic
programs through which it is realized are the Sixth and Seventh Framework EU
Programme, followed by programs of cooperation under the auspices of COST,
EUREKA, NATO SPS, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), UNESCO,
and bilateral cooperation programmes.

Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of Serbia for the period
from 2010 to 2015 provides a focus on seven national scientific priority areas:
•	 Biomedicine
•	 New materials and nanosciences
•	 Environmental protection and climate change
•	 Energetics and energy efficiency
•	 Agriculture and food
•	 Information and Communication Technology
•	 Improvement of public policy making, and affirmation of national identity

The goal is that the allocations for science, beside the infrastructure, reach 1%
of GDP by 2015.
Initiative for investment in infrastructure in Serbia in the domain of science and
technology:
•	 Repair of existing capacity (about 70 million euros)
•	 Development of human capital (about 33 million euros)
•	 Development of centers of excellence and academic research centers (about
     60 million euros)
•	 Infrastructure development in technical, information and communication
     technology (from 50 to 80 million euros)
•	 Creating a knowledge-based economy through the construction of scientific
     and technological parks in Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš and Kragujevac (about 30
     million euros)
•	 Basic infrastructure projects (about 80 million euros)




                                                                                  31
Studying
and
working
in Serbia




32
Recognition of foreign higher education documents
and evaluation of foreign study programmes
Recognition of foreign higher education documents

Recognition of foreign higher education document is a procedure whereby the
holder of the document establishes the right to continue education or to seek
employment.

Recognition procedure is carried out in accordance with the Law on Higher
Education, if an international agreement does not provide otherwise. In the
recognition procedure for continuing education in the higher education system,
the holder of the higher education document shall be entitled to continuation
of the higher education or the right to participate in the higher education level.
In the recognition procedure for seeking employment the holder of the higher
education document needs a certificate that determines the type and level of
study, as well as professional, academic, scientific title.

In the process of recognition of foreign higher education document there are a
lot of things that have to be taken into account: the educational system in the
country in which the higher education document was obtained, study program,
conditions of admission to the program, the rights provided by that document
of higher education in the country in which it was obtained and other facts
relevant to recognition of foreign higher education document.

Authorized body of the University shall issue a decision on the request for
recognition of foreign higher education documents.

Evaluation of foreign study programmes
The procedure of recognition of foreign higher education documents consists of
evaluation of foreign study programme based on the type and level of acquired
knowledge and skills.

Once the certain foreign study programme has been positively evaluated, all the
future cases of evaluation of that same programme will have the same outcome.

Evaluation of foreign study programme is carried out by the professional body of
the University, taking into account information on the foreign higher education
institution where the study programme has been delivered and information are
obtained by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia.
                                                                                33
Documentation that has to be submitted with the
application form
The procedure for recognition is initiated at the request of the of the person
who wants his/her documents to be recognized.

1.   Original document + 3 photocopies
2.   Certified translation of the document (by a court interpreter), original +
     3 photocopies
3.   Transcript of exams passed by semesters and years, or student’s
     registration booklet, original + 3 photocopies
4.   The curriculum of the study program as well as the courses syllabi published
     by higher education institutions - 3 copies
5.   Completed thesis (a bachelor, master or doctoral)
6.   Proof of Citizenship
7.   Proof of payments made on account of administrative fees (one into the
     bank account of the University, the other into the bank account of the
     Faculty).

Faculty may request additional documentation.

The costs of recognition of foreign higher education documents are:

1. For citizens of Serbia and the Serbian national minority in neighboring
   countries and countries from former Yugoslavia
   •	 undergraduate degree 24.000 RSD
   •	 specialist and master’s degrees 36.000 RSD
   •	 PhD degree 54.000 RSD
2. For foreign citizens:
   •	 undergraduate degree 51.000 RSD
   •	 specialist and master’s degrees 72.000 RSD
   •	 PhD degree 111.000 RSD




34
Admission of foreign students at universities in Serbia
An unlimited number of foreign citizens may enroll at the first year of study at
various faculties.

A candidate - a foreign citizen, who applies for the studies, has to submit a
nostrificated diploma of finished high school that lasts for 4 years.

Admission of foreign citizens:
•	 A foreign citizen may enter the study programme under the same conditions
   as a local citizen.
•	 A foreign citizen pays school fees throughout the school, unless an
   international agreement or a bilateral agreement between the universities
   determined otherwise.
•	 A foreign citizen may enroll at the faculty if he/she provides an evidence of
   competence in the Serbian language in accordance to the University Statute
   or the competence of the language of instruction and if he or she has a
   health insurance.
•	 A candidate – a foreign applicatant for the studies, together with the
   application form has to submit a nostrificated diploma of finished high
   school that lasts for 4 years and a proof of citizenship.
•	 Students from Republika Srpska can apply without a validated diploma.

Before applying, a candidate – a foreign citizen is obliged to provide evidence
(to the Faculty) that:
•	 He/she has the health insurance for the study year he or she is enrolling;
•	 He/she possesses the competence of Serbian language, proved by the
     certificate of the authorized commission.




                                                                                  35
Passports, visas and the procedure for registration of
residence of foreigners
The Aliens Act, which is applicable from April 1st 2009, determines the
conditions for entry, movement and stay of foreigners and the competence and
activities of the Civil Administration of the Republic of Serbia concerning the
entry, movement and stay of foreigners in the territory of the Republic of Serbia.

Under the terms of this law, a foreigner may enter and reside in the Republic
of Serbia, with a valid passport containing a visa or residence permit, if law or
international agreement does not provide otherwise.

Passports and visas

Foreign citizens may enter Serbia only with valid passports and visas, which are
issued by the Diplomatic and Consular missions of Serbia.

The citizens of the countries listed below do not need visas for staying in Serbia
up to 90 days:

www.mfa.gov.rs/Visas/f_without_visa.htm

Country                  Type of passport for entry into Serbia            Duration of stay
                                    without a visa                          without a visa

ALBANIA                     Diplomatic and Official passports                 30 Days
ANDORA                             All types of passports                     90 Days
ARGENTINA                          All types of passports                     90 Days
AUSTRALIA                          All types of passports                     90 Days
AUSTRIA                            All types of passports                     90 Days
ARMENIA                         Diplomatic, offical passports                 90 Days
                       Ordinery passports with indication “on buissines”
                       on the basis of the invitation letter approved
                                 by the autorized institution

AZERBAIJAN                  Diplomatic and official passports                 90 Days
BELGIUM                            All types of passports                     90 Days
BELARUS                            All types of passports                     30 Days
36
BOLIVIA                     All types of passports                 90 Days
BOSNIA                      All types of passports                 30 Days

-HERZEGOVINA     Holders of all types of BiH passports may enter   30 Days
                 and exit Serbia with identification cards only.

BULGARIA                    All types of passports                 30 Days
CZECH REPUBLIC              All types of passports                 90 Days
CANADA                      All types of passports                 90 Days
CHILE                       All types of passports                 90 Days
CHINA                Diplomatic and official passports             90 Days
COSTARICA                   All types of passports                 90 Days
CROATIA                     All types of passports                 90 Days
CUBA                        All types of passports                 90 Days
CYPRUS                      All types of passports                 90 Days
DENMARK                     All types of passports                 90 Days
DPR KOREA         Diplomatic and official passports ordinary       90 Days
                   passports with indication “on business”

ECUADOR              Diplomatic and official passports             90 Days
EGYPT                       Diplomatic passports                    Without
                                                                   restriction

ESTONIA                     All types of passports                 90 Days
FINLAND                     All types of passports                 90 Days
FRANCE                      All types of passports                 90 Days
GEORGIA           Diplomatic, official and ordinary passports      90 Days
                         with indication “on business”
                 on the basis of the invitation letter approved
                         by the autorized institution

GERMANY                     All types of passports                 90 Days
GREECE                      All types of passports                  90 Days
                       Diplomatic and official passports            without
                                                                   restriction

GREAT BRITAIN               All types of passports                 90 Days

                                                                                 37
GUINEA         Diplomatic and official passports    90 Days
HOLLAND             All types of passports          90 Days
HUNGARY             All types of passports          90 Days
HOLY SEE            All types of passports          90 Days
INDONESIA      Diplomatic and official passports    14 Days
IRAN           Diplomatic and official passports
IRELAND             All types of passports          90 Days
ICELAND             All types of passports          90 Days
ISRAEL              All types of passports          90 Days
ITALY               All types of passports          90 Days
JAPAN               All types of passports          90 Days
KOREA               All types of passports          90 Days
KYRGYZSTAN      Diplomatic, official passports      90 Days
LATVIA              All types of passports          90 Days
LICHTENSTEIN        All types of passports          90 Days
LITHUANIA           All types of passports          90 Days
LUXEMBOURG          All types of passports          90 Days
MACEDONIA           All types of passports          60 Days
                                                    30 Days

MALTA               All types of passports          90 Days
MEXICO          Diplomatic and official passports   90 Days
                      Ordinary passports            180 Days

MOLDOVA         Diplomatic, official passports
MONACO              All types of passports          90 Days
MONGOLIA        Diplomatic, official passports      90 Days
NORWAY              All types of passports          90 Days
NEW ZEALAND         All types of passports          90 Days


38
PAKISTAN                 Diplomatic and official passports          30 Days
PERU                 Diplomatic, official and special passports     90 Days
POLAND                         All types of passports               90 Days
PORTUGAL                       All types of passports               90 Days
ROMANIA                        All types of passports               90 Days
RUSSIA                  Diplomatic, official passports and          90 Days
                 ordinary passports with indication “on business”
                  on the basis of the original invitation letter
                 approved by the autorized institution replaces        
                                     the visa.
                 For holders of valid passports which travel for
                 tourist reasons and posses group or individual
                           vouchers visa is not needed

                               All types of passports               30 Days
SAN MARINO                     All types of passports               90 Days
SINGAPORE                      All types of passports               90 Days
SEYCHELLES                     All types of passports               90 Days
SLOVAKIA                       All types of passports               90 Days
SLOVENIA                       All types of passports               90 Days
                                                                    30 Days
SOVEREIGN                Diplomatic and official passports          90 Days
MILITARY ORDER    
OF MALTA
SPAIN                          All types of passports               90 Days
SWITZERLAND                    All types of passports               90 Days
SWEDEN                         All types of passports               90 Days
TAJIKISTAN                 Diplomatic, official passports           90 Days
TUNISIA                        All types of passports               90 Days
TURKEY              Diplomatic, official and special passports      90 Days
                 Turkish citizens who live in Switzerland or any
                   EU country do not need visas for Serbia as
                  of August 1 (This regulation will be observed
                            until September 30, 2003)


                                                                              39
UKRAINE                  Diplomatic, official and ordinary passports     90 Days
                          with the clause “business ” based on the
                        original letter of invitation certified by the
                           competent authority replacing the visa           
                          A visa is not required for holders of valid
                       travel documents traveling on tourism and in
                        possession of a group or individual voucher.

                                                                         30 Days
USA                               All types of passports                 90 Days
VIETNAM                   Diplomatic and/or official passports           90 Days


For any kind of stay in Serbia longer than 90 days, a foreign citizen has to
have a visa.

Types of visa:
1. Airport transit visa (visa type A);
2. Transit visa (visa type B);
3. Short stay visa (visa type C); A short stay visa is issued for tourist, business
    and other trips for single, double or multiple entries into the Republic of
    Serbia; Uninterrupted stay, that is, the total duration of uninterrupted
    residence of a foreigner with a short stay visa may not exceed 90 days
    within a period of six months from the date of first entry.
4. Temporary resident visa (visa type D). Temporary resident visa is a permit
    for entry and temporary residence of foreigners in the Republic of Serbia. A
    foreigner who intends to stay in Serbia for more than 90 days must obtain a
    visa type D or he or she has to obtain a permit for temporary residence from
    authorized authorities during his or her staying in Serbia.

Group and transit visas
Citizens of countries who need visas to travel to Serbia can obtain group visas
for group travel through local travel agencies. For issuing transit visas, the
citizens of these countries are required to obtain visa for the country they will
enter after the transit through Serbia. Transit visa for Serbia costs 1800 dinars
(RSD) (about 18 Euros).




40
General conditions for issuing visas to citizens of the
countries that are subject to visa requirement
1.   Valid passport
2.   Letter of invitation for a private visit (certified by the competent authorities
     of the Republic of Serbia) or the letter of invitation from a company, for
     a business visit, or a confirmation of paid travel arrangement issued by a
     certified or national travel agency (vouchers or other proof of payment); on
     a reciprocal basis, a foreign citizen may be required to show:
3.   Return transportation ticket
4.   Proof that he or she has got sufficient funds in hard currency
5.   Certificate from the health fund that provides the proof that he or she will
     pay any medical expenses.

All information on the type of visa, required documentation for a visa, visa
cost and time to obtain it can be obtained by contacting the diplomatic or
consular office of the Republic of Serbia which is responsible for your country.
Information about diplomatic and consular missions of the Republic of Serbia in
the European cities can be found at: www.mfa.gov.rs/Worldframe.htm

Importing and exporting dinars and foreign currency
It is legal to bring into the country:
•	 foreign cash;
•	 payment cards;
•	 checks denominated in foreign currency

It is free to bring out of the country credit cards and valuable papers which were
acquired in accordance with regulations.
•	 Foreign citizens coming to the country because of travel, business, in transit,
      can bring into the country an unlimited amount of foreign money.
•	 The amount of foreign money that they bring into the country has to be
      reported to the customs’ officials so that they can obtain a certificate,
      which they have to show when they are leaving the country and bringing
      the money out.
•	 They can always bring out of the countru up to 10 000 euros.
•	 They may take out the foreign money that they have raised from their
      foreign currency accounts, that is from ther foreign currency savings
      account in our country, with a bank confirmation which is valid during the
      first time a foreigner is leaving the country.

                                                                                   41
•	   Foreign citizens living and working in the country longer than one year may
     take out up to 10 000 or traveler’s checks up to that amount.
•	   Amounts in dinars can be taken in and out the country as long as their
     value does not exceed 10 000 euros per person.
•	   an amount greater than 10 000 euros dinar equivalent can be entered only
     if purchased at a foreign bank with a certificate of the bank.
•	   If a person wants to take out of the coutry foreign money, dinars and
     cheques at the same time, the sum can not exceed 10 000 euros.
•	   Payment cards can be taken in or out of the country freely.
•	   Valuable papers which were acquired in accordance with regulations can be
     taken in or out of the country freely.

Registration of foreigners
A foreigner’s stay in Serbia can be:
1. Less then 90 days. In that case, a foreigner has to register their residence
      and apply for temporary residence permit.
2. Temporary residence. It should be reported and the foreigner should apply
      for a temporary residence permit.
3. Permanent settlement. It should be reported and the foreigner should apply
      for approval of permanent residence
Upon arrival in the Republic of Serbia, a foreign citizen is obliged to register his
stay.
1. If a foreign citizen is using a service of accomodation of a legal entity
      or an individual, or he is in a private visit, the persons who are providing
      accomodation for a foreigner are obliged to report that foreigner to a
      competent authority within 12 hours. A foreigner does not have to be
      present, but it is advisable. The necessary document is a passport of a person
      whose staying has to be reported.
2. The foreign citizen who is not using accommodation services is obliged to
      report that he is staying and the address where he/she is staying, within 24
      hours upon entering the country.

In Belgrade, foreigners can be registrated at the “Department for foreigners”,
which is located at:

Ministry of Internal Affairs:
Belgrade Police Department – Department for Foreigners
Savska 35, tel. +381 11 3615-160
www.mup.gov.rs


42
Application for temporary residence
A temporary residence permit for a researcher
Temporary residence is granted to a foreigner who intends, for one of the below
listed reasons to stay in Serbia for more than 90 days.
Reasons : Education, employment, marriage or reunion with the family, medical
treatment.

Foreigners who come for training, specialization, scientific research or
employment have to submit the application for approval of temporary residence
within three days of entering the country, and to do that at the same police
department where they have reported their stay.
To apply for a temporary residence permit it is necessary to submit:
•	 Valid passport
•	 Accomodation registration
•	 two photographs (4x3cm, in colour, frontal)
•	 filled in forms (in triplicate)
•	 proof of payment of the necessary fees

A foreigner may be granted temporary residence if he provides the proof:
•	 that he/she has sufficient resources to support him/herself;
•	 that he/she has a health insurance
•	 of justification for the request for temporary residence in accordance with
    the purpose of temporary residence that can be granted to a foreigner who
    intends to stay in Serbia for more than 90 days.
Depending on the basis of residence, as evidence of the justification of the
request, the following documents should also be submitted:
1. Education – studying – language learning
    •	 confirmation of the faculty or the school that the foreigner attends

2.   Training and Practice
     •	 a decision on registration of companies where a business training and
         practice is conducted
     •	 a confirmation issued by an institution that the company provides
         training and practice, the exact start and end dates
     •	 the contract or certificate of carrying out training and practice

3.   Highly professional specialization
     •	 confirmation of the competent institution or organization of these
        specialized studies with duration of specialization

Temporary residence may be approved for up to one year and may be extended
                                                                                43
for the same period, if this law or international agreement does not provide
otherwise.

The request for extension of temporary residence should not be submitted later
than 30 days before expiry of the original end date of temporary residence.

A temporary residence permit is inscribed into the foreigner’s passport. Expiring
date of a valid passport must be at least six months longer than the period for
which the permit is issued. The procedure takes up to 15 days.


A temporary residence permit for family
A temporary residence permit is issued to immediate family members for family
reunion of foreigners residing in the Republic of Serbia.

Request for family members is submitted by a foreigner who has already been
granted temporary residence.

Immediate family includes: spouse and the children.
Obligatory document is proof of kinship.

For non-compliance relating to registration of residence and temporary
residence permit punishment is in the form of a fine, and depending on the
seriousness of the offense fines range from 50 EUR to 500 EUR.

Taxation
www.poreskauprava.gov.rs
Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Serbia, the Tax Administration

Personal income tax

This tax is paid by individuals who earn an income. Tax is paid on income from
all sources.

Income: the sum of taxable income in a calendar year.
Income: Wages, self-employment, copyright, other types of income...
Earnings: taxable income which is realized on the basis of employment, at a rate
of 12%.


44
Other incomes that are not classified as earnings are taxed at a rate of 20% or
more (author contracts, contract work,..)

Value added tax (VAT)

The law which determines the way of paying VAT went into effect in 2005.
General tax rate is 18% and the special rate is 8% and that for: food, medicines,
textbooks, newspapers, utilities, natural gas, services, hotel accommodation.

Anyone who sells goods or services shall issue a fiscal receipt and the buyer is
obliged to receive and keep it.


Health and social insurance
International agreement on health insurance

Serbia has signed the agreement with Britain, Slovakia, Poland, Macedonia,
Romania, Hungary, Czech Republic, Italy, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the
Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia
and Bulgaria.

More information on Health Insurance in the Republic of Serbia is available at:
www.rzzo.gov.rs - Institute for Health Insurance of the Republic of Serbia

Offices in Niš:
Prijezdina 1, tel: +381 18 241-863, e-mail: nis@rzzo.rss

Offices in Belgrade:
Nemanjina 30, tel: +381 11 2646-022, +381 11 2656-043
e-mail:beograd@rzzo.rs

Offices in Kragujevac:
Kralja Petra I 1 , tel: +381 34 335-491, +381 34 335-492
e-mail: kragujevac@rzzo.rs

Offices in Novi Sad:
Žitni trg 1, tel: +381 21 66-22-017 i +381 21 66-23-466
e-mail: novi.sad@rzzo.rs



                                                                                   45
International agreement on social insurance

Serbia has agreements on social insurance, which regulate the recognition
of length of service, pension payments, medical treatment, child allowances
and similar, with 25 countries. The list of those countries includes almost
all European countries except for Spain, Greece, Ireland and Portugal, but
Libya, Egypt and Panama are on that list too. (www.pio.rs/sr/lt/medjunarodni-
sporazumi)

All employees earn the right to social security and pension payments through
mandatory social and pension insurance paid by an organization or employer
where he or she is employed.

From the social and pension insurance which has to be paid in a form of a fee,
the fund for mandatory social insurance is formed, which includes:
•	 Pension and disability insurance
•	 Health insurance
•	 Unemployment insurance

The base for the fee is the average wage paid in the RS in the fourth quarter of
the previous year.

The right to compulsory insurance is granted to all the employees as well as
foreign citizens employed by a foreign legal entity or an individual in the RS, if it
has not been regulated otherwise by an international treaty.

A person becomes entitled to the insurance on the day of the start and
terminates on the day of termination of employment. Every insured person must
be at least 15 years old.

More information on Social Security can be found on the website of the
Republic Fund for Pension and Disability Insurance www.pio.rs




46
Employment of foreign citizens in the Republic of
Serbia
A foreign citizen can be employed only when he or she receives:
1. Residence permit (permanent residence permit or permission for temporary
    residence in the Republic of Serbia),
2. Work permit (approval for employing a foreign citizen).

Exception: With a regular residence permit, a foreigner without a work permit
may start working only in the case of performing professional duties provided:
•	 Agreement of business-technical cooperation,
•	 Agreement on long-term production cooperation,
•	 Agreement on the Transfer of Technology,
•	 Agreement on Foreign Investments.

In order for a foreign citizen to submit the request for work permit and to be
employed, he or she has to have regular residence permit.

The Law on Employment and Unemployment Insurance provides that a work
permit for a foreigner or stateless persons is issued by the National Employment
Service. Work permit is a permission for becoming an employee in terms of the
Law on conditions for employment of foreign citizens.

Website of the National Employment Service is - www.nsz.sr.gov.rs

Work permit
In Serbia, it is considered that “work permition“ actually means that a foreign
citizen can get emplyoed.

Foreign citizens with permanent residence in the RS are equal with the citizens
of RS in terms of employment.

Request for issuing the permission for employing a foreign citizen, that is
work permit, a foreigner with a permanent residence submits in person to the
authorized office of the National Employment Service.

The documentation required to get work permit for a foreigner with permanent
residence is:
•	 request (which he/she can get in the National Employment Service) and

                                                                                  47
•	   a certified copy of the permit for permanent residence in the Republic of
     Serbia or copy of ID.
A foreign citizen who has a temporary residence (proved by a certificate of
residence issued by the Ministry of the Interior or a photocopy of passport
with a temporary residence permit) can obtain a work permit at the request of
the employer. The employer submits a request to the authoritzed office of the
National Employment Service.

Required documents:
•	 Completed application form (form is provided by the National Employment
    Service)
•	 Explanation of the need to employ a foreign citizen issued by the employer
•	 Photocopy of the passport
•	 validated certificate as proof of qualifications, or other document proving
    that the foreign citizen is eligible to perform duties and tasks for which
    work permit is requested
•	 The evidence that the employer has reported the need for a worker
•	 Certificate of permitted residence for a foreign citizen issued by the
    Department of the Interior

In this case a work permit is issued for a period not to exceed a period of
temporary residence.

According to the Regulations on the manner and conditions of service provision
and use of funds of the National Employment Service, as a by-law or regulation
for the execution of the above mentioned Act it is provided:

“If the branch has registered unemployed citizens of the Republic of Serbia,
which also meet the requirements for employment set by the employer as the
foreign citizen with temporary granted residence, unless the entrepreneur is
employing an immediate family member, branch office will reject the request
for a work permit to a foreigner, and will offer to the employers a choice of the
unemployed for employment”.

Extensions of work permit
A work permit will be extended as long as the permission of temporary residence
is extended. To extend the work permit one has to submit the “Request for
authorization for the extension of employment“.



48
Required documents :
•	 Photocopy of the former certificate
•	 A certification of extension of residnece issued by the Department of the
    Inerior or valid passport
•	 Explanation of why there is a need for extension of employment

Nota Bene:
•	 If the request for work permit is accepted, for issuance of it an
    administrative fee shall be paid of approximately 100 euros.
•	 The process of obtaining the permit lasts from 7 to 14 days.
•	 There is a greater possibility for obtaining work permit in the companies
    whose capital is mostly foreign-owned when there is a need for a top-
    manager. In this case, the recignition of diplomas will not be required!
•	 The most important document, which is taken into consideration the most
    when the decision was made is “the rationale for the employment of foreign
    citizens”.

It can be said that the residence permit and work permit have a functionally
dependent relation.
For violations of the law there are penalties in the form of fines.
Employment of a foreigner citizen terminates when:
1. Period of validity of residence expires,
2. Approval has been cancelled,
3. Residence has been cancelled,
4. The contract expires.

After obtaining a work permit, and before the official start of employment, the
foreigner citizen signs a declaration by which he accepts the jurisdiction of the
Court of the Republic of Serbia in the case of a dispute with the organization or
employer.

The decision of the National Employment Service may be the object of appeal,
but only within 15 days of its delivery to the authority specified in the Statute
of the National Service, which must decide within 30 days of receipt of
complaint.




                                                                                    49
EURAXESS
SERBIA
Center for the Development of the National Mobility
networks
The address of the center is: Centre for the Development of the National
Mobility Networks, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Niš,
Aleksandra Medvedeva 14, 18000 Niš.
Phone: +381 18 500 662
                                          ´,
Contact person : Prof. Miroslav Trajanovic PhD
Fax: +381 18 588 244
E-mail info@euraxess.rs.


EURAXESS Service centres
The main role of service centers is to provide direct services in the coming
mobility and in the areas of recognition of diplomas, solving problems related
to visas and employment conditions, to help with registration for foreigners
and application for residence in Serbia, to help with finding the appropriate
accomodation, solving problems related to health care, etc. The service centers
have their territory of jurisdiction, and in that way they carry out all the listed
activities in the contact with the researchers. In addition, and all in order to
build up conditions and infrastructure for the total development of the National
Network of mobility, service centers are responsible for building a network of
contact points at universities and other research institutions in the territory of
jurisdiction, and some of them have specific roles.




                                                                                 51
                                            
Serbian EURAXESS Service centres

University of Belgrade
Office for international and inter-univeristy cooperation. The specific role of
this service center is to create a unique welcome office for the first contact
with the newcoming researchers – giving advice, giving all the necessary basic
information and providing help.
Contact person: Jasmina Milenkovic   ´
Tel.: +381 63 7128 487,
E-mail: jmilenkovic@mas.bg.ac.rs

University of Kragujevac
Office for international and inter-univeristy cooperation.
Contact person: Olivera Mijatovic´,
Tel.: +381 34 304 985; +381 63 612322,
E-mail: olja@kg.ac.rs

University of Novi Sad
Office for international cooperation. The specific role of this service center is
to obtain and to publish data about the opportunities to increase outgoing
mobility.
Contact person: Miloš Milutinovic´
Tel.: +381 21 485 2032
E-mail: milosmil@uns.ac.rs

University of Niš
Office for international cooperation. The specific role of this service center is
to obtain and to publish data about the opportunities to increase intersectoral
mobility.
Contact person: Željko Džunic´,
Tel.: +381 18 257 093; +381 63 111 5376
E-mail: z.dzunic@ni.ac.rs

Faculty of information technology
As the only private institution in the National network of mobility it has a
special assignement – to research the conditions for increasing incoming and
outgoing mobility at private universities and other research institutions.
Contact person: Valentina Milovanovic  ´
Tel. :+381 11 328 3629
E-mail: valentina.milovanovic@fit.edu.rs

								
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