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					   Practical Approaches for
   Workplace Integration -
  What Employers Can Do to
        Help and Hire



                 Debra Perry
Senior Specialist in Vocational Rehabilitation
     International Labour Office (ILO)

                                                 1
                Why help?
•   Reduce economic drain
•   Develop all human resources
•   Design service that meet your needs
•   Learn more about disability
•   Good public relations
•   Human rights and international standards


                                               2
    R168 Specific Guidance for
    Employers’ Organizations
• Advise members about
   – VR services
   – Work adjustments etc.
   – The impact of production methods
• Cooperate with related bodies
• Promote participation of disabled workers on shop
  floor
• Propose policies and guidelines related to disability

                                                    3
                   Why hire?
•   All of the above, plus
•   Find the best employees
•   Reduce costs (e.g. recruitment, training, turnover)
•   Abide by the law
•   Take advantage of incentives
•   Build employee morale
•   Demonstrate fairness and positive business traits
•   Diversity is good for business

                                                      4
 The Dupont Study (1958-1990)
Disabled workers are
comparable to or
better than non-
disabled employees
with regard to:
• Safety
• Attendance
• Job Performance
                                5
    Pre-Employment Assistance
  Educate Yourself
Get to know disabled people
Participate in disability awareness training
Review labour laws and VR policies
Review Codes of Practice and other publications
Visit organizations of and for disabled persons,
 schools, etc.
Learn about disability and how to relate to
 disabled people
                                                    6
                  Get Involved

   Provide on-the-job
   training and job          Participate on boards
   try-outs
                                        Assist in developing
Provide internships,                    market-driven
work experience and                     training
on-the-job assessments
                                         Participate in
         Provide lectures,               partnerships
         advice or mock         Provide
         interviews             workplace
                                tours                     7
Employers: Practical Approaches
     at Enterprise Level

• Develop a workplace policy
• Remove architectural and communication
  barriers
• Provide disability awareness training for
  managers and staff
• Encourage disabled persons to apply
• Make work adjustments
                                              8
       Work Adjustments

Any change to the work environment,
job or work practice that makes it
possible for a worker with disability to
perform the job or perform it more
effectively.


                                           9
Examples of Work Adjustments (1)
• Making the facility accessible (e.g., adding a ramp,
  improved signage)
• Restructuring a job (e.g., giving a marginal function
  to another staff member)
• Altering when or how a job is performed (e.g.,
  completing a task sitting instead of standing)
• Offering a different work schedule (e.g., different
  work hours to access transportation)


                                                    10
Examples of Work Adjustments (2)
• Obtaining or modifying equipment or devices
• Providing special support measures (e.g.,
  additional training time for slow learner)
• Reassigning a worker to a new or vacant job (e.g.,
  an injured worker to a less physically demanding
  job)
• Offering different modes of communication (e.g.,
  writing or demonstrating for the deaf, or providing
  braille labels or better signage for the visually
  impaired)
                                                    11
       The Type of Adjustment
            Depends on:
• The individual
• The nature of the
  disability
• The job demands
  and requirements
• The work
  environment
                                12
      Disables people often face
           difficulties like:
• Getting to work and getting to work on time
  (Transport)
• Getting inside and moving around the workplace
  (Physical Accessibilty)
• Using equipment tools and machinery necessary to
  perform work
• Communicating with supervisors, co-workers, and
  clients
• Fitting in and making friends                  13
    Cost-Benefit of Adjustments
• No or negligible costs for many
• E.g. Sears and Roebucks, which hires 20,000
  disabled people found that 97% of adjustments cost
  little or no money (1972-1992)
• Many adjustments can benefit other employees or
  customers (e.g. ramps, better signage, uncluttered
  corridors)
• Some governments offer financial or tax incentives


                                                  14
              Getting Help

1. Publications
2. Internet Sites
3. Organizations of and for disabled persons
4. Government personnel
5. Consultants and experts
6. Disabled persons and employees

                                               15
Role in Promoting Self-Employment
• Help identify self-employment opportunities
• Review business plans
• Assist government workers who help disabled
  entrepreneurs
• Advocate for accessible marketplaces, etc.
• Serve as mentors to disabled entrepreneurs
• Provide contracts/work to disabled entrepreneurs
• Purchase products and services from disabled
  persons
                                                     16

				
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posted:8/27/2011
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