MARCH 18 - 24, 2010 R E1
www.GleanerExtra.com EXTRA NA
EXTRA NORTH AMERICA
Vol #: 2 Issue #: 11 A Gleaner Company Publication
TORONTO TO HOST
BLACK ENGINEERS FORUM
NEIL ARMSTRONG to motivate young persons to the number of culturally respon-
pursue a career in the sciences. sible black engineers who excel AMANDA KWOK SEUNG PHOTOS
TORONTO: The Pre-College Initiative academically, succeed profession- From left: Dr. Jean Augustine, Sheila Sealy Monteith, Jamaica’s High
Commissioner to Canada, Toronto Mayor David Miller, George Ramocan,
(PCI) program is designed to ally and positively impact the Jamaica’s Consul General to Toronto and Lola Ramocan at The University
VER 10,000 collegiate stimulate an interest in science, community. of the West Indies (UWI) Benefit Gala 2010 Toronto held on February
students, technical technology, engineering, and 27th. Dr. Jean Augustine was one of the honourees who received The
professionals, middle mathematics. Please see GATHERING, E3 Vice Chancellor’s Award.
and high school students
from across the United GOAL
States and Canada, and The goal is to encourage stu-
continents of Europe and dents in grades K-12 to pursue
Africa, will be in Toronto, science and technical fields of
March 31 to April 4 for the study by providing hands-on
36th Annual Convention of activities to demonstrate how
the National Society of engineering and technology
Black Engineers (NSBE). relate to the world around them.
The event will be held at the Ayokanmi Falade, Canada
Metro Toronto Convention Zone Chair, is urging parents to
Center. Dubbed the largest black register their children for the
professional event ever held in PCI conference.
Canada, one of the main aims is NSBE’s mission is to increase
Tourism officials worried
over British Airways strike
BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, (CMC) :
Caribbean Tourism Organization
(CTO) Monday warned of the
potential impact that a strike by
the cabin crew of British Airways
(BA) would have on the sector in
Most BA cabin crew are
planning a three-day strike start- PERSONAL INJURY LAWYER
ing next Saturday, followed by a
four-day stoppage from March
27, jeopardising Easter holiday ON YOUR FIRST VISIT
plans for thousands of travellers.
The CTO said that it is moni-
toring ‘closely’ the developments Call: 416-351-9222 E-mail: email@example.com
in the current dispute, but it is HAVE YOU SUFFERED A SERIOUS INJURY FROM A MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT?
also ‘encouraged by BA’s respon- FILE
siveness to the Caribbean and by Gordon Brown ARE YOU UNABLE TO WORK?
the contingency plans the airline tourists from the UK annually, ARE YOU UNABLE TO LOOK AFTER YOUR CHILDREN?
has instituted to protect the busi- representing 25 per cent of all
European arrivals, and six per HAS THE INSURANCE COMPANY STOPPED PAYING YOUR BENEFITS?
“The UK remains an important cent of total arrivals. Practice Areas: Car Accidents, Slip and Falls, Disability Claims & Personal Injury
market for the Caribbean. The
region receives 1.4 million Please see STRIKE, E3 439 University Avenue, Suite 2200, Toronto, ON M5G1Y8 www.slspc.ca
Birthday and Wedding Anniversary
Greetings in the Weekly Gleaner
For more information call: 1-800-875-6390 or 718-657-0788 (USA)
1-800-565-3961 or 416-784-3002 (Canada)
E2 R MARCH 18 - 24, 2010
EXTRA NA www.GleanerExtra.com E xtr a N .A. NEWS
Region to benefit from
special IDB grants
WASHINGTON, (CMC) : small tourism business networks,
train entrepreneurs in the region
tourism cluster at the FOMIN.
“We want to help countries
foreign currency for poor nations.
Soler said the sector is also a
community could participate.
Soler said interest has been so
ARIBBEAN C O U N- to offer high-quality services and take full advantage of tourism in labor-intensive industry that strong from countries in the
TRIES are to benefit market their services. a way that will preserve their offers an important opportunity region that the FOMIN is now in
from financial grant It said it would seek proposals cultural heritage and environ- to increase employment and the process of selecting new pro-
approved by the Multilateral in several categories including ment while ensuring that small reduce poverty, particularly posals. As many as 350 proposals
Investment Fund (FOMIN) ones that are related to tourism entrepreneurs run a profitable among developing nations. were submitted in last’s year
to finance new sustainable and climate change; information and high-quality business.” FOMIN began investing sys- selected process,
tourism projects in Latin technology and market access; tematically on sustainable “Our role is to help plant the
America and the Caribbean. and the development of sustain- FIGURES tourism in 2003 when it selected seed. Our local and international
The FOMIN, an autonomous able tourism in the Caribbean. Tourism accounts for 11 per 25 projects in the region with the partners, together with the local
fund of the Inter-American “Latin America and the cent of the world’s gross domestic primary goal of improving com- entrepreneurs and communities,
Development Bank (IDB) that Caribbean is one of world’s most product, seven per cent of all job petitiveness of business and have to ensure the work that has
supports projects for small and culturally and environmentally opportunities in Latin America developing or creating new been done is preserved and
microenterprises, will offer diverse,” said Santiago Soler, and the Caribbean and it is tourism destinations in which expanded long after the IDB’s
grants to finance the creation of who heads the sustainable among the top five sources for small businesses and the local role has finished.”
World sculptors to bid for a place in underwater park
ST GEORGE’S, Grenada, (CMC) : A newly formed action group “In 2011, we are opening up can come and put your sculp- drive in an effort to save the park
SCULPTORS FROM around the says the competition scheduled one of the spots in the underwa- ture,” said Phil Saye, who leads from further decay.
world are to compete for a place for next year, is part of efforts to ter sculpture park to a global the local group,”.
in Grenada’s underwater sculp- regenerate the world’s first competition. We are opening it up The group, made up of dive DIABLESE BURIED
ture park, which has become a underwater sculpture park which to the world...there will be one shop owners around the country, At least one of the statues, the
major tourist attraction. has fallen into disrepair. spot here at the park where you decided to front the regeneration La Diablese, was beyond repair
and was buried at sea, organisers
The group has recruited a
sculptor from France who recent-
ly completed the first of seven
new statues being submerged as
part of the under water park,
which has topped LIAT’s in-flight
magazine list of the top ten
things to do in the Caribbean.
The park, located in a marine
protected area, was created by,
Jason de Caires Taylor who has
gained international recognition
for his unique work.
Grenada is a major dive desti-
nation and has been labelled the
ship wrecked capital of the
killed in NY
GREECE, New York (AP):
AUTHORITIES ON Tuesday
released the name of a Jamaican
man found shot to death along
with two others in a suburban
Rochester apartment building
Town of Greece police say 29-
year-old Robert Moncriffe was
shot a week earlier by one or
more attackers who also gunned
down 40-year-old Christopher
Green and 38-year-old Mark
Wisdom, both also from Jamaica.
Police say the men had lived
together in an apartment com-
plex for about a year. They’ve
said the crime was not a random
Earthquake survivors search in the rubble of a collapsed building as a mechanical shovel demolish the structure in Port-au-Prince on Friday, March 12, act and may have been drug-
2010. A 7.0-magnitude earthquake hit Haiti on Jan. 12, killing and injuring thousands. related.
There have been no arrests as
MARCH 18 - 24, 2010 R E3
E xtr a N .A. NEWS www.GleanerExtra.com EXTRA NA
Continued from E1
The 5-day convention program
Relief agencies demand end to
will feature a variety of work-
shops, seminars, competitions,
and professional networking
events in addition to a career and
graduate school fair.
‘targetting’ by immigration officers
N.S.B.E is a non-profit organi- FRANCINE BUCHNER Spokesperson for CBSA’s removal orders must be enforced that women fleeing domestic
zation dedicated to the academic Greater Toronto Area (GTA), as soon as possible. abuse and violence be given sta-
and professional success of engi- TORONTO: Anna Pape offered an explana- The Canada Border Services tus immediately and a full and
neering and technical students tion; “The CBSA would only Agency is firmly committed to inclusive regularization program
and professionals of African enter shelters in cases where a doing this.” be implemented.
descent. It offers its members officers stormed the proactive investigation leads Pape said under Canada’s In 2009 the Canadian govern-
leadership training, professional facilities of the them there. immigration law, CBSA has the ment said they would accept 29
and academic development, men- YWCA Beatrice House in In these rare cases, when entry responsibility to seek information per cent of refugee claims, since
toring opportunities, community Toronto to arrest a woman to a shelter becomes necessary, from, or even access shelters, in January 2010 they have dropped
service outreach programs and from Ghana, Fariah Chowdhury, the situation is always order to enforce outstanding that number to between nine per
scholarships. organizer at Shelter | Sanctuary approached with sensitivity and immigration warrants. cent and 12 per cent, they have
| Status Campaign thought it discretion.” “CBSA officers have, in the yet to meet their quota, said
VOLUNTEERING Pape said, “All individuals past attended women’s shelters. Chowdhury.
was the exception to the rule.
Ainsley A. Stewart, Jr., the “We thought these were a few have a right to due process, how- All such entries have, to date, She said gender persecution
2010 National Convention rare occurrences but it seems ever, once the subject has occurred without incident. is not being taken seriously,
Planning Chairperson has writ- that this is just operating policy exhausted all legal avenues they None of the visits involved that 90 per cent of Mexican
ten a letter seeking volunteers to for Immigration Enforcement. are expected to comply with our direct contact with residents, women are denied status
assist with bag stuffing efforts on We have had women emailing, laws and leave Canada. searches of living quarters, or that, what she refers to as
Sunday March 28, between the calling and approaching us all physical altercations,” she said. ‘permanent temporariness,’
hours of 11a.m. to 5p.m. ENTITLEMENT foreign workers who work
week telling us how Canada UNCONVINCED
Volunteers will assemble the Border Services Agency (CBSA) Everyone ordered removed six-eight months out the year
bags the attendees will receive has visited their shelters,” said from Canada is entitled to due But activists are not convinced. and pay taxes are being made
upon registering for the confer- Chowdhury, whose campaign is process under the Canada’s Instead ‘Out of our shelters, ‘to jump hoops,’ when they
ence. Bag-stuffing will take place in conjunction with the collective, Immigration and Refugee out of our lives!’ was the message apply for permanent resi-
at the Metro Toronto Convention grassroots activist group, No One Protection Act, which stipulates delivered to the CBSA on March dence.
Centre (MTCC) - South Building Is Illegal. that the removal of individuals 8th, International Women’s Day. “Canada needs to recognize
in room 808. “CBSA must explain why it is cannot be executed until all These women’s organizations their role in displacing peo-
“We would most appreciate targeting women who are trying legal avenues have been exhaust- are demanding that Canada ple,” said Chowdhury.
your assistance and would pro- to re-build their lives.” ed (e.g. appeals, judicial reviews, Borders Service Agency immedi- Of the 500,000 people
vide you with a letter acknowl- Chowdhury said the majority and pre-removal risk assessment). ately stop entering or waiting across Canada living without
edging the hours you volun- of the women with whom the The Immigration and Refugee outside shelters or organizations status, over 200,000 are with-
teered. In addition, access to the agency work are women of colour. Protection Act states that that provide services to women; in the GTA.
career fair will be provided to vol-
unteers during a specified time,”
states the letter.
Persons interested in volunteer-
ing may email their name, tele-
phone number and email address graduation
rate rises to
STRIKE all-time high
Continued from E1 NEW YORK:
MAYOR MICHAEL R. Bloomberg
and Schools Chancellor Joel I. Klein
Many of our CTO member- last week announced that New
countries are in fact highly York City’s four-year high school
dependent on the UK market,” graduation rate rose to an all-time
the CTO said, noting for example high of 63 per cent in 2009, accord-
that 39 per cent of tourist ing to recently released data from
arrivals to Barbados are from the the State Education Department.
United Kingdom. Between 2008 and 2009, the June
“BA has assured CTO that it graduation rate rose nearly three
has robust contingency plans in percentage points, extending its con-
place and that flights to the tinuous rise since the Mayor won
Caribbean are not expected to be control of the school system in 2002.
disrupted by the pending strike,” The increase was accompanied
the CTO said, adding that as a by an even larger rise in the pro-
result of this assurance countries portion of students earning
like Antigua; Barbados; Regents diplomas, which will
Bermuda; Grenada; Kingston become the State’s standard diplo-
and Montego Bay, Jamaica; AP PHOTO ma in two years.
Punta Cana, Dominican In this January 21, 2010 file photo, a crowd of people walk in New York. More than 120-million U.S. census forms Additionally, students of all eth-
Republic; St. Kitts; Saint Lucia; begin arriving Monday in mailboxes around the country, in the Government’s once-a-decade population count
that will be used to divvy up congressional seats and more than $400 billion in federal aid. nicities continued to make
and Trinidad and Tobago should progress, with graduation rates
not be affected. increasing for white, Asian, black,
Atlanta’s census day rally a success!!
and Hispanic students.
TOBAGO “After a decade of stagnation,
“The airline has also advised New York City’s graduation rate
CTO that it is considering its has increased for eight consecu-
options for Nassau, The tive years,” said Mayor
Bahamas; Grand Cayman, Bloomberg.
Cayman Islands and ATLANTA , Georgia: dents expressing fresh enthu- National Profile Partner in
siasm about the upcoming Washington, DC. “And not only are more students
Providenciales, Turks & Caicos graduating than ever before, but
Islands,” CTO said, adding that it MORE THAN 500 persons, November election exercise. The second half of the
representing a mix of business, Special guest speaker, Dr Caribbean Census Day Rally the number of students dropping
has also been assured by BA that out has been cut nearly in half in
“it will do all that it can to pro- political and community lead- Claire Nelson, (Washington , saw performances which
ers, and residents turned out DC ), spoke of the direct con- pulled on the culture of the just the past four years alone.”
tect the travel plans of its cus- Since 2005, when the State
tomers to the entire region”. for the Caribbean Census Day nection between the Census, various Caribbean islands, but began calculating graduation
Meanwhile, Britain’s Prime Rally which was held on Government representation focused on the evening’s main rates using its current methodolo-
Minister Gordon Brown has con- Sunday, March 7, at The and support. theme - the Census. gy, the City’s June graduation rate
Conference Center, Dekalb The Caribbean Census Day
demned the planned strike by
Technical College. OVATION Rally was hosted by the
has risen by 12.5 points.
British Airways with observers She received a standing ova- The dropout rate has been cut
saying that he is putting himself The rally’s aim was to Georgia’s Caribbean American nearly in half during the same
remind persons of the impor- tion from the audience after Complete Count Committee
on a collision course with his her speech titled, ‘Letter to period, falling to a new low of 11.8
main union backers weeks before tance of the Caribbean’s being (GCACCC), and coordinated by percent—a decline of 10.2 points
counted in Census 2010 , as Auntie’, which was delivered Valrie Walker Sanders, co-
an election. in jovial patios. since 2005.
Brown, who is battling to main- well as bring visibility to chair of the GCACCC. It is one In all, 3,300 additional students
Caribbean nationals residing Nelson serves as Chair of of several community events
tain Labour ’s 13-year-grip on the National Caribbean in New York City graduated in
power in an election expected on in the United States. being held around the Metro June 2009 compared to June 2008,
Organisers say it was a American Complete Count Atlanta area under the aus-
May 6, said the seven-day strike Committee and is also a with that number rising to almost
was “unjustified and deplorable” whopping success with resi- pices of Census 2010. 6,200 additional students when
and should be cancelled. August graduates are counted.
E4 R MARCH 18 - 24, 2010
EXTRA NA www.GleanerExtra.com E xtra N.A. FEATURE
“Women’s History Month”
— “They Continue to Achieve”
Lillian Roberts Marcia V. Keizs Fern J. Khan
SCHOLAR IN AFRICAN York College has strengthened its
AMERICAN LITERATURE academic programs, raised its
admissions standards, boosted its
THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF student recruitment and reten-
tion and raised its faculty grants
NEW YORK by 80 per cent. It recently earned
national accreditation for its
DR. MARCIA V. Keizs, a native teacher education program, re-
of Kingston, Jamaica, and gradu- accreditation of its nursing pro-
ate of the University of Manitoba gram, added a BS in aviation
in Winnipeg, Canada (B.A. 1967), management, established a col-
Teachers College, Columbia laborative honours program with
University (M.A. 1971 and Ed.D. the Northeastern Regional
1984) also holds a certificate in Laboratory of the Food and Drug
educational management from Administration (FDA) located on
the Harvard Graduate School of its campus and launched a pri-
Education (1995). vate fundraising campaign for a
VARIOUS CAMPUSES merit scholarship program. DEAN
Dr. Keizs, a scholar in African
Dr. Keizs has served on the DIVISION OF CONTINUING
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR potential. boards of the National Council on EDUCATION
American literature, has been
DISTRICT COUNCIL 37, part of The City University of York College, a senior college of Black American Affairs
The City University of New York (Northeast), Teachers College BANK STREET COLLEGE
AFSC ME, AFL-CIO New York (CUNY) system for OF EDUCATION
over 30 years. Inaugurating her established in 1966, enrolls over Alumni Council, Morris Heights
career with the university as an 7000 students in liberal arts, Health Center in the Bronx and
ON JANUARY 23, 2007, Lillian English professor, Dr. Keizs later career and professional programs the Association of Black Women FERN KHAN is Dean of the
Roberts was overwhelmingly re- moved into administrative lead- on its modern 50-acre urban cam- in Higher Education. Dr. Keizs is Division of Continuing
elected for a third term as execu- pus. In addition to offering bac- the founding editor of the N e w Education at Bank Street
tive director of District Council 37, ership at various campuses as
well as the university’s central calaureate degrees in the liberal Y o r k C a r i b N e w s and has pub- College, where she provides
AFSCME, New York City’s largest arts and sciences, business, lished articles in her area of spe- leadership and overall man-
public employee union. District office as a vice chancellor.
In spring 2005, when Dr. Keizs health, human services, journal- cialty, Afro American Literature. agement of programs, person-
Council 37 represents 125,000 ism, and teacher education pro- nel and budget for the wide
public workers in New York City, became the sixth president of An in-demand speaker locally,
York College in Jamaica, Queens, fessional programs, York is the nationally and internationally, range of programs within the
50,000 retirees, 1,000 job titles only CUNY senior college offer- division. These programs
and 56 locals. She is also a Vice she embarked upon a plan to Dr. Keizs serves as a commission
take the CUNY outpost from ing majors in gerontology, member of American Council On include direct service to young
President of the New York State biotechnology, information sys-
AFL-CIO, a vice-president of the good to great. She branded the Education, the NCAA president’s children and youth as well as
NYC Central Labor Council, and college as being, “on the move,” tems management, and a BS/MS Council Division III and has been professional development
executive vice-chair of the and began to build upon what in occupational therapy. recognized locally and regionally through courses, workshops,
Municipal Labor Committee. In she had found: a college rich with Under Dr. Keizs’ leadership, in the area of higher education . institutes and consultations
February, 2007 the N e w Y o r k for educators, social workers
P o s t named her one of the 30 and after school staff. Ms.
Most Influential Black New Khan is Bank Street’s Board
liaison providing oversight to
Helen Marshall the Bank Street Head Start
program. She also represents
Ms. Roberts was first elected Bank Street as a member of
DC 37 executive director on QUEENS BOROUGH PRESIDENT nomic development. She was a an eight college consortium
February 26, 2002, after serving parent activist in the public providing courses, consulta-
as a consultant to the union she HELEN MARSHALL was re- school system for 15 years and tion and other resources to
helped build. She was the union’s elected Queens borough presi- a member of Community Board female inmates in the Bedford
first female Executive Director. dent for a third term and sworn 3 for 13 years. She was also a Hills Correctional Facility.
After returning to head DC 37, in on January 26, 2010. founder of the Queens County
Ms. Roberts focused the union’s Overall Economic Development FIRST COMPREHENSIVE
She is the 18th borough pres-
energy on fighting for a fair con- ident of Queens and the first Corporation. Prior to working at Bank
tract for members. Ms. Roberts African American and second The Borough President’s Street College, Ms. Khan
led the DC 37 Bargaining Zoning Task Force has been worked for l8 years at
Committee in contract negotia- woman to hold the post of high-
est-ranking elected official in a largely responsible for the LaGuardia Community
tions with NYC to provide raises rezoning of more than two College, where she was the
and safeguard the benefits of the borough with a population of
more than 2.2 million resi- dozen neighborhoods, protect- Associate Dean for the
union members who make the city ing many of them from over Division of Adult and
run. In 2006 she led the union in dents.
development. Concurrently, she Continuing Education. There
negotiating a contract with raises EXPANSIONS she implemented and institu-
of 10 per cent, additional funds for also created the Commercial
Since becoming Queens bor- Corridor Program that tionalized the first comprehen-
the unions health and security sive program in New York City
fund, and no concessions. The con- ough president, Ms. Marshall improves commercial strips
tract, considered one of the best in has allocated more than $75 with landscaping and increased to provide deaf adults access
the union’s history, passed by 97 million to the Department of lighting. She also was success- to continuing education cours-
per cent. ful in restoring millions of dol- es and degree options, devel-
Parks and Recreation. Ms. oped the College for Children
Lillian Roberts has a long, Marshall has also allocated lars in funding for services for
proud history as a unionist. She senior citizens and fought to Program on Saturdays and
more than $44 million for new coordinated a City University-
was hired as a staff rep by libraries, expansions, additions save a hot meals program that
AFSCME District Council 19 in wide teach education program
and technological improve- delivers meals to homebound for paraprofessionals working
Chicago, spearheaded the creation ments. In 2005, she was the seniors.
of five locals, and led an organiz- than 17,800 seats. Marshall in the New York City Public
recipient of the statewide Ms. Marshall is a graduate of Schools. At LaGuardia she
ing drive in four Chicago mental also provided $6 million in cap-
hospitals. In 1965, Ms. Roberts Daniel Casey Library Advocacy the City’s public school system also developed the first train-
Award. She has also helped to ital funding and spearheaded and holds a Bachelor’s Degree ing program on a New York
moved to New York from Chicago the historic effort that will
to build up DC 37’s Hospitals fund the expansions of cultural in Education from Queens City college campus for home-
Division. She led the union’s cam- institutions across the borough result in the first CUNY pres- College. less families.
paign to organize thousands of and provided $60 million in ence on the Rockaway She has been married to Providing information,
city hospital workers in 1966. funding to improve neighbor- Peninsula in a newly converted Donald Marshall for more than referrals to resources, access
A former NYS Commissioner of hood parks and playgrounds. former courthouse. 50 years and has two children, and opportunities for under-
Labor, who E s s e n c e Magazine The borough president’s ‘war Marshall, a founder of the Donald Jr. and Agnes Marie. served and low income popu-
called “probably the most power- room’ meetings with education Langston Hughes Library in Ms. Marshall is also the proud lations continue to be one of
ful black person in American officials have also helped to Corona, has been a lifelong grandmother of Chandler and Dean Khan’s goals in carrying
labor.” On February 24, 2006, the ensure the timely construction advocate for public libraries, Chasen, the children of Donald out her vision for making a
United Negro College Fund pre- of 30 new schools with more job training programs and eco- and Charlena. difference through continuing
sented Ms. Roberts with a education programs.
Distinguished Leadership Award.
MARCH 18 - 24, 2010 R E5
E xtr a N .A. www.GleanerExtra.com EXTRA NA
Tru-Juice Launches Support
New Exotic Line of Jamaica, buy
Fruit Juices in the Tru-Juice
US and Canada Dear Valued Customer,
HETHER YOU plan to have Tru-
TRU-JUICE HAS entered the United States
and Canadian markets with an ultra
premium line of fruit juices under its ‘Exotic’
W Juice with breakfast to start
your day, as a delicious com-
panion with lunch or dinner, or
as a healthy beverage to satisfy your thirst
on any occasion, you have made an excel-
The products, bottled in a newly designed lent choice!
package, feature a new Tru-Juice logo
To ensure the best practices are used for
depicting a humming bird (Jamaica’s
national bird), and the slogan ‘of Jamaica.’ production, Tru-Juice is ISO 9001/2008,
The line-up of 11 of Tru-Juice’s most and HACCP certified. Majority of the ingre-
exotic flavors was launched on dients are derived from produce grown in
Wednesday, November 11, 2009 in Jamaica. When you buy Tru-Juice, you are
New York, Toronto, Washington and
helping to support Jamaican farmers by
South Florida. The primary focus is the
prominent Jamaican diaspora. “The giving them a consistent market for their
overseas market is an area of growth produce. Tru-Juice buys produce from
for us,” commented Mark McConnell, a Jamaican farmers and uses it in the factory
director at Trade Winds. A household in Jamaica to create the high quality fruit
name in Jamaica, the company aims to
juices and purees that are used in the final
increase international sales, and is
confident its presence in the overseas product.
market will bring the taste of Jamaica Tru-Juice believes in corporate social
closer to home, while allowing the responsibility and local development. Each
company to offer the same wholesome year the company discretely donates mil-
lions in the form of products and funds to
For the packaging, Tru-Juice invested in
excess of J$4 million dollars in a newly various charities and government agen-
designed package with improved features. cies. A recent example was the donation
The new bottle is both taller and slimmer than of 1000 cases of drinking water to Haiti.
its Jamaican counterpart, and comes in a 473 ml In parting, we encourage you our
(16 oz) square shape, that can fit easily into the cup
Jamaican customers to inform your
holder of a consumer’s car. The label is a photo quality sleeve that surrounds the entire
package, and is adorned with depictions of the exotic fruits that represent the premium relatives and friends in the Diaspora, and
quality juices contained in the bottle. The ask for Tru-Juice in your favourite stores.
health benefits of each juice are indicated on We want to hear from you. Email us at
the side of the bottle with the heading ‘exotic firstname.lastname@example.org to find your local
Tru-Juice representative, or to give us your
The company plans to further expand
distribution to reach Jamaicans in places like feedback.
Atlanta, Georgia & California. We sincerely thank you for your support in
2009 and wish you and your family a
Tru-ly healthy and successful 2010. We
look forward to continue serving you.
With very best regards,
TRADE WINDS CITRUS LIMITED
Mark F. McConnell
E6 R MARCH 18 - 24, 2010
EXTRA NA www.GleanerExtra.com E xtr a N .A. ADVERTISEMENT
MARCH 18 - 24, 2010 R E7
E xtr a N .A. EASTER FEATURE www.GleanerExtra.com EXTRA NA
EASTER FEATURE THE WEEKLY GLEANER
IAN BOYNE from early under Emperor the reason for adopting Easter
Contributor Hadrian who outlawed Jewish over Passover. “It appeared an
practices and customs. Jews and unworthy thing that in the cele-
O D A Y , M I L L I O N S o f Jewish Christians were expelled bration of this most holy feast we
T C h r i s t i a n s a r o u n d t h e from Jerusalem after Hadrian
w o r l d c e l e b r a t e t h e had crushed The Barkokeba
R e s u r r e c t i o n o f J e s u s C h r i s t revolt of the Jews (AD 132-135).
should follow the practice of the
Jews, who have impiously defiled
their hands with enormous sin
d u r i n g t h i s s e a s o n o f With that eviction of the Jews and are therefore deservedly
E a s t e r . B u t p e r h a p s m o s t and Jewish Christians came the afflicted with blindness of soul.
d o n ’ t r e a l i s e t h a t i t w a s n o t increasing non-Jewish influence Let us then have noting in com-
u n t i l t h e f o u r t h c e n t u r y on Christianity, and a rabid anti- mon with the detestable Jewish
t h a t E a s t e r w a s u n i f o r m l y Semitism whose relic is still with crowd: Strive and pray continual-
observed by Christians. the Church today. The rejection ly that the purity of your soul
What the earliest Christians of the Passover and the substitu- may not in anything be sullied by
observed in memorial of Christ tion of Easter is a manifestation fellowship with the custom of
was the Passover, which of this malice these most wicked men (We
occurs at this time of the against the Jews as must) avoid all participation in
year on Nisan 14 on the well as poor the perjured conduct of the
Jewish calendar. The hermeneutics of Jews”.
Palestinian historian Scripture. There you have it. With that
Epiphanius (AD 315-403) An early Christian Easter was imposed on the
said that the 15 Jewish controversy was the eastern Christians who were
Christian bishops who Quortodeciman threatened with expulsion if they
administered the Jerusalem Controversy between continued to meet on the same
Church until AD 135 Christians of the date that the Jews kept their
observed the Lord’s death on East and the West. Passover. But there are a number
Nisan 14. In the Apostolic The eastern of reasons why Christians should
Constitutions, an early Boyne Christians insisted celebrate the Passover over
Christian document, the fol- that Jesus should be Easter. First, the Easter ritual
lowing rule is laid out: “You shall memorialised by the observance has pagan roots and the
not change the calculation of the of the Passover on Nisan 14, Scripture is replete with warn-
time, but you shall celebrate it while those in the West felt that ings, especially in the Old
with the same time as your an independent festival not con- Testament, against syncretism.
brethren who came out of the cir- nected with the Jews should be In their work Passover: Before
cumcision (the Jews). With them adopted to celebrate His death Messiah and After Donna and
observe the Passover.” and resurrection. Mal Broadhurst trace the origin
It was anti-Semitism - racism of Easter to Ishtar the Sumerian
against the Jews, which was
NO PRETENCE goddess of love and war who, in
responsible for the Christian Emperor Constantine settled Canaan, evolved into a moon god-
church’s adoption of Easter over the issue at the Council of Nicea dess and wife of Baal. According
the Passover which has Old in 325. He made no pretence of
Testament (Jewish) roots. A bru- his motives for doing so. The fol- Please see PASSOVER, E8
tal and vicious persecution lowing could not be plainer as at
against the Jews had started
still believes in the myth. “The ship also means
Easter traditions prosperity and I saw prosperity after that flight,”
he recalls. That flight took him to London in
England where he spent three years working and
even found a wife and fathered a child.
THE HISTORY OF EASTER
EASTER LILY In earlier times the Greeks and Egyptians ate small
cakes or buns in honour of the ‘queen of heaven’, the
LIKE THE rest of the world, Jamaicans decorate their goddesses Eastre as early as the days of Cecrops, the
home, with Easter lilies. It is a beautiful founder of Athens, 1,500 years before Christ. Hot cross
trumpet-shaped white flower symbolising buns were first baked by the Saxons in
purity, virtue, innocence, hope and life -; honour of Eastre. The word ‘bun’ itself
the spiritual essence of Easter. History, derives from boun, Saxon for ‘sacred
mythology, literature, poetry and the ox’, which was sacrificed at the Eastre
world of art are rife with stories and festival, and the image of its horns
images that speak of the beauty and was carved into the cakes. To
majesty of the elegant white flower. Often Christians, the cross symbolises the
called the “white-robed apostles of hope,” crucifixion.
lilies were found growing in the Garden of Early church fathers, to compete
Gethsemane after Christ’s agony. with the pagan custom of baking
Tradition has it that the beautiful white ox-marked cakes, baked their own
lilies sprung up where drops of Christ’s version, using the same dough as
sweat fell to the ground in his final hours bun made for Eastre. But they had
of sorrow and deep distress. Churches con- to be discreet in their conversion
tinue this tradition at Easter time by methods. So they reinterpreted the
banking their altars and surrounding ox-horn symbol as a crucifix, and
their crosses with masses of Easter lilies gave the buns out to new converts
to commemorate the resurrection of Jesus attending mass. And again, they
Christ and hope of life everlasting. did a good job of disguising their
motives. They successfully Christianised a pagan
EASTER EGG cake and gave people a treat they were used to.
One of Jamaica’s myths is setting an egg to pre- Also they subtly marked the buns with an image
dict one’s future. It is said if you place an egg white that, though obviously Catholic, at a distance
in a container of water on Holy Thursday night by wouldn’t label the bearer as a Christian.
Good Friday you will see your future. If the shape PHYSIC NUT TREE
formed in the container is a ship or aircraft, it
means travel. If it’s a casket, it means death and so Another Jamaican Easter myth is the bleeding
forth. Aaron Williams, 34, from Milk River in physic nut tree on Good Friday at noon. This is an
Clarendon said he has tried it, and it worked. often repeated story in rutral Jamaica. It was said
“In 1994 on Holy Thursday night I set the egg that on Good Friday, if you chopped the tree the sap
and on Good Friday morning when I looked at it I that oozes out would be a red substance that signi-
saw a ship.” Williams did not travel right away and fies the blood of Jesus. Also, it is said that Jesus
when he did in March 2000 it was by air, but he was crucified on a similar type of tree.
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Revelation where the (Passover) Feast of Pentecost, an Old
PASSOVER Lamb is prominently featured.
Christians would have a richer
Testament feast called Feast of
Weeks or Feast of First fruits. In
Continued from E7 celebration of the Lord’s Passion, Acts 20:6 Luke records that Paul
linking that with the greatest and his team sailed away from
previous act in salvation history, Philippi after the days of unleav-
to the Sumerian lore, Ishtar was the Exodus of the Israelites, from ened bread. Philippi was a gen-
the wife of the Sumerian god, whom Jesus sprang. In one festi- tile city. But Christians there
Tammuz. They write: “The wor- val one would collapse thousands were observing the Jewish litur-
ship of Ishtar as nature goddess of years without bifurcating sal- gical calendar and the feast days.
had spread throughout the vation history. Paul in I Later, Paul talks about keeping
ancient world. In Phoenicia and Corinthians 5 says “Christ our
Syria her name had become Pentecost. In 1st Corinthians 16,
Passover has been sacrificed for he talks about Pentecost outside
Astarte’. us” and then urges Christians to
Alan Watts in his book Easter: of a Jerusalem setting.
“keep the Feast” (both metaphor-
Its Story and Meaning says, “As ically and literally) DAY OF ATONEMENT
we go on to describe the Where is the resurrection in In Acts 27 we see a reference to
Christian observance of Easter the Passover? The Passover is the Day of Atonement (called the
we shall see how many of its cus- tied to the seven-day Feast of Fast). Why would Jewish and
toms and ceremonies resemble Unleavened Bread. Jesus in John
these former rites of the pagan non-Jewish Christians be keep-
6 says He is the true unleavened ing these days long after the
cults). bread from heaven John repre-
Says Seventh Day Adventist death of Jesus if they were abol-
sents that bread as giving life. ished at the cross? It is time the
scholar Samuelle Bacchiocchi in The Christians symbolically eat-
his book God’s Festivals in Christian Church re-examines its
ing Christ’s body for seven days Hebraic roots.
Scripture and History: “Pagan represents their intake of
influence can be seen in the Says the accomplished biblical
Christ’s resurrected life, there- scholar, James Tabor, in his April
replacement of the Passover sym- fore it is not true to say that the
bolism of the lamb with that of 2 blog: “It is unfortunate that the
Passover feast as a whole - mean- liturgical link between Jews and
the Easter hare. The Easter hare ing the 14th to the 21st - does not
was once a bird that changed into FILE Christians were severed. For
The Easter Lily, white and resplendent among other seasonal blooms. include the resurrection. The
a four-footed creature. The hare, Church would lose nothing by more than a century before the
or rabbit, became a symbol of fer- rejecting Easter for Passover. Good Friday/Easter Sunday tra-
roots into genuine, authentic predecessors of the Old dition had fully prevailed in the
tility. The hare laid eggs which Christian observances, they say. Testament. In other words, here The Last Super, which Jesus
became the symbol of abundant took was the Passover. The New church, thousands of Christians
Indeed, they will point out that is a festival which celebrates all over the Roman world used to
new life of spring. the biblical festivals, celebrated what is paradigmatic of libera- Testament says so clearly in a
“The origin of the Easter egg is number of accounts. The disci- observe what they called Pasch
by the Jews have their own ori- tion in the Bible: The Exodus as on the 14th of Nisan. They used
traced back to the ancient civili- gin in the agricultural festivals well as our liberation from spiri- ples asked, “Where will you have
sations of Egypt, Babylon, us go to prepare to eat the the Hebrew calendar to deter-
which pagans observed before. tual Egypt and slavery.
Phoenicia and Greece where the Even the Seventh-day Sabbath The Passover theme runs Passover (Mark 14:12 Matt. mine the proper season. On this
universe is said to have been they claim comes from ancient throughout the Bible. Indeed, the 26:17; Luke 22:15). What we call day they would remember ‘the
born from a mighty world egg”. Babylon. So what’s the big deal prophetic writers identify the the Lord’s Supper or Communion night he was betrayed’ as well as
So now you know what egg and about pagan origins? It just second coming of the Lord and was actually the Passover cele- the death of Jesus on the after-
bunny have to do with Easter. arrant nonsense and runaway the gathering of his people as brated on Nisan 14th. Paul in 1 noon of 14th of Nisan. Now thou-
LINE OF REASONING fundamentalism devoid of ration- a second exodus. Professor Corinthians 11 recounts “the sands of Christians have begun
al analysis and serious theologi- Timothy Laniak of the reputable night on which Christ was to learn about the Passover both
But some Christians will betrayed” as the night he took in study and direct celebration”.
protest my line of reasoning. cal reflection. Gordon-Conwell Theological
My rejoinder: Passover is a Seminary published last year his the bread and the wine that was I have been observing it for 33
They will maintain that the evening ending the 13th and years. I strongly recommend it.
Christian celebration of Easter richer, deeper, historically rooted ‘Shepherds After My Own Heart’,
and multi-layered festival, which which shows the Passover theme beginning the 14th.
today has nothing to do with rab- The early Christians continued Ian Boyne is a veteran journal-
bits, eggs or bun and cheese. links the salvation story of running throughout the Bible
Christians with their ancient and climaxing in the book of to keep the Old Testament feast ist who may be reached at ian-
Festivals can evolve from pagan days. In Acts 2 they kept the email@example.com.
Kingston Tropical Bakery
4000 White Plains Road, Bronx, NY 10466 (corner of 226th Street) Telephone: 914-668-7691
Best Wishes for a Happy & Holy Easter
to all our Customers and Friends.
Kingston Tropical Bakery was established in 1970.
We have been serving the community for 40 years
and we have a high reputation for our quality.
VISIT US FOR YOUR
. Moist, fresh Easter Buns,
. Chicken patties
. Coco bread and other quality
MARCH 18 - 24, 2010 R E9
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Eggs-citing Easter entertaining
mixture of Spanish sherry and
milk. This was called ‘dry sack
posset’ by the English. An egg
drink in a noggin could easily
ANY EASTER foods
are related to pagan become eggnog in name.
rites of spring and countries, baskets of food, includ- ways. Apart for the bland dev- It is customary for eggnog to be
modern interpretations and ing eggs, are taken to church and illed eggs you may have been made in large quantities and
practice. For example, eggs blessed on Holy Saturday or using to entertain, hard-boiled EGGNOG TRADITION
used as a social drink and served
are for rebirth, ham is for before Easter midnight Mass, eggs can be used for: Eggnog is synonymous with
Easter as it is with Christmas. It at holiday parties.
l u c k ; c a k e / b r e a d f o r f e r t i l i- then taken home for Easter Topping up a green salad.
ty, candy and toys are breakfast. is believed that eggnog is a tradi- Today, the social character of
placed in fancy baskets. In the pre-Christian era, eggs I Making sandwiches for quick tion that came to America from the frothy brew remains and
Easter foods are primarily were painted, blessed, exchanged snack. Europe as milk-based beverages eggnog will always spice up the
those of Easter Sunday, the and eaten as part of spring cele- and punches were concocted in atmosphere and lead to merri-
d a y r e j o i c i n g C h r i s t i a n s c e l- brations to welcome the sun from I Curried eggs served over hot, the old World. In America, a new ment, especially after a Lenten
ebrate the resurrection of the long winter sleep. The deco- fluffy white rice. twist was given to a traditional
ration of eggs is associated with product using rum, called ‘grog’, season of sacrifice.
religion. I Wrapping in a sausage, instead of wine. Since ‘grog’ was EASTER BREAKFAST
RELIGIOUS TRADITION breaded and deep fried. Serve in close to ‘nog’, the early name was
VERSATILITY OF HARD-BOILED ‘egg-and-grog’, then ‘egg-and-
quarters as an appetiser.
Eggs are traditionally associat- EGGS grog’, and later eggnog. Easter breakfasts are easy
ed with rebirth, rejuvenation and Whether you are painting them I Pickling in the same way you with egg dishes in any form. You
immorality, which is why they to honour the celebration of pickle beets. Others believe that the word may want to make a Piquant
are associated with Easter. In Easter or cooking them, eggs are ‘nog’ comes from the word ‘nog-
Light Frittata, a type of omelette
early Christianity, eggs were for- a great way to make your Easter I Casseroles, which combine gin’, a small wooden, craved mug
bidden during Lent and so they holiday unforgettable. Hard- cabbage, onions, mushrooms with used to serve drinks at tables in slowly cooked, unfolded Italian
were more exciting and in boiled eggs are versatile and can layers of cream cheese and hard- taverns. Yet another explanation Please see EGGS, E10
demand 40 days later. In Slavic be served in a number of exciting boiled eggs. is that eggnog started out as a
E10 R MARCH 18 - 24, 2010
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ences. The colour of the eggshell
EGGS is determined by the breed of the
Continued from E9 Eggs are a perishable food and
need to be refrigerated.
Keep eggs in the original car-
style topped with Parmesan ton in the coldest part of your
cheese, fresh basil and fresh refrigerator. Throw away any
parsley. eggs that are cracked, broken, or
Eggs can be used to make tasty leaking. It is best not to wash
strata, which vary according to eggs before storing or using
seasonal availability of foods and them.
herbs with wholewheat bread Washing is a routine part of
substituted for white bread commercial egg processing and
slices. Strata can be assembled the eggs do not need to be
the day before and wrapped rewashed. The times for safely
tightly and refrigerated until storing parts of the eggs differ:
ready to cook.
NO-FUSS EASTER BRUNCH
I Fresh eggs in the shell -
For a No-Fuss Brunch, eggs three to four weeks.
can contribute to making Soft
Scrambled Eggs with Smoked I Fresh egg whites - two to
Salmon and Avocado with Herb- four days.
Roasted Potatoes or Ham
Frittata served with a Drunken I Fresh egg yolks (unbroken
Citrus Toast. At the end of the and covered with water) - two to
entrees, desserts include Otaheiti four days.
Apple Bread Pudding with
Buttery Rum Sauce and Banana I Hard-cooked eggs - one week.
Bread with Pecans and beverages
like Chocolate Eggnog, Spiked I Devilled eggs - two to three
Iced Cappuccino or Grand days.
Mimosas may be served.
BUYING AND STORING EGGS I Leftover egg dishes - three to
The majority of eggs available four days.
are hens’ eggs. They come in vari- Cooking eggs safely and cre-
ous sizes, from small to extra atively at Easter is an easy way
large. Often a recipe will state to provide nutritious dishes for
the size of egg required; if it does- the family while giving you time
n’t, it is best to use large eggs. to get out of the kitchen to have
Eggs come in various shades of some fun.
brown, white and, less widely
available, blue. Heather Little-White, PhD, is a
The colour of the shell comes nutrition and lifestyle consultant
down to the breed of the hen that in the Corporate Area. Send com-
laid the egg and there are no ments to firstname.lastname@example.org
nutritional or qualitative differ- or fax 922-6223.
‘Throw away any eggs that are cracked, RUDOLPH BROWN /FreelancePhotographer
broken, or leaking’ Try this yummy egg contest-winning dish, Jamaican Sweet Potato and Ham Egg Bake courtesy of Andre Grant.
MARCH 18 - 24, 2010 R E11
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EASTER FOOD FAVES
UN AND CHEESE is a sacred Jamaican Easter tradition, of
course. But have you heard about the wacky combinations of
bun and other toppings?
We thought we’d heard it all until someone mentioned eating bun and mus-
Then slowly others started confessing their dirty little secrets – they don’t
always have cheese with their bun. Mouth agape, we listened as they spilled the
beans of how they slather their bun with mayonnaise, ketchup, peanut butter, or
top it with sardines, corned beef, egg or patty. One person even owned up to a
bun and bread sandwich – two slices of bun and a slice of real Jamaican hard
dough in the middle, or vice versa.
However you top it, enjoy your Easter bun this season.
Many Jamaicans will have fish, or other seafood in various styles this Easter.
Try one of these delicious fish recipes to close out the season.
1 pint (560ml) vegetable oil
2 lb (908g) fresh fish fillets (snapper or grouper)
1 tbsp fresh lime juice
4 oz (113g.) flour
1 tsp seasoned salt
1 bottle beer
1. Fill a deep fryer or a deep sauce pan three-quarters full
with oil heat to 375oF
2. Cut the fish fillets into serving-size pieces and brush with
A display of AML buns hot out of the oven. 3. Mix two thirds of the flour with salt and pepper in a bowl
4. Add the beer gradually, beating until the batter is smooth
5. Pour the remaining flour on a plate
6. Coat each piece of fish with flour, then dip into the batter,
Bun for Easter coating well.
7. Fry in the hot oil for 7-8 minutes, turning once.
8. Drain on paper towel or brown paper.
Thinking of baking your own bun for Easter?
Why not try out this recipe, or better yet - have
some fun creating your own.
4 oz Grace guava jam
1. Combine wine, stout, beaten eggs, bun spice,
vanilla, margarine, browning and dark sugar. INGREDIENTS
Yield: about 10 buns Mix well and set aside. 1 lb (450g) red snapper grouper or yellow tail
Bake time: 1 hour 2. Sift together dry ingredients. dash salt and pepper
Prep time: 10 minutes 3. Add the fruits to the dry ingredients and mix 1/2 tsp garlic powder
Ingredients well. 1 tsp oil
2 cups wine 4. Make a well in the centre of the dry ingredi- 2 stalks chives/scallion - chopped
1 bottle stout ents and pour in the liquid ingredients. Mix well.
2 eggs, beaten 5. Scrape mixture into greased 30 cm x 13 cm x 6 4 cloves garlic - minced
1/4 tsp bun spice cm (12”x4”x3”) loaf tin. 4 slices ginger
2 tsp vanilla 6. Bake at 180C (350F) for one hour. To test if 3 tbs oyster sauce
4 ozs margarine, melted done insert a skewer, when it comes out clean 1 tbs superior soy
1 tsp grace browning bun is done. 1 tsp sugar
1 pound dark sugar 7. Remove from pan and allow to cool. METHOD
2 1/5 pounds counter flour 8. Melt the Grace guava jam and brush over the 1. Season fish with salt, pepper and garlic powder.
2 tbs baking powder surface of the baked bun as a glaze. 2. Place fish on heat proof dish and set in a steamer.
1 tsp salt Servings 3. Steam for 15 minutes or until fish is done. In small
1 tbsp mixed spice Serve with your choice of Tastee processed saucepan, heat oil add chives, garlic, ginger, oyster sauce, supe-
1 tsp cinnamon powder cheese or natural cheddar cheese. rior soy and sugar.
4 whole cherries Recipe from h t t p : / / w w w . g r a c e f o o d s . c o m / 4. Stir-fry for one minute. Pour over steamed fish.
8 oz raisins site/recipe/spicy-easter-bun
8 oz mixed peel
E12 R MARCH 18 - 24, 2010
EXTRA NA www.GleanerExtra.com E xtr a N .A. ADVERTISEMENT
HAVE A HAPPY EASTER,
The management and staff of Royal Caribbean Bakery and Caribbean Food Delights
wish our customers and employees a Happy and Holy Easter.
We are very conscious of the downturn of our economy and understand that some of our
customers have been affected by it. Therefore, we have reduced the price of our delicious
Easter Buns so that all of our customers will be able to continue to enjoy them this Easter.
And remember to spice up your Easter with great tasting patties from Caribbean Food Delights.
Beef, Beefy Cheese, Jerk Chicken, Curry Chicken, Vegetable, Callaloo, Jerk Fish, Shrimp, or Soy!
TRY OUR PLAIN SPINACH PATTY, SPINACH AND CHEESE PATTY AND NEW HALAL PATTY!
Remember to mail your Easter Bun overseas at least two weeks before Easter to insure on-time arrival!
Our Dyre Avenue
Store Open Sunday, caribbeanfooddelights.com • 845.398.3000
March 28th For Your
3815 Dyre Avenue 620 South Fulton Avenue 158 South 4th Avenue 4859 Memorial Drive
Bronx, NY 10466 Mount Vernon, NY 10550 Mount Vernon, NY 10550 Stone Mountain, GA 30083
Ph: (718) 994-5544 Ph: (914) 668-6868 Ph: (914) 664-4446 Ph: (404) 299-7714
Our patties are available at: PriceSmart, Price Chopper, Cost-U-Less, Fine Fare, Met Food, Wal-Mart, Sam’s Wholesale Club, Publix,
Kroger’s, BJ’s Wholesale Club, Costco Wholesale, Pathmark, Stop & Shop, Market Basket, Winn-Dixie, Key Food, Military Commissaries
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